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THF < ITA ( OÎUE5ITIOS.
WY have never *een a more earnest an«l yet harmoniou* ctmvention than a* «< n.ble<l at Harmonia Hall on Saturday evening last to nominate for the Repub lican* of Helena a city ticket ticket for the approaching election. No» only were all the delegation* full, but the delegate* were full of conviction a- to w hat wa- needed to b<- done, and how to doit in the best shape and-pint, .'«•far from there having been any slate made upbv anv gentlemen in advance, there i* nothing in the i:i*i«Je or out-ide history of the convention that lend* color to such an assertion. * in the contrary, there wa* a di-tmct and growing |m. po lar demand in accordance with which the delegate- acted in the choice they made. It was not more to insure general -uc ce-*» than it wa- to insure an honest, efficient and at the -ame time an "conom ieal administration of city affair- that prompted the nomination ol 1 heodore H. K lein-eimiidt a- Mayor. < »tiier ean didates had lieen mentioned who might have done the -ame. but it was generally felt that at T hi- particular crisis in our affair* it wa- no time to take chances or make experiment*. Mr. Kleinscbmidt had i>een tried and found to 1«- what we »ante« I. With him at the head of the ticket no platform or promise* were neces s ary. ith him every citi/.en know- th.«t there will be no extravagance, no increase of city debt, no high rate of taxation, no crooked ne* or jobbery, no inefficient *ui»ordinates retained in any position. Better than anv ante-election pledges, hi* »hole life and hi- former administration of city affairs, hi- large property interest* and his permanent identification with the interests of lit lena, past, present and pro-pective. ail concur in designating it im ■ the I m tad place. ith the increased powers that a Mayor will |*o*ses- under our amended charter, it is reasonable to believe that Mr. Kleinschmidt will he able to do even more than during his former ad ministration to give -hape and direction tocity affairs. We believe the same general feeling that has dictated his nomination will secure hi- election and that no good citizen will he disappointed in the re sult*, either at or after election. For City Treasurer thtre were five g<»od men in the field, for either one of whom any Republican and good^cit xen could have found pleasure in voting. The choice fell upon Mr. Clewell, prob ably because he was an older citizen and had made a most creditable run for the same office ia*t year again-t heavy odd*. In the contest for this .position no per sona! -trite was engendered, hut the sup porters of each candidate were and are ready to do aud -icrartce for the general good. So it was also in the case of I'olice Magistrate. The contest was between men either of whom would have made an excellent officer. The choice fell upon Mr. Von Tobel, a young man, not so long a resident a- his competitor», hut one who had won universal respect by hi* fidelity to duty, his modest worth, hi- capacity ♦< r honest, faithful work and strict integrity. With these first-class nominations on the general ticket, the Republican- of Helena present a* candidates tor Alder men in their respective wards a body of men that cannot fail to command the hearty *up[iort of all who are interested in and determined to have our municipal affair* well administered. Among these ward nomination*,Merer*. DeWitt, Gates, Yergy. Brown. Boos, Mc 1 »ou gal, and Duingan. there is not a single weak or unworthy condidate, or a single one but adds emphasis to the de termination that for the year to come Helena shall have first, an honest, effici ent ami economical government, and recoud, one that shall he Republican to the core and trup to the best teachings and aspiration* ot Republicanism. I I led Service .Wasnzine. The United Service, primarily devoted to military, naval and civil atfairs, occu pies a distinctive field in magazine literature and is to-day one of the most popular standard publications of our time. The March number, at hand, is especially entertaining and instructive, -uppiying -i li-t cl articles of exceptional merit, the product of popular writ era of this and foreign lands. Of par " a „d ticular interest at this time are the topic* treated by Lieutenant (General Charles P. Stone, late of the Egyptian army, and Thomas Jordan, Adjutant General of the confederate fore« at Shiloh. These articles, I and 11. are entitled ''British Military Operations in the Sou dan,'' and "The Campaign Battle of Shiloh" The contents that follow are, in part. "Over the Border with Mackenzie, bv Major Beaumont, Fourth Cavalry; "A Dead Hero," by R. Dorsey MoUun; "The Battalion 6ys t«'iu of the National ( Guard,'' by (Ge«irge R. Snowdoo, of the National (Guard of iVnnsylvania ; "E*ek Hopkins, the First Commander-in-Chief of the American Navy," by Rear Admiral l'reble; "Pro motion in the Civil f*ervice." by J. E. Vail. Continued part* of the several stone*. "One of the Duanes." "Jack Haultaut," "Chronicles of Carter Bar racks," etc., sustain the high merit ot previous chapters. JThe usual etli torial mites, l*xik reviews, etc., are fully *uj*pli«*d and are enjoyable parts of this superb rangaziue. T. H. S. Haiuersly, publisher. 