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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, June 04, 1885, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1885-06-04/ed-1/seq-2/

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MKMOKIAL DAY IN HKLKNA.
The Procession and Exercises at the
Cemetery.
Oration* of A. tl. Thornbumh ami %.
J. ( rau n.
Seldom, if ever l«ef>re in (he history of
Helena «*■< the .day of commemoration
oelelirated with Mich grand and extensive
eereii»onie> as tho««- of last Saturday, and
lie it said to the «redit of' those who super
intended the proceedings, never was a
similar programme so successfully carrier!
out.
A» though mindful of the gteat holiday
the clerk ol the weather, seemingly im
bued with the idea that the occasion de
manded the exercise of his finest weatherly
powers, favored our city and vicinity with
as tine a spring morning as the most exact
ing could have desired : but content with
his morning s work, and probably on recon
sideration ol the siihjeet. ilnuking that i
whole day of such fine weather would be
more conde-cension on his part tliau the
average mortal deserved, made up for bis
morning's indulgence by making the alter
mam somewhat di-agreeable. Towards
mam the sky l>egan to cloud up and it was
evident that a storm might lie expected
during the afternoon. But regardless of
tlu- threatened elemental disturbance the
preparations liegan for the afternoon exer
cise* By the hour of 1 o'clock members
• >l the («. A. R. and others collected at Har
monia Hall preparatory to joining the pro
cession on Rodney street, the place of
i-irming Thanks to the efforts and taste
of the ladies' committee on decoration, a
large supply of buttonhole liouquets of
natural Mowers was found at the hall,
which were quickly made use of by the
parlK ipauts iu tile exercises And here
mi ution may lie made of the Moral decora
tions lor the soldiers'graces, which were
prepared by the ladies' committee, aud
which were profuse in quantity, excellent
in quality aud lieautiful aud appropriate
in design.
Shortly alter 2 o'clock the procession
began its march lip Rodut-y street in the
loi low I ng order :
IVl»< linifiit of i'olict
Marshal .1 IV Major ami Aid*.
Kiicaiiipiiienl oi l. O. O. F , mounted.
Montana Legion uflW'In-t Knights, A. o F. XV..
mounted.
\iii|ilillliralr<- Coruct Baud
\ etfrunsof the Mexican War.
Wadsworth Post No .1, O. A II
Capital IxHigp No. '£, A I» l \\
l'erfortion l.<Mlge No. 2. A O I". XV.
Kescue Kngiiie Co. No. I.
1 V|Mrtment Coniiuander and l'resiilent of the
I »ay in carriage.
I H p.irt nient 4'liaplain. Hex l.yman E llanna.
Orators of tiie Hay, A. M. Tliomniirgli, A, J.
Craven, in carriagi".
\ I .
• ouiamtee of ia<iies on deeoratnin in carriages.
stales. Territorial and County oitielain
Mayor and t'ouueil of tin- City of Helciia ill
carriages
Following these was a large nmulier of
citizens aud visitors in carriages.
Under the supervision of Marshal J.C. Ma
jor. and his aids 1). W. Fisk, C. M. JeMeiis,
C. 1*. Curtis, Win. Lorey, Wm. Zaatrow and
Dr. J. B. Atchison, the processiou was form
ed and conducted iu most admirable outer.
The line ol march was as follows: From
the intersection of Broadway up Rodney to
Bridge, down Bridge to Main, dow n Main
to Price. up Price to Clore, down Clore to
Lawrence, up Lawrence to Benton avenue,
down Benton avenue to the Helena Ccm
etery.
Arriving at the cemetery, the President
uf the Day, Hon. T. H. Kleinschinidt, an
nounced the opening of the exercises with
the dirge "Dust to Dust,", which was ren
dered in thetr Irest style by the Amphi
theatre Band. Then commenced the deco
t at ion of the soldiers' graves with Mowers
and other tokens of love and respect for
the memory ol the deceased. This was
•lone by the willing hands of the daughters
of comrades of Wadsworth Post, who were
dressed in white for the occasion.
At the conclusion of the music !>v the
baud, the "Days of the War,' was rendered
u good voice hy the Apollo Jluh. A prayer
by the Chaplain of the Department, Kev.
Lyman L. Hanna followed the conclusion
of the song, and wits an eloquent address
to the Deity appropriate to the occasion
At its conclusion, the storm that had lieen
-hieateuing since the morniDg hurst forth,
and for a few minutes rain and wind made
it very unpleasant tor the assembled mul
titude. The squall passed over soon and a
brief interruption of the exercises was its
only consequence.
XVben the ram had ceased the exercises
were resumed hy the song, "My Country tis
of Thee," rendered hy the Apollos in their
usual excellent style. The reading of the
orders, calling for the oliservance of Memo
rial Day .by the Department of Montaua.
1». A. 1L, was then jrerformed hy Post Adju
tant John MoMitt. President Kleiuschnndt
then announced the oration by Mr. A. M.
Thornburgh, and introduced that gentle
man to the assemblage. Mr. Thornburgh
•poke with his manuscript in his hand for
reference, and with «excellent voice and ora
torical delivery addressed the assemblage
:n the following excellent oration :
ORATION CK A. M. THORKHIRUH.
