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A SEASON OF FLAME.
I A Brief Swum try of Helena s Fires S.nce Jinuary 1st. A Dozen nr More Fire* ti-ndinry. • •.'Hi»«*lly In» We give below a briel mention of every lire that ha* occurred in our city »once the first of the year. The itbuwioK is some thing appalling lor a en v the size ot Helena, ami the thought that the author of most ol these blazes 1 » still at large, ready to |*-r|>ciraie more such outrages vvhcnevei the humor strikes him. is by no means consoling to our citizens. No. 1 The tirst tire ol the year occurred on the evening ol tiie .th of January, when a log stable, la-lunging to I>r. Steele, and situated at the tear ol his lot 011 Hreckenridge street, burned du» 11 . i he ll rcr occurred alaiut ti o'clock p. tu., aud bow it originated was not known lhe stable was destroyed but the damage was not great. No. 2 occurred on the l.»ih of Jauuary, at 1 o •'doc* }> in . 111 Tolu Mackaaes»' tish market, caused by the overturning ol a lamp. The tire was extinguished without the aid o! .ne engines, and caused slight damage. No. T. The tirst large tire of the year took place on tne lbih of January, in Alley's stable, known as the Court Square Corral. This lire commenced aliout 7 o'clock in the evening, and through elec tive work by the tire department, was con I,D. d to the huildiug in which it origi nated. The cause of the lire was at the time attributed to accident, but now we kuow differently. IsOs*. about $3.**k>; iu suranee, $1,000. Everything hut the building was saved. No. 4. Only two days elapsed until another stable burned. This time the lire occurred in a bay shed and cow stable on Breekeuridge street, adjoining Ming s < ipera House on the north. The blaze w as diwovercd early'in the evening and was the extinguished without further loss than the stable. Damage slight. No ,5. Almut half-past eight in the evening of the 23d of January a lite iu the large building on the corner ol Price ami Main streets was discovered by some jantletnen coasting on .Sixth avenue. The blaze was extinguished liefnre it gained much headway. A bucket ol con) oil was lullin' in the building near the hay which was on tire, and was conclusive evidence of an incendiary's work. No. *». The lire fiend, alter his ill suc cess on the 23d, tried his hand again the night after, the ti lth of January. T his was the lire that destroyed Ketchum, Zas trow Co s planing mill on l'.reckenridge street, aud was the most disastrous of all. The blaze was discovered about 1<> o clock at night in the log stable at the rear ol the Loss aliout mill, and the step-ladder which the ineen diary had used to gain access to the loft was found leaning against the stable. The wind was blowing a fearful gale from the southwest, aud it was impossible <o save the planing mill, which was destroyed with uearly all its contents. The lire de partmeiit worked nobly and prevented iurlher spread of the flames. $17,000; insurance ÿ-*>, 000. No. 7. Alwut 4 o'clock iu the morning of January ■J'sth Tateiu Ac Ellis louud r y, on West Main street, was discovered on lire. No damage worth mentioning was done, as the lluuies were extinguished al most as soon as discovered. The origin ot this fire was not attributed to an incen diary. By this time the patrol organized bv our citizens was put in operation, and during its continuance nothing further was heard of the incendiary. No. H. The next tire was Ross Deegan's stable, on the corner ol Rodney street and ... . i „ Fifth avenue, which burned down on the ,h.- ffih uf Man-h. about « ocl<xk. « 4 .« ioceodiarj. I.«« »4,000; ioauran., No 9 occurred in the haystacks of North Main street, Joseph Horsky, on about 7 o'clock in the evening of March loth. Origin, incendiary. No buildings were consumed. No. 10. A blaze in lhe Cosmopolitan Hotel occurred aliout 4 o'clock in the morning of «March 11th. It was caused hy a defective Hue, aud was quickly ex tinguished. No. 11. The uext blaze t«iok plac e aliout 11 o'cloc k p. m . Marc h 27th, in the stable in block J3, used hy B. F. Hooper. The stable was destroyed and the line of wood sheds at the rear of Brown's block considerably damaged. Origin, as usual, incendiary. No. 12. The fire-bug rested uutil April 11th, when Beach's livery stahîc. on Rod ney and Breckinridge streets, was de stroyed at his bauds. This fire occurred alaiut !