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the complete canvass
Cleveland Carries New York By About 1,100 and Is the President Elect. Interview With Blain No Words of Bitterness or Kegret-A No ble Tribute to His Irish Supporters— A Breach That lie Believes Will Widen. Interview With the Civil Service Commissioners. hey Think Cleveland Will Make Less Changes In Office Than Blaine Would. The Canvass Completed. Sew York, November 15.—The board of canvassers completed the canvass of the 712 election districts in this city this even ing. The 1st election district of the 18th assembly distric t by an error returned 44 votes for the Blaine electors, when the number should have been 81. The com mittee on corrections will rectify the error ml report in favor of 81 votes Monday morning. With that return the official vote of the lowest Democratic elector m c ity is 153,157. and for the highest Re u blkaii elector »0,0!«, giving the lowest Cleveland elector a plurality of 43,044. The following are the official and complete mres in the assembly districts named : 1,882 I ievebuid 1,620; Bat ter UMi; St John 78. ,, t h —Plaine 4,581 ; Cleveland 5,273; But 81 John 124. l.Jth—Blaine, 4,876: Cleveland, 4,459 ; i Hotter. 131 ; St. John, 100. 1 17 th—Blaine 5,265; Cleveland, 6,395; I Hotter, 211 : St John. 57. ! jxtl,—Blaine, 2,785; Cleveland, 6,253; Butler 20!*; St. John 25. 19 th—Blaine 4,580; Cleveland 6,580; | Butler 162; St. John 56. Xkw York, November 16.—The Tribune (jives Cleveland a plurality in New York State of 1,076. The Sun makes it 1,077. The World gives Cleveland 1,107 plurality and the Times figures say 1,105, -- \\ hat tIn* Treasurer of the Republican National Committee Says. Pittsburg, l'a., November 16.—Jos. D. Weeks, treasurer of the Natiouul Republi can committee was in the city to-day and returned to New 5ork to-uight. In an in terview he said : " It is impossible to tell what the National committee will do until the official count is furnished. The boards of county canvassers have no power to change the r aoe of the returns except in the case of manifest clerical errors and un der certain conditions, tocouut ballots that were rejected by them as blank or defect ive. .Any action looking to a change in the returns except as above stated must be brought before the courts who have power bv mandamus to instruct the inspectors and canvassers to change the face of the returns." " Then the National committee will j stick it out as long as there is any hope ?" "The Republican people of this country expect their National committee to exhaust I every means within their power to reach j the actual results of the election, and until it has clone that it will remain in active service as far as 1 am concerned. I think there is still some hope." Colors Still l iving. Chicago, 111., November 16.—The Inter Oca m will print to-day, with Hying colors, the following: The count is completed, and the old guard marches off the field. But it goes with colors flying and a step as firm and true as went the men from Sumpter, undaunted and iu splendid fight ing trim. The old guard goes with meas ured tread, stepping to the old refrain of "Blaine and Logan : Blaine and Logan ; Blaine, Blaine, Blaine." The official count of New York gives the 36 electoral votes of that State to Cleveland, and having received 219 of the 401 electoral votes. Cleveland will be the next President of the United States. AYe have never been slow to take up the party llag, nor lagged in urging its cause, nor eager to pull it down under threatenings of defeat or disaster. We have in this campaign stood by our guns to the last, and we contend now that the party is in good shape for whatever it may be called upon in the future to perform. We have endeavored in the last two weeks to be conservative without being being cowardly, cautious without being timid, and true to party without raising false hopes. AYe re fused to receive the dictum of those who through menace attempted to close the j case in New York against the Republi cans, because we believed that in so close a vote the official figures only could de termine who was elected. We have the : official figures, and we yield without one word of resentment or of bitterness. Tin Vote of Maine. Augusta, November 14.—The Kennebec j Journal will publish to-morrow morning ; the vote of the State at the late Presiden- ! tial election, excepting ten small towns i and plantations not yet returned to the office of the secretary of slate, showing the following result: Blaine, 71,716 ; Cleve- | land, 51,656 : Butler, 3,994 : St. John, 2,143. I Blaine's plurality, 20,260; majority, 13,923. i In 1 HMrt, (iarlielci's plurality was 8,090 and j his majority 4,375. Blaine carries every county in the State while in 1880 four counties gave majorities against Garfield. : Michigan. Dktroit, November 12. —Forty-three of j the 80 counties of Michigan report the official count. Blaine's plurality is 13,353; I the fusion plurality is 6,370. The remain- | ing counties are evenly divided between the Fusionists and Republicans. The Con gressional delegation stands seven Fusion 1 to one Republican. st. John's Vote. New York, November 14. — St. John's ! vote so far, according to the official can ' uss, is as follows : 1st assembly district i B», votes ; 2d, 9 ; 3d, 22 ; 4th 10 ; 5th, 18 ; I ffih, 7 ; 7th, 77: 8th. 11. Delaware. Wilmington, November 12.—The of- j ficial vote of Delaware gives Cleveland 1«,* | . , 4; Blaine 12,778 ; St. John 55; Butler j <>; It is reported in Newcatle county only. I Ihe temperance legislative vote was 1,549. •---- - . .. . Arrests tor Illegal voting. Li daw, November 14. —Several more i arrests for illegal voting were made here ! to-day. I Interview with Mr. Blaine. Boston, November 16.