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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, September 04, 1884, Image 1

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Volume xviii.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, September 4, 1884.
No.
±2
<ri ( c nîcclily "ÿjfralil.
R E. FISK D. W FiSK, A. J- F |SK >
Publishers und Proprietor».
Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana
Rates of Subscription.
WEEKLY HERALD
in advance).... ...............
......j, (in addance).
Months, (in advan
car.
onth
...S3 00
... 2 00
Months. iin advancei.......... ....... ........ 1 00
v> nen not paid for in advance the rate will be
Four Dollars per yean
Postage, in all cases Prepaid.
DAILY HERALD:
rit v Subscribers,delivered by carrier,SI 50 a month
One Year, by mail, (in advance) ...............S12 00
- x Months, by mall, (in advance)............... « 0**
i ,rec Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 3 00
»„ \ communications should be addressedto
FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana.
TIIE It HI DAL VEIL.
Wi married, they say, and you think you
have won me,
Well take this white veil from my head, and
look on me;
Here s matter to vex you. and matter to «neve
Here's Jotiht to distrust you, and faith to believe
you— '
'..il a- vou see, common earta, common
I am an . ,
dew : , , . ,
.. war y, and mould me to roses, not rue!
, . s i, a keout the filmy tiling, fold after fold,
x Vl see if you have me to keep and to hold—
/V«>k~ cl«»*-** on my heart—see the worst of its
sinning—
It is not yours to-day for the yesterday s win
ning— . ,, ,
Hu past i- not mine—I am too proud to borrow—
y 0 u must grow to new heights if I love you
To-morrow.
UVere married ! I'm plighted to hold up your
the turf at your feet does its handful of
daisies ;
That way lies my honor—my pathway of pride,
But mark you, if greener grass grows either
side,
I shall know it, and keeping in body with you,
Shall walk in my spirit with feet on the dew.
We re married! O, pray that our love do not
fail ! .
I have wings flattened down and hid under my
veil, ,
They arc subtle as light—you can never undo
them,
And swift in their flight—you can never pursue
them, .
And spite of all clasping—spite of all bands,
1 can slip like a shadow, a dream, from your
hands.
Nay, call me not cruel, and fear not to take me.
I am yours for my lifetime, to be what >ou
make me—
To wear my white veil for a sign or a cover.
As you shall be proven my lord or my lover;
A cover for peace that is dead, or a token
Of bliss tliat can never be written or spoken.
31Y .MOTH LU
The silent song of memory
Habites my waking thought.
And sings to me a thousand things
My precious mother taught.
As 1 look back upon her life
It rises like a flame,
And spreads a luster o'er each charm
Sweet memory comes to name.
A halo sweet as charity
Surrounds her life to-day,
Ys oft it did so long ago
When kneeling down to pray.
When faithfully she taught us all
That we each one should love
And that the blessings we receive
(Jod sends us from above.
If -amts on earth have ever lived,
My mother was a saint,
For in her moral character
No one hud seen a taint.
Her words were kind to every one.
Her life was all for peace ;
All angry looks and bitter words
Around her bad to cease.
She was an angel to us all
Our ills to reconcile,
And if a coldness froxe the heart
Twould melt beneath her smile.
And when her spirit rose aliove
And left her form of clay.
There was a rosy tint remained
That never passed away.
HL 11 VITY WHILE YOU MAY.
There is plenty of care and sorrow
In this world of ours, sweet friend ;
The heart in vain oft ponders
And puzzles as to the end.
But the end will come unfailing,
Whatever we may say;
Take heart, be troubled no longer,
But lx* happy while you may.
Do you see the delicate flowers
That your pleasant homes adorn?
Dripping with dewy softness
In the sweet, clear light of morn.
Thoughtless and gay they seem,
As they nod to the whispering wind ;
To-morrow a mass of leaves
In their place of to-day we lind.
The thorns half-hiding the rosebud,
Protect and strengthen it, dear;
As the sorrow wè find atiout us
Makes our joy stand out more clear,
book at the bright side and gladness
Will end our busy day;
Knougli have we of sorrow,
Ho be happy while you may.
Believe me, a cheerful heart
And a willing, helping hand.
Scatter wondrous joys around us—
Comfort and peace o'er the land.
The heart craves love and kindness.
Is it not so? then say
You'll try to be merry and cheerful,
And lie happy while you may.
V WOltl) AND A DEED.
A litt!*' -pring had lost its way,
Amid the grass and fern ;
A passing stranger soooped a well,
Where weary man might turn ;
He walled it in, and hung with eure
A ladle at the brink ;
He thought not of the deed lie did.
But judged that toil might drink.
