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Helena, Montana, Thursday, November 27, 1884. No. 2 ^| |f ÿlcclilij^jcralil. „ t FISK Publishers und Proprietors. D. W FISK, A. J. FISK, ers und Pro} . .rmst Circulation of any Paper in Montana -o-- Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: 0n e Year, (in advance).................................. & sx Months, (in addai.eel............................... - « Three Months, (in advan« )........................... 1 W 1 when not paid for in advance the rate will be Four Hollars per yearf . Postage, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: ... Subscribers,delivered ,, y currier,SI 50a month 0 eYear, by mail, (in advance)..................812 00 s * Months, by mail, (in* advance)............... 6 00 \i(,„ths, by mail, (in advance)........... 3 00 l'hrei unications should be addressed to FISK BROS., Publishers, Helena, Montana. M OI WOULD YOU TAKE ?" « - reail' - for bed and lay on my arm, • I , ' . little frilled cap so fine, w it lar golden hair falling out at the edge, I L- > a cirde of noon sunshine, ill umnit-d the old tune of "Banberry Cross," . »Tiiree Men who put out to Sea," Vi. enily said, as she closed her blue When r 1 nld you take for me?' ! I answered, "A dollar, dear little heart," Vi . ,i she slept baby weary with play, iiul 1 held lier warm in my love strong arms, \ nd mi ki d her and rocked away. a tlit- <1, .liar meant all the world to me, The land and the sea and sky, The lowest depths of the lowest place, The highest of all that's high. The cities with streets and palaces. Their pictures and stories of art, I would not take for one low, soft throb of my little one's loving heart. „Vor all the gold that was ever found In the busy wealth-finding past, Would I take for one smile of my darling's face, pii! I know it must lx; the last. So I rocked my baby and roeked away. And I felt such a sweet content, For the words of the song expressed to me more Than they ever before meant. Ami the night crept on and I slept and dreamed Of tilings far too glad to be, Vnd I wakened witli lips saying close to my ear, ''Papa, fot would you take for me?" ----- MOON. 'Tue sultry nom sleeps ou tin* drowsy hills ; On fragrant grasses ripening in Ins beams ; While swarthy Summer in voluptuous ease Stretches her lazy length beside the streams. The sun swings high athwart the cloudless blue, The air is scintillant with fervid heat; All nature droops like living things that faint— U'en birds are silent in eaeii cool retreat. The flowers droop pensively : the languid leaves Scarce answer to the soft air's whispered call ; Dimly their faintly quivering shadows lie. Where shimmering bars of golden sunlight fall. The sun-burned reaper, with his brows adrip, Knjoys his midday rest beneath the trees ; \mm lie bares his brawny breast and arms, Tu eateli perchance some faintly stirring bree ze. The browsing cattle leave the parching fields To seek the shelter of some shady nook ; Or. heedless of the clover, stand With hoofs deep buried in the cooling brook. The rustle of the gray grasshopper's wing, The wild bee humming on lierbusy round, Are music sweet to half unconscious ears. Mingling with the distant harmony of sound, j And so, with idle pace, the droning hours .stretchout their golden length with dreamy j grace. Swooning in odorous airs and waning light, Till night enfolds them in its soft embrace. _____ BELLS OE THE SIGHT. The grass is wet with dew. And tlit* stars are faint and few In the sky; The fireflies soar aloft. And the crickets chant a soft Lullaby. Then, floating on the night, Louies a melody so light It would seem Less a thing to name or own Than an echo overblown From a dream The heavy odors sweep From the tropic coast of sleep Far away ; And the music, vague and low, Seems to languish, seems to blow K'en as they, How it saddens ! How it cheers! How it lulls the drowsy ears With its spells ! Oil, the midnight music sweet That thy airy towers repeat. Distant bells ! HEARTS OE OLD. Ye hearts of old, ye hearts of gold, Companions in the morning sun. To-night I pledge you as of old. And pay the homage you have won. Behind the northern clouds 1 see Illuminations of the night : So through dark years shine back to me Your happy presences of light. Who has tlie power to cheer the soul Like those we know when life was young, When boyhood ran from goal to goal. And all the fields with laughter rung. It was youth's ignorance of life That made the days so smoothly glide ; And now, amid the clash and strife, You, hearts of old, are defied ! Ye merry, merry hearts of old. True mates within the dawning light, Desire and fancy overlxdd Bring you again with me to-night. The echoes of the hillside sound Your voices to the vales again ; There's cheering on the old play ground, And skirmishing by hay and grain. SOON M ILL COME THE SNOW. White as the daisies, white as milk ; The stately corn is hung with silk ; The roses are in blow, Love me, beloved, while you may, And lx*g the flying hours to stay, For love shall end, and all delight. The day is long, the day is bright ; But soon will come the snow. I p from tin* meadow sedges tall Floats music'ly the lark's clear call ; Scarlet the little glow, Love me, I pray you, while