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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, March 26, 1885, Image 1

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flirnrniiiiH |[|jr~ ~i
Volume xix.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, March 26, 1885.
No. 19
<TI|f 111 celt lit ^jcralil.
* l FISK D V FISK. A j FISK,
Pu1>li*htrn und Proprietor».
I*,:-::; Circulation of any Paper in Xcntana
——O--
Rate* of Subscription.
WEEKLY "ifERALD:
1 ^ . ir ill n«l«MWee ........ >| OU
v » M..11It. -, in udvaiic«).............................. 2 in
. Mmitli«. in ml vane«"..... ....... | i«i
i m '■ 1 11. afivaBSS tin- rule will l„
{' I > li«r« I« r y«*»rl
l'i»U 8 *, in ali «•»»♦•*, Prepaiil.
DA II. Y HERALD:
1 ~.r.~< i!l**r».«lebv«*re*lbjrcwrrier.SI-Viamonth
<1 Vi-.ir l>v mail, in ailvimri .. . 112 00
S . .Montlia. Oy mail, in atlvancr 1 ......... »> ill
, . tlontiii, liy mail, m ailvancv .......... 3 m
•a t . - oniniunn-Htiom» »I1011M ta* »'!<!r<*»»«-<l to
l ; ISK MHOS., t'uhliiihrn,
Hvlvna, Montana.
IHO M IIOOM'M.LOU S.
•hit tin- hill nml valley.
Iiruwn hy tin- Kti-iiin lior-«- » |M»w«r.
1 In* iailio.nl kiiiK I-* •imiiIiiik
l iny mil«-» an hour!
Ilr nouille In« «vi-ultli liy million».
Ity t ho» «and» count» hi» men ;
I* r ten thou»au<t mile« of Kh-aniioK rail»
H*- wave» Ilia **-«|>tr<- |»en.
I'll«- «lianion«le of the cnai mine».
WliiTt toil th>- minera Krim
\n«1 the truld of tin- waving noriiliehl»
Pay irtoiit. unto liim.
1 Cut t«ale ami worn I» the ninnamh ;
I'ntn-edinK t» the eye
Ib-torr wlinli the »tnllillK country
to»« ttitti dk ami whirluiK hy.
tint he »*•«•« hut iloe» not notii-e
I he former rein old Gray
\t the cmaainic. 1° let the »jiceiitl |»m,
«|a» >lnit; it|»>n it» way.
»talwart and M rone ia Fanner .lohn.
And hrnn/i-d with »un ami weath«-r.
' Ma. wife, h«- laugh«, "you'd never think
Mr ami I were hova together!
M--. that »hadow, ailent and »ly.
No l>i|ric<-r than uivarm,
W<- ow n« a hundred million«, ami I
It»««* only you ami the farm '
Mut. I .onI. who ever would . halite with him'
1'iarr fellow. In* never ««-ea
< »nr ujiLaud ineolow of clover red,
ihn blossoming a|>j>lc tre«-«
* Me only hear« the vlaiiKW>K w heel«
And the eiiKine a whistle »hrill;
t >uva an- the hiiininltiu of the U-«*»
And the wild bird'a Summer trill.
\nd while in tin- dual y town he toil»
At a toil that ne'er ia <ione,
I -w ini; my -» y the l«> a merry «on*
In the elu-ery w ind and aim
" Vmi we »hall In- jottkiuK la-liiml old t.ray
When in <-arth hi» tamea ahull lie,
Imw Ionic do the«- meailow» keep the aotilMl
< *f hia »w ilt train roarinic hy
HON \I« S.
The aiui|>le lesson* w hich tlie ui:r«ery tauicht
t i ll »oft ami «tainlra» otl the hmla of thoU|(ht.
\nd the full hloaiMim owe« it.« fairest hue
To thimr «wot teardrop«* «>f affect iou'a «lew.
—Oliver Wendell holme».
I'or the treaaurea of pn-cioua worth.
We n.-.iat |>atieiitly due and Jive;
For the plaee» we Ionic to fill,
We uiu«t push, and »tringle, and drive;
And alway» and every where
We ll find in our onward eourae.
Thorn» for the feet, ami trial.» to meet.
And a diftieult river to er**a».
—Joaephine Pollard.
Ile I« tl«- (creat«-»t artiat. then,
Wheth *r of jienc.l or of pen.
Who follow« nature. Never man
\« artiat oT a* artinan,
l'ur»uinic hi» own fanta»ie*.
t an touch tin- human heart or pint.»«'.
I ir »atf«fy our noble n*-«-da.
— l.onicfelUiW.
Word» of praise were all t«i aeek '
Fa«-«; of Voll ami form of you,
l>id they flint the praiae ««i weak
When my lip» ju»t touch«-*l your «heck—
Touch which let my «oui eotuc throuich ?
— Browning
JikIic«- none lo»l hut wail ami *ee
\\ it:■ bopetel pity nor <li-lain;
The death of tl|e ally»» may be
Th<- in«-a«un- *»f the hncht of pain.
Ami love and glory that may raise
Tld« «oui to Go«l in affer «lay«.
Atlelaide l*roct«»r.
No life
Fan I«- pure in it« piiri»»««- am! «trunk *n it»strife
mil all lif«- not la- pur«T ami stronger thereby.
—Owen Meredith.
H m il UOLOKOflA.
He«-an«4> of till«- «h-ar infant In-ad
With golden hair
To ow all little h«-a«l»
A halo wear ;
\nd for one »vintly fiw-e I knew
All 1*1*-' are fair.