83.i Broadway, N» w ^ork. Subscription. F4 |K*r annum. The *poi Ismen all agree that the Presi •leut ha* a most di-^greeable habit of say mg. "Do 1 understand that the office you arc seeking ia with«iut an ln .umbent." FOREIGN MINISTER*. i The foreign appointment* announced to-day will <>cca*iou aonae surprise and perhaps disappointment, hut on the whole they average well. President Cleveland will doubtless be a* severely criticised by DenuxTat* a* Republican for going to Vermont, a hopelessly He publican State, for the highest foreign ministerial appointment and overlook ing Connecticut and New Jersey, where the democracy might be encourages! and re w ar ded at tin- mum time. Phelp* baa good endor-ement for character and learning in the law. The position to which he is appointed is the most im portant by far of all our foreign mis sion-. It need- a man of large culture and experienced statesmanship, and withal a man of wealth, for the salary of the office d«»e» not cover one*fourth of the nec***sarv expen-e of one who enter tains h- expected. We doubt much if 1'helps can fill the place in English esteem of Lowell. It wa* generally ex|>eetcd »hat 1'endle ton would go to France instead of ( Gcr mauy, hut he will perhaps serve his country equally a- w-di at ih^rliu, .md coming from t'incinnati, the great pork city of the I'uited Mate-, he may l*e able to give Bi-marek some |Miint» on swine flesh. M« Lane, ot Maryland, i* a gentleman of the old school and highly connerled. Without having given evidence of any esjH'cial aptitude for foreign service, he will no doubt entertain well and be pop ular among American resident* and vis itor* to Tari*. Considering the new aud more inti | mat«- relations that our country i* likely to have and hold with Mexico, we regard tliut mitsiou as next in importance to that of England. We hope Jack-on may prove to be the right man for the H ace - _ Oi k di*j»atches to-dav reveal the real na tnre of Gen. (Grant's disease. He is dying broken-hearted at the disgrace that came from his connection with the Grant-Ward failure. What he want* to live for is to earn the means to pay off the creditor* of tbat firm aud relieve his name from ihere proach that he foresees will always attach to that connection. Th«i*e who have held that (Gen. (Grant had no delicacy of feeling and only an inordinate desire to live luxu nouslv and riot upon the contributions of his friends and admirers, have erred wide ly in their estimates of the grand old hero. He asks nothing tor himself, he thinks nothing of himself, further than to wipe away a reproach that ha* attached to a name » hieb he has done so much to make glorious, but other* by recklessness have done much to tarnish. It is one of the saddest pictures that present* itself to an American citizen to-day the sight of thi* heart-broken hero, sinking into hi* grave under a weight of sorrow that he cannot lilt and remove. Even if ? ;wipular con tribution should at on«-e lie started, large enough to jiay off every creditor of the firm of (»rant and Ward, we fear that it might overload him with new humiLtion and sense of obligations that he could not dis« harge. It is certainly a case which ap peals for a new effort. (Gen. Grant has friends enough to contribute the means within a week to wipe out every claim against the firm of (Grant A Ward, and we hope the effort will be made at once, so that if he cannot live, he may at least die in peace. There is certainly a medi cine for the disease from which (General Grant is dying. Let it lie applied at ODCe ' - We are gravely informed in the dis patches published in the columns of our contemporary yesterday morning that America and Australia were threatened with a new competition in the business of furnishing England with meat. It is no less than an Anglo-Russian company ia 1 singulai combination I, but more singular still is the announcement that the slaugh ter pens of this rival company are located in the center of Liberia. We have never heard of this negro republic ou the Guinea coast of Africa possessing any super abundant supplies of meat or any peculiar facilities to enter upon the rivalry sug- j gested Even if Siberia were substituted for Lilieria and the location changed from Central Africa to Northern Asia, the an- ! nouncement will be received with cuiiaid- ; erable, though with much less, credulity, England has lieen in the habit of announc ing with considerable unction and regu larity that new sources of supply fo* wheat and cotton had been discovered tha. I would render the English people no longer dependent upon America. We fancy this is but a repetition of the old story and , with no greater sulistratum