you may, And lx*g tlie flying hours to stay. For love shall end, and dear delight, The dav is long, tin* day is bright; But soon will come the snow. An islet in a shoreless sea, I his moment is for you and me, And bliss that lov ers know. Love me, lie loved. Soon we die, '»? l * H ' swallows quickly fly : Ami love shall end, and all delight ; 1 he day is long, the day is bright. But soon will come the snow, THE DANITE'S EPITAPH. I he gold that with the sunlight lies Jn bursting heaps at dawn, he silver spilling front tlie skies At night to walk upon; I he diamonds gleaming with the dew He never saw, he never knew. Hi got some gold, dug front the mud, Some silver crushed from stones • 1 he gohi was red with dead men's blood, 1 lie silver black with groans, w ** e, > he died he moaned aloud; u> make no pocket in my shroud." THE WORLD'S ORATORS. Comparison of Americans with Glad stone, who is Seldom Not an Orator. [O. \V. Smalley's London Correspondence.] I have been asked often enough by my own countrymen if any American was like Mr. Gladstone. I know of none, nor of any European either. In appearance, the late Mr. Daniel Webster w T as slightly, very slightly, like Mr. Gladstone, but the massive features and form had an addition of coarse robustness of which in Mr. Glad stone there is none. I once saw and heard Webster in Worcester, when he spoke from the step to the gate leading into the door yard of the late Gov. Lincoln, of Massa chusetts beneath a lantern, the rays from which fell straight on his face. He almost exactly realized what Emerson hail in his mind w hen he said that if Webster were revealed to him beneath a Hash of light ning he would not be sure whether an angel or demon were standing before him. Well, it is no compliment to Mr. Gladstone to say that nobody would take him for a demon, beneath a flash of lightning or otherwise. I hope I am not dealing in compliments at all. My sole aim is to be descriptive. But Webster was of the earth. Mr. Gladstone has a light on his face that seems to come from the upper air. Webster was a speaker of extraordi nary power of mind. As Theodore Parker said of him, he could state a case better than any man in America. He w T as occa sionally an orator. It is but seldom that Mr. Gladstone is not. I should like to draw a much more minute comparison be tween Mr. Gladstone and Wendell Phillips, for it would, I think, be much more illus trative, though I should begin by saying that neither Mr. Gladstone nor anybody else had that Apollo-like beauty of presence, or that voice of gold, of that genius for con ciliating or controlling a hostile audience which were among Phillips' many incom parable gifts. I have heard Castelar ad dress six thousand Spaniards in Prices' circus in Madrid in oil too copious Castil lian ; supple, sympathetic, sinuous and orator to the tips of his lingers. 1 have heard Bismarck, w hen in the white uni form of the cuirassiers of whom he was major, and booted to the knees, he gave his orders with military directness to the parliament of Prussia. I heard Gambetta in the greatest effort of his life, when in 1877 he closed a four days' debate in the chamber at Versailles with what I am dis posed to think the greatest single effort of oratory I ever listened to in England, and he, too—had a great deal in common with Mr. Gladstone. Both had the same miraculous flexibility of mind and inex haustible abundance of various diction. Mr. Bright, the one Englishman living whose greatest speeches might be profit ably studied side by side with Mr. Glad stone's, would be more profitable lor con trast than for comparison. The lucid fiow of Mr. Bright's simply constructed sen tences, always direct, always the best word in the best place, always effective out of all proportion to any machinery of rhetoric evident to the eye scanning them j in priut—nothing conld be more unlike tlie method of Mr. Gladstone, and nothing could be more instructive than a full state ment of the secret of each. But on the whole, not much is to be gained by these ; brief reminisences of great contemporaries, j for the most part so essentially unlike Mr. j Gladstone. "Shines to' All." An old colored man plies his trade of j boot-blacking at a stand in the Union de pot at Columbus. He is one of those [ bright looking old chaps that everybody j likes to talk to. "Well, pap." inquired one of his custom- j ers a few days ago, ''you are for Blaine, | ain't you ?" "Dunno 'bout dat, sah. Who's yo' fo' ?" ! "Oh, I'm a Blaine man every day in the j week." "So'm I, boss. Blaine am de man. My ; two sons an' my son-in-law's fo' Cleveland, | but I'll bring them ovah—I'll fix 'em. j Never yo' feah." The customer was well pleased, both with the old man's work and words, and ; gave him a quarter. "Did I hear you say you were for Cleye- j land ?" inquired the next customer. "G'way. What's an old man like me got \ to do with politics ?" "Well, you ought to vote for Cleveland, j Blaine's a fraud. Why didn't he go to the | war?" j "Jus' what I was tellin' dat odder gem- j man. I'm fo' Cleveland early an' late, boss. My two sons and my son-in-law's fo' Blaine, but I'm talkin' 'em ovah—I'll | feich 'em. No Blaine in mine, sah." The Democrat was so well pleased that j