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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, January 29, 1885, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1885-01-29/ed-1/seq-3/

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Damage Greater than First
Iiiimiimisf Kxrilciiient ami Murli
tYriiiig \quills! tlie Inili'il
% 1 1 *•ni|>i t > Hl**n ii|i ill*- British Hon»«
<>l I'nrlinmest.
L«»ximin, January '24—2:10 p. m.—An
alarming rtplosm na* just occurred in
tlie Mou**** of' Parliament. Th«* House* of
I'.irliumeut and g«iverument otfice* were
•o-v«-rely shaken and cou»i«lerahle damage
done. It l* impossible at this moment to
rell tlie* extent of the calamity. The report
wax heard in Downing street, lireat ex
ritement prevail* ami enormous crowd* are
n Min_ at the -.i i-iie of explosion. The
origin of the explosion ia wrapped in mys
tery. hut it is lielieved t«i lie caused by
dynamite Th* explosion occurred clone
to the Mouse of Lord*, near Westminster
f î p. in. — It has been ascertained that a
large <|uantity of explosive matter bail
U.-n place«! inside the great ornamental
. ites leading to the -rypt under Westmins
ter Mall. These gates were blown « lear off
their binges to the ground. All the win
dow - on the uorth ami south sides of the
building were blown to atoms.
I.omsin. .lanuary '24—4 p. m.— Rumors
regarding an explosion at the lamduu
lower is confirmed. The outrage was the
luo-t successful yet made upon any of the
public buildings since the inauguration of
the present era of dynamite warfare The
famous old building was crowded with
visitors at the time of the explosion. 1 he
wildest rumors are hi circulation as to the
iiuiultei ot I arsons injure*!. I p to I o clock
but It; persons had la-en officially reported
as iijured by the explosion, none mortally.
A large number of children were among
the \isitors Mary of these little ones had
tlinr faces ami hands badly torn by broken
gla" ami flying splinters, a most piteous
Mghr. A large nniulier of isrsous an- de
tained within the Tower's walls by these
little ones, wiili their j*ale ta*-es aud bleed
ing heads.
.ï p m Later rejiorts show that the first
stories alsmt the damage «if White Tower
ivtre somewhat exaggerate»!. It is said
that the structure is not very seriously in
jured. These later reports tend some
what to allay public excitement, li the
explosion really did demolish WhiteTower
the rouit must Is- immensely more serious
tor part of the building is used a> an
armory at present lor the storage of ritles.
and olteu of large quantities ofaiumunition.
L**Msix, January 2!». —The west end ol
Westminster Mall is full of wreckage «•anse*!
by yesterday s explosion. 1 lie destruction
of the magnificent stained window at the
end of the ball is greatly deplored. It is
Iteliei cd that one of the conspirators en
tere«! the crypt. passing the policeman at
the entrance, atm *le|sisitc«l an internal ma
chine at the Isittom of the steps. The
policeman removed the parcel, which ex
ploded. making a hole in the lloor three
fret in diameter, twisting iron railings aud
smashing the lead work aud all the win- j
dows in the hall. The {Kiliceman's hair
was singe«!, liis face burned, aud the cloth
ing torn from his Issly by the force of the
explosion. Me is still alive, but uo hopes
are entertained of bis re overy. The fouu
dation of the hall is uuinjured. but the
roof is liadly damaged. The «-ases of the
statues William IV. and t.eorge IV.. which
were overturned, are greatly injure«!.
An inspe« tioii of the parliament build
iugs to-«lay. showed that, excepting the
lieautilnl window overlooking the staircase
at the south end of Westminster Hall,
». arely a pain of glass es«-aped destruction.
The foundations of the hnildings were
l»a«IIy -haken. The roof of the «Typt, in
spite of its massive strength, was greatly
damaged, rifts »wing \ isthle here ami there.
The tl«Hir of the Mouse of Commons pre
seats a strange spectacle, being covered
with heaps of massive fragments. The
elaborately can cd uakeu wall liehind the
-eats beneath the gallery was completely
thrown down The Mooring of the strang
ers an l S|K-aker's galleries is so torn up
that it i* i!eeme«l unsafe to venture across.
The I Vers gallery suffered the most dam- j
age. The side galleries ami reporters gal
ler.es were not injured.
The parcel which caused the first explo
sion was wrapped in brown cloth two i«-et
long and one foot wide. The <2»»eeu sent a
teleirram to-day inquiring as to the condi
tion of the injure*! policemen Cox and Cole,
and a reply was scut stating that lioth were
progressing favorably. Great indignation
l«re\ails throughout the provinces. The
explosions were referml t«i and denounced
in all the churches to-«lay.
Lady Krakine and children ha«l a nar
row es«a|*e Iron injury. They were lunch
ing iu the deputy sergeant-at-arms' dining
room, which i* situated iu St. Stephens'
porch. The door of the room was burst
«»pen by the lou t- of the explosion ami the
u ntre panel of another door was shattered.
A man sériant wa* blown across the room
and the children were greatly frightened
Steamers arriving at British ports are
subject to miuute search to prevent the
imiMirtattou of «iynamite. Mamburg
steamers are especially inspected.
One mail was arrested t««-day iu <*>nuec
tioti with the explusiou at the Tower of
The opiuion is generally expressed that
the time has arrived to put a pressure
upou the United States go vet muent to stop
the <>|K-ratiou* of the dynamiters
The canou cf the Catholic cathedral at
I'ly mouth, iu his sermou to-day, denounced
the London outrage yestertlav a* the work
of American emu. unes, whose object evi
dently was murder.