* o'clock in the evening. The build ing was owned by Crounse and Moffitt. Their loss was aliout $1,800; insurance. $1.000. Beach lost aliout $400 worth of hay, grain, etc. Origin, needless to say, incendiary No. 13,mad the moat recent fire, occurred iu Mrs. Daly's liable, laat Tuesday even ing. April llth. Total loss aliout $3UU. Origin, incendiary. The aliove is an itemized account, up to date, of this year s fires lor the city of Helena. Is not there some way to prevent a similar record for the next lour months? Mayor I'll i.sbi kv, of Minneapolis, in lus recent inaugural, claims for that city a imputation of 120,000. When the census of l-'-'O was taken it was less than 47,000. And ihe assessable wealth of the city which was $28,000,000 in 1880, was $74, (mio.omo only four years later. The bonded debt of the city is $2,401,000, liearing in terest at 4} jier cent. The city has 823.00* feet of »ewers, of which over 30,000 were built last year. The water works have cost the city about $*<00,000. Last year the expense of ruuumg this was aliout $12, 000, and the receipts from water rents $*4, 000. Minneapolis claims the highest mast for electric light in the world, and has on it eight lights of 2,000 candle power. I THE HORTHWEHTEKH WAI. Whato'r way bTibe fact a. to the country a, lary.'. the war in the North went Territory of the Dominion inter ets the people of Montana in many ways more than the proapecta of a for eign war. The latter are hut prospects at most, and may never l»c more, hut the Dominion wari-a fact, ami is getting to he a pretty scri«*us tact. Ihe present Dominion ministry ba- blundered fear fully in giving occasion for this war, and its blunder» continue and promise to extend it ruinou»ly. Latest reports say that ir John Mac donald insists that thire will be r.o other of terms or attempts at compromise, eitl.er w ith Indian.» or half-breeds, till the insurrection or rebellion is subdued by force. A more seriuti» 1> uni found in the defective ammunition lur ni'hed the soldiers sent to the front. It lia» been kept in store for ten years, and on trial it is said that not more than four cartridges out of fifty would ex plode. It this is true and soldiers lace the enemy with such defective ammuni tion, there wii! he fatal di»a»ter for the ministry to answer, and the war will he indefinitely extended. It was re|H<rted that the Montreal both battalion .tinier Col. Qjiuiet, hail re ,ii*ed to. advance from Calgary to Ed monton, because they would not fight the French half-breeds. Col. ijuiuiet tells a different story. He .»ays there are no supplies for the exiiedition and his men cannot move into a country desti tute of all supplies till they are projierlv provisioned and he proposes to see to this before starting out. Complaints ace universal as to the quantity and quality of all sorts of supplies. The Dominion authorities seem to have acted ou the theory that this was to be only a thirty day pleasure excur sion, that the r. hellion would go to pieces at the notice of preparation and the sight of advancing troops. I )i»atfec tiou exists all over the Northwest coun try and i» fast spreading. TheSioux In d ans that escaped from the I nked States 1er is said to be and were received •.*ith a welcome that smacked of approval of their bloody work in the I nked State», are now co operating with the rebels and doing ail the mischief jiossible. With the policy continued as begun, it looks as if all the Indians in the Dominion territory would soon be on the war-path. General Middleton ex|>ected to have met the enemy on Saturday evening or yesterday and fought a decisive battle, i»ut he is very simple if he thinks the rebels are going to accommodate him unless they have the advantage. If they can .ut off his supplies and starve out | t 0 g e ther unfavorable for a dashing cam his troops or pick them off in detail aa they scatter out for supplies they will prefer this course to fighting a regular battle. If the weather up north is prej ortion a iiy as stormy as here, it will be almost impossible to do any successful cam paigning. Tlie season of the year is al paign ami -Sir John would have much better applied himself to negotia tions w ith various disaffected classes and stopped the spread of the trouble until the weather was lietter suited for active campaigning. As it is now, it i» costing bis government half a million a week, , . . ____■ , cd siiectators, but the time is coming » , *>'<•" »■«•re will * •" efb.rt ..n tl,e .art of the hostile Indian. I«. earape. and », do not want our government to do as the Canadian government did with our escaped t»ioux, give them any welcome a on and tlie soldier» are wearing themselves out, accomplishing absolutely nothing, and tl.e war i- >pr«-:i'liiig i:. even, «lire« - tion. So long a» the w arring element» are kept to the north of the line, we can look on with the curiosity ot disinterest at all. We want no more Indians from any quarter. It turns out much as we feared that the Prince of Wale»' visit to Ireland has led to irritatiou aud outbreaks that have more than neutralized any lieneticial effects of the visit. While the loyalty of some may have lieen confirmed, the hostility ol oth ers has also been embittered. When the tour was plauned, it was not know n ol «•ourse that there would lie just at the time such a general feeling of excitement oyer the trouble w ith Russia. The war fever has made everybo«ly unusually ex citeahle and it wa» in some respects a had time to make the visit If the purpose had lieen to lind out to what extent loyalty to the present royal family of England still exists ia Ireland, the method and time were ne'tner well