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WAFTED FROM WASHINGTON.
Prominent Senators and Representatives —Gossip at the Capital—Political, Congressional, and Local Chat— Washington Straws—Mr. Toole's Montana Bills. |si'KCIAL HEKAI.D CORRESPONDENCE.] Washington*, January 11. — Senator Evarls runs over to the House frequently to see the New York members. Many of the Democrats from that State are his best friends. Time deals kindly with Mr. Evarts. He is in excellent health, and al though he looks as if a breath of wind would upset his gravity, yet he bids fair to live as long as his longest sentence. Senator Gorman is literally overrun with applicants for positions, as he is credited w ith unusual iniluence at the White House. Mr. Gorman's life has been a most interesting one. Twenty years ago he was a page in the Senate, and was prominently identified with the National Base Ball Club of Washington. At that time he gave no evidence ol more than ordinary ability in any special field, hut he has since risen to he the power of the Demo cratic party. Many attribute to his efforts the Democratic victory of last fall. Cer tain it is that no man worked harder than Mr. Gorman, and that, too. in the field where the votes were so evenly balanced between the two 1'residential candidates— New York city. For a time after the elec tion his health was greatly impaired, and his friends were alarmed lest- he should break down. To-day he is the hardest worked man in the Senate, and he carries more on his two shoulders than should he imposed upon any three men. Mr. Deed leads the Republican phalanx on the floor of the House w*ith consummate tact. He is head and shoulders above any of his Republican colleagues as a debater and parliamentarian He stands over six feet high in a number teu shoe, and notches the scales to the tune of two hundred and fifty pounds. He is hewed out from the best timbered stock in Maiue, and wields his baton of author ity upon the minority side with signal ability. His selection is the best the Re publicans could make. Burrows, of Michigan, is back here again. Everybody remembers him as the orator from that State, aud his iiowery flights of fancy have few parallels in the history of American speech making. When Burrows rises to speak, every one squats low in his seat for fear of being struck by one of his rhetorical shafts. He will do the polishing off for the Republi cans, aud will round ofl' the sharp edges of the manuscript speeches of the fledglings It is reported that William Henry Hurl but, formerly editor of the New \ork World, was the author of the recent open letter to Secretary Bayard which appeared in the North American Review. It is well known that Mr. Hurlbut has been very vindictive towards the Secretary because of his failure to secure the mission to Italy. The discussion ou the iiuancial policy of the administration will shortly be renewed, aud it is stated that Morrill, Edmunds, aud others on the Republican side of the Senate will defend the President's course. Mrs. Burnett, the well known authoress, is quite ill iu Massachusetts, suffering from a complete prostration of the nervous system, and her physician has prescribed absolute rest and quiet. A movement is ou foot to start an elec tric railway iu Washington. A Dill has been introduced iu Congress to incorporate a company to build the road. Many of the representative business men are inter ested, who believe implicitly ia the suc cess of such au enterprise. Manuel Del Carnpo, Secretary ol the Italian Legation and now acting Minister, has been having a monkey and parrot time lor the past mouth, aud has given the police considerable trouble. Last Saturday night was his third drunk during the past mouth, and he received a severe drubbing from a man whom he insulted. He should be recalled by his government; if not, lie is liable to be pulverized here and returned as dust. This will he a gala theatre week for Washington. Salvini appears at one the atre, w hile the Boston Ideal Opera Com pany till an engagement at the other. The debt statement for December, issued yesterday, shows a decrease during the mouth of $9,089,939.34. The Treasury state ment of assets and liabilities at the close of the year shows a surplus of $99,342,147.75. James Gordon Beunett is expected home iron» Loudon in a few days, and changes in the Herald force are spoken of. It is also said the New York Sun will double its size. Ex-Minister Astor s novel has been very successful. It lias had an enormous holi day sale. Theodore Roosevelt, the wealthy poli tician aud stork man, whose "Hunting j : ! . Trips ol a Ranchman lias reached a large i sale, is about to publish a novel. Mr. | Roosevelt is a charming writer and also