Newspaper Page Text
THE TELEPHONE DECISION.
The decision of Secretary Lamar that suit shall be brought by the United States in its own name and at its own expense to test the validity of the patent issued to the Bell Telephone will be received with very general satisfaction by the people of the country, not because they would de prive inventive genius of any just and legal rights and rewards, but because there is a general conviction that it is an overgrown, extortionate monopoly, founded upon a doubtful and very cloudy title. We do not know that it can be said that the Bell Telephone Company is more exacting than other monopolies, but the patent covers a thing of more general utility. So great is this utility that thousands prefer to pay a high price for its use rather than go without, and yet not one submits to the heavy charge without feeling that the charge is unreasonable, and in consequence there are fewer friends of the company among those who use the admirable inven tion than among others. The legal con test will be one of great interest. The best talent in the country will be called into service. No company with such rich monopoly will relax its hold on the public throat and purse without a desperate struggle. The decision of the Secretary of the Interior may not foreshadow the final result, but the rapid fall in the price of Telephone stock is indicative of some con siderable doubt and fear among the stock holders. No doubt much money will be spent in buying oil' contestants and sup pressing testimony. There is one thing that the company might do that would very much improve its chances of success. It might propitiate the public by reducing its charges to what would be a moderate profit upon the actual cost. As between f the present patentees and others the gen eral public would prefer the present ones, if they would limit their greed to a fair profit. As it is they will go into the fight with only the friends that their money will buy them. If this invention could be given to the public at a reasonable cost, it is undoubted that these would soon be a hundred instruments in use where there is one at pre sent. _ The reported remarks of Senator Voor hees touching the admission of Dakota, Montana and Washington Territories give more promise of success than anything that we have yet seen. It would make a noble trio of new States, each with a sufficient, substantial, self-reliant population and di versified resources, lying along the line of latitude preferred by the emigrating nations of northern Europe. With all the disad vantages under which these Territories have struggled, in no sense masters of their own resources, and only quite recently made accessible by the completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad, the fact that they have shown such a vigorous growth is ample assurance that with State organ ization and such additional influence that they would acquire through Senators and Representatives in Congress, their growth would be much more rapid and fully justify the wisdom of their admission. So long as these Territories continue in their present condition the people have no use of the school lands or any revenue derived there from. They are compelled to go without any aid at a time when they need it most, when everything has to be provided anew und at extra cost, when roads have to be built and all manner of public buildings, when labor is scarce, wages high and rates of money are high also. The people of the older eastern States can hardly realize the combination of difficulties against which the settlers of the Territories have to con tend. They think the general government is doing a great service in sending them out officials and paying their salaries, bnt this aid, in the way it is furnished amounts to nothing, absolutely nothing. Our peo ple would much prefer to have men of their own choice, identified with them selves in interests. The better services that would be rendered would more than compensate for the cost of paying their salaries. The aid we could secure from the control of our school lands would be worth many times more to us than all the congressional appropriations, now so ex pended that they are of doubtful or very little benefit. The friends of Bilver seem to be having things all their own way so far as speech making goes. Senator Teller has deliv ered his long promised speech, bristling with facts that the thinking business men of the country should ponder over before any settlement is made. "While we have no idea that free coinage of silver of the present standard will be conceded, or that it would be approved by the President if it should be passed by both houses of Con gres, it is well enough to