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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, June 17, 1886, Image 4

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theSUr
Itlylljcraltl.
FISK BROS. -
- - Pnblishers.
R. E. FISK, -
.....Editor
THURSDAY,
JUNE 17, 1886.
The Sachemship of Tammany baa been
placed in commission.
Ex-Senator Davis of West Virginia
looms up on the horizon as Manning's pos
sible successor.
It is officially announced that Princess
Louise, eldest daughter ol the Prince of
Wales, is to bel married to Oscar, Prince
of Sweden. The Prince is 27 and the
Princess 20._
Thebe are indications that Greece and
Turkey are going to arrange their differ
ences, interests and relations directly with
out the intervention or dictation of the
great allied powers.
It is about as hard and costly a matter
to dispose of sewerage as it is to collect
and conduct it l>eyond the settled limits of
the city. If there is aDy way to disinfect,
deodorize and treat it economically as a
fertilizer, that matter needs .just as careful
consideration.
One of the marvels of the age is how
Postmaster General Vilas, who wrote that ''
confidential circular to aspiring Democratic
postmasters on "ofiensive partisanship,"
could ever have uttered such an admirable
address as he did on Memorial Day at the
New York Academy of Music. It recalls
that memorable characterization of Bacon
as ''the greatest, wisest and meanest of i
mankind."
Anna B. McMahan writes on "Domes- j
tic Service" in the June Forum, and thinks
that many of the faults and defects of j
domestics belong to the mistresses and are
not charged to the proper account. A
mistress makes a good maid, is true to a
great extent. We need something besides
good training schools for domestics. Every
mother should s that her daughter was
fitted to superintend a household before
leaving home.
City Engineer Reeder has contribut
ed a valuable report to the City Council on
sewerage. Its importance is recognized.
Its estimated cost is not greater than we
anticipated. The plan proposed seems
feasible. The present Hume cost excessive
ly, but is not useless. It was intended
more for an outlet for surplus waters in
case of heavy rains. As a sewer it is a
failure and comes near being a cess pool
and a nuisance.
Unless we are greatly mistaken the
drunken riotous demonstrations of Orange
men at Belfast will do much to injure a
cause that resorts to such means to win
success. The great danger is that it will
provoke retaliation on the part of Catholic
Irishmen in places where . they are rela
tively stronger. If the latter will restrain
themselves as they have been doing for a
few months past, they will convince the
world of their fitness to govern Ireland
and the justuessof their claim.
It strikes us as an indication of weak
ness and distrust for the French authori
ties to spend so much time in discussing
the expulsion of the princes. If the re
sponsible ministry will give I'ranee a good
government there will be no desire for the
restoration of royalty or imperialism. And
if the republic is badly managed and made
unpopular it makes little diflerence
whether the scions of royalty are in or out
side of France, they are liable to be called
in. ___
It strikes us that there was greater
reason for having taxed the cost of the
Hume to the property holders en route,
than in the case of the Main street sewer.
The tlume was for the protection of prop
erty against flood ; the sewer is more for
the lienefit of others than of those by or
through whose property it runs. One-half
the cost of the proposed Main street sewer
should lie borne by the city, perhaps even
a larger portion. Private property owners
should bear the full expense of connec
tions therewith.
The House committee ou the Edmunds
Utah bill seems to have done thorough
work. In proposing a Constitutional
amendment we think it acted wisely. It
is often a delicate question to respect lib
ertv of conscience and worship and at the
same time deal with acts that claim cover
and sauction in religion. If the House
acts favorably on the committee's sugges
tions we hope the Senate will concede and
not stand on its dignity aud priority of
treatment. Above all things we need
prompt and determined action.
