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FISK BROS. R. E. FISK, jcraltl. Publishers. - - Editor THURSDAY, JUNE 3, 1886. Qi KK.N Victoria completed her 67th year May 24. She came to the British throne June 20, 1*37, and it she lives an other year will have occupied the throne tor fifty years, a longer term than any other English sovereign except George III., who held it in a crazy fashion for sixty years. OXFORD i .MVEltsiTV, England, and the associate colleges and halls among other assets own near 200,000 acres of land in various parts of the island, from which they receive about £>000,000 in rents. The total annual income is over $2,000,000. Al>out 150 church lienefices are also at the disposition of the University. It is a great nuisance and a violation of ordinance that there are so many dead ani mals around the outskirts of our city, fes tering in the hot sun and loading the air that so many have to breathe with stench and disease. l'erhaps the old prospect holes have been tilled up and it may cost some lalior to bury the dead, but it costs more to leave the dead nuburied. Any oue who conributes to taint the air we Iweathe and the water we drink is com mitting a crime, and it is time our people, one and all, were educated up to this view of the case. I j is a very signilicent statement, that of Colvin, financial member of the British council in India, that the future of that Imperial possession depended upon Eng land's adoption of bi-metallism. It means at least this much, that England will some time have to part with India completely, concede full self-government as to Canada and Australia, or accept bi-metallism. It makes a pretty serious question for Eng land. She will not part with India and is a good deal more apt to abandon her sin gle gold standard aud thus put herself in unrestricted intercourse with her principal colonial possessions. The report that Gen. Miles has offered a l>ounty for Apache scalps, as expected, raises a howl down east, where it is re garded as inhuman and not according to the rules of civilized warfare. So far as the fact goes, the bounty is offered and paid by the people of Arizona and not by Gen. Miles. The people of Arizona have had alHHit enough of civilized warfare on one side and savage warfare on the other. They want the kind that will pro tect the whites aud destroy the savages. If a regiment of quakers were sent down to remonstrate with Gerouimo aud his cut throats we would guarantee that all who survived at the end of six months would advocate a scalp bounty. ONE of the largest of Eastern wool buy ers and dealers, now in our city, mentions as a fact to prove the popularty of Mon tana wool that about three times the amount raised in the Territory is sold in the market as Montana wool. While it | may flatter our pride to a certain degree, it is certain that this false pretense is hurting the reputation that our wool deserves to bear, and it hurts the price as well. It costs more to raise wool in Moutana than in many of the Territories, our winters are longer, it requires more shed room and more hay and closer watching, and besides it costs more in wages for herders aud more tor shearing and more for shipping. Unless we can secure more for our wool, we are losers comparatively. It needs some concert of action among the wool growers of Montana to protect themselves agaiust others seeking to sail under their colors. If our wool is cleaner aud finer we want the advantage ot it in price, and it will pay to watch and expose those trad ing on our reputation. Gi itsoN, of West Virginia, seems to have slopped over in his zeal for oleomargarine and has disclosed some important party secrets, or opened a trail that may lead to their discovery and possible destruction. He charges that the bill to tax oleomar garine is a betrayal of the Democratic party. Reagan, of Texas, has said about the same thing. Now these men are simon-pure, life-long, dyed-in-the-wool, thick-and-thin Democrats of the inner sanctuary of the old school, and ought to know what they are talking about. It has long been an open secret that whisky was a Democratic ally, but it is a new revela tion that oleomargariue is one also. The •fact that Gibson belongs to the coal oil wing of the Democracy adds much signifi cance to the intimation that coal oil was being used about as much as cotton seed oil in the manufacture of bogus butter known as oleomagarine. The machine will not run without lubricating, and hence taxing the lubricator is taxing the machine.