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MARTIAL LAW IN SEATTLE.
Anti-Chinese Outbreak. Citizens Rallying to Order. Maintain I hincxe I'roblem. i' .KiLA-V, Oregon, February 7. — A .-cattle special to the Ortgonian says: At last the long draw n out anti-Chinese agita tion has reached a culminating point so far as Seattle is concerned. It was thought by many when the United States troops were withdrawn from here that the agita tion was dead, and as weeks went by with out the commission of any overt act, this opinion was strengthened. As events show, however, the feeling was not even dormant, and the agitators have been uietly laying plans all the while. An effort was made to put them into execu t on to-day, though with what success cau not vet l>e said. An anti-Chinese meeting was'held last night, at which a committee was appointed for the ostensible purpose of visiting Chinatown and ascertaining whether the city sanitary regulations were properly observed by the Chinamen. This ,. • miittee commenced its work at « o clock this morning, headed by acting Cuiet ol Police Murphy and accompanied by an enormous crowd, who had apparently com« •(■nether bv previous understanding. They proceeded to Chinatown, and their mode of procedure was simple. The committee would approach a China house and knock at the door, and when the occupants ap peared they were asked questions concern ing the observance of the city s sanitary ordinances. V bile the coversation was in progress the crowd would enter the house . ml begin packing the contents upon a wagon, w hich would appear at that junc ture. It was useless lor the Chinamen to resist, and they generally acquiesced w ith a- good grace as possible. When their • luve.ibltT goods were loaded in a wagon thev were also placed on board and driven to the ocean dock, w here the \>ueen of the Pacific was lying ready to sail for San Francisco. Not the slightest warning of this movement was given, and the authori ties were totally unprepared for it. The police force generally sided with the crowd, and made no effort to stop the work of removal. Sheriff McGraw was soon on the scene and commanded the mob to disperse, but they paid no attention to him. When he would collect a few citi zens and attempt to interfere the mob would cease operations at that point, but cessation in other j I ! I | ! | : would cease operations at point, carry it on without cessation in other quarters. This continued for several hours, Sheriff McGraw, Attorney Greene and Mayor Yesler making such efforts as they could iu behalf of law, but with out avail. About 10 o'clock Governor Squire, who is in the city, issued the fol lowing proclamation To the People qf Washington Territory: Whereas, It is represented to me by the Mayor of Seattle as follows : Hon.'W. C. Squire—Sin:— Tb« Chinese residents ol the city of Seattle are being unlawfully removed from this city by a mob unlawfully gathered. The authority of the city is not sufficient to keep the peace or preserve order. I appeal to you for aid and assistance. ».Kiieili HENRY L. YESLEP, Mayor. Now, therefore, I, Watson C. Squire, Governor of Washington Territory, do hereby publish this, my proclamation, warning all persons to desist from the breach of the peace and that peaceably disposed persons shall retire to their homes except such persons as are disposed to as sist the sheriff' and the duly constitued authorities in maintaing law and order, and I request all persons who are disposed to assist in maintaining order to enroll themselves under the sheriff immediately for that purpose. Furthermore, I order ihe military of King county to place them selves under arms and the commanding of licers of such companies to report forth with to the sheriff of King county lor the purpose of rendering him military assist ance, if needed, in maintaining the law. Done at Seattle thisîthday of February, 1886. Signed; WATSl)N C. SQUIRE, Governor. When this was read to the crowd it was received with a howl of defiance. It had xolutely no pacifying effect. An attempt was then made to ring the fire bells, but they were soon silenced. Two local com- panies of the militia and three companies of the home guards, organized at the time the United States troops were withdrawn, responded as quickly as possible, but by the time they were ready for action there seemed nothing for them to do. About 499 Chinamen were huddled together iu the warehouse on Ocean dock, aud an im- mense crowd prevented them from return- ing to their homes. Indeed, a majority of them showed no inclination^^) remain, - they were thoroughly cow and eager to get away. The officers of the steamer, however, refused to receive the Chinamen without tickts. They prepared a hot water ho.-e and took every precaution to defend the vessel from any attempt to force the Chinamen on board. In this dilemma a collection was raised and a enough sub cribed to pay the passage of about one hundred. These were received on board, each one expressing a desire to go and de clining the offers of the officials to protect them from violence if they remain. The steamer should have sailed at 1 p. m. but was detained in the hope that some rrangement would be made for the pas sagli of the remaining Chinamen, who were huddled on the dock unable to return to thtir hofues aud perfectly willing to go. About 5 p. m. the militia marched down to Chinatown and took possession. It was thoroughly deserted except by a few mer ■ bant.-i who had been allowed to remaiu temporarily. At 6 p. m. a writ of habeas corpus was i ued charging that the Chinamen were illegally restrained ol their liberty onboard the steamer. The writ was made return able at 10 o'clock this evening. Iu the meantime the steamer was epjoined from sailing. At this hour (9 p. m.) the situation is uncertain. A dismal rain is falling aud the mob has largely dispersed. The China uen who are not on board the steamer are huddled together ou the ocean dock. Two companies of militia and about 190 home guards are patrolling the streets. The Oregon Improvement Company also has ■ ighly men guarding the docks and ware houses. The authorities are determined that no Chinamen shall leave unwillingly. Every effort will he made to avoid blood shed. and the utmost determination is ex pressed on this point. Governor Squire iu Addition to issuing a proclamation sent the following telegram to the Secretary of War. Secretary ot the Interior, and Gen. Gibbon, commanding the Department of the Co lumbia: Si ut. i E, W. T., February 7.