Lost (MIN, January '2ti.
< itfieer Cole ha«l several rilm broken, aud
olHcer Cox is suffering from concussuou of
the brain. It is estimated thaï lut» persons
were iu the 1'arhameut building at the
time cf the explosion Of the three clocks
iu the lobby, the han«is of the one over
the eut rame to the House of Commons
was «oinpletly blown out : the one on the
left suit* was stopped, and the third, in the
right side, was uninjured. Some of the
wiiümvs in Westminster Hall were blown
Isslily away, while others were riddled as
with shot. The only atom of consolation
to lie found is the fact that several ol the
stained window.« survived the onleal toler
ably well, hone of the statues of the Stu
art monarch» were injured. Several
minor disasters occurred iu the "poets cor- j
uer, " chiefly the breaking of glass.
At the vesper services in HI estminster
NbWy the constable gave heartfelt thanks
to God for the preservation of their lives
in the dangers of Saturday.
The explosion wrenched off the Irish
harp w hich forms a jiart of the ornamental
work on the {«anel* of the Parliament
house, and the harp dropped into the seat
ol' a Pamelhte metulier.
Mr. Fosters seat was ripped up. The
golden letters, "V. R.", on the desk oppo
site Gladstone's *;-at. the "V" was tors
It i* now known that three-fourths of
the glass roof of the chamber had been
removed previous to the explosion.
There is much Jn-joiein* over 'he fact
that the «iowuward force of the dynamite j
fade«! to reach the gas meter of the House
of ( ominous.
The latest inspection shows the damage
to have t*een much greater than at first re
Half of the length of the front opposi
tion liench was torn away. The magoifi
cent window in the south of St. Stephens
porcll «-an Ik* restored complete, copies of
the designs having l*een preserved.
Loximx. January 'it*—Notice ha* -*-en
issued by the poli«-« authorities asking all
visitors to the Parliament building Satur
day to give the police any {«ossibie inhuma
tion r*gardmg the man ami woman seen
in the building that afternoon under sus
picions cirminstances. The woman is l*e
lieved to have carried the dynamite under
her cloak. The notice gives the follow ing
personal description : The man — Age. 33
to 40 years: height. 5 feet 10 inches: sal
low complexion ; chin shaved ; fair mous
tache ami whiskers; rather pu^f nose:
wore a l«mg brown overcoat, «lark trowser*
and a billycock hat. Woman—Age. 40
years: short stature : sallow complextoo:
wore dark dress ami sealskin or imitation
of sealskin jacket.
Filtern «letectives arrived at Ik.ver from
London at midnight last night. Several
ol' them have since departed for various
railways to keep a lookout for suspicious
After Col. Mnjendi completed his pro
longed and minute scrutiny of the locality
of the explosion in the Parliament build
ing. it was turn**! over to the workmen.
The chief architect is of the opinion that
temporary ref» rs can l e eile« ted w ithin
three weeks, which will place the House
of Commons iu a condition similar to that
in which it was Is-tore the explosion took
The tpu'enS Kc«|ti«'st.
lai.Msix, January 21». —The Queen has
summoned the Controller of the royal
liouschobl to the Osliorne Mous«, the
Queen's residence on the Isle of Wight, to
dcM-rilie to her the nature ami extent of
Saturday's disaster in Londou.
In the council chaml»er of the tower of
Londou w hole cases made of plate glass a
quarter of au inch thick and containing
arinoui were shatter«*! by tlit* force of the
The wall against which the dynamite
was placed is 16 feet thick and the plaster
ing on the op|»osite side wa- shaken to the
tloor leaving the stone work liare.
Taking Precaution*.
Lo.vihix, January 26.—An or«ler was
issued from the Home Office forbidding the
admission of visitor* to Windsor castle. It
has hitherto been an easy matter for any
reputable jK-raon to gain entrance to the
castle after giving his or her name and ad
dress to the officer in charge of the gates.
The State apartments have usually been
thronged by tourists from all countries
«luring three days in each week, upon
which v isitors have been admitted.
Sensational Statement*.
Paris, January 27. — The (HI lila* mak«-s
seus.itloiial statements about the Lomlou
explosions. It declares positively that the
authors of the explosions arc the same men
who made the dynamite attack on London
bridge and Gown street railway station.
The chief orgaui/ers of loth plots, the
{taper assert», have been for a long time
|iast and are now employed in an English
printing otfice in Paris, and until a recent
date lodged iu a secluded quarter iu Paris,
where they manufactured the infernal ma
chines used in their «lialiolical work. AN hen
everything was in readiness tor the perpe
tration of «xintemplated atrocities, says the
Hil Him, picked men who were to lo«lge
and set the machines, departed separately
and by different routes for London, each
carrying one or more of the machines. This
was »ix months ago. The (Hl Bla» says no
one of these conspirators speak* French,
ami no memtier of the entire tniml ever at
tend«*! Anarchist meetings in l'aris.
An American Dclcndmg hi* Country.
LOXDOX, January 23.—An American
traveler, whose name is unknown, was on
the train of the Northwestern railway
going from Iamdon to I.iver|*ool yesterday
afternoon when an excited discussion arose
over America's responsibility for the dyna
inite explosions, and the opinion was freely
expressed that the United States was
greatly to blame for harlionng such men
as O'I Kino van Rossa. The American de
fended bis country in vigorous language,
and was attacked by a crowd ot passen
gers. The American drew a revolver and
kept his assailauts at bay until the train
reached Chester, when he jnmpe«l from
the carriage ami escaped.
