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Canadian Pacific Tunnel Case
Henry Yillard's Northern Pacifie Pamphlet. Scientists Imperilled. Ottawa, Sept. 15. Several memtars of .be part* of British **>«* >» lhe Rocky Mountains had a harrow escape from a fearful death on Friday while ex 1 r mr the railway tunnel below kicking hör-e hike A few*miles of the tunnel sud pniiansed precipitating an immense "If Sin the midst of the party, "wo of whom were slightly injured The .nimrwts have obtained data by which thev expect to be able to finally establish the exact age of the mountains. Nile Tourists. Quebec, September 15.—The steamship Ocean King, with the Canadian voyagers for the Nile on board, arrived last night, and was visited this morning by no\ emorand Lady Lansdowue und Hon. A^ 1- Caron. Minister of the Militia. His Excellency addressed the officers and men > "he contingent. He spoke of. the dan gers of the Nile, hut did not think U any more dangerous than oar Canadian rapids. Viy.Altll'S PAMPHLET. A statement to the 1* P. Stockholders. Nkw York, September 15—Henry Vil lanl has published in pamphlet form a long statement to the Northern Pacific stock holders, reviewing his labors in behall of the company and in justification of his career. He shows how the engineers enor mously underestimated the cost of con struction, and that by the refusal ol the President to act upon the application of the company for the appointment of com missioners to inspect additional finished mileage of 1882 caused their banks to re lu *. to advance any more money, and their refusal to shut all other doors against them, 'lescrihing this situation, Villard says: ''Thus 1 was actually brought face to face February, 1882, with the necessity at no distant date of suspension of payment and j t J ca ]amitous consequences, bankruptcy and foreclosure, unless relief could be ob tained from some quarter. I considered it mv duty to extend to the company per sonally all the assistance in my power. Next, I arranged with the Oregon & Trans continental Company to assist by a loan of its credit and of its assets, to be used as collaterals by your company. I commenced to make cash advances on my personal ac count on April 14th, and continued them until August 28th, when they reached the maximum amount of three millions lour hundred and forty-one thousand dollars. I lent this great sum without any security whatever, and at the risk of my personal ruin. In view of the foul calumnies spread alKHit my management, I claim as my privilege to give due prominence to this fact. Nor will it be improper, in view of the attitude recently assumed towards me by certain members of your board of direc tors, to say that my record in this respect will suffer nothing by comparison with the terms on which they loaned money to the company." Here 'follows a long array of figures, showing how the engineer s last estimate was fifty-six per cent, under the cost, about which Villard says : "Here is the true key to and the sole cause of your and my disappointments and reverses that have overtaken the Oregon & Trans continental Company and me personally. 1 strove constantly as president to do my whole duty to you conscientiously and to the best of my ability. I did this at the expense of my health, my peace of mind and of my private fortune." N. I*. Director*. New York, September 13. — The Oregon Transcontinental Company has submitted to the nominating committee of the North ern Pacific Railroad the following names and requested that three of them be se lected as directors to represent the Oregon Transcontinental Company on the North ern Pacific board : Elijah Smith, M. P. ilallowell, Frank Work, James J. Higgin son. John H. Hall, C. T. Colby. The trus tees, who hold a voting power upon 183, (KX) shares of the Northern Pacific, held by the Farmers Loan and Trust Company as security, have not decided what action they will take regarding the election to the hoard of the gentlemen referred to. New York, September 13.—The follow ing was received by a prominent banking house, whose friends are largely interested in the Union Pacific road : Gentlemen :—In answer to your com munication I would state that to pay all fixed charges, taxes, the amount due the United States under the Thurman act, and to pay all the sinking fund charges, and to pay the annual dividend of 6 per cent, on the stock, requires $1)50,000 net per month. The land sales this year, to July, amount to 2,425,098 acres, equal to $7,421,928. (Signed) * JAY GOULD. Transcontinental Traffic. Chicago, September 15.—The general committee to which was referred all mat ters affecting the western railway interests, including the continuance of the tripartite agreement, was in session to 2 p. m., when an adjournment for an hour was taken. The committee is expected to reach a con clusion of some nature this evening. A prominent official, present at the confer ence, said that some progress had lieen made and a feasible solution was possible, but not yet, The Santa Fe declares posi tively that it will act independently unless the tripartite pools are dissolved. The only road holding out for its perpetuation is the Rock Island. Court Martial. Washington*. September 12.—By direc tion of the President a general court martial has been appointed, to meet at San Antonio, Texas, October 9, for the trial of Captain llennesey, of the sth Cavalry, on the charge of conduct unbecoming an officer and gentleman. The court was ordered on charges made by an officer's wife and the outcome of recent divorce proceedings instituted by himself. Hes creation Turned Over to the Mili tary Authorities. Washington*, September 12.—The Presi dent lias turned over to the Interior De partment the military reservation at Fort Zanders, Wyoming, for disposal under the act providing for the sale of useless military reservations. Acting Secretary. " ashixgtox, September 15.—Assistant Secretary Coon hits been designated by the 1 resident as Acting Secretary of the Treas ury tor ten days from to-day. The desig nation of Coon instead of Secretary French is considered somewhat significant. Arizona Delegate Nomination. Tombstone, September 15.