He passed again, anti lo ! the well
By summer never dried.
Has eooled ten thousand parched tongues,
And saved a life beside.
A nameless man, amid a crowd
That thronged the daily 'mart.
Let fall a word of hope and love.
Unstudied from the heart;
A whisper on the tumult thrown,
A transitory breath, •
it raised a brother from the dust.
It saved a soul from death.
O germ ! O fount ! Ü word of love!
O thought nt random east !
Ye wi re but little at the first,
But mighty at the last.
THE SAILOH'S NEW HAHY.
There came to isn't, last Sunday night,
The <iueerest little craft,
Without an inch of rigging on ;
1 looked, and looked, ami laughed.
It seemed so curious that she
Should cross the unknown water
And moor herself right into my room.
My daughter, O, my daughter!
She lias no manifest hut this,
No flag flouts o'er the water.
She s too new for the British Lloyds—
Mv daughter, O, my daughter!
Ring out. wild liells, and tame ones, too !
Kmg out the lover's moon 1
Bing out the little worsted socks!
King in the bib and spoon!
King out the muse ! ring in the nurse 1
King m the milk and water !
Away with paper, pen and ink—
My daughter, O. my daughter!
l'OI.l I ICAL POINTS.
Cleveland is already taking Butler's dost
iu the presidential race.
Harper Brothers, of New York, are said
to lie ardent admirers of Blaine "for reve
nue only."
Harrassed by the Harpers', Curtis and
Nast are earning their salaries at the cost
of the brilliant experience of a life time.
A "Cleveland" baseball club has had the
"socks beat olT 'em" in Indiana. Verily,
this is a bad year for anything with a
Cleveland brand attached to it.
Irish World : Of Ibrty-seveu influential
Irish papers in the United States, forty-six
have pronounced for Blaine, the Boston
Pilot only staying with the Democracy.
Ex-Judge Lawrence, Comptroller of the
Treasury: Ohio will give the Republican
ticket at least 20,000 majority in October,
and Blaine will carry it by >0,000 in No
vember.
A correspondent of the New York Sun
sums up his tour of the State iu these words:
"The country will have to endure another
four years of Republican rule under the
leadership of Blaine."
George \V. Curtis in 1870 : " Is there any
good reason why Hendrick's should be se
lected from 40,000,000 of people to be the
possible head of a Government which he
did his best to destroy."
A Ptekskill reporter makes Mr. Beecher
say, he will not go back on Cleveland un
less something worse than theHalpin scan
dal turns up. The bolt of the religious
press does not move him.
A one-legged Illinois soldier upon'being
asked whether lie would vote for Cleveland
and Headricks, replied : "Not till that leg
grows out," and added : "I don't propose
to flght on one side and vote on the other."
The New York Sun says that in all the
records of human hypocrisy and impu
dence there is nothing to be compared to
Catl .Schurz's exploit in appearing as the
advocate of a Democratic candidate for
President.
St. Louis National American : Immediate
ly after the Chicago convention the Demo
cratic press "proved" that Blaine was a
Catholic. Now, since the Irish are all go
ing for him, it is proving that he is a
Know-nothing.
Cleveland (Ohio) Catholic Universe: The
press of the country should not cease from
agitating the air.. 4 . 1 .. 1 . ur of G-iv. Cleve
land's moral character until ue resigns or
is withdrawn from the Democratic presi
dential nomination.
1 1 is claimed by Democrats that they ex
pect next mouth to reduce the Republican
majority in Maine below 5,000. They pro
fess to think that $ 100,000 subscribed by
Mr. Tilden and the English banker, Bel
mont, will accomplish that result.
New York Sun: Concerning Governor
Cleveland we must say that the publica
tiou of the Buffalo scandal never did him
one-tenth as much damage as the latuous
evasions and contradictions of his fool
friends in seeking to nullify its effects.
Logan and Hendricks journeyed west
from New York about the same time. At
nearly every point aloDg the way Logan
was received with boundless enthusiasm,
amounting in the larger cities to great
popular ovations. Hendricks, on the con
trary, was allowed to reach his home in
Indianapolis almost unnoticed.
The Con grey adonalist : Leaving out the
Buffalo Telegraph and Rev. Mr. Ball's
charges, we are constantly receiving new
evidence in the matter more emphatic in
its condemnation of Cleveland. The party
which nominated Gov. Clevelahd should
demand that he be withdrawn from the
ticket which his name now leads.
Shoemaker, the libeller, has summoned
Hendricks, Voorkees and McDonald to de
fend him in the suit brought by Blaine.
