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FISE BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK.......Editor. THURSDAY. BECMKt 24. 1885. Dele« ..v i E Toole is credited with spend ing iiuwt of his leisure on tue »enate aide of the Capitol. ! TllK 'butting riots ii ot mines and nnlis in the Hutte district is going on. Cause assigned : High salt tariff. ON a rumor that Secretary Lamar had decided to reopen the bell Telephone day from ISO to 171. Tilt; newspaper exodus at Butte includes brow u, business manager, who retires lrom the .1 fmrr, anil Mohuelli aud Davidson, wiio surrender their interest in Torn Talk. MaX'Ual Kelly promises to have a triHe more trouble than any one of Presi dent Cleveland's Montana's appointments in climbing through the United States Senate Monroe Berry, ot Wyoming, has lieen appointed an assistant superintendent of the Yellowstone National Park, at a salary ot' $!*»o, vice William K. Henderson. «Its missed. Internal Revente Colle« tub Welch informs the H EUAI.H that he has not re signed nor dot * he inteud to resign—the JmirjM Htif »t and .Vow » to the contrary not w ithstanding. I r looks very much as if Collector Welch's backers ate deserting him, if w bat the Butte papers say can lie depended upon. A half dozen greedy Democrat* are ready to jump into his shoes if Daniel will kindly accommodate them by stepping out. Demis RATS vvau» V*'. Lgliert r*milb to make a (iost©ffice tieiih lor some one of them. This in tace of the fact that not a Democrat iu all of Silver Bow county can lie scared up w ho is espubie ot conducting the Butte postoffice with one-half of the efficiency that *uiith do*.«. While bundling up the -Mexicoreciproc ity treaty it would lie web to provide lor the joint guaranty ol theTehauntepec .ship railroad, ojien one ijual terms to the com merce of ail nations. It our government would oilier to guarautee a Mexican na tional loan of three per cent to enable our sister republic to pay off all foreign credt v*s to secure valuable privileges iu return without ultimately coettng us a cent TllK attachment fiend, with his teirnic costs, is rallying out of the inferior courts. Keep out of his way. Montana's attach ment laws arc a disgrace.— Mia-i. The minions of the law are no respectora of persons or papers. .Some sordid caititl, with an inordinate desiie to extort his dues, ha« doubtless pressed some slow-pay ing debtor. Our Butte «»temporary should lie more explicit, and leave nothing un pleasant to be an ruined. We have no doubt that there are .SM) volumes of lsioks in the different Viornes in Helena that would U cheerfully giveu to repleuish the libraries of the Young Men s Christian Association, the remen's Read ing Room, and the old and reliable Helena Library, by application ot a little general attention and canvassing. It is the season to think of charitable u -es and we com mend these objects, one aou all, to public attention, and especially to those having 1 looks that have liecu read and are still just as good for others to read. Send them in. _ Thk Sultan appoint» Prince Alexander Governor of FjLstern Roumelia for life with right of succession. This virtually sanc tions the union of the Bulgaria*, aud sig nalizes an accomplished revolution. Be fore this union Bulgaria was equal to Servia and Greece. Now it is as large in territory and population as both combined, hence their exceeding jealousy. Though a movement in the right direction, there is nothing permanent in the arrangement. There is no room or use for the Turks in Europe, and they ha<l better pull up stakes and cross the straits into Asia. The methods adopted io unseat Judge Coburn were scandalous. A specimen le. ter instigating the conspiracy invoked ad.on iu these words : "Hatch up something. If you know ol his going to Indiana daring the campaign presumably for political purposes, «laie it, as it will help. Anything that will show his ineligibility or incompetency will do. It must lie done lie'ore Congress meets.' The letter, of which the forgoing is an extract, is attributed to a member of the Democratic Territorial Committee, and is said to have U*en mailed from this city to a i es ident of Billings. We expert infor mation piesently that will enable us to identify the writer definitely. The Popes arbitration ot the Carolines affair between Germany and Spain is well enough in its way, hot it is really a »mall affair and with all the ceremonies attend ant nothing else could be made of it. Ger many was quite -cady to back out when it found so much futs made, but eased her «elf dowu by referring :t to one who was know u to favor Sna. n, aad gets some special commercial privileg.ss, which was really all it wanted. The arbitration only settled the daims of .the two contending parties while other nations will not concede that the title of either has Veen :npro< d. The United States has a better right on the islands than both Spain and Germany combined. American missionaries have 1 " n ~ Ken « ttkHl lhere and have done U * 1 that has ever aided in the civilization ot the people aud developing the resources of the islands. The Spanish title to the Caro lines was not half as good as that ot our Indians to the country where their fathers and the buffalo roamed. \>« \NSI\ATION PLU I *. In the absence of anv more excitin': theme the -an Francisco plot of a few ignorant foreigner?