H«*«-au»e of two will«*, furiint e
Of heavenly blue
Whi<-h l«M«k««l with yenrnltiK gaz*
My »ad m « ul Oirongh,
All eyea now till mine own with tear»
Whale'«-re their hue.
Because of little death-narked lip»
* Which once did call
My name in plaintive tone«,
Sio voie«-» fall
I tion my ear in vain ap|a*al
From cbildr«*n »mall.
Two litth* hand» hehl it- my own,
IxaiK- Ion* "SC«
Now caum- me a» I wamler through
Tlii» wot Id of woe.
To cla»p each lathy hand stretehed out
In fear of foe.
The lowest cannot plead in vain,
I love«l hint so.
KOI K MEN 8 EXCUSES.
Said .loue» "I hardly eter rule.
For crowded car» I can t abide.
An«l < arrtage» I «ki dt-»pise—
I aiu fond of exercise.'
' I bruin m>' lunch, »aid Smith elate,
"For noisy restaurant» I hate.
Bc»id«w I d spoil my appetite
Fordinner when I'm home at night.'
Said Brown : "I'm tou»ch ; I never wear
An ovrrriwt. 1 do declare
1 do not feel the cold like thoar
Half froeea chap» weighed down with clothe* '
I never touch «igars. Green spoke;
I lu V re made of stuff Unfit to »moke ;
For bealthftilnee» aiul mm fort ripe
One me my fragrant brier pipe.
And »o we all apologise
And maki esetiae»— mostly lie»—
Me>wuse w. «lare not »ay wltl sens«
We go without to «ave expert**-.
|||KATHLEEN*> «UGCiEfiTION.
I*at Keilly was taking a rW*
On an elegant suiunier's luornhik.
And Kathleen sat flow by his »hie.
Bright smiles her fare ndorning.
And «he looked so tidy and neat.
Her figure so plump and trim.
No girlliaJf so pretty and sweet
llad eveT appeared to him.
Said Pat : "Your ey«*a are *o blur.
And your lip» »»> temptingly re«l.
They're the pur'.iest I ever knew.
Amt liehing to th« - «-olleen I«* *'*■
■ th. dartin', if it waau't this Imclr.
That's pullin tuy poor arms apart.
Th. y would tindsrty »liteal round your waist
And yourself l«e pr«-«sed to my heart.
F->r my love'» that p«iwerftil. ind«-ed.
Without you I ■ annul survive.''
Then Kathleen blushed ami mM :
'Mr. iteilly, perhap« I could drive!
|
i itr Nnioke lor Diphthei ia.
From the New York Sun. !
Luth L<m kvMHMl, the uiue year-old t-hiltl
ot 1 humus I.iH-kwtMMi. fo-eatn« violently til
with diphtheria. She w;w »o weak that
it Wit» deemed dangerous to try tracheoto
my, or cutting open the wind-pipe. <»n
Thursday. Dr. Nicholas, who wa» attend
ing her received a copy Ot the Paris /Vyuro,
which «-ontainetl a report tuade to the
I reitch Academy of Medicine hy Dr.
lielthil. Dr. Ilelthil saitl that the vajKirs
ol liquid taraud turjM-ntui«- would dissolve
the tihriiiousexudations which choak up
the throat tu croupe anti diphtheria. "The
patient. Dr. lielthil »ays, ''immediately
seems to experience relief: the choakitiK
ami rattle stop: the patient tails into a
slumber and seems to inhale the smoke
with pleasure. The hhrinons memhratn
soon liecomes detached, and the patient
coujjhs up microhicides. These, when
caught in a glass may lie seen to dissolve
in the smoke. In the course of three days
afterward the i>atient entirely' recovers.
Dr. Nicholas trietl this treatment yesterday
with little Ruth Ixx-kwood. She was
lying gasping for breath when he visited
her. First pouring aliout two tablespoons
tul of liquidth-d tar on a hot iron pan. he
then poured as much turpentine over it
and set it on lire. The rich resinous smoke
which rose to the ceiling was hy no means
unpleu«ant. As it lilled the room the
child's breathing tiecame nat ral and a»
the smoke tiecame dense she fell asleep.
[The after treatment, w hich is not des
crilietl in the atiove extract, is as follows:
"The throat of the child is then washed
w ith coaltar ami lime water. These fumi
gations instantly destroy all kinds of
pavasitil insects ami microcosms anti are
excellent disinfectants, l uder this method
healthy children and others have approach
ed the sick lied w ithout the slightest dan
ger of contracting the terrible disease.
This treatment, sosimpieaml so marvelous,
is thus at once l»ith atisolute remedy an«! a
• preciou* preventive.—E oStanpakh.]

Do 1 our Dutt.
New Haven News.]
"I'll never forget the first time that I
saw (ieneial tirant," saitl William Ransom
recently to a number of men in the foot
guards' equipment room. "1 was tirst ser
geant in Compati v C of the Seventh Con
necticut Volunteers, commanded by tieu
eral Hawley. At that time we were lying
lie for« ■ Richmond. Ihty after day we hail
nothing to do but lie aliout the camp. On
this never-forgot ton day that 1 refer to I
was sergeant of the guard, a detail of eight
men being under my charge. Some of the
lioys hud swapped papers with the relis,
whose picket-line was not far from ours,
and had given me the Richmond (iozetli.
I leaned my musket against the trunk of
a tree and. sitting on the ground, braced
my back against the tree and read. It was
not long liefore 1 tiecame intereste«] in a j
story and forgot about picket-duty, and
even the war. Suddenly 1 heard the tramp
of a s< t nadron of cavalry, and looking up
saw a numlier of horsemi-n approachiug.
