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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, April 22, 1886, Image 2

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TWIN CITIES,
The St. Paul and Minneapolis of
Montana.
Great Falls to Be Duplicated by
Another City of the Same Name
at the Lower Falls.
Another "Future Great" Manufactur
ing City.
To the Benton River Preux of the 16th
inst. we are indebted for the first report of
the following news, which has since been
corroborated iu a talk with Mr. Edgerton,
treasurer of the new company. The gist
of the affair is the fact that a company has
been organized to build a great manufactur
ing city at the Big Falls of the Missouri on
the north side of the river, seven miles
from the present town of Great Falls. This
movement is inaugurated by an incorpor
ated organization, called the Great Falls
Improvement Company — an association
which has nothing to do with the Hill
Gihson organization that founded the
present Great Falls City. In tact it is
understood that the new company are the
friends of the Northern Pacific and rely
upon that road to assist in the develop
ment of their scheme. This of course
makes the prop>»sed town at the Big Falls
a rival of the already established city, and
iu the future development of Northern
Montana the strife for supremacy between
the two Great Falls cities on the Missouri,
situated only seven miles apart and with
common aims and objects, will be a repe
tition of the history of the growth of the
twin cities on the Mississippi in Minne
sota—St. Paul and Minneapolis.
THU COMPANY.
Aliout three years ago, when the boom
caused by the completion of the Northern
Pacific still sat upon the country, Chandler
A Chater, of local fame, formed a syndi
cate of English capitalists and purchased
the claim of Chas. Loth at the Great Falls
of the Missouri. Last year this syndicate
sold out to, or was rather merged into, the
Great Falls Improvement Company, an
organization composed of men of enter
prise and wealth, who are to found the
rival manufacturing city on the other side
of the Missouri, a short distance from the
existing town of Gteat Falls. This com
pany have kept their organization a secret
for some time, but now they have issued
their prospectus and announce their in
tention of commencing operations at once.
The following are the trustees of the new
company.
L. C. Murray, (president) president of
the United States National Bank of New
York.
H. L. Terrell, (vice president) general
counsel of the East Tennessee, \ irginia A
Georgia K. 14., New York.
A. B. Farnsworth, general passenger
agent, Rock Lsland mod York.
n. L«. Bridgman,. I rank Leslies pub
lishing house, New York.
E. D. Edgerton, i treasurer) cashier
Second National Bank, Helena.
E. P. Capen, city ticket agent Minn. &
St. L. K. B., Minneapolis.
Dr. T. J. Kisner, Canton, Ohio.
A. Chandler, (townsite agent) Spokane
Falls.
J. O. Griggs, (secretary) Helena.
OBJECTS.
I
The River Pass says the object of the j
company, as set forth in the prospectus, is
to build a great manufacturing city at the
lower or great falls of the Missouri, and
although it is calculated to mix matters
somewhat the name of the new town is to
be Great Falls City. "After a careful ex
amination by competent parties, says the
document at hand, "of all the land lying
on both sides of the Missouri at that
point, it has ht en decided that by far the
most desirable and advantageous location
is the north side of the river, at the great
falls themselves, and here the company
proposes to lay out the new town—Great
Falls City." There is water power here
sufficient to operate over .>,(XMi mills and
factories, which, the prospectus says, is to
he the bone and sinew ot the great city
that is sure to grow up at no distant day
around this, the most wonderful water
power on the continent.
TO BEGIN OPERATIONS.
A contract has recently l>een let by the
government for the survey of the land at
the Big Falls, and as soon as this is com
pleted they will lay out their townsite and
proceed with the development of
their scheme. A large hotel will
be built at the place this spring. The
company has 1,900 acres which will be
platted, yielding 14,000 lots. This does
not include their property at Black Eagle
and Kainhow falls, which will be cut, up ,
into 7,000 similar lots. Evidently there j
will lie enough to go round. Two thousand j
shares of stock (£200,000) are oflered for |
sale and a good portion of it is already
ta j. en
The Press suggests that there is
the scheme than would "J"
, , . T ,* 0 ru Pacific builds
siirht lb»
irom Helena to this city, it continues, it
would give the new town a railroad and
the l>est efforts of the N. P. would be put
forth to build it up, in opposition to Hill s
town. The water power is all that is
claimed for it and reduction works could
be put here as well as at the other place.