he, too, dropped a quarter into the old j man's hand. The next customer was a Prohibitionist. | After learning this the old darkey was for I St. John, and loud in his boasts as to what j he was going to do with his sons and son- ; in-law. His reward was twelve cents. The fourth man to occupy the chair was j a Butler man. After ascertaining this by j his usual non-committal caution, the old ! sinner came out for the People's Party, and | repeated his flexible story al>ont his sons | and his son-in-law. Reward, fifteen cents. | " See here, you black rascal," exclaimed a bystander, who had overheard the con versations, " what do you mean by talking like this? You ought to be ashamed of yourself ! " " Nevah you min', boss. Dis hyar son know what he's about—res' you min' easy on dat. I shines fo' all, I does." Ratification Meeting. [Newman Independent.] "Well," said Smith, at the conclusion of an argument, "every dog has his day." "Select your day, then," said Brown. "Oh, pshaw ! But that reminds me that yesterday was my birthday." "How did you celebrate it ?" "Pretty well. I took that terrier to an old pit in the southern part of the town and he killed forty-two rats in fourteen minutes." "Humph ! Celebrated yonr birthday, did you ? I should say that your dog ratified it !" ___ A Gum-Chewing City. It is stated in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch that fully four-fifths of the population of St. Louis habitually chew gum. It says : Men keep it at their houses and in their pockets, and "have some chewing gum ?'' is nearly as common an invitation as "take a drink," or "take a cigar." Gum-chew ing is especially the rageon 'Change, where it bears a high reputation as an aid to di gestion and cogitation. Turned to Marble. [Cincinnati Sun.] A well-dressed, small, bald-headed man, wearing two restless black eyes flashing on the inside of a pair of gold specks, a white necktie, low shoes, and a philosophical ap pearance generally, was met last evening in the corridors of the Burnett. This gentle man, who answers to the title of Signor Baccioco, hails from Genoa, and is visiting the city for the purpose of introducing a new system of embalming. "You may hardly credit it," remarked the Professor, on being quizzed, "but the idea of the final decomposition of the body is a thing of the past. A complete revolu tion hes already begun which bids fair not only to abolish the cemeteries of the coun try, but give to art much that the grave robs." "How ?" "In this way : The veins of the bodies submitted to our treatment are charged with a mineral which not only—by its chemical action—changes the veins into hard stone, but before coming entirely ossi fied has the some effect upon all the sur rounding tissues. In other words, it is simply a rapid process of petrification or marbleizing of the flesh and veins and tis sues. The idea was first discovered in Ge noa by a friend of mine, a chemist, who has already utilized the idea by marble izing a number of animals and placing them on his lawn. It takes from two to three weeks for the chemicals to have their proper action after the blood has been drained from the system." " What of the appearance of the body ?" " Singular to say, the human body re tains a most singular healthlike color ex cept around the eyes, which of course al ways present that sunken, weird appear ance. The chemicals are not so costly either, the body of a girl of 18 costing from $'25 to $lo0, according to size and weight." "And as to its preservation ?" " Last longer than the old Egyptian method. The anti-cremationista of the country are taking hold of it with a good deal of zeal, and I think rightfully. The idea of being able to actually metamor phose the human body into stone, and placing it in one's garden or utilizing it for art purpose, may sound somewhat startling to even the American mind, but it is based upon a sound philosophical principle and will he the idea of the future. Here, for instance," continued the professor taking from his inside coat pocket what the Sun at first mistook for a piece of stalactite, " is actually the finger of a gentleman who was formerly a professor in the Jena Uni versity. It took just two weeks to obtain that result by our process. The rest of the body is in a Berlin museum. Should the system become finally adopted, the acres now used for cemetery purposes will be used up in a better way. Eli Perkins's Ilinglishman. The typical Englishman who adds an "h" to overy word beginning with a vowel arrived in New York yesterday. He said he was glad to visit Hamerica, the New World, '.hat he had read so much about in the Hinglish newspepers. When I asked him what theatres he was going to attend in the evening, he said : "I really kant tell, you know. Perhaps it will be the Hecademy of Music, or Hab ey's Park theatre, or Averly's, or 'Aragon and 'Art's." In the evening I saw him buying tickets at Wallae-k's. When I came up he was looking at the box-sheet. He was running his finger down on the rows marked "J," "K," and "L,"and remarking: "Yes, I want a warm place, 'aving just got oil' the steamer with someat of a cold. Do you mind telling me if you think it would be warm enough in hell ?" "Hell ? Why, yes : yes,'' said Mr. Moss, the treasurer. "Hell