Inf« mal .Machine.
ChK'Auo, January 21.—The box fourni
among the stolen good* was a foot long
and six inches deep. Inside of it was a
lot of sawdust {Kicked around a revolver.
The sawdust was saturated with glycerine,
ami a little crank made ot thick wire was i
attached to the outside of the box. There
was still another l*ox twice the size of the
one descrilHsl filled with a dozen packages
of dynamite. Funk has la-eu known as
J. C. Talbert, aud was a student at the
Chicago .Medical College. He contends
that he was experimenting for scientific
purposes only. The detectives, however,
are divided in their views, and contend
that he intended to -ouimit suicide ly f this
method it arrested. A statement was also
made that he was an *c ive socialist, but
this was deuied. A statement is made by
the {Milice that if the machine had ex*
pl«Nle«i it ct-rtainlv would have destroyed
the City Mall huil«rim„ ami occasioned
fright lui loss of life. q
The Chicago Socialists.
C'HU Acai, January 25.—The usual week
ly meeting of socialists was held this after
noon The meeting was presided over by
a colored woman, wife of A. R. Parsons, a
white man.
Saturday's explosion» in Iandon were
the principal theme of discussion, and the
speakers were unusually fierce and blood
thirsty in their advocacy of dynamite. The
iAindon explosions were characterized as a
great advertisement ot the power of the
dynamiters. It was said that it showed
the ability of the Socialists to go into large
crowds in broad daylight and explode
their liomhs with perfect safety.
4 »ne speaker, in reply to an objection to
the use of dynamite as it caused the iftath
of mnoi-ent 'versons, said that the innocent
must sutler with the guilty for the good
of the great body of people. Iu the cans
of the Izmdou explosion the machine was
set off in the House of Ixmls first in order
that the large number of persons in the
House of Commons might have time to es
Another spcakei said that a little hog's
grease an«l a little nitric acid formed a j
very powerful compound, and that teu
cents woith would blow a building to
Several other sjieeche* were made glori
fying over the Izmdon explosions.
Anniversary Celebration.
New Y«»kk, January 26.—The thirty
second anniversary of the Young Men s
Christian Asm« iation was celebrated to
night. Address«-* were made by clergy
men and laymen eminent in the move
ment. The annual reports show a flourish
ing «xmditition of affairs. Many promi
nent and wealthy citizen* were present at
the exercises.
Reception ot the Old Liberty Bell.
Nkw 4»Ki.eax*. January 24*.—AVhen the
train lieanng the liberty bell drew up at
Beauvoir this afternoon Varuna I»avis
Hay*, grandchild of Jefferson Davis, was
lifted to the *•*•!). which -he warmly clasped
and kis.cd. exclaiming. ~G*«d bless the «lear
ol«l bell." The incident was greet«*l with
cheers Mr. Dav i* himself soon drove up.
and Frank Bmcod, U. S. Comoii**u*oer t»f
Kan-.«' and pre-i«feut of the committee ou
greeting him. said: Mi. Davis, on liebalf
ol' the Association of l S Commissioners,
representing tlie different States aad Terri
torits ol our common coumiy, joined by
great common industrie», exteud to you a
cordial im itation u* jfu id es-OTting to
New t irleaii' and to ihe Ex posit n n grounds
the obi !il*erty t*e!l. so generocîly loaned
u* by tlie city of brotherly love.
Mr. Davis responded a* folio vs: I fee!
most deeply complimented by this recep
tion and expression* that accompany it. 1
was sick iu be«l when this notice reach«*!
me an«l I immediately arose when I beanl
that that glorious old l*el 1 wx* at the sta
tion. I thank you ami your associates and
1 tru't that your anticipation ol the harmon
izing tendencies of the journey of the old
bell a< ross the States of the Union, some of
which ha«i sprung into existence w hen its
tones first filled the air. may in every
respect be fully realized. I think.the time
has come w hen reason should be substituted
lor passion, aud when men who have
fought in support of their honest convic
tions should do justice to each other. A our
sacred organ, that gave voice to the proud
est declaration that a handful of men ever
made, when they faced tn" greatest mili
tary power on the glolie, when a handful
of men declared to the world their in
alienable rights and staked their life,
lilierty and prosperity iu defence ot this
declaration, then it was with your clear
tones «hat you sent notice to all who were
willing to live or die for lilierty. and felt
tb-t the day was at hand w hen every pat
riot must do patriots duty. Glorious old
bell. The sons of revoluttonaty soldiers
bow in reverence to you. worn by time
hut increasing in sacred memories. Mr.
President, accept my thanks, which are
heartfelt aud sincerely given.
>rw Orlean« Exposition.
Nkw Orleans, January 2»*. — To-day
was a great day for the Ex|»ositiou. Ex
tensive preparations have lieen mode for
the receptiou of the famous Liberty Bell
Iront Philadelphia. Among others invited
to take {»art in the proceedings was Jeffer
son Ihivis. who met the special train liear
ing the bell at his home. Beauvoir, Miss ,
and ma«lc a briet *{*««-11 there. A large
number of citizens from New Orleans and
Philadelphia also met the train at that
(»oint, and all came together to this city,
where the streets were lined with {>**»ple
for miles. The car l»earing the l*ell having
l»een received on the standard gauge track
at Elysean Fields street ami steamed
aloug the levee alK>ut 4 o'clock, and much
enthusiasm was shown. Salutes were
fired, whistles blown and tlags displayed
on the shipping. It was found ue« essary
to j»ost{»one tlie ceremonies until ANedues
tlay, «..« ing to several unavoidable delays.
