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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, November 12, 1885, Image 1

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Volume xix.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, November 12, 1B85.
No. 5
<TI |f Hierhin tjfrahl.
R E FIS» D W FIS». » J. FIS».
Publishers und Proprietors.
larjtst Circulation of any Paper in Montana
- O -
frites of Subscription.
Onr Ymr In «*l»»*uee' ......... tt 00 J
nit Month», (Hi n«lv«iiee>.......................... 2 on
n . Months, In dTHKI I • ,
U ln*n not paid for In nOvam-e the rule will hr
Ian I- r > > »r| '
I'oitKIt», in all (•»a*« PlT|i»iiI.
nt> Su >»*cril>era,delivered by «-»rrier.f 1 Ml a month
Ot,r Year, by mail, 'in ailvancrl #12 till
»!* Month«, by mall, in advancr ........ ô til
Three Month», by mail, in advance)........... 3 til
««-Ml cnimnunii at ion« *li«>ul<l in* adtl rr»»»-tl U>
not BROO Publisher«,
Helena, Montana.
\ iikiii' in : lit: >i nthi:r.
I w.i««itting lu«l until! by ni v » bamlier.
Alone, aud exceedingly »ad.
I or »lock» ha<l kuih down in the market.
IihI thing»« altogether looked had.
A* many a fair »hip ol fortune
Hail moke from her mooring* at la»t .
And my onn little latrr. like the other«.
Meerieed the full force of the bla«t
And I felt, O, mi »I« k and »«• weary,
Vt the tiiought of the gree«l and the «trif> ;
The ru«h anil the whirl and commotion,
That make up the twittle of Jite;
Km 1, who had hoped for promotion,
Mu«t take up the niu«ket once more.
\ nd march in the rank» a» a private -
The torn, »haltered rank» of the pool
,lu«t then a fair form, liifht and airy,
I »aw in lh< half darkened room ;
tnd the voie*- of my three year» old fairy
liai g out through the (n!»t and ttie gloom.
\* »lie aprung:, with her sott arms r\tended.
i'o prattle her joy on my Itiiee
A» blithely a» a -ong bird in aultumi
t hallt« hi» U» the brown, withered tree.
While her dear head » a» pressed on my «hoiil
And our cheek» in cluee uniaon lay.
Mine warred with the tuark»of life » eontliet.
Her» »im ait h a» a blu»»oni in May —
Then »lowly and gradually failed
M> care» and perplexities all
A« the goddeea of sleep itrutly warned me
To dreamland, I« neatli lior »ofl thrall.
Mid sweetly a voire «•einnl to whisper—
O. mortat. thou »till haal. this 'ay.
Sta ll \ eulth ie» a king can not purchase,
Nor Market can harter aw ay ;
Ti» your»—from the mint of the Maker.
Ail bright with t lie imprint of joy,
I u»olled by tile clutches of mammon —
I ndinimed and unuiixed w itli alloy.
Sin» the »eu given lawk luy lost treasure? *
lia» my »hip at last sately reach»»! laud?
Kor I know it I» gol«l hy il» luster—
Tis gold that I iiold in my hand.
When 1 suddenly woke from my »lu-u lier.
tint starting in iiastc from my chair,
I »aw that my linger* were «la-ping
A curl of i:iy baby's hriKhl iiair.
Then my full In-art Rave prui»e without measure,
For I teil that our Father above
Had tint taken the dross from luy treasure.
And left me the rich«-» of love.
i ni: h I \son w h \
You never »ai«l von loved me.
Tbouich I knew it Ionic *4!° :
I learned it by a thousand »ittn»
That you cannot help hut show.
It linger* in your tender volte.
Ft hashes in your eye;
Hut you never told me so in wort!«.
Ami 1 know the reason why.
\ ou never yet have asked me
To lie your ioviuir wi 4 *
Never »aid I had it in my {«»we»
To hrigtden all your life.
You Untrer silent by my side,
< r pass me coldly by ;
You never asked me to le yours.
And I know the reason why.
You think I »-cause my pathway
I» tilled with hiosmmi» sweet.
I It cause the glittering trems of wealth
Are scattered at my feet
That I have lookc 1 on dazzling gold
I'util it blinds my view.
And I can't see the priceless worth
of a heart nincere and true.
You may Is- rich in w istiora.
And stand on fame'» fair bight.
Itut you never yet have learned to read
A woman's heart arigtit :
Mid I ran teach you this one tlii.ig.
That no one will deny.
True love is liettcr far than gol«f—
Need you ask the reason why?
The world msy think me forward.
And call me vain and weak.
■ I answer in my inmost soul
Tbc wi.nl» you dare not speak.
I turn aside from fashion's ranks.
Without one tear or *%h.
Mid. trustintc. lav tnv hand in vours -
Can you ark the reason why"
Why »re you here, poor yellow . musty thing.
Long years art*' I hid >ou out of *ight.
W hv here to »tir »ad memories within
AjkI move tny heart so tenderly to-night
At hat is it hold» or y hand when raised^ to throw
Your faded panes to the esige» flame?
What w enkness in me that there com- ami go
Those old. fond, by-gone dreams again?
Why should I
uriiijj your
w route.
■ * < ■ ; •
lierish wIren the hand that
Dtug since, perchance, forgot my parting
clasp? ,
IVrlmp« whiiUI full to gffft mint* •• ** fni*na.
lliouieh out«* with linic«*riuiç love-knit t*ni*n
belli faut.
Ah. I im human ' ve the only links
that hind my life to all that's sweet and true.
I .IM- was Us only star it wailing sinks ;
I um ahme and hopelr»«, nothing left but you.
Xnd ye farewell at last ; 1 w ill lie strong ;
Your »moke curls up in silent fleecy w ing*.