As a pleasure resort it would have no equal
Montana, and with a railroad would be
visited by thousands annually. Coal has been
found in the vicinity, and a little develop
ment will doubtless show up good veins
ofthat article; if not, it is but ten or
fifteen miles to Belt creek or Sand Coulee."
----*• ---
G»k>i> citizens assume that the new
management has not quite shook loose of
the chronic malcontents who lor months
past have made the Independent their
vehicle of general fuss-making.
Attorney General Garland was
before the telephone investigating com-
mittee to-day. He repeated the story he
told the President on October 8th last.
W HICH IS BEST ? ZS
The British imperial and all the
colonial governments pay liberal sub
sidies to build up and sustain regular
steamship lines. This has been done
systematically and constantly. Our
government, on the contrary, pays little
or nothing and whenever the attempt
has been made to secure subsidy it has
been frittered away, it has cost about as
much as it came to and little benefit was
realized to the direct objects. We have
subsidized railroads on a grand scale,
where there was no chance for compe
tition, but on the main wean, where
competition is closest and always will
be, we have done nothing, and then la
ment that our flag is disappearing from
the ocean and that all our carrying trade
is in foreign hands.
By subsidizing trunk line railroads we
have given such a momentum to rail
road construction that the business goes
on now without any aid. The trunk
lines have to build branches to keep life
' n ^ ie Hunk an( l ou * I 'i va l s > from
their tributary territory.
The British can build iron and steel
steamships cheaper than we can ; they
can equip, man and operate them
cheaper than we can. Notwithstanding
all this the British government syste
matically subsidizes all or nearly all the
great steamship lines. How long will it
be under .this state of affairs before we
shall have any American lines to carry
our Hag and i serve the interests of our
commerce? Clearly we have no right to
expect to have any so long as the con
ditions remain.
It is a pretty safe •principle that we
can have nothing of great value, and
when we want it, without paying for it.
Generally those do well who get what
they pay for.
What we are getting at is that our
government by general law should en
courage the establishment of ocean
steamship lines with all the principal
countries in the world. This should
not be done by any si>ecial act for any
particular line to any particular [>ort 7
but to the first line that will put on the
requisite number of steamers of a cer
tain character and capacity.
We want such a measure to go through
Congress without any lobbying, on gen
eral conviction that this is the only
business-like way to secure an object
that is clearly desirable.
This subsidy may be limited iu years
and may be paid for transportation of
mails or generally without regard to
that service. But in some form and by
general law and upon o|»en, business
principles it ought to be done, and will
have to be done before our ocean steam
ship service will compare favorably with
that of other nations or with our own
railroad systems. To start new enter
prises requiring large investments of
(.<11 lUCic ao Ai ^ C'A yj a ------ ----------
of self-support at least during the in
fancy of the enterprise.
When we have once secured ample
means to build large ocean steamers and
these have established a self-supporting
or paying business, let the subsidy be
withdrawn.
We have been drawn to speak of this
I matter by the report that the British
Imperial Government will pay £">00,000
j annually for ten years as subsidy to a
line of steamers to run in connection
with the Canadian Pacifie to China and
Australia. We ought to have two such
n ne s, one from San Francisco and an
other from Portland or the Sound,
Notwithstanding all the British ad
van tages in the way of cheap money,
cheap material and cheap labor, they
are ready to protect their shipping in
terests by further direct subsidies. Let
British statesmen who sneer at our
policy of protection to our manufactur
ing interests explain, if they can, how
and in what respect it differs from
British policy in protecting their ship
ping interests.
As our city builds up more densely and
with.larger buildings it is necessary to ex
tend the tire limits and require more sub
stantial structures. Our people and au
thorities are getting careless in this matter.
It will not do to rely too much upon our
fire department to put out fires. We are
subject to dry seasons and high winds and
our water supply is inadequate to the de
mands of a general conflagration. There
are too many shingle roofs and inflamable
cornices and sham fire walls to imn» rf
overwhelm
fidence in our security ~ .