Mr. President, (J wish I might mg Com
nul fa of the (hand Ann y of the j trpuNic,)
Lad tea «*</ Gentlemen : —To-day in almost
every city and hRmlet of our northern
country are gathered audiences of grave
and earnest people, brought together by a
common impulse and for a common
cause. Last week where the wild
cglantiue opens its petals to the smiles
of southern suns; where the jessa
mine liâmes out in yellow beauty, and the
trumpet Mower blossoms in its sunny hues,
the Southern people gathered to decorate
the graves of their cherished dead It is
»refitting that these solemn and impressive
• * arc held at this time. The month
of May, with its brightness, its Mowers, its
*ong and its lieauty, is almost gone, and it
is indeed opportune that we |>ause for &
while amid its happy scenes to remember
aud honor the heroic dead. It is not an
abrupt interruption ot our daily lives to
» mu« to this silent city bringing our offer
ing* of tender memories and cherished af
fections, nor does the duty come with any
jar of the sensibilities at the thought of
death. Sorrow is never so pure as when
the liv ing show their trust in the lives of
the dead, aud grief is never so sacred as
when tears dim the eyes that are lighted
with love. The duties of to-day are ren
dered sacred hy the thought that some cf
«
those who sleep around us so quietly to
day gave up their ho|>e* and joys and am
bitions that some of ours might lie fulfilled
aud gratified. It is especially tilting that
here, where these mountains lift their
beads above u*. so suggestive of eternal
grandeur, the comrade* ot the lallen Blue
should meet to show their loving remem
brance and to pledge anew upon the altar
of their united country's taith their lives,
their fortunes and their sat red honor. The
noblest pasuotisof the human heart are
I appealed to to day. and he who in these
' touches ol sympathy fails to learn purer
lessons of patriotism and higher attributes
ot hums.mty than be ha* ever known lie
tore, loses its Iwst and highest inspiration*.
A raid the busy whirl and rash ol hie w._
are too apt to forget that our proudest
honage is due to the dead. Kverv citizen
who is proud of his country * history
should lie pioud of those who made thal
history possible. Some of its jiagt s are
lieautitul anti serene, whereon Feats? has
traced in letters of liv ing light the progress
of the quiet arts, and some are ploughed
anti seared hy the irou hand ot War, who
has chromelird thereon iu jagged letter* ol
tire the eternal truths of a Nation's unity
This volume of uational life is an interest -
ing one to its reader*. Some con over the
well thumlied pages of constitutional
growth anti development, gleantug there
from the doctrine* and principles upon
which the tioverunicnt was founded hv our
lather* and upon which it must lie main
tained. Other* are proud ot it* progress
in the arts and science* and iu literature,
pointing with admiration to the achieve
ments of Franklin, Fulton Whitney, Bry
ant, Emerson, Edison, and other noble sons
of the young Republic. But over in the
last part uf the present volume are page*
.-•tained and crimsoned with the liest blood
of the century, and he who would know
all ot this Natiou'» life, must learn ot her
dead.
The inquiry comes often troui hon es
hearts. Was it really necessary that the late
war should haveoccurred ? This is neither
the time nor place to discuss that question.
It ha* tieeu attirmed hy the triumphant
shout of the North, aud the answer ol the
reflective South is. "We were mistaken."
Ask the student of history whether there
was any excuse or justification for the War
of the Restoration, the Trench Revolution
or the War of inde|>eudence, and he v*ll
tell you that each of these great events is
a mile stone along the highway ot' nations
marking the march of the world away
troiu darkness and Barbarism. Human
nature is weak und erring, and can lie im
pressed hy strong mind* with very peculiar
doctrines. The dogmas of humau slavery,
nullification and supreme .Stales' rights
-ou ml qiieerlv enough to youuger ears of
the Nation. We think of them much as
we remember the theory that the world is
Mat. or wonder at the superstitions of witch
craft in the days of Cotton Mather. Not
so old. perhaps, hut just as dead aud oImo
lete. The older doctrine* were liotn of ig
norance aud nurtured in fanaticism, aud
only needed the light ot education ami
rea*oniug to shine u|iou their vagaries, and
the illusions were dispelled forever. The
later doctrines were liorn of sectional
selfishness and nurtured in race prejudice
and when the time came ui the ouward
march ol humanity for them to give way
to the ide <s of uatioual unity aud sm-ial
and |>oliUcal equality, educatiou and rea
soning failed to compass the difficulty.
Everything that could lie clone to avert
war aud its inevitable consequences was
tried. The questions were argued ujiou the
broad planes of the rights ol citizenship,
the constitution aud the liest known
methods of national |iolity, but oue pai t.
by an overt act, proclaimed itself greater
than the whole, and an ap|ieal to the (iod
of battles wa* the only alternative. The
doors of the temple of Janus were o(rened :
the dogs of war were unleashed, aud the
alistiucting dogmas were "shot to death hy
the million guns of the Republic." Then
came the troubled days of the reconstruc
tion |tenod, when there were nut wanting
those w hose ideas had gone down in the
carnage of death to aver that they would
yet block the wheels of progress aud ren
der the work o' the war of no avail. But
the ark of the covenant ot national unity
liecame to these Minded und oWiepfrous
fanatics a jiolitical Juggernaut, aud its
wheels were soon crimsoned with their
{Militical life blood, i'assion aud prejudice
might lor a time seem to prevail over what
was right and good and true, but out ol' it
all the Nation came forth cleansed, renewed
aud glorified. The South kuew that lalior
must no longer lie shackled by oppressiou,
aud the North learned that those who had
lately lieen toes now lov«?d the country
with the zeal aud true fidelity that alone
characterizes the American people. These
truths may lie well-worn and these stories
oft repeated, but to the stroug aud earnest
youth of the laud they menu honor and
taith, loyalty and truth, eternity and
right.
