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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK,......E dl t° r - THURS DAY, AUGUST 7. 1884 REPUBLICAN NATIONAL TICKET. FOR PRESIDENT. JAMES C. BLAINE. OF MAINE. KOK VICE PRESIDENT. JOHN A. LOGAN. OF ILLINOIS. Hendricks is con.-idered by many a» in every respect a superior man to C le\e land. We fail to see the evidence of it in his response to the committee. Cleve land's response was in every respect the most manlv, frank, sensible and credit able. .Notwithstanding the numerous intimations that Hendricks would never take the second place, he is evidently as tickled as a boy with a new top to get it. His remark that the proper time had not arrived for him to consider the strength and force of the statements made in the platform, sounds strange, ami whatever it may mean had better have been unsaid. He seems to have some crotchet in his head about his duty in counting the electoral vote, which will recommend him strongly for defeat. His intimation that he feels the duties and responsibilities of the office already resting on hun is a rather cheap and boyish way of expressing a confi dence that there is very little to justify. Those duties and responsibilities will grow very light in November, and after the 4th of next March will have no weight at all.__ There is one species of commerce that a low tariff fosters, and that is foreign commerce. i hat sort of com merce is carried on in foreign ships; the profits on transportation go into the pockets of foreign ship owners; the goods carried on the seas are more liable to loss, to capture, to deterioration, and having run all the hazards of double transportation over lands and seas we buy back a small part and pay the big gest sort of a profit on articles that we possessed and sold originally. This is the case with all the cotton raised in this country, sent over in British ships to be worked up in British factories by British machinery and skilled labor, brought back in British «bottoms, and sold by British factors at large profits to the planter. Is that the sort of com merce after all that we want to culti vate? The kind that we desire to see promoted is that internal com merce on which there are no duties, by which the products of one portion of the country are exchanged for those of another. Massachusetts and .South Caro lina can cultivate and enjoy with each other a commerce vastly more profitable than any between any part of this coun try and England. Low tariff does not promote internal commerce; it helps only the lines running to the seaboard and the commission merchants at seaport towns. Protective tariff, on the contrary, gives us all the profits at every step, on the raising of raw material, on its transpor tation to the factory, on its manufacture and the subsequent distribution to the hands of the consumer. Whatever profit has been made at any stage of this route has all been left in the country. It is foreign commerce that is most im not portant and profitable. I F a man really w anted to know wheth er a working man or woman in any de partment of industry earned more iu this country than in England, do you think he would take a pencil and go to work on a pile of imperfect statistics and divide the total amount returned as paid out for wages by the given number of employes and thus find out the amount that every man was earning at any given employment? If the statistics of all countries were equally accurate, such re sults ought to he of some use for general purposes. But if a practical man want ed to know how the wages of an iron worker, coal-miner or a factory hand compared in the United States and Eng land,would this general quotient give any satisfactory information? We have before us tables giving the weekly wages earned iu the United States and six of the prin cipal countries of Europe by the more numerous classes of laborers. In only one instance, that of bakers, is the rate of w ages less in New York than iu Eng land. The rates being from 25 to 100 per cent greater in this country in every case but the one mentioned. And while this fact is so notorious and unquestioned by any person of candor and.intelligence in the world, can it he credited that men seriously spend time and breath to show from some general statistical tables that the laboring men in England are better paid than in the United States ? Why on earth then are men such fools as m leave England by the tens of thous ands yearly and come to the Linked States, while there are none who go from here to England except to spend the money made on this side. The Independent recently published with much exultation some votes taken at Long Branch and other summer re sorts. which placed Cleveland far ahead. We would lose our confidence iu Blaiue if the results had been otherwise. Cleve land is the candidate of the monopolists and capitalists whose vast wealth ena bles them to visit these costly watering places. The men who will