I's-untig your voicel*'»» prayer, that thus through
V arlea V. Coleman, Jr , In Harper'*.]
tt to the we-t t.i« spent day kis-e* night.
Ami with one po: -uitf glo*v **f jias»ioB
lu go.d and red; a woman'» wistful eyei
k out across the hill«, a baud of ^5***
ay.on her (lartel hair, theresoftly dwells.
And throws a gloty o'er her <trl'.*h dream,
Tins sheep »low uestie down beside the
stream, , ...
nd cattle wander with their tinkling bell«.
Lse cloud«, euri-flush'd, ding 'round the
day'» decline; . .
"he woman*« eye* grv.» w tender; shadow«
creep; ..... ,
-11 turns 1 1 gray; a sharp dividing I.ne
trt* earth and heaven. A down the west
ern height
The calm c ilJ dark hat ki«*d the day to
*lf»ep; ,,
w ai'tful eyes look out across the night.
To au .Lsthetl* Kkk
Binghamton K publican I
Dscar Wilde ha* indicted a pie» to hi*
by. It t»-giu» thus:
IFh. wundrctit cherub! Æ-.iieir fair.
style 1» 'aatHhtma, tircck anl Doric;
Always howling, I declare!
Fetch me quick tin* jart'goric.
Largest Cabbs|r field in the World
A 4.rand Total of twenty Million
riants Necessary — Shipment«
I» Hi«* ^onfli.
[flihago Herald.]
Very few | enpie are aware of the fact
that Chicago has the largest "sauerkraut*
fnct< ry in the worl.lt or. more strictly
»iwtiking, the only one. and that almost
within b.r city limit* I» the mo-t exten-ive
cabbage farm in tui» country, or [ternap, on
tl.e g I ole. Tue cabbage di-trict, as it i«
•alia 1. lies to toe west and southwest of the
»t -ck yanl , an 1 comprises upwar Is of 2.50)
ai re» of rich, heavy soil, especially adapte 1
t > tue cultivation of mammoth cabbage
Inn 1 -.
A reporter, in company with a South
Water »trvet coinmi» ion man, went over
the cabbage plantation- and witne sed the
finishing touche. l*>in; put to cultivation
and the pn-| aration • for the gathering of
the harvest The first vistt was made to a
field containing ltk) acre—the largest single
<atl a.»c |>atcli in the world. Ad j cuing tin*
field are thirty acres of cabbage of the same
varieties, making a farm of ID * acres, all
I el- ngiiig to and cultivated by a single
The preparation of thi» field for the recep
tion of the plant* in the soring is no ea»v
tax*. Every foot of lau I ha» to be a* care
fully attended as if it were to be devoted to
fl m ulture. In the fall the surface of th-j
ground is covered with an abundance of
rich fertilizer* and then plowed, harrowed
and rolled. Early in the spring the soil is
again disturbed hy the plow and burrow,
and the surface of tiie ground is made as
smooth and free from lump» as is possible.
The ground i» then laid off with a cbeck
t -wer, the r >ws being from thirty totbirty
ti.ree inches a|-art according to the variety
to l-e planted, the tir «t crop being planted
thirty liicue- a;«art. au 1 the other variety
tliivrj«three inches.
1 ho rows are straight as an arrow in orJer
to allow cru-*»- cultivation, yet at thi* seas -n
of tlieir growth, the broad leave« covering
every inch of ground, the svhtematic method
of planting is not easily discernible. After
the ground lias lieen carefully pre;arei,
1,114,000 plant» alone are require 1 for tbesi
l'.M aero* and for tue entire district some
15,000,000. Tins nutnlier of plants is required
for tue first "setting,'' and since many are
destroyed hy vermin—the maggot and the
fly—fully one-third more plant« are required,
making a grand total of 20,000,ooo plant*
necessary to supply the Chicago cabbage
Many of the plant* are destroyed by the
cabbage fly or tl*a, the maggot the worm,
and carvle«s cultivation. Replanting is a
»mail fact -r in the pr vluct; therefore, if
the farmer obtains 4.000 good average heads
to the acre lie hat a big crop, and 3.000
bead* woul 1 lie an excellent average. Wuen
the harve-t begin« 100 experienced laborer* -
will inarch through the early cabbage crop
and «o-oct the largest and choicest h*ais for
shipment to the south.
"Don't they raise any cabba - i theief*
aske l the rejiorler.
"Plenty of it," was the re|>ly. "I have
1 ecu asked the same question a thousand
tinuei -luring t ie past eleven years. 1 will |
• xplain it to you a» 1 have to others. Down
south, in the vicinity of Xew Orlean*. they !
plant their cabbage« along in September,
aud they always have new cabbage for !
Christmas. They depend upon it just the
snn'.at us sout 1 er» Ohio folk« expect new p.»
tatoes for their Fourth of July dinner.
Their cabbage season runs out just about
the time Memphis and Nashville cabbage*
are ready for the market After it matures,
you know, they have got to eat it or throw
it way. They can not bury it in the ground
like we do here in the north, or store it
away in cool cellar-, it has to be eaten be
fore it decays.
"They then depend upon the upriver roun- '
try until m turn they exhaust the Sr. Louis
rfcrket, which, in a couple of weeks more,
will be able to «end no further supplie*. ;
The» *■'* -y have to depend upon the Cuicago
cabbage district until they can grow their !
own cabbage. When I say *tbev' 1 mean the
wholo »oath, including Sk L HiH. Eacli.soc
ti< n in turn helps to supply the other*, but
( hi-ago «hip* more cabbage than all of the
rest put together Chicago «hip* from Aug.
I to Nov. 15, and some year* a little later.
