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WAFTED FROM WASHINGTON.
New Year's Day at the White House— The Travel Ciubs of Washington— Nellie Grant Sartoris and her Boorish Husbanu. Her Life Abroad—Washington's ^ Quota of ex-Members —Third House. [special herald correspondence.] Washington, December 28.—During the last week society was completely given over to Christmas festivities, and nothing beyond quiet home entertainments and family reunions occurred to ruffle the social sea. Next week, however, social matters will take on a different phase. The unusual quiet of December will be followed by a series of gaities during Jan uary and February. The Presidents New Year's reception will start the ball in motion. No very extensive preparations are being made for large social events, but there will be sufficient entertaining in the way of private receptions and teas to com pletely till every day lor the ensuing two weeks. The programme for the New Year's re ception at the White House has been changed. No one except the wives of members of the Cabinet will be invited to receive with Miss Cleveland, on account of the mourning emblems for the late Vice President, which were only yesterday re moved from the Mansion. She considers the Cabinet ladies members of the Presi dent's family. Not even Mrs. Sherman, wife of the President pro tem. of the Sen ate, or Mrs. Carlisle, the Speaker's wife, will be invited. NEW FEATURE IN SOCIAL LIFE. A new feature in literary and social clubs has lieen started here, which is being widely copied. Strictly speaking, they might lie called "Travel Clubs,' - as at each meeting or series of meetings the various countries of the world are discussed. For instance, at the last meeting of the Travel C! ib, in accordance with previous arrange ments, a jaunt through Germany was be gun. One ot the ladies contributed a very interesting paper on its social life, followed by conversation ou topics suggested by the paper. Another lady sang some German songs. A third presented a map of the country prepared for the occasion, which was explained. This is a very unique and instructive method of pursuing social and literary enjoyment. A club of similar character has just been formed by Mrs. Horatio King, which meets every Saturday in her parlors, when a similar programme to that mentioned above is carried out. UNHAPPY MARRIAGE. Considerable has been said of late about ; Nellie Grant Sartoris ami her matrimonial infelicities, and from the best sources I as certain the painful report is true. During the presidency of Gen. Grant, Nellie was much sought after in Washington society, and she had mauy brilliant ofiers oi mar riage from her own countrymen. She was an interesting and pretty girl aud made many friends, and was greatly be loved in the coterie of which she was a attractive centre. The marriage of their only daughter to au F.uglishman was a great cross to her parents. But Nellie was obdurate, aud thought she knew her own affairs best. Mr. Sartoris took Nellie across the water, and on the journey left his poor little bride in her stateroom alone to suffer from sea sickness, while he amused himsell in his usual fashion. The Americans on board were very indignant at the way poor Nellie was treated. Upon arriving in London he made no arrangements for hotel accommodations, and the proprietor gave Mrs. Sartoris apartments in one of the highest stories, which was very uncomfortable and very disappointing. The American guests at the hotel threat ened to leave if the President's daughter was uot better cared for. Alter these inter ferences the best apartments in the house were placed at her disposal. Mr. Sartoris then took his wife to a small cottage on the Sartoris estate. They afterwards re sided in the family mansion. Naturally pleasure loving and fond of society, as be fitted the girl w ho had been the first young lady in the United States, her predilections in this way were not encouraging, and an occasional visit of a few weeks to London alone broke the monotony of the young wife's existence. Thus Nellie Grant has passed her married life, and were it not for her kind father-in-law and mother-in-law her life would indeed he unbearable with her John Bull husband, who is anything but a credit to himsell' and to bei Bather than suffer the scaudal of a divorce she lives quietly ou the English estate, aud varies the monotony with an occasional visit to her relatives here. THE EX-HONOKARLE CONTINGENT. Glancing over the Washington Business Directory, I notice a great many ex-honor ablts whose names appear in laige type and who are now an integral part of*the city's population. Some are lobbyists, others iollow the law, many practice before the departments while a still greater pro portion are engaged in the real estate busi ness. Perhaps the most successful in this coterie of ex-Congressmen is the lawyer Eppa Hunton, of Virginia, who is asso ciated with Jeff' Chandler, of Missouri, and whose combined practice is worth any where from thirty to sixty thousand dollars a year. Then there is