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Itlylljcraltl. FISK BROS. - - - Pnblishers. R. E. FISK, - .....Editor THURSDAY, JUNE 17, 1886. The Sachemship of Tammany baa been placed in commission. Ex-Senator Davis of West Virginia looms up on the horizon as Manning's pos sible successor. It is officially announced that Princess Louise, eldest daughter ol the Prince of Wales, is to bel married to Oscar, Prince of Sweden. The Prince is 27 and the Princess 20._ Thebe are indications that Greece and Turkey are going to arrange their differ ences, interests and relations directly with out the intervention or dictation of the great allied powers. It is about as hard and costly a matter to dispose of sewerage as it is to collect and conduct it l>eyond the settled limits of the city. If there is aDy way to disinfect, deodorize and treat it economically as a fertilizer, that matter needs .just as careful consideration. One of the marvels of the age is how Postmaster General Vilas, who wrote that '' confidential circular to aspiring Democratic postmasters on "ofiensive partisanship," could ever have uttered such an admirable address as he did on Memorial Day at the New York Academy of Music. It recalls that memorable characterization of Bacon as ''the greatest, wisest and meanest of i mankind." Anna B. McMahan writes on "Domes- j tic Service" in the June Forum, and thinks that many of the faults and defects of j domestics belong to the mistresses and are not charged to the proper account. A mistress makes a good maid, is true to a great extent. We need something besides good training schools for domestics. Every mother should s that her daughter was fitted to superintend a household before leaving home. City Engineer Reeder has contribut ed a valuable report to the City Council on sewerage. Its importance is recognized. Its estimated cost is not greater than we anticipated. The plan proposed seems feasible. The present Hume cost excessive ly, but is not useless. It was intended more for an outlet for surplus waters in case of heavy rains. As a sewer it is a failure and comes near being a cess pool and a nuisance. Unless we are greatly mistaken the drunken riotous demonstrations of Orange men at Belfast will do much to injure a cause that resorts to such means to win success. The great danger is that it will provoke retaliation on the part of Catholic Irishmen in places where . they are rela tively stronger. If the latter will restrain themselves as they have been doing for a few months past, they will convince the world of their fitness to govern Ireland and the justuessof their claim. It strikes us as an indication of weak ness and distrust for the French authori ties to spend so much time in discussing the expulsion of the princes. If the re sponsible ministry will give I'ranee a good government there will be no desire for the restoration of royalty or imperialism. And if the republic is badly managed and made unpopular it makes little diflerence whether the scions of royalty are in or out side of France, they are liable to be called in. ___ It strikes us that there was greater reason for having taxed the cost of the Hume to the property holders en route, than in the case of the Main street sewer. The tlume was for the protection of prop erty against flood ; the sewer is more for the lienefit of others than of those by or through whose property it runs. One-half the cost of the proposed Main street sewer should lie borne by the city, perhaps even a larger portion. Private property owners should bear the full expense of connec tions therewith. The House committee ou the Edmunds Utah bill seems to have done thorough work. In proposing a Constitutional amendment we think it acted wisely. It is often a delicate question to respect lib ertv of conscience and worship and at the same time deal with acts that claim cover and sauction in religion. If the House acts favorably on the committee's sugges tions we hope the Senate will concede and not stand on its dignity aud priority of treatment. Above all things we need prompt and determined action. The stock-watering that Senator George spoke of in connection with the Northern Pacific was as open and unobjectionable as the action of the government in pro moting the sale of bonds by relieving them from taxation. Railroad stock was issued to the purchasers of bonds without addi tional considerating, but no doubt the bonds sold for more than |they otherwise would, just as government bonds sold at higher figures for being exempt from tax ation. ______ The House has passed the bill giving Montana another judge. The reasons therefor aie many and obvious. W e have no more judges now with a population of 130,000 than when it was only 30,000 or less. Besides the natural increase of court business* our 'population is now spread over three times the area that occupied at first and many classes of interests entirely new have grown up