has unlimited means to bring his books before the public. During the next month the commissions of over one hundred postmasters will ex pire. Many nominations will he sent in during the week. Since the 1st of July there have been over nine thou sand changes made in fourth class post The Treasury Department has decided 11 j i man is Taylor, from the mountain district of Tennessee, who had to borrow money offices, of which there are over fifty thou san j j Th that a memorial tablet on which is elabor ately engraved an obituary record is not a work of art, and is not entitled to free entry. - The Treasury Department last week purchased twenty thousand ounces of silver. This docs not look as if silver coinage was to he suspended. William P. Scott, of Pennsylvania, is the richest man in the House. He is said to be worth fifteen millions. Felton, of Cali fnrnia has a snug fortune. Hewitt, of 0rD L . . ... Th» nnnrp^t New ^ ork, is wort mi i . . to pay for his öddle strings when be can vassed his district in 1878, playing the I liddle at everv cross-roads. The oldest member ia Wait , 0 f Connecticut. McAdoo, of New Jersey, is the youngest, being 3*2. Charles Yoorhees, of Washington Territory, son of Senator Yoorhees, is also thirty-two, a few months older than McAdoo. Kelley, Singleton and Eldridge will never look upon seventy again. Seventy-seven mem bers range from sixty to seventy ; sixty members from fifty to sixty ; one hundred and thirty-eight from forty to fifty. The House is sufficiently matured to take care of itself without the aid of rules which deny it participation in legislation which has UQl ii now been confined to thirteen members of the Appropriations Committee, Mr. Toole introduced the following bills of interest to Montana, in the House last week : Bill to authorize the service of civil and criminal process issued by Territorial courts within military and Indian reservations and the Yellowstone National Park. A hill relating to the Supreme Court of Montana Territory and providing for the establishment of judicial districts therein. A bill granting the right of way to the Cinnabar aud Clarks Fork railroad com pany. A bill to authorize aud facilitate the collection of taxes upon certain railroad land grants. A bill concerning the appointment of Federal officers in the Territories. A bill to create the Fort Benton land district iu the Territory of Moutaua. A bill for the erection of a public build ing at Helena, Montana. A hill to provide permaueut reservations ; for the Indians iu Northern Montana, aud for other purposes. A bill for the relief of the heirs of Leander M. Black. A bill for the relief of James K. Boyce. FAX. SILVER'S SOLDIERS. Letters From Senator Heck aud Con gressman Symes to the Helena Hoard of Trade. Major it. C. Walker, Secretary of the Helena Board of Trade, is in receipt of the following letters from members of the Forty-ninth Congress: FROM SENATOR BECK, of KENTUCKY. Washington, D. C., January 12,1885. Dear Sir: Please return my thanks to the Board of Trade, ol Helena, for the res olutions they were kind enough to pass. Your Delegate, Hon. J. K. Toole, handed me the memorial you desired presented to Congress, this afternoon. I will take pleasure iu laying it before the Senate to morrow morning and have it referred to the Committee on Finance, of which I am a member, and will see to it that it has fair consideration there. Please return my thanks to Messrs. Cannon and Swallow, your associates on the committee. I mail you a dozen copies ot the speech I made, which some of your members might like to see. Yours truly, JAMES B. BECK. FROM REPRESENTATIVE SYMES, OK COL ORADO. Washington, D. C., January 4,18«0. Robert C. Walker , Esq., Helena Montana. 1 have received your iavor of the 27th ol December. I shall take great pleasure in iuforuiing the Helena Board ol Trade ol any action taken upon the silver question. It is the most important and prominent question before Congress. I have can vassed the matter quite thoroughly since 1 came here, and I can slate with much con fidence that silver will not be demonetized at this session. The silver men are mak ing converts all the time. I am surprised to find how many members would favor free coinage ol all silver produced m Am erica. The silver men during the past six months have been agitating this question more actively, and the result of their ef forts is very apparent. We have every thing to gain aud nothing to lose by the agitation and discussion ol the question. The gold bugs have control of most of the eastern press and the majority of those who have reputations as economists aud financiers, and the people generally have been are being very much misled by the misrepresentations and false statements