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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, ------ Editor THURSDAY, MAY 27, 1886. Oce thank* are due Delegate Toole lor a valuable volume on ethnology. East year this country imported $43, 000.G00 worth ot cotton goods, $40,000,000 ot iron and steel. $37,000,000. of silk, $19, 000,000, ot 1 innen, $8,000,000, ol jute, be- j sides much else that ought to nave l»een manufactured at home. The attempt to get the deputy sheriffs in East St. Louis indicted for firing into a mob failed, as it ought. It meu don't want to get hurt, let them keep out of mobs, but officers who attempt to do their duty must he sustained. To the inquiry whether Montana's Gub ernatorial boycott against Diotrict of Columbia cattie covers the « i-e of Congress men. we answer confidently, no! unless Sparks gets in his official interpretation first, and then there is no telling what it may mean. The American fishermen are not a class of men tosutfer uncomplainingly and un resistingly an invasion of their rights, and unless our government acts promptly to : protect them trom Dominion insolence and ! robbery there wih be resistance, retaliation , and bloodshed._ j The new pension law, as adopted by the J Senate, is just and right, on principle in every feature and particular, and we re joice at its passage We do not believe the House will dare to defeat it, though we have good reason to think it will be dis tasteful to a majority. Though the new president elect of Vale College is announced in the brief tele gram on the subject as Theodore Dwight, we suspect it to tie erroneous and that it should be Timothy Dwight, who, since his graduation in 1849, has been directly con nected with the college. Port Moody has been discarded as the terminus of the Canadian Pacific, on the Sound, in favor of Coal Harbor and Eng lish Ray at the entrance to Burrard Inlet. The new terminal point had not an inhabi tant a few mouths ago, and now has a population of 5,000 or more. The reconstructed Ohio Senate closed up business pretty soon after the voluntary exile of the fraudulent element. It didn't take long to redistrict the State for Con gressmen, pass a high license law and the appropriation hills. The peripatatic Sena tors having filled out their career of in famy and folly are slinking back to reap a li lierai harvest of scorn and abuse from their old associates. Ot k cotemporary shot wild in announc ing the passage of the home rule bill in the House of Commons on motion of Lord Ifartington. It was a poor law bill, intro duced by Timothy Harrington, that passed, notw ithstanding the violent opposition of .the < iraugemen. Lord Hartington would hardly be found moving the passage of the home rule bill, and no such majority is an ticipated for it. if it passes at all. We take no stock in the proposed amendments to the constitution, providing for the election of a second Vice 1'resident. Why not have a third, fourth, fifth and so on ? It is well enough to provide in some wav for remote possibilities, but that is done already by the law devolving succes session upon Cabinet officers. The number of these is likely to be increased, and they generally survive their official term. Timothy* Dwight, just elected Presi dent of Yale College, is a native of Nor wich, Conn., 58 years of age, graudson of Timothy Dwight who was president of the same college from 1795 to lsl7. Of late he has filled the position of Professor of Sacred Literature in the theological department of the University. He comes of a distin guished ancestry and personally represents 1 some of the best traits of the family that lias furnished so many theologiaus, judges, statesmen and men of letters to the country. The socialists of Chicago reached the height of their numbers and influence in 1878 79, when they cast 16,000 votes for their candidate for Mayor and elected three Representatives and a Senator to the legis lature. Theii chief man ot influence was Leo Meilheck, a Bohemian, ot considerable ability, but not well balanced. He com mitted suicide some time ago. Parsons is an American and Fielden an Englishman, but neither of them have any following or influence. The public will leara with unfeigned regret of the resignation of Assistant Secre tary of the Interior, George A. Jeuks. The reasons are entirely private. Jenks has for years beeu the attorney of John Dubois, the millionaire lumber king of M estern Lennsylvania. Jenks promised that in case Dubois should die or l>e disabled from doing his own business, that he would leave any aud every other business and take charge of the immense property and business of Dubois. The latter has recent ly died, leaving ap eight million dollar estate and Jenks assumes its management. The trial of Maxwell for the murder of Preller in St. Louis, which was expected to be very long and doubtful, has taken a sudden turn that will very much shorten and simplify the work of the prosecutors. Maxwell confesses the killing or rather the administrations of