—An im mense mob is forcing the Chinese to leave Seattle. The civil authorities are arming a posse comitatus to protect them. A ser ious conflict is probable. I respectfully respectfully request that United States troops be immediately sent to Seattle. The troops at Fort Townsend can arrive soouist and probably will he sufficient. I have issued a proclamation. signed; WATSON C. SQUIRES, Governor. 1 he troops at Fort Townsend and Van couver are ready to move and are only awaiting orders from Washington. Much surprise is expressed that the movement was arranged so quietly. The city is full , ol strangers and it is hard to tell from whence they came. It is believed by many that the plans were made in Tacoma, as many prominent agitators from that place ; as weH as reporters of both the Tacoma papers arrived here yesterday. Mayor V eisbach of Tacoma is also here, and it is freely asserted that he is engineering the movement. The report that the Knights of Labor headed the mob to expel theChine.se seems to have no foundation. While memlters of the organization were in the mob. there is no evidence whatever that the Knights as an organization counselled the measure. Seattle, W. T., February 8.—At au early hour this morning the militia and home guards marched to Ocean dock, where the Chinamen were confined, and took charge. Warrants had previously been issued for the arrest of the prominent agitators before daylight. The work of resting them began, and by 8 o'clock all the leaders were in jail. They were, however, immediately bailed out. All the and went on vigorously. At 11:30 Capt. Alexander announced that the vessel would receive no more. Fully 100 who wished to go and whose passage had been paid ar- I >ck ! Chinamen on board the steamer were j marched to the Court House by the militia in answer to a writ of habeas corpus, sworn j out yesterday. * ! No opposition was made to this move. 1 Judge Greene informed each Chinaman that he was at ptrl'eet liberty to go or stay as he chose. A vast majority chose to leave. They were accordingly escorted to the steamer, and those who wished to stay were escorted to their homes. Up to tins time there had been no blood shed, although the streets were crowded, At noon, however, an attack was made on the Home Guards by a few hot-heads. The guards were (inally ordered to lire and re sponded with a volley. Four men fell, one killed and three wounded. Their names j are Bernard Muleane, killed ; James Mur phy, special policeman, shot through arm ; John Smith, shot in right arm. One other I man, name unknown, was shot through the head and fatally wounded. The militia formed a hollow square and ! held the mob at bay for fully an hour. The crowd then slowly melted away. On account of the intense excitement aud danger of further trouble business general ly has been suspended. The steamer sailed at onep. m. with 195 Chinese. Seattle, W. T. February 8.— All last night the authorities were busily engaged iu making preparations to assert the digni ty of the law as soon as day appeared. At 3 o'clock a company' of deputy sheriff's marched to the ocean docks where the Chi namen were guarded by an anti-Chinese 1 committee. The committee were made prisoners and guards were thrown out, protecting all approaches of the docks. So far there had been no violence, but the streets were constantly growing more and more crowded. The work of loading the Chinamen on the steamer then commenced to go and whose passage had been paid were thus left on the docks. After a con ! | j ! j | saltation it was decided they should wait until the sailing of the next steamer. The Rfueen accordingly swung out from the dock taking 195 Chinese. Those who re mained then shouldered their blankets and started to return to Chinatown under es cort of the home guards. At the corner of Main and Commercial streets an immense crowd had congregated, and as the proces sion approached yells and hoots were heard on all sides. Finally a few iu the crowd made a rush for theChinamen, attempting to break through the line of the home guards. There was a general impression that the guards would not lire and the crowd had little fear of them. At first the guards attempted to beat hack the crowd with the butts of their muskets, but the latter attempted to wrest the weapons j from them. At last the order was giveu, and the 1 question as to whether the guards would lire was solved. At last a volley rang out I and five men fell. The crowd recoiled i several paces, horror stricken at once. The ! Seattle nlles, who were just leaving the dock, came upon the double quick and ; formed a line to support the home guards, ' In another minute company D came from ! the court house on the dead run and fell iu to the support of their comrades. The scene for the time was remarkable. The troops formed a hollow square, faccing up aud down Commercial and Mam streets. The Chinamen in the midst had thrown blanket rolls on the ground at the first fire were crouching behind them. Outside the square a tremendous crowd swayed to and fro with cries of rage and defiance, while the wounded men were placed in wagons and hauled away. For fully an hour the square stood facing the crowd in tiffs manner. Not a soldier flinched, but the men kept their places, apparently as cool as veterans. At last the crowd dispersed sufficiently to al low the Chinamen to continue on their way to Chinatown. From this on the ex citement and bitterness increased. The denunciations of the home guards were heard on all sides, and prominent citizens belonging to the organization were threat ened with hanging by the mob. At last a warrant was sworn out in the police court, charging five of the home guards with iu tent to kill. The constab'e attempted to serve the warrant, but Judge Greene de flared that the gnards were officers of his court, and that he would not have