consider the question in all its possible phases. It is folly to wait for the concurrence of all nations to settle upon a standard. That time will never come and each nation must meanwhile act for itself. As the greatest producer of silver it is folly for the United States to allow England to dictate the price oJ that metal. As the great creditor nation Great Britain is looking to the en hancement of its bonds and securities, and Eastern States bear much the same rela tion to the Southern and "Western States. But there is a greater question involved than its efl'ects upon present securities. It is plain and can be made so to everyone that the combined product of both gold and silver does not keep pace with the growing volume of the world's business. The future business of the world, which is doubling every ten years, must be done on paper money chiefly. Metal cannot be produced and coined fast enough to keep pace with its demands. But the judgment of the world demands a paper money with a coin basis. Gold is utterly insufficient for the purpose and every ounce of both gold and silver will be needed to supply this basis. The business of Great Britain, aside from its bond-holding and banking element, needs silver as much as any por tion of the world. The governments are in the hands of the bond-holders and per haps will always remain so, and the inter ests of that class go further in shaping leg islation than all others combined. of THE ENCAMPMENT. Preparations Making for the €r»nd Army Celebration. Last week an outline was printed in these columns of the transportation ar rangements made by the committee hav ing the matter in charge covering the pas sage of those who expect to attend the twentieth annual encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, to be held in San Francisco the coming summer. In addition to the information then given, the general committee will issue other circulars from time to time covering all matters connected with the encampment for the benefit of those interested. From the current report now before us these extracts are made : The committee are assured by the proper officers of nearly all of the railroad com panies operating lines of railroad on this coast that a half rate, at least, will be made for all comrades of the G. A. R., members of the W. R. C., and their families, and we are satisfied that in many instances reduc tions will be made upon this liberal rate. The committee is promised a two-thirds rate from Han Francisco, up and down the Pacific coast, by the transportation com panies running steamers from San Fran cisco to San Diego, south, and to Victoria, B. C., north, and to all intermediate points. This rate of course includes accommoda tions and board on the steamers. These rates will enable parties who come by the U. P. and C. P. lines of rail road to visit the southern portion of the State, or the orange groves of California, at so small an expenditure that we hope all may be able to visit our State to its ex treme southern limit. At a later day the general committee hope to be able to give in detail the rates which will be charged by transportation companies on this coast to all of the numerous points of interest in California. This committee has every assurance that we shall be able to secure round-trip tickets from San Francisco to the Yosemite Valley at greatly reduced rates from the regular rates. To visiting comrades and their friends, this committee calls attention to the fact that they are required when they purchase their tickets to select the route by which they will return. To do this intelligently they should consult the railroad guides showing the railroad and steamship lines in Cali fornia and along its coast, as by coming by one route and returning by another par ties can by the use of stop-over privileges which are accorded to excursionists, visit a great number of places of sptcial interest in the State, and at no additional charge in the way of railroad fares. In relation to hotel accommodation and charges in San Francisco and the adjacent cities, the committee refer comrades and others who contemplate visiting California during the sunyner of 1886 to the fact that at the nineteenth national encamp ment, held in Portland in June last, an agreement was presented to such encamp ment, signed by nearly all of the managers of the hotels in this city, agreeing that hotel rates would not be increased from the regular rates then charged, if the twentieth national encampment should be held in San Francisco. And this committee is now assured that such promise will be fully kept with all excursionists to California who avail them selves of the opportunity now offered to come to the Pacific coast at