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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, January 07, 1886, Image 2

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New Year's Day at the White House—
The Travel Ciubs of Washington—
Nellie Grant Sartoris and her
Boorish Husbanu. Her Life
Abroad—Washington's ^
Quota of ex-Members
—Third House.
[special herald correspondence.]
Washington, December 28.—During
the last week society was completely
given over to Christmas festivities, and
nothing beyond quiet home entertainments
and family reunions occurred to ruffle the
social sea. Next week, however, social
matters will take on a different phase.
The unusual quiet of December will be
followed by a series of gaities during Jan
uary and February. The Presidents New
Year's reception will start the ball in
motion. No very extensive preparations
are being made for large social events, but
there will be sufficient entertaining in the
way of private receptions and teas to com
pletely till every day lor the ensuing two
The programme for the New Year's re
ception at the White House has been
changed. No one except the wives of
members of the Cabinet will be invited to
receive with Miss Cleveland, on account of
the mourning emblems for the late Vice
President, which were only yesterday re
moved from the Mansion. She considers
the Cabinet ladies members of the Presi
dent's family. Not even Mrs. Sherman,
wife of the President pro tem. of the Sen
ate, or Mrs. Carlisle, the Speaker's wife,
will be invited.
A new feature in literary and social
clubs has lieen started here, which is being
widely copied. Strictly speaking, they
might lie called "Travel Clubs,' - as at each
meeting or series of meetings the various
countries of the world are discussed. For
instance, at the last meeting of the Travel
C! ib, in accordance with previous arrange
ments, a jaunt through Germany was be
gun. One ot the ladies contributed a very
interesting paper on its social life, followed
by conversation ou topics suggested by the
paper. Another lady sang some German
songs. A third presented a map of the
country prepared for the occasion, which
was explained. This is a very unique and
instructive method of pursuing social and
literary enjoyment. A club of similar
character has just been formed by Mrs.
Horatio King, which meets every Saturday
in her parlors, when a similar programme
to that mentioned above is carried out.
Considerable has been said of late about ;
Nellie Grant Sartoris ami her matrimonial
infelicities, and from the best sources I as
certain the painful report is true. During
the presidency of Gen. Grant, Nellie was
much sought after in Washington society,
and she had mauy brilliant ofiers oi mar
riage from her own countrymen. She
was an interesting and pretty girl aud
made many friends, and was greatly be
loved in the coterie of which she was a
attractive centre. The marriage of their
only daughter to au F.uglishman was a
great cross to her parents. But Nellie was
obdurate, aud thought she knew her own
affairs best. Mr. Sartoris took Nellie across
the water, and on the journey left his poor
little bride in her stateroom alone to suffer
from sea sickness, while he amused himsell
in his usual fashion. The Americans on
board were very indignant at the way poor
Nellie was treated. Upon arriving in
London he made no arrangements for hotel
accommodations, and the proprietor gave
Mrs. Sartoris apartments in one of the
highest stories, which was very
uncomfortable and very disappointing.
The American guests at the hotel threat
ened to leave if the President's daughter
was uot better cared for. Alter these inter
ferences the best apartments in the house
were placed at her disposal. Mr. Sartoris
then took his wife to a small cottage on
the Sartoris estate. They afterwards re
sided in the family mansion. Naturally
pleasure loving and fond of society, as be
fitted the girl w ho had been the first young
lady in the United States, her predilections
in this way were not encouraging, and an
occasional visit of a few weeks to London
alone broke the monotony of the young
wife's existence. Thus Nellie Grant has
passed her married life, and were it not for
her kind father-in-law and mother-in-law
her life would indeed he unbearable with
her John Bull husband, who is anything
but a credit to himsell' and to bei Bather
than suffer the scaudal of a divorce she
lives quietly ou the English estate, aud
varies the monotony with an occasional
visit to her relatives here.
Glancing over the Washington Business
Directory, I notice a great many ex-honor
ablts whose names appear in laige type
and who are now an integral part of*the
city's population. Some are lobbyists,
others iollow the law, many practice before
the departments while a still greater pro
portion are engaged in the real estate busi
ness. Perhaps the most successful in this
coterie of ex-Congressmen is the lawyer
Eppa Hunton, of Virginia, who is asso
ciated with Jeff' Chandler, of Missouri,
and whose combined practice is worth any
where from thirty to sixty thousand
dollars a year. Then there is Van H.
