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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, August 07, 1884, Image 4

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<fl|c iXlecltlii Kjeralil.
FISK BROS. - - - Publishers.
R. E. FISK,......E dl t° r -
Hendricks is con.-idered by many a»
in every respect a superior man to C le\e
land. We fail to see the evidence of it
in his response to the committee. Cleve
land's response was in every respect the
most manlv, frank, sensible and credit
able. .Notwithstanding the numerous
intimations that Hendricks would never
take the second place, he is evidently as
tickled as a boy with a new top to get
it. His remark that the proper time had
not arrived for him to consider the
strength and force of the statements
made in the platform, sounds strange,
ami whatever it may mean had better
have been unsaid. He seems to have
some crotchet in his head about his
duty in counting the electoral vote,
which will recommend him strongly for
defeat. His intimation that he feels the
duties and responsibilities of the office
already resting on hun is a rather cheap
and boyish way of expressing a confi
dence that there is very little to justify.
Those duties and responsibilities will
grow very light in November, and after
the 4th of next March will have no
weight at all.__
There is one species of commerce
that a low tariff fosters, and that is
foreign commerce. i hat sort of com
merce is carried on in foreign ships; the
profits on transportation go into the
pockets of foreign ship owners; the
goods carried on the seas are more liable
to loss, to capture, to deterioration, and
having run all the hazards of double
transportation over lands and seas we
buy back a small part and pay the big
gest sort of a profit on articles that we
possessed and sold originally. This is
the case with all the cotton raised in
this country, sent over in British ships
to be worked up in British factories by
British machinery and skilled labor,
brought back in British «bottoms, and
sold by British factors at large profits to
the planter. Is that the sort of com
merce after all that we want to culti
vate? The kind that we desire
to see promoted is that internal com
merce on which there are no duties, by
which the products of one portion of the
country are exchanged for those of
another. Massachusetts and .South Caro
lina can cultivate and enjoy with each
other a commerce vastly more profitable
than any between any part of this coun
try and England. Low tariff does not
promote internal commerce; it helps only
the lines running to the seaboard and the
commission merchants at seaport towns.
Protective tariff, on the contrary, gives
us all the profits at every step, on the
raising of raw material, on its transpor
tation to the factory, on its manufacture
and the subsequent distribution to the
hands of the consumer. Whatever profit
has been made at any stage of this route
has all been left in the country. It is
foreign commerce that is most im
portant and profitable.
I F a man really w anted to know wheth
er a working man or woman in any de
partment of industry earned more iu
this country than in England, do you
think he would take a pencil and go to
work on a pile of imperfect statistics and
divide the total amount returned as paid
out for wages by the given number of
employes and thus find out the amount
that every man was earning at any given
employment? If the statistics of all
countries were equally accurate, such re
sults ought to he of some use for general
purposes. But if a practical man want
ed to know how the wages of an iron
worker, coal-miner or a factory hand
compared in the United States and Eng
land,would this general quotient give any
satisfactory information? We have before
us tables giving the weekly wages earned
iu the United States and six of the prin
cipal countries of Europe by the more
numerous classes of laborers. In only
one instance, that of bakers, is the rate
of w ages less in New York than iu Eng
land. The rates being from 25 to 100
per cent greater in this country in every
case but the one mentioned. And while
this fact is so notorious and unquestioned
by any person of candor and.intelligence
in the world, can it he credited that
men seriously spend time and breath to
show from some general statistical tables
that the laboring men in England are
better paid than in the United States ?
Why on earth then are men such fools
as m leave England by the tens of thous
ands yearly and come to the Linked
States, while there are none who go from
here to England except to spend the
money made on this side.
The Independent recently published
with much exultation some votes taken
at Long Branch and other summer re
sorts. which placed Cleveland far ahead.
We would lose our confidence iu Blaiue
if the results had been otherwise. Cleve
land is the candidate of the monopolists
and capitalists whose vast wealth ena
bles them to visit these costly watering
places. The men who will elect Blaine
are to be found on farms, in shops and
factories, hard at work, and fully deter
mined that American labor shall suffer
no further from the selfishness of these
elegant supporters of Mr. Cleveland.