, ,me. A large portion of our
ing loss soi"' 4 , ,
„»cion has come to us since we had
, ^ y general fire and they are not conscious
j of the dangers to which we are exposed,
j j t wou id be better to have fewer buildings
| and hav c them more substantial. When a
: bui Uing !>oom is on there is great
1 temptation to put up cheap and fragile
structures. Will our City Council take
this matter into consideration and insist on
a greater general degree of solidity and
security ? Prevention is the better remedy.
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The commission to examine the court
house foundation, about whose appointment
there has been so much ink shed and so
much loose and passionate declamation,
liegan their work to-day, and from the
character of the men appointed we believe
the work will be thoroughly and honestly
done and a veidict rendered on which
public opinion tan rest. An intimation
tfiat the citizens' executive committee
lacks confidence in the commission, we re-
, gard iu very poor taste. It looks as if this
I citizens' committee were filing uotice that
they intend to quarrel with the report in
at i V ance. We presume there are some who
, w j[j continue to l>erate the walls of the
. pride and glory of our city, county and
j Territory.
court house as long as they live, and per-
haps they may batter them down like the
walls of Jericho with their tooting, but
we have faith to believe they will go up
and stand for many generations to the
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FREE WOOL.
Among the articles selected by Messrs.
Morrison and Hewitt to place upon the
free list is wool. This is an article of
general production in the northern States
and Territories, over an area that in
cludes most of the large States and
three-fourths of the populotion. It is
one the leading industries of the
country, and it is a pretty serions matter
to consider the consequences of remov
ing the duty altogether ou au article of
such general production. The industry
is not in an over prosperous condition
with all the aid that protection gives it.
Our country in no part of it is as well
adapted to sheep growing as South
America, South Africa or Australia.
Even in California, where the conditions
are most like those of our great foreign
rivals, there have been years when the
sheep perished from the severe drougths
and the utter failure of naturel pastur
age. In those foreign countries, of
which we have spoken, sheep multiply
much more rapidly, they need less care
and are tended by men whose wages
are almost uothing, and the lands are
cheap, compared with those in this
country. Sheep herders in Montana are
paid £40 per month, but in any of the
countries named they can be got for one
fourth that amount. There is absolutely
no chance for successful coinpetiou. To
remove the duty on foreign wool is to
kill out wool growing in the United States.
It is not merely a question of reduction
of profits. The margin of profits, con
sidering all the items of cost, is too
small at present to allow continued ex
istence in competition with foreign
sources of supply. It will be death to
one of the most general and important
industries of the country, with no assur
ance *f any corresponding benefit to the
country. The Eastern manufacturers
may possibly make some greater profits
and possibly some grades of woolen
goods for a time may be a little cheaper,
But when the sheep business in this
country is killed out and we are de
pendent more and more for increasing
demand on foreign products alone, the
[»rice will go up again higher than at
present, and the only parties in the end
to reap profit from our folly will he the
wool growers of South America, Aus
tralia and South Africa. What claims
have these producers upon the legisla
tive care of our Representatives ? Such
men as Morrison and Hewitt are ene
i mies of American industries, seeking to
j strike down our own interests so build
j up those of foreign countries, with no
! assurance that any portion of our peo
| pie can he [»ermanently benefited, hut
! with a certainty that it will kill out
1 sheep raising in this country altogether,
i for the prices of our lands are rising
! every year and the wages of employes
are also constantly increasing- In view
I ot the increasing disadvantages now
stareing the wool growers of this country
! in the face, they cannot and will not
I allow this fatal attack on their interests.
I . j
The wool growers of this country are |
numerous enough and intelligent enongh
to fight this threatened attack success
fully. They will make common cause
j with other imperiled interests, with the
iron men. the lumber men, and the
sugar growers of Louisiana, and they
will drive from power those who are
doing their utmost to make us de|»end
ent on foreign countries for our supplies
of staple products, and would degrade
free American labor to a compe
tition with the miserable Hotten
tots, Indians and other natives
who are content to live and herd sheep
for a bare subsistence. The sheep busi
ness of Montana is already a large in
dustry and destined to be muit larger,
and though we have no votes in Con
gress, we have the same interest as other
American citizens in self-protection.
We can speak our convictions even now.
We have a common interest with wool
growers in all the States, and we warn
these men who are betraying and sacri
ficing American industries and interests
that they desist from their criminal
folly. If they choose to represent
foreign constituencies let them go and
dwell among those whom they serve and
abandon the title of being American
Representatives.