Manning, of Mississippi, who is a good
lawyer and who manages some very im
portant cases. Anthony Eickoff, the pres
ent fifth auditor, was formerly correspond
ent of the New York Staats Zeitung , and
represented in the House a district of New
York City for several year3. I also observe
Page, of California, who has been ont of
Congress since 1882, and who has formed a
partnership with Hazelton, of Illinois.
They do a general claim business and are
also interested in a new "governor" at
tached to a meter for controlling
the consumption of gas. Them
too, we have Dezendorf, of Virginia, who
was overthrown by the Arthur adminis
tration because he would not affiliate with
Mahone, but who is now passing the more
venturesome life of uote broker. Phil
Thompson, of Kentucky, makes more
money in law business than he did in Con
gress, and recently cleared a fee in New
York of $5,000 in one case. Phil, is very
natty in his dress, and from bis stature
and demeanor one would scarcely think he
was so recently placed on trial for killing
Davis. E. John Ellis, of Louisiana, has an
attractive shingle in the Kellogg building
on F street, and the elevator is kept busy
all day taking people to his room on the
third floor.
The worle renowned Keifer, ex-Speaker,
occasionally turns up here on department
business, and I learned the other day from
his ex-secretary that Keifer's interests
in the West, in land and cattle
were very extensive, and that he
was making money very fast. Ex-Dele
gate Kaymond, of Dakota, formerly of
Mississippi, is more or less in Washington,
but his chief interest is in Dakota, where
he ha« thousands of acres of wheat land.
Casey Young, of Tennessee, is an occasional
visitor and has recently been here arguing
the telephone case before the Secretary of
the Interior. Milt Sayler, although prac
tically a New York lawyer, runs over here
frequently on his law business, which is
paying him a handsome revenue. Tom
Ochiltree, who likes his beef steak as red
as his hair, never allows a winter to slip by
without paying a visit to John Chamber
lin, who is by far the finest restanrantenr
this side of New York. Leopold Morse,
the wealthy independent Democrat from
Boston, who made most of his money in
supplying clothing for the army, and who
owns an entire block in the best business
portion of Boston, passes two or three
months every winter in Washington. J.
M. Jordan, the able Cincinnati lawyer,
comes this way every month or so to argue
a case before the Supreme Court. Chal
mers, the hybred Mississippi politician,
makes an occasional visit to Washington
on claim business. Theodore Lyman, the
stately aud wealthy Boston scholar and
politician, lends his time and talents to the
Smithsonian Institution, in the department
of marine invertebrates. He is also presi
dent of the American Fish Cultural Asso
ciation. Ben Wilson, of Virginia, one of
Mr. Garland's trusted assistants, linds the
duties of his position more genial to his
tastes than the lloor of the House, where
he had to turn a deaf ear to what was
going on around him. FAX.
The Marquis of Lorue has au article in
the North American, just at hand, ou
"Canadian prospects aDd politics." It is
well written in style and spirit. He speaks
with enthusiasm of the vast and rich re
sources of the Dominion and sees an em
pire in its future possibilities that will
rival the United States. He says that
many of those now most prominent in
public life were once favorable to annex
ation to the United States, but now every
such annexationist is regarded as a crank.
The Marquis complains'of the English press
as the culpable cause ol the general ignor
auee prevailing in the British isles in regard
to Canada ami her people and accuses the
Times of giving more attention to the
poughing of a heifer in Ireland than to
the most important political question in
Canada. There is no doubt but the present
feeling of hopefulness over the develop
ment expected to follow the completion of
the Canadian Pacific Kailroad has dissi
pated some of the annexation spirit. The
new settlers iu Canada all come from the
old country with their minds filled with
prejudice against the United States. It is
mostly assisted emigration sent out to
settle some of the vast landed properties
held by English lords, and this
accounts readily for much of the
profession of loyalty. With all his shrewd
ness of observation and travel through the
Dominion, the Marquis did not see or hear
those who are most dissatisfied. We cer
tainly hope he is true in saying that the
people of Canada are growing in unity and
confidence, determined to make the Do
minion a worthy rival of the United States.
We are sure that there is no thought or
desire for annexation on this side, nor any
jealousy of any possible degree of prosper
ity the Canadians may attain, but we fail
to discern in the large and growing French
element any sign of coalescing with the
other races, and their defection from the
Conservative ranks is very likely to lead
to a political revolutien at no distant day.
