Newspaper Page Text
KNIGHTS OF LABOR.
Pricciples and Purposes of the Order as Given by Grand Master Powderly. Interview with «•rand Ma*w r Work ip. sin I'ou (Irrly. Philadelphia, March -.-Graud Mas ter Workman l'owderly. of the Knights ol Labor organization, who is in this city at tending a meeting of the General Execu tive Board, said to-night to a representa tive of the Associated Press that he had received no summons to St. Louis to settle the difficulties between the strikers and ihe Gould system ol roads, and that there is no significance in the fact that so many «trikes are now in progress in the l uited states by Assemblies ol' the Knights of Labor. "It is a coincidence merely, said he. "and there is no concerted action con templated by the Order, as has been sug gested, the strikes l>eing incidental, and I think owing chielly to the fact that this is ust the beginning of the spring trade and the opening of prosperity in business. Mr Powderly, upon leing asked whether be did not think that the increase in the number of strikes just now was owing tothe knowledge of the increase ol power by the j organizations of labor, said : "1 doubt it. I think that I can speak for the ( lenera! Executive Hoard that they do not think it wise to inaugurate so many «trikes unless it can be shown that there is an extreme necessity for them. It many of the men who are striking would display a little more common sense and use a little more patience, they would get all that they are striking lor. and save their time and money in the bargain. It they would exercise proper moderation in their negotiations with their employers and sub- j mit the claims, firmly made and properly presented, to arbitiation, I am tree to say that 1 am sure that nine out of ten cases w hich end in strikes could be as satisfac torily arranged without resorting to such an extreme and generally dnubttul ex- < pedient. Indeed, in nine cases out of ten there would be no necessity for strikes. | There is a feeling now that labor must be recognized by the employer; that the em ployer must listen to employes, and the time has come when the shopman, mill owner and manufacturer in every depart ment of trade is ready to listen to the de mands of his men and to yield to them when those demands are reasonable. Or ganization, discipline and realization of rieht and might in the case has brought about this change, and these advances on the part of the employer should not be re pulsed by hasty aud inconsiderate action on the part of the working men." "Arbitration, then, aud not strikes, is the theory of the Order?" said the re- ; porter. "Yes; arbitration always when it is pos sible. Strike only as a last resort, but when that poiut is reached strike hard— J «trike in earnest—and never surrender ex cept to just concessions." ••Why this board," pointing to the members who were listening, "has, since the 1st of January, settled by arbitration ;.MI cases which would otherwise have re sulted in strikes, without gaining a siügle point by the strikers. The Kuights of Labor and other labor organizations in sympathy witli the plans constitute at the present time the most powerful organiza tion of workingmen ever known in the history of the world. Its strength is in creasing every day and ils influence is felt every day in every branch ot trade in this country. It is dangerous to abuse this power. It eau always insist upon where ust demands are fully considered and thoughtfully digested. It cannot afl'ord to fritter itself away upon every little pre tense of wrong hastily formulated and pigheadedly insisted upon. The grow th of the power of labor should be an occasion for calm deliberation and moderation. The workingmen should be careful to see to it that they do not sap aud undermine their strength by extreme demands and un reasonable assumption of importance and power. It is as someone has said betöre, it is a good thing to have the power of a giant, but it is an evil thing to use it like a giant. It was the disposition on the part of the employer to refuse to treat with his workmen that made labor organization a necessity to them. Now that we have the power that comes from organization, we must use that power wisely and moderate ly, and lie careful that we do not change position w ith the employer and refuse to treat with him except at the point of the pistol or strike, which is about the same thiDg. A strike should he the last thing when everything else has failed, and not an every day expedient, which used as such, loses its power as it increuses in fre quency. In the old assemblies, which are lamiliar with our plans and purposes, strikes were infrequent. It is new and as yet not fully informed organizations, which upon sometimes insufficient and frequently trivial cases, make this final and desperate appeal. As our organizations grow there will lie less strikes, because there will be less necessity for them. Our power will in time be greater than men now think. It will last as long as we use it wisely, and as a power no less important than the consti tution itself. "Is a strike the last resort of the Knights of Labor?" asked the resporter. The Master Workman smiled. "I see," said he. "what you are driving at. A strike is a had thing, but a boycott is worse in its results. A strike steps the production merely, but a boycott kills it. A strike of a week is only a loss of a week's business, but a boycott for a week can be the utter ruin of the business itself. We have never tailed in a boycott which