The stock-watering that Senator George
spoke of in connection with the Northern
Pacific was as open and unobjectionable
as the action of the government in pro
moting the sale of bonds by relieving them
from taxation. Railroad stock was issued
to the purchasers of bonds without addi
tional considerating, but no doubt the
bonds sold for more than |they otherwise
would, just as government bonds sold at
higher figures for being exempt from tax
ation. ______
The House has passed the bill giving
Montana another judge. The reasons
therefor aie many and obvious. W e have
no more judges now with a population of
130,000 than when it was only 30,000 or
less. Besides the natural increase of court
business* our 'population is now spread
over three times the area that occupied at
first and many classes of interests entirely
new have grown up to demand the atten
tion of our courts. But there is still an
otuer reason that should be controling.
All cases appealed to the Supreme Court
should be examined by judges unprejudi
ced and uncommitted by rulings in the
court below. We do not anticipate that
the Senate will refuse to pass a measure so
just and reasonable.
HOYS WILL BE HOYS.
We have often of late taken up our
pencil determined on a general crusade
and outpouring of anathemas upon bovs
in general, and those in particular who
break down shade trees and valuable
shrubbery that cost so much time and
money, and those who steal fruit and
break windows, not always of vacant
houses, and who do a thousand and one
pranks that develope the latent pro
fanity of our natures. But ever time j
something has caught our hand and re- j
strained us from writing a.-» intended. |
Moreover, we confess that when passion
was up over some recent cruel, wanton :
outrage we have offered bounties for the
discovery of the rogue, but within a
day's time we have always reached the
other conclusion that we should prefer
not to know who did us such a needless
and profitless injury.
We were all boys once, ourselves, and
it is an important fact that should not
be forgotten. As Christ said of the
woman whose sin was flagrant, "Let him
who. is without sin cast the first stone,"
so we have thought in the case of those 1
who are arraigning our boys in Helena |
as the worst boys in the world, on the
highway to the gallows, and deserving of
crucifixion (metaphorically,) we al
ways get down at last to say ; it is a
true bill, perhaps, but let him who
never was a boy and in his boyhood
never did anything just as careless and
watonly cruel and destructive, erect the
gibbet and head the procession to the
sacrificial altar.
N evertheless something must be done,
not in passion, not in malice, but some
thing effectual to restrain our -treet
rangers within reasonable bounds.
There is no use of reading moral
lectures and dilating upon the inevita
ble consequences of such froward ways.
It is not up to the level of sweetness
wasted on the desert air. What is need
ed is rather to get down from our fan
cied superior moral elevation to the
boys' level and show them better ways :
of investing their superfluous and un- j
tamed energies. Our boys need more
companionship' from their elders, in
cluding parents. Boys will respond
quick to useful suggestions and noble
ambitions, but they are left to forage
for themselves, to find occupation and
fun. Naturally they take what offers.
Much of the scolding and fault-finding
which we pour out in such generous
libations on the head of our boys, we
ought to lavish upon ourselves, for we
are most to blame. Scolding, threaten
ing and getting angry is about as foolish
and wantonly malicious as anything the j
boys do. If we find any pleasure in
seeing boys punished, is it not supposed
that they have some malicious pleasure j
of the same kind in seeing grown men
make fools of themselves in their towering j
passion. The fact is that there is a dss- j
position, in old and young, we do not j
say that it should cultivated "to make |
Rome howl." We all enjoy music, ;
tragedy and the high-stepping drama, j
It needs good sense and lots of it, to |
manage boys successfully and to mutual 1
profit. _
The (Queen's consent to the dissolution j
of Parliament, we may well believe, is not ^
deference to the advice and wishes of j
Gladstone, whom she would no doubt, like j
to see driven from power, but she con- |
snlted Hartington and Salisbury as
well, and they concurred in the same ad
vice. Each party is confident of increas
ing its strength in a new parliament, and
all agree that a measure of such radical
importance ought to be submitted directly
to the people. It looks as if the purpose
were to bring on the elections before har
vest and hove a short, sharp and decisive
campaign. We think in a case ol such
far-reaching importance as this of home
rule, with its probable extension to Scot
land and Wales, involving virtually a fun
damental change in the form of govern- j
ment, a longer campaign would have been j
better. It is not a question to dispose of !
under the influence of excitement. It re
quires a vast amont of sober, second
thought. There is great excitement al
ready, and this will be intensified by bring
ing on the elections speedily. There should
have been time allowed to cool off and
get to the bottom of the issue. The odds
at present look desperate against Glad
stone and home rule. The royal family,
the nobility, the church and the universi
ties, as well as the newspaper press and
the great magazines are in serried array
with plenty of means and a disrupted
liberal party only to oppose. It is going
to be a grand struggle. A victory for
Gladstone under the circumstances would
be almost a miracle.