elect Blaine are to be found on farms, in shops and factories, hard at work, and fully deter mined that American labor shall suffer no further from the selfishness of these elegant supporters of Mr. Cleveland. TIIE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO INGERSOLL. Our people have improved the oppor tunity quite generally during the past _ two nights to listen to the great infidel j orator, Robert G. Inger soil, on his favor ite topics. After* his very plain talk about the Bible and the creeds,the speaker seemed to think it was a little too bad to leave the world witfiout a ruler and life without an object, so he undertook to substitute a religion that he thought would do to stand on. Its main points were drawn from Christ's sermon on the mount. Forgive as ye hope to be for given. Be ^merciful as ye hope to ob tain mercy, etc. In general, do to others as you would have others do to you. Be as charitable in your judgments and as active in your sympathies to others as you will wish God to be towards you, if after death you should wake up and find that there was a future life. Besides this, Ingersoll would have every one cheerful, happy, a good liver, with a w ell furnished house, good clothes, etc. He thought the world needed good cooks more than preachers. Certainly all will agree that a kind of cookingthat will give us pleasure in eating without a heavy head and sour stomach, is better than a poor, dyspeptic sermon. There are a great many half truths in what Ingersoll says, and it would he a much better world than it is if all w'ould live up to the standard that he lays down. If Ingersoll could only lecture before the theologians we incline to think he might do a great deal of good, hut before a promiscuous assemblage his influence, so far as the portion that is apprehend seems bad. If a man will he virtuous, charitable, forgiving, always abounding in good words, good looks and good deeds, as Ingersoll recommends, he will he a pret ty good, practical, working Christian, with a better chance for heaven than any hypocrite, no matter how many times he has been baptized, or what he may pre tend to believe. We accept the test, and so does every Christian believer and teacher. It is not what a man professes to he, but what he is, that makes him a Christian. It strikes us that Ingersoll would he using his great talents to better purpose if he accepts and believes, as he says he does, the teachings of Christ, if he would get out an edition of the New Testament properly emended and ex purgated. Apparently he has a creed of his own as much as any church that he criticises. But until he has it reduced into shape, form and substance, better than the shadowy, glittering generalities that lie interspersed among the wrecks of the creeds that he assails, he ought to have the practical good sense and piety to see that he is doing mischief. He is cutting adrift every man's belief and pushing him out to sea without a rudder, chart or compass, and on a sea full of shoals and rocks and liable to fearful tempests. We do not believe the world will grow better if Ingersoll's discourses were sub stituted for all the sermons of preachers, and this is not saying hut there is truth iu much that Ingersoll says, and much error in the creeds and the teach ings of all the churches. We are in a fair way to get some data presently from which it will be very short and easy work to reach practical conclusions. The Independent has proved conclusively to itself by the use of the discarded census tables of 1850, which have been the laughing stock of the world ever since they were published, that a low revenue tariff fosters and pro motes manufactures and commerce more effectually than a high protective tariff. But we want to be a little more explicit on a few points. As we both seem agreed that it is a good thing to promote manufactures and commerce, we cer tainly ought not to experience much difficulty in arriving at the best means. Is it held by the Independent that a low duty on foreign manufactures promotes the manu facture of the same wares in this country better than a light protective tariff' on the same class of goods that would naturally prevent the introduc tion of as many and would necessarily raise the price of those imported? This is equivalent to asserting that the more goods brought in from foreign countries, the more room there is tor the same class of goods made at home, and the still more anomalous proposition that the higher the price, the more goods are bought and sold. Really to establish these propositions in the face of the con current opinions of political economists to the contrary, and the general belief of mankind that they are false and can't possibly he true, will be a good season's work for the Independent and all others who may wish to "join in." The round-up of horse thieves down on the Missouri, so far as we can get at the inside view and the bottom facts of the business, is one of the best