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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK. -.....Editor THURSDAY. AUGUST 28, 1884 REPUBLICAN NATIONAL TICKET. , FOR PRESIDENT. JAMES C. BLAINE. OF MAINE. FOR VU E PRESIDENT. JOHN A. LOGAN. OF ILLINOIS. HEIM BLICAN CONVENTION. The Twelfth regular hi-emiial Republican Ter ritorial Convention <>f the Territory of Montana «III lx- held at Helena, on the 2Jlh «tityof September. ISSi.al 12 o'eloek, Kikib, for th* purpose of nominating a candidate for Dele gatr in Congress, and the transition of sueh other business as in the judgment of the Con vention ap|»ertai ns to the welfare of the Repu b lican Party in Montana. The several Counties of the Territory will l»e entitled to representation in the Territorial Re publiean Convention as follow s, to-wit: Cm Nrir>. No. Dklkgatks. Beaverhead...................................................... ® .................................................................... " Custer. Dawson............................................................ 1 Deer Lod^e.............. j Gallatin............................................................ ' Jefferson........................................................... * Ia*wis and Clarke............................................. • Madison............................................................ j Meagher .................................................. ? Missoula ........................................................ a Silver Bow....................................................... 10 Yellow-tone...................................................... - The County Republican Committees of the sev eral Counties will proceed to « all County Con ventions in their respective Counties and elee t Delegates and Alternate Delegates from each of -aid Counties to the Territorial Convention atiove designated. It is desired that sufficient notice of sueh Con ventions be given. Tbc Territorial Republican Committee respectfully recommends that the said County Conventions be held early in the last half of the month of September, but sueh date should be fixed therefor as, after giving due no tice to the Republicans of the Counties, will be most convenient. It is presumed that the custom heretofore pre vailing in the several Counties of the Territory whereby Delegates to the Territorial Convention are elected from the respective Counties by the Conventions which assemble to nominate Coun ty officers will prevail during the present year. To the end that all Counties in the Territory, remote from or near to the place of holding the Territorial Convention, shall have opportunity to Ih* represented therein fairly, and to prevent j anv extraneous interference with the delilrerato „ ... , „ , ...... ! following rules have been prescriis d by former j Conventions for the government of the Repub- | liea 11 Territorial Conventions iu the Territory of Montana : 1— Delegates and Alternate Delegates shall be elected in the future to Territorial Conventions, and in the event of the failure of a Delegate to attend the Alternate Delegate shall east the vote of the Delegate whose Alternate he is. 2 — In the absence of a Delegate and his Alter nate a ma jority of the Delegation from that Coun ty shall east the vote of the absentee. 3— In the absence af all the Delegates and Al ternate Delegates from any County, no vote shall he east for such County. I— lu the trinity in which the Territorial Con vention shall be held when any Delegate and his Alternate Delegate are absent there shall be no vote east in their behalf. 5—Delegates and Alternate Delegates must lie Republican residents of the County which they represent, At no former period in its political history have the Republicans of the Territory of Montana had presented to them so many incentives for unity and thoroughness of political action, and it is earnestly desired that the Convention hereby called shall represent faithfully the vital energy and beneficent impulses of the Republicans of the Territory of Montana. By order of the Territorial Republican Com mittee. M. A. Mkykmk)kh , \V. F. SANDERS. Secretary. Chairman. B> the Goveruor---A Proclamation. \t HKBKA«, The Texas cattle fever having al ready made it- appearance in neighboring States and Territories, and this fatal disease having attacked native cattle which grazed on or near the trail of Tcxhs herds from southern ranges ■ And. Iteing officially notified that Texas cattle are en route by railroad to Montana, to be turned loose upon our ranges, thereby jeopardizing nearly twenty millions of dollars invested in cattle within our borders: Now , therefore, in order to protect this great ________... .............. „ ____ t crest ami the fortunes of »ur own, a- well as those of the citizens of other States and Terri- i tories. I. duo. Schuyler Crosby, Governor of the j Territory of Montana, do hereby declare a quar antine established against all such Te^M cattle omiiiK into the Territory of Montana, by rail, | and 1 <ln hereby call ii|K>n all citizens to aid in the enforcement of the quarantine aforesaid. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my __— hand and caused the seal of the Terri l 1 torv of Montana to be affixed, j u - j 1 lone at Helena, the capital of said — — Territory, this fifth day of August, A. I). 