is a waim place, I presume. I have never doubted it." "Well, won't you be kind enough to give me two warm seats in hell ?" continued the Englishman, still looking at the dia gram. Then he added to the startled treasurer, "Let them be low down in the middle." "Where?" "In hell, sir—two seats." "What ?" "Two seats—two," and the Englishman held up two lingers and added, "in a warm place in hell—low down— "I don't understand you," said Mr. Moss, looking through the window iu bewilder ment ; "do I understand you to say—" "Yes, exactly—two seats in hell, and I'm in a hurry." "But--" "Blast your eyes ! Don't'but' me! If I don't 'ave a seat in hell I don't want any, and—" "Look here !" exclaimed Mr. Moss, in dignantly ; "yon lunatic, get away from that window. I've wasted enough time on a confounded crazy man. Come, get ! Do you think we keep the box-sheet s of hell here in New York?" "Blarst your Yankee eyes ! I didn't say you did. I simply asked you for a seat in hell. I'm an Henglishman and—" "O, ha !" exclaimed Mr. Moss, as a new light seemed to dawn on him. "I see; you want a seat in 'L'—row 'L.' " "To be sure, sir, hell. That's what I said. Right in the middle of hell, where it's warm, you know." "Confound you Englishmen !" muttered Mr. Moss to himself as he marked off the seat in the middle of "L"; "that where you ought to sit, and where you will sit in the next world, and you won't have to fight to get a seat there, either !" Woman Suffrage Association. Chicago, November 19.—The American Woman Suffrage Association began its an nual session here to-day. There was an informal session in the forenoon and short talks. In the afternoon Committees on credentials and other matters were ap pointed and addresses delivered by Mary A. Livermore and Lucy Stone. At the evening session there were about ;>0 dele gates representing thirteen States, and the evening was given up entirely addresses by Mary B. Clay, of Kentucky, who presented Helen E. Starrett, of Illinois Mrs. Tracy Cutler, of Illinois, Dr. H. B. Blackwell, ot Massachusetts, Mary F. Thomas, ot Indi ana. A dispatch was received from Chief Justice Green, of Washington Territory, saying than woman suffrage had proved satisfactory in that Territory and that the women generally availed themselves of the privilege of voting at the recent election. The Catalogue Flirtation. [Glol>e-Democrat.] The catalogue flirtation in the art gal leries is a new thing. The following is the key: Catalogue in right hand—Glad to meet you. Catalogue in left hand—Get out ! Catalogue before the face so as to display corner of left eye—Further acquaintance desired. Biting edge of catalogue—Will meet you at lunch. Tearing corner of page—Look out, the old man is just behind us. Catalogue upside down—Am distractedly iu love with you. Catalogue in both hands—Be careful, the crowd is on to us. Shading the eyes with catalogue—You are too fresh. Resting chin on catalogue—I am already engaged. Catalogue on shoulder—Follow me. Rubbing left ear with a catalogue—I am a widow on the mash. Rubbing right ear with a catalogue— Ma is with me. Twirling catalogue—You are too slow and trying patience. Fanning with catalogne— You are en tirely acceptable. Closing catalogue and placing it under the arm—Hitch on, I'm in a hurry. Balance in Character. [Philadelphia Call.] Few persons are possessed of a perfectly balanced nature. Amiability is apt to be allied with weakness ; a vigorous, pushing character is often impulsive, Uarsh and un just. A reflective mind is slow to act ; a prompt mind is often wrong. So through all the elements of character. All the qualities that go to make up a perfect mor al nature rarely appear in one person. The physical and intellectual do not precisely conform ; the mental and moral are not evenly balanced. There are those pos sessed of stronger moral than mental na tnres. They constitute the spasmodic, im pulsive element in society. There are others whose intellects so absolutely con trol their moral natures, that nothing is admitted that can not he reasoned out sat isfactorily. There are persons whose strong animal natures dominate all else, and both mind and spirit are subservient. To regulate all these parts so as to attain a fair degree of equality is the right step toward securing what may he called bal ance in character. "Lost on Wall Street." [Wall Street News.] He was the treasurer of a county in In diana. The other night alxmt 9 o'cleck he made a call at the house ef an honest old farmer, who was on his bond for $10,000, and after the first greetings were ovor he began : "Mr. Thomas, I have some bad news for you." "Great Scott ! but are any of my rela tives over in Indianapolis dead ?" "I don't know about that, but you re member that you signed my bond?" "Yes, I did]'' "I am sorry to inform you that I am $14,000 short on my account." "No!" "Alas ! it is true." "And where did the money go to?" "Lost in Wall street." "O, that's it? Well, I wouldn't worry about that. My son Bill will take a lan tern and go hack to town with you, and if you'll show him Wall street he'll find the money if it takes him all night. Probably lost it out of a hole in your pocket, eh ;" A Two Thousand Dollar Watch. [Louisville Courier-Journal.] The costliest watch