—C. C. Bean ''as nominated by the Republicans for Delegate to Congress. Serious Accident. , J' 8«Pt- l' r> - During a ball in the |™. e at Cahors to-night the lloor col npsed and twenty-five actors and actresses «ere injured. SENATOR GRADY. His Stirring Speech Before the Tam many Sachems. New York, September 12.—In the course of his speech betöre the Tammany General Committee Grady said : Neither in the nomination of the ticket nor in the method by which it was brought about, is there the slightest claim upon the great body of Democratic voters for their sup port. The great majority of delegates to the convention who named Cleveland as their first choice represented the Republi can constituencies. A number of delegates who openly und earnestly opposed his nomination were recorded, in spite of all their protests, as favorable to his candi dacy. Every influence that could be em ployed or engendered by monopolists, who have secured control of the party manage ment, was excited to make him a candi date, and as you well know delegates who left their homes load in their professions of hostility to his candidacy, as inviting certain defeat to the party, gave evidence soon after their arrival at Chicago of a change of heart, which only the most simple and charitable have ascribed to pure and worthy motives. The expressed design of the men who urged his nomina tion was to conciliate the disgruntled Re publicans, not to please the Democrats. Preserving to myself the supreme right of a citizen, and pxercising the right of sov ereignty, I decline to prostitute my pre rogative to the purposes of party managers. .Suffrage has been bestowed on me by in stitutions of my country, that it may be exercised for the country's welfare. To the prosperity and benefit of this land I dedicate myself, and I cannot reconcile, without desecration, any disposition that would result in the support of a political nondescript, clothed in the outward garb of a Democrat. Iguorant of the cardinal principals of political faith, which he assumes to profess, and accepting from the Democrats their votes, that he may delight the Republicans and Independents by the manner in which he will exercise the powers conferred uj>on him by a betrayed and deluded party. My vote will not be ; lost to the Democracy. It will be cast for a candidate whose followers will be num | bered by hundreds of thousands. These cannot be impugned for their action can be inspired by no selfish hopes of reward. It will be registered for principles which ; the Democratic party professed when it held popular confidence, and for abandon j ing which they lost the popular support. It will be given for a candidate who has no hope of election and no desire for the sordid benefit of political preferment, but ; who braves fatigue, abuse and pecuniary I loss that the true Democrats may find in i his candidacy a channel through which they may express their sentiments. 1 turn my back on the Democratic party, captured and betrayed by Know-Nothing demagogues hungry for places and to pure 1 Democracy, which struggles for principles which party organization has abandoned. I denounce a candidate whose only merit is his obscurity, but I follow the statesman whose life has made glorious the history of his country. I decline to bow down before the graven image, because I prefer to lol low the teachings of the true political party, preferring shining ability to dull mediocrity, a trio ivfouuer to a sham re former, a statesman lo a hangman, an illus trious citizen to a political adventurer. I decline to support Grover Cleveland for the presidency ; and here, and now, in the : presence of a leader whom I have always regarded as my political sponsor, in the midst of brethren and comrades with w*hom I have shared many a hard fought political field, and before the eyes of all the coun try to whom I have this night laid bare my motives and purposes, I declare myself in favor of Bejamin F. Bntler, the soldier, jurist, statesman and patriot, and I appeal to time for my vindication. Grady's speech occupied an hour in de livery. He was obliged to make several pauses to allow the audience to give ex pression to its approval of his ideas. W. Bourke Cochrane, who it was expec ted would also pronounce against Cleve land, followed Grady. He said : "Tüiere is a duty which every Democrat has to perform at the present crisis. He must subordinate his action to the interests of his party. No person contended more vig orously than I did against the nomination of Grover Cleveland. No one opposed more earnestly the folly of passing over in silence and indifference the heroes of the party in order to nominate a man who was foisted upon the attention of his party merely by the press and a few refractory Republicans, who had never failed to ex press their abhorence of our principles and their contempt for ourselves. Had such a man as we wanted been nominated, we would have given him a majority such as we are asked to give Grover Cleveland. I hear the cry of distress throughont the country, and that calls me to arms lor the Democratic ticket." [Cheers.] Cochrane seconded the resolution and •at down. Then there were frantic cries for John Kelly. That gentleman shook his head and spoke not. The chairman ordered the secretary to call the roll on the adoption of the resolu tion. As he read the names only a small portion of the delegates answered to their names. When the name of ex-Assembly man Roesch was called he arose and pro tested against the proceedings, but he was peremtorily called to order. The result of the vote was 810 ayes and 87 nays. A committee was then appointed to make arrangements for a ratification meet ing. and after a call for the primary elec tions was read, the meeting adjourned. Tammany's Endorsement. New York, September 12.