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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 14, 1885, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1885-05-14/ed-1/seq-2/

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I >ur people are invite«! to consider the
question of «tarting a university at this
place umler the auspices of the Metho
dist church. The trouble t<» be antici
pât«*! is that to«» many will take a nar
row denominational look at the «jueation
him! will try to throw cold water on the
enterprise liecause it i- n«»t something
els«- or uruler some «»ther church aus
pice«. Ntnic will want a:i tin«!en<»mi
tiafional university, divorced from all
church iiirtuence «»r connecti«»n.
We say let ti« have any eflorl possible
in atiy directi«»n to build first « lass colle
ges ami ultimately a 'university in
lieiena. Effort in one direction will
stimulate it in «»thers. We know that
the building <»f one church has led t«•
the building of others. S» it will be in
the matter of colleges. It we « an have a
Methodist university we shall be the
more likely to have an Episcopal or a
Catholic university, and perhaps a
iTesbyterian ami a Baptist univers. ty.
The starting of either one will help start
others, ami the more our people accus
tom them«elves to give l«>r such pur
|m s*«-« the more will they l»e «lisjK»sed to
give. After a while some «»f our wealthy
men will l»e inspire«! by the general
interest ami enthusiasm to make some
liberal endowments that w ill set the«e
institutions on a solid ba«i». and other«
outside of MoiiUUiR w ill help 00 tl.egood
Kvery one know.« that it takes time
and money and effort to start one of
th«*«e institutions, even a good college.
But the only way to succeed i« t«> begiu
with the tirst that «»tiers, to help it with
all our might ami mean«. If we «Ion t
make a practical beginning we shall
never accomplish anything. Every man.
woman and chib! in Helena can well af
l«»r«l to give something an«l to do atul
say s«»methiiig to help the first project
that enters the fiel«!, and every other
that comes after it. There is no better
investment we can make for «»ur tn«*ney.
h will call in wealth aud population,
the most «lesirable class of people ami
the influence «»1 such iustituti«»n> i.« al
ways g«»«»d.
Let us get rid to start with ot all nar
row sectarian prejudices a« a preparation
for beginning w«»rk in earnest for high
er education in our uii«lst.
Wk do not at all give up the idea that
there is to lie war in Eurojte on a grand
scale. England has judiciously hacke«!
down lor the time, because it was evident «

that the riecumstance* were all unfavor
able. Immediate war would have allowed
Hussia to seize Herat ani crush Afghanis
tan l»ef«>re English help could jrossilily have
reached the scene of conflict. Then Aus
tria stands reany to grasp Turkey and
France to «fivert England'« atteuti«>n by
unreasonable demantis concerning Egypt.
It was simple madness for England to un
dertake to fight all Europe at ome. But
we have no idea that the most peace-lov
mg Liberal in England is going to be con
tent t«> rest long under the present odium.
Lnglaud will push her war preparations as
quietly as (rossihle and will work her di
plomacy to break up the present alliance
against her. There will tie a counter stroke
by England before a year is out or we will
««»nies* we don't understand English his
tory or character. As for the l nited States,
we are just «s unready to profit by a Ku
rojiean war a« England is to toree it to a
bead at this time. And it is our business
to put ourselves in shape to assert our neu
trality and profit therefrom as if war had
already been declared We need war ships
and « an non of the l*est class and plenty of
them just as soon as we can have them
The long expected advance ot Middle
ton has begun and hard fighting has be
gun too. It is evident that the < anadian
general and troops have learntsl caution by
their costly experience in Fish creek and
will not expose themselves so re«'lil«sssly to
rebel bullet«. They hav e the help of gat
ling guns now, in addition to being lietter
armed in all other respects. The General
and his troop* are also burning to avenge
their first loss and restore their tarnisbeti
prestige. With all their advantages it
hardly »eem« possible that they will tail
in winning something that deaerves to lie
called a victory. We have hardly ex
(»ected that the retiels would attempt an
ojteu, general fight at «I isadv .»ntage, l»ut
would trust more to guerilla tacti«-». cut
ting off supplies, and by tnis means pro
vide themselves with better guns and
ammunition, of which th.-y are reported
short and with no chance to supply except
by capture. The con test ha« rea« hed a
stage of intense interest and further re
jiorts are watched tor by people all over
the States as well as the Dominion.
April :U>th was Louisiana day at the
Exposition, an«l it was celebrated in ample
form. There were «0,000 people on the
grounds and the gate money was more than
on any previous occasion. The lunr»
Demonat is full So the brim of the glori
11 cut ion spee« - h«*s on the «»casian. I^ouisi
ana claims as daughters all the States an«l
Teiritories formed out of the original
Louisiana pur« base and estimates a popu
lation of ten millions within those limits.
The burning of a million «lollars woith
of lumber in a single Chicago tire in addi
tion to all the forest tires and wooden build
ings that are burned up every year, shows
how rapid is the waste of our forests. Un
lens substitutes for wood in building are
found, tfceie will soon be a lumber famine.
Next to the refusal of the President to
appoint Maginnis Governor, nothing has
«0 exa«;w-rated the doughty ex-Delegate as
the obstinate conduct of Marshal Botkin
in declining to surrender his office.