The bill introduced by Burrows, of
Michigan, in the House to pay for the
uauaportation of our foreign mails seems
to embody much of the princ'P 1 « 1 advo
cated by ns «> rc^uiiy, and we shall watch
with interest the fate of the measure. It
is in the nature of an indirect subsidy, and
though it may seem to rest with its
heaviest weight on the revenues of the
postoffice department, there is really no
difference in these revenues |jrom any
others. They all go into the treasury and
are drawn from the people in one form or
another of taxation. It is our business
and for our interest to build up and sus
tain steamship lines with foreign countries.
Such American lines will be of more
service to us than a costly navy. While
we are ready to spend freely foita navy we
ought to be willing to aid our commercial
marine struggling against ruinous compe
( tition. ____
; It is said that ex-Mayor Sullivan, whose
I candidacy for U. S. Collector Delegate
Toole and his advisers refused to look upon
with favor, has signified a willingness to
i accept Government employment in a
difl'erent sphere, the office of second selec
! tion exceeding the collectorship in salary.
Mr. Sullivan's friends urge that the Irish
wing of the Democracy has been studiously
ignored in the distribution of Federal
places, and that the party will necessarily
sutler if the one-sided tactics continue to
be pursued. _
R event confirmations by the Senate in
clude the newly appointed Brigadier Gen- I
erals, Huger and Potter. ,
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THE EIGHT HOUR MOVEMENT.
There is m»ch to be said in favor of
the eight hour movement as a standard
day's labor. It is not possible of uni
versal application, but may with general
advantage be applied at once to many ,
occupations.
It is the testimony of the closest ob
servers that wdrkmen in the United
States generally accomplish more in ten
hours and do better work than the same
class of laborers in Europe in fourteen I
and even sixteen hours. Just what is j
the best limit for a day's work can only
be found out by trial. It is not pretend
ed that men can do as much work in I
eight hours as ten, nor does the move- j
ment, as we understand it, proceed upon j
this theory or demand the same wages <
for eight hours work as is now paid for
ten.
It is based on the theory that eight
hours, as a general rule, are enough for
a man to work to earn a comfortable
support and to give others a chance to
work also There are other duties that
laboring men owe themselves in the
way of self-culture, and to their families
and to society, that are not now properly
considered and allowed for.
The general introduction of steam and
machinery have so increased the pro
ductive ^capacity of the world that there
is an over production, injurious to capi
tal and labor alike.
As laboring men become more inteli
gent their productive power increases.
The concentration of a man's physical
energies into eight hours steady em
ployment, we believe'in a majority of
cases would produce just as much and
even a better quality of work than could
be performed in twelve hours. If a man
looks forward to long hours of '.abor he
gauges the expenditure of his strength
proportionately. Certainly when a man
has fewer hours in which to do i cer
tain amount of work he gathers uj his
energies to their best condition and tou
centrates his thought and attention upon
his work, so that the product is superbr
in quaiity as well as more speedily pro
duced.
We see no reason why it is not as
much to the benefit of the employer as
of the employe. If machinery has to he
kept in motion, rooms to be lighted and
warmed, it would he a considerable sav
ing to have shorter hours with propor
tionately larger product.
It would certainly be better for all
concerned to have shorter hours for
work than to bare so many factories and
establishments wrholly closed, as is so
often the ca«e at present. And when
there was a demand for product beyond
the power to supply in a single eight
hour shift, then take in a new lot of em
ployes tor a second shift, and thus give
employment to double the number ot
men. Those who did not exhaust their
buc^Ucm oiglit hours of work at their
main employment, could find some
other piofitable employment, and it
would be an advantage to all ou*
mechanics and laboring men to have
more than a single trade.
If men released from shops and
factories are to spend their time in idle
ness and dissipation, it would of course
he a misfortune rather than a benefit.
But we have an idea that men would he
less brutal if their life were less of a
servile drudgery, and that it would work
a desirable revolution in the moral and
intellectual character of our working
men to shorten their hours of toil.