—The Journals Augusta correspondent sends the following interview with Mr. Blaine: I asked Blaine what he thought would be the result of the count in New lork, and he replied that he had no more means of knowing it than an unborn child. He had from the first had no other desire than that a fair count should be made, and so far as he was personally concerned he would lie content with either result. Suc cess would not elate him and defeat would not depress him. He was engaged in a congenial and profitable work which had been interrupted by the campaign, and the deep regret that lie would feel at Demo cratic triumph would be altogether for his party and country, not for himself. "I lived too near the presidency in 1881," Mr. Blaine added after a long pause, "and have too keen a sense of its burdens, its em barrassments, and its perils, to be unduly anxious for the office." To the inquiry how he accounted for the closeness of the election in New York, Mr. Blaine said : "Well, consider^: the loss by the bolt of Independent Republicans, and far larger loss from the action of Re publican Prohibitionists, the wonder at first sight is that the Democrats did not carry the State by a large majority, as they confidently expected they would. This result was prevented by great acces sions to the Republican ranks of the Irish and Irish-American voters, and working men of all classes, who sustained me be cause of my advocacy of a protective tariff. They believe, and believe wisely, that free trade would reduce their wages." "You really think then," queried the re porter, "that you got a considerable Irish vote in New York"? "Oh, I had thousands upon thousands," replied Blaine, "and should have had many more hut for the intolerant and utterly im proper remark of Dr. Burchard, which was quoted everywhere to my prejudice, and in many places attributed to myself, though it was in the highest degree distasteful and offensive to me. But, a lie, you know, travels very fast, and there was no time before the election to overtake and correct that one, and so I suffered for it." I asked Blaine if he thought the Irish American vote was organized at all, or bad any competent leaders. " Yes," said he, " I was deeply impressed by the ability, earnestness and sincerity of those whom I met. There, for instance, is Patrick Ford, of the Irish World. Heisa man of most unselfish devotion to any cause he espouses, possessing a great fac ulty for orgauizatiou, with marked ability and undying energy. General Kerwin, of the Tablet , has in a large degree the same characteristics and is a far-sighted and able ] j j ! man, with a fine record as a union soldier, j The Irish Nation, edited by John Devoy, also gave us strong and valuable support. ; Alexander Sullivan and John Finuerty were very powerful on the stump and did royal service. Both are natural orators of the fervid Irish type. Sullivan's tariff speech iu Toledo contributed very largely to the defeat of Frank Hurd. These men with others whom 1 did not personally meet, have made a break in the Irish Dem ocratic vote, one that I believe will widen and increase in future as the full signifi cance of the attitude of the Democratic party on the tariff question becomes under stood and appreciated. Our Irish and Irish American citizen' will, in time, get tired of voting in accordance with the wishes of English free traders." 1 said to Mr. Blaine that the Irish in Boston thought he understood the charac ter of their people better than uuy other Republican leader. Blaine replied that it would be egotisti cal for him to assume that, but said that perhaps there was a strong leaning ol the Irish towards him because of the fact that on his mother's side he was of Irish descent. In Pennsylvania, his native State, lie had received an enormous Irish vote. Some counties hitherto strongly Democratic hav - ing been completely reversed in their pop ular majority by the change of the Irish vote in his favor. This, however, was of course due iu part to the fact that he was so distinctly a representative of protection to American industries, an idea which pre vailed with more force iu Pennsylvania than in any other State. " But," said I, " did not you lose corres pondingly iu the German vote?" "Not at all," replied Blaine. "All through the West the Germans supported me nobly. How else could I have carried Chicago by 9,000, Cincinnati by 5,000 and Cleveland by 5,000. Ohio, Wisconsin, Illinois and Iowa have tl e largest German population in the West, and I carried them bv splen did majorities. Such able and inllueutial German editors as Markbrietli, in Cincin nati, Kauffman, in Cleveland ; Praetorius, in St. Louis, and many others, brought great strength to the Republican cause. The German orators were also most effec tive on the stump. Brucker, Gottschalk and men ofthat stamp, exerted great in fluence. There was an immense effort made to prejudice the Germans against me, but it failed. They are wonderfully cool headed people, inflexibly honest in their conclusions, and just iu their judg ments, and 1 have abundant reason to thank them for their generous support. I shall not soon forget it. At different points iu the West I found German and Irish ! clubs cordially uniting in public demon strations. Your correspondent brought the con versation back to New York by asking Blaine if he thought the Prohibitionists w ere honest in their support of St. John. I never, during the campaign, reliected upon the motive of any man, and I shall not do so. I content myself with saying that I think the Prohibitionists were mis led, and that they did not correctly meas ure the possible results of their course. I received from many of them assurances that my candidacy made their action dif ficult, because they really wanted to vote for me hut they seemed to he under the strange delusion that the temperance cause could be promoted by supporting their own Presidential ticket, and by their course they inlluenced prejudicially the national issues w hich were really at stake. Yon attribute the close vote in New York then, Mr. Blaine, solely to the action of the Independents and Prohibitionists ? No, not solely, replied Mr. Blaine. Ac cording to the numerous letters I have re ceived from Central and Western New York, it would seem that the rainy day lessened the Republican vote. The Demo cratic majorities lie iu the cities where by a few minutes walk on good pavement a man reached his polling place. The Re