Van H. Manning, of Mississippi, who is a good lawyer and who manages some very im portant cases. Anthony Eickoff, the pres ent fifth auditor, was formerly correspond ent of the New York Staats Zeitung , and represented in the House a district of New York City for several year3. I also observe Page, of California, who has been ont of Congress since 1882, and who has formed a partnership with Hazelton, of Illinois. They do a general claim business and are also interested in a new "governor" at tached to a meter for controlling the consumption of gas. Them too, we have Dezendorf, of Virginia, who was overthrown by the Arthur adminis tration because he would not affiliate with Mahone, but who is now passing the more venturesome life of uote broker. Phil Thompson, of Kentucky, makes more money in law business than he did in Con gress, and recently cleared a fee in New York of $5,000 in one case. Phil, is very natty in his dress, and from bis stature and demeanor one would scarcely think he was so recently placed on trial for killing Davis. E. John Ellis, of Louisiana, has an attractive shingle in the Kellogg building on F street, and the elevator is kept busy all day taking people to his room on the third floor. VISITING STATESMEN. The worle renowned Keifer, ex-Speaker, occasionally turns up here on department business, and I learned the other day from his ex-secretary that Keifer's interests in the West, in land and cattle were very extensive, and that he was making money very fast. Ex-Dele gate Kaymond, of Dakota, formerly of Mississippi, is more or less in Washington, but his chief interest is in Dakota, where he ha« thousands of acres of wheat land. Casey Young, of Tennessee, is an occasional visitor and has recently been here arguing the telephone case before the Secretary of the Interior. Milt Sayler, although prac tically a New York lawyer, runs over here frequently on his law business, which is paying him a handsome revenue. Tom Ochiltree, who likes his beef steak as red as his hair, never allows a winter to slip by without paying a visit to John Chamber lin, who is by far the finest restanrantenr this side of New York. Leopold Morse, the wealthy independent Democrat from Boston, who made most of his money in supplying clothing for the army, and who owns an entire block in the best business portion of Boston, passes two or three months every winter in Washington. J. M. Jordan, the able Cincinnati lawyer, comes this way every month or so to argue a case before the Supreme Court. Chal mers, the hybred Mississippi politician, makes an occasional visit to Washington on claim business. Theodore Lyman, the stately aud wealthy Boston scholar and politician, lends his time and talents to the Smithsonian Institution, in the department of marine invertebrates. He is also presi dent of the American Fish Cultural Asso ciation. Ben Wilson, of Virginia, one of Mr. Garland's trusted assistants, linds the duties of his position more genial to his tastes than the lloor of the House, where he had to turn a deaf ear to what was going on around him. FAX. The Marquis of Lorue has au article in the North American, just at hand, ou "Canadian prospects aDd politics." It is well written in style and spirit. He speaks with enthusiasm of the vast and rich re sources of the Dominion and sees an em pire in its future possibilities that will rival the United States. He says that many of those now most prominent in public life were once favorable to annex ation to the United States, but now every such annexationist is regarded as a crank. The Marquis complains'of the English press j as the culpable cause ol the general ignor auee prevailing in the British isles in regard to Canada ami her people and accuses the Times of giving more attention to the poughing of a heifer in Ireland than to the most important political question in Canada. There is no doubt but the present feeling of hopefulness over the develop ment expected to follow the completion of the Canadian Pacific Kailroad has dissi pated some of the annexation spirit. The new settlers iu Canada all come from the old country with their minds filled with prejudice against the United States. It is mostly assisted emigration sent out to settle some of the vast landed properties held by English lords, and this accounts readily for much of the profession of loyalty. With all his shrewd ness of observation and travel through the Dominion, the Marquis did not see or hear those who are most dissatisfied. We cer tainly hope he is true in saying that the people of Canada are growing in unity and confidence, determined to make the Do minion a worthy rival of the United States. We are sure that there is no thought or desire for annexation on this side, nor any jealousy of any possible degree of prosper ity the Canadians may attain, but we fail to discern in the large and growing French element any sign of coalescing with the other races, and their defection from the Conservative ranks is very likely to lead to a political revolutien at no distant day. Two things are liable