In the consultation just held McDonald
counselled delay. Hendricks advised
prompt defense. Shoemaker asked that
the Democratic party stand by him and
furnish the sinews of war, and, if the case
went against him, pay the damages.
St. Paul Pioneer Press : The references
in the Cleveland and Hendricks notes of
acceptance to the Democratic platform re
minds one of the small hoy who had a
copy of the Lord's Prayer tacked to the
foot of his bed, and who, on jumping in
between the sheets at night, was wont to
remark, "Them's mv sentiments, good
Lord."'
St. Louis (Jlube-Democrat :. If the facts
iu the Cleveland scandal are unlit for pub
lic discussion, it is the duty of the Demo
crats to change their candidate as soon as
possible. No man is fif to be voted for as
President whose private life is not tit for
discussion. Even Mr. George William C ur
tis will agree to this as a fundamental
axiom, so to speak.
Minneapolis Tribune: One ol the strong
est reasons for belief in Republican success
in the States of New York, Ohio, and Iu
diana, this year is the fact that the num
ber of voters who will cast their first presi
dential ballot in November next is estimât
ed at 1! 12.(1(50 in New York, 134,000 in Ohio,
and about 90,000 in Indiana. The young
men of the country are for Blaine.
The Dubuque Telegraph, the Irish Dem
ocratic organ of Iowa, following the is
suance of Cleveland's letter of acceptance,
renounced party allegiance, saying Cleve
land's letter and nomination were equally
unfortunate. li. J. O'Neil, one 01 the
trustees of Mercy Hospital, leads oft' in the
organization of the largest Irish-American
Blaine aud Logan club in the State.
Philadelphia Pres» : Blaine is unshaken
in his purpose to spend the campaign sea
son quietly with his family within the
boundaries of Maine, only once leaving it
to attend the New England agricultural
fair at Manchester, N. H. Invitations to
visit other States, particularly the Southern
States, pour in upon him daily Referring
to the remark of a prominent New York
Democrat, reported in the New York World,
to the effect that Cleveland's friends do not
propose to make use of any private scan
dals to Blaine's disadvantage, the latter
will probably take an early opportunity to
serve a formal notice to the opposition that
he declines tobe the beneficiary of their
magnanimity in this regard.
New York Independent : Governor Cleve
land should positively decline to be a can
didate, and withdraw immediately from
the canvass, or be compelled to do so if it
is necessary' * f To stand still now.
or to attempt to go blindly forward with
the present ticket would, iu our judgment,
he an insult to the Ruler of Nations, sure
death to the Democratic party, including
also its leaders, aud an everlasting disgrace
to the Republic.
Ben Butler is becoming outspoken on the
subject of Stephen Grover: "Jim Blaine
has a right by his training, education, ex
perience and position in his party to aspire
to the Presidency : but this man Cleveland
is machine made; he never tried a cause in
the Court of Appeals iu his own State ;
can't name all the foreign countries with
which we have diplomatic intercourse, and
if he went to Washington couldn't find
the White House nor the door to the Treas
ury Department without a guide." Isn't
this rather hard on the "sage of Buffalo ?"
Minneapolis Tribune, (Hep.): While.we
regret as much as any that a National elec
tion should be degraded to a discussion of
a candidate's infamy, the Democrats are
responsible for the turn of afiairs; first, by
putting up a man with such antecedents,
and second, by insisting on running the
canvass as a question of moral character.
When the Democrats thought to forestall
attack by putting up a man without a re
cord, they ran into the opposite extreme of
putting up a man without a character.
New York Express: The Indianapolis
Sentinel slander was devised long ago, and
recently revived and offered to several
Democratic papers. None would touch it
except the Chicago Times and Indianapo
lis Sentinel. Henry Watterson to whom
it was offered declined even to consider the
proposition because he knew it to be sub
stantially untrue. Eight years ago he per
sonally investigated Blaine's early life in
Kentucky and found it blameless. There
was no peg on which a campaign tale could
be hung.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat : The latest re
vised edition of the Cleveland scandal
gives it out that the Governor acknowl
edged the paternity *of the boy to save a
roupie of marri« d friends from domestic
trouble. Tue next thing will be to ac
count for the resemblance which the boy
bears to the Governor by saying that the
boy was also in the scheme to save the
"married friends," and that as a baity he
adopted the shrewd device of looking like
the Governor in order to divert suspicion
from the proper quarter.
Here is what E. B. Wheeler, of Hazel
hurst, Miss., said : "I killed Trent Mat
thews. I told him not to vote, and he
voted and I killed him. It was not me
that killed—it was the party. If I had
not been a Democrat I would not have
killed him. It was not me. but the Demo
cratic party ; and now if the party is a
mind to throw me off, d—n such a party"'
It did not throw him off. Within a month
of the time he murdered Matthews he was
unanimously elected City Marshal of
Hazelhurst.