publican majorities are in the country where large numbers live three, four aud even five miles from their polling place, which on election day had to be reached over muddy roads and iu the rain storm. Had the day been fair, the Republican ma jorities in the rural counties would have been increased, one good judge writes me, by probably ten thousand, but all agree by from three to five thous and. The actual difference tw » parties in the final count way it goes will perhaps not exceed one thousand, about one-twelfth of one per cent., or one vote in every twelve hundred, for the entire State. So if the Democrats have really carried New York by this small margin, as the latest news indicates, you see how easy a fair day might have reversed the result. But great political between I hichever battles, like military battles, are often lost I or won by an apparently trivial incident or accident which no human foresight can guard against." Mr. Blaine turned homeward at this i point. He seemed to be in perfect health, and, so far as any one could judge, in the best of spirits. He told me that his long tour of forty-two days on the stump had not in the least degree fatigued him. Blaine Serenaded. Augusta, November 18.—A large num ber of devoted personal and political friends of Blaine serenaded him this evening as an expression of personal good will and ad miration of his conduct in the national campaign. They marched through the streets under the marshalship of Col. Frank Nye. When they reached Blaine's house, their compliments and friendly regards were expressed in a speech by Herbert M. Heath, Esq., of the Kennebec bar. Blaine responded as follows, his speech being con tinually interrupted by applause : Friends and Neighbors : —The national contest is over, and by the narrowest ma jority we have lost. I thank you for your call which, if not one of joyous congratula tion, is one, I am sure, of confidence and sanguine hope for the future. I thank you for this public opportunity you give me to express my sense of obligation. Not only to you but to all Republicans of Maine. ] They responded to my nomination with genuine enthusiasm, and ratified it by a superb vote. I count it as one of the honors and gratifications of my public j career with that party in Maine. After j struggling hard for the last six years, and ! twice within that period losing the State, she has come back in this campaign to her old fashioned 20,000 plurality. No other expression of popular confidence and es teem could equal that of the people among whom I have lived for thirty years and to whom I am attached by all the ties that ennoble human nature and give joy and dignity to life. After Maine, indeed along with Maine, my first thought is always of Pennsylvania. How can 1 fittingly express my thanks for that uuparalelled majority of more than eighty thousand votes—a pop ular endorsement which has deeply touched my heart and which has. if possible, in creased my affection for that grand old commonwealth. An affection which I in herited from my ancestry and which I shall transmit to my children. But I do uot limit my thanks to the State of my residence and the State of my birth. I owe much to my true and zealous friends in New» England who worked so nobly for the Republican party and its candidates and to the eminent scholars and divines who, stepping aside from their ordinary avoca tions, made my cause their cause, and to loyalty and principle added the special compliment of standing as my personal representatives the national struggle. u u t the achievements for the Republican cause in the east are even surpassed by the splendid victories in the west. In that magnificent cordon of the States that stretches from the foot hills of the A lie gheuies, to the golden gate of the Pacific, beginning with Ohio and ending with inning California, the Republican banner was borne so loftily that but a single State failed te join iu the wide acclamation of triumph. Nor should I do justice to my own feelings if I failed to thank the Re publicans of the Empire State who en countered so many discouragements and obstacles, and who fought foes from within and foes from without, and who waged so strong a battle that the change of one vote iu every two thousand would have given us victory in the Nation. Indeed, the change of a little more than 5,000 votes would have transferred New York, Indi ana, |New Jersey and Connecticut to the Republican standard and would have made the North as solid as the South. My thanks would still be incomplete if I should fail to recognize with special grati tude the great body of workingmen, both native and foreign born, who guve me their earnest support, breaking from all personal and party ties, and finding iu the principles which I represented iu the can vass a safe guard and protection of their own fireside interests. The results of the election, my friends, will be regarded in the future, I think, as extraordinary. The Northern States, leaving out the cities of New York and Brooklyn from the count, sustained the Republican cause by a ma jority of more than four hundred thousand —almost half a million, indeed, of the popu lar vote. The cities of New York and Brooklyn threw their great strength and influence with the solid South and were the decisive element which gave to that section the control of the National govern ment. Speaking now, not at all as a de feated candidate, but simply as a loyal and devoted American, I thiuk the transfer of the political power of the government to the South is a great national misfortune. It is a misfortune because it introduces an element which cannot ensure harmony and prosperity to the people because it in troduces into the Republic the rule of a minority. The first instinct of an Ameri can is equality—equality of right, equality of privileges, equality of political power— that equality which says to every citizen, your vote is just as good, just as potential as the vote of any other citizen. That cannot be said to day iu the United States. The course of affairs in the South has crushed out the political power of more than 