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WAFTED FROM WASHINGTON.
Bell and His Riches—Frescoing About the Capitol—The Children of Jeff. Davis on the Wall—The Office Seeker Still Searching—Ex President Arthur and His Quiet Life—General Notes, Etc. I .SPECIAL HEKALD CORRESPONDENCE.! Washington*, February 1st.—Alexan der Graham Dell is a very rich man—so are all his relatives. He is to become a |>ariy to an important telephone suit, and while he cannot he deprived of his present riches, yet his future income is very much indoubt. Should the ease go against Bell and his iriends, the people of the country will get cheaper telephone service, and the coders of a great monopoly will no longer be stufled full to overflowing. Dell is a handsome Canadian, and enjoys the luxury ol the handsomest house iu Washington, for which he paid $120,000. He is a well Guilt man, with black hair and heard just beginning to turn gray, and he has a young looking face, . lie interior of bis home is superb; everywhere you are sur lounded by rare paintings, witter colors and etchings, and the furniture is a marvel oi taste. The library, which is just off the main entrance, is a model room, and contains many rare works. The binding of the hooks is of the highest perfection, * and you almost fear to touch the covers, j Many of the chairs are of carved sandal wood. Just across the street lrom Mr. j Dells house is a little cottage which he bought from Andrews, tiie artist, where he teaches deaf children. Two of the cheruhims on the frescoed walls ol one of the Senate committees i have the faces of Jeff. Davis' two children. At the time the frescoing was done Mr. Davis was Secretary of War. Mrs. Davis desired General Meigs, then iu charge of j the Capitol, to have Drumidi paint the childrens' faces. It is also said that the \ lace of Davis appears conspicuously iu the canopy above the rotunda. The son of Gen. Meigs, a j »re tty golden hairad boy, does duty as a cherubim also, iu company with a litttle girl, the daughtar of Mr. Waller, at one time the architect at the ; Capitol. Mr. Walter's likeness is also there, ] as is that of Robert Morris, the great Secre tary of the Treasury. Iu the Senate Committee-room on For eign Affairs are the portraits of Henry Clay, Charles Sumner, William Allen and Simon Cameron. The faces of Washington, Jefferson, Hamilton, Fulton and Fitch ap pear in appropriate places, and there are of course many other portraits, but they are not of the realm of allegory, and are not actually a part of the frescoing. The frieze in the rotunda is about three-fourths completed, and although begun by the famous artist Drumidi, who died when he had finished less than one-third of it, com petent artists bave been found whose work compares most favorably with that of Drumidi, and it will take an art connoisenr to distinguish the work. The ablest Republican in the House is John D. Long, of Massachusetts, closely followed by Reed, of Maine. Long is a lawyer and was formerly Governor of Massachusetts. If Long's popularity lasts and the Republicans carry the next House, he will probably be theirchoice for Speaker. No Republican compares with him as a debater, and be is bead and shoulders above all Republicans on the floor as a parlia mentarian, although Tom Reed gets a good deal of credit for his sarcasm, which is his strongest weapon. Mr. Evurts is a great acquisition to the Senate, where he is perfectly at home. His place there was already assured before he came. He was personally known to nearly j every Senator for his facility and felicity of j expression. Evarts has no peer in the halls of Congress. His speech on the Presi dential succession bill was a masterly effort and attracted a great deal of atten tion. For a little dried up man weighing : perhaps one hundred pounds, Evarts carnes j more brain to the square inch than any : man in the country. The office seeker is getting disgusted, aud the dead lock between the President and the Senate is liable to increase bis dis content. The same old story of the early days of the administration is now told over again. The office seeker went home only to return. The lobbies of the Capitol are crowded with men eager for position, trust ing implicitly the backing of their Con gressmen, whose life is made a daily bore by a hungry horde of coustituents. The hotel proprietor looks aghast at the amount cf wining and dining on the "extra ac count," and trembles lor his bill. The hotel lobbies are filled with politicians who believe in a division of the spoils, and who roundly abuse the _ President and ad ministration for not turning the rascals out. It is safe to say that not one in every hundred will receive preferment to office. Yet they hope on and hope ever, and be lieve that a political mascot will eventually come to relieve their distress. We hear very little of ex-President Arthur, and he keeps very quiet in New York. It is said a movement is on foot to send him to the Senate, and it would really be a good thing for Arthur. His change of life is severely telling upon his health. He enjoyed his official greatness and cannot reconcile himself to the change back to private life. He saved very little money. He declines all invitations to go