In an interview, August Hi, ex-President
Grant said : The letter of acceptance writ
ten by BlaiDe is a document in which all
Republicans should take a great deal of
pride. I have read it over carefully, and 1
regard it as one of the most remarkable
political papers ever written. It, like the
writer, is trank and open. I do not regard
it as too long. He could not have so thor
oughly covered the questions which all
lovers of our country are interested in so
deeply in a shorter one. It is beyond
doubt one of the ablest papers ever given
to the public."
New York Sun: Mr. Cleveland was
nominated not because the Democrats
wanted hin), but because the bolting Re
publicans wanted him : and their promise
outweighed the certainty that his nomina
tion would disrupt the Democracy. That
disruption has come, and now the only
question is whether the vote of the Re
publican recruits will equal those of the
Democratic bolters. But that is apart
from our present inquiry. What we insist
upon is that, with Mr. Cleveland's incapac
ity and selfishness as a publie officer, his
election would work greater and more last
ing mischief to the party than all that
could ensue in consequence of his defeat.
Chicago Inter-Ocean: January 3.1863,
Harper's Weekly printed a grossly vulgar
cartoon. It represented Lincoln as an
ignorant backwoodsman, standing before
the lootlights and saying:
Ladies and gentlemen, 1 regret to say
that the tragedy, entitled, "The Army of
the Potomac," has been withdrawn on ac
count of quarrels among the leading per
formers, and 1 have substituted three new
and striking farces, or burlesques, one, en
titled, "The Repulse of Vicksburg," tty- the
well-known popular favorite, E. M. Stan
ton, Esq., and the others, "The Loss of
Harriet Lane," and "The Exploits ot the
Alabama"—a very sweet thing iu farces. I
assure yon—by the veteran composer,
Gideon Welles.
The same paper that thus crippled Lin
coln's arm in a dark and terrible ;bour and
struggle 01 human liberty, to-day maligns
and caricatures James G. Blaine.
Minneapolis Tribune: The action of Mr.
Blaine in promptly bringing suit for libel
against the Indianapolis Sentinel is to be
most heartily commended. That paper, in
vicious desperation at the damning condi
tion of the ease against Governor Cleve
land. sought to break the force of au arous
ed public sentiment against the moral leper
who heads the Democratic ticket by the
publication of a most dastardly slander
upon the Republican nominee. The points
of it are given in our telegraphic columns
this morniDg. together with the details of
the action of Mr. Blaine in reference to
the matter. Mr. Blaine is not the man to
pay attention to mere campaign slander,
and he is not the man to lie trifled with
when the honor and good name of himself
and his family are thus wantonly and
viciously assailed. His prompt suit for
criminal libel against the Sentinel chal
lenges the admiration ot every honest
man and at once enlists the sympathy of
the nation's virtuous homes.
Chicago Inler-Ocean : The line between
political and personal abuse is .sharply
drawn by Mr. Blaine. He no doubt laugh
ed with the rest at Puck's clever "tattooed
man," and however unjust the accusations
against his public lie life, he has not so
much as alluded to them. The honest man
"looks and laughs aud a' that and a' that,"
but when it comes to private scandal, that
is a radically different matter. No sooner
did James G. Blaine learn that a smut ma
chine at Indianapolis, called the. Sentinel,
had attempted to offset the Cleveland
scandal by publishing a'charge involving
the good name of his wife and children,
than he wired his friend,Colonel Holloway,
in that city to put the case in the bauds of
a good lawyer with instructions to bring
suit at once. The firm to which Senator
Harrison belongs was selected, and those
attorneys may rest assured that the riot
act will be read to them if they dilly-dally
with the case. That is not Blaine's way,
nor will he telerate it in counsel.
Sacramento Record- Union : There is
before us a cartoon—a vicious and base car
toon. It was originally published iu
Harper's Weekly, March 2, 1861. It repre
sents President Abraham Lincoln maudlin
and staggering, with a wine glass in his
hand, in the midst of a crowd of drunken
loafers. Through an open window is seen
a hearse moving to a grave and bearing a
eofiin, on which are the words, "Union
Constitution." The cartoon is entitled,
"Our Presidential MerrymaD." This dirty
slur was originated and printed by Harpers
Weekly two days prior to the inauguration |
of Lincoln, and at an hour when the fate
of the Nation hung trembling in the bal
ance—when ridicule of the new President
was a blow at human freedom and a crime
against the noblest of Republics. This was
the attitude of the journal that now assails
James G. Blaine, who, in his recent work,
pays to the same Abraham Lincoln the
highest tribute for bis nobleness of charac
ter and the gravity, courage aud patriot
ism with which in that eventful March in
(il he approached the great office that he
thereafter so nobly filled.