to demand the atten tion of our courts. But there is still an otuer reason that should be controling. All cases appealed to the Supreme Court should be examined by judges unprejudi ced and uncommitted by rulings in the court below. We do not anticipate that the Senate will refuse to pass a measure so just and reasonable. HOYS WILL BE HOYS. We have often of late taken up our pencil determined on a general crusade and outpouring of anathemas upon bovs in general, and those in particular who break down shade trees and valuable shrubbery that cost so much time and money, and those who steal fruit and break windows, not always of vacant houses, and who do a thousand and one pranks that develope the latent pro fanity of our natures. But ever time j something has caught our hand and re- j strained us from writing a.-» intended. | Moreover, we confess that when passion was up over some recent cruel, wanton : outrage we have offered bounties for the discovery of the rogue, but within a day's time we have always reached the other conclusion that we should prefer not to know who did us such a needless and profitless injury. We were all boys once, ourselves, and it is an important fact that should not be forgotten. As Christ said of the woman whose sin was flagrant, "Let him who. is without sin cast the first stone," so we have thought in the case of those 1 who are arraigning our boys in Helena | as the worst boys in the world, on the highway to the gallows, and deserving of crucifixion (metaphorically,) we al ways get down at last to say ; it is a true bill, perhaps, but let him who never was a boy and in his boyhood never did anything just as careless and watonly cruel and destructive, erect the gibbet and head the procession to the sacrificial altar. N evertheless something must be done, not in passion, not in malice, but some thing effectual to restrain our -treet rangers within reasonable bounds. There is no use of reading moral lectures and dilating upon the inevita ble consequences of such froward ways. It is not up to the level of sweetness wasted on the desert air. What is need ed is rather to get down from our fan cied superior moral elevation to the boys' level and show them better ways : of investing their superfluous and un- j tamed energies. Our boys need more companionship' from their elders, in cluding parents. Boys will respond quick to useful suggestions and noble ambitions, but they are left to forage for themselves, to find occupation and fun. Naturally they take what offers. Much of the scolding and fault-finding which we pour out in such generous libations on the head of our boys, we ought to lavish upon ourselves, for we are most to blame. Scolding, threaten ing and getting angry is about as foolish and wantonly malicious as anything the j boys do. If we find any pleasure in seeing boys punished, is it not supposed that they have some malicious pleasure j of the same kind in seeing grown men make fools of themselves in their towering j passion. The fact is that there is a dss- j position, in old and young, we do not j say that it should cultivated "to make | Rome howl." We all enjoy music, ; tragedy and the high-stepping drama, j It needs good sense and lots of it, to | manage boys successfully and to mutual 1 profit. _ The (Queen's consent to the dissolution j of Parliament, we may well believe, is not ^ deference to the advice and wishes of j Gladstone, whom she would no doubt, like j to see driven from power, but she con- | snlted Hartington and Salisbury as well, and they concurred in the same ad vice. Each party is confident of increas ing its strength in a new parliament, and all agree that a measure of such radical importance ought to be submitted directly to the people. It looks as if the purpose were to bring on the elections before har vest and hove a short, sharp and decisive campaign. We think in a case ol such far-reaching importance as this of home rule, with its probable extension to Scot land and Wales, involving virtually a fun damental change in the form of govern- j ment, a longer campaign would have been j better. It is not a question to dispose of ! under the influence of excitement. It re quires a vast amont of sober, second thought. There is great excitement al ready, and this will be intensified by bring ing on the elections speedily. There should have been time allowed to cool off and get to the bottom of the issue. The odds at present look desperate against Glad stone and home rule. The royal family, the nobility, the church and the universi ties, as well as the newspaper press and the great magazines are in serried array with plenty of means and a disrupted liberal party only to oppose. It is going to be a grand struggle. A victory for Gladstone under the circumstances would be almost a miracle. In considering the question of increase of salaries to city officials the members of the Council will do well to recall the general