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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK,...... Editor. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1834. REPUBLICAN NATIONAL TICKET. FOR PRESIDENT. JAMES G. BLAINE. OF MAINE. FOR VICE PRESIDENT. JOHN A. LOGAN. OF ILLINOIS. KEIM II LI CAN CONVENTION. The Twelfth regular bi-emiial Republican Ter ritorial Convention of the Territory of Montana will la-held at Helena, on Hie 27lli «lay of Neiitemher. IHH-I.nl 12 o'clock, Noon, for the |>urj>oM- of nominating a candidate for Dele gate in Congress, and the transaction of such other business as in tbe judgment of the Con vention appertains to the welfare of the Repub lican Party in Montana. The several Counties of tbe Territory will l>e entitled to representation in the Territorial Re publican Convention as follows, to-wit: Cor.vriEs. No. Delegates. Beaverhead...................................................... 8 Choteau............. " Custer............................................................... I Dawson............................................................ * Deerla>dge....................................................... * Gallatin............................................................ ' Jefferson.................... Lewis and Clarke...... Madison..................... Meagher..................... Mi-woula..................... Silver How................. Yellowstone. Tbe County Republican Committees of the sev eral Counties will proceed to call County Con ventions in their respective Counties and elect Delegates and Alternate Delegates from each of said Counties to the Territorial Convention above designated. It is desired that sufficient notice of sueh Con ventions Ik- given. The Territorial Republican Committee respectfully recommends that the said County Conventions be held early in tbe last half of the month of September, but such date should be fixed therefor as, after giving tine no tice to the Republicans of the Counties, will Ire most convenient. It is presumed that tbe custom heretofore pre vailing in the several Counties of f lie Territory whereby Delegates to the Territorial Convention are elected from the respective Counties by the Conventions which assemble to nominate Coun ty officers will prevail during the present year. To the end that all Counties in the Territory, remote from or near to the place of holding the Territorial Convention, shall have opportunity to be represented therein fairly, and to prevent any extraneous interference with the deliberate desires of the Republicans of each County, the following rules have been prescribed by former Conventions for the government of the Repub lican Territorial Conventions in tbe Territory of Montana : 1 — Delegates and Alternate Delegates siiall be elected in the future to Territorial Conventions, and in the event of the failure of a Delegate to attend the Alternate Delegate shall east the vote of the Delegate whose Alternate lie is. 2— In the absence of a Delegate and his Alter nate a majority of the Delegation from that Coun ty shall cast the vote of the absentee. 3— In tbe absence af all the Delegates and Al ternate Delegates from any County, no vote shall be cast for such County. t— lu the County in which the Territorial Con vention shall Ik- held when any Delegate and his Alternate Delegate are absent there shall be no vote cast in their behalf. 5—Delegates and Alternate Delegates must be Republican residents of the County which they represent, .... , At no former period in its political history have the Republicans of the Territory of Montana had presented to them so many incentives for unity and thoroughness of political action, and it is earnestly desired that the Convention hereby called shall represent faithfully the vital energy and beneficent impulses of the Republicans of tbe Territory of Montana. By order of the Territorial Republican Com mittee. M. A. Mkykndorki-'. W. F. SANDERS. Secretary. • Chairman. REPUBLICAN COUNTY CONVEN TION. A Republican County Convention for Lewis and Clarke county is hereby called to meet at the Court House, Helena, on Wednesday, Sep tember 21th, 1884, at 12 o'clock, noon, to select delegates to the Republican Territorial Conven tion at Helena on September 27th, 1884. The several precincts in tbe county will be en titled to representation as follows: NO. OF DELEGATES. ................................38 PREI Helen* Nr Unionville............................. Park City.............................. Nelson Gulch........................ Clarkson............................... Re»l and Lee Mount iin.......... Greenhorn and St. Louis....... Silver City........................... «Hosier.................................. Marysville............................ Virginia Creek...................... Carterville............................ More's Station....................... Dearborn .............................. New Mission........................ Sun River Crossing............... Florence (South Fork).......... Kessler's Brewery................ .....>d\vin School House......... Harmony School House....... Warren School House.......... Clark's. ...... 1 ...... 2 ...... 3 ...... 4 ..... 1 I ...... 1 ..... 1 ..... 4 ..... 3 ..... 