In considering the question of increase of
salaries to city officials the members of the
Council will do well to recall the general
sentiments expressed on the eve of election
last past, and remember that a future day
of reckoning is coming. We do not pre
tend that the proposed increase would in
any case be unreasonable, but we can get
good men to fill the praces at the present
salaries, and we have before us a large in
crease of taxation to provide sewerage and
water works, and retrenchment must be
practiced when and where it is possible.
The large influx of criminals'and vagrants
has alreads necessitated an increase of the
police force. Circumstances, in our judg
ment, do not allow the consideration of
any increase of salaries. Our Mayor and
Aldermen get nothing for their engrossing
and responsible services, and why should
others expect full pay ?
Tue passage of the forfeiture bill in
Congress will only remove the contest from
the legislature to the courts, and the issue
cannot be doubtful unless the courts re
verse all the rules of construction that
have prevailed for years.
Thebe were frosts last Sunday in North
ern Dakota.
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"DON MIFF."
This is the singular title of a very
singular book that has been placed in
our hands with a request to read and
pass an opinion. It belongs to a class
of writings with which we are not
enough familiar to give an ex cathedra
judgment, and shall not attempt to do
so. Very clearly the writer does not
belong to the ordinary class of writers
of fiction. It is rather a work of satire
and philosophy. It? author is a Vir
ginia gentleman of keen powers of
thought, with refined tastes and a high
culture.
If it had been written to catch the
public eye'and ear and fancy, merely as
a commercial venture, there would have
been a different selection of names.
There is'something rather uncongenial
in the name given to the principal char
acter, Mr. Whacker, aud the machinery
of the story'introduces the'.Chicaman as
the heir of future ages in a way Jthat is
rather repellant to our tastes and phil
osophy.
The early part of the work is ren
dered more obscure and uncongenial to
the general reader by a superfluity of
conceits and scholastic diversions which
will be very apt to drive away a major
ity before they reach the body of the
work and could become interested in the
main story of the chief characters.
The pictures of Virginia society of the j
better class, as well as of the servile
class, are well drawn, and evidently by I
a master hand, from the original, and
are as pleasing to one of northern birth I
as to a native Virginian. While our j
judgment revolts again-t the >tate of
society as it existed in many parts of the
South before the war, yet there were
fascinating features about it that will
never cease to charm. Elegant and
affluent leisure operating on refined
natures and directed to social culture
and intellectual pursuits produced many
choice fruits.
We can conceive of the devoted, pas
sionate ardor of soul with which the
privileged classes of the South defended
their social system, so inconsistent as it
seems to us with the spirit of our politi
cal institutions.
As the story advances and the charac
ters assume personalities the interest in
creases and is intensely enlisted to the
close. The denouement of the several
characters is as tragic as the war itself,
and though told with undisguised South
ern sympathy, can not at this day offend
the most devoted Unionist. Whether it
be a wail of resolute despair, a prophecy,
or merely a literary diversion, the book
is written with ability, and deserves
wider reading than, we fear, it will
g«- _
There will be a ready and general ap
proval ol' the jury's verdict of guilty in
the Maxwell case. At the first publica- !
tion of his confession there was a wave of
give-him-the-benefit-of-a-doubt sympathy, ;
but it all disappeared during the progress |
of the trial. Maxwell not oniy contra- I
dieted himself but he was contradicted by j
material facts at so many points that the
theory of-an innocent mistake became ;
w holly untenable. There was no alterna- ;
tive but that it was as foul a murder as that j
of Hamlet's father, There was base, unfeel- ;
ing ingratitude to one who had be- j
friended him ; there was a pretense of
friendship to the last and then a murder
for a paltry purpose of getting Preller's
money. There is no ground or room for
sympathy for such a depraved being. By
human law and the instinct of self-preser
vation from such enemies of the human
race, he deserves death, and we hope no j
mistaken views of executive clemency will
save him from such a doom.
