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<T\c $ CC hl U Jerald.
FISK BROS. fi. E. FISK, - Publishers. - - Editor THURSDAY, APRIL 22, 1886. Ot'R yonug men (ailed to "get there.'' The Herai.d will operate six presses. Read the Herald's Dew serial story, "A Paris Mystery.'' The liest evidence oi a prosperous news jiaper is its ability to pay its debts. George Bkeck ought to make a thor oughly capable Street Commissioner. The Herald bindery is constantly turn ing out very superior blank book work. Track-laying on the Helena & Mm ini branch ol' the Montana Central will com mence early in May. New machinery and material tor the several mechanical departments of the Herald will be added to the pioneer pub lishing plane_ Nearly twenty thousand people have business transactions with the Herald. Five thousand more than that number read the Daily and Weekly Herald. "Some of us" must have misunderstood the Mayor. He was supposed to favor some one of our young lawyers on the active list tor City Attorney, Casey, Craven, Barbour, or the like. There is no question, however, about the ability of Botkin. Ox a recent visit to Billings we found that work was to be resumed on the arte sian well, which is now down to the depth of 000 feet. But without waiting the doubtful issue of that undertaking, a com pany has l>een formed under the patronage of the city government to supply the city with water from the Yellowstone river by the Holly system. For fifteen hydrants the city will pay $1,500 per annum. We know of no place where consolida tion of offices and economy can more ap propriately begin than by combining the offices oi chief of police and chief of the tire department. The newly appointed chief of police would personally make efficient chief of the tire depart ment and with his official powers as head of the police would have ample powers in an emergency to command the assistance that might be needed. Parnell acknowledgs the receipt of $60,000 from the Irish League of America, certainly a generous contribution from Irishmen in exile. If ever Ireland secures emancipation it will be due to the material supplies received from the United States. It gives Ireland a full representation in parliament and keeps them constantly at their jK>st, giving them an advantage in the divided state of parties in England, be yond their numbers and the eloquence of their leaders and cause. George H. Davis was lately appointed Collector of Internal Revenue tor the sixth Kentucky district. Since the day ot his appointment life seems to have been a bur den to Mr. Davis, and in order to escape from the greedy hordes that have been pursuing him he bas forwaided his resig nation to the President. He does this, be says in his letter to the President, owing to his inability to satisfy all the Democratic applicants for office among his constituents. He prefers to surrender the office rather than to have his life made a burden. The Independent has authentic informa tion that the chances for the confirma tion of Hon. C. R. Pollard as judge of the first judicial district are next to zero.— In dependent. Not next to, but below, away below zero. There is no chance at all for the confirma tion of Pollard. The Democrats of Mon tana don't want him, and everybody else is quite as unanimously agreed. The "Jedge'' of the First District can't any too soon Teturn to the Wabash valley to suit the |>eople of all parties of this Territory. To the question whether the Northern Pacific or the Hill syndicate has or ought to have the exclusive right to build rail roads iu Montana, there can be but one answer by the people of Montana, not directly connected with either company. Any and all companies shall have an equal right and none any exclusive right. Mon tana needs thousands of miles of new road lor her full and proper development, and any company that offers to build a road in any direction without asking subsidy is offering us a boon that we cannot afford to underate or let slip. The ministerial report on the English budget shows a considerable deficit for the past year and contemplates another for the year to come. This is a poor showing for the strongest and richest government in the world and in striking contrast with our own financial condition. Ever since the close ot our civil war we have l>een steadily reducing taxation and pay ing off' our debt besides. Our standing army and iron-clad war ships may be cou temptihle in the eyes of foreigners, but our tinaneial strength is the admiration and euvvofthe world. The current news of Moutaua, centering daily by telegraph and mail at the Terri torial "Hub," finds immediate and wide dissemination iu a hundred radiating chan nels through the local daily press and the splendid telegraphic system operating in all directions from the Capital City. The Herald, with the great advantage oi hav ing the earliest home intelligence, is indis ponible to the "special'' pople, who avail