It was once my pleasure and priv ilege
to visit the historic battleground of Look
out Mountain. As we left the level That- !
tanooga v alley the sun v as shining bright
ly, and on the side next the Tennessee
river i-ould lie discerned a long line ot '
earthworks, with ruined redoubts, redaus,
and pits a little lower down the slope;
while ou each tlank were partly tilled ride
pits, and what ap|ieared as if they might
have lieen epaulements tor batteries. As
the ascent continued the sun became ob
scured und the gray clouds began to « limb
up the mountaiu sides. Upward they
rolled over jutting rocks and dinging vines,
through the palisades and around the
« rest of the mountain, until the heights
were lost in the mist and the white
w inged hosts had pitched their phantom
tents upon the very summit, in fancy
Time retraced his twenty years' eventful
marchand we were with Deary aud Wood
and Druse and Ireland and Hooker, and
upon the other side were Stevenson aud
Cheatham and Clehurue and Buckner and
Hardee. Ten braver generals never led
armed hosts in battle, and tbs contest on
that memorable day was the bravery of a
1-auncelot pitted against the chivalry of a
Bayard. But He who holds the destinies
of uatious in the hollow of Hus hand was
with the right, and it triumphed. This is
not the time to stir up animosities and
heartburnings that should lie buried for
ever. Almost a quarter of a century has
passed with its new and uu|ierformed
duties. Peace is within our walls and
prosperity within our palace*, and yet 1
would he untrue to ,my dutv as a citizen
upon this occasion were I to deny to our
victorious armies the meed of praise to
which they are so justly and richlv en
titled. Right is right, and. truth is truth,
and right aud truth shall prevail, even at
such a cost of blood and treasure
Your ranks are thinning out now. The
comrade who kept step and touched elbow*
with you along the Mississippi^U the Gulf,
in the rice and cotton fields of the Caro
lina*, or before the bulwarks of Richmond,
is not with you to-day. Last year he
walked with you with his empty sleeve of
faded blue; to-day he sleeps under a regal
coronet of roses. The liattletields of the
Republic are stories and historical facts to
some of us ; to you they are undying and
realistic memories. You remember well
enough when the call to arms was made,
and you felt somehow that you ought to
go. Youthful and untrained you were
hurried from your peaceful homes. A suit
of a:my clue was put upon you. a musket
placed in your hands, and scarcely before
you comprehended these higher duties of
citizenship you were nurried to the front.
But great emergencies bring forth great
men to meet them, and under the leader
ship of your gifted generals the dross of
-
!
'
i
|
your nature* was burned away and you
stood w ith Ma*hing eye* and fixed bayonet*,
a wall of steel around the hi tea and fondes
of Columbias household. The remem
' brances must Ik* inexpressibly dear to you
as you think of Murlreeslioro, Stone River,
, < 'hickuntauga. Atlanta. Fair Oak*. Shiloh,
iJouelsnn, Cbancellorsville, Gettysburg and
other fields w here foe met foe in sullen
combat, aud the results were hailed with
shouts of triumph or mourned with wail
ings of defeat. '1 he hours are bright to
you now : then '▼ were dark and gloomy.
Now you look ward with satisfaction
at your caie« i: .i.tt» ycu looked forward
w ith apprebeusiou tc your death. The old
soldiers weai no gaudy crows* of triumph ;
thev need n<<ue. : o cross or star of any
royal c -1er décrirait» their breasts, for our
Nation ha* none to Irestow. The simple
star amt shield speak eloquently of the
teuted field. Do their brows they wear
the laurels ot a Nation * praise and on their
hearts is set the . eal of a royal, knightly
manhood. Die liest order of which heraldry
can lioa*l.
The Natiou'* dead ! Not yours or mine
alum*, but 'lie Nation'*! Sudden death
and lingering disease have done their
wiirk. Ttieir live* are stilled now. but the
great, ihrnbbing. pulsating heart of the
Nation picsse* them cio*e to her liosom,
ami say», "They are mine loi ever; not dead,
but only sleeping." Bring Mowers to strew
upon their grave»: hang out your »tanners
of griefAnd insignia ot desolation. The
Mowers speak to us of immortality and the
asphodels of death are even now on the
lieautitul hills of Paradise blossoming into
amaranths ol eternal beauty.
For those who w»re arrayed upon the
other side in that uieuioraltJe struggle we
have no won!* of tmterness. The Coded
erate army was not coui|Mised of hired
assassins from foreign shores or wandering
Ishmaelite*. ready to strike at the institu
tions of our country : hut it consisted of
the Mower of Southern home life. Brave
and hojieful the mass of them went forth
with a firm conviction of right and a su
preme confidence m the ultimate success
of their arms. The Georgia or Texas home
is just a* desolate without the son* pres
ence a* the home of that Massachusetts or
Iowa mother who gave her tirst-liorn to
her country, and the shattered arm wrap
|ied m the tattered gray is a* pathetic
as though it were held in the faded
blue. Su tiering and grief are com
mon to all. and it t* that fellow-feeling that
ha* made it iiossible for the Nation to lie
budded up agaiu stronger than »refore.
To the living this day with its duties
come* with lessons full of liujiort. X\e
know better than ever the duties of the
citizen ; we know better than ever the
principle* of the government under which
we iive, we understand lietter than ever
the diiferent interests that form its com
ponent parts: we learn easier than ever its
precepts aud promises. Palsied lie the
hand that would seek to erase from the
volume ot national life the annals of tri
umph with which its pages are filled, and
stilled lie the lip* that would seek to im
part to a united people any dogma* ii|hiu
which the sentiment of the country might
again lie divided ! As the years roll on
may the prayer of the Cambridge bard lie
realized in its lullest aud completest mea
sure :
Sail un. 4 ». *lii|i of Mtat '
Sail on. I*, l uioii, strouK nml great '
Humanity xx itli all ita fear*.