sentiments expressed on the eve of election last past, and remember that a future day of reckoning is coming. We do not pre tend that the proposed increase would in any case be unreasonable, but we can get good men to fill the praces at the present salaries, and we have before us a large in crease of taxation to provide sewerage and water works, and retrenchment must be practiced when and where it is possible. The large influx of criminals'and vagrants has alreads necessitated an increase of the police force. Circumstances, in our judg ment, do not allow the consideration of any increase of salaries. Our Mayor and Aldermen get nothing for their engrossing and responsible services, and why should others expect full pay ? Tue passage of the forfeiture bill in Congress will only remove the contest from the legislature to the courts, and the issue cannot be doubtful unless the courts re verse all the rules of construction that have prevailed for years. Thebe were frosts last Sunday in North ern Dakota. j j j j j | ; j | 1 j ^ j j | j j ! | ! "DON MIFF." This is the singular title of a very singular book that has been placed in our hands with a request to read and pass an opinion. It belongs to a class of writings with which we are not enough familiar to give an ex cathedra judgment, and shall not attempt to do so. Very clearly the writer does not belong to the ordinary class of writers of fiction. It is rather a work of satire and philosophy. It? author is a Vir ginia gentleman of keen powers of thought, with refined tastes and a high culture. If it had been written to catch the public eye'and ear and fancy, merely as a commercial venture, there would have been a different selection of names. There is'something rather uncongenial in the name given to the principal char acter, Mr. Whacker, aud the machinery of the story'introduces the'.Chicaman as the heir of future ages in a way Jthat is rather repellant to our tastes and phil osophy. The early part of the work is ren dered more obscure and uncongenial to the general reader by a superfluity of conceits and scholastic diversions which will be very apt to drive away a major ity before they reach the body of the work and could become interested in the main story of the chief characters. The pictures of Virginia society of the j better class, as well as of the servile class, are well drawn, and evidently by I a master hand, from the original, and are as pleasing to one of northern birth I as to a native Virginian. While our j judgment revolts again-t the >tate of society as it existed in many parts of the South before the war, yet there were fascinating features about it that will never cease to charm. Elegant and affluent leisure operating on refined natures and directed to social culture and intellectual pursuits produced many choice fruits. We can conceive of the devoted, pas sionate ardor of soul with which the privileged classes of the South defended their social system, so inconsistent as it seems to us with the spirit of our politi cal institutions. As the story advances and the charac ters assume personalities the interest in creases and is intensely enlisted to the close. The denouement of the several characters is as tragic as the war itself, and though told with undisguised South ern sympathy, can not at this day offend the most devoted Unionist. Whether it be a wail of resolute despair, a prophecy, or merely a literary diversion, the book is written with ability, and deserves wider reading than, we fear, it will g«- _ There will be a ready and general ap proval ol' the jury's verdict of guilty in the Maxwell case. At the first publica- ! tion of his confession there was a wave of give-him-the-benefit-of-a-doubt sympathy, ; but it all disappeared during the progress | of the trial. Maxwell not oniy contra- I dieted himself but he was contradicted by j material facts at so many points that the theory of-an innocent mistake became ; w holly untenable. There was no alterna- ; tive but that it was as foul a murder as that j of Hamlet's father, There was base, unfeel- ; ing ingratitude to one who had be- j friended him ; there was a pretense of friendship to the last and then a murder for a paltry purpose of getting Preller's money. There is no ground or room for sympathy for such a depraved being. By human law and the instinct of self-preser vation from such enemies of the human race, he deserves death, and we hope no j mistaken views of executive clemency will save him from such a doom. We are led to fear from a remark of Senator Sherman yesterday that there is a likelihood that the Northern Pacific for feiture bill is going to pass and become a law. We had felt certain till now that so foolish a proposition would never get through the United States Senate. If the forfeiture had been declared years ago, it might have beeu a wise thing. True, it would have stopped the building of the road, but some terms would have