This year, owing to a back ward spring
and vermin, we are nearly two weeks
"You certainly sell hoiuj cabbage in
Chicago r
"Not a single head. The be»t cabbage
goes to a foreign market south, east and
west. Such cabbage as is usually found on
the Chicago market is made into sauer
kraut Do not understand me to »ay that
the refuse is made into kraut for that is not
the fact It's the small head« which are
perfectly sound, but loosely leaved, and,
having no market price alongside of |w.zj
beads, that are u«ed for, and which make,
the choicest and tw*t kraut being freer
from large »talks, and therefore more valu
able for kraut than for the mark•t.''
Of the 2..VJ0 acres of cabbage m the dis
trict a »ingle firm control* about 1,900
acres. It will commence shipping next
week, and to begin with will ship one car
load per day, and a* the beads develop it
will increase it* shipments up to twenty
or more car* per day, according to the rate
of supply and demand. The first shipments
of cabbage are placed in open or stock cars
and carefully packed to insure their arrival
in goo-1 shape, no matter how far their
destination may be. The «talks are cut off
and outside leaves trimmed. The first layer
on the bottom of the oar is placed with
the stalk butt resting on the floor of the
of the car are placed top downward.
The remaining layers to the capacity
head* are placed in layers three feet deep,
when deck« are placed in horizontally and
perpendicularly, so as to equally divide the
layer« and to prevent pressure from above,
aud laterally, to give perfect ventilation.
Loaded in thus way, no crates being used,
hundreds of car loads are »hipped from
Chicago annually, and the cabbage arrives
at it* destination in good order. l*ater in
the seas n box-cars are used.
e • sb* Helped Herself.
[The Rambler.]
Little Jennie was capsized In a boat one
day and would probably have been drowned
had she not had presence of mind
enough to keep her bands and feet moving,
and thu« keep herself afloat until help
came. When she was retiring that night
her mother told her that she must thank
0« *1 for having rescued her from a watery
grave, winch »he did in the following way:
"Dod, I am oblidthed to oo for helping t j
lliave me fwom dwoning—and then I had a
little tbeutb mytbelf.'*
Tlif Original "Wellington».''
Peter the (ireat'* bjots, the original
model of I be "Wellingtons* are still ex
hibited a« Curious relic* in id* Petersburg.
Hits of Human Nature.
[New York ?'un.j
"That duin<«l j»* 'kl -l critter with the
b:ok n born," said an 4-xa«p -rat -d fanner,
**.i akes more trouble than ail th- c w* I've
go! pu together. If 1 could give her a way
I' d do it. I *1 I at lier b»r beef, but she'd co«t
more u »he'd b? wut'i."
That same ni :ht a railroad train ran over
he and killed h -r. and the farmer, with
tears in his eyes, toi 1 tin offi< tal of the road
who we* prepared to remunerate him for
his los» that if it had teen any one of his
oilier eow-< he wouldn't cate so mue i, but
to lose that valuable animal, the only thor
ough I led Ik* ever poanem} I or expected to
puses«, was a inisfortiiue n!tuo*t beyond
money reparation
Smith (lifting the e* v.-r of his liasket cud
displaying it full of ti.bl—Nice mess, eta, for
one day's spurt f
Brown—Yes. Pi 1 v- u rat eh'em all your«
Smith—t'ertainlv: of cours -.
Brown—Where did you catch 'em!
Smith (slylyI—Oh, in a little stream in
Pennsylvania not a thousand miles from
In-re. But 1 can t give the snap away, you
know, old Ikiv.
Brown (snrcast.i ttilv)—No indeed. If 1
knew w b-; e 1 c.-uld catch ?*j>aui»ii mackerel
in a Pennsylvania stream 1 woukln'i give
the snap uwav either.
a matter ok taste.
Young lady—We had a d-iightful time at
Music hall las. evening, Mr. Duinley, It
was u Meyerbeer night, you know. Are
you Laid of Me>erheerf
Mr. Diiiulev ihe-itaiiiiglv)—Ye-es, but 1
think 1 would just as stN-ii have Milwaukee.
Little girl (in grocery »tore)—Has y er got
enny cheese f
(lr<H-er— Oh. tes, plenty of it.
Little (Lri—It's th -amt- kind as yer ha-1
la*' week:
Grocer—Yes, exactly the same. I'll war
rant it to lie of tb.* sains lot. How much
will you have!
Little Girl—-Not enny. Me mu ider »ed
not to buy enny unie** you'd got that old
stock worked off.
"It fit!» my heart with joy," »aid an
earnest ciontry clergyman at tb«* conclu
si I q of bis « -ruion, "to see *o many «trati
gersamoagour congregaîton on thi* tieau-|
tiful Habbath morning Sojourn *rs in our
town arc always welts un -. We whip them
to come. Young men and old men w in no |
pleasur- or tndnes» ha; called away fr«im j
tbs soff - boom. w<- g
with open l»-a:'t«. '1 be collect ion will now
b • taken up.'
Mott StIV.*: Sumlav School TR*a<*lier (U. j
Ah Sin, the lauudrvinaa)—What ere the
wage« of s-n:
Ah Rin— S ev.-atv-flve cleat a doxuL N<
cheekee no wasbee.
Mi.*» C.ara Iaj young Featbetly)—There *s
agreat rivalry b-.we -n the young iadics ol
th** church, Mr. Feaîherlv, a* to which shall
sell the m*»it ice cream at the tesrival to
morrow evening, and I want you to patron
ize my table exclusively.
Mr. Featherly (devotedly)—You eau not
<m!y count <-n ru.' exclusive patronage, Mua
Clara, but i'll bring my heavy wiutw over
c*;at, too.
The ''Then and Sow" ol Wealth.
INew York Letter.]
