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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, April 23, 1885, Image 4

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rhlli ^jf raid.
FISK BROS. -
- - Publishers.
R. E. FISK, -
.....Editor.
THURSDAY.
APRIL U 188 b
Harvard College lia* but one l»ook
left of the library given to it by it* lonn
der All of the rest were destroyed by fire
in 1764. _____________
News iroiu Eagle K«*-k. Texas, rejiort*
the limling «f rich «old field* in the Sant*
Kona mountain«, about 100 tulle* east ol
the place of that name.
The citizen* of Chicago have found it
necessary to organize a Vigilance Commit
tee not only to secure honest election*, but
to secure justice of any kind.
Mrs. Annie Drvrv, of New York, a
poor widow with five children,woke upon
Friday morning and found she had inherit
ed three lug building* and her children had
$50,000 each.
IT is reported that Miss Lawrence, a rich
New York l»elle, is al*»ut to marry L»rd
Vernon, an Knglish I'eet, who turns out
three tons ot butter daily from his dairy
in Derbyshire
Iris comforting to know that the jew
Commissioner cf Agriculture comes into
power in time for a full sorghum campaign
the present s a»uu. JSweetuess will fairly
overload the western zephyrs.
The Nevada Legislature ha* passed au
auti-treatiug law, which makes it unlaw
ful "for any jierson or jiersons to treat or ,
entertain gratuitously any other person or
persons to or with any spirituous or malt
liquor or liquors, wine *or cider, or^any
l« vc;age whatever."
At the recent municipal elections in
Chicago and St. Iavuis, the vote of the
former was about HO.OOO and of the latter
40,000. It is the pretext for considerable
exultation and Insisting by the Chicago
pres*. Perhaps the Chicago repeaters are
more expert in their profession.
Peace between San Salvador and Guate
male is officially announced, with general
amnesty. It is a happy deliverance from
|M**ibly serious complications to us, aud
all the lietter for being so speedy. The
prosj»ect of a peaceful confederation of the
Central American States is lietter thanj a
forcible one, attempted by Barrios.
Washington Star ■ It isaeommon eom
plaiut that the "workers" have got left ;
ami to see how mach ground there is left
for their sighs, one has only to turn to the
files of the newspapers, of the dates im
mediately following the 1th of March, and
read tue columns of hopes ami claims m
the political gossip of the hour. In scarce
ly a single case ha* the man who was
"pronrnently named," ' well liacked' and
''strongly pushed" for a place, got it.
The act of the German Keiehstag in
raising the duty on American grain and
meats will not discriminate against us or
in favor ol' any continental power, nor will
it go into effect for two years to come.
Germany has a treaty with Spain by
w hich the duties oil grain are fixed for that
length of time, and by our treaty we are
entitled to the same treatment as the most
favored nation. Our petroleum will have
to pay no higher German duty than that
from the Caspian basin.
Theke La* t»een a wonderful obscurity
ami delay in announcing the figures and
results of the roeeut municipal elections in
Chicago ami St Ianiis. On the face of the
returns both are Jiemocratic, but there is
to l*e a contest iu Chicago. W bile the
cities teem to lie the natural stronghold of
Democracy, it may lie as well to notice
that all the larger cities of Ohio repudiat
ed Democracy by decisive majorities, not
withstanding special legislation that was
expected to make them solid forever for
Democracy .
Democracy .
The Missouri Colonels wanted the St
Lotus Postmaster bounced aud a Democrat
put in bis place. This was the answer ot
Postmaster General Vilas to their request :
"We do not intend to interfere with men
whose 'erms of office have not expired
Where Republican office-holders are proven
to lie incompetent or direlict in duty, it
will lie considered that they are subject to
removal on charge*, but those charges
must net 1st of a partisan character. Po
litical questions will have nothing to do
with the change*.''
When the term of our present popular
and efficient Surveyor General expires,
aside from his being his own successor, we
know of no one else more competent aud
worthy to succeed him than Col. W. W.
Del auey, as suggested by the Mineral Argu*.