been made for the woik to go on by that or some other company under greater restric tions and for a smaller amount of land. Now Congress has delayed forfeiture till all the land has been earned that is of value and stops where the grant could go but a short way in paying for the completion of the tunnel. It is anothe conspicuous case of locking the stable door after the horse has been stolen. As the Northern Pacific grant has al ways been construed the grant was a pres ent, and specific one. If the land is de clared forfeited to the present company for failure to complete their contract within the time limited, the only thing for Con gress to do in the premises is to bestow the forfeited lands on some other company that will do the work sooner. Now it is absurd to think of finding any other company that would do the work for ten times the land grant. So as it seems to us under the construction that has always been given to this particular grant, if the Northern Paci fic goes on and completes the tunnel, even after forfeiture is declared, it will be leg ally entitled to demand and receive the land grant all the same. The only defence that the government could plead would be to show that some other company could or would have done it in better shape or in less time, which would be impossible. Tu eke is a certain speciousness given to the statement of such men as Call and George by multiplying the total amount of lands included in the grants by the value of that poition already sold. The best portions of course, have been already sold, and the vast body remaining are unsale able at any price. They speak of hypo thetical offers of $2.50 an acre by some hypothetical foreign syndicate, but if the company could get a bona fide cash offer of 50 cents per acre we presume they would be glad to sell. DISPOSITION OF PUBLIC LANDS. It looks very much as if Congress might be on the eve of committing a blunder worse, if possible than the long series that has originated in the ignor- | ance and suspicion of Sparks. Already | the House, under suspension of rules, has adopted with little consideration, a bill repealing the pre-emption, timber culture and desert land acts, without substituting anything in place, and leaving only the homestead law in force, under which a settler can acquire a title to land. In so doing Congressmen are ex hibiting the same ignorance of the char acter of the public domain and of the wants of the settlers as is complained of in the Commissioner, and further, they seem to be acting on the same suspicion of universal dishonesty and fraud. If the »Senate acts upon the measure in the same inconsiderate way it is hard to imagine the deplorable condition of' things that will ensue. The land suitable for homesteads has almost entirely been taken up, and it would be a refinement of cruelty aud legislative stupidity to apply to the semi arid pasture lands of the Territories a system, applicable only to the bottom and prairie lands of the great Missis sippi valley, where the rainfall is suffi cient for successful agriculture. Imagine a homesteader trying in good faith to secure a quarter section of our average upland, destitute of any living water. It is estimated that the natural pasturage is enough on an average quar ter section to sustain about sixteen head of sattle or eighty sheep. We will not say anything about such a homesteader supporting a family, but how long could he support himself ? If he should try to raise a crop without irrigation his career would lie shorter still, for he would not get his seed back, nor would he survive to need any to sow a second crop. There is no need of Congressmen being so profoundly ignorant of the matters on which they are assuming tq legislate. In 1870 Congress appointed a Public Land Commission, consisting of three civilians acting with the Land Commissioner and Director of the Geo logical Survey, whose duty it was to gather testimony about the public do main and make a codification of exist ing laws, with such adaptation as seemed wise to the future wants and actual con ditions of things. The commission did its work well and made a report within a year, a copy of which is now before us, making a volume of 700 pages. It was printed by Congress, and beyond doubt is in the Congressional library or in Washington junk shops. It is a report that every Congressman ought to be compelled to read before he votes on any land legisla tion. The men who made that report studied the subject on the ground, and recommended some sensible necessary legislation. It is a violent presumption to suppose that one Congressman in twenty knows that such a report is in existence. Certainly if they knew the contents and substance of the report, they would not repeal the present laws until they had substituted something to take their place. Having granted alternate sections to the Northern Pacific railroad, we sup pose that rectangular surveys