* to assassinate - of the leading men of that city i« made : to figure with too much prominence. 1 Not long ago we «ere told that the Socialist* of Chicago were arming and drilling for the purpose of turning tfcf.m wives loose and starting a reign of ter- ! ror. The scare baa died away without anv notice or» attempt to materialize, There i' no doubt that we have a large element of these profes-ional revolution ists in the United States—half crazy fanatics, driven to desperation by brood ing over their real and fancied wrongs under the iron rule of Bismarck and \ I ■ ■ : • • rI <. r. - • . -it I r ; ; • t" pay their pa«.«*ge to America, a- the readiest and cheapest way of getting rid of them, These poor creatures have plotted a-'as 'ination and revolution so long that they do not know what else to do. They ply their trade here just a- they did at home, and finding more freedom of speech and action they go still further than they were allowed to go in any Kurojiean country. They get together and guzzle their beer, and while their bead- are full ot fumes inflame one an other by blood-curdling proposals of murder and pillage just a- they did in 'he old country, where tyranny is an ever-present reality. Jt is a misfortune to have these social outcasts of Europe among u*. and they abuse most asvlum th hatnefully the right of we offer them. But after their pretended grievam all, thev are not half such dangerous fellows a- they lancy themselves or as some timid folk* imagine. Left free to * til: they will always expose their own pints, and when they get -ober, a- they do occasionally, they realize that they have made fools ol themselves ; that are purely get over their lolly citizens imaginary in the United state«, and that there is plenty for them here by only moderate work. L it were not for con stant recruits from the revolutionary cauldrons of Europe, they would soon and become decent While it i« a mi -fortune to have «ueb men creating mischief in our midst, we Slight to regard them with some charity ami neither banish or hang or imprison offunot „ erved and ; earn „ eR *e by ming ^ whh OUf own |wople . IVrhap« they . them. The moot severe and appropriate punishment for these men is to ignore their nonsense and leave them to cool vent them fron, hurting t^mselves, but the least attention that is given taem will di'jM.se of them most effectually. •«.( Iiool. W 111*I*Kits.' This is the title of a sparkling little paper published by the teachers aud pupils of the Butte public schools, with A. C. Newell, High >ch<jolprincipal, for editor. The editor state« the main purpose to be to strengthen the ties between parent and teacher and thus secure such a co operation of effort that will produce the be«t results. It will furnish the arena also for pupil* to display their acquire ments and enter into a generous rivalry for public approbation. We most heartily commend the entef and permanent prise and wish it great prosperity. There are at lea-t half a dozen other places in Montana where «uch paper» ( | b?ve the matter furnished, but the type «et and the proof reading done by the pupils. In the attempt to n.ake our public school education more practical it «trike« us that here i« one good open mg to begin with. What begin« in "whispers" we hope will soon become outspoken and full-toned. The "disgrace roll" should be omitted, ïrience i« lietter. -------- , | THE recent decision of the Supreme , Court holding that the Northern Pacific ; j Railroad Company wa» not liable for taxes on lands for which they bad not rec eived , 1 latent«, because ol their neglect to pay for the survey of these lands, menu to have raised more of a breeze than there is any occasion for. There have been similar de cirions before, so that there is no new oc casion for alarm. Those who have rushed to the General lard office for information and consolation h ive only gained an actes sion to their doubts and fears. Sparks talks as though there were still doubts whether the government would ever con firm the title to the railroad lands, because the road was not built on time. There is no more doubt that the railroad title i* good and would lie so held in court, even if Congress should attempt to declare a : forfeiture, than there is doubt that the go\eminent will sustain the value of the greenback