The present cash valuation of the
British navy is said to he considerably less
than one-third of its cost. This is not the
result of natural deterioration alone, or
l>ecause excessive prices were paid origin
ally, but results most. 3 f roru ign0 rance of j
lV »e best models and metnoi^ The sc jence
of na»j construction has ® w «rrown the
power of realization and the time
necessary to construct the immense mo», tn
ships of war has resulted in bringing onJ
better models faster than they
could be realized in construction.
If the United States had spent ten times as
much as it has in war ships, it would prob
ably have been of little avail. The same
causes will continue to operate and there is
no likelihood that a perfect model ship
will ever be produced, so that we need not
wait for such an event. But it should
teach us prudence and moderation in our
ambition and efforts tor a superior navy.
We should aim at an effective and not a
monster navy.
At two places in New York the school
children have been on a strike for a
longer recess in one case and a single ses
sion in another. In one of these cases the
strike was ended by the ringleader's
mother appearing on the scene and leading
her boy into the school house by the ear.
A little healthy, old-fashioned spanking is
about what is ne«ded for such a strike.
But some of the strikes and Boycotts by
older persons are even more unreasonam^.
Strikes are assuming the proportions and
characteristics of an epidemic disease and
the next we hear of our horses will be
striking for more oats and our cows for
more bran. The thing is getting monoton
ous and is being run into ihe ground.
Strikes are a clumsy, costly remedy and
produce worse grievances than those that
they seek redress for in a majority of cases.
So far as we can hear and are able to
judge there is a great deal of insecure,
cheap, sham and shoddy work being done
in Helena in the matter of plumbing and
putting in drain and sewer pipes. It is for
the City Council to inform itself how much
there is in the complaints and representa
tions made. We do not want our soil satu
rated with poison and sown thick with the
seeds of disease. According to reports
leaky, insufficient pipes of poor material
are being used, that will breed sickness
and death. We must have some compe
I tent inspector and stringent regulations in
, this matter as soon as possible.
HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA
Vol. IV Being Vol. XVI ot the History
of the Pacific States and Vol. XXI
of Bancroft's Works, Including
the Native Races.
The present volume, uniform in beau
ty and excellence with former numbers
of the series, and superior in general in
terest, as the narrative approaches our
own time, covers the period from 1840
to 1845. It was daring this time that
Alvarado, Micheltorena and I .co were
governors. The foreigners were begin
ning to multiply and were a pretty rough ;
set generally. The native Californians
and Mexicans must have been a pretty
patient set of people. We can only
wonder that there were no more Graham
affairs.
Captain Sutler appears on the scene
during this period. His life was thence
forth to be intimately blended with that
of the country. His whole career was
romantic. He came to California by
way of Vancouver, Honolulu and Sitka
from St. Louis, and this roundabout, ;
complicated journey to his destination
was a pretty good picture of his life.
There was along with ambition, energy
and a fair stock of mental resources,
plenty of bombast and bluster, while
fancy and interest seemed to be his chief
resort for facts. He claimed to he a
Frenchman, he was in fact a German
Switzer, ber aine a naturalized Mexican.
His ideal seems to have been that
of one of tin robber barons of the Mid
dle Ages. He was not particular
always about his associates or methods,
and appears to have told the truth by
accident rather than design. After all
he seems to have been fairly well fitted
for the conspicuous part he played, and
the reader will generally carry away
from Mr. Bancroft's narrative a difl'erent •
idea of Sutter from that which is the
most common in popular belief, that he
was too honest, hospitable and generous
for the shrewd money seekers who over
run California in 1849 in quest of gold.
The Russians sold out in 1841, and Sut
bought on cheek and credit. Between
1840 anti the final acquisition of Cali
fornia by the United States in 1847
there was a continual effort going on to
leeure the country for England and
Irance. There was plenty to rouse
Mexican suspicion of plans for forcible
seizure, and there were direct and tempt
ing offers of purchase from more than
one government. The country seems to
hart been valued chiefly by most of the
occasional visitors for the bay of San
Francisco and its good climate.
Con. Wilkes in his famous Pacific ex
pedition visited California in 1841. He
seems not to have been a keen observer,
and gave a very incorrect and unfavor
able account of the country. Those
who know the agricultural capacity of
California will smile at his statement
that the interior was 'an arid waste
with few agricultural advantages." ;
There were men with Wilkes, however,
who knew more and told a different
story.