1 G H. H.................. Tucker and Dry Gulch... Total.......................................................... 81 The delegates to the County Convention are to l»e chosen by the Republican voters of the several delegate precincts at the places above named on Saturday, September 20th, 1884, be tween the hours of four ami seven o'clock p. in., except in the city of Helena, where the primary meeting shall open (at the Court House) at the hour of two o'clock p. m. and close at the hour of six o'clock p. in. of said day. In pursurnee to the established custom, only delegates and the alternates of absent delegates will Ik- entitled to vote in tbe convention. B. IL TATEM. Chairman. M. A. Mevendorff, Secretary. Jefferson County Republican Conven« tion. A Republican County Convention for Jeffer son County is hereby called to meet at Boulder, Oil Monday. September 22, ISM, »I 12 o*c!oek, noon, to select Delegates to the Re publican Territorial Convention to be held at Helena, on September 27th. 1884, and to noinij nate a County Ticket. The several Precincts in the County will l>e en titled to representation as follows - DISTRICTS, NO. DELEGATES. Boulder............................................................. ® Bedford............................................................. 8 Beavercreek...................................................... ' Clancy.............................................................. 8 Cardwell........................................................... J Elk horn............................................................ - Fishereek................................... - Gregory............................................................ t Ixiwer Boulder.................................................. J Mitchell Gulch.................................................. 2 Montana City................................................... J Nortli Side Boulder.......................................... \ Iiadersburgh..................................................... 8 St. lands........................................................... ' White Hall....................................................... " Woodville....................................................... Wickes.............................................................. ® Total .........................J................................. 67 The Delegates to the County Convention are to be chosen by the voters of the several Delegate Precincts at the places h1k>vc mentioned on Mon day. Sl PTKMtlKR 15 th, 1*H1. HKTW KEN THE HOURS OF 4 AND X O'CLOCK P. M. Only Delegates and the Alternates of absent Deleg ite* will be allowed to vote in the Conven tion. <'has. Starrett, E. R, DEAN, Secretary. Chairman. The political undertow seems to have swept Cleveland beyond the safety ropes into bottomless waters. Senator Grady, of New York, says that he resigned his place on the Demo cratic committee for "obvious reasons." This statement has Riven Mr. Grady's reputation as a strictly moral mau a tre mendous boom j I I j OUTLIVED ITS USEFULNESS. Candidate St. John says the Republi can party has outlived its usefulness. This is the way, undoubtedly, that he looks at it. When it failed to re-elect him Governor, with all his hobbies and crotchets, it was no longer useful to him and he bolted it and tries to make his personal grievance a national issue. It is the usual thing for a person, who has lost his popularity and is refused the ad vancement that he seeks, to think that the fault is in the party and not in him self. Ex-Senators Doolittle and Lyman Trumbull and many more have gone over to the Democracy for the same cause, and Jiutler did the same thing because the Massachusetts Republicans declined to make him Governor. I he history of every party is full of illustra tions of the same principle. They do not, however, cut any great figure in the history of our country. The people readilv discern the situation and move on to the great ends that commend them > selves to their judgment. When the time comes that the Re publican party has outlived its useful ness, if such time ever does come, the people will discern the fact, but we have an opinion that in such event they will transfer their support to some other party that promises to be more U'eful, and that will never be the Democratic party, ! which stands responsible in history for nursing the heresy of State's rights till it blossomed out into secession and re bellion. What has that party ever done 1 since to purge itself for this, the greatest ; crime of all the ages? Is it any better now than it was in 1860? Its leaders are the same. Is Hendricks any differ ent in any respect from what he was when in the Senate he gave all his aid and comfort to those plotting the over throw of the government? If he has changed a single principle of his politi cal creed he has kept it concealed 'from the world. The strength of the Demo cratic party, so far as Congressional and electoral votes are concerned, is now, as in 1860, in the Southern States, where elections are determined by violence and fraud as much as in Mexico and the so called republics of South America. The restoration of the Democracy means going back twenty-four years of our history, and those twenty-four years cover the best part of