6,000,600 American citizens, and has transferred it by violence toothers. Forty-two Presidential electors are as signed to the South on account of its col ored population, and yet the colored popu lation, with more than 1,100,000 legal voters, have been unable to choose a single elector. Even in those States where they have a majority of over 100,000 they are deprived of free suffrage and their rights as citizens are scornfully trodden under foot. The eleven States that composed the rebel confederacy had, by the census of 1880, 7,500,000 white population aud 5,300, 000 colored population. The colored pop ulation almost to a man desire to support the Republican party, but by a cruel sys tem ol intimidation and by violence aud murder—whenever violence and murder are thought necessary—they are absolute ly deprived ol all political power. If the outrage stopped there it would be bad enough, but it does uot stop there, for not only is the negro population disfranchised, but the power which rightfully and con stitutionally lielongs to them is trans ferred to the white population, enabling the white population of the South to exert an electoral influence far beyond that ex erted by the same number of white people in the North. To illustrate how it works to the destruction of all fair elections, let me present you five States in the late coufed eracy and five loyal States North, pos sessing in each section the same number of electoral votes. Iu the South the States of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina have iu the aggregate 4* electoral votes. They have 2,800.000 white people and over 3,000,000 colored people. In the North the States of Wis consin, Minnesota, Iowa, Kansas aud Cali fornia have likewise in the aggregate 48 electoral votes, and they have a white population of 5,600.000, or just double the five States I have named. These North ern States have practically no colored pap ulation. It is therefore evident that the white men in those Southern States, by usurping aud absorbing the rights ol the colored men. are exerting just double the political power of the whites in the North. 1 submit, my friends, that such condition of affairs is extraordinary, unjust and de regatory to the manhood of the Noith. Even those who are vindictively opposed to negro suffrage will not deny that if the Presidential electors are assigned to the South by reason of the negro population. that population ought to be permitted free suffrage in elections. To deny that clear proposition is to affirm that the Southern white man in the Gulf States is entitled to double the political power of the Northern white men in the Lake States. It is to af- 1 firm that the Confederate soldier shall wield twice the influence in the Natiou that the Union soldier can, and that per petual and constantly increasing superior ity shall be conceded to the Southern j white man in the governmentof the Union. If that be quietly conceded in this gene ration it will harden into custom until the badge of inferiority will attach to the Northern white man as odiously as ever a Norman noble stamped it upon a Saxon churl. This subject is of deep interest to the laboring men of the North. With the Southern Democracy triumphant in their States and in the Nation the negro will he compelled to work for just such wages as the whites may decree ; wages which will amount, as did the supplies of. the slaves, to bare subsistence, equal in cash perhaps to 25 cents per day, if averaged over the entire South. The white laborer in the North will soon feel the destructive effect of this upon his own wages. The Repub licans have clearly seen from the earliest days of reconstrfiction that wages in the South must be raised to a just recompense of the laborer, or wages in the North would be ruinously lowered, and the Re publican party have steadily worked for the former result. The reverse influence will now be set in motion and that condi tion of aifairs produced which years ago Mr. Lincoln warned the free laboring men of the North, will prove hostile to their independence and will inevitably lead to a ruinons reduction iu wages. Mere dif ference of color of skin will not suffice to maintain an entirely different standard in the wages of contiguous and adjacent States, and voluntary labor will be com pelled to yield to involuntary labor. So completely have the colored men in the South been already deprived by the Dem ocratic party of their Constitutional and legal rights as citizens of the United States that they regard the advent of that party to national power as a signal of their enslavement, and are affrighted because they think that all legal protection for them is gone. Few persons in the North realize how completely the chiefs of the rebellion wield the political power which has triumphed in the late election. It is a portentious fact that the Demo cratic Senators who come from the States of the late confederacy all—and I mean all, without a single exception—personally participated in the rebellion against the national government. It is a still more significant fact that no man who was loyal to the Union, no matter how strong a Democrat he may he to-day, has the slight est chance of political promotion. One gj-eat avenue to honor in that section is a record of zealous service in the war against the government. It is certainly an as tounding fact that that section in which friendship for the Union in the days of its trial and agony is still a political disquali fication should be called now to rule over the Union. All this takes place during the life time of a generation that fought the war. and elevates into practical com mand the identical men who organized for its destruction and plunged us into the bloodiest contest of modern times. I have spoken of the South as placed by the late election iu possession of the government, and I mean all that my words imply. The South furnished nearly three-fourths of the electoral votes that defeated the Re publican party, and they will step to the command of the Democratic party as un challenged and unrestrained as they held the same position for