chloroform for the pur pose of performing a surgical operation, which unexpectedly resulted iu death. The story told is possible. Concealment and tlight are consistent with confusion and fear as well as conscious guilt. Pity that the confession was not made sooner. It would have served world of trouble and expense and Maxwell, alias Brooks, would have better deserved credence anil sym pathy. INTERNA TIOSAL COPYRIGHT. American authors and writers are a ! pretty able and well organized and in- j Huential body of men, and they have set about securing an international copy right law, with a resolution to stay with it until the contests ends in victory. At one time they work the moral side of the issue and show how wicked it is to pirate the writings of our English cousins. Then again they laboriously build up the legal side of their structure and attempt to show a natural right of ; an author in his new arrangement of j ideas and words that the law of nations j 8 bound to respect. Mr. Alex. C. Me- ( Clurg, of Chicago, in a recent effort ad- | dresses himself to the patriotic side of ' the case and dwells at length on the mischief incident to cheap publication of English books in this contrv. He would have u- think that thi* free trade in English idea- was liable to sap the ! foundations of our institutions and pos- | sibly introduce royalty, nobility and other execessences of outworn feudalism. | On the contrary, much i- to be said for the law a* it is, and certainly the fear of our American minds being Hood ed or wai ped by cheap English litera ture is vain and utterly unfounded so long as the American newspaper holds the sceptre in the world of letters. There is more good reading matter in a week's issue of some of our leading daily papers that do not cost over fifteen or twenty cents than in the reprint of an English book that is considered cheap nt seventy-five cents < : a dollar. American newspapers now command the services of the best talent in the country. They pay liberally for the work done and certainly give to the pub lic an amount of good reading matter for lejs money than can be had anywhere else in the world. Where one English reprint is read there are hundreds ol newspapers read and the danger of per version of taste, thought or sentiment i< very remote. Of course our American authors want the British copyright protected so that in turn they can a.-k like protection from the British government. The real motive is not sympathy or sorrow over the wrongs of British writers, nor fear of our own people imbibing error from British i ; j writings. An American author has little reason to complain of the field now open to him in this country, which is growing at the rate of more than a million every year and in reading ability at a much greater rate than even that. We want our literature enriched by the best tliat can be produced abroad, and if its incoming were to i*e taxed we fear that much of it that now comes might be shut out. , i TEMPERANCE STUDIES. We suppose we ought lobe very grate ful to our congressional guardians for passing a law requiring the study of the baneful effects of smoking and drinking whisky to be taught in the publics chools in the Territories. It make no practical difference, for we believe our Legislature was in advance of Congress in the mat ter, but it does seem cheeky in Congress men to dictate what we shall or shall not teach in the school* supported by our own money, with never a dollar of aid from the national government. There is no difference of opinion and desire that our children should grow up temperate in the use of intoxicant* and narcotics. There is some well founded difference of ! opinion at what age and in what shape it is best to introduce this subject as a special study. We apprehend that until the national government contributes something to the support of our public schools, Congress has very little more right to say what shall or shall not be taught in them than to regulate our bill of tare or prescribe our stvie of dress. i ; , ! j j ! ' j We have read carefully the full testi mony of Martin Irons before the Congres- | sinal labor committee in 8t. Louis as re ported in the Globe-Democrat. It leaves a very unfavorable impression of the in telligence and character of the man in vested with so responsible a position in the organization of the Knights of Labor. The answers of the witness were evasive, con tradictory, disrespectful, leaving no ghadow of doubt of Irons' unfitness, per 80na i|y t and needlessly creating great prejudice against the organization he represents. Some questions Irons utter jy refused to answer at all, in relation Wall street parties furnishing money to i , j ; sustain the strike, which the commission believed had lieen used for stock specula tions in New York City. Certainly a man so reckless and ignorant of the conse quences of a strike ought never to l>e in vested with power or opportunity to order j one. In all respects the sentiments of Martin Irons contrast strongly with those of