The music h*»I was {Kicked with people.
The weather to-day is very tine, and the
attendance large since the opening.
A bill Igitiii't Dynamiter*.
AYashix«.tox, January 24.— In the Sen
ate to-day, Edmunds submitted the bill
directed against manufacturera or handlers
of dynamite or other explosives meant for
the destruction of public or private prop
ty in this country or a foreign country ;
making such manufactuiDg or hamlling. a
Indignation Resolution.
AVa*hix4;tox, January 26.—A resolu
tion was agreed to as follows :
Rt'olctd, That the Senate of the Uuited
States has heard, with indignation and
profound sorrow, of the attempt to de
stroy the bous* of Parliament and other
public buildings in Eomlon. and to im]»eril
the lives of iums-ent and unsuspecting per
sons. and hereby express its horror aud
detestation of such monstrous « rimes against
Onslaught on Tarnell.
Loxnox, January 27.—The Tinte» con
tinues its onslaught ou Parnell with a
stinging article, w hich says of Parnell's
stmlied silence regartling the dyuamite
outrages : It recalls to mind his attempt
to ignore the indictment of the Paruellites
as moral a«-coni pi ices of Pbienix Park as
sassina tiou. It assures th«- Irish agitators
that their »resent policy of murder and
siltm-e will not pay. They never will suc
ceed in «-oercing the House of Commons
into accepting uaked revolution by means
of spoilation.
The A'* ir* thinks it almost an insult to
ask Englishmen to keep their heads in the
face of such outrages, but tears that the
worst has not yet come. It predicts that
"the next etl'oit of the «-owanls will lie an
attack on some infant school.
I ni portant Suit.
Nkw Youk, January 26. —Judge An
drews, iu the supreme court, heard argn
ments on an order to show cause why the
Farmers' Loan and Trust Co. should not
Is; enjoined from certifying or delivering
other or additional )>ou«ls of the Oregon
r.ud California Railway Co. This order
was granted m a suit brought hy the Ore
gon and Transcontinental Co. and a tem
porary injunction remains in tore« in the
On the 'Jtith of May. 1 ** 0 , this railroad
coui|»any delivered to the Farmers' Loan
and Trust Co. a second mortgage. Prior
to August, 1**4, there was issued pursuant
to the terms of the mortgages $2,610,MUD of
bonds. The Oregon and Transcontinental
ia owner of 2,204) of these bonds together
with interest and coupons. This comjiany
alleges that the payment of the «-oupons
has lieen refused and default made in April
last, and in October when demand was
made for the payment of the principal of
these bonds that also was refused. It is
alleged that the railway company has re
quested the Trust Co. to issue and certify
other bonds, and that if this be done the
Transcontinental Co. will lie greatly injur
ed. It is charged that the amount of
mortgage security is insufficient to pay the
present amount of bonds issued and that
thejrailroad company is insolvent or in im
minent danger of insolvency. The Trans
continental Co. claims to be a creditor of
the railway company to the amount of
4445,4)4)4» shares. The court took the papers
and reserved its decision.
No Tiding* ol Stewart.
London, January 27.—A Hong Kong
special says : The otficera there declined
to allow the French nian-ot-war Triumpant
to refit at that port.
Up to 2 o'clock this afternoou the war
otfice received no ftirtber news regarding
Stewart. AVoolsey telegraphs this after
noon from Korti that he expects to
receive news from Stewert either to-night I
or to-morrow. A large < aravan was sent
by AVoolsey yesterday from Korti to Gala
dul wells, and it is to proceed in the di
rect'ou taken by Stewart with all possible
speed. AVoolsey reports that the expedi
tion, which started Saturday from Ham
dab by way of Aberhamed as far as Berber,
under the leadership of Earl, is making
progress and has not lieen disturbed.
( ,,ii Murphv Encountered at a Card
Table btn Man who l»id >«»t Know
a Reward was Od*-r*-d fur
Hi* Capture.
During the early part of the present
month the notorious Con Mnrphy stopped
tw<* «lavs with the Rauls, on the Pipestone,
where he arrived during the intense «-old
weather in the first week in January.
AVhile at Pauls he wanted to trade his jad
ed horse lor another aud offered as l»o«>t
money a rille and one of hi* revolvers in
Mnrphy, of course, was uot known by
his entertainers who kept a saloon at the
crowing of the Pipestone, about two an«l
a halt miles from Major Brooks'at White
While at the saloon enjoying his whisky
and a name of cards, a man by the name
of Blake, who lives down ou White Tail
l»eer Creek, came iu and recognized one of
the players an Con Mnrphy, the escaped
pris«nier from the Lewis and Clarke county
It appears that the recognition lietweeu
Blake and .Murphi was mutual aud a
pltslge was exacted over a glass of whisky
by the lal«er to ' uot give him away." So
the road ag«mt and horse thief was
pcruiitte«l to continue uunmiested his visit
at the saloon until the end of two «lays
from |»ure ignorance on the part of Blake,
who did not know there was a reward
of a t hoc sand dollars offered for the cap
ture of Murphy. After tile prisoner had
started a «Say's journey on his road over
the south range, the man Blake was at
Major Brooke's and relateil the interview he
ha«l with the notorious Murphy, and he
was surprised and chagrined that lie had
let slip through his fingers a miserable
felon aud a clear thousand dollars lieeause
of his not kuowiug a reward was offered
for uim. .Major Brooke immediately
ottered to take the trail with Blake and
overtake the prisoner, but the weather
being veiy cold the proposition was con
snlered impossible.