Our people have improved the oppor
tunity quite generally during the past _
two nights to listen to the great infidel j
orator, Robert G. Inger soil, on his favor
ite topics. After* his very plain talk
about the Bible and the creeds,the speaker
seemed to think it was a little too bad to
leave the world witfiout a ruler and life
without an object, so he undertook to
substitute a religion that he thought
would do to stand on. Its main points
were drawn from Christ's sermon on the
mount. Forgive as ye hope to be for
given. Be ^merciful as ye hope to ob
tain mercy, etc. In general, do to others
as you would have others do to you. Be
as charitable in your judgments and as
active in your sympathies to others as
you will wish God to be towards you, if
after death you should wake up and find
that there was a future life.
Besides this, Ingersoll would have
every one cheerful, happy, a good liver,
with a w ell furnished house, good clothes,
etc. He thought the world needed good
cooks more than preachers. Certainly
all will agree that a kind of cookingthat
will give us pleasure in eating without a
heavy head and sour stomach, is better
than a poor, dyspeptic sermon.
There are a great many half truths in
what Ingersoll says, and it would he a
much better world than it is if all w'ould
live up to the standard that he lays down.
If Ingersoll could only lecture before
the theologians we incline to think he
might do a great deal of good, hut before
a promiscuous assemblage his influence,
so far as the portion that is apprehend
seems bad.
If a man will he virtuous, charitable,
forgiving, always abounding in good
words, good looks and good deeds, as
Ingersoll recommends, he will he a pret
ty good, practical, working Christian,
with a better chance for heaven than any
hypocrite, no matter how many times he
has been baptized, or what he may pre
tend to believe.
We accept the test, and so does every
Christian believer and teacher. It is
not what a man professes to he, but
what he is, that makes him a Christian.
It strikes us that Ingersoll would he
using his great talents to better purpose
if he accepts and believes, as he says he
does, the teachings of Christ, if he
would get out an edition of the New
Testament properly emended and ex
purgated. Apparently he has a creed of
his own as much as any church that he
But until he has it reduced into shape,
form and substance, better than the
shadowy, glittering generalities that lie
interspersed among the wrecks of the
creeds that he assails, he ought to have
the practical good sense and piety to see
that he is doing mischief. He is cutting
adrift every man's belief and pushing
him out to sea without a rudder, chart
or compass, and on a sea full of shoals
and rocks and liable to fearful tempests.
We do not believe the world will grow
better if Ingersoll's discourses were sub
stituted for all the sermons of preachers,
and this is not saying hut there is
truth iu much that Ingersoll says, and
much error in the creeds and the teach
ings of all the churches.
We are in a fair way to get some data
presently from which it will be very
short and easy work to reach practical
conclusions. The Independent has proved
conclusively to itself by the use of the
discarded census tables of 1850, which
have been the laughing stock of the
world ever since they were published,
that a low revenue tariff fosters and pro
motes manufactures and commerce more
effectually than a high protective tariff.
But we want to be a little more explicit
on a few points. As we both seem
agreed that it is a good thing to promote
manufactures and commerce, we cer
tainly ought not to experience much
difficulty in arriving at the best means.
Is it held by the Independent
that a low duty on foreign
manufactures promotes the manu
facture of the same wares in this
country better than a light protective
tariff' on the same class of goods that
would naturally prevent the introduc
tion of as many and would necessarily
raise the price of those imported? This
is equivalent to asserting that the more
goods brought in from foreign countries,
the more room there is tor the same class
of goods made at home, and the still
more anomalous proposition that the
higher the price, the more goods are
bought and sold. Really to establish
these propositions in the face of the con
current opinions of political economists
to the contrary, and the general belief of
mankind that they are false and can't
possibly he true, will be a good
season's work for the Independent
and all others who may wish to "join in."
The round-up of horse thieves down
on the Missouri, so far as we can get at
the inside view and the bottom facts of
the business, is one of the best things
that ever happened in the Territory.