Grand Master Workman Powderly. Any attempt to make Irons Grand Master would draw the line very distinctly in favor of those who believe in strikes, boy cotts and violence when necessary to carry out their end. There is little to choose be tween anarchists and men of the Irons stripe. They would soon be acting to j utterly inconsistent with peace and pros perity gether. Their principles and practices are ; Oxe of the most violent anarchist agi tators failed in business a few years ago aud retired with a well earned reputation of having cheated his creditors. Tlieïe is not an honest, intelligent, respectable man among the leaders of this pestiferous aud malignant faction. Charity of sentiment is thrown away ou such ranters. Any man, or creature in the shape of mau, who advises breach of law is a law breaker and has no right to be heard in such a cause. He is not exercising the right of free speech, but the wrong of it. AGRICULTURE AND LABOR. The bill before the House to exalt the Agricultural Bureau into a department office, with a Cabinet officer at its head, and uniting therewith the duty of col lecting and distributing statistics of labor, will, with little doubt, pass both Houses and receive' executive approval. So far from disapproving of the meas ure, we do not hesitate approving it heartilv. The wonder with us has al ways been that this department was not established at the organization of the government. As the foremost agricul tural nation of the world, it would seem as if our government would have felt in duty bound not only to give it honor able recognition, but to have aided its development far more actively and gen erously than it ever has. It is quite the fashion with many newspapers to make ridicule of the distribution of seeds and the agricultural reports, but we never could see the propriety or provocation for so doing. With the means placed at the disposal of this department, we un dertake to affirm that it has done more valuable service for the country than any other, and with more eflbrt and ex penditure a great deal more could and should be done. It is contended that our agricultural interests have shown themselves well able to take care of themselves without assistance from the government. In some respects this may be true, but in other respects there is more poor farm ing done in this country than in any other part of the civilized world. Land has been cheap and abundant, and when worn out by poor husbandry the occu pant lias gone west for still cheaper virgin soil. This old, shiltle** system has had its day and must give place to better methods. < )ur arable, new lands will soon be exhausted and our farmers will have to look for new farms under the soil, w ithin their old enclosures. In some places farming is done intel ligently and successfully, as well as in any part of the world ; in some respects better. The object should be to have every tarin in the country cultivated as the best is now. All that is known in other countries should be made serviceable to our own agriculturists, and experiments too cost lv for private Enterprise should be made at public expense in various parts of the country. We are told that the new department will cultivate politics and crotchets more than sound, scientific agriculture. Ad mit that there is this risk and that the principal ldemocratic support for the present bill is that it will create some new offices to fill. Once established the department will remain, and it cannot, ! an( I the so 'l he in the nature of things, be long before some ambitions, suitable man willl»e found to fill the office and show what it should be. When the people see and realize what benefits flow from the labors of this department it will be liberaliyen dowed, and till then it should not be. We expect no sudden Mr startling reve lations, but we feel *ure, a* we do of our ' national existence, that there i* a great and glorious future before this depart j merit. Agriculture is and always will be the great fundamental industry of the world, the most capable of improvement, the most certain of its rewards. Every acre of land in this country can be, and sometime will be, worth ten times its present ■average value. The produce of our soil can be increased twenty fold cultivated tiiat it shall not deteriorate Long after the departments of war and navy shall have waned into com parative insignificance, that of agricul ture will still he short of attaining its ever ascending importance. No doubt animal industry will be one branch of the department. To prevent ana cure diseases among domestic ani mals would be worth many millions to the people of this country every year, and there is no doubt that the greater part of this loss can be prevented with sufficient skill and means devoted to the purpose. Already the House has voted favora bly on the bill three times, and in Feb ruary, 1885, it was favorably reported in the Senate, but failed merely for want of time. At present all the conditions seem favorable and we feel *«re of