clnisen anil the results can hardly seem satisfactory to recompense the expense anil the outbieaks. It will be a long time Wfore the Irish people become loyal Englishmen. Before that time the people of Englaud will put aside royalty and make their Premiers their Presidents. If war really comes lietween England aud Russia, there will not lie many volunteers furnished by Ireland aud the result ot tak ing out those who are willing to volunteer will lie to make the general population ap pear more than ever disloyal. So tar as we can judge by the tendency ot receut events. Irish discontent and disloyalty are increasing and we see no reason to expect any change until home-rule is really given to the Irish people. In this purpose our sympathies and convictions are all with the Irish. The path of justice is the path of wisdom aud of interest. Si n»kt Cox gives as a reason lor leav ing the House and seeking consolation in the Turkish mission, that he could not en dure to be snubbed any longer by Carlisle, as be was in the last C ongiess by being de prived of his coveted committee chairman ship and place on the Board of Smithson ian regents. He thinks, loo. that there is liable to be a tine field for diplomatic lau rels at Constantinople. WILL ElltiLAHD FIGHT t There u no doji« that Gladstone » .incerely desirous of pe.ce. Of ,hi. he in recent j *""• Abo,, all the aar. tha, hav. sincerely desirous oi pw^r. *m mu ne has given a tumlant evidence in recent vexed bis admiuistratiou were heir-loon» of hia predecsssor's jiotfo policy. (Had „one ha. believed ,ha, ,>e.ce n- fo, the interests of his country as well as of the world. His country has grown strong since he has administered its affairs. He ha» Ix-en liberal in all his policy at home and abroad. India lias been better gov erned than ever before and no little ad vancement made toward »elf-government. Ireland has received substantial legisla tive advantage» from Gladstone, more than from all the Tory Ministries that have ever held the English government, Gladstone ha» not only administered the government more justly, with less iu popular support, in general favor aiuomr other nations to a greater extent arrogance, than ever before in British history, but he has administered the fi nance» with equal credit and success, lb- lia» made England strong in justice, than t ver before, and at the same time has been accumulating strength for a great struggle when ir should be forced on the British people. lîu-»in ami France lave mistaken his moderation lor fear an 1 now seem to be crowding the issue to a |»oint where the only alternative is to fight. With all his reluctance for war, we do not believe lie ha» a bit of the coward about him or doubts the ability of the English nation in a just cause to fight both France and Russia combined. As we interpret the reply of Russia there is really little chance for peace, Russia defends the action of Kamarotf and lavs the blame on England in such a shape that it cannot be explained away or disavowed. If the season were favorable for inarching British troop» in Afghanistan, we believe war would be declared within a week. The longer the declaration is kept back the more the English people are becoming united in readiness to support it with their lives and fortunes, and the better will l»e the chance to throw troops into Afganistan. Ru-siu evidently sees her advantage and is pressing the issue for the earliest |h»s sible solution. deter England from accepting the issue which is fairly being forced upon her. France never yet won any success over England on the seas, and there is no reason to think the result of the coming | struggle will he any different. We believe both countries are now re solved on war. The fact that France is likely to take a hand in it, while it will largely magnify the peril and the requisite output of strength, will not 1 proacli to the Black sea, it will not be difficult lor England to enter into an al liance with Austria to bundle the Turks out of Europe altogether and take possession of tlie country and co-operate with England. The Hungarians and the Poles would not be averse to fight j n g Russia, and with the aid of English If Turkey undertakes to block the ap subsidies their armies would be enough j to keep Russia from throwing her united strength into Central Asia. Austria is an old ally of England, and it will not be hard to renew the al lianee. It i- i i ;i i to t .. what part Germany will take in the approaching struggle. No (me lieiieves there is any ,,. a ; friendship between France and Germany, but there are many strong ties lietween Germany and Russia, w hich lead us to think that Germany will oc ct pv the part of armed neutrality, sav ing her strength till the other nations are well »peut and then take a hand in picking up the crumbs. If Austria is allowed to take most of European Tur key, perhajis Bohemia and Moravia may be conceded io Germany, and the acqui sition of Poland might even induce Germany to declare against Russia. This would