within R. R. limits is necessary, but it is not a sys tem adapted to the wants of this coun try. With snch a survey, and only the homestead law under which to secure a title, Montana will soon become a battle field of scrambling rangers driving off and killing one another's stock. Our pasturage land must be disposed of un der a very system from the homestead act. They should be surveyed in larger bodies and sold outright at less rates than agricultural lnnds. They are not even worth fencing in small quarter sec tion parcels. If Congress votes repeal and does no more there will soon rise a howl from this region that will be heard in Wash ington and beyond. Beck's bill to prohibit members of Con gress from receiving retainers and perform ing legal services for railroad companies which have received subsidies from the government, though it passed the Senate with little opposition and less considera tion and is right enongh in principle, is vicious in singling out one species of offense from a large class equally deserving of con demnation. Why not apply the restric tion to all corporations, telephone com panies for instance ? and why restrict it to companies that have received subsidies and not extend it to any that want subsidies in any shape or form ? It is something to get a favorable report from a committee of the House tor an ap propriation for sinking artesian wells in Montana, though we are by no means san guine of the measure. If the. desert land act is to be repealed, as there are some indi cations, other means must be provided for irrigation or the larger portion of our Ter ritory will remain unsettled and unoccu pied. The expense and risk in sinking artesian wells is too great for private indi viduals to undertake. So far there has been two failures to one success in our Ter ritory, and private capital is reluctant to embark in further trials. Judge Tuckee, of the House, thinks the obligation of the United States to pay the confederate bonds would stand stronger on other grounds than those urged by Judge Fullerton, on the ground that it is the executor or administrator of the estate of a debtor that has died. In his second volume of Congressional reminiscences Mr. Blaine calls attention to the fact that every Democrat in Congress and in eveiy State legislature, north as well as south, voted against the 14th amendment at every stage, and nowhere ever conceded its validity. | | A VITAL QUESTION. "Water, Water Everywhere Nor Any Drop to Drink." Sound Views on an Issue Paramount in the List of Public Topics Engaging the Attention of Helena's Citizens. The Mighty Missouri Suggested as a Never Failing Source or a Pure Water Supply. Helena, June 10,1886. Mb. Editor:— The residents of Helena have a reputation for public spirit and a unity of action in all that concerns the thrift and welfare of the town. It is said they are quick to apprehend whatsoever will minister to their prosperity and eager to avail themselves of its use. Perhaps this is so. But in the matter which as nearly concerns our prosperity as any other—one vital to every interest—there is and has been manifested a shameful neglect. I allude to OUK WATEB SUPPLY, or rather lack of supply. That we should be content with the little rills which by the grace of one or two citizens are per mitted to flow down to some of us aud are directed hither and thither as their pecu niary interests dictate; that half the house- , wives of the town are compelled for some , reasons to forego the use of water for 1 domestic purposes: that the hours when it can be used at all are apportioned out to different localities only to disappoint the j residents when the hour arrives ; that the j plaintive but creditable efforts to beautify ; a llower yard or imitate a garden must ! cease to be a pleasure and become a 1 mockery for lack of water, is a reproach to our people. It is asserted that there is water suffi- | cient for our uses brought to the town if properly distributed, but it is not so dis tributed because two water companies have apportioned out the people, each turning over to the other a certain number of vic tims TO TANTALIZE AND TO BLEED, each by tacit agreement of the other to have a given dominion over which they shall exercise more than despotic sway. It is further said that the west side com pany has more water than it has thus far needed, but notwithstanding this it has re spected the apportionment of area and has turned over the east side of Last Chance gulch to the tender mercies of the Helena Water Company, permitting its own water to run to waste rather than intrude upon that domain which had been assigned to the east side company, even when that com pany was wholly inadequate to supply the needs of the town. It must be gratifying to the people on the east; side 'of town in their burning thirst to know that the water which is running to waste in the gulch is there in fulfillment of an arrange ment made by