___ I T i 9 a rare sign of awakening public conscience and virtue when within the same month a New York city jury con victs a boodle Alderman and blatherskite anarchist. It would be interesting to know if this is a mere spasm of virtue or the dawn of a new era. Anarchist Most com plains Just as much of persecution by the police in New York city as be did of Bis marck's minions in Germany. He thinks the Republic is in danger of overthrow and that liberty is beim: oppressed and crushed in his person. If we ever have to choose between the worst tyranny that ever ex isted and the kind of perpetual revolution republic of the anarchists, we would say, by all means give us the tyranny. Better one tyrant, whoever he might be, than a thousand with their emulation in succes sive robberies and butcheries. Fielden, Parsons, Most, Scbenck, and others of their species of human hyena ought to be sent out and form a partnership with Geromino. l'erhaps it might be worth while to make an experiment with them on a reservation in Utah near some virtuous community of Mormons. ! i i ; I I | some interest to leam our way KNIGHT ERRANTRY. Nothing could more fitly characterize the position and sentiments of such men as Hoar and Ingalls than the terra ap plied to them by Sherman and Teller in the debate on the Chinese bill. The idea that the people of the United States are bound by any fancied con sistency to the most advanced princi ples of civilization and liberty to throw wide open their doors ami share their heritage and substance with all the swarms that over-populated Asia might send over is knight errantry gone to seed ; is as rediculous as in the case of Don Quixote, but not so innocent in its results. There is nothing in history or reason to countenance the as-ertion that repub lics should be less careful of the ma terial out of which citizens are made than other forms of government. On the contrary, there should be the greater care. Neither Athens nor Rome in their most glorious republican days granted the full rights, powers and priv ileges of citizenship on such easy terms as we are stamping American citizen ship on the miscellaneous material of fering itself with profusion at every 1 % * turn and corner. The good book in forms us that those who will not provide for thei r own houshold have denied the faith and are worse than infidel-. It is high time to inquire whether we are do ing our duty to our own house hold. The foreign element has so increased in tli is country that it is imposing upon us a'ien ideas and u-ages more than we are American izing it. Every mili has its capacity, and the attempt to overcrowd it works mischief. Sympathy is a good thing in its proper place, but we should consider it very much overworked if a head of a house should turn his own children Mit in the street to make room for tramp». That is about what it has come to nc-w. Business is business, and sympathy is sympathy, and it is well to observe the difference and confine each to it.- limits. And sympathy, without judgment and prudence, frequently does more harm than good, and hardly deserve- respect for its inspiring motive. If we want to turn our country into* a bouse of refuge and correction, why »ot invite all the paupers, criminals and outcast* of every description? t?hal 1 we make these classes our equals in all the powers and privileges of citizenship*? They would drag us down more than we could lift them up. It would be keeping other better classes out aud expo-e our chil dren to fearful corruption. But the case of unrestricted Chinese immigration is still worse. We do not opjxxse their coming because they are aliens or heathens, but because they i propose to remain aliens and return, dead or alive, to China with what they can scrape together by- hook or crook. To welcome and entertain such as pro pose to continue aliens bs very different from receiving aliens who propose to become citizens. The latter will have but the former have none. There are Chinamen who, if they came to the United States with their families and sought to become citizens, we should have no objection to in the world. But we do object on every con sideration to entertaining any class of aliens of any color who propose to con tinue aliens, w hether they be Mongolian dish-washers or Bohemian anarchists. We have no room for them ; they keep out better men. These Chinese coolies : i come in direct conflict with that class of ; our people who most deserve our sympa- : I thv and protection. Charity to them is ] I cruelty to those who have a stronger i claim upon us. Such a complicated thing as human i government can not be run on theory or it will be run to destruction speedily. It must be practical, working upward all the time, but with many theoretical inconsistencies. We ask nothing of China that we are not willing to concede in return. Our relations with any particular nation shall be mutual, but it is nonsense to say or think that we are under any sort of obligation to treat all nationalties with equal favor. We degrade American citizenship when we say that anything and everything is good enough for that purpose. We believe in selection and protec tion. We would not only protect Ameri can laboring men against coolev compe tition, but we would protect American citizenship against degradation. j , I | | ! ; ; 1 I I The Mormon polygamists posing as martyrs will be a very fanny spectacle. It is a very radical change from the old days jtf bluster and assassination, but it is the Thinnest programme for martyrdom ever issued by the wildest secretary. We ven ture the assrtion that a prolonged medita tion on a diet of bread and water will either bring oat a new revelation or a different interpretation of the old one. Suppose it to be conceded that it is neces sary to woman's salvation that she should marry and bear children, it does not follow that several women should be compelled to marry one man. At least let every male Mormon have one wife first, and then if any women are left unprovided for, go out and recruit male converts. The promise of forty acres and a wife would be an attractive programme. It would be very mean to abandon their several wives, but it only shows how criminally mean it was to assume a relation that deprived some other man of a chance to get a wife and betrayed confiding and deluded women into a dishonored relationship, It is possible that women may become so degraded as to glory in their shame. It only testified more emphatically agaiust a delusion that debauches soul as well as body. : ] i i NORTHERN PACIFIC GRESS. IN CON There was a notable debate in the Senate yesterday over the bill of Sena tor Dolph to restore certain unearned lands in the original grant to the North ern Pacific to the government. It would seem as if the opponents of subsidy land grants would have rallied to its support, but on the contrary they op posed it in every way. It shows, as Cockrell well observed, that there is a craze on the subject and zeal without knowledge. Van Wyck, the most vio lent and unreasonable of the antL subsidists, seemed for a time bent on de feating all forfeiture unie** it could be extended to ali lands not earned within the time limited by charter. Call, of Florida, took the extreme position that the bill of Dolph was one to confirm the «rant, and not one of forfeiture at all. Beck came to the relief with au amend ment to the effect that the passage of the bill should not be regarded as a waiver of any other rights of forfeiture. As to the grant for the portion of the line from Wallula to Portland there is no question, and that ought to be dis posed of by itself. That portion of the original line has been built by another company without any subsidy, and the Northern Pacific does not propose to parallel this portion with another rival road for the sake of the subsidy. The question of subsidy where the grant was earned by building the road subsequent to the expiration of the time expressed in the charter, and in the ab sence of auv forfeiture declared by Con gress, is clearly a legal question that the courts must settle if it is ever raised. The same law of contracts governs the acts of the government as of individuals. To hinder the company at this junc ture, when engaged in the most difficult, expensive and important part of its whole work, tunneling the J Cascade range and connecting our w hole system of roads with Puget Samd, would be the greatest blunder and folly imagina ble. The land grant for this portion of the road would pay but a small portion !>f the expense. All of the land of any value has been earned alreadv. The small portion of the irant that attaches to* the uncompleted portion is of little value, while the work, to be done is the most expensive of all. Except for the value to be added to the rest of the line n<*. company would do the work for three times the present or prospective value of the lands. But the importance of having the road completed to the tide-water of the .Sjund ••an not be overestimated. It will bring the railroad system of the country to the nearest point to our outlying Territory of Alaska with va*t fisheries and rich mine-. It gives the country equal ad vantages to compete successfully with the near Canadian Pacific for the Pacific commerce with Japan, China, Australia, and India. There i* not at present a piece of railroad in the United States so important when built a.- this tunnel through the Cascade range, and it would be a blunder of continental proportions to throw an obstacle of unv kind in the . way. If the ( Iregon Senator- Lad tried to prevent the completion of this part ot the line as most likely to injure the growth and prospects of Portand it would have been more natural than to see the opposition, headed bv Van Wyck, of Nebraska, and Call, of Flori da, whose States can only be benefitted and nowise injured by the result. The discussion, however, revealed clearly the fact that all the clamor against land grants can not influence enough votes in the Senate to defeat the completion of the most important road in the Uuited States, not merely to Mon [ tana, but for every part of the country, j east as well as west, and south as well as north. For the protection of settlers