Any one who bas lived h tra even twenty
or twenty-five years can see how prodigal
ity bas increas *d. and citizms aged 70 or
thereabout are amaz.*d at th-* change that
has occurred in their day. 1 have talked
with old men who say that Naw York was
a small city with simple habit* an 1 taste« in
their early youth. Then not a «ingle Man
hatt&ner, not indeed a single American ex
cept John Jacob A*tor, was worth $1,
4)00,000; and n -w a million U considered
barely a competency. Then the giver of a
party who expended in all more than fd-W
or $4J0 would have bo-n reckotie-1 as rush
ing upon bankruptcy; now the flowers or
dered for entertainment« often cost alone
from $1 UOi) to I .500. -ometimes much
more. He who ould earn #1,000 annually
was thought fortunat*. and <5,00J from iu
ve-tnients wa* accounted a princely rev
At present the m >»t »elf-denying bachelor
would lind it difficult to ïiib-i-t on #1,000,
and *5,oUJ is d -clare<l to be the smallest sum
a marne 1 man Laving possibly one or two
children, can get on with. A New Yorker
is not though: to-day to be rich miles* he
has a property of EI.UOil.OU) or #4.090,000,
and the very rich have four, five, six, ten
times as much. There are hundred* of
families wbi «pend from #100,00;) to #150,
000, and dozen* wrao spend from #250.009 to
$700,000 a year.
A Crooked Nioi»e.
j Harper'« Bazar ]
Lm i* a wee la*sse of four summers, with
a quaint u e ol Kngli*u. The intermittent
tooting of a locomotive caused her to clap
her chubby bands to her ears with a funny
ht tie frown expressive of div.mst
"W hat s the matter, Loul her mother
"Ob, I'm fastening out that crooked
Th" other day she was asked whether she
would rather go boat-riding to the island or
»pend the afternoon with grandmamma.
"I want to go both wheres,'* was the
prompt reply.
The Swiss Army.
The Swiss army now number* 477 com
missioned officers, and its effective strength
p, ao,T54 men. The highest rank recognized
j,, the Swiss army during peace is that of
colonel. * _
Small Mediterranean oysters, considered
by gormnnd* a« the most delicate of all
bivalve*, are now canned for exportation
(r.-m Italv________
Hotli < orked Up.
Ncrvoa« old ladv boards a train; when
about tos -at herself, di»covers a horrid man
with a gun in the car. "I hope that thing
is not loaded. "
Frolicsome Sportsman—"Ye«, ma'am; i;
is. However, I will insert tt is cork in tho
muzzle. Then-! Quit«* safe now."
The timid one L» sa 11 - tied.
Peck's Sun: tv-tr.e eastern poetess asks the
eonuindrum: *Oh. where d- ••» Ivai.ty lu.
gerf ' Oar office hour» are § to ft.
Ill» Fatal Disease —I*er«*inal Habits —Tern
peranc«* Sixty Years Ago—A Cast-Iron
Will — Wliat the Showman Has
Done for Bridgeport.
[f'roffut's Lethsr.]
My neck burns 1 with the unaccustoinel
suu and rav head was heavy with too mucl '
of sea-ide di«»ipation which we call rest. ;
Into the smoking-car {«trailed for an empty
seat to lounge m. As 1 sat down a cheery
voice »alutel me from the next seat—it wa
P. T. Barn um. 1 had not seen him looking
so well in twenty year*, ami told him so—
his eye bright, his step elastic, the gra-p of
hi* hand firm.
"No." lie pr -te«ted. "1 am far from well; J ,
have caught a di-ea«e which daily grow.*
worse. The doctors have giveu me up, and
tell me it i« incurable."
He placed bi» hand over the cardiac re
giou anl looked at me for sympathy. J ;
thought of malaria, softening of the brain,
and the tiflfiction through the medium ot
which t ie late Dr. Bright succeeded iu im
inortaliz.ng ium-elf. But I knew he had
noue of those.
"I've got it t-ai," he continued, smiling,
"all over me. It ha*, 1 suppo-e, »ome Latin
name, but common folk* call it Vdd ag-*.
It'» got me. It's going to carry me off. Old i
age is the dise a m that ha* got it* claws ot !
me and i* going to fetch me in the end.
Yes. a« you »ay. I'm making a go * J tight ol
it I'm 7n year* old 1 have fir»t-ratedi
gestion. 1 sleep well. I have recovered ;
from the effect* of the s*iu»tr-»ke of tiv» j
year* ago, aud am in perfect health."
I asked him about hi* p-rsonal habits.
"Well." lie said, leaning back in the sea'
and reflecting, "let s *ee. 1 am economic», j
of my life forces. 1 try to go to beJ at li. I
every night. In the morning I answer my i
correspondence and attend to my tenant
an 1 communicate with my partners hy tele j
phone and telegraph, finishing up everything
before dinner, w hich I take in the middle o; j
the day. After dinner 1 generally doxa in
iny chair for a moment. If I can lose e »n
•douane »« for live minutes it is just as re
freshing to me as a genuin« sleep. 1 take i
drive morning* a nd afternoons. Intbeev .-u !
ing we real or have minie, or play cribbag- -
or whi»L 1 am up at 7 in the momiag. 1 !
never drink ins' siaoks."
As 1 expressed some curio-ity about those
habit*, he sa-d:
"When 1 wm a young man in Danbury, j
everybody tiraak. Cider brandy, called
'gumptlor.' wi-thj fav »rite drink. Kvery
occasion »«* the occa-ion f-»r a 'horn.'
