Newspaper Page Text
«Sä : i, rts* 'v. .:•. > <qp A ; v ; -v ' m. ■<H 1 8? A ■** m --ÆÎÏSSTTK ' ' -•, j TT ■ ■«r ' S» : -W 111 ' 1 T ' • as - sa* fe >*» '«s 'v-: - : < U «•' i «3 ' -v :h ✓ SJE a ■ - - av-; *§$? ESSE % •v . • •,-■*£'. : . 3. ; • • v ■ . j. 5% fpi .aaR :•■ v - • b« * Vû ■ ■ v - ■s&m&ismttwi -,5 = ^î52555 EüiW '•»«B»» .VvH Volume xviii. Helena, Montana, Thursday, September 4, 1884. No. ±2 <ri ( c nîcclily "ÿjfralil. R E. FISK D. W FiSK, A. J- F |SK > Publishers und Proprietor». Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD in advance).... ............... ......j, (in addance). Months, (in advan car. onth ...S3 00 ... 2 00 Months. iin advancei.......... ....... ........ 1 00 v> nen not paid for in advance the rate will be Four Dollars per yean Postage, in all cases Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: rit v Subscribers,delivered by carrier,SI 50 a month One Year, by mail, (in advance) ...............S12 00 - x Months, by mall, (in advance)............... « 0** i ,rec Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 3 00 »„ \ communications should be addressedto FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. TIIE It HI DAL VEIL. Wi married, they say, and you think you have won me, Well take this white veil from my head, and look on me; Here s matter to vex you. and matter to «neve Here's Jotiht to distrust you, and faith to believe you— ' '..il a- vou see, common earta, common I am an . , dew : , , . , .. war y, and mould me to roses, not rue! , . s i, a keout the filmy tiling, fold after fold, x Vl see if you have me to keep and to hold— /V«>k~ cl«»*-** on my heart—see the worst of its sinning— It is not yours to-day for the yesterday s win ning— . ,, , Hu past i- not mine—I am too proud to borrow— y 0 u must grow to new heights if I love you To-morrow. UVere married ! I'm plighted to hold up your the turf at your feet does its handful of daisies ; That way lies my honor—my pathway of pride, But mark you, if greener grass grows either side, I shall know it, and keeping in body with you, Shall walk in my spirit with feet on the dew. We re married! O, pray that our love do not fail ! . I have wings flattened down and hid under my veil, , They arc subtle as light—you can never undo them, And swift in their flight—you can never pursue them, . And spite of all clasping—spite of all bands, 1 can slip like a shadow, a dream, from your hands. Nay, call me not cruel, and fear not to take me. I am yours for my lifetime, to be what >ou make me— To wear my white veil for a sign or a cover. As you shall be proven my lord or my lover; A cover for peace that is dead, or a token Of bliss tliat can never be written or spoken. 31Y .MOTH LU The silent song of memory Habites my waking thought. And sings to me a thousand things My precious mother taught. As 1 look back upon her life It rises like a flame, And spreads a luster o'er each charm Sweet memory comes to name. A halo sweet as charity Surrounds her life to-day, Ys oft it did so long ago When kneeling down to pray. When faithfully she taught us all That we each one should love And that the blessings we receive (Jod sends us from above. If -amts on earth have ever lived, My mother was a saint, For in her moral character No one hud seen a taint. Her words were kind to every one. Her life was all for peace ; All angry looks and bitter words Around her bad to cease. She was an angel to us all Our ills to reconcile, And if a coldness froxe the heart Twould melt beneath her smile. And when her spirit rose aliove And left her form of clay. There was a rosy tint remained That never passed away. HL 11 VITY WHILE YOU MAY. There is plenty of care and sorrow In this world of ours, sweet friend ; The heart in vain oft ponders And puzzles as to the end. But the end will come unfailing, Whatever we may say; Take heart, be troubled no longer, But lx* happy while you may. Do you see the delicate flowers That your pleasant homes adorn? Dripping with dewy softness In the sweet, clear light of morn. Thoughtless and gay they seem, As they nod to the whispering wind ; To-morrow a mass of leaves In their place of to-day we lind. The thorns half-hiding the rosebud, Protect and strengthen it, dear; As the sorrow wè find atiout us Makes our joy stand out more clear, book at the bright side and gladness Will end our busy day; Knougli have we of sorrow, Ho be happy while you may. Believe me, a cheerful heart And a willing, helping hand. Scatter wondrous joys around us— Comfort and peace o'er the land. The heart craves love and kindness. Is it not so? then say You'll try to be merry and cheerful, And lie happy while you may. V WOltl) AND A DEED. A litt!