out, and is gradually becoming a confirmed hermit He has not l>een in Washington since he left the White House, and lives quietly by himself in New York. The past week has been an unusually busy ony for society people. In addition to the afternoon receptions, teas and lunch eons, there have been two entertain ments for ''sweet charity's sake." A "Katie Klatche" given by the ladies of the Homeopathic Hospital in the hospital building, which has but recently been completed, was a great success. The re ception committee invited Miss Cleveland, and the President sent dowers lor both evenings. The "Yum-Yum" booth was a special feature of the entertainment. The Chinese Minister was kind enough to as * j j i j \ ; ] sist the young ladies with their costumes by loaning them an oriental dress as a pattern, and he also donated some tine tea for the delectation of the many* visitors. Fancy articles were sold by young ladies in fancy dress. A ' corner committee, - ' for the purpose of hunting up "wall-flowers" and eutertainiug the guests, consisted of a number of young ladies dressed in the picturesque costumes of the Alsatian, Ant werp peasant, Swiss and Dlack Forest. A delicious supper was served, and dancing was kept up the entire evening. The latest project, and one that must commend itself to every one. is to build a home for the newsboys. Already consid erable interest is manilested, although the movement is so recently begun. Last Wednesday evening an entertainment was given at the Riggs House by a number of amateurs under the management of Mrs. C. W. Spofford, in behalf of this worthy charity, and the attendance, in spite of a most uupropitious night, was most encour aging. The charity ball which occurs annually for the benefit of the Children's Hospital and Dispensary will be given on the eveü ing of March 2d. This entertainment is always managed by Mrs. Gen. Ricketts, with her corps of assistants, and is a social feature of the winter here. The most elaborate ball costumes are worn, and the Marine Dand furnishes the best of music. Thus the frivolities of society are made to pay after all. Everybody waits anxiously for the ap pearance of the magnificent diamond necklace brought here last week by a dia mond broker for the wife of a private citi zen. The necklace has forty-one blue white stones, and it is said to be the larg est collection of absolutly perfect gems that has ever been made iu this country. Mr. Hatto I . G>e broker, will not state the ■ price to b. »• .ved for these gems, but it is supposed to be $00,000 or more He says the next handsomest necklace here is i that presented by Mr. John R. McLean, of the Cincinnati Hmpiirer, to his bride ( no Miss Deale). Many of the stones Mrs. McLean wears belonged to Adelaide Nilsson, who sold them at auction upon retiring from the stage. J. J. Hill, of St. Raul, Minn., has the finest collection in America. Last week Mr. Halle's collection of etch ings and engravings, comprising copies of many famous paintings and artist's proofs and etchings of the best artists, were sold at auction. Before Christmas a large ex hibit was for sale at Brentano s book store, and was carefully protected from the pro fane touch of man. After the holidays there were some two or three hundred left, and Mr. Halle desiring to set sail tor Europe, determined to sell them at any price. Consequently many of the best etchings were original cost. bought below half the FAX. The appointment of a workingman, Broadhursr, to a subordinate ministerial position, seems to have precipitated a storm in certain circles in English politics. ! It seems strange to us that a eommotion 1 should lx; caused by such a slight cause. We have been accostumed to see the highest officers of the country borne by men of the humblest origin. But the contrary is the rule in Europe. Even in England, with all its lilierty, intelligence and extension of franchise, the principle of aristocracy is as intense and .exclusive as anywhere in the I world. Gladstone recognizes the fact that ! the extension of the franchise has carried with it the right to be recognized in bear ing office. If it causes a defection from the aristocratic wing of the old Whig party, the new Liberal party will be more homogenous and harmonious, and it will gain more than it can lose in numbers. The report comes from Washington that the House committee on public lands bas agreed to report a bill for the forfeiture of all the lands of the Northern Pacific that have not yet been patented. A measure s0 unwise and unjust cannot possibly pass Congress. The grant has passed beyond recall and been substantially earned, and we believe the Supreme Court of the United States would so hold. Why does not the House attempt to do something within their power, provide for the survey of the lands, and require a selection within a reasonable time and the payment of cost of survey ? It impeaches the good sense or the sincerity of Congress to neglect simple measures that would remedy the worst evils and attempt to do what is be yond their power, as upjust as it would be illegal. The Pioneer Press remarks upon the folly of coining any more silver while there is $60,000,000 of such silver in the treasury. If the treasury officials had