themselves of nearly every issue in mak ing up their news budgets lor the Butte, Benton, Miles City, tSt. Raul, Minneapolis, Chicago. St. Louis and other papers. The "special" writers, it is noticed, frequently fail to credit the Herald, but there are notable exceptions iu which the corres pndeuts honorably observe the customary courtesy in such cases. COLORADO DEMOCRATS ON THE WAR PATH. There was a breezy time at the White House the other day. The occasion was the visit of a delegation of leading Col orado Democrats. The gentlemen called to protest against several carpet-bag ap pointments thru-t by .Secretary Lamar and Attorney General Garland, with the sanction of the President, upon that State. The delegation protested vigor ously, vehemently. Among the indig nant speakers were John Arkins, of the Rocky Mountain Gazette ; Ex-Governor Grant, proprietor of the famous Grant smelting works; Ex-Representative Patterson, four years in Congress, and Dennis Sullivan, one of Denver's real estate nabobs. The President grew "hot in the collar"—in his twenty-inch collar. He went off in a towering passion. He tetered up and down on his toes. Quiv ering with rage, he exclaimed, " Thin is purgatory ! this is purgatory !" Rut the indignant Coloradoians never quailed. They resolutely held their ground. Their eyes blazed with resent ment. They were determined to be heard to the end. Nothing would satis fy them but reparation of intolerable wrongs they claimed to have suffered from Cleveland and his Cabinet. Their grievances, according to the story re lated by Editor Arkins, were these: The appointment of one Hobson, of Texas, as U. S. Marshal for Colorado. The appointment of one Hill, of Vir ginia, as U. S. District Attorney for Colorado. The proposed appointment of one Boyd, of Mississippi, as Register of the Land Office of Colorado. "I shall not interfere—I shall not in terfere," snapped up the President. "But, Mr. President," said Gov. Grant with spirit, "hear us with patience. I was a confederate soldier myself, hut I am opposed to this whole miserable business of sending strangers and strip lings w ith commissions into our State who are Confederates now. It is going toofarand I earnestly protest against it." Spoke up ex-Representative Tom Pat terson : "You seem, Mr. President, to have given your confidence to this man Hobson, sent to us front Texas for U. S. District Attorney, hut I tell you before you get through with him he will dis grace your administration. A meie school hoy, sir, who never tried a case in his life." Hill, of Culpepper Court House, Vir ginia, was quite as strongly objected to for Marshal. He was referred to as "an other rebel Hedgling." Editor Arkins said : "This chap is not fit for the office. He will he like a ffea in a tar bucket. He is a nephew of the old rebel General A. P. Hill, and was ap pointed through the intluence of Gov. Lee, of Virginia. He is a young fellow who, having heard about a 'wall' that must be avenged, is full of gore and de sire for blood." Thus went on these eminent Colorado Democrats, refusing to fraternize with the youthful scions ol Southern chiv alry, and insisting that they be returned to their distant homes. On another turn in the war talk, Arkins shot it at Cleveland in this wise : "The man you propose to remove from the Register's Office for another of these Confederates is Mr. Dugail. He lost a leg at Gettysburg in the Union cause. He is only half a man iu body, but he is as honest a man as lives west of the Mississippi river." "I shall not interfere," repeated the President ; "you may as well stop where you are." "We claim the right at least to protest against the appointment," retorted Gov. Grant. The old Democratic wheelhorses of Colorado withdrew, menacing the Presi dent's impositions wdth their bitter and unrelenting opposition. They swear "by the great horned spoon" that "not one of these confederate Hedgings shall ever he confirmed if anything we can do will prevent it."______ After tlie partisan iniquity ot refusing admission to Dakota, we are not surprised at the action of the Democratic House in refusing to consider the claims of Wash ington and Mod tana. It is none the less a crime of the first magnitude, and what is worse in a political sense, a great mistake. It will not tend to make the residents of these northern Territories Democratic by turning a cold shoulder and a deaf ear to their just demands for full State rights and complete citizenship. It used to be the boast and pride of the Democratic party to favor the earliet admission of new States. But modern Democracy has lost faith in the hardy and adventurous settlers that are building up new States. No one doubts that if the people of Dakota had been in the habit of voting the Democratic ticket, there would have been hot haste to give them all they asked, nor do we be lieve a Republican Senate would have hes itated to sanction admission. Dakota is better entitled