I saw that some of my men were engaged
with some of the .Tunnies in a game of
poker. The officers did not stop, hot
quietly ro«le past, not without looking at
me in a peculiar rnauuei. Soon alter a
single horseman rode up. He had on a
slouch hat. on old blouse, and hia breeches
were stuck in a pair of big boots.
"Riding up to me, he said : 'Sergeant,
what are your men doiug here
'* 'On picket duty,' I replied.
" 'Where are your men ? '
'''Oh. over there playing poker,' I said, i
maiding my head in their direction.
"I thought that he was a correspondent
for some jiaper and answered him saucily.
Asking my name, regiment, and company
he rode away. 1 Hung a parting shot at
him as he did so. asking him il he was
uot inquisitive. When we were relievwl I
was called to the captain's quarters, where
1 was informed that General Grant bad
preterm! charges against me. It was he
to whom I had lieeu impudent. When the
captain told me that I was under arrest,
liable to lie shot, 1 felt like sinking in the
ground. A court-mart'-tl was held and 1
was sentenced to be shot at sunrise. In the
few hours that 1 was in the guard-hous*
I seetnetl to live over my life again.
Through the efforts of General Hawley the
sentence was not « arrieil into tffei t. 1 was
disrated, however, and for three days
carried a knapsack tille«! with sand about
the camp. When General tirant visited
this city I «alle«l upon him. He retxigniz
e«l me, and as I left he said : 'Always do
your duty.'"—
M hv He Lett the Pulpit.
Fiom th«- Wall street News.]
4 1 hear you are without a preacher over
in your <oogregation?"
"YesJ: he left two weeks ago.' 4
"Had a call at a higher salary I pre
sume ? "
"Not as 1 know of."
"Health failed him, perhaps?"
"No ; bis health seemed to lie good."
"Congregation didn't like his preaching,
then ? "
"Yes ; they seemed to.' 4
"Well, then, he mtignetl ? 44
"No; not exactly. Fact was, he un
loaded a lot of railroad stock on us at 74,
and the - brink age together with some
talk about tar and feathers, took him out
just as the stock touche«! .Vi.
The Cattle Syndicate.
Washington, March 18.— The Okla
homa question is being further considered
by the administration, and tien. Weaver
and Hon. Sidney Clarke, representing the
settlers, are here earnestly urging imme
diate action. It is probable that a conclu
sion will lie reache«! in a very short time,
possibly to-morrow, as the situation in
Southern Kansas is considéré«! critical.
Information received here to-night shows
that the settlers are very much exs per
ate«l liecause the cattlemen claim that the
action of the gov ernment leaves them in
exclusive possession. The Oklahoma and
Indian Territory representatives of the
the settlers here understand that pro
clamation requires the removal of all
cattle syndicates.
Birthday Preseat.
BKKI.IX, March 18 —The principal gift
of the Emperor to Bismarck on the occa
sion of the latter's 71st birth<lay, on the 1st
of April, will lie a copy of Von enter's
famous historical picture, entitled the
" Proclamation of the German Emperor at
Versailles." The original was presented to
the Kaiser by all the reigning sovereigns
in Germany at the time of its unification.
K All.» KY >1 All. SKKMC E.
The KIHcienry ol the N>»tent mid the
Fniupetenc) ol the Clerk*.
The Postai as'er- General, in his annual
report, has the fothiwiug to say concerning
the Railway Service:
All railway )io»tul clerks are appointed
for a probationary jiermd of six mouths,
during which time their fitness and capart
ly for the service are tested. They are ex
amined monthly as to their knowledge of
the postal laws aud regulations, as well as
the practical workings of their office. If,
at the expiration of the probat ionary jieriod,
they have proven themselves competent,
th*-y are given appointment at t-lass tine.
After an apjiointment at class one, all
clerks are promoted, according to merit,
when vacancies occur. It usually takes a
clerk several years to w«irk his way up to
class live, which is the highest grade. The
clerks of this class are in charge of an
office in a car which is known as a railway
post otfi«*e. and usually have several clerks
under their dire«*tiou. There are at the
present time aliout UM«» clerks in the
Railway Mail Service many of them hav
ing l»een so employe«! a great numlier of
years. In the very nature of the ease, the
places of tbes«* skilled clerks, who have
made their work s life study, cannot be
t Iletl with new app«»intees without great
detriment to the servic-e.
As experienced clerks are alisolntely in
dis|iensthle to an efficient serv ice, it could
not do other than work contusion anti tie
lav to the whole mail system of the coun
try, if the present force should lie set aside
anti new and inexperien<-e«l men put in
their places. About thirty per cent, of all
clerks appointed tail to para satisfactory
examinations and are retiml. It will thus
lie Hwn that a far greater numlier of clerks
have li«'en apptiinted than are now in the
service, but by the sifting process the de
partment has secured the most active and
efficient clerks.
During the past twelve years not a -ingle
clerk has lieeu removed without goo«l
cause, aiul that cause has lieeu im-ornpcten
oy, intempérance, or neglect of duty. By
such means the clerks have, in gn at m«*A»
ure, telt secure in their tenure, aud have
devote«! themselves with all enetgy to the
liest interests of the service.
For years promotions have been made
on merit alone. All the officers have
worked their way from the lowest grade to
their present positions, so that each anil
every man holds his situation by reason of
his competency and thorough knowledge
of the service.
The Train Agent*» Pré».
I Merchant Traveler.!
He was a gentlemanly looking fellow,
dressed tn elegant taste, ami a* he knock
et! at the Superintendent's ofik-e door, no
one would have suspecte«! he was a mau
looking for a job.
"Good morning, "said the Superintendent
politely, as he came in.