all our history. During that - time our Nation has out grown all the other nations of the world in wealth, in credit and in all that counts for prosperity and progress. Labor has been exalted from a servile lot to he honored and rewarded as nowhere else in the world. One of the latest acts of President Buchanan was to veto the homestead bill, afterwards passed hv a Republican administration, giving free homes to all, whether native or foreign born. Under the operation of this homestead act, and with the aid of railroad extension, encouraged by Republican policy, population and de velopment have overspread the western wilderness as in no former era of our history, and prosperous States now fill the void. Mr. St. John finds fault with the Re publican party that Mormonism has not been extinguished,£but is still growing and as defiant as ever. Admitting that it has done far less than we have de sired, still it has not been idle and has been seekiug year by year, by more stringent enactments, to break j up the filthy institution., encountering Demo cratic opposition at every step, Does Sf. John think that the situation will be improved if the DemocracyJis assisted back into power by his diversion ? How does it fare with civil service re form ? No matter what Cleveland's personal opinions may be, what could he do with the Democratic party back of him? The Republican party may not have done all that it might in this direction, hut its record as compared with that of the Democracy is as mid day to midnight. It is no small under taking to educate a nation of olfiee seekers up to the point of self-denial implied by a hearty support of this great reform. What a roaring farce for a Democratic meeting in New York city to resolve in favor of "honest and cheap government." Look at New York city ! From time immemorial under Demo cratic rule, with the most extravagant, dishonest, and worthless administration of any city in the world. In its revenue policy the Democracy of to-day advocates the same doctrines as it held when the Southern slave holders dictated them. Ia the matter of the navy, if the country wishes to know how the Dem ocracy .stands, it can find the whole thing in the records of the last session of Congress. The record of the Republican party for the past twenty-four years is the best assurance the country can have of what it will be in the future. Having dedi cated every inch of soil to freedom, it has addressed itself to the development of its interior resources first with such success as has amazed the world. It proposes to continued the good work, and to put the country in shape to com mand peace and secure the commerce of the world. The country is not generally aware that cocoanut tree planting is going on exten sively in Southwestern Florida, particu larly in Monroe county and on the islands of the Keys. Within the past five years over 600,000 cocoanut trees have been set out and are growing thriftily. John Bright joined in with 20,000 in singing at Manchester this stanza of a new ballad that is having as wide a run as the famous jingo ballads of Dizzy's day: "The haughty Peers must pass the Bill And stand not in the way Peers over People must not rule . In this enlightened day." KANSAS FROHIUITIONISTS. The convention of Prohibitionist! in Kansas, recently, presents some curious circumstances. One of the first is that, according to the report, the minority of the convention turned out the majority because they would not pledge them selves to vote for St. John for President. That is, this portion of the party thinks more of diverting votes from Blaine and giving the election to Cleveland than of uniting the party in the State and secur ing some tangible success on a legiti mate field. It settles our opinion at the start that these men are either fanatics seeking impracticable and extreme ends, or are lending themseves knowingly as tools to defeat the National Republican ticket. In their resolutions they seem to concede that the only ends particu larly affecting the National issue, if they could elect President and Congress, ! would be to prevent the liquor traffic in the Territories and the District of Col umbia, and regulate the inter-State com merce in liquors. For these ends that affect themselves so little and so in directly they divide the party at home. In waiving their power to nominate a State ticket and concentrating their power on the National ticket, it shows that the controlling motive is, if possi ble, to prevent the State from going for Blaine rather than to promote the ob jects of prohibition at home, and they are therefore betraying the cause they pretend to serve. It confirms us in the opinion that the whole St. John movement is engineered by the Democrats or factions of Inde pendents to injure the Republicans. They make this object so clear, that we have hopes that few honest people will be deceived or will have their eyes opened before November to see how they are betrayed. The election of Postmasters by the people is another crotchet of these Kau sas prohibitionists. Nobody has ever thought of making this an issue. Very few, we faucy, who have seriously thought of the subject, would care to see the change made. ^We want no Postmaster elected for a term and en titled