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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, November 27, 1884, Image 1

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Volume XIX.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, November 27, 1884.
No. 2
^| |f ÿlcclilij^jcralil.
„ t FISK
Publishers und Proprietors.
D. W FISK, A. J. FISK,
ers und Pro}
. .rmst Circulation of any Paper in Montana
-o--
Rates of Subscription.
WEEKLY HERALD:
0n e Year, (in advance).................................. &
sx Months, (in addai.eel............................... - «
Three Months, (in advan« )........................... 1 W
1 when not paid for in advance the rate will be
Four Hollars per yearf .
Postage, in all cases, Prepaid.
DAILY HERALD:
... Subscribers,delivered ,, y currier,SI 50a month
0 eYear, by mail, (in advance)..................812 00
s * Months, by mail, (in* advance)............... 6 00
\i(,„ths, by mail, (in advance)........... 3 00
l'hrei
unications should be addressed to
FISK BROS., Publishers,
Helena, Montana.
M OI WOULD YOU TAKE ?"
« - reail' - for bed and lay on my arm,
• I , ' . little frilled cap so fine,
w it lar golden hair falling out at the edge,
I L- > a cirde of noon sunshine,
ill umnit-d the old tune of "Banberry Cross,"
. »Tiiree Men who put out to Sea,"
Vi. enily said, as she closed her blue
When r 1
nld you take for me?'
! I answered, "A dollar, dear little heart,"
Vi . ,i she slept baby weary with play,
iiul 1 held lier warm in my love strong arms,
\ nd mi ki d her and rocked away.
a tlit- <1, .liar meant all the world to me,
The land and the sea and sky,
The lowest depths of the lowest place,
The highest of all that's high.
The cities with streets and palaces.
Their pictures and stories of art,
I would not take for one low, soft throb
of my little one's loving heart.
„Vor all the gold that was ever found
In the busy wealth-finding past,
Would I take for one smile of my darling's face,
pii! I know it must lx; the last.
So I rocked my baby and roeked away.
And I felt such a sweet content,
For the words of the song expressed to me more
Than they ever before meant.
Ami the night crept on and I slept and dreamed
Of tilings far too glad to be,
Vnd I wakened witli lips saying close to my ear,
''Papa, fot would you take for me?"
-----
MOON.
'Tue sultry nom sleeps ou tin* drowsy hills ;
On fragrant grasses ripening in Ins beams ;
While swarthy Summer in voluptuous ease
Stretches her lazy length beside the streams.
The sun swings high athwart the cloudless blue,
The air is scintillant with fervid heat;
All nature droops like living things that faint—
U'en birds are silent in eaeii cool retreat.
The flowers droop pensively : the languid leaves
Scarce answer to the soft air's whispered call ;
Dimly their faintly quivering shadows lie.
Where shimmering bars of golden sunlight
fall.
The sun-burned reaper, with his brows adrip,
Knjoys his midday rest beneath the trees ;
\mm lie bares his brawny breast and arms,
Tu eateli perchance some faintly stirring bree ze.
The browsing cattle leave the parching fields
To seek the shelter of some shady nook ;
Or. heedless of the clover, stand
With hoofs deep buried in the cooling brook.
The rustle of the gray grasshopper's wing,
The wild bee humming on lierbusy round,
Are music sweet to half unconscious ears.
Mingling with the distant harmony of sound, j
And so, with idle pace, the droning hours
.stretchout their golden length with dreamy j
grace.
Swooning in odorous airs and waning light,
Till night enfolds them in its soft embrace.
_____
BELLS OE THE SIGHT.
The grass is wet with dew.
And tlit* stars are faint and few
In the sky;
The fireflies soar aloft.
And the crickets chant a soft
Lullaby.
Then, floating on the night,
Louies a melody so light
It would seem
Less a thing to name or own
Than an echo overblown
From a dream
The heavy odors sweep
From the tropic coast of sleep
Far away ;
And the music, vague and low,
Seems to languish, seems to blow
K'en as they,
How it saddens ! How it cheers!
How it lulls the drowsy ears
With its spells !
Oil, the midnight music sweet
That thy airy towers repeat.
Distant bells !
HEARTS OE OLD.
Ye hearts of old, ye hearts of gold,
Companions in the morning sun.
To-night I pledge you as of old.
And pay the homage you have won.
Behind the northern clouds 1 see
Illuminations of the night :
So through dark years shine back to me
Your happy presences of light.
Who has tlie power to cheer the soul
Like those we know when life was young,
When boyhood ran from goal to goal.
And all the fields with laughter rung.
It was youth's ignorance of life
That made the days so smoothly glide ;
And now, amid the clash and strife,
You, hearts of old, are defied !
Ye merry, merry hearts of old.
True mates within the dawning light,
Desire and fancy overlxdd
Bring you again with me to-night.
The echoes of the hillside sound
Your voices to the vales again ;
There's cheering on the old play ground,
And skirmishing by hay and grain.
SOON M ILL COME THE SNOW.