it* success. _____ The course of our National House of Representatives on the Mexican reciprocity (reaty is, in our judgment, utterly disgrace ful. narrow minded and unstatesmanlike. The treaty has 5»een ratified by the Senate, but the House refuses the legislation neces sary to make it operative, and the senti ments reported from me miters of the com mittee having the matter in charge would ( j Q n0 cre( }it to a caucus of ward politicians. Without any particular admiration for Mexican character it is so clearly for our policy to cultivate friendly relations with the people and government of that country that a blind man ought to see it. With our rail connections we could soon control and build up a large and profitable com merce. J^xico will furnish a rich field for American enterprise and capital if properly cultivated. The population of the country will not always or long re main what it now is, with free intercourse. We should like to see the Mexican national debt placed among our own capitalists with a guaranty of our national govern ment. Without cost or risk it would at tach Mexico to us forever in closer relations. Mrs. Senator Stanford has bought a lot in Albany, N. Y., near her former home, and will erect on it a home for aged women, at a cast of $150,000. Little Switzerland, with more selt re&pect than is shown by the L nited States, is moving actively in the suppression of Mormonism. OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS. Yesterday witnessed the close of our public schools in Helena after a con tinuous term of nine months with only a single vacation of a week during holi days. We congratulate the children on having well earned, by faithful attend ance to the last and by good, creditable work, a right to enjoy a long vacation. The public may be somewhat disap pointed in not having been invited, as usual, to witness an exhibition of the talent of our children in recitation, dec lamation, dialogue, etc., but there is no longer any assembly room where such exercises could be held. Again, the pre paration for any such display is mostly aside from regular school work and in volves a vast amount of extra labor on the part of teachers and pupils, doubly severe when coming at the close of so long a term of severe regular work. However attractive such exhibitions have always proved, it is only a benefit to a portion of the school, while the course adopted this year of continuing the regular studies and examinations to j the last, included a benefit to every one. Reviews and examinations serve to fix in the mind what has been learned so that it will be retained and be ready for use when school work is resumed. It would be just as well in this connection to say that we believe fully in having some general rhetorical exercises as a regular part of school work. Itkindlesam bition, cultivates the most useful powers and is the most feasible way of interest ing the general public in school work and keeping up a clo*e connection be tween it and the schools. But until we can have a suitable as sembly room, the only chance for such exhibitions is in the section rooms. Our public schools deserve to be the chief object of our exertions, sacrifices, pride and ambition. It might sound grander and the fame spread wider if we I had a richly endowed university, but for j substantial, general benefits, give iis first class public schools, where the doors are open to all and every child is trained with equal care and advantage for the work of life. In no spirit of hostility to any private school, of which the more we can have the better, if they are only good ones; we still claim and insist that in a State where all are voters, it is a fundamental necessity that they should be universally intelligent, ami our public schools should be the best. If better private schools can be maintained, it only shows that the public schools are not what they should be, and it is the public busi ness to make them superior. So far from being envious or jealous of private schools, we hope they will continue to exist as a spur to the public schools. ! : i We never can have too many good j schools. ! With considerable familiarity with j our public schools in Helena, we can confidently say that they never before attained such a general average of ex cellence as they exhibited at the close on yesterday. Of Prof. Howard's successful work j during the year the best evidence is the ! thorough discipline visible everywhere, I notofthe harsh, mechanical kind, but the best of all discipline, where each | child is giving heart and mind to study j with no opportunity or disposition for trifling or inattention. It w ould be a good deal to say that our Helena schools were the best in the Territory, for there are some very superior teachers and schools in Montana, but it can be con fidently said that our Helena schools never were in better working condition than to-day, and never did they have before them so sure a prospect of steady advancement. Good,.honest, thorough, practical education is