has l>een ordered by tbe general committee. Its effective ness is undoubted, but its extreme power which we use with caution." "Is there not danger," said the reporter, that your order may become involved in politics, and thus lose its power?," "I have no fear of that. The matters involved in the existence and works of the Knights of Labor are nearer to its mem liers than matters of partisan politics. We have, as you see, on this committee, members of two old parties, theGreenback er, f with a smile) and other cranks like myself. We are not politicians here. We have a method of dealing with those who are, as some have entered our ranks to serve political ends. We turn them out. We have had no part in politics. It is bread and butter, the rights of the em ployed. the material and concrete things of every day life that constituted the elements which do now aud always will hold us together. Aud these are stronger than isditicul paitisan ties. When people talk, as sometimes they do, about using the Knigts of Labor as a political engine, they .Utter the most arrant nonsense. It is not worth while to discuss the matter with such a man. He is either a liar or an empty-beaded look" In conclusion Mr. Powderly said that the Knights of Laltor, as an organization, bad nothing to do with the strike in the bituminous coal region, as the m« were in separate orders, but bethought the day was near when all the labor organizations of the country would be united under one general supervision and control. Railroad Labor Troubles. Galveston, March A. —The impending labor trouble here is the all absorbing theme. The Knights of Labor employed at the Gulf, Colorado and .Santa Fe freight house this afternoon refused to handle freight received from the Mallory line. The Knights were not discharged openly but were told this evening to ask for their time or recede from their refusal to handle the. Mallory freight. Orders for a general strike over the Santa Fe line, extending Iront Galveston to Fort Worth, have been secretly sent out. A number of men em ployed at the shippers compress quit work this afternoon because the cotton was being compressed for shipment by the Mallory line. The railroads are working night and day. getting clear of freight, so as tobe pre pared for a tie up. It is thought that by to-morrow night every compress will be locked up. There is no talk of arbitra tion this time and the outlook is gloomy, as the Knights seem determined to force the Mallory company to employ organized labor. Sr. Lot is, March 5.—A special tothe Globe-Democrat front Sedalia says : The situation here to-night is considered more critical than at any time since the Texas & Pacific strike was inaugurated. This afternoon a cipher dispatch was received by Fred Page, of District Assembly No. 101, which is composed wholly of railroad employes on the Gould system, and im mediately afterwards au order was issued to boycott all Texas it Pacific cars aud all freight consigned to that road. The order went into effect at once and not a single Knight cau be found in Sedalia to handle either cars or freight intended for the boy cotted road. The feeling against Receiver Brown is bitter in the extreme. Yard Master G raw, ot the Missouri Pacific, says he will not send any Texas & Pacific cars west as he has been told that they will be boycotted in Kansas City. Fort Worth, Tex., March A. —The Texas & Pacific strike is a failure. The places of the strikers have been tilled, with the ex ception ol a few machinists, ami Ireight is moving as usual. It is believed yet that a big strike is being planned which will in clude all the roads in the southwest. New Orleans, March A. —Ex-Governor Sheldon, one of the receivers of the Texas Pacific railroad, says that the strike of that road was caused by the company s dis charging an objectionable Knight of Labor. All the shops on the line, except those at Marshall, have been closed. Sedalia, Mo., March (J. —The employes of tbe Missouri Pacific and Missouri, Kan sas & Texas railroad shops struck this morning at 10:150. Everything around aud in the shops is in a state ol chaos aud it is impossible to ascertain the cause or extent of the strike. It is supposed, however, that the order came from the Texas Knights ot Labor. It is also reported that every man but one in the shops here belong to tbe Knights of Labor, but he too weut with the others. St. Lolls, March (!.—All the Kuights of Labor on the Gould system centering in this city went out and struck this morning at 11 o'clock. No particulars are know n at present, but tbe strike is supposed to have been ordered by the central committee ot the Knights of Labor at the suggestion of tbe Texas Assembly of that organization. Information from Desoto, Mo., is to the effect that the men at that point have also gone out. Galveston, March (J— .The Knights of Laltor at the Gulf, Colorado & Stata Fe freight depot who refused to handle the Marllory freight w T ere displaced this morn ing by colored laborers. At the Missouri Pacific yard very few Knights observed the boycott aud none were discharged. Both companies have a number of colored men selected with a yiew of replacing tbe Knights as fast as the latter drop out. Such changes will be permanent. Rumors of an impending general strike of tbe Knights of Labor throughout Texas are current here and elsewhere in the State. Little Rock, March <i. — The trouble with tbe operatives of tbe Texas & Pacific railroad has extended to Little Rock. This morning all the workmen