them molested. Just before the warrant was served, how ever, Governor Squire had determined on a vigorous action. It was plain that the most extreme measures were necessary, and Governor Squire issued a proclama tion, with a long and calm preamble, re citing the situation, and closing as follows: Now, therefore, be it known, that I. Watson C. Squire, as Governor of said Ter ritory and commander-in-chief ot the mil itary forces thereof, do hereby assume military command of the city of Seattle, aud do hereby order that no person exer cise any office or authority iu said city which may be inconsistent with the laws and constitution of the United States or laws of said Territory ; and I do hereby suspend the writ of habeas corpus and de clare martial law within said city. This of course stopped all judicial pro ceedings at once. Governor Squire at the same time telegraphed President Cleve land that the city was in a state ot actual insurrection, and urgently requesting aid. Major A. E. Alden was appointed Provost Marshal, and the military authorities took complete possession of the city. Orders were issued closing all business houses be tween the hours of 7 p. m. and 6 a. m. closing saloons indefinitely, aud giving warning that ail persons found on the streets without passes after 7 p. m. would be arrested. By a subsequent order drug stores, hotels, restaurants and newspaper offices were allowed to keep open day and night on a permit trorn the Provost Mar shal. In answer to the call lor volunteers citi zens are responding in large numbers and recruiting is going on rapidly. The author ities have plenty of rilles and ammunition, and the meu are organized into companies as soon as enrolled. : ! ! ! j At this hour (9:45 p. m.) the authorities appear to have complete control of the city, but there s an ugly feeling in tne air_ i Rumors of all kinds are rile anil the gravest apprehensions are entertained. The Chinese question seems to have been entirely lost sight of. The only feelings now are re venge on one side and determination to uphold the law on the other. Many ol the prominent leaders of the anti-Chinese movement are openly on the side of law and are making every effort to restrain their late followers. The military and , home guards have been on duty continu ously since Sunday morning. They are about worn out and cannot stand the strain much longer. Appeal after appeal ; has been sent for U. S. troops, but for some reason no orders were issued from Wash ington until this evening, and troops can not possibly arrive before morning. The names of the men wounded to-day are: George Smith, aged 30, shot through right arm ; Bernard Mneraine, age 25. shot through the lung, probably fatal; Charles Stewart, age 30, body, right arm and head, fatal ; Christian Scbrieber, age 30, left shoulder; James Murphy, special police man, shot through forearm, Many others were clubbed or received other slight in juries. Sheriff McGraw received a shot through his coat, within half an inch of his body. Seattle, W. T , February 9.—9 p. m— Another day of gloom and anxiety ended I without any material change iu the situa ! tion. Although the gravest apprehensions have been felt, no collision has taken place. The militia still hold the city and a strict j martial law is enforced. The streets have been thronged all day, the city being filled j with strangers. The feeling of the most ! intense bitterness prevails on all sides, and 1 the situation could not well he more grave. The Governor's first call on the President for troops was made Sunday, aud it was expected that the answer would be prompt, It was understood that troops would ar rive from Vancover this morning, hut as it now transpires, they have not yet received orders, and have not It ft* Vancouver. The militia have been on duty since Sundav morning, and are utterly worn out. No words can express the anxiety of the citi zens for the presence of federal troops. Appeal after appeal has been sent to the President, and many Senators and other prominent men have telegraphed to urge him to take action. The Chinese question does not now seem to figure but has been lost sight of in the bitterness engendered by yesterday's conflict. While there is no doubt that the home guards were attacked before tiring, and that they acted in self defense, the bitterest imprecations are ' heard against them. The authorities are determined and ready for any emergency. The citizens are generally responding to the call for volunteers aud many have been enrolled. The cadet corps of the Territo rial University was sworn into the service of the Territory this evening, and are now quartered with the militia. This afteruoon the authorities took charge of all the fire arms and ammunition to be found in the 1 stores in the city and removed them to the court house. This was done to preclude any attempt being made to seize them. Charles Stewart, one of the men injured in yesterday's conllict. died to-day. His death had the effect of increasing the bitter feel ing. There is talk of making his funeral a grand demonstration. The following were among the general orders issued to day : General Order No. «V : Any violating the provisions of Any person violating the provisions of any law of the United States or Washing ton Territory or the ordinances of the city of Seattle, in for at the time of the procla j ; j mation of the martial law heretofore made, will lie promptly arrested and summarily dealt with. By order of the Governor. (Signed) W. C. SQIRES. General Order No. It) : No passes shall be issued to any one to appear on the streets after night except persons who have duties which absolutely i re 'l« lre such Pa^es, then only when it is ! ma,le to a PP. ea * the .satisfaction ol the provost marshal that the person apply ir g has been a peaceable, law-abiding citizen, who has eudearvored to uphold the law within the last ten days. All passes shall be registered in a book kept for the pur pose, and the person receiving the same shall enroll his name in said book. Said pass shall specify the hours in which it is good. Unless issued as above, all passes or j P a Pf r9 Riming to he passes, shall be taken ' j j : ! 