along any portion of the line we hope the ut most care will be taken, consistent with guod faith to the company and the ! larger interest of the whole country that it will serve. j ; I ^ j It is very rarely the case that public men engaged in heated controversies do not occasionally utter things that they have to regret and that ought to be taken with allowance. Such is no doubt the case with Parnell. When in this country he spoke of the Irish purpose to break the last link that connected Ireland to Eng land, and now his words are quoted to his discomfiture. It is clear enough that the idea uppermost at the time in Parnell's mind was that England never would con sent to treat Ireland jnstly ; that equal rights of self-government could only come through complete separation. We believe all this can be done without separation, and that when it is done there will be no thought or wish for separation. It is none the less true that Parnell's words will be worked industriously to defeat home rule in its first stage, and in that view they are to be regretted. The Broadway surface railroad was a job that didn't pay. It cost a half million to get it through the city council, not that any part of that sum went into the city treasury, for it all went another way. It did not even pay the aldermen who re ceived $20,000 each for their votes. One of them is in prison for ten years, and the rest are in exile or in peril, and would give twice what they got if they were clear of the transaction. The result will have a healthy and restraining influence upon future transactions. When it is understood that it is neither safe or profitable to give or take bribes it will stop some of it at least ; and when dishonest men find that it is not profitable to betray public trusts^ such men will not seek office or pay such prices for election. RUSSIA'S DESIGNS AND OPPOR- 1 TL'NITIES. - If the Emperor of Russia would only give his people the measure of freedom 1 under a constitutional government that would satisfy their aspirations, eneour age popular education and improved ! agriculture and manufactures, there is no combination of European powers possible to prevent him from acquiring Constantinople and wiping out the renii- nant of the Turks from Europe. For more than half a century Russia ha- been breaking down and destroying the Turkish power, and every time that she has gone out to gather up the fruits of victory the other powers of Europe would step in and demand a share, generally taking the whole. We do not wonder that the Czar and every Russian is vexed to disgust, and ready to defy com- bined Europe. All that is needed is for the Czar to invite Iiis people to share his government with him and go forth to the crusade that shall shatter the remi- nant of Turkish power in Europe to atoms aud make Constantinople oue ol , the capitals of Russia, revi\ing all of it.- j former power and glory. Except for Russia's autocratic, repressive form of * government all our sympathies would be with the Russians. For Austria we have neither respect or hope. It is in no sense a country or a people, hut a mere aggregate of divers elements that will not fuse, kept together under one nomi- : rial head by fomenting race prejudices and skilfully working one against the other. Whatever of Austria is German ought to go to Germany aud the rest broken t;*p. If Russia would adopt the form ot a liberal constitutional monarchy, Hun gary and Poland and all branches ot the Slavic race would naturally and gladly coalesce with the people and fortunes ot Russia. Austria is a great rattle-trap of an empire and would fall to pieces under any vigorous touch. It has owed its ex istence at various times to England. Germany and Russia, but it has been true to neither and nothing. It is a stumbling block to the great movement towards the solidarity of nations, and needs to b« eliminated from Europe as much as Turkey. It would lie better if Russia were con stitutionally governed and the people reasonably free, that Roumania, ï?ervia, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Roumelia and all the rest of old* Turkey north of Macedonia were Russian. < )ur most earnest desire is to see Rus sia liberal, progressive and then aggres sive, wiping out both Austria and* I ur key and taking possession of that natural and. historic seat of empire, Constantinople. LIBRARY BOOKS. It is a matter of general know*ledge that the proper and responsible officers of the Helena Library Association have transferred all the books, furniture and other property of that association to the trustees of the Free Public Library, and that the latter accepted the transfer and selected Mr. Snell as librarian. The latter is now engaged in making an in ventory of the books and other property for the purpose of receipting therefor und transferring the same to the new rooms selected. The moral and legal right to the possession of every book