to the full powers and representation as a State to-day than one half the States of the South and several of the North. The result is inevitable. These northern Territories will soon be States, and if not accomplished before another Presidential election, their admission will enter as a leading issue into the next Pres idential contest and will not improve the chances of Democratic success. If a national contest is necessary to accomplish the object, let it come in that form. We are ready for the issue, and we do not doubt the result of an appeal to the sense of justice in the freemen of the North. Hox. Sam Word is said to have netted $160,000 for a block of Drum Lummon stock recently sold. The shares parted with would bave realized the gentleman $15,000 additional had the sale been held hack a week later. ON THE RANGES. A week spent on the stock ranges in Yellowstone, Meagher and Fergus coun ties gives an opportunity to speak from observation that the stock of all kinds has wintered in fine condition. At Billings we saw several car load* of native horses going east and met others on the road to take the cars. It was something of a novelty to us, that there should he a market for our cayuses at the East, yet they have durable and de sirable qualities when properly under stood and handled. The new arrangements allowing the use of double-decked cars for transpor tation of sheep between St. Paul and Chicago, has brought new, life into the business of moving sheep to eastern markets. We met some fine looking bands of wethers on the way to take the cars. In fact all of the sheep look un usually well, and the testimony is that they have gone through without loss or any need of stall feeding. In fact we were told by several that there was not a day during the winter when the sheep were not out feeding some of the time. The only partial exception to the favorable reports of stock is the case of cows shipped in last vear from the States, especially from Missouri. Ac customed to being fed on corn and being sheltered, they did well enough until the cold weather in January curled them up. They seemed bewildered and pined for shelter. Some have perished already, and if the spring should prove late and severe we presume more will die. So far the spring has not advanced as rapidly as was hoped at first. There have been no warm showers and sun shine to start the grass sufficient for cattle. On Tuesday last there was a heavy thunder storm in the Musselshell valley, and in the mountains along the Yellowstone quite a snow storm. As we passed through Bozeman yesterday it was snowing hard, and quite a depth of snow covered the surrounding country. If this is followed up by warm weather the grass will soon start, for it has long been waiting for these favorable condi tions. There is still an abundance of old grass on most of the ranges, but it has lost much of its virtue, and stock seems to be waiting for the new grass. THE GALLOWAY CATTLE CO. While out in the Musselshell country it was our pleasure to pay a call at the headquarters of the Galloway Cattle Company in which several of our citi zens are interested, and where we found Mr. Timothy Wilcox, the efficient mana ger in charge, busy with a full force in putting up fences and sowing grain. Most of the stock was away on the head of Ross' Fork, where there is fine shelter and an abundance of grass. So far the stock has gone through with little loss, and with a favorable spring there should not be much more. The Missouri cows and heifers are pretty thin and weak and look as though they were still pining for the corn-crib and sunnier climes, hut we think they will be ready for another winter without loss or suffering. The headquarters of the company are finely located, nested in among shelter ing hills, at the foot of the Snowy Mountains, easy of access to the timher on which it is necessary to make large drafts for sheds, corrals and fencing. It is wonderful how much lias been done in the few months that the company has been at work. Miles of fencing are alread up and posts and poles are stretched over other miles which will soon enclose an ample winter range. While stretching for miles away to the south is the prettiest natural pasture land in Montana, with ample meadows for cutting hay. The water is abundant and of the purest quality. The blooded Galloway stock is look ing splendid and appears to be just the thing for our latitu'de. Some of the young hulls look so much like our native buffalo that some of our careless hunters that once mistook a camel for an elk would more readily mistake these bulls for native rangers of the grassy plains. Though looking so shaggy and fierce we found the Galloways very gentle, and we shall widely miss our guess if the de scendants of these highlanders do not bear away the palm for the best and hardiest of our permanent herds. Everything that human energy and foresight could do to prevent loss among the