to serve out his term though he might prove the most inefficient man for the place, chosen because lie was a good fellow and could get the most votes. No doubt most of the Postmasters elected would be good ones, but this is peculiar ly an office to be held during good behaviour, from which a dishonest or inefficient incumbent could he removed at any time. It is certainly very much better to leave this matter as it now is, under the civil service regulations of the general government. It is not'andjuever should be a »political office, and when our present civil service law is thorough ly applied, will cease to be such. Whether the chief Executive olfice of the Nation should be elected by popular vote, may some time be an interesting question, but until there is something nearer a free vote in the Southern States, it is out of the question. We should be perfectly willing to leave it to the vote of the people, just as soon as we could be assured of a free vote and an honest count. The Kansas Prohibitionists are in no sense peculiar in denouncing monopoly. Everybody dislikes monopoly and there is not a thousand men in the whole Na tion but what ia some form at some time are monopolists. No one sees it in him self but only in others. As to grants of land to corporations, that is something past. No one of any party proposes to do any more of it. It has been productive of some evils. Let us be honest enough also to confess that it has accomplished some good, in fur nishing cheaper trausportotiou than we could possibly have secured otherwise. What would Kansas have been to-day hut for railroads ? But the statement that no form'of tax ation should be tolerated that increases the cost of the necessaries of life, is al together too sweeping. It is right to adjust taxation so that it will rest more lightly on the necessaries than on the luxuries of life. In that view we have heartily favored the internal revenue tax on liquors, whichjjseems" tojus to clearly come in this class. The*Prohi bitionists would not raise a cent from this source. They claim that intoxi cating liquors are not even entitled to be ranked as a luxury. The whole question of what are necessaries and what are luxuries is an open one. What is a luxury to one age is a necessary to another. There are very few things that we have but would have been regarded as luxuries a thousand years ago. To the people of Montana the greatest luxury they know of is fruit, but the general opinion of the country does not regard it as a luxury and descrying of an exceptional weight of taxation. Are silks and ribbons a lux ury? They are generally so classed, but we fancy that a careful inventory of society would show that more silks and ribbons are worn by tha„ portion of society commonly called poor, than by the rich. We mean, of course, in the aggregate. Taxation could not possibly be raised on luxuries alone. It would be both uncertain and insufficient. For the government to exist and per form its functions for the general good, ample revenues are essential. We do not, nor does anyone, so far as we know, advocate the raising of any money by any form of tax, that is not needed for some useful public purpose. Au iname tax is the. best form of plac ing the burdens on those best able to bear them. There is nothing specially to admire in the declarations of the Kansas Prohi bitionists. They are working for the same practical purpose as Carter Har rison's Chicago gamblers men. saloon and DEATH OF SECRETARY FOLGER. Geneva, N. Y., September 4.—Secretary Folger died suddenly at 4:45 this afternoon. The death of this distinguished jurist and official head of the most important department of our government has fallen upon the country with a sudden ness that, even in these times of election excitement, will hush for a time the noise of strife and bring all men to realize how trifling are these issues which for the moment assume such overshadowing importance. The feel ing that he died a martyr to his sense of duty will increase the sadness, while it increases also the admiration of the man. His last letter to his chief as sistant, written from the verge of the grave, shows that his sense of official duty and responsibility was ever upper most, while he was more solicitions for others than thoughtful of himself. The feeling is quite general, and we believe just, that his defeat as candi date for Governor of New York was the cause of hastening this end. In one of the sensitive disposition of Judge Fol ger, the mortification of such an over whelming defeat, of such desertion by old personal and political friends, rankled deeply. He felt that he had been held accountable^ for acts of which he knew himself to be innocent. In a mere freak of ever-shifting popular sentiment, lie was made the scape-goat for all the disaffection in the State that he had served so faithfully for long years of useful and honorable life. Judge Folger was born in Massachu setts, April 16. 