\\ it la all the ho|ie* of future year*,
I* hanging Ureathle** on thy fate
We know w hat Ma*ter laid thy keel.
W hat Workmen wrought thy rilmof steel.
Who made each mast, and sail, and ru|ic.
Whi t aiixiln rang, what hammers heal,
1 1 , v hat a forge and tv hat a heat
Wer« t> taped the anchor* of thy hope
Fear not each sudden sound and »hock.
Tis of the wave and not lh«- ris k ;
Tis hut the dapping ol the sad.
And not a rent made hy tue gale.
In spite of rock and tempest's roar.
In »pile of false light* on the »höre.
Sail on. nor fear to breast the sea
Our hearts, our hope* are all w itll thee.
Onr hearts, our bopee. «Kir prayer«, our tear».
Our faith triumphant o er our tear*.
Are all with thee—are all with tin'
At the conclusion of the above address,
the delighted audience hailed Mi. Thorn
burgh with well merited applause, and
many were the friends who crowded around
the stand to congratulate him upon his
brilliant effort.
After ah interval made musical with a
cboial by the Amphitheatre Baud, the
next orator. Mr. A. J. ( raven was intro
duced. He spoke rapidly but with a clear
and distinct enunciation, and uot using hi*
manuscript was enabled to illustrate his
animated discourse with rnan.v pleasing
and appropriate gesture*. The following
is the oration m full :
ORATION OF A. J. CRAVEN.
I Aldus mi d Gentlemen, Soldiers and Fellow
t ilf.ra »:—The West is always ready with
fitting voice* to commemoiate the valor of
her heroes. With a sympathy as broad as
her prairie* and plains, she to-day join* the
Fast, the North and the South in their
tribute of flowers. .
It is well that the mouutain* should
echo forth their praise* for the patriotic
dead, for their rough peaks have always
lieen temple* of freedom. When the plain*
were enslaved, when the valleys were
changed into camp* for the warrior*, when
tyranny had lorged chains for the peasant
ry, the world looked to the mountains for
its refuge, and their rough ranges are loom
ing in the blue haze of history as an ever
lasting fortress of liberty.
There is no greater source of congratula
tion for this Western Commonwealth than
is lound in its appreciation ol heroism. You
are uot here lor empty parade, for hollow
hypo« racy is never the companion of an
earnest tear or a generous tribute. And
the memories of the |iast. coming as they
do from the parental fire-side*, from the
tender recollections of home from the hasty
enlistment at the urging ot the fite and
drum, from the tented field and the mid
night camp, from the wild rage of the bat
tles, from the care of the wounded and the
burial of comrades—all these invoke a spell
of sacred reverence, where all distinctions of
rank are leveled, aud the jingle of wealth
grows powerless aud mute. We come,
rather, as a people—not a party ; as a fra
ternal brotherhood—not a faction, as a
community—not a section. For if there be
one thing alsive another which shall stand
forever in modern history, wbtise grandeur
will only increase with time, it is the
ability of the American people to forget
their feuds, to harmonize their differences,
and to march on with the solemn tread of
years, away from the carnage and victory
of war to the more glorious triumphs of
peace.
Barliansm cherishes its feuds and be
queaths to ptiwtenty a bloody heritage of
malice and hatred. Enlightened democracy
has trodden under foot the cherished ethics
of barbaric warfare, and ins<-ribed "Good
will to men. ' a* the grandest principle on
the ensigns of modern civilization. The
key-note of national harmony wa* first
*truck by General Grant at Appomattox,
where a famished army was ted from th«.
stores ot the victors and departed on
parole to their homes. And he it said to
the enduring honor of the Sooth, that kind
ness was never more tenderly repaid. For.
as years pass by, and the old hero is be
sieged by the enemy of disease and age
which accepts no term* but unconditional
surrender, no message* of respect, regard
and -iffection have brought more tears to
the dim eyes of the dying General than
those coming from the old battle fields of
the Sooth, written by the hands of his
former enemies.
I am not here to apologize for the Union
soldier, for his acts admit of nothing bat
;
eulogy. N'éither am 1 here to stigmatize
the memory of him whose geographical
position, henditary tendencies ol thought,
and whose social and political relatious
made him for a time an antagonist : lie
cause his heroism for the truth, as h« ■ on
ceived it, his brave sacrifices lor wh . he
thought was right, and above all hi* i ..-in
ly acceptance of inevitable results, i .rrit
nothing from vou or Ironi me In. the
most generous respect.
Theie arc two scenes of earth wh ri. the
angels, in their realm* ot eternal !>>..uty,
might rejoice to convey to canvas«. ] hey
would need all the rolling grandeui «: the
oceans, all the lieauty of the sileui stars,
all the good night tints Irom the sinking
sun. The first was on a bright S., ibath
morning, years ago. when an army, resting
in fancied security, was roused hy the
lieating drum to the lines ot liattle. In
came the pickets, and after them the inces
sant patter of balls Bursting from the
wood on the right, amid tlie roar ol artillery,
rushed au army of seventy thousand 1er
the assault. Regiment alter regiment melts
away, until night kindly draws her cur
tains and the armies rest. The showers
descend aud the stream* are red with Ira
ternal blood. The crie* of the wounded
and dying are hushed only bv the distant
tramp of reinforcements. The broken
line* are filled. The conMlet is renewetl
with the sun. The camps are retaken.
The enemy is routed. They bury their
dead, as numberless a* autumnal leavre,
and the dispatches announce a victory.