reduced rates during the year 1886. It is not presumptious in us to suggest that the Senators and representatives that Washington, Montana and Dakota would send to Congress would supply, in a large degree, the amount of practical information that is needed for Congress to deal success fully with the important matters of our public lands which now are confined almost exclusively to the Territories and the con ditions of settlement are no longer the same as when the available lands were confined to the Mississippi valley. Of equal im portance would be the practical informa tion that our Representatives would bring to the solution of the Indian questions now that the matter of settling the Indians in severalty and civilizing them by civilized methods is coming to the front. Of equal importance is it also that Congress should have more practical information on the matters of preserving our mountain forests and in preserving the springs that furnish the waters to our great national arteries of commerce. The people of the older States wonld receive as well as give, and full as much as they would give, in admitting to their common councils men who know by years of observation and experience the character of the great national domain of mountain and plain with their mineral re sources and nutritions pasturage. It is for the common good, for the benefit of their own easteam constituents who will become residents of the new States that all these matters of common concern should be set tled upon fuller information than can be picked np in a summer junketing excur sion. It has been a misfortune all through our history that legislation has been form ed by those who had only a theoretical and partial knowledge of the matters on which they assumed to legislate. Miss Bayard's Funeral. W ilmingtox, January 19. —The funeral of Katharine Lee Bayard occurred this afternoon. The weather was cold and bleak but a large concourse of people were present. Among the official people present were Secretaries Whitney and Endicott, Senator Gray, Gov. Stockly and many others. The funeral services began promptly at 2 o'clock with the hymn "Jesus is Risen from the Dead." The chanting of the Litany and the reading of the last thirty three verses of chapter xv, First Cor inthians, by Rev. Charles Beck, another hymn, Apostles Creed and prayer followed, alter which Rev. Dr. Martin, Rector of Trinity Parish, led the sad procession to the grave, reciting the words of the burial service, "I am the resurrection and life." The casket was then slowly lowered to its place in the vault. At the head of the tomb stood Secretary Bayard, his daugh ters, sons and sister gazing long and linger ingly upon the flower canopied coffin, while at the foot were grouped Senator Gray and others near to the family, with quivering lips. Bayard at length turned from the open grave and the sad rites were over. The Two Prima Donnas. Vienna, January 19.— Mme. Patti is suf fering from a severe attack of bronchitis. The concerts in which she was to have ap peared have been indefinitely postponed. Paris, January 19.— Mme. Nilsson is going to Cannes for a five weeks' sojourn. In an interview to-day she spoke ot re tiring from the stage at the conclusion of her American tour. She said she was fond of English society, and would probably settle in London. The Question of Admission. N®w York, January 19.—A Washington special to the Post says : Last week Sena tor Toorhees introduced a bill to admit Washington Territory as a State, and yes terday he introduced a bill to admit Mon tana as a State. The Senator was asked if he intended to make the admission of Da kota conditional on the admission of Mon tana, as it has been reported that the Democrats were so disposed to do? He replied : "I can speak only for myself I think the best areangement we can make is to admit Dakota, Montana and Washington together. They must all come in soon and they might as well come in now. I do not see how we can prevent Dakota's coming in. She has a voting population of 80,000 and is eertainly entitled to admittance. I thought at first that I should oppose the division of Dakota, but I do not see how I can. The Territory has an area of five times that of my own State, and South Dakota will be about as large as Ohio and Indiana. Montana has a voting popula tion of 26,000, and Washington a voting population of 40,000. There are not fifteen congressional districts in the country with a population of Washington, and not one hundred with that of Montana. Dakota is Republican, Montana Democratic, and I am confident will remain so. Washington is also close and may be won by either party. If she comes into the Union by Democratic votes under a Democratic ad ministration, our chances in the new State will be all the better. It seems to me much the best plan to take in these three Territories at once. They are entitled and politically it will be as fair and equal an arrangement as can be made." Several prominent Democrats are re ported to agree with Mr. Voorhees. Air. Springer expresses the opinion that the House Committee on Territories will re port favorably on the division and admis sion of Dakota, unless the party shall hold a caucus upon the subject In that case it is his opinion that the decision would be adverse. Wasington, January 19.