in the St. Louis & Iron Mountain railroad shops, over 1500 in all, stopped work and business is at a standstill. The men are quiet and good order prevails. Chicago, March A. —A New Y'ork bulle tin, dated March A, 15:30 a. m., says : All the morning papers agree that all surface roads are to be stopped at 4 o'clock. The following is an official order issued to-night by the executive board of the Empire Protective Association, which is composed of employes of all the street car lines in the city. To all legal assemblies and their members in this jurisdiction in the City of New York , greeting. Brethren —You are hereby ordered to to stop all work in whatever capacity em ployed to-day at 4 o'clock a. m., and to re main until all grievances are settled to sat isfaction. Your brethren of the Dry Dock roads and of the Atlantic Avenue Railroad Company, in Brooklyn, the same to be approved by the executive board. JOSEPH O'DONNELL, ANDREW D. BEST, JOHN HUGHES, WM. WALLACE. At 4 o'clock a. m. the Third avenue cars were still running, but the general im pression was that no further cars would leave the depots at the end of these trips. In the neighborhood of the principal depot, near 65th street, groups of drivers, con ductors and sympathizers are earnestly dis cussing the situation, but everything is orderly. The morning papers counsel a peaceable agitation of whatever grievances the cas company employes have to present Fort Worth, Tex., March 4.—The time given the strikers of the Texas & Pacific railroad to return to work or suffer dis charge expired at 10 o'clock this morning. None of the men went back. New forces are being organized in every department and the places of nearly all the strikers have been filled. The freight offices were opened to-day and are receiving all ship ments except live stock. The strikers are discouraged and think the movement has been badly handled. The State executive board of the Knights of Labor is here and will disenss means of assisting the strikers. The indications now are that an effort will be made to inaugurate a general strike on the Gould lines, which is regarded as the only chance for success. A committee of the Knights of Labor has furnished a statement of grievances for publication. It gives as causes of the strike the repeated violation of the con tract between the Gould system and the Knights of Labor made at St. Louis March 15,1*85. The discharge of Hale, an em ploye at Marshall, alleging that prejudice against the order was the cause of the dis charge ; the exployment of coolie and con vict labor by the Texas ik Pacific company, and lastly the desire for an increase of pay of the track men from $1.15 to $1.50 per day. Sedalia, Mo., March A.—There is noth ing talked of among the citizens but the impending strike. Conflicting rumors are abroad, but uotbiug definite can be learned as to when it will come. The railroad company has ordered all Ireight stopped going south and are evidently preparing lor a struggle. At the shops all is quiet, hut the men say they are ready to lay down their tools and walk out when the order comes. The Knights ol Labor here evidently feel that it will be a hard fight. Sr. Lot is, March 5 —The executive com mittee of five of the Knights ol Labor Assembly No. 101 have been holding daily ; j : I 1 ! ; ! ! meetings in this city for some time past. J. J. McGarry, Judge Advocate of the As sembly, has been with the executive com mittee at nearly all the meetings, while all the proceedings were held with closed doors. It is known that the threatened Gould system strike was the theme dis cussed. It was currently reported at a late hour last night that a cipher message had been received from Marshall, Texas, directing the men in Ht. Louts to prepare to turn out at a moment's notice. St. Lol ls, March 7. —The strikers have been very quiet all day, most of them at tending secret meetings at their headquar ters. Nothing is known of their proceed ings and their leaders will not talk beyond saying that they are out to stay until C A. Hill is reinstated at Marshall. Texas, and all other grievances are redressed. Affairs at the Missouri Pacific yards have been at a standstill all day, and no attempt has been made to move ireight, and as all of the yard men are out much difficulty has attended the making up of passenger trains. The train which left for the west to-night had to be made up by the officials of the road. Galveston, Texas, Mach 7.—The labor troubles throughout Texas remain statu quo. On tbe assurances that both sides will probably attempt a coup d'etat to-rnorrow at this point, twelve local assemblies of the Knights o e Labor held prolonged meetftgs to-day. Sherman advices say that orders have been received from the T. P. manage ment to hire all unemployed laberers ob tainable who are not members' of tbe Knights of Labor and furnishing transpor tation to other places. At Denison the strikers held a long, secret session to-day aud show no signs of weakening. Marshall, Texas, March 8. —No work is being done by the mechanics of the Texas Pacific Railroad at the shops here. A special guard has been appointed by the Knights of Labor to guard the company's property from acts of violence. The tight at this point now' consists of the demand | by the Knights that their organization be recognized by the railroad officials. All other grievances have been practically settled. The rumor is current here that 16, 000 additional Knights will be ordered out to-morrow and this will absolutely stop