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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, August 28, 1884, Image 4

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<fl,c liîcchlii ^jjcraltl.
FISK BROS. - - - Publishers.
R. E. FISK. -.....Editor
The Twelfth regular hi-emiial Republican Ter
ritorial Convention <>f the Territory of Montana
«III lx- held at Helena, on the 2Jlh «tityof
September. ISSi.al 12 o'eloek, Kikib, for
th* purpose of nominating a candidate for Dele
gatr in Congress, and the transition of sueh
other business as in the judgment of the Con
vention ap|»ertai ns to the welfare of the Repu b
lican Party in Montana.
The several Counties of the Territory will l»e
entitled to representation in the Territorial Re
publiean Convention as follow s, to-wit:
Cm Nrir>. No. Dklkgatks.
Beaverhead...................................................... ®
.................................................................... "
Dawson............................................................ 1
Deer Lod^e.............. j
Gallatin............................................................ '
Jefferson........................................................... *
Ia*wis and Clarke............................................. •
Madison............................................................ j
Meagher .................................................. ?
Missoula ........................................................ a
Silver Bow....................................................... 10
Yellow-tone...................................................... -
The County Republican Committees of the sev
eral Counties will proceed to « all County Con
ventions in their respective Counties and elee t
Delegates and Alternate Delegates from each of
-aid Counties to the Territorial Convention atiove
It is desired that sufficient notice of sueh Con
ventions be given. Tbc Territorial Republican
Committee respectfully recommends that the
said County Conventions be held early in the last
half of the month of September, but sueh date
should be fixed therefor as, after giving due no
tice to the Republicans of the Counties, will be
most convenient.
It is presumed that the custom heretofore pre
vailing in the several Counties of the Territory
whereby Delegates to the Territorial Convention
are elected from the respective Counties by the
Conventions which assemble to nominate Coun
ty officers will prevail during the present year.
To the end that all Counties in the Territory,
remote from or near to the place of holding the
Territorial Convention, shall have opportunity
to Ih* represented therein fairly, and to prevent j
anv extraneous interference with the delilrerato
„ ... , „ , ...... !
following rules have been prescriis d by former j
Conventions for the government of the Repub- |
liea 11 Territorial Conventions iu the Territory of
Montana :
1— Delegates and Alternate Delegates shall be
elected in the future to Territorial Conventions,
and in the event of the failure of a Delegate to
attend the Alternate Delegate shall east the vote
of the Delegate whose Alternate he is.
2 — In the absence of a Delegate and his Alter
nate a ma jority of the Delegation from that Coun
ty shall east the vote of the absentee.
3— In the absence af all the Delegates and Al
ternate Delegates from any County, no vote shall
he east for such County.
I— lu the trinity in which the Territorial Con
vention shall be held when any Delegate and his
Alternate Delegate are absent there shall be no
vote east in their behalf.
5—Delegates and Alternate Delegates must lie
Republican residents of the County which they
At no former period in its political history have
the Republicans of the Territory of Montana had
presented to them so many incentives for unity
and thoroughness of political action, and it is
earnestly desired that the Convention hereby
called shall represent faithfully the vital energy
and beneficent impulses of the Republicans of
the Territory of Montana.
By order of the Territorial Republican Com
M. A. Mkykmk)kh , \V. F. SANDERS.
Secretary. Chairman.
B> the Goveruor---A Proclamation.
\t HKBKA«, The Texas cattle fever having al
ready made it- appearance in neighboring States
and Territories, and this fatal disease having
attacked native cattle which grazed on or near
the trail of Tcxhs herds from southern ranges ■
And. Iteing officially notified that Texas cattle
are en route by railroad to Montana, to be turned
loose upon our ranges, thereby jeopardizing
nearly twenty millions of dollars invested in
cattle within our borders:
Now , therefore, in order to protect this great
________... .............. „ ____
t crest ami the fortunes of »ur own, a- well as
those of the citizens of other States and Terri- i
tories. I. duo. Schuyler Crosby, Governor of the j
Territory of Montana, do hereby declare a quar
antine established against all such Te^M cattle
omiiiK into the Territory of Montana, by rail, |
and 1 <ln hereby call ii|K>n all citizens to aid in
the enforcement of the quarantine aforesaid.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my
__— hand and caused the seal of the Terri
l 1 torv of Montana to be affixed,
j u - j 1 lone at Helena, the capital of said
— — Territory, this fifth day of August,
A. I). 1SS1.
By the Governor :
John 8. Took er. Secretary.