1SS1. JXO. SCHFYLER CROSBY, By the Governor : John 8. Took er. Secretary. When reform and honest government are claimed as Democratic principles, per quisites, property or peculiarities, we are reminded that the devil once, for seductive purposes, became ou angel of light. The Republicans of Connecticut have put in the field the !>est possible ticket aud have unfurled the banner of protec tion iu tbe face of the ^ ale College tree trade professor, and everything indicates an assured Republican victory in Novem ber. Henry B. Harrison, of New Haven, is the Republican nominee for Governor, and none better could have been Darned. On the issue of protection against free trade, there are really three-fourths favor able to protection. Even Barnum, the chairman of the National Democratic Committee, a large iron manufacturer, is a strong protectionist of the Randall school. The Democrats are doing all they can to suppress an issue that they dart not face. ____ ! Jfst why Franc»* began by asking 200, 000,000 francs indemnity of China and dropping to 10,000,006 and giving ten years time to pay, is one of the mysteries of di plomacy that the great public will never l>e admitted to know. China could prob ably pay $16,000,000 in the course of ten years and not be utterly broken up. Bat the mischief is, it she submite to pay this France will have another bill, and so on till all is gone, and the best way is to stop at once, pay nothing, and take chances on the result. France can very easily double her national debt in a fight with China, but she will neither wiu gloiy or wealth, and as su re as fate, if pushed far and long, it will end in a war with England, who will, as usual, get away with the plumbs. WHAT SHALL W E PRODUCE ? This is the leading and most pertinent question that every land owner in Mom tana puts to himself, and over the cor red answer to which he is now puzzling himself. He may be. saying, as very many do say, that farming is played out in Montana ; that everything that we can be shipped in and sold in can ram our markets cheaper than we can raise it. If this is a fact, then the outlook is farmer will say, we have to irrigate and they do not. The cost of building ditches, keeping them in repair and spreading the water over the land is certainly a considerable one, and unless it is true, as claimed that the crop is larger, surer and better for irrigating, enough so to pay certainly discouraging. Why should it cost more to raise trop in Montana than in the .States or lerri tories to the east or west of us ? The all the difference of cost in labor or money, then our cultivation will always be at a disadvantage in this respect, un less the climate changes so that irriga tion shall not be needed. There is not a season but that some portions of the country which depend on rain alone are not sufferers from drouth and no coun trv can ever depend on having rain just when his crop most needs it, while on the other hand he is in another equal danger of having rain when it is not needed and does great mischief. It is claimed by many that there are but few portions of the earth but that would be enough improved by irrigation to pay the cost, even though it should save only one crop in seven, itj woulc^ increase all of them. But this matter of irrigation is an open question yet. open at a great many points, open as to whether it will be always needed, open as to source of sup j ers 8ay that consumes all they can get „ _ , ■ a-, • ' i , . ! iroin their crops to pay foft hired hands. j There is truth in this and it is the main | obstacle that is always going to be in the way. It results from the tact that Mon ply and cost, open as to whether it is not worth all it cost, even when not abso lutely needed. In some parts, it is evi dent, this cost of irrigating would be so great that it would not pay at present to attempt the cultivation of such lands. There is another question that con cerns the farmer more than the cost of irrigation, and that is the high cost of labor in Montana. We hear many farm and men tana is a mining country can command higher wages for work in mines than on farms. In course of time it may be that miners' wages will be re duced more nearly to the general level, but we never want to see the lowest point of wages reached in Montana, We believe that every department of in dustry can flourish here without havii.g to reach the lowest scale of wages. Until a man knows that he can make more than enough out of the services of a man to pay his wages, he never ought to hire one, that is certain. Better that a man should not attempt to cultivate more than he can cultivate himself and do the work well. If it does not pay to raise wheat, do not raise it. There is no law compelling it, and self-interest ought tobe sufficient to prevent it. If it does not pay now, it may pay at some other time. Wait till ; lh en - I The great thing for the farmer to do ^ at such a shifting time as this, is to ; study the markets and keep posted on 1 the supplies that are in demand and the ! prices that are paid, and wherever his | experience shows him there is the liest