all passenger aud freight traffic on the Gould southwest system. Knights of Labor Master Workman Impeached. Dallas, Texas March 7. — District Master Workman Golden, of Galveston, who was impeached yesterday by an as sembly composing a list of 78 Knights of Labor, was found on the street in the morning intoxicated, and was arrested and lined by the mayor. Golden was addicted to liquor some years ago, but reformed. By bis present conduct he loses tbe highest gift in the Texas Knights of Labor. It is learned that the Knights have formulated a circular asking the business men to sign an agreement not to buy or handle goods manufactured by Stetson & Co., and to al low the Knights of Labor to examine their stock of goods; also that all goods be shipped by other than the Mallory Steam ship line. It is undersood that tbe agree ment will be presented to all the business houses here aud elswhere in Texas. Sermons on the Labor (Question. Pittsburg, March 7. — Boycotting, socialism and Knights of Labor formed the subjects of able sermons to-day bv three of the most prominent ministers of this city. Rev. E. R. Donahue, pastor of the Eighth street Presbyterian church, dis coursed on boycotting, Rev. W. R. Mackey, of St. Peter's Episcopal church, ou social ism, and Rev. J. D. SaDd. of the Seventh j street Presbyterian church, on the Knights : of Labor. The sermons were all favorable I to the working men. Rev. Donah,te prac tically endorsed the boycott. Rev. Mackey wanted more tax on capital and less on labor. Rev. Sand condemned l>oycotting. but complimented the Knights of Labor very highly on their strong organization. A Compromise. Philadelphia, March A.—The differ ence between the Knights of Labor and 1 the Dneber Watch Case company of New port, Ky., reached a linal settlement yester day. When the president of the company met the executive board of the Knights of Labor, which w T as in session in this city, articles were signed by l»oth parties in which it is agreed that the "Boycott" upon ! the watch cases manufatured by that com pany is to be removed, for the employes of that company are to be reinstated ami in the future no discrimination shall be exer cised against the Knights of Labor. It is also stipulated that no children under fif teen years of age shall be employed in the factory. Strike in Studebacker's Factories. Sotth Bend, Ind., March 6.—This after noon at 2 o'clock, by preconcerted arrange ment, 1,000 men employed in the wagon and carriage factories of Studebacker Bros, laid down their tools aüd left the shops. The men sent a committee to the president of the factory three weeks ago asking an advance of twenty-five per cent, in the wages of all the men. This coaid not be done, bat an arrangement was made to have the ' committee go through the shops and regulate the wages. This has been progressing for several days, and it was expected the shops would be closed. Those who belonged to the Knights of Labor marched together down to their hall and went into secret session. Noth ing can be learned of what transpired there. The feeling of the men who went yut is that matters may be immediately adjusted. They are all quiet and conduct ing themselves with moderation. They declare there shall be no violence, and will themselves prevent it should any be at tempted. j Chicago, March 6— Referring to the strike this afternoon of over 1,000 men employed by Studebacker Bros., wagon manufacturers at South Bend, Ind., Mr. P. E. Studebacker, treasurer of the firm, said to an Associated Press reporter to-night : "When onr men discharge themselves they do what we never did by them. Onr works have been in operation for thirty four years and have never shut down ex cept on legal holidays and for repairs. We have never asked our men to work half time, always having believed it the better 'policy to pay $1.50 for a day's work than pay a dollar for a half day's work. We do not anticipate any serious trouble. A few of our men have decided to demand an advance of 25 per cent, and have suc ceeded in inducing those inclined to be j satisfied to go out with them. They hold ! a meeting to-night and may conclude to return Monday morniDg." The employes sent a committee to the firm last Monday, making the demand j mentioned. The firm declined to grant the demand but promised to review the situ ation personally with their superintend ents aud endeavor to adjust the matter satisfactorily. Cigar Makers Strike Ended. Chicago, March 4.—The difficulty be- : tween the Cigar Makers Union and Isaac Goldsmith & Bros, has been adjusted. The ; men struck last March, and sixty days ; ! later a boycott was ordered. This firm | ! fought until to-day, when they signed an | agreement to employ none but members of the International Union and to pay the ; scale authorized by the Union. | j ! j : ; | | ; THE CAR DRIVER*' S I'RIKE. Demoralization Reign« in New York. New York, February 3 —The strike of the dry dock street railway lints continues aud travelers by tbe Grand street terries are put to much inconvenience thereby. The hearing before the State Railroad Commissioner was continued this morning at tbe company's office. Vice President Richardson made a reply to tue demands of the men. taking up each one separately. Tbe company is a tiling to allow twelve hours to constitute a day's work, including one huur lor meals. All employes who work more than twelve hours are to re cieve extra pay. Richardson asserted that no outside organization should have the right to dictate to the compauy