the water barons, who have divided the town much as the Conqueror divided England, and with as little regard to the wishes of the subjects involved. Another story is that this water is i wasted because the two companies can not agree on the relative value of their re spective plants, the east side company maintainingjthat the people they mock by a pretense of supplying them with water are not so spirited or self-confident as those on the west side, and that they can be "worked" for more money for less con siderations than the other parts of the town, and that thus while two companies are JOCKEYING AND HAGGLING for advantages in a dicker, our people are suffering from thirst, oar gardens and door yards are parched, and manufacturing es tablishments which of right belong here are driven to other places. It does not take a very acute vision to see that this matter of water division has already afl'ected the drift of building and enterprise in the town, and that the recent improvements out on the west part of the town are drawn thither by the large water supply of the water company and the facilities for gar den irrigation afforded by the Chessman ditch. This consideration is perhaps a small one; it matters little where the town is built, so that it is built, and we have reached the point where we may fitly in quire what is to limit Jhe size and repress the growth of Helena?, Incontestably nothing cramps us now, or will limit our growth in a near future, so much as our inadequate water supply. It is a threat which impends over the pros perity of the town. A great city never grew where the housewives were clamor ous for water, where neighbor looked wist fully at neighbor lest he was taking more than his share, where gardens and flower yards were parched and all of the residents felt under the discipline of the superin tendent ot a water company more auto cratic than a born king. Helena can become a metropolitan town ; her advantages place it within her grasp, bat she never will if her people will be content to spend their time claiming water BY THE BOTTLE OB CUPFUL. The management of the available water by those who control it has been bungling, parsimonious and slovenly ; bat, if it were otherwise, is the oapply, wisely divided, adequate? It certainly is not. It is not sufficient for present needs. If the east side company, the west side company, the Park ditch and the Chessman ditch, which is all the water presently available, were consolidated in one management the sup ply would be wholly inadequate for the needs of this town to-day, much more inadequate for its supply in a near future. Besides the quality of our water is abom inable. Aside from that which comes from the bedrock of the gulches above the town, ahd as to which no person or com pany has any title and no one can obtain a valid title, the water is filthy beyond com parison and nothing but the scarcity of the article has repressed municipal legislation and a storm of public indignation that such nastiness should be proffered ns for domestic uses. The amount of money j I i ! I paid into the pockets of the various water companies annually by the people of this town would pay the interest on the cost of as adequate and perfect a water supply as any city has or as Helena will need for the next hundred years, and it is time the work was commenced. It is a PIVOTAL EBA WITH HELENA. Her City Council and citizens can stran gle her as easily as they can foster her growth. It is plain if no other water sup ply were available than that I have named it would be the instant duty of the City Council to condemn it for public uses, so far as there is any title to it in private parties, and to obtain authority at the next legislature to issue bonds to pay for it. But, as the quality is unfit and the quan tity inadequate, the citizens and the City Council must look elswhere, aud in their search economy, adequacy and purity must be the controlling considerations. No source will so well meet these three re quirements as THE MISSOUBI RIVEB. I am well aware that to those who have this water to sell us and to those who have ! not given the subject consideration the idea of bringing water from the Missouri river by means of steam power iu pipes will seem chimerical. But it is not so. That great river is pure ; it is of excellent quality in every respect; it is free, and its supply is adequate to all our ,needs. The expense of a system of ^pder works, which from that source will supply us, is not so large as to forbid the enterprise, and to it the attention of our people, our aldermen and those who have the welfare of our city at heart, should turn. "We must sur render the primacy of this town or have an ample supply of pure water. In such a view economy becomes the last consider ation, but it will be subserved by the en- | terprise I have suggested. CITIZEN. [For the Herald ] Hidden, but Felt. KEV. F. D. KELSEY. Electricity is