i margin, there is the point to which his i efforts should be directed. ■ There is hardly a piece of land on 1 earth but that is fitted for some good j nse, and there is as little waste and worthless land in Montana as an average ^ w(>r ] d . , . Let the farmer resoluten settle in his uiind that if one tiling will not succeed ano ther mU st, and go to work in this faith; lie will find the pay streak on some part of his ranch, sure. On general principles this is a good country for stock of all kinds and there fore necessarily for dairy purposes. There is a fortune in this direction that our farmers are even now lettingslip through their hands. Connected with this is the neglected matterot cultivating tame hay, to secure better quality and greater quan tity. There are fortunes also in the poultry business. The home market will never be over-stocked in this direction. There is no doubt thestock business in its various departments and branches will be the most profitable general busi ness of Montana aside from its mines. With these two great industries open to all in every direction, there is no good reason for any one to complain. , ...... ____________ Theke seems no doubt that pleuro-pueu . . .. t ni;.,, - 5 = monia is among the Jersev catte ot Illinois , and there is quite a panic' among the own ers of that high-priced stock. Whether _______ „ . the disease can be stamped out, without spreading beyond those now affected, and whether it will only affect Jersey stock or w jn extend to our native cattle also, are ! questions of absorbing interest. It is for tunate that Congress made some provision for this danger at its last session. The proper officers of state and nation seem to j be using heroic remedies and we have great confidence that they will get the disease under control and exiripate it. Democratic catachism— What is reform? It consists in turning the rascals out. Who are the rascals ? The Republicans. In what does their rascality consist ? They restored the Union, abolished slave ry, made labor free and honorable, filled the land with plenty and prosperity, and if let alone a little longer will have the national debt paid. That's enough, they ought to be put out ! WOO L TA RIFF. The Manufacturers' Tariff Reform League, which have their headquarters at No. 39 Nassau street, New York, fur nishes us with its circular, announcing the success of its committee with the Democratic National Convention, and the insertion of its policy into the Demo cratic platform in the article that arraign-, the Republican party for all the ; imaginary sin^ of omission and commis sion it could conceive. One special sin thus charged against the Republicans is that, while pretending to be the friends ot the manufacturer they have been his enemy, because they have imposed taxes on raw material which other nations whose leading interest is manufacturing do not impose. Well, this looks like a terrible offense, possibly, to some. But let us open it up a little and see the inwardness of it. It the list of these complainants who took their griefs to the Democratic conven tion for sympathy and balm be looked over, it will be found made up of those woolen manufacturers who want Aus tralian and South American wool ad mitted free of duty and at the expense and ruin of American wool-growers. Now, while the Republican party is the consistent friend and supporter of manufacturing interests, it is not ready or willing to sacrifice even to that im portant industry the still greater one of woolgrowing. We are not so much a manufacturing as an agricultural nation. While the Republicans believe it to be for our general interests to encourage and culti vate manufacture-, it is impossible to forget that we are a producing people also, and we must protect the earliest and largest interest, such as the wool growers. and not sacrifice them to the interests of the manufacturers. It is no part of the Republican policy to build up one das- at the expense of another, hut to protect all alike. They believe it for the advantage of all classes of producers in this country that manu factures should be encouraged and built up for the sake of making home mai kets, business for our railroads, and fields for diversified and skilled labor. It so hap pens also that in most departments of productive industry our facilities are so superior in most [respects that, though our farm laborers are paid higher than in any other part of the world, our products are beyond the reach of compe tition, even without protection. We need no tariff on corn, wheat, cotton, etc., for no country lias ventured as yet to com- ; pete with us. But it the time ever did come when they needed protection they I certainly would deserve it and receive it from the Republican party as readily and surely as protection is offered now to manufacturers. It so happens that in the primitive ' I and very genera! industry of wool-grow- i mg the United Mates has successful | rivals in Australia and South America, where wool can be profitably grown cheaper than in this country. Now, those simply engaged in the nianufac- j ture care nothing where the material comes from, but want to get the cheap est, so that they can command the mar ket and make