regarding the circulation ol silver, and other questions bearing upon the coinage. I shall lie very glad to send you the speeches made upon this subject. I shall write you further as matters progress. Yerv Truly, G. G. SYMES. A Pretty Programme. [Miner.] If certain reports from Washington are reliable, Pocatello has a booming future. It is said that at the instance of the Union Pacific Railway managers, a sufficient plot of land will he withdrawn from the Fort Hall Indian reservation to make room for j a large town, which the company expects to have at Pocatello. The plan of action is to have the land required withdrawn from the Indians and declared open for settlement. Manager Callaway will then cause the entire tract to be entered, and an order will he issued making Pocatello the supply point for the Utah & Northern and Oregon Short Line Railways. Then men will he put to work widening the track of the Utah & Northern to the usual standard j broad gauge of the Union Pacific system, : aud when this is done the shops at Eagle ! Rock and Shoshone will probably be con solidated at Pocatello, which will make . that place one of the best railroad towns in i ^y es ^ But tDe question is—will the | Union Pacitic succeed in securing the necessary land from the government ? The Uliickfoot Reservation Hill. The Benton Press publishes the follow ing letter from Delegate Toole : Washington, D. C., January 7, 1886. Hon. IF. G. Conrad, Fort Benton, M. T.: Dear Sir: —I am in receipt of your letter of December 30th inclosing proceed ings of a mass meeting of citizens of Port duced by Senator Vest relating to reduc tion of the Blackteet Indian reservation, in northern Montana. The cordial co-opera tion of the people of the Territory in this upreme | which was framed doseTy after" the New ' York law. Benton, expressing their approval of the j provisions . ot Senate bill No. 105, intro | important matter is desirable and valuable. I trust that the entire fairness and justness I of the provisions of the bill will be ap parent to every one, and that this long needed legislation will not he longer de ferred. 1 will introduce the bill in the House to-day. Yours truly, j'. K. TOOLE. j J I ' j Court ol Illinois to-day affirmed thecon | stitutiouality of the new election law Affirmed. Chicago, January 19. -The WINTER SPORTS IN SAINT PAUL _ The Inauguration of the Saint Paul Ice Palace. Grand Carnival ol Merry Makers, Snow Sdoers, Toöogganists and Skaters, and a Winter Jonraerby Rail on the Mem Pacific troin Helena to Saint Paul—-The Hotel Ryan, Etc. To the Editor of the HkralI* : Saint Paul, January 15, 1886.—On a bright, frosty morning, last week, when the temperature for the second time in the last ten months was registered at Helena at 20° below zero, your correspondent, with a pleasant party of gentlemen, con sisting of a bright criminal lawyer, an unskijtped alderman aud a capitalist, all of the commercial metropolis of Montana, boarded a Northern Pacitic train hound East, and took seats in one of the royal Pullman palae^ cars of that road. After l»eing allotted sumptuous apartments in the sleeper aud furnished with tickets by a polite Pullman conductor good for four under berths for a ride of near twelve hundred miles, we answered the call for breakfast in the dining car. The morning meal was a sumptuous repast, beginning with fruit and a howl of porridge and end ing with the lingering delectations of juicy tender loins, broiled pigs-feet, hot buck wheat cakes and coffee, to which our whole ; party did ample justice after the most approved style of hungry travelers. This was the morning of the first day, and from this on to the end of our journey, the meals with unvarying attractiveness were announced at the regular hours and went a long ways in making up the amount of pleasure to he had while traveling from Helena to St. Paul in the most luxurious manner yet invented by man for his trans portation from place to place. The morning of the second day shone out very clear and bright and disclosed to our restless eyes the dividing line between Montana and Dakota as marked by the road side near Sentinal Butte, as we travel ed through the bad lands, now slightly covered with snow. Here it was discovered that we were three hours behind the regular run, and to the question asked of the conductor if he would make up lost time, he answered that he would not he permitted to attempt it, as the orders were to make up no time lost on another section when the mercury was 20° below zero. Being assured that w*e would continue our journey under the direction of every conductor at the same piudeut speed, there was a happy satisfaction in contemplating i our safe arrival at our destination with ». re* » n A : ' 