When reform and honest government are
claimed as Democratic principles, per
quisites, property or peculiarities, we are
reminded that the devil once, for seductive
purposes, became ou angel of light.
The Republicans of Connecticut have
put in the field the !>est possible ticket
aud have unfurled the banner of protec
tion iu tbe face of the ^ ale College tree
trade professor, and everything indicates
an assured Republican victory in Novem
ber. Henry B. Harrison, of New Haven,
is the Republican nominee for Governor,
and none better could have been Darned.
On the issue of protection against free
trade, there are really three-fourths favor
able to protection. Even Barnum, the
chairman of the National Democratic
Committee, a large iron manufacturer, is
a strong protectionist of the Randall
school. The Democrats are doing all they
can to suppress an issue that they dart
not face. ____ !
Jfst why Franc»* began by asking 200,
000,000 francs indemnity of China and
dropping to 10,000,006 and giving ten years
time to pay, is one of the mysteries of di
plomacy that the great public will never
l>e admitted to know. China could prob
ably pay $16,000,000 in the course of ten
years and not be utterly broken up. Bat
the mischief is, it she submite to pay this
France will have another bill, and so on
till all is gone, and the best way is to stop
at once, pay nothing, and take chances on
the result. France can very easily double
her national debt in a fight with China,
but she will neither wiu gloiy or wealth,
and as su re as fate, if pushed far and long,
it will end in a war with England, who
will, as usual, get away with the plumbs.
This is the leading and most pertinent
question that every land owner in Mom
tana puts to himself, and over the cor
red answer to which he is now puzzling
himself. He may be. saying, as very
many do say, that farming is played out
in Montana ; that everything that we
can be shipped in and sold in
can ram
our markets cheaper than we can raise
it. If this is a fact, then the outlook is
farmer will say, we have to irrigate and
they do not. The cost of building ditches,
keeping them in repair and spreading
the water over the land is certainly a
considerable one, and unless it is true, as
claimed that the crop is larger, surer and
better for irrigating, enough so to pay
certainly discouraging.
Why should it cost more to raise trop
in Montana than in the .States or lerri
tories to the east or west of us ? The
all the difference of cost in labor or
money, then our cultivation will always
be at a disadvantage in this respect, un
less the climate changes so that irriga
tion shall not be needed. There is not
a season but that some portions of the
country which depend on rain alone are
not sufferers from drouth and no coun
trv can ever depend on having rain just
when his crop most needs it, while on
the other hand he is in another equal
danger of having rain when it is not
needed and does great mischief. It is
claimed by many that there are but few
portions of the earth but that would be
enough improved by irrigation to pay
the cost, even though it should save only
one crop in seven, itj woulc^ increase all
of them.
But this matter of irrigation is an
open question yet. open at a great many
points, open as to whether it will be
always needed, open as to source of sup
j ers 8ay that consumes all they can get
„ _ , ■ a-, • ' i , .
! iroin their crops to pay foft hired hands.
j There is truth in this and it is the main
| obstacle that is always going to be in the
way. It results from the tact that Mon
ply and cost, open as to whether it is not
worth all it cost, even when not abso
lutely needed. In some parts, it is evi
dent, this cost of irrigating would be so
great that it would not pay at present to
attempt the cultivation of such lands.
There is another question that con
cerns the farmer more than the cost of
irrigation, and that is the high cost of
labor in Montana. We hear many farm
and men
tana is a mining country
can command higher wages for work in
mines than on farms. In course of time
it may be that miners' wages will be re
duced more nearly to the general level,
but we never want to see the lowest
point of wages reached in Montana,
We believe that every department of in
dustry can flourish here without havii.g
to reach the lowest scale of wages.
Until a man knows that he can make
more than enough out of the services of
a man to pay his wages, he never ought
to hire one, that is certain. Better that
a man should not attempt to cultivate
more than he can cultivate himself and
do the work well.
If it does not pay to raise wheat, do
not raise it. There is no law compelling
it, and self-interest ought tobe sufficient
to prevent it. If it does not pay now, it
may pay at some other time. Wait till ;
lh en - I
The great thing for the farmer to do ^
at such a shifting time as this, is to ;
study the markets and keep posted on 1
the supplies that are in demand and the !
prices that are paid, and wherever his |
experience shows him there is the liest i
margin, there is the point to which his i
efforts should be directed. ■
There is hardly a piece of land on 1
earth but that is fitted for some good j
nse, and there is as little waste and
worthless land in Montana as an average
^ w(>r ] d
. , .