hidden, yet felt iu its activities, and manifested in many lorm^ which are seen. Magnetism is a hidden force, yet the magnet draws the steel unto itself. Gravitation is a hidden but mighty force, felt by the atom floating in the air, and obeyed by the orbs which go hurling thiough the vast spaces in the skies. Heat is a force which enters through doors locked never so cunningly, but itself can not be seen. So, "Canst thou by searching find out God ? Canst thon find out the Almighty to perfection ?" "Behold I go forward, but he is not there ; and back ward, but I cannot perceive him ; on the left hand where he doth work, but I can not behold him ; He hideth himself on the right hand that I cannot see him." Why doe^God so hide himself? We j need not be surprised at such hiding of God himself, while we see the same thing in all the greatest forces of the universe. Electricity, magnetism, heat gravitation aud the vital forces, are all to be perceived by effects and not seen. This question like many another can j only be answered by saying God wills it so, and there the matter must ultimately I rest. But men are not in a fit condition to see God. No man can see God and live ; if we are to be allowed to see God, a great constitutional change must take place. The whole plan of God in our creation must change. We were not made to see God any more than we were made to fly ; we cannot look the sun face to face; how much less, then, the Makerof the sun, the one from whom the sun gets all its glory ? If men could see God. one element ot the moral probation would be destroyed ; men are here at schools ; the visible pres ence of the Master is removed to test the moral qualities and character of the scholars, eye servants, or persons to be trusted ; not slaves, but sons. Again, God is hidden from our eyes until by earth's pilgrimage, weary and heartsick with wanderings, we have learned to place a true value upon spiritual and heavenly things. Grant us to murmur not Heaven is our home, Whate er our earthly lot, Heaven is our home, tirant us at last to stand There at thine own right hand. Jesus, in Fatherland, Heaven is our home. Though God be hidden, ten thousand times ten thousands have found him, and known him, dwelling in their hearts, tilling their homes and lives with righteousness and unspeakable joy, and becoming a con stant factor in their choices, preferences, decisions and affections. But thiuk not this intimacy with God is obtained by those who think little about it. No intimate friendship is formed without care and valuation. Nor will any man know God, or find Him a friend who does not search for God with all his heart. From Trinity steeple, New York, one looks for miles up and down on Broadway packed with a seething mass of living creatures bent on eager messages and tasks : anxious faces, careworn faces, hard ened faces, eager faces—all, all intent on gain and gold. The step, how rapid ! the manner, how intense!, the heart, how ab sorbed! God says, yon shall seek me, and find me, when yon shall search for me as eagerly, earnestly, patiently, persist ently, anxiously, and sincerely as Broad way's eager throng seek their gain and gold, namely—with all your heart. With all our findings, have we found God? What is a man, what is man's life if he merely live the brnte life of flesh? Is not such a man dead while he lives? What shall it profit a man, if he gain the whole world, and lose his own soul ? You ask to see how I gave my heart to Christ ? I do not know. There came a yearning for him in my soul So long ago. I found earth's flowerets would fade and die, i I wept for something that could satisfy : ! And then—and then—somehow I seemed to dare I To lift my broken heart to him in prayer. I do not know, I cannot tell you how ; I only know He is my Savior now. Earthquake in New Jersey. Asbuby Park, June 12. — A severe shock of earthquake occurred at one minute after midnight, lasting two minutes. The shock was accompanied by a rambling noise. Houses were shaken and pictures on the walls swung to and fro. to 1 I 1 ! i ; I ! ! j j ! | j Aunt Polly Again on Man's Rights. Dear Mb. Editor : I reckon there's a kind of fascination in writin' for papers, for I ain't thought of much else, since I wrote before, and I was real proud to see my letter in print. I showed it to John an' he says, ' Well. I rum! If that ain't a queer notion, for you to take! At your time o' life, too! One would think you'd have more sense ! What do you s'pose the world cares for what Aunt Polly an' John think ?" An' there I stopped him, for, says I to him: "That's the way the papers are made up," says I, "just of what people think an' say an' do, and I reckon Aunt Polly an' John have as good a right to think an' say as any other American citi zens," says I. Well, John, he didn't say anything more. I don't know whether I had convinced him, or he thought twould be a waste o' breath to try and convince me. But