Vermont's maple sugar crop this $ear is
reckoned as high as 1_,UU0,U0»» pounds. It
wo. Id be a good thing to cover every vacant
rod with maple trees
Brevet Briga«lier Genetal Thomas
H. Huger, Colonel Eighteenth In
fantry, commanding for the past f«*ur
vears the military district of Montana,
tak«-* final leave of the Territory on
Wednewiav or Thursday of this week.
He repairs to Fort Leavenworth, Kan
wh«-re recent orders transfer him to
the command of the post and the
officers' school of instruction. This
change of station takes from <»ur mi<ist
one of the liest soldiers and ablest
officers who ha« ever «lirecte«! the mili
tary affairs «»t Montana. Our people
most sincerly regret to lose (Jen. Huger.
He i« a man clo«e to their hearts—a man
of such rec«jgniaed worth and capacity
as must give him always a permanent
place in their memory. The lose, too.
of Mrs. Huger will be keenly felt in the
social circles of Helena. Au estimable
and accomplished lady, «lie has greatly
endear««! herself to a large number of
the home« of the Territorial Capital.
His regiment, the 18th Infantry, fol
low» (Jen. Huger by b«»at early in June.
Mk Nimm«», Chief of the Bureau of
Statistics, has l»een removed to give place
to Switaler, of Missouri, «>n Iho ««-«»re of
offensiv*« partisanship It is undersUxsl
that N luiUKi's scalp wa.« demand««! Iroth by
:he iree traders aud the .Southern Irour
l»ons liecause he furnished figures Iroui the
census for many of the ( «»ngressim-u at
their rejuest. au«l th«**«: proved the n»«»st
effective document* during the campaign.
Free tiaders would have l«ecn furnished,
on re«juest, anything that the «-eusiis
showed, but unfortunately for them there
was nothing iu the census to console and
comfort them. Ol course it is easier to
remove Nimmo than to explain or answer
the census figures. It was an unpardon
able offense in the Chief of the Bureau to
show that the .South with more than one
third of the population of the country,
had only al»out one-teuth of the manufac
tures, and pai<! ess than four |>er cent, of
the customs revenues. It w ill proitably
change »he fact* to put in Switzler, of Mis
souri. It is no wonder that the census
bureau should lie vottsl a nuisance, shut
up, aud money refused to publish its re
polis. Whe ostrich, when pursuit gets too
hot. hides its head iu the sand aud fancies
itself out of sight. Some men, more fool
ish still, shut their eyes ami theu deny the
existence of things that they refuse to see.
Unweicome truths are now style«! offensive
partisanship. The United States Senate
has the final review of this «loctnne anti
may possibly cut short a great many
let ms. It is in the power of the
Senate to keep Cougress in session most of
the year, to give the administration time
to pick «»ut «le« ent men, but we do uot be
lieve that the Senate will order a revision
ot the census to suit the s|«ecial views of
the South and revenue reformers.
The Hepublicans of the thirty-fourth
Illinois district practised »ome very shrewd
strategy in electing Weaver. Thej maile
no nom matron tint had an umierstaudiug
pretty well circulated that they would vote
for Weaver. Farther, to «li.sarm the sus
picion of Democrats, the Kepubileans did
uot g«» to the (Mills till after J o clock in
the afternoon, aud theu it was too late for
the Democrats to rally. It was only a
case of over «•onlidence aud neglei t or- the
(»art of Democrat» and of good manage
meu on th « 1 part ot Hepublicans. But in
a case where so much impoitan«-e attaches
to a single vote it is strange that there
should have l*?en such neglect.
Gladstone's Ministry escaped a vote of
«•ensure yesterday by thirty majority on a
very full v«»te of the Commons. Adairs are
in a very bad condition to force a resigna
tion of the Ministry. There are many who
sustain Gladstone just at this junction W
cause the situation is liait for England in
all direc tions. All the principal nations
on the continent are openly covetly in
sympathy or alliance with Hussia. -Some
of the cooler heads among the fighting
men in England think it is Wtter to po« ket
a little aff ront rather than face the general
combination, meanwhile accumulating war
material and seeking allies.
The profoun«! silcn«« aWut the M bite
House with resp«rot to i'lofoasor Swallow s
clamorous demands for recognition are
ominous. Disappointment broods over the
Independent sanctum and a sadder spoils
hunter has uowhere showifd him»elf since
Cleveland came in. A despondent lot of
patriots, too, tail after him—the signers of
the Doctor's pai*ers—every one of whom
have Wen kept sixty «lays on the anxious
Wnch waiting lor a clerkship. It is a sad
spectai le, but the country will survive it.
James Black BURK, of Kentucky,
brother of the Senator from that State, has
Wt.j „ppomted Colie« tor ol Internal Reve
nue for the Wxiogtou district. His ap
pointment brings out a letter that he
wrote to his wife during the war, which
was captured in pasemg through the
Union lines. The whole letter may W
judged by the «including sentence: "I
want to see Union blood flowing deep
enough to swim uiy horse in.