Two things are liable to interlere with
the accrediting of Mr. Kelly to the U. S.
Marshalship of Montana, should the atten
tion of Senators be directed thereto. One
is, a full and fair investigation of the
charges whereby the removal of Marshal
Botkin was brought about. The
other, au inquiry by Senators into
the record of the Democrat ap
pointed to succeed him. Should either
matter be broached to the committee hav
ing the case in hand, we have no doubt
whatever that an adverse report would be
the result and ,another nomination would
be required to fill the office.
The nominations of Messrs. Langhorne
and Howell for Register and Receiver of
the Helena Land Office are before the
Senate, being among the appointments of
the second list sent from the White House
since the convening of Congress. No ob
jections have been raised to either of these
gentlemen, and no reason appears why
both of them should not be unanimously
In the account of Fitzhngh Lee's in
auguration as Governor of Virginia, we
are told that a noticeable incident of the
reception following was the almost total
absence of colored people in the hall. It
is rather a singular incident in a State
where nearly half the population are col
ored people and where we have been as
sured so large a portion of them voted the
Democratic ticket.
Peru is said to have had sixty-four
revolution in as many years. It is now
comparatively quiet, the armies have been
disbanded and the soldiers sent home. It
is believed that Cacer&s will be elected
president at the approaching election.
Carol Crouse's Cooking Cogitations.
"We may live without poetry, music or art ;
We may live without conacieuce and live with
out heart ;
We may live without friends, we may live with
out books.
But civilized man cannot live without cooks."
• • —Lord Lytion.
A Boston cooking school is the topic of
an article recently published by Prentice
Mulford In it he asserts that men cooks
are eminently successful, giving entire
satisfaction to public and employers, after
thorough trial in cars, hotels, steamers and
other places where the public Simple Simon
to the pieman says, "Let me taste yonr
ware." The secrets of men's success he
gives as these : First, that they are, by
reason of snpeiior physical strength, best
fitted for arduous labor over a hot steve,
also to mental strain of deciding what to
cook and howto cook it; that they are
always on time with meals, manage their
work in a very limited space and do not
worry or "get nervous."
To praise hia sex is his privilege, but
there are few people who know when they
have said enongh. The writer proceeds to
prove that women, as public cooks, would
be failures, not because they have ever
been tried and found wanting, but because
in his opinion they do not cook in private
as well as men in public. He says that
women use a whole house for their work,
cannot cramp themselves into closets allot
ted to men cooks, never get even in their
work and in hundreds of years have made
few improvements calculated to facilitate
the accomplishment of greater results with
less labor. In fact that
at all. Whether or no such is true, this
and other articles from his pen convey the
idea that their author is unmarried. A
real simon pure old maid is perhaps as
well fitted to talk on men cook3 as is an
alleged bachelor on women's work. Aud
"Ift please thee, jjood luilor I,
Then here's my hand 'fore friendly strife."
You admit superior rbvsical strength for
your sex and discuss them as cooks only,
while you speak of women in their general
work. Kindly fix your mind on that very
point. Who ever saw the man cook on a
railroad dining car go into the sleeper to
make up beds ? When does a hotel man
cook do the chamberwork ? Men cooks at
tend to but one brauch of business and can
concentrate their powers on that line for
which they are engaged. Having no other
work they do not require "a whole house,"
especially when the kitchen heating appa
ratus and every utensil are arranged for
their convenience, as is seldom done for
j women.
Difference of space is not the greatest
j item of comparison between the two at
work. In addition to furnishing and clean
ing the "whole house," care of all its occu
pants is thrust upon the woman in private
I life. She not only cooks, hut nurses,
makes, mends, washes and irons their
clothing; looks after the associates of her
j rea? sometimes of her husband : sees
to their education, what books they read ;
has the added work of entertaining visi
tors; does more or less church aud benevo
lent society work—to say nothing of a
hundred unnamed daily duties incidental
to domestic life from which no good mother
can escape or wishes to escape. Yet with
all these calls engaging her time, distract
ing her thoughts, draining her sympathies
and strength, she is expected to keep even
with a man who has none of those diver
sions and whose superior strength better
enables him to cope with his one duty.
"There is a dem that's named consistency ;
Cto seek it well."