to interlere with the accrediting of Mr. Kelly to the U. S. Marshalship of Montana, should the atten tion of Senators be directed thereto. One is, a full and fair investigation of the charges whereby the removal of Marshal Botkin was brought about. The other, au inquiry by Senators into the record of the Democrat ap pointed to succeed him. Should either matter be broached to the committee hav ing the case in hand, we have no doubt whatever that an adverse report would be the result and ,another nomination would be required to fill the office. The nominations of Messrs. Langhorne and Howell for Register and Receiver of the Helena Land Office are before the Senate, being among the appointments of the second list sent from the White House since the convening of Congress. No ob jections have been raised to either of these gentlemen, and no reason appears why both of them should not be unanimously confirmed. In the account of Fitzhngh Lee's in auguration as Governor of Virginia, we are told that a noticeable incident of the reception following was the almost total absence of colored people in the hall. It is rather a singular incident in a State where nearly half the population are col ored people and where we have been as sured so large a portion of them voted the Democratic ticket. Peru is said to have had sixty-four revolution in as many years. It is now comparatively quiet, the armies have been disbanded and the soldiers sent home. It is believed that Cacer&s will be elected president at the approaching election. CULINARY CLAIMANTS. Carol Crouse's Cooking Cogitations. "We may live without poetry, music or art ; We may live without conacieuce and live with out heart ; We may live without friends, we may live with out books. But civilized man cannot live without cooks." • • —Lord Lytion. A Boston cooking school is the topic of an article recently published by Prentice Mulford In it he asserts that men cooks are eminently successful, giving entire satisfaction to public and employers, after thorough trial in cars, hotels, steamers and other places where the public Simple Simon to the pieman says, "Let me taste yonr ware." The secrets of men's success he gives as these : First, that they are, by reason of snpeiior physical strength, best fitted for arduous labor over a hot steve, also to mental strain of deciding what to cook and howto cook it; that they are always on time with meals, manage their work in a very limited space and do not worry or "get nervous." To praise hia sex is his privilege, but there are few people who know when they have said enongh. The writer proceeds to prove that women, as public cooks, would be failures, not because they have ever been tried and found wanting, but because in his opinion they do not cook in private as well as men in public. He says that women use a whole house for their work, cannot cramp themselves into closets allot ted to men cooks, never get even in their work and in hundreds of years have made few improvements calculated to facilitate the accomplishment of greater results with less labor. In fact that WOMEN CANNOT COOK at all. Whether or no such is true, this and other articles from his pen convey the idea that their author is unmarried. A real simon pure old maid is perhaps as well fitted to talk on men cook3 as is an alleged bachelor on women's work. Aud so, "Ift please thee, jjood luilor I, Then here's my hand 'fore friendly strife." You admit superior rbvsical strength for your sex and discuss them as cooks only, while you speak of women in their general work. Kindly fix your mind on that very point. Who ever saw the man cook on a railroad dining car go into the sleeper to make up beds ? When does a hotel man cook do the chamberwork ? Men cooks at tend to but one brauch of business and can concentrate their powers on that line for which they are engaged. Having no other work they do not require "a whole house," especially when the kitchen heating appa ratus and every utensil are arranged for their convenience, as is seldom done for j women. Difference of space is not the greatest j item of comparison between the two at work. In addition to furnishing and clean ing the "whole house," care of all its occu pants is thrust upon the woman in private I life. She not only cooks, hut nurses, makes, mends, washes and irons their clothing; looks after the associates of her j rea? sometimes of her husband : sees to their education, what books they read ; has the added work of entertaining visi tors; does more or less church aud benevo lent society work—to say nothing of a hundred unnamed daily duties incidental to domestic life from which no good mother can escape or wishes to escape. Yet with all these calls engaging her time, distract ing her thoughts, draining her sympathies and strength, she is expected to keep even with a man who has none of those diver sions and whose superior strength better enables him to cope with his one duty. "There is a dem that's named consistency ; Cto seek it well." It is more difficult to cook for six than sixty people. In