But ou nearly every hearthstone, north
and south, there sits another messenger
w ith black wing* dabbled in blood, and it
whispers a tale at which lathers bow and
weep, mothers shriek in their dreams, mai
den» cease their »ong aud their snnle, and
the voices of all are choked in a common
utterance of woe. That is the field of
>luloii in !i
And for the second picture take the
same lieatitiful landscape aud the same
iuaji?stic river. Almu»l a quarter of a
century has pasm-d away. The spring has
come with its anuual mantle of green, and
mound, rampart and grave are enfolded
and emlialimsl in lieauty. The shattered
forest is healed ot it» wounds, or has lieen
replaced by a younger growth. The same
sun is shining ou a Sabbath morning. The
birds again are singing their love songs
from liah-onies of verdure. Again are
heard the rich strains of martial music,
hut they eall not to contlict. Again are
encain|K'd the two armies, hut not for com
bat. Du the battle field consecrated hy
the blood of their comrades the men who
had once met for mutual slaughter now
meet as brothers. The band* which held
opjKising musketry uow clasp iu friend
ship. Around the camp fire* they narrate
their during deeds end extol the bravery
of the dead. While high above, in eternal
calm, smiles the God of war and of peace,
showering equal blessings u|«m a favored
land, bound and united anew by the ties
of national harmony. That is the field of
Shiloh at the reunion of the Northern and
Southern armies in 1"H.
It i* not characteristic of the generous
Anglo-Saxon race ; it is not the genius ot
the American Republic to count its scars
or to nurse its grievances. We are living
for the present and the future. The voices
of destiny are calling us up the steeps of
progress to the 4-ontemplation of new sub
ject*. to the solution of new problems,
and to the enjoyment of new triumphs.
The old is |ia*»ing away aud all things aie
Incoming new. A new generation, to-day,
loins the remnant of the old in this sacra
mental service. A new tide of emigration
I» filling these mountain solitudes. A new
series of politicnl problems is pulling itself
into the future |iaths of the Republic. The
future alone can ilispel the diflieultii?* at
tendant upon the formation and ad
mission of at least half a score
of Teiritorie* pleading for the en
eudowment of Statehood. It remains for
the future alone to devise ways aud means
by which the discordant elements may lie
kuit together in harmony which are being
produced hy so wide a range of latitude in
empire, by such manifold variety of pro
ducts. hy such a rising multitude of cou
Micting mdustri4>. aud aliove all by the ex
periment of amalgamating into one such
an array of ract?*, language*, religion* and
political ideas.
Will the people succeed ? Let them
cherish the valor of their lather*. Will
the dreams of philanthropy blossom into
realization ? Iret u* stand fast W>y the
grave* of the soldiers, repair the crumbling
headstone and cover every tomb with our
richest Mower». Will the strength of the
Fuion increase with its age and its stars ?
I ret this day Ire sacre»! ly observed as long
as the sun in heayen shall lead the
spring aud the Mowers through the circling
zones of earth. Let us make this annual
journey to this Meet» of Patriotism, waive
the Mags above the tombs, open our minds
and heart* to all that memory can tell or
hojie inspire, and consecrate ourselv es anew
to the labors of life.
Aud you. old soldier* of the war, you
aloue can comprehend and leel all that this
4 >cca*ion imparts. You alone can under
stand that lrom the silent grave* of earth
there come the impulses that nerve the
living on tc duty. You alone can under
stand that all true patriotism is based up
on generous sacrifice, and that every fallen
hero of the jutst, every brave am! gallant
deed.every grave and liattletield.has a voice
full of warning, full of patriotic love, which,
aliove all the din and clamor of ensuing
days, shall he heard aud obeyed. May
4 iod grant you a long increase of happy
days ! Vnd when the evening »ball come on
and the march is <loue. when the darken
ing twilight grow* apace, may the recollec
tion of your rounde<l life lie as pleasant as
your |ia*; tieeds were brave. Y'our memory
will lie preservetl, your deeds will live,
aye, and your tomba, too, will lie decked
with the myrtle and the rose. For the
children of to-morrow, taking the places
of all who are here assembled, will sing
the song* of a united land and embalm
the memory of every hero with the (lowers
of every spring.
And sleep on, ye fallen heroes of the
republic! In the shadows ol these pro
tecting mountains mav your rest be peace
ful and serene. You changed the channels
of history. You determined the destiny
of a race. The feet of oncoming genera
tions will stand above your sacred dust,
aud there amid the fragrance ol Mowers,
there in the golden light of a more perfect
civilization, vour ptaise will still be sung
with increasing veneration and regard.
Hearty applause was given by the ap
preciative audience on the inclusion ol
Mr. Craven's address, which pleased every
one and more than satisfied the require
ments of the most exacting critic present,
Owing to the threatening aspect of the
sky, which foretold another shower in the
imnmliate future, the balance of the pro
gramme was dispensed with and the bene
diction given by the chaplain ; after which
the procession again formed and counter
marched to the city.
Notwithstanding the annoyance oc
casioned by the storm the celebration was
a success in every particalar. It is safe to
say that Saturday s procession was the
largest pageant ever seen in Helena. Hun
dreds of citizens participated in it, both
on foot and in carriages, besides the regu
lar turn out of societies an d as sociations
announced in the programme. Of course,
the orations were the grand feature of the
day, and it most be said that they more
j
than answered the most exalted expecta
tion.«. To write an address for such oc
casions and to do it gracefully and well is
perhaps one of the most difficult tasks that
can lie given to au orator on account of
many things too numerous to mention but
apparent to every speaker : but the man
ner in which Messrs. Craven and Thorn
burgh overcame these difficulties and pro
duced auch tine compositions is worthy of
the highest praise. Both oration» were ex
cellent and lioth excellently delivered.