*' -pring had lost its way, Amid the grass and fern ; A passing stranger soooped a well, Where weary man might turn ; He walled it in, and hung with eure A ladle at the brink ; He thought not of the deed lie did. But judged that toil might drink. He passed again, anti lo ! the well By summer never dried. Has eooled ten thousand parched tongues, And saved a life beside. A nameless man, amid a crowd That thronged the daily 'mart. Let fall a word of hope and love. Unstudied from the heart; A whisper on the tumult thrown, A transitory breath, • it raised a brother from the dust. It saved a soul from death. O germ ! O fount ! Ü word of love! O thought nt random east ! Ye wi re but little at the first, But mighty at the last. THE SAILOH'S NEW HAHY. There came to isn't, last Sunday night, The <iueerest little craft, Without an inch of rigging on ; 1 looked, and looked, ami laughed. It seemed so curious that she Should cross the unknown water And moor herself right into my room. My daughter, O, my daughter! She lias no manifest hut this, No flag flouts o'er the water. She s too new for the British Lloyds— Mv daughter, O, my daughter! Ring out. wild liells, and tame ones, too ! Kmg out the lover's moon 1 Bing out the little worsted socks! King in the bib and spoon! King out the muse ! ring in the nurse 1 King m the milk and water ! Away with paper, pen and ink— My daughter, O. my daughter! l'OI.l I ICAL POINTS. Cleveland is already taking Butler's dost iu the presidential race. Harper Brothers, of New York, are said to lie ardent admirers of Blaine "for reve nue only." Harrassed by the Harpers', Curtis and Nast are earning their salaries at the cost of the brilliant experience of a life time. A "Cleveland" baseball club has had the "socks beat olT 'em" in Indiana. Verily, this is a bad year for anything with a Cleveland brand attached to it. Irish World : Of Ibrty-seveu influential Irish papers in the United States, forty-six have pronounced for Blaine, the Boston Pilot only staying with the Democracy. Ex-Judge Lawrence, Comptroller of the Treasury: Ohio will give the Republican ticket at least 20,000 majority in October, and Blaine will carry it by >0,000 in No vember. A correspondent of the New York Sun sums up his tour of the State iu these words: "The country will have to endure another four years of Republican rule under the leadership of Blaine." George \V. Curtis in 1870 : " Is there any good reason why Hendrick's should be se lected from 40,000,000 of people to be the possible head of a Government which he did his best to destroy." A Ptekskill reporter makes Mr. Beecher say, he will not go back on Cleveland un less something worse than theHalpin scan dal turns up. The bolt of the religious press does not move him. A one-legged Illinois soldier upon'being asked whether lie would vote for Cleveland and Headricks, replied : "Not till that leg grows out," and added : "I don't propose to flght on one side and vote on the other." The New York Sun says that in all the records of human hypocrisy and impu dence there is nothing to be compared to Catl .Schurz's exploit in appearing as the advocate of a Democratic candidate for President. St. Louis National American : Immediate ly after the Chicago convention the Demo cratic press "proved" that Blaine was a Catholic. Now, since the Irish are all go ing for him, it is proving that he is a Know-nothing. Cleveland (Ohio) Catholic Universe: The press of the country should not cease from agitating the air.. 4 . 1 .. 1 . ur of G-iv. Cleve land's moral character until ue resigns or is withdrawn from the Democratic presi dential nomination. 1 1 is claimed by Democrats that they ex pect next mouth to reduce the Republican majority in Maine below 5,000. They pro fess to think that $ 100,000 subscribed by Mr. Tilden and the English banker, Bel mont, will accomplish that result. New York Sun: Concerning Governor Cleveland we must say that the publica tiou of the Buffalo scandal never did him one-tenth as much damage as the latuous evasions and contradictions of his fool friends in seeking to nullify its effects. Logan and Hendricks journeyed west from New York about the same time. At nearly every point aloDg the way Logan was received with boundless enthusiasm, amounting in the larger cities to great popular ovations. Hendricks, on the con trary, was allowed to reach his home in Indianapolis almost unnoticed. The Con grey adonalist : Leaving out the Buffalo Telegraph and Rev. Mr. Ball's charges, we are constantly receiving new evidence in the matter more emphatic in its condemnation of Cleveland. The party which nominated Gov. Clevelahd should demand that he be withdrawn from the ticket which his name now leads. Shoemaker, the libeller, has summoned Hendricks, Voorkees and McDonald to de fend him in the suit brought by Blaine. In the consultation just held McDonald counselled delay. Hendricks advised prompt defense. Shoemaker asked that the Democratic party stand by him and furnish the sinews of war, and, if the case went against him, pay the damages. St. Paul Pioneer Press : The references in the Cleveland and Hendricks notes of acceptance to the Democratic platform re minds one of the small hoy who had a copy of the Lord's Prayer tacked to the foot of his bed, and who, on jumping in between the sheets at night, was wont to remark, "Them's mv sentiments, good Lord."' St. Louis (Jlube-Democrat :. If the facts iu the Cleveland scandal are unlit for pub lic discussion, it is the duty of the Demo crats to change their candidate as soon as possible. No man is fif to be voted for as President whose private life is not tit for discussion. Even Mr. George William C ur tis will agree to this as a fundamental axiom, so to speak. Minneapolis Tribune: One ol the strong est reasons for belief in Republican success in the States of New York, Ohio, and Iu diana, this year is the fact that the num ber of voters who will cast their first presi dential ballot in November next is estimât ed at 1! 