—The members of the Dakota delegation, headed by Judges Edgerton and Morey, called on the Presi dent this afternoon by appointment and formally presented the claims of that Ter ritory for admission into the Union, with a view of securing his aid and co-operation in attaining that end. The President showed decided interest on the subject, many features of which he said were new to him, and in the course of an informal conversation remarked that the question should be impartially considered from a judicial standpoint of right and justice, without regard to its partisan aspect. He certainly impressed the delegation with the be-ief that he proposed to treat it on that basis. He assured them that he would give the matter careful consideration and would do what he thought was right in the premises. The delegation thanked him for the interest he had shown in their cause, and departed well pleased with the interview. The Garfield Statue. Wasington, January 19. —Oa motion of E. B. Taylor, of Ohio, the House pro ceeded to the consideration of the Senate resolution accepting the statue of Presi dent James A. Garfield presented by the State of Ohio. After eulogizing the many high private and public qualities which distinguished the career of the dead Pres- | ident, Taylor said : "President Garfield stands among the fathers of the republic by the side ot his successors and in the presence of some of his contemporary patriots. The martyr President is not far away in this exalted company. President Garfield is not out of place. He came last into it, but he meets there only his peers, his compatriots, who are standing in that silent Senate of the dead. If in life none would recognize the fitness of his association more readily than his old friend, the matchless orator of Gettysburg, the liber ator President, the immortal Lincoln. Accept, e then, Ohio's gift, image in en during marble of one she loves so well, tendered as it is with patriotic aspirations for the prosperity, happiness and continu ance of the great American Union, one and inseparable, now and forever." In Favor of the Printers. Washington, January 19. —The House committee on labor held a m eeting to night and listened to the arguments of the delegation representing all the branches of the government printing office in favor of the bill introduced by Representative Foran, of Ohio, to restore the rate of wages paid to the employes of the government print ing office prior to Alarcb, 1877, when, by a clause in the sanéry civil appropriation bill the rate was reduced from sixty to fifty cents per thousand ems and from fifty to forty cents an hour The delegation ad mitted that the present rate was up to the scale of the Typographical Union, but they thought that as the government paid its clerks more than private firms did for the same sort of work they ought also to re ceive higher wages than private employers paid. In answer to an inquiry by Mr. Lawler, of the committee, the delegates said that they were sometimes compelled to work more than eight hoars a day but that they were paid only for the regular time. When the delegation retired .the committee went into executive session and decided to report the bill favorably to the House. Cigar Makers' Strike. New York, January 13.— The applica tion of five New York branches of the Cigar Makers' International Union of America to the main body for authority to strike against a reduction in prices was ap proved by the International Union this afternoon. As soon as the decision was re ceived the sub-committee of the general strike committee waited on the firm of Levy Bros, and demanded a return to the old prices. This was refused, and the men will strike to-morrow. New York, January 19.—At 5 o'clock this afternoon the employes of fifteen out of sixteen factories of the Cigar Manu facturers Association were told that there was no more "stock." The men gathered np their tools and belongings and quietly left the shops. A lockout was begun. The sixteenth firm of the association is Hirsch & Co., who will confer at 11 a. m. to-mor row with their men and doubtless adjust the prices to suit. Two hundred men will be thus saved a lock out. A boycott throughout the United States will at once go into effect against the firms locking out their men. It is stated to-night that the Knights of Labor have levied an assess ment of $3 per head on each member for the support of the cigar makers. ! The Chespeake Ice-Bound. Baltimore, Md., January 19.