—An hour be fore the doors of Tammany Hall opened this evening a great crowd of people as sembled on the outside waiting to go into the meeting of the Tammany general committee, where was to be decided whether the organization would support Cleveland aud Hendricks. General F. B. Spinola, chairman of the sub-committee appointed to draft an address to the peo ple. made his report. The address was read. Applause aud hisses greeted the reading of the address, and for some time it was doubtful which prevailed, but finally the cheers had the best ot it. In moving the adoption of the address, Gen eral Spinola said: "The wheeling into line of Tammany Hall would not secure the election of the Chicago candidates. The Democrats of the country must also wheel into line. It was podNjls even at this late date to snatch vietoffr from the jaws of defeat." When General Spinola sat down, ex-Senator Thomas P. Grady demanded recognition from the chair. Grady was cheered eveu more thau Kelly had been earlier. The cbai.man pounded the table for some time in vain. The crowd would not become quiet. During the uproar Grady took his position on the platform near the chair. He was at last permitted to proceed.* Alter his first sen tence he was again loudly applauded, and rounds of applause punctuated his entire speech. ____ Campaign Opened. Sax Francisco, September 14.—The Democratic State campaign was formally opened last night. Important meetings were held in all the principal cities and towns in the State. Colorado Republican Convention. Denver, Col., Sept 10.—The Republican State convention met at Colorado Springs at 11 o'clock this forenoon. W. A. Harnill. of Clear Creek, was elected temporary chairman. A committee on credentials was appointed. Adjourned until 8 o'clock this evening. DENVER, September 11. — The Republi can State Convention, in session at Colo rado Springs, after several adjournments, pending the report of the committee on credentials, reassembled this evening. The I committee made majority and minority re f ports, which gave rise to an exciting de bate, which is still in progress. Several : counties, including this (Arrapahoe) sent ! contesting delegations to the State Con j vention. Those supposed to favor the re election of M. P. Hill to the United States Senate presented a majority report and those opposed to the representatives of the I Hill faction, in the committee on creden tials, presented a minority report. The factional contest is the most bitter known in the political history of Colorado. Denver, September 12.—After a stormy debate, which lasted nearly till morn ing, the Republican State Convention adopted the majority report of the com mittee on credentials, seating the anti Hill delegations. They then adjourned till 10 o'clock this morning. On reassem bling the Convention proceeded to ballot for Governor. At this hour, 12 o'clock, forty-five ballots had been taken. The re sult is problematic. Denver, September 12.—Hon. Ben. H. Eaton, of Weld county, was nominated for Governor on the 18th ballot. Ex-U. S. Senator Tabor and Lieutenant Governor i Meyer were the other leading candidates. ; After recess the Convention nominated ; Peter Breen, of Leadvill, Lieutenant Govtr i nor, Judge G. G. Symes, of Denver, for Representative to Congress, W T illiam D. Edwards, the present incumbent, Secretary of State, Theodore Thomas, of Gunnison, J Attorney General, Geo. R. Swallow, ol Trinidad, State Treasurer. Denver, September 13.—At 1 o'clock this morning the Republican State conven tion took a recess until 9. On reassembling the list of nominations was as follows: Auditor—H. A. Spuand, of Georgetown. Presidential Electors— F. F. Osebiston, B. F. Crowell, F. G. Gondy. Chairman State Central Committee— W. ! C. Latbrop, Denver. The committee on resolutions reported as follows: That the Republicans of Col | orado in convention assembled affirm and j approve the platform of principles adopted ! by the National Republican convention which nominated the great orator and eminent statesman of Maine and the most I illustrious citizen-soldier of the republic I for President and Vice President ; that the wool interest of the country, now greatly depressed mainly by the reduction of the import duty by a recent act of Congress, ought to be fostered by proper legislation. To that end we ask that the import duty imposed by the act of 1867 on wools be restored at the earliest possible day. Resolved, That the southwestern portion of the State is being devastated by roving bands of Indians and the lives of our citi zens are jeopardized. We therefore de mand that our representatives in Congress use their utmost endeavors to secure the removal of the Southern Ute Indians from the State. The report was adopted, and the conven tion adjourned sine die. A Hairs in Mexico. City uf Mexico, Sept. 16.— President Gonzales read his message to Congress, which opened to-night. The message con gratulates the nation upon the unanimous election of Diaz to the Presidency, and up on the satisfactory relations with loreign nations and the peace at home. The Pres ident expects the quick consummation of a reciprocity treaty with the United States. He will recommend to Congress the exten sion of time of the treaty permitting the crossing of the boundary by troops pur suing savages. The preliminary basis of diplomatic relations with England will im mediately be submitted to Congress. The j Executive considers them equitable. A commission also will soon sail for China and Japan to develope Mexican commer cial interests. The message dwells upon the development of railways and telegraph facilities, harbor and river improvements, the nickel questiou, the stamp law, tariff, ; and other questions. Destructive Eire. New York, September 16.—Late to night a fire broke ont in the drying room of R. S. D. Nichols & Co.'s manufactory, 157 and 159 East 128th street. The tire spread rapidly and the building was en tirely consumed. The firm are marble and slate mantel manufacturers, and although they had but little stock on hand, the loss on building and machinery amounts to $100,000. The adjoining building to 157 East 128th street is occupied by Mr. Col vert as a sash, door and blind manufac tory and was also consumed. The falling walls crushed the roof of Wm. Cauldwell's stables, but the horses had been previously removed. The roof ofMount Morris theatre was fired but the theatre employes extin guished the flames before much damage was done. The Three Emperors. Skierneviece, Sept. 15.