obeyed the law and paid interest on bonds and the principal and interest of called bonds one half in silver, as a fair interpretation of the law demands, there would not have been an idle silver dollar in the treasury. What is wanted to put these dollars into use is to pay them out and then if people to whom they are paid do not want to carry them around they can deposit them for silver certificates or greenbacks. The complaints of Manning and the gold stand ard men is about as sensible as that of the man who shuts his eyes and complains that he can't see._ The question whether Irish lands shall be owned by Irishmen is apparently re duced to the narrow point of fixing the price. It will be a proud and happy day for Ireland when the alien landlords are bundled over the Irish channel and every laborer on the soil has the opportunity to become its owner. Industry and thrill will then become the rule and the rich and willing soil will teem with unwonted harvests. There will be no need then of her people living upon the sympathy and contributions of exiled sons, nor of her sons and daughters going into exile. When railroads get to catting rates the people catch a glimpse of the real cost of transportation, and it onght to show the companies, too, that travel could be increased by liberal enterprise on their part. as- (<EOK(iE BANCROFT ON (.KEEN a for of A a of a j ; [ ; | ; | ■ i ; j ; [ | | ! i j BACKS. It is now two years since the decision was rendered by the Supreme Court of the United States sustaining the consti tutionality of the laws of Congress mak ing greenbacks legal tender, not simply as an exceptional war power, but as among the general powers of sovereignty conferred upon Congress. Justice Field alone dissented, and in his dissenting opinion quotes largely from George Bän gter on this portion of our The recent dis and currency croft's chapter on thi constitutional history, eussions on siver coinage have reopened the question, and many of the papers are considering the subject as presented by Bancroft, who holds that "it is susceptible of absolute demonstra tion that the framers of the constitution did not intend to vest in Congress any power to make paper money a legal ten der." The opinions of George Bancroft are entitled to re-pect, but be lias always been attached to the old democratic school of strict constructionists, which lias held that Congress could only exer cise powers expressly conferred by the constitution. This same party, with Jefferson at its head, went outside of these expressed powers for authority* to purchase Louisiana, the wisest and most beneficent act in the whole history oi' the Democratic party. No fact in our history i- better e^lab- j listed than that the constitution never j could have been adopted, unless many : points had been left confessedly obscure ; and unsettled. The framers of the con- 1 stitution could agree to forbid the States : to make anything but gold and silver ; legal tender, and if they had been agreed as Bancroft would Lave us infer that the general government should be under the ; same restrictions, they would have been equally as explicit in ,-aying so. That j they did favor one or both of two tilings j is clear, either that they could not agree ; to put the restriction in the constitution \ or intended to leave it unsettled. We are certainly thankful to the his torian for all facts that he has brought | together on this subject, but it does not follow that he has made the soundest in terpretation of these facts. Time and the great facts oi' our growth have acted a> interpreters of a written constitution, 1 necessarily obscure and incomplete, and all the better for being so. The dangers anr * i nt;onve,, lences o! paper money are | ! evert better understood now than by the framers of the constitution, but the necessities of business are imperative and inexorable. Either the government s must furnish the money or allow it to be supplied from other sources. '1 he na tional bank money would be good enough, but it involves the necessity of retaining a permanent national debt, which we do not believe to be wise. Gold and silver certificates of deposit, ! are virtually gold and silver themselves 1 and these can be made abundant enough to supply all the demands of money and couid well be substituted for greenbacks themselves increasing the coinage of silver rather than suspending it. As we feared, the mysterious movement against the Chinese at Seattle that opened I so good naturedly and orderly for an extra ! legal proceeding, has already resulted in bloodshed and the proclamation of martial law. The more discreet and orderly of the men who organize such movements lose control and fall to the rear as the movements proceed and degenerate into uncontrolable license on the part of the more reckless. Such always has been and always will be the history of mobs. Iu a country where the people make the laws there is rarely any excuse for such pro ceedings, for if the people are dissatisfied with the laws they can change them, and if officers of the law do not do their duty they can change them also. It may hap pen that there is a dissatisfied minority, but it cannot be allowed that the minority shall control the majority. Even