whom it should or should not employ. There was a long debate in regard to fhe discharge of certain men who had re maiir faithful to tbe compauy during the present difficulty. The superintendent re plied that the company would prefer to-go to pieces rather than discharge these men. The conference ended without auy agree ment being reached. An attempt was made to run the cars during the afternoon, but the strikers put such obstacles in the way that the trial was abandoned. During the attempted progress of the test car a huge load of barrels crossed the track in front of it. The strikers cut the ropes that bound the barrels on the truck and they rolled to the street aud caused delay. A coal wagon containing two tons of coal was dumped and its contents spread before the car. A car of the Grand, Houston and Forty second street line was stopped by the strikers, the harness cut and the car placed square across the track. Each car that ar arrived was thus derailed until sixteen cars were standing across the track. The passengers were turned out and travel stopped. Fifty or sixty cars finally w'ere blocked, and thorn ands of persons were at the scene. Finally 120 policemen arrived and sought to protect the trial trip car. The driver held his reins steady and main tained composure amidst the jeers and in timidations of the mob. The condutor was surrounded and dragged off' the car. He disappeared aud sought refuge in the company's office. Finally word came from the company to take the car back to the stable. The strikers construed this as a step to victory, aud there were tumultuous shouts, and the course of travel was per mitted again to be resumed. Another at will be made to morrow. Superintendent White said : We in tend to carry this thing through. We will meet the met half way, but they want too much for us. Tbe trouble is not ended. I am told that all the lines in Brookliu and New Y'ork will tie up to-morrow." The strikers assert that the end is near, and that it will bring victory to them. New Y'ork, March 4. —The strike of the employes on the Dry Dock Railroad con tinues unchanged. This morning about 1,000 of the strikers were congregated about the stable and office, but the presence of a large force of police kept them in order. Tbe police cleared the street in front of the office and kept the crowd in continual motion. Rumors prevailed of threatened strikes on othei street car lines, but so far none have taken place. It was proposed some time during the day to run a car over the Dry Dock line. Brooklyn, March 4.—There is not a car runmug on any of the seven roads con trolled by tbe Atlantic Avenue Railway company to-day. The strikers are orderly aud confident of victory. New Y'ork, March 4.— A mass meeting of car drivers of the various lines in this city, who organized an Empire protective association, ami who are seeking to get the same terms for the drivers of the Dry Dock, East Broadway and Battery lines as has been granted to several other lines, was held to-night. After nearly 48 hours con tinuous session the committe reported to the meeting that they considered a gener al "tie-up" at 2 o'clock to-morrow morning the best means of solving the difficulty, and the motion being put and carried it will be put in force to-morrow (Friday) morning. The Sixth Avenue drivers'after they tie un will not go to work again unless they get $2.50 a day, the same as the Eighth Avenue line, aud the Seventh Ave nue aud Broadway drivers are of the same opinion. It is an open fact that the em ployes of the elevated road are waiting for an order to shut down until matters are satisfactorily settled. The Dry Dock com pany held a meeting to-night at which the superintendent was authorized to employ competent men on the terms demanded by the strikers and to insure their protection and permanent employment and that no pains or expense be spared to keep the cars running, and that the Attorney General and Railroad Commissioner be notified of that fact. The District Attorney says there is no legal remedy against the strik ers and that they/^nnot be tried for con spiracy for refusing to work. Albany, March 4.—The State railway commission met to-day, and as a result of Commissioner Kernan's investigation a re port has lieen drawn up setting forth that the Dry Dock Street Railway in New York city had violated the requirements of its charter in not running cars on March 2d and 3d ; that it had been prevented by force on the 3d ; that a mere attempt to occassionally run a car is not sufficient, but the attempt must he continuons to supply the transportation needs of the public ; that the company has no right to deprive the public of these facilities on a mere question of wages, and that there should be a law in the interest of the pub lic in cases of corporations and individuals engaged in public transportation and to force both parties to submit to arbitration. The board decided to notify the road to re sume travel on its lines, in default of which the Attorney General will be asked to take steps to forfeit the charter. New York, March 5. —The grand "tie up" of all the surface lines of the city, or dered by the executive board of the Em pire Protective Association, took place this morning and no car is running and at 4:20 o'clock the first car for the day on the Sixth Ayenue road should have left the depot at Forty-third street. The car did not do so and as the night men arrived with their cars they ran them into the stables. The men stood around quietly, langhed and