1 1 LM' c r t s_D f) rh IL 3 ; M P! P m II fi LrXJTp 1 F 1XTL -ys Sis ËË4 «1 tr , 1 r H many chances iu our favor against the many accidents incident to rapid speed in severe frosty weather. The evening of the second day found us at the end of the Yellowstone division at Mandan, 556 miles from Livingston, where it begins. Here we moved our watches forward one hour, and crossed the Missouri j over trt Bismarck, where we began another night's journey of 333 miles to Fargo aud Morehead, where Dakota ends and Minnesota begins. In the morning of the third day v.e viewed the towering frosted pines and aromatic uroves about the city ot Brainard anil went ashore, as it were, to consult the thermometer, which we found to register 35° below zero. Having crossed the Mississippi just alter breakfast, and tak ing a southern course dovu the eastern bank of that river of a thousand island» we were soon passing through one and eu- | tering the other of the two great phenom enal cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul. At the latter place our party divided, some going to private lodgings and others of us puttiug up at the Hotel Ryan. Here our worthy Alderman, after enjoying a sleigh ride to the ice palace and a hearty supper at the Ryan, broke the pleasant trio that had "run" together after so long and pleas ant a journey, and taking the night train departed for New York. We were indeed the Rocky Mountain clan, who affiliated so closely that we paid for each other's wine ] and meals according to the run of the i keerds. TIIE hotel ryan. After a week's delightful sojourn at the Hotel Ryan, made doubly pleasant by the gentlemanly proprietors, Messrs. Brugh & Truman, and probably especially enter tained because we hailed from Montana, it affords me the greatest pleasure to bear testimony to the eminent appointments of this delightiul hotel, one of the largest and grandest on the American continent. Hereafter, in the course of this leuer, I , s jj a jj he 0 t,iig et i to use the singular pro noun /, because my lawyer friend has de serted me for more companionable com j pany—a double, as it were, that will en i ble him to say ire—leaving me to deal with further matters connected with this letter as the first person, singular number, nominative to the verb "I write. A full description of the Hotel Ryan is impossible in the space allotted to a single letter, but suffice to say it is seven stories high, built of brick and ornamented with elegant stone trimmings, with rooms for a thousand guests, a grand rotunda, with magnificent parlors overlooking it from the second story, with private and public dining rooms and ordinaries, a£d luxurious double and single chambers with baths. One particular feature of this hotel that I like is that of calling things by their right names. For instance, the proprietors have adopted that time-honored custom ol hav ing breakfast, dinner aud supper , instead ot the fashionable way ol putting it break fast, lunch, dinner aud tea. No modest mountaineer would want to astonish his stomach with more than three meals a day, nor would he be so mean as to sur prise it with a vacuum at lunch time in stead of its accustomed good square din ner. In a word everything about the Ryan is par excellence, and there is an in dividuality about it that one likes to see, and that is, it was built and is owned by one man (Dennis Ryan, an honest miner,l and cost one million dollars—a success from the first and a paying institution from the day it opened. ST. PAUL. The space of a single letter, such as a correspondent is supposed to write to his home paper, is inadequate to a proper de scriptiou of a city like St. Paul, with a population approaching to near a hundred and fifty thousand, with a hundred and two dai'y arrivals and departures of passenger trains on the three railroads between this city and Minneapolis, to say nothing of the many other trains that go and come on the many other roads to all parts of the State aud elsewhere. A description of the many magnificent public and private costly buildings would alone make a hook as large as the Directory ofSt. Paul. For rapid growth, present stability and future prospects, St. Paul has no equal in the Northwest save its compeer in wealth, greatness, prosperity and advancing strides —Minneapolis. That two such cities, aggregating near 300,009 people, should grow to such vast dimensions, as it were side by side or iu point blank range for shot or shell, in the brief space of a little over fifty years for the one and forty-one years for the other, make them as phe nomenal in their progress as they are in all that pertains to the largest cities of the world, whose growth and history are measured by centuries, aud whose popu