being given to every child in attendance. Individual merit is recognized, encouraged and re warded with promotion. There is thor ough unity ol co-operation between the Principal and all the teachers, and the trustees are heartily seconding the efforts of the Principal and *working'through him for the best general results. In securing the services of Prof. How ard for two year* and conceding chiefly to his judgment in selecting teachers, the Trustees have acted wisely, so we think, and are confident that w ithin that time our Helena public schools will be as good as the best in any part of the country. YESTERDAY'S experience at Bozeman and Eagle Rock shows that our section of country is not altogether exempt Irom atmospheric distuibances. Twice before in Helena we have suffered to about the same extent. No doubt causes are at work producing these disturbances that are of general extent and influence, whether from spots on the sun or causes confined to oar earth alone, we cannot say. But we are thankful and find cause abundant for congratulation that we'are securely shel tered behind onr mountain breastworks so that we are comparatively safe from the more violent and destructive storms. This matter of living out of the track of cyclones aud hurricanes is comiug to lie quite a weighty matter in selecting a place of residence. Among the social events 1 , of the week in Helena, the reception tendered to Rev. Allen, the newly settled pastor of the Baptist church, at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Kirkendall, on the West Side, on Monday evening last, is deserving of mention. The rooms and grounds were thronged all the evening, and nothing that hospitality could devise was omitted by the host and hostess to make the occasion pleasant. Mr. Allen comes from Richmond. Indiana, and his introduction makes a favorable impression upon all who met or hear him. A DISASTROUS RULING. in the lumber camps and literally go out Sparks' Circular on the Timber Law Provokes Helena Lumbermen to Remonstrance. The recent circular interpreting the law concerning the cutting of timber on the public domain, promulgated by the bete noire of western people, Land Commis sioner Sparks' has caused an unavoidable commotion in lumber circles here and pro voked the men interested in this great in dustry to steps remonstrating against such unjust regulations and to institute meas ures looking to the protection of their in terests which are so seriously menaced by this latest manifesto from the land depart ment. Accordingly on Wednesday even ing last, the day on which Sparks' circular was made public, the prominent lumber men of this city held a meeting to con sider their best course under the circum stances. They talked the matter over and came to the conclusion that, unless this mischievous ruling were rescinded, they would be compelled to close their saw mills, planing mills, etc., shut down work production of must cease, of the business on June 1st, the date when the new ruling takes effect. On this question our reporter took occa sion to interview, this morning, Mr.fA. M. Holter, one of the largest lumber dealers in the Territory. A long talk with the gentleman enables us to give the following synopsis of his views: The matters involved in the recent de cision of the land department affect not only those engaged in the lumber business but also the whole people. If the law re garding the cutting of timber on pufili« lands is enforced under the construction put upon it by the Land Commissioner the ; result will he most disastrous to the whole Territory. Helena is now aud always has been the cheapest lumlier market in the Territory, but indications now are that prices will take an upward leap. If the law is enforced as interpred by Spaiks all lumber in Montana One of the regula tions of the late circular re- | quires that^ land from which timber : is cut and removed must be distinctly mineral in character and more valuable for ; mining purposes than anything else. It such a provision were complied with an enormous expenditure would lie involved ^ to ascertain whether or not certain land is "distinctly mineral in character, etc., even supposing that such a fact could always be , established a manitest impossibility, j Hence the extra expense incurred to de monstrate rais fact, in cases where it is demonstrable, would greatly increase the cost of producing lumber and consequently raise the market price of the com modity. Therefore, in view of the im possibility of complying with such require ments the lumber men say they will stop all work as soon as these regulations take effect. .Such a proceeding would eomplete ly put a stop to the production ol lumber ! in Montana and what is the consequence . j j Homfc produCUOn ceasing those requiring , lumber for building purposes would either have to procure it from other places at a large increase in cost or give up their con templated work until more favorable con ditions allowed its profitable performance. In the latter case a stagnation