Farbe- and wedding*, anl c-hri»temngs an-1
hoit-e raising isil hu-kiug bees; an 1 even at
funerals the ilergytiun and mou rn e r * all
draok liqu r. At auction* the auctioneer held
a !«>ttl - of liquor in bis hand, and when bal
ding w.t* slow he would cry out, 'A drain to
the next bidder!' lifting his bjttle to em
phasis* the offer. Up would go the bid,
and the hi ider would take hi-deadhead
dram. Everybody drank. Thoee win
think that the world has degenerated and
is fa*t going to the dog* would not think so
if they c -it 1-1 ' remember the tiim.* a* they
were ni 181? as 1 can. 1 drank a good deal
in those day*, for it wa* the fashion. It
this year wa- 1825 lust-ad of 1885, this
smoking-car, in-teal of beiug quiet, would
be full of noisy roysterer, drinking and
carousing. Only there wouldn't bo any car
then —would there f"
la-ice I Mr. liar.min if he intruded ever
to go int » any new scheint- .
"No," he «mi I; "anything uew would
worry in». 1 think 1 can see a dozjn new
ways in which I could make piles of money,
if 1 were twenty, or even ten year* younger,
but what'» the use? 1 have a* much money
a» I can props'! y use, mi l am increasing it
all the time. 1 »hall leave my children and
grandchildren more than wdlbegooi for
"You have executed a cast-iron will," 1
"Yes; there i* so much contesting of wills
on the ground of inoompetoncy, that 1 have
done what 1 could to prevent it I provided
that if any !-*gatoe makes a conte-t he shall
by that act ferlait hi« beque-t, and I left
#100,090 t > tiw* executors to tight any con
tentant. Thea I had three physician* wit
ne-s my will, w ho made oath that 1 was ol
»ound mind."
We left the cars at Bridgeport, and sepa
rate-1—be for Waldemere on the west, 1 to
find a friend with whom 1 had busine-s.
Nest morning he took me out riding (yes
"riding." not "driving"—at any rate 1 didn't
drive). Bridgeport has double! sines 1 wa»
there la-t. and from being the fourth city
m the state, ha- grown to be the sec -ni. 1
told my friend, a* we rode, about the talk
with Barnuin on the way down from New
"He"« a remarkable character!" he con
tinue 1. "He L making m »re money thi*
year taan he ever did before in any one
year. He'll take, it is estimated, #159,099
out of the big »bow a« lis share. Hegels
$*5,000 a year a» the rent of the big budd
ing at Broadway and HouHou ; n Newr York.
He will get $5o,9UO in rents here, and a*
much more in the rise cf real estate here.
Everything h*. touche« turns to greenbacks.
Even hi: greatest schemes of benevolence
have poured money into his pocket*, lie
gave the city more than #190,00! worth of
swamp lanl for a park which hal been re
covered from the sea by a dyke on the west
of to wie Then he naturally and prudently
bought all the adjoining land and cut it up
into town lots. Tnis row of cottage* is his.
Aud that row over youder. He owns nearly
200 cottages, an l has helped workingmen
build as many more.
"This end of Bridgeport has been so much
made by Baruum that it ought to be called
Baruutnvdle, or Phineasia, or something
suggestive. There was a great old grave
yard up here. Barnum got a bill through
the legislature authorizing him to remove
the deal to a new cemetery. He gave
thousands of new lots, and superintended
the transfer, cleaue 1 out the old burial
ground and cut street* through it, and it D
now one of the most attractive spots in the
city—that street over tb*»re, with prim cot
tage* the whole length. '
Atlanta's Fort.
[Chicago Herald ]
Fort Walker, which crowns the highest
point within the limits of the present park
at Atlanta, Ga. and was in 1804 the strong
hold on which the Confederate forces re
lied during the battle about the city, bas
been restored to its original proportion, It
is proposed to place in the center of the fort
a peace statue, to symbolize the nobler uses
of it- sec >nd existence, end a uias»ive ^«les
tai of oolitic stone, appropriately carved, is
already in position.
The Oyster and the 1C
"It is unseasonable anl uuwholesom* in
all months that have not an K in their
name* to eat an oyster." Thu« wrote Butler,
in his "Dyet's Dry Dinner," a* long ago a>
A True and Thrilling Narrative from tin
Lip» ot a Modest Soldier.
[Burdette iu Brooklyn Kagle.J
We have been at great pain* to secure tin*
following account of one of the mo-t hotly
••onto-tel battle-of the rebellion from o w •»'
the iiartiripaa: , Lieut. Dj Sitt >u I) •
K ii;t -stuhl, a young nobleman who »erve l
•'urui? the war on th» »taff of Gin. Dj
H e-p«raid in tie quartermaster'* depiro
ment !u the«e day* wuen there is »uca a
dearth of war stories, a true aud thrilling
narrative from the lip* of a soldier at once
so eminent and so mode-t a* Lieut. Kutnp
stuhl, will fall ujhhi the land with the
cheering »tiniulu- of a "recitatiou at a:i
evening party. Lieut Kampstuhl says:
"1 heard the firing in My front ».t 5:10 a.
m.. hy My watch, aud immediate.y ordere 1
My »ervaut to saddle My bor*e, which I at
ouce mounted, and then i rode rapidly back
to My »upply train. I ordered My train
into corral, and then a* the tiring became
heavier I ordered it out into the road agaiu.
1 led it back three mile* furtuer t> the rear,
where I ordered it agaiu into corral. 1
crawled cautiously under one of My cracKer
wagon* to li-ten. My mule- had not been
fed au l I could bear nothing but their noise
"I orJerel My wagonmaster to have My
mules fed. An orderly came dashing from
the front, looking for Me. The general de
sired to know where I wa». 1 -aid to the
orderly, 'Tell biiu,' said I, 'that I will hol-J
My position here at all hazar Is. Hj may
depend on Me. The firing in My frout
grew heavier, and i ordered My leainsters
to lead My mule» around to the hostile aide
of My wagons My suffering* and tho-e of
My command became inten«e. My mule*
began chewing My wag n rovers anl I
thought I would see if i could not divert
My mule* mind* hy laying down some rail
for them to gnaw on.