Somebody without either a civil or mili
tary commission is doing us the identi
cal service for which the iaws are intend
ed hut often prove inadequate. If it
should cost the lives of a few score of
men, to whom there is little chance of
being of any account to themselves or
the world, to teach respect for lawful
ownership of cattle and horses, it would
he a profitable exchange. We hope to
see the day that it will he just as safe for
a man's horse or ox to graze on any part
of the public domain' as in a pasture in
front of the house. So proud would we
he' of such a state of affairs that we
would readily sacrifice every horse thief
in the Territory to secure it
We have had our say and perhaps a
sufficient one, about the Independents,
those lost Pleiads of a once fair sphere,
now doomed to wander in the void and
darkness of Democracy. But the last
kick admini'tered by the woman suffra
gists is too good to pass unnoticed. These
super-refined, Lightened, moral and in
tellectual politicians, who had conic to
fancy that they had created the Repub
lican party and held its destiny in their
delicate grasp ami could crush it with a
frown, are made a laughing stock even
by the strong minded women.
This must cap the çlimax of their
humiliation. It was rather rough after
their herculean sacrifices for the Demo
cratic party to see their protest against
the restoration of Barnum to the chair
manship of the Democratic National
Committee treated with such coutempt
nous indifference. But to he made the
butt of ridicule by the very ladies be
fore whom they have so often strutted in
such serene self-complacency is trying
on exquisite nerves, and though we have
probably less reason than any one to
squander sympathy on such traitors, we
cannot help feeling a little pity for them.
Their supernatural keenness of vision
by which they pretended to he able to
see that their support of Cleveland was
perfectly consistent with their past polit
ical associations and professions and
their aspirations for reform and high po
litical morality, even to the partial
judgment of their lady friends is nothing
but a personal pique, and their showy
and noisy march over to the Democratic
camp is more accurately described as a
step down from their high moral
platform to swamp their votes with
the Democratic party. Yes ;
these men who have pretended
to exalt principles above persons, who
have held forth without ceasing in ad
vocacy of the exalted principles of the
Republican party, for a little petty per
sonal pique show themselves ready to
abandon every principle they have here
tofore held to he essential to the welfare
of the republic.
We do not believe these Independents
have any conception of how contempt
ible they have made themselves appear
in the minds of honest and consistent
Republican men and women.
Ten millions of people, says the St.
Louis G lobe-Democrat, have read Mr.
Blaine's letter and nineteen out of twen
ty of those who have read it, whether
friends or enemies of the author, are
compelled to admit that as a campaign
document it has never been excelled in
this country. As a vote-maker it is not
likely to he equalled by the best stump
speech delivered between now and the
day of election. It says more than the
Republican platform without unsaying
or repeating a word in the platform. It
would have been unanimously adopted
as the platform of any Republican con
vention held in this country within
the period of which it treats
The man who cannot be held in the
faith or converted to the faith by that
letter is not apt to be reached by any
argument or appeal, and may be set
down among the incurables. The chief
excellence of the letter is that in its de
tails and in its entirety it goes right to
the hearts and homes of the people with
subjects which concern them and their
government. No Democrat could have
written such a document though the
Presidency were to be his without a con
test an hour after finishing it. It is es
sentially a letter of a Republican ad
Iressed to Republicans.
The report of Consul Mason, of Mar
seilles, in relation to the sanitary condi
tion of the cities of the south of France
is one of the greatest interest. In the
case of Marseilles it seems as if nothing
more could he done than lias been done
to render the place healthy, and yet it
seems as if all availed nothing because
there are no tides to purify the sea, and
all the filth of the city poisons the
waters of the bay. In so hot a country
stagnant water soon becomes very filthy
The same is the situa
and ;
We ex
of the cholera
the south of
terrible effect. Some
and unhealthy,
tion in Italy
pect nothing
•weeping all
Europe with
other and more satisfactory method of
disposing of sewerage must he found out
besides emptying it into the rivers and
the bays even of the salt sea where there
is motion to the waters. There must be
some way found out to disinfect sewer
age as soon as possible and as near as
possible to the source from whence it
originates. It would he one of the great
est discoveries of the age to ascertain
some cheap and expeditious manner of
applying an antidote to the poison that
is generated from the filth of great towns
and cities. It is said to be done at Paris
and Berlin. If so, why can't it be done
elsewhere ?