The chief interest, as we regard it, 1
connected with the present volume is
the accounts of the earlier immigrant
parties, including those of Bartleson
Bidwell. Workman, Walker, Fremont,
Sublette and many more.
In spite of the hardship of the overland
route, the truth of the vast and varied
resources and the charm of its climate
were liecoming known, and the path
finders were opening the routes that so
many were soon to follow.
It is amazing to contemplate the vast
amount of systematic, tireless research
that Mr. Bancroft has given to his sub
ject. Absolutly nothing has been over
looked. The notes are as abundant and
The !
Pioneer Register and Index is continued
through the letters "J" to "Q" and fills
a hundred pages, which alone is worth
interesting as '.the text
the cost of the volume to any one inter
ted
Ma.„
California's early history,
the persons have gained a
reputation " as Nordhoff and
in
of
nation.)
Pacheco.
Notwithsw nd j n g • magnitude of ;
the work that M- Bancroft has under- !
taken to accomplis», seemingly beyond
the roach and means 0 f most
men of !
moderatt wealth and » •
ccuui ana -eisure. as its .
merits become better known we f ee [ 8U re
that it will ht ve hosts of readers who
will regard its Possession
pensible. _
as indis
After a very discréditât».. delay it is
now certain that our nation is ^ bave
library building that will be a credit^ !
ample enough to display all the hooks tL t '
have been packed in boxes lor years, be
yond possibility of use and liable to de
struction. We have often had occasion to
mourn this neglect, but in the fullness of
time the day has come when there is no
longer objection from any source and
when all are agreed that our literary
treasures suai b e commodiously and
safely provided witn . niple r00m for
growth. Our national library ■*. „ nld
be the largest in the world, and
serving all the wants of members of Con
gress and government officials, it will
equally well serve for the use of a nation
al university, which we hope at some time
to see founded and endorsed by the nation
on a scale to eclipse any other in the
world.
If a successor to Judge Pollard is to be
appointed very soon, a result that appears
almost certain, why not give a Montana
lawyer a chance ?— Independent.
The rejection of Pollard, in the absence
of a new appointment, returns Judge Co
burn to the Bench. We do not know that
Gen Coburn would consent to resume the
office. Iu that event, of course, a vacancy
ensues, and above any other we prefer to
see a Montanian appointed. Democrats
and Republicans agree that no more of the
Pollard kidney are wanted to direct court
business in this Territory.
POWDERLY'S TESTIMONY.
The testimony given by Grand Master
Powderlv, of the Knights of Labor, be
fore the Congressional committee is well
worthy of the space accorded to it.
Coming as it does from the chief officer
of the organization, these statements
should be considered conclusive of its
aims and methods. When he says that the
purpose is to secure the protection and
advancement of the interests of labor
by a study of the situation and surround
ings of both capital and labor; by mu
tual conferences of both employer and
employe and by a settlement of all dif
ferences by arbitration, we are bound to
consider that this is a true statement ;
that it is no communistic, revolutionary
scheme ready to resort to violence to
secure to labor all or the greater portion
of the joint earnings of capital and
labor.
The matter of strikes and boycotting,
according to this authoritative state
ment, did not enter into the original
plan of the order and has arisen inci
dentally through the independent action
of subordinate assemblies. It would
seem the public idea is altogether wrong
that the order was organized to secure its
own selfish ends and interests by organ
izing strikes and boycotts. Those who
have resorted to these remedies first,
without trying arbitration, are working
outside the plan of the order, and, as we
have long suspected, are the ones that
are doing most to destroy the usefulness
of the organization and bring it into dis
repute.
In the case of Gould and his south
western railroad system attempts have
been made to arbitrate and been refused.
In that case the question [may legiti
mately arise, what shall he done next ?
Powderly has constantly advised, urged
and ordered, so far as his influence and
authority go, to abstain from all vio
lence or interference with the property
or rights of others, whether corporate or
individual. He appeals to law and the
protection of courts and asks nothing
but what every good citizen is entitled
to and approves. He ex [tresses his
willingness to disclose everything con
nected with the Knights of Labor, even
to their secrets. His testimony certainly
is calculated to produce a profound and
favorable impression.