Missouri cows has been done by Mr. Wilcox, and if suceesss could be achieved by any one his experience and care will command it. The pending war between the Knights of Labor and the Gould monopoly may well fill the stoutest heart with anxiety for the future. In spite of the temperate counsels of Grand Master Workman Pow derly, we fear that rising passions may get beyond control and the proposed fight in the courts will betooslow and the results too unsatisfactory to suit the views of the ma jority. Already the stock board barome ter indcates a storm. There is a shrinkage of stocks amounting to millions and con temp'ated works are abandoned tor the time. Millions ot accmmnulated wealth are lying idle and thousands are idly waiting a revival of business. Mutual concessions will have to be made in the end. Why not make them at ouce and save the lass that is falling on all and in every part of the country. Wm. Sims succeeds James Halford as City Marshal. Wm. had several strong contestants for the place—Sanders, Burton, McFarland, Deegan among the number. If Sims makes a» good au officer as did Ross Deegan during his incumbency he will be accounted acompetent and faithful Marshal. ! I i I ! ; I PACIFIC ISLANDS. Several of the European nations main tain large and expensive navies as part of their system of defense and to find some employment for them when not needed at home, they are sent out to pick up and annex unclaimed portions of the sea coast and stray islands of the Pacific. The early acquisitions of Spain and Portugal in this line and the larger and more systematic work of England in the same direction seem to be the principal stimulus and provoking cause for this course of action. In no case does this policy seem dictated by any disposition to colonize in any proper sense. Neither France, Germany or Italy is a colonizing country. They are seeking new coun tries rather as a means of pastime or at most for some expected commercial ad vantages. As England has been the chief exponent of this policy, and as the United States has pursued nearly the same course in taking the lands of the Indians, we have not much to say against other nations that from any motives pursue a similar course. With our extensive frontage on the Pacific and the rapid settlement and de velopment of this portion of the coun try, the United States has more interest in the future of the Pacific islands than all the other nations of the world to gether. But we are unfortunately in no condition to assert our claims or to pro test against the action of other nations. We can only fall hack on the general reflection that the nation that in the future has the largest fleets of merchant ships will be the heir to all that is de sirable in the many groups of Pacific islands. None of these can ever become formidable or very obstructive in our commercial expansion. We have been sadly disappointed in attempts to culti vate relations with China, and our rela tions with the Sandwich Islands have turned out sorrowfully thus far. Our field of operations is on our own continent, and all our insular ambitions and acqui sitions must be incidental thereto. We can well afford to smile at the wild at tempts of European nations to build up colonial possessions so far away that they are sure to cost tenfold all that can be gained of profit. The terrible cyclone that so recently visited St. Cloud, Minn., dealing out death and devastation in its consuming wrath, is out of the course of natural events. The general course of these destructive visita tions is usually at the South in the early part of the season, moving north as the season advances. Before we gather the details of this cloud-burst on St. Cloud, we hear ôf a similar visitation in Nodaway county, Missouri, only less destructive of life and property because it took in no large town in its course. It has come to be an appalling danger over a wide portion of our country, and thousands of hearts beat anxiously at the appearance of every storm cloud. Are we in a storm belt or era, and is it transient, and must we ex pect the danger to increase as settlement advances and towns multiply ? These are matters of serious concern. Per haps we shall hereafter be required to modify our style of architecture to suit this new elemental danger. Against Hoods and tires and various other common forms of danger there is some chance to create defenses and provide means of alleviation, hut so far there appears nothing, or very little to protect any community against the more fearful cyclone. In many parts of the west the more prudent are provid ing them selves with under-ground places of refuge as a means of escape and security tor life, and the multiplication of telegraph and telephones ought to give some means of giving warning of the ap proach and course of these storms. Henry B. Payne may still continue to hold his purchased scat in the U. S. Senate in spite of the ample and notorious evi