thirty years before the war. Gentlemen, there eaunot be any political inequality among the citi zens of a free republic; there cannot be a minority of the white men in the South ruling a majority of the white men in the North. Patriotism, self-respect, pride, pro tection for petson and safety for the coun try all cry out against it. The very thought of it stirs the blood of men who inherit equality from the pilgrims who first stood upon Plymouth rock, and from the liberty loving patriots who came to Delaware with AYm. Penn. It becomes the primal question of American manhood ; it de mands a hearing and settlement, aud that settlement will vindicate the equality of the American citizens in all personal and civil rights. It will at least establish the equality of white men under the national government and will give to the Northern man who fought to preserve the Union as large a voice iu its government as may be exercised by the Southern man who fought to destroy the Union. The contest just closed utterly dwarfs the for tunes and late of candidates, whether successful or unsuccessful, purposely. I may say instinctively that I have dis cussed the issues and consequences of that contest without reference to my own de feat, without the remotest reference to the gentleman who is elevated to the Presi- | deney. Towards him personally I have no cause for the slightest ill will, and it is with cordiality that I express the wish, that his offe r 1 career may prove gratify- i ing to himself and beneficial to the conn- j try. and that his administration may over come the embarassments which the peculiar source of its power imposes upon it from the hour of its birth. At the conclusion of his remarks, he in vited a large crowd into his house, and for nearly an hour an informal reception was ; held. Hundreds of people passed through the room, aud the greetings were especially friendly and cordial. Republican Elected. Louisville, November 13.—Official re- : turns from the 9th district show that Wadsworth (Rep.) is elected to Congress over Powers (Dem.) by 300 majority. Nevada. Virginia City, November 18.—Com- j plete official returns from fourteen coun ties in Nevada show the following majori- i ties: Blaine, 1,664 ; Woodburn (Rep.), for j Congress, 858 ; Hawley ( Rep.), for Supreme Judge, 990. When the State Canvassers Meet. Albany, N. Y., November 17.—The State lioard of canvassers meet at the capital on ! Wednesday. Official returns have been received from only 44 of the 60 counties in the State, and the board will probably take a recess for a day in order to allow further returns to be received liefore proceeding with the canvass. Figures Reversed. Chicago, November 18.—Th,e Cook county board of canvassers to-d y dis covered that the figures for State Senator iu the second precinct of the 8th ward had been reversed, those belonging to Brand (Deni.) having bten credited to Leman ( Rep.) and rice rtrsa. This elects Brand by ten majority and gives the Dem ocrats the Legislttture on joint ballot. This Legislature is to choose a United States Senator to succeed Gen. Logan. Pardoned by the President. Chicago, November 17.—Fleming & Co ring, who became notorious a year or more ago on account of having acquired two or three millions of property as promoters of a scheme for dealing in margins on the board of trade and who were convicted for using the United States mails for fraudu lent purposes in sending out circulars for their scheme, known as "found," were re leased from jail here this evening, having been pardoned by President Arthur. The Civil Service. Washington, November 16. —The views of Hon. Dorman B. Eaton, president of the civil service commission, in regard to the probable efiect of Cleveland and Hen dricks election upon the maintenance of the civil service laws has been obtained by a reporter of the Associated Press, and are given in the following report of the inter view : Question.—You are from New York, Mr. Commissioner, and know what Mr. Cleve land has done there for civil service reform. Please give the Associated Press the facts and your views as to what he is likely to do relative to removals and the civil ser vice acts and rules. Mr. Eaton—These are very delicate questions for me in my position to answer. I have taken no part whatever in the late campaign. 1 have not at least the right to assume to speak for Governor Cleveland or his party. Having acted with the Repub lican party since its origin, I can hardly speak without some party bias. Never theless, I will frankly tell you what I think. We shall have an administration absolutely Democratic in policy, but whether with the members representing those without whose votes the Democratic party would have failed I will not guess. But the civil service act will not be re pealed, either at the coming session or dur ing this generation. Governor Cleveland and the statesmen of his party would op pose any attempt to repeal it. The Re publicans as a body would resist and the Senate would defeat any such attempt. The rules will uot be abolished. They will be enforced under ihe new President, but not, I fear, with such enlarging breadth of application and such moral support from the party iu power as would certainly have been the case had President Arthur been re-elected, and probably had Mr. Blaine succeeded. The disinterestedness and patriotism of the country are not very unequally divided, but iu my opinion my party has much the larger part of the in telligent conviction which has thus far supported civil service reform. Great numbers of persons in the Democratic ranks are so prejudiced aud uninlormed on the subject that they will clamor tor removals for the sake of patronage They do comprehend that a party which could elect ils candidate only by the aid of Republican friends, reform lias no chance if it alienates those friends iu the future, when they are sure to lie far more numerous and powerful than now. They still believe in ill old proscriptive spoils system, not comprehending that it is doomed and caring more—as do many Re publicans also—for four years saturnalia of spoils than for all the