12.(1(50 in New York, 134,000 in Ohio, and about 90,000 in Indiana. The young men of the country are for Blaine. The Dubuque Telegraph, the Irish Dem ocratic organ of Iowa, following the is suance of Cleveland's letter of acceptance, renounced party allegiance, saying Cleve land's letter and nomination were equally unfortunate. li. J. O'Neil, one 01 the trustees of Mercy Hospital, leads oft' in the organization of the largest Irish-American Blaine aud Logan club in the State. Philadelphia Pres» : Blaine is unshaken in his purpose to spend the campaign sea son quietly with his family within the boundaries of Maine, only once leaving it to attend the New England agricultural fair at Manchester, N. H. Invitations to visit other States, particularly the Southern States, pour in upon him daily Referring to the remark of a prominent New York Democrat, reported in the New York World, to the effect that Cleveland's friends do not propose to make use of any private scan dals to Blaine's disadvantage, the latter will probably take an early opportunity to serve a formal notice to the opposition that he declines tobe the beneficiary of their magnanimity in this regard. New York Independent : Governor Cleve land should positively decline to be a can didate, and withdraw immediately from the canvass, or be compelled to do so if it is necessary' * f To stand still now. or to attempt to go blindly forward with the present ticket would, iu our judgment, he an insult to the Ruler of Nations, sure death to the Democratic party, including also its leaders, aud an everlasting disgrace to the Republic. Ben Butler is becoming outspoken on the subject of Stephen Grover: "Jim Blaine has a right by his training, education, ex perience and position in his party to aspire to the Presidency : but this man Cleveland is machine made; he never tried a cause in the Court of Appeals iu his own State ; can't name all the foreign countries with which we have diplomatic intercourse, and if he went to Washington couldn't find the White House nor the door to the Treas ury Department without a guide." Isn't this rather hard on the "sage of Buffalo ?" Minneapolis Tribune, (Hep.): While.we regret as much as any that a National elec tion should be degraded to a discussion of a candidate's infamy, the Democrats are responsible for the turn of afiairs; first, by putting up a man with such antecedents, and second, by insisting on running the canvass as a question of moral character. When the Democrats thought to forestall attack by putting up a man without a re cord, they ran into the opposite extreme of putting up a man without a character. New York Express: The Indianapolis Sentinel slander was devised long ago, and recently revived and offered to several Democratic papers. None would touch it except the Chicago Times and Indianapo lis Sentinel. Henry Watterson to whom it was offered declined even to consider the proposition because he knew it to be sub stantially untrue. Eight years ago he per sonally investigated Blaine's early life in Kentucky and found it blameless. There was no peg on which a campaign tale could be hung. St. Louis Globe-Democrat : The latest re vised edition of the Cleveland scandal gives it out that the Governor acknowl edged the paternity *of the boy to save a roupie of marri« d friends from domestic trouble. Tue next thing will be to ac count for the resemblance which the boy bears to the Governor by saying that the boy was also in the scheme to save the "married friends," and that as a baity he adopted the shrewd device of looking like the Governor in order to divert suspicion from the proper quarter. Here is what E. B. Wheeler, of Hazel hurst, Miss., said : "I killed Trent Mat thews. I told him not to vote, and he voted and I killed him. It was not me that killed—it was the party. If I had not been a Democrat I would not have killed him. It was not me. but the Demo cratic party ; and now if the party is a mind to throw me off, d—n such a party"' It did not throw him off. Within a month of the time he murdered Matthews he was unanimously elected City Marshal of Hazelhurst. In an interview, August Hi, ex-President Grant said : The letter of acceptance writ ten by BlaiDe is a document in which all Republicans should