Drummers are a very energetic and al
most omnipotent class of middlemen, who
seem to think they are not possessed of all
their constitutional rights. They cackle
like a hen that has just laid an egg? over
the fact that a bill has been favorably re
ported to allow them to ply their trade
without paying any license tax. So far as
Montana is concerned they pay no tax now
that is|not imposed on our own citizens, and
we do not believe that even Congress, with
due respect for its ample powers, can give
non-resident traders any superior advan
tages over our own citizens. Those who
come within onr borders to do business
must be content to do it under the same
laws that are imposed on our own traders.
We have violated no law giviüg equal
rights and protection to strangers and so
journers, nor do we believe Congress has
any right to violate this law of equal pro
tection and obligation.
The Herald feels too well toward its
local cotemporary to wish any of the ills to
befall it under the new auspices that
crippled and maimed and nearly destroyed
it under the old management. The Her
ald has been some little while iu town,
and in a small way it may be able to per
form an occasional neighliorly service if
we discover a fair disposition to ac
cept intended good offices in the friendly
spirit in which they are offered. In the
past not only the Independent hut the
Herald have been unwary enough to be
ensnared by "bureau" sharps and in
divers ways have been made to suffer
plenty. When one paper has shut them
out, they have sought the other, and the
victimizing has gone on. The Herald
has had its share of this kind of confidenc
ing. Perhaps our cotemporary has not.
A Book worth reading is "Triumphant
Democracy ; or Fifty Years' March of the
Republic," by Andrew Carnegis. The facts
in the life of the author are as wonderful
as romance. He came to this country |
when a mere lad and began his business
career as a messenger boy at $2.50 per
week. His whole capital lay in his active
brains, large heart and willing hands.
His career has been prosperous and unlike
so many others he has not forgotten in his
days of wealth the estate and lot from
which he sprang. He is using his wealth
for the benefit of all English speaking
people and all working men. His love of
his adopted country is intense. Of Ameri
ca, 'e says : "It is the only country which
s P enai ~Ti 0re money on education than on
war or prc* ara tions for war." What nobler
eulogy coula „ e ggj, than this, and how
worthy to stand\ y the side of that other
that the United Stau s j a the only country
that is paying its nation*! debt.
In the absence of one and the illness of !
another ol the new stall a close supervision
admitted to the columns of our
hj e temporary is perhaps impossi- ;
chief breweiî rt h ° Use triu "virate of mis
ing in. victimizing, 1 ^ l>e steathil - v cre(J P' ,
scarcely less success than'' Iuauu ^ ers w ' 1 ^
-* old.
A PROMINENT ex-official of „
Democratic antecedents and proefl?
has taken the measurement of the treasury
apartments in the new county building,
and he is said to hold they are about the
size of the public quarters he has some
time been looking for. Personally he is a
pretty clever gentleman, but politically is
hardly a desirable tenant.
I RIENDS of Mr. Curtis assert his loyalty
to Mr. Toole. Furthermore, that he expects
to be rewarded by theofficial affixofP. M. as
soon as the term of the present incumben
expires.
of
!
RECENT PUBLICATIONS.
Salammbô.
This masterpiece of Flaubert, the found
er of the naturalistic School of Literature,
has been successfully Englished by M.
French Sheldon, and the first edition of
7,000 copies issued from the press April
10th. The fascinating story of love and
war, rich in heroic Carthaginian lore, set
in glowing barbaric splendor, surrounded
with an atmosphere of dreamy, tropical
warmth and local color, and with its weird
serpent scene and mysterious cults, has
long been regarded as an untranslatable
work. It is said that this delicate task has
been accomplished in such a suitable man
ner as to preserve all the vigor, natural
realism, and idyllic style of the original.
Flaubert's works have inspiied more
pictures in the French Salon during the
past few years than any book except the
Bible. The appearance of "Salammbô " in
English is an event of great interest iu
literary and art circles. It is of 420 pages,
handsomely bound in cloth. Price $1.50.
Address The American News Company.
Publishers' Agents, New York.
Copp's Milling Code.