There is something very singular in
the violent dislike that the people of
France have taken to the doctors in the
cholera districts. It is unnatural.! [Peo
ple conscious of their danger and their
own inability to guard against or cure
the disease, would most naturally hail
with delight any one who came with
promise of help. We are told to-day
that the idea is prevalent among the
people that the doctors assist the cholera
for the purpose of getting rid of the
surplus of the people. It is not to the
credit of the doctors or of the govern
ment that such prejudices have got
abroad and become general. It be
comes the French Government to exert
itself vastly more than it has yet done
to dispel these popular delusions or
prejudices that are working frightful
demoralization and increasing the death
Well, whose fault is it that such a
shameful state of affairs exists in our
penitentiary? Really, we do not be
lieve the fault rests with any one in
Montana. We know positively that our
vigilant Governor has represented the
urgent necessity for accommodations tor
four times as many prisoners as are now
provided for. Aud the Marshal has
also made recommendations so often
that we presume ht as perhaps lost in
terest iu a subject that could never he
presented in such shape a* to arou>e any
interest in the Appropropriation Com
mittee of the House. We have no
doubt Mr. Maginnis has used all the in
fluence that a Delegate without a vote
could bring to bear by ordinary means.
The fact is, however, that the case
lias reached and long since passed
the limits of ordinary treatment.
For years it was niaù e the pretext for
pardoning criminals out of prison fls mk
as the courts sent them there, that there
was no room for more.
Then came the system of providing
temporary quarters in the penitentiary
yard, till that is becoming rather crowded.
The latest phase of the question is about
this, that the people seeing there is little
use of getting criminals convicted and
sent to a penitentiary from which it is
comparatively easy to escape, have taken
into their own hands to administer jus
tice in a rude but effective way.
Our peojde are going to have protec
tion for life and property whether Con
gress will provide a penitentiary or not.
And the Eastern press, while expatiating
about the lawlessness of the frontsers
men, might as well tell the whole story
and say that these poor people have re
lied upon courts, laws and penitentiaries
till they find no safety to life or property
and a reconstruction is absolutely essen
tial. The real lynchers and stranglers
are those zealous, suspicious, penurious
members of Congress who are unwilling
to pay law officers, jurors and witnesses
in the Territories enough per diem to
cover their board, and as for a peni
tentiary have not accommodations for a
How silly the pretext that the proper
officer or department has not made and
submitted any estimates. EveryJ year
for the past ten, there has been an esti
mate for this very thing. The Marshal,
the Judges, Grand Juries, the Governor,
and the whole press of the Territory have
chorussed this want till they are asham
ed, disgusted, hopeless. And now some
body pipes up with the foolish question,
"Why didn't you speak about It." Sup
pose we had sent down a car-load of es
timates, does any body fancy the result
would have been any different. It is no
torious that the Committees of the House
pay no attention to estimates except to
studiously disregard them.
It is rather hard to acknowledge, hut
it is the fact in spite of good officersjthat
the administration of the United States
laws in the Territory are now and always
have been pretty much of a farce. And
were it not for Vigilance Committees
there would be no living here.
The Indianapolis News of a recent
date contains the results of an interview
with Judge Coburn, of the 1st District,
on a recent visit to his old home m In
diana. The Judge says that Montana
contains some of the best men and
women in the world, and some of the
worst ; that there are two pretty well de
fined and distinct classes ot society in
this country, which he would lead one
to think had no points of sympathy or
contact, hut were as wide asunder as the
poles. Considering the short time the
Judge has been in the couutry, we are not
so much surprised at his judgment. Full
er iuforniation aud observation will con
inee him that the chief difference is rath
er of appearance and on the surface than
inherent. There is the same comming
ling of vice and virtue all over the world,
only here there is no such dead-set pub
lic opinion or hypocritical fashion as
compels vice to skulk, whisper aud wear
crape. There are no worse men or wo
men here in any town in Montana than
are to he found in Indianapolis or any
other city further east. It is this skulk
ing, sneaking, smooth-spoken, pious
faced vice that is the most dangerous.
It even lends a shade of respectabil
ity to vice, when it comes out honestly
and professes to be only what it really is.
If we have not as many professional
s.iiots as there are further east, we will
venture to remark that we have full as
many practical ones. Here as else
where no one is altogether good, nor al
together bad, hut a good fair average.