This is probably one of the most pal
pable cases of a clear loss of money by not
reading the papers that has come to the
notice of the |»eop!e of Montana.
♦ • — - — •
A«lvantage ol Taking Time l*v lit«
The item taken troui a Kansas City
paper w hich states that the Directors of
the Kausas City Board of Tra«le has voted
to atlvauce the price of membership from
*-'»4 si to £1 .<hhi reminds us of the time when
that city was a small town on the Missouri
river, with uot half the preteusious to the
posit iou of a commercial metropolis as
Helena had live years ago. Aud now, with
the prospect of progress aud advancement
so surely guaranteed to the Queen City of
the mountains, there is plainly to lie seen
the wide difference between Helena aud
that eastern city that liorrows its name
l'roin another State then and now. In tlie
one case Kansas City liefore the war
was uo bigger than Helena is now—the one
haviug a population of 53,0041 and the oth
er one of 10,000. Still in one case a mem
bership iu the Board of Trade costs (5oo
to $1,04)0, and the other case only $5.041
It may lie inferred, therefore, that when
Helena has improved for twenty years
more what it will cost to belong to our
local Board at the end of that time.
If the membership of our own Board
should lie increase«! to 200 mem liera
this year, they will all take precedence in
the grand scramMe # that will be maile some
day for mernlM-raliip liefore the fee is rais**l
iu proportion to the increase in p«>pulation
of our city.
Now is the time to catch-on when it only
costs five dollars a year to become a mem
ber of the Helena Boar«! of Tra«le.
Didn't l'n\ Toll.
Bishop Brewer, in au interesting nar
rative of his recent pastoral visit to east
ern Montuna. lias this to tell in the ( hurt li
man of his fellow workman, the Bishop of
Colorado. "Tuesday 1 was sent t«» the sta
tion, Custer, where I s|>,.nt the night at a
little hotel near hy. 1 learned that Bishop
Spaulding, of Colorado, bad recently stopjied
there. How the Bishop of Colorado came
to lie in Montana was at first more than I
i-otild imagine. I knew that a Colorado
Syndicate was reporte«! to lie trying to get
possession of the Crow Reservation as a
range for their st«K-k. But I could not l»e
lieve that Bishop Spnuldiug would take
part in a scheme which would« work in
jury to Moutaua. Aud so I was forced to
adopt the more charitable conclusion that
lie found this the easier way to get home
from one of his missionary journeys into
AVyoming. But I should like him to pay
toll ou his passage hy having a service or
Appointed loan Office.
Ex-Lieutenant L. H. Jerome, formerly of
the Se*-ond Cavalry, who was stationed for
some time in Montana, has received the
the appointment of Collector of Customs
at Corpus Christi. Young Jerome for some
time has bad < harge of the cattle interests
of a New York company in Texas.
Knights and Ladies of Honor.
The charter members of the Knights and
Indies of Honor met at Good Templars'
hall Saturday night and organized a lodge
by C. C. Cochran, of Helena, Depaty Su
preme Protector for Montana Territory,
to lie known as Mount Helena Ix>dge, K.
and L. of H. The following otficera were
elected and installed :
Past Protector—Mrs. Lizzie Berlin.
Protector—W. H. Trowbridge.
A'ice-Protector—Mrs. Mary Waite.
Secretary— S. M. LeRov.
Financial Secretary—Miss Lillian Linn.
Traosurer—Dr. J. M. Blake.
Chaplain—D jit id Berlin.
Guide—Harry B. Dickinson.
Guardian—Mrs. AV. H. Trowbridge.
Sentinel— Dr. I). AV. AVaite.
Medical Examiners— Dre. J. J. Leiser,
AA'in. Steele. Misa M. M. Iiean.
Trustees— C. AV. Fletcher, AA'm. A. Rum
COI \ t y Dît l*ION.
I he «nhjeei Di«cit"''<l bl u 4'«>rre*.
T<> tue of the
There set-m* to 1*- con*i«leruble danger
that the «aluubie time <•: «mi Legislature,
limited as it is, will I**- l.»rue|y frittered
away in deliatiug scheiwe* f«*r cmiWtv «lt
visiou and other nleisure-, ol au eutirely
)«xul nature. There are alwavs grave «>1» e •
jectionsto all *pe< iul legislati««'. but the «di
rions u ruler existing circumstance* to any
and all county-division bills yet brought
forward seem to me sufficiently serious to
warrant the Legislature in refusing to
waste it* time on any of them, and having
them all buried iu eommittee.
The time will undoubtedly «suiie when
nearly all the pri-sent counties will )k- cut
up into smaller ones, or when, at least,
their Iwundaries w ill have to Ik- readjusted.
But Montana is yet iu its formative stage.
Great change* have taken place during the
la*t three years, sufficiently great to give a
color of plausibility to niauy of the scheme*
for county division now being broached.
But is there uot every probttb ty that the
changes «luring the next three years will
lie still greater ? And w ill not llic*e changes
lie apt to turn upside «low u condition* aud
localities, «>u the stability ot which the
present division bills are based? As s«k»u
as business reviv«-* a little, the building of
bran«-!» roa«l* in Montana will undoubtedly
l»egiii, and new ct-nicr* ot trade an«! busi
ness will •*- ••* »!>! Ishcd ; *e«-iioti* now un
<]eveln|ied will «situe to the front ami de
mand recognition, an«! whatever u«»rk is
done by tin* Legislature will have to 1 k
«lone «»«er by future legislatures.