dence of wholesale bribery, but the position will bring him no honor, profit, or satisfac tion. On the contrary he will have to face the withering storm of contempt from every honest man in the nation, aDd no honor able man will envy his dear bought posi tion for ten times the wealth that he con trols. Other Senators are reputed to owe their advancement to the corrupt use of money and may be disposed to shield their associate, but Payne has already been im peached at the bar of public opinion and can never recover standing even in his own party. Money can do a great many crimes and escape the penitentiary, but there is a rude and sometimes slow sense of justice that inevitably overtakes the criminal and the golden prize turns to ashes of disap pointment in the very clutch of corrupt hands. . _ Ir is regrettable though quite natural that some out croppings of jealousy have put in their appearance in the matter of appointment of Library Trustees. We hope no good grounds for such jealousies may be allowed foot-hold orjstanding room. We most make this institution what it was intended, a blessing to every one, se curely located in the affections of every class, sect, age and conditions, aliove all divisions of party, church nationality, drawing life and giving life to all alike. Whoever is appointed trustee cannot ex pect to escape criticism and perhaps open censure. But there is only one course in this as in everything else, to act solely for the interests of the library, without pledges of any kind, meeting all reasonable demands and giving no just occasion lor adverse criticism. To make it the great est good to the greatest miml>er should be the sole object of every trustee, and sug gestions and criticisms from all sources should lie welcomed and carefully con sidered. The true friends of the library will not quarrel for place, but will heartily aid whoever is selected for the difficnltand responsible duty of launching a free public library on its bénéficient and instructive mission. GLADSTONE'S LAND SCHEME. After much delay and many modifica tions of the original plan, Gladstone has at length submitted his scheme for the redemption of the lands of Ireland from the clutch of absentee lords, against whose policy, the Premier says, the history of that miserable country has been one long indictment. The de I tails of the plan were fully and clearly set forth in a speech of an hour and a \ hall. There is no confiscation of estates, j noris the imperial treasury burdened with the purchase of the alien titles. It provides simply a plan by which the tenants may become proprietors by pur chase in installments. It is a measure as much or more in the interest of the landlords as of the tenants. The former are not forced to sell, nor the latter to purchase. Only those of either class who see it to be to their own advantage will take the benefit of the act. Nothing could be fairer, so it seems, and those who oppose and would defeat such a measure take the responsibility of proposing a better measure or postponing indefinite ly any peacoful settlement. Gladstone's land scheme is linked indissolubly with the project of an Irish parliament, and it is on this feature probably that the English opposition stands and the favor of the Irish mem bers rests. Gladstone utters the sober, deliberate judgment of history when he says that the present "union itself was obtained against the sense and wish of every class, by wholsale bribery and un blushing intimadation." A union having such an origin could not possibly he pro ductive of peace and strength. It never has or can outgrow the defects of its origin and is a fruitful source of con stant irritation and misunderstanding. If ever there is a good understanding and anything like a hearty co-operation between the English and Irish, it will he when the latter own their soil and live under laws and rulers of their own selec tion. Without any very ' strong hope of suc cess for the last great parliamentary scheme of Gladstone, it is worthy of his mature statesmanship and will be a crown of glory to him in the great future, the sure inheritance of liberty and justice. ENTERPRISE. The Herald's railroad interview with Governor Hauser, covering nearly two columns of this journal, was wired com plete to the Benton River Press. It was the longest special dispatch we remember to have seen in any Territorial paper The River Press is coming to the front as one of the foremost dailies of Montana. The report from Quebec that there ex ists in that city an organized traffic in procuring girls for immoral purposes in the great cities of the United States, horrible as it is, no doubt exists in other parts of the country, and is no worse in Quebec than elsewhere. Thousands of innocent girls are every year led away by false promises and more or less violence to these dens of intamy which exist in every city and considerable town iu the country. It is time for the decent