—The ice blockade in Chespeake Bay still continues and no attempt is made to get to or from the port except by heavy vessels. A large cumber of sailing crafts are reported fast in the ice and many of the oyster fleet have been kept so long away that there is much suffering among the crews. The ice ex tends down to the mouth of Pataxent river and is very solid. The milder temper ature, which now prevails, it is hoped will let loose the large fleet of coasters and bay crafts. | FORTY-NINTH CONGRESS. Senate. Washington, January 14.—Beck said there had come to him, (he did not know why,) several petitions to be presented to the Senate, urging Congress to suspend sil ver coinage. He had declined to present ver coinage. xie such petitions and had returned them to ( ! the persons sending them. He had taken j that course because he believed the send- I ing of such petitions has been influenced I by a circular lettes headed "Confidential, ' and sent out by a committee of the New York Board of Trade and Transportation Beck read a copy of the letter. It asks its recipient to write a personal letter to Speaker Carlisle urging him to refrain from placing extreme silver men on the coinage committee of the House of Representatives and also write personal letters to the Sen ators and Representatives urging the sus pension of silver coinage. House. Washington, January 14.—On behalf of the committee on Presidential laws, Caldwell called up the Hoar Presidential succession bill, and as there were but a few minutes of the morning hour remaining, it was agreed that the debate should con tinue during the afternoon, Caldwell re serving the right to call the previous ques tion at any time. Caldwell stated that the committee in reporting this measure had not dealt with indifference or disre spect with other propositions before it. There were many measures proposed that would more properly meet all possible or imaginable exigencies than the one now reported, but they all required constitu tional amendments before they could be come laws, and constitutional amendments involved delay, which would ill accord with the reasonable anxiety which the great l>ody of people felt. There were many exigencies which the pending meas ure did not cover, but the present ex igency it completely covered. It was a temporary bridge thrown across the chasm in order to meet public demand, and would be followed in due time by an en during structure over which a long line of Republican and Democratic Presidents might march in an unbroken procession. Senate. Washington, January 18.— Sherman resumed the chair to-day. Among the petitions presented and referred was one by Coke, from the merchants of El Paso, Texas, complaing of smuggling on the Mexican border, and urging Congress to take steps to stop it. Washington, January 18.—Ingalls offered a resolution directing the Secretary of the Treasury to inform the Senate what proportion of the ten million dollars of United States bonds called for payment February 1,1886, are held by the National banks as a basis for circulation, and how much by each of such banks. Edmunds enquired whether Ingalls thought the Senate had any right to call on the Secretary of the Treasury for any information. "I have seen it questioned in newspapers," Edmunds added. Morrill thought the resolution of suffi cient importance to have it go over till to morrow. It went over. House. In the absence of the Speaker, the House was called to order by the cleik. A note from Carlisle was read, designating Spring er as Speaker pro tem. for to-day. Senate. Washington, January 20. —A Resolu tion was offered by Mitchell (Oregon) for reference to the Committee on Foreign Af fairs and Relations and was referred, call ing on the Secretary of State for copies of all correspondence between the United States government and the Chinese gov ernment since the promulgation of our treaty with China, having reference to the enforcement of treaty provisions Morrill addressed the Senate on the sil ver question. He premised with the re mark that *he elaborate speech of the Senator from Kentucky (Beck) seemed to be to throw the burden of the rejoinder on the friends of the administration. Every body is willing, nay, anxious, said the speaker, to keep as much of silver in cir culation as can be done and keep at the same time at par with our gold coinage. Only hostility to silver