The New York Times of the 18th has sev
eral columns of dispatches showing the way
betting is running on the candidates. From
these it seems at Boston Blaine is decided
ly the favorite in betting circles, and ««Ids,
greater or less, are offered on him, with a
good degree *f confidence. One geutlaman,
a Butler man, by the way, authorizes the
Herald to put up any part of $10,000 on the
Republican candidate, and stated the offer
was not taken. Another gentleman stands
ready to stake $100 to $75 for almost any
amount on Blaine. The other day a bet of
$1,000 to $800 was made on Blaine. An
offer of $100 against $400 was "taken that
Cleveland does not carry a State outside of
the solid South. The same is true at Buf
falo, where, in one instance, a Democratic
politician has $10,000 in bank to back Mr.
jfiaine with. Some even bets have been
made, however. At other places the bet
ting is even on the general result,although
side betting on New' York, Indiana, West
Virginia, etc., is frequent and heavy. At
many places there will be no betting until
after the Ohio election.
Prohibition Convention.
Lansing, Mich., August 27.—At 10
o'clock this morning the Prohibition State
convention was called to order under tem
porary organization. A committee was
appointed and a recess taken until this
afternoon.
Prohibition 111 Maine.
Portland, Me., August 29.—Francis
E. Willard says three hundred speakers
are in the field in Maine setting forth argu
ments in favor of the constitutional prohi
bition amendments to be voted for on the
*th of September, and that a majority of
50,000 is expected for the amendments.
Keception to Butler.
Williams Grove, Pa., August 29
General Butler arrived here at noon, aud
was met by 5,000 people. He was escorted
to the Grange headqnaraters, where a
short reception was held. He will deliver
a speech'tbis afternoon.
Political.
Petersburg, Va., August 29.—As anti
cipated, two Republican Congressional con
ventions are being held here to-day to
nominate a candidate for Congress from
the Fourth district. The convention was
called to be held at the court house at
noon, but before that hour the anti-Brady
faction bolted and retired to the academy
of music Both conventions have effected
temporary organizations. Two separate
Congressional nominations will be made.
Not of Sound .Mind
Chicago, August 28.—Judge Knicker
bocker, of the Probate Court to-day, upon
the report of two expert physicians, sub
mitted the question to a jury, which found
that Wilbur F. Storey, of the Chicago
Times, was incapacitated for business. The
appointment of a conservator for the estate
js now being considered by the court.
Jersey Cattle Killed.
Chicago, August 28.—A visit of Dr.
Parvin, State veterinary, to Amhnrst yes
terday. resulted in the killing of ten Jer
sey cows, appraised at $3,000. Their lungs
were found to show more or less decided
traces of pleuro pneumonia. In some cases
the lungs adhered firmly to the ribs and
were decidedly hepotised.
Keunion of Veterans.
Chicago, August 28,—The reunion of
veteran soldiers aud sailors of the North
west was much interfered with to-day by
rain, but this afternoon, when Gen. Logan
visited the camp, there were about 6,000
people present. Logan was generally
cheered. Considerable interest was mani
fested in the competitive drill for the local
militia companies. This evening the
"night attack on Fort Mulligan" took place.
Blaine in his Usual Health.
Bar Harbor, August 27 . —Blaine was
down stairs to-day, and in his usual health.
Bank Closed.
Xenia, Ohio. August 27.—The Second
National bank closed its doors this morn
ing. No particulars.
Xenia, August 27.—There was a run on
the bank yesterday but payments were
made so promptly tha( confidence was re
stored and many renewed their deposits.
The cashier, J. 8 . Ankeney, has gon; west.
The bank is to-day in the band) of an
officer detailed by the comptroller of the
currency. No statement of its condition
lias as yet been made.
Xenia, August 27.— Cashier Ankeney
had been engaged in grain transactions
with R. M. Smart, to whom the bank,
through Ankeney, had recently made large
advances. Smart gave a mortgage to se
cure this moue}', bill tlie directors were
not satisfied and demanded Ankeney's res
ignation. He went west the next day and
this caused the run of yesterday. The
stock holders are regarded as able to meet
all liabilities, though the amount has not
as yet been made public.
New York, August 27. —Mr. Garland,
of the First National bank of New York,
one of the correspondents of the Second
National bank of Nenia, states that the
suspension of that institution will have
no effect on the financial circles here. Its
account with the First National is very
small, averaging only 1,000 to 5,000 dollars.