future beyond that. A great struggle over the reform issue in the Democratic ranks is therefore certain. The statesmen of the party— Bayard, Pendleton, Lamar, Garland, Car lisle, Randall, Cox, Morrison, Tucker. Hewitt, Willis and others—each of whom has already voted and spoken for the civil service act will stand by the new President in its support, but many worthy Democrats and all demagoges, spoilsmen and rabble of the party will be against it. The Re publicans will stand together for the acts aud rules, anxiously waiting for the Dem ocrats to ruin themselves by their abroga tion. The President will lead the reform element of his party, and his clear convic tions, his high sense of duty, his courage, and his strength of character will secure victory. There is no public man iu the country who has a higher sense of the moral obligations of official life, or who is more certain to withstand the mere partisan and selfish appeals than Governor Cleveland. This is the great element of the power and popularity, too, as the people now feel, and lest my motives be misunderstood, let me add that he has never done me a favor, and that I would neither ask nor accept one at his hands. Many officer outside of the rules, and some within, will doubtless be removed for very good reasons, but so far as possible Governor Cleveland will pre vent mere political proscription. He can not attend to everything, much will de pend on the members of his cabinet, and especially on the Postmaster General, if there are, as is charged, some officers who have used their influence to enforce assess ments aud neglected their duties and vio lated proprieties of their stations to engage in party warfare, the fate they have challenged may very likely await them. If persons are to be selected for public work, irrespective of politics, they had better attend to that work and not meddle with elections." Q.—"What has Governor Cleveland done in New York to warrant this estimate of him ?" A.—"Buffalo was a city almost as partsan aud lawless and badly governed as Cincin nati. Upon being made sheriff Mr. Cleve land exhibited those qualities which are being more and more needed and appre ciated by the people, they comprehended and approved his spirit. He was elected Mayor by votes from both parties iu that Republican city. His life as mayor was a continuous struggle for honesty and fideli ty in office against jobbers, spoilsmen and partisans, who had long preyed on the city, lie m astered the situation and became known as the Veto Mayor. His 1'earless w ay of dealing with them is shown by the language ot his vetoes. Commissioner Eaton here quotes from Gov. Cleveland's message, from his letter accepting the Gubernatorial nomination, and from other communications, to show his decisive unequivocal endorsement of the civil service act, and Days a high tribute to the honesty and non-partisan business capacity of the Governor, as evinced iu his administration of the allairs of the State of New York, and continues as follows : The rapidly growing reform sentiment of the country has been demanding more honest courage and administrative capacity with Governor Cleveland, who has the dis tinction of being the first man since Wash ington who has been elected President because he possessed those qualities in a pre-eminent degree. They have advanced him more rapidly to the head ot the Na tion than military glory ever did one of her favorites. To believe such a man, with such a history, who never sought an office, will come to the National capitol to repudi ate pledges, and all that is best of his offi cial life, to betray those who have most trusted him. to make hostile all the Repub lican journals which now support him, to ruin the prospects of the party and dis grace himself and his country by over turning a work of reform kindred to that upon w hich his own distinction rests, only to secure a free field for patronage, money getting and spoils is a system of debauch ery. That such an assumption should be made by any sensible, well-informed man, is to me simply impossible. If I am mis taken in this view I hope the rules will be utterly overthrown before March winds are over. If the Democrats enforce the spoils system policy they must take the consequences. No true friend of reform would have any part in the perfunctory' and deceptive enforcement of Ihe rules, mutilated in their essential parts. He would rather await their certain resurrec tion four years hence over the graves of their enemies. The views of Judge L- D. Tboman. the Democratic member of the commission, w ere also obtained on the same subject dis cussed by Mr. Eaton. "What do you think will be President Cleveland's policy as to civil service re form ?" was asked. "I do uot kuow ; but it would seem that his post public utterances and acts are a sufficient guarantee that his policy will lie conservative and in thorongh sympath with the present civil service law and rules." "Will there be many removals of govern ment officials ?" "Yes; and many will remain. I am sat isfied that y thorough administrative re form will cai.se the removal of many of ficials whose places need not be filled, and if a policy is pursued by which the busi ness of the government w ill be conducted on business principles t ie biennial register in two years from now will contain several thousand less names than it does to-day. As to disturbing subordinates in these pub lic offices much will depend upon the heads of the departments, bureaus and divisions, and also upon their efficiency in the places they occupy. There never has been such a thing as a clean sweep. The power of re moval is not abridged by the civil service law, bnt the places made vacant cannot lie tilled within classified service without re quisition on the Commission. Thus it is that the motive tor removing thoroughly efficient and trustworthy clerks is gone." In the coarse of further conversation, Judge Thomau took occasion to say that had Mr. Blaine been elected he would have made nwe removals for political motives than Mr. Cleveland, because in a political life of 25 years, much of which time was given to seeking the presidency, many pledges aud promises must have been made, aud as a second reason, until his letter of acceptance appeared, the public had not been advised that Mr. Blaine was in sym pathy with a reform of the civil service, and iu no speech during the campaign, al though be made several hundred, did he refer to this question. "Governor Cleve land," Judge Tboman continued, "had de- i dared himself on every occasion that he addressed the public iu favor of the system of reform that is now being successfully carried out under the provisions of the Pendleton bill and the rules promulgated by President Arthur, who at all times has given the Commission his hearty and un wavering support." Terrible Riot. Muxcie, Ind., November 14.