—The Emperor of Austria arrived this afternoon and was received by the Czar and staff, all in Aus trian uniforms. After the Austrian Em peror had been formally introduced to the Czar's staff, the party proceeded to the pal ace. Gen. Schouvaloff met the Emperor of Germany on the frontier. They arrived I at 4 o'clock. The Emperor of Germany j was received with the same ceremonies as ; the Emperor of Austria and escorted to the palace. LONDON, September 16.—A Vienna dis patch to the News says : While the three i Emperors were hunting at Skierniviee their three Premiers were in conference and there is reason to believe the triple alliance is concluded. The same dispatch also states that the Austro-Hungarian cabi net will be convened upon the return of the Emperor. Berlin, September 16.—The Emperor will go from Skierniviee direct to the castle at Benrath to witness military manoeuvers at Dusseldorf. The Empress and General Von Moltke have already arrived at Castle Benrath. Skiernivce, September 16.—After a greeting at the railway station yesterday afternoon Emperor William drove to the palace with theCzarina. They were followed by the Czar and Emperor, Frances Joseph. The right hand side of the palace was assigned to the Emperors of Austria and Germany. The other side is occupied by the Czar and Czarina. Prince Bismarck, Count Kalnoky, M. Degiers, and the other diplomats of the Emperor's lodge in the wing of the palace. The only persons visi ble from the railway train which bore the Emperors from Warsaw to Skiernivce were soldiers. Nobody was allowed on the plat forms at the stations, and the railway offi cials were ordered to close the windows of their bouses. The Polish Gen D Armes are guarding Skiernivce. Nobody is allowed to remain here without a permit, signed by Gen. Gonrko. Heavy Snow Storm. Halifax, N. S., September 15.—It is reported that five inches of snow fell yes terday at Spring Hill, Cumberland county, and two inches at Truro. Official Vote of Maine. Augusta, Me.. September 10.—The fol lowing dispatch was forwarded from here to-day : To John A. Logan, Chicago : The returns from remote sections of the State increase the majority beyond all ex pectations. In 358 towns the Republican majority over Redman exceeds 18,000 and the prospect is that the complete returns will carry the majority to 19,000, and pos sibly it will be the largest ever given in the history of the Republican party in Maine, with two exceptions at the close of the war. The latest returns show that the Republicans carried every caunty in the State and have elected every member ol the State Senate. The magnitude of the Republican vote is a surprise to both par ties and show that a large number of Democrats joined our ranks. (Signed) • WALKER BLAINE. Lewiston, Me., September 10.— The Journal publishes the returns of over two hundred towns on the prohibitory consti tutional amendment, which gives 49,444 in favor of and 19,165 against the amendment. The majority will be increased to over 40.000 by the returns to come. Portland, Me., Sept. 11.—A special dis patch from Augusta says: The total vote of the State will reach 142,410, and Robie's majority over Redman will be 20,615. This is the largest majority ever given any can didate lor Governor in this State in a Pres idential year. Lewiston, Me., September 12.—-The chairman of the Republican State Com mittee has sent a telegram to the chair man of the National Republican Commit tee, of which the following is an abstract : "Four hundred aud sixty towns and plan tations in Maiue give Robie 78,642 ; Red man, 52,452 ; scattering, 3,659; Republi can majority over all, 16,502; plurality, 20,230." Augusta, Me., September 12.—The fol lowing dispatch was sent General Logan Bar Harbor, September 12,1884. Hon. John A. Logan, Chicago : From official and unofficial returns the total result of the Maine election can be now stated with approximate exactness. The vote will reach 142,000, the largest ever thrown in the State with a single ex ception. Governor Robie's vote will ex ceed 79,000, the largest by 4,000 ever thrown for any candidate in the State. His majority over his Democratic com petitor will exceed 20,000, and may reach 21,000, the largest ever obtained in any Presidential year since the Republican party was organized. The scattering vote will exceed 3,000. (Signed) WALKER BLAINE. Augusta, September 14.—The Kenne bec Journal will to-morrow publish the vote of the State, nearly complete, from the official returns. The vote of this year is compared with the vote of 1880 for Gover nor. The following is the summary : Total vote for Governor. 140,346. Robie (Rep.) has 77,779; Redman, (Dem.) 58,070; H. B. Eaton, 3,147 ; YV. F. Eaton, 188 ; Eustis, 1,157; scattering, 95. Robie's ma jority over Redman in 1884 is 18,707, against a Democratic majority in 1880 of 169 for Plaisted over Davis. The total vote is the largest ever cast for Governor at any election, except 1880. The Republican gain, since 1880, by the official vote is 19,878, with eighteen small towns and plantations to hear from, which will not materially change the result. Hlaine's Movements. Worcester, Mass., Sept. 14.—James G. Blaine will attend the fair of the agricul tural society in this city on 1 hursday. Bar Harbor, Me., Sept. 15.—Mr. Blaine left this morning for Augusta. He will leave Augusta on Wednesday for Boston thence to Worcester to attend the State fair on Thursday. Prom there he goes to New York and the West. Augusta, Me., September 15.