Helena, Montana, Thursday, September ii, 1884.
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POOR TIRED MOTHER.
I vreretalkiiiK of tlie glory ofthe land beyond
()(tht*iKhtand ofthe gladness to be found in
[^flowers ever blooming, of the never-eeas
,,, uot rings through the gold, n streets of
r h »nv«l.ite-rot>ed throngs:
V .oi said VatlMT. leaning cozily back in his easy
j ilht r ^dways was a master-hand for comfort
What a joyful thing twould be to know that
when tiiis life is o'er
One would straightway hear a welcome from the
blessed sliming shore !"
And 1 salad, our eldest girl, glanced upward from
the reed ... .
she was painting on a water jug, and murmured,
And Marian, the next in age, a moment dropped
And "Yes, indeed!" repeated, with a most ec
static look. , ,
put mother, gray-haired mother, who had come
to sweep the room,
With a patient smile on her thin face, leaned
lightly on her broom—
Poor mother! no one ever thought how much
she had to do—
And said, "I hoi»e it is not wrong not to agree
with you, .
But g seems to me that when I die, before 1 join
I d like just for a little while to lie in my grave
HIE ISLE OF THE LONG AGO.
BY B. F. TAYLOR.
Oh ! a wonderful stream is the river of Time,
As it flows through this realm of tears.
With a faultless rythm and a musical rhyme
And a broader sweep and a surge sublime,
And it blends with the ocean years.
How the winters are drifting, like flakes of snow!
And the summer like buds between ;
Aim! the year in the sheaf—got hey come and they
On the river's breast, with itsebb mid flow,
As they guide in the shadow and sheen.
There's a magical isle up the river Time,
Where the softest of airs are playing:
There 9 a cloudless sky hi.(I a tropical clime,
And a voice as sweet as a vesper chime.
And the Junes with the roses are staying.
And the name of this isle is the Long Ago,
And we bury oui treasures there;
There are brows of beauty and bosoms of snow—
They are limps of dust, but we loved them so !
There are trinkets and tresses of hair.
There are fragments of songs that noliody sings
And a part of an infant's prayer;
There sa harp unswept and a lute without strings;
There are broken vows and pieces of rings,
And the garments that she used to wear.
Oh, remembered for aye t>e that blessed isle.
All the day of our life till night :
And when evening comes with its beautiful smile,
And our eyes are closing in slumber awhile.
May that "Greenwood" of souls be in sight.
A STRANGE SINGER.
Joy's the shyest bird
Mortal ever heard ;
Listen rapt and silent when he sings
Do not seek to see,
Lest the vision lie
Buta flutter of departing wings.
Straight down out of heaven
Drops the tiery leaven
Beating, burning, rising in his breast ;
Never, never long
Canst thou hear the song.
All too high for labor or for rest.
Mope can sit and sing
With a folded wing.
Long contented in a narrow cage ;
Patience on the nest
Hour by hour will rest.
Brooding tender things in hermitage.
Singers true and sweet.
Mockers bright aud fleet,
Clo;e about thy door they flit and call:
One who will not stay
Draws thy heart away:
Listen ! listen ! It is more than all !
ON THE MANDOLIN.
In limpid currents laughing runnels say :
' 'Some day."
The linking ladls sound as the nuns, they pray,
The citron scented south wind sings the lay,
And drowsy bees atone on olive spray,
Aweary with long waiting and delay
"Surely Love's dead," but Hope chides, ''Nay,
"From the far East, beyond the mornings gray,
"Life's jeweled hours in radiant array,
"These angels will conic from far Cathay
"Bearing sweet spice, let what may,
And so we whisper as we saddened stray,
" istfully we seek adown the dusty way
From early light to late at night,
1 chatter, chatter, chatter.
If things are sad or things are laid.
Dear me 1 what does it matter?
The livelong day to me is gay,
And I keep always laughing !
The world at best is but a jest,
'Tisonly fit forehafling.
Along the brim of life to skim,
Not in its depths be sinking,
M ith jest and smile time to beguile.
Not t»>re one's self with thinking.
To touch and go. and to and fro
To gossip, talk and tattle.
To hear the news, and to amuse
One s world with endless prattle.
This is my life ; I hate all strife,
« ith none um 1 a snarl er,
I like to joke with pleasant folk
In any pleasant parlor,
And when the day has slipped away,
r.re I blow out my candle,
1 sit awhile, and muse and smile.
O er that last bit of scandal.