of facts and plausibility than usual. We are vastly more in danger of sncoesrtla: rivalry in the world's meat market from South America tha.i Siberia. Meanwhile our home market is growing at the rate of a million and i half every year, and our stock range-> are being narrowed by extension of sett lenient A New York lawmaker, disgusted over fiie fashion of adorning the cell* of mur derer* with fiower* and bric-a-brac—or. at least, representing citizen* »hoaredis gusted with the exhibition* of *ympathy for murderou* blackguards by people of presumed geutility—has introduced a bill entitled, "An act for the suppression of sentimental gush and the glorification of felony n The bill provides penalties of fine for the first offense and imprisonment for repetition* against "any person who shall send to a convicted felon, or to a per son held for trial for the crime ot murder in any jail, prison or penitentiary of this State, a bouquet of tlowers or other sym pathetic token.*' Fines and imprisonment are also provided for any sheriff, jailer, emplcye or attendant, w ho shall knowingly convey to any c«invicte«I murderer or per son held for trial for the crime of muriler anv such forbidden tokeir Ex -Governor Hoyt, of Pennsylvania, tells that when he was in college ( I .a lay- 1 , ette) he and his < lasrenates got board tor ] 87 tent* a week. POCKET VETO. If the Mepmdent ha* a grievance against Governor ( arpenter for not adopting it* illusion* on the printing law*, let it state it directly and we have no doubt it will be answered directly and fully. But seeking blindly tor some pretext to abuse the Governor, it has adopted the grievance of another j which it makes the occasion to charge j him with presumption, arrogance and the çxercise of dictatorial and satrapal power*. The only point in the scattering in dictment is that the Governor did not return the Central railroad hill with hi* objection-, *o that the legislature might have considered them and pa-*ed the bill over hi* veto. Well, to thi- we have already given the Governor'- answer full and exact, that he had no time alter receiving the hill to prepare a veto message. There were fifty -eight hills brought to the ( Gov ernor alter 11:1'» -.»'cloek on the last day of the session. Considering that the Legislature had taken sixty days to con sider and pas* in all 102 hills and joint resolutions, it must be thought tha* a < Governor is something more than human, it in twelve hours he could consider carefully as necessary to discharge his responsibility more than half a- many mea-ure- a- the Legislature with thirty six men working at it, had considered in the entire session. It would not indeed have taken long to have written a veto message, hut even the few miuutes necessary were lacking. There was not an interval of a moment when even more important measures were not demanding attention, and as it wa*. some measures failed for want of time and for no other reason, that would have been signed if they could havç been carefully considered. With this statement for the Governor, »*very reasonable, fair-minded man in the Territory will be satisfied, and t4i«*ae who are keeping it stirred up for other purpose* will not be satisfied by any amount of good reasons, The impression prevail* to some ex tent that the (Governor had the right, within three days after the hills were presented to attach hi* signature, if he approved, even though meanwhile the legislature had adjourned. Such is the custom in some States, hut there is no authority for it iu the Territories. ( >n the contrary the language of tho l >r ganic Act i- precisely the same as that of the Constitution of the 1'nited States and the rule of interpretation would have to lie the -ame. If the President cannot approve measures after the ad journment of Congress, no more can the Governor after the legislature adjourns, -And it he had assumed this right, there w< *uld have been more just ground ot charging him with assumption of dicta torial or satrapal authority, There is not believed to be a state in the Union where the (Governor is not allowed some deliberation of from three to thirty days to consider a hill after it is presented to him. It i* not only un wise, hut it is in outrageous injustice to any man to expect aud require that he should consider fifty-eight -eparate measure*, ocrer ing .'loti page- of manu script, requiring frequent references to former statutes, and come to anything like a deliberate and satisfactory opin ion, such as would he implied in approv ing an act, in one short half day. Some men may look ujw-n this a- a little matter that could be delegated to another, hut no one who thinks much of his repu tation and responsibility would do so. It is weil known that legislators fre quently vote for measures through jier sonal motives, expecting that a veto will save the mischief resulting from their becoming a law. The case could|be found in the history of the la-t Legislature of a hill passing by an unanimous vote, and yet the veto of the same bill being sustained by the same unanimity. " ^at have been, no one knows, but there is nothing in the vote by which this railroad bill passed, that leads one to think that it would have passed over a veto, clearlv pointing out wherein it was unconstitutional. ~~ Washington. March 19.