It is more difficult to cook for six than
sixty people. In an average sized family
they are presumably of vaying ages, tastes,
health conditions, and must have foods not
only cooked but chosen with care adapted
to their several needs. Among sixty per
sons, individual preferences are lost sight
of. No one expects to get what would
best please or agree with him, but takes
chances whether
"Indigestion, that conscience of every had
Shall relentlessly gnaw or pursue him
With some ache or some pain."
In any art, patient training is necessary
to success, and people ignorant of its re
quirements are ever the ones most ready
to sit in adverse judgment upon the
achievments of arts' votaries.
We women are glad that men have
mastered looking, for they who really
know its laborious details and what they
are talking about are the ones from whom
w r e expect appreciation. Because men
succeed with culinary art, we are not so
ungenerous as to decry their efforts in
other lines, but heartily hope they may
"get even - ' with all their work, whether as
cowboy or banker.
Who employ men cooks ? Corporation 8
or patrons that otl'ord unlimited supplies.
The trouble of frequent purchases is ob
viated by a steward, who furnishes large
quantity as well as great variety to devise
from. All the man cook has to do to get
anything he wants is to draw on the
steward, or, in that worthy's absence, order
ad libitum from "the butcher, the baker, or
the candlestick maker." It is not neces
sary for the man cook to save here and
scrimp there so that he may bay new shoes
for the railroad president, pay a doctor's bill
for the steamer company's wife, or take the
hotel's children to the circus. He assumes
no economical responsibilities. The grocer's
bill comes not within his ken, for he uses
all the batter he wants whether i( be
cheap or dear. Little doth he wot to save
on eggs or sogar. His canned fruits and
vegetables cost him not one hour's labor.
He has a dishwasher who does the drudg
ery and leaves him time to complete ar
rangements. His salary is in sight and
corporation take the profits. This is not
to insinuate that men are wasteful, bat it
is to say that they are not constantly pur
sued by economical plans as are thousands
of women everywhere, who do not even
get appreciation as a reward, or, much less,
expect a stated snm. If corporations is
sued orders to cat down on this or that, or
growled when the butcher's.bill came in,
men cooks would throw np their jobs with
a speed that would sometimes benefit
women to pattern after.
Toward those dependent on her loving
heart for health and happiness resulting from
mental and physical food that she supplies,'
think you a woman feels no moral respon
sibility ? Full well she realizes,
"Oh, better, no doubt, is a dinner of herbs
When seasoned by love which no rancor dis
turbs, . . ...
And sweetened by all that is sweetest in life.
Than turqot, bisque, ortolan, eaten in strife.
If a man cook imagines himself master
of his art, think yon he cares a sand pie
who likes his cooking ? Why should he
care? On steamers and cars where he is
spoken of as most snccessfnl, he deals en
tirely with a floating population. Who is
here to-day is gone to-morrow. It ifl
nothing to him what they prefer, what
agrees with them, or what they want to
pay. He has not fixed the price. He con
sults nobody about the bill of fare, but
cooks according to the season's staples for
fifty or a hundred as required. When the
season changes he may vary the bill, al
ways sure of plenty to draw from. If to
day's crowd don't like it, to-morrow's will
—or not, it's all the same to him. If there
are regular boarders they can take what is
set before them or change their boarding
house. Who ever heard of boarders
grumbling or suggesting to a man cook ?
He is master of the situation, knows it,
and laughs to scorn public or personal
Take the best man cook anybody ever
saw, vat him in a family of eight to look
after their culinary and other wants ; let
ome one grudgingly give him a scant
amount of money with which to supply
abundant needs; let him think where he
can save a few cents here and there ; let
him nurse sick babies through the night
and work over what was left from dinner
into something pretty avd good for break
fast ; let him cook year in, year out, for
these same people, whose tastes all change
with time ; let him get up occasional ex
tras for "company ;" let him do all this
without help, and then tell how long he
will refrain from "getting nervous."
If women in private were given the ad
vantages of men in public, there would be
no carpers who cry without knowing
whereof. If as much were required of
men in public as women in private, this
protest against injustice had not needs be
said—for there would be no men cooks.