or the silver dollar. The tail- j road« simply want to evade the payment j of taxes on their lands as long a« possible, and they have found a convenient pretext of the government lien for cost of survey , and the neglect to extend the surveys to all the lands covered by the grants. As long as Congress connives at the companies' evasion of taxation, we may lie sure they will take advantage of it. A single day s work in Congress might prevent this evasion, but even Congress ha« not tbe jiower at this late day to declare and effect a forfeiture, and it is very silly in .Sparks to assume that there was a contingency of this sort Terminating a fraternal interchange of views between the managers of the Jude pudert and Muter, the following is under- | stood to be the conclusion unanimously ^ ^ whkh , hev iadividu _ ^ ^ „becribe : ^ thaQ a hank _ a&<1 OQe at t^t—keep a Democratic paper t ,u its Democratic feet in this Democratic i Territory of Montana. , i ( KCUSUMV. A- a specimen of the Sam Randall economy look at the insignificant appro t : re amount being not more than «ufti cient to pay for the surveying needed in Montana. In the bills granting charters to land grant railroads the government bound itself to extend its survey.' a« the roads progressed. I nder this express agreement every section of land within the limita of these land grant- ought to have been surveyed before or by the time those mads were completed. What rightfully belongs to the com panies should lie designated .*o that they could be selected, and a supplementary law- should be passed «t once requiring tin '••!*•< ti • . " • ■ •< : time or tin ir torteiture. 1 he supreme < faut has already indicated that the negiert of Congress to provide by law lor the collection of the costs of the survev and the foreclosure of its lien was the only bar that prevented tut tSate- nom tax ing these land*. 1 he Mates and ft-rri tores arc losing revenues every year vast ly greater than these costs of survey. The government neither completes its -«ur veys or moves to coiled the cost ol those that have been surveyed, thus retarding settlement, throwing the whole burden of taxation on one-half the lands within railroad limits. If these railroad lands were subject to taxation like others the railroad companies would not lie so inueh di-posed to hold them for higher price.-. Let Messrs, .-»parks and llan «lall, if they are eager to do the people some good service, tackle the«e abu«*« instead of worrying and levying black mail on honest settler-. HOME ICI 1.1 . England i- all torn up over the subject of home rule h*r Ireland. Both of the great parties, through their ieader«, are : formulating a scheme to cover the case. : That of Gladstone has somehow found its way into the public pres*, lie favor» an Irish Parliament ojienlv and «quarelv and fully, with a resj*msible ministry, and declares the question« ot commerce difficult but not insuperable matters. It .'Salisbury ignore« this matter in his speech for the Queen, Gladstone will | move an amendment, and expect* Par- j nell's assistance to carry it through, and will be prepared to introduce a bill to } grant home rule to Ireland and bring she matter to is-ue at an early day. There i« a storm brewing that will break out srsni v.-ith a turv such as Eng land has not ex|*erieneed in recent times. We hope the Iri-li 1! une Bu.tr« will not push their demands so far that neither party in England will admit or consider them. It is hatdly to be ex pected that Ireland will be granted the measure of independence enjoyed by Canada. That would include the right t d levy a duty on ail English good« and touches every Englishman's pocket, a .«pot where he i« most sensitive. Those who knew Vanderbilt as the richest man in the world and only judged him by the amount oi public bequests named in his w ill, are very liable to mis judge him. From those who knew him most intimately aad who have a right to siR*ak from knowledge, he was a man whom wealth had not ipoiled, and gener ous in his way. He preferred to bestow his charities unostentatiously, and we are assured that be bestowed liberally in this way. He was simple in his habits and tastes and more abstentions than a large share of our day laborers. He seldom used wine and never u«ed tobacco in any form, lie was a brave man in his way too, and though he frequently received threatening j etterH t 0 extort money and n.anv more pretending to expose schema of a«sassifta , tion and abduction, he never was frightened j n t 0 paying the »east head thereto, on the ! contrary he took especial pains to go to every place appointed for his assassination, In bis domestic life, as ia his personal habit.