—Among the lief is general that Martin Maginnis will be nominated (Govemoi of Montana before the Senate adjourns. Mr. Maginnis is in dorsed by a majority of his party in each H° U8e ® n d many Republicans favor him. P° rt em,uiate &>"< Montana is not with out * liberal smattering of political and other people willing to set up their prog The above is part of a special to the Minneapolis Tribune from Washington. We suspect that the gentleman who is so much the lienefi« îary of the Minnesota papers and so much their debtor for favors ol this sort is the fountain source from which frequent dispatches of similar im adjournment Will our Minneapolis neigh bor please mark the prediction and file it for future reference. _ - nos ticat urns a* opposed to those of the Washington chap. They not only do not lielieve that Maginnis will be nominated for Governor before the Senate adjourns, bnt that he will not be nominated after Ik any one will look at the map of Cen tral America, he will see that San Salvador is hemmed in between Guatemala and Honduras and the Pacific ocean. The gulf of Fonseca separates it entirely from Nica ragua, its nearest ally in the present strug gle that Barrios has precipitated. In 1863 she was overrun by Guatemala an«l Hon - du vas combined and c ompelled to submit to terms. Tbe little State is about the size of Massachusetts, and is very rich in na tural resource*. Of its entire population there are only about 9,000 white* and those are of Spanish blood. We hope that effec tual aid may reach the plucky little State before it can be overrun and pillaged. : j ! ' * PKOHIBITIO* IS KANSAS. The biennial report of Warden W. C. Jones, of the Kansu* .State penitentiary, contains matter for prohibitionist* to ponder over. He state* that in the fifteen months he ha* had charge ot the prison the number of convict* ha- in creased from 844 to 751*; this at a time when the ^tate has been blessed with pros[>erity and labor is in great demand. There has been, he says, no time during the existence of the prohibition law when it ha* been so rigidly enforced as during these fifteen months. From the four counties of Leavenworth, Shaw nee, Atchison and Wyandotte, where alone the open sale of liquor* ha* con tinued, have come a less number of con victs, according to population, than from many of the counties where the law ha* been rigidly enforced. The law went into effect in 1881. The records show that there were 19 per cent, more con vict* received during the third year of it* rule than the second and 33J per cent more the third year than the first, the third being the one when it ha* lieen most rigidly enforced. Warden Jones concludes : These *ad facts, gleaned from the State's great cesspool of crime, clearly demonstrate that prohibition is neither a wise nor an effective way to promote temperance or prevent crime. He seems to think the wickedness is in the heart rather than the demijohn, and if headed off in one quarter is likely to manifest itself in more violent and ruinous excesses in other directions; and there is probably some justice in the view. Innate depravity may prob ably be extirpated by ethical teaching and moral influences. The best that force can do for it is to change it* form : to dam it up ou one side that it may break out with the greater fury and more disastrous results on another. There is a good deal said in various newspapers about the trouble being caused by I/OUls Riel among the half-breeds north of the line. From what we know of the character of the man we shall suspend judgment and await a chance to hear the other side of the question. We think it will appear that the Dominion govern ment failed to carry out its agreement with these half-breed*, and that Riel has been railed over to assist them in secur ing what was promised them. From all that we know of Riel he is a man of edu cation, and intelligence, and very peaceably disposed, and so are all the half-breeds that we have ever seen or known. It is possible they might lie provoked to arms by sufficient cause, but we shall lielieve that they have good grounds to complain and that Kiel is by no means stirring up trouble, but honestly seeking to have justice done to his old friends, until we have good evidence to the contrary. We think it will turn out that each of these half-breeds was to have a patent for 440 acres of land, but before the patents were made out some influential parties dis coverer! that the lauds the half-breeds were occupying were very valuable, and they have succeeded in preventing the execu tiou of the agreement. This may not lie the exact state of the case, but