9 u ' et ru! ltar N schools in the city, tained from 3 p. m. up by the provost guard and returned to the provost marshal for cancellation. Col. S. W. Scott is hereby appointed assistant provost marshall. All permits to keep open any place of business must be record ed in the provost marshal's office. Washington, February 9.— The Presi dent has been fully advised ot the situa tion at Seattle, but so far has received no formal appeal for executive interference. He received a telegram from Governor Squire last evening notifying him that the city had been placed under martial law, aud that the Governer had called for vol unteers to assist the authorities in pre serving the peace. A telegram was re ceived tiffs morning saying that the situa tion remained unchanged. The Secretary of War aud Attorney General have also received several telegrams in regard to the trouble. The matter will be considered at ; the Cabinet meeting to-day. lf.it is deemed necessary an order will be issued for United States troops to proceed to the scene to assist the local authorities. The situation of affairs at Seattle was i discussed at the Cabinet meeting to-day. : All information by the government showed that the authorities had matters under control, and it was decided not to send United States troops there at present. Portland, February 10.—Everything is \ both at Seattle and Olympia. The j are still on duty at Seattle, aux- j iously awaiting the arrival of government troops. At Olympia the Sheriff's posse is able to keep peace. Precautions are being taken by the State and Municipal authori ties at Portland and by private citizens to prevent trouble here. (ieorgia Biot. Atlanta, Ga., February 19.—Rumors of a riot have reacheil here from Clayton county. Three men, two brothers named Venable and one named Dulin, are report ed to have been shot. Anti Chinese. Sanjose, Caia., February 5.—The auti Chines'e State Convention convened here to-day. One hundred delegates, repre senting anti Chinese leagues and trade organizations, were present. A permanent organization was effected.' The general sentiment among the delegates was strong ly opposed to violence or threats. Boy cotting was favored as the quickest method of accomplishing the desired ends and a resolution in accordance with these views was adopted. A resolution • was also adopted demandin', of Congress the abro gation of the Burlingame treaty. Chinese Reception. Chicago, February 4. — Twenty-five handsome Caucasian young ladies received calls from 250 Chinamen to day in the rooms of the Third Presbyterian Mission on West Madison street. The reception was held iu honor ot the Chinese New Year, to-day being the second day of the three days celebration. The young ladies were ail" teachers in the Chinese Sunday Guests were enter until 10 p. m. The young ladies served the Chinamen with coffee and sandwiches, sang songs and gave recitations. During intervals bowls of soap suds and long stemmed pipes were brought iu. Then all the Chinamen aud young ladies had a merry time seeing who could blow the biggest bubble and whose bubble would soar the highest, in the meanwhile romping about together like little children. Dnkota Admission. Washixctox, February 3.—At 2 o'clock the Dakota bill was placed before the Senate and Mr. Logan took ihe floor. He differed materially, he said, with the Sena tor from South Caroliua liutler and the Senator fiom Missouri (Vest) in regard to the question uuder consideration. Four teen States had bad been admitted under the force of "enabling" acts and eleven States without enabling acts. Congress, , j therefore, was tree to adopt either course, according to the circum- tances which in j | i ] ! might get a glimpse, at. least, of the ; shadow of the real objection. The mean j ing of the objection was that if Dakota j was admitted it would add three electoral each case might seem best adopted for the public good. What was substantially the objection to Dakota's admission, by reading paragraph from Butler's speech. votes to the Republican strength at the next Presidential election. He inquired of Mr. Butler whether that was not the point. Mr. Butler denied it and said that he had already declared that, if even the political complexion of Dakota was Democratic, he would have felt obliged to oppose its ad mission under the' present aspect of its application. Mr. Logan said that when the Republicans wanted anything, the idea of the Senator from South Carolina was that it was wanted by a clique. ihe 1 attempt to keep out Dakota Mr. Logan characterized as a part of a great scheme to keep out the States that sent Republi cans to Congress. He appealed to the jus tice and magnanimity of the Senators to give ear to the vioce of energetic and en terprising people who were applying for admission to the union of States. Mr. Morgan opposed the admission of Dakota under the present conditions. He thought the Senate was asked to make new States merely for the purpose of ad mitting the office holders that had been sent here. The patriotism that had been so ranch referred to had in it a strong flavor of self-interest. Mr. Harrison then took the tloor and gave notice that he would ask the Senate ' to bring the bill to a vote to-morrow. W ash ington, February 4.—The Dakota hill was then placed before the Senate and Mr. Harrison took the tloor. He insisted that the real animus of the objections was that another Presidential election should lie held before the people of Dakota were to he permitted to participate in such elec tions. Mr. Harrison spoke at some length in further maintenance of the points originally made by him in favor of the committee's bill. In concluding his re marks, Mr. Harrison appealed for justice for Dakota, from men who, as descendants ol the men of 1876, would 1'eel, restive I straints now imposed on a Ter under the restraints now imposed ritory that was seeking admission. Mr. Butler obtained the tloor to reply to Mr. Harrison, but Mr. Cole asked him to give way for an executive session. This Mr. Butler was willing to do. Mr. Harrison wished some agreement arrived at as to the time when the Senate should come to a vote on the bill. Mr. Beck said that in Mr. Vest's absence