an average sized family they are presumably of vaying ages, tastes, health conditions, and must have foods not only cooked but chosen with care adapted to their several needs. Among sixty per sons, individual preferences are lost sight of. No one expects to get what would best please or agree with him, but takes chances whether "Indigestion, that conscience of every had stomach, Shall relentlessly gnaw or pursue him With some ache or some pain." In any art, patient training is necessary to success, and people ignorant of its re quirements are ever the ones most ready to sit in adverse judgment upon the achievments of arts' votaries. We women are glad that men have mastered looking, for they who really know its laborious details and what they are talking about are the ones from whom w r e expect appreciation. Because men succeed with culinary art, we are not so ungenerous as to decry their efforts in other lines, but heartily hope they may "get even - ' with all their work, whether as cowboy or banker. ANOTHER SIDE OF THE SHIELD. Who employ men cooks ? Corporation 8 or patrons that otl'ord unlimited supplies. The trouble of frequent purchases is ob viated by a steward, who furnishes large quantity as well as great variety to devise from. All the man cook has to do to get anything he wants is to draw on the steward, or, in that worthy's absence, order ad libitum from "the butcher, the baker, or the candlestick maker." It is not neces sary for the man cook to save here and scrimp there so that he may bay new shoes for the railroad president, pay a doctor's bill for the steamer company's wife, or take the hotel's children to the circus. He assumes no economical responsibilities. The grocer's bill comes not within his ken, for he uses all the batter he wants whether i( be cheap or dear. Little doth he wot to save on eggs or sogar. His canned fruits and vegetables cost him not one hour's labor. He has a dishwasher who does the drudg ery and leaves him time to complete ar rangements. His salary is in sight and corporation take the profits. This is not to insinuate that men are wasteful, bat it is to say that they are not constantly pur sued by economical plans as are thousands of women everywhere, who do not even get appreciation as a reward, or, much less, expect a stated snm. If corporations is sued orders to cat down on this or that, or growled when the butcher's.bill came in, men cooks would throw np their jobs with a j ! , I , ! 1 a speed that would sometimes benefit women to pattern after. Toward those dependent on her loving heart for health and happiness resulting from mental and physical food that she supplies,' think you a woman feels no moral respon sibility ? Full well she realizes, "Oh, better, no doubt, is a dinner of herbs When seasoned by love which no rancor dis turbs, . . ... And sweetened by all that is sweetest in life. Than turqot, bisque, ortolan, eaten in strife. If a man cook imagines himself master of his art, think yon he cares a sand pie who likes his cooking ? Why should he care? On steamers and cars where he is spoken of as most snccessfnl, he deals en tirely with a floating population. Who is here to-day is gone to-morrow. It ifl nothing to him what they prefer, what agrees with them, or what they want to pay. He has not fixed the price. He con sults nobody about the bill of fare, but cooks according to the season's staples for fifty or a hundred as required. When the season changes he may vary the bill, al ways sure of plenty to draw from. If to day's crowd don't like it, to-morrow's will —or not, it's all the same to him. If there are regular boarders they can take what is set before them or change their boarding house. Who ever heard of boarders grumbling or suggesting to a man cook ? He is master of the situation, knows it, and laughs to scorn public or personal palate. PICKS UP THE GLOVE. Take the best man cook anybody ever saw, vat him in a family of eight to look after their culinary and other wants ; let ome one grudgingly give him a scant amount of money with which to supply abundant needs; let him think where he can save a few cents here and there ; let him nurse sick babies through the night and work over what was left from dinner into something pretty avd good for break fast ; let him cook year in, year out, for these same people, whose tastes all change with time ; let him get up occasional ex tras for "company ;" let him do all this without help, and then tell how long he will refrain from "getting nervous." If women in private were given the ad vantages of men in public, there would be no carpers who cry without knowing whereof. If as much were required of men in public as women in private, this protest against injustice had not needs be said—for there would be no men cooks. "BY THEIR WORKS SHALL YE KNOW THEM." Aside from the comparative few whom they have led, how has the world at large benelitted by these men who have achieved culinary brilliancy? A few Frenchmen have taught fancy cooking at fancy prices to the rich. Show us a man who has gone "out of