We are led to fear from a remark of
Senator Sherman yesterday that there is a
likelihood that the Northern Pacific for
feiture bill is going to pass and become a
law. We had felt certain till now that so
foolish a proposition would never get
through the United States Senate. If the
forfeiture had been declared years ago, it
might have beeu a wise thing. True, it
would have stopped the building of the
road, but some terms would have been
made for the woik to go on by that or
some other company under greater restric
tions and for a smaller amount of land.
Now Congress has delayed forfeiture till all
the land has been earned that is of value
and stops where the grant could go but a
short way in paying for the completion of
the tunnel. It is anothe conspicuous case
of locking the stable door after the horse
has been stolen.
As the Northern Pacific grant has al
ways been construed the grant was a pres
ent, and specific one. If the land is de
clared forfeited to the present company for
failure to complete their contract within
the time limited, the only thing for Con
gress to do in the premises is to bestow the
forfeited lands on some other company that
will do the work sooner. Now it is absurd
to think of finding any other company
that would do the work for ten times the
land grant. So as it seems to us under the
construction that has always been given to
this particular grant, if the Northern Paci
fic goes on and completes the tunnel, even
after forfeiture is declared, it will be leg
ally entitled to demand and receive the
land grant all the same. The only defence
that the government could plead would be
to show that some other company could or
would have done it in better shape or in
less time, which would be impossible.
Tu eke is a certain speciousness given to
the statement of such men as Call and
George by multiplying the total amount of
lands included in the grants by the value
of that poition already sold. The best
portions of course, have been already sold,
and the vast body remaining are unsale
able at any price. They speak of hypo
thetical offers of $2.50 an acre by some
hypothetical foreign syndicate, but if the
company could get a bona fide cash offer
of 50 cents per acre we presume they
would be glad to sell.
DISPOSITION OF PUBLIC LANDS.
It looks very much as if Congress
might be on the eve of committing a
blunder worse, if possible than the long
series that has originated in the ignor- |
ance and suspicion of Sparks. Already |
the House, under suspension of rules,
has adopted with little consideration,
a bill repealing the pre-emption, timber
culture and desert land acts, without
substituting anything in place, and
leaving only the homestead law in force,
under which a settler can acquire a title
to land. In so doing Congressmen are ex
hibiting the same ignorance of the char
acter of the public domain and of the
wants of the settlers as is complained of
in the Commissioner, and further, they
seem to be acting on the same suspicion
of universal dishonesty and fraud. If
the »Senate acts upon the measure in the
same inconsiderate way it is hard to
imagine the deplorable condition of'
things that will ensue.
The land suitable for homesteads has
almost entirely been taken up, and it
would be a refinement of cruelty aud
legislative stupidity to apply to the semi
arid pasture lands of the Territories a
system, applicable only to the bottom
and prairie lands of the great Missis
sippi valley, where the rainfall is suffi
cient for successful agriculture.
Imagine a homesteader trying in good
faith to secure a quarter section of our
average upland, destitute of any living
water. It is estimated that the natural
pasturage is enough on an average quar
ter section to sustain about sixteen head
of sattle or eighty sheep. We will not
say anything about such a homesteader
supporting a family, but how long could
he support himself ? If he should try
to raise a crop without irrigation his
career would lie shorter still, for he
would not get his seed back, nor would
he survive to need any to sow a second
crop.
There is no need of Congressmen
being so profoundly ignorant of the
matters on which they are assuming tq
legislate. In 1870 Congress appointed a
Public Land Commission, consisting of
three civilians acting with the Land
Commissioner and Director of the Geo
logical Survey, whose duty it was to
gather testimony about the public do
main and make a codification of exist
ing laws, with such adaptation as seemed
wise to the future wants and actual con
ditions of things.