he ( Beck ) would not be willing to have the time fixed. Mr. Harrison understood from Mr. Beck's colleague that Mr. Vest might not be in the Senate for a week, yet considerable confusion arose as to the course to be pur sued, the Republicans showing unwilling ness to go into executive session without j go agreement as to the vote. Without further action the Senate adjourned. Washington, February 5. —Mr. Lagan said his attention had been directed to vote for South Carolina because the Sena tors from South Carolina and Missouri had complained that Dakota, in 1884, had polled 55,000 votes, while on the adoption of the proposed constitution only 31,000 votes had been polled. He I Logan ) then called the attention of the Senator's own State,South Carolina. Dakota, with only a quarter of a million population, had polled 31,000 votes, while South Carolina had, with a population of a million, polled only 91,000 votes, and he (Logan) inquired whether, if an explanation was required for Dakota if an explanation was not also re quired for South Carolina. Mr. Butler replied that the explanation was that, at the last election in South Car olina, the political friends and allies of the Senator from Illinois were industriously neglected. They had not been instructed or even approached by that Senator. He (Butler) believed all the people of South Carolina, white and colored, w ere satisfied with their State government. Mr. Logan commented on the reference of Mr. Butler to the "lolling in their tfeuts" of tiie officers while the "soldiers were on the march." That remark, he said, was not just to the gentlemen "on this side of the chamber." Mr. Butler disclaimed having intended the application to the Senator. Mr. Logan recognized the equal merit of all, where they hail been faithful iu service. In conclusion, Mr. Logan repeated that, whatever the pretense may be made as to the reason for excluding Dakota— however the Senators may "higgle" over the word, the real reason was that it would have a Republican majority. Meu may argue as they please with flimsy pretexts that was the real source of the difficulty, hut the American people had a sense of justice. They know that the elements for statehood existed in Dakota; that it had the necessary population and area aud all conditions of industry—energy and civili zation. Then why, he asked, should not this new State lie placed iu the cluster of the American Union that it may add its light and glory of the Re share to the public. Mr. Call opposed the committee's bill. The will of the whole people of Dakota, he said, had not been ascertained on the question of division or on the proposed constitution, and they should have an opportunity of voting on those questions betöre any action of Congress was neces- ; sary. | Edmunds inquired whether Mr. Call ! or Mr. Butler and their associates would vote for the bill if an amendment was : made to it providing for the submission of a new constitution to the people for their approval before it should go into operation, or would they vote for a bill which would be submitted to the people of the w hole Territory for them to say whether they w anted a division or not. Mr. Call saw no necessity for such urgent haste. This matter had to be decided with a view to the future as well as the present. Butler—Will the Senator from Vermont before submitting this bill to the people eliminate from it everything that has been done in the w ay of the election of Senators anil Congressmen ? Mr, Edmunds.—I will not. After all these years of effort ami application by these people the matter should now be disposed of. There was a constitutition like the constitutions of other States in respect to the security of property, admin istration of justice, equal levying of taxes, and everthing that goes to make up the best of modern constitutions. I would not, therefore, say to these people that they must again be put off for one, two or three years. A Territory, Mr. Edmunds continued, had no right to remaiu a Terri tory forever. The United States paid a veiy large part of the Territorial ex penses, and should be relieved of that bur den as soon as was consistent with the general good. It was the misfor tune of fate lor the Senators on the Demo cratic side that the Dakotians did not have political opinions with which those Senators con Id agree, aud that was where the matter was. Mr. Beck denied the right of a Territory to divide itself, that being a power lodged only in Congress. The population of the new Territory, he said, consisted to a con siderable extent of foreigners, Scandi navians and others, who were not yet pre pared for citizenship. The debate then closed. aDd Mr. Butler's substitute was put to a vote and lost— yeas, 22; nays, 32. The bill reported from the committee was then passed—yeas. 32; nays, 22. The only Democrat voting in the affirmativ was Voorhees. The negative votes weri all Democratic. The bill divides the Ter ritory of Dakota on the line of the 46th parallel of latitude; provides for the ad mission of the southern portion as a State, and the organization of the northern por tion into a separate Territory under the name of Lincoln. ■re Interesting Debate. Washington. F-uruary 3. —In the , . . „ _ .... _. J _ mittee of the whole, Mr. Crisp, of Georgia, in the chair, consideration of the bill to abolish certain fees fos for official services of American vessels. Pending action the committee rose, and the House again re solved itself into committee of the whole, 1 Mr. Hammond, of Georgia, iu the chair, on the bill relating to taxation of fractional parts of gallons ot distilled spirits. Mr. NIills, of Texac. offered an amend ment providing that all taxes imposed by this act shall he pffid in standard silver coin, and using this amendment as a text he addressed the committee upon the en tire silver question. If silver was stricken down, he said, then the value of all pro ducts of labor would decrease just one ! half. Whenever prices were falling moue would go out of circulation. There was j no such curse in existence as the contrac tion of the volume cf circulation. When tiffs contraction was brought about then then there would come sorrow to the 