take a great deal of pride. I have read it over carefully, and 1 regard it as one of the most remarkable political papers ever written. It, like the writer, is trank and open. I do not regard it as too long. He could not have so thor oughly covered the questions which all lovers of our country are interested in so deeply in a shorter one. It is beyond doubt one of the ablest papers ever given to the public." New York Sun: Mr. Cleveland was nominated not because the Democrats wanted hin), but because the bolting Re publicans wanted him : and their promise outweighed the certainty that his nomina tion would disrupt the Democracy. That disruption has come, and now the only question is whether the vote of the Re publican recruits will equal those of the Democratic bolters. But that is apart from our present inquiry. What we insist upon is that, with Mr. Cleveland's incapac ity and selfishness as a publie officer, his election would work greater and more last ing mischief to the party than all that could ensue in consequence of his defeat. Chicago Inter-Ocean: January 3.1863, Harper's Weekly printed a grossly vulgar cartoon. It represented Lincoln as an ignorant backwoodsman, standing before the lootlights and saying: Ladies and gentlemen, 1 regret to say that the tragedy, entitled, "The Army of the Potomac," has been withdrawn on ac count of quarrels among the leading per formers, and 1 have substituted three new and striking farces, or burlesques, one, en titled, "The Repulse of Vicksburg," tty- the well-known popular favorite, E. M. Stan ton, Esq., and the others, "The Loss of Harriet Lane," and "The Exploits ot the Alabama"—a very sweet thing iu farces. I assure yon—by the veteran composer, Gideon Welles. The same paper that thus crippled Lin coln's arm in a dark and terrible ;bour and struggle 01 human liberty, to-day maligns and caricatures James G. Blaine. Minneapolis Tribune: The action of Mr. Blaine in promptly bringing suit for libel against the Indianapolis Sentinel is to be most heartily commended. That paper, in vicious desperation at the damning condi tion of the ease against Governor Cleve land. sought to break the force of au arous ed public sentiment against the moral leper who heads the Democratic ticket by the publication of a most dastardly slander upon the Republican nominee. The points of it are given in our telegraphic columns this morniDg. together with the details of the action of Mr. Blaine in reference to the matter. Mr. Blaine is not the man to pay attention to mere campaign slander, and he is not the man to lie trifled with when the honor and good name of himself and his family are thus wantonly and viciously assailed. His prompt suit for criminal libel against the Sentinel chal lenges the admiration ot every honest man and at once enlists the sympathy of the nation's virtuous homes. Chicago Inler-Ocean : The line between political and personal abuse is .sharply drawn by Mr. Blaine. He no doubt laugh ed with the rest at Puck's clever "tattooed man," and however unjust the accusations against his public lie life, he has not so much as alluded to them. The honest man "looks and laughs aud a' that and a' that," but when it comes to private scandal, that is a radically different matter. No sooner did James G. Blaine learn that a smut ma chine at Indianapolis, called the. Sentinel, had attempted to offset the Cleveland scandal by publishing a'charge involving the good name of his wife and children, than he wired his friend,Colonel Holloway, in that city to put the case in the bauds of a good lawyer with instructions to bring suit at once. The firm to which Senator Harrison belongs was selected, and those attorneys may rest assured that the riot act will be read to them if they dilly-dally with the case. That is not Blaine's way, nor will he telerate it in counsel. Sacramento Record- Union : There is before us a cartoon—a vicious and base car toon. It was originally published iu Harper's Weekly, March 2, 1861. It repre sents President Abraham Lincoln maudlin and staggering, with a wine glass in his hand, in the midst of a crowd of drunken loafers. Through an open window is seen a hearse moving to a grave and bearing a eofiin, on which are the words, "Union Constitution." The cartoon is entitled, "Our Presidential MerrymaD." This dirty slur was originated and printed by Harpers Weekly two days prior to the inauguration | of Lincoln, and at an hour when the fate of the Nation hung trembling in the bal ance—when ridicule of the new President was a blow at human freedom and a crime against the noblest of Republics. This was the attitude of the journal that now assails James G. Blaine, who, in his recent work, pays to the same Abraham Lincoln the highest tribute for bis nobleness of charac ter and the gravity, courage aud patriot ism with which in that eventful March in (il he approached the great office that he thereafter so nobly filled. The New York Times of the 18th has sev eral columns