belonging to the old library is now vested in the the trustees of the free library. To those who, by right of membership, were entitled to draw books from the old library there will be no diminuition of their rights and privileges except fora time long enough to complete a cata logue list and make the transfer to the new quarters. The call for an immedi [ ate return of every book of the old j nbrarj' is imperative and absolute. ! Neglect or delay in answering this call is almost as bad in all its features and consequences as a deliberate purpose to appropriate to private use what belongs to the public. For the sake of the old library it is essential that its list should be complete in order to receipt therefor. And for the new library it is equall}- if not still more important that every book that can possibly be obtained should go on the shelves of the new library on the day that it opens. These books of the old library and such as may be donated will be the only ones to be had until the taxes are paid in and the Trustees have money in hand with which to buy new books. Every friend of either library will see the necessity of immediate attention to this matter, and every one who knows where there is a library book out in any one's hands will confer a favor and per form a public service by giving informa tion thereof to Mr. Charles H. Snell, the librarian. As soon as a list of books is completed of the old library, a more complete and systematised one will be made out fpr publication for use of the patrons of the Free Library. The donor's name will be published in the catalogue, and we hope to see a noble rivalry who will give the most. We hope every oue will proceed forth with to overhaul their library treasures and lay aside those which they are will ing to dedicate to public use. if notice is sent to the librarian he will call at any place in the city to receive books for the library. Tbe Queen's Birthday. London, May 20. —The usual ceremo nies held on the Saturday following the anniversary of the Qneen's bithday were celebrated to-day. The Prince and Princes of Wales and most of the nobility witnessed the parade, which was very imposing. SPRINGER advanced the only idea pos- sessed of any merit in opposition to the admission of South Dakota. It is a lair proposition to say that it ish question that interests and concerns the people of the states as much as those of Dakota, whether one or two States shall be formed out of its territory. If '*no new State can be formed or erected within the jurisdic tion of any other State," without the con sent of the legislature of that State and of Congress, the same must he true of Terri tories. But this only presents the same question in another form. Why should the House any more than the Senate re fuse its consent to a division that has been unanimously approved by two successive legislatures of Dakota ? Whether Dakota comes in as one or two States will not make any difference to the House. It will affect the Senate, but the upper branch of CoDgress has given the consent that the ; constitution contemplates. There are only about half a dozen States with larger area thau either part of Dakota would have after division. From what is known of Dakota there is not as much waste laud iu it as there is in Min nesoU or Wisconsin or Michigan. It j g capable of sustaining as large a popula t j on and as evenly distributed as most of t jj e Western States. South Dakota would have an area 20,000 square miles larger than Illinois, and will not be half the time that State has been iu securing as large a population. What possible good reason can a representative of Illinois have tor refusing to assent to the w ishes ot the people of Dakota in the matter of division? People of every State east of the Missis sippi are moving into Dakota and these are asking for division. It is not simply the wishes of those at present interested that are to be considered, but what the future promises. There is no chance to d£ubt what this promise is or that it will he made good. Dakato is filling up aud developing at a rate exceeded only by three or four States and is sure of being rich and populous at no distant future. Consider ing its certain future there seems no good reason why Congress should not accede to the wishes of the people of Dakota. We regard with much satisfaction the acceptance of the conference report on the shipping bill that preserves the substance of Senator Frye's amendment, giving the President power to withdraw from foreign vessels commercial privileges when sucb privileges are refused to American vessels. It is only extending the application of the principles of reciprocity to disabilities and restrictions as well as to privileges and advantages. We bave no ill will against the Canadians, and should not seriously object to the fullest measure of reciprocity in trade by land and water, but we shall never lorget that