ÜF all the silly excuses that have been
put forward from time to time for Major
Maginnis' sins of omission the silliest is
that which is repeated by the Inde
pendent respecting the extension of the
United States penitentiary at Deer
Lodge. This is, that the reason for the
long delay in procuring an appropria
tion for the purpose named was the fail
ure on the part of federal 'officials—
meaning the United States Marshal—to
forward the plans, and estimates.JNow
the fact is that Marshal Botkin has writ
ten a letter as often at least as once a
year ever since he has been in office,
urging the importance of this work. He
did not forward the plans and estimates
because they have never been in his pos
session. They have been in the files of
the department at Washington, where
Major Maginnis could have found them
at the cost of fifteen minutes' effort, at
anytime. It is only just to add that
Congress has now appropriated $15,000
to complete the penitentiary. The sum
is not enough to build even another
wing and fit it for occupancy, but it is
S uite probable that our Delegate got all
hat he could.
There is no occasion of alarm on ac
count of the general demonetization of
silver. Silver i~ the money of the poor
and the common people and these will
always outnumber the rich. It is not
very likely that England will push this
demonetization of silver to the ruiu of
its Iudiau possession. Silver always
was popular with the French and will he
more so than ever now that she lias en
tered upon an era of civilization in Asia
and Africa. Germany is the only one ot
the great powers of Europe that is not
under bonds to do nothing to injure sil
ver as currency. Bismarck has little
sympathy for the mass of his people, but
Bismarck is near the end of his career.
Germany is not a gold producing coun
try, and aside from the small moneyed
class and for simplicity in keeping gov
ernment accounts, very few in Germany
are in favor of demonetizing silver. As
to this country, which produces both
metals, we are in position to defy hostile
getion by any combination ol foreign
counlried. So long as silver is given a
fictitious value, widely difierêni from the
market value, its use as currency must
always continue to be very limited. But
if we would only bring these two values
together, we could give currency to all i
the silver we can produce. The little
knot of theoretic statesmen with Curtis
in the lead, who want gold straight lor
money, have recently retired from the
Republican party, and one of their com
plaints was that the platform was un
sound on the silver question.
We should dislike to think that there
were any so devoid of humanity as to
begrudge the money that the rescue of
famishing men might entail, and yet there
were many in Congress, of souls so small
and so distorted in their vision hv the
jaundice of partizanship that they op
posed the appropriation for the Greeley
expedition for fear that possibly Sec.
Chandler might misappropriate some of j
it for political purposes. The same mean,
contemptible, suspicious spirit manifest
ed itself in every appropriation bill.
Though the estimates are made with the
utmost care and from a knowledge of the
facts, the appropriation committees, with
no regard for the estimates and no knowl
edge them selves, cut down everything as
if their only conception of statesmanship
consisted in suspecting that their politi
cal opponents were thieves. It is this
that is given out as the reason why an
appropriation was refused for the con
struction of a suitable navy, the fear that
somebody would he given a contract who
would vote the Republican ticket or con
tribute to the campaign fund. It is hard
to see how men whose pitiful souls thrive
with mean estimates of their fellow
men ever come to make any appropria
tion for anything. Men who suspect
everybody else of being a thief are not
honest men and would certainly steal if
they had a chance, and we appeal to
every reader's knowledge of human na
ture aud observation of human experi
ence to confirm our estimate.
Of couse it is to he expected that
men who really believe in a low tariff
must have something to base that belief
on. And we will concede that plausible
arguments can he constructed to give
color to the illusion. Because free trade
suits the interests of Great Britain, it
does not necessarily follow that it will
suit our interests. If England were
situated as Germany and France, to say
nothing of tue United States, she would
hate protection certainly, and probably
to a greater extent. If England con
sulted the interests of her agricultural
class she would not let in grain and pro
visions duty free. If England consult
ed the interests of Ireland or cared any
thing for the Irish people, except tfi im
poverish and drive them into exile, she
would not have free trade for that coun
try, hut give its swarming peo
ple some diversity of employ
ment at home. With linen manufac
tures, Ireland was once rich and pros
perous. England, with her mines of
iron and coal, is peculiarly well fitted
for successful manufacturing. To dis
tance all competitors in the outside
markets of the world, it was only neces
sary to add to these natural advantages
cheap raw material and cheap labor.