things that ever happened in the Territory. Somebody without either a civil or mili tary commission is doing us the identi cal service for which the iaws are intend ed hut often prove inadequate. If it should cost the lives of a few score of men, to whom there is little chance of being of any account to themselves or the world, to teach respect for lawful ownership of cattle and horses, it would he a profitable exchange. We hope to see the day that it will he just as safe for a man's horse or ox to graze on any part of the public domain' as in a pasture in front of the house. So proud would we he' of such a state of affairs that we would readily sacrifice every horse thief in the Territory to secure it THE LAST KICK. We have had our say and perhaps a sufficient one, about the Independents, those lost Pleiads of a once fair sphere, now doomed to wander in the void and darkness of Democracy. But the last kick admini'tered by the woman suffra gists is too good to pass unnoticed. These super-refined, Lightened, moral and in tellectual politicians, who had conic to fancy that they had created the Repub lican party and held its destiny in their delicate grasp ami could crush it with a frown, are made a laughing stock even by the strong minded women. This must cap the çlimax of their humiliation. It was rather rough after their herculean sacrifices for the Demo cratic party to see their protest against the restoration of Barnum to the chair manship of the Democratic National Committee treated with such coutempt nous indifference. But to he made the butt of ridicule by the very ladies be fore whom they have so often strutted in such serene self-complacency is trying on exquisite nerves, and though we have probably less reason than any one to squander sympathy on such traitors, we cannot help feeling a little pity for them. Their supernatural keenness of vision by which they pretended to he able to see that their support of Cleveland was perfectly consistent with their past polit ical associations and professions and their aspirations for reform and high po litical morality, even to the partial judgment of their lady friends is nothing but a personal pique, and their showy and noisy march over to the Democratic camp is more accurately described as a step down from their high moral platform to swamp their votes with the Democratic party. Yes ; these men who have pretended to exalt principles above persons, who have held forth without ceasing in ad vocacy of the exalted principles of the Republican party, for a little petty per sonal pique show themselves ready to abandon every principle they have here tofore held to he essential to the welfare of the republic. We do not believe these Independents have any conception of how contempt ible they have made themselves appear in the minds of honest and consistent Republican men and women. Ten millions of people, says the St. Louis G lobe-Democrat, have read Mr. Blaine's letter and nineteen out of twen ty of those who have read it, whether friends or enemies of the author, are compelled to admit that as a campaign document it has never been excelled in this country. As a vote-maker it is not likely to he equalled by the best stump speech delivered between now and the day of election. It says more than the Republican platform without unsaying or repeating a word in the platform. It would have been unanimously adopted as the platform of any Republican con vention held in this country within the period of which it treats The man who cannot be held in the faith or converted to the faith by that letter is not apt to be reached by any argument or appeal, and may be set down among the incurables. The chief excellence of the letter is that in its de tails and in its entirety it goes right to the hearts and homes of the people with subjects which concern them and their government. No Democrat could have written such a document though the Presidency were to be his without a con test an hour after finishing it. It is es sentially a letter of a Republican ad Iressed to Republicans. The report of Consul Mason, of Mar seilles, in relation to the sanitary condi tion of the cities of the south of France is one of the greatest interest. In the case of Marseilles it seems as if nothing more could he done than lias been done to render the place healthy, and yet it seems as if all availed nothing because there are no tides to purify the sea, and all the filth of the city poisons the waters of the bay. In so hot a country stagnant water soon becomes very filthy The same is the situa and ; short over ■pain. We ex of the cholera the south of terrible effect. Some and unhealthy, tion in Italy pect nothing •weeping all Europe with other and more satisfactory method of disposing of sewerage must he found out besides emptying it into the rivers and the bays even of the salt sea where there is motion to the waters. There must be some way found out to disinfect sewer age as soon as possible and as near