and virtuous ele ments of society to organize everywhere to crush out this fatal social evil, spreading everywhere and consuming the vitality of tlie nation. No mere ebulitions of virtu ous indignation will ever do the work, it requires organized, systematic, constant action, eternal vigilance. Some of the leading Knights of Labor in St. Louis have been arrested on the felonious charge of tampering with the wires of the Western Union. It is a tigere side issue wsthout any significance iu the great struggle between the Knights and Gould. The acts charged, if true, are not defensible, any more than "killing" engines and derailing trains, and we have no doubt but the better portion of the Knights will repudiate such actions. The resort to dis honest and dishonorable means as much as open violence will prejudice the public and prevent any substantial success for the organization of laboring men. There is a broad field and plenty of weapons for an open, honorable warfare, if war is neces sary, and the party that uses the most honorable means and methods will win. The Montana Central is buildin road. Five hundred men 'and 150 teams are making the rock and dirt fly in the upper and lower canons of the Prickly Pear for something more than fun. Shocking Death. The wife of Wm. Boyle, of Cold Springs, says the Missoula Times , four miles south of Missoula, met a terrible death last Friday. All the circumstances of the sad affair will probably never be known, but from what Mrs. Boyle was able to say after the accident it seems she opened the stove door to fix the fire, and then turned around to see her child, lying on the floor. While thus engaged her dress caught fire and in a moment she was enveloped in flames. She rnshed out of the door, when her husband and two or three others who were some distance away harried to her rail assistance. When they reached the scene her clothing was nearly all burned off and | she presented a terrible spectacle. Her flesh was burned in many places and her suffering was intense until death came to her relief a few hours after. I'apers Lost or Astrav. A number of complaints have come to this office recently of the non-receipt, or delayed transmission, of the Daily Herald. No less than three of these com plaints bave come to hand in the past few days—one from Missoula, one from Glen dive and one from St. Paul. Two copies, lour copies and some times more are re ported by subscribers as received in a bunch. There must be some new postal clerks on the Northern Pacific who are either careless or don't know the "distri bution. ' Will Chief Alexander please look into the matter at once? j ! j | I j I AN INTERVIEW REVIEWED. Some Critical Remarks From "Helena" Mr. Editor : A published "seance" (so-called) in your issue of the 1 .* » th con tains so many interesting statements that I cannot refrain from reviewing it. From a careful reading I am convinced that it is the carefully prepared result of a Sunday evening meeting, to which certain parties \ were conveyed by cabs employed to carry them to other than the place of rendez - ™ us The reporter (?) first invites the powerful ally" to talk, and he opens the record he proposes to make with "guess ing" and "hoping," without disclosing the fact that he has done what he could to weaken any attempt to construct a line north from this city which may not prove a feeder to the N. P. It may be well to wish it "distinctly understood '' that he is in favor of the Montana Central, as that un derstanding, not based upon facts, will have a tendency to mislead many people as to real intentions. Nobody who knows the real facts will be misled by the assump tion that the terminus of the Montana Cen tral is at Great Falls, for the articles of in corporation do not so state, and any at tempt to create feeling against that com pany by the assertion that it proposes to rival Helena by a great city at the Falls is neutralized by the assertion made in the interest of the N. P. by its "powerful ally" that "Benton has as great a future as the Great Falls city." The Montana Cen tral has no interest in belittling any town, and will do more for Benton than the N. P. or its "powerful ally" can hope to do. The assumption that the terminus of the Montana Central is at Great Falls is so ridiculons that it fails to do credit to its great author. It is as ridiculous as the assumption that the com pany proposes to build great reduction works at that place to draw "ores from all other points," followed as it is by the assertion that reduction works will be built here to handle the ores of Broad water's mining company, which assertion is based upon facts. This brings us to the disclosure that the Rocky Mountain R. R. Co., which was organized iu July, 1881, was a N. P. ven ture, and will do more for Helena than the Montana Central can do. Nearly five years have elapsed since the organization of that company and nothing whatever has been done by the