In order to have cheap labor it was
necessary to have cheap food. Öo it was
England's policy clearly to admit our
corn and cotton untaxed. As a result
she supplies the greater part of the
world with cheap cotton cloth. England
cannot raise her corn and cotton, hut
we can raise ours, and we^ have as ^ricli
mines of iron and coal as even England
lias. Our industrial and commercial
policy should grow out of our own c'r
cumstances, and not those of so me other
couutry. We cannot find fault vvitn
Eng land for adopting! the policy that
suits her situation, and wejare fools if
we do not consult our own interests.
By the news we gave last evening, it
looked as if there was to be a war after
all between France and China. It was
represented that China had flatly re
fused to pay the indemnity demanded,
and had been negotiating for delay to
get into better shape for the fight. Her
ships had been sold to some enterprising
Americans and so far as possible ex
posed property put under cover. We
have been deceived before about China,
and have less confidence in predicting
what she will do now. Nor have we
ever heard any satisfactory account why
the French were fired on at Lang Loo,
but it has looked very much as if France
were too hauty and unreasonable in her
demands, and it seems as if it were time
for China to speak up and show that she
would fight under sufficient provocation,
even if she knew she would be whipped
in the struggle.
the man ABOUT TOWN."
When H. M. Pärchen builds another
story to his brick block, corner of Main
and Broadway, it will add greatly to the
appearance of that corner, aud will be an
ornament to the city and a credit to the
enterprising owner.
With the additional electric light masts
put np in different parts ot the city, night
will be turned into day, and the light fur
nished will be almost as cheap as that lur
nished by the sun. The benefits to be de
rived from this mode of lighting up
our streets cannot lie calculated. Evil
doers will have to seek new fields of opera
tion, and our people will have a feeliug ot
security that they have not heretofore en
Hurry up the lights.
The old time hoys have at last put the
ball in motion by calling a meeting of the
old pioneers to assemble in Helena on
Wednesday, September 10, 1884, for the
purpose of forming an association. This is
right and proper, and we hope to see a full
turn-out of the veterans of 1882-3-4 at the
meeting. This is the only way of getting
a correct history of the "days that tried
men's souls," aud the present and future
generations will be greatly benefitted. Let
every old-timer have a speech ready to
drop into the "contribution box.
There are several varieties ol tame and
wild berries that are prolific and grow
very large in this mountainous country,
but I have not seen anything in the berry
line that can beat the English gooseberries
grown in the garden of our Iriend W illiarn
McClatchey, on Rodney street. These ber
ries resemble more in size the small green
gage plum than anything I can compare
them to. Their davor is pleasing to the
taste, and I have no doubt but that they
tory of these desperadoes. The latest in
make the choicest of preserves and jellies.
The residents of Meagher are made of
the right kind of stuff' and are doing a
good Christian duty in hanging all the
horse-thieves they can lay their hands on.
This is the only way of ridding the Terri
telligence from Meagher county is encour
aging—" seven horse-thieves Ranged last
week, and several more being hounded
down." Some people will find fault with
this mode of dealing with the thieves, but
I am of the solemn opinion that if these
fault-finding people had lost several head
of valuable horses they would lie among
the first to advocate hanging. From a le
gal point hanging should only be done ac
cording to law, but society and property
must be protected and outraged justice
strikes with au iron haqd when once
aroused for self protection.
In conversation with a ^fentleman the
other day who had but lately returned
from the East, relative to the immense for
tunes held by some Americans at the pres
ent time, I was surprised to learn that our
great millionaires were fast becoming poor
people. He said that Vanderbilt's wealth
was at the least calculation fifty millions
less than it was four months ago. That
Jay Gould's bank account had shortened
up thirty millions in the same length of
time, and that he was now hard up for
ready cash. That Russell sage was at least
ten millions poorer than he was on the
first of April, and that even Cyrus W.
Field had lost millions enough to make
him gloomy and despondent. He said the
tide was fast turning, and that it would
not take long at the present rate of decrease
lor these men of millions to reach the bot
tom dollar. To be poor in purse is mighty
inconvenient sometimes, but it must be
a particularly hard dose for one to swallow
to tumble down from a millionaire to a
two-dollar-and a-lialt-day man. But such
is life.