something like it is the cause of the trouble, in our opinion. ____ Ok all the Southern State*, not even ex cepting Texas, Florida is making the most satisfactory and durable progress Within the past ten years her assessable wealth has increased from thirty-two to fifty-six millions, and she has now 1 ,500 miles of railroad crossing the State from east to west and from north to south. With a thin, light soil, it has a healthy climate, and in the hands of Northern people it is becoming a garden »pot. Not only are new railroads being built in every direc tion. but extensive drainage «anal* are bringing Into market tbe best body of cane and cotton lands in the world. No less than twenty-eight railroads are now under construction, and the country is so flat t that railroads are very easily and cheaply constructed. Florida has cost tbe general government a good deal of money first and last. Besides tbe five millions paid to Spain, tbe government spent ten millions more in the Seminole wars. If to these items were added the Ions and cost that grew out of secession, probably all the property in the State would not cover it. Bnt there is a wealth of resources in Flor ida, and with a continuance of Northern immigration it will soon be one of the foremost and richest of tbe Soothern ******* _____________ It is said the present administration will have no use for those Americans who have a foreign aecent and are hurrying over from the Continent to eecure an appointment While we have a generally poor opinion of those Americans who prefer to live and ed ucate their children abroad, it is a pity to increase their numbers by sending ont others to fall into the same ioolish ways. « Nicaragua has a territory nearly seven times as large as San Salvador, but a population of not more than half as many. There are, however, among this smaller population, three timra a* many whites, and the State is entirely out of debt. Even if unassisted by Mexico and the United Slates it is very doubtful if Guatemala and Honduras combined could subdue Nicar agua. _ Rkk Cloud has succeeded better than most of the reænt visitors to Washington, in securing a postoffice at his agency and a new suit of clothes. He is waiting now for the official head of Agent McGiliicnddy and has served notice that he will stay till he is removed, if it takes all sniumer. He even threatens to send for his squaw and tepe and camp before the Interior Depart ment if his request is not soon granted. Those Democrats who have lieen so con spicuous in presnading Alderman Sullivan from his landahle ambition to become a candidate for Mayor may discover at last their mistake in a selection less pdpular than he. The cry, as we hear it is, "No Irishman need apply." A FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY. We would very .»iuch like to see Hel ena lead off in a good example for the re*t of the Territory in voting to sustain a free public library. The city election is near at hand, and it will cost nothing to submit the matter to a vote ot the people. A short ordinance is all that i* needed to create a board of custodians of three or five, to be appointed by the Mayor and confirmed by tbe Council, so, that one new one shall be appointed each year. This board could make all necessary rule*, hire librarian and pro vide quarters, purchase liooks. etc. A very slight tax. perhaps a quarter of a mill, would be enough toput the in stitution on its feet, together with the hook« of the old Helena library, that would he cheerfully given toward the larger enterprise. It would he better, of cour»«*, if we could have a more convenient and ac cessible place to keep the books, but all that cared to avail themselves of the privileges would certainly he willing to take a few step*. If we once have a free library started, we are satisfied it will make friends and find convenient room*. The first and main thing is to have hook-, and the en terprise would he certain of success in this resjiect from the beginning. There may be a room that will l»e available for a library in the new court house when built. Perhaps the school district trus tees may provide such a room. Or it may be that private munificence will come to the rescue. Let us have a start and the way will open, and there i* not a shadow of doubt about it. It would be a grand thing for the reputation of our city to have it heralded abroad that Helena wa* maintaining a free public library. Ex-GoVKRNOit Carroll, of Marylaud, has addressed an open letter to Senator Gorman eomerning Higgins, who was re commended by the latter to Manning for Apimintment Clerk in the Treasury De partment, which is plain and bitter. He accuse* (Gorman of taking advantage of his influence with the administration to foist upon the administration one whom be knew to be unfit for the place, one who will lielie the professions of those who elected Cleveland, one whose appointment is an insult to the State and unworthy ot a Senator of