«, Vanderbilt was a model American citizen and deserves credit and universal respect. If he had made bis wealth by , hLsown efforts he might have felt different ; j Q bestowing it. but as it came from his lat j, er j, e tried to carry out his father's , pj ans about it and keep the liody of it toget her. _ ~ : COPIES of New Haven papeis of recent date give a full synopsi.« of an address de livered belore the Historical Society of that city by Judge Lyman E. Munson, formerly Associate Justice of Montana, upon the subject of "The Louisiana Pur chase. It is a fruitful and interesting theme, and was well handled by the Judge. There have been nine large States aud five still larger Territories carved out of that purchase, and these are already settled by a j>opulat:on nearly twice as great as the whole country contained w hen : the purchase was made, and the wealth developed is more than the whole conti nent was rated at in those early days. It j seems curious to think that Lewis and j Clarke, when making their tamous exped; ditioo *f l-OLti, had to be provided with passports trom tue Trench and Engl is . , Ministers then residing in Washington. It could not have been considered a very good title, of valuable property that was purchased at the rate ot two cents tor a hundred acres. The title and value of the s property have improved materially since. There is more wealth oa a single acre of that purchase now thau was paid to France for the whole of it, ami still its develop ment is in its infancy. of | The frequency aad severity of storms at the isthmus will go far to convince capital ists that the canal that DeLessops is digging _ is poorly located and can never become the mam and favored route of commerce l»e tween the Atlantic and Pacific. It is in the very center of the hreedmg-place of , cyclones and earthquakes. The Nicaragua route in lietter than that of Panama, and the still more northern one is far préféra i ble to either or lioth of the others. TOO FIIILANTllKOPIC. The city of London n«ed to in 1 tire aod backbone of Liberalism in : : | England and it ha« puzzled us not a little to account for the fact that at the last election the Conservatives carried a majority of the 27 member« ot 1'arl la ment which metropolitan London elect* under the last apportionment. t >ne correspondent says the opinion of the average Londoner is that Gladstone i- "too philanthropic," in his foreign policy, that is, that he i« not greedy, overbearing ami selfi-h enough to -uit them. They call it by a les« offensive name, "hard-headed, but translated in to plain English, that i* what they mean. Well, indirectly, this is the most substantial tribute of res[*ect ever paid to an English leader. It is hard to «ay it. but the fact is, that commercial English cares less for hu manity and justice than for making money. They are content that the million« should starve in India: that the life and substance of the Chinese should be drained through the opium traffic; that Japan should lie bullied out of the control of her own resources, and bo made to pay the e.\|ie!i«e of Wing plun dered, providing English revenue» are not disturbed. Gladstone has some t roader and just views of statesmanship and i* erratic enough to lielieve that British power should be founded on British honor aud justice, and for this we admit him as the greatest and be-t of living English states men. The time is coming, it ought to have come long ago, when nations w ill lie judged by the same principle» as are applied to individuals. Au over reach ing, bullying, grasping jsilicy in a nation ought to be as detestable a> in the indi vidual. A nation cannot be really and # permanently great and strong nli it can do right for it« own sake and not simply I_ M a t Jk It Wil IS i af zi It f !lO It 1*1 t VA (T t ilUt because it d*ire not do the wrong that «uit* the present interest. Commercial England lavished all its svinpathy upon the .South in ottr civil war. It is the chief support of Modern ism to-day and *eem* ready to ally itself with any injustice provided it pays. Gladstone aspires to something better for England and we admire him for it. ( LTV ELAM»** UOKKIGN POLICY ^ ^ t j, e ,j ays when the Democracy was last in There is not very much in the President s message to indicate a foreign policy and what there is, probably represents Bayard as much as Cleveland. The English press is quick to discern the changed tone from power in the nation. The South was then eager for annexation whenever there wa« a chance to introduc e slavery in C'der to keep up with the grow ing North. Now this has all gone and we pm-ui ne the acquisition ot Cuba to-day would have more support at the North than at the South. The "manifest destiny spirit of the Democratic party has disap peared entirely. It settles hack serenely and contentedly on the sentiments of Washington's Farewell Address, of entering into no entangling alliance with any for eign jiowers. Even its reference to the Monroe doctrine is exceedingly