as possible to the source from whence it originates. It would he one of the great est discoveries of the age to ascertain some cheap and expeditious manner of applying an antidote to the poison that is generated from the filth of great towns and cities. It is said to be done at Paris and Berlin. If so, why can't it be done elsewhere ? There is something very singular in the violent dislike that the people of France have taken to the doctors in the cholera districts. It is unnatural.! [Peo ple conscious of their danger and their own inability to guard against or cure the disease, would most naturally hail with delight any one who came with promise of help. We are told to-day that the idea is prevalent among the people that the doctors assist the cholera for the purpose of getting rid of the surplus of the people. It is not to the credit of the doctors or of the govern ment that such prejudices have got abroad and become general. It be comes the French Government to exert itself vastly more than it has yet done to dispel these popular delusions or prejudices that are working frightful demoralization and increasing the death rate. WHOSE FAULT? Well, whose fault is it that such a shameful state of affairs exists in our penitentiary? Really, we do not be lieve the fault rests with any one in Montana. We know positively that our vigilant Governor has represented the urgent necessity for accommodations tor four times as many prisoners as are now provided for. Aud the Marshal has also made recommendations so often that we presume ht as perhaps lost in terest iu a subject that could never he presented in such shape a* to arou>e any interest in the Appropropriation Com mittee of the House. We have no doubt Mr. Maginnis has used all the in fluence that a Delegate without a vote could bring to bear by ordinary means. The fact is, however, that the case lias reached and long since passed the limits of ordinary treatment. For years it was niaù e the pretext for pardoning criminals out of prison fls mk as the courts sent them there, that there was no room for more. Then came the system of providing temporary quarters in the penitentiary yard, till that is becoming rather crowded. The latest phase of the question is about this, that the people seeing there is little use of getting criminals convicted and sent to a penitentiary from which it is comparatively easy to escape, have taken into their own hands to administer jus tice in a rude but effective way. Our peojde are going to have protec tion for life and property whether Con gress will provide a penitentiary or not. And the Eastern press, while expatiating about the lawlessness of the frontsers men, might as well tell the whole story and say that these poor people have re lied upon courts, laws and penitentiaries till they find no safety to life or property and a reconstruction is absolutely essen tial. The real lynchers and stranglers are those zealous, suspicious, penurious members of Congress who are unwilling to pay law officers, jurors and witnesses in the Territories enough per diem to cover their board, and as for a peni tentiary have not accommodations for a single^county. How silly the pretext that the proper officer or department has not made and submitted any estimates. EveryJ year for the past ten, there has been an esti mate for this very thing. The Marshal, the Judges, Grand Juries, the Governor, and the whole press of the Territory have chorussed this want till they are asham ed, disgusted, hopeless. And now some body pipes up with the foolish question, "Why didn't you speak about It." Sup pose we had sent down a car-load of es timates, does any body fancy the result would have been any different. It is no torious that the Committees of the House pay no attention to estimates except to studiously disregard them. It is rather hard to acknowledge, hut it is the fact in spite of good officersjthat the administration of the United States laws in the Territory are now and always have been pretty much of a farce. And were it not for Vigilance Committees there would be no living here. The Indianapolis News of a recent date contains the results of an interview with Judge Coburn, of the 1st District, on a recent visit to his old home m In diana. The Judge says that Montana contains some of the best men and women in the world, and some of the worst ; that there are two pretty well de fined and distinct classes ot society in this country, which he would lead one to think had no points of sympathy or contact, hut were as wide asunder as the poles. Considering the short time the Judge has been in the couutry, we are not so much surprised at his judgment. Full er iuforniation aud observation will con inee him that the chief difference is rath er of appearance and on the surface than inherent. There is the same comming ling of vice and virtue all over the world, only here there is no such dead-set pub lic opinion or hypocritical fashion as compels vice to