But that i* not the worst feature. At
least some «»I* the comity-division schemes,
ifj losely examined, will Is- loiind t«» origi
nate not *o much with ail the tax-pay
ers interested as with «s-rtain towns, am
bit i«»us to become county seats. Now the
moment the*«- t«»wns s«n-c«*d iu their
schemes, they will want to clinch the nail
by having «-omity buildings erected, and
when it I* found alten» unis that some oth
er town would answer unn-li lietter for a
countv seat under the new con«Iiti«)tis, the
{K-ople find themselves hampered by per
manent investments made where they do
not want them. Another dangerous iullu
etice «|tiietly at work iu favor of some of
these division schemes is that of the
Nothcrn Pacific Railroad. They have towns
to IsKim ami l«»ts to sell, ami they are try
iug to use the {Kopie of Montana to put
money in tlieir pockets, regardless «»l tin
fact that it may Ik- money out of the tax
tKiyers' pockets.
It »» of course useless to argue with tln>se
who arc county divisiouists only front sel
fish considerations, ami it would Ik* well t«i
accept with great caution stat«-ments coin
ing from resilient* of {»r«>{sin «l new c*>uuty
seats, es|K* ially when they pay very light
taxes or no taxes at all. But it must lie
presumed that the me ml »era of the Legis
lature will lie guided by consideration* of
public good ouly, aud 1 tlnuk a little study
of the history ol' our present counties
would make them very cautious alsiut es
tablishing new counties from territory as
yet little developed aud with a sparse pop
ulation. The future prospects may Ik- Mat
tering, the iindevelo|ied >"sources magni
fied : but these are not the things to lie
considered. AVe live iu the present, aud
the questions to Ik* a*ked are uot. what w ill
l»e the circumstances some time iu the fu
ture, but what are the circumstances
now '* Is there property euough iu the
proposed new county to enable it to
pay its way without running into debt tor
curreut ex|*euses? Is the population ol
such a character as to ensure an efficient
and honest government ? Is the movemeut
to the advantage of and favored by a large
majority of the taxpayers interest«*!, or is
it a scheme for the >*-nelit of s«»nie ring or
some corporation v Ij' all these questions
can Ik- answer**l satisfactorily, then the bill
may Ik- worth considering, otherwise uot.
Take, as an examp)«*, the bill for the di
vision ol' Gallatin county. It looks plaus
ible on the face. The mountains divide
Gallatin county int«> two separate sections.
The western is largely «lev<»t«*i to agricul
ture. the eastern to stock raising aud min
ing. The county is a large one. aud w ill
prohuldy, in the future. 1 h- divided into
two «»r more counties. AVhy .shouldn't it
lie «rivaled now? But to those familiar
with the circumstance* the answer is easy.
With only almut a million «biliar* worth
of assessable property the county could
not possibly pay current exjieiises even if
economically administered. Tlie great
bulk of the tax payers outside of Livings
ton aud its immediate surroundings, and
the representatives of the stock and min
mg interests almost to a manure opposed
to Ihe division, showing the whole thing to
be a movemeut in favor of the new county
seat only. Liviogstou is but little more
than au hour's journey hy rail from the
{»resent county-seat, so that the saving in
time and money to attendant« on court, etc.,
would bo inconsiderable. If there is any
considerable development of that part of
Gallatin county soon, it will come through
the mines at Clark's Fork, and that would
benefit not Livingston bat Gardner, which
is much more likely to be the future city
than Livingston.
I am referring to Gallatin county only,
because the bill for the division of that
county is said to have more merit than
most of the other division bills, and if ao,
there is certainly very little merit in any
of them.
The time will come for a general meas
ure, readjusting of the counties of Mon- i
taua and creating new ones, but I believe
the liest policy of our present Legislature
will lie masterly inactivity. Not one of
the proposed new counties will lie found to |
cause a saving to the people affected, and
if the bills should be passed, .t will lie to
nearly all the tax-payera concerned a
jump from the frying-pan into the
tire. K.
The prices paid in the Texas fanning
districts by feedt-ra of three and fonr-year
old steers bas ranged from $25 to $2*
round, with $26 for a good average. Com
is woith 35 cents per bushel, aud the ques
tion is being solved whether it will pay
liest lor its transformation into pork or
beef. i
Chi KP Lv.jxkkk Mei.vim.k, of Aretic
lame, î* priqeiNin^ another polar ex{K*!iti«»u
which ne j h ••mi*»-«« shall Ik* the liua! ;i!i«i
successful uue, a;nl which be (••.»•«'•se-« t •
paint an ''entirely sate au«l l'<-;«*a »•!«• one."
If there were any possible use that t he in
itial discovery ami visitation of the N«»rth
Pole could l«e to the discoverer or the
world, alter :hey had lieen iKs-oiupludied.