Let the farmer resoluten settle in his
uiind that if one tiling will not succeed
ano ther mU st, and go to work in this
faith; lie will find the pay streak on
some part of his ranch, sure.
On general principles this is a good
country for stock of all kinds and there
fore necessarily for dairy purposes. There
is a fortune in this direction that our
farmers are even now lettingslip through
their hands. Connected with this is the
neglected matterot cultivating tame hay,
to secure better quality and greater quan
There are fortunes also in the poultry
business. The home market will never
be over-stocked in this direction.
There is no doubt thestock business in
its various departments and branches
will be the most profitable general busi
ness of Montana aside from its mines.
With these two great industries open
to all in every direction, there is no good
reason for any one to complain.
, ...... ____________
Theke seems no doubt that pleuro-pueu
. . .. t ni;.,, - 5 =
monia is among the Jersev catte ot Illinois ,
and there is quite a panic' among the own
ers of that high-priced stock. Whether
_______ „ .
the disease can be stamped out, without
spreading beyond those now affected, and
whether it will only affect Jersey stock or
w jn extend to our native cattle also, are
! questions of absorbing interest. It is for
tunate that Congress made some provision
for this danger at its last session. The
proper officers of state and nation seem to
be using heroic remedies and we have great
confidence that they will get the disease
under control and exiripate it.
Democratic catachism—
What is reform? It consists in turning
the rascals out.
Who are the rascals ? The Republicans.
In what does their rascality consist ?
They restored the Union, abolished slave
ry, made labor free and honorable, filled the
land with plenty and prosperity, and if let
alone a little longer will have the national
debt paid.
That's enough, they ought to be put out !
The Manufacturers' Tariff Reform
League, which have their headquarters
at No. 39 Nassau street, New York, fur
nishes us with its circular, announcing
the success of its committee with the
Democratic National Convention, and
the insertion of its policy into the Demo
cratic platform in the article that
arraign-, the Republican party for all the ;
imaginary sin^ of omission and commis
sion it could conceive. One special sin
thus charged against the Republicans is
that, while pretending to be the friends ot
the manufacturer they have been his
enemy, because they have imposed taxes
on raw material which other nations
whose leading interest is manufacturing
do not impose.
Well, this looks like a terrible offense,
possibly, to some. But let us open it up
a little and see the inwardness of it. It
the list of these complainants who took
their griefs to the Democratic conven
tion for sympathy and balm be looked
over, it will be found made up of those
woolen manufacturers who want Aus
tralian and South American wool ad
mitted free of duty and at the expense
and ruin of American wool-growers.
Now, while the Republican party is
the consistent friend and supporter of
manufacturing interests, it is not ready
or willing to sacrifice even to that im
portant industry the still greater one of
We are not so much a manufacturing
as an agricultural nation. While the
Republicans believe it to be for our
general interests to encourage and culti
vate manufacture-, it is impossible to
forget that we are a producing people
also, and we must protect the earliest
and largest interest, such as the wool
growers. and not sacrifice them to the
interests of the manufacturers.
It is no part of the Republican policy
to build up one das- at the expense of
another, hut to protect all alike. They
believe it for the advantage of all classes
of producers in this country that manu
factures should be encouraged and built
up for the sake of making home mai kets,
business for our railroads, and fields for
diversified and skilled labor. It so hap
pens also that in most departments of
productive industry our facilities are so
superior in most [respects that, though
our farm laborers are paid higher
than in any other part of the world, our
products are beyond the reach of compe
tition, even without protection. We need
no tariff on corn, wheat, cotton, etc., for
no country lias ventured as yet to com- ;
pete with us. But it the time ever did
come when they needed protection they I
certainly would deserve it and receive it
from the Republican party as readily
and surely as protection is offered now
to manufacturers.
It so happens that in the primitive
and very genera! industry of wool-grow- i
mg the United Mates has successful |
rivals in Australia and South America,
where wool can be profitably grown
cheaper than in this country. Now,
those simply engaged in the nianufac- j
ture care nothing where the material
comes from, but want to get the cheap
est, so that they can command the mar
ket and make a larger profit for them- ■
selves. These are the men who found
comfort in the Democratic convention,
and, as they claim, got the Republican
party arraigned for imposing a duty on
raw vvool.