Washington, August 27.—The comp
troller of the currency has telegraphed the
bank examiners to take charge of the Sec
ond National bank qf Xenia, Ohio.
Washington, August 28.— The comp
troller of the currency received a telegram
from Bank Examiner Ellis saying that the
affairs of the Second National bank of
Xenia, Ohio, is not so bad as represented
and that he has reason to believe the bank
will meet all demands. The comptroller
says that it does not appear necessary for a
receiver to be appointed.
Defaulter.
WlLKESBARRE, Pa., August 27.— This
commumty was startled this afternoon by
the announcement of the defalcation of
Samuel Kobberts, late paymaster ofChas.
Parrish & Co., coal operators, amounting
to between $50,000 aud $75,000. Kobberts
bus been the confidential clerk of Charles
Parish for twenty years, and is widely
known throughout the State. He trans
ferred his property, which includes stock
iu the Red Ash Coal Company, to Parish,
aud the latter authorized an Associated
Press reporter to state that a si ttlement
had been effected. Kobberts sunk the
money in household extravagencies and re
ligious objects. He was Superintendent
of the Memorial Sunday School. He re
cently resigned all his offices for the pur
pose of goiug to Europe.
Wilkesbarre IV, August 28. — Later
developments make it certain that the
amount stolen by Roberts i yas about $ 1 ()(»,
000 . In addition to speculation, it is
learned that Roberts hypothecated bonds
and securities. He left Easton this after
noon. The deed of the assignment of
Roberts' property to Charles Parrish has
been tiled in the Recorder's office; consid
eration, $1. With his interest iu the Red
Ash Coal Co., the property assigned by
Roberts is worth $8,000.
The Planters' Bank Failure.
Richmond, Yirginia, August 27. —Iu the
House of Delegates to-day, the Committee
on Finance submitted their report on the
investigation of the Planters' and Mechan
ics' Bank of Petersburg,which recently fail
ed. The report says that the amount due
the State May 13,1884, was $315,373. The
committee find that the money of the State
deposited in the bank was so mingled with
the other funds of the bank and so used as
to make it impossible for the committee,
from the evidence at its command, to as
certain the precise use made of the identi
cal money so deposited. The committee
found that with a capital stock of only
$119,559, the enormous sum of $111,810
had been allowed to be drawn from the
bank on overdraft. At the time the bank
closed its doors, in addition to the very
large sums previously overdrawn by favor
ites of the bank, whose notes are generally
worthless, among the largest overdrafts are
those by Governor Cameron, Senator Ma
hone, State Senator Gaines, Inge and Ma
hone, the latter the son of Senator Mahone,
and Thomas Whyte, cashier of the bank.
Savings Bank C losed.
Adrian, August 28. —The Adrian Sav
ings Bank suspended yesterday. Herman
Loomis, the cashier, says the trouble was
precipitated by the inability of the bank
on Monday to meet a check for $1,500 and
a run begun among the small creditors.
About $*0,000 are due depositors, ßoornis
states that the assets ot the institution are
entirely adequate to pay all liabilities in
full.
Arrested.
New York, August 27.—Wm.. Davies,
vice president of the Globe Mutual Beuetit
society, was arrested to-day charged with
having, while agent of the Prudential Life
Insurance company, of America, collected
ten dollars, commissions on policies issued
to what is claimed to be ficticious persons.
The examination has been postponed one
week.
Success of Torpedo Experiments.
Providence. August 27. —The review of
torpedo experiments by the North Atlan
tic squadron, in the presence of the Presi
dent and Secretary of the Navy to-day,
was a magnificent success. During the
day the President and Secretary gave an
elegant luncheon to their guests.
Newport. August 27.—The President
came ashore this morning with Secretary
Phillips and Messrs. Miller and Tiffany
and made several calls. At 10 o'clock the
North Atlantic squadron got under way
and proceeded up the bay. to where tor
pedo experiments and mamenvers will
take place. The President is going on the
Dispatch, and Secretary Chandler on the
Albatross. The exercises will last several
hours. The exercises at the torpedo sta
tions will be to-morrow.
Newport, R. I . August 29.— President
Arthur dined with James G îrdon Bennett
last night Sixteen guests were present.
The war ships this morning proceeded to
sea where they will manœuver. The Pres
ident is on the Dispatch, and Secretary
Chandler is on the Albatross.
Bicycle Tournamept.
Buffalo, August 27. —The tournament
of the Buffalo Bicycle Blub at the Driving
Park to-day was a splendid success. There
were 15,00 people present. Lavender, of
Toronto, had an arm broken by a collision
in the race.
SAN AUGUSTINE.