ever made in the city was completed the other day. It was made for a quack doctor w ho was repre senting himself as an "Indian doctor" some time ago and it cost him $2,000. The case is made of the finest gold, its weight being five and a half ounces, while the movement weighs four more. The front of the case has a fine portrait of the "doc tor" in raised gold and surrounded by a circlet of variegated colored gold. Out side of t~is is a row ot twenty blue-white diamonds of the first water, and it is these which makes the watch so costly. The obverse represents an Indian camp scene surrounded by a circle of variegated gold. The movement is a Perigaux chronograph, which cost $300 to import. In an ordi nary case the watch would have cost about $400. Its entire weight is 110 penny weights. The exact cost of the watch to the manufacturer was $1,897. An Intelligent Georgian. [Atlanta Constitution.] "W T ill this road take me to Atlanta ?" asked a traveler of a "cracker." "No, sir-ree," replied the countryman, "nary a time." "That's strange," mused the first speaker. "A man told me a lew hours ago that it would." "He lied, stranger. I've bee hyar twenty years, and I hain't seed it tuck nobody annywhar yit ; and I don't s'pose she ever will s'long as folks kin ride and walk. "Well, if I follow the road I'll get there, won't I ?" smilingly asked the traveler. "Not much ; fur yer kaint foller it, kase she don't move, and yer kaint foller noth in' what don't move 'long in front of ye." "But if I travel this route I'll soon reach the city, I reckon." "Then ye struck it, mister; jes' keep a movin' the way ye're goin' and ye'll git there alter awhile. Mornin' to ye." A Peculiar Book. Perhaps the most singular curiosity in the book world is a volume that belongs to the family of the Prince de Ligne, and is now in France. It is entitled "The Passion of Christ," and is neither written nor print ed. Every letter of the text is cut out of leaf, and, being interleaved with the blue paper, it is as easily read as the best print. The labor and patience bestowed in its completion must have been excessive, especially when the precision and minute ness of the letters are considered. The general execution in every respect is in deed admirable, and the volume is of the most delicate and costly kind. Rudolph II., of Germany, offered for it in 1640 11, 000 dneats, which was probably equal to $60,000 at this day. Cattlemen's Convention. St. Louis, November 19.—At the open ing of the Cattlemen's Convention at 10:30 this morning, the secretary read a cable gram from London, signed John Robinson Whitely, director of the General American Exhibition of 1886, extending a cordial greeting and expressing the hope that the convention will hold a live stock exhibi tion in London in 1886 ; also a telegram from John S. Crosby, late Governor of Montana, now Assistent Postmaster-Gen eral. endorsing any action of the conven tion for the protection and development of the great stock growing interest west of the Missouri river. General Brisbin, chairman of ths com mittee on credentials, presented a report embodying 1,100 names of accredited mem bers of the convention, the names accident ly omitted were added, swelling the list to over 1,200. The report was unanimously ! adopted. The report of the committee on pernian ! eut organization were read and adopted without dissent, perfecting the election of the following officers : Governor Johu L. Routt, of Colorado, President. General N. M. Curtis, of New York, First vice president, and one vice president from each State and Territory. Amos T. Atwater, of St. Louis, Secretary. J. L. McAfee, of Maryland, Assistant Secretary. J. W. Booth, of Texas, Reading Clerk. Wood, of Missouri, offered a resolution, providing for a committee of five to con sider the question of the formation of a National Association of Cattlemen of the Country, and draft a constitution and by laws of such organization, which passed unanimously. Judge Carroll of Texas, presented a reso lution, urging the importance of memorial izing Congress on the subject of the natur al trail, jexteuding from the Red river of the South to the Red river of the North. A motion to take the resolution in refer ence to the trail from the committee on resolutions and refer it to a special com mittee of five, raised an excited and lengthy debate, but it was finally withdrawn and the resolution went to thecommittee, with instructions added by Gov. Sayers to make a favorable report. Adjourned till 3 o'clock. St. Louis, November 20.