Iudianapolis Journal : It won t be long
until the Democratic party is ready to
swear that it never did like the Irish, any
New York Sun : The prompt action
which Mr. Blaine has taken to stamp out a
•scandalous story concerning his early life
commends itself to all decent men.
Cincinnati Commercial Gazette : The wild
ass ofthe Indianapolis Sentinel is discover
ing that there is some difference between
kicking a dead lion and a living one.
Baltimore American: Cleveland's letter
will sound something like the report of
the small boy's toy p'stol that went off
after the explosion of the big cannon.
New York Dial : Carl Schurz says, by
the hones of his ancestors, if Blaine is
elected he will leave America forever. Do
you hear that ? Now, then, all together
In Michigan Cleveland is one-half with
drawn, lacking a small fraction. A Demo
crat who votes an unscratched ballot makes
it a half vote for Cleveland and half vote
Des Moines Register : Blaine was known
throughout this country and Europe when
the letter-carrier had to look in the city
directory lor the residence of Grover
St. Paul Pionesr Press : The indications
are that the American people will elect
Blaine by a much larger popular and elec
toral majority than has been given to any
candidate lor many years.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat : Irisbmtu who
wish to hurt England can do so most effec
tually by voting in this country with the
political party which makes England pay
tribute to American industry.
Chicago Inter-Ocean : 'Che New York
Tribune's "sick fund for destitute children
should f>e extended so as to take in the
Independent free-traders. They look to he
about the sickest lot of fellows now in sight.
Inter-Ocean : The delegates to the Re
publican National Convention have all
answered to the roll-call, iu one way or an
other, and out of the 820 only one has de
serted. This is a remarkably good show
Providence Journal : The remark of the
hired man concerning his dinner may, per
haps, be the most kindly characterization
of Mr. Clevelend's letter, as "good enough
what there is of it, aud enough of it such
as it is."
Louisville Cour ice■■ Journet l (Deni.): Henry
Ward Beecher is for Cleveland ; Thomas
K. Beecher is for Butler, aud Harriet
Beecher is tor Blaine. Isn't there a
Beecher somewhere who will come out for
St. John ?
Denver Tribune : Mr. Cleveland thinks
one term in the White House is enough for
a man. The people think that one is too
much for some men. Mr. Cleveland will
understand what they mean later in the
St. Louis Globe-Democrat (Rep.) : The
main thing for the Republicans to do in
Missouri this year is to beat the Confed
erate-Bourbon-James Boy Democracy.
They can do it if they go about it in the
Blaine and Logan clubs are organized in
every school district in Northern Indiana.
In Wabash county there are over thirty
clubs, with an aggregate membership of
2,100 voters. Not a Democratic club has
Edward H. Green, of Aurora, Ind., a
prominent Democrat, who has held many
important elective offices in the State, an
nounces his intention of voting for Blaine
and Logan, and is already delivering cam
Milwaukee Sentinel : Emery A. Storrs
has been struck by the disproportionately
large size of Cleveland's neck as compared
with his head. He says "he wears a 191
collar and a No 7 hat, and is a bachelor on
the European plan."
The Blaine and Logan Democratic club
of Kingston, N. Y., has 700 persons in its
membership, no one of whom has ever
voted other than the Democratic ticket.
The county of Ulster, says campaigner
Shoonmaker, heretofore good for 800 to
1,200 Democratic majority, will this year
give a Republican majority of 1,000.
New York Mail and Express : Mr. Blaine
has never allowed himself to be kept on
the defensive. He will astonish and con
found many of his ablest enemies before
this campaign is ended and his friends need
not be alarmed by any new phase of the
campaign. He is ready for any emergency.
Buffalo Catholic Union : Harper's Weekly
and Puck fancy they are advancing the
Democratic cause by outrageous caricatures
ofthe Irish. While their vile illustrations
were published in the interest of the Re
puhlicau party we could not in justice
complain, as Republicans owed hut a scant
debt of gratitude to the Irish.
St. Louis Globe- Democrat : A great
many newspapers are publishing column
editorials to tell us what is the matter
with Carl Schurz. Why, the matter with
Carl Schurz is just this: He has been lor
twenty-five years a bear on Gods provi
dence and a bull on his own importance,
and both deals have gone against him.
New York Sun : The Hon. Thomas A.
Hendricks says a candidate for the Presi
dency should be judged by his public
record, and "not by an old and exploded
private slander." This is true—assuming
that the matter uuder consideration is a
slander and is exploded. But suppose it
is true and is admitted to be true by the
other party ?