An Historical Old City—Deeds of Horror
— Nenendez, Osceola, the Minorcans,
Etc.—San Marco and the
Spaniards.
To the Editor of the HeraUl :
Thinking, perhaps, the readers of the
Herald might care to know something of
the present condition and former traditions
of San Augustine, Florida, I send you a
brief account of a few of the historical
shadows which cluster so thickly around
this, the oldest European-settled city in
the United States :
Perhaps no other one city upon the
American continent presents to the mind
of the reader or student a history so full of
thrilling events as tliat of San Augustine.
For fully three and a half centuries this
old town has stood upon the ocean shore,
faced the winds and fought the storms
with a tenacity unyielding. Equal iu con
flict, she 1 ) 2 S withstood the tumultuous on
slaughts of the warring elements without,
and the terrors of domestic strife w ithin.
An utter disregard for human life aud hap
piness, and an indifference to the wails of
wot and miser}', seem to make up a large
share of our country's early history. He
who has kept a record of her sorrows aud
her tears, knows full well her conflicts and
her trials.
The city of Santa Fe, in New Mexico, is
undoubtedly tlie oldest city withiu the
limits of the United States, notwithstand
ing the fact that San Augustine was settled
by Europeans tbirteen years previous to
the date of Santa Fe s European setlement
But San Augustine is generally awarded
the honor of being the oldtst American
city, because it actually is the oldest iu
accordance with established historical
dates. When the Spaniards founded the
present city of Santa Fe they built within
the w r alls of an Indian city larger by far
than the present American one, and 1 need
not tear contradiction if I venture to pre
sume that it was at that time equally as
handsome a city as the present one.
Searching among the records and tradi
tions of Sun Augustine our attention will
first be attracted to that portion relating to
Menendez, in bis heartless extermination
of the early Hugenots, and the man .vho
declared that "The wails of the heretic
were music in the ears of Heaven," aud
while his hands were yet gory w ith the
life's blood of those innocent Frenchmen,
the brutal Spauiard bowed his head in
holy reverence to a benificent Providence
for making him the favored instrument to
accomplish this bloody deed. Oh,bigotry 1
What enormities thou hast committed in
the name of Christ's holy religion! From
the days that the hones of those martyrs
were left dangling from the tree, down to
the massacre of Major Dade and his veteran
warriors by the daring Osceola, our coun
try's record is blackened on almost every
page oy deeds of horror and savage cruelty.
The historic nairations, the traditions and
the thrilling legends of that long period,
known as "Spanish Times Under the Old
Conquerers," are read and listened to with
great interest by people of the present day.
For two hundred years the boastful Cas
tillian cavalier guarded the gates to the
ancient city of San Augustine ; for two
hundred years the banner of Spain waved
its graceful folds above the blackened
towers of San Marco, bidding defiance to
invading foes. Generation after generation
had come and gone, and still the frowning
battlements of the now ruined fortress,
with their hundred guns, had challenged
the navies of the w orld. To shot and shell
its thunder-scarred walls had proved alike
impervious. Iu their assaults upon this
massive structure so many reckless adven
turers had come to grief that none were
supposed to be so tired of life as to brave
its terrors or invade the jurisdiction of its
majesty. But there came at hist a time
when the proud and revengeful Spaniard
had to retreat before the supeiior prowess
of the "British Lion." The English took
formal possession of Florida iu the year
1762, making San Augustine the seat of
government. Greatly to the distaste of the
Spaniards, who had so long beeu accus
tomed to having things their own
way, the English set up their
own forms of government, customs and
habits in their midst. Like tlie ancient
Israelites mourning the loss of their de
parted leader, or disgusted with customs
they could not tolerate, the Spaniards
mournfully "folded their tents and silently
stole away." Many went back to Spain,
some to Cuba, and a few remained to be
tortured by the scenes of happier days, iu
sight of their old homes that would never
be home to them again.
Spanish indolence in San Augustine, as
in the mother country, the morbid thirst
of the inhabitants for mineral wealth, and
their habits of idleness, diverted the mind
of the Spaniard from the true source of
wealth, agriculture, aod induced a state of
inactivity from which they never aroused.
So egregiously neglected had been the agri
cultural interests of the country that the
English saw it was necessary for the very
existence of its population that this interest
should he looked to with great care and
attention. Hence the introduction of what
is known as the "Minorcans" or "Turnbull s
colony."
Dr. Turnbull, an enterprising Scotch
man, associated with Sir William Duncan,
of London, organized «a scheme whereby
they might settle the country with a hardy
I

\
:
yeomanry inured to agricultural pursuits.