languid, and its assertion is rather sentimental. We are not prepared to quarrel or find fault with the administration on this mat ter. We have neither army or navy, and are in no shajie to pot forth liold c laims to supremacy on this continent, and it it were otherwise it would not be in good taste or lie much to our credit to assume more than we weie pre pared to do. The United States is growing more rapidly iu wealth and all the resources of national power than all the continental (towers combined, and much of this growth is the result of minding own busi ness and aot fritting away our «ulistance on an expensive army and navy, fur which we have little u>e except to blaster and bully the weaker nations of this continent and arouse the apprehensions of continen tal power*. We cau well enough invite all nations to c-o-ojieraie iu constructing traas-isthruiau roads and « auals. No matter by w hom constructed they will advantage us most, and we have no ambition to under take alone to defend aDy Central Ameri can State or any transit route. Liberal treaties of reciprocal trade and regular steamship connection is all the annexation we desire with any country on this conti nent lor one generation at least. We are more interested in every Territory becom ing a State than in acquiring any more territory in any direction. • c ( Batte ha.« a big bunch of patriots Jor tbe eX pected vacancy, aud ^ Hdena with a ^ of statesmen "for revenue oniy" ^ Sumvan marching at the head of ^ Tfae signal to CO me SILVER Bow Democrats are in line aud marching upon the Collector-ship. It seems they have been pretty vigorously pushed tor back taxes over there, and the Demo cratic rank and tile appear now a« strongly arrayed against Mr. Welch as they were for him a few month* ago. A late Wash ington dispatch is made to say that Mr. Welch's appointment will either lie With drawn or rejected by the Senate, and hence this unusual stir in the Democratic ' from Delegate Toole, whose preference, first, is lor an Irishman ; and, second, for any one of any nationality, providing the President will accept him and he can pass the gauntlet of tbe Senate, in the pro posed swap it should lie understood that the recent appointee and present inenm lient ot the office, Mr.-Welch, has not i>een consulted, and it is improbable that he w ill be a party to the bargain. He nas signified that he has no intention of ten dering his resignation, and it a ( hange ol Collectors is brought aliout it will be w.th out his consent. So far as Mr. Sullivan is concerned, there are Democrats who think ; his mayoralty tenure will not be dis : turbed. THE si iimdizko k\ii.koah>. We notice that «orne of the new spaper« of the country are making war upon the measure that ha- been proposed in Con gres« to con.promise and provide for the ultimate payment of the large debt of the Union and Central Pacific Railroad«. Many of the criticism* are unwise and altogether unju-t. If we judge the ca-e by the present circumstance«, it seem« as if there had been almost criminal negli gence in allowing the companies to evade the payment of interest on the money that really built the road, and later in allowing the government claim» to be subordinated to a fir-t mortgage for money that went into the stockholders pocket* more than into the roads. But these mistake», to call them by no worse name, cannot fairly Ire judged ex- | cept in the light of events a« they ex j isted at the time. Extraordinary in ducements were needed to secure the construction of these roads at the time they were built. It seemed a very doubt ful undertaking, and there were few who believed then that the roads, w hen built, could be operated to pay exposes lor a generation thereafter. It wa« a dark |ieriod in the history of this country, and the boldest did not dream how great was , At r.-cupcrative ptNf "ft hi« Nation or how \a-t re I ; i* developed in our trackless wilderness. While expatiating on the greed and selfishness of the great corporation» that manage this large national investment, it is only fair to estimate the advantages realized. For every dollar that the na tion invested it has been repaid a hun dred indirectly, and should ti<*t grow red with rage because those who managed the enterprise have made great profits also. The country at large has made all and vastly more than the most «anguine anticipated. In would l*e unjust and * i dl „honorable for the nation to repudiate - u contract* simply because the • 1 . . Al 4.. I. ' , i z. contract ha proved more profitable to the managers of the enterpri« » than wa« anticipated. anticipated W( d could take the roads and operate them profitably, nor do we want see the at tempt made. We cordially approve of the proposed action to graut a sixty vear extension for the payment of the princi pal and interest of government advance* with « per cent, interest. It is tiie best solution of the problem that has I*een proposed. It provide« for the full pay ment of the debt and in a tageous to all parties. ic mu )'.»