G lobe-Democrat Tolono, 111., dispatch :
In Colfax township, Champaign county,
the Irish compose more than two-thirds of
the voters. Always heretofore they have
l>een solidly Democratic. Now, with hut
two exceptions, they are for Blaine, and
have organized a large aud aggressive
Blaine aud Logan club at Ivesdale, their
trading point. Such a complete revolution
of the political sentiment of a community
has never before been known in this
La Crosse Republican : Cleveland, in his
address, thinks one term in the Presidency
would lie enough for him. The people of
the United States, by a large majority,
think it would he one term too many, and
they will relieve Mr. Cleveland's appre
hensions lest he should remain too long in
the White House, by taking care that he
never gets there.
Corporal Tauner, of Brooklyn : "I have
just returned from a trip of 4,000 miles in
the West, attending the Graud Army en
campment, aud from my close observation
I sum up the political situation iu the
statement that the feeling in favor of
Blaine and Logan is simply phenomenal.
There never was such enthusiasm so early
iu the canvass for President.
Albany Knickerbocker: The World's
arraignment of Messrs. Manning, Whitney,
Weed, Scott and Chairman Barnum for in
activity in the campaign, winding up with
the command—"Turn the rascals out !" is
copied all over the country approvingly—
by Republican papers. These papers make
a mistake. For their benefit that is the
kind of men for the Democracy to keep in.
A Springfield, 111., special to the Chicago
Inter-Ocean says: "There are ten large
Republican clubs in this city, all hand
somely equipped with uniforms and lamps.
The German Republican Club consists of
565 members. The Irish Republican Club
has nearly 400 members, all of whom hut
twenty have noted the Democratic ticket
heretofore. The Portuguese Club has 300
members. The remaining clubs are ward
organizations, and each body numbers up
in the hundreds. Old time Republicans
say they have not witnessed such a mani
festation of zeal since the campaign of
Chicago Journal : The face of lalior is set
in the opposite direction from Mr. Cleve
land, aud it will not be turned his way in
answer to his cry for help. Beyond the
paragraphs devoted to this topic, the letter
is absolutely without significance. It takes
no sides on any question of public policy.
It is a coarse-grained, inartistic production
in its literary features, is schoolhoyish iu
its superficial aud commonplace ideas, and
is merely read because it is short, has been
long delayed, and from a curiosity to see
what new evidence of its unfitness and
stupidity the Democratic party might, in
the person of its candidate, oiler to the
voters of the country.
New Yoik correspondence : Last night
I was the witness of a wager of 8*200 to
$100 that Blaine would carry New York,
and the hacker of Blaine at these odds was
a life-long Democrat. Outside of New 5 ork
city Republican disaffection is spasmodic ;
Democratic disaffection is general. In
nearly every assembly district in this city
there is an organization of Blaine Demo
crats, generally laboring men,aud the same
is true of uearly every populous county in
the State. From everywhere comes the
same story of Democratic secessions just
in proportion to the dissemination ot the
story of Cleveland's real character and the
removal of false impressions as to Mr.
Blaine's policy and purpose.
A short time ago the Wheeling Register,
the Democratic organ of West Virginia,
published a double-leaded dispatch claim
ing Republicans were colonizing negroes in
the State by the car-load. Much promi
nence was given the matter. Congressman
Gibson in an interviewi on the subject in
Washington talked of "blood and death."
The Register of the 22d says : Some |
days ago a gentleman dispatched the Reg
ister that two car-loads of negroes had been
brought into West Virginia to be colonized
for voting purposes. He asked on behalf
of the Democratic committee of his county
that we print the dispatch. The story, of
which this paper was the innocent victim,
is going the rounds of the press. Even
Congressman Gibson predicts a terrible !
state of afl'airs if these mystic negroes at
tempt to vote. The story is exploded. No !
negroes have been brought into the State j
by Republicans. We advise our friends to !
New York Star, 21st: The Independent '
Republican County Committee, which was !
in existence last year, held a meeting at i
Lyric Hall last night. Two hundred men j
were present. John D. Ottiwell presided.
He said he had canvassed nearly all the j
districts in the city, and he had found no i
Republicans who were unwilling to indorse
the nomination of Blaine and Logan. The
so-called Independents consisting of Carl
Schurz, George William Curtis and their
constituents, amounted to nothing. He
predicted that Blaine and Logau would be
elected by an overwhelming majority. W.