of dispatches showing the way betting is running on the candidates. From these it seems at Boston Blaine is decided ly the favorite in betting circles, and ««Ids, greater or less, are offered on him, with a good degree *f confidence. One geutlaman, a Butler man, by the way, authorizes the Herald to put up any part of $10,000 on the Republican candidate, and stated the offer was not taken. Another gentleman stands ready to stake $100 to $75 for almost any amount on Blaine. The other day a bet of $1,000 to $800 was made on Blaine. An offer of $100 against $400 was "taken that Cleveland does not carry a State outside of the solid South. The same is true at Buf falo, where, in one instance, a Democratic politician has $10,000 in bank to back Mr. jfiaine with. Some even bets have been made, however. At other places the bet ting is even on the general result,although side betting on New' York, Indiana, West Virginia, etc., is frequent and heavy. At many places there will be no betting until after the Ohio election. Prohibition Convention. Lansing, Mich., August 27.—At 10 o'clock this morning the Prohibition State convention was called to order under tem porary organization. A committee was appointed and a recess taken until this afternoon. Prohibition 111 Maine. Portland, Me., August 29.—Francis E. Willard says three hundred speakers are in the field in Maine setting forth argu ments in favor of the constitutional prohi bition amendments to be voted for on the *th of September, and that a majority of 50,000 is expected for the amendments. Keception to Butler. Williams Grove, Pa., August 29 General Butler arrived here at noon, aud was met by 5,000 people. He was escorted to the Grange headqnaraters, where a short reception was held. He will deliver a speech'tbis afternoon. Political. Petersburg, Va., August 29.—As anti cipated, two Republican Congressional con ventions are being held here to-day to nominate a candidate for Congress from the Fourth district. The convention was called to be held at the court house at noon, but before that hour the anti-Brady faction bolted and retired to the academy of music Both conventions have effected temporary organizations. Two separate Congressional nominations will be made. Not of Sound .Mind Chicago, August 28.—Judge Knicker bocker, of the Probate Court to-day, upon the report of two expert physicians, sub mitted the question to a jury, which found that Wilbur F. Storey, of the Chicago Times, was incapacitated for business. The appointment of a conservator for the estate js now being considered by the court. Jersey Cattle Killed. Chicago, August 28.—A visit of Dr. Parvin, State veterinary, to Amhnrst yes terday. resulted in the killing of ten Jer sey cows, appraised at $3,000. Their lungs were found to show more or less decided traces of pleuro pneumonia. In some cases the lungs adhered firmly to the ribs and were decidedly hepotised. Keunion of Veterans. Chicago, August 28,—The reunion of veteran soldiers aud sailors of the North west was much interfered with to-day by rain, but this afternoon, when Gen. Logan visited the camp, there were about 6,000 people present. Logan was generally cheered. Considerable interest was mani fested in the competitive drill for the local militia companies. This evening the "night attack on Fort Mulligan" took place. Blaine in his Usual Health. Bar Harbor, August 27 . —Blaine was down stairs to-day, and in his usual health. Bank Closed. Xenia, Ohio. August 27.—The Second National bank closed its doors this morn ing. No particulars. Xenia, August 27.—There was a run on the bank yesterday but payments were made so promptly tha( confidence was re stored and many renewed their deposits. The cashier, J. 8 . Ankeney, has gon; west. The bank is to-day in the band) of an officer detailed by the comptroller of the currency. No statement of its condition lias as yet been made. Xenia, August 27.— Cashier Ankeney had been engaged in grain transactions with R. M. Smart, to whom the bank, through Ankeney, had recently made large advances. Smart gave a mortgage to se cure this moue}', bill tlie directors were not satisfied and demanded Ankeney's res ignation. He went west the next day and this caused the run of yesterday. The stock holders are regarded as able to meet all liabilities, though the amount has not as yet been made public. New York, August 27. —Mr. Garland, of the First National bank of New York, one of the correspondents of the Second National bank of Nenia, states that the suspension of that institution will have no effect on the financial circles here. Its account with the First National is very small, averaging only 1,000 to 5,000 dollars. Washington, August 27.—The comp troller of the currency has telegraphed the bank examiners to take charge of the Sec ond National bank qf Xenia, Ohio. Washington, August 28.