skulk, whisper aud wear crape. There are no worse men or wo men here in any town in Montana than are to he found in Indianapolis or any other city further east. It is this skulk ing, sneaking, smooth-spoken, pious faced vice that is the most dangerous. It even lends a shade of respectabil ity to vice, when it comes out honestly and professes to be only what it really is. If we have not as many professional s.iiots as there are further east, we will venture to remark that we have full as many practical ones. Here as else where no one is altogether good, nor al together bad, hut a good fair average. ÜF all the silly excuses that have been put forward from time to time for Major Maginnis' sins of omission the silliest is that which is repeated by the Inde pendent respecting the extension of the United States penitentiary at Deer Lodge. This is, that the reason for the long delay in procuring an appropria tion for the purpose named was the fail ure on the part of federal 'officials— meaning the United States Marshal—to forward the plans, and estimates.JNow the fact is that Marshal Botkin has writ ten a letter as often at least as once a year ever since he has been in office, urging the importance of this work. He did not forward the plans and estimates because they have never been in his pos session. They have been in the files of the department at Washington, where Major Maginnis could have found them at the cost of fifteen minutes' effort, at anytime. It is only just to add that Congress has now appropriated $15,000 to complete the penitentiary. The sum is not enough to build even another wing and fit it for occupancy, but it is S uite probable that our Delegate got all hat he could. There is no occasion of alarm on ac count of the general demonetization of silver. Silver i~ the money of the poor and the common people and these will always outnumber the rich. It is not very likely that England will push this demonetization of silver to the ruiu of its Iudiau possession. Silver always was popular with the French and will he more so than ever now that she lias en tered upon an era of civilization in Asia and Africa. Germany is the only one ot the great powers of Europe that is not under bonds to do nothing to injure sil ver as currency. Bismarck has little sympathy for the mass of his people, but Bismarck is near the end of his career. Germany is not a gold producing coun try, and aside from the small moneyed class and for simplicity in keeping gov ernment accounts, very few in Germany are in favor of demonetizing silver. As to this country, which produces both metals, we are in position to defy hostile getion by any combination ol foreign counlried. So long as silver is given a fictitious value, widely difierêni from the market value, its use as currency must always continue to be very limited. But if we would only bring these two values together, we could give currency to all i the silver we can produce. The little knot of theoretic statesmen with Curtis in the lead, who want gold straight lor money, have recently retired from the Republican party, and one of their com plaints was that the platform was un sound on the silver question. We should dislike to think that there were any so devoid of humanity as to begrudge the money that the rescue of famishing men might entail, and yet there were many in Congress, of souls so small and so distorted in their vision hv the jaundice of partizanship that they op posed the appropriation for the Greeley expedition for fear that possibly Sec. Chandler might misappropriate some of j it for political purposes. The same mean, contemptible, suspicious spirit manifest ed itself in every appropriation bill. Though the estimates are made with the utmost care and from a knowledge of the facts, the appropriation committees, with no regard for the estimates and no knowl edge them selves, cut down everything as if their only conception of statesmanship consisted in suspecting that their politi cal opponents were thieves. It is this that is given out as the reason why an appropriation was refused for the con struction of a suitable navy, the fear that somebody would he given a contract who would vote the Republican ticket or con tribute to the campaign fund. It is hard to see how men whose pitiful souls thrive with mean estimates of their fellow men ever come to make any appropria tion for anything. Men who suspect everybody else of being a thief are not honest men and would certainly steal if they had a chance, and we appeal to every reader's knowledge of human na ture aud observation of human experi ence to confirm our estimate. Of couse it is to he expected that men who really believe in a low tariff must have something to base that belief on. And we will concede that plausible arguments can he constructed to give color to the illusion. Because free trade suits the interests of Great Britain, it does not necessarily follow that it will suit our interests. If England were situated