I was right, wasn't I, Mr. Editor ? I've been think in' that, though the woman's rights talkin' has done lots o good in some ways, openin' up work for em. etc., that really there ought to Ik: more talk about individual's rights, for I've seen cases where I thought man'' right? ought to be considered. I don't know much al>out law nor history, but I do know that there was a time when a woman o' property if she married, gave, not only herself, but all she had, to her husband. Sometimes she was considered as she ought to be, an' then again she was nothin more no less than a beggar in her hus band's house, bought au' kept up with her money. Of course that was all wrong, an' that was one o' the wrongs that is already righted, for now a woman can keep her own property, if she wants to, an' manage an" will it .as she pleases. An' that's where, in gettin' righted, the women are ahead, an' can, if they want to. take advantage of a husband. In a true marriage, where there is love and trust as there should be, a wife isn't afraid, an' her husband has the use of her money if he needs an' wants it. Sometimes a great overbearin' man can "lord it" over a meek little woman that's fool enough to "love an' olicy" him through it all, an' do as he pleases with her prop erty, but a woman of spirit, that is afraid of bein' imposed on, can appeal to the law an' it seems to me a mean, wicked woman, with the law to back her, can make a de cent man that's her husband as helpless and pitiable an object as ever was seen. When a man marries he is bound by !av to support his wife. Of course, so long's the law don't interfere, an' so long's a woman's a mind to stand it, he can give her a mighty mean support if he wants to: but if she is a mind to she can compel him to support her, whether she is,a good 1 wife or not. When a woman marries she is bound by I the moral law, an' all decency, to be a true helpmeet in every way—a true wife, ten 1 der mother, careful housekeeper, an' look ! out for her husband's best interests.- If she does all that she does her duty, an' is a i good match for any man without a cent o ; money.no matter how much he is worth. I But I've seen women, who had good hus ! bands, who were selfish an lazy, an' did as they pleased, whether they made their homes comfortable or not. They got meals when they wanted to, ! an' didn't get 'em if they didn't want to, or got 'em so late's to make their husbands lose time on their work or lose dinner. They would have money, or make a row, whenever the^ took a notion. They would get mad an' go to bed an' lay, or go ofl' on a visit an' let things jgo anyway. What can a man do with such a woman ? He's either got to stand it or act as ugly as she does, or leave her. If he leaves her she can get a divorce an all he's got, likely as not. If he acts as ugly as she does, she can get him arrested an bound over to keep the peace, an' then sin has full swing. If he tries to stand it his life is a perfect misery. I hope there ain't many such cases, but I've seen 'em, an' it seems to me there ought to be a law to meet it, as there is to provide for women whose husbands don't do as they'd ought to. It a man don't believe in divorce an' j don't want one, an' his wife won't be a j true wife, be ought not to be made to sup port her. There would be fewer such cases if such women knew they would have to shift for themselves, if they didn't behave. Men aud wotueu are citizens. The law nowadays protects women from heatin' an worse, an' it ought to protect a man from a selfish, lazy, wicked woman, so long's it don't allow him to protect himself with his fist. "Them's my sentiments." AUNT POLLY. If the passage of the forfeiture bill should prevent or seriously delay the com pletion of the Cascade tunnel, it would be a great blow to the interests of the road and to our entire section of country. We are by no means sure that it would make any great difference now if forfeiture is voted. All the grant that could be affect ed is the portion opposite so much of the line as is not completed when the forfeiture takes effect. This would he confined to the mountain section and has no present value at all, and it will likely be a long time before it will have jany value. Be sides, it seems to us the Northern Pacific will be chiefly induced to construct the tunnel for the value to accrue to the rest of its line._ Men of the George pattern argue as to the original value of a grant by its subsequent enhanced value. How utterly foolish is all such reasoning. There are probably billions of gold aud silver iu the various lodes and placers of our country. We might as well count this at its coined value, overlooking the cost of discovery and extraction, as to estimate the value of the Northern Pacific land grant as originally made, by the present value after the lands have been made accessable to settlers aud to markets by the construction of a rail road to and through them.