1818, and was therefore sixty-four years of age in April last. His parents removed from Naptucket to Geneva, New York, when he was four teen years of age. He was educated at Hotu t College and studied law at Can andagua, being admitted to 'practice in 1839. Five years later lie was chosen Judge of the court of Common Pleas in Ontario county, and in 1851 was elected County Judge of the same county for four years. In 1861 he was elected to the State Senate and continued service in that body fi r eight years, bearing a prominent part in all the legislation of that eventful period. In 1869 lie was appointed Assistant United States Treasurer for New York, and t\Vo years later elected to the Court of Appeals as Associate Judge for the term of fourteen years, but onjthe death of Chief Justice Church, Governor Cor nell appointed him to the vacont posi tion, and in November, 1880, he was elected to that place by a plurality of 44,160 over Rapallo, receiving over 7,000 more votes than Garfield. After such signal proof of popularity his subsequent defeat by such an over whelming vote by one at that time so little known by any public services, was a blow from which he never recovered, and that emphasized the proverbial in gratitude of republics. His discharge of the duties of Secre tary of the Treasury has been such as to challenge universal confidence and ap proval and reconciled many to his de feat as Governor, In his good judgment and perfect honesty the entire nation rested with most implicit trust. The only seeming fault ever charged against Secretary Folger was his too close attention to all the details of his trust, which are generally left to others. But this was a fault which all the more endeared him to the people, whose ser vant he was and whose^martyr he be came. It will proPve a heavy blow to 1'resident Arthur, who, relied upon his judgment, and who was to him both a personal and political friend of the closest kind. Amid universal respect,J regret and sympathy, all that is mortal of Charles J. Folger will be laidj to rest, but his fame will be cherished and grow bright in the vears to come. The rumors of alliance between France and Germany must be received with great allowance. National antipathies are not thus easily composed. Cabinets do not always represent the popular heart. The feeling of hostility between the French and Germans is of centuries growth, and cannot be wiped out in a day to suit the temporary purpose of shiftingjjforeign re lations. We think Germany would like to see France exhaust herself in a distant foreign war, and if possible would involve her with England, but the secret motive is that France would be less formidable to strike at her, and may be out of the way of some of her continental schemes. It is barely possible that France and Germany, instead of exhausting themselves in fight ing one another, may agree to divide the world between them, but it will need con firmation. _ The English have abandoned the j pro ject of building a railroad from Suakirn across to the Nile and will move their army by relief up the Nile to Khartoum. While it may be longer by this route, it will have the great advantage of always having its water supply provided, and it can remove all intervening obstacles and establish posts that will keep open the connection. If England concludes to keep Egypt, as we hope she will, it will be the proper thing to build a railroad up the Nile. At first by merely building a road around the falls and carrying material to construct and launch some boats above them, the army will have an effective support and we do not doubt will have little trouble to over come any armed opposition. Inter-Ocean : Tilden has bought a^yacht and Cleveland would do well to engage passage in November. There will be a rush of Democrats for Salt River about that time, and it will be just as well to engage a herth. Up to July 31st the national debt for the year was reduced by $111,000,000. PROHIBITION VS. TEMPERANCE. So far as any one honestly respects and seeks to serve the cause of temper ance, they are entitled to respect, for the cause is a good one. This is not a new subject, as some seem to fancy, but as old as the human race. In the form of prohibition it is not new, and those at least who were raised in New England have been familiar with the subject lor full a quarter of a century. Our views are the same now that they have always been, as they were formed by observa tion of the operation of the law. We believe that prohibition is a counterfeit of temperance and in some respects injurious to it. Temperance, as a prin ciple of individual character, is worthy of unalloyed, universal respect. Prohi bition, as a legal provision, is only to be respected so far as it is successful. Pro hibition in tbe constitution of the LTiited States and in that of every State would not prevent intemperance. It might check it for a time in some localities and drive it to cover and secret shifts. It does nothing to eradicate in temperance as a vice from the character. It covers its head for a time till temper ance people relax their vigilance, and then breaks out again as bad as or worse than ever. This is one of the worst effects of pro hibition. It lulls the temperance people to sleep. They think they have done all their duty in making drunkenness ille gal. They do not see its secret workings and therefore judge that it is extinct.. If it is not extinguished, driving it out of sight is an injury rather than a ben efit. We believe legislation in advance of a strong, steady, reliabie public