For whose interests is it done? For
the growers and not for the manufactures
0 f wo0 l. Will the wool-growers of Moo
tana and the whole country abandon the
party that is thus arraigned and charged
with preferring their interests to that of !
t be wool manufacturer ?
No better indirect indorsement of the
soundness of the principles of the Re
publican party has ever been furnished
than this circular from the Manufactur
ers' Tari ft' Reform League. They have
sent their circulars to the wrong market
in sending them to Montana. Montana
is full of wool-growers but has no manu
tacturers. Every wool-grower, prudent
for his own interests, will support the
party whose policy favors and protects
As usual, the Democratic party, which
falsely pretends to seek foremost the in
terests of the producer, goes abroad for
its excuse for reducing the duty on wool.
They say other manufacturing nations
do not lay a duty on raw material.
Well, what if they don't ? It is because
they do not produce as well as manu
facture. We do both, and hence protect
both. They do what is for their inter
ests. and we should do the same, but as
our interest-are different we do different.
It is no part of Republican policy in
protecting and encouraging manufac
tures to neglect the interests of pro
ducers. The policy is to protect home
. ; . r ...
interests a> against foreign ones all the
time, but as to home interests, protect
aP as nearly alike as possible, and not
one at the expense ot the othe r,
We are not in favor of shooting Mormon
elders as a general thing, for we do not
think such extreme means are necessary.
But rather than have the abominations of
Mormonisin preached we do not blame the
people of Tennessee for saying that, cost
what it would, it should r be stopped. In
Montana we hang and shoot horse thieves .
even. But the wickedest horse thief ever
it on the State debt
hung was a saint, in onr opinion, by the
side of a lecherous Mormon elder. If the
Governor of Tennessee has got a thousand
dollars in the treasury he had better apply
California Products.
San Francisco, August 22.—This
morning's Chronicle publishes an article on ,
California products of 1884. It estimates
the total value to be $81,000,000, of which !
$51,000,000 will be exported, consisting of
wheat, barley, floor, wine, brandy, wool
salmon, and canned fruit. Wheat leads
the list, amonnting to 1,500,000 tons and
valued at $41,500,000.
The country can at last breathfe free.
The long agony of doubt and suspense is
over, and the great anti-war, anti
union, ex-Senator and ex-Governor of
Indiana condescends to let the Demo
crats vote for him for Vice President.
His response is very witty, that is, if
brevity is wit. It is a further relief to
; know that he endorses and approves the
and knows the inconvenience ot putting
much in print. When visited by the
notification committee he talked the
party declaration of principle- in their
sum and substance, that is to >av, in a
general way and according a- he under
stands them.
Hendricks is an experienced politician
most of all the candidates, but his letter
is a model of non-committal brevity.
He could have written, reviewed and
copied it all in less than half an hour,
and here the country has been kept in
suspense through all this hot weather,
for full forty days, as long as it took to
drown a whole world in past ages, and
"the laboring mountain has borne a
Some will attribute Hendricks' brief
letter'to his disgust at being made sec
ond to an upstart who has no lengthy
record of pro-slavery and States'-rights
subserviency to commend him to Demo
crats of the old Bourbon school. Wc do
not think so. He is evidently glad
enough to get the nomination, which
clearly ought to have gone to McDonald,
if any Indiana man was to have it. It
is not often that lightning strikes twice
in the same place. He sees how many
Vice Presidents have had nearly a full
term and the chances at Hendricks' time
of life are not to be neglected.
Let us hope that the campaign has at
last opened. There is little more than
two months to rouse the enthusiasm and
get the voters into line.