B. Oakley, secretary of the committee, of
fered resolutions indorsing the nomination
of Blaine and Logan, which were unani
mously adopted. Wm. Whalleran was then
introduced as the "war horse" of the Six
teenth district. He characterized George
William Curtis as a traitor, and was loudly
applauded. Peter Stuyvesant said that
Carl Schurz's speech in Brooklyn was sim
ply the wail of a chronic office-holder.
Several other speeches were made to the
same effect. A resolution was offered that
the committee organize as the Republican
Central Union; call in the old Republicans
who were about at the birth of the party
to act as counselors, and bring in the young
men for action. The resolution was adopt
ed. ^ _ __
The good old days are gone when the
southern blacks and the northern Irish
served their Democratic masters with
equal facility and profit. With evident
alarm the Democratic leaders are witness
ing the signs of independent action among ;
their Irish allies. Men who have left home
because British free trade has destroyed
manufactures in Ireland will not long or
knowingly submit to the same policy in
this country. Free trade may suit Eng
land, but it has been death to Ireland, and
so it would be in this country.
THE WITHDRAWAL ROOM.
Philadelphia Isibor World : The with
drawal of Cleveland from the Democratic
ticket is the only possible hope of saving
that party from utter annihilation.
Catholic Unirerse: The imperative con
ditions must he understood aud consu
mated: Cleveland's withdrawal from the
ticket or vindication before the country.
New York Sun : There is even yet one
way to redeem the error that has been com
mitted, and to put the Democracy in the
way of lasting victory. Let Grover Cleve
land withdraw, and let Allen G. Thurman
he nominated in his place.
Dubuque Telegraph (Dem.): If Grover
Cleveland will only give an unprecedented
exhibition of fealty to party aud patriotic
devotion to country by withdrawing from
the ticket, and if the National Committee
will heed the popular voice and nominate
Judge Allen G. Thurman, of Ohio, to suc
ceed him, the country will he spared the
infliction of four years of Blaine, and the
next President of the United States will
he as pure-minded and able a statesman as
ever filled that exalted office.
St. Mary's Institute Journal (Roman Cath
olic) : No man with Cleveland's bad
record in private life can hope for election
at the hands of tlie people. The religious
and moral elements in our life are too
poweti'ul to admit of such a result. The
chief reason that Aaron Burr's memory is
held in execration is the record of his lech
erous life. The people cannot lie brought
to favor any candidate for public honors
whose licentious habits preclude the possi
bility of his representing the best estate of
American manhood in the Presidential
chair. The American people will not take
kindly to another Burr.
The Congregationalist : Common decency,
the morals of the young, regard for the
sacredness of home life, and the very main
tenance of our National existence require
that the President of these United States—
our foremost representative official before
the world—should be a man of pure private
morals as well as of public integrity. If
these charges are untrue it ought to be
easy to show the fact. They are definitely
aud personally indorsed. If they benot
disproved, then the indignant public senti
ment of the Nation should he given voice,
and the party which nominated Governor
Cleveland should demand that he with
draw from the ticket which his name now
Boston, September 3.— The Republican
State Convention was called to order this
morning by chairman Lodge. The com
mittee on permanent organization reported
for president Robt. Morse, Jr. President
Morse noted the absence from the conven
tion of some of his former associates, men
of high character, who thought it necessary
to part company with old comrades for
awhile. He reviewed the course of the
Democrats iu Congress with regard to the
national election laws, and declared it an
impossibility to obtain fair elections in the
South. He contrasted the course of the
Democrats iu Congress with that of Blaine,
and quoted Carl Schurz in 1880, who said,
"One thing is certain, that the Democratic
principle is, to the victors belong the
spoils." Morse reviewed the attitude of
both parties upon the tariff, and closed by
Mr. Lodge moved the nomination of
Geo. D. Robinson for Governor by accla
mation. The motion was carried with a
burst of enthusiasm.
The report of the committee on resolu
tions was presented aud adopted without
The platform recites the grand achieve
ments of the Republican party and affirms
that it alone can deal wisely and consider
ately with the questions of the day, both
State and National ; favors a tariff in which
reforms and corrections l*e made fith a
view to reduce the surplus and at the same
time correct inequalities, but not by hori
zontal reduction, which is a step towards
the disastrous experiment of free trade;
pledges the Republican party to further the
interests of the laboring classes; favors
continued reform, in the civil service, and
opposes enforced political assessments ; a
foreign policy is demanded which shall
protect all citizens everywhere, and the
restoration of the navy is advised.
It was moved that the remainder of the
old ticket be renominated by acclamation,
which was carried unanimously.