Keimet» continue to come in concerning
the richness of the newly discovered silver
mines at Santa Kosa, in Uoahnila, ibout so
miles west o! the K 10 Grande. They are
claimed to lie the richest silver mines in
the worn' They were discovered by
Americans who have taken steps to acquire
legal title and meanwhile are camping on
the ledge. _______
Maxwell, who committed the mys
terious a urder of Preller in St. Louis,
known as "'.he trunk mystery, was ar
rested in Auckland on the l.'ith instant im
mediately on the arrival of the steamer on
which he sailed from San Francisco. The
cable did i t.
The lfith is appointed for the Indepen
dent show-down. The meeting of the
trustees promisee to be a lively one.
Sut- Star was last week re-elected May
or of Dead wood, Dakota.
Nont.uiK Lad» »»rite* Iront
••Eden of America.**
.Sax Bernardino, Cal., May 6 . 18*5
Through the kindness of a Monuna
friend, we re«ei'ed not long since a copy
of the Helena HttAU). We welcomed it
gladly a« in the days gone by, for years
j iav
ago in the little town of Kadersburg we
listened longingly for the gingling of the
sleigh bells which were to bring to us the
HkkAI.D, containing all of the latest news.
He was the fortunate one who tirst «ailed
for it at the «»flic«. How differently it now
csimes to us here in this sunny land of
California, w here the trees are green and
beautiful throughout the year ; where the
birds are singing from January to Decern
lier, and where the flowers gladden us
with their sweetness and beauty during
ev*ry season.
Now while you have sn*»w and ice 1 will
teil you al»out our country aud what we
ftegiu with I wtil «juote the
words of a gentleman who arrived here
last week from Mxssa«husetLs : "It seems
like coming ml«» the garden of Eden—
every thing is so lieautiful." Here in this
valley the trees of all kinds are either in
blossom or in fruit, and I will say here ot
the fruit tr«-«-* — they are so laden that
orchardists have to pull a great deal ol it
off' to prevent the trees from breaking
down. I have notued, especially the apri
cot trees on our place, and it is somewhat
doubtful 111 my mind which is outnuiu
U-red, leaves <»r apricots.
The most lieautiful tree, to my idea, is
the |>eii|»«-r. with it.» tern-like ami «lelicate
blossom*. Next, the Gavalia Kobusta ot
Australian fern, a.« it is commonly «alleil.
Another very hamlsome tree is the Luc^i
lyptns, which grows so tall, retmmling oue
of stately sentinels on guard.
And—oh! the dowers of every kind.
Just now the roses are very abundant and
gorgeous. I hail a l»ou«juet hamled me a
lew days since containing sixteen varieties
ot the rose picked from one yard, lu Iront
of our bouse is a large white rose tree
which has at present liumlreils ot roses in
bloom, and its branches touch those of a
red rose uear'by.
You need uot think tor all this that we
never see snow, f«»r at present the moun
tains surroumling us are tipped with snow,
aud aside from this we have a tree of snow
I tails lieside the door, the bnumhea of
whii h interlace with tlrose tH a pome
grauate tree, the white ball/* au«l red bl«»s
sonis producing a very pretty effect.
Last week, being a teacher. 1 lw*«l to at
tend a Teachers' Institute which was held
at Riverside, a lieautiful little settlement
some eight miles distant.
That is the place to see the orange
grov«-s : the lovely tn*s are now laden with
the fragrant white blossoms, ami Irom
many of the trees the bright, gohlen Iruit
ha.» uo* yet Wen gathered. One can scarce
ly imagine a more «ielightfiil «Irive t!««n
we had <lown the five mile avenue. It has
three rows of full grown trees, the « enter
row being the jiepper. on <»ne side the
eucalypti»* aud on the other the gavaluv
alternating with thejialm. Orauge grove»,
flower g aniens and handsome resuienee:*
are on either side throughout the whole
\Ve often think of our Montana I'riemW
and wish they could all pay us a visit and
enjoy for a time the delightful climate,
scenery, trees, flowers, fruits and the many
other attractions of Southern California.
• -
STKAXtiR as it may seen», it is not un- 1
likely that the Demm rats «>f Maine will
form a coalition with the Froh 1 bit ion ist*
under the lea«! of Neal Dow. Maine Demo
crats have shown their readiness to fuse
with anybody and anything for the sake
of power. An alliance with the Prohi
bitionists is more respectable than their
late alliance w ith the Greenbackers, but
though it May not hurt democracy in
Maine, it will lie an injury to the cause of
temperance. We believe the line of prac
tical and successful reform in temperance
is to l»e louad in the di~ction of punish
ing the adulteration of drink» and impos
ing pretty high license to prevent im
moderate use of liijuors ol any kind. In
the attack on the conceded almse of strong
drink, it is easy enough to unite the great
mass of wH-iety in measures that will re
duce the evils of internjieran«e in drink
the same level as evils of ovei eating and
excessive smoking. The worst thing about
prohibition is that it does m*t prohibit,
but on the contrary inflicts society with
an illicit trafic in the mast vile and
alMiiuinable mixtures, which do more real
mischief even than an excessive use of
purer drinks openly sold.
The Pioneer Prrm publishes a story that
a resident of St. Paul, James W. Kennedy,
who commanded a company under Kiel in
his first rebellion, ha» succeeded in taking
into Kiel's camp three gatiing guns and a
supply of long range rifles with ammuni
troo Notwithstanding the fullness of de
tails about the story, we hesitate to believe.