his sphere" to teach poor and middle class people how, on small sums, they can prepare wholesome and attractive food. Juliet Corson and Miss Parloa have for years been doing that—diffusing at trilling cost in classes for children, grown girls and women, extensive knoweledge of family cookery. Show us a man, who knowing wines or other beverages, has j taught the publie to mix cooling, healthful ! drinks for the sick. Florence Nightengale and Clara Barton did so. Show us a man who has given to young house keepers any instructions on best methods of canning , fruit, making bread or general house man agement. Jenny June aud Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher published papers thereon. I Show us a man who has all his life been , know as a novelist and suddenly astonishes ! the public w ith cook books and "Home Helps," that prove him well versed in do mestic economy ; Marion Harland was such a woman. Show us any man caterer who publishes in family papers, as do numerous women writers, directions for preparing pretty birthday, Thanksgiving, Christmas and common dinners. Show us a "housekeeper's column'' intelligently edited by any man cook. "NO CREDIT GIVEN HERE." 1 Women make no improvements, you say. Are you aware, professed old bachelors, that married women do not own what they earn and are mostly servants without pay? That they are not educated in ethics of house building ? Are not consulted as to what they want about their homes ? That their expressed wish for alterations are met with, "We can get along without that—too hard times." For society to assume that men support their wives is, in most cases, presumptuous. A wife generally works as many, often mo~e, hours a day than her husband. If her labor represents no productive money value take her out of the house aud see what it will cost to hire her work none. To fill her place cannot be done at any price. When a fine horse is bred does its trainer require no credit ? After a house is built is nothing due the worker who keeps it clean ? Though factories turn out cloth is is no worth or work to cut and sew gar ments ? Is it not necessary that food he properly cooked as well as supplied ? You're rÎKht, Galileo, "/I does move." Give women means due to their earn ings and see how soon they will provide themselves conveniences. Look at the army every year increasing its ranks bf women who support themselves by tele graph operating, type-writing, newspaper work, practicing law, medicine, school teaching, as book-keepers, florists, dress makers, engravers, etc. Most of them have been married. Where are the hus bands ? Discharged as non-snpporters be cause they coaid not even cook, mach less furnish their own or their wives' gieals. In conclusion, fellow Bohemian, let me call your attention to the fact that women are marching toward a millennium of equal recognition for equal work. Yet in the good time coming we shall not assume to publish men's shortcomings, bat will rather seek to cover with the mantle of silence all those who fail as cooks or other wise. CAROL CROUSE. Acte North- West : It is a little strange that there is generally an internal row about the construction of a court house, while the erection of saloons meets with universal approval. People are odd fish, anyhow. SOLID FOR SILVER. The Helena Board of Trade Meet and Resolve on tlie Coinage Qnes tion—Other Business. special Pursuant to notice there was a meeting of the Helena Board of Trade he d Saturday evening at the Stock Exchange.] » E. M* Hoyt, auditor of the accounts of the Treasurer and Secretary, reported that he had examined them and found them correct. Report adopted. A committee of three, consisting of C. W. Cannon, G. C. Swallow and R. C. Walker, were appointed to draft a resolution o thanks and forward it to Senator Beck, of Kentucky, for his services inlbehalfof silver coinage. The proposition ofW. E. Graves, agent for the publication of an illustrated sketch of Helena by the North West, edited by E. V. Smalley, at St. Paul, was referred to a committee consisting of W. B. Reed, J. S. Harris and C. A. Broadwater, with instruc tions to give Mr. Graves snch support in the matter of obtaining material for the work as was in tbeir power to afford. On motion of Henry Klein it was re solved that the annual membership here after shall he $10 payable . semi-annually. T. H. Kleinsehmidt was elected Treas urer and Robert C. Walker Secretary for the year 1886. The following is the executive committee elected for the ensuing year : A. J. David son, A. M. Holter, T. H. Kleinschmidt, Robert C. Walker, H. M. Pärchen, E. M. Hoyt, C. W. Cannon, G. C. Swallow, John S. Harris. The following committee was appointed to solicit membership : Messrs. Walker, Cannon and Klein. Directors— T. C. Power, R. C. Wallace, John M. Sweeney, Henry Klein, H. M. Parehen, John R. Watson, E. M. Hoyt, C. W. Cannon, Charles D. Curtis, Samuel T. Hauser, John B. Sanford, D. W. Fisk, E. W. Knight, E. D. Edgerton, James Sulli van, John S. Tooker, Wm. B. Reed, C. A. Broadwater, John B. Wilson, John