chatted in the best of humor and did not resort to any violence. The last car left the Broadway railroad depot at 3:50 o'clock and the next one to arrive entered the de pot and did not come out again. The men were very quiet as they did not intend to tie up until 4:50 a. m., but agents from the Protective Association arrived and ordered tbe men to leave which they did in an in stant. They assembled in orderly groups and prepared to march to their hall on West Fifty-second street where they will remain during the day. When car No. 204 of the Third Avenue liue reached the depot at Sixty-eighth street at 4:20 o'clock the driver turned from the main track into the stables and unhitched his horses. Every car that arrived subsequently did the same. There was not Um slightest excitement or noise at 4:45 «feck. There were only fifteen men about the depot and they all belonged to the night force, for the day men simplified matters by not reporting for duty. President Lamb of the company was immediately notified, but he decided to do nothing until he calls a meeting ol the directors during the day when it will be decided whether it would be worth while to to make an attempt to run a car. A few policemen were sent over from the Fifty-ninth street station, but their services were not ueeded, for everything was quiet. The lollow ing dispatches were received at police headquarters this morn lug at 4:15 a. in : "Tue twelfth precinct ears have stopped running hire. There is no trouble aud most of the men weut away from tbe stables as soon as they were through. Those who remain are orderly and quiet. 4:20 a. m.—The Twenty-eighth Precinct, Sixty-fifth street and Third avenue cars have all tied up. Very few people are about tbe stables and public places. There is no trouble and everyliody is quiet. 4.22 a. in, Thirteenth Precinct, 126th street and Eighth avenue—No cars are running in this precinct. The men all left ai. soou as through work. There are no crowds around, aud the public places are all closed. Police Inspector Byrnes, who has reason to believe that there is to be an incursion of thieves from neighboring cities, such as Boston, Philadelphia, Jersey City and Al bany, has taken measures to prevent their entrance iuto the city. He has all the ferries and raiiroad stations watched by detectives, who will send them back to their homes. If they persist in coming into the city they will be locked up. Inspector Byrnes said this morning that he expected to-day would be like, the second day of the draft riots. At police headquarters early this morning it was said that among those who are to be arrested on warrants issued last night, are chairmau O'Donnell of the Employes Protective Association, and other members of the executive committee, Best. Wallace, Hughes and Merrill. It is said that they will not be arrested unless they commit some overt acts to-day, when they will he accused of inciting to violence. It was said at police headquarters that the presidents of the car companies were holding a general mteting this morning and it was the general opinion that they will advise Mr. Richardson and the Direc tors of the Dry Dock, East Broadway aud Battery Railroad Company to accede to the demands of the men. The chairman of the Brooklyn strikers committee said it will not order the "tie-up" to be loosened until they hear from Mr. O'Donnell that the demands of the men on the Richardson-Brooklyn roads have also been granted. 4:3U a. m.—The cars in Brooklyn were all running on schedule time except the Atlantic avenue line, which were out on Wednesday. There was no trouble at aDy place in the city, the strikers having dis persed. 7 a. m.—Under the existing city ordi nance no man can drive a street car in the city without a license. The number of these licenses is limited and the organiza tion of drivers is thus complete. The vari ous companies will be compelled to run at least one car a day over their liue or forfeit their charters. If an attempt is made to-day to prevent this the city will be compelled to exercise its fullest power or be held liable for damages. Under the decree of the Empire Protec tive Association at least 1,500 men ceased labor this morning. At 6 o'clock not a street car was running on Manhattan Is land. At the Thirty-third street stables of tbe Third avenue liue it was stated that il tbe directors of the Dry Dock line did not yield to the demands of the strikers before noon to-day, the association would order out all tbeemployes of the elevated rail roads iu this city and Brooklyn. Police men were on hand and preserved order. 11:45 a. m.—Up to this hour no distur bance has been reported at police uead quarters. Not a car is runuing aud as yet no attempt has been made to send out cars. The city appears as if dead. Nothing like the present trouble has been witnessed, even since the worst days of the great epizootic epidemic a dozen years ago. The strikers preserve an attitude of quiet deter mination. awaiting tbe result of the con ference now* Ireing held lietween the ex ecutive committee of the Empire Associa tion and the Railroad Commissioner. 1:30 p.m.—Police Superintendent Mur ray has received intelligence that the com mittees which met to consider the strike troubles has adjourned and that matters have been adjusted. The men will resume work at 2 o'clock tbis afternoon ou all the lines in this city and Brooklyn. New Y'ork, March 5.