If this were true we should have heard of
these guns in the tight that was reported
yesterday. ___
Major Edwards, Superintendent of
the Dakota census, estimates the popula
tion of North Dakota at '229,000 ; and Mr.
Fisk, supervisor for .South Dakota, esti
mates the population of that portion of the
Territory at 400,000. The allowance from
the Federal treasury for taking the census
of the Territory is $40.000. We might just
as well have had help from the same source
to take the census of Montana. The cen
sus will be taken June 1st.
A week ago to-day there was a rote
taken in Callaway county, Missouri,
whether or not cattle should be allowed to
run at large during the present danger
from plenro-pneumoni*. The vote was
two to one in favor of letting cattle run
It is generally regarded as a very unwise
course, calculated to spread the disease.
The Bear Lake Mormons have under
taken a big job in resisting arrest by arms.
Those who take the sword sometimes per
ish by the sword. When it comes to fight
ing for polygamy we have no fear of the
issue howe ver mixed and prolific. __
IK a speech at the New Orleans Expo
sition on Louisiana day, Hon B- J Senime-s
gave some interesting items about the cot
ton industry of that State. The average
production of cotton in that State to the
acre is 279 pounds, while in Georgia it is
only 145 pounds Before the war no use
, .. - ___ i.nt now
at all was made of cotton seed, but now
the oil mills of Louisiana produce trom
to 90^000 barrels of erode oil worth
$17,1*1 per barrel, and from 10,000 to 45,
000 ton.« of oil cake worth $26.00 per ton.
The aggregate annual vaine of the pro
ducts of this former waste is lietween two
and three millions of dollars. And still, it
is said, only aliout one-tenth of the «-otton
seed ia utilized. Every bale of cotton rep
resents half a ton ot seed, and a crop of
7 (H k»,i«X> bales would represent 3,500,000
tODJJ Qj . CQtton oa (t e 18 an excel
j eQt 8tock an<1 t (, e south might
ea 8 j ly rai8e 8l#ck for its h«»nie supply and
(, ave a 8 ur pj ns f or export. Cottoa seed oil
^ bqw larRely use<1 to adulterate lard and
makes a very Kuod substitute. The num
^ Qf farm9 Louisiana in,reased from
17, »HW in l^tiO to 48,000 in 1**0. These
farms were assess«*! at $.V*,hoo,hoo ami the
annual prmlucts from them $48,000,000,
Wing 72 per « ent of their value, being a
greater percentage than any other State.
Of the cotton «rop of the South !*♦; i»er cent
was sent to the North or to foreign coun
tries for manutiu'tuie. While of the Stat**s
Iiroducing a surplus of cereal grains only
Vi* per cent isseut to other State« or abroad,
and the export of these crops from the
Unite«! States was not more than 'J per
«•ent. New Orleans, liesides Wing access«
hle to the largest m ean steamers, has six
lines of railway connecting it in various
dim tions. It is only five «lays sail to As
pinwall. and soon the commen-e of the Pa
lific as well as of the rich countries bonier
mg the great Gulf of Mexico will W tnh
utary to it. The city Wnds of New Or
leans that were a« low as 1 * ««nts on the
dollar ten years ago are n«»w worth par. It
is pleasiog to hear so many good things of
Louisiana and New Orleans. With such [
resources of wealth they ought to lead all
the States and cities in wealth ami pros
THE Democratic press makes much ado
over the reporteil reduction of the publie
«lebt last month. But the country will not
lie deceived by any such story. While the
balan«-e in the treasury may show au io
crease of five millions, there has not lieen
a lam«! call«*«! an«l the interest Waring deb*
has not Wen diminished a dollar. Fur
thermore. it is given out from the Treas
ury pretty direct that there will W no
more Wnds called for a long time, ami the
rise of per cents in the market indicates
the g«-neral sentiment and conviction. Not
only so, hut revenues are falling off' largely
aud in every item aa«l golil is going out of
the country at an alarming rate. One t an
not tell the flow of a stream by brooking
at an eiMy;_
General Middles«>n at last accounts
had been three dajs shelling the rebels
with handy an attempt to get at close
«juarters. The fact ol' having so many
killed and wounde«! iu such a '.«mg range
eucouutes is something remarkable. And
the further tact thati Middletoo has en
treached and sent for more help, looks a«
if he was losiug faith in the Gatling guns
and was thinking of the fix he would lie
in when all hi.« ammunition wa. gone. It
fooks as if the reliels had learnetl to keep
out ot the range of the gatlings as well as
the Canadians had learned to keep umler
«over from rebel rida». W bat Middleton
need» ni«ist is a balloon with which to spy
out the rebel»' covers ami dropbeiulw down
on them from a safe btght.