The Helena orators on future Decoration
Days will have no easy task to make their
orations superior to. or even compare in
lieauty of sentiment, style and diction
with the masterly eMorts of last Saturday.
(Forth« I1 kku.ii.]
DECORATION DAY.
The patriots arc calling, the falleii and true :
••All that we ha-l we have given for you
Uather your fairest and gather your la st.
To garland the grave» where the soldiers rest "
To the laud of the fairies the message had flown.
And the queen of the flowers ascended her
throne.
While her subjects came flocking iu violet and
green.
To inquire Ihe reason the court should convene,
«si when ali were assembled m lieauleous array.
"VVe have gathered the monarch n-sponded.
"to-day.
To garland the graves »» here our brave soldier*
rest.
To give of our fairest, to give of our liest,''
Then a murmur arose, like the hum uf the bees.
Or the sigh of Ihe wind iu the liough» of the
trees.
As tntcli one of the flower* the glory did crave.
To lie formeil in a wreath fur a soldier's grave.
"1 must go,'' said the r<ue, "for I'm queen of the
flower*.
And a w reath is imperfect not plucked from my
bowers "
Tbeu the « lute rose and the red tried a place to
»•cure,
For one was so gorgeous, the other so pure.
Next, the lillies entreated for room in the wrt-ath,
And Iheir fair bell* drooped tower m iunueent
grief
While the dahlias plead colors of every hue,
of white, red and yellow , of crimson and blue.
Th-. verlienas stood straight w ith such various
display
That the rest of the flowers shrank back in
dismay.
Hut from under the green leaves, with soft eyes
of blue,
Plead in eloquent silence the violets true.
The forget-me-nots came with an array so great.
They surrounded the queen on the throne of her
state :
"We have watched the sad |iarting»of friendship
and youth.
And they took us for pledge* of frieu t*hip and
truth
For our blossom* reposed on the heart of the
maid.
And «inr flower« on the breasts of the soldiers
were laid
Iu battle he Is ire us mill war's fearful storm.
Ami the bullet marks oft did our |ietals deform.
We are not the fairest, we are not the liest,
X et the soldier w ould like us to grace his last
rest."
But softer the murmur and sweeter tiie sound.
As the sweet scented « ild flower* gathered
•round,
''We can ltoa«t of no beauty aud our petals arc
pale,
For W'e love the dark shade of the deep woody
vale.
But for this we have opened our earliest bloom,
Aud for this X» e have boarded our sweetest per
fume ;
For while yet on the ground lay the lieatitiful
snow ,
Our leaves were unfolding in greenness liciow .
Fairest queen, send us uot to our home iu the
shade ;
la-l our frag rams- arise where the soldier is laid
Xes, lake of our fairest and take of our best.
To »X» ecU-n the sod where our brave soldiers
rest."
Then a chorus of voices pervaded the air,
As the loud notes a<Ms-nded from every w here,
of the daisy, aud coxvslip. and clover, aud all
Of the flowers that garland the wayside and
w all
"Though we may not be wreathed with the
blossom.« so bright,
N et w e will spring on his grav e like star* of the
night,
Amt X» hen others much fairer are faded and
gone.
All our leaves will la- greeu and xve'U still blos
som ou
He ha» seen us at home at the feet of his bride ;
lie has plucked our first flower« for the child at
his side.
From the sw auips of the South to the forests of
Maine.
From Atlantic's rough shore to the great XV est
era plain,
We hexe cooled his hot wounds ou the greeu
turfy sod.
And our flowers have lieen dyed with our coun
try's (»'It blood.
We have pillow e<l his head as he breathed his
last sigh.
With our fragrance his soul has ascended on
high.
We have whispered of home, of his children and
wife.
And In- gaxe them to heaven as lie- yielded bis
life.
No garland we'll make of our fairest and liest.
But where'ere is » grave shall our flowers «leek
his rest." ADD1E HPEKCEK
Di i: columns are replete with the inspi
rations ol Decoration Day.
Aduie 8pem ek's tribute to the soltlier
dead is lieautilully ex presset! in her poem
printeti to-day. Everyliody will read it.
Orators Thorn burn and Craven ac
quitted themselves with great credit.
Their splendid efforts are models of elo
quence, and will shir the hearts of thous
ands of readers, as they stirred thousands
who heard their fervid deliverances.
A. J. CRAY EX, Es^., whose magnificent
memorial oration so captivated the patri
otic throng on Decoration Day, is one of
the teachers of the Helena Graded School,
whose services in that capacity have been
most effective tor good, most marked in
progress, and w ho is generally and highly
esteemed. He is a law graduate, and the
legal profession, we believe, he expects
here in future to follow. His address Sat
urday was wholly extempore and delivered
with a grace of diction and elocution sel
dom surpassed. His superb talents ensure
him a brilliant future.
Another strike on a large scale has
begun in the Mahoning valley, in Ohio,
by which 10,000 iron workers are thrown
out of employment. The condition of the
iron industry is in such a depressed state
that it looks like a piece of the maddest
folly to demand an increase of wages.
Probably the strike will be more of a
benefit to the manufacturers than to con
tinue work even at present rates. As to
the workingmen, the loss of their time is a
dead loss ol capital without any compen
sation. Tbs closing of northern furnaces
will improve the harvest for southern iron
districts and lead to a transfer of business
that it will be difficult to recover.
THE ARIZONA INDIAN OUT
BREAK.