— At 2 p. m. crowds were gathered at the east side ot the sta bles of the CTosstown lines at the corner of Grand aud Cortland streets. A messenger came running through the streets and gave a message to tbe officials of the company. It was the official notification that the strike was ended, and tbe men were ready to iesume work. It w a« signed by the chair man ol' the executive committee. The stable doors were unbarred and thrown open. The crowd understood the meaning of this and cheered. Car No. 1 was rolled out of the depot and was soon adorned with new brooms and flags. It started out amid demonstrations from the crowds. It was filled with friends of the strikers. Nobody thought of paying fares, and all the way down to the postoffice there was an ovation. The strikers of tbe Avenue B and Avenue D cars marched to the 14th street stables at 1:30 p. m., and Inspector Byrnes and 100 men were there, too. At 2:30 the doors were opened and the stable men and hitchers marched in, took oft' their coats and went to work. Some non-union men, who had been feeding the horses, retired. It was 2:47 when the bob tail car of the Avenue D line drove ont into the shouting crowd and rumbled along on its first trip. Car No. 77 of the Avenue B line soon followed, and a nominal order of things was soon restored. Car No. 1, of the 3d avenue line, started at 2:45, and was attended all along the route by shoots and cheers. Car No. 16, of the 6th avenue line, was the first over that road, and this, as on all other lines as they, one by one, resum ed, was attended by shouting crowds. ' After the strike had ended many of the Brooklyn drivers and conductors presented themselves at the offices of Mr. Richard son, in that city, but that gentleman thought it not worth while to start until to-morrow. The obstructions placed on the tracks were removed, however, during the afternoon, and about 5 o'clock the 5th and 7th avenue cars began running. They were followed before 6 o'clock by the cars of all the other lines, and to-night the street car travel of Brooklyn is restored to its ordinary condition. New York, March 5.—The Times this morning in an editorial on the riots of yesterday says : "There is bat one way of dealing with outbreaks like that of yester day, and that is a prompt and vigorous way. The arrogant and lawless methods of labor organizations are becoming such a threat to invested capital and*business that they are in danger of doing infinite dam age* to all the industrial interests of the country, and from which the laboring men themselves will eventually sutler most. When they confine themselves to peaceful and orderly methods they are capable of doing mach good as has been shown in several recent instances in this city, but the moment they transcend the bounds of su'-h methods they become hostile to the very cause to which they profess to he de voted and enemies to society. It would be a salutary lesson to them if every un lawful act were at once visited with the severest penalty. It is hoped that our authorities will wake up to their responsi bility and have no more good natured paltering with riotous proceedings on the streets. __ Advance in Wages. Harteoed, Conn., March 8.—The New Y'ork & Hartford Railroad Co. has decided to raise the pay of laborers on all divisions from $1.35 to $1.50 per day. HALE BROS. & CO. WILL IT NOT Pi! YOU TO SEI IIS ÂR ORDER ? Send for samples of Cassimere, showing style and quality of our Clothing. We are offering a special line of Boys Suits, ages 12 to 17 years, at $5.95. Large, direct cash buying: makes close prices possible. Our Country Order Department has again been enlarged and new facilities added to accom modate our increasing trade. We are this season opening a much larger and more varied assortment than ever collected. Here may be found the newest styles and best qualities from the leading markets of the world, while we guarantee our prices against any house in the West, quality considered. A careful comparison can but convince you that we mean what we say. We feel fully assured that the more you compare our prices and qualities the more ot your trade will we secure. Any orders you may send us will receive prompt attention. Our various lines are : Dry Goods» Fancy Goods, Cloaks and Wraps, Boots and Shoes, Clothing, Cents' Furnish ings, Hats and Caps, Trunks, Valises, etc. WK ALLOW NO HOUSE ON THE COAST TO UNDERSELL OS' Send for samples and our Illustrated Catalogue—FREE. HALE BROS. <Sc CO., 829, 831, 833, 835 K street and 1026 Ninth street, Sacramento, California. Coal Miners Strike. Pittsburg, March 7.—The miners with in the bands of Federation No. 3 will strike to-morrow il their wages are not advanced. The Federation is composed of miners in George's creek region, Maryland ; Elk Garden, YV. Va.; Pocahontas, Ya. The Salisbury and Clearfield, Pa., strike, will be for a 10 cent advance in the price of digging coal. At least 10,000 miners will be affected by it. In general the strike affects the mines which ship coal to the East and not those shipping west. In the Meyersdale or Salisbury region there are about 4,500 miners, and it is rumored that one lirrn ha 3 granted the advance It this be true it is likely that the rest will fol low the example. At Irwins station. Pa., the miners employed at the Pennsylvania Gas and West Moreland companies shafts will meet to-morrow when it is expected that 60 cents per ton will be demanded for digging. The present price is 50 cents per ton. Boycotted Cigars. St. Louis, March 7.