* way advan The discussion of the matter of the ad mi"ion of South Dakota has already pro • ceded far enough to show that it is to lie treated by the Democrat* entirely as a partizan affair. While the division and admission of the southern part as a State could easily go through the Senate, it looks as if the House would never agree to it judging lrom the remark of Morrison. Possibly a hill admitting the whole as a State might go through if Montana, w ith its Democratic record, could lie included in tbe same bill. There is ao use of wasting arguments and appeals on the politicians at Washington. They regard the interest of the Democratic (arty as of more im portance than justice to Ameiican citizen.«. Men who advocated and accomplished se cession and claimed it to lie constitutional are shocked at. the action of people in tbe Territories in organizing a State constitu tion before an enabling act is passed, not withstanding the fact that it has been done over and again in Michigan. Califor nia and some other .States. The only dider ent e i* that in those cases it wa« done by Democrats aud in the interest of the l»emo cratic party. But the practical question is whether it would not be better for the peo ple of Dakota to accept admission as a single State rather than wait longer and till another Congress is elected. It seems to us dearly that it would be lietter to give up division and take admission in any shape that Congress would grant it. Be sides the opposition of the Democrats on purely party grounds, there is some jeal ousy of the eæ-tern States from the fear that the West will soon outgrow and over shadow their section. There are many reasons why one large, powerful .State u tl . f , i, stioulu be preferred to two smaller ones. ' ' ...... ......... Though it would not have as many votes in the Senate it would have just as many votes in the Hou«c. and the cost ol support ing a single government would be lighter on the people, lauge States are better governed and there are less divisions aud jealousies among the people thau in the smallest out«. ( dice admitted as a single State the leeling of division would soon di.«apj*-ar among the people and there would not have to lie another fight to secure the admission of North Dakota. Dakota would appear at once among her sister States as the peer ot the majority aud with an inlluence proportioned to her vast resource« aud bright prospects. ( on -olidated. At tbe regular monthly meeting of tbe Northern P..r fit- Railroad dirert«.r - held at* New York yesterday, the proposition of the American Express Company to consolidate with tbe Wells, Fargo Express was do doubt adopted. Tbe St. Paul Pioneer Pres* «ays: "If .t is adopted.it means prac tically a consolidation of the Northern Pacific and Wells-Fargo Express com panies, for the latter aud the American company are practically oue concern. If this is brought about there wtll be but one express line operating over the Northern Pacific's railroad line. It is likely that some such arrangement will be made, as several of the Northern Pacific directors are heavily interested in the American Ex press company.' In the event of this arrangement the American Express Company will connect with Wells-Fargo A: Co. at .St. Paul as heretofore. This will of course give the Wells-Fargo company the whole business ou the line of the Northern Pacific Railroad from St. Paul to Portland. I , j KM.1.IMI ELECTION!«. I The latest advices from England in form u« that the cabinet has unanimous ly resolved to refuse either to receive or make overture« for an alliance with 1 ai nell 1 his looks like bad faith and in neu. i ni ^ KT-tHudf. »1« h,V,„f «CMP»! th**®- ! ment Liberal party. The vote of the newly en f ran ehised* elector» in the counties is regarded a , a determination of reforms that the Tories must re«pect. And it look« now as it there was to be an at tempt in earnest on the part ol the Tories to abandon their old political operation of the friends ol 1 arm 11 dur i ing the elections and confessed \ owing | the election of many of its superiors • to their vote«. The present programme seems to bs for the ministry to lormti late a scheme of legislation, including th* mo«t prominent of those advocated by Gladstone, and expecting them to secure the support of the Liberals or enough of them to secure their enact and bv this means break up the principles and incorporate enough of the measures of reform with a jiugo for eign policy so as loin sure their own retention of |>ower. Such a i*oliey i> verv likely to succeed. Gladstone's , Strength lay entirely in hi* poli CJ fat in ^ n . t ,, while hi« foreign polii y wa „ ... . , ra -, i ti| >p Jar The Liberal ia not ' ë0 cu „tpaet and homogenous ad lhe Torv party. Like the Republican in t £ e lnited < tale s, there is much ^ independence among its constit uent dements. Their adheion is toprinci their pies, and they will throw support in whatever direction is myst likely to secure their enactment into law«. Looking at re sults from a broader and higher eleva tion than mere party platforms, the Liberal party in England has achieved its ends even in nominal defeat. It has become liberal, II?