S. Har ris, Wm. Muth. The following report from a committee appointed at a previous meeting was read and unanimously appointed : Mr. President Yeur conmittee ap pointed at the last meeting respectfully report the following preamble and reso lutions : Whereas. Montana ranks among the greatest of the producers of silver and gold in the United States ; and Whereas, any depreciation of the one or appreciation of the other of these precious metals would disastrously affect the status of silver bullion and thereby eripple the vital interests of this young and vigorous Territory ; and Whereas, Stability in the volume of money is the great essential requisite to a safe and prosperous business, whose foun dation is never stable while the currency of a country is undergoing contraction and its money basis continually changing ; Whereas, The whole volume of silver coinage of France, with a population of 38.000. 000, is $594,000,000 in five-franc pieces and fractional silver which is equal to $15 50 per bead, and the volume of their gold coinage $848,000,000, being a little over 35 per cent, above their total siher coinage. Whereas, The volume of silver coinage in the United States, with a population of 57.000. 000, is $215,000,000 of silver dollars and $75,000.000 of fractional silver, mak ing a total silver coinage of $290,000,000' equal to $5 04 per head, and our gold coin age $000,000,000. thus in one instance showing the gold coinage of France to be only a little al>ove 33 per cent, over their silver coinage, while in the United States our gold coinage is above a hundred per cent, over our silver coinage. Whereas, The annual increase in popu lation and wealth in the United States re quires a corresponding increase in the vol ume of money to preserve a stable ratio, therefore. \ I ■ ; 1 ! ; i ! I ; ! ; Resolved, That the present annual coin age of $28,000,000 of silver and whatever of 1 gold comes to our mints from the product i of our gold mines, may with safety be con- j tinued without limit as to time as long as our population and wealth grow at present progress, without ever reaching that status that would give to each person in the United States that silver volume of $15 50 per head now considered so safe and so de sirable in France. Resolved, That the silver mining industry of the great West is worthy of and needs all the protection afforded by the present coinage law, which if left to the tender mercies of the mono-raetalists of the east, would be prostrated to satisfy that inevi table greed of gold that would make the lieh richer and the poor poorer, and break down one of onr greatest industries, upon which depends in a measure the indepen dence and wealth of our great aud glorious Union. Resolved, That Montana, in the infancy of her mines and mining, who is knocking for admissoin into the Union, if allowed to prosper under the fostering power bf silver coinage at its present maximum, would join the sisterhood as a giant with resourc- j es sufficient to bear more than an equal share of all the hardens of government both State and National. Resolved, That this expression from Montana representing an annual produc tion of her precious metals of more than thirty million ofs dollars, be forwarded to Hon. J. K. Toole, our delegate, with a re quest that he present it to both houses of the Forty-ninth Congress. G. C. Swallow, i T. H. Kleinschmidt, > Committee of Ron r C. Walker, j Board of Trade. The following resolution was offered by G. C. Swallow, and adopted : Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Board that if any change be contemplated in the coinage law onr Delegate in Congress be requested to represent Mon tana as favoring free coinage of both silver and gold. Adjourned. Gladstone completed his 76th year December 29th. He received 400 letters of congratulation in the morning and after wards walked to church in the sleet and snow. Disastrous floods are reported in the Pennsylvania oil regions. Streams are flooded, streets are mandated and great loss to the lumber and other interests has resulted. Mr. J. E. Hendrie, formerly of the Livingston Enterprise , now of the Butte Toten Talk, is mentioned in connection with the U. S. Collectorship. It is said that the President issued a positive order for the call for bonds. THE COLLECTORSHIP. The resignation of Daniel J. Welch of the U. S. Collectorship of Internal Revenue occasions but little surprise, al though rumors anticipating his surren der of the office have been circumstan tially denied by the incumbent. With out adverting to the previous official record of Mr. Welch developed by the investigation of the Silver Bow Treas urership, which doubtless had more or less influence in deciding his present action, we have no doubt he will agree with the very general estimate that his qualifications fail to answer the require ments of a much more arduous and re sponsible Federal position. Indeed, as we scan the broad horizon of Montana and Idaho, it is a difficult matter to de tect with the naked eye a single Demo crat of the hungry horde who