—As to the result of the boycott against non-union made cigars, wholesale grocers and dealers of this city are receiving large lots of cigars returned from their customers with the word that they cannot sell them. Retail dealers say that very large numbers of their cus tomers, on asking for a cigar lift the box and look at the bottom of it, and if they are not labeled they hand them back, say ing they will not smoke them. Jobbers say they cannot sell non-union cigars to the city trade or on railroads, and their only course will be to dispose of them at tbe interior points where the Knights of Labor do not penetrate. Protection Measures. New York, March 5. —A Providence special says : The recent aggressive action on the part of the Knights of Labor has put the entire body of Rhode Island textile manufactures on the defensive. Y'esterday a formal meeting was held at which every textile manufacturer in Rhode Island was represented and they each and all pledged themselves to the extent of five per cent of their respective pay rolls for the purpose of defending their interests. The sum thus pledged amounts to about $1.000,000. Going to Work. Chicago, March 4.—Eight hundred men are at work at the McCormick reaper fac tory this morning, ont of fourteen hundred who stopped February 16th, owing to the refusal of the company to discharge four non-union men. The unemployed men held a meeting this morning, at which they conceded the right of McCormick to employ and discharge whom he chose. Masonic Affairs. LONDON, March 3. —Tbe Prince of Wales, as Grand Master of British Free Masons, has withdrawn the patent of ap pointment from the representative of the Grand Lodge of England at the Graud Lodge of Illinois, the latter having severed fraternal relations with the English Lodge of Montreal. Sanguinary Parent. Marcellus, Mich., March!.—A teacher in the Thompson District school, named M. J. Vincent, punished a child of Thomas Cleland a few days ago, whereupon the father went to the school house and at tacked the teacher with a razor, cutting him in several places. One cut extended fourteen inches across his back, severed a rib and exposed his heart. Vincent's con dition is critical. Cleland was arrested but waived an. examination and was held for trial. Hinter« linder Bonds. Portland, Ore., March 4. — Twelve whit« men, identified as being in the mob which drove the Chinese out of Oregou City on the night of February 21, were ar rested to-day by the U. S. Marshal ami brought here. All waived examination before the U. S. Commissoiner and were bound over to await theaction of the graud jury in three thosand dollarseach. Ten of the prisoners gave bonds and the remainder are confined in the county jail. Judge Deady has summoned the grand jury to convene on the 23d inst. It is not likely that any arrests will follow the outrages of last Sunday night, for the reason that the mob was masked and it will be impossible to identify any of the rioters. Chinese Driven Out. Portland, Oregon, March 5.—About 3 o'clock this morning 125 Chinese at work as wood choppers and grubbers near Mt. Taber, three miles east of here, were driven out by a mob of l*etween sixty and eighty whites, most of them masked, who marched them to the ferry, whence they were conveyed to this city. It was an ex act repetition of the outrage committed Sunday night in the outskirts of Albina Terrible Explosion. Connellsvii.i.e, Pa., March 8— Shortly after noon to-day a series of explosions took place in the Uniondale mine at Dun bar, four miles from here, by which two men were killed and twelve others received injuries, which will prove fatal in at least four cases. The cause of tbe explosion was firedamp. There were twenty-three men in the pit. The first explosion occurred about 12:30 this p. m. It was terrific and was followed by two others in quick suc cession. The first explosion caused the death of three men and injured three. The rest ran toward the month of the pit and before they reached it another explosion occurred. The lights were blown out, dust blinded the men and the passageways were blocked up cutting off all escape. The pit was on fire and a horrible death awaited the imprisoned miners. Nine of them, who had been working in another entry, man aged to make their way out before most of the pit was choked up. The force of the shock can be imagined as it forced the men in the Morrill, Calvin and Wheeler, adjoining mines, to drop their tools and rush panic stricken to the top. The ground rolled and quaked so that many fell down, and three men in the Morrill mine were violently thrown against the walls and seriously injured. Everybody rushed to the Union ville mine. Columbus Shay ol the Mahoning works, and Jack Henderson, of the Calvin mine, headed a rescuing party and went to work with picks and shovels to force an entrant*. In a few moments an opening was made and severa. rushed forward to enter the mine but were repelled by a volume of Harnes. It took several minutes for the smoke aüd fire to dear away. The cries of paiu and moans of the injured were pitiable. Tbe men were lying in every direction, buried under the masses ot debris. Several of them were horribly burned. Twelve of them were found in a dying condition, while two others were «lead and mangled in an almost unrecognizable mass. The killed are Jdo, YVilliams, a truckman, aged 45 years. He leaves a wife and four children. John Cape, miner, aged 50 years. He leaves a wife and nine children. Among the in jured are Jacob Cape, aged 15 years ; can not live. Cal. Martin, aged 1!) years : can not live. Several others will lie maimed lor life.