The decisive vote by which the Com
mons threw out the Channel Tunnel bill
indicates the gtmeral Seeling in England
that the peace and security of the British
l*i«~t are due to their separation from the
i'«intinent. Tbe suspicion of France just
now is enough to kill all «lesire for more
intimate i-onnection by other means than
now exist. It seems ridiculous to think of
a hostile army ever v«mturing into a tun
nel, and certainly Englishmen can Im
« rounted on as being a» watchful as the
French. Perhaps the English think, it
woultl give a noth«; r field lor the dynamitess
to work in._
E\ en the missing two pennies from she
broken treasury package have lieen HmumI
and the amount as turned over by the last
retiring Republican guardian of the public
moneys is found to lie exactly right. So
much for all tbe charges made during tbe
Iasi campaign, that no one knew wh«rther
there was any money in the treasury or
not. After tbe Floyds and Jake Thomp
sons have bad tbe run of tbe treasury
again for a short time, it will be io order
to count tbe cash and it will he fortunate
and surprising if the result is as satisfac
A Northern syndicate has bought JOO,
000 acres of land iu Dickson and Humph
rey counties, Middle Tennessee, and will
settle them with Northern colonists. That
is tbe way the Sooth will be restored to
prosperity. It wants a Northern colony in
every county in the South.
LAST week, May »», the New York Herald
completed fifty years from the day of its
tirst issue in 1^35. In that time the popu
lation of New York City has grown from
'270,000 to 1,400,000, and Brooklyn from
32,000 to 700,000. The Herald gathered
its golden harvest long before its goldea
wedding day.
While Morrison was in Washington get
ting Palmer removed for "offensive parti
sanship," he lost the great prize on which
his heart was set by an outpouring of of
fensive partisans in the 34th district. In
getting Palmer's scalp be loet his own.
The lakes in Central Park, New A ork
have defective drainage and threaten to
become breeders of pestilence. Alderman
f^uinn proposes to fill t hem up.
Thr prospects of European peace con
tinue reassuring. British consols keep on
the upward turn and to-day are quoted at
While the genius of the modern in
ventor is devoted so largely by lavish
honors and rewards to devising more de
»tractive engines ol warlare. ,t i, some
consolation to knew that others are de
voting themselves with eipial su, -cess to
the far higher and worthier object of sav
ini? life The labors Ol the German. Korb
ing life. The labors of the German, Kocb,
and the Frenchman. Pasteur, have pretty
well established the fact that cholera can
be prevented by innoculation in the same
way that small-pox can l»e * ontroled by
vaccination The pro«-ess is not as yet so
well understixxi or capable of as general
application, but the experiments have
reached such a stage a« to assure tinal
triumph What has been done in Spain
It not
can be done everywhere It not only
proves an antidote incases of Asiatic
cholera, bat even in hog-cboleru. which
at times has proved so destructive to oue
department of animal industry. We may
reasonably hope that it the governments
of the world would devote a tenth part of
what they now spend in «levising new in
struments of war in encouraging the in
vestigation ot the nature and remedies for
the diseases that have so often «lesolated the
world, it will result in disarming those
diseases of their chief terror an«i destruc
tive powers. The names of Koch and
i'asteur will hereafter rank with those of
Jenner aud Jacksoa as benefactors of the
race, ami honors will lie paid them which
have heretofore lieen paid to Alexander
and Napoleon. Alaric and Tamerlane and
other great destroyers ot human l»le. It
strikes us that our government might well
take the lisait of all other nations in e.»tat<
lishing a oepartment of health, whose
duty it should W to collect and circulate
reliable information among the people on
matters that concern health, and in pro
moting investigation into the nature
and caus«*. and in devising remedies for
the most destructive diseases that scourge
and ieciminate mankind. If other nations
excel us in the arts ot war. let our govern
ment lake the lead in arts of peace ami de
[ liver society from being the prey to such
an army of «juacks, little Wtter than the
medicine men ol the savages
TitEOrdnance Hoard of the Uniteil States
Army has lecomim-nded the «-oustruction
of a uiomder war balloon for the use of the
government by Gen. Kussel TUayer. tbe
inventor It is to have seven tons ascend
mg power. It is cigar shaped, pointetl at
Isith ends, and three times x» long a.» wi«le.
It «-an lie loaded with enough dynamite
and percussion iKimlis to wijie out eitire
and fleets in a few mom«*ots.
It is «juite noticeable that the character
of apjiointnu-nts has degenerated since the
a«ljournmei»t of the Senate. It is veiy safe
to say that the Senate will never confirm a
great share of the recent ajijMiintmeats.
Decemlier *iil come around pretty <{Uick
aud theu will conie a day ot' reckoning.
The New York Herald gives a full a«
Minut of how Boyton »ncceeded in attarh
îsg a torpeiio to ihe Garnet on th «xvasron
of its meat visit to New York harbor. It
was a pie«re of bravado that came near
costing the bold swimmer hi» life, fee he
was hauled to liefere he «could get safely
Iwyoml gun shot.
There has lieen a general »bowing up
ia the New Y'ork Legislature of the enor
mous profits made by the gas companies.
The st«>ck is aliout all water, an«l the an
nual profits have ex« eeded tbe legitimate
cost of the entire plant. It is said th* tirst
«ost of gas in New York «foes not exceed
_ ,
$LU5 to $ L09 per thousand
... e
YrMTERRAV, May I 2 lb, the letuag ot
reutracts took place for the great tunnel
in th* Toast ramre mountains on the Nortfi
in the Coast raDge mountains
•rn Pa« iffc line to Puget
Sound This
, , 1 _ .u
tuunel will be alrout two miles in length
and will probably tak* thirty rnooths to
coostru«t it. It will be a great thing for
the Northern Pacific and the whole north
of the l ni ted Mates. _
The Edison Electric Light Company
has began suits against a half dozen con
* „
cerns that are in the business, and there
will be a desperate fight between interest
ed investors, with expectant millions of
profit in prospect.