Aside from the comparative few whom
they have led, how has the world at large
benelitted by these men who have achieved
culinary brilliancy? A few Frenchmen
have taught fancy cooking at fancy prices
to the rich. Show us a man who has gone
"out of his sphere" to teach poor and
middle class people how, on small sums,
they can prepare wholesome and attractive
food. Juliet Corson and Miss Parloa have
for years been doing that—diffusing at
trilling cost in classes for children, grown
girls and women, extensive knoweledge
of family cookery. Show us a man, who
knowing wines or other beverages, has
j taught the publie to mix cooling, healthful
! drinks for the sick. Florence Nightengale
and Clara Barton did so. Show us a man
who has given to young house keepers any
instructions on best methods of canning
, fruit, making bread or general house man
agement. Jenny June aud Mrs. Henry
Ward Beecher published papers thereon.
I Show us a man who has all his life been
, know as a novelist and suddenly astonishes
! the public w ith cook books and "Home
Helps," that prove him well versed in do
mestic economy ; Marion Harland was
such a woman. Show us any man caterer
who publishes in family papers, as do
numerous women writers, directions for
preparing pretty birthday, Thanksgiving,
Christmas and common dinners. Show us
a "housekeeper's column'' intelligently
edited by any man cook.
1 Women make no improvements, you say.
Are you aware, professed old bachelors,
that married women do not own what they
earn and are mostly servants without pay?
That they are not educated in ethics
of house building ? Are not consulted as
to what they want about their homes ?
That their expressed wish for alterations
are met with, "We can get along without
that—too hard times."
For society to assume that men support
their wives is, in most cases, presumptuous.
A wife generally works as many, often
mo~e, hours a day than her husband. If
her labor represents no productive money
value take her out of the house aud see
what it will cost to hire her work none.
To fill her place cannot be done at any
When a fine horse is bred does its trainer
require no credit ? After a house is built
is nothing due the worker who keeps it
clean ? Though factories turn out cloth is
is no worth or work to cut and sew gar
ments ? Is it not necessary that food he
properly cooked as well as supplied ?
You're rÎKht, Galileo,
"/I does move."
Give women means due to their earn
ings and see how soon they will provide
themselves conveniences. Look at the
army every year increasing its ranks bf
women who support themselves by tele
graph operating, type-writing, newspaper
work, practicing law, medicine, school
teaching, as book-keepers, florists, dress
makers, engravers, etc. Most of them
have been married. Where are the hus
bands ? Discharged as non-snpporters be
cause they coaid not even cook, mach less
furnish their own or their wives' gieals.
In conclusion, fellow Bohemian, let me
call your attention to the fact that women
are marching toward a millennium of
equal recognition for equal work. Yet in
the good time coming we shall not assume
to publish men's shortcomings, bat will
rather seek to cover with the mantle of
silence all those who fail as cooks or other
Acte North- West : It is a little strange
that there is generally an internal row
about the construction of a court house,
while the erection of saloons meets with
universal approval. People are odd fish,
The Helena Board of Trade Meet and
Resolve on tlie Coinage Qnes
tion—Other Business.
Pursuant to notice there was a
meeting of the Helena Board of Trade he d
Saturday evening at the Stock Exchange.] »
E. M* Hoyt, auditor of the accounts of
the Treasurer and Secretary, reported that
he had examined them and found them
Report adopted.
A committee of three, consisting of C. W.
Cannon, G. C. Swallow and R. C. Walker,
were appointed to draft a resolution o
thanks and forward it to Senator Beck, of
Kentucky, for his services inlbehalfof
silver coinage.
The proposition ofW. E. Graves, agent
for the publication of an illustrated sketch
of Helena by the North West, edited by E.
V. Smalley, at St. Paul, was referred to a
committee consisting of W. B. Reed, J. S.
Harris and C. A. Broadwater, with instruc
tions to give Mr. Graves snch support in
the matter of obtaining material for the
work as was in tbeir power to afford.
On motion of Henry Klein it was re
solved that the annual membership here
after shall he $10 payable . semi-annually.
T. H. Kleinsehmidt was elected Treas
urer and Robert C. Walker Secretary for
the year 1886.
The following is the executive committee
elected for the ensuing year : A. J. David
son, A. M. Holter, T. H. Kleinschmidt,
Robert C. Walker, H. M. Pärchen, E. M.
Hoyt, C. W. Cannon, G. C. Swallow, John
S. Harris.
The following committee was appointed
to solicit membership : Messrs. Walker,
Cannon and Klein.
Directors— T. C. Power, R. C. Wallace,
John M. Sweeney, Henry Klein, H. M.