N. P. to carry out the proposed project beyond carrying the charter of the Montana company in its breeches pocket, so to speak. The breath of life was breathed into it by the "power ful ally" of the N. P. when he learned, while in New York, that Broadwater was about to do something for this section of the country. The life-giving and direct ing power of some people, who are neither "directors nor stockholders,''is at times truly wonderful. It is not trne that the N. P. has justjcommenced the construction of its main line to the Sound this spring, and any state ment to that effect is misleading, and has a tendency to draw us away from the real q uestion at issue. The question of means is not involved, and was never thought of so long as that company believed it could retain its hold upon ten thousand square miles of unearned public lands. Had Broadwater proposed to build through that section of country there is no doubt, reason ing from his recent experience, but what "powerful allies'' would have heralded at ouce that every line he should build would he paralleled and that one hundred mil lions of money stood ready to crush him out. The Governor was requested to do what he could to secure the opening of the In dian reservation in the northern part of Montana, and it will be difficult to under stand, in the light of recent events, that he went before Senator Harrison and others in the interest of Mr. Hill and the Canadian Pacific. The request was made at the instance of a citizen of Helena, and the public interest alone was to be served. An attempt to magnify the contest into a "bat tle of the giants,'' while the "powerful ally" stands aside and proclaims that no one can be foolish enough to assume "that the building of fifteen or twenty miles of road" will frighten one of them off, will not be misunderstood. "The voice is the voice of Jacob, but the hand is the hand of Esau." HELENA. Upper Missouri Steel Steamboat. •Judge Hilger was buttonholed by a re porter yesterday on the street, and without much persuasion was induced to give a lew pointers on the steamboat which it now building under his orders, for use on the upper Missouri. The boat, a steel steamer of late and improved pattern, is now fin ished, and was built by the Iron Works Co. at Dubuque, Iowa. It is fifty feet long aDd ten feet wide over all, and will carry fifty or sixty passengers. The makers guarantee it a speed of twelve miles an hour in smooth water, and with such capa bilities they think it will stem successfully the swift current of the Missouri. The Judge received advices yesterday that the boat was finished and would be taken apart and shipped as soon as a test of her power and speed was made in the waters at Dabnqne. As soon as it arrives here it will be launched on the npper Missouri and will be used principally as a pleasure boat to carry tourists through the Gate of the Mountains and past the other pictur e ^ Ue ^ cener y ft long the shores ot the upper river. Renton Branch of the N. 1*. The Rii 'er Press, in speaking of Col. Alexander's recent trip over the road from Helena to Benton in company with Mr. John Largent, of Sun River, has the fol- I lowing: "It is believed they can get through the canyon easily without build- j ing "od top of" the Montana Central, and j from Dearborn to Sun River Mr. Largent took him over a new route that presents no particular engineering difficulties, and which, apparently, had net before been found by any of the railrord engineers, al though several surveys have been made. I rotn Sun River they proceeded to the month ot that stream and thence in the direction of the lower tails of the Missouri to this city, which will probably be the I general route adopted." "ORO Y PLATA/ Montana Exemplifying the Motto of Her Goat of Anns. Activity in the Mining Interests Near Helena. I j j Reports from all the metal producing regions of the Territory indicate unusual activity in all that pertains to the great industry of extracting from the earth the precious minerals concealed in its depths, and taken all in all show an awakening in the mining interests, a quickening of the energies of those engaged in the pur suit, and a widespread desire on their part to develop the resources of their properties at once, and on the part of others to engage in the fascinating quest for undiscovered mines, called "prospecting. The causes bringing about this demonstration of an unprecedented activity in mining interests in the Territory are only the resalt of past development of Montana's resources in this line and an evolution which was im perative from the time paying quartz was first discovered within her borders—a dis covery that, to the eye of the experienced miner then, meant the future renown of her mining industry and foreshadowed the prosperity she was bound to attain. The progress of events, both commercial and political, may have hastened or delayed this final development, but come