White as the daisies, white as milk ;
The stately corn is hung with silk ;
The roses are in blow,
Love me, beloved, while you may,
And lx*g the flying hours to stay,
For love shall end, and all delight.
The day is long, the day is bright ;
But soon will come the snow.
I p from tin* meadow sedges tall
Floats music'ly the lark's clear call ;
Scarlet the little glow,
Love me, I pray you, while you may,
And lx*g tlie flying hours to stay.
For love shall end, and dear delight,
The dav is long, tin* day is bright;
But soon will come the snow.
An islet in a shoreless sea,
I his moment is for you and me,
And bliss that lov ers know.
Love me, lie loved. Soon we die,
'»? l * H ' swallows quickly fly :
Ami love shall end, and all delight ;
1 he day is long, the day is bright.
But soon will come the snow,
THE DANITE'S EPITAPH.
I he gold that with the sunlight lies
Jn bursting heaps at dawn,
he silver spilling front tlie skies
At night to walk upon;
I he diamonds gleaming with the dew
He never saw, he never knew.
Hi got some gold, dug front the mud,
Some silver crushed from stones •
1 he gohi was red with dead men's blood,
1 lie silver black with groans,
w ** e, > he died he moaned aloud;
u> make no pocket in my shroud."
THE WORLD'S ORATORS.
Comparison of Americans with Glad
stone, who is Seldom Not an
Orator.
[O. \V. Smalley's London Correspondence.]
I have been asked often enough by my
own countrymen if any American was
like Mr. Gladstone. I know of none, nor
of any European either. In appearance,
the late Mr. Daniel Webster w T as slightly,
very slightly, like Mr. Gladstone, but the
massive features and form had an addition
of coarse robustness of which in Mr. Glad
stone there is none. I once saw and heard
Webster in Worcester, when he spoke from
the step to the gate leading into the door
yard of the late Gov. Lincoln, of Massa
chusetts beneath a lantern, the rays from
which fell straight on his face. He almost
exactly realized what Emerson hail in his
mind w hen he said that if Webster were
revealed to him beneath a Hash of light
ning he would not be sure whether an
angel or demon were standing before him.
Well, it is no compliment to Mr. Gladstone
to say that nobody would take him for a
demon, beneath a flash of lightning or
otherwise. I hope I am not dealing in
compliments at all. My sole aim is to be
descriptive. But Webster was of the
earth. Mr. Gladstone has a light on his
face that seems to come from the upper
air. Webster was a speaker of extraordi
nary power of mind. As Theodore Parker
said of him, he could state a case better
than any man in America. He w T as occa
sionally an orator. It is but seldom that
Mr. Gladstone is not. I should like to
draw a much more minute comparison be
tween Mr. Gladstone and Wendell Phillips,
for it would, I think, be much more illus
trative, though I should begin by saying
that neither Mr. Gladstone nor anybody else
had that Apollo-like beauty of presence, or
that voice of gold, of that genius for con
ciliating or controlling a hostile audience
which were among Phillips' many incom
parable gifts. I have heard Castelar ad
dress six thousand Spaniards in Prices'
circus in Madrid in oil too copious Castil
lian ; supple, sympathetic, sinuous and
orator to the tips of his lingers. 1 have
heard Bismarck, w hen in the white uni
form of the cuirassiers of whom he was
major, and booted to the knees, he gave
his orders with military directness to the
parliament of Prussia. I heard Gambetta
in the greatest effort of his life, when in
1877 he closed a four days' debate in the
chamber at Versailles with what I am dis
posed to think the greatest single effort of
oratory I ever listened to in England, and
he, too—had a great deal in common with
Mr. Gladstone. Both had the same
miraculous flexibility of mind and inex
haustible abundance of various diction.
Mr. Bright, the one Englishman living
whose greatest speeches might be profit
ably studied side by side with Mr. Glad
stone's, would be more profitable lor con
trast than for comparison. The lucid fiow
of Mr. Bright's simply constructed sen
tences, always direct, always the best
word in the best place, always effective
out of all proportion to any machinery of
rhetoric evident to the eye scanning them j
in priut—nothing conld be more unlike tlie
method of Mr. Gladstone, and nothing
could be more instructive than a full state
ment of the secret of each. But on the
whole, not much is to be gained by these ;
brief reminisences of great contemporaries, j
for the most part so essentially unlike Mr. j
Gladstone.
"Shines to' All."
An old colored man plies his trade of j
boot-blacking at a stand in the Union de
pot at Columbus. He is one of those [
bright looking old chaps that everybody j
likes to talk to.
"Well, pap." inquired one of his custom- j
ers a few days ago, ''you are for Blaine, |
ain't you ?"
"Dunno 'bout dat, sah. Who's yo' fo' ?" !
"Oh, I'm a Blaine man every day in the j
week."
"So'm I, boss. Blaine am de man. My ;
two sons an' my son-in-law's fo' Cleveland, |
but I'll bring them ovah—I'll fix 'em. j
Never yo' feah."