— The comp troller of the currency received a telegram from Bank Examiner Ellis saying that the affairs of the Second National bank of Xenia, Ohio, is not so bad as represented and that he has reason to believe the bank will meet all demands. The comptroller says that it does not appear necessary for a receiver to be appointed. Defaulter. WlLKESBARRE, Pa., August 27.— This commumty was startled this afternoon by the announcement of the defalcation of Samuel Kobberts, late paymaster ofChas. Parrish & Co., coal operators, amounting to between $50,000 aud $75,000. Kobberts bus been the confidential clerk of Charles Parish for twenty years, and is widely known throughout the State. He trans ferred his property, which includes stock iu the Red Ash Coal Company, to Parish, aud the latter authorized an Associated Press reporter to state that a si ttlement had been effected. Kobberts sunk the money in household extravagencies and re ligious objects. He was Superintendent of the Memorial Sunday School. He re cently resigned all his offices for the pur pose of goiug to Europe. Wilkesbarre IV, August 28. — Later developments make it certain that the amount stolen by Roberts i yas about $ 1 ()(», 000 . In addition to speculation, it is learned that Roberts hypothecated bonds and securities. He left Easton this after noon. The deed of the assignment of Roberts' property to Charles Parrish has been tiled in the Recorder's office; consid eration, $1. With his interest iu the Red Ash Coal Co., the property assigned by Roberts is worth $8,000. The Planters' Bank Failure. Richmond, Yirginia, August 27. —Iu the House of Delegates to-day, the Committee on Finance submitted their report on the investigation of the Planters' and Mechan ics' Bank of Petersburg,which recently fail ed. The report says that the amount due the State May 13,1884, was $315,373. The committee find that the money of the State deposited in the bank was so mingled with the other funds of the bank and so used as to make it impossible for the committee, from the evidence at its command, to as certain the precise use made of the identi cal money so deposited. The committee found that with a capital stock of only $119,559, the enormous sum of $111,810 had been allowed to be drawn from the bank on overdraft. At the time the bank closed its doors, in addition to the very large sums previously overdrawn by favor ites of the bank, whose notes are generally worthless, among the largest overdrafts are those by Governor Cameron, Senator Ma hone, State Senator Gaines, Inge and Ma hone, the latter the son of Senator Mahone, and Thomas Whyte, cashier of the bank. Savings Bank C losed. Adrian, August 28. —The Adrian Sav ings Bank suspended yesterday. Herman Loomis, the cashier, says the trouble was precipitated by the inability of the bank on Monday to meet a check for $1,500 and a run begun among the small creditors. About $*0,000 are due depositors, ßoornis states that the assets ot the institution are entirely adequate to pay all liabilities in full. Arrested. New York, August 27.—Wm.. Davies, vice president of the Globe Mutual Beuetit society, was arrested to-day charged with having, while agent of the Prudential Life Insurance company, of America, collected ten dollars, commissions on policies issued to what is claimed to be ficticious persons. The examination has been postponed one week. Success of Torpedo Experiments. Providence. August 27. —The review of torpedo experiments by the North Atlan tic squadron, in the presence of the Presi dent and Secretary of the Navy to-day, was a magnificent success. During the day the President and Secretary gave an elegant luncheon to their guests. Newport. August 27.—The President came ashore this morning with Secretary Phillips and Messrs. Miller and Tiffany and made several calls. At 10 o'clock the North Atlantic squadron got under way and proceeded up the bay. to where tor pedo experiments and mamenvers will take place. The President is going on the Dispatch, and Secretary Chandler on the Albatross. The exercises will last several hours. The exercises at the torpedo sta tions will be to-morrow. Newport, R. I . August 29.— President Arthur dined with James G îrdon Bennett last night Sixteen guests were present. The war ships this morning proceeded to sea where they will manœuver. The Pres ident is on the Dispatch, and Secretary Chandler is on the Albatross. Bicycle Tournamept. Buffalo, August 27. —The tournament of the Buffalo Bicycle Blub at the Driving Park to-day was a splendid success. There were 15,00 people present. Lavender, of Toronto, had an arm broken by a collision in the race. SAN AUGUSTINE. An Historical Old City—Deeds of Horror — Nenendez, Osceola, the Minorcans, Etc.