—At 3:30 p. in. the delegates gathered iu front of the Exposition building and reviewed the State militia and city fire department, which marched down Olive street and made a tine display, after which they took seats in the hall and resumed their session. New Mexico offered a resolution in reference to the arid lands lying between the 98th meridian and the Sierra Navada Mountains, urging the appointment of a committee to memorialize Congress to take such lands from the homestead laws and set them aside for grazing purposes. Re ferred. The following resolutions were also re ferred : By McCoy, of Kansas—Respecting the width of trail and ground for cattle. By Denman, of Montana—Calling the attention of the Secretary of the Interior to the roving bands of Indians in Montana, Idaho and Arizona. By Wilson—For the appointment of a committee on statistics. Papers by Dr. J. W. Ralston, of the Col lege of Physicians and Surgeons, on pleuro pneumonia and other cattle diseases, and Dr. Hopkins, of Wyoming, on the same subject, were ordered spread on the records. Adjourned until to-morrow. At 8 o'clock in the evening delegates to the number of 500 gathered at the Lin dell Hotel and sat down to a banquet, which occupied two hours. At 10 o'clock General Sherman, who presided, called the gentlemen to order, and after a brief in troductory speech introduced Governor Routt, the permanent chairman of the convention, who spoke to the toast, "The first national convention of cattle men," setting forth briefly the interest all the world has in theirdeliberatious. General Sherman then introduced Capt. Bedford Pym, of the Royal navy, who was greeted with great applause, and spoke .to the toast, "Europe and America." The Captain exhibited an emblem of the com bined colors of England and America, and made a touching reference to the rescue of Lieutenant Greely. He said he had the fortune to know Wellington, the "Iron Duke," and found his American counter part in General Sherman. [Loud and tremendous cheers lor Sherman. ] He then made a humorous reference to the sensa tion created in St. Louis by the cowboy band of Fort Dodge, Kansas, and conduc ed by urging the delegates to extend the proposed trail through California to Hud son Bay, and to make a proper exhibit at the New Orleans Exposition of the cattle interests. A number of ther^oasts were responded to, and the party broke up at a late hour. St. Louis, November 22. —The resolution introduced by Rain, of Missouri, urging the bureau of animal industry be put under the charge of an expert vererinarian was adopted. On motion of Lane, of Texas, the thanks of the convention was extended to the citizens of St. Louis for their kind entertainment. The convention then ad journed sine die. The Odious English Debt. Mexico, November 19.—The bill for the conversion of the English debt was not dis cussed in Congress this afternoon. The situation therefore is unchanged. Diaz told a representative of the Associated Preos to-day that in whatever way tue question of debt might be decided public order would be preserved, and he would answer with his life for the security of the lives and property of Mexicans and for eigners. He says there is not even a germ of revolution in Mexico. "It is true," he continued, "that a portion of the peo ple oppose the conversion of the English debt, but they are united on other ques tions." The people are excited and are ex pressing their opinions freely, and the dis orderly classes are taking advantage of this to attempt to create local disturbances, but nothing serious has occurred. The Trenton Times says: A woman em igrant i*ld a Castle Garden official recently that the reason so many English women join the Mormons is because they have no hope of getting a husband at home. She said there were no less than 4,000,000 women between twenty and forty years, in all England and Wales, and of them nearly 2,000,000 were unmarried. And so, when the English women learn about Utah, and the glorious opportunity it offers them in a marital way, they become impressed with the place at once. Report of the Commissioner of Agri culture. Washington, November 20.—The Com missioner of Agriculture, iu his anuual re port, pays a well merited compliment to Prof. Dodge, statistician of the depart ment, for the diligence and ability of his work and the value of his monthly re ports, which, he says, attracted great at tention not only in this country, but in Europe. The report of Prof. Dodge shows that between I860 aud 1880 the value of the various products of the country, in cluding meats, grains, dairy products and cotton, increased in value from $1,600,000, 000 to $3,600,000,000 iu round numbers. With good prices, the current production of agriculture iu the United States can be little short of $4,000,000,000, aud the values are those of home markets, and not eastern commercial cities or ports of ex portation. The Commissioner says : "The wheat area is so much beyond the requirements of consumption in this and other countries as to depress the price to a point unprece dented in recent years, favoring at certain points the use of wheat iu feeding for pork production. The cause of this super abundance is twofold. First, the exten sion of settlement in the Northwest prairie and dry plains of the Pacific coast ; and second, the extraordinary period of com parative failure of European wheat for several consecutive years. The progress of settlement must be less rapid hereafter, aud already it has been followed by com parative plenty. These facts of the pro ducts and prices point to the sharp neces sity of adapting production to consump tion. to supply the food products now im ported, to give remunerative employment to agricultural labor, and food in variety and cheapness to consumers. Report on Railway Service. Washington, November 18.