a larger profit for them- ■ selves. These are the men who found comfort in the Democratic convention, and, as they claim, got the Republican party arraigned for imposing a duty on raw vvool. For whose interests is it done? For the growers and not for the manufactures 0 f wo0 l. Will the wool-growers of Moo tana and the whole country abandon the party that is thus arraigned and charged with preferring their interests to that of ! t be wool manufacturer ? No better indirect indorsement of the soundness of the principles of the Re publican party has ever been furnished than this circular from the Manufactur ers' Tari ft' Reform League. They have sent their circulars to the wrong market in sending them to Montana. Montana is full of wool-growers but has no manu tacturers. Every wool-grower, prudent for his own interests, will support the party whose policy favors and protects him. As usual, the Democratic party, which falsely pretends to seek foremost the in terests of the producer, goes abroad for its excuse for reducing the duty on wool. They say other manufacturing nations do not lay a duty on raw material. Well, what if they don't ? It is because they do not produce as well as manu facture. We do both, and hence protect both. They do what is for their inter ests. and we should do the same, but as our interest-are different we do different. It is no part of Republican policy in protecting and encouraging manufac tures to neglect the interests of pro ducers. The policy is to protect home . ; . r ... interests a> against foreign ones all the 6 time, but as to home interests, protect aP as nearly alike as possible, and not one at the expense ot the othe r, We are not in favor of shooting Mormon elders as a general thing, for we do not think such extreme means are necessary. But rather than have the abominations of Mormonisin preached we do not blame the people of Tennessee for saying that, cost what it would, it should r be stopped. In Montana we hang and shoot horse thieves . even. But the wickedest horse thief ever it on the State debt hung was a saint, in onr opinion, by the side of a lecherous Mormon elder. If the Governor of Tennessee has got a thousand dollars in the treasury he had better apply California Products. San Francisco, August 22.—This morning's Chronicle publishes an article on , California products of 1884. It estimates the total value to be $81,000,000, of which ! $51,000,000 will be exported, consisting of wheat, barley, floor, wine, brandy, wool salmon, and canned fruit. Wheat leads the list, amonnting to 1,500,000 tons and valued at $41,500,000. HENDRICKS ACCEPTS. The country can at last breathfe free. The long agony of doubt and suspense is over, and the great anti-war, anti union, ex-Senator and ex-Governor of Indiana condescends to let the Demo crats vote for him for Vice President. His response is very witty, that is, if brevity is wit. It is a further relief to ; know that he endorses and approves the and knows the inconvenience ot putting much in print. When visited by the notification committee he talked the party declaration of principle- in their sum and substance, that is to >av, in a general way and according a- he under stands them. Hendricks is an experienced politician most of all the candidates, but his letter is a model of non-committal brevity. He could have written, reviewed and copied it all in less than half an hour, and here the country has been kept in suspense through all this hot weather, for full forty days, as long as it took to drown a whole world in past ages, and "the laboring mountain has borne a mouse." Some will attribute Hendricks' brief letter'to his disgust at being made sec ond to an upstart who has no lengthy record of pro-slavery and States'-rights subserviency to commend him to Demo crats of the old Bourbon school. Wc do not think so. He is evidently glad enough to get the nomination, which clearly ought to have gone to McDonald, if any Indiana man was to have it. It is not often that lightning strikes twice in the same place. He sees how many Vice Presidents have had nearly a full term and the chances at Hendricks' time of life are not to be neglected. Let us hope that the campaign has at last opened. There is little more than two months to rouse the enthusiasm and get the voters into line. 1 k we understand the matter at all, it was the Creator of the world that estab lished the relative values of the metals, making some more plentiful and easily worked than others. If silver had been less abundant and equally as valuable for all useful purpose as gold then its market value and coin value would both have been greater. The relative values of all metals are continually changing according to the relative supply and the new uses for which they are found serviceable. To say that one or all the governments in the world combined can fix the relative value of Hold and silver for all time to come is i U8t ** absurd as to fix the time tfiat the sun 8hould r,se b Y act ol Congress or in teroational law. Gold and silver were «elected lor currency tor their intrinsic 'alue. - eit er wou ave a >a ue oi coin if it had not intrinsic value. Every article found or produced has at some time been employed for barter or some currency use. In early colonial days tobacco was currency in Virginia, and beaver ski»» in NftW York It wa8 }H . cause thetse had in _ trfnic value Jf we are not to regard market vaUie in oar coin . we should tke idea 0 j- t; fe enbacker the most L . 