—The Kennebec Journal to-morrow will contain the following: Mr. Blaine, accompanied by his wife, arrived from Bar Harbor this afternoon. In answer to a reporter of the Journal , who called at his residence to as certain if he wished to say anything in regard to the letters given to the public by Fisher and Mulligan, Mr. Blaine replied that his only desire was that every voter in the United States might read the letters for himself, and not form his judgment from editorial misrepresentations in parti san journals. There was not a word in tht letters, Mr. Blaine added, which was not entirely consistent with the most scrupulous integrity and honor, and he hoped every Republican paper in the United States would publish the letters in full. Augusta, Me., September 16. — Mr. Blaine will leave here on a western trip on the 4 o'clock train to-morrow afternoon. Senator Frye will accompany him as far as New York. Blaine will spend Wednesday night in Boston and the following day he will attend the Massachusetts State Fair at Worcester. He will arrive in New York Thursday night, remaining there several days, after which his route will be west ward, but how far has npt yet been decided. He will certainly visit Ohio, at all events. Logan's Reception in Michignn. Bay City, Mich., Sept. 12.—General Lo gan and party reached Bay City by special car at 7.30 this evening, and was met by thousands at the depot. He was driven to the new skating rink building in an open coach drawn by four horses.* His re ception was most enthusiastic at the hall, where a crowd of 7,000 had gathered, leav ing no standing room, and several hundred were unable to gain entrance and were obliged to remain outside at open win dows, The speakers were Generals Alger, Logan, Spaulding, and Hon. Zenton Han chepp, and C. A. Gibson. The speeches were intersperced with music. At the Frazer House to-night Generals Logan and Alger held an informal recep tion. They leave to-morrow morning for Detroit. Grand Rapids, September 15.—Gen. Logan and party arrived at 4 p. m. and held a reception at the Norton House, nearly a thousand calling on him. A pro cession with 1,000 torches and fifty horse men paraded in the evening, and about 3.000 met him at the depot. Five thousand listened to speeches from 8:45 to 10:30 in Campan Place. Logan's speech only lasted five minutes. He was followed by Gen. Alger, Senator Palmer, Judge Vanseel and Congressman Lacey. The substance of the last two speeches were eulogies on protec tive tariff' and the denunciation of the Democracy lor free trade tendencies. Logan and party go to Kalamazoo to-morrow. Detroit, September 16 —This morning Gen. Logan and party left Grand Rapids for Detroit, coming here via Allegan, Kala mazoo, Three Rivers, White Pigeon, Jones ville, Adrian, Hillsdale, Petersboro and Monroe. The towns were out to welcome him everywhere and there is great enthusi asm. Great crowds are collected in every town and hamlet through which the train passed. The farm honses were draped in bunting in honor of Logan. The party arrived here this evening. Gen. Logan held a short reception at the Russell House. He leaves to-night for Rochester to attend a reunion of the Army of the Cumberland on the 19th. He leaves there for a trip through Erie, Greenville, Clarksburgh, Sharptown, Sharon and New Castle, Pa., to Youngstown, Ohio. The President. New* Y'ork. September 13. — President Arthur is at the Fifth Avenue Hotel try ing to clear ofi' an accumulation of official business. He will leave this evening for Raritan, N. J., to visit Secretary Freling h ay sen. General Bntler. Chicago, Sept. 12. —General Butler ar rived from the "West this afternoon and re mained in the city several hours in consul tation with the leaders of the People's par ty of this State, and left for New Y'ork on the limited express at 5 o'clock. He ex pressed himself well pleased at the recep tion given him in all sections of the West and Northwest. As to the political out look he expressed great confidence in the fusionists winning in Michigan and Ne braska. New* York, Sept. 15.— Between 15,000 and 20,000 people assembled in Union Square to-night to hear General Benjamin F. Butler speak. It required the serviras of half a dozen policemen to make a p£ sageway for the General to reach the stand. He was loudly cheered by the crowd, com posed largely of laboring men. Dr. Ferdihand Seeger called the meeting to order and introduced Louis F. Post as chairman of the meeting. Mr. Post, in a brief address, introduced "That great Amer ican Governor, General Bepjamin Franklin Butler." General Butler said in part: Friends and Fellow-Ciiizetls .-—Thanking you for your kind greeting, I assume that your deep interest in the afiairs ol your country and the political measures which should lie taken to relieve them has brought so x ast an audience together. This is in deed a ratification by the great city ol New Y'ork of the inauguration of the Peoples' party of true democracy. Unlike the la bored and tedious platitudes involved in the platforms of the other political parties, that of the Peoples' party is short incisive and comprehensive in every principle for the conduct of the government of the re public and can be easily carried in the memory of each. It is this: ''Equality of rights; equality of burdens; equality of powers, and equality of privileges to all men under the law." None can deny that these were the fundamental doctrines of the Fathers of the Republic, adopted by Jefferson, celebrated by Madison, and exe cuted by Jackson. They were the doc trines of the Democracy when that party was indeed the party of the people, un controlled by corruptionists and monopo lists. I need not argue toyou that in these latter days, inequality of rights, powers, burdens and privileges have been imposed by governmental action upon the people. Corporations upon which public fonctions are imposed and to whom public franchises are granted should be the servants ol th e people only. But how contrary is the practice. Railroads, elevated and surface, us soon as incorporated by ingenious and most often fraudulent contrivances, erect themselves into terrific and outrageous monopolies, by means ol which the people aïe robbed of their earnings, their business hindered and crushed, and many impoverished for the benefit ot the few. The people have endeavored to protect themselves by granting