Miners, attorneys and business men will
be glad to know that Copp's Mining Code
has been revised and brought dowu to
March, 1886. It carefully condenses the
mining decisions of the courts and the
land department, gives all the late Laud
Office instructions and circulars, the several
United States mining statutes in full, and
all the local.mining laws, as promulgated,
of the several Western States and Terri
tories, together wi*h the forms for location
notice, miner's lien, uotice to delinquent
co-owners, application for patent, adverse
claim, lease, deed, etc. It is the latest,
cheapest, and only reliable miners' guide
now before the public. Price 50 ceuts.
It is reported that the Manitoba people
are indisposed to permit a monopoly iu the
parallel business. Down in Minnesota and
Dakota they are said to be spying out the
country for du-plicate railways of rival
tendencies._
Another mistake of the Commissioner.-;
was their neglect to consult that "execu
tive committee." What are experts worth
without the "O. K." braud of the dis
tinguished triumvirate ?
Montreal, that suffered so severely from
small-pox last year, is having trouble now
with floods, and seems te be an unfortun
ate city in many respects.
The building season has hut barely
opened, and yet upwards of one hundred
business and residence structures are going
up in difl'erent parts of the city.
By means of a "switch-haek" the North
ern Pacific expects this season to cross the
Cascade range and run through trains to
Puget Sound.
Some of oar people believe Helena will
have a second through railway connection
with the East in eighteen months.
The good looks of Delegate Toole is
certified to by the Washington corres
pondent of the Salt Lake Tribune.
It seems to be settled by our Democratic
friends that Delegate Toole shall succeed
himself in the nomination.
Ex-President Arthur's illness is as
suming a dangerous form. He is su tiering
from Bright's disease.
Confirmations.
Washington, April 20.— Postmasters—
Geo. P. Blain, Black Hawk, Col.; J. C.
Friend, Rawlins, Wyo.; K. H. Donnersly,
Laramie City, Wyo.; C. M. Helliker,
Durango, Col.
Surveyors of Customs— F. J. Phelps,
LaCrosse, Wis.; E. Warfield. Baltimore,
Md.
Receivers of Public Moneys—C. A. Cor
yell, Del Norte, Col.; J. B. Kilbourne, Pue
blo, Col.; J. M. Ellis, Denver, Col.
Consuls—V. A. Sartari, of Philadelphia,
at Leghorn : J. A. Turner, of Arkansas, at
St. Thomas; S. R. Millar, of Davenport,
Iowa, at Leip8ic.
Wm. Bayard, to he Register of the Land
Office at Pueblo, Colorado.
J. H. Davis, to be Indian agent at Ouray,
Utah.
J. C. Breckenridge, to be Surveyor Geu
eral of Washington Territory.
J. Mueller, of Cleveland, Ohio, to be
Consul General at Frankfort-on-the-Main.
T. S. Mansfield, of Texas, to lie Secre
tary of the Legation at Japan.
Collector of Internel Revenue—A. fc.
Killman, Nevada.
Zach. Montgomery, to l*e Assistant At
torney General for the Interior Depart
ment.
Incendiary Fire.
London, April 20.—A dispatch from
Mandalay says : To-day being the Bur
mese New Year, fifty followers of MyiDg
zaing Prince set tire to this city in several
places at 4 o'clock this morning. Hun
dreds of houses have been burned. The
treasury, postoffice and smaller buildings
within the palace inclosure were destroyed
A third of the walled city has been ruined.
Troops pursued aud captured several of
the incendiaries. Devine, an English mil
itary apothecary, was killed. A number
of encounters took place outside the city
with the Prince's followers, several of
whom were killed, and many were v.ounti
en on both sides.
Military Assignments.
Washington, April 20. —An order will
shortly be issued by the War Department
assigning Brigadier General Potter to the
command of the department of the Mis
souri, with headquarters at Fort Leaven
worth, Kans., vice Brigadiqp General Miles,
transferred to the department of Arizona
and assigning Brigadier General linger to
the command of the Department of Dakota.
Mb headquarters at Fort Suelliug vice
! of tht,General Terry, placed iu command
isiou of the Missouri.
BUFFALO, A d Millionaire.
*9 15.—Frank W
Trm
the millionaire In
the actress, died thi£ Q J °1 Agnes Ethel.
----- *~3rning at 9 o'clock.
Jury Disag*
New York, April 21.—1.
case of General Shaler disagreed* ! *
been discharged. They stood eighi " :ue
for acquittal. ^ tour

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