1 k we understand the matter at all, it
was the Creator of the world that estab
lished the relative values of the metals,
making some more plentiful and easily
worked than others. If silver had been
less abundant and equally as valuable for
all useful purpose as gold then its market
value and coin value would both have
been greater. The relative values of all
metals are continually changing according
to the relative supply and the new uses for
which they are found serviceable. To say
that one or all the governments in the
world combined can fix the relative value
of Hold and silver for all time to come is
i U8t ** absurd as to fix the time tfiat the
sun 8hould r,se b Y act ol Congress or in
teroational law. Gold and silver were
«elected lor currency tor their intrinsic
'alue. - eit er wou ave a >a ue oi
coin if it had not intrinsic value. Every
article found or produced has at some time
been employed for barter or some currency
use. In early colonial days tobacco was
currency in Virginia, and beaver ski»» in
NftW York It wa8 }H . cause thetse had in _
trfnic value Jf we are not to regard
market vaUie in oar coin . we should
tke idea 0 j- t; fe enbacker the most
L . 0rrec t. Let ns have for currency some
thing whose value »entirely conventional
and fictitious, so that when lost or de
strayed the real wealth of the world is not
Frank Herd has-been re-nominated in
the Toledo Ohio, district, though there was
an opposing delegationfoom his own county
that bolts his nomination. The war be
tween protection and free trade is going on
and interests to be sacrificed. The Democ
racy is doing as usual when they think
there is achance to win they go to catting
one anothers throats, ihey are after only
vigorously inside the Democratic lines. So
far the free trade wing seems to be getting
the liest of it. It has defeated Converse
and re-nominated Hurd, but it will never
carry Ohio on any such issue. The wool
men of Ohio will never allow their friends
one thing, that is in their idea of reform,
which is to turn out the Republicans and
get into their places. If the Republicans
were to do nothing it is doubtful if the
Democrats would not carry the election
i'or them. The fact is that tbe Democratic
party is no longer a national party ; it is
only held together by its name, supple
mented by a few antiquated heir-looms
and a sceut for spoil. It is becoming evi
dent every day, what the independent this
morning is frank enough to confess, that
the Democracy is aot opposing the Repub
liean party. It presents no Democratic
principles which it cares enough about to
stand by and goes before the country pre
tending to be the best exponent of Repub
liean principles.
France has reduced her demand against
China to $40,000,000, which the latter
politely but positively refuses to pay.
France threatens to ^confiscate Formosa
and lay Foo Chow in ashes. No doubt
France could do considerable damage along
the coast, but she must remember that
Chiua has never been anxious for foreigu
commerce and very little injnry would re
sult to the interior of the country. Prob
a bly it would be a popular measure in
China if all foreign intercourse should he
providence that resulted in the poisoning
stopped indefinitely. It was the joint
effort of many nations to open China to
foreign commerce, and it is not likely that
France will he allowed to close it to the
world. England wonld not thus give up
her opium market and allow her Indian
treasury to be bankrupted.
It was indeed a sad dispensation of
of Mrs. Truce and family. It was too bad
that when arsenic is used for baking
powder, purely by mistake, that it should
have its usual poisonous qualities. But
since this is a demonstrated fact, is it not
well to respect the laws of nature and take
a little more pains to keep poisons labelled.
, , , , . ,
not kee P arsenic and baking powder
! on the same shelf in the same cupboard.
It would be a very desirable dispensation
of providence if people would exercise the
stock of common sense with which it is
supposed everybody is endowed in a greater
or less degree.
If one wore to promise to deliver to an
other a certain specified number of
bushels of wheat at a certain date, there
could be no question ot his legal and
moral duty to do as he had agreed ex
actly, and the quantity of wheat he
should have to deliver would be the
-ame whether wheat was worth $1 or 80
cents per bushel in the market ; but if
liis promise had been to pay a certain
sum of money in wheat at market rates
the quantity of wheat that he should have
to deliver would depend on its market
price. It is just so in this silver dollar
business. A promise to pay so many
dollars is not a promise to pay so many
grains or ounces of silver ; the promise
is discharged by payment of gold, silver
or paper, whatever has bses made
legal tender by the government, which
alone has the right to coin and issue
money. It is the business of an honest
and beneficent government to make its
coin values correspond closely with the
market value. It is neither honest,
honorable or fair for the government,
any more than for an individual, to go
out into the markets and buy silver at
one price and then, without doing any
thing to add to its value, to issue it at a
much higher price. If 412 grains ot
silver are worth just as much to-day as
ever, why does not the government pay
the same price for it? Suppose the
price of silver had gone the other way
and it had cost 100 cents in gold to have
bought 400 grains of silver, how long
would the government, think you, have
gone on "issuing dollars of 412 grains?
But if a man insists that he believes the
lnoon is made of green cheese there is
little use of wasting words with him.
The Democratic House did indeed make
a great bluster of forfeiting every land
grant that had not been earned according
to the letter of the contract, but the most
furious advocates of forfeiture besame very
mild before* the votes were taken, and when
they came to a case where the Southern
Brigadiers had a contingent interest they
were as mild as a cooing dove. "Who ever
brought the Union Pacific to time but Ed
munds and the Republican Senate. The
Senate has sense enough to see that these
laws declaring forfeitures affect property
interests and will have to liear the scrutiny
of the courts, and the}* have tried to make
laws that the courts could uphold as con
sistent with the Constitution. Was it in
the interest of sound and honest legislation
that these forfeiture bills were held off till
the very close of the session so that the
Senate had no alternative but to pass them
in their imperfect shape or let them fail ?