The customer was well pleased, both
with the old man's work and words, and ;
gave him a quarter.
"Did I hear you say you were for Cleye- j
land ?" inquired the next customer.
"G'way. What's an old man like me got \
to do with politics ?"
"Well, you ought to vote for Cleveland, j
Blaine's a fraud. Why didn't he go to the |
war?" j
"Jus' what I was tellin' dat odder gem- j
man. I'm fo' Cleveland early an' late,
boss. My two sons and my son-in-law's
fo' Blaine, but I'm talkin' 'em ovah—I'll |
feich 'em. No Blaine in mine, sah."
The Democrat was so well pleased that j
he, too, dropped a quarter into the old j
man's hand.
The next customer was a Prohibitionist. |
After learning this the old darkey was for I
St. John, and loud in his boasts as to what j
he was going to do with his sons and son- ;
in-law. His reward was twelve cents.
The fourth man to occupy the chair was j
a Butler man. After ascertaining this by j
his usual non-committal caution, the old !
sinner came out for the People's Party, and |
repeated his flexible story al>ont his sons |
and his son-in-law. Reward, fifteen cents. |
" See here, you black rascal," exclaimed
a bystander, who had overheard the con
versations, " what do you mean by talking
like this? You ought to be ashamed of
yourself ! "
" Nevah you min', boss. Dis hyar son
know what he's about—res' you min' easy
on dat. I shines fo' all, I does."
Ratification Meeting.
[Newman Independent.]
"Well," said Smith, at the conclusion of
an argument, "every dog has his day."
"Select your day, then," said Brown.
"Oh, pshaw ! But that reminds me that
yesterday was my birthday."
"How did you celebrate it ?"
"Pretty well. I took that terrier to an
old pit in the southern part of the town
and he killed forty-two rats in fourteen
minutes."
"Humph ! Celebrated yonr birthday,
did you ? I should say that your dog
ratified it !" ___
A Gum-Chewing City.
It is stated in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch
that fully four-fifths of the population of
St. Louis habitually chew gum. It says :
Men keep it at their houses and in their
pockets, and "have some chewing gum ?''
is nearly as common an invitation as "take
a drink," or "take a cigar." Gum-chew
ing is especially the rageon 'Change, where
it bears a high reputation as an aid to di
gestion and cogitation.
Turned to Marble.
[Cincinnati Sun.]
A well-dressed, small, bald-headed man,
wearing two restless black eyes flashing on
the inside of a pair of gold specks, a white
necktie, low shoes, and a philosophical ap
pearance generally, was met last evening in
the corridors of the Burnett. This gentle
man, who answers to the title of Signor
Baccioco, hails from Genoa, and is visiting
the city for the purpose of introducing a
new system of embalming.
"You may hardly credit it," remarked
the Professor, on being quizzed, "but the
idea of the final decomposition of the body
is a thing of the past. A complete revolu
tion hes already begun which bids fair not
only to abolish the cemeteries of the coun
try, but give to art much that the grave
robs."
"How ?"
"In this way : The veins of the bodies
submitted to our treatment are charged
with a mineral which not only—by its
chemical action—changes the veins into
hard stone, but before coming entirely ossi
fied has the some effect upon all the sur
rounding tissues. In other words, it is
simply a rapid process of petrification or
marbleizing of the flesh and veins and tis
sues. The idea was first discovered in Ge
noa by a friend of mine, a chemist, who
has already utilized the idea by marble
izing a number of animals and placing
them on his lawn. It takes from two to
three weeks for the chemicals to have their
proper action after the blood has been
drained from the system."
" What of the appearance of the body ?"
" Singular to say, the human body re
tains a most singular healthlike color ex
cept around the eyes, which of course al
ways present that sunken, weird appear
ance. The chemicals are not so costly
either, the body of a girl of 18 costing from
$'25 to $lo0, according to size and weight."
"And as to its preservation ?"
" Last longer than the old Egyptian
method. The anti-cremationista of the
country are taking hold of it with a good
deal of zeal, and I think rightfully. The
idea of being able to actually metamor
phose the human body into stone, and
placing it in one's garden or utilizing it for
art purpose, may sound somewhat startling
to even the American mind, but it is based
upon a sound philosophical principle and
will he the idea of the future. Here, for
instance," continued the professor taking
from his inside coat pocket what the Sun
at first mistook for a piece of stalactite, " is
actually the finger of a gentleman who
was formerly a professor in the Jena Uni
versity. It took just two weeks to obtain
that result by our process. The rest of the
body is in a Berlin museum. Should the
system become finally adopted, the acres
now used for cemetery purposes will be
used up in a better way.
Eli Perkins's Ilinglishman.
The typical Englishman who adds an
"h" to overy word beginning with a vowel
arrived in New York yesterday. He said
he was glad to visit Hamerica, the New
World, '.hat he had read so much about in
the Hinglish newspepers.