Thi consolidation of inteiests is report
ed so that the railroad that is to «-Annect
Purtland and San Francusco will lie com
pleted this season and those who ilislike
the ocean trip will have a chance to avoid
it by a ride through a region of wild sce
nery. '
It is stated that ihe English government
has offered to mediate and arbitrate be
tween the Dominion authorities and tbe
half-breeds. If rumors are true, the Cana
dian government hx» re«eived some pretty
plain advice about keeping the peace
among its own subjects.
Shipping Kussian flour to New York is
about like sending coals to Newcastle, but
ocean freights are v ery low and Russia is
very anxious to secure some of the Ameri
can gold. __
The 3 th of May was generally celebrated
throughout Mexico after the fashion of our
4 th of Jaly. It was the anniversary of the
defeat cf the French at Puebla.
Edward Kehberg, who was charged with
seduction and brea« h of promise by Louiae
Buchet, appeared before the Probate Coart
to-day with his accuser. He acknowledged
thatfewxs the father of her child and
said that he wished to marry her. She
reciprocated the sentiment and when oar re
porter left, the Judge was about to unite the
worthy pair in the bonds of matrimony. Ben
Metzgar was sworn and acted as interpreter
during the trial. Kehberg had to give a
bond in the suua of $500 to the coonty for
the faithful support of the child. Kehberg
is a widower and lives on a ranch on Ten
Mile, near here. He has eight other chil
dren, some of them girls, whom he cansee
to work on the farm in men's clothes.
He bears a hard name, and some of his
children have left home from harsh treat
ment The $10,000 breach of promise sait
in the District court will probably be de
clared off, as the marriage compensates the
girl for everything.
Gladstone Sustained.
LoXDOK, May 8 —In the House of Com
mons to-day, Sir Stafford Northcsde gave
notice that when the i-oosolulated fund bill
come« up for a second Heading he woim
move for a fresh vote of «**»re.
wording ot the motion will be sustaniiauj i
as follows : ,
R ft o tr td, That the House having shown
its readiness to vote supplies, will reluae
to assent to the vote of C 11 , 00 Ü, 0 W> until
it has lieen informed ol the government s
present policy and of the purjioees to
which the money granted is to be applied.
The conservatives will muster their full
stiength in the House ot Commons on
Monday to support Nortb«-ote's motion ot
LokpuX, May 11.—Gen. 1-ord %\«»l«ley.
Ia>nl Darlington said, had advised the
government to retire to Assouan trom
tjouilan. General Wolsley attached great
importance to the sending of arme«!
to Egypt to tie used for patrolling the
The government ha* no intention, tbe
speaker said, of evacuating !»uak:ni until
some arrangement can lie effected l«w hold
ing it against hostile Arabs, either by
England or some other civilized uatfou.
At preaeut Suakim could not W held
without fighting. Osman Diguia, El Mah
dis' « hiet lieutenant, for many uroutbs past
has lieen Wseigiug the place, ami has tre
«juently declared himselt lieteruiiu«*«! upon
driving the garrison into the Hed Sea.
therefore, the holding ot Suakim was a
military and not a political «juestion.
In regard to the projected railway trom
Suakim to BerWr, Lord Harrington sai«4
that he was unable to state what was tbe
definite intention of the government, hut
he thought that he would soou be aide to
make a statement of their intention.
Henry Chaplin, Conservative for Mid
Lincolnshire, naked how much the gov
ernment hail spent on the Suakim exjiedi
tion and if the sum wta greater than the
$22^0U,000 mentioned in $55,U00,UU0 a* the
sum re«iue»t«r<i for the Soudan account
Gladstone replierl to this question and
said that the government hail alreaily
spent a great deal of'money in Soudan, but
wa* unable to say at present whether any
portion of the $22,50U,U00 would lie saved.
Gladst«»ne theu move«l for asecoml reading
of tbe consolidated fund bill ithe $.Vi,im»,
«sjOi credit, ami urged hi* motion in a
speech in which h«- declare«! that he was
unable to understand the differences w hich
existed on this subject lietween the oppo*
sition and the government. He urge«l the
House to avoid every unnecessary issue
just now. as it would induce the House to
pas* judgment on the conduct of the gov
Nc sooner had Mr. Gladstone «juit sjwak
ing than the Conservatives opeue«l u|M»n
huu ami hi» g«»vernment the bitterest at
tack within their (»ower to make. This
was le«l bv Iz>rd Geo. Francis Hamilton, a
memlier from Middlesex. Lord Hamilton
is l«eing strongly pushed forward by the
Torfe» a.» a leader in the House of Com
moos. He was umler secretary for India
from 1*71 to 1*7*, and spoke with some
degree of authority. He secure«l the occa
sion for making ins atta« k by uiox mg a
consideration ol the amendment.given in the
notice of bir Stafford Northcote. tbe pres
ent Conservative ieailer in the House ot
Commons, on Friday. This amendment is
on the ««M-oud reading of the consolulated
fund bill for a fresh vote of censure against
the government, ami concludes id the fol
lowing words: "Th«- House having sb«»wu
their rea«lius 8 t«i v«>te »upplies. retuse their
assent until informed ol the present policy
and purpose for which the rnouey to lie
granted is to lie applie«!- Lord Hamilton,
in moving a consuieration of this amend
ment, said
The Kt. Hon. Marquis Harrington, Secre
tary of State for war, hx» just made tbe
must extraordinary statement whichever
fell from a Minister in this House. After
announcing their intention ol takiug Khar
toum the government have announced to
night the altaudoning of Soudan after hav
ing murdered six or ten thousand men.