1 bosom of the people, tears to their cheeks, and hunger, want aud starvation. That j was what the advocates of scarce money were asking Congress to do. and to do in the interest of the laboring men. | In conclusion Mr. Mills said : "This j scourge which is sought to be visited upon the people of the United States comes j from the cold marble aud plegmatic ! avarice which seeks to impale the whole I country on a bed of suffering in order to gratify its lust for gold. In this hour, fraught with peril to the whole country, I appeal to the unpurchased Representatives of the American people. Let us stand up and call the battle on and never leave the Reid until the people's money shall be re stored to its full value " stored to its full value." Mr. Lutterworth, of Ohio, briefly dis cussed the provisions of the pending hill, and oppose«! it as being disadvantageous to the distilling interests of Ohio. Without action the committee rose and the House adjourned. Land Office Decision. Chicago, February 3.—A special from Huron, Dak., to the Inter Ocean says: The Commissioner General of the Land Office made the startling discovery that the In dian title to about 10,000,009 acres of land in north Dakota ha«I not been extinguished, despite Secretary Teller's order in October, 1884, opening these lands aud the subse quent settlement by inhabitants of what may comprise fourteen or fifteen counties, mfist of which are organized and contain 15,000 people. The facts, as recited by 15,000 people. The facts, as recited by ; Commissioner Sparks in a letter to the ! Surveyor General of Dakota, show that the Peinbinas and Chippewas made a treaty ! with the United States ceding the Red : River valley counties in Minnesota, anil ! the country lying west and north of Devils j Lake still belong to the Indians, but most of the Fembina Chippewas went on a new reservation and the Mink Turtle Mountain band of only 2.50 Indians took up their homes in the disputed district and claimed tobe owners of this tract of 10,000,000 acres. The land offices in Dakota were notified that no surveys would be sanc tioned in the said district. Two years afterwards Secretary Teller reviewed the case and decided that the Indian claim was not well grounded, and iu 1882 this tract was thrown open to settlement. Commis 1 sioner Sparks states that in view of these facts and the presumption that the question will be submitted to Congress, he has decided to suspend all surveying .contracts in this district indefinitely. Portions of the Grand Forks and Bismarck land districts are also affected by this order. The Killing of Captain Crawford. San Francisco, February 3. —A Tucson (Arizona) special says: With reference to the recent killing of Capt. Crawford by Mexican troops, the Star says that it can be shown to the satisfaction of any con gressional committee that trade has been constantly kept up by the Mexicans with the hostile Apai-hes, while every obstacle has been put in the path of American com mands sent into Mexico in pursuit of the renegades. Whenever possible the officers were arrested and thrown into prison. Among these were Lieut. McDonald of the 4th cavalry, and Lieut. Elliot of the 10th cavalry. They were kept under guard until the approach of a large force of Amer ican troops frightened the Mexicans into liberating them. From the most reliable information there is not the least doubt that the murder of Capt. Crawford was premeditated. El Paso, Texas, February 3. —The re port of the commanding officer of the Mex icans who attacked Capt. Craw fore 's com mand has been published iu the Estado de Chihuahua newspaper, which reached here to-day. It states that on the 11th ult. the Mexicans combatted a great number of tame and wild Indians of over probably 200, led by United States officers and over twenty soldiers. Four Mexicans are re ported killed and four wounded. The re port also says : "They displayed not the least sign of loyalty, as was evinced as much by their stratgey an by the animals which they had and which I hold to prove that they were stolen." The report is dated from Delores mining camp, January 20th, and signed Santa Anna. Perez. It is be lieved that the animals referred to in the report are those captured from the Indians, which the latter had probably stolen. New York, February 5.—A Tombstone (Arizona) special to the Post says: The reported causes'eading to the shooting of Capt. Crawford are confirmed by the ar rival here to-day from Sonora of A. J. Huncke, a citizen of undoubted credibil ity. He reports that last month fourteen of Crawford's scouts whiie intoxicated at tacked Mexican citizens living near Fron teras. They subsequently rode into Fron teras, firing up and down the streets and driving the terrorized citizens into their houses, which they barred and prepared to defend themselves. The drunken scouts had the town to themselves for a time. The Mexicans banded and were ready to attack the men, when Crawford rode into town and by his presence succeeded in drawing off the scouts. Another Kail road. St. Paul, February 5.—A special from Winnipeg to the Pioneer Press says : Cable orders were received from England to-day to build the Hudson Bay railroad from Winnipeg Lake to Fort Churchill. ! | ! j 1 j | j j ! I New York, February 4. —"Tell the pub lic,'' said John Caville, general auditor of the Knights of Lalior in this city, "that the executive hoard of the Empire Protective Association and myself have spent two weeks trying to settle the ear driver's diffi culties with the presidents of the New York street railroads, but they have made fools \ of us. We have offered every inducement to them and even accepted their compro j mises, but all to no purpose. On February 1st they posted new time tables, which are even worse than the old ones, because they make pretense of making a change for the better. If the public is inconvenienced it j must lay the blame at the doors of the I presidents. "Early last month petitions requesting a 1 reduction of the hours of labor to twelve a j day fur all hands, drivers, conductors, host lers and hitchers, were sent to the various I New York city railroads, Second, Third, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth aud Ninth A venues, Broadway and Forty-second street. Blue and Whites Lines. We gave them until yesterday to carry out their agree ment, but the Fourth, Sixth aud Seventh avenues and Broadway roads have not done so. During our interviews with the presi dents of the roads we were asked whether we though the railroads of this city could afford to pay $2 a day for nine hours work? I told them that judging by what I read in their reports to the Railroad Commission ers they could afford to pay $3 for eight hours work, especially when the Sixth avenue road could declare a dividend of 119 per cent., and some of it on watered stock at that." The programme given by Caville has j been carried out, and this morning there ; are no cars running on either the Fourth, Sixth or Seventh avenue lines aud but one or two on the Broadway line. The strik- j ers number about 1,750. The difficulty with the Fourth avenue line ended this afternoon in an arrange ment between the company and the driv ers. At 2:30 p. m. the cars started running. The difficulties have now been adjusted on the lines and the strike is at an end. New York, February 4.—The difficulty on the Fourth avenue railway was adjusted late in the afternoon. The company agreed to a fixed schedule of trips which will j constitute a day's work and the pay for ! which shall be $2 per day. Stablemen, j hostlers aud switchers are to work 121 hours with two hours for meals. The old employes are to receive $12 per week, and a new man $11.50 for the first six months. The cars began running soon after 4 o'clock. Shipping Bill Passed. Washington, February 4. — In the House Mr. Dunn, of Arkansas, supported the bill and pictured the burdens under which the shipping interest was suffering. Nobody would put capital in a business which was taxed 14' per cent. If the re moval of the taxation was an indirect sub sidy God help the country. There was an end of all arguments fora reduction of tax ation if that was subsidy. He wanted to ation if that was subsidy. He wanted to subsidize in that way every lalnirer in the country. On motion of Mr. Dingley the clause re pealing section 4,371, revised statutes, was stricken out and a clause inserted repeal ing that portion of the section which re lates to vessels entitled to be documented as vessels of the United States. Mr. Buchanan offered an amendment providing that any vessel arriving from a foreign port in a port of the United States in distress nor not flagged in trade, shall be exempt from tonnage tax. Adopted. Mr. DeWitt asked and obtained unani mous consent to strike out the amendment ! agreed to on his motion providing that only one consular certificate shall be re quired on any one tow of canal boats or barges ranging between us and Canada. The committee then rose and the bill was passed. > The Dakota Land Question. Washington, February 4. — To-day Commissioner Sparks wrote to the Sur veyor General of Dakota in reply to his request for authority to make a survey of the lan(ls situated ia the regions lying , . . , T . t i * • I north and west of Devils Lake, that m view of the claim of the Turtle Mountain Indians to this land, and that the whole question will be*submitted to Congress for requisite legislation as a regular extin guishment of the Indian title, that the surveys in this district should be suspend ed. He is directed to award no more con tracts embracing lands situated therein, and all such contracts now pending to he indefinitely suspended. Opposed lo Territorial Organization. . Washington, February 5.—The House committee on Territories to-day heard the delegation of Indians representing the five civilized tribes of Indian Territory in op position to bills for the organization of the Territory of Oklahoma. The Indians ex pressed general opposition to these and all bills affecting their present relations with the government. All they wanted was for the government to keep faith with them and the organization of the Territory of Oklahoma, they claimed, would be a violation of the treaty stipulation. Reply ing to ex-Representatrve Clarke's charge that Oklahoma was now simply a pasture ground for cattlemen, they made counter charges in which they accused Mr. Clarke and others, who urge the organization of the Territory, of being in collusion with the railroad companies and cattlemen. Apache Murders. San Francisco, February 4.—A Tomb stone, Arizona, special says : A. J. Huneke returned from Sonora, Mexico, to-day. He reports that the Mexican guards who were searching for smugglers unexpectedly came upon a camp of Indians on theOpoto river, 25 miles southeast of Fronteras. Shots were exchanged but the guards escaped without injury. The Apaches numbered 25 and are not connected with Geronimo. It is estimated that about 300 head of cattle have beeu stolen in the Fronteras valley by this band. It is reported that the In dians killed a vaquero on a ranch near San Pedro, Mexico, a few days ago. Bill Passed. Washington, February 3. —In the Sea- j ate, the bill was passed for the benefit of , the States of Texas, Colorado, Oregon, Ne braska, California, Kansas and Nevada, and the Territories of Washington and Idaho. It provides that in ease of loss of the , original vouchers required by law for the settlement of claims hv the States and j Territories named the Secretary of War may accept copies thereof properly certified by the State or Territory officials. Death of Commander Cutts. San Francisco, February 4.