lations are the accumulation of countless ages. WINTER IN THE CAPITAL OF MIN NESOTA. At this time the saintly city may he said to be running wild in anticipation of the outdoor sports that will lie inaugurated by the 1st of February, when the merry makers, both male and female, will pass the many happy hours away in the fun and frolic of a winter carnival. the ice PALACE for St. Paul is the happy suggestion of One of the city's prominent newspaper men— Mr. George Thompson, of the Dispatch, and which, from the moment of its inception, has met with the most unbounded appro val and support of the citizens and press of the city. As this beautiful and artistic structure nears completion and sends its crystalized towers, turrets aud battlements heaven ward, it makes a lovely setting for Central Park, with its skating ponds and tobog gan slides already completed, which, if not to he a joy forever, is a thing of beauty creditable alike to its architect and builder, Mr. J. H. Hutchison, of Montreal, aud the liberal spirited citizens of St. Paul who are its patrons. In its dimensions, commo dious towers and elaborate proportions, the palace will out-rank any of its predecessors, the first of which was erected by order of Empress Anna, of Russia, in 1741 and another by the Empress Elizabeth, erected for a winter feast near the river Neva in 1754. The idea was introduced into America by the enterprising citizens of Montreal in 1883, and a palace was erected in the park adjoining the Windsor Hotel. , In 1884 another palace, more ornate than the first, was built, and on the last week in January, 1885, a grand carnival was held there with a still more elaborate ice edifice as the central attraction. The St. Paul structure is 144 1'eet in length by 120 feet in width, with a grand, massive, central tower attaining an altitude of 100 feet. This tower is provided with battlements and embrasures, and the archi tecture throughout is of the pure mediieval type. The main tower is defended by an outwork about thirty-two feet in height with battlements and towers at the angles. The outer walls are twenty inches thick, and the central tower forty inches, and something over 20,000 blocks of ice are re quired in its construction. The interior will be lighted at night by about fifty large electric lights, and ou the occasion of the "storming of the palace by the army ot uniformed snowshoers various colored lights will be burned within, and immense quantities of fireworks will be discharged from the towers aud battlements, produc ing an effect indescribably magnificent. There are four grand entrances to the palace, through which spectators pass to the labyrinth of apartments, viewing the magical effect ot the solid crystal walls and refreshing themselves at the various booths from which appropriate eatables and bever ages are dispensed. The citizens who have been chock lull of enthusiasm ever since the incep tion of the ice palace aud the contem plated carnival of snow-shoers, skaters and tobogganers, gave lull vent last night with hearty lungs to their joyous feelings as their cheers all along the line wel comed the thousands of realistic revelers as they marched to the inspiring notes of tine music iu their unique costumes, with waving banners and colored tires, to the ceremonies of laying the Fargo and .Still water mammoth ice blocks. THE SNOW-SHOSRS. The snow-shoe clubs, ot which there are several in St. Paul aud Minneapolis, and one or more irom Montreal, who will be present during the carnival, are made up mostly of young men, aud all are dressed in blanket blouses of parti colors, with cap, sash, leggings, moccasins, mittens, hood, and a pair of snow-shoes lashed upon the back. The young ladies dress iu blauket skirts, cap, moccasins and leggings, and lie long to the club whose colors are worn by their "fellers." The Scandinavians arc represented in large numbers, and carry what we call the long Norwegian snow shoe, such as are used by the Montana miners when coming out ol their camp on top of a deep snow. The colors ol this club are red aud black. All participants in the sports are uniformed in the veritable jaunty blouse blanket suits, held tight at the waist by a colored sash. BOUNCING. The bouncing process of the St. George snow-shoe club, of which our mutual friend George R. Finch is head devil (pres ident). was witnessed last night alter the meet in the rotunda of the Ryan, to the great amusement of the many lookers on and to a few Montanians in particular, who enjoyed the sport hugely as smother man " was tossed high up by the hands of a dozen stalwarts aud caught again for the third time and pronounced an active member oi the club. The new process is an improvement upon the old, where