"I had no fear for Myself, but My com
mand was hardly pre aed. a« sj many strag
gler» came to My corral 1 had scare.iv
enough wagons for all >>f My own in -n.
Seven men crawled un 1er My wagon where
1 was. and 1 feared if the enemv should
charge Me tuen that the carnage » . .ul I be
fearful, a- i »a - determined to »ed My life
dearly. Just at thi* critical point in My
battle, as I thought I would have to rallv
My men and lead another advance to the
rear, 1 heard lout cheering iu My fr -nt. the
mu-k*-!ry firing, width I th- ugiit I hear 1
com.n ; nearer Ale. 1 now knew was further
away Iroiu Me.
"1 beard the cheering dining nearer. My
man todt it up. I crawled out from in under
My wagon, I took <*ff My hat and a* I bowed
to My cheering men, 1 felt a cloud <«f black
ness surround M-». i tottered, a soldier
.«praii, to catch Me and f knew no more.
The batcie of Seven Oaks w;i- fought and
won, the react! « after the iuteii»* «train of
fourteen hour*' fighting overcame M *, uni
a» 1 dropped My «word from My uerv.e»*
grasp, I . aintei."
filmt » Modern I'anur.imi Is
[( iiu-inuati Enquirer j
A da-odcal « -bolar will tell u* that the
name "Panorama" is derivei from two
Greek word-: pan meaning "all," "the
whole," and orama. "view." An arti.t,
u«iiig scientific optical term appropriate to
hi* ai l, w ill -ay mat "a panorama 1- a por
p»ctive view of a town, or a s eue from
nature project* 1 ou the plane of the hori
zon." That celebrated German scientist
and general writer, Frauci- Lieber, happily
say.»: "The panorama m ty b* considéré! a*
the triumph of per pective."
The first requisite i», that tbe artist select
a high point or locality from which he can
draw, as far a* the eye can reach, au accur
ate plan of th » scene he wi-he* to depict.
The principal requisites ere truth of repre
sentation aud closeness of imitation. These
are powerfully aided by the peculiar
method of display ing t.ie picture; aul,
when it i* in place, by manner of lighting
it The canvas is bung up iu a circle,
around a rotunda. The spectator stand* on
an elevated platform in the center, thus rep
resenting tbe p *sition of the artist whiD
drawing tbe plan.
A railing 8*parate* the spretator from tire
painting, and keep« him at «u -h a distance
trout it a* secure» thu optical illusion Tui*
is completed by the manner in which tue
light fall* on the canva«. It is admitted
through an aperture overheal, and neither
this aperture nor the lighting apparatus is
men from the platform. From that central
point of view the spectator *ees all part* of
the scene, colored as iu nature, with ea h
part iu < xact proportion to the whole. He
can not tell where the picture begins a.i 1
where it ends, and it is difficult to convince
him that he l- but forty feet from the can
vas. The lamiscaiie stretches f r mile: iu
all direction«. In tbe dim di-tauce earth
aul sky mingle.
One Way to Nave Money.
Hartford PosLl
Of course, on such a bright morning she
couldn't resist calling around to see bow
many of her friends had returned from
"Why, Cicely, dear," she exclaimed, "so
you have returned?"
"Ye-e*, I—1—that i*, I bav n't been away."
"But yu have a beautiful tan on your
"Ob. yes. that coat me 25 cent*, while a
vacation would have cost im* #125. i'll have
u new cloak this fall, aul you'll have to fix
up your old one."
It was cold enough to put tbe cloak on
A Treat in Store for Missouri.
[Xew York Sun.]
Western Actor (to j lay wright)—You
touch up play*, 1 understand; introduce
ot -* business aud that sort of thing?
Playwright—Oh, yes.
Western Actor—Very well l"m going
into Mi*«ouri next week with ''Hamlet,"
and 1 want you to rewrite the play so as to
bring iu two doudbuund-« aud a 1-aby.
I'hysiqne of Men of Genius.
[Exchange. ]
A French journalist ha* t-xhumed an
ee*ay written in 1331 by Théophile Gautier,
who endeavors in it to prove, contrary to
general opiuion, that men of genius are gen
erally stout. At the present day tbo prrpor
tion* m numbers seem to be reversed, al
though it i* ta ted that in general tbe poets
and dramatist* ars lean and tbe
writers fat
Catching Hallway Postal Clerk« Who
Steal Letters Containing Money — Lo
cating the MDchlef — Detection
Made Certain—Caught at Last.
similar complaints and i
[Washington Cor. New York Sun.)
Chief ln-pector Sharpe, the head of
detective service in the pmtoffice depart
ment, résigné 1 hi* office several weeks ago
to engage in private business. Hi« resigna
tion was accepted, to take effect Sept 1.
Hi* record is that of a ca|iable officer. He
is an east Tennessee man, tali anl »pare in
stature, and m ap|iearauce and maimer the
typical Selective. During the war be wa» a
Union man, and did gosi service. As a de
part m -nt officer he has been a terror to
rascal*, and ha* hunted many of them out
of thj service, even wheusheltere 1 by strong
political influença
One of the most inqs «tant duties of the
chief iu»pjctor is to detect railway postal
clerks who steal letter* containing money.
To accomplish thi* Col. Sharpe follows a
-impie hut ingenious system, which he ex
plained the other day to the writer.
"To catch the e thieves," he »aid, "1 had
«•ustructed a large railroad map of tbe
United States, which hangs in my office.
New, supposing a man mails a letter iu Bos
ton for kausa* City containing $5J—a very
bad practice, but people will do it. The let
ter never reaches its destination, and pretty
soon we get a complaining letter stating
thi circum-tances.