No one has doue mon*, surveying in Mon
tana or knows lietter from actual acquaint
IBK how to unravel her tangled moun
tain knots, or trace her valleys and their
silver thread.*, than Col. Delau-ey, who
came in with Mullan aud has staid by
Montrna iu all her varied ami swelling
fortunes. Col. DeLacey's appointment
would honor his party, honor the adminis
tration. honor »he Territory and honor the
sfiea
The Connecticut Equitable Trust Com
pany recently lost $ 14.500 of interest on
money loaued, by a decision of Judge
Treat, of the United states District Court
of Southern Illinois, under the plea of
usury. The money was loaned at ten per
cent., a* allowed by the Illinois statutes,
but «lx n it was attempted to foreclose the
mortgage, ^he j lea of usury was set up on
the ground of the incapacity of the corpor
ation to loan at a higher rate than that
authorized by the laws of Connecticut.
This plea was sustained and the eutirc in
terest forfeited. There are many millions
of Pastern capital loaned iu the West that
would be affected by this ruling. Judge
Treat is one of the oldest judges upou the
district bench aud high authority.
|
,
LOCATION OK THE COURT
HOUSE.
It was to have been expected that
there would ^be a great variety of opin
ions about the location of a new Court
House, and many influences brought to
l>ear to induce a change from the pres
ent location. The bill that pa-sed the
last Legislature, providing for the erec
tion of a new building, coHaiued noth
ing looking to a change of location. It
di 1, however, contain a provision for
securing ampler grounds in connection
with the present site, by giving power
to condemn adjacent ground aud thus
enlarge the present site. It would
certainly be a-king the County Com
missioners to assume a great deal of re
sponsibility to abandon the present site
altogether and take new grounds on any
terms, though the advocate* of change
might be able to show some special ad
vantage*.
It must be remembered that the Court
House is to be a county building aud
not a city building, so that the idea of
having it any more centrally located on
the city area cuts little or no figure. The
jieople of the county outside of Helena
may not have any special preference
about this location, but tfiey are accus
tomed to the present site, and so far as
they have an opinion to express they
would undoubtedly sav let it stay where
it is.
We believe the Commissioners have
acted prudently iu the matter and that
their action will meet general approval
The .*|>ecial act under which they are
acting gave no power to change the lo
cation. but, by implication certainly,
confined them to use the present site,
remedying its only alleged liefert by
providing for an enlargement of the
f rounds by condemning adjoining prop
erty. This might have been done by
extending the ground* to the east so as
to have had the eastern front toward
Rodney street, or bv extending the
grounds to the south and coming out on
Broadway, as they have done. We do
not know which plan would have been
cheapest and most convenient. Prob
ably the Commissioners considérer! both
plan* and consulted some architects in
making the choice they did. It was out
of the question that any selection they
could have made would have been re
ceived without some criticism. By
the present arrangement the old
court house can be be nsed till
the new one is fully completed and then
we shall all be glad to see it torn down
and moved out of sight for ever. It
would be a calamity to have it turned ,
over to the city aud used as a city hall.
The new court house will probably l»e
large enough to furnish the city with all
the rooms needed for every department of
city business at much less refit than it
would cost to erect a separate build
ing in any part of the city. We have
no idea that that the ground which the
Commissioners seek to condemn will
cost more than from 112,000 to $15,000.
The balance of the amount provided for
the cost ought to give us a building by
far the finest in the Territory, suitable
foracapitol building for many years, with
ample room in its three stories for all the
office. for county, city, Territory and for
the United State* officers in part.
SEW KKAGE.
Helena is not the only place in the
Territory interested iu the proper solu
tion of this question. Every city, town
and household has a vested interest in i
understanding how to dispose of waste, j
filth and offal without poisoning the soil
and the atmosphere, and if possible
makt these sources of sickness and |>e*t
ilence contribute to the fructification
and beautification of the surrounding
premises and adjacent country.
No one who studies the subject at all
will reach the conclusion that our great
fiume that wa* built last season h at all
fitted for a sewer, and the attempt to use
it as such will certainly lead to serious
ar.d aggravated trouble*.
We need deep bed-rock sewers, |»er
manently constructed of durable ma
terial, from which no noxious gasses
shall escape to poison the atmosphere
whi -ii our people are compelled to
breathe.
But something more still is needed. We
can no more allow this poisonous mat
ter to escape beyond the limit* of the
city, to infect the water courses in the
valley and poison the atmosphere of
other localities.
Even if we should extend this costly
system of sewerage clear to the Missouri
river it is still questionable if it would
be allowable to infect the waters of so
large a stream.