though the complaints of the minority are just and reasonable and the action of the majority is uDjust and unreasonable, the idea that the minority can resort to vio lence to secure their ends can never be admitted without conceding that republican government is a failure. Peaceable agitation and appeals to reason are the only lawful reme dies, and our people must be educated to accept and submit to this fundamental principle. This outbreak of the people of Seattle will prevent the admission of Washington as a State, even if there had lieen a chance for it before. The new anti-Chinese outbreak in Seat tle has fallen like a holt from a clear sky and we very much fear that a long, bitter and perhaps bloody struggle will follow. It. is all wrong. There is no such danger in the presence of the few Chinese on any part of the Sound as to justify the step that has been taken at Seattle. Is it to be supposed that San Francisco will want to take the expelled Chinese ? j It will only make a bad case worse to attempt to settle it by violence and illegal means. The Buffalo Courier, said to be the Presi dential organ, remarks that it will cause no regrets among Democrats of other States if the attempt to hold the Ohio Senate by fraud is defeated. The fight has reached that stage when even partizan friends recognize the fact that palpable fraud is neither respectable or profitable. The at tempt to keep Dakota oat of the Union is bat very little more respectable than the attempt to hold the Ohio Senate. The rabid attack upon Mr. Harrison is susceptible of no explanation so charitable as that hia assailant is mad. This kind of viperish biting has been indulged for some time by the Independent, and others than Mr. Harrision have been sufferers. The general cussedness of the "organ" is leading on to the treatment of its infirmity by the heroic process. Watch a little ont, there. DEATH OF GEN. HANCOCK. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock died sud denly, in New York, between the hours oi 2 and 3 o'clock this afternoon, aged 61 years. He graduated at West Point in 1611 at the age of twenty, and in the Mex can war was brevetted First Lieut, for gal lant behavior at Contreras and Cherubusco. j j : ; 1 : ; ; j j ; \ | 1 In 1"<59 he was in California doing quarter master duty. At the outbreak of the Re I beliion he was ordered to Washington, ap pointed Drig. Gen. of volunteers, and took part in various battles, including Williams burg, Frazer's Farm, South Mountain, An tietam. Gettysburg. Wilderness, and Cold Harbor. He rose successively to division and corps commander, with rank of Major (.encrai. At Gettysburg he was wounded and unable lor nearly a year to resume liis place in the field. In 1880 he received the Democratic nomination for President, but was beaten by Gen. James A. Garfield. Gen. Hancock has been stationed for sev eral years on Governor's Island, New \ork harbor, in command of the Department ol the East. He was a brave and capable soldier, and bis death will be widely lamented. KI SSELL B. HARRISON. The above is the title of an article ap pearing in the Helena Independent of Feb ruary Oth—an article which would do dis- i credit to the lowest bummer that infests Montana. The animus can readily be found in the fact that the political beggar responsible for it was defeated iu his as pirations to become the successor of Mr. Harrison in the United States Assay Office. Air. Harrison has during his short stay in the Territory brought about the investment here of about $3,(100,000, where, on the other hand, the person who publishes this article concerning him has managed the paper in which it appeared so that its indebtedness bus increased annually, and recently it was almost unable to pay its annual taxes. Mr. Harrison has succeeded politically and financially, while his un principled traducer has been successful in nothing. In this spirit the Independent has attempted personal abuse of Air. Harrison without any cause whatever except such as may be found in the disappointment of its editor. Notwithstanding the publica tion of the portraits of Governor Hauser, General Howell, Mr. Langliorn and others, the "organ" is moved to assign Air. Harri son to infamy because his portrait has been published by the Inter-Mountain, and is ino\eii to exclaim, "On vanity of vanities, how we big fish do swim iu deep water! " It then proceeds to belittle Mr. Harrison by saying, "as the protege of some good, sensible man, and while working as their clerk or secretary Mr. Harrison does very veil." Air. Harrison has managed the United States Assay Office in this city, and has handled millions ol money—iu fact, more than his maligner ever saw, and at the close of his term of office it remained for a Democratic administration to com mend him for the faithful discharge of his duties and to declare that his accounts bal anced to a cent. The writer of this article has known Mr. Harrison, more or less, for six years and a portion of the time intimately, and during all that time has never heard him boast of the "blue blood that runs in his veins" and has never heard him allude to his "grand father" nor his "pa." On the other hand he has, during the entire time he has re sided in this