stout hands are improvised in place of the treacherous fibres of an army blanket that have so often proved too weak for the occasion. THE TOBOGGAN. The modern tol>oggau is a beautiful vehicle, copied in form and shape from those originally and still u»ed by the In dians for transporting game. eic. through the forests of Canada, sometimes dragged on top of deep snows by dogs and as often by hand power. This little vehicle, so light and airy that one of eight feet in length can be carried in one hand, is made of various lengths, from two to eight »set long, for kids and adults, of light ash or oak wood only j of an inch in thickness, turned up in frout in a graceful bend and (the best) fastened with raw hide thongs, counter-sunk into the wood. The toboggan is generally made of two or more thin boards with a bottom sur face of two feet highly polished by use, so that they glide upon the snow or ice at a rate of speed proportioned to the grade of the slide, and carry from one to six per sons, according to size, who snuggle close to each other, their feet and hands on the side rails, while the steerer sits at the end on his left hip. trailing his right foot as a rudder. THE SLIDE. The slide is a structure of heavy frame timbers, upon which are laid planks for several tracks side by side, separated by other planks set on edge, against which snow ridges are piled and which form the line of demarkation for a constant line of tobogganers, who are enjoying the wildly exciting and exhilarating exercise. THE CARNIVAL will begin February the 1st and continué probably till Shrove Tuesday, March 9th. when the grand season of the revellers on snow and ice will close with the Mardi Gras that will eclipse anything ever at tempted in a latitude where that season is still clothed in the mantle of winter. The inauguration of the ice palace and vvihter carnival at St. Paul establishes an institution that will exist as long as snow and ice contribute their beautiful compen sation for the enjoyment of the thousands all over this northern latitude, who will join the craze for winter sports even into the midst of the Rocky Mountains, and probably for all time. HELENA. REPEALING THE PRE-EMPTION LAW. There is little doubt that Congress at its present session will repeal the pre-emption law, and very likely with it will go the timber culture and desert land law, leaving only the homestead law. Notwithstanding the conceded fact that all of these land laws have læen abused and that the more sensible and reasonable plan would he to so modify them as to prevent *the abuses aud secure the conceded advantages that would follow an honest compliance with the intent of the laws, we do not expect anything of the kind. There seen, i to he no general effort made or attempted iu this direction. The public lands that remain are mostly in the Territories, and they have no vote or influence to shape or control legislation. With all the laud laws re pealed but that providing for homesteads, it is very evident that it is going to he a more difficult and costly affair hereafter to acquire title to public lands. In Montana it will have the effect to leave a large portion of the public domain unoccupied for a long time, and this will perhaps suit our stockmen as well as any thing could. That it will result in a great increase of actual settlers may also he readily anticipated. The people of the East will understand that the opportunity to get public land is rapidly disappearing and they will make haste to secure a home" stead. We refer to this matter at present to ad vise our people in Moutaua to make haste and secure pre-emption claims at once be fore the repeal is made. Any filings made while the law remains will be respected, and we much prefer to see those already in Montana have the benefits that they are in position to secure by prompt action. Every oue who has the right of pre-emption would do well to use it, for there is very little land that would he likely to he selected that will not he worth more than the gov- ; ernmeut price to the pre-emptor. Within the next ten years we look for a consider able advancement in real estate all over the country. The days of cheap laud are fast passing away. THE OHIO SENATOR. Senator Sherman secured his re election without opening a grocery store or a broker's oflice, iu which matters there is a world-wide contrast to the manner in which Standard Oil Payne is said to have secured his votes and title to a seat in the Senate in preference to such men as Thur man and Pendleton. After the electiou was over Sherman made a speech to the members of the Legislature and gave some real statesmanlike, practical advice, which we hope to see bear fruit in legislation. Of course the foremost