What is needed, as it seems to us, is
the early application of the system that
prevail* in Berlin aud l'ari*, of treating
the sewerage matter a* fast as it form* by
some deodorizing process that will de
stroy the poison and prepare it iu *ba[>e
to l*e used a* • fertilizer to spread over
our soil and produce fertility.
It is said that this system has l»eeu ap
plies! in the model city of l'ullman, uear
Chicago, and if it succeed* there, we see
no reason why it may not iu Helena.
At the close of the great Napoleonic
war* in 1 —IT the public debt of Great
Britain reached the highest limit, i»,
••>•1,477, about four aud a quarter billions—
considerably more than our own at the
close of the civil war. The Crimeau war,
1854-1856, coat England i 1UO.000.000. To
carry on such a war alone over all the seas
and in the highlauds of Asia would cost
probably a good deal more than the Cri
| mean war did, and there is little or no
chance lor England to win anything. She
would loae the whole cost ot the war and
might lost- some of her colonies. There is
no telling but she might lose ner control
of the ocean commerce. For if it ever
< t<> .i.. i..; on an non and steel
basis, it will undoubtedly come to stay.
!
i
SHAMMY STRUCTURES.
The collap*e of a block of eight five
story houses in New York city, reported
yesterday, with the serious if not fatal
injury of many of the hands employed,
shows how crimes of vast magnitude
may be committed right under the face
and eye* of the resident* of a great city
provided with high salaried officers
whose business it is to see that such
gr-rts and fatal carelessness and fraud is
not permitted. The crime is no le** be
cause there are several guilty ones con
nected. The con'ractor may be most
guilty, but the man for whom such a
frail structure is erected is also guilty,
and certainly the officers whose duty it
i* to see that ail buildings are securely
and substantially put up, is as much or
more guilty than the contractor.
It would seem as if self-interest would
prevent such waste of material as in this
case. This is of course an extreme one,
but the possibility that it could occur at
all, give- rise to a sense of general inse
curity. For one that actually falls in
before completion, how many there must
Ik* that barely e»ca|>e such a catastrophy
and are liable to go down any day with
score* of occupants.
It is a generally observe«! and con
ceded fact that, as a nation we build in
securely. There is Uh» much haste and
Uh» much attention U» mere appearance.
It is a matter of common criticism
how many quacks we have in all the
professions. But there are just as many
and a-- dangerous quacks in all the arts
and trades. M«*n put themselves forward
as architects and master builders, who
ought U» be serving as apprentice*.
House* are built with defective plumb
ing, sewerage, and ventilation, by which
a large share of sickness and death is
caused and charged up to the inscrut
able ways of Providence.
When we consider all the loss of life,
health and property that result* from
detective building, we may be easily
convinced that it does not pay. It is
time to call a halt and create a public
opinion that shall demand a change.
Our new towns in the rapidly growing
West are peculiarly exposed to suffer
from this class of unsubstantial and de
fective structures. We have a rials of
houses, known currently a* balloon
frames, from the gauzy material of
which they are made and the readineas
with which they rise, in a single day
sometimes. They are as unsubstantial
as tents and not more safe or fit to live
in. with no provision whatever for drain
age or sewerage.
Even Helena, though so many of this
class of house* have been weeded out by
our frequent tires, is still cursed with
too many buildings of this class, and
they are still going up all around us
every day.
It would be better for us in every way
to build fewer house* and have those
more substantial, safe and healthy. We
have plenty of g<H*d building stone, and
more of it ought to be use«!. Whai is
good as a protection against extremes of
heat and cold, is g«n»d a* a safeguard
against tire. It saves fuel and conduces
to health and comfort.
The lessons t«> be learned from losses
an ! calamities elsewhere, are for us to
apply to our own circumstances and
actions. _
The report ot a Nez I'erce outbreak
proves to have little or no foundation in
fact, and we hope there will prove to be
no more foundation for the new story of
an Apache outbreak. These Indian wars
are great disturbers of the jieace and have
served for many years to deter emigration
to the frontier. It may ' he too much to
say that we are in no danger of ever »se
ing any more Indian wars, but it is true,
as every observing and thinking person
< an easily satisfy himself, that the chances
are much less than formerly, and are every
year growing still teas. There are many
co-operating causes, but one of the princi
pal ones is the great change in the habits
of life of tbe Indians, in the disappearance
of game. They have had to abandon their
nomadic way of life and depend on being
fe«l by daily rations at the agencies or go
to cultivating lands. This soon changes
the Indian disposition and bis ferocity of
nature is soon tamed. It may not be so
healthy for the Indian to lead this idle
life on vegetable and farinaceous diet, but
it is healthier tor the whits man surely.