—San Marco and the Spaniards. To the Editor of the HeraUl : Thinking, perhaps, the readers of the Herald might care to know something of the present condition and former traditions of San Augustine, Florida, I send you a brief account of a few of the historical shadows which cluster so thickly around this, the oldest European-settled city in the United States : Perhaps no other one city upon the American continent presents to the mind of the reader or student a history so full of thrilling events as tliat of San Augustine. For fully three and a half centuries this old town has stood upon the ocean shore, faced the winds and fought the storms with a tenacity unyielding. Equal iu con flict, she 1 ) 2 S withstood the tumultuous on slaughts of the warring elements without, and the terrors of domestic strife w ithin. An utter disregard for human life aud hap piness, and an indifference to the wails of wot and miser}', seem to make up a large share of our country's early history. He who has kept a record of her sorrows aud her tears, knows full well her conflicts and her trials. The city of Santa Fe, in New Mexico, is undoubtedly tlie oldest city withiu the limits of the United States, notwithstand ing the fact that San Augustine was settled by Europeans tbirteen years previous to the date of Santa Fe s European setlement But San Augustine is generally awarded the honor of being the oldtst American city, because it actually is the oldest iu accordance with established historical dates. When the Spaniards founded the present city of Santa Fe they built within the w r alls of an Indian city larger by far than the present American one, and 1 need not tear contradiction if I venture to pre sume that it was at that time equally as handsome a city as the present one. Searching among the records and tradi tions of Sun Augustine our attention will first be attracted to that portion relating to Menendez, in bis heartless extermination of the early Hugenots, and the man .vho declared that "The wails of the heretic were music in the ears of Heaven," aud while his hands were yet gory w ith the life's blood of those innocent Frenchmen, the brutal Spauiard bowed his head in holy reverence to a benificent Providence for making him the favored instrument to accomplish this bloody deed. Oh,bigotry 1 What enormities thou hast committed in the name of Christ's holy religion! From the days that the hones of those martyrs were left dangling from the tree, down to the massacre of Major Dade and his veteran warriors by the daring Osceola, our coun try's record is blackened on almost every page oy deeds of horror and savage cruelty. The historic nairations, the traditions and the thrilling legends of that long period, known as "Spanish Times Under the Old Conquerers," are read and listened to with great interest by people of the present day. For two hundred years the boastful Cas tillian cavalier guarded the gates to the ancient city of San Augustine ; for two hundred years the banner of Spain waved its graceful folds above the blackened towers of San Marco, bidding defiance to invading foes. Generation after generation had come and gone, and still the frowning battlements of the now ruined fortress, with their hundred guns, had challenged the navies of the w orld. To shot and shell its thunder-scarred walls had proved alike impervious. Iu their assaults upon this massive structure so many reckless adven turers had come to grief that none were supposed to be so tired of life as to brave its terrors or invade the jurisdiction of its majesty. But there came at hist a time when the proud and revengeful Spaniard had to retreat before the supeiior prowess of the "British Lion." The English took formal possession of Florida iu the year 1762, making San Augustine the seat of government. Greatly to the distaste of the Spaniards, who had so long beeu accus tomed to having things their own way, the English set up their own forms of government, customs and habits in their midst. Like tlie ancient Israelites mourning the loss of their de parted leader, or disgusted with customs they could not tolerate, the Spaniards mournfully "folded their tents and silently stole away." Many went back to Spain, some to Cuba, and a few remained to be tortured by the scenes of happier days, iu sight of their old homes that would never be home to them again. Spanish indolence in San Augustine, as in the mother country, the morbid thirst of the inhabitants for mineral wealth, and their habits of idleness, diverted the mind of the Spaniard from the true source of wealth, agriculture, aod induced a state of inactivity from which they never aroused. So egregiously neglected had been the agri cultural interests of the country that the English saw it was necessary for the very existence of its population that this interest should he looked to with great care and attention. Hence the introduction of what is known as the "Minorcans" or "Turnbull s colony." Dr. Turnbull, an enterprising Scotch man, associated with Sir William Duncan, of London, organized «a scheme whereby they might settle the country with a hardy I • \ : yeomanry inured to agricultural pursuits. Among the islands of the Mediteranean sea they organized a colony for the eastern coast ot Florida. At an expense of $160, ixiO they fitted out their own ships, and with a Height ot 