arises from what seems to be a fixed and passionate purpose on the part of some of 'ts advocates to promote snch an excess of silver coinage as will drive gold out of the country and leave our vast trade and commerce based upon silver only. In reaching this position of silver monometalism, it is impossible to be blind to the disastrous contraction of the circulating medium of the country that would at once occur, for when the mo ment arrives that gold commands a premium it will all be held as a commodity lor sale, not for circulation, a small, or five per cent., premium being as productive of universal hoarding as twenty-five per cent., and no possible advantage to onr people could be expected by following the lame and feeble example of India or Mex ico in utilizing silver currency only. House. Washington, January 20. —The com mittee on reform in civil service to-day unanimously instructed Representative Pulitzer to report adversely the bill intro duced by Representative Seney of Ohio for the repeal of the civil service law. A sub committee consisting of Representatives Clements, Pulitzer and Spooner of Rhode Island was appointed to consider all bills relating to the repeal of the tenure of office act. Approved by the President. Washington, January 19. —The President to-day approved the act providing for the performance of the duties of the President in case of the removal, death or inability, both of the President and Vice President Virginia Funding Act Invalid. Richmond, January 14.—The Supreme Court of "Virginia to-day rendered a de cision in the case of Greenhow, State Treasurer, against Vashon, in the matter of State debt. They held first, that the con tract of March 31,1871, under which cou pons, receivable for taxes, were issued, did not have an essential element of valid con sideration, and they would hold the fund ing act of March 31,1871, invalid—illegal. Second, that coupons could not be re ceived in payment of that portion of the State taxes set apart by the constitution of Virginia for the maintenance of public free Judge Richardson delivered the opinion of the court, Judge Lewis, president of the court, 1 alone dissenting. Judiciary Salary Bill. Washington, January 14.—The judi cial salary bill was then laid before the Senate. One section provides that no per son related within the degree of first cousin to a judge of the United States shall be appointed by such judge to any position iu his court, and persons so related who now hold such offices shall not con tinue in office after six months from the passage of the act. Edmunds moved to strike out the clause that wanted to affect persons at present in office, and in the course of his remarks in support of the motion, said : "Even this reform administration, the picture of puri ty and grace and of everything that was lovely, has sent to the Senate the nomina tion of father and son to go to the same place to exercise the functions of two officers, one under the other." Edmunds' amendment was adopted. 1 ■ Stocks. New York, January 14.—Governments, dull and steady. Stocks were active, weak in the morning and strong thereafter, the dealings at times were accompanied by considerable feverishness. Up to the clos ing of the board nothing was definitely known in regard to the progress made ------- __ toward the settlement of the difficulties 0 f the Trunk line pool, but rumors were ( numeroug that ] aiye concessions had been j ma <j e to the B. & O.. and that company I a j go yielded to some extent, resulting I - Q practical settlement of the differ e nces that haue existed. The result ol to day's operations is an advance fiom the lower ; shipping stockera and feeders lowest figures of 1 to 2 per cent, and a net gain compared with last evening of « to|, although the Northern Pacific preferred made a net advance of 1}; St. Paul, lj ; Erie, I, and the Michigan Central is down to J. ^ ______. Live Stock. Chicago, January 13.—Cattle—Receipts 12,500 head ; weak ; 25c steers 3.50® 5.35; 2.50® 3 90. Sheep—Receipts 9,000 head ; active, common weaker ; natives email@example.com : west ern 2.25® 3.50; Texans 2@3; lambs 4® 5 oO Chicago, January 14.—Cattle—Receipts 6,000 head ; shipping steers 3.50®5.35 ; stockera and feeders 2.90® 4.25. Sheep—Receipts 5,000 head ; steady ; natives 2®5; western firstname.lastname@example.org; Texans 2.50®3.25 ; lambs 3.90@5 50. Chicago, January 15.—Cattle—Re ceipts, 4,200 ; stronger, 20 higher ; ship ping steers. 950 to 1500 pounds, 3.50® 5.50; Stockers and feeders, 2.90®4.35. Sheep—Receipts, 4000; natives 2.10® 4.90; western, 2.50®3.50; Texans, 2®3; lambs, 4®5. Chicago, January 18.