Every person of judgment would say that
it was better that these imperfect House
bills, that no lawyer believes would have
stood judicial investigation, should have
perished so that something better could be
supplied than that years should be lost
over a fight that there was little or no
chance to win. No doubt the land-grant
roads have abused tbe bounty that gave
them birth and insured their success, but
after al deductions of every kind, whether
of sentiment or of substance, it remains
tine beyond all controversy that the land
gave thejpupport to that great era of rail
road huildiag that has increased onr na
tional wealth more than* any and all other
causes of recent operation combined. The
wealth that this country hasactynired from
this source may be counted by the billion
above all cost.
"The Democratic principles of reform
and honest government !" Oh ! de
parted shades of John B. Floyd eomc back
and get your reward ! You never stole any
Indian bonds, when there was nothing else
left in the Treasury to steal !' Come and
stand up along with Jake Thompson and
the rest of Buchanan's advisers and let the
country see how the last set of Democratic
reformers that held the powers of tbe Gen
eral Government, look. Tell the people
how you betrayed and robbed the Govern
ment entrusted to your defense and bow
you and your associates, when nothing
else was left that you could steal, scattered
the property of the Government around so
that tbe leaders of the rebellion, in which
you were already engaged, could'meet easi
ily get hold of it !
Ont Democratic friends, with Hendricks
leading the way, have been particularly
prominent in applauding the prohibition
movement ot the St. John [temperance fac
tion. believing that movement best calcu
lated to cripple the Republican vote in
several of the western States. But now
comes Ben Butler, who "bobs up serenely"
as a Presidential candidate, threatening to
lead away thousands of votes-whom the
Democratic managers had confidently re
lied on to help boost their owu party into
power, and they turn upon and rend him
with all the vengeance of mad men. It
makes a big difference, you see, which ox
is gored. In New York, lot instance, it is
not easy to guess which will getaway w ith
the larger part of the Democratic vote—
Butler or Cleveland.
The Democrats ought to be serene and
happy, instead of being so nervous and ir
ritated, if one-half is true that they tell
and pretend to believe. If they still retain
tbe loyal adhesion of the Irish, if they have
gained the solid German vote, if they have
the better part of the Republican party,
all hut a small faction and fraction, what
more can be wanted to fill their cup of sat
isfaction to overflowing!? It is the most
singular instance of unreasonable discon
tent on record. W'hat an unfortunate thing
that men cannot believe their own lies !
In Florida they reckon that an acre of
land will support seventy-five orange trees,
that the tree will begin to bear from the
time it is seven years old and for twenty
five years continue in prime bearing con
dition, producing an average of 500 oranges
a year. Trees will live and bear even for
seventy years.
Slips of the call for the Republican Ter
ritorial Convention having been mailed to
the Republican prtas, Secretary Meyendorff
regrets that the Committee's request not to
print the call prior to Angnst 22d has fail
ed, iu one or more instances, to be respect
It is an old saying that "there is uo
good Indian but a dead Indian," and it be
gins to look as if the Government was try
ing its hand at making all ot the I iegan In
dians good by letting them starve to death.
There are some lew big cattle ranches in
this Western country, hut there is one in
the Province of Cordoba, Argentine Re
public, that eclipses them all. It is owned
by an English company, and covers an area
of 10,4U0 square miles. There is no dis
puting the fact, the stock business is the
best industry for quick money mak ing at
small outlay in the world, and the people
are beginning to find it out.
The Lewis and Clarke'couuty jail will
rank among the strongest prisons in the
West. The cage and cells are made of the
best of steel and iron, and the law-breaker
that gets behind them will remain in
durance until released by the proper au
thority. There is no chance of escape from
its iron jaws when they are once closed
upon the evil doer. In addition to being a
strong prison it is snpplied with all the
modern conveniences for the comfort ol the
inmates. It will be next to impossible to
escape from it by any of the devices now
known to the criminal "profession.
The season for shooting ducks, grouse
and prairie chickens opened up in fine
style last week. Scores of Helenas big
men and small boys improve each shining
hour in chasing down this game with dog
and gun. It is royal sport for the hundreds
but rather rough on the game. From all
points along tbe Missouri aud its tribu
taries reports come of "plenty of ducks and
other wild game." It is to be hoped that
all who handle guns will remember one
thing and that is never to blow in the
muzzle of the gun to see if it is loaded. It
is a foolish and dangerous thing to do by
old or young sportsideh.