The commission did its work well
and made a report within a year, a copy
of which is now before us, making a
volume of 700 pages. It was printed by
Congress, and beyond doubt is in the
Congressional library or in Washington
junk shops. It is a report that every
Congressman ought to be compelled to
read before he votes on any land legisla
tion. The men who made that report
studied the subject on the ground, and
recommended some sensible necessary
legislation. It is a violent presumption
to suppose that one Congressman in
twenty knows that such a report is in
existence. Certainly if they knew the
contents and substance of the report,
they would not repeal the present laws
until they had substituted something to
take their place.
Having granted alternate sections to
the Northern Pacific railroad, we sup
pose that rectangular surveys within R.
R. limits is necessary, but it is not a sys
tem adapted to the wants of this coun
try. With snch a survey, and only the
homestead law under which to secure a
title, Montana will soon become a battle
field of scrambling rangers driving off
and killing one another's stock. Our
pasturage land must be disposed of un
der a very system from the homestead
act. They should be surveyed in larger
bodies and sold outright at less rates
than agricultural lnnds. They are not
even worth fencing in small quarter sec
tion parcels.
If Congress votes repeal and does no
more there will soon rise a howl from
this region that will be heard in Wash
ington and beyond.
Beck's bill to prohibit members of Con
gress from receiving retainers and perform
ing legal services for railroad companies
which have received subsidies from the
government, though it passed the Senate
with little opposition and less considera
tion and is right enongh in principle, is
vicious in singling out one species of offense
from a large class equally deserving of con
demnation. Why not apply the restric
tion to all corporations, telephone com
panies for instance ? and why restrict it to
companies that have received subsidies and
not extend it to any that want subsidies in
any shape or form ?
It is something to get a favorable report
from a committee of the House tor an ap
propriation for sinking artesian wells in
Montana, though we are by no means san
guine of the measure. If the. desert land
act is to be repealed, as there are some indi
cations, other means must be provided for
irrigation or the larger portion of our Ter
ritory will remain unsettled and unoccu
pied. The expense and risk in sinking
artesian wells is too great for private indi
viduals to undertake. So far there has
been two failures to one success in our Ter
ritory, and private capital is reluctant to
embark in further trials.
Judge Tuckee, of the House, thinks
the obligation of the United States to pay
the confederate bonds would stand stronger
on other grounds than those urged by
Judge Fullerton, on the ground that it is
the executor or administrator of the estate
of a debtor that has died. In his second
volume of Congressional reminiscences Mr.
Blaine calls attention to the fact that
every Democrat in Congress and in eveiy
State legislature, north as well as south,
voted against the 14th amendment at
every stage, and nowhere ever conceded its
validity.
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A VITAL QUESTION.
"Water, Water Everywhere Nor Any
Drop to Drink."
Sound Views on an Issue Paramount in
the List of Public Topics Engaging
the Attention of Helena's
Citizens.
The Mighty Missouri Suggested as a
Never Failing Source or a Pure
Water Supply.
Helena, June 10,1886.
Mb. Editor:— The residents of Helena
have a reputation for public spirit and a
unity of action in all that concerns the
thrift and welfare of the town. It is said
they are quick to apprehend whatsoever
will minister to their prosperity and eager
to avail themselves of its use. Perhaps
this is so. But in the matter which as
nearly concerns our prosperity as any
other—one vital to every interest—there is
and has been manifested a shameful neglect.
I allude to
OUK WATEB SUPPLY,
or rather lack of supply. That we should
be content with the little rills which by
the grace of one or two citizens are per
mitted to flow down to some of us aud are
directed hither and thither as their pecu
niary interests dictate; that half the house- ,
wives of the town are compelled for some ,
reasons to forego the use of water for 1
domestic purposes: that the hours when it
can be used at all are apportioned out to
different localities only to disappoint the j
residents when the hour arrives ; that the j
plaintive but creditable efforts to beautify ;
a llower yard or imitate a garden must !
cease to be a pleasure and become a 1
mockery for lack of water, is a reproach to
our people.