Texas Republican Convention.
Houston. September 3.—The Republican
State Convention reassembled this morn
ing. Resolutions favoring endorsing the
Greenhackers and Independents, and en
dorsing George Washington Jones, the In
dependent ^candidate for Governor, were
tabled by a vote of 104 ayes, to 279 noes.
The committee on resolutions then re
ported the majority report, which declares
it inexpedient and impracticable at this
day to place a State ticket in the field ;
recommends the Republicans to aid all
Independent candidates favorable to the
defeat of the Democracy.
The minority report declares in favor of
a straight Republican State ticket, also a
Blaine and Logan electoral ticket.
A motion to substitute the minority for
the majority report excited an angry de
bate, and without coming to a vote the
convention adjourned until 3 o'clock.
Butler in Chicago.
Chicago, Sept. 3.— General Butler ar
rived here this afternoon from Michigan.
Owing to the fact that the train came at
an unexpected hour the committee ap
pointed to meet him were not at the depot.
He proceeded to a hotel and spent his time
till evening in consultation with his sup
porters on the question of the proposed fu
sion with the Democrats on the electoral
ticket in Illinois. The result of the con
ference has not transpired. About 3,000
people assembled at the armory in the
evening and listened to a speech from the
General. On taking the platform he was
received with cheers.
A Woman Candidate lor President.
Washington, September 3. — The
Woman's National Equal Rights party, at
its convention held recently in San Fran
cisco, nominated Mrs. Belva A. Lockwood,
of this city, for President of the United
States. To-day Mrs. Lockwood forwarded
to the president of the convention her let
ter of acceptance.
THE SENTINEL SLANDER.
Uracim: l'p tlie Infamous Lie i. Court
Indianapolis, September 4.—In the
answer of the Sentinel Company in the
Blaine libel suit, filed in the United States
Supreme Court this morning, the defense
admits printing and publishing the article
complained of iu the issue of August 8th.
1884, and denies that it was false iu any
particular thereof. It sets forth that James
G. Blaine was married to Harriet Stanwood
at Pittsburg on or about March 25, 1*51 ;
and that prior to that time, during the
courtship, Blaine seduced Miss Stanwood ;
that he refused to make reparation for the
wrong done, hut being afterwards strongly
urged thereto, and violently threatened
with chastisement and punishment therein
for his said wrong doing, and perchance
repenting him of the evil, married her, as
stated ; that in June following a child was
horn, known as Stanwood Blaine, which
lived two or three years, and was always
acknowledged by the plaiutitf and his wife
as their son, by reason whereof the defend
ants say the matters and things set forth
in the article recited are true, anti the same
being true they were published of and con
cerning said plaintiff by defendants as
they justly and lawfully might do.
The defendants file with their answer a
number of interrogatories and require
that the same he answered by
the plaintiff' under oatli positively and
without evasion within such time as may
he limited by the court. Among the in
terrogatories are the following:
State when you finally left Kentucky,
and if you at anytime resided there?
When you went there, and from where ?
Where you was next employed and in
what business or college? If you answer
that the maiden name of your wife was
Harriet Stanwood, state when she fi
nally left Kentucky, and when and where
you next met her? Give the State and
place of your marriage and the names of
the persons beside yourself and wile who
were present on the occasion ? What ac
quaintance had you with Jacob Stanwood?
What relation was he to the person you
married, and what conversation or other
interview did you have with him belore
your marriage aud concerniug the same
and where did such interview, if any, oc
cur, and what was said aud done therein ?
Was the first child of said maniage horn
on the 18th of June, 1851 ? Where diu
said child die ? Where was it buried ? If
in any cemetery, give the name of the
cemetery? Was there any tombstone or
monument erected at the grave of said
child, giving the date of its birth, and
by whose direction was said tombstone
erected? Did not said tombstone bear the
following inscription relative to the birth
of said child: "Stanwood Blaine, horn
June, 1851 ?" Has any portion of such in
scription on such tombstone been erased
since its erection ? If so, what portion
thereo ? What acquaintance have you
with ; book called "The Life of James G.
Blaine," written by Russell H. Cornwell,
with au introduction by Governor Robie,
of Maine, and published by E. C. Allen &
Co., Augusta, Me., iu the year 1*84 ? Were
not the proofs of the work submitted to
you for revision? Is not the statement
made on the 68th page of said hook as fol
lows: "Miss Stanwood in March, 1851,
became his wife at Pittsburgh, Pa.," a cor
red statement of the time and place of
your marriage ? Did you not communicate
to the author of said book for his use in
such work the name and place of your
marriage as aforesaid ?