When I asked him what theatres he was
going to attend in the evening, he said :
"I really kant tell, you know. Perhaps
it will be the Hecademy of Music, or Hab
ey's Park theatre, or Averly's, or 'Aragon
and 'Art's."
In the evening I saw him buying tickets
at Wallae-k's. When I came up he was
looking at the box-sheet. He was running
his finger down on the rows marked "J,"
"K," and "L,"and remarking:
"Yes, I want a warm place, 'aving just
got oil' the steamer with someat of a cold.
Do you mind telling me if you think it
would be warm enough in hell ?"
"Hell ? Why, yes : yes,'' said Mr. Moss,
the treasurer. "Hell is a waim place, I
presume. I have never doubted it."
"Well, won't you be kind enough to give
me two warm seats in hell ?" continued
the Englishman, still looking at the dia
gram. Then he added to the startled
treasurer, "Let them be low down in the
middle."
"Where?"
"In hell, sir—two seats."
"What ?"
"Two seats—two," and the Englishman
held up two lingers and added, "in a warm
place in hell—low down—
"I don't understand you," said Mr. Moss,
looking through the window iu bewilder
ment ; "do I understand you to say—"
"Yes, exactly—two seats in hell, and I'm
in a hurry."
"But--"
"Blast your eyes ! Don't'but' me! If I
don't 'ave a seat in hell I don't want any,
and—"
"Look here !" exclaimed Mr. Moss, in
dignantly ; "yon lunatic, get away from
that window. I've wasted enough time
on a confounded crazy man. Come, get !
Do you think we keep the box-sheet s of
hell here in New York?"
"Blarst your Yankee eyes ! I didn't say
you did. I simply asked you for a seat in
hell. I'm an Henglishman and—"
"O, ha !" exclaimed Mr. Moss, as a new
light seemed to dawn on him. "I see; you
want a seat in 'L'—row 'L.' "
"To be sure, sir, hell. That's what I said.
Right in the middle of hell, where it's
warm, you know."
"Confound you Englishmen !" muttered
Mr. Moss to himself as he marked off the
seat in the middle of "L"; "that where you
ought to sit, and where you will sit in the
next world, and you won't have to fight to
get a seat there, either !"
Woman Suffrage Association.
Chicago, November 19.—The American
Woman Suffrage Association began its an
nual session here to-day. There was an
informal session in the forenoon and short
talks. In the afternoon Committees on
credentials and other matters were ap
pointed and addresses delivered by Mary
A. Livermore and Lucy Stone. At the
evening session there were about ;>0 dele
gates representing thirteen States, and the
evening was given up entirely addresses by
Mary B. Clay, of Kentucky, who presented
Helen E. Starrett, of Illinois Mrs. Tracy
Cutler, of Illinois, Dr. H. B. Blackwell, ot
Massachusetts, Mary F. Thomas, ot Indi
ana. A dispatch was received from Chief
Justice Green, of Washington Territory,
saying than woman suffrage had proved
satisfactory in that Territory and that the
women generally availed themselves of the
privilege of voting at the recent election.
The Catalogue Flirtation.
[Glol>e-Democrat.]
The catalogue flirtation in the art gal
leries is a new thing. The following is the
key:
Catalogue in right hand—Glad to meet
you.
Catalogue in left hand—Get out !
Catalogue before the face so as to display
corner of left eye—Further acquaintance
desired.
Biting edge of catalogue—Will meet you
at lunch.
Tearing corner of page—Look out, the
old man is just behind us.
Catalogue upside down—Am distractedly
iu love with you.
Catalogue in both hands—Be careful, the
crowd is on to us.
Shading the eyes with catalogue—You
are too fresh.
Resting chin on catalogue—I am already
engaged.
Catalogue on shoulder—Follow me.
Rubbing left ear with a catalogue—I am
a widow on the mash.
Rubbing right ear with a catalogue— Ma
is with me.
Twirling catalogue—You are too slow
and trying patience.
Fanning with catalogne— You are en
tirely acceptable.
Closing catalogue and placing it under
the arm—Hitch on, I'm in a hurry.
Balance in Character.
[Philadelphia Call.]
Few persons are possessed of a perfectly
balanced nature. Amiability is apt to be
allied with weakness ; a vigorous, pushing
character is often impulsive, Uarsh and un
just. A reflective mind is slow to act ; a
prompt mind is often wrong. So through
all the elements of character. All the
qualities that go to make up a perfect mor
al nature rarely appear in one person. The
physical and intellectual do not precisely
conform ; the mental and moral are not
evenly balanced. There are those pos
sessed of stronger moral than mental na
tnres. They constitute the spasmodic, im
pulsive element in society. There are
others whose intellects so absolutely con
trol their moral natures, that nothing is
admitted that can not he reasoned out sat
isfactorily. There are persons whose strong
animal natures dominate all else, and both
mind and spirit are subservient.
To regulate all these parts so as to attain
a fair degree of equality is the right step
toward securing what may he called bal
ance in character.
"Lost on Wall Street."
[Wall Street News.]