If with this change of habit and diet the
government will increase its efforts to
educate the Indian children, especially give
them industrial education, the chance of
future Indian outbreaks will soon be less
thantLat of socialistic hots in onr great
! cities and labor strikes, which rnn into
i violent excesses. It is a good thing, per
haps. that the Indians dislike to leave their
native places. They are becoming yearly
more concentrate«! in localities so far apart
that there is uo chance for a general ris
ing. and they are more easily watched.
It may lietter suit the purposes of the
Chinese Emperor to proclaim to his sub
ie« ts that tbe French have humbly sued
for peace. but we fancy that this form
of the statement will « reate a breeze m
I'aris and it may amount to a storm that
will sweep away all discretion and all
hojv for peace. The French are crédité«!*
by other nation* with excessive vanity, anil
such .in insult to their pride must prove a
national affront. Tbe Kmperor's intentions
are all right. He too has a vain nation to
deal with, and wiil no doubt tie able to
satisfy the French Minister that his lan
guage was only diplomatic in iorm to allay
prejudiée against foreigner* and prevent
tumultuous outbreaks anti acts of violence,
such as murdering missionaries and their
converts. Possibly the Emperor could
find in same of the French dispatches an
equal oversight of essential facts. The in
terpretater of such diplomatic language
must consider the market for which it was
I intended.
BUSINESS PROSPECTS.
There is something unsatisfactory »nd
to a great extent unaccountable in the
present business situation and prospects
of the country. It does not seem to be
owing to any one cause, and it certainly
is not confined to any narrow limits, but
it extends all over the world, worse, of
c«»urse, in some localities, but every
where recognizable. It may be over
production by the multiplication of
|H)wer and the invention of improved
machinery. In this country prices seem
to be low enough to stimulate trade, aud
there is plenty of capital. But for some
reason that we cannot understand capi
tal seems unuusally and unreasonably
cautious of investment. It is generally
observed that trade is always more
active in a rising than in a falling
market. People *«*em to think, though
prices are conc«*Ie«l to be very low,
that the may go still lower,
and hence hesitate to carry any
more st«»ck than en«»ugh to meet imme
diate «Jemand.-. We see no reason for
apprehending much further decline or
any long continued depression. The
great fall in railroad stocks a year ago
made'a great many sick and weak, and
they have not got over it yet. But
everything seems to be near or <]uite
down to bed rock, and whether there is
war in Europe or not, the United States
are reasonably sure of a fairly prosper
ous season.
We are at peace amon'g ourselves and
with all the world. We have an abound
ing credit, vast accumulated wealth, and
incalculable resources. Our greatest
want is for more peop*e to eat our pro
visions and buy our gixxis. Bather than
have men killed in continental wars we
wl»h that all destine*! for such a late
might be sent over to us. We can use
the last one of them to advantage, both
as consumers and as producers.
The departure of 100 puddlers from
Pittsburgh to work in an iron mill in New
Zealand is not a sign that the "age of iron"
is over in this country. On the «-ontrary
there is every reason to believe that we are
just on the eve of the greatest era of de
velopment in this direi'tion that the world
lias dreamed of. The reason gived of this
emigration of the 100, is that th i substi
tution of steel for iron is taking away their
employment, but the same material is ne
cessary to make steel as for iron, and
though new processes of production may
come into vogue that will make the pro
duction easier, shorter and cheaper, re«iuir
ing a less number of hands, the growing
demand for steel in the erection of bridges,
the construction of ships, cannon, and for
all the arts, and even in the construction of
houses, will surely increase in this coantry
every day as long as time lasts. The or
d«*r received in Philadelphia, last week, for
six war ships of tbe Esmeralda pattern is
enough of itself to insure employment for
many hundreds of men for the year to
come. When we have ship yards capable
of turning out vessels ot' that type, we
may reasonably expect that they can build
just as good ones for oar own government.
If war goes on, as now seems likely, be
tween England and Russia, we may expe«'t
that the carrying trade of the world will
again fall to our hands, if we are willing
to take it. Russia can certainly outfit
more privateers to prey on English com
merce than did the Southern Confederacy
on our own. It is not at all unlikely that
within a year our fiag may tloat over more
iron and steel ships of commerce than any
other in the world.