Territory, stood entirely upon his own merits, and standing upon so sure a platform has succeeded iu making him self a name which the editor of the Inde pendent envies. And well he may. Mr. Christopher Gullability Swallow will find, in time, if he is capable of finding any thing or knowing anything, that he makes a mistake in running a bankrupt chattle mortgage paper aud trying to build it or himself up on what he vainly wishes to be the ruin of others whom he believes he is succeeding in pulling down. Mr. Harrison does not need the influence of either "grand father" or "pa"' to build him up or to sus tain him in this Territory in his unselfish devotion to the enterprises which contribute largely to its greatness and prosperity. He is able to stand upon his own merits,—a thing that the ditor of the Independent can never hope to do. The comparing of Mr. Harrison with his vindictive slanderer is as much of an insult as to compare an eagle to a buzzard, and when the "organ" man ager is dead and buried, and forgotten ex cept for his meanness, Harrison will live to be respected and honored by his fellow citizens in Montana. The new Gladstone ministry is officially announced and it strikes us as a very strong one in personal ability and popular in fluence. It is noticeable that Hartington, Goschen and Dilke are omitted. The two former voted with the Conservatives on the last division and could not expect after that to stand well with the Liberals. Dilke is under a personal cloud. We miss also the name of John Bright, the noblest un titled peer of the realm. But on the whole there w r as never a more liberal ministry formed in England. If the Queen really objected to John Morley as Secretary for Ireland, as ^reported, her wishes were not considered as paramount and we believe his appointment to be a pledge that a good measure of home rule will be provided for Ireland and no coercive measures at tempted. The manner in which the land question is to be treated by the new cabi net is really of more importance to all parts of the British isles than the Irish question. Questions of foreign affairs and relations have been remitted to the background. Gladstone's life and character are a pledge of peaceful relations. The action of the French Chamber of Deputies in voting to sell the crown jewels and distribute the proceeds among dis abled workingmen naturally raised a howl among the supporters of monarchy, bat it is a most commendable disposition of useless trumpery to a useful purpose. France will never need any more crown jewels, and had better sell them while there is a market for each things. They were bought with the money of an op pressed people, and their proceeds should go to relieve some of the results of that oppression. ALASKA-1730-1885. Vol. XXVIII of Hubert H. Bancroft's History of the Pacific States. This last volume received of the series issuing from the fertile, indus trious and experienced pen of the Pa cific coast historian is peculiarly timely and exceedingly interesting. Ihe rea i son w hy the present volume begins from t j Je ( ] a te of 1730 is because in that year t j je , rrea t discoverer Bering submitted discovery this, too, abounds in hard i < t nd disappointment. to Empress Elizabeth a proposal to : organize the Okhotsk and Kamchatka country, and proceed front thence to J discover and open routes of commerce to America and Japan. The story of j Bering's great discoveries during the ten following years is the most eventful ; and heroic of anything in the volume. It gave Russia a better title to Alaska than any of the numerous Old World claims based on the right oi discovery. In connection with these northern fields of discovery there were the same d dreams of mountains of silver and >f wealth that venturous dis of the New titer chapters of tip j wi other stores dazzled the coverers in and sources minds of a other part World. And like ail But we pass by the long, weary, deso late and unprofitable years of Russain discovery, exploration and occupation. Air. Bancroft has bestowed a world of labor in collecting and assorting manu scripts and sifting from the mass the most valuable and interesting portions. It must be borne in mind that Russia itself never responsibly occupied Alaska. It was always and only through a com mecial company, organized to make money and not to Christianize or civil ize the natives or plant permanent colo nies. We have always entertained u high opinion of the value of this late acqui sition, but its history is to be made be fore it can be written. So far the 1g> tory since its purchase by the United States in 1 si'»7 is as discreditable as any portion during Russian occupation and in many respects more so. The chief value of this volume opinion, lays in the descriptions in our of the country and its natural resources. There are several chapters devoted to thi- part of the subject exclusively, and all through the story the reader gathers in formation of the country that at its close will give him a lair stock of knowl edge, the most and best yet attainable, and still not by any means satisfying. The total area of Alaska, given at 580,000 square miles, is liable to contain abundant treasures on and beneath its surface. The Yukon river is 2,000 