« "IMA" V » Cll *• »»«»»•*•• forced the Turv party Ut . Rs the Republics IU partv in Un p- nited .< ta t e , ha« forced the Democratic j, ar tv to abandon all it« old heresies of _. .»t.ii't .n-1 r.ii'1 Kill 11 lid ■«täte « rights, strict construction the servility of labor, and the still later ones that the war was a failure and that the national debt never could be paid. It look« very much, in spite of what John Bright affirms, a« if protection was to i»e re-established in England, just as the Democratic party is ready to aban don free trade in the United Mate-. At the last election Manchester, the home ('obden and the original hot-bed of 1 ' f free trade and the great centre of the corn law agitation, sent to Parliament representatives pledgee! to advocate a protective policy, "fair traders, as they a re called in distinction from free a trader«. With much interchanging ot naau . s Jin ,l confusion of party lines the WO rld i« marching right along in the j, at j, ,,j propre*«« and lietter government, Territorial renchers* Association. The annual institute of this association meets at Bozeman, commencing on the •J!Hh and closing on the .'list of December inst., with Prof. S. G. Murray. President, iu the chair. The programme of exercise« is as follows : DECEMBER ilfiTH. 10 a. m. Organization and opening ad dress by the President. 11 a. m. Higher arithmetic and algebra, w by Prof. Howard, Helena. 1 p. m. Lecture, "Our Schools,' by the Territorial Superintendent Primary work in color and form. Miss Siebenaler. Draw - ing J p. m. Grammar, by Prof. W. C. Har mon. 7:30 p. St. Music. Lecture. "Class Cul ture," Dr. McMillan. School law. DECEMBER 3HTH. ! I 9 a m. Physical geography, by Prof, John Gannon. Geography. lOitMJ a. m. Physiology, "The Effects of Alcohol," Mis* Layton. Science. ll:30a.iu. Reading and eloention. lp.m. Moral teachine aud training, Prof. J. K. Davis. Discipline. 2 p. m. Class drill m primary numbers, Miss Cora Bates. Elementary arithmetic, 3 p. m. Lecture, "Music."* by Prof. G. _ ... . " YV. Shoemaker. j , Mu8ic ' Lecture by tbe Presi-' deDt "The County 8u perm tendency of Montana: its Defects and Remedies." School law. DECEMBER 31«T. 9 a. m. Primary reading. Mrs. Williams. ; Text book*. 10 a. m. The old aud new education, Prof. Myers. 10.30 a. m. Physical education, by Miss Lillie Benda. 11:10a.m. History. 1 p. m. Lectnre, "The Resources of Montana," by Peter Koch, l.«q. Place of Latin in the public schools, Prof. A. C. New ill. Reports of committees. Resolu tions. Certificates of attendance may lie ob tained at Bozeman, and by presenting these a return ticket for one-fifth the regular rate w ill be issued to all points within the Territory covered by the Northern Pacific and Utah & Northern railroads. *---- I "vrrr. ,'tt , •ago, Rock Island Ac Pacific railway an •VoltagnI" on Electricity. nounce the publication of a new and valu able work—whose scope and intent i.« liest expressed on its title page, which reads a« follows : "Yoltagal, Genius of Electricity," or Ned Benson's Adventures and Talk with one of the Genii, by "A Man" of tbe Rock Islaud Ron le —respect fully dedicated to the boys and girls of America, by the j j ! I General Ticket and Passenger Agent of the Chicago, Rock Island <Sc Pacific railway. , It is an appropriate sequel to Watt j »Stephens on steam and its uses, which at ; tained such popularity a year ago. It is a : carefully written pamphlet of •<» pages, elegant); printed, and will b. aent to any,, applicant on receipt of 10 cents in postage | stamps. Address, E. St. JOHN, ! Gen. Ticket and PuNenger A*t C.. U. 1. it l*. : i By., Chicago, Ilia. j ON THE HAI« PATH. I In- Kill * nu <»l an lndiHii on th< i Int. Ili ad Kcservatioii Mitv Lend to Nirioii' Trouble* •• A ( all lor Troop«. this morning * Mueoulmn. two Indian« «e ' w p ArIe ,„ d Last Wednesday night, about 11 o'clock. Bader opened the door, ^ tbe - inquired where Coomlies was. • ^ , hat be was probably in his Joor to Bader's. They went and pounded at the door a lew mo men ta, and not succeeding in waking Mr. Coomhes they went to the window of his sleeping room, in the back part of the store, and made such a noise that Mr. Cootnhes was soon awake. The Indians insisted on coming in the store, saying if he would not let them in they would break the door down. Mr. Cootubes