Parehen, John R. Watson, E. M. Hoyt, C.
W. Cannon, Charles D. Curtis, Samuel T.
Hauser, John B. Sanford, D. W. Fisk, E.
W. Knight, E. D. Edgerton, James Sulli
van, John S. Tooker, Wm. B. Reed, C. A.
Broadwater, John B. Wilson, John S. Har
ris, Wm. Muth.
The following report from a committee
appointed at a previous meeting was read
and unanimously appointed :
Mr. President Yeur conmittee ap
pointed at the last meeting respectfully
report the following preamble and reso
lutions :
Whereas. Montana ranks among the
greatest of the producers of silver and gold
in the United States ; and
Whereas, any depreciation of the one or
appreciation of the other of these precious
metals would disastrously affect the status
of silver bullion and thereby eripple the
vital interests of this young and vigorous
Territory ; and
Whereas, Stability in the volume of
money is the great essential requisite to a
safe and prosperous business, whose foun
dation is never stable while the currency
of a country is undergoing contraction and
its money basis continually changing ;
Whereas, The whole volume of silver
coinage of France, with a population of
38.000. 000, is $594,000,000 in five-franc
pieces and fractional silver which is equal
to $15 50 per bead, and the volume of their
gold coinage $848,000,000, being a little
over 35 per cent, above their total siher
Whereas, The volume of silver coinage
in the United States, with a population of
57.000. 000, is $215,000,000 of silver dollars
and $75,000.000 of fractional silver, mak
ing a total silver coinage of $290,000,000'
equal to $5 04 per head, and our gold coin
age $000,000,000. thus in one instance
showing the gold coinage of France to be
only a little al>ove 33 per cent, over their
silver coinage, while in the United States
our gold coinage is above a hundred per
cent, over our silver coinage.
Whereas, The annual increase in popu
lation and wealth in the United States re
quires a corresponding increase in the vol
ume of money to preserve a stable ratio,

Resolved, That the present annual coin
age of $28,000,000 of silver and whatever of 1
gold comes to our mints from the product i
of our gold mines, may with safety be con- j
tinued without limit as to time as long as
our population and wealth grow at present
progress, without ever reaching that status
that would give to each person in the
United States that silver volume of $15 50
per head now considered so safe and so de
sirable in France.
Resolved, That the silver mining industry
of the great West is worthy of and needs
all the protection afforded by the present
coinage law, which if left to the tender
mercies of the mono-raetalists of the east,
would be prostrated to satisfy that inevi
table greed of gold that would make the
lieh richer and the poor poorer, and break
down one of onr greatest industries, upon
which depends in a measure the indepen
dence and wealth of our great aud glorious
Resolved, That Montana, in the infancy
of her mines and mining, who is knocking
for admissoin into the Union, if allowed to
prosper under the fostering power bf silver
coinage at its present maximum, would
join the sisterhood as a giant with resourc- j
es sufficient to bear more than an equal
share of all the hardens of government
both State and National.
Resolved, That this expression from
Montana representing an annual produc
tion of her precious metals of more than
thirty million ofs dollars, be forwarded to
Hon. J. K. Toole, our delegate, with a re
quest that he present it to both houses of
the Forty-ninth Congress.
G. C. Swallow, i
T. H. Kleinschmidt, > Committee of
Ron r C. Walker, j Board of Trade.
The following resolution was offered by
G. C. Swallow, and adopted :
Resolved, That it is the opinion of this
Board that if any change be contemplated
in the coinage law onr Delegate in
Congress be requested to represent Mon
tana as favoring free coinage of both silver
and gold.
Gladstone completed his 76th year
December 29th. He received 400 letters of
congratulation in the morning and after
wards walked to church in the sleet and
Disastrous floods are reported in the
Pennsylvania oil regions. Streams are
flooded, streets are mandated and great
loss to the lumber and other interests has
Mr. J. E. Hendrie, formerly of the
Livingston Enterprise , now of the Butte
Toten Talk, is mentioned in connection
with the U. S. Collectorship.
It is said that the President issued a
positive order for the call for bonds.