opinion to sustain it, is unwise even if it were ab solutely right in principle. But we do not believe as a principle that the use of spiritous or malt liquors to any extent is any more of a sin or a crime than the use of pie or cake or ice-water and ice cream. In its extreme form of prohibition it looks something like an attempt to amend the laws of nature. Comparatively few can be President, but a great many can be candidates for the office and no projected extension of the Civil Service can possibly preclude every American citizen, regardless of color, na tionality and sex, from the high privilege of being a candidate for the highest office in the country. Mrs. Lockwootl is natur ally opposed to monopolies and thinks the voting monopoly the greatest of all. She expresses some sensible ideas on commerce, tbe tariff and regulation of Indian affairs. It will probably occasion a laugh all over the world to hear that a woman is a can didate for President, but why may not a woman aspire to be President as well as men? We know that (Queens have prçved among the best rulers known to history. Some English statistician has made the estimate that the World's daily production of wealth was about $75,000,000, one-third of which is credited to the United States alone. England is credited with the pro duction of one-third as much as the United States. The picture is rather flattering to us, but the records and assessment rolls bear out tbe facts as stated. Only think ! one-third of all the wealth produced in the*| World by all its hundreds of millions of 1 toiling hands, is the result of the free, skilled labor in conjunction with the rich soil and mines of tbe United States! Of course the greater part of the wealth pro duced is consumed as fast as produced. The United States not only produces the most wealth, but it saves the most and it will be but a few years till half the wealth of the World is concentrated in the United States. No doubt we could get war ships and big guns from the coutineut cheaper than we could build or make them at first, but would anyone for that reason be so un patriotic and unwisely economical as to order them from abroad rather than have them made at home ? If we ordered war ships to be built on the Clyde and before they were done w r e should become in volved in any trouble with England, would she allow the ships to sail, though we had paid for them? We required that our Pacific railroad should be laid with American iron, though at the time we could have bought the rails cheaper in the English market. By the patronage thus given we have built up the business so that to-day steel rails are made and sold in this country at $27, while in Eng land the price is only $4 per ton less. According to the latest returns of the uavies of the world, Russia stands first in the number of vessels, 389; France next, 258; England third, 238; Spain has 139, the same as the United States and Neth erlands. Norway and Sweden each out number Germany, which lias only 86. But numbers are of little significance in this comparison. The English navy cost about twice as much as that of Russia or France, and more than four times as much as our own, and requires live times as many men to man it as our own. Italy, with only 67 ships, has a third more men in the naval service than we have. THE report of the Chief of the Bureau of Statistics of the United States publish ed to-day presents some remarkable facts that deserve study. The agricultural pro ducts of the country have doubled within the past twenty years, owing chiefly to the improvement and use of agricultural im plements. We can't find markets for what we raise. Our policy is plainly not to go on increasing those products, but to pro vide larger and better markets by increas ing our manufactures. The "Central West" understands this need and already as three tenths of the entire manufactures of the couutry and soon will have a full half of it. The Irish World declines to support Cleveland and Hendricks upon a platform that despoils the homes of the working men H the dictation of Eulish landlords and manufacturers. The war cloud in the far East is assum ing larger proportions continually. Ger many has promised to lend a hand to France with a view of being included among the most favored nations on the conclusion of peace. It the reports are true that China is trying to create a diver sion by invading Tonquin, there is no tell ing what the results may be. 1 he I- rench may find themselves in a hornets nest, and many a strong man has had to retire discomforted from an encounter with hornets. If instead of gaining 40,000,000 francs they shall lose several hundred millions and their dear-bought provinces to the south, they will think themselves the biggest fools in creation. We have, however, very little opinion of the fighting and staying qualities of the Chinese. A people that has always been used to bt*ing whipped does not of a sudden change its nature. If the Chinese people and rulers had the grim determina tion of the Russians, that led them to set fire to Moscow, and thus did more than all other things combined to break down the power of Napoleon, they would burn their seaport towns and retire into the interior and worry out the French till they would be glad to withdraw. There is nothing in the history, or what we know of the character of the Chinese to lead us to ex pect any such determined and successful resistance. The probability is that France will settle on her own terms and poor China will pay the bill. 1 THE New York Democrats are jubilent over the results of the great Irish rally at the Academy of Music in favor of Cleve land and Hendricks.