Yet the government expects thus House to
acquiesce silently in their policy. The
greatest danger to the «-ountry is the in
capacity ol the men in office. [Conserva
tive cheers.] The government have sur
rendered every one of the «juestion» lie
tween them and Kussia. The Prime
Minister has altogether abandoned the
attitude by which the government obtame«!
the vote ol credit. Ihe great objection I
have Ior the Premier's policy is that from
the very day he xssunml the office until
nQW has shown a readiness to sacrifice
anv b©dy and anything to save himself,
f Cries of "Hear ' hear!"
l-ord Hamilton's motion was deteateil by
a vote of 29H to *260. The majority con
* n tit»lv of I j lierai*. The Parnelites
, sisted entirely of Liberals.
vo^ W1 th the minority. The House re
ceixed the result rather listlessly,
f-b48 Exhausted.
WASHINGTON, May 1*2.—Commissioner
Coleman says of the condition of affairs in
the Department of Agriculture, that soon
after he entered upon his duties his atten
^ wj|s to the lact that the i^bora
j UD< i wa8 nearly exhausted, ami in or
der to make up tbe deficiency he was com
pelled to furlough several employes until
the end of the fiscal year without pay
Now it appears that several other specific
appropriations are in like condition of ex
haustion and many minor branches of
work must lie temporarily suspended.
Press Assailants of Gladstone.
LoNDuk, May 9.—The Times doubts the
existence of any documents or dispatches
respecting the Anglo-Hussianarrangment of
March 17, sufficiently definite for purpiises
of arbitration referring to the report from
Yienna that Herat is not mentioned in the
negotiations between Englan«! and Russia.
The Times says. If tbegovernmet thinks
that the fate of Herat may be left to the
caprices of the Ameer and the treasury of
tbe local governor, on the success of the
pretender, the Ministry had better tell the
country their opinion, and either give place
to others more far seeing or abstain from
(wasting their money, prestige and half
heard measures, which ileceive noltody and
least of all, Russia.
The Standard hopes that tbe cruel and
patronizing blnntcess of the official mes
senger's statement will sting Gladstone in
to another speech worthy of a British
Minister. Herat is now the main question.
Russia's pledge, however binding, which
would only relieve us from a diplomatic
squabble ought prevent us from taking
action to forestall eventualities.
Rasaia Still Poshing Forward.
St. Petersburg, May 11.—The Im
perial council of war have ordered the
transfer of military and medical stores
trom Kras Novid to Askabad, and have
instructed the commissary department to
get ready to equip " 2,000 reserves.
Articles for tbe formation of a steam
boat company for operating on the river
Oxna have been submitted for approval to
the council of the empire.
Gen. Annenkoff has started to push
work on the trmns-Caspian railway.
Watching Herat.
London, May 1*2.—A dispatch from Mes
hed reporta the arrival there of Sir Peter
Lumaden, who is en route for England.
Col. Stewart and another British officer
will go to Herat for the purpose of ex
amining the fortifications and giving the
Ameer any needed advice ia regard there
Washington Note».
WASHINGTON, May H.—Treasurer J or .
dan says the treasury count is practica»,
over a nd everything found most sati«ta«
^ Three silver dollars which ewaj*^]
from a broken pa«-kage in the silver vaul,
have Wen found, so the only discrepency u
two cents missing from a five dollar pa<k.
age of pennies in the cash room. Yester
day a heavy wjuare box, wrapped in red
tape and securely bound was found in an
out-of-the-way nook of the vault. Th*
key had been mislaid, but a locksmith
opened tbe box and it was found to c«>q.
tain a bottle of diamomls, a »Kittle of
pearls, a bottle of Attar rose* and a lump
of gold. Oue of the old employees nleiiti.
tied the articles as prew-ut* to Preside!*
Monroe aWut the year from the Jap.
auese Government, aud whict had Wen
stored in the treasury jiendiug the jias«**«.
of an act of Congress authomiug*their a<
«•eptance. Congress failed to legislate up
on the subj«*-t and the articles were depu».
ited in the treasury where they have re
mained ever simc.
Tbe state department has not received
any protest frôm the Austrian Government
coni'erning the appointment ol Minister
Kelly to Vienna. The cabled rumor that
ol section would tie made avtainst him tie
cause his wife is a Jewess timls no cre
dence in administration circles. This
Government recognizes no difference I*
tween Jew and Gentile. It is also re
marked that Mrs. Keiley is uot a Jew«->*
except by parentage. >-s she aiijured her re
Ugiotu» faith w hen she married a Catholic,
Commissioner Coleman, m-ogmztng the
importam-e of a closer and more intimate
awKM-iatwiu Wtween the different ngrical
turn! «»liege* an«! other industrial and ed
ucarional institutions with the depanmeut
of agriculture, cal 1«*1 ai'ouveution ol rep
resentatives of the different agricultural
«•ol leur.» and allie«l State institution.«
Admiral Jouett informs the Navy lie
partmept that everything is «|Utet ou the
I»thmus of Panama. He »ays Colon will
»ail from Vspmwall for New \ ork to-nmr
an ,i will carry one-hall' ol' ttie ma
r j nw to the Isthmus some weeks ag.i.