0rrec t. Let ns have for currency some thing whose value »entirely conventional and fictitious, so that when lost or de strayed the real wealth of the world is not diminished_ Frank Herd has-been re-nominated in the Toledo Ohio, district, though there was an opposing delegationfoom his own county that bolts his nomination. The war be tween protection and free trade is going on and interests to be sacrificed. The Democ racy is doing as usual when they think there is achance to win they go to catting one anothers throats, ihey are after only vigorously inside the Democratic lines. So far the free trade wing seems to be getting the liest of it. It has defeated Converse and re-nominated Hurd, but it will never carry Ohio on any such issue. The wool men of Ohio will never allow their friends one thing, that is in their idea of reform, which is to turn out the Republicans and get into their places. If the Republicans were to do nothing it is doubtful if the Democrats would not carry the election i'or them. The fact is that tbe Democratic party is no longer a national party ; it is only held together by its name, supple mented by a few antiquated heir-looms and a sceut for spoil. It is becoming evi dent every day, what the independent this morning is frank enough to confess, that the Democracy is aot opposing the Repub liean party. It presents no Democratic principles which it cares enough about to stand by and goes before the country pre tending to be the best exponent of Repub liean principles. France has reduced her demand against China to $40,000,000, which the latter politely but positively refuses to pay. France threatens to ^confiscate Formosa and lay Foo Chow in ashes. No doubt France could do considerable damage along the coast, but she must remember that Chiua has never been anxious for foreigu commerce and very little injnry would re sult to the interior of the country. Prob a bly it would be a popular measure in China if all foreign intercourse should he . providence that resulted in the poisoning stopped indefinitely. It was the joint effort of many nations to open China to foreign commerce, and it is not likely that France will he allowed to close it to the world. England wonld not thus give up her opium market and allow her Indian treasury to be bankrupted. It was indeed a sad dispensation of of Mrs. Truce and family. It was too bad that when arsenic is used for baking powder, purely by mistake, that it should have its usual poisonous qualities. But since this is a demonstrated fact, is it not well to respect the laws of nature and take a little more pains to keep poisons labelled. , , , , . , not kee P arsenic and baking powder ! on the same shelf in the same cupboard. It would be a very desirable dispensation of providence if people would exercise the stock of common sense with which it is supposed everybody is endowed in a greater or less degree. If one wore to promise to deliver to an other a certain specified number of bushels of wheat at a certain date, there could be no question ot his legal and moral duty to do as he had agreed ex actly, and the quantity of wheat he should have to deliver would be the -ame whether wheat was worth $1 or 80 cents per bushel in the market ; but if liis promise had been to pay a certain sum of money in wheat at market rates the quantity of wheat that he should have to deliver would depend on its market price. It is just so in this silver dollar business. A promise to pay so many dollars is not a promise to pay so many grains or ounces of silver ; the promise is discharged by payment of gold, silver or paper, whatever has bses made legal tender by the government, which alone has the right to coin and issue money. It is the business of an honest and beneficent government to make its coin values correspond closely with the market value. It is neither honest, honorable or fair for the government, any more than for an individual, to go out into the markets and buy silver at one price and then, without doing any thing to add to its value, to issue it at a much higher price. If 412 grains ot silver are worth just as much to-day as ever, why does not the government pay the same price for it? Suppose the price of silver had gone the other way and it had cost 100 cents in gold to have bought 400 grains of silver, how long would the government, think you, have gone on "issuing dollars of 412 grains? But if a man insists that he believes the lnoon is made of green cheese there is little use of wasting words with him. The Democratic House did indeed make a great bluster of forfeiting every land grant that had not been earned according to the letter of the contract, but the most furious advocates of forfeiture besame very mild before* the votes were taken, and when they came to a case where the Southern Brigadiers had a contingent interest they were as mild as a cooing dove. "Who ever brought the Union Pacific to time but Ed munds and the Republican