The resignation of Daniel J. Welch
of the U. S. Collectorship of Internal
Revenue occasions but little surprise, al
though rumors anticipating his surren
der of the office have been circumstan
tially denied by the incumbent. With
out adverting to the previous official
record of Mr. Welch developed by the
investigation of the Silver Bow Treas
urership, which doubtless had more or
less influence in deciding his present
action, we have no doubt he will agree
with the very general estimate that his
qualifications fail to answer the require
ments of a much more arduous and re
sponsible Federal position. Indeed, as
we scan the broad horizon of Montana
and Idaho, it is a difficult matter to de
tect with the naked eye a single Demo
crat of the hungry horde who is fitted
in all respects to assume and capably
discharge the duties of Collector.
It was a very grave mistake that any
change was made in the office in the
first instance. Capt. Fuller, with an ex
perience of twelve years as Collector
and with a record among the very fore
most for efficiency and integrity in the
Revenue service, was suspended for no
reason except that he was a Republican
and that a Democrat was wanted as his
successor. There were circumstances
connected with his removal anything
but creditable to those who assisted in
or sanctioned the act. Without solicit
ing retention or in any manner trying
to extend his tenure of an office he as
much honored as it honored him, he was
waited upon by Delegate Toole and
other Democrats in position who as
sured him that his administration of the
Collectorship was everything that it
should be and that his continuance in
office should not be disturbed. (Quickly
following these assurances came the an
nouncement of his suspension, which
was accomplished, as we learn, by the
concurrent request of our Delegate and
the consent of the Commissioner of In
ternal Revenue, who repaired to the
President for that purpose. There was
perfidy in the removal, and in [»art at
least the penalty is already paid.
Who now will succeed the successor
of Fuller is not so easy to find out.
Democrats are not in hiding who aspire
to the place. In all there are probably
a score of candidates east aud west of
the range. Helena has quite a crowd of
contestants, at the head of whom is
Mayor Sullivan, who is especially active
in pushing his claims. He is under
stood to have secured quite an array of
backers, among whom are said to be a
\ goodly number of his brother Working
I men. Mr. Sullivan is as pleasant and
■ affable a gentlemen as Mr. \V elch, but
; that, in point of experience, or training,
1 or other qualification to grapple with
! the intricacies of the office, he exceeds
; the present incumbent there are many
i of his party to deny. If this opinion
! extends to the controlling authorities of
I the Democracy Mr. Sullivan, as observed
; in the case of Dr. Swallow, will not be
! molested in his civil avocations, and no
vacancy in the Mavorality of Helena
will be declared. This is plausibly
enough true, outside aud beyond the pre
; tentions which Democrats of Butte set
up to another and second effort to sup- j
ply the Collector nominee. The contest
between the two cities may not unlikely
assume that phaze of contention that
both will be set aside and an appoint
ment made from some other part of the
The December North American had a
very interesting and instructive article, en
title "A Disfranchised People," written by
the editor of the Beriete. That disfran
chised people was not the Irish, or the
colored people of Mississippi or Virginia,
bat the people of Delaware of all colors.
The fact as proved by conclusive evidence
in all its aggravating qualities is brought
home to the door and even laid upon the
table of the present Secretary of State.
The January number of the same maga
zine contains a letter of thanks from some
of the foremost citizens of that State for
the publication of a grievance under which
the people of the State have so long
grovelled that they have lost self-respect
aud courage. It has let in a flood of light
on a very dark corner of the republic and
upon the very dark ways by which little
Delaware has been robbed of its inde
pendence and retained as a pocket-borough
j of the Bayard family. The article is fol
lowed up by an open letter of Arthur Rich
mond in this January number, addressed
to the Secretory of State, somewjiat in the
classic and incisive style of Junius, which
lays bare some of the later political actions
of the Secretary, and throws in a flood of
light upon some hitherto dark and mys
terious matters. The letter does not ap
pear to be dictated by any partisan pur
pose, any more than the article on "A Dis
franchised People." It is written in the
interest of troth and good government,
and to secure a reform where it is most
needed. While we are not serionsly
afflicted with Anglophobia, we do not alto
gether relish the present Secretary of
State's subserviency to English opinion
and diplomacy.
Several Senators are preparing speeches
on the silver question. Morrill and Mc
Pherson will sustain the administration
and attempt to answer Beck. Teller will
support Beck and has a bill to urge, pro
viding for the unlimited coinage of silver
into standard dollars, and that any one de
positing $10 or more may have issued to
him silver certificates of any denomina
tion he prefers.