— W. B. Thompson, General Superintendent of the Railway Mail Service, has submitted his annual report. It appears that on June 3(1, 1884, there were 117,160 miles of railroad upon which the mails were carried as com pared with 78 miles iu 1834. During the last fiscal year the increase was (>,952 miles. The number of railway postoffice lines in operation on June 30, 1884, was 845 ; the annual miles of service was 92,640,999. The number of casualties during the year were 154, in which 7 postal clerks were killed, 28 seriously injured and 60 siightly injured. The recommendation is made that the Postmaster General be authorized to pay to the widow or minor children of all clerks killed in the service a sum equal to one year's salary of the grade to which the clerk belonged at the time of his death. An additional appropriation of $81,300 is recommended for the purpose of increasing the salaries of clerks of class 4 and 5 to $1,200 and $1,400 per annum respectively. During the year past the mail service has been greatly improved without increase of cost to the department. It seems prob able that the Postmoster General will soon he able to have the last mail arrive from Omaha much earlier than it now does, aud it is also hoped that the mails can be ex expedited so as to arrive at San Francisco about 7 a. m. instead of at 11.10 a. m., as at present. The city mail can then be de livered immediately upon arrival in time to get replies for the east bound mail the same day, which will be equal to saving one day between New York and San Fran cisco. The separation for city delivery iu San Francisco is now made on the cars. Admiral Porter's Report. Washington, November 19.—Admiral Porter, iu his annual report, says that a comparison of the expenditures of foreign navies with our own will go far to put a stop to the cry that wasteful extravagance has been shown in its administration of financial affairs, aud will show the neces sity of our doing something towards build ing a navy if we want to keep pace with the spirit of the age aud hold ourselves ready to maintain the respect of foreign nations. Admiral Porter submits what he thinks the government out to do iu the next two years : First. Complete the unfinished monitors and arm them with heavy rifled guns, making them rams as far as the models will permit. Second. Appropriate money for all ves sels that were proposed to Congress last winter. Third. Build as a commencement four of the heaviest monitors, with great endur ance and speed, each to carry four six-inch rifles in the turrets. Fourth. Build twenty torpedo boats, not less than 100 tons each, with a speed of twenty knots. Fifth. One cruising ironclad of not less than 4,000 tons. Sixth. Have all our ships over 1,250 tons supplied with torpedo boats fitted with noiseless condensing engines, so they can not be heard when approaching the enemy. Uaytien International Commissioner. Washington, 'November 19.—The United States and Haytien international commis sion, consisting of Hon. Wm. Strong, ex Justice of the Supreme Court, as arbitra tor, and W. B. Fredrick, as joint secretary, met at the State Department to-day in pursuance of the protocol concluded be tween Secretary Frelinghuysen and the Haytien Minister, for the purpose of hear ing the claims of two citizens of the United States, Antonio Pelletier and A. H Lazare against the government of Hayti. The United States was represented by Solicitor ! Genera! Phillips, and the government of Hayti was represented by ex-Govemor Broutwell and Marquis de Chambrun. The case first taker up was that of Pelletier, a formal statement of whase claim was made by his counsel. The claimant, as master of the bark William, was, it is alleged, illegal ly arrested at Fort Liberté, in Hayti,March, 1861, and tried upon the charge of piracy and slave trading and sentenced to be shot. ! His sentence afterward was commuted to I imprisonment for five years, but his vessel and cargo were condemned and confiscated. For this loss, with accrued interest, and tor the sufferings and injury which he experi enced at the hands of the Haytien officials, he claimes $2,466,00(1. After hearing the statement of the case the commission ad journed to November 26th. First Snow. New York, November 18.—The first snow of the season fell here to-night. The Congo Question. Paris, November 19.—A telegram from Berlin states that an agreement is about ; concluded between England and Germany whereby the Congo conference will estab lish rules relative to the trade of the Niger river, entrusting to England the execution of the agreement. The idea of the forma tion of an international commission has been abandoned. London, November 19.—A Berlin dis patch to the Standard states that at the ) meeting of the conference yesterday the , delegates from Portugal read a memoran ] dum insisting on Portugal's right to Congo, when John A. Kasson, the American dele gate replieu,, pointing out somewhat sar castically that Henry M. Stanley in all his long journeys on the lower Congo had been unable to discover any signs of such Por tuguese dominion or civilizing influence as were now claimed. He had. in fact, said Kasson, found everything and everybody but Portugese. A committee on programme was then ; appointed. London, November 20.