Senate. The Senate has sense enough to see that these laws declaring forfeitures affect property interests and will have to liear the scrutiny of the courts, and the}* have tried to make laws that the courts could uphold as con sistent with the Constitution. Was it in the interest of sound and honest legislation that these forfeiture bills were held off till the very close of the session so that the Senate had no alternative but to pass them in their imperfect shape or let them fail ? Every person of judgment would say that it was better that these imperfect House bills, that no lawyer believes would have stood judicial investigation, should have perished so that something better could be supplied than that years should be lost over a fight that there was little or no chance to win. No doubt the land-grant roads have abused tbe bounty that gave them birth and insured their success, but after al deductions of every kind, whether of sentiment or of substance, it remains tine beyond all controversy that the land gave thejpupport to that great era of rail road huildiag that has increased onr na tional wealth more than* any and all other causes of recent operation combined. The wealth that this country hasactynired from this source may be counted by the billion above all cost. "The Democratic principles of reform and honest government !" Oh ! de parted shades of John B. Floyd eomc back and get your reward ! You never stole any Indian bonds, when there was nothing else left in the Treasury to steal !' Come and stand up along with Jake Thompson and the rest of Buchanan's advisers and let the country see how the last set of Democratic reformers that held the powers of tbe Gen eral Government, look. Tell the people how you betrayed and robbed the Govern ment entrusted to your defense and bow you and your associates, when nothing else was left that you could steal, scattered the property of the Government around so that tbe leaders of the rebellion, in which you were already engaged, could'meet easi ily get hold of it ! Ont Democratic friends, with Hendricks leading the way, have been particularly prominent in applauding the prohibition movement ot the St. John [temperance fac tion. believing that movement best calcu lated to cripple the Republican vote in several of the western States. But now comes Ben Butler, who "bobs up serenely" as a Presidential candidate, threatening to lead away thousands of votes-whom the Democratic managers had confidently re lied on to help boost their owu party into power, and they turn upon and rend him with all the vengeance of mad men. It makes a big difference, you see, which ox is gored. In New York, lot instance, it is not easy to guess which will getaway w ith the larger part of the Democratic vote— Butler or Cleveland. The Democrats ought to be serene and happy, instead of being so nervous and ir ritated, if one-half is true that they tell and pretend to believe. If they still retain tbe loyal adhesion of the Irish, if they have gained the solid German vote, if they have the better part of the Republican party, all hut a small faction and fraction, what more can be wanted to fill their cup of sat isfaction to overflowing!? It is the most singular instance of unreasonable discon tent on record. W'hat an unfortunate thing that men cannot believe their own lies ! In Florida they reckon that an acre of land will support seventy-five orange trees, that the tree will begin to bear from the time it is seven years old and for twenty five years continue in prime bearing con dition, producing an average of 500 oranges a year. Trees will live and bear even for seventy years. Slips of the call for the Republican Ter ritorial Convention having been mailed to the Republican prtas, Secretary Meyendorff regrets that the Committee's request not to print the call prior to Angnst 22d has fail ed, iu one or more instances, to be respect ed. "THE MAS ABOUT TOW N j j It is an old saying that "there is uo good Indian but a dead Indian," and it be gins to look as if the Government was try ing its hand at making all ot the I iegan In dians good by letting them starve to death. There are some lew big cattle ranches in this Western country, hut there is one in the Province of Cordoba, Argentine Re public, that eclipses them all. It is owned by an English company, and covers an area of 10,4U0 square miles. There is no dis puting the fact, the stock business is the best industry for quick money mak ing at small outlay in the world, and the people are beginning to find it out. The Lewis and Clarke'couuty jail will rank among the strongest prisons in the West. The cage and cells are made of the best of steel and iron, and the law-breaker that gets behind them will remain in durance until released by the proper au thority. There is no chance of escape from its iron jaws when they are once closed upon the evil doer. In addition to being a strong prison it is snpplied with all the modern conveniences for the comfort ol the inmates. It will be next to impossible to escape from it by any of the devices now known to the criminal "profession. The season for shooting ducks, grouse and prairie chickens opened up in fine style last week. Scores of Helenas big men