Again we call upon the people of Mon
tana, regardless of race, color or previous
condition of servitude, to make ready lor
the approaching Territorial Fair. The
managers of the association are doing
everything iu their power to make the
exhibition a »access, and it rests with
the people to* do their part to make success
doubly assured. There will be a great
many eastern visitors at the Fair and our
people should make it a point to have as
large a display as possible on the ground
for them to view. Let ns show them that
if we do live in the Far West we are up
with the times in raising fine stock and
good crops. Don't forget tbc date, Septem
ber 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13.
It is a self-evident fact that the day is
not far distant when the property owners
of Main street will have to band over
sufficient money to defray the expense of
paving the street. Now is a good time to
discuss tbe matter aud estimate the eo9t
of the improvement and the kind of
material to use. The street is narrow and
the expense will not be very heavy, hut
the benefit will be of great value to all
property owners. The summer dust and
fall and spring mud will be dispensed with
and the street will look "neat and tidy''
instead of an eye sore rt certain seasons.
The matter is worthy of thoughtful con
sideration at the present time by all Main
street property owners.
The woolgrowers of Montana will hold
a convention in Helena during Fair week.
It is to be hoped that every sheep man in
the Territory will be present, as matters of
great importance will be brought before
the convention. In order to properly pro
tect their interests the woolgrowers should
act in concert. Sheep raising in Montana
is hot in its infancy, and the day is not far
distant when the wool industry of the
Wdfct will lie king. It is even now im
possible for the East to compete with the
West in raising wool. What must be done
to make any business a success is to find
the way to do it well, at the least cost.
Let there be a general attendance at the
convention and every (question pertaining
to wool growing fully discussed.
The Land Department at Washington
recently gave a decision to the effect that
breaking and plowing are not cultivation of
land in the sense required to prove com
muted homesteads. This decision will
oftentimes impose needless hardship upon
those who are trying to make claims in
good faith. If crops must be luatured be
fore they cau be made, it restricts the time
greatly .n which comruutatiou may V
made. Persons taking homesteads in the
fall beyond seeding time, must really oc
cupy them a year in place of six mouths
before they can commute under this new
ruling. There are otlier decisions in re
gard to absence from the claims that have
not been so construed heretofore, and are
not calculated to encourage persons to
make claims who have scanty means. This
decision should be amended at once.
Every town has its "kickers"—moral,
social, business aud political kickers—and
some people are aever satisfied uuless they
are kicking at somebody or something.
Instead of going ahead with the busy
throng, endeavoring to gain the leadership,
they will take a stand on the street corner
and start in oo the old constitutional kick.
The mule can lie excused for his kicking
propensities for it is his only means of de
fense, and his animal instinct leads him in
that train of thought, but the human
kicker kicks for pure cussedness, because
seme one else has crowded past him in the
race, and he takes revenge by kicking at
everything and everybody. There is one
satisfaction, however, he is perfectly harm
less—the people know him and let him
alone in his kicking glory.
The cholera is doing a good work for
the cause of temperance in some of the
French cities. According to reports, one
of the marked results of the cholera scare
in France is the great diminution of
drunkenness. In one month in the city of
f^aris the daily arrests for drunkenness de
clined from 170 to 54. The cholera has
also ruined the theatrical bnsiness. People
are keeping sober, and either staying at
home or fleeing to distant parts. The ad
use of the cholera argument in the ten
perance campaign in the States to co '
vince the people of the necessity of pr °
hibition. There is one thing certain, how"
ever, the dear people of the United State
can stand the argument letter than tlu '
could an attack of the cholera.
In some Illinois towns the "Mothe
Hubbard" style of dresses are creatine
great sensation. The fashion has in.,
reached those way-behind-the-age Illin 0 ;
villages, and the people don't know how t,
hitch on, and the authorities have «ive
notice by ordinance that every lady wear
ing a Mother Hubbard costume shall 1,,.
arrested. The authorities, however, have
undertaken a pretty big task if they ex
pect to dictate what the women folk - shall
wear. It would he a sorrv day for an
officer of high or low rank iu Montana to
attempt to dictate the kind and style of
dresses onr ladies should wear. The
"Mother Hubbard - ' is a becoming and
modest dress, and if some people don't like
tbe style they needn't look at them. This
is a free country, and the ladies of Illinois
have as good a right to wear a "Mother
Hubbard" or any other style of dress that
suits them as the men have to wear fash
ionable pantaloons. Stand by your rights
ladies, and we ll hold your hats.