— Independent. We presume the ecstacies of the Demo cratic brethren are not altogether simulat ed. We presume there are still left in tbe largest Irish-inhabited city in the world— which that same is New York—enough Irish Democrats to crowd a building of tbe size of tbe Academy of Music. There are enough of Irishmen in official place and in tbe city's employ to more than fill the Academy or any other like house in New York. We say to the Democratic brethren, jubilate—jubilate plenty. It would be the height of impoliteness and inhumanity to treat such joy as this with levity or with a lack of sy mpathy. _ THE Albany Timen (Dem.) bewails tbe apparent bad faith of the promised Inde pendent alliance. It sees "no procession following Messrs. Curtis, Schurz and White into tbe Democratic camp," and adds: "Even dissatisfied Democrats are more to be relied upon in a Democratic campaign than the so-called Independent Republi cans, who dictated Cleveland's nomina tion." _ The beet sugar industry in England has more than doubled within the past five years, reaching the total product this year of 2.300,000 tons, depressing prices and ruining the cane growers of the West Indies. The overproduction is now having a bad effect at home and failures are be ginning to occur. It is the Democrats who strike the hardest blows at the Buffalo candidate. This dig in the ribs is from tiie Nashville World : "Some men are born great, others achieve greatness, while others still have greatness thrust on them—put on with a stiff white wash brush and have it rubbed right up the snoot, as it were." The troubles in the coal regions of Ohio and Pennsylvania originate largely from the introduction of cheap contract labor from the continent and is a grievance that calls for our sympatny, and one that the Republican party, the only effectual cham pion of tree labor, is pledged to abate. Rev. Joseph Cook, the learned Boston lecturer, looks into the disant future and estimates that in the year 2100 our popu lation will be 400,000,000 ; in 2200, 800, 000,000; in 2200, 1,600,000,000, and in the year 2400, 3,200.000,000. The eastor-bean plant, says the Uos Angeles (Cal.) Herald, has been found very efficacious in killing grasshoppers by the million. It now appears that it is also useful for killing Hies, multitudes of which are found dead on or under the plants. In the United States are over 38,000 locomotives, worth $40.000,000, for the services of passengers and freight. This gives some idea of the progress made in half a century. Vermont rolled up her orthodox major ity of twenty odd thousand the other day. The State will swell this to the neighbor hood of thirty thousand for Blaine in November. The Massachusetts Democracy call for "peace taxes in time of peace." Before all war taxes disappear wouldn't it be quite as well to see the war debt paid off'? Reports from the North Woods say that "Cleveland, failing to kill a deer, took his revenge in a regular old stag dance." Hendricks' heart yearns for the vote of Indiana. It will yearn in vain. Bisestablishment of the Church of Scotland. Edinburgh, September 5.— Gladstone had a private conference to-day with the ministers of the Free Church of Scotland. He promised them that if a distinct ma jority of the Scotch members returned to the House of Commons at the next elec tion were pledged to the disestablishment of the Church of Scotland,.the government would carry out the popular will. Elected Vice President. Chicago, September 5.—The directors of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Rail road, at their last meeting in Boston, elected General Manager Potter First Vice President. Passenger Kates. New York, Sept. 4. —The Presidents of the trunk lines held a meeting this after noon for the purpose of agreeing to the maintenance of passenger rates. The pros pects are good for an adjustment. Mines to be Closed. Columbus, September 5.— The mines in the Hocking \ alley will be closed owing to the trouble with the miners. Cholera Record. Marseilles, September 3.—During tt twenty-four hours ending to-night the were three deaths here from cholera ** Naples, September 3.—From '> r , Tuesday to 4 p. m. Wednesday there » ' seventy-three fresh cases of cholera "nd thirty-two deaths in this city. The sim tion is improving. At Novalla darin' the twelve hours ending at 9 a. m to i. there were two deaths and four Æ cases. h t u AR !u' Se P tomber 3 ~ At Madras,British India, there were twenty-four deaths iro» cholera Sunday. There were six deatlu from the disease at Toulon to-day and lourteeu at Perpignan and its sutnirl,, lor the twenty-four hours ending i w night. b < * sl 1 he spread of the cholera in Italy ha depressed trade on the Vienna bourse. ' Ten thousand persons have lied from Laspezia. Rome, September 3.