in building j improvements and business would ensue ! that would be most disastrous to the I whole Territory. Lumber could l»e ob taiued from the outside, say from VVashing | ton Territory, but at what cost ? The j freight ou it would be so great that the price of common lumber would rise $10 or $12 per thousand. Another provision of the recent ruling prohibits the felling of growing trees less than eight inches iu diameter. To auv person acquainted with the character ot the dense forests covering our mountains the effect of such a regulation will be at once apparent. It would' paralyze the business of producing cord wood, our chief article of fuel, and then would follow the closing dow n of numberless mills and turn ing works that are dependent by situation and circumstance upon the use of wood tor fuel. Ju the growth of timber in this country 'the trees as a rule live in dense, thick patches that allow only a thin, straight growth, and acres upon acres of timber laud exist where scarcely a single tree can be found more than six or eight inches iu thickness. From such forests is our supply of cord wood derived. Prohibit the felling of such trees aud you at once cut off the most prolific supply of wood fuel. , Huch are some of the disastrous results that must follow the enforcement of Sparks' regulations, as detailed by Mr. Holter. He says that the lumlier men. whose interests are so greatly threatened by this ruling, do not feel like allowing these regulations to go into effect without protesting against them, hut they also feel sure that, under the present attitude aud feeling of the government towards men of theii class, a remonstrance from them would be of little avail. Still they will endeavor to do some thing to avert the threatened calamity and will communicate with our Delegate in Congress on the subject, at the same time having very little hope that such a happy event as the rescinding of these last regu lations can be brought about. The honest and law-abiding Bohemians of Chicago held a rousing meeting last Sunday to protest against being held gen erally responsible as anarchists or sympa thizers with that element. It was asserted and proven beyond all controversy that „ , . , r -i\ /i/ii» • out of a Bohemian population of oO.OOO in the city, only seventy were connected The jhe desire. Now let ms bear from the Poles and other nationalities involved, and have the black sheep in every flock looked after with any socialistic organization, resolutions adopted were all that staunchest friends of law aDd order could and herded by themselves. *>ome lDj ustice no doubt has been done, and in the case of Bohemians, they could not get work any where at anvthing. The line is lieing ° drawn very plain in Chicago, and other cities will have to follow. t ;achers aud scholars. ^ ^____^______^ tb e crjm f or t health and SCHOOL REPORT. Flourishing Condition of our Public Schools--•-Interesting Statistics Concerning their Present State. With the close of the schools comes the published report of the year and a most in teresting and valuable one, that will bear study and we hope will be widely read by all of our fathers and mothers who have children in attendance. If there are any outside of our city in any part of the country thinking of coming tu Helena tor a home, especially if there are children to be educated, this school report would lie the most effective means to secure a deci sion favorable to our city. The report of the Trustees shows a superb financial condition of the district, with four brick school buildings, well fur nished within aud without, capable of seating a thousand pupils, not over valued at $60,000, with a bonded debt of only $5,000. The improvement contemplated and con tracted for, of heating all the rooms in the main school building from the basement, will of itself add considerable to the seat ing capacity of every room, and vastly to convenience of the Another school building I'or the conven ience of the younger children in the first ward is much needed and cannot too soon be supplied. The east side school house was not fortunately or prudently located. While intended to accommodate all east of Dry Gulch and at the Depot as well, it failed of accommodating either and now another in the first ward is as much need ed as eve* The report of the Superintendent, 1'rof. Howard, is full of valuable information coming an( j pertinent suggestions. As j rom one w jtb his large experience aud jjf e <j e voted to teaching, every word is to the point, and the Trustees and public may feel themselves under safe guidance in fol lowing his lead and advice. The limits of school age in Montana are extreme, from 4 to 21. Practically the range is from 5 to 16. It is not therefore so much a matter of surprise that the num ber of children enrolled, 735, seems dispro portionate to those of school age, 1,381. The worst feature of the report is the large dif ference between enrollment and attendance. It may be no worse than other places, but it is worse surely