The following fly recipe was handed me
by a lady with the request that it be made
public through the column of "The Man
About Town" in the Herald. It is simple
and won t cost much to try, besides it will
assist in making your homes what they
should be. Here is the recipe : "For three
years I have lived in town, and during
that time my sitting-room has been free
from flies, while all iny neighbors' rooms
were crowded. I often congratulate my
self on my escape, but never knew the
reason of it until a few days ago. I then
had occasion to remove my goods to an
other house, while I remained for a few
days longer. Among other things re
moved were the boxes of geraniums and
calcolarias, which stood iu my window,
being open to its full extent, top and bot
tom. The boxes were not gone half an
hour when my room was as full of Hies as
those of my neighbors around me. This,
to me, was a new discovery, and perhaps it
may serve to encourage others in that
which is always a source of pleasure,
namely, window gardening. Mignonette,
planted in long, shallow boxes, placed on
the window sill, will be found excellent
for this purpose.''
We often hear people talking about the
beauties and comforts of Home, but how
few there are who really appreciate and
enjoy their homes—always longing lor
a something, they don't know what, never
satisfied with what they have of this world's
comforts and joys. We have the means
within ourselves to make our homes what
they should be if we would only set about'it.
"The home of everyone," said Sir Edward
Coke, "is to him as his castle and fortress,
as well for his defense against injury and
violence as for his happiness and repose."
The following lines from several noted
writers as to what home is and what it
may be made, are worth careful reading :
Cling to thy home ! If there the meanest shed
Yield thee a hearth and a shelter for thy head.
And some poor plot, with vegetables stored
Be all that Heaven allots thee for thy board,
Unsavory bread and herbs that scattered giow
Wild on tire river bank or mountain brow ;
Yet e'n this cheerless mansion shall provide
More heart's repose than all the world beside.
— Leon I dus.
Subduing and subdued the petty strife,
Which clouds the color of domestic life;
The sober comfort, all the peace which springs
From the large aggregate of little things •
On these small cares of daughter, wife or friend
The almost sacred joys of home depend.
—Hannah Moore.
By the «reside still the heart is shining
The children's arms around the parents twioing
From love so sweet. Oh, who would roam'*
Be it ever so homely, home is home.
— D. M. Mulock.
., ,, Home is the resort
Of love, of joy, of peace and plenty ; where
Supporting and supported, polished friends
And dear relat.ons mingle into bliss.
— Thompson.
ouly cause assigned lor his attempt at
Çide is nervous depression, resulting from a
1 • 4 4 1 - 11 .TA A t Ai, .. ..1 . ' . M
Attempted Suicide.
Chicago, July 30.—A Washington »p«.
ial says. C ongressman Culbertson of Kt
tueky, who represents the Asland district
of that State, attempted suicide to-day
bred several shots, one of which entered
the right temple, coming out near the S
on the opposite side of his head
Washington, July 30.-Congressman
Cu liiert son is in a critical condition. Tl
' '^-""Representative
to-day and there arc
little too free use of stimulants tlurin « th
hot weather.
Washington, JuI,
Culbertson is better
hopes of his recovery.
Washington, August 1 .—Representa
tive Culbertson is considered out of danger
Terrible Explosion.
Cincinnati, July JO. — A terrible ex
plosion occurred in the house of Henry
Upmeirer. 21 Oregon street, this morning
A young sou of I'pmeirer brought home an
unexploded rocket that had fallen fron
the Highland house, where there had been
an exhibition of tire works last night. n e
had tried to open it, but failing to do so
his mother seized a hatchet and dealt it a
severe blow, when a terrific explosion
followed. Mrs. Upmeirer was fatally in
jured. Ida Upmeirer, aged 12, was iatallv
injured. Charles Upmeirer, aged six, was
severely hurt. Phillip Kill, aged 10, wa ^
slightly injured. The deadly missile was
a pound rocket. The vicinity of the explo
sion was fearfully wrecked.
Terrible Labor Troubles.
Bradford, Pa., July JO.—The Bradford
glass works which shut down on account
of a strike recently, resumed to-day with
non-union men. This afternoon the strik
ers surrounded the factory while Fortune
Degueaux, the new foreman, and Superin
tendent McCartney, were inside, and began
throwing stones. McCartney escaped but
Degneaux was captured aud his eyes goug
ed out in order to prevent him from doinu
any more work. There is great excitement
to-night and .it is feared that the strikers
will burn the factory and other buildings
of the company.
Fire and Loss of Life.