round oil the German em pire beautifully. No doubt Holland and Denmark would be included. is France and Russia are both deeply ' i « • j ». . A.H involved in debt and lull of internal , disorder. They can neither of them en- ■ dure the strain of a long war. England could probably pacify Ireland by grant ing home rule in earnest. France would lose her colonies and her commerce, and weakened by internal revolutions, would probably emerge a second rate power, in no respect superior to Italy. The fate» seem to be hurrying on to a general European war that is to change the map of Europe and the relative •lauding of nations more than uny w ar that has ever occurred. Washington advices are to the effect „ _ that our banker townsman, Hon. E.W. Knight, stands high in the estimation ol Secretary Lamar. Mr. Knight has infln ential connections in Kentuckyand Missis sippi, who are actively engaged in efiorts to further his political advancement lathis Territory. Sinn«, the recalcitrant Republican member of the Illinois Legislature, has show, what sort of a man he is by pairing with the deceased Democrat. It all the rest of the members would pair with deuil men and go home, it would relieve the State treasury aud a covntry full of disgusted spectators. It is said of ex-Delegate Maginnis that in pushing his claims for office, be doesn't pester the President offener than once a week, but not to lose headway at the White House he tills in the other five days by hobnobbing with Private Secretary La mont. Some whispered words come round the corner that Montana things will soon more apace at Washington. —Indqjrndcnt. Watch oat, now. The Doctor has got a pointer on that office. EXPENSIV E CA MPAIGN* I> ">"** 1»« l>een a eery disagree«' 1 '!«' and bumtii.t.og u,k for Oladatone ye. j *" 1 - Soudan -«P«- «g-** —......"*'"6 -------— • ... terdav to submit to Parliament the bin camp.,gn_ The an,oun» called ««»ere nnexpecledl.v large . contra, ed with why. *« ^ lished, it looks as if it was just so niucii money utterly „„ted. Poor Gordon, whowa. to have been „He«d, l~*«l ' » , .. . . . ri ,o.|i awav beyond relief before it could riacn . * c. , - . _ -rptiitahle him. Nrtne hard and very creutiaoie . ,, . .. JtatorN hut fighting was done out :n the deserts, oui .. f r ,, „ _._ii ; n it cost tearfully in men as well asm Been in men money and nothing whatever has territory or authori gained in prestige, ty. In fact the Soudan is more com pletely in the hands of the rebels to-day than it was at the opening ot the cam paign. The last vestige of Egyptian au thority in that country has disappeared. The garrisons that have not deserted or been massacred have been withdrawn. Gen. Wolseley, who had the cheek to say that Gen. Grant was not much of a General, with lull discretiou and un his disposal, has limited means at ignominiously failed of achieving any thing ereditable in his management ol the campaign. He chose the Nile route on his own responsibility, knowing the nature of the river and the seasons, and ha» only shown by a disastrous lailurc how poor his judgment was. He has got back to Cairo himself, but hi» poor soldiers are away up iu the Egyptian deserts, in a most lamentable condition, in rags and dying of sickness, with only worse miseries in prospect lor them, as the worst of the season is yet to come and no chance for matters to be better before September, It would seen, that the plan ol build ing a railroad from Suakim to Berber has been abandoned. I hat was the point to which Wolseley's army was to march from their present camp, around thegreat bend of the Nile, in hope of con ceutrating there and having a chance of escape as well as some means of receiv ing steady supplies. How this army, that Wolseley has abandoned in the desert, is to get out. now that the rail road and advance to Berber have been j abandoned, does not appear. Their de plorable situation and dismal prospects are enough to excite the commiseration of the whole world, and ought to raise a storm around the head of the incompe tent General who ied them out into tlie 1 deserts to |ierish and has seemingly building railroads up the Nile and from the Red Sea e.*ast, a work that would take years to accomplish, and then be of little value to Englishmen to occupy, Men from the south of Euroj»e, either Italians or Greeks, might thrive there, but it is too near the equator for men from the north of Europe. abandoued them to their fate. No wonder the English government wants to abandon the job, country and all to Italy or anyone else who would take it oil' its hands. It has found out, after immense sacrifice, that the Soudan couldn't be held, if coi.qtiered. w ithout j Taken all in all, this Egyptian i>u»i m-» has been disastrous a» well as dis creditable to England. The bombard ment and destruction of Alexandria was a huge mistake, if nota wanton crime, If England would build the railroads that were contemplated they would have been some compensation in time to the country. II i» bard to think that the English