charters to com peting railroads which promised to pro cure for them lower prices for fare aiid freight,but its an axiomatic fact that railroad competition always ends in railroad combination, and that combination is most frequently devoted to the destruction of the other modes of transportation which they cannot control. The capacity of the Erie canal should have been enlarged years ago, and is there a man who hears me that does not know that it would have been done had it not been for the persistent united and selfish opposition of the rail roads ? Let it not be said that this is a State question. It rises to much broader and higher proportions. It is a national, one. The burden of goods brought upon the Erie canal to the city of New York ex ceeds the ocean traffic from the city of New Y'ork, and here is done more than two thirds of the commercial business of the country. This now is the great national free water-way. If any internal improve ments of the rivers and harliore and water ways by the general government can be justified, why is not the enlargement of the canal by appropriations of Congress the most worthy object of them all, ex cepting, perhaps, the great father of waters, the Mississippi ? With an alternation of Democratic and Republican Congressmen from the State of New Y ork, which has power enough to control the nominations and elections of Presidents of the United States, why has not some representative from New York moved this in Congress? The answer goes back again that the rail roads are opposed to it. They do not op pose the improAement of the Mississippi river, which is therefore made. Cheap transportation means cheap food for the men of the East, and cheap food means higher wages and more comfort. Cheap transportation means the opening of man ufactories to the workmen and artisans of the East to supply the men and women of the West who, if they can obtain a fair price for their provisions, can buy those productions. Ought there not to be laws passed by Congress, under their great con stitutional power, to regulate inter-State commerce by which the food of the West and the comforts of the East should be interchanged at the cheapest pos sible rate, and that all special privileges and special burdens for the benefit of the few should be interchanged at the cheapest possible rate, and that all special privileges and special burdens for the benefit of the few should be taken for the lives and comfort of the many ? Gen. Butler's speech evoked great ap plause, an,' the crowd wanted him to con tinue. As he retired the chairman intro duced ex-Fenator Thos. F. Grady—"The Little Napoleon of the Sixth—the silver tongued orator of Tammany Hall' —out ol which he has come to go in for Bntler. When Mr. Grady retired the meeting gradually dispersed. Gen. Butler and Grady also spoke at each of the side stands, evoking the same enthusiasm as at the main stand. Gen. Butler afterward held a reception in the 5th Avenue Hotel. Miss Lillie Devereaux Blake was among the listeners on the main platform. The Hog Cholera. Philadelphia, Sept. 16. —The Record to-morrow will say: In every county south and west the Jersey hog cholera is raging. The spread ii rapid aud the rate of mortal ity so large that the farmers are greatly exercised about it. It is thought to have first appeared at Pemberton where it is still an epidemic. In Atlantic county and along the coast it is especially severe. It is believed by many that it is not the true hog cholera,but something more of the na ture of pleuro-pneumonia in cattle, the hogs' lungs being affected. The cholera is likely to run through the entire State. The Irish Land League. Dublin September 16.—At a meeting of the Land League to-day Wm. Redmond denied that Irishmen were becoming apathetic towards the National movement, and he expected that during the coming winter the cause would receive as great a support as it ever had. He stated that until the visit of himself and Sexton to Boston the Irish Americans were entirely unaware of the financial help needed to forward the interests of the Irish National Exports from New York. New Y'ork, Sept. 16.—The exports, ex clusive of specie, from the port of New Y'ork for the week ending to-day, were 88, 565,995, against $6,683,277 last week. The exports in the past week exceed in money value those of any previous week thisyear. The Cholera Record. Rome, September 14.—From midnight, Friday, till Sunday afternoon there has been 1,229 cholera cases and 687 deaths at [»Naples. Since the beginning of the out break there has been 3,297 deaths. To day's bulletin shows that in the last twenty four hours at Bergamo there were twenty eight new cases and twelve deaths, at Cas erta eight eases and tw-o deaths, at Canes nineteen cases and five deaths, at Genoa forty-three eases and thirty-two deaths. Paris, September 14.—There has been fifteen deaths at Tonlou the past two days. Naples, September 14.—It is raining hard here and there is a noticeable de crease of cholera both here and at Carrara. The King requested two bulletins daily. The Minister of YVar issued 1,000 tents to shelter the pror. The Pope has given another £1,200 for the cholera sufferers. The daughter of Marehesa Del Tulb died of cholera The railway service is stopped, except mail trains. San Francisco, September 14.—Cholera has broken out in Amoy. The number of deaths is not given. It is declared an in fected port. It is stated that the price paid for the fleet of twenty-six vessels, sold as an nounced by the China Merchants Naviga tion Company to the American Company, was five-quarter million taels, equal to six and a half million dollars. Quebec, September 14.—An Italian bark has arrived at quarantine with a clean bill of health. The captain says the cholera is much worse at Marseilles than is made public. Rome, Sept. 14.