Indianapolis. September 4. —Blaine's
attorneys have tiled an answer denying
the truth of the défendants allegation.
The next step probably will be a demurrer
to the interrogatories of the defense.
An Old Kentucky Democrat Deals
With the "Sentinel" Slander.
To the editor of the Indianapolis Times :
Sie —I n answer to your request for a
statement as to any facts relating to the
slander upon Mr. and Mrs. Blaine, as pub
lished by the Indianapolis Sentinel, I will
say this much :
This slander was first circulated at
Drennon Springs, Kv., in March, 1751, by
a pernicious scandal-monger, a tailor from
Millersburg, in the same State, then on a
visit to Drennou to collect some hills due
him by the cadets, for suits sold them the
previous session at Blue Lick. His object
in originating this story was either to pan
der to the pernicious appetite of young
men for such subjects, or to gratify some
spite he entertained against Mr. Blaine.
Mr. Blaine being at this time absent
from the institute on a trip to Louisville,
Ky., the scandal did not reach his ears or
it would have been summarily disposed of
then and there forever. Remaining un
contradicted, although unbelieved in, it
was scattered to the four winds of heaven
by the lovers of such tittle-tattle.
In this way originated this baleful breath
of scandal against the fair fame of a most
modest and virtuous lady, without even
the shade of a shadow of a fact to warrant
such an insinuation.
Mr. Blaine remained as Professor of
Latin in the institute until 1852, my father,
the principal, dying in October, 1851. Does
it stand to reason, with even the least
possibility ofthe story being true, that Mr.
Blaine would have been allowed to remain
at the institute, or, that my father could
have associated with such a man ?
As for myself. I can say that for four
years I knew both Mr. and Mrs. Blaine in
timately, as thoroughly as any man can
know his own brother and sister, living
under the same roof, eating at the same
table, members of the same family circle,
yet I never even dreamed of such a sus
picion. Never was there a more modest
and prudent lady than Miss Stanwood,
never a more perfect gentleman than Mr.
While I always liked Mr. Blaine as a
professor and admired him as a man, yet
in politics we differed materially, as much
so as it is possible for a Democrat to differ
from a Republican, and this statement is
not written to advance his cause as the
candidate of his party to the presidency,
but to vindicate the fair fame of Mrs.
Blaine. I close by stating that in my
opinion, and as far as I know, the story is a
false and malicious slander in every par
WM. M. JOHNSON.
Dallas, Texas, August 25,1884.
The Old Ticket.
Madison, Wis., September 3.—The Re
publican State convention renominated
the present State officers by acclamation.
Blaines \ddress at the New Hump*
shore State Fair.
Manchester, Sept 3. —The fourth day
of the New England fair opened with fine
weather. James G. Blaine, ex-Gov. Smith
Geo. B. Loriug. and Major Portman enter
ed the grounds at noon, followed in other,
carriages hv many distinguished citizens.
Blaine was received with cheers. When
the party were seated, the President of the
New England Agricultural Society, George
B. Loring, introduced Mr. Blaine, who
spoke as follows :
Ladies and Gentlemen :—It is pleasant to
fiud ourselves in an assemblage where all
hear the name and higher honor than any
partisan designation. An assemblage iu
which we meet on the broad plane of
American citizenship and rejoice iu the ti
tle as in itself constituting a distinction of
priceless value. The agricultural fair is
the farmers' parliament. On this day and
on this occasion the most independent class
of citizens speak to the world by word and
deed, for that great fundamental interest
on which the Republic rests for its security
and its prosperity. It has become a trite
saying that agriculture is the basis of all
wealth, hut the full measure of the state
ment may he comprehended when we re
member that in this year of grace, 1884, 1
the total value of the product from farm
and flock in the United States will exceed
$3,000,500,000— an amount brought forth
iu a single year vastly in excess of the Na
tional debt at its highest point. We are
not in the habit of considering New Eng
land as especially distinguished for agri
culture, and yet the annual product from
her soil is greater in value than all the
gold taken from the mines in California
and Australia iu the richest year of their
fabulous yield. The farmer is the true
and always successful miner in the extrac
tion of money from the earth, a fact most
strikingly shown in the history of Califor
nia, whose splendid march to wealth and
power only fairly began when the energies
of her people were turned to the produc
tion of bread for the world instead of gold.