is fitted in all respects to assume and capably discharge the duties of Collector. It was a very grave mistake that any change was made in the office in the first instance. Capt. Fuller, with an ex perience of twelve years as Collector and with a record among the very fore most for efficiency and integrity in the Revenue service, was suspended for no reason except that he was a Republican and that a Democrat was wanted as his successor. There were circumstances connected with his removal anything but creditable to those who assisted in or sanctioned the act. Without solicit ing retention or in any manner trying to extend his tenure of an office he as much honored as it honored him, he was waited upon by Delegate Toole and other Democrats in position who as sured him that his administration of the Collectorship was everything that it should be and that his continuance in office should not be disturbed. (Quickly following these assurances came the an nouncement of his suspension, which was accomplished, as we learn, by the concurrent request of our Delegate and the consent of the Commissioner of In ternal Revenue, who repaired to the President for that purpose. There was perfidy in the removal, and in [»art at least the penalty is already paid. Who now will succeed the successor of Fuller is not so easy to find out. Democrats are not in hiding who aspire to the place. In all there are probably a score of candidates east aud west of the range. Helena has quite a crowd of contestants, at the head of whom is Mayor Sullivan, who is especially active in pushing his claims. He is under stood to have secured quite an array of backers, among whom are said to be a \ goodly number of his brother Working I men. Mr. Sullivan is as pleasant and ■ affable a gentlemen as Mr. \V elch, but ; that, in point of experience, or training, 1 or other qualification to grapple with ! the intricacies of the office, he exceeds ; the present incumbent there are many i of his party to deny. If this opinion ! extends to the controlling authorities of I the Democracy Mr. Sullivan, as observed ; in the case of Dr. Swallow, will not be ! molested in his civil avocations, and no vacancy in the Mavorality of Helena will be declared. This is plausibly enough true, outside aud beyond the pre ; tentions which Democrats of Butte set up to another and second effort to sup- j ply the Collector nominee. The contest between the two cities may not unlikely assume that phaze of contention that both will be set aside and an appoint ment made from some other part of the Territory.___ 1 i j The December North American had a very interesting and instructive article, en title "A Disfranchised People," written by the editor of the Beriete. That disfran chised people was not the Irish, or the colored people of Mississippi or Virginia, bat the people of Delaware of all colors. The fact as proved by conclusive evidence in all its aggravating qualities is brought home to the door and even laid upon the table of the present Secretary of State. The January number of the same maga zine contains a letter of thanks from some of the foremost citizens of that State for the publication of a grievance under which the people of the State have so long grovelled that they have lost self-respect aud courage. It has let in a flood of light on a very dark corner of the republic and upon the very dark ways by which little Delaware has been robbed of its inde pendence and retained as a pocket-borough j of the Bayard family. The article is fol lowed up by an open letter of Arthur Rich mond in this January number, addressed to the Secretory of State, somewjiat in the classic and incisive style of Junius, which lays bare some of the later political actions of the Secretary, and throws in a flood of light upon some hitherto dark and mys terious matters. The letter does not ap pear to be dictated by any partisan pur pose, any more than the article on "A Dis franchised People." It is written in the interest of troth and good government, and to secure a reform where it is most needed. While we are not serionsly afflicted with Anglophobia, we do not alto gether relish the present Secretary of State's subserviency to English opinion and diplomacy. Several Senators are preparing speeches on the silver question. Morrill and Mc Pherson will sustain the administration and attempt to answer Beck. Teller will support Beck and has a bill to urge, pro viding for the unlimited coinage of silver into standard dollars, and that any one de positing $10 or more may have issued to him silver certificates of any denomina tion he prefers. Marssagè is the art of caring disease by rubbing, kneading aud stroking with the bands. It is a very old remedy and one of the most sensible that has come down from antiquity. The Legislatares of New York and Ohio convened to-day. INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. j At the recent session of the Educa tional Association, composed of the leading teachers of Minnesota, great prominence was given to the subject of industrial education, manual