The news continues to come of the
bloody work done by the Apaches of New
Mexico and Arizona. Already the list of
the killed has reached a featful aggregate,
almost a* mam as have fallen in the
Northwest war of the Dominion. Due re
port *]ieaks of twenty-four »King killed
within a radius of twenty-four miles, and
judging from the report* of ot her localities,
it would seem as if the total list of mur
ders so far could not »re les« than 100. To
have such an event happen without any
warning, complaint or proxocation. right
under the eyes of civil and military au
thorities, is the most siugular and disgrace
ful event ol many years. So far we have
only beard of a single Indian »reing killed
and the capture of nine ponies and 'Jtt.000
round.« of ammunition. XX'here did the
Indian* get hold of this amount of ammu
nition ? Was it captured or stolen, or have
some white men Ireen selling to the Indi
ans ? We hear often ot the troops Iremg in
hot pursuit, but always twelve or twenty
four hours too late. So insufficient or inef
ficient have the troo|is shown themselves
in this emergency that Got . Sheldon ha*
called out the militia of New Mexico. The
chances are that the Indians who have
made this carnival of blood will either es
cape into Mexico or lie sneaking »tack to
their reservation to draw rations in a short
time. Indian* are not all alike and it will
uot do to treat them all a* murderers, »>ut
it would he cruelty of the worst kind ever
to jiardou one of these Indian* known to »re
engaged in this unprovoked outlireak. It
*uch crimes go unpunishml it will prove a
premium to others to engage in the *ame
Imaines*. The sentimentalists of the East
may accuse us of blood thirst mess, but in
the light of such wanton butcheries, we
cannot leel otherwise. The poor tuen aud
women on their lonely ranches, exjio*ed to
sudden and merciltrss »laughter, have every
particle of our sympathy. While we would
not relax hut retloulile our eftorts to edu
cate the Indian children and aid tiie older
oue* to acquire habits of self-support on
separate aiotments of land, we demand lor
those who are settling our wide, wild Ter
ritories ample protection against any jioe
silile reçu irente of such barbarous sacn
tiees. We have no such demands for our
army but that it should lie held strictly
accountalile for affording security against
such outbreak.«. It is a shame aud a dis
grace to our Nat ion aud its Government that
our citizens are left expost*! to such slaugh
ter. A Government that cannot protect its
citizen« against such attacks is no Govern
ment worth having. A Government that
sha]ies its policy »>y the views aud wishes
of the jieopie of the East, who waste all
their tears aud sympathies over the imagi
nary rights and wrongs of the Indian and
can regard with apathy the murder of tlieir
own kin and kind, is not such a Govern
ment as command* our resjre« t. What has
happeuetlto our brothers aud sisters in New
Mexico and Arizona is liable to happen
any day all over our wide frontier. Its
happening once ought to serve a* a lesson
forever, that oar protection shall Ire so am
ple that such a thing can never happen
again.
Secretary Whitney has a eomitara
tively easy time in showing that we hate
spent a good deal of money since the war
cltised on our navy and have very little to
show lor it. That is true of all navies aud
a-mics. It is pretty much all the »ante way.
It goes to pay salaries of officers and tuen,
titulier will rot and iron will rust aud fash
ion changes more rapidly iu war e«(uip
rnents than in milinery. But Secretary
Whitney is puttiug himself in a situation
to »re »»uried alive nnder the effects of his
own criticism. We hope he will do some
thing lietter than any of his predecessor*,
hut it will Ire time enough to lioast when
he has accomplished something that de
serves praise and credit. With the advan
tage of former errors at home and successes
of other nations, he ought to Ire aide to
! achieve greater success himself. We hope
the Republicans in Congres« will not treat
him as suspiciously and niggardly in the
matter of appropriations as the Ifemocratic
House of Representatives has treated Re
publican Secretaries. We need a navy, a
large and strong one, and we may as well
make up our inimls at the outset that it is
going to cost a very large sum of money.
Tri e toits cowardly instincts, the lode
pendent exults at the opportunity offered
by his at«en<-e to bushwhack Chief Justice
Wade. The Judge took his tleparture
yesterday morning to visit his venerable
father in Ohio, and dutiful son that he is,
to remain with his aged parent during a
part, at least, of the few days that are yet
spared to him on earth. The threat of the
despicable ''organ,'' it thinks, may now
safely Ire carried .into effect, the oliject of
its malice »reing away and unable
to defend himself. But we coun
sel the "organ" to make no mistake.
The whole people of Montana know the
despicable motives of the Indtjwndi nt and
the contemptible methods it adopts to
slander and »resmirch those in authority
who have stood manfully and stoutly »re
tween the public treasury and its rapacity.
If the Judge is not here to confront the
hostility of those whose thefts and vil
lanies he has thwarted or punished, he
will not lack for friends who dare to stand
steadfast hy his good name and abash bis
falsifiers. The personal organ is advised
in all seriousness to go slow. It can
neither assassinate the character of Judge
Wade or any other upright and reputable
man with impnnity. Be sure of that, Mr.
Manager. _
Those ex-Confederates who are seeking
foreign appointments with such zeal will
be rather disgusted to learn that there is
not one of the more imjiorUtnt positions
that does not entail a heavy expense on the
trecupanL Ex-Minister Curtin says the
Russian Mission cost him f12,000 a year be
yond his s alary.
Every* bog-swamp in Massachusetts, for
generations regarded as utterly worthless,
are being converted into cranberry fields
and soon trecome worth from *300 to $300
per acre.
1
a
a
THE WEEK'S HOI Nl»-| p.
Stock Note* " Cal Out " lrom |; x .
chance Column» und Corraled,
XX'm. Rowe, of Benton, last week
$;t,HMt for two stallion»
David Hancock yesterday sold to ,\ (;
Clarke fifteen Galloway heifer* and ot*
imported t»ull.