matter was how to pre vent the outrageous and disgraceful frauds, such as have been growing in enormity, especially in Cincinnati, till .they have covered the State with shame. The case of ! New York was cited as directly in point and the election law of that State as a j worthy model, securing honest results and ; satisfying the public even when by a nar | row margin the national contest turned ! upon the count in that State. There is no 1 doubt that the system of single senatorial and representative districts, regardless of i county lines, or in which considerations of ; ounty lines are subordinated, will go far to remove the temptation aud opportunity for frauds. This, iu connection with small election precincts and a good registration law, will afford approximate security at the very fountain head of all political power. Senator Sherman did not evade the ques tion of prohibition. Without stating just w hat should he done it was evident enough that he had in mind high licenses and local option. The only way to do away with a ; third party is to give it no reason lor ex : istence. Some restriction on liquor selling is a right aud reasonable demand. Let it he such legislation as experience has shown 1 to be most efficient. The only other topic mentioned as having received the Senator's attention was that of protection to the laboring man. This is a question that is less generally understood, but for that reason more and not less deserving of study and legislative attention. Some restric tions can be placed upon the rapacity of capital and some are certainly necessary to prevent violent and unlawful combina tions aud proceedings among workingmen. It has been reported for weeks that there were about to be large shipments of gold to England. The date of shipment has been postponed from time to time and the amount reduced, till it began to he doubt ed if any gold at all would cross the seas. We suppose the exigencies demanded that something should be done towards fulfill ing the prediction, so a million or so will be sent out, well insured, to-morrow ou the stormy Atlantic. If a million was shipped every week it would not keep pace with current production and the home stock would still go on increasing. We ship abroad much more silver and nothing is said about it. All that we have to say about these gold shipments is that we hope they will not go to pave the ocean bottom and will find a good market on the other side. We are already much better supplied with gold than any of the nations of Europe that pretend to use gold alone We could pay the interest on our debt and redeem five millions of the principal every month in gold and it would all come back without diminishing our stock at all. It is merely to assert our right to pay in sil ver and to remove the false stigma that rests on silver that we are in favor of pay ing all government obligations to all class es of creditors alike, one half in each metal, where paper is not preferred, as it usually is. But when a creditor demands coin, it means silver as well as gold, and both should he paid in equal proportion. Domestic Tragedy. Kan Francisco, January 19.—David P. Mish, son of J. S. Mish, a well known pro prietor of the principal miilinery estab lishment of this city, was shot aud killed by Dr. J. H. McDonald to-night as he was tleeiug 1'rom the latter's house, 155, New Montgomery street, where he had been dis covered in the room of the physician's wife. Dr. McDonald surrendered to the police and is now in jail. ; I 1 ! j ! I ; : ! I i i I j i j j I I ' ! ' I i , ! ! I j I j ! j ! ■ ! ! 1 j j j ! ; i j 1 i | I ! I i ! MONTANA'S APPLICATION. Yesterday witnessed the introduction in both Houses of Congress of a Dill f or the admission of Montana as a State. What may be the fate of these bills j* ; as impossible to tell as it is to predict I the verdict of a jury. Reasoning from 1 the experience of Dakota, there would ! be little hope, for we have not as strong a claim in justice as even South Da kota. Probably we should have the j full quota of population for a Bepre sentativ e by th e time a .dm is don would be com j »leted, even without anno xation of the i >anhan< He of Id laho, as ha ■s been recently suggested. Another adv antage is in oui r unity of action , frei îdom from com pi it* ations, the rich: ness and solidity of our material res< rurce s, and our creditable history as a Territory. But it must be conceded 1 that : oui • chief hope re its not on any of these things, but on the less creditable and merito rious fact that Montana has been from the first steadily attached to the fortunes ! of the Democratic party. If this record I serves us ut this juncture to secure ; Statehood, it will be a compensation : that will