as Germany and France, to say nothing of tue United States, she would hate protection certainly, and probably to a greater extent. If England con sulted the interests of her agricultural class she would not let in grain and pro visions duty free. If England consult ed the interests of Ireland or cared any thing for the Irish people, except tfi im poverish and drive them into exile, she would not have free trade for that coun try, hut give its swarming peo ple some diversity of employ ment at home. With linen manufac tures, Ireland was once rich and pros perous. England, with her mines of iron and coal, is peculiarly well fitted for successful manufacturing. To dis tance all competitors in the outside markets of the world, it was only neces sary to add to these natural advantages cheap raw material and cheap labor. In order to have cheap labor it was necessary to have cheap food. Öo it was England's policy clearly to admit our corn and cotton untaxed. As a result she supplies the greater part of the world with cheap cotton cloth. England cannot raise her corn and cotton, hut we can raise ours, and we^ have as ^ricli mines of iron and coal as even England lias. Our industrial and commercial policy should grow out of our own c'r cumstances, and not those of so me other couutry. We cannot find fault vvitn Eng land for adopting! the policy that suits her situation, and wejare fools if we do not consult our own interests. By the news we gave last evening, it looked as if there was to be a war after all between France and China. It was represented that China had flatly re fused to pay the indemnity demanded, and had been negotiating for delay to get into better shape for the fight. Her ships had been sold to some enterprising Americans and so far as possible ex posed property put under cover. We have been deceived before about China, and have less confidence in predicting what she will do now. Nor have we ever heard any satisfactory account why the French were fired on at Lang Loo, but it has looked very much as if France were too hauty and unreasonable in her demands, and it seems as if it were time for China to speak up and show that she would fight under sufficient provocation, even if she knew she would be whipped in the struggle. joyed, the man ABOUT TOWN." When H. M. Pärchen builds another story to his brick block, corner of Main and Broadway, it will add greatly to the appearance of that corner, aud will be an ornament to the city and a credit to the enterprising owner. With the additional electric light masts put np in different parts ot the city, night will be turned into day, and the light fur 1 nished will be almost as cheap as that lur nished by the sun. The benefits to be de rived from this mode of lighting up our streets cannot lie calculated. Evil doers will have to seek new fields of opera tion, and our people will have a feeliug ot security that they have not heretofore en Hurry up the lights. The old time hoys have at last put the ball in motion by calling a meeting of the old pioneers to assemble in Helena on Wednesday, September 10, 1884, for the purpose of forming an association. This is right and proper, and we hope to see a full turn-out of the veterans of 1882-3-4 at the meeting. This is the only way of getting a correct history of the "days that tried men's souls," aud the present and future generations will be greatly benefitted. Let every old-timer have a speech ready to drop into the "contribution box. There are several varieties ol tame and wild berries that are prolific and grow very large in this mountainous country, but I have not seen anything in the berry line that can beat the English gooseberries grown in the garden of our Iriend W illiarn McClatchey, on Rodney street. These ber ries resemble more in size the small green gage plum than anything I can compare them to. Their davor is pleasing to the taste, and I have no doubt but that they tory of these desperadoes. The latest in make the choicest of preserves and jellies. The residents of Meagher are made of the right kind of stuff' and are doing a good Christian duty in hanging all the horse-thieves they can lay their hands on. This is the only way of ridding the Terri telligence from Meagher county is encour aging—" seven horse-thieves Ranged last week, and several more being hounded down." Some people will find fault with this mode of dealing with the thieves, but I am of the solemn opinion that if these fault-finding people had lost several head of valuable horses they would lie among the first to advocate hanging. From a le gal point hanging should only be done ac cording to law, but society and property must be protected and outraged justice strikes with au iron haqd when once aroused for self protection. In conversation with a ^fentleman the other day who had but lately returned from the East, relative to the immense for tunes held by some Americans at the pres ent time, I was surprised to learn that our great millionaires