nation will lie content to abandon Egypt after all their loss and bait the bills cre ated by the blunders of iu government and jioor generals. And it the cost il all these liilures is to be »addled on to poor Egypt, then the case is worst yet, and no people on earth will be in so hopeless a plight, As it looks now England never became involved in a more discreditable and disastrous piece of business. It is rejiorted from Democratic sources that Dr. Swallow, in his discouraging el forts to keep the political pot up to the ' boiIin 8 poinL offers the unique explanation of the Hekauj's interlerence to account , lor bis mortitying lailures. These otfi:.es can't lie had as long as this constant inter tenneddling of the Blaine organ goes on, ■ ! j 1 after J)lace are QOt f ra i t leaa! Simmer down ! - g AM Hai sek is said to lie the only office applicant who has yet signified to a , j )eilloora ^j c administration that he is satis tied to wait till a vacancy occurs by due the Doctor is understood to say : "It is the same as cooking a kettle ot sorghum. The syrup can t be brought to the sugar ing-off stage as long as some one dashes pails of cold water into the contents every time they bubble up. And yet the Dr. tells us he is not fretful, and that his forays I , ... eX p, ra tion of term of service belore calling f or his commission. Mr. Hauser occupies a t the White House the highest notch in tlje 8t ep-lad«ler of political fame, and it is believed President Cleveland will cause a life<ize portrait of our eminent fellow a citizen to be hung in the ante-room ol the Executive Mansion in plain sight of the great army ol besieging spoilsmen, sug gestively inscribed, "This man does not want to go in till the other man goes out Governor Hauser will take office in the latter hall' of the year 187'J. a Prof. Swallow should no longer ques tion the friendliness of the Herald in opposing his pretentions to office, since through that opposition, as he avers, he expects to pave the way to place. Dr., come out and confess your obligations like aman. ___ Governor Carpenter, whose return is expected not later than next week, will probably be accompanied by Mrs. Carpen ter, son and daughter. The Governor s elegant residence at Poughkeepsie is of fered for Mile, together with the besntifnl park grounds connected with the property. ADMINISTRATION of JUSTICE IX MEAGHER COUNTY. The Maiden Argus of the l*»th finds fault irecause the grand jury at the recent term of court did not find a single indietn.en, re,..« of tha, , t ,„d ln , U , they »5 ' We have found indictment, of verv gr „ t impurunC e ,„ ,he people. ' * " k , r « would jeem lira, one or the other tmist ' * ""«*«• •*> »"*•?• ** *""> jurv would be most likely to know. j • It finds fault also with the District ... .. Attorney for throwing out cases in his . * *: . . . wisdom without submitting them to . the grana jurv. If he did this wisely he did his duty. The graud jury's re |K>rt would lead one to infer that there . . ,. . , , ,, the justices had jurisdiction and should have tried and disfiosed of the cases. In was some good cause for the action of the District Attorney, a» well as for its own, iu saying, "We severely censure the high handed, arbitrary and illegal methods used by the justices in this county lor the six months last past." It speaks of cases tried by justices iu w hich they had no jurisdiction, and others sent to the District Court for trial w here a this report special mention is made of the justices' courts at Maiden as lending themselves "to gratify l*ers''nal animosities of private parties," and further of "sitting apparently to up hold by pleading and adjusting in court their own cr friends' cases, and with a total disregard of law and evidence aud practical good sense. After this we can hardly see how the Anju* can ad here to its statement that the grand jury found no indictments, for this is about as serious an indictment as could well be found inside or outside of a jury room. In glancing over some numbers of the Argus, placed in our hands jby our former townsman, William Mc Farlard, E»j., we should judge Üiat the editor ol that paper had at times shared the feelings and convictions ex pressed by the graud jury, and in all likelihood bad lurnisbed some of tlie material that found expression there. We have always advocated the impor tance of justices' courts in thinly set tled counties of vast area, as the proper way to prevent more expensive trials at the county scat, an i a« removing the pretext and necessity of people taking the law into their own hands aud ad ministering uacermonious justice. But it would »eeui as if there was more some times to lcar from justices' courts than from the violators of law or Lynch court». It must have been pretty seri ous perversions of law and ju»tice to have influenced Judge Wade to say any thing in his charge to the grand jury "savoring strongly of Lynch law. We know nothing of any particular cases before Judge or jury or District Attorney, and our