It is asserted that there is water suffi- |
cient for our uses brought to the town if
properly distributed, but it is not so dis
tributed because two water companies have
apportioned out the people, each turning
over to the other a certain number of vic
tims
TO TANTALIZE AND TO BLEED,
each by tacit agreement of the other to
have a given dominion over which they
shall exercise more than despotic sway.
It is further said that the west side com
pany has more water than it has thus far
needed, but notwithstanding this it has re
spected the apportionment of area and has
turned over the east side of Last Chance
gulch to the tender mercies of the Helena
Water Company, permitting its own water
to run to waste rather than intrude upon
that domain which had been assigned to
the east side company, even when that com
pany was wholly inadequate to supply the
needs of the town. It must be gratifying
to the people on the east; side 'of town in
their burning thirst to know that the
water which is running to waste in the
gulch is there in fulfillment of an arrange
ment made by the water barons, who have
divided the town much as the Conqueror
divided England, and with as little regard
to the wishes of the subjects involved.
Another story is that this water is
i wasted because the two companies can not
agree on the relative value of their re
spective plants, the east side company
maintainingjthat the people they mock by
a pretense of supplying them with water
are not so spirited or self-confident as
those on the west side, and that they can
be "worked" for more money for less con
siderations than the other parts of the
town, and that thus while two companies
are
JOCKEYING AND HAGGLING
for advantages in a dicker, our people are
suffering from thirst, oar gardens and door
yards are parched, and manufacturing es
tablishments which of right belong here
are driven to other places. It does not take
a very acute vision to see that this matter
of water division has already afl'ected the
drift of building and enterprise in the
town, and that the recent improvements
out on the west part of the town are drawn
thither by the large water supply of the
water company and the facilities for gar
den irrigation afforded by the Chessman
ditch. This consideration is perhaps a
small one; it matters little where the town
is built, so that it is built, and we have
reached the point where we may fitly in
quire what is to limit Jhe size and repress
the growth of Helena?,
Incontestably nothing cramps us now, or
will limit our growth in a near future, so
much as our inadequate water supply. It
is a threat which impends over the pros
perity of the town. A great city never
grew where the housewives were clamor
ous for water, where neighbor looked wist
fully at neighbor lest he was taking more
than his share, where gardens and flower
yards were parched and all of the residents
felt under the discipline of the superin
tendent ot a water company more auto
cratic than a born king.
Helena can become a metropolitan town ;
her advantages place it within her grasp,
bat she never will if her people will be
content to spend their time claiming
water
BY THE BOTTLE OB CUPFUL.
The management of the available water
by those who control it has been bungling,
parsimonious and slovenly ; bat, if it were
otherwise, is the oapply, wisely divided,
adequate? It certainly is not. It is not
sufficient for present needs. If the east
side company, the west side company, the
Park ditch and the Chessman ditch, which
is all the water presently available, were
consolidated in one management the sup
ply would be wholly inadequate for the
needs of this town to-day, much more
inadequate for its supply in a near future.
Besides the quality of our water is abom
inable. Aside from that which comes
from the bedrock of the gulches above the
town, ahd as to which no person or com
pany has any title and no one can obtain a
valid title, the water is filthy beyond com
parison and nothing but the scarcity of the
article has repressed municipal legislation
and a storm of public indignation that
such nastiness should be proffered ns for
domestic uses. The amount of money
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paid into the pockets of the various water
companies annually by the people of this
town would pay the interest on the cost of
as adequate and perfect a water supply as
any city has or as Helena will need for the
next hundred years, and it is time the
work was commenced. It is a
PIVOTAL EBA WITH HELENA.
Her City Council and citizens can stran
gle her as easily as they can foster her
growth. It is plain if no other water sup
ply were available than that I have named
it would be the instant duty of the City
Council to condemn it for public uses, so
far as there is any title to it in private
parties, and to obtain authority at the next
legislature to issue bonds to pay for it.