oai country was outrage ou8ly treated> cheated and defrauded in the settlement of damages that were purely fictitious. The Canadian people i are in no condition to ask or expect any confidence or respect for their claims, much less any geneiosity. Having found out that we have a rogue to deal with we must in self-defense deal with the Dominion government on its own plan of action, it is no state or act of war, as some iu Con gress would make it appear. If one nation does by another as it is done by, it reaches about the highest summit of international morality attainable. Our Congress can not be always in session to change laws to suit the case. We can uot dictate to the Domin ion what lâws it shall pass, hut we can leave it to our President to reciprocate whatever treatment they accord to ns. If our fishermen are refused shelter and trade in Dominion ports, let this be the rule on both sides, and ao one has the right to complain. The President has the power equallj- to remove these restrictions when the provocation is withdrawn. We have heard of several cases in the city where persons sick and in delicate con dition were seriously ipjured by the fright occasioned bj: the prolonged blowing of the whistle at the electric light woiks on Mon day night. It was dooe no doubt with the best intention in the world, and lie cause our are bell cannot lie heard very generallj'. But is it necessary that people should be generally aroused on oruinary occasions of fire which are within the power of the fire department to deal with? We think not, rather it is a disadvantage than a benefit to have a large crowd out to a fire. They are in the way of the fire men and can do no good. Better let them sleep on undisturbed. Of course the fire department should be aroused at once and the means are provided for that without ringing the bell or blowing the whistle It seems to us a good suggestion that we have heaid, that the whistle should not be blown except from some signal from the department in case of the danger liable to become overmastering. In a community of the size of Helena at present, there are always some in condition to be seriously injured by sudden fright, and when there is no sufficient occasion for it, bnmanitj prompts ns to urge that it be avoided. Montana seems to be singled out as an especial victim of the blondering of de partment officials. The attempt to carry ont Sparks' timber orders would drive every settler ont of Montana. As if de termined that onr people should not have any timber from any source except at rates that include penitentiary risks, the govern ment has stopped the North Pacific Co. from cutting their own timber, until it has been surveyed and no move is made or promised for such survey. Then again, where we had well grounded hopes that the enormous useless Indian reservations would be cut down, we are compelled to witness still greater expan sion of those reservations. Our people are not allowed to get titles to land, though willing to pay and ready to comply w ith every requirement ol* law, and if they un dertake to fence in any lands they are threatened with tbe penitentiary. Let ns advise our people to abide by and obey the law as far as they can conveniently, but the idea that we shall move out of the country or suffer for things that are right at band is hardly to be entertained. DISTINGUISHED VISITORS. Brigadier General Gibbon, His Earn« il V and Two Members or His Stall in Helena. The east-bound train brought into the city this morning a party of distinguished Army people in the persons of Brigadier General John Gibbon, Mrs. Gibbon and daughter, Miss Fannie, and jtwo memliers of the General's staff, Lieutenants McCler nand and Wisson. Major Kleinschmidt aud Col. Curtis were iu waiting at the depot with carriages, and on the arrival of the train the party were driven up to the city to the Cosmopolitan Hotel where they took rooms. It is to be regretted that their stay will only endure one day, and to morrow morning will see them resume their Eastward journey. With the exception ol' Lieutenant Wisson, who, we believe, is on his first visit to Montana, the party are all well known in Helena. During General Gib bon's term of service in Moutana while he commanded this district at Fort Shaw himself and family were frequent visitors in Montana's Capital, where they estab lished a circle of warm friends who are ever ready to greet with a cordial welcome the brave hero ot the Big Hole aud his estimable family on the occasion of their too infrequent visits to Helena. The last time General Gibbon was here was in July, 18Ô1. aud on that occasion he was tendered a magnificent reception by the citizens ot Helena, whose admiration for the brave soldier, who struck Nez Perce Joseph such a severe blow in the battle of the Big Hole, could find vent in nothing less than such a demonstration. On that occasion the General delivered an address from