were fast becoming poor people. He said that Vanderbilt's wealth was at the least calculation fifty millions less than it was four months ago. That Jay Gould's bank account had shortened up thirty millions in the same length of time, and that he was now hard up for ready cash. That Russell sage was at least ten millions poorer than he was on the first of April, and that even Cyrus W. Field had lost millions enough to make him gloomy and despondent. He said the tide was fast turning, and that it would not take long at the present rate of decrease lor these men of millions to reach the bot tom dollar. To be poor in purse is mighty inconvenient sometimes, but it must be a particularly hard dose for one to swallow to tumble down from a millionaire to a two-dollar-and a-lialt-day man. But such is life. The following fly recipe was handed me by a lady with the request that it be made public through the column of "The Man About Town" in the Herald. It is simple and won t cost much to try, besides it will assist in making your homes what they should be. Here is the recipe : "For three years I have lived in town, and during that time my sitting-room has been free from flies, while all iny neighbors' rooms were crowded. I often congratulate my self on my escape, but never knew the reason of it until a few days ago. I then had occasion to remove my goods to an other house, while I remained for a few days longer. Among other things re moved were the boxes of geraniums and calcolarias, which stood iu my window, being open to its full extent, top and bot tom. The boxes were not gone half an hour when my room was as full of Hies as those of my neighbors around me. This, to me, was a new discovery, and perhaps it may serve to encourage others in that which is always a source of pleasure, namely, window gardening. Mignonette, planted in long, shallow boxes, placed on the window sill, will be found excellent for this purpose.'' We often hear people talking about the beauties and comforts of Home, but how few there are who really appreciate and enjoy their homes—always longing lor a something, they don't know what, never satisfied with what they have of this world's comforts and joys. We have the means within ourselves to make our homes what they should be if we would only set about'it. "The home of everyone," said Sir Edward Coke, "is to him as his castle and fortress, as well for his defense against injury and violence as for his happiness and repose." The following lines from several noted writers as to what home is and what it may be made, are worth careful reading : Cling to thy home ! If there the meanest shed Yield thee a hearth and a shelter for thy head. And some poor plot, with vegetables stored Be all that Heaven allots thee for thy board, Unsavory bread and herbs that scattered giow Wild on tire river bank or mountain brow ; Yet e'n this cheerless mansion shall provide More heart's repose than all the world beside. — Leon I dus. Subduing and subdued the petty strife, Which clouds the color of domestic life; The sober comfort, all the peace which springs From the large aggregate of little things • On these small cares of daughter, wife or friend The almost sacred joys of home depend. —Hannah Moore. By the «reside still the heart is shining The children's arms around the parents twioing From love so sweet. Oh, who would roam'* Be it ever so homely, home is home. — D. M. Mulock. ., ,, Home is the resort Of love, of joy, of peace and plenty ; where Supporting and supported, polished friends And dear relat.ons mingle into bliss. — Thompson. ouly cause assigned lor his attempt at Çide is nervous depression, resulting from a 1 • 4 4 1 - 11 .TA A t Ai, .. ..1 . ' . M Attempted Suicide. Chicago, July 30.—A Washington »p«. ial says. C ongressman Culbertson of Kt tueky, who represents the Asland district of that State, attempted suicide to-day bred several shots, one of which entered the right temple, coming out near the S on the opposite side of his head Washington, July 30.-Congressman Cu liiert son is in a critical condition. Tl ' '^-""Representative to-day and there arc little too free use of stimulants tlurin « th hot weather. Washington, JuI, Culbertson is better hopes of his recovery. Washington, August 1 .—Representa tive Culbertson is considered out of danger Terrible Explosion. Cincinnati, July JO. — A terrible ex plosion occurred in the house of Henry Upmeirer. 21 Oregon street, this morning A young sou of I'pmeirer brought home an unexploded rocket that had fallen fron the Highland house, where there had been an exhibition of tire works last night. n e had tried to open it, but failing to do so his mother seized a hatchet and dealt it a severe blow, when a terrific explosion followed. Mrs. Upmeirer was fatally in jured. Ida Upmeirer, aged 12, was iatallv injured. Charles Upmeirer, aged six, was severely hurt. Phillip Kill, aged 10, wa ^ slightly injured. The deadly missile was a pound rocket. The vicinity of the explo sion was fearfully wrecked. Terrible Labor Troubles. Bradford, Pa., July JO.