—Selma, six miles east of here was the scene of a bloody riot last night. The Democrats of the southern portion of the county gath ered to celebrate the victory and the story preceded them that they intended to raise the rebc-1 flag on the Blaine and Logan pole. To this report was added that the crowd had shouted for Jeff Davis coining in precipitated the row and bloody riot. William Bedell was shot. Arbigass was seriously injured. A number of un known who were seriously injured fled in the dark and their names are unobtainable. The Republicans run the- Democrats out of the town at last and the wildest excite ment prevailed for hours. The rumor that I William Dotson, who shot Bedell, caused j the mob to form to hang Dotson, but sober counsel prevailed and the matter was drop ped. The end is not yet. The Plenary Council. Baltimore, November 14.—The work of the plenary council to-day consisted of the reports of several committees, and it is expected that some of the subjects will be voted upon Sunday next at the public ses sion at the cathedral. All the proceedings at the public sessions are in the Latin language, while the discussions in secret secret session are iu Lnglish. There was a conference this afternoon in the cathedral of archbishops and bishops, at which the work of the week was re viewed. but nothing of the particular sub jects nor the conclusions reached were given to the public. To-night at the cathedral Archbishop Seghers, of Oregon, preached on "Indian Missions." A meeting of the Catholic National Colonization Association is called lor Tues day next. Report of Admiral Nichols. Washington, November 17. — The uunual report of Rear Admiral Nichols, chief of the bureau of yards and docks, has been submitted. The estimates for the Mare island yard for the fiscal year 1886 are £927,313. Respecting them, Admiral Nichols says: They seem large but when the importance of this yard is considered, at present, and what its importance will be iu the future, when the navy shall be restored even in part to its former magni tude, the estimates will uot seem so ex travagant. In the report the lighthouse board ask for £225,000 for lighting and buoying the rivers. It is necessary to have £15,000 to continue the work ou the light house at Northwest Seal Rock, off Boiut St. George, Cala. The estimates for general appropriations for the next fiscal year, in cluding supplies, repairs, salaries, expen ses, light vessels, buoyage and flag signals, etc., are £2,164,000. The estimates for special appropriations amount to £1,261, 550, made up in part of the following items: Angel Island log signal, Califoru a, £4,500; Cape Orford light station.^Oregon, £2,000; Destruction Island light station, Washington Territory, $85,000; supply! steamer, £150.000. Canadian Expedition. Quebec, November 18.— T. H. Bignel af j this city, who left in Jnue last in command ! of a transport expedition to Lake Mistas- ! siui, has returned. He gives a few partic ulars taken en route. The party with great j difficulty reached the provinces on the northern boundary on a height of laud ; they then crossed into Rupert's laud, and at a distance ot 360 miles from Lake St. John they reached the southwestern ex tremity of the great Lake Mistassini. He states that the general trend of the lake, as far as known, is irom southwest to north east, stretching away from Team bay and the height of laud in the southwest to an unknown distance toward the east. The waters swarm with fish of all kinds, and far bearing animals are abundant. The climate is agreeable and suitable for agri cultural purposes. He stated that the : Hudson Bay Company have had their agency there for upward of a hundred j yearn, but have kept it secret. The lake, he says is as large as Lake Superior. Notable Marriage. New York, November 18. —The wed ding of Marshal Orme Wilson aud Caroline Bchermerhorn Astor. the youngest aud only unmarried daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. B. Astor, took place to-day at the residence of the bride's parents, and was the event of the season. The bridesmaids and ushers received gifts of diamonds from the bride and groom. The presents to the bride in cluded a house from Mr. Astor. Their value is estimated at £250,000. The re ception lasted four hours, when a banquet was served. Import Duties. PARIS, November 18. —The tarilf com mittee of the Chamber of Deputies, by a vote of six to live, has approved of the principle of increasing the import duties on corn and flour. It has resolved, how ever, to consult the government regard ing the amount of increase. Receiver Appointed. Chicago. November 17. —Confessions of judgment lor about £6,000 were entered against the Chicago Driving Park Associa tion to-day. The management consented to an immediate sale to satisfy the credi tors, aud a receiver was appointed. 1 he liabilities are estimated at about £25,000. It has property and a frame house worth much more. I i I j j ! ! : j Stocks. N EW York, November 13.