He was the treasurer of a county in In
diana. The other night alxmt 9 o'cleck he
made a call at the house ef an honest old
farmer, who was on his bond for $10,000,
and after the first greetings were ovor he
began :
"Mr. Thomas, I have some bad news for
you."
"Great Scott ! but are any of my rela
tives over in Indianapolis dead ?"
"I don't know about that, but you re
member that you signed my bond?"
"Yes, I did]''
"I am sorry to inform you that I am
$14,000 short on my account."
"No!"
"Alas ! it is true."
"And where did the money go to?"
"Lost in Wall street."
"O, that's it? Well, I wouldn't worry
about that. My son Bill will take a lan
tern and go hack to town with you, and if
you'll show him Wall street he'll find the
money if it takes him all night. Probably
lost it out of a hole in your pocket, eh ;"
A Two Thousand Dollar Watch.
[Louisville Courier-Journal.]
The costliest watch ever made in the
city was completed the other day. It was
made for a quack doctor w ho was repre
senting himself as an "Indian doctor" some
time ago and it cost him $2,000. The case
is made of the finest gold, its weight
being five and a half ounces, while the
movement weighs four more. The front
of the case has a fine portrait of the "doc
tor" in raised gold and surrounded by a
circlet of variegated colored gold. Out
side of t~is is a row ot twenty blue-white
diamonds of the first water, and it is these
which makes the watch so costly. The
obverse represents an Indian camp scene
surrounded by a circle of variegated gold.
The movement is a Perigaux chronograph,
which cost $300 to import. In an ordi
nary case the watch would have cost about
$400. Its entire weight is 110 penny
weights. The exact cost of the watch to
the manufacturer was $1,897.
An Intelligent Georgian.
[Atlanta Constitution.]
"W T ill this road take me to Atlanta ?"
asked a traveler of a "cracker."
"No, sir-ree," replied the countryman,
"nary a time."
"That's strange," mused the first speaker.
"A man told me a lew hours ago that it
would."
"He lied, stranger. I've bee hyar twenty
years, and I hain't seed it tuck nobody
annywhar yit ; and I don't s'pose she ever
will s'long as folks kin ride and walk.
"Well, if I follow the road I'll get there,
won't I ?" smilingly asked the traveler.
"Not much ; fur yer kaint foller it, kase
she don't move, and yer kaint foller noth
in' what don't move 'long in front of ye."
"But if I travel this route I'll soon reach
the city, I reckon."
"Then ye struck it, mister; jes' keep a
movin' the way ye're goin' and ye'll git
there alter awhile. Mornin' to ye."
A Peculiar Book.
Perhaps the most singular curiosity in
the book world is a volume that belongs to
the family of the Prince de Ligne, and is
now in France. It is entitled "The Passion
of Christ," and is neither written nor print
ed. Every letter of the text is cut out of
leaf, and, being interleaved with the blue
paper, it is as easily read as the best print.
The labor and patience bestowed in its
completion must have been excessive,
especially when the precision and minute
ness of the letters are considered. The
general execution in every respect is in
deed admirable, and the volume is of the
most delicate and costly kind. Rudolph
II., of Germany, offered for it in 1640 11,
000 dneats, which was probably equal to
$60,000 at this day.
Cattlemen's Convention.
St. Louis, November 19.—At the open
ing of the Cattlemen's Convention at 10:30
this morning, the secretary read a cable
gram from London, signed John Robinson
Whitely, director of the General American
Exhibition of 1886, extending a cordial
greeting and expressing the hope that the
convention will hold a live stock exhibi
tion in London in 1886 ; also a telegram
from John S. Crosby, late Governor of
Montana, now Assistent Postmaster-Gen
eral. endorsing any action of the conven
tion for the protection and development of
the great stock growing interest west of
the Missouri river.
General Brisbin, chairman of ths com
mittee on credentials, presented a report
embodying 1,100 names of accredited mem
bers of the convention, the names accident
ly omitted were added, swelling the list to
over 1,200. The report was unanimously
! adopted.
The report of the committee on pernian
! eut organization were read and adopted
without dissent, perfecting the election
of the following officers :
Governor Johu L. Routt, of Colorado,
President.
General N. M. Curtis, of New York, First
vice president, and one vice president from
each State and Territory.
Amos T. Atwater, of St. Louis, Secretary.
J. L. McAfee, of Maryland, Assistant
Secretary.
J. W. Booth, of Texas, Reading Clerk.
Wood, of Missouri, offered a resolution,
providing for a committee of five to con
sider the question of the formation of a
National Association of Cattlemen of the
Country, and draft a constitution and by
laws of such organization, which passed
unanimously.
Judge Carroll of Texas, presented a reso
lution, urging the importance of memorial
izing Congress on the subject of the natur
al trail, jexteuding from the Red river of
the South to the Red river of the North.
A motion to take the resolution in refer
ence to the trail from the committee on
resolutions and refer it to a special com
mittee of five, raised an excited and lengthy
debate, but it was finally withdrawn and
the resolution went to thecommittee, with
instructions added by Gov. Sayers to make
a favorable report. Adjourned till 3 o'clock.