Among the islands of the Mediteranean
sea they organized a colony for the eastern
coast ot Florida. At an expense of $160,
ixiO they fitted out their own ships, and
with a Height ot 1.500 souls, men, women
aud children on board, they sailed from
Smyrna iu the year 1767 for the Land of
Flowers. Soon after they landed sixty
miles south of San Augustine, at a point
called Mosquito Inlet, which they named
New Smyrna, The indentures under which
this contract was made bound both parties
to discharge certain obligations. Dissatis
faction soon arose. Complaints, many and
grevions, were brought against Mr. Turn
hull, and the colonists Itecame so b?lq r
ent that they could he no longer controlled.
Application was made to the legal authori
ties at San Augustine and they were re
leased from their indentures as a redrew
for their grievances. In 1776 the colony
came eu mass to San Augustine and were
admitted to citizenship under the govern
ment ol England. Flats of ground were
donated to them in the northern part of
the city, where they built themselves
homes, aud w here their descendants re
main to this day.
About this time the news of the Declar
ation of Independence of the United
States was received at San Augustine. So
incensed were the subjects ot John Bull
that John Hancock anil John Adams were
burned in effigy upon the public plaza,
upon the spot where now' stands the old
Spanish monument "De la Consticusion."
Another hundred years lias since marked
its circuit upon the dial plate of San
Augustine. The descendants of Turn
bull's colony constitute three-fifths of the
present population rf the city, and are
generally styled "Minorcans." These peo
ple have remained comparatively distinct
—have amalgamated but little with other
races. Small of stature, dark, swarthy
complexion, quick tempered, ready to for
give insult or injury, kind and obliging,
lull ol fun and frolic, unassuming, un
obtrusive. But few of them have ac
quired accomplished educations, yet nearly
*11 have a lair knowledge of the English
branches.
The women are below medium size;
figures beautiful, movements graceful, step
elastic and body erect. Most of them are
finely featured—hair black, straight, and
ol the jetty hue. They are passionately
fond of dress, and pride themselves
specially upon their small feet. A neat
fitting >hoe is considered the sine ipia non
to a toilet. Had I no fears that this para
graph might chance to fall under the eye
ot madame, I'd say the girls are very pretty.
The very old ones of both sexes prefer
their own native jargon to the purer
Anglo Saxon, and when speaking among
themselves entirely ignore the English.
Dr. Turnbull and Sir William went where
"the woodbine twineth." The Minorcans
have flourished like the green bay tree.
The bones of the Hugenots rest in peace
beneath the shadows of the eocoanut.
Menendez has a name in American history
as the vilest of murderers. Osceola has
gone to the "happy hunting grounds," and
his ashes rest iu Fort Moultrie, Charleston
Harbor, S. C. The gallant Major Dade
and his 107 veteran soldiers repose beneath
three pyramids, in the old Hugenot bury
ing ground, in South San Augustine.
The siren song of old ocean chants its
morning reveille, and the gentle sea breezes
glide softly over the still waters at twilight
—come to w hisper to their sleeping dust :
"Peace, be still." A monument to their
memory is erected upon the spot, to tell to
coining generations,
"How sleep tlie brave who sink to rest.
With all their country's honors blest;"
while the great Atlantic rolls its foaming
billows into the sunny little bay, whose
crystal waters mirror the dark gray wails
of San Marco. The old City of Saints still
stands upon the ocean .shore—the land that
Ponce de Loon "sighted" more than three
hundred years ago, and was charmed with
its "palm-shaped ferns" and green forests.
To-day all is quiet in the ancient city. Its
public thoroughfares are thronged with gay
pleasure-seekers from all parts of the globe.
The savage war-whoop is no longer heard
in the land, and the indentations upon the
embrasured walls of the old Spanish fort,
made from the shots from Oglethorpe's
guns, are all that remain to tell the stranger
that there was ever strife in America's
grand-lather city.
A. M. WILLIAMS.
Conclusive Answer.
Jerry Collins, editor of the River Press,
while at White Sulphur Springs recently
took some pains to post himself on the
political outlook in Meagher. He ques
tioned a number of old timers of both
parties, whose testimony pu tty well agreed
that the Republicans had the be-t chance
to win this fall. One answer seemed to
settle whatever of doubt lingered in
Jerry's mind : "You see everywhere new
settlers. We are gaining many of these.
We are losing most of the horse thieves.
---
IT might as well be claimed that the
Democracy furnished the Ten Command
ments and the Magna Charta as the Con
stitution. It is very true that the further
you go back the more you can find to the
credit of Democracy, and in very strong
contrast the Republican party is of recent
origin and so are its achievements, aud the
principles it advocates are designed for the
present time and not for fifty years ago.

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