remark» therefore only pertain to a general view of the situation presented in the grand jurv'» report and Argus' criticism. But the accounts of cases a» narrated by interested parties iu some of the courts of justice, not :» hun dred miles from Maiden, would satisfy any man that the charges of the grand jury are not overdrawn and that lynch law w ould be a long step towards justice and its civilised administration. yrr. military authorities ml'orm us that for two years past they have lieen acting under orders to allow no Indians or half breeds to cross our northern line, and as fast as any attempted to enter they have l>een disarmed, dismounted and set afoot across the line. The Dominion Indians generally know this fact,and there is little danger of tbeir repeating an attempt which some have heretofore made to their loss and sorrow. So long as the Blackteet. Bloods and Piegaus on British soil remain quiet, there is very little danger of our In dians Wing drawn into the tight. So far, these Iudians have not only been quiet, showing no disposition to join the rebels, but they have tendered their services to the Canadian authorities to tight for them against the hostile trilies. The authorities at Fort McLeod are in a position to know the feeling of the Indians t. that vicinity, and are in constant communicaiion with our military authorities. As to the ball breeds in Montana having gone to join Kiel, it cannot lie true, for their settle ments have all recently been visited by . , ... . .u c a »„»iu the military aud they were lound engaged in putting in their crops, with no thought ol leaving. The disappearance of game has made mast of the Indians very sensible of their dependence on govern ment rations. There is nothing for them to live on when roving about. If there is game anywhere if is in the far north, and they will lie most apt to escape iu that direction. Before election Carter Harrison said that if he got less than -v.WiO majority, he should consider it equivalent to a defeat. ------------- — --» ------------ The highest claims of his majority have }>een an< . have now lieen re ,j uce( i to 113, with a strong probability of d^ppe^i,^ altogether. It has lieen given out that in the result that his election is lt would be a t .o Dce ded he will resign. poor consideration for conceding his elec tion, for he is uot one of the resigned or resigning s ort. _ The French regiment that refused to advance against the half-breeds, alter reaching the vicinity of the set-ne of con flict, place themselves in a very uneuviable plight. They shonld have made up their minds before starting from home. They ought to be sent to tight the Indians, and could hardly excuse themselves from such a duty. _ Y.Tiile Chief Curtis remained at the National Capital the country heard a good deal about Washington being overran with office seekers. This circumstance is ex plained by the fact that Mr. Curtis was counted by the reporters "a host in him self." In telling friends the reason he did not bring home a commission, Charles says, "The crowd never get an office." There are some, we are sorry to say. so impatient for war between England and Russia that they want England to declare it forthwith, and are disposed to taunt the Ministry with cowardice in waiting to get full and truthful reports of the late en gagement between the Russians and the Afghans, so that it may la* known to all the world and stand as a fact in history on whose part the aggression was we believe Gladstone is averse to war, we do not lielieve that while he remains Pre mier he will allow any permanent interest of the British Empire to lie neglected, or its honor to lie compromised. Those who, on either side of the Atlantic, are clamor While ios for I»*. dT.l.ra.ton.1 «ax.«» „L,e,v iprODsiderately. though they may thluk the war iu.vi.aMe. At tbi, ■eaaoo of the yea, the amtieu of Knttlaod could no, enter Attth.ui.tan even if they Delay is were ready to advance at once, not only advaatagious but it is indispenai ble for the British. If war should l»e de clared at once the Russians could overrun Afghanistan, annihilate the native tioops. and occupy every stronghold belore a single regiment of British troojw could reach the scene of danger. It looks to us as if Russia were the party most interested in the early declaration ol war. aud that English diplomacy would lie put to its severest trial to starve oil the contest till British troops can operate at all in the high, cold, broken region where fighting is to \* done in event of war. -- -- Wmi.K the c hances of war lietween Rus sia and England liecome more pronounced every day. the clouds on this continent are fast clearing up. The bold move of Barrios that threatened to involve the whole ol Central America and drag in the l_ nited Statas and Mexico has come to a sudden end with the death of the prime mover lie fore it liecame nec essary lor outside inter ference. The < hances of c ompleting a peace ful confederation in Central America are lietter than ever aud we should like to see it succeed. It is tune for the United States now to go to work in earnest to make treaties that will give us the right to build railroads and canals audio protect them, and settle difficulties that will give occa sion for for calling in foreign nations. The Panama irouble is also in a lair w ay to lie settled without any more bloodshed or out side inteilerence. We thiuk the North western troubles of the Dominion will also lie settled if there is any real attempt made with lair aud honorable terms of compromise. The increasing prospect of war lietween England and Russia will cer tainly work to relieve the hall-breeds aud prepare for them lietter terms of compro mi.