"Good morning," replie«! the visitor. "I
am in search «if a position a» conductor ou
your road. 4
"Well, we want a man aliout your size. 44
"What is the pay ? "
"One httndml dollars a month."
"That's fair enough. 1 was paid that tor
five years I was with the New York C'en
tml
"You look like a good man. Got any
references ? "
"No, bir. I'm sorry t«» say I'm a stranger
in Cincinnati. "
"No references? That's unfortunate.
Have you got anything to show that von
know the duties of the p«»stiou you seek ? 44
"Oh, yes. 4 plenty. There's a house and
lot in Hoboken where my wile lives,
which I paid $vîü.«mMi tor: then there's a
farm up in t »range County that coet me
ÿl'J.ôOü ; some liank stock, a few V. S.
bonds, a towu lot in Jersey City, a—"
"That's quite enough," interrupte«! the
Superintendent, "I see you know your
business. Just call around this afternoon
and I'll see what I can do lor you. I
always like to help a man who tan make
an ordinary salary meet all his wants. 4 '
I'hp C «»-Operative I'liui.
An Ohio manufacturer, who started in
business a year ago, called his employes
at . «und him, and said :
"Now, lioys, this is a young husiuuK, and
I can't {»ay big wages at the start. How
ever, I mean to do the right thing by you.
we ll work together, like. Whatever sum
is left over at the end of the year, after
making allowances for my interest, wear
ami tear and services, shall lie divided
pro rain.
The year being tip the other day, the
employes gatbeml to hear a statement
read.
"Boys, 1 am happy to inform you, 44 began
the boss, "that there was ÿtîUO left over to
lie divide«! among you, according to the
old scheme—
"Hear, hear ! "
"But griet compels me to add that, 1 had
to embezzle the sum named to buy dia
monds for my wife, so that nothing is left,
i^t us make a reduction in wages and
start anew ! "
Nome New Proverb*.
We are assured on an authority that
should be a good one that the following
ate new proverb« : A white lie often told
makes a black story. It's a poor musician
who can't blow his own trumpet. He
who would eat the egg must first break the
shell. Every back has its pack. The man
who wishes to continue tielieving in his
friends should never put them to the
proof. Look alter your wife ; never mind
yourself, she'll look after you. The want
of money^is the root of much evil. Egotism
is an alphabet with one lett:-*.-. If you'd
know a man s character, follow him home.
Men love women : women love men. The
surest road tc honor is to deserve it. Only
whisper scandal an«l its echo is heard by
all. It's not the clock with the loudest
tick that goes the best. Home is the
rainbow of life. Don't complain of the
baker until you have tasted his bread.
They who live in a worry invite death to
hurry.
The Nicht Would Slip Bv.
She was going on a journey and along
light's ride was liefere her.
"Oh dear." she sighed, as the husband
bade her goo«l-by on the sleeping-car.
"this night taravel is so te«lious. and the
hours are so long.
"Don't be discouraged. 44 he said. "You
are on a fast train and the night will
slip by very rapidly."
THE I VlllEK lit III* KM MIO.
How He I.«»«iked to < ontemporury
Eye». Ill» l*er»ounl Appear
ance An«l Peculiarities.
1'erhaps tiie most graphie tles«-riptiou ol
N\ asbitiglon now extant is that coutuiued
in a letter in the posses»inn ol Beujamiu
H. Ackeraoo, of Raleigh, N. C., w ritten by
David Ackeraon, tu the year 1811, to hts
son William, then living in Laurens dis
trict, S. C. David Ackemon, the writer,
lived lot many yeats Lear Alexandria, awl
was captain ol a cotupa.iy u a continental
regiment during the revolutionary war.
He was intimately uc«iiiaint«*d w ith Wash
ington. This part of the letter, giving a
{»ersonal tliscnption ol Washington, was
w ritten at the retjiiest of bis son, who hail
a curiosity to kn«»w how the Father of his
Country looketl. It was as loi lows :
"In the first pla«-e, you should know that
Washington was not what the ladies
call a pretty man. It seems that tale has
destin« d handsome men for *>ther purp«>ses
than heroic emleavor. But in military
costume he was a splendid figure, such as
would impress the meidoiy ever after
wards. The first time 1 was ever brought
iu coûtait with the great hero was three
days liefere the crossing of the llelaware,
as I have relat*sl to you liefore. It was
under the most unfavorable circumstances,
as the weather was bitterly cold, anti a
fierce wind was blowing. Washington
had a large, thick nose' ami it w as very red
that day, giving me the impression that
he was uot so moderate in his use ol Ii«|tn»r as
he was sup]ioscd to lie. I found afterwards
that this was a peculiarity. His nose was
apt to turn scarlet in a cold wind. He
was stamling neat a small camp tire, evi
dently bist in thought, amt making no
efiort to keep warm. He seemed six feet
and a-half high, ami was as t*rect as an
Indian, anil tlul not lor a moment relax
from a military attitude. Washington's
exact height was six feet two inches in hts
hoots. He was then a little lame trout
striking his knee against a tree. His eye
was so gray that it looketl almost white,
aud he had a troubled look on his colorless
lac«-, lit* hatl a piece of wtsilen tied around
hts throat, ami was «juit« hoarse. Perhaps
the throat trouble iront which he dteil
had its orign aliout that time.
SIZK AXIisTKKMiTH.
"Washington's lioots were enormous.