The prodigious consumption of 56,000,600
people is brought strikingly before us when
we realize how vast a proportion of our ag
gregate product is used at home and how
small a share is sent abroad. The hundred
aud odd millions of New England farm
products does not support her own people
and they are compelled to exchange
the fruits of their mechanical industry to
an enormous amount annually for means of
substance so lavishly outpoured from the
grainaries of the more fertile West, and
this fact is but one of the mauy which
shows the independence of our people and
the vast extent of our internal exchanges.
This scene to-day has an enhanced inter
est, when we reflect that throughout this
georgous autumn, upon which we have
just entered, it will be reproduced in mint
less communities throughout our land. ,
From ocean to ocean, from the northern j
1 ikes to the southern gulf, the richness of
the harvest and contentment and happi
ness ofthe people will he shown on Helds
as fair and by displays as brilliant as those
which now delight our eyes and gladden
our hearts, nor will autumn exaust the
inspiring scenes. When the chill of winter
on the northern border of the Union shall
make the southern sun seem genial aud
welcome, our brethren ofthe cotton region
will continue the wondrous story. They
invite us to witness the commercial
emportim of the South, the great triumph
ofthe Southern agriculture in the produc
tion of that single plant which has revo
lutionized manufactures. They have the
finest of the world, which has enriched the
United States beyond the reach ofthe im
agination, and has added incalculably to
the comfort, health and luxury ofthe
human race. Standing as I do in the fair
New England States, it is an agreeable
duty to extend congratulations to the New
England farmers on the result of this
year's labor and on the general and im
portant fact that at no period in the history |
of New England husbandry has in- !
telligent labor been blessed with
more profitable results than during
the present generation. If there
be any one that doubts this. I wish he
was here to-day and could hear what I !
have heard and see what I have seen [ap
plase]. I heartily congratulate the New
England Society on the brilliant success of
this exhibition, and beg to return my sin
cere thanks to all for the personal kind
ness and cordiality with which I have
At the conclnsiou of Blaine's remarks
he was given three cheers by the crowd, to*
which he bowed his acknowledgment.
Blaine was then escorted to his carriage
and driven directly to the residence of ex
Governcr Smythe, where dinner was
served. In the evening Blaine held a re
ception, and crowds availed themselves of
the opportunity to be presented to him.
From 7 to 10 an uninterrupted stream of
callers poured into the hallway, and fully
12,000 persons were received by Blaine.
Springfield, 111., September 3.— Gov
ernor Hamilton to-day issued a proclama
tion. based up#n the report of the State
Veterinarian upon the existence of pleuro
pneumonia. The proclamation includes j
the county of Fairfield, in Connecticut; ;
the counties of Putnam, Westchester, New
York, Kings and (Queens, iu New York; !
the counties of Lehigh, Bucks, Berks
I Montgomery, Philadelphia, Delaware, York, 1
j Chester, Lancaster, Adams, and Cumber
land, in Pennsylvania ; Miami county,
Ohio ; the District of Columbia, and all
the counties in the States of New Jersey, ;
Delaware and Maryland, prohibiting the
importation of cattle from any of these
States. Governor Hamilton is also in cor
respondence with Governor Porter, of
Indiana, regarding the appearance of j
pleuro pneumonia among certain short
horn herds in that State.
A Clean Bill.
Cyntheana, Ky., Sept. 3.— Dr. Trum
baur, U. S. Veterinary Inspector, ordered
here to make an examination of a Jersey
herd, because of a report that twenty-five
diseased cattle had been bought by them
two months ago from Geneva, 111., after a
thorough examination, the Inspector re
ports the cattle in a sound and healthy con
dition with no signs of pleuro-pneumonia
The Army of the Potomac.
Baltimore, Md., Sept. 3.—The reunion
of the Society of the Army of the Poto
mac in this city has been appointed for the
6th and 7th of May, 1885.
the fire carnival.