—Cattle—Receipts 6,700 head ; steady ; natives 3.60®5.35 : stockera and feeders email@example.com. Sheep—Receipts 3,000 bead ; stronger ; natives 2.25@5 ; western 2.50®4 ; Texans 2.20®3.50 ; lambs firstname.lastname@example.org. The Drovers Journal's special cable re ports the cattle market stronger than last week. Prices are \c higher, the best American steers selling at 13Jc per pound dressed. Chicago, January 19.—Cattle—Receipts 6,800 head; steady but firmer; shipping steers email@example.com ; stockera and feeders 2.60 ®4 30. Sheep—Receipts 7,000 head ; active but weaker; natives 2.50®5 ; western 3® 3.75 ; Texans 3®3.75 ; lambs 4®4.75. Wool Market. New York, January 15.—Wool—tjuiet and firm ; domestic fleeces, 27®36 ; pulled 14®33 ; Texas, 9®22. Philadelphia, January 15.—Wool— demand moderate, prices, firm ; Ohio, 1 Pennsylvania and West Virginia X, 32® 34 ; coarse, 35®37 ; New York, Michigan, Indiana and western coarse, 36®38; medium, unwashed, combing and delaine, 28®30 ; coarse do, 28®30. Boston, January 15.—Wool—firm ; Ohio 33®36 ; Michigan X, 31@32} ; unwashed wools, 30 ; pulled do, 28®30. Philadelphia, January 19.—Wool is in moderate demand, with prices un changed. Boston, January 19.—"Wool is firm with moderate demand. Ohio and Pennsyl ■ vania fleeces and XX, 33®36 ; Michigan X, 31f®32} ; pulled wools, 25®40. New York, January 19.—Wool is quiet and firmly held. Domestic fleeces, 27®36 ; pulled, 14®33; Texas, 9®22. Dry Goods. New York, January 19.—An important feature in the market is the increased bus iness in exports of cotton goods, which, for the past week, have been 7,631 packages, making a total for toe month of 11,360, against 7,724 lor the same time last year, an increase of such importance, as com pared with last, that it cannot fail to at tract attention. The trade has been light in consequence of the heavy fall of snow, succeeded by rain. Clearing House Report. Boston, January 17.—The leading clear ing houses of the United States report that the gross bank exchanges for the week end ing January 16 were $929,322,162, an in crease of 18 per cent, compared with the corresponding week of last year. Gold Shipments. New York, January 16. —J. Kennedy Todd & Co. have engaged $127,000 in gold bars for shipment to-day. This is in ad dition to $118,000 sent by the Brittanic. The total gold export to-day was $1,347,000 Bank Statement. New York, January 16. —The weekly bank statement shows the reserve increase $4,660,000. The banks now hold $33,812, 000 in excess of the rale. The Weeks' Business. San Francisco, January 16.—The clear ances for the week ending to-day were $10,947,429. Balances, $1,613,169. Telephone Stock Decline. Boston, January 16.—The effect of the Washington decision is still apparent on the Bell telephone stock, which to-day is down to 158:J. At noon the board prices were not heavy, comprising in all 300 shares. Barb-Wire Prices. Chicago, January 14.—A meeting of twenty-two of the leading barb wire manu facturers of this country was held here to day. It was decided to form a national temporary organization, which was effected and a meeting was called in this city for January 29th, when a permanent organi zation will be effected. The following schedule of prices was adopted : Galvan ized wire in fifty ton lots 5 cents per pound; in smaller lots 5$ cents ; painted wire in fifty ton lots 4 cents per pound ; in smaller lots 4} cents per pound ; Thick set wire in fifty ton lots 4} cents; in smaller lots 4! cents per pound. Type Setting Contest. 0 Chicago, January 17.—Upon yesterday's figures being corrected this morning it was found that Levy had taken third place in the type setting contest. It is impossible to get a verified table to-night, but as near as can be ascertained, the total number of ems set by each man at the close of the tournament is : Barnes, 39,210} ; McCann, 37,806J ; Levy, 33,918; Hudson, 33,764} ; Monheimer, 33,347} ; Bravy, 33,230; De jarnett, 31,429. This gives Barnes first, McCann second and Levy third. National Bakers' Association. Pittsburg, January 13.—Delegates rep resenting thirty of the principal cities of the Union met here to-day for the purpose of organizing a national association of journeymen bakers. A temporary organi zation was completed by the election of J. M. Leow, of Brooklyn, president: Henry Eberle, of New York, vice president, and Ernest Dietrich, of Chicago, secretary. New York reported 870 members in good standing and Chicago 630. Local organizations exist in nearly every city, but this is the first attempt to estab lish a national union. The convention will probably continne all week. L DREW k CO. (Successors to Nick Millen.) Dealers in BOOTS AND SHOES. Main Street, Helena. Carry'Ja stock of Goods that has no equal in the Territory. Special attention siren to orders from . th*> country. SATISFACTION OUR MOTTO. tl<»wtf-n 7 ^InL dCwidwlAO iJurvinA/ Uf, oHàAaaaa^ £m*t fWvwJLotAA-Cu &U/+*4rr - oW/ evtl» H eCvV QaAAsJIÀ (h^A/t fhiAAA/*\lA*> itJ. fc (k*i AaUj mdis jWri/ tJjbMywÿ fir, üj'fAAAs CWVG) 't IAU4 O 'A**' AA (JUaMjU^P CuiAAjjilÙU j/ûW. ^ (JdA AaA* XffJL'*4tyAJjfrpAls / ^--v ^i/Uu*JL OyCCe^o (/CyU* v —^ xyLcJlAACL* ---- - SANDS BROS. New Arrival of WALL PAPER, CARPETS, AND HOUSE FU RNISHIN C GOODS. We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon tana. Orders receive prompt attention. SANDS BROS. Arthur P. Curtin. FURNITURE AND CARPETS. An extensive and well selected assortment of Wall Paper, Parlor Suits, Easy Chairs, Willow Rockers, Ladies' Writing Desks. Music Cabinets, Pedestals, Center Tables, Pire Screens, Oil Paintings, &c., &c. Jackson Street. Opposite Masonic Temple. _ cUwly-jyl New Jerseys, New Neckwear, New Cloaks, at VAN WA RTS. We have a few Ladies' and Misses' Cloaks left over from last winter, which we will sell regardless of cost. CHILDRENS SUITS BELOW COST! We have twelve Ladies' Suits which we offer very low, to close. NEW GOODS EVERY DAY. VAN WART OO. The Eight Hoar Question. St. Lotis, January 13.—The Knights of Labor, in session here to-day, discussed the eight hour question bat did not reach any definite conclusion. Grand Master Work man Powderly will arrive here to-morrow. The object of his visit has not transpired. St. Louis, Janaary 17.—The National Bricklayers and Masons Association, which has been in session here for several days past, adjourned last night to meet a year hence in Washington. The eight hoar law was the subject of long discussion during the session, and a compromise was finally effected by the adoption of nine hours for a day's work. This rnle is to go into effect throughout the country the first of next May. Government Defaulter. Washington, January 13.—The Treas ury Department is informed that Norman H. Camp, formerly assayer in charge of the Assay Office at Boise City, (Idaho, who was removed in September last, has been con victed at Boise City of embezzling $12,507 of the funds of that office and sentenced to five years imprisonment and to pay a fine of $10,000. The Department of Justice has instituted proceedings to recover the deficit in his accounts from his bondsmen, who are residents of this city. Request Refused. Washington, January 14. —In reply to a letter from ex-Delegate Downey of Wy oming, in behalf of prominent cattlemen of that Territory against whom proceedings had been recommended to compel the re moval of fences maintained by him en closing public lauds, requesting that the proceedings be postponed until spring. The Assistant Commissioner of the General Land Office has written, denying the re quest, and stating that it was the inten tion of the land office to push such pro ceedings as rapdily as possible, an 1 to con tinue them until'every unlawful enclosure has been removed from public lands. Senate Bills. Washington, January 13.— Bills were introduced in the Senate as follows : By Senato Bowen—To establish a public park at Pagasa Springs, in the State of Colorado, to be known as Bruno Park, and to be ander the control of the Secretary of the Interior, who is directed to provide for its survey and is given power for the preservation of the timber, for the protec tion ol cariosities contained therein, and to appoint a superintendent to take charge thereof. By Senator Morgan—To provide for marking with a monument the grave o Gen. Dan. Morgan in the cemetery at Win chester, Va. It appropriates $15,000 for the purpose. By Senator Dawes—Granting the right of way to the Jamestown & Northern Rail road Co. through the Devils Lake Indian reservation, in the Territory of Dakota. Also, to ratify the agreement made by the Pah Ute Indians granting the right ot way to the Carson & Colorado Co. through the Walker River reservation, in Nevada. Also, to amend the revised statutes so that all persons who, without authority of law. are found upon any lauds set apart for In dians shall, upon conviction, be fined or imprisoned or both. Pardoned. St. Paul, Japuary 16.—The Governor this morning signed a pardon in the case of DeSwan. De Swan was local treasurer of the Northern'Pacific Railroad Co. at St. Paul, and being convicted of embezzle ment was sentenced to 13} years imprison ment from January 7, 1885. Since his in carceration his health has been failing and on that account his friends have been making unusually prompt efforts lor his release. His present appearance indicates that he may not and quite likely could not live another mouth. Dr. Murphy says that he found De Swan iu a very emaciated condition and that he cannot live very long as at present confined, or many years