There is a story going the rounds of the
! newspapers that is causing a good deal of
uneasiness among the "sweet sixteens" and
over of the fairer sex of the human family.
The story is that a "Boston girl fell dead
from fright caused hv a sudden kiss." The
fate of this young lady should he a warn
ing to all the young maidens of Montana,
and shows the necessity of always lieing
prepared for a sudden kiss. There i^
nothing like being prepared for what the
j future has in store for us. The "fright
I may come in the shape ol a thunder-bolt
. from the clouds, or it may come in the
1 shape of a "smack ' irom the lips of one of
! the sterner sex. There is nothing as de
! ceptivc as a kiss.it oftentimes is used more
j as the signal of betrayal than the insignia
of affection. The history of the "kiss" is
I one ot betrayal and blood,and it is not to lie
wondered at that this Massachusetts girl
"fell dead from fright caused by a sudden
j kiss," as a kiss is so '•are and improbable a
j thing with the average Bay State girl that
1 it means a great deal of patient waiting
j and watching for very small returns. It is
a dreadful warning to girls who are long
1 ing to he kissed. Be ye always ready, for
i ye know not the hour when you may lie
I "frightened" (almost) to death. It is a
good thing now and then that a girl
should he taken unawares ; it puts the rest
j of 'em on their guard for that or any other
trying emergency. We repeat, let the fate
of this Boston young lady lie a warn'd,;.
Be ye always ready for the "fright."
Historicul EHct ys. Iugersoll**
Aigi'st 15, 1884.
To the Editor of the Herald.
To-day your paper fe'l into my hands
containing a report of Col. Ingersoll s dia
tribe upon different churches.
I tk> not wish to enter upon any contro
versy, but only to state a historical fact
perhaps not known to some persons, with
regard to one point, which each of your
readers may verify for himself.
The speaker boldly stated, as reported.
"The Episcopal church was founded by
Henry VIII."
Did) the Church of England originate
with Henry VIII.? In the time of Alfred
the Great a lease was executed from the
Church to the Crown for a piecv, of land to
be used for military purposes for the term
999 years, which has recently expired, and
the estate has lately reverted to the party
which leesed it, viz : the Church of Eng
In law, on the expiration of a lease, the
property reverts to the original owner, oi
lessor, or legal heirs : and this property
which was leased about the year 872, or
600 years before Henry VIII. was born,
falls to the Church.
This one fact is an absolute demonstra
tion. and shows how silly is the assertion
that the English Church was created by
Henry VIII.! E.H
Glendale Gleanings.
The foundation for the new Hecla fur
nace has been commenced.
Coustable Tom Jones (Dem.) aspires
under the civil service rules to promotion
to sheriff' of Beaverhead county.
After an absence of several months, doe
Conway is hack aud has taken a position
with Henry Kappes at Lion City.
Baskets of beautiful trout arc frequently
brought in by the rod and line sports.
Trapper creek is the prinipal source ol
The party to whom was awarded tne
Hecia charcoal contract for the ensuing
year is engaged # in manufacturing brick
wherewith to build the kilns.
The young cougar captured recently by
Harry Letier has passed to the Ownership
of Janies Kelly, who has started u
menagerie in a small way. If one wishes
to start Kelly on tbe "war path ask him
to show you the monkey.
Some of our German fellow citizens were
out on the hunt last week. They are sait
to have expended plenty of amiuuuiuou.
"wet aud dry," but failed to bring hom< u
feather. M. E. 4
The iluson Tramway.
The Helena Mining and Reduction
Works company has contracte»! for a Hu^on
Tramway which wiil be erected without
delay from the Comet mine to the snidt* 1
works, a distance of aliout two and a halt
miles. The process of carrying ore by
tramway is by means of stationary bucket,
fastened to an endless wire rope tbat '
run from the mine to the works. 1° *
case, as the mine is situated on High
cieek, some two hundred leet beiow t
crown of the hill that overlook- *
smelter at Wickes, there will have t<
erected a stationary engine to raise the 0
from the Comet to the top of the w ■
From that point the ore will go down 1 ^
by its own gravity in buckets swung um e
the wire rope that is elevated opou P 0 ^
pulling the empty buckets back to
loaded at the mine. This impro'ew
will be a great advantage to these va
works, and will be under the sapenn
of Mr. Charles M. Huson. the m' eD

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