it must and come it had to; and in the present flourishing condition of the mining industry in our Territory we see the beginning of the fulfillment of its destiny, the dawn of an era of unparalleled prosperity, of whose duration no one can tell the length. The powerful lever of gold, resting on a fulcrum of silver, has been inserted under the toundation of our Territory, and in obedience to the strain exercised by the vigorous baud of capital, which has grasped the lever firm and fast, Montana begins to rise to a level with the greatest bullion producing States and Territories, and the continued exercise of the same powers is urging her rapidly ahead in the race for absolute supremacy. Montana, though now well up on the list, is battling vigorously for the first place in the ranks of precious metal producers, and the end of the present year will probably see her firmly established in that enviable position. The awakening of interest now made manifest in mining enterprises is general throughout the Territory, but perhaps iu no other section is it so plainly observable as in and around the Capital City. Here there is more energy displayed in the in auguration and prosecution of legitimate mining than ever before ; and the activity noticeable in the development of our leads is equalled if not surpassed in the prospecting branch of the industry A mighty band of prospectors, the creators of future great bonanzas, has gone forth into the hills, and the daily incoming le ports of strikes in new ground and rich developments in old discoveries attest the progress and success of their work. Our assayers are called upon daily to test the chunks ot quartz sent in by the pros pectors from new finds, or to ascertain if the value of mines now working is in creasing or diminishing as the develop ments progress. The combined result of it all is that the figures of the monthly bul lion output of this vicinity are mounting higher and higher as time goes on, and the ever seductive language they use to the man of enterprise and wealth is growing more and more alluring in coaxing him forward to investment. The big bonanzas of this vicinity seem to feel the impetus of the mining boom, and by their steadily augmenting monthly runs tell the tale of their prosperity and spread broadcast over the world tidings of the richness and extent of Montana's min eral resources. Never have previously work ed mines looked more favorably than at pres ent ; and the opening up and developing of new prospects is adding considerably to the number of paying mines in this vicinity and greatly increasing the bullion product of the section. About the latter the following items were gathered to-day by a Herald reporte^ : The ore from the extension of the Glos ter is coming in every day and the assays of it show it to be growing richer as the work goes on. The parties owning it have their tunnel in now 300 feet, and the last assay from the vein shows $12*3 in gold and 17 ounces of silver to the ton. John Longmaid has been working his stamp mill on ore from the new strike in the Penobscot and the first run milled $50 per ton. This was all quartz found near the surface. The country south of Helena is looming up in mines. Among the prominent ones of that section is a mine owned by St. Paul parties, about 15 miles from here, near Beaver creek. Mr. E. R. Hamilton is superintending its development. It |has a two foot vein upon which is sunk a shaft 140 feet deep. The ore runs about $50 to the ton. It was bought by St. Paul parties last year and they are so much pleased with its prospects that they have decided to run a 600 foot tunnel to tap the vein at a greater depth. Work on the tunnel has already commenced. The Kessler & Robinson mine on Ten Mile, four miles beyond the Hot Springs, is developing well. They have a four toot vein of ore that yields 40 ounces of silver. $12 in gold and four per cent lead to the ton. A sixty foot shaft i§ the extent of the development. The Minach. near Jefferson, is surprising eveiy one. Two-thirds of this mine was purchased a few months ago by J. O. Bris coe and the ore taken out since has paid for the purchase. Mr. Briscoe lies lately pnrehased the other third interest and is now taking out ore at the rate of 25 or 30 tons a day. He has been shipping the ore to Omaha for reduction and it is paying him well. The last two car loads netted him $1,400. Messrs.Lambeth and McClure, ot' the Granite Mountain, tarne near pur chasing this property last year. The bar gain was made and the money placed in bank, but a hitch in the proceedings oc curred and prevented a consummation of lbe sale. The Keating and Blacker mine, near Radersburg, lias been started up again after six years of idleness. The owner* have put in pumps to drain it and are working it right along, sending the ore to Elkhorn, where it is used for the sulphur it contains. They are down alnuit 401* feet now. The ore yields about $30 a ton.