—In Octobe-i j Count Von Munster, German Ambassador, wrote to Earl Granville, saying Germany would, at the conference, advocate a policy giving the assurance to merchants ol all countries that no import or transit dues should be levied upon goods entering Con ; go, but only moderate imports, such as would he sufficient to supply money for the administrative needs of Germany. He said further that he shared Granville's de sire to secure the fullest freedom of navi gation and commerce, not only the Niger and Congo, but iu all other African rivers as well. It advocated the adoption of the principles similar to those used in the reg ulation of traffic on the Elbe and Danube. The Conference, while giving expression to these principles, would leave to later nego tiations the formation of the international body, whose duty it should be to overcome the obstacles to navigation and provide police ordinances. In the further occupa tions of the African territory Germany's duty would be to insure the application of the principles laid down by the judges aud jurists of all lands, including those of England. Granville, in his anwser to the note, expressed himself perfectly satisfied with the suggested scope of the conference. Railroad Matters. Denver, Col., November 19.—A meet ing of the Colorado and Utah pool was held here to-day. All the roads were fully represented. The principal business ot the meeting was to receive from J. F. Tucker, pool arbitrator, the award of the percent ages on the Colorado business for the three months ending the first of Jar uary prox imo, under the old arrangement ending the first of last mouth. The Union Pacific re s ceived on the Denver business, both freight and passenger, 51 per cent ; Burlington, j 30 per cent ; Santa Fe & Rio Grande, 19 per cent. On Pueblo business the Union j Pacific aud Burlington received 50 per cent, and Santa Fe 50 per cent. By Mr. Tucker's new apportionment, submitted to-day, the Union Pacific receives 49 per ! cent on Denver freight and 51 per cent on the passenger business, Burlington 29 per cent on fieight and 30 per cent on passen ger, Santa Fe 22 per cent on freight and 19 per cent on passenger. On Pueblo busi ness the Union Pacific and Burlington re ceive 45 per cent on freight and 35 per cent on passenger, and the Santa Fee 55 per ! cent on freight and 65 per cent on passen ger. The business of the meeting was con cluded to-night. Baltimore, November 19.—The regu lar quarterly meeting of the board of di rectors of the West Virginia Central Rail road & Coal company was held to-day. Those present were A. P. Gorman, Wm. Keyser, Jno. A. Hambleton, of Maryland, Senator J. N. Camden, Maj. Alex. Shaw, j Col. L. B. Davis, anil Ex-Senator H. G. Davis, of West Virginia. A Ebert resigned j as secretary and E. W. S. Moore was chosen in his place. The company decided to transfer its principal office from New York to Baltimore. Boston, November 19.—The Mineral Belt Construction and Improvement Co. held its annual meeting here to-day and elécted Green B. Raum aud Geo. O. Man chester president and vice president. The Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co., with other directors of the road which the com pany is to build, was chartered about three years ago to run from a point on the Atlantic and Pacific railroad from northern Arizona across the great timber belt of that Territory. Baltimore, November 20.—At a special meeting of the board of directors of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company to day Robert Garrett, vice president of the company, was unanimously elected presi dent; Samuel Spencer, second vice presi dent, was elected vice president, and Thos. M. King, general superintendent of the Pittsburg division of the road, was elected second vice president. The board also elected Bradford Dunham general mana ger of the entire Baltimore & Ohio system. Chinese Restriction Act. New York, November 19.—United States Commissioner Shields to-day de I cided that Ah Kee, a Chinaman who shipped at Calcutta on the bark Richard Parsons as cook for a round voyage and return to Calcutta,but who ran away from the vessel at this port, must leave the country immediately. The captain of the Parsons is held responsible for Ah Kees departure. Ah Kee say3 he is willing to return to Calcutta, but not on the Parsons, where he was reduced on account of lazi ness to the position of a boy. His counsel had argued that the Chinaman's employ ment did not properly come within the meaning ol the word "laborer." Guarding Against the Cholera. New York. November 20.—A large number of prominent physicians, sani tarians aud health officers from various seaboard cities met at the office of the Board of Health to-day to consult abont the threatened danger of the cholera epi demic and the best means of barring it out of the country. The conference lasted from early in the forenoon to late in the afternoon. Cholera was discussed in all its phases anil plans formulated to keep it out j of the cities if it cannot be kept away from the shores. A circular to the health boards of all communities prescribing essential I precautions, will be issued as the first fruit of the conference. Report Denied. London, November 20. —The report that ! James Russell Lowell, American Minister, I intends to take up his permanent residence , at Oxford is untrue.