DAVID A. Wei.us, the great Democratic
free trade expounder aud apostle, is on a
visit to Mexico, and it is reported, has be
come a stout champion of reciprocity with
that country, from living an opponent at
the outset. It is not unlikely that his
visit was in the interest of the Adminis
tration, so that it could adopt a policy for
luture action. It is a very significant fact
at all events, if it does not represent the
policy of the present Administration. The
fundamental idea in all these treaties of
reciprocity is the very oppmite of the free
trade theory. Free trade teaches that all
intercourse among natrons should be as free
•s possible and regulated by general laws,
while reciprocity teaches that the com
merce between nations shonld be regulat
ed by special treaties altogether, based up
on the productions, resources, the exports
and imports of the two parties to ea«-b
commercial treaty. If Mr. Wells favors
reciprocity with Mexico, we see no reason
why he shonld not favor it with all the
governments of North, Sooth, Central and
Insular America. This is the policy that
Mr. Arthur'» Administration started out to
establish and is one that we believe the
good, practical sense of the Amerwan peo
ple of all parties will heartily adopt and
adhere to. If we remit duties to any na
tion. we expect that it will reciprocate.
The commercial favors that we bestow will
call for others in return. Ail rational, sat
isfactory, profitable aud durable intercourse
between nations a* lietween individuals
must have this mutuality.
The Chicago Inter-Ocean of the 11th de
votes thrce column* and several illustra
tions to Fergus Falls. Minnesota, the
county seat of Otter Tail county, nam«td
from the venerable 1'resident of tbe Mon
tana Pioneers. It is l«>omiog up rapidly
a* a great «entre of wealth and industry,
and in time may become what Minneapolis
is to-day. Tbe foundation of its prospec
ta e greatness lies iu its possession of a
magnificent water power. Within five
miles there is a fall of 175 feet and an
average flow of 60,000 cubic feet of water
per minute, which engineers estimate can
be improved to yield a jiower of from ten
to fifteen thousand horse power. In 1 —*0 th«
popalation was 1,200 ; inOctolier last it had
reached 7,500. Its flour mills have a
«opacity of 1.500 barrel* per day. The
city has a ÿ JO,000 high school building,
three national banks and other things to
correspond.
a
dangerous allien.
The news of the massacre by the In
dians at Frog Lake, in the Northwest
Territory, shows the mischief of having
such allies. It is easv enough to rouse
them to war, buf it is beyond anvone'»
power to control ïjem when once roused
and their barbarous taste for blood and
plunder has been awakened. We know
that if Riel could have influenced or con
trolled these Indians he would not have
allowed the butchery of Catholic priests,
his own friend*, and those whose work
was solely one of peace and benevolence
to the Indian.
Gen. Middleton, we are glad to see,
has refused to encourage Indians to take
the field against the rebels, knowing
well that when once armed and started
on a career of blo«)d*hed they make little
distinction of friend and foe.
It may be some mitigation of Riel's
conduct in enlisting the aid of Indians
that he had no other source to lot>k to
for aid against the government forces.
But he ha* taken a fearful re*jK»n*ibility
and it will alienate the sympathies of
many who would otherwise have regard
ed his stand to secure the rights of the
half-breeds with complacency or oj>en
favor.
The murder of women and children
and other non-combattants fills the heart
of universal humanity with loathing aud
detestation. We cannot think without
a shudder of the p«n»r scattered settlers
in their distant isolated homes surround
ed by their helpless families,exposed to
barbarities such as red-devils alone know
how to inflict.
The wide wilderness where this bbiody
work is going on, the absence of all
means of communication, makes the sit
uation seem more dreadful. There is no
way of apprizing those exp«»sed to this
sudden and dreadful danger of their
peril.
There was no general th«»ught or fear
of an Indian uprising. 8uch occurren
ces have fortunately been rare in British
America. Hundreds may and probably
will be butchered aud their *a«l story
never known.
We very much suspect that the troops
sent out from the eastern provinces are
poorly fitted for Indian warfare, either
in their equipments or by experience.
They expected only to meet small bodies
of half-breeds in a stand up fight, but to
fight Indians will require a discipline 1
that they know nothing about. They
have to deal with with a foe that never
is found where expected and that never
fights except when it ha» tue advantage.