—King Hn.y^rt and Duke Aosta arrived to-day from Naples and proceeded to Manza. They received a great ovation, the crowd encircling them and greeting them with a storm of cheer ing, notwithstanding the fact that word had been telegraphed from Naples that the king would prefer a quiet reception. The king on taking his farewell of the Mayor of Naples said he departed satisfied that the cholera was decreasing. The president of the YY'hite Cross com mittee at Naples has received offers of per sonal aid from all parts of Europe, but he says that funds are more needed. Toulon, September 15.—There have been fifteen deaths by cholera in this city the past two days. Rome, September 15.—The following is a bulletin showing the ravages ol cholera in Italy during the past twenty-four hours: Naples (city) 643 fresh cases and 231 deaths: Naples (province) 30 fresh cases and 10 deaths; Cuserta, 14 fresh cases and 4 deaths ; Cuneo, 21 fresh cases and 13 deaths : Genoa, 25 fresh cases and 12 deaths. Madrid, September 15.—Since last re ports 6 fresh cases of cholera and 4 deaths occurred at Elche and 4 fresh cases and 3 deaths at Novelda. In the city of Lerida a fatal case of sporadic cholera occurred and one suspected case is reported in the suburbs of Barcelona. Naples, September 15.—The excesses of the people Sunday, on the occasion of the departure of the King, caused a slight in crease in the cases of cholera. The King received ovations the whole journey to Monse. Father Tonello, the Priest who accom panied King Humbert to the bedside of patients in Busca, died of cholera. All of King Humbert's provisions, wines and water are sent to Naples from Rome. The British Consul has obtained a separate ward for the British and other foreign patients. The government is considering proposals to destroy the infected quarters of Naples and to rebuild them. Naples, September 16.—Confidence is reviving in the city, and the gloom and the depression have sensibly diminished. In the past twenty-four hours there have been 167 deaths and 470 new cases. Madrid, September 16.—At Tarragona there were 30 new cases and 8 deaths in the past three days. At Borgas there were 6 deaths and at Cherta 1. London, September 16.—A death by cholera is reported at Stourbridge, Wor cestershire, to-day. Paris, September 16.—The receipts from the fete in this city for the cholera sufferers was $20,000. New Y'ork, September 15.—Two great concerts are organizing for the benefit of the families of victims of cholera in France a id Italy. Progress ol the War. London, September 15.—A Hong Kong dispatch to the Times says: Admiral Conrbet's plan of his campaign is now snp posed to be to flank Kelnng and march to Tamsui, thus forcing the Chinese army southward, where the Sill tribes are herded. The dispatch states that this campaign will probably be fatal, as the thousand troops from Tonquin will be inadequate to take Kelung, and the road to Tamsui is a mere ravine. The French have brought two new launches here. Shanghai, September 16.—A monster mass meeting was held here to-day in which the English community took part. The meeting strongly depreciated a pro longation of the present desultery hostili ties on the part of France, as their effects are simply ruinous to commerce. The meeting resolved to nrge the home govern ment to make an effort to procure a settle ment of the difficulties between France and China by mediation. London, September 16.—The Foreign Office has written a letter to the Chamber of Commerce at Glasgow stating that the British Consul at Shanghai had formally advised the Chinese authorities that it would be to the interest of commerce to reconsider the contemplated blocking of the river at that port. The Times' correspondent at Foo Chow telegraphs that five of the French vessels have returned to Matson. Great indigna tion is felt at the death of the lieutenant of the Zephyr. The French are more cen sured than the Chinese. The public are agitated at the condition of afiairs, and meetings are being convened to urge medi ation or the French to march on Pekin. Complications are occurring daily which are certain to involve neutral powers. The correspondent comments on the weakness of the armament of the English fleet com pared with the French squadron. The French, he says, can fire eight guns to the English one, and their crews number five to one. England, he concludes, whose in terests in China is eight per cent, of all the foreigners there, is the only power not making preparations for a possible war. Paris, September 16.—Admiral Courbet estimates that the bombardment near Foo Chow and the forts along the Mia river did damage to the amount of $10,000,000. English Grain Trade. London, Sept. 15.—The Mark Lane Ex press, in its weekly review of the grain trade says : Good progress in the late har vest has been made in the past week. The dr/ weather was favorable for threshing. The deliveries of wheat by farmers is on the increase. The price of wheat declined 1 shilling a quarter during the week, and flour dropped 6d. The sales of English wheat for the week were 86,053 quarters at 34s. 6d , against 67,655 quarters at 41s. 8d., in corresponding period last year. Foreign wheat is depressed and prices still further declined. Winter wheat fiat; maize scarce: barley and oats in favor of buyers. Heavy Foods. Madrid, September 15.— Serions floods prevail around Gerona, aDd considerable . loss of life and property is reported. Rail way operations are suspended. Stocks. New Y'ork, September 11.—Govern ments steady ; railways steady ; stocks un commonly dull. The continued falling off of business is ascribed to the heat. Spec ulation was strong throughout. Prices generally show an advance #f j to 1) per rant, on the day's transactions, Western l nion, Union Pacific and Northern Pacific preferred being the most prominent. Their strength in the face of the dullness is due to the report ot the Agricultural Depart ment, made public this morning, and to the rumors that representatives of the trunk lines were in session to-day endeav oring to settle their differences. New York, Sept. 12.