then would Ik- force in the suggestion that
the new attempt should be made, "Iks lore
the know'ltslge bom of experience ex
pire- It ought not to lie very difficult to
lind monied men willing t»» pay vh».'hhi, or
$130 ,h»h». to have their name* written
across the Polar continent. AVe have Amer
ican girls w illing to give tln-ir fortunes and
themselves, too, tor an empty title ami an
empty headed noodle «»r {mum! le attached to
it, which is certainly a g»nHt «leal less than
having ones name painted on the ice-liergea
or snow-drifts of the Niirth. But there is
another side to the «-ase ami if men have
gcssl sense au«l the "'(tiowlislge born of ex
perience" it **rikes us that no sane person
would ever start out again on such a wild
goose «-ha.se. AVe «!«» not so lunch ruiml th«*
loss of those whose hea«l is full of this in
sane delusion a* the knowledge that «»ne
expedition alter anothe.- will I*- sent <»ut
to hear the fate of the preceding one iii al
most «-miles* succession till scores of heroic
lives are lost and hundred* of thousands of
«lollars sqtiamlered AVe are not sure but
it will yet lM*-oti»e necessary to legislate on
this subject and treat this Arctic tuauia
as a species of insanity with a suicidal ten
demv. F«»r <»ur part we would not give
live cents to have our name paiuted all
•jvet the Arctic continent as numerously as
S—T—1 Nit » — X udorusthe most promiuent
and secluded {teaks of our own country,
w hu b ha* *{K»ts of climate col«! « nough tor
us,nor w«»nl«l we give any more for a <leed
iu l»-e-siiii{tl«- of th«- North or South Pole,
or 1k»«Ii together, certainly we would never
want seizin nor would we lie willing to pay
the poll-tax.
N KHBASKA is tryiug an experiment ol
high liceris«- that is likely to attra« t much
attention, an»! may have no small milli
ème upon public opinion el*ew here on the
l:«|ii«»r question. It charge* a litt-use fee of
$."H«t or $1 .<»»!, mccoidiug r» the size of th«*
town, and the sifting out of the «lealers
which this has <M<-asione«l is sai«l t<* have
l»lu»ssl the iHisincss into ls-tter baud*, and
to have »l«*-re:ise»l drunkenm-ss to such an
extent that many prohibitionist* are de
claring themselves satisti«*! with the n«-vv
law . This conclusion may. of course, have
Is-eii too hastily reached, but the cx{»eri
im nt at least deserve»honest and thorough
trial by friemls and toes. The <j nest ion is
uu eminently practical one, an I certainly
of too far-reaching importance to lie judged
hy sentiment ou tlie one hum! or prejudice
on the other.
\Vk are very much inclined to sympa
thise with the people of Arir-ma in their
ambition to ac«|tiire enough of Sonora to
give them a deep water port on the Gulf
of California. AVe do not know how the
pr«>|Mj*»ition will lie regarded by oar sister
republic, but it seems t«i us that no offunse
»■«>ii lil l«e taken by a pro|io*irion to pay a
fair price for enough territory to satisfy
this reasonable ambition on the patt of the
people of Arizona. It strikes us that
Mexico might l»e advautaired every way
l»y selling to u* enough of the vacant or
thinly settled north to get the means to
pay off their foreign «lebt, and then they
could have all their revenues to prosecute
internal development of their remaining
territory to good purpose.
There will l»e an effort made to induce
our legislature to suppress gambling in
stead uf licensing it, with what effect we
can hardly say. The gambling habit is
very general in Montana aud the iui|>o*i
tion of a license tux ha* some effect to l»-s
seu the tiiiinlier of such cHtablislimeuts.
We {»refer a heavy license to «hung noth
ing and if there was any way to suppress
gambling altogether it would Ik- one of the
gn-atest Imkius to Montana in the world. It
I* one of the most ifestrnctive, demoraliz
ing habits that auy man can fall into It
makes ami keep* untiilreds ol hard-work
ing men {»sir mid ruin* many a gotsl busi
ness man.
The Hall Mall G'lzHIr seems to show
more good sense and ta-;te in its eotunients
than most of the English papers. The
danger iKssunes no greater by allowing full
latitude to wild talk *o long as it goes uo
farther. It is comparatively harmless
when it is allowisl expression. It tends to
draw forth public opiuiou and consolidate
it lor what i* right and reasonable. Social
treason that burrows only iu cellars aud
dens of rice gathers new venom and spreads
it more w idely for being refused oppor
tunity to exhale and meet rebuke.
AVk have »een uothiug iu the conduct of
the Dakota legislature to justify the false
assert mu of Senator Vest that the popula
tion of the Territory did not support their
claim to admission as a State and repre
sentation ia Congress. Scene» that hare
transpired in the legislature of Illinois
within a week past double dimount auy
improprieties of the Dakota legislature.
And the quarrels arising orer the removal
of county seats coaid be paralleled in every
western «State.
Ok Jonathan Chase, successor to Anthony
as Senator from Rhode Island, it is »aid
that he is a full-blooded Quaker and a
worthy representative of a »State founded
by Roger Williams. He never votes on an
appropriation fur the army or navy and
refused to appoint a cadet for West Point
or Annapolis. He is a large cotton manu
facturer, and was an intimate personal
friend of the late Senator Anthony, h;
whose friends he was eltjpted to the vacan«
seat. _
It is said the Oklahoma boomers will
tight. This was perhaps intended to scare
the United «States, bnt we donht if it may
not have the opposite effect. Army «»fficera
and men, whose business it is to fight will :
hardly be deterred from doing any dnty
from fear of a fight, but will rather lie dis
posed to give the liooruera every facility to I
carry oat their threat*.
A ».K.tXt'sox <»f the poet Th oints Camp
l»ell i* in j .til at Parkersburg. West A'ir
ginia. J«»r stealing chickeu*. He tell* the
Phi» f of Police the *tcry of hi» life It is
a — .««1 and « hcckere»! «»tie He came to this
country when four years «»Id an«l served
four y«-.«r* in the 1331 Pennsylvania regi
ment. receiving live ballet wound*. After
the w.ir he went to Earo|K* t«> complete
his e<l i«-ati«in au»l gra«luate<! f«v.iu the Uni
versity ot Paris, taking a medical course
subsequently at Berlin. Me returned to
this «xnintry ami engaged iu th* «ring busi
ness at Zanesville, Ohio, and lo*t every
thing iu the fioods of a y»ar ago. Pe«luc
ed to {stverty anil distress lie eugaged with
a partner in the poultry bn*me*» and as he
say* hi* partner lost sente chickens ami
took some that didn't belong to him to
make good the loss which 4 atiipla-ll sold,
with the result that he 1 * now in jail for it.