miles long, and discharges from its mouth more water than the Mississippi. But even conceding tliat the mainland is of little value, there i> vast and ex haustless wealth in the fisheries of sal mon, cod, mackerel, halibut, herring, etc. When we rember for how long a time the Newfoundland fisheries have yielded their annual harvests and how many are supported by the industry and its products, we can gain some partial conception of the future value of the Alaskan fisheries. Fresh fish packed in glacier ice can be carried by steam within a few hours to a large constit uency that will soon be settled in the mining States and over the wheat and pasture lands of the interior. It strikes us that the Scandinavians from the shores of the Baltic and North Sea would be readily attracted to the Alaskan coast and find permanent homes and develope a profitanle indus try, It would be just the place for the Scotch Crofters also from the Hebrides, Shetland and Orkney islands. There are other portions where the Icelanders would find a congenial home and occu pation. But it must not be thought that all of Alaska is a frozen country. Though cold may be indicated by 70° below zero on the Yukon, and ice form nine feet thick, the climate of the coast and of the islands, warmed by the waters of the Japan current, is as mild as that of Washington and Baltimore. We see no reason why these islands and shores may not some time be as thickly settled as the Japanese islands. The products of the sea abound at all seasons and the whole west coast of the continent and much of the interior will furnish a profit able market for both fresh and salted fish. The chapters on the seal fisheries are very interesting and show how one small item of the products of Alaska waters has been worked up to a very profitable business for the country and those en gaged in it, without showing any sign of exhaustion. The timber of Alaska, while there are better and more accessible supplies, may seem of little value, but the day ao proaches when every tree will have a value and the supply from Alaska will be worth millions. There are already found and working mines of precious metals as well as of coal and iron. There is no reason to doubt but that these mines are as exten sive and rich as in any part of the great chain that extends unbroken from Cape Horn through Alaska and everywhere preserves its rich metaliferous charac ter. The capital, skill and energy of our people may well be trusted to open up and lay under tribute all the wealth of the vast interior, even to the Arctic shores. Secretary Seward claimed the acqui sition of Alaska as the most valuable achievement of his administration of the State Department, but said it would be a generation before the people of the United Srates learned its value. Less than two-thirds of a generation has : J j ; j They are a powerful combination, and can as easily scorn the gieat inventor asking for loyal, honest treatment, as they can passed and already we know enough of its value to say that a hundred millions would not -tempt us to part with it. It is a land of wonders, of midnight suns, of glaciers and volcanos, a land that teems with animal and vegetable life, fitted to sustain millions of permanent inhabitants arid furnish luxuries to mil lions more. We do not think Air. Bancroft over estimates the value of Alaska, nor would anyone who judges by the fruits of Russia's century of occupation, but the next century will tell a different story, ; and this volume of Air. Bancroft will do i much to make the people of the United States acquainted with the country and ! stimulate its settlement and develop ment. The reading of this volume would be a good preparation for a summer ex cursion for our Alontana people. IN TIIE TOILS. The recent letter of Prof. Rogers, inventor of the Pan Electric Telephone, addressed to Gen. Joe Johnson, Attorney-General Gar land, Senator Isham G. Harris anil Hons. J. D. C. Atkins aud Casey Young—all of the late Confederacy—adds more fuel to the great telephone llarne. The gentle men named are among the chief stock holders of the company anil appear to have taken undue advantage of the trustfulness of the inventor. They are accused of hav ing acted in bail faith in failing to observe their articles of agreement. Rogers statts his grievances at some length and tells of the embarrassments to which he has been subjected by the non-compliance of the company in their stipulations. "Will you corue to the rescue," appeals the Professor, "as we used to say in war times, and 'save the Union' bv preserving my honor and your own ? This I demand, that the j charter shall at once be obtained and that all your undertakings may be fulfilled." Prof. Rogers' letter will strike the average reader as not being couched in the hap piest form. There are phrases used well calculated to intiame the old animosities of Johnson, Garland A Co. They were all appealed to in equally urgent words years ago, but did they "come to the rescue" ?