concluded it would Ir* better to open the door, which be did, and the two Indians entered. < >ne of them was named ' Big Jini." who hail a few days liefore left a gun with Mr. Cootubes as security for $10 worth ol' goods. The Indians bought and paid for four yards of flannel and then demanded Big Jim s gun, which Coomb» refused to gne up. The stranger Indian drew a revolver and knife and approached Coombes, while Jim stood m the doorway with bis Coomlies got his pi'»«*' •' rille lieside him. and putting out his light retreated to the dcor. aud. pushing out. He then w( at • called on him. and Rader him aside, went Bader s door and o came out with a double-barreled shot gun. The unknown Indian tuen walled up to yesterday morning, X ' »,1 1 1. ». i.ft Bader and presented his revolver, but Bader caught the fellow's hand, tamed the pistol aside and attempted to strik. him with the butt of his gun. The Iudiautheu lifted his knife and was about to plunge it in Bader's breast, when Loom 1 rs ted and killed the Indian. Big Jim then shot at Bader with his needle-gun, and though only a dozeu feet away missed him. Jun then started to run. and Bader sent a load of shot after him and it is thought hit him. as Jim gave a couple of yells aud dropped his gun aud blanket, whith were lound of press, but it is supposed be is trom the » News of the affair was telegraphed to Sheriff laine, and lie. with Messrs. A. B. Hammond. C. H. McLeod, Tom McLeod. J. T. Carter and W. H. Keyes, went over on the passenger train yesterday morniug. most of them returning later iu the day. Big Jim is known as a very bad Indian, and it is said that he has killed »e\eu or eight men. He will probably be captured and punished. The dead Indian had not been identified up to the time of going to a . ot lower country. latest rejiorts from Arîee say the In dians are gathered there in considerable numbers. Col. Gdwon has lieeu called on for troops, ami last evening a detail of two or three companies went to Arlee under command of Major W. H. Jordan. IIltd M.LE-I OKHIs. Wedding of Mi«« .vier?« Helle I orbi and Mr. M. II. Brownlee at >t. John's. [Inter-Mountain, 1 ab. Une of the most noted weddings which ever occurred in this city was solemnized to-day at the Episcopal church io the marriage of Mr. M. B. Browuiee, of the baoking house of flfoge, Brownlee A Co.. au ,j >([,*, Myra Belle Furbis. The event has lieen anticipated for «orne time past w [th more thau ordinary interest by Butte society, of which the contracting parties were prominent members. The groom is a member of one of Butte's leauing banking firms—Hoge, Brownlee .x Co.—which was established aliout three years ago, aud now ranks among the prominent financial insti tutions of the Territory. Miss For bis has resided in Montana «inre childhood, i* possessed of a charming rii« (»ositton and numbers her warm friends by «cores in this city and Helena, iu both of which she has resided. rHK BRIDES A .. ib>.. The bride was attired in bronze green velvet, trimmed in imdescent beads with capote to match and tan gloves. This «impie though elegant costume highly cd lianced her many personal charms and few "<** lovely have ever plighted troth liefore an altar. j the BRIDESMAID«. Mis# Theo Knight,nf Helena, first Wridss maul appeared in gaAet silk trimmed in broche aud plush stnjie, with maru'»out feather trimming. THE RECEPTION was held at tbe residence of the bride « mother. It was .informal and atteuded by only the bridal party and the relative* aud intimate friends of the high contracting parties. The presents were elegant aud costly, consisting of tbe richest creation« o! the jewelers art, paintings, books, bric-a-brac, etc. BRIDAL TRIP. The happy couple took the evening tra'.'i for the East. They were accompanied <<> the depot by a large company ot triend-', who wished them a hearty God .«peed They will visit friends in New Gm« Philadelphia and Washington ' ' ri turning to Montana. b ho Got the Prizt «. At the recent fat stock show . held *t Chicago, the Hoosier cattle dealer» carne* off a great share of the honor.*. I owlet * I Van Natta, on their exhibit o; Hertford« «•.*! « u« b«*. i*»* ;__________. . aW *nls. est and the greatest number ot a amounting in all to M*- eS bury »Sc Samples took first prize nc • ' ut ** stakes ou liest beef carca.*«, class two-yeai olds, amounting to $309. Adam L.ul etar ried off all three prizes and sweepstakes u the display ol yeari.na-. 1 L These gentle^ 11 ,re Indiana—all display j amounting to $770, j residents of Lafayette. them breeders and importer ! stock. ^ Another Candidate ot « of Bereft [Inter Mountain. any,, lto , enl „ C oUeeto r L J | Welch has been tendered to 1*. J- b ro »' u - ________ __ M : yet decided as to whether h<? j or not. It is learned authority that the appointment - 1 ' M'jr. nul Revenue Collector to SU<vt" '