go far to reconcile us to what we have regarded as a misfortune and a ! discredit. Our claim goes in before a Democratic I House, and should the measure pass i Congress will go to a Democratic l'resi i dent. We have no idea that the meas I ure for our admission would encounter any serious opposition in the Senate. It j the Democrats favor it there will cer i tainly be enough Republicans to support j it to insure its passage. We have pre sented a constitution of which we can j have no reason to be ashamed and no I fears of hostile criticism. Republicans I as well as Democrats are heartily united in desiring statehood. The small oppo sition that appeared in certain counties on the vote for the constitution was not the outgrowth of opposition to statehood, but to a single objectionable feature of the constitution, ^exempting mines from , taxation. We have served our full ! period of probation and minority. It ! will be twenty-two years in May next I since we were organized into a Territory, j We have no Territorial debt eneumber I ing us, no taint of repudiation, no record of extravagance or lawlessness, but on the j contrary one of good order and steady progress that will compare favor ! ably with any State in the Union. We have been longer settled than Dakota and the elements of society with us are more homogenous and consolidated, if we have not so many nominal universi ties as Dakoto, we have an older public free school system and we have a genera tion of voters educated in our own pub lic schools. We have wisely, as it seems j to us, concentrated our efforts upon these ! institutions of learning where all have had the benefit. Judged by our mining ■ resources alone Montana is twice as weil ! able to maintain a reputable, permanent State organization as Nevada, and in ! every respect able to be the peer of so vigorous a young State as Colorado. We 1 have not to rest upon the late ot a j single mine, or a single mining district, j but we have hundreds of well developed j mines and thousands in prospect. But Montana rests not upon the for* ! tunes ot any number of mines. Our ; stock interests are equally as well estab lished and promising. For the quality i of our stock we can claim superiority j overall the Territories. The qualities ot 1 our soil have been tested for all the i staple small grains and we hold in re | serve for other resources at present more I available a certainty that we shall be :t great exporter of wheat, when the field» to the east and west of us are exhausted. In soil, climate, diversified resources, in our pine clad mountains and our clear, trout-haunted, numerous water course», ! offering water power to do the manu facturing for the whole nation, with broad coal fields and exhaustless quar ries of lime-stone, granite, sand-stones and marble, we have all the elements ot a vast, rapid, and substantial growth. Admit Montana as a State, give lier own people who have so far and so creditably begun the work of her de velopment a fair field, and ten year» will not have passed before she will have distanced many ot the original thirteen States and proved herself the worthy peer of the foremost of all. They seem to have settled down to the understanding at Washington that it is not proper to ask the President tor his reasons in making removals from office, but that it I is proper and reasonable to ask lor any i charges filed against those removed. If these are refused it is not settled what ! course to pursue further, but the natural inference would he that the charges would not bear to see the light. As there is no question made about the right of removal the only result of such investigations would he to show that in spite of his pro fessions of sustaining the civil service re form in good faith, the President has iu some cases ignored it, yielding to political pressure. It still remains for the Senate in discharge of its own trust aud duty to inquire into the fitness ot all appointees and reject those that are unworthy, and there are plenty of cases of this sort. Fitz John Porter. Washington, January 19.—The House iu committee of the whole reported a bill for the relief of Fitz John Porter. It authorizes the President to appoint Fitz John Porter to the position of Colonel iu the army, and in his discretion to place him on the retired list as ol that grade, provided Fitz John Porter shall receive no pay compensation or allowance whatsoever prior to his appointment under this act. The committee considered the objections made to the bill in the veto message ol l'resident Arthur, and are clearly ol the opinion that they are uot well founded aud should uot iutterrupt the course of justice. The report is signed by all the Democratic members of the committee.