— did they "save the Union"? Tothebest ol our recollection they did not. And hi s Prof. Rogers any idea at all that these persons of "great fame and national repu tation" will serve him any better turn than they did their country ? Simplicity can go no further if it supposes anything of the kind. No, the gentlemen, to all appear ances, have ilieir benefactor at a disadvan tage and purpose to make the most of it. seize upon the national treasury and make the government serve their schemes in search of princely fortunes. It is a stu pendous conspiracy and the end is not yet. Senator Saulsbury attempted, but failed, to make clear the distinction be tween the Senate's right of information respecting removals and appointments. He conceded the right in the latter case be cause the Senate was required to do some thing in the case, but denied it in the former. The distinction is not sound, :is Sherman clearly showed. If the infor mation on which the President acted in making the îemoval was personal and private then there is no right to interfere with his private correspondence, but if any papers were filed in any of the depart ments touching these removals the Senate has just as much right to see them as the President or any department officer. It is no business to the President or any one else what they want the information for; it is enough to stand on their right to see all public documents or any paper that has a right to be filed in any public depart ment. The Senate's rights stands on broader and higher grounds than those to which the President and his supporters would confine them and we do not believe that such men as Edmunds and Sherman have undertaken a job that they will not carry through. In any contemplated settlement with the Union and Central Pacific railroads, the government should get back all the unsold lands included iu the grants to these companies at some reasonable valu ation. If the companies were compelled to pay taxes on their lands at the prices they hold them at they would be interest ed to dispose of them as soon as possible. And it would seem that it would be lor their interests to have them cultivated and settled upon for the sake of the busi ness they would bring the roads. But it has been proved against reasonable ex pectations that the railroad companies pre fer to hold for a rise rather than do any thing else, and thus they seriously obsruet the settlement of the country that they have opened. But we know of no way to avoid their claim to lands earned before forfeiture is declared, nor of any way to limit the price at which or the time in which they shall sell. —The illness of E. W. Knight, cashier of the First National Bank, is of a rheu matic nature, which afflicts the muscles of his limbs. He has suffered, too, of late from the results of overwork, and physi cians urge him to take a season of absolute rest. As soon as his rheumatic ailment will permit him to travel he intends to journey to Southern California and remain till he is fully recovered. Mr. Knight's business responsibilities have been exceed ingly taxing, and his strength, unequal to his pluck, has been overburdened. We trust he will take ample time and renew to the utmost his physical recuperation. —The storming of the ice palace in St' Paul occurred last Thursday night and is described as a most magnificent spectacle. The besiegers, 2,000 strong, attacked the palace by firing thousands of Roman can dles, while the building itself was illumin ated by different colored firee. The com bined effect was gorgeous. The spectacle was one of the grandest pyrotechnic dis plays ever witnessed. Death of Gen. Hancock. New York, February 9—4 p. m.—The following official notification of the death of General Hancock has just been received : Governor's Island, N. Y., February 9, i860.—Major-General W. S. Hancock. U. S A., died at 2:35 this afternoon. W. I>. WHIPPLE. Asst. Ailjt. Genera. Gen. Hancock's death was the result of a malignant carbuncle on the back of his neck which had confined him to his bed for several days. No serions alarm was felt, however, until shortly before he ex pired. The news caused the profoundest sorrow in commercial and financial c ircles, as well as among business men generally. When the sad event was made known in the Exchange and at the Custom House flags were immediately placed at half-mast. It had not generally been known that (<eu. Hancock was ill and his death was unex pected. Gen. Hancock was in Washington a week ago and was obliged to return with out paying his respects to the President, the carbuncle which caused his death hav ing made its appearance on the General s neck at the base of the brain. If General Hancock had lived until the 14th of the present mouth he would have completed his (»2d year, having been born in Norris town, Pa., February l ltli. D24. Wheu death came three physicians aud the hospital steward only were present. Mrs. Hancock at the time was in an ad joining room. lue General leaves beside his widow, three grand children, two girls and one boy, named Mora, Ada, and Gwyne. the issue of the General's sou Russell, who died December 26th, 1884, and whose loa the General has ever since mourned bit terly. Major-General Whipple will as sume command of the department, sup ported by Lieut.