training, or learning by doing. A good, practical beginning has been made in this direction in several places. St. Louis has schools of this kind where 000 pupils are receiving instruction in various departments of mechanical work with the very best results. Boston has in addition two school» to induct the girls into the science and mysteries of cooking. Nearly every large city in the North has made some beginning in this line, and we hail its advent with satis faction. We believe that the movement is in the right direction and will gather force and volume as it is more tried and better known. The greatest and most common objec tion to the introduction of most subjects of education, as urged by professional teachers, is that there is not time even for the numerous subjects already in cluded in the ordinary common or pub lic school course. This is conceded at the outset. And it might as well be conceded, too, that the school course is too much crowded and overdone for its own good even if the industrial training were omitted. The attempt to do too much results in doing little or nothing well. Anything well learned is worth a thousand poorly or half done. For when a child thor oughly masters one thing so that he can do it well, with confidence and pleasure, he will try to do every thing else in life thoroughly and well. But we believe that children will make more satisfactory and substantial progress in book study by spending a portion of the school hours, one or two hours each day, in learning some handi craft trade, studying together the theory and practice of the trades. It is said that parents should teach these useful occupations at home. But this cannot be done in many cases. The parents that would be disposed to do this lack the time and conveniences. At any rate it is a conceded fact that i* j I not generally done. Many children a.I taken out of school early so that* they may be taught trades. But if this kind of education were given in our schools we think there would be what is so much needed—a disposition to keep children in school longer and give them time for the growth of other faculties than the memory and the acquisition of more useful and substantial knowledge. The consideration of the mere matter of convenience is given too much scope. All parents are willing enough and glad to have their children go to school when they are young and can do nothing else to any advantage, but when their ser vices are needed to aid in the family support they are withdrawn from school completely, no matter how necessary it may be to go on with a systematic and thorough course of study. Some parents will object to their chil dren learing trades. So much the worse for them. It will hurt no one, but it would improve the sou or daughter of a prince or millionaire to learn some use-' ful art or trade. The learned professions are full of men better fitted to be at some trade, and so, too, there are men at all trades better fitted to adorn professional posi tions. The sooner a child learns the bent of his disposition by trying some trade, the better it will be for ail con cerned. Some go through life flitting from one occupation to another and never finding out what they are fitted for. The false idea that there is something servile and degrading in learning or fol lowing any useful trade is rank heresy in a country like ours, where all success and prosperity depends upon labor. It would go far to cure all social disorder and strikes if tiiere was a general knowl edge of all the conditions ot labor among those who employ labor. No one who does not know how to do work well is fitted either to oversee or employ labor. Upwards of three millions of dollars show in the footings of resources ol a single Helena bank. As the Herald prophesied, Mayor Sulli van's tenure as chief executive ol the mu nicipality of Helena was uot interfered with.___ Twelve degrees below zero '. Whew ! But don't Montana get it pretty frigid when once in a while old Boreas bears down from the North. The Butte holiday papers were issued iu pamphlet form. Statistical and other con tents are well prepared and most of the il lustrations very good. The President again and for about the dozenth time overlooked the Professor. This sort of disregardfulness is becoming painfully monotinous. The statement of the earnings of the Northern Pacific Railway for the last six months is a very satisfactory one, showing an increase of nearly a million and a bait over the corresponding period one year be fore. We doubt mach if any road can make a better showing of gain. The road has passed the hardest period of its history and reached a paying basis much sooner than was anticipated and during a season of general depression in the country. The rates of charge for freight and passéBfje T » were of necessity arbitrarily fixed at fl.jt. Even at high rates It was not expected that the road could be made to pay at first. The time will soon come when by judicious low ering of rates the business can be steadily increased and the paying basis maintained.