Marssagè is the art of caring disease by
rubbing, kneading aud stroking with the
bands. It is a very old remedy and one of
the most sensible that has come down
from antiquity.
The Legislatares of New York and Ohio
convened to-day.
At the recent session of the Educa
tional Association, composed of the
leading teachers of Minnesota, great
prominence was given to the subject of
industrial education, manual training,
or learning by doing.
A good, practical beginning has been
made in this direction in several places.
St. Louis has schools of this kind where
000 pupils are receiving instruction in
various departments of mechanical work
with the very best results. Boston has
in addition two school» to induct the
girls into the science and mysteries of
cooking. Nearly every large city in the
North has made some beginning in this
line, and we hail its advent with satis
faction. We believe that the movement
is in the right direction and will gather
force and volume as it is more tried and
better known.
The greatest and most common objec
tion to the introduction of most subjects
of education, as urged by professional
teachers, is that there is not time even
for the numerous subjects already in
cluded in the ordinary common or pub
lic school course.
This is conceded at the outset. And
it might as well be conceded, too, that
the school course is too much crowded
and overdone for its own good even if
the industrial training were omitted.
The attempt to do too much results in
doing little or nothing well. Anything
well learned is worth a thousand poorly
or half done. For when a child thor
oughly masters one thing so that he can
do it well, with confidence and pleasure,
he will try to do every thing else in life
thoroughly and well.
But we believe that children will
make more satisfactory and substantial
progress in book study by spending a
portion of the school hours, one or two
hours each day, in learning some handi
craft trade, studying together the theory
and practice of the trades.
It is said that parents should teach
these useful occupations at home. But
this cannot be done in many cases. The
parents that would be disposed to do
this lack the time and conveniences. At
any rate it is a conceded fact that i* j I
not generally done. Many children a.I
taken out of school early so that* they
may be taught trades. But if this kind
of education were given in our schools
we think there would be what is so
much needed—a disposition to keep
children in school longer and give them
time for the growth of other faculties
than the memory and the acquisition of
more useful and substantial knowledge.
The consideration of the mere matter
of convenience is given too much scope.
All parents are willing enough and glad
to have their children go to school when
they are young and can do nothing else
to any advantage, but when their ser
vices are needed to aid in the family
support they are withdrawn from school
completely, no matter how necessary it
may be to go on with a systematic and
thorough course of study.
Some parents will object to their chil
dren learing trades. So much the worse
for them. It will hurt no one, but it
would improve the sou or daughter of a
prince or millionaire to learn some use-'
ful art or trade.
The learned professions are full of
men better fitted to be at some trade,
and so, too, there are men at all trades
better fitted to adorn professional posi
tions. The sooner a child learns the
bent of his disposition by trying some
trade, the better it will be for ail con
cerned. Some go through life flitting
from one occupation to another and
never finding out what they are fitted
The false idea that there is something
servile and degrading in learning or fol
lowing any useful trade is rank heresy
in a country like ours, where all success
and prosperity depends upon labor. It
would go far to cure all social disorder
and strikes if tiiere was a general knowl
edge of all the conditions ot labor
among those who employ labor. No
one who does not know how to do work
well is fitted either to oversee or employ
Upwards of three millions of dollars
show in the footings of resources ol a single
Helena bank.
As the Herald prophesied, Mayor Sulli
van's tenure as chief executive ol the mu
nicipality of Helena was uot interfered
Twelve degrees below zero '. Whew !
But don't Montana get it pretty frigid
when once in a while old Boreas bears
down from the North.
The Butte holiday papers were issued iu
pamphlet form. Statistical and other con
tents are well prepared and most of the il
lustrations very good.
The President again and for about the
dozenth time overlooked the Professor.
This sort of disregardfulness is becoming
painfully monotinous.
The statement of the earnings of the
Northern Pacific Railway for the last six
months is a very satisfactory one, showing
an increase of nearly a million and a bait
over the corresponding period one year be
fore. We doubt mach if any road can
make a better showing of gain. The road
has passed the hardest period of its history
and reached a paying basis much sooner
than was anticipated and during a season
of general depression in the country. The
rates of charge for freight and passéBfje T »
were of necessity arbitrarily fixed at fl.jt.
Even at high rates It was not expected that
the road could be made to pay at first. The
time will soon come when by judicious low
ering of rates the business can be steadily
increased and the paying basis maintained.

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