"Now, if the suppo»ed case were an isolated
one, we probably could do nothing. The
letter, in going from Boston to Kansas City,
would pass through thirty or forty hand*,
aud it would be useless t> try anl fix the
blame. But the Bo-ton man'« case is not
isolated. Every day we get from one to
fifty similar complaints from all over the
country, and tui» fact, as you will see, en
ables us to locale the mischief.
"F.rst we ascertain exactly when and
where the missing letter was mailed and ibi
ad-lress. Then we are ready for the map 1
»poke of. 1 take the Bo-ton man » letter
aud a bunch of
then I begin to stick pins into my
map 1 know just the route which a letter
would take to go from Boetou to Kau
sas City, uud 1 »tick pins along to sketch out
thi- c iur-e. Then 1 take the next com
plaint. I'ernap- tui* 1- from a man who lout
money transmitting it from Mobile to Chi
cago. Very weih 1 trace out tbe hue such
a letter would tsk-. The third, (lerhaps
was sent from New York to San Francisco,
the fourth from New Onean- to Buffalo, the
fifth from Sag.naw City to Fuiia iepuia, aud
»o ou. Now, betöre very long the map be
gins to look quite interesting. The pins are
strewn all over the country, but we notice
one track—say, for instance, hetweea Olu
cago ami Cleveland — wüere all the lines
unite. That * w here the thief is.
"Knowing now where the -tealing is going
on, we ail vis-* our mo-t trusted man in that
divLsio i— ive hava to trust somebody, you
know—that there i* trouble in this section,
and tell him to keep a »harp look out. Me
inquire into the habit« and associations of
the clerk -, and we are, perbap-. able to
»pot the man at once. At other tim»s it is
more difficult. But we always fetch niin.
Detection w certain."
' But don't the clerks know of tnis sys
"Perfectly well," replied Col. Sharpe.
"Then why do they steal?" was asked.
"Ah, there you a»K me too hard a ques
tion," »aid the iu-pector. "l'ui sure 1 can't
tell. 1 ooiy know they do, and the history
of almo-t ail c*«e* is the same. A postal
clerk will tie tempted an l will «teal a letter
that he feels has money in it. For the next
few day* he is -cared to death. He thinks
everybody reals his guilt ir. his face, and
he is certain b* will be caught and put in
prison. He resolves never to steal another
letter, and po-sibly he doe* not But geu
erally in about a month or two mouths his
fear an l remorse have worn off. Evidently
he has not been caught and is not suspect fL
A good chance comes and he steals another
letter. This time he does not wait a month
before he tries it again. And before long be
is stealin g all the letter« iie gets hold of
which contain money. About that time I
am sticking pin« into my map. It is sure
death. Sometimes we get more than one,
as fishers wdl now and then land two or
throe fish at once when the biting is very
lively. YVe caught three in two weeks once
in different part - of the country when we
suj po*ed we were after only one."
"But why do men keep on stealing when
they see others caught, and understand that
the machinery of detection is so perfect?'
again a-ked the reporter.
"As I said before," replied the inspector,
"that I can't answer, except in this way:
Every rogue thinks himself a little smarter
than anybody else. He sees that others are
caught,'but he thinks that he is too cunning
and can cover his tracks."
Something About Gypsle«.
[Chicago Tribune. ]
A late writer on gypsies inform* us that
"Monge —who organized the Ecole Polytech
nique, gave a new direction to public in
struction in France, suggested tbe-cieutific
expedition to Egypt iu 159**, lei it, and
brought it, m spite of the ultimate defeat
of the French army on the Nile, to a «ne
Ce-sful issue—was the soo of gypsies, born
in a van at a fair, and brought up, until he
was of an age to go to school, in company
with a dancing bear and other accomplished
animal«. Mongo invented descriptive geom
etry. His ea* ly life was worked up by Vic
tor Hugo iu 'L'Homme qui Kit.' He also
says that "Miss Neikoo, the a tress, de
rive«! her beauty from a gypsy mother.
Kir Walter Scott had a good basis of reality
in his pictures of gypsy life in *Guy Man
nering.' gypsies are not held in suspicion
or dislike in France. N«Jw and then they
pilfer, but they are seldom accused of mur
der or great felonies. On the whole, they
are industrious and thrifty, although they
reside in vans and lead wandering live*."
Strongest Han« In the World
[Chicago Time« 1
The Scientific American contains a wood
cut of a hor*e said to be the strongest iu the
world. It is of a Belgian breed, is about six
feet high, and weighs 1.800 pound«. It is a
clumsy-looking animal, with a small head,
strongly suggesting that of a camel, set
upon an extremely thick neck, a round
compact body, heavy shoulders and
haunches aud thick legs, but not remark
ably large hoof*, the latter being fairly high
and of good shape.
Wedding Anniversaries.
The principal wedding anniversaries are;
Fir.-t year, paper; fifth year, wooden*
tenth year, tin; fifteenth year, crystal;
twentieth year, china; twenty-fifth yea)',
silver, fiftieth year, golden; »eventy-flfth
year, diamond.
Uuiuf Heuaath the Croat
ia Pi ri* the people are a«ked to give their
*ous in aid of a project to bore a big bole far
down into the earth to see what is going on
in«ide tin. my*teriou« planet, upon tbr un
seratclie 1 cru-» of which ww live.
in musical of aunital«:
Th » crowd gave it up
' B cau-e.' exclaim»!
To Make • Yacht.
[Boston Oewrisr.l
"So this is th** vessel you have been brag
ging so much about?"
"Yes, sir: there »he lies. Beauty, ain't
"Beauty? Y< u don't call that unw ieldy
looking tub a yacht, do yout"
•'C'-rtainlv she's a yacht. Kh-j wa ant a
yacht yesteixlay, 1 admit, bui »h- s a yacht
"llow <au sue tie avacht today if she »as
not a yacht yesterday?"