But, as the quality is unfit and the quan
tity inadequate, the citizens and the City
Council must look elswhere, aud in their
search economy, adequacy and purity must
be the controlling considerations. No
source will so well meet these three re
quirements as
THE MISSOUBI RIVEB.
I am well aware that to those who have
this water to sell us and to those who have !
not given the subject consideration the
idea of bringing water from the Missouri
river by means of steam power iu pipes
will seem chimerical. But it is not so.
That great river is pure ; it is of excellent
quality in every respect; it is free, and its
supply is adequate to all our ,needs. The
expense of a system of ^pder works, which
from that source will supply us, is not so
large as to forbid the enterprise, and to it
the attention of our people, our aldermen
and those who have the welfare of our
city at heart, should turn. "We must sur
render the primacy of this town or have
an ample supply of pure water. In such
a view economy becomes the last consider
ation, but it will be subserved by the en- |
terprise I have suggested. CITIZEN.
[For the Herald ]
Hidden, but Felt.
KEV. F. D. KELSEY.
Electricity is hidden, yet felt iu its
activities, and manifested in many lorm^
which are seen. Magnetism is a hidden
force, yet the magnet draws the steel unto
itself. Gravitation is a hidden but mighty
force, felt by the atom floating in the air,
and obeyed by the orbs which go hurling
thiough the vast spaces in the skies. Heat
is a force which enters through doors
locked never so cunningly, but itself can
not be seen. So, "Canst thou by searching
find out God ? Canst thon find out the
Almighty to perfection ?" "Behold I go
forward, but he is not there ; and back
ward, but I cannot perceive him ; on the
left hand where he doth work, but I can
not behold him ; He hideth himself on the
right hand that I cannot see him."
Why doe^God so hide himself? We j
need not be surprised at such hiding of
God himself, while we see the same thing
in all the greatest forces of the universe.
Electricity, magnetism, heat gravitation
aud the vital forces, are all to be perceived
by effects and not seen.
This question like many another can
j only be answered by saying God wills it
so, and there the matter must ultimately
I rest.
But men are not in a fit condition to see
God. No man can see God and live ; if
we are to be allowed to see God, a great
constitutional change must take place.
The whole plan of God in our creation
must change. We were not made to see
God any more than we were made to fly ;
we cannot look the sun face to face; how
much less, then, the Makerof the sun, the
one from whom the sun gets all its glory ?
If men could see God. one element ot
the moral probation would be destroyed ;
men are here at schools ; the visible pres
ence of the Master is removed to test the
moral qualities and character of the
scholars, eye servants, or persons to be
trusted ; not slaves, but sons.
Again, God is hidden from our eyes until
by earth's pilgrimage, weary and heartsick
with wanderings, we have learned to place
a true value upon spiritual and heavenly
things.
Grant us to murmur not
Heaven is our home,
Whate er our earthly lot,
Heaven is our home,
tirant us at last to stand
There at thine own right hand.
Jesus, in Fatherland,
Heaven is our home.
Though God be hidden, ten thousand
times ten thousands have found him, and
known him, dwelling in their hearts, tilling
their homes and lives with righteousness
and unspeakable joy, and becoming a con
stant factor in their choices, preferences,
decisions and affections.
But thiuk not this intimacy with God is
obtained by those who think little about it.
No intimate friendship is formed without
care and valuation. Nor will any man
know God, or find Him a friend who does
not search for God with all his heart.
From Trinity steeple, New York, one
looks for miles up and down on Broadway
packed with a seething mass of living
creatures bent on eager messages and
tasks : anxious faces, careworn faces, hard
ened faces, eager faces—all, all intent on
gain and gold. The step, how rapid ! the
manner, how intense!, the heart, how ab
sorbed! God says, yon shall seek me,
and find me, when yon shall search for
me as eagerly, earnestly, patiently, persist
ently, anxiously, and sincerely as Broad
way's eager throng seek their gain and
gold, namely—with all your heart.
With all our findings, have we found
God? What is a man, what is man's life
if he merely live the brnte life of flesh?