Hawthorne, Nevada, July JO.—The
town of Luuing, except the depot build
ings, was totally destroyed by fire last
night. No particulars.
New York, August 1.—The six-story
building No. 89 Water street, the uppUr
stories being occupied by two families and
the rest devoted to business, caught tire
this morning. Bartholomew O'Keefe, the
janitor, was fatally burned. James Gib
bons, aged 4 years, was burned to death.
Mrs. Gibbons climbed the stairway to the
roof with two children iu her arms, all hav
ing their clothes burned. The police found
them on the roof with their clothes burn
ing, the fiesh coming off with the clothes.
They were taken to the hospital. After
the fire was extinguished the body of Jas.
Gibbons, the four-year-old boy, was found
burned to a crisp.
Greely's Reception.
Portsmouth, N. H., August I.-Th e
Greely relief squadron arrive« in sight early
this morning with orders relative to hi>w
ing a reception on Saturday, but Secretary
Chandler has since "changed the time and
appointed 1 p. m. to-day for the naval re
ception iu the harbor. The programme as
arranged for Saturday will be substantially
carried out. Mrs. Greely arrived at noon
with Gen. Hazen and party. Lieutenant
Greeley's mother is also here.
Treaty of Peace.
Shanghai, Jq0 31.—It is reported here
to-day that France and China have made a
treaty of peace. China is to pay France
an indemnity of 5,200,000 tcels, which is
equal to $7.280,000.
London, August 1.—A Times dispatch
from Foo Chow dated July 31, says: China
refused to pay the indemnity demanded by
France. The time granted China by France
to decide upon the matter will not be pro
longed beyond August 1st.
A secret edict has been issued ordering
the Chinese not to molest foreigners. The
French civilians and mandarins however
assert that the lives of foreigners are not
The English fiag ship is landing sailors
to act in defense of foreigners in Foo
The China merchants tleet has been sold
to an American for $3,790,0» Ml.
War is inevitable and foreigners are leav
ing the city.
Debt Statement.
Washington, August 1.—The decrease
in the public debt during July was $13,
993,289. Cash in the treasury, -J4OÖ.910.
004 ; gold certificates, $118,017,320; silver
certificates, $120,404,341; certificates of de
posit, $13,230,000; refunding certifiâtes.
$274,350; legal tenders, $346,681,016 : frac
tional currency, $679,849.
Hold Robbery.
Pittsburg, Pa., July 31.—A special from
Petrolia, Butler county. Pa., says that yes
terday afternoon three masked men enter
ed the house of Jacob Rhodabaugh. a weil
known fanner living near St. Joe,and with
revolvers cocked compelled him to opep
his safe and give them $13,000 in cash, al
ter which they took to the woods and have
not yet been captured.
Photographei's Convention.
Cincinnati, July 31.—The national
convention of photographers awarded priz
es for the best collection of cabinets, elected
officers aud passed resolutions censuring
the post master-general for declaring pho
tographs to be fourth-class matter and ap
pointed a committee to present him with a
copy, with the request that he reconsider
his action. The next convention is to be
held at Buffalo.
Railroad Time Change».
Galveston, Texas, July 31.—The Guff
Colorado and Santa Fe railway will t0 '
morrow announce a consummation of re
ciprocal traffic arrangements with the
Gould lines through the Southwest. Se T
eral changes of schedule-time on the Mis
souri Pacific lines go into effect to-morrow
to meet the Santa Fe trains.
Railroad Matter».
St. Paul, August 1 .—President Harri-',
of the Northern Pacific, arrived this m° rD
ing and has been all day in consultatif
with the heads of departments. 8 .
porter of the Associated Press to-mg
said that negotiations were pending *° r .
lease of the O. R. & N Co., and that
nite action would probably lie taken _
after he returned to New \ ork. f
asked what was the scope and file o
proposed lease, he replied : nt
"AUI can say it is that is a perw^
lease, or contract, and I like t
better. I will add one word more- ^
thing that belongs to theO. „Lenient
will be under the control and .
of the Northern Pacific. That is e ^
and all that I care to make P ub ** * te d
time. When the affairs are Ç 0D! ' U "
or ready to be put in operation lot
not withhold them from the
until they are in a mature co w
would be nnwise and unsafe to f

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