than it ought to he. Deduct ing for those detained from attendance by physical disability, there remains a wide margin still to be charged to parental neg j ect all times many boys may be seen QJJ Qur 8 t ree ^ g wb o ought to be in school, >pjjese children are rarely earning anything, aud they certainIy are not Jearning any . j b ing that j s neC essary or calculated to ma h e them good citizens. It is not right t jj e p U hiic that has provided so liberally for the education of all the children, that so many neglect to profit by it. If it is right to sustain public schools by general proper ty taxation, it is a corresponding duty that the children should be brought under the influence of the schools and be trained to honorable and productive industry. Our j j aw8 need enforcing and probably more , strjngent ones should be enacted. Sorne ignorant and careless parents do not estimate the value of school training to their children. Nothing has value to their eyes that cannot lie seen, that is, not earn ing something. This is an utilitarian age and to be respected as such. We have long thought that our public schools should connect industrial training with intellect ual. The suggestions iu Prof. Howard's report are good and we hope may he car ried out without much delay. Mr. Howard will visit some of the liest mauual laboi schools while in the East, and when he re turns we hope he will he able to give our people the foil results of his observations in this direction, either through a public lecture or communication to the press. At present the knowledge is partial and indefi nite, but if the people could see and know what might he done, at what cost and by what means, we do not think they would be long in carrying it out. If further legislation is needed, it can lie readily obtained before mauy months. There are many other spec ial features of this report that deserve men tion, but we must defer to another time. J I ! j I I 1 j j i ' 1 i 1 ! : I j ; , ! i j j ; j i ! ANOTHER N. 1». BRANCH. The Tacoma Southern Railroad From Tacoma Towards the Cascades ?a be Built at Once. Articles of incorporation have been filed in Tacoma, W. T., for the "Tacoma Southern Railroad Co.'' The trustees of the new company are Messrs. Thomas F. Oakes, vice president of the Northern Pa cific railroad, J. M. Buckley, assistant gen eral manager of the N. P. R. R., Nelson Bennett, Charles P. Masterson and Wil liam D. Tyler. The object of the incorporation is to con struct, equip and operate a line of railroad, commencing at Tacoma and running thence in a southerly direction towards the Cas cade Mountains as far as the directors may elect. In speaking of the new departure the Tacoma Ledger says : This enterprise is one of the apparent fruits of the recent visit of Messrs. Oakes and Wright. In an interview with a gen tleman concerned in the enterprise the fol lowing facts were learned: That a pre liminary survey has already been made, that the route has been practically determ ined upon, that money for the construction of the first ten miles of the road has been secured, and that active work will soon be begun. The practical benefit to Tacoma , in the construction and operation of this road will be both great and immediate— | the expenditure ot one hundred and fifty thousand dollars in the construction is no inconsiderable item: but taken in con ; junction with the rast lumber traffic that lt will crea te, a ll of which will be contri butive to Tacoma, the beneficial import ance will be apparaent. For more than twent J Riiles the road will penetrate one ol the finest lumber regions upon Puget Sound. Beyond this it will run through some of the richest aud most productive . agricultural districts in the Territory: ^M u allingjn richness the Puyallup valley, Passing this it strikes immense coal fields, capable of y iehling inexhauslihfeTunpiies of coal, aud of the liest quality." ----- - \°XKERS, May 21. Dr. Dio Lewis author and reformer, died at his home here this morning after an illness of two or three days from erysipelas. [For the Herald.! Almost Persuaded. It Y REV. F. D. KELSEY*. This expression for many generation* i* most familiar as the translation of Acts, 26:28, "Almost thou persuadest me to lie a Christian.'' The new version changes it somewhat, but the fact remains ever true that thousands are standing on the bor derland wanting to enter the promised land of Canaan, but held back by one cause or another: "almost persuaded.'' What hinders such ? To many of the almost persuaded, their delay iu waiting [and holding back is as much of an enigma as to others and to Christians. Every link in the chain is all complete except just this one: Only a step between them and Jesus; but that single step remains untaken. Everything has been done for them by God aud man which can wisely be done ; they themselves must now act, decide, make a move. Yet manv are ever learning but never coming to the knowledge; inquiring, but neverascertain ing; seeking, hut never finding; almost persuaded, but