There have been rumors to the effect
that the Indiai.s of Montana have mani
fested signs of uneasiness and a dispo
sition to take the war path. We believe
these rumors have originated only in
fear, but it is enough to put our garri
sons on the watch, and it requires ex
treme vigilance and effort on the part of
•>ur* Indian agents to keep th« ir charges
in sight and contented.
Indian wars will soon be over and
their horrors will live only in history.
The danger from this source is greatly
reduced already, but not passed alto
gether.
The most righteous cause will be in
jured by inviting Indian alliance, and
this so tar is the worst charge that has
been placed to Riel's account.
Se< retaky Bavabd's reply to an ap
plication for government aid fur the dyna
miters nnder arrest in London is very
polite and proper, but withal very severe
on the applicants. He says he will always
be ready to assist to the extent of his
ability any American citizen engaged in
lawful enteiprizes abroad. It is the only
true doctrine, and it is surprising to notice
how many there aie with such defective
ideas of the rights and duties of American
citizens, as to think that it is the duty of
our government to protect any citizen, no
matter how heinous a crime he may have
perpetrated. The gorernraant cannot be
too careful in protecting the rights of our
citizens abroad, hut it should also be re
membered that citizens owe a correspond
ing duty to onr government, and should
not when abroad violate the laws of the
coantry where they may be sojourning.
It ia the government's duty to see that
American citizens are not unjustly accused
and condemned. We have lrequently gone
further and asked leniency for those con
victed ol violations of law in other coun
tries. But those who go abroad for the
purpose of committing crime have no right
to ask or expect that our government will
shield tnem. They offend against our own
government as well, when they do so, and
to some extent bring reproach and do in
jury to every good citizen.
Democratic suis-ess in the recent Mich
igan election for Supreme Judge and Uni
versity Regent, does not cut any great
figure politically. It is neue the less a
shame ami misfortuue tnat so ahie a Judge
as Thomas M. Cooley should have lieen de
feated. It was tbe liquor interest that did
it,the same influence that has become sueh
a disturbing element throughout all tbe
Western States. It is the daik horse in
every election. Tbe prohibitionists on tbe
one side and tbe free-liquor men on the
other are elements that unsettls all politi
cal «-alculations. The great mass of the
people «1«» not lielieve in either extreme,
but would prefer a pretty high license.
This is one of the questions '.hat it seems
iwpo-'sible to settle, so that it will stay set
tled.
Tilt Minneajiolis Tribune is rather sar
castic on its near neighbor, in speaking of
prarie-fires in St 1'aul that approached
within seven miles of the nearest habita
tion. ____________________
A CORRESPONDENT writing from China,
says that infantry soldiers in the Chinese
army receive for their pay 3? taels of silver
each month. This is a!»out $4.75, and out
of this sum they have to feed and clothe
themselves.
1
JUSTICE TO INDIANS, INJUSTICE
TO SETTLERS.
as
at
is
I
After Attorney General Garland ha*
recently examined the subject with all
the means of forming a correct opinion
on the ca*e, it would be pre*umptioua to
think otherwise than that both he an«l
the President were convinced that his pre
decessor had uo legal authority to open
the Winnebago reservation on Crow
creek . in Dakota, to settlers.
But while conceding gtnid faith and
intention, we lielieve a great mistake ha* i
been made and that it will result in
wrong and suffering to thousand!«, whose
rights and interests ought at least to l>e
as precious in the regard of onr rulers as
those of the Indians, Suppose techni
cally this land was still within a treaty
reservation and require«l something more
than an Executive order to o|K*n it.
There is no contradictory evidence of
these fucts, that it is not occupied by tbe
Sioux to which it would seem righttnlly
to belong ; that, by permission, about
*»U0 Winnebag«»es are temporarily occu
pying a corner of it ; that this portion
still left to the Indian occupants is more
than 200 acres for every one, old aud
young ; that there is no game on it for
Indians to sulisist by hunting; and that
they have more land left than all the In
dians in the Unite«l States could culti
vate. Would it not then have been
wiser, more humane and *ul»stantially
just and equitable, to have let tbe mat
ter rested till the Indian Committee of
tbe Senate, of whom Dawes is chairman,
could have negotiated for the removal of
this ch»ud upon the title and satisfied the
Indian owners.