They were No. U. His ordinary walking
shoeswereNo.il. His hands were large
in proportion, and he rould uot buy a
glove to lit h m. aud bail t«» have fits gloves
made to order. His mouth was his strong
feature, the lips lietng always tightly com
pressed. That day they were compressed
so tightly as to lie {lamtul to look at. At
that time he wetghe«! JlMl pounds, ami
there was no surplus flesh aliout him. He
was tremeudously mus« led. and the fame
of his great strength was every where. His
huge tent when w rappe«! up with the
poles was so heavy that it required two
meu to plats* it in the camp wagou. Wasb
ingfou i*ouM lilt it with one hand, ami
throw it tut«» the wagon as easily a* if it
were a pair of saildle-bags. He
could hold a musket with one hantl
anil shoot with precision as easily
as other men tlul with a horse-pistol.
Hts lungs were lit* weak {»»tnt and there
he was never strong, lfe was at that turn
in the prime of life. Ills hair was a chest
nut brown, his cheeks wiere prominent anil
hts head was not large, ht «suit rast toevery
other part ol ins Issly, frhn hseeimd large
ami l»*uy at all points. His linger joints
ami wrists were so largt- as to lie genuine
curiosities. As to hts habits at that pertoil
I fourni out much that might tie interest
ing
APPETITE AX|» HABITS.
"He was an euoriuotps eater, but was
content with bread aud blitter, if he ismld
get plenty of it. But hunger seenteil to
put hint in a rage. It was his custom to
take a drink of rum or whisky mi awaken
ing in the morning. Of course, all this
changed when he grew old. I saw him at
Alexandria a year liefere he died. Hts
hair was very gray, and his Ibrnt was
slightly bent. His «best was very thin.
He hati false teeth, which dill not fit, anti
pushed his under lip outward. I lielieve
he drank much more in «»Id age. He had
whisky in the morning, anil at ilinner two
I Kittles of Madeira wine. He was a great
lover of tine wines aud fine horses."
Satislactorv Arrangement*.
8t. Lot is, March IB.—The grievance
committe of the ItxsMnotive engineers of
the Missouri Pacific Railroad, who have
been in sesstou here since Tuesday, had a
conference with Vice President Hoxie this
afternoon, during which they presented a
written statement of their grievances. Mr.
Fitzgerald, chairman of the committee,
stated to-night that M*. Hoxie had prom
tsed to give the mat|er speedy consider
ation and he had no doubt hut that their
troubles wouhl be satisfactorily arranged
in a very short time, fhe committee leave
for their homes to-mocrow.
Besomed Work.
Dai.I.as, Texas, March 18.— On the ter
miuation of the stnke here the warehouse
employes, who were suspended when
freight trains were stepped, refused to go
tv work unless the old rate of $1.00 a day
reduced to $1 a day laat September) was
restored. The com pas v to-day succumbed
to the demand and the men resumed work.
Hocking Valley Stnke Ended.
Colfmbcs, O., March 18.—At a conven
tion of striking minera held at Htraitaville
to-day, it was decided to accept .TO cents
per ton. This ends the strike tiegun last
year _
Ceatifiratos to Issue.
Trf.xtox, N\ J., March 1».— In the U. S. !
Coart to-day Judge Nixon ordered that the
receivers of the New York, West Shore &
Buffalo railway may issue certificates on
notes at not less than par to the amount of
$3,300,000, which shall he a lien prior to
the first mortgage. Authority was also
given to purchase locomotives and ma
chinery necessary to operate the road, and
also to pay the Pullman Palace Car Co. the
amounts due or to become due ou account. I
Tartll Bill Adopted.
P.AK 1 ». Mt*rch I*.—The Cbamiier of
Deputies has fixed the import duties on
cows and balls at 1$ franca, bullocks and
heifers 8, calves 4, sheep 3, hogs 6, lambs,
she goats and suckiag pigs 1, fresh meat
per 100 kilos 7, and salt meat 8j.
Oiitral American Allair«.
WASHINGTON, March 16.—The Senate,
in executive »essiou to-day, had under
consideration the state ot' affairs m Central
America, anil a short message from the
Secretary of State in answer to the Senate
resolution of last v*«*ek. was read, giving a
history of Barrio's project for the union of
all Central American States. t«»gether w ith
the steps taken by Mexico in view ot the
threatened complications. All the points
in the narrative have already lieeu pule
lished. Some discussion took place regard
ing tlie propriety of declaring it to be the
seu»e of the Senate that steps should lie
tak* n to protect the rights of this country
in Nicaragua utuler the pemiing canal
treaty. The {»nut was made that the
Senaie lia«l no kmiw letlge of the jiendinn
canal treaty sin«* the withdrawal and
that the Senate, in its la»t session, ad
journed without ai-tiou.
WasHINGToX, Mar«-b 17 The «lis«-us
siou of Central American Affairs, began
yesterday, was resu me« 1 iu the Senate to
il. i_v . tlie iH-ndim: question i»eii:g the res*>
lutiou offered Friday by Edmunds, declar
ing it to l»e the sense of the Senate that
Barrios, President ol iuatcmala should lie
prevent«*! lr«»m carrying ou his scheme of
annexing neighliuriug republics. The
resolulmu was enti/ised as amounting
oalistuntially to a «lecluratiou of war. and
Senator Ingalls pro|>o-ed an amcmlment to
iiKMlily it in this regard. The amendment
was lost.
The lt-soiuliou was then ailopted with
only M-u-ii mgattve «««♦«•». Senator K«l
munds move«! that the injunction of
secr«*-y be remove«! from the resolution
and the vote upon it, hut a single objec
tion carried it over under the roles for the
day.
Washington, March 17. — Se«-retary
Bayard has written a letter to S«*nator
.Miller, chairman of the Senate committee
ou foreign relations, giving him all the in
foruiutkm {«»ssessed by th State Ifepart
ment concerning Barn«»»' movement. The
tirst intimation received by the D« part
men t in reganl to a revolutfenary move
ment was a telegram from Barrios to the
President announcing that h«- ha«l assumed
the title of Supreme Military Chief aa«l
that the Minister on foreign relations at
Guatemalia would so«in come to Washing
ton. latter dispatches were received stat
ing that the Republt«*s «»f San Salvador.