O. S. Roth, of Rentou, sold fifteen he*;
of fine saddle horse* to parties from th»
north last wtrek.
Mr. J. M. Ellsworth, of lowa,at»ldtc
Capt. J. M. Perkins, of the Judith B.t«i 0
three year old Norman stallion for ■j-l.'s«
N. J. Bielentrerg has purchased
sheep in Washington Territory at »!
pci head and has contracted for 1.3UU mote
irom the same place. The lot * ill I«
j*-d to Montana.
Two cows trelongiug to Wm. Beck, of
East Cottonwood. Gallatin county, recenth
gave Itirth to four heifer calves. t* 0 of
which are worth over $l(Kt apiece, bem^
full-blo«xle«l Durham*.
James Maultiin. Beaverhead county s
largest horse raiser, a day or two «m«*
brought in four span of fine draft horse»
and yesterday sold two of them to Joseph
D'Neill, of the Farmers Stable*, for
There was a large number of honre* m
the vicinity of Billing* afflicted with a dis
ease commonly ca'.le«! "na*al gleet." It
contagious, and some of the animals which
have Ireen pronounced in« urahle will 1*
killed to prevent the spread of the disease.
Northern Pacific railroad officials have
receive«! notice that stock inspectors will
»re located at Mandan for west I «ou ml ship
ments. and at Horse Plain* for ea«t iiound
shipment*. Dickinson and Sjiokane Falls
were previously designated.
Thirty head of Hereford »mils were re
ceived at the stock yard* at Miles City
Wednesday lor Sanborn «V Load. The
■ cattle were shipped irom New Hampshire
in oue of Burton * patent stock cars, and
came through in gotxl condition, without
»reing unloaded during the eutire trip.
The ten three year old Clyde stallion«
purchased by Pott* aud Harrison left Scot
land April 17th and arrived at Freathe
Point, Canada. May 10th, alter a frightful
voyage, in which two animal* were lost.
When last heard from the horses were in
Chicago, and Governor Potts ex]rects them
j at the rauch any day.
Parties in Missoula recently purchased
two high-bred pigs in Missouri and gave
orders for them to Ire shipjred by freight.
By some mistake they were placed in the
hands of the express company at St. Paul
and shipped from there »>y them to Mis
I soula. When arriving there the ( barges
amounted to eighty dollars. The parties
refused to take them from the office.
A liand of marauding Indians was di»
I covered last week by two cowlxiys on the
Big Drv a»iout seventy-five iuil«?s north of
Miles City. The Indians were runmug of;
I five head ol' horses trelongiug to one ot the
Big Dry Cattle outfits. The two cowlioy»
followed them, when they showed fight
and a hot scrimmage resulted, in which
two of the lndiaus were wafted to the
happv hunting grounds and the five horse*
were recovered.
M. E. Milner, president of the Milner
Live Stock Company, has purchased the
eutire herd of cattle belonging to Dau
Samples. The herd is the third one in
size ou the Shoukin range. The terms ol
the sale were private, but it is known that
all the range rights of Mr. Samples are in
cluded. The incorporation of this herd
with the already large herd of the Milner
Life Sttx k company will make it one of
the largest sttrek companies in uorlheru
Montana.
The Helena Xfiuiug District.
A party consisting ol' Messrs. Hendryi
and Bristol, of Connecticut, aud Col. 11 ud
nutt and Major Walker, of Helena, went
out yesterday to take a look at the newly
developed mines of the Helena district, a
few miles west of Helena. All were much
pleased with the outlook for that district,
aud oue of the party told our rei>orter the
following notes concerning the mine*,
which will Ire of interest to the public:
There are a»K>ut twenty men at work at
the camp, who sleep in tents and lioaril at
a restaurant kept in a similar house. .Some
development has Ireen made on ali ol
the following lodes, each of which ha«
more or less ore on the dump : Helena.
Good Luck, Christmas Gift, Cabinet, and
Grass Volley. Shaft* are dug to various
depth* on all these lodes, ranging from •*'
to lilt feet deep. The Helena lode is the
most thoroughly worked, the shaft lieing
now «lown litt feet, aud ore on the «lump
in the neighliorhood of 130 tons. The
Helena and the Christmas Gift lode.« are
the only ones now treing worked. N>peci
mens of ore from the former at the depth
of 1 IU feet show that the vein is growing
richer as it descends. The prospects are
very fiattenng and grow brighter « very
day. When our new smelter is erected
the ore from these mines will fiud a ready
market within two or three miles from
the leads—a consideration that remiets
them all the more valuable.
Contract* Award««!.
The following contracts for the trans
portation of government supplies hy
wagon Iretween the points named lielo*
were awarded recently to the parties men
tioned by the (Quartermaster at Fort
.Snelling, Minnesota :
Route No. 1, Aom Glendive to Camp
Poplar River, to John L. Burn*, of Glen
dive.
Route No. 2, from Caster Station to Fort
Custer, to P. H. McCormick, at the Junc
tion.
Route No. 3, from Coster .Station to tort
Maginnis. tc Singleton Buford, of ft*
Jonction.
Route No. 4, from Broad water s Land
ing to Fort Assinaboine, to J. W. Power, d
Benton.
Route No. 5, from Helena to Fort As» 10 '
alioine, to J. W. Power, of Benton.
Nearly every city in the Territory h" 1
Helena is making preparations for a 1 cart
of July celebration. Is the Capital city w
be outdone in patriotic demonstrations b - v
her sister cities ?

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