—Lieuten ant Commander R. M. Cutts, while on a visit from Mare Island to relatives in this j ! ! \ ! j ! ; ; city, was suddenly seized with internal 1 hemorrhage Tuesday night, from which he died last evening. Deceased was 40 years of age, and a graduate of tne An napolis Naval Academy. He leaves a wife and two children. tempt upon human life was perpetrated last night shortly after 10 o'clock in a shanty near the railroad tracks in East St. Louis. The railroad men who happened to he out were attracted to the shanty by the glare of lire and heart-rending screams aud cries from six men who were in the shanty. The door was broken down and two men rushed out enveloped iu (lames, while the four others were carried out and rolled in the snow. The faces of the vic tims were blackened and long strips of llesh peeled off, presenting a horrible sight. The unfortunate meu were taken to the Relay depot and while there told how the fire originated. They had strolled into the shanty one by one to get warm ami were sitting around the stove talking, when suddenly the stove burst open and flames leaped all over the room, enveloping ihe men before they could turn to the door. The fire was the result of either a practical joke or a deliberate attack on their lives to settle an old grudge. The strange manner from which the lire started is only to lie accounted for on the ground that some wretch poured oil powder down the chim ney to the stove. It is said that the man who perpetrated the deed is known, as he had a grudge against one of the men and ileelared but recently that he would get even if it took years to do it. Near the shanty was found an oil can. The railroad meu who ran to the rescue saw a man re treating from the shanty. If the man could have been captured be would have been lynched. The six men are all fearfully burned, but it cannot be learned whether any ot them are fatally injured or not. Reports of House Committees. Washington, February 3. —The follow ing committee reports were submitted : Mr. Cobb, of Maryland, from committee on public lands, to forfeit the Atlantic and Pacific railroad land grant ; • House calen dar. By Mr. Wilkins, of Ohio, from committee on banking and currency, providing for the issue of circulating notes to the National Banking Association ; House calendar. By Mr. Miller, ot Texas, from same com mittee (adversely) to make share holders in national banks individually responsible for the debt of their bank. Laid on table. By Mr. Hatch, of Missouri, from com mitttee on agriculture, to enlarge the powers and duties of the Department of Agriculture. Referred to committee of whole. By McRea, of Arkansas, from committee on public lands, to protect homestead sett lers within railway limits ; House calendar. By Springer, of Illinois, from committee on Territories, to annex a portion of the Territory of Idaho to Washington Terri tory ; House calendar. By Mr. .Tames, of New York, from com mittee on labor, to prohibit any officer of the government from hiring or contracting out the labor of prisoners ; house calendar. Senate Bills. Washington, February 4.—The follow ing bills were introduced in the Senate : By Manderson—To facilitate promotions and to retire from the service, upon their own applications, officers of the army who served during the war of the rebellion as general officers ot volunteers. By Dolph—To extend the limit of the port of Portland, Oregon, so as to include all that portion of the east bank of the Willamette lyiDg opposite the city. House Bills. Washington, February 4.—The House Committee on Judiciary to-day agreed to report favorably the bill, to divide the ju dicial district of California into two dis tricts. The House Committee on Commerce to day agreed to report favorably the bill, for j the appointment of a commission of three to visit Mexico and the Central American States, and to be prepared for the purpose of investigating the methods pursued iu these countries for the protection of the people against yellow fever. The bill pro vides that two members of the commission be appointed from among the persons now in the government employ, and the third from civil life. Cabinet Meeting. Washington, February 4. —The Cabinet meeting to-day was attended by all the members except Secretary Lamar, who is not in good health. The principal topic discussed was the action of the House of Representatives yesterday in adopting Mr. Bland's resolution calling on the Secretary of the Treasury tor information in regard to Iris past and future policy ou the silver question. The propriety and expediency of disclosing the future policy of the ad ministration on this question was con sidered at length. It is understood that the conclusion reached was that the Secre tary could but reply to that portion of the resolution by reference to the views ex pressed by the President in his message to I Congress and by the Secretary of the Treas j : j j 1 ; j j | ! ury in his annual report on the subject, with an explanatory statement that their sentiments in regard to silver remained un changed. Violent Strikers. PITTSBURG, February 8.—A serious af fray took place this morning at the Henry Clay coke works of Frick & Co., near Broad ford. About 300 strikers from Leizneicg marched to the Henry Clay works where a few meu were at work. The strikers ap peared on the hill above the ovens and began firing on the workmen. They kept up this firing for some time, but nobody I was hurt. As they came nearer and their j aim was better some of the meu were j slightly injured. One of the men who was beaten by the strikers for refusing to quit work a day or two ago returned the lire. He shot several times and hit one ot the j men, who fell and was carried off by his ! companions. It is not known how badly ! he w r as injured. This returning of their \ fire infuriated the strikers, who set upon ! William Sisson, foremen of the men, and j gave him a severe beating. The man was ! left lying on the ground, unable to w'alk or defend himself. Later information says a complaint lor riot, arson and assault will be made against the strikers engaged in the outbreak, and wholesale arrests will take place at once. Applications Denied. Washington, February 1.—In the ease of the Medicine grant of Lagua do lathe iu San Francisco county, Cala., wherein an application was made for the United States to bring a suit to set aside the patent on the grounds that the grant was fraudulent and improperly located, the Secretary of the Interior declined to recommend such a suit, holding that the decree of the court determining the validity of the grant should not he reopened for the purpose of again raising the same issue and that no fraud, imposition or deception appears to have been practiced in order to secure the location of the grant and that the reloca tion of the same in a more compact form is now practicable. Atout 40,000 acres are involved.