Nicaragua and Fus ta Rica w«»uld resist
Barm»», amt requesting the interference of
the Finte«! States government. A telegram
from Hall. U. S. Minister to Central
America, rep«»rted that Honduras wa* an
active party to Barrios' movement. I'pon
tln-se representations the State lH*|»artment
»eut a dispat« h to Minister Hall, at Guate
mala. instructing ^him that this govern
ment, while iielievtng the voluntary ass«»-i
ation of the interests of Central American
States desirable, would uot countenatK-e
any display of fore«* by any «»ne or more
States to the course of ather s, am t that the
I nited States, stan«!* ready T?fT\ert its in
fiuence to avert a iontlicVand to promote t
the
pence. Similar messages were *eut
govern meets of Nicaragua ami SanSalvador,
and like verbal assurances given the Minis
ter of Costa Rica in respe« t to his gtivem
uieut. No communication has lieen re
ceive«! front or sent to the government of
Honduras.
The Mexican Minister here «-onterreil
w ith Secretary Bayard xs to the c«>iin*e to
l»e takeu by Mexitst aud was informed that
this government wouhl use all moral in
ti item* ami lend its goo«l offices to prevent
the destruction of the autonomy ot Central
American States, and to this end would l»e
glati to have the «-.»-operati«»n of Mexi«-o.
Later but unofficial details state that ou
the 10th tust, the Guatemalan expe«li
tinnary movement against San Salvador
was stopped, ami Barrios asketl President
Zalvwlor to semi two commissioners to
arrange a settlement.
Secretary Bayard further states that
Senor Bartres, Minuter of San Salvador
at this capital, hx* lieen deprived of his
mission i»«x*au»e of his association with
Barrios, and a new minister will soon be
sent here. The orders given to naval ves
sels for the protection of American inter
csts in Central America are given in de
tail, aud th** Se«-retary expresses the opin
ion that no obligation to interfere rests
upon this government umler any treaties
with the States involved.
The department ha* no intimation that
any European power has interfere«! or con
templates interference in the present <ltf
ticnlties iu Central America.
In conclusion Mr. Bayard say» that this
gov ernment cannot countenance any meas
ures subversive of the tree autonomy of
any of the several States, ami lielieviug
that the moral influence and gooil offices of
the United States can lie made a {»erpetual
agency in the {»reservation of peace, he is
unable to suggest auy action tor the Seu
ate.
The dispatch from the Prudent of San
Salvailor, alluded to in Mr. Bayard's letter,
states that Barrios is trying to enforce a
Central American Union with the avowed
purpose of annulling the canal treaty with
Nicaragua.
Important Railway Oecisioa.
Portland, Ore., March 18.—In the
United States Circnit Court to-day Jndge
Deady decided the case of the Oregon
Railway Company ( limited ) and the Scotch
Narrow Gauge railroad against the Oregon
Railway and Navigation com {»any. The
former company brought suit to recover
rents according to the terms of the lease
and to compel the defendants to operate
the leased lines. Judge Deady gave judg
ment for the plaintiffs for $68,000, the
amount of rent for six months. He held,
first, that the defendants could not be al
lowed to deny the plaintiffs corporate ex
istence and power to make a lease. Second,
that the defendants, under the corporate
act ol Oregon and its own articles of incor
poration, had power to take the lease and
to make a contract to pay rent fer BB years.
This decision is final, so far as the lower
court is concerned. The case will proliably
be appealed to the Uniteil States Supreme
Court on a writ of error.
Canadian Pacific.
Ottawa, March 18.—A caucus of the
Conservative members is called for to- :
morrow to oonsider the proposal of the
Canadian Pacific, railway. It is under
stood that the proposals are in effect that
the company issue bonds to the amount of
thirty millions, the shareholders to take
halt and the government the other half.
The government to release the mortgage
of the last session anti in lieu thereof ac
cept fifteen millions of first preference
bonds as mentioned above, and take a
second mortgage on the road for the re
maining fifteen millions of last
Tltc New ('oiDiiii«si«»aer «»I luteraal
Revenu«-.
Loi isvit.I.E. Ky.. Man-fa Hi.—Of the de
feat of l'bil Thomson and the ap|H»int
meut of Miller for Commissioner of In
ternal Revenue, Mr. Watterson will say in
to-morrow morning's < »unf r-JoHrmtl :
We are r.«*t prepare«! t«» accept the defeat
of Phil Thompson as a declaration of war
by the President upon the tnemls of reve
nue reform, nor the appointment of Miller,
of West Virginia, as evidence that it is the
porpos«* of the administration to set its«-lf
against the Internal revenue tax«*« which
pay more than one-third of the ex pens«-«
of the government, an«i w ithout which
there «sudd lie no adeipiate reduction of
custom house duties. Personally ami lo
«•ally we very much regret the decision, but
we trust that the apprehension of th«>se
who have a right to a fair interpretation
and exe«-nti«iu of the internal revenue laws
and have regurdetl West Virginia as hostile
to them ami their interests, will l»e disap
pointed. The iiuestion is economic not
novel, and we »ball lie slow to believe that
it will l»e treate«! by the President aud his
advisers in a narrow spirit. It will l»e
giveu out of course that this is a triumph
of Mr. Randall over Mr. Carlisle. That,
however, will «le|»end altogether Upon fu
ture developments. If the President al
ii*** himself to Mr. R'liulall he will do it
ojienly ami n«»t clandestinely. If he titles,
it will involve a hopeless split of the |>arty
aud a new array of polit bail forces. We
want no such contlu't anti shall do all iu
our |K»wer to avoid it. but it against tile
protest of an overwhelming majority of
the Democrats it should come to pass the
advo«-ates of a stmml ami honest revenue
system will n«»t lie fourni une«, tal to it. In
affairs of this sort it is iiest to have no
i-om-ealincuts. Dangers are «»'t times avoid
♦*l by going out to m«*et them, l'he Pres
ideot might have evaded an issue fay the
familiar expe«lient of appointing a third
party neutral, or he may consider, and he
may 1* right in considering that there is
no issue at all. To our mind and intper
fe«*t knowledge we are inclined to think
there is. ami that it ts not encouraging to
the friends of real revenue reforms. But
we shall wail with etjuinimity the tsmrse
of events.