—Governments lower, with the exception of one or two slight reactions. The stock markets were strong throughout the day and toward the close speculation was positively buoyant. The rise in early dealings is due chiefly to the purchase by local tradeis and foreign banks. The latter having bought freely to fill orders received by cable. Subse quently, however, the Vanderbilts were materially strengthened by the statement from one of the officials ot the New York Central company to the effect that the president bad reduced the operating ex penses for the year which ended Septem ber 30, 1884, to the extent of £4,000,000, and in consequence the company was earn ing about 6 per cent, on its stock. The Union Pacific was prominent, and large purchases were made on reports that ar rangements were about completed w here by the floating debt would be paid off and the company placed in a position toresume dividends in the early part of next year. Reports are also current that the Western roads were disposed to restore rates and adhere strictly to a higher tariff, ami on these Grangers advanced sharply. The outstanding short interest was very large, a fact which encouraged the bulls in their efforts to turn the market. New York, November 14.—Govern ments lower ; railways firm ; stocks buoy ant. The prospective speedy adjustment of freight troubles was apparently the most important factor in the situation. There were several high temporary reactions under sales to realize, but the best figures of the day were generally current A close comparison with last night's closing prices are from \ to 2) per cent higher. N EW York, November 17.—Governments steady ; railways generally firm. The week opened with a lower market for stocks and betöre 10:30 there was a decline of J to 1) percent, Union Pacific leading. To ward midday an attempt by the bears to cover caused an advance of 1 to 31, Dela ware & Hudson and Grangers being the most promiuent. In the afternoon Union Pacific dropped 1), to 49*, and the entile list declined in sympathy. Live Stock Market. Chicago, November 12.— CATTLE— Receipts 8,600 head ; weak and low er : good to choice 5.50(5)6.10; common to medium 4.2* * 6 » 4.30: Stockers 3.25f" 3 . to : feeders 46» 4.50 ; rangers steady ; Texans 3 506» 4.50 ; sales—179 head Montana, 1,297 lbs, 5.40; 158 head Montana, 1,175 lbs, 4.80. SHEEP—Receipts 5,000 head : weak, active and from 15c to 25c lower, especially on common to fair, which sold at 26» 3 ; medium to good 3.506» 4. Chicago, November 13.—CATTLE—Re ceipts, 10.500 ; active, 10(5)15 lower; good to choice. 5.406» 4.90; common to fair, 3.906» 4.90; stockers, 3 206» 3.80; feeders, 3.90( 4.40: Western cattle steady ; Texans 10(5 15 lower, 3.506» 4.25. Sales—185 head Montana, 1,280 lbs, 5 40; 217 head Mon tana, 1,221 lbs., 5.10; 203 head Texans, 1,010 lbs., 4 00. SHEEP—Receipts. 4.000; dull and lower; inferior to fair, 1.75(5)2.50 ; medium to good, 2.606» 3.25 ; choice, 3.506» 3.75. Chicago. November 14.—CATTLE— Receipts, 10,000 ; active ; poor to fancy shipping, 4,22(5 6.25 ; mainly 5.25(5)5.75 ; stockers feeders, 2.80®4.50. Sales : 89 Montanas, 1.271 lbs., 5.20 ; 279 Montanas. 1.204 lbs., 4 90. SHEEP—Receipts, 3,000 ; dull aud very weak, 1.80(5/3 60. Chicago, November 17.—CATTLE— Rsceipts, 8,000 ; quiet and a shade lower choice to fancy grades, nominal, 6.10(5 6.70; shippers sold at 4.(55.90, mainly at 4.75(5 5 50. Texas steers, 3.50(5,4.10. Sales of western cattle: 215 Wyomings, 1,223 lbs., 5.121 ; 312 Wyomings (Texans), 962, 3.85, I SHEEP—Receipts. 2,000; quiet; inferior natives, 1.00 per head; common to good, 2.(",3.60 per 100 lbs. Chicago, November 18.—CATTLE.— Receipts 8,000 head ; quiet ; inferior to fancy shippers 4(5 6.15; Texas steers 3.35 (5,4; western cattle, sales—44 head Wy oming-Texans, 948 lbs, 4; 184 head Wy oming-Texans. 966 lbs, 1.70. SHEEP—Receipts, 4,200 head ; ship ments 4,009 head ; dull and unchanged, in ferior to choice, 1.706» 3.85. Wool Market. Philadelphia, November 14.—Wool is dull and unchanged. Boston, November 14.—Wool is dull. Ohio and Pennsylvania fleeces, 326» 35 ; Michigan extra, 29(530. Oihers un changed. Rxports. Washington, November 12.—The total value of domestic breadstuff's exported during October was £11,541,112, against £14,740,094 for the corresponding month of 1883. For the ten months ending October 31st, £120,998,047,, against £145,125,331 for the corresponding period of 1883. More Specie. London, November 13.—Bullion from Holland to the amount of £60,000 was again purchased in an open market yester day for shipment to America. « Rank Statement New York, November 15.—The weekly bank statement shows the following changes : Reserve increase, £3,289,000. The banks now bold £37,484,000 in excess of legal requirements. Treasury Payments. Washington, November 15.—It is esti mated that the payments from the treasury the present month, on account of pensions, amount to £13,000,1*00. Postal Transportation. Washington. November 16.—Henry D. Lyman, Second Assistant Postmaster General, has submitted his annual report. It shows that the cost of inland transporta tion for the year was as follows: For 729 star routes, aggiegating 226,779 miles, £5,089,941 ; 117 steamboat routes, aggre- gating 15 591 miles, £596,573; 1,573 rail- road routes, aggregatiug 117,160 miles, £15,012,603. Total, $20,699,117. ---- I he English Grain Trade. London, November 17.—The Mark Lane Erpress, in its weekly review of the grain trade says : The weather fo»- the past week has been much cooler with frosty nights and heavy fogs, which were unfavorable lor threshing. Values continue in favor of buyers. The r*a!es of English wheat the past week were 59,326 quar' -s at 31s,com pared with 67,745 quarters 10s tor corre sponding week last year .irley cheaper, except lor finer sample .ich w ere scarce. Trade in ioreigu grai in buyers favor. The wheat trade is ■ cly depressed and •-cry iittle business s being transacted throughout the coun .y. Maize, scarce and firm ; new oats lower. Dry Goods. New York, November 18.—Since'the large sales ol cotton goisls yesterday the market has been more quiet, still some buyers are uot insensible to the fact that prices are below any possible cost of production and are quietly making for wardings of very fair quantities. Prices are so very low lor all clu*s *s of goods that curtailment of production is greater thau at any previous date in the history of the trade and will continue so until prices will enable the mills to resume.