Maryland. That seem* like pretty good testimony to the pretty bad character of Higgins, and leaves Senator (Gorman in a most unen\ iahle plight before the country and with an administration that he did so much to bring into power. A man that decent Democrat* in Maryland, not only cannot endorse, but openly de nounce, must indeed be a pretty bail sort of a man. _ English reports indicate that all par ties are preparing for an election in No vember. It is farther stated that not more than half of the present memliers of the Commons will stand for re-election. The old. aristocratic element of lioth parties is disguste«! with the Democratic tendencies as exhibited in the extension of franchise and the redistribution of seat*, and propose to contribute to their own downfall by re tiring from the field of politics. They will find it much easier to get out of politics than to get hack again. The aristocratic element of English society has always managed heretofore, by wealth and influ ence. to control the Commons. When made up of representatn es of the people,uiemlier* of Parliament will receive salaries, so that poor men will lie eligible and the land laws will lie radically changed. Kentucky Dsreocrats are not less mad over what they do get than over what they do not get. Durham, who has been ap pointed First Comptroller, was endorsed by Hewitt and Randall, and opposed by Blackburn. Carlisle and Beck. In the «-on test for Speaker between Carlisle and Ran dall. Durham voted for the latter. Black burn is so mad that he will not talk, and ha* given notice at hi* hot« ! not to allow anyliody to come to h*s room. Cleveland s first month of Democratic administration has caused more humiliation and sorrow among Kentucky Democrats than they have endured in all the years since the war. The Pioneer Pre «.« give* the experience ol a cattle grower in northwestern Minne sota and shows that it is safe and profit able business where the stock is kept up, fed aud sheltered from November 15 to April 30. The winter lee«l averaged 1 j pounds of ground oats, i() pounds of hay and a free run at the oat straw stacks, at a cost of not more thau three cents per day. Even including the cost of shelter the average cost does not exceed 75 cents per annum. Montana will have nothing to fear, even when it becomes necessary to keep up and feed - her stock iu the same way. _ G«iv. Carpenter is in receipt of inqui ries with regard to two bills, one for tbe construction of a Court House at Billings and the other providing for the incorpora tion of. Miles City. Both bills were pass ed by the Assembly, but neither were de livered to the Executive, aud so failed to become laws.__ Th l : visitors to the New Orleans Expo sition are treated with a sight of a model of Eads' ship railway, which has cost $10, C00, and is said to be making numerous converts to the enterprise. Ex-Coxgre>.smax Muldrgw was ap pointed to-day Assistant Secretary of the Interior, and Ex-Congressman Sparks, of Illinois, Commissioner of the General Land Offic«-._ Lake Nicaragua is only 100 feet above tbe level of tbe Pacific, and the hills that separate it from that «icean are in one place only forty-eight feet above the level of the lake. "Cerro Gordo" Williams, of Ken tucky. wanted the Mexican Mission the wont way, and is among those Bine Grass Bourbons who are tearing the tariff in rage. The English army, advancing from Sna kim, seems to have fared a* badly, or even worse than that which reached Metemneh. The Arab followers of the Mabdi seem to be worthy successors of those early follow ers of the false prophet that liore the cres cent bSnnarover Asia, northern Afri«a, and into the very heart of Europe from the east and south. Of «s>urse they lack in discipline and equipment. and are without stores of provisions and munitions ol war to sustain any prolonged war. but they have as much personal prowess, a* devote«l courage, a* any troops that appeared on the arena of warfare for a long time, and we I annot but thiak that with equally as ef fective weapons as the English the con test of equal forces would be a doubtful one. It seems to us that it would be good policy for the English to em-ourage the rebels to wear out their strength in the vicinity ofSuakim and near their own base of supplies instead of pushing on into the interior, where tbe difficulties for them multiply rapidly. The trouble of finding an enemy and bringing it to a stand in liuttle, which many English anticipated at first a* their greatest difficulty, has proved the least. Nobody expected to see the wild Arabs bold enough to charge with lance against gatling guns and repeating rifies, and it makes us yearn for a better fate far such brave fellows. SOME Jierson in the Inter-th-ean has taken tbe pains to collect together the scandals, escapade*, elopements and other casualties connected with the skating rinks during a single month, and it truly makes a frightful picture of sin and de pravity. If tbe skating