I he Demon of Destruction at Spokane
I he Spokane Fails R> due of August 3( ,
gives the following account of a great fire
that occurred at that place on Friday
At two o clock on Friday morning the
sleeping city was awakened by the ap
palling yells ot fire, aud in a few moments
afterwards the greedy lips ofthe glowing
hell were encompassing that beautiful and
striking piece of architecture, the Sprague
house. Those who were first on the ground
say that the flames were coming out from
the cellar, and the central location ot the
tire seemed to he in the store room at the
northeast corner ol the handsome build
ing. Had there been an engine and water
at that time the building could have been
saved. As it is, people soon gathered in
and did what they could to save the furn -
ture and prevent the fire from spreading to
adjacent property. The smoke was verv
dense in the building, and only a small
portion of the contents of the Iront rooms
could he reached. Again, there was not a
particle of wind, and the flames spread
steadily over the doomed structure, aud
within an hour and a half after the first
alarm only a pile of smoking ruins marked
the spot where stood one of the most com
plete and elegant hotels in the Territory.
is rife as to the orig'u ofthe tire, but the
general impression is that it was the work
of an incendiary. We have talked with
those first on the ground and it is evident
that the tire broke out in the store room or
cellar. Mr. Lewis arrived at an early hour
and he says the entire lower sash of the
window of the store room facing Post
street was gone and that was belore the
flames burst out. It is conjectured that the
building was either set on fire, or some one
in attempting to rob the store room started
the fire through accident. The fumes of
kerosene oil were very perceptible early in
the fire, and the man who fell down on the
sidewalk at the corner where the flames
broke out was much surprised to lind his
COVERED WITH COAL OIL.
When we reached the grounds the fire
had made hut slight headway, and while
it was breaking through the rear windows
it was also creeping up from beneath the
walk as though from the cellar. The first
intimation of the lire in the hotel, the
night clerk who was dozing, was attacked
by w hat sounded to him like bottles break
ing and going into tfie dining room he was
confronted by heavy smoke. With most
praise-worthy presence of mind the young
man at once ran to the third story and
awoke every guest in the house. By that
time the alarm was general and the lire
making rapid progress, so that the inmates
barely had time to
and that without carrying away any prop
erty. Home of the escapes were very nar
row, and it was only by the promptness of
the night watchman that no lives were lost.
The building destroyed, although of
frame, was one of the best constructed
houses in the city, and no expense was
spared in the material. It covered consid
erable ground, and was finely finished, both
inside and out. Mr. Kaiser puts his loss at
$23,000, with an insurance of $17,000.
Besides the loss sustained by Mr. Kaiser,
Charles Weeks meets with considerable
loss by damages to residence and furniture
to the extent of $200, while the damage to
the other buildings in the vicinity may fig
ure up to as much more."
Among the guests at the Sprague House
was Mr. Weil, traveling salesman of Green
hood. Bohm & Co., who lost a trunk of
The Review says that this was the second
time that Spokane Falls was visited with
a disastrous conflagration within a week.
Submarine Telephone Company.
New York, September 4.—A company
of New York capitalists has been formed to
establish a telephone line across the Atlan
tic ocean. It is to be supplemented, if the
patent rights of the Bell Telephone Com
pany permit, by a telephone line from New
York to San Francisco. Among the stock
holders and directors are John H. Reed, of
the firm of Bates, Reed & Cooley ; F. II.
Skinner, of Hazen, Todd & Co ; George M.
Braves, Vice President of the Bank of
the Metropolis ; Wm. Foster, Jr., formerly
President of the Metropolitan Elevated
Railroad, and several Boston capitalists.
The corupauy is to use the new Mackey
Bennett cable first for experiments in sub
marine telephoning, which will be made as
soon as the Mackey-Bennett cable is ex
tended from Halifax, N. S., to Gloucester,
Mass. The distance between these two
ports is 850 miles. If the experiments on
this part of the international strand are
successful experts and instruments will at
once be sent to Valentia. Ireland, and at
tempts will be made to telephone across
the Atlantic Ocean.
New York Central Earnings.
New York, September 5.— The Post's
financial article says: The weakness of
New York Central is due to selling
from London, wlnre it was announced yes
terday evening that the company declared
a dividend of 1J for the quarter to June
30th instead of the usual 2 per cent. The
official announcement to that effect was
not made here until to-day, hut in view of
the facts that the company did not earn
even one per cent, net over interest, rentals
and taxes lor the last quarter to June 30th,
and that the total net earnings for the
year to September in excess can scarcely
exceed four per cent., a reduction in divi
dends of even less than six per cent, would
cause no surprise.
Inquiry at the Grand Central depot as
to the dividend alleged to have been de
layed by the Directors of the New York
Central yesterday, drew from a high offi
cial the following : "I have no knowledge
of any dividend having been detarded by
our company for the quarter ending Octo
ber, as reported in Wall street."
Another Railroad Completed.
New York, September 5 —The Louisi
ana, New Orleans aud Texas road, which
connects the Chesapeake aud Ohio, and
Southwestern road with New Orleans, will
lie completed to-day.
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