(• eim a ft Foton I/it I ion.
Bf.Ici.ix. March 13.— During the debate
in the Reichstag on the steanudiip subsidy
hill, Bismarck sai«l that even without a
colonial policy subsidize«! Iin«*s to the east
«votihl l*e useful to Germany, ami if the
H*»ttse should reje« t the grant for <»ne or
other of these line», the government would
thankfully ms-ept the remainder as an in
stallment.
Replying t«» Rintelens objections to
colouiziug ventures, Bismarck de«-lare«l
that there was a g«»»! prospect ot' huildiug
up s thriving mining imiustry at Augra
t Pequena, ami of obtaining a supply of
«Ntou troiu German pnalucers tn tam
erooos and the New G dien a colonies. He
stateil that the negotiations with England
regarding Cameroon» territory were mak
ing gratifying progress.
In concluding hts speech Bismarck said,
xs God's blessings bail crown«*l the j »ol t«*y
of Germany for twenty years, and xs the
Germans had withstood the foe in 1-7L as
a nation ol brothers, the spirit of party
strife and confessed dissension must not
now lie allow«*! to rum the newly founded
empire. His w«»nls were received w ith
great cheering in all parts of the house.
Protection ot American interest*.
Washington, March IB.— Rear Ad
miral Jenett. commanding the North At
lantic squadron, to-day telegraphed C«»m
tnaoder Clark of the Alliance at New Or
leans instructing him to proceed to Car
tagena ami llarraquilla. Cniteil States of
Columbia, ami to protect the American in
terests iu that «-ountry during the present
disunited «*ondition ol affairs. A dispatch
informs Commander Clark that vessels
helouging to American citizens which hail
l»e«*u sei/«*l by the insurgents without
compensation woultl lie forcibly re«*overe«l,
aud says the United Magdalena and Steam
Navigation company, of New York, has
«-ailed the attention of the Se«-retary of
State to the seizure of their »teaiuer» by au
arme«] force.
Kuilwny Mnil Benefit Association.
Cleveland, O., Man h 18.—The United
States Railway Mail .Service Mutual Ben
efit Association met here to-day. and the
following amendment to the by-laws was
adopted :
"The amount to lie paid to the beuefi
ciartes of deceased members shall be the
amount collected within 60 days from an
assessment of $2 on each member in good
standing on the date the proofs of death
are received by the Secretary, less $21» to
cover costs of collection. Provided, That
such death benefit shall in no case exceed
the sum of $2,000 ; ami provided further,
That the 60 days shall be computed from
the date the assessment notice is issued."
The association is $15.000 in debt.
Nominations.
Washington, March 18.—The follow
ing nominations were sent to the Senate
to-day: Milton J. Durham (Kentucky,
to be First Comptroller of the Treasury ;
Wm. Garraud (Nevada), to he Superin
tendent of the Mint at Carson City, Nev.;
Jas. R. Ryan (Nevada), Coiner of the Mint
at Carson City. Nev.: Mai com Hay ( Penn
sylvania), First Assistant Postmaster Gen
eral ; Martin K. Montgomery (Michigan ,
Commissioner of Patents : Benj. Hill, Jr., '
(Georgia), U. S. Attorney for the northern
district of Georgia.
Washington, March 20.—James I).
Porter, of Tennessee, was nominated for
Assistant Secretary of State: John D. C.
Atkins, of Tennessee, Commissioner of lu
dian Affairs.
Confirmed.
Washington, March 20— The Senate
confirmed the following : Martin V. Mont
gomery, Michigan, Commissioner ot Pat
ents', Milton J. Durham, Kentucky. First
Comptroller ol the Treasury; Malcolm
Hay, Pennsylvania, First Assistant Post
master General ; Joseph R. Ryan. Coiner
of the Mint, Canon City : W. Garrard, Ne
vada. Superintendent of the Mint, Carson
City ; J. N. Aalkins Tennessee. Commis
sioner of Indian Affairs; James D. Porter,
Assistant Secretary of State.
I b«- llazcn (dtirt Martial
Washington, March 16.—Gen. Hazeu
testitfed in hi* «»«it tiehalf liefere the
«-ourt martial to-day. He admitted writing
th«- articles in controversy, but said he in
tended no disrespect or discourtesy to the
S«*cretary of War. He gave xs a reason
for making the statements that he htal
Ik*cti held to a most sermtis res|M>n*ihilit v for
not effectively rem-iung the Greeiy {»arty ;
that it bad lieeu published all over the
worbl that lie was at fault, and that in hts
own «lefeuse lie simply wishetl t«> state
that t«reely could have lieen res**ti«sl and
that he Hazea) dhl all in hts power to
have hint res«iie«l l'he S«-«-retary of War
in his annual report had largely con
tinue«! the opinion express« «! in the press
that he Ha/en was res{K»nstble for th«
death of these men. The re{mrt either
made hint wilfully culpable or neglectful
anti inefiicieut tn hts work. Neither wx»
it true that he w rote letters »imply t«j re
lieve himself of that blemish upon his
record, which the Secretary's report wrong
fully placed there.