and small boys improve each shining hour in chasing down this game with dog and gun. It is royal sport for the hundreds but rather rough on the game. From all points along tbe Missouri aud its tribu taries reports come of "plenty of ducks and other wild game." It is to be hoped that all who handle guns will remember one thing and that is never to blow in the muzzle of the gun to see if it is loaded. It is a foolish and dangerous thing to do by old or young sportsideh. Again we call upon the people of Mon tana, regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude, to make ready lor the approaching Territorial Fair. The managers of the association are doing everything iu their power to make the exhibition a »access, and it rests with the people to* do their part to make success doubly assured. There will be a great many eastern visitors at the Fair and our people should make it a point to have as large a display as possible on the ground for them to view. Let ns show them that if we do live in the Far West we are up with the times in raising fine stock and good crops. Don't forget tbc date, Septem ber 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. It is a self-evident fact that the day is not far distant when the property owners of Main street will have to band over sufficient money to defray the expense of paving the street. Now is a good time to discuss tbe matter aud estimate the eo9t of the improvement and the kind of material to use. The street is narrow and the expense will not be very heavy, hut the benefit will be of great value to all property owners. The summer dust and fall and spring mud will be dispensed with and the street will look "neat and tidy'' instead of an eye sore rt certain seasons. The matter is worthy of thoughtful con sideration at the present time by all Main street property owners. The woolgrowers of Montana will hold a convention in Helena during Fair week. It is to be hoped that every sheep man in the Territory will be present, as matters of great importance will be brought before the convention. In order to properly pro tect their interests the woolgrowers should act in concert. Sheep raising in Montana is hot in its infancy, and the day is not far distant when the wool industry of the Wdfct will lie king. It is even now im possible for the East to compete with the West in raising wool. What must be done to make any business a success is to find the way to do it well, at the least cost. Let there be a general attendance at the convention and every (question pertaining to wool growing fully discussed. The Land Department at Washington recently gave a decision to the effect that breaking and plowing are not cultivation of land in the sense required to prove com muted homesteads. This decision will oftentimes impose needless hardship upon those who are trying to make claims in good faith. If crops must be luatured be fore they cau be made, it restricts the time greatly .n which comruutatiou may V made. Persons taking homesteads in the fall beyond seeding time, must really oc cupy them a year in place of six mouths before they can commute under this new ruling. There are otlier decisions in re gard to absence from the claims that have not been so construed heretofore, and are not calculated to encourage persons to make claims who have scanty means. This decision should be amended at once. Every town has its "kickers"—moral, social, business aud political kickers—and some people are aever satisfied uuless they are kicking at somebody or something. Instead of going ahead with the busy throng, endeavoring to gain the leadership, they will take a stand on the street corner and start in oo the old constitutional kick. The mule can lie excused for his kicking propensities for it is his only means of de fense, and his animal instinct leads him in that train of thought, but the human kicker kicks for pure cussedness, because seme one else has crowded past him in the race, and he takes revenge by kicking at everything and everybody. There is one satisfaction, however, he is perfectly harm less—the people know him and let him alone in his kicking glory. The cholera is doing a good work for the cause of temperance in some of the French cities. According to reports, one of the marked results of the cholera scare in France is the great diminution of drunkenness. In one month in the city of f^aris the daily arrests for drunkenness de clined from 170 to 54. The cholera has also ruined the theatrical bnsiness. People are keeping sober, and either staying at home or fleeing to distant parts. The ad ! ! j I j j 1 j 1 i I j : j use of the cholera argument in the ten perance campaign in the States to co ' vince the people of the necessity of pr ° hibition. There is one thing certain, how" ever, the dear people of the United State can stand the argument letter than tlu ' could an attack of the cholera. In some Illinois towns the "Mothe Hubbard" style of dresses are creatine great sensation. The fashion has in., reached those way-behind-the-age Illin 0 ; villages, and the people don't know how t, hitch on, and the authorities have «ive notice by ordinance that every lady wear ing a Mother Hubbard costume shall 1,,. arrested. The