rink iä justly charged with all thi* as its natural fruit, there would lie few who had the welfare of society in view who would lie able to oder a defense or an ajiology. But we are incline«] to thick aud *ay that this is oot a true bill against the rink. It only shows tbe folly of indiscriminate mingling of the innocent and depraved, the weak and the designing, without throwing around those exposed and liable to fall or be led away, greater restraints. Many of these sins laid at the door of the rink would have doubt less ©«curred in any event. It furnished t he open 'occasion and opportunity where the disposition existed before. The true lesson to be learned is doubtless to put thi* -qsirt under careful and strict quarantine. The rejection by the President of Phil Thompson for Commissioner of Internal Revenue «-ouverts the I Jernwracv of Ken tucky into a lodg«- of sorrow. Phil was backe«! by Beck, Watterson, Blackburn, Carlisle and the whole caboodle of Blue Grass Bourbon*, and yet Cleveland shook hint without ceremony and hitched on to one Miller, of West Virginia, who hadn t made a move or said a word for the office. The spoils hunters thus far are severely left in the lurch. Mr. Frederick Luckley, the very able editor of the Butts Inter-Mountain, recently retired from that position with a view to engage in ether business. During the years Mr. Lo«-kley has been conn«*cte«l with the pres* of thi* Territory he lias never ceased to impart a whol«*some t«ine to the columns under his charge and the intluence of bis articles ha* always Isjen for the public good. He has the good wishes of the jieople ol Montana in what ever calling enlist* bis talents. Following sharply on the heels of Swallow * petition.several others are circu lating through the citv. One is for Ma giunis. whose friend* ask hi« appointment a* Governor. Amitber is in behalf of Wash McCormick, who wants the office ot Surveyor General. Still another, in favor of E. S. Wilkinson for Register of the I>and Office, has a list of old Missouri names. All these papers have pigeon holes lor their reception in Washington, from whence they can he resurre« ted and considered as vacancies in th«- offices occur. The legislature of Wisconsin has ad«ipt ed a graded license bill. it provide* a $500 saloon license for cities or villages of 10.000 population or over ; a $.'150 license in places having .'1,(100 and not more than 10.000 population : a license of $20<> for all other cities and villages; and a license of $100 for any saloon in tbe country three miles or more distant from any city or village. These provisions were adopted to remove the objections of tbe country mem bers against a uniform tax of $500 to be exacted in city and village and country alike. _ With Maginnis in the Governor's chair Wilkinson in the I^and Office, and Rouan continued as Indian Agent, we see in per spective the rise from its long smouldering ashes of the old Roeky Mountain Gazette. Democrats rather insist that they lack an organ here.__ An ultimatum comes thundering up from tbe border town of Benton, "Maginnis and Heal y ; otherwise the Democracy of Cho teau consider themselves hereafter relieved of all political responsibility !" That ought to fetch Cleveland to his sense of party ob ligation, if anything. Benton advices announce "Cboteau solid for Maginnis and Healy." We suppose by this that the Border Democracy, or the Irish part of it, is moving in force upon the offices of Governor and Marshal. Healy is already shelved, and Maginnis ia just be ginning to draw the concentrated fire of every Missourian in Montana. This office hunting is a hard business. The possession of a spot of land is the most powerful of all known incentives to indiutry.— Prof. Bain. The Profereor doubtless said that before the Democratic hont for office set in. He would probably never have committed himself to any snch rash expression had he seen bnt a single instance of an able bodied Montana Democrat in full pursuit of a federa l office. _ Wasn't that a West India judge who was advised never to give the reasons for his decisions?_ Sunset Cox is booked for tbe Seraglio of the Sultan. The city authorities of St. Ix>ui* ar« urge«I to pa** a pending ordinance requir ing all wells, within the limits of the city water servk-e, to be till«*d up. It is claim«*l that such wells in large cities aie the nn*»? active and prolific agent* to spread disease. After a time the soil «in which a city stand* Iks «une* thoroughly poomneil and all the water that penetrate« through such a soi< and collects in wells is poisoned also. There is no chance to get water fit for use ex«-ept hy bringing it from a longdistance ur from ' a great «lepth by the artesian process The Washington monument rises 555 leet 51 iDehes above its foundation. The topmoNt point is 597 feet 3 inches aliovc rnt-an low water in the I'otomac, and 598 feet 9.38 inches above the meau level of the Atlantic at Sandy Hook, N. J.. a* determined