St. Louis, November 20.—At 3:30
p. in. the delegates gathered iu front
of the Exposition building and reviewed
the State militia and city fire department,
which marched down Olive street and
made a tine display, after which they took
seats in the hall and resumed their session.
New Mexico offered a resolution in
reference to the arid lands lying between
the 98th meridian and the Sierra Navada
Mountains, urging the appointment of a
committee to memorialize Congress to take
such lands from the homestead laws and
set them aside for grazing purposes. Re
ferred.
The following resolutions were also re
ferred :
By McCoy, of Kansas—Respecting the
width of trail and ground for cattle.
By Denman, of Montana—Calling the
attention of the Secretary of the Interior
to the roving bands of Indians in Montana,
Idaho and Arizona.
By Wilson—For the appointment of a
committee on statistics.
Papers by Dr. J. W. Ralston, of the Col
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, on pleuro
pneumonia and other cattle diseases, and
Dr. Hopkins, of Wyoming, on the same
subject, were ordered spread on the records.
Adjourned until to-morrow.
At 8 o'clock in the evening delegates
to the number of 500 gathered at the Lin
dell Hotel and sat down to a banquet,
which occupied two hours. At 10 o'clock
General Sherman, who presided, called the
gentlemen to order, and after a brief in
troductory speech introduced Governor
Routt, the permanent chairman of the
convention, who spoke to the toast, "The
first national convention of cattle men,"
setting forth briefly the interest all the
world has in theirdeliberatious.
General Sherman then introduced Capt.
Bedford Pym, of the Royal navy, who was
greeted with great applause, and spoke .to
the toast, "Europe and America." The
Captain exhibited an emblem of the com
bined colors of England and America, and
made a touching reference to the rescue of
Lieutenant Greely. He said he had the
fortune to know Wellington, the "Iron
Duke," and found his American counter
part in General Sherman. [Loud and
tremendous cheers lor Sherman. ] He then
made a humorous reference to the sensa
tion created in St. Louis by the cowboy
band of Fort Dodge, Kansas, and conduc
ed by urging the delegates to extend the
proposed trail through California to Hud
son Bay, and to make a proper exhibit at
the New Orleans Exposition of the cattle
interests.
A number of ther^oasts were responded
to, and the party broke up at a late hour.
St. Louis, November 22. —The resolution
introduced by Rain, of Missouri, urging the
bureau of animal industry be put under
the charge of an expert vererinarian was
adopted. On motion of Lane, of Texas,
the thanks of the convention was extended
to the citizens of St. Louis for their kind
entertainment. The convention then ad
journed sine die.
The Odious English Debt.
Mexico, November 19.—The bill for the
conversion of the English debt was not dis
cussed in Congress this afternoon. The
situation therefore is unchanged. Diaz
told a representative of the Associated
Preos to-day that in whatever way tue
question of debt might be decided public
order would be preserved, and he would
answer with his life for the security of the
lives and property of Mexicans and for
eigners. He says there is not even a germ
of revolution in Mexico. "It is true,"
he continued, "that a portion of the peo
ple oppose the conversion of the English
debt, but they are united on other ques
tions." The people are excited and are ex
pressing their opinions freely, and the dis
orderly classes are taking advantage of this
to attempt to create local disturbances, but
nothing serious has occurred.
The Trenton Times says: A woman em
igrant i*ld a Castle Garden official recently
that the reason so many English women
join the Mormons is because they have no
hope of getting a husband at home. She
said there were no less than 4,000,000 women
between twenty and forty years, in all
England and Wales, and of them nearly
2,000,000 were unmarried. And so, when
the English women learn about Utah, and
the glorious opportunity it offers them in a
marital way, they become impressed with
the place at once.
Report of the Commissioner of Agri
culture.
Washington, November 20.—The Com
missioner of Agriculture, iu his anuual re
port, pays a well merited compliment to
Prof. Dodge, statistician of the depart
ment, for the diligence and ability of his
work and the value of his monthly re
ports, which, he says, attracted great at
tention not only in this country, but in
Europe. The report of Prof. Dodge shows
that between I860 aud 1880 the value of
the various products of the country, in
cluding meats, grains, dairy products and
cotton, increased in value from $1,600,000,
000 to $3,600,000,000 iu round numbers.
With good prices, the current production
of agriculture iu the United States can be
little short of $4,000,000,000, aud the
values are those of home markets, and not
eastern commercial cities or ports of ex
portation.
The Commissioner says : "The wheat
area is so much beyond the requirements
of consumption in this and other countries
as to depress the price to a point unprece
dented in recent years, favoring at certain
points the use of wheat iu feeding for
pork production. The cause of this super
abundance is twofold. First, the exten
sion of settlement in the Northwest prairie
and dry plains of the Pacific coast ; and
second, the extraordinary period of com
parative failure of European wheat for
several consecutive years. The progress
of settlement must be less rapid hereafter,
aud already it has been followed by com
parative plenty. These facts of the pro
ducts and prices point to the sharp neces
sity of adapting production to consump
tion. to supply the food products now im
ported, to give remunerative employment
to agricultural labor, and food in variety
and cheapness to consumers.