authorities, however, have undertaken a pretty big task if they ex pect to dictate what the women folk - shall wear. It would he a sorrv day for an officer of high or low rank iu Montana to attempt to dictate the kind and style of dresses onr ladies should wear. The "Mother Hubbard - ' is a becoming and modest dress, and if some people don't like tbe style they needn't look at them. This is a free country, and the ladies of Illinois have as good a right to wear a "Mother Hubbard" or any other style of dress that suits them as the men have to wear fash ionable pantaloons. Stand by your rights ladies, and we ll hold your hats. There is a story going the rounds of the ! newspapers that is causing a good deal of uneasiness among the "sweet sixteens" and over of the fairer sex of the human family. The story is that a "Boston girl fell dead from fright caused hv a sudden kiss." The fate of this young lady should he a warn ing to all the young maidens of Montana, and shows the necessity of always lieing prepared for a sudden kiss. There i^ nothing like being prepared for what the j future has in store for us. The "fright I may come in the shape ol a thunder-bolt . from the clouds, or it may come in the 1 shape of a "smack ' irom the lips of one of ! the sterner sex. There is nothing as de ! ceptivc as a kiss.it oftentimes is used more j as the signal of betrayal than the insignia of affection. The history of the "kiss" is I one ot betrayal and blood,and it is not to lie wondered at that this Massachusetts girl "fell dead from fright caused by a sudden j kiss," as a kiss is so '•are and improbable a j thing with the average Bay State girl that 1 it means a great deal of patient waiting j and watching for very small returns. It is a dreadful warning to girls who are long 1 ing to he kissed. Be ye always ready, for i ye know not the hour when you may lie I "frightened" (almost) to death. It is a good thing now and then that a girl should he taken unawares ; it puts the rest j of 'em on their guard for that or any other trying emergency. We repeat, let the fate of this Boston young lady lie a warn'd,;. Be ye always ready for the "fright." Historicul EHct ys. Iugersoll** ment. Siale* Aigi'st 15, 1884. To the Editor of the Herald. To-day your paper fe'l into my hands containing a report of Col. Ingersoll s dia tribe upon different churches. I tk> not wish to enter upon any contro versy, but only to state a historical fact perhaps not known to some persons, with regard to one point, which each of your readers may verify for himself. The speaker boldly stated, as reported. "The Episcopal church was founded by Henry VIII." Did) the Church of England originate with Henry VIII.? In the time of Alfred the Great a lease was executed from the Church to the Crown for a piecv, of land to be used for military purposes for the term 999 years, which has recently expired, and the estate has lately reverted to the party which leesed it, viz : the Church of Eng laud. In law, on the expiration of a lease, the property reverts to the original owner, oi lessor, or legal heirs : and this property which was leased about the year 872, or 600 years before Henry VIII. was born, falls to the Church. This one fact is an absolute demonstra tion. and shows how silly is the assertion that the English Church was created by Henry VIII.! E.H Glendale Gleanings. The foundation for the new Hecla fur nace has been commenced. Coustable Tom Jones (Dem.) aspires under the civil service rules to promotion to sheriff' of Beaverhead county. After an absence of several months, doe Conway is hack aud has taken a position with Henry Kappes at Lion City. Baskets of beautiful trout arc frequently brought in by the rod and line sports. Trapper creek is the prinipal source ol supply. The party to whom was awarded tne Hecia charcoal contract for the ensuing year is engaged # in manufacturing brick wherewith to build the kilns. The young cougar captured recently by Harry Letier has passed to the Ownership of Janies Kelly, who has started u menagerie in a small way. If one wishes to start Kelly on tbe "war path ask him to show you the monkey. Some of our German fellow citizens were out on the hunt last week. They are sait to have expended plenty of amiuuuiuou. "wet aud dry," but failed to bring hom< u feather. M. E. 4 The iluson Tramway. The Helena Mining and Reduction Works company has contracte»! for a Hu^on Tramway which wiil be erected without delay from the Comet mine to the snidt* 1 works, a distance of aliout two and a halt miles. The process of carrying ore by tramway is by means of stationary bucket, fastened to an endless wire rope tbat ' run from the mine to the works. 1° * case, as the mine is situated on High cieek, some two hundred leet beiow t crown of the hill that overlook- * smelter at Wickes, there will have t< erected a stationary engine to raise the 0 from the Comet to the top of the w ■ From that point the ore will go down 1 ^ by its own gravity in buckets swung um e the wire rope that is elevated opou P 0 ^ pulling the empty buckets back to loaded at the mine. This impro'ew will be a great advantage to these va works, and will be under the sapenn ence tor. of Mr. Charles M. Huson. the m' eD