\Va«hin<.i>is, May 8.—Tbe President
,ie«-lined the invitation of a «lelegation to
Atlanta durintc the sessron.» ot the
commercial conveutiou the latter part of
the present month, the President's official
duties not jiermitting him to leave ash
Secretary Whitney has directe«! a court
0 f inquiry to investigate the charges ot
j collusion lietween Paymaster General
JSiuith ami A. P. Brown, to extend its ex
amination aud report the facts connected
W |th uny «•outra«-t for the purchase of sup
plies for the navy made by the present
paymaster General during his occupancy
u j office.
jhe Kotiert E. Lee camp of Confederate
veterans ofKichmooti, Ya. to th«- uumtier
Q f (05 pai«l respects to the President thi.«
afternoon. The men wore "Confederate
gray. "I am gla«i to see them.' said the
West Point Commission.
Washington., May I».—The President
to-day appointed the following board of
visitors to the United States Military
Academy: Jn«»% Bigelow. New \ork:
Chas. K. Codrnan, Massachusetts ; <»en.
Fitzhugh I^e, Virginia: Gov. Hoadley,
Ohio; Jx». C. Tapau, Arkausx«: Edward
S. Holden, Wisconsin . George L. Miller.
Confession «il Murderer».
Chh a«.o, May 12-—Th«* three Italian.»
arrested in this city for alleged participa - 1
tion in the murder oi the lialiau lemon
peddler, Carrusso. practically confessed to
the murder this afternoon. They in a
mex»ure absolve Gdardo, who was arr«-»ted
in New Yoik ou bis way to Italy. They
state that he witnessed the deed, however,
aud «lemandtsl a »bare of tbe money taken
from Carrusso x» the price of his silemr,
and then aide«l them in »hippiug the body
in a trunk to Pittsburg. The detective*
declare that the «•onfessron is sufficient to
cause the hanging of all three ot the men.
All the particulars aie known to the point.
The murder was perpetrated solely to ob
tain $300.
To be Plagaed uitli Lncusts.
Washington, May 12.—Prof. C. V. Kiley.
entomologist of tbe agricultural department
says: "The «»untry will soon lie visite»! by
two great broods of locusts of the year
1713 varioties. and that this will lie the
tirst time in 221 years that they have ap
peared in conjunction. They will not
prove greatly destructive, and the injury
they will inflict will probably lie contined
to iruit tnsis. aud vegetatiou will lie pro
longed until late in July. '
Alucs-ta, Ga^ May 12.—Wm. S. Rob
erts, President of the defunct Bank ot Au
gusts, for whom a requisition was made by
Governor Hill, of New York, and no»
(tending in «»urt, cat his throat with a ra
zor from ear to ear this morning. A\ hik
the wounds are gaping and ugly physician.*
say they will uot lie fatal, as the main ar
lenes were not severed. Complications
have so affecte«! Kotiert.» mind x» to rende:
him partially insane.
PlTTSBl'RG, May 1*2.—This afternoon
Mrs. Annie Pershing, wife of W. C. l'ersh
ing, shot herself in the right temple and n
now in a dying condition. She was*
daughter-in-law of Kev. Dr. Pershnnt
ex-president of the PitLsburir Female «-of
lege, a prominent Methodist Epucof*
educational institute. Six week» ag
while a student id the college, she marrie:
young Pershing. The marnage wx» ciar
destine, hut subsequently there were saU
factory explanations for all concerne«!
«juarrel last night, it is said, culminât«*:
in young Pershing going to Chicago, h
wite started out to hunt him to-day. an:
not finding him returned to ber boni«
Alleghany, where she «hot herself.
Pershing was a daughter of a wesltt
resident of New Castle. Pa She "
years of age and «(uite hamlsome.
The Congo Govern«»!.
Berlin, May 1*2.—Col. Francis 1*"
ter has been appointed Governor ot th
Congo State, and not Henry M. Stanley.■*
previously stated. Col. DeWinter will -
turn to Europe in when Jouzen »
become resident Governor of the C
SMI _ __
The Trial On.
London, May 1*2.— The trial ot
ningham and Burton for alleged ' ompl> c; '
in the recent dynamitic outrages rese ®' 1
this morning. The evidence taken 1 *
repetition of the testimony adduced * •'
preliminary trial.
Pressiag tor Pa« ment.
Constantinople, May 1*2.—M. Neb* 10
Russian Ambassador to Turk«y, 15 '[[
vigorously pressing the Turkish
ment for payment of .the war indet
ty it is owing to Russia.
OK for London.
London, May 12. — Advices from LT*
ot the 9th inst., say that Sir Peter b«®
den, Col. Stewart and Mr. Banaw. s"*
home to-morrow in accordance wit"
orders of the government.
No orders were given for the d 1 *!' 0 **',*
the British Afghan boundary

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