-Col Jackson, until the President shall appoint General Hancock's successor from either Generals Scofield, Terry or Howard. The Tribune says: General Hancocks body will be taken to St. Louis lor burial and there placed in the family mausoleum. He does not leave a large estate. He owned some property in and about 8t. Louis, but little else. His chant A. are said by those who knew him most inti mately to have been constant and much greater than his income warranted. For some time General Hancock lias been dictating reminiscences of the war of the rebellion to one of bis aides, which are said to be of great historical importance. Iu this work he nus of late taken great interest. Washington, February 9.—A telegram announcing the dangerous-illness of tien. Hancock was received by the President about 1 o'clock to-day and was read to the cabinet, which was then is session, .'list after t'.e cabinet adjourned a second tele gram was received conveying the intelli gence of his death. The flag on the White House was immediately placed at half-mast and the President soon after issued the fol lowing executive order: Executive Mansion, \ Washington, Feoruary 9, l-iii. i Tidings of the death ot Winfield Scott Hancock, senior Major General ot the army of the Uni, ed States, have just been re ceived. He was a patriotic and valiant defender of his country, an able and heroic soldier, a spotless aud accomplished gentle man, crowned alike with laurels ol mili tary renown and the highest tribute of In fellow countrymen, to his worth asaciti ; i ! j zen, he has gone to his reward. It is fittin; that every mark of public respect should be paid to his memory. Therefore it is now ordered by the President that the national Hag be displayed at hall mast upon all the buildings of the Executive Departments in this city until after his funeral shall have taken place. DANIEL s. LAM ONT, Privat« Secy. The President also sent the following telegram to Mrs. Hancock: Executive Mansion, i Washington, Feb. 9,1886. / To Mrs. IF. S. Hancock, Governor's Pinna : Accept my heartfelt sympathy and con dolence in vonr terrible bereavement. The heroism and worth of your lute husband have gathered to your side in this, your hour of affliction, a nation of mourners. Sigiu-d) GROVER CLEVELAND. New York, February 10. —The hotly of General Hancock remained in the room in which he died last night. Many more telegrams were received, among them from Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel Tilden, Gen. O. O. Howard, and from civil and military officers in all portions of the country. Ar rangements for the funeral are being rapidly perfected. The body will be taken from Governor's Island to the Battery Sat urday by the steamer Chester A. Arthur. All the officers of the post and as many soldiers as can he spared will accompany the remains. The procession will proceed up Broad way to Trinity church, where services will be conducted by Rev. Dr. Morgan Dix and his assistants. There will he no military music whatever in the procession, and the only troops in line will lie those from Gov ernor's Island. The staff" of the late Gen eral will follow the hearse. The cere monies will he of the simplest character possible, and there will be no address. The body will be taken to Jersey City where a special train will take the funeral party to Philadelphia at 1:45 o'clock. There the Philadelphia division of the military order of the Loyal Legion will join the party and accompany the body to Morristown, where the train will arrive at 3 p. m. General Hancock's remains will be placed in the family vault. Norristown, Pa., February 10. —A dis patch from Lieut Eugene Griffin, of Gen. Hancock s staff, states that the funeral will positively take place here. The date has not yet been fixed, hut it will iirobahly he Sunday. Arrangements for the iutermeut are now in progress. A mass meeting of citizens will he held this afternoon in the Court House. This is the home of Gen. Hancock's childhood. LOVE'S LABOR LOST. Their Efforts Being Unappreciated, the Hook and Ladder Co. Dis Band Their Organization. Stemming the current of grievances set forth in the subjoined communication has at last become too great a task for Hook A Ladder Co., No. 1, and rather than continue to labor in the face of such discouragement the company has disbanded and sent to the City Council the following notification of their disorganization : To the Honorable Mayor and Members of the City Council: Gentlemen: — We consider it due the city and ourselves to announce to you that at a meeting of the Helena Hook and Ladder Co., No. 1, held Tuesday evening. February 9th, it was unanimously decided to disband the organization, our reasons for such action being as follows : For several years past we have been using an old and heavy truck, unwieldy and endangering the persou3 of our members in descending hills, and straining them severely in haul ing it up. We have repeatedly been promised a new and lighter truck, besides other conveniences, such promises being as repeatedly broken. The city and chiel fire marshal, showing such a lack of ap preciation ot our services and such disre gard of our comfort, have forced us to take action. We turn over to the city the truck and also the rubber coats purchased by us, and trust that their next wearers will re ceive better treatment at the hands of the city than their predecessors. Very respectfully yours, HOOK & LADDER CO., NO. 1.