the hotel balcony to a large number of ad miring listeners, aud we wish the extent of his present visit were great enough to al low the time and place to he arranged for a repetition of that proceeding. His stay must necessarily be brief, however, as he is on his way East to fulfill the duty en tailed by the honor recently conferred upon him iu l>eing chosen commencement orator this year to deliver the address to the graduating class at West Point. The General is in fine health and look ing not a whit older than when a bullet from the gun of one of Chief Joseph's braves sent him into Helena on crutches nine years ago. Since his last visit to this city he has been promoted to the rank of Brigadier General—an honor worthily be stowed aud unquestionably deserved. He now commands the Department of the Columbia and has his headquarters at Fort Vancouver, whence he now comes on his way East. Passing through Helena the General would not slight his many friends by going through without stopping, and heDce he determined to spend a day in our city, even if a hur ried trip would not allow a longer sojourn. is of j I 7 i NAVIGATION NOTES. lor Facts About the New Steamboats the Upper Missouri. The Rose of Helena, Judge Hilger's new steamboat for the upper river, is said to be a little beauty of a craft by those who have seen her. The Rose was plucked from the bank uear Towusend the day be fore yesterday, and set alloat on the waters of the Big Muddy. A trial trip was at once determined upon, and the new steamer palled out of Towusend the same day with 25 passengers aboard, steamed down the river five or six miles and returned. Not withstanding the high water the Rose stemmed the swift current with ease, and demonstrated her ability to overcome the resistance offered by the last Mowing water and make good headway up stream. The test was entirely satisfactory, and every body was delighted with the behavior of the new boat, Vesterday her first lengthy voyage was commenced. She started from Towusend with a load of passengers, and has now no doubt arrived safely at Hilger's ranch. As soon as the Judge can make the necessary arrangements he will com mence a series of excursions per steamer up and down the river that will doubtless be well patronized. At Townsend also vigorous work is going on in fitting up Dr Davison's boat, another steamer that will navigate the waters of the upper river this year. The machinery is now being put in, and the boat will probably be ready for use within a month. An Animated Fence. John Potter, of Moreland, who is now in tbe city, relates an unusual experience in his recent trip into Helena. He came from Moreland by private conveyance, and when near Townsend he observed one ot those rain and wind storms peculiar to this j season of the year descending the moun tains ahead of him. He thought he could pass before it reached the valley, bat it came with such suddenness that he was caught right in the midst of it. His buggy was swnng around by tbe wind and nearly tamed over. The squall passed in a moment and his attention was quickly attracted to its further progress. A long line of fence extended for two or three miles along the road, and when the storm strack it one panel after another was lifted np and turned over until two miles of fence was inverted and laid over on its side. Mr. Potter, who watched the pro ceeding from his boggy, says that it was the most animated line of fence he ever saw. The Great Falls Bank. The bank to be started at Great Falls this season will be connected with the Montana National of this city, and will be known as the First National Bank of Great Falls. A charter has been applied for, and as soon as it is obtained the bank will com mence operations. The institution will start out on a paid up capital of $50,000. Yesterday afternoon its stockholders met in this city and elected the following officers : President—C. A. Broadwater. Vice President—H. O. Choweu.] Cashier—Louis G. Phelps. Assistant Cashier—A. E. Dickerman. Directors—C. A. Broadwater, S. E. Atkin _______ son and L. G. Phelps, of Helena; James J. Hill, ot St. Pani ; H. O. Chowen and A. j E. Dickerman, of Great Falls. j MINING MINUTES. Jottings of Ihe Week in Helena Min ing Circles. President Tooker, of the Hot Springs Mining and Milling Co., is justifiably en thusiastic over the prospects of the com pauy'8 mine, situated uear the Hot Springs, about three miles from Helena. The shaft is now down 60 feet aud shows a fine body of galena ore. Assays made yesterday from a specimen picked up at random at the bottom of the shaft ran $614.10 in gold and silver—131 ounces of silver, $-182 in gold besides 51 per cent lead. Some assays from this mine run as high as $1,200 to the ton. A company has been formed to partially develop the Jay Gould purine in the Stem ple district under the l>oml held by Down* & Allen, with the purpose of taking up the bond aud working