—Di ring the past hours 120. cases of cholera occurred i n Naples. The epidemic is spreading to the adjacent districts. At Laspyzra there were 39 fresh cases and 13 deaths. Marseilles, September 4. —There were three deaths from cholera here during the twenty-four hours ending at 9 o'clock to night. Rome, September 4. —During the past twenty-four hours there were 85 deaths and 185 fresh cases throughout Italy. Evidences of a cholera panic throughout Italy continue to multiply. The populace at Cazzuoli attempted to-day to stop the railway service Irom Naples. A mob here in Rome drove a priest, who had just ar rived from Naples, away Irom the city. At Avoeto travelers are refused entrance into the city. In some places popular agi tation has begun in favor of aliolishing local quarantine and establishing houses of observation for travelers suspected of illness. In consequence of this plan being forbidden by the government, the people of Civita Vecchia have attempted to destroy the railway. NAPLES, Septem'oer 4.— Further heavy rainfalls have increased the mortality here. Roman candles arc burned in tbe streets to purify the air. The statue of Han Genaro was carried in the procession to-day. Troops are going to Capsiuo, Aboli and other towns which refuse to admit persons from Naples to prevent interference with the movements of travelers. Rome, Sept. 4. —In the past 24 hours there were 122 new cases and 37 deaths at Naples. % At Spezia during the past 24 hours there were 27 new cases and 7 deaths. The official bulletin shows the ravagesof cholera in Italy in the last 24 hours a> follows: New cases 114; deaths 125. Madrid, Sept. 1.—Six cases of cholera and four deaths are prejxrrted Irom Novel da; 10 cases and four deaths at Monfore, and 2 deaths at Yillna. Marseilles, September 5.—During the twenty-four hours ending to-night there were five deaths here from cholera. PARIS, September 5—It is officially an nounced that cholera has appeared a* bor deaux. There have been three deaths from the disease already. Rome, September 5.—King Humbert has postponed his visit to Naples. There was a popular demonstration to day at Campobasso and Ancano against the royal decree suspending prefects and sydios in places where arbitrary local measures have been adopted against the cholera. The Mayor of Civita Yecchia has been suspended from official duty for notifying his officials of the decree in correctly. The Mayor of Spezm has succumbed to the cholera. The Week's Failures. New York, September 5.— The failures throughout the couutry for the past seven days were as follows: For the United States, 199; for Canada, 14; as against a total of 196 last week, showing an increase of 17. Casulties are still numerous in the Western and Pacific States, while in the other sections of the country the number of assignments is rather below the average. Assignment. Keduring, Minn., September 5.—The Mazeppa Mill Company made an assign ment to-day to W. H. Putman. Liabilities, $140,000; assets, $175,000; capital stock. $150,000. Gov. Hubbard, President of the company, has been a sort of balance wheel to tbe Minnesota Elevator Company. The obligations of the former to the latter is $53,000, which caused the failure of the Elevator Company. Americans at the Evangelical Alliance Copenhagen, September 4. — About 200 Americans are present at the Evangelical Alliance, now sitting in this city. Among the number are Phillip Scharff, Johu Hill. Wm. Taylor, Edward Bright, Wilbor F. Watkins, all of New York city. ---- —7 Accorded a Reception. Copenhagen, September 4 . -Alphnnso Taft, the new American Minister to Kossia, was accorded a reception Tuesday by the Czar and Czarina, when he presented ms credentials. Severe Gale. St John, N. Y.—A dispatch this morn ing from Trepassv reports a destructive southeast gale on Monday on the west coast. Tuesday morning an unknown ves sel was lost with all hands. At Shotts seven bodies were washed ashore. Shipwreck. London, Sept. 4.—Advices from New Zeland state that the large emigrant ship Lastingbam, from London for Wellington. New Zeland, was wrecked on Cook Strait, on which Wellington is situated. All on board except one of the crew were drown ed. Bad Feeling. Paris, Sept. 4.—The irritation oi the French press against England is spreading to the public, and English journals are sell ing by the thousands on the Bulevards. Dollars lor Depositors. New York, September 4.— Receiver Osborn, of the suspended Wall street bank, began the payment of a 60 per cent, dm* dend. A djourned. Saratoga, September 3. — 4 be Iranv continental Association adjourned to meet at Chicago on September 15th. Death of a Bishop* Augusta, Ga., Sept. 3.—Bishop l'ierce senior bishop of the M. E. Church Sou - died this morning. Rebels Repulsed. Lua Kim, September 5.—The rebels*» 1 tacked Kassala and were repulsed "i great loss. Hotel Hunted. . Buffalo, N. Y„ *Sept. 3.-Tbe American hotel at Fort Erie was burned to-night* mien sreaoy. umuu - > Standard 130, California 30, Consolida* Virginia 25, Castle Creek 10, Eureka - \ lrgima y Horn Silver 5|. bares New York,S eptember5 —M.n.ng-» were very dull. California !>• ' • - j 40, California assessment unpaid Sutro buyer 60 at 18. Mining Stocks. New York, September 3 .—There "*|' fair business in mining stocks and P r ruled steady. Uuiou Consolidated