*e. ______________ Ir is possible that the jieople of the United States have sorely misjudged Bar rios. and did not know till he was dead that he was an ardent admirer and friend of our country and hail for years lieen us ing all his his powers and resources to ed ucate his subjects in all respects like citi zens of the United States. American text liooks are used iu the public schools aud all are taught the English language. W hen he returned from New York two years ago. Ik we waut the lietter class of people to settle in our city, we must do a good deal more than we have ever yet attempted to improve our schools. There are several places in the Territory that are a long way ahead of us in this respect. A great many of our children are away at school in the States who ought to be provided lor at home. We do not keep our own, much less present the inducements we should to draw others. We ought to have, aud he took back a Presbyterian minister, named Hill, and lias paid all the expenses of sustaining the mission, lie has made the city of Guatemala like an enterprising Western city, with street railroads, electric lights, telephones, etc. On the subject ol the canal he has often and always favored it and ofiered free any concession needed to carry it through Guatemala. It is even asserted that his chief purpose iu consoli dating Central America was to lie in jiosi tion to öfter this country more favorable terms. If all that is now told ol' Barrios is true, we have lost a friend instead of an enemy. _ could have at little cost, a free public library. Private effort ia doing much to that most of our citizens of wealth and , . * * - . . A f .. , that can tie suggested to be done for Hel busily;""""*" ____.___^ ____ business enterprise look upon such matters as non-paying investments. No greater mistake was ever made. There is nothing ena to insure her coatinued growth and make a it desirable place of residence lor men of wealth and families, as to make it deservedly celebrated for schools and edu cational facilities. Manufactures and re duction works w ill come when they will pay. But good schools of all kinds and grades and free libraries will pay now, aud will always pay in increased ratio to the wealth and liberality of their support. TllEchargeof Demoerat* in the la»t 1 res idential campaign was that the Republicans had created an enormous number of oflices —we think the estimate was sometimes a.» high rs half a million—for no other pur pose than to provide for their partisans. We now ask any one of the noble army of Democratic aspirants—Maginnis, McCor mick, Curtis, Healy, Kelly, Wilkinson, or Swallow, of the hungry home crowd—who have spent fretful weeks iu fruitless forays after place, whether he thinks there are a great many offices in this country, und if so, why he didn't get one? The Russians have lieen rather shrewd in having placed so much of their debt in Central Europe. Germany will lie com pelled in self-interest to try and protect Russia from serions iqjury, and further to sustain the credit of Rnssian securities and even to raise new loans when called for. The Rothschilds may have declined, as re ported, to negotiate a _ew loan for the Czar, but the reason probably is that the terms are not satisfactory. By holding off' till the Czar's necessities are greater they will get their own terms and make up on new loans what they might loee on old Thk negotiations of peace lietween France and China seem to have advan« e«l far enough to ensure their lieing carried to completion. We are glad that it is so for both countries, hut chiefly lor France, h cost a heavy tax ou French vanity and prestige to allow the war to end with a disaster, as that of la.ng Son, hut greater disasters threatened. It is said that it took every dollar of the large war appropriation made after Ferry's resignation to pay for war expenses already accrued, and there was nothing at all left lor further opera tions without calling for a new grant as large as the last one But there is a greater need lor France to disengage herself from forr.an war,, for .rorythtntt pom,, an mU-rual tT,.