December 1, 1**4. by the United State* Coast and Geodetic Sur vey. If the reputed height of the Tower of Baliel «*«►* teet is correct, it is the only structure ever er*-cted by human hands that would t«iwer above the Washington Monument_ St. PAUL Pioneer Pre** : The a«-count given by a Fariliault correspondent of the efforts made to se«-ure the presence of Mis souri's pet outlaw, Frank James, in Min ue*ota. indicate* pretty clearly that Gov. Crittenden did all he could to prevent that interesting criminal's removal to any place where he might run the risk of losing that complete freetlom ami immunity from the opetation of the law a«-corded him in the State of which be is now so honore«! a citi zen. Fred W. Harris, a mail carrier, of Utica, N. Y\, was bitten by a dog as he was delivering mail at the residence of Mrs. Williams last Octolier. He brought suit for $1,0(10 damages, and r«H-ently gained bis suit. Mrs. Williams made great effort* to keep from paying. She even had Con gressman Spriggs to come on from Wash ington to assist her local counsel. She is *ai«l to lie worth $7.<nni,0oo Washington correspondents will have it that Pendleton ha* the inside track for Minister to France. Many, too, s«-em to think that Thurman will secure the Eng lish mission. In fact there is a wid«>sprea<l fever to enter the foreign mission service. Several ladies named are so sure of their husbands securing appointnn-nt* that they are diligently studying foreign language*. Many believe the art of making arti ficial stones to lie prehistori«-. and that tbe Pyramids were built of artificial bl«eak* manu fact u roil from the sands of the sur rounding plain. In modern times a Frenchman named Coignet made the arti ficial stone that • ompriseil a section three miles in length ot the Vauue atjueduct for supplying water to the city of Paris, and that used in the constru« tion of the light house at Port Said, Egypt. The latter »a 18(1 feet high, without joints, and rests u|K»n a monolithic block of beton contain ing nearly 400 cubic yards. A « AvriLEVER bridge. 479 ieet long, has just lieeu completed over the St. John's river, which «-onnects the Colonial and American railway systems and re«lu. e* the distance lietween New Y'ork and Halifax by rail to 840 miles. It is expt'cttMi to greatly reduce the rate of freight between Phila delphia. New York and Boston and tbe British provinces, and will revolutionize the fish business of the Gulf of St. Law rence, tbe catch being now sent through iu refrigerator cars. The cost ot ferriage over the St. John s river Iias heretofore lieen $■'> a car. _ A TUNNEL has been completed under tbe Mersey from Liverpool to Birkenhead. Its present length is 1,"'>0 yards but it will ultimately lie extended to the surface at both ends and lie four and a half miles in ldngth It is thirty feet Itelow the lied of the river, in the form ot a depressed oval, twenty-six feet wide and twenty-one feet high. Drainage and ventilation are amply provided. Bee« HER Iias followed Carl Schurz iu making a tour of the South, aud hope* to make $1U,0(M> by his public lecture*. We fear he will be disap|«ointed. Schurz was smart enough to go before the most of the Southern men had *]ient their money in going to Washington and waiting there for an office. It will lie (George William Cur tis' turn to go next, but he had better wait till all tbe Southerners get office who are expecting one, and then they will eut* scribe liberally to the "journal of civiliza tion." ____________ Having fully stated the facts connecte«! with the failure of the Central railroad, bill so far as Governor Carpenter was connected therewith, for the benefit of those whose opinions in such matters are influenced hy facts, we leave tbe "cor]ioration'' organ in undisputed possession of the field of con troversy. _ Texas is more liberal than any State iu tbe Union iu providing for the e«lucation ol teachers. It not only offers tuition free at its Normal schools, but even furnishes board and liooks free. No other State in the country has ever attempt'd to go so far as to supply board. All that it asks in return is a personal pledge to engage for a term ot years in teaching in the public schools of the State. The Assistant General Manager, Ives, of tbe »St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba road, who has just returned from a trip to the end ol the Canadian Pacific, reports that the end of the track is 1,045 mile* west of Winnipeg, through trains run only to I.ag gan. 90 miles this side. There is a «Ins tance of only JUO miles between the east and the west ends of the track at present and much of the grading is done in this interval, and the whole will be completed in August. Cleveland to-day named 8.8. Cox for Minister to Turkey. This reverse* the or der of things, to the extent that hereafter we may look to the sunrise for "Sunset." It seenu to lie between Cullen, present, and Curtis, absent. Either of them, it is said, will accept.