"Well, you see, 1 had her washed out, and
I've fill «1 up her cabin with liquors and
cigar», j>ut s -veu cases of lager and a barrel
of i«— r n tl»e fo'ks'l, au«l if that diai't make
her a yacht, then I don't know what a
yacht 1». It ain't tbe build of the venae!
that make- lier a yacht; it's the liquors and
igais and the beer an l the ham sand
wicbes and the folks that's on D«ar.l on
her that makes her a yacht. Put a crowd
• it Lm ard on her that oau get tigh: au«l play
Billy an' ail afore the/ get out of the har
I-or. an' »he'll be such a yacht a* no true
gentl< nuiu need be a-lismed on.'
^milliers' spoiled Joke.
[Oil City BiixzarU j
A joke or pun »uff Jr« sevreb, frequently,
in it« travels, and loses it- point entirely in
ill- hand- (nietaph<*ricallv «|>eaking) of sorno
l*eople. Hmitherz can appro«- ate a joke as
w«-ll as any one. but like a g«x>J many other
unfortunate*, he caunot rejs-at it with any
degn-« of meoem. Ha • ing bean! for the
first time the rather old jam about the dog
being the most musical of animals hecau»«
he w«-ar» » brass Uind around his neck,"
Kmithers determined to sprin; it «.«u the tir-t
l«irtv of friend he got into. An opportun
ity so;m came and he electrih-il lu- victim«
with th- exclamation:
"Bivs, I ve got a good out- '
The victim» lookc 1 sad but resigned.
"Wbv," asked Knutht-rs, "is a ilog the
Hmiikors cotifl
lent! y an 1 triumphantly, sure of having a
g<»»l one, "because he wear* a bra*« collar
round his neck."
Tu- jok - fell with a dull tbud
Didn't Know the Name of Ihe 4.aide.
jFpriugfleUl ftefinhiicM I
A little miss of 5 year», »ho lives un
ie« tie- shadows of Hope church, wa« play
ng wi'h th»- neighbor'« cbd Ir -n «me morn
ing. when the latter were ealle*i iu tor
prayer«. SI»- accumnanicd them, ami,
wht-u «estel in the sitting-room, she ole
•ervisl that *hc was the ouly one without a
boote. So »h ■ jutii|s«l down nnd hel(s*d her
self trou i tne bookcase in the room, returned
to h tr chair an! opened her book like the
others, aud endeavored to read uni t-quested.
After reading »he shut her bonk and w aited
till they had all kneeled, th-u she assumed a
like position, putting her hand to her face,
but keeping a lookout between the Imuers
all the while to ol»*erva what was taking
place. When the others rose from tlieir
knees, she ran over to one of the little gir«»,
and «-ailing her bv name, »a:U: "1 lik * this
gam 1 first rate. What is the nom t of it ?'
Feature« of » Town—-Morning Ablution*
of n Family—A Daily Necessity.
[Congo Cor. Boston Bulletin.]
Giving the surplus baggage to a -native—
onwill always ap{«ar when wanted—we
ha»teiie«l forward and entered the town ol
Ishore just as the suu was veiling its face
behind tlie fore-t line »tretching acro.-s tbc
western sky. No new features were marke«!
iu the town; the same narrow lanes, same
im;d huts, same general appearance. A few
(stints <>f difference may be noted. They
partake more of th# Youruba color—a
brown rather than black. They take on
m«>re of the energetic spirit of the Houra»
than the Guinea nations to the west ot
YYe find a comfortable hut in which tc
pa*s the night an l to which we are wel
comed with true hcwpitality. This is ren
der-.«! more inten-e by a small dasa of to
bacco. A g sxi eveuing meal is served and
we throw oureelves down upou a couch of
skins, aul with Uutchie where we can reach
him with a word, we fall off to sleep and
Tbe first sun opens our eye« in the morn
ing. anl to a novel »eene. Uutchie gives a
short laugh, a cro-s between a choke and a
sneeze, as he see* ms with opjii eyes tod
attempts to apologize for the fre>hue»s of
the morning custom.
It seems two or three members o! the fain
ily had occupied the room with us and were
now engage«! in the morning ablution. Stand
ing in a large English bath-pan. some three
feet in diuiujter, was an African I'o ahontas,
enveloped in a cream lather of soap from
head to foot A servant wa* washr g her
down, and with soft native »ponges made
from tbe shavings of an elastic bark he »eft
her dry and polished as a black marble
A full morning bath is a daily uece-sity in
Africa if health and comfort is a desider
atum. and the 5 pm. bath in sou.e portion
of Guinea is an ub-ervance seldom departed
from except by tbe lower classes. Uur turn
rouies next, and at a word from Uutchie,
Pocahontas and her attendants vanish, and
two servant* put me through the same re
freshing ord <1, tinidling with tbe lime juice
hath. This tit- the skiu for performing its
proper function» during the trying hour* of
in African mid-day.
• Didn't Go It lltlnd.
[Chicago 1-edger ]
"And so you ve married a jewel, have you,
"1 have, for a fact, Dick. She'« a gern
without a flaw."
"Bless you, my boy. ! hop** you'll always
be happy."
"Uh, 1 know I will. Her cooking is like
a taste of glory."
"Luekv dog! I'm glad to hear It; but
you re a man iu a million. Mighty few go
it blind and fare as well as you've done."
"I didn't go it blind."
"You don't mean to «ay you kuew she
could cook before you committed yourselff*
"That's just what 1 did, my boy."
"How did you ever fin! it out ?''
"I employed a dc tectiva, and he managed
to get board iu tbo family."
Duluth, about wbich to much run has
been pokel, is the third largest city in Min

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