—Governments strong; railways weak for Erie new con sols, seconds ; stocks quiet. The mark« t at the opening was firm but soon weaken ed on sales said to l>e for foreign account It is reported that Powell & Westlake committee of English holders of Erie se curities, ha ve issued a statement in Lon don showing the floating debt to be $ 11 , 300,000, and had recommended interest payments on consols, seconds, be suspended for some time to come. Prices declined to 2. In the afternoon there was a slight rally, but the market left ofi' weak as com pared with last night's closing. Prices gen erally are j to 1 ] lower. New York, Sept. 15.—Stocks continue weak, owing to the various unfavorable ru mors circulated. It was reported that a prominent street institution was in trouble, but this was subsequently denied. It is also rumored that the St. Paul dividend will be reduced, and the disruption of the anthracite coal combination is imminent. New Y'ork, September 15.—Govern ments steady. Railways lower. This w.<> field day for the bears. At the Stock Ex change, from its opening until its close tin business ol' the market was depressed, and under sales for both accounts prices dropped from £05 per cent, with coalers and grang ers as the weakest shares. It was stated that three prominent banks were in trouble and that $1,000,000 in clearing house «*er tificates had been issued. One institution in question, upon investigation, pronounced these reports false. Coal shares were af fected by statements that a combination was in danger It was also reported that the St. Paul dividend would be reduced to 3 per cent. These unfavorable reports had the effect of bringing out considerable long stock, which materially added to the de pression. Northern Pacific preferred and Louisville and Nashville were compara tively steady. Compared with Saturday s closing prices are from £04] per cent lower. New York, Sept. 16. — Governments easier; railways lower. Stocks opened fe verish, but before 11 a. in. a moderate buy ing movement set in and was advanced ]6<, 11. At midday the market was weak again and continued so until the last half hour of business. There were reports affecting a national bank but the president denied them. The rumors from the YVest re garding railway meetings were of an im probable character. The decline ranged from £ to 3]. Almut 2.30 the market be gan to harden under purchases lor short accounts and a rally of J to 1] occurred. The market closed firm. Compared with last night's closing, prices were [to 1$ lower, except for Lackawanna and New Y'ork Central, which are J to g higher. Live Stock Market. Chicago. Sept. 11.—Cattle—receipts 7, 000 : good to ehoice 6.1006.60 ; common to fair 40« 5.75; medium to good 3.85(0 4.25 ; bulls 2(0;4 ; stockera 3(0 4 ; feeders 3.75(0, 4.50; range cattle firm ; Texas 3.45(0:4.45 ; Wyoming 4.10(0,5. Sheep—receipts 1,500; steady and firm ; common to fair 2.25(0,3; medium to good 3(0,4.15; Texans 2.55(0 3.75; lambs per head 1.50(0; 3.50. Chicago, Sept. 12.—Cattle—receipts 5, 500; market strong and firm; good to choice shipping 5.95(0 6.50 ; common to fair 4.75(0 5.90 ; inferior to fair cows 2.52(0,3.50; medium to good 3.60(0,4.25 ; feeders 3.900 4.50; stockere 3(0;4 ; range firm; YVyoming 4.60(0,5.30. Shee.p—receipts 1,500; market strong; good sheep scarce ; inferior to fair 2.3003 ; medium to good 303.50 ; good to choice 3.7504.25. Chicago, September 15.—CATTLE.— Receipts, 600 head ; good to choice ship ping 6.206« 6.60; common to fair 5.7506 ; common to medium cows and mixed 2.5003.25; fair to good 3.5004.25; stock era 3.25(«« 4 : feeders 404.50; range cattle higher; Texas 3.9004.75; Wyoming 505.50. SHEEP.—Receipts 1,600 head ; good grades scarce ; inferior to fair 2.5003.25 ; medium to good 3.2504.25; Texas ana Nebraska 2.906» 3.75, mostly 3.20. A special from Liverpool to the Drovers Journal quotes the best American cattle at 151c per pound, dressed, and the best sheep at 131c; supplies large. Chicago, September 16.—CATTLE— Re ceipts, 5,000; market steady ; desirable grades firm ; good to choice shipping. 6.0006 60 ; common to fair, 4.0005.90 ; inferior to fair cows, 2.500 3.25 ; medium to good. 3.5004.25; stockera, 3.2504.00; feeders. 4.006« 4'65; rang cattle firm: grass Texans. 3.7504.80 ; Wyoming, 5.40. SHEEP—Receipts, 2,000; demand fair and market brisk, but values rather weak ; inferior to fair, 2.5003.25; medium to good, 3.2503.75 ; good to choice, 4.0004.25 ; Texans, 2.500:3.75; lambes per head, 103. Mining Stocks. New Y'ork, Sept. 11.—In mining shares Annie sold at 7; Chrysolite 82: Pacific 60; Eureka 2.90 ; Consolidated Virginia 24 ; Little Chief 28; Standard 1.30. New Y'ork, September 16.—The mining market was somewhat more active to-day. Consolidated Virginia sold at 22, Eureka 4, Horn Silver 5}, California 35, Green Moun tain 175, Ophir 130, State Line 102, Alta 5, Consolidated Pacific 61. Wool Market. Philadelphia, September 16.—Wool firm ; New Y'ork, Michigan Indiana and western fine 30032; medium, 3304; washed combing and delaine 33039 ; tub washed 29035; unwashed combing and delaine 24028 ; Oregon 17018; New ! Mexico, and Colorado fleeces 76« 18; pulled I 20030. Boston, September 16.—YVool steady j and unchanged. Dry Good*. j New Y'ork, Sept. 16.—Dry goods have been in very goodclernandat jobbing bauds and a fairly large trade is in progress. From agents the orders have been very good. There is an increased demand for prints, fancy dress goods, sackings and suitings, flannels, hosiery anil other specialties. For cotton goods the demand is fair. Woolens have been dealt in very lightly. The ex ports of cotton goods amounted to 2>60 packages in the past week. Since the 1st of January, 116,049 packages were exported, against 117,178 packages in corresponding perio«l last year. Money Market. New York, September 16.—Money easy, 101); prime mercantile paper, 5106]; sterling exchange and bankers bills weak at 482 ; demand, 4^4. Clearing House Report. Boston, Septeml>er 15.—A table com piled from special dispatches to the Fast from the leading clearing houses of the United States gives the clearances for the weel^vhieh ended September 13, with the percentage of decrease and increase, as com pared with the corresponding week of 1883. Total, $633,831,406 ; Decrease, 37-57.