—The Bradford glass works which shut down on account of a strike recently, resumed to-day with non-union men. This afternoon the strik ers surrounded the factory while Fortune Degueaux, the new foreman, and Superin tendent McCartney, were inside, and began throwing stones. McCartney escaped but Degneaux was captured aud his eyes goug ed out in order to prevent him from doinu any more work. There is great excitement to-night and .it is feared that the strikers will burn the factory and other buildings of the company. Fire and Loss of Life. Hawthorne, Nevada, July JO.—The town of Luuing, except the depot build ings, was totally destroyed by fire last night. No particulars. New York, August 1.—The six-story building No. 89 Water street, the uppUr stories being occupied by two families and the rest devoted to business, caught tire this morning. Bartholomew O'Keefe, the janitor, was fatally burned. James Gib bons, aged 4 years, was burned to death. Mrs. Gibbons climbed the stairway to the roof with two children iu her arms, all hav ing their clothes burned. The police found them on the roof with their clothes burn ing, the fiesh coming off with the clothes. They were taken to the hospital. After the fire was extinguished the body of Jas. Gibbons, the four-year-old boy, was found burned to a crisp. Greely's Reception. Portsmouth, N. H., August I.-Th e Greely relief squadron arrive« in sight early this morning with orders relative to hi>w ing a reception on Saturday, but Secretary Chandler has since "changed the time and appointed 1 p. m. to-day for the naval re ception iu the harbor. The programme as arranged for Saturday will be substantially carried out. Mrs. Greely arrived at noon with Gen. Hazen and party. Lieutenant Greeley's mother is also here. Treaty of Peace. Shanghai, Jq0 31.—It is reported here to-day that France and China have made a treaty of peace. China is to pay France an indemnity of 5,200,000 tcels, which is equal to $7.280,000. London, August 1.—A Times dispatch from Foo Chow dated July 31, says: China refused to pay the indemnity demanded by France. The time granted China by France to decide upon the matter will not be pro longed beyond August 1st. A secret edict has been issued ordering the Chinese not to molest foreigners. The French civilians and mandarins however assert that the lives of foreigners are not safe. The English fiag ship is landing sailors to act in defense of foreigners in Foo Chow. The China merchants tleet has been sold to an American for $3,790,0» Ml. War is inevitable and foreigners are leav ing the city. Debt Statement. Washington, August 1.—The decrease in the public debt during July was $13, 993,289. Cash in the treasury, -J4OÖ.910. 004 ; gold certificates, $118,017,320; silver certificates, $120,404,341; certificates of de posit, $13,230,000; refunding certifiâtes. $274,350; legal tenders, $346,681,016 : frac tional currency, $679,849. Hold Robbery. Pittsburg, Pa., July 31.—A special from Petrolia, Butler county. Pa., says that yes terday afternoon three masked men enter ed the house of Jacob Rhodabaugh. a weil known fanner living near St. Joe,and with revolvers cocked compelled him to opep his safe and give them $13,000 in cash, al ter which they took to the woods and have not yet been captured. Photographei's Convention. Cincinnati, July 31.—The national convention of photographers awarded priz es for the best collection of cabinets, elected officers aud passed resolutions censuring the post master-general for declaring pho tographs to be fourth-class matter and ap pointed a committee to present him with a copy, with the request that he reconsider his action. The next convention is to be held at Buffalo. Railroad Time Change». Galveston, Texas, July 31.—The Guff Colorado and Santa Fe railway will t0 ' morrow announce a consummation of re ciprocal traffic arrangements with the Gould lines through the Southwest. Se T eral changes of schedule-time on the Mis souri Pacific lines go into effect to-morrow to meet the Santa Fe trains. Railroad Matter». St. Paul, August 1 .—President Harri-', of the Northern Pacific, arrived this m° rD ing and has been all day in consultatif with the heads of departments. 8 . porter of the Associated Press to-mg said that negotiations were pending *° r . lease of the O. R. & N Co., and that nite action would probably lie taken _ after he returned to New \ ork. f asked what was the scope and file o proposed lease, he replied : nt "AUI can say it is that is a perw^ lease, or contract, and I like t better. I will add one word more- ^ thing that belongs to theO. „Lenient will be under the control and . of the Northern Pacific. That is e ^ and all that I care to make P ub ** * te d time. When the affairs are Ç 0D! ' U " or ready to be put in operation lot not withhold them from the until they are in a mature co w would be nnwise and unsafe to f them."