the mine should it turn out as expected. Moses Manuel <C Co. shipped a car load of ore from the vicinity of Wickes this week through ^the sampling works here that averaged 16 ounces of silver and $20 in gold per ton. 1. N. Thompson shipped a car load of Indian creek ore yesterday that yiehfcd an average of 44 ounces of silver, $4 Hi gold. 7 per cent lead and 4 per ceut copper. Jewell & Gage sent in some sulphurets from their Mitchell milch propertiw a few days ago that yielded $33.16 to the ton. The Capital Mining Co., an organization of St. Paul men, interested at the same place with Jewell & Gage, shipped this week a quantity of ore that produced 7.3 ounces of silver and $30 in gold to the ton. The company work a ten stamp mill but are obliged to ship part of their ore for smelt ing. The Minach, near Wickes, shipped -0 tons this week that averaged 47 ounces in silver, $12 in gold and 11 per cent lead per ton. A late assay from the Beaver creek mine, operated by a St. Paul company and super intended by E. R. Hamilton, shows returns of 11 36 ounces of silver and $36 in gold to the ton. The llomestake sent in some retort this morning, the result of the mu of their mill since it was started up a few weeks ago. It amounts to about 1,iH(0 ounces and is •valued at $12,006. The "turnips" can be seen at the Merchants National Bank GOVEKNM ENT SURVEY S. I the Contracts let Covering Alum Entire Apportionment. The time for receiving bids on the third and last series of proposals for public sur veys, made by Surveyor General Greene, expired on the 21st inst., and the contracts under it were let within the past week. From the three series of proposals made contracts have resulted amounting to more than $15,000, over three-fourths of the apportionment, and before the first of June it is probable that additional con tracts will be made sufficient to utilize the whole amount of the apportionment, $20. 000. Following are the names of the successful contractors, the amount of their contracts aud place of residence Name. Residence. Amount. K A. C'raUe Thompson, M T.. £ 500 H. t*. Rolfe. Helena. M. T.. 720 II. V. Wheeler, Missoula, M. T., 2.240 John Johnson, Hillings, M. T., 2, lOO H. T. McDaniel, Atlanta, (in., 4,5oo C. W. Mead, Virginia Citv. M T. 550 J. C. Isaaci, Billings. M. T 2.500 S. I*eut-ch, Bozeman. M. T.. 2.000 K. J. Walker, Helena, M. T , 47«» Total $15,580 SENI ILE SUICIDE. Michael Day, Aged 71, Drown* Him a rope to his dog's neck aDd thrown him in. The attempt at suicide was deliberate and successful. sell Near Hlacktont. The New North- Went gives the details of the singular suicide of Michael Day, an Irishman, aged 71 years, who drowned himself in a lake near Blackfoot. He was a miner and laborer, and was addicted to gambling and liquor. After losing some money on the 25th of last mouth at a game, he went away, ostensibly to cut timber, and was not seen alive afterwards. The New North - Went says : "There is a lake on Snow Shoe, covering 125 to 150 acres, and in some places is forty feet deep. On Friday of last week Rufus Johnson, who was working there, noticed an object on the lake about 300 or 400 feet away He moved around closer, and discovering it was a dead body, surmised it was that of Michal Day. Day hat 1 . tied a rope around his body and one arm, coiled the rope three times around a rock weighing six teen or eighteen pounds and tied it. He had also cut holes in the rim of his hat and tied it tightly on his head—presum ably so no trace of him might be found Before doing this be had tied a rock with The Presbyterian General Assembly at Minneapolis expressed beyond doubt the true and correct Christian sentiment when it urged effort to create a public sentiment in favor of protecting Chinese and other classes of heathens in our land from vio lence. We think at times that missionar ies are more needed to labor with our hoodlums than with the heathen. Most heartily do we concur in using all possible means to prevent violence or any species of maltreatment to Chinese, Indians, Negro or any kind or color of human being. But the question of allowing any more heath ens to come over here, till we get our own under better control, is a matter on which we have just as strong and clear convic tions We do not want them on any terms for any purpose. We prefer to take our chances on inventing machinerj' to do our work cheaper, than importing it in saffron colored bundles. As to our duties to labor for the conversion of the heathen, it is no part of our duty to bring them to this country to do it. The question of the ad mission of the Chinese into this country stands by itself and has no connection with the matter of converting them Grand Donation. PITTSBURG, May 29.—Andrew Carnegie. a steel manufacturer, has given $220,000 to Allegheny City for the establishment ot .i j free library and music hall. This is in ad j dition to his gift of $500,000 to Pittsburg.