Report on Railway Service.
Washington, November 18.— W. B.
Thompson, General Superintendent of the
Railway Mail Service, has submitted his
annual report. It appears that on June 3(1,
1884, there were 117,160 miles of railroad
upon which the mails were carried as com
pared with 78 miles iu 1834. During the
last fiscal year the increase was (>,952 miles.
The number of railway postoffice lines in
operation on June 30, 1884, was 845 ; the
annual miles of service was 92,640,999.
The number of casualties during the year
were 154, in which 7 postal clerks were
killed, 28 seriously injured and 60 siightly
injured.
The recommendation is made that the
Postmaster General be authorized to pay
to the widow or minor children of all
clerks killed in the service a sum equal to
one year's salary of the grade to which the
clerk belonged at the time of his death.
An additional appropriation of $81,300 is
recommended for the purpose of increasing
the salaries of clerks of class 4 and 5 to
$1,200 and $1,400 per annum respectively.
During the year past the mail service
has been greatly improved without increase
of cost to the department. It seems prob
able that the Postmoster General will soon
he able to have the last mail arrive from
Omaha much earlier than it now does, aud
it is also hoped that the mails can be ex
expedited so as to arrive at San Francisco
about 7 a. m. instead of at 11.10 a. m., as
at present. The city mail can then be de
livered immediately upon arrival in time
to get replies for the east bound mail the
same day, which will be equal to saving
one day between New York and San Fran
cisco. The separation for city delivery iu
San Francisco is now made on the cars.
Admiral Porter's Report.
Washington, November 19.—Admiral
Porter, iu his annual report, says that a
comparison of the expenditures of foreign
navies with our own will go far to put a
stop to the cry that wasteful extravagance
has been shown in its administration of
financial affairs, aud will show the neces
sity of our doing something towards build
ing a navy if we want to keep pace with
the spirit of the age aud hold ourselves
ready to maintain the respect of foreign
nations. Admiral Porter submits what he
thinks the government out to do iu the
next two years :
First. Complete the unfinished monitors
and arm them with heavy rifled guns,
making them rams as far as the models
will permit.
Second. Appropriate money for all ves
sels that were proposed to Congress last
winter.
Third. Build as a commencement four of
the heaviest monitors, with great endur
ance and speed, each to carry four six-inch
rifles in the turrets.
Fourth. Build twenty torpedo boats, not
less than 100 tons each, with a speed of
twenty knots.
Fifth. One cruising ironclad of not less
than 4,000 tons.
Sixth. Have all our ships over 1,250 tons
supplied with torpedo boats fitted with
noiseless condensing engines, so they can
not be heard when approaching the enemy.
Uaytien International Commissioner.
Washington, 'November 19.—The United
States and Haytien international commis
sion, consisting of Hon. Wm. Strong, ex
Justice of the Supreme Court, as arbitra
tor, and W. B. Fredrick, as joint secretary,
met at the State Department to-day in
pursuance of the protocol concluded be
tween Secretary Frelinghuysen and the
Haytien Minister, for the purpose of hear
ing the claims of two citizens of the United
States, Antonio Pelletier and A. H Lazare
against the government of Hayti. The
United States was represented by Solicitor
! Genera! Phillips, and the government of
Hayti was represented by ex-Govemor
Broutwell and Marquis de Chambrun. The
case first taker up was that of Pelletier, a
formal statement of whase claim was made
by his counsel. The claimant, as master of
the bark William, was, it is alleged, illegal
ly arrested at Fort Liberté, in Hayti,March,
1861, and tried upon the charge of piracy
and slave trading and sentenced to be shot.
! His sentence afterward was commuted to
I imprisonment for five years, but his vessel
and cargo were condemned and confiscated.
For this loss, with accrued interest, and tor
the sufferings and injury which he experi
enced at the hands of the Haytien officials,
he claimes $2,466,00(1. After hearing the
statement of the case the commission ad
journed to November 26th.
First Snow.
New York, November 18.—The first
snow of the season fell here to-night.
The Congo Question.
Paris, November 19.—A telegram from
Berlin states that an agreement is about
; concluded between England and Germany
whereby the Congo conference will estab
lish rules relative to the trade of the Niger
river, entrusting to England the execution
of the agreement. The idea of the forma
tion of an international commission has
been abandoned.
London, November 19.—A Berlin dis
patch to the Standard states that at the
) meeting of the conference yesterday the
, delegates from Portugal read a memoran
] dum insisting on Portugal's right to Congo,
when John A. Kasson, the American dele
gate replieu,, pointing out somewhat sar
castically that Henry M. Stanley in all his
long journeys on the lower Congo had been
unable to discover any signs of such Por
tuguese dominion or civilizing influence as
were now claimed. He had. in fact, said
Kasson, found everything and everybody
but Portugese.