It is just as true that by virtue of
President Arthur's proclamation these
settlers, 3,OHO or more, have gone on to
these lands in g<K»d faith and not as
trespassers. Sn»me have taken their
families, all have spent time. lab«»r and
money, some of them the last dollar
they had in the world, in the ho|»e and
expectation of gaining for themselves
and families a little home. To drive
these settlers off now and comj*el them
to lose all they have expended to reach
the spot and the improvements they
have begun to make is a grievous wrong
that it seems to us might well have been
aroide«!, and therefore ought not to
have b«?en committed aud cannot be ex
cused. We know that the Eastern press
has made a great outcry over this in
vasion of Indian reservations and the
sanctity of treaties, and it is quite fash
ionable all over the East to speak of the
"rowdy" and "lawless West," and judg
ing from the fact that the President has
only found room in his Cabinet f«»r a
single Western man, he probably share*
in full the prevailing Eastern idea that
all Western men are little more than
half civilized, and prefer to restart to vio
lence rather than obey lay. These con
siderations are some excuse for the
the President, but it i- none the ie*s a
great mistake and a great wrong.
History will show that the Indians
were n«»t any better or half as well
treated by the first settlers in the east,
but were promiscuously butchered and
the captives »old as »laves. And who
are these lawless western men. w ho are
systematically supjnised to be always
in the wrong and entitled to no share
in the government ? They are none
other than tbe sons, brothers and neigh
bors of these same eastern folk.* who
claim to be the sole surviving repre
sentatives of justice and all the virtues.
The exercise of just a little common
sense would satisfy these eastern Phari
sees that if trans|H»rted to the same sec
tion of the country where their brothers
have goue they would very likely act
and think as thev do.
It is not only poor policy lor a young
city to go into debt, but the charter of our
city prohibits it. Policy and law unite to
forbid the folly, and it cannot be regarded
in any light as parsimony to confine ex
penditures within legal limitation.*. Both
limit of indebtedness and of taxation were
set, beyond which tbe city government
coaid not go, however mach it might be
inclined to do so. It was an evasion of the
charter to levy three times as much as was
needed for the support of the tire depart
ment and then transfer tbe surplus to the
general fand. It is not good economy
either in individuals or municipal corpor
ations to spend money before they get it,
and reduce the insufficient sum they ex
pect to have by paying out considerable
for interest. It doesn't strike us as com
mendable prudence to bay ground for city
building« when it was clearly impossible
to get the means to build without incurring
indebtedness bevond tbe legal limit, unless
there was some unlikely possibility that
just as good ground could not be had at
just as reasonable figure*. when the means
would be in hand to use and improve it.
But there is no use of whining over |»ast
mistakes. We should do the liest we can
under the circumstance*. And it is very
dearly the duty of the City Council now
not to spend any more in improving the
ground* they have, than « an l*e spared
from the tax money to lie rollected in No
vember, allowing for other ne«-es.sary ex
jienses. and to make no contracts to lie
paid for till the taxes are collet-fed. There
is no greater necessity that we know of
than to act withiu the law, and there is no
surer way that we know of to kill a city
than to make taxes so excessive as to drive
away people and dl-K-ourage private enter
prise and investment.
The full olliiial title of the portion of
the British j ublic debt called consol », is
"The consolidated 3 per cent retimed an
nuities. They arnuunt to .£» 30 , 000 , 000 ,
or about half of the entire public debt.
The debt of Great Britain dates from the
time of W illiam III. At his death it stood
at L'iCl,-203.00, and the interest paid at
that time was 8 per cent.
THE OFFICES.
The Montana member of the National
Committee, we may well surmise, is almut
as completely nonplused as any one of hi*
political size can be who presumed his
simple appearance lielore the President
was sufficient of itself to completely over
turn that part of the political universe for
which he claimed a preeminent right to
speak. Mr. McCormick grievously sor
rows that Democrats will quarrel and fight
instead of rowing to an amicable under
standing and agreement with respect to
apportioning the spoils atrording to pm-e
dencc, as the party bosses look at it. In
his consultations with Democrats herr and
at Butte tbe Committeeman was umler
stood to insist that to secure any consider
ation whatever for Montana, there must
first lie a unity of action of Democrats,
and second, a successor to Governor Car
penter before other offices i-an hope to
secure attention. Unfortunately the |»arty
is unable to agree upon a division—which
Democrat should have one and which the
other office—and the contention for the
Governorship is as fierce and lively as for
any other.