1.500 souls, men, women aud children on board, they sailed from Smyrna iu the year 1767 for the Land of Flowers. Soon after they landed sixty miles south of San Augustine, at a point called Mosquito Inlet, which they named New Smyrna, The indentures under which this contract was made bound both parties to discharge certain obligations. Dissatis faction soon arose. Complaints, many and grevions, were brought against Mr. Turn hull, and the colonists Itecame so b?lq r ent that they could he no longer controlled. Application was made to the legal authori ties at San Augustine and they were re leased from their indentures as a redrew for their grievances. In 1776 the colony came eu mass to San Augustine and were admitted to citizenship under the govern ment ol England. Flats of ground were donated to them in the northern part of the city, where they built themselves homes, aud w here their descendants re main to this day. About this time the news of the Declar ation of Independence of the United States was received at San Augustine. So incensed were the subjects ot John Bull that John Hancock anil John Adams were burned in effigy upon the public plaza, upon the spot where now' stands the old Spanish monument "De la Consticusion." Another hundred years lias since marked its circuit upon the dial plate of San Augustine. The descendants of Turn bull's colony constitute three-fifths of the present population rf the city, and are generally styled "Minorcans." These peo ple have remained comparatively distinct —have amalgamated but little with other races. Small of stature, dark, swarthy complexion, quick tempered, ready to for give insult or injury, kind and obliging, lull ol fun and frolic, unassuming, un obtrusive. But few of them have ac quired accomplished educations, yet nearly *11 have a lair knowledge of the English branches. The women are below medium size; figures beautiful, movements graceful, step elastic and body erect. Most of them are finely featured—hair black, straight, and ol the jetty hue. They are passionately fond of dress, and pride themselves specially upon their small feet. A neat fitting >hoe is considered the sine ipia non to a toilet. Had I no fears that this para graph might chance to fall under the eye ot madame, I'd say the girls are very pretty. The very old ones of both sexes prefer their own native jargon to the purer Anglo Saxon, and when speaking among themselves entirely ignore the English. Dr. Turnbull and Sir William went where "the woodbine twineth." The Minorcans have flourished like the green bay tree. The bones of the Hugenots rest in peace beneath the shadows of the eocoanut. Menendez has a name in American history as the vilest of murderers. Osceola has gone to the "happy hunting grounds," and his ashes rest iu Fort Moultrie, Charleston Harbor, S. C. The gallant Major Dade and his 107 veteran soldiers repose beneath three pyramids, in the old Hugenot bury ing ground, in South San Augustine. The siren song of old ocean chants its morning reveille, and the gentle sea breezes glide softly over the still waters at twilight —come to w hisper to their sleeping dust : "Peace, be still." A monument to their memory is erected upon the spot, to tell to coining generations, "How sleep tlie brave who sink to rest. With all their country's honors blest;" while the great Atlantic rolls its foaming billows into the sunny little bay, whose crystal waters mirror the dark gray wails of San Marco. The old City of Saints still stands upon the ocean .shore—the land that Ponce de Loon "sighted" more than three hundred years ago, and was charmed with its "palm-shaped ferns" and green forests. To-day all is quiet in the ancient city. Its public thoroughfares are thronged with gay pleasure-seekers from all parts of the globe. The savage war-whoop is no longer heard in the land, and the indentations upon the embrasured walls of the old Spanish fort, made from the shots from Oglethorpe's guns, are all that remain to tell the stranger that there was ever strife in America's grand-lather city. A. M. WILLIAMS. Conclusive Answer. Jerry Collins, editor of the River Press, while at White Sulphur Springs recently took some pains to post himself on the political outlook in Meagher. He ques tioned a number of old timers of both parties, whose testimony pu tty well agreed that the Republicans had the be-t chance to win this fall. One answer seemed to settle whatever of doubt lingered in Jerry's mind : "You see everywhere new settlers. We are gaining many of these. We are losing most of the horse thieves. --- IT might as well be claimed that the Democracy furnished the Ten Command ments and the Magna Charta as the Con stitution. It is very true that the further you go back the more you can find to the credit of Democracy, and in very strong contrast the Republican party is of recent origin and so are its achievements, aud the principles it advocates are designed for the present time and not for fifty years ago.