It is a sad <a*e if tine ati«l the admirers of
Campbell ought to help the poor lellow out
of trouble and give him a start for a »»et
ter career.
Sl'KKli. of Kentucky, who was Attoiuey
tleneral under Johnson, writes to Senator
Maxey a letter <*>: gr.itulatiug hitn on the
noble stand he to«*k ou the bill to restore
aud retire General Grant uml relut« s an in
cident that came under in* knowledge in
the case of <«cner.i! Bradley Johnson, w ho
was arrested and imprisoned iu Baltimore.
He bail a parole from Grant aud from pris
on wrote him ene-losing hi* parole. Grant
at once wrote to the President demanding
his discharge ami he insisted that it sh<»u2«l
Ik* restK-« te»l as it had l**en understood be
tween himself and lu-e. Johnson was re
lea*««l and {«ardoued at once ami no others
with Grant's {»arole were arrested. The
Southern iueml»ers of the House camiot do
themselves or iheir section Ik-ii» r cre«lit or
service than in supHirting the bill past*e»l
by th«* Senate.
Fl;«*>i the accounts of Geu. Stewart's
tight* with the Mahdis forces that till the
English paper* there is some cause for anx
iety. If all the Arabs are as brave as those
who j>enetrate«l the British square, unap
paled by the slaughter arouml them, and
fought hand to ham!, >(»ear to satier, it is
easy enough to see that even a few more
auc«-«*»sful fights vvouhl re«riice the British
force to ex'reiuitie*. Burnaby was killed
by a >{»ear thrust through the ueck, ami
with hi* death gnp ou the throat of the
Arab that kille»! him the two fell together.
It is sai«l that many of the Aral»» have ri
fles aud know how t«» use them effectively.
The break in the British square is charged
to the camels made wild by wounds. It is
*ai<!, t«*>, that many Arabs su |>po-«-d to be
dead got up ami run off wbeu the troops
moved, it is anything but a pleasure ex
cursion ami may eml in x «lisaxter.
Bishop AVm. Taylor, of the Methodist
church, is a missionary of the «St. Paul
s«-boo!. He refuses to be aided hy the
Missionary Society. He has seen service
in South Africa, ami has recruited forty
young men to returu with him. They in
tern! to support themselves, unless the
natives among whom aud lor whom they
lalior voluntarily give them support, it is
Bishop Taylor's idea that the natives are
to lie civilized a* well a» Christianized,
and that it in a *ul**tantial part of Cbris
tianiz.ition to make men and women in
dustrious, temperate, and moral, even
though not nominal «-ouverts and church
nemhera. There i» plenty of faith ami
, some haul seu*e iu Bish >p Tayloi s plan,
and we shall watch the success of his mis
sion with great interest.
St. Lotis (Bate-lit mat rat: If Mr. St.
Joliu was not a party to the negotiations
carried «»n by Mr. Legate, his l»o*oni friend
ami fellow-relormer, thm lie i* surely the
victim of a most peculiar and sinister
chain of ciiruuuUnc«-* : lor every thing that
was promised on his behalf.by Legate
while the dicker «va» pemling was prompt
ly «-«rued out up in the moment when
the Republd-an Committee lioally declined
to juy him anything, l'heu it vv.i- that
lie hastened to New Yolk and entered the
canvass there a* tin? open ami vindictive
ally of the Democracy. The i»ifereu«*e is
irresistible that while he preferred to sell
to the Republicans he io^t no tune iu « los
ing a contract with the D- ino«-rats when
the Republicans refused to buy.
li was expected that there would lie
many aud very « lose contests iu the elec
tion of Senators this year, but so far the
country has lieen pleasantly surprised at
the ea*e and rapidity of these elections.
It was thought that there would Ik* a ioDg
and bittei light in Colorado, but Teller
was chosen on the first ballot, January
21st, by a vote of 54) to 24» for Snllivau, his
Democrat:« 1 opponent. It can hardly fail
to lie a hot fight for the Senat oralnp iu
Illinois, where the situation is narrowed
down to Logan against Morrison.
Postmaster General Hattos has
sent to the chairman of the House Com
mittee ou Postoffices the draft of a bill to
reduce postage on newspapers from pub
lishing houses from two cents to one cent
per pound. Newspaper publishers think
there is no good ground for carrying news
papers free in the county where publishetl
and charging outside. This is the au at
tempt to bridge the chasm part way. The
great argument of the newspapers is that
they are educators of the people, and taxes
on intelligence are impolitic out! unjust.
The surrender of the lioomera follow««!
very spe«*lily after the annonm-ement that
they would fight. It was a silly attempt
to play a game at bluff, but with no chance
to win. AVe have a small army, over
which the world makes sport, ami vve
sometimes fall into their way of speaking
slightingly of it, but small a* it is, there is
not a regiment or company and scarce an
officer of any rank that would hesitate to
obey- orders, no matter how difficult the
undertaking or how great the odds. Nn
other thing, "a barking dog seldom bites,"
ami from the time it was given o»it that
tlie lioomera would fight, we knew they
would not.

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