Maginnis is making a persistant fight,
ami is impatient that the President does
not give some sign of handing him a com
mission. Knight and Wonl aud Clark,
and Mitchell, of the Kentucky and Mis
souri contingent*, have strong pretensions,
and each of them has points in his favor
that the ex-Delegate cannot hope to sum
mon to his aid. Of the rank and
file there are a large number
who insist that tbe President should hohl
steadfast to the civil service idea* out
lined in his numerous utterances, and all
such Demo« rats are persuaded that no ap
pointments will lie made except as vacan
cies occur. With the history before him
of maDy if not all of the Montana as
pirants, the President ha* cause enough to
proceed cautiously and with deliberation
when considering Territorial applications.
When Dr. Swallow, for instance, yells,
"Turn the rascals out," the President ha*
I
justification enough in retorting, "Keep
the rascal* oat." The re«-or<l of Federal
officials in this Territory is of the highest
i
best, aud is known to every depart
best, aud is known to every depart
ment in Washington. Such offi« i ers are
hooked to stay till the expiration of their
terms, and at the end of that time not
many of tbe Deiutxrats now aud for
months past figuring to succeed them w ill
get their places. Denn* rats will lie
chosen, hat they will lie of a class different
from many of those who have cheekily
pushed themselves to the front since Cleve
l an d was i nstalled in the White House,
We have been very strongly convinced
for a long time that there were two things
that could lie accomplished by our general
government in connection with the post
office that would prove of incalculable
benefit to all tbe people in tbe country.
One ot these is the establishment of a
savings department, such as is now in *ue
cessful operation in England, and the other
is to assume control of all the telegraphing
business as a legitimate part of the postal
department of the government. We have
sometime* felt impatient at the apparent
indifference on the part of the public to
th«5*e great reforms so clearly aud largely
to the public advantage. i'erbap* there
will be one advantage iu this «lelay, for
there is promise of a revolution impending
in tbe telegraph business by which the
further u»e of the Morse alplialiet will l»e
done away, and all mt'ssage* will tie sent
by a machine like a type writer and re
ceived in print that any one can read with
out special edu«-atiou lor the husiuess. It
will greatly simplify the business and re
duce expense ami avoid so many incon
venient and distressing error* as now con
stantly vex printeis and provoke the pro
fanity of readers. This new invention is
said to he completed and ready for use,
hut we suppose is kept tiack to perfect
patents and negotiate contracts. Tbe gov
ernment ought to buy the patent for the
country and use it through its own agen
cies. _
There was never a more revolting,
barbarous and cowardly crime ever per
petrated by unadulterated savage* than
the blowing up of a Chinese wash house
in Anaconda with giant powder, killing a
half dozen innocent and unsuspecting in
mates, an account of which was puhliahe«l
■n last evening's Herald. It will not do
to pass by such serious matters practical
jokes, appealing to and relying upon tbe
very general antipathy against the
"heathern Chinee." They are not to blame
for being Chinamen, and we should a
thousand time* prefer to lie tiorn and for
ever remain a heathen than he tbe Chris
tian fiend that could iu mere wautoones*
perpetrate a crime that would make an un
tamed tiger cower in shame. It would lie
an insult to brutes to call such a creature a
brute. If law ami its administrators are
no blind and inefficient that they cannot
ferret out the offender, at leant there should
lie such a vigorous effort made l»y all good
citizens, aud such au expression of opinion,
that no ODe else would Ik- induced to seek
glory or have amusement of such a tle\ il
ish sort. The only mitigation the case a»l
mits of is that the perpetrator did not in
teud to do more than »«-are the occu|Kints
of the house, hut the law supposes that a
man intends what are the natural results
ot his acts, and in this case it was wanton,
fiendish murder.
It is not for what the South was or is
yet that Northern men insi.*te«l in aims
that its occupants shouhl not take that
section out of the common country, it
was more for a principle, that no State
should decide fo« itself, without regard to
j the general mtereata, when it n.;_ I
draw from the I uiou. It was also that
slavery might be wipe«l out ami honest
lalior l»e respected and be its own master.
The expense was indeed great, hut we lie
lieve that time will prove that tbe gam
more than justified tbe whole rout, and
that the South, with all Its loe.*» *, has lieeu
the greatest gainer as well. It may take
two or three generations yet. hut we art
certain the «lay will come when the South
will lie rich, prosp«Tous an«l «-ontented and
a thou'and times better off in every re
spect tliau it secession had triumphed and
slavery continued.

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