„ war a I,and. lflkekepol. lie i. to Maud aud hetmue com.,Mated „ re.,u,re. the tot effort., of all tt, fnead. to arreai a tendency to degenerate ,nto an archy and social revolution. Ihe new ministry has taken one serious misstep already in proposing the addition of the Senate. Other steps seem proj»er enough, such as separation of church and state, universal and compulsory education. But it is easy to see that the French are hy fai too impatient and theoretical. They are not content to wait for |»eople to liecome accustomed to present institutions aud laws and let changes come gradually. The government is too much centralized now, aud still the tendency is to make it more is and more so. More |»ower should In- allowed to he exercised in the departments. There is a congestion now of governmental j K)Wer s in Fans and any further tendency j n t j ie Mm < , direction will proxe latal. there is hut out- legislative liody, the Ht reet rabble will control that. It will no ol , more en ,i U re restraint from the President than from a Senate. The Republic has hitter enemies, and the more it goes to ex tremes the more numerous w ill these ene mies liecome. till their union will result m the overthrow of the Republic. We are gla< to see the Secretary of the Navy insisting upon knowing that the new war ship Dolphin is completed according to contract. The adxisory boatd has proved itself little if auv lietter thau the regular naval Diards. aud neither has ever proved its capacity to produce a creditable war ship. We have acquired lor our government a reputation ol having less to show for the money we sjiend on our navy thau any natiou in the world. While in all fields of private enterprise* the skill of our inventors easily lead» the world. there seems to lie some rnaligu iuiluence that shuts out skill and enterprise from our navy. Our people would gladly vote the money to construct a navy second to none in the world if only reasonably as sured that the money would lie well sjient The Secretary of our navy has the liest field open to him for winning lame ami national gratitude that ever was otlered to any man living. \Ve need an ellective navy more than anything else. It needs incessant and exhaustive exiieriim-nt» till some points are determined that can silence criticism and opjKisition. So far we have hail nothing but theory and insutfi eient experiments that have really proved nothing. We may not want the largest aud most costly ships, but we waut and must have, cost what it may, the swiltest and most effective vessels of war that would uot hesitate to engage the most powerful vessel or navy iu the world. And we know that this country lias the skill aud energy, the money and disposition to succeed when the work is Undertaken m dead earnest__ It seems to us that it would lie a much greater piece of injustice to 3,000 white settlers lor the President to revoke the order of his predecessor open ing the Crow creek reservation to settlers than it would lie to the (its i Indians, to li t it stand These Indians are not occupying any part of the reservation that was thrown open, They have still five township», which is more than 200 a« res for every mau. woman ; aQ( j child among them, w hich is more than ; they cam ever improve though they multi j,jy ten fold. There is no dissatisfaction among the Iudians Tnere is notbiug but an ebullition of nnspiacvd sentimental sympathy that is making any objection to the order. This eastern sympathy is of the same sort that sends iNiuq-iets to «■on victed murderers and allows the iamdw* of the victims to suffer and starve. V.-'e disavow any hostility to the liest mrerests of the Indian, but our sympathies go eat gnt and chiefly to those settlers who want ! to cultivate the lands and make a home for themselves and families. It is believed that, in case ex-Mayor 1 Knight relinquishes pretention» to the high official honors which i-ommanduq' Southern friends are urgent should lie be stowed upon him. Samuel T. Hauser will liecome the political heir apparent to place and power. We lielieve Sam is really "the coming man." He can don the Guberua torial toga in aliout three years and a half i if be wants to. It is rumored that the foiling of Major Magiiwia'a ambition to acquire the Gover nor8 hip of Montana as his share of the of fieJM spoils in thb Territory will result in hu preferment for an important appoint n, rn t j n Minnesota. The iiolttical boss of that 5ute ^ Mr p at Ke i ly a f«.llow-coun tryman of our ex-Delegate. and it is be a if to lieved in llemocratic circles in St. Paul that Magiuuis can have his choice of sev eral lucrative places as soon a* vacancies present. A Washington telegram says there are very few office-seekers in Washington—not a score all told.—Ja./ijn-ad« nl. We don't credit a word of it It isn't fair to assume that Montana's contingent are the only spoilsmen still hanging aliout the CapitaL_ The Independent no longer coquettes with ex-Delegate Maginnis and Judge Toole for Governor. It stopped square off some days ago. _ The voice of the Montana Democracy i* undoubtedly for Samuel T. Hauser for Governor. _ Hi rkau for our Hauser bold . He's » "husky" from Helena who isn't iu a hurry an office to hold.