A committee on programme was then
; appointed.
London, November 20.—In Octobe-i
j Count Von Munster, German Ambassador,
wrote to Earl Granville, saying Germany
would, at the conference, advocate a policy
giving the assurance to merchants ol all
countries that no import or transit dues
should be levied upon goods entering Con
; go, but only moderate imports, such as
would he sufficient to supply money for
the administrative needs of Germany. He
said further that he shared Granville's de
sire to secure the fullest freedom of navi
gation and commerce, not only the Niger
and Congo, but iu all other African rivers
as well. It advocated the adoption of the
principles similar to those used in the reg
ulation of traffic on the Elbe and Danube.
The Conference, while giving expression to
these principles, would leave to later nego
tiations the formation of the international
body, whose duty it should be to overcome
the obstacles to navigation and provide
police ordinances. In the further occupa
tions of the African territory Germany's
duty would be to insure the application of
the principles laid down by the judges aud
jurists of all lands, including those of
England. Granville, in his anwser to the
note, expressed himself perfectly satisfied
with the suggested scope of the conference.
Railroad Matters.
Denver, Col., November 19.—A meet
ing of the Colorado and Utah pool was held
here to-day. All the roads were fully
represented. The principal business ot the
meeting was to receive from J. F. Tucker,
pool arbitrator, the award of the percent
ages on the Colorado business for the three
months ending the first of Jar uary prox
imo, under the old arrangement ending the
first of last mouth. The Union Pacific re
s ceived on the Denver business, both freight
and passenger, 51 per cent ; Burlington,
j 30 per cent ; Santa Fe & Rio Grande, 19
per cent. On Pueblo business the Union
j Pacific aud Burlington received 50 per
cent, and Santa Fe 50 per cent. By Mr.
Tucker's new apportionment, submitted
to-day, the Union Pacific receives 49 per
! cent on Denver freight and 51 per cent on
the passenger business, Burlington 29 per
cent on fieight and 30 per cent on passen
ger, Santa Fe 22 per cent on freight and 19
per cent on passenger. On Pueblo busi
ness the Union Pacific and Burlington re
ceive 45 per cent on freight and 35 per cent
on passenger, and the Santa Fee 55 per
! cent on freight and 65 per cent on passen
ger. The business of the meeting was con
cluded to-night.
Baltimore, November 19.—The regu
lar quarterly meeting of the board of di
rectors of the West Virginia Central Rail
road & Coal company was held to-day.
Those present were A. P. Gorman, Wm.
Keyser, Jno. A. Hambleton, of Maryland,
Senator J. N. Camden, Maj. Alex. Shaw,
j Col. L. B. Davis, anil Ex-Senator H. G.
Davis, of West Virginia. A Ebert resigned
j as secretary and E. W. S. Moore was chosen
in his place. The company decided to
transfer its principal office from New York
to Baltimore.
Boston, November 19.—The Mineral
Belt Construction and Improvement Co.
held its annual meeting here to-day and
elécted Green B. Raum aud Geo. O. Man
chester president and vice president. The
Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co., with
other directors of the road which the com
pany is to build, was chartered about
three years ago to run from a point on the
Atlantic and Pacific railroad from northern
Arizona across the great timber belt of that
Territory.
Baltimore, November 20.—At a special
meeting of the board of directors of the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company to
day Robert Garrett, vice president of the
company, was unanimously elected presi
dent; Samuel Spencer, second vice presi
dent, was elected vice president, and Thos.
M. King, general superintendent of the
Pittsburg division of the road, was elected
second vice president. The board also
elected Bradford Dunham general mana
ger of the entire Baltimore & Ohio system.
Chinese Restriction Act.
New York, November 19.—United
States Commissioner Shields to-day de
I cided that Ah Kee, a Chinaman who
shipped at Calcutta on the bark Richard
Parsons as cook for a round voyage and
return to Calcutta,but who ran away from
the vessel at this port, must leave the
country immediately. The captain of the
Parsons is held responsible for Ah Kees
departure. Ah Kee say3 he is willing to
return to Calcutta, but not on the Parsons,
where he was reduced on account of lazi
ness to the position of a boy. His counsel
had argued that the Chinaman's employ
ment did not properly come within the
meaning ol the word "laborer."
Guarding Against the Cholera.
New York. November 20.—A large
number of prominent physicians, sani
tarians aud health officers from various
seaboard cities met at the office of the
Board of Health to-day to consult abont
the threatened danger of the cholera epi
demic and the best means of barring it out
of the country. The conference lasted
from early in the forenoon to late in the
afternoon. Cholera was discussed in all its
phases anil plans formulated to keep it out
j of the cities if it cannot be kept away from
the shores. A circular to the health boards
of all communities prescribing essential
I precautions, will be issued as the first fruit
of the conference.
Report Denied.
London, November 20. —The report that
! James Russell Lowell, American Minister,
I intends to take up his permanent residence
, at Oxford is untrue.

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