never taking a decided stand. A fatal gas often arises round about dwellings which can be detected only by delicate chemical tests. After the annual spring cleauiDg people feel safe ; yet this gas escapes the usual disinfectants aud works its deadly way, though the dwellers in these houses stoutly dec lare the safetv of the home from all deadly gas. So many a mau loudly declares his independence of public opinion, and absolute freedom from a fear of what men shall say of them: yet these same people are in large numbers kept from the kindom of God by this ignoble fear of what men shall say or think of them. Is he a friend, who, by taunt or ridicule, will make the road to heaven mere difficult? Gall you him a friend, who will make light of the most solemn of duties? Why allow these misnamed friends to rob you of your birthright ? Je sus Christ is the sinner's friend, the truest friend. Once turn upon barking.anuoying hindrances, and like curs of the street they turn and fiee. "Resist the devil aud he will llee trom vou." A few are held hac k from au openly con fessed religious life because of a morbid 1 fear lest they have not experienced a change of heart, "the new birth, regener ation,'' etc They do not recognize iu ! themselves any such great change as seems : implied in the words, "Ye must be boru I again." Absolute certainty alwnit this matter is au impossibility ; absolute cer tainty about any matter is a human im possibility except for the mental and moral axioms; all else is more or less a matter of probabilities. In religious matters we j must not demand absolute certainty before we act. Have we met with an experience of change of heart ? Do we love God. re ; ligious men, literature, church services. , prayer, praise, worship ? Have we taken ! the Bible as the guide of our lives? Is the death ot Jesus Christ our only hope of salvation? Do we sincerely and truly |om in the Christian song. My hope is built on nothing ie*s Than Jesus' bloo«i an<l righteou-ne* On Christ the solid rock I stand All other ground is sinking sand : If thus we find our condition to 1**. we are in a vast probability Christians and ought not to hesitate to take an open stand a Christians and to indulge the hope ot Chris tians. Almost persuaded ! Such men need to take only that one step between them and the joys, hopes and blessings ol Chris tians. Many are they who are held back trom a confessed Christian experience because of a fear that Christianity will in some way interfere with their enjoyments, the:r pleasures, or their business. Undoubtedly Christianity will do so. Nor can a man be a Christian and at the same time a "man of the world." "Ye can not serve God aud mammon." But these pleasures, joys and enticements of the world are as nothing compared with the blessings of a Christian life. It would Pe a strange sight to see the presidents of Yale, Harvard, Princeton, Amherst col leges go mourning aud bewailing their lot because as presidents of colleges it would be uudignified and unallowable for them to join aud play in some base ball nine, or lie stroke oar iu some river boat race ! The joys, and pleasures, and benefits of the presidency of such institutions far exceed the boyish pranks which make the college campus ring with noise, hilarity and glee. So when once a man becomes a real Chris tian he does not spend his time bemoaning his sacrifices aud puritanical limitations. He has joys the world knows not of. "Almost persuaded" is not a season of happiness. Cross the liue into a positive Christian attitude and unspeakable joy awaits you. Mount Helena 'Tunnel A .Mining Co. The work contracted for by this company for sinking 100 additional feet upon their Mount Helena property has beeu com pleted and now the shaft is down 112 feet. At the depth of 79 feet a tine vein of ore that will net over $50 per ton was encount ered aud about thirty feet further another body of ore of the same value was struck. The company will now cease sinking and commence the work of taking out ore by running levels along the leads. At one place in the shaft the miners cut through a natural drift or cave and Ed. Zimmerman, who was exploring the mine a few days ago, says there is a powerful draught of air coming through it that keeps the temperature of the shaft wonder fully cool. The cave is not large enough to admit the passage of a man. If it were, curiosity as to its extent and character would no doubt ere this have effected it , thorough exploration. stolen, but if so the thieves were remark ably peculiar in their actions. This moru j ; Dg tbe horses were found grazing loose Lost and Found. Two horses disappeared from Dewitt & Arnold's slaughter house, a few miles east of the city, last night, together with saddles, bridle and halter. It is supposed they were the near the railroad, a few miles from 1 slaughter house, minus saddles and bridles. jhey were captured aud taken back to the stable, but the manner of their taking ot: and the whereabouts of their trapping* are ! still matters of doubt.