In an argument upon an abjection.
Judge Mackey, counsel for Gen. Hazeu.
said: "We know that the pro»«-cution
thies not want to touch Cape Sabin. The
accuser does not want to lace those horrors.
We projiose to show the animus of the ac
cuser : that he was imbued w ith malice,
deep and deadly, against the chief signal
«»tticer. He t--e«-auie blind upou any t|ite«
tton touching Arctic matters, suggesting a
deep, tireless bate ; that, indeed, his very
IkkIv exhaled malice whenever the chief
signal otltoer's name wx» mentioned."
When tlicatteutmn ot the witness w x» cal fed
to the tact t liât his letter to the Secretary
dated February 17th last was end«»r»e«l by
the S«*«*retary x* having Wen re«-eive<l at
the War l>e part ment February 26th, an«l
als«» to the tact that a statement com-ern
mg the «-«intents of this letter w.»s pub
1 ished in the Chi«-ago Tribun e February
25th. and x«kc«l w here the letter wx* kept
pri«»r to February 26th.
Gen. Hazeu r«*phe«l that it was kept in
his «lesk.
Judge Mackey aske«l whether within a
re< ent |s-no«l official letters luul not Wen
purloined from desks tu the signal office
ami taken to the Secretary «»»' War.
The Jndge Advocate objected to this.
Jutfe«- Mat-key said the |»urp«jse of the
defense was to negative the {»resumption
that the accused circulât«*«! the contents of
his fetter. He sai«l he projiosed to show
that letters had lieen purlointsl from desks
in the signal office and takeu ro the Se< te
tary of War by the person purloining
them, and that that |*eison re«-eived s{»e«'ial
employment after purloining the letter».
He said he wauteti to show the general
course of the administration w ith refer
ence to the «-hief signal otfi«*er: that noth
ing was safe or saer«*«i in the office of the
chief signal «»tficer from the hand* of the
Secretary of War. day or night.
The Judge Advocate said he did not feel
«•all«*«! upon to reply to the insinuations of
the counsel in respe«-t to the Secretary of
War. That official, he said, neede«l no de
fense at his hands, and the attacks upon
him was in very bad taste to say the least.
Hfnirgrd Officer*.
Denver, March 18.—A special to the
Trihunt -II»publiât» from Springer, N. M.,
says : By order of the President a detach
ment of the 10th infantry arrivetl this
afternoon ami escorte«! t<» Las Vegas, for
safe k«*eping, the l»esiege«l officers, 1k*c,
KunWrty. Hixenbaugh, slayers of tb«*
three despen»<l«»es Roger. Currie. Red River
Tom. in their attack on the officers in the
jail on Monday last. While many of the
cow-hoy avengers left town lxst night
many still remain, determin«-«! to avenge
the death of their comrades xs »oon as
the officers make their apjiearam-e. Of tins
the latter were a«lvise«l, hence the re«|nt*st
of the Governor for military es«*ort out of
tow n. On the arrival of the train the in
habitants (locked to the houstdops, and
the greatest excitement prevailed, as it
w as expei-ted an attack would lie math* on
the »«»filters and an attempt uia«le to seize
the officers anil hang them. No demon
strations wer«- maile, however. The train
arrived at I as Vegas at 8 o'clock this morn
ing. The despenulo Carrie was the same
who shot anti killed the actor Forter some
years ago.
Death Tied the llliuois Legislature.
Springfield, March 2tt. — Senator
Bridges, the Denu-ratic mem Ur of the
State Senate, w ho wxs a sufferer from a
stroke of {»aralysis one month ago. and
whose condition ever since hx* been very
critn-xl, died at his home, near Carrollton,
this morning. This happening, following
the death of Representative l«ogau three
weeks ago, leaves the Illinois Legislature
once more a tie on joint liallot. The Hous«
aml Senate lioth adjourned this morning
when tiie announcement of bis death was
made.
Died.
.Sax FraxiTs< i», March 13.—Mr. Morris
Green wall, a well known theatrical mana
ger, who recently arrived from Australia,
died here this evening.
Saxjose, Costa Rica, March 13.— Gener
al Don Prospéra Fernandez, President of
Costa Rica, died suddenly here this morn
ing.
Jacksonville, Fla., March IB.—Col.
Francis Eugene Whitford, general counsel
of the Southern Express Co., died of heart
disease on a steamer on the St. Johns river,
Florida.
Ex*8enator Ne*mith.
Portland, Oregon, March 16.—The con
dition of ex-Senator J. W. NYsmitb. who
has been confined in the State insane asy
lum for six months, has so far improved as
to warrant his discharge to-day. He was
taken to his home in Polk county, and it
is l»elieved that a few months' rest will
restore him to his entire health and reason.
Important Decision.
Council Bluffs, la., March 17.— The
Supreme Coart this morning, the entire
liench concurring, rendered an opinion
affirming the i-onstitutionality of the pro
hibition law. It sustains the validity of
the injonctions to aliate the nuisances
which exist, nuchas saloons, and in every
parti«nlar maintains the provisions of the
act xs it stands to day on the statute UK>k*
of th«* State.
Delaware Senator.
IH»VER, March 17.—Shortly liefere noon
lioth houses of the legislature met in sepa
rate sessions and I »allotted for C ni teil
States Senator. Attorney-General Gray re
«•ei\e«l the vote of every iuen»l»er

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