Is not such a man dead while he lives?
What shall it profit a man, if he gain the
whole world, and lose his own soul ?
You ask to see how I gave my heart to Christ ?
I do not know.
There came a yearning for him in my soul
So long ago.
I found earth's flowerets would fade and die,
i I wept for something that could satisfy :
! And then—and then—somehow I seemed to dare
I To lift my broken heart to him in prayer.
I do not know,
I cannot tell you how ;
I only know
He is my Savior now.
Earthquake in New Jersey.
Asbuby Park, June 12. — A severe shock
of earthquake occurred at one minute after
midnight, lasting two minutes. The shock
was accompanied by a rambling noise.
Houses were shaken and pictures on the
walls swung to and fro.
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Aunt Polly Again on Man's Rights.
Dear Mb. Editor : I reckon there's a
kind of fascination in writin' for papers,
for I ain't thought of much else, since I
wrote before, and I was real proud to see
my letter in print.
I showed it to John an' he says, ' Well. I
rum! If that ain't a queer notion, for you
to take! At your time o' life, too! One
would think you'd have more sense ! What
do you s'pose the world cares for what
Aunt Polly an' John think ?"
An' there I stopped him, for, says I to
him: "That's the way the papers are
made up," says I, "just of what people
think an' say an' do, and I reckon Aunt
Polly an' John have as good a right to
think an' say as any other American citi
zens," says I. Well, John, he didn't say
anything more. I don't know whether I
had convinced him, or he thought twould
be a waste o' breath to try and convince
me. But I was right, wasn't I, Mr. Editor ?
I've been think in' that, though the
woman's rights talkin' has done lots o
good in some ways, openin' up work for
em. etc., that really there ought to Ik:
more talk about individual's rights, for I've
seen cases where I thought man'' right?
ought to be considered.
I don't know much al>out law nor history,
but I do know that there was a time when
a woman o' property if she married, gave,
not only herself, but all she had, to her
husband.
Sometimes she was considered as she
ought to be, an' then again she was nothin
more no less than a beggar in her hus
band's house, bought au' kept up with her
money. Of course that was all wrong, an'
that was one o' the wrongs that is already
righted, for now a woman can keep her
own property, if she wants to, an' manage
an" will it .as she pleases.
An' that's where, in gettin' righted, the
women are ahead, an' can, if they want to.
take advantage of a husband. In a true
marriage, where there is love and trust as
there should be, a wife isn't afraid, an' her
husband has the use of her money if he
needs an' wants it.
Sometimes a great overbearin' man can
"lord it" over a meek little woman that's
fool enough to "love an' olicy" him through
it all, an' do as he pleases with her prop
erty, but a woman of spirit, that is afraid
of bein' imposed on, can appeal to the law
an' it seems to me a mean, wicked woman,
with the law to back her, can make a de
cent man that's her husband as helpless
and pitiable an object as ever was seen.
When a man marries he is bound by !av
to support his wife. Of course, so long's
the law don't interfere, an' so long's a
woman's a mind to stand it, he can give
her a mighty mean support if he wants to:
but if she is a mind to she can compel
him to support her, whether she is,a good
1 wife or not.
When a woman marries she is bound by
I the moral law, an' all decency, to be a true
helpmeet in every way—a true wife, ten
1 der mother, careful housekeeper, an' look
! out for her husband's best interests.- If she
does all that she does her duty, an' is a
i good match for any man without a cent o
; money.no matter how much he is worth.
I But I've seen women, who had good hus
! bands, who were selfish an lazy, an' did as
they pleased, whether they made their
homes comfortable or not.
They got meals when they wanted to,
! an' didn't get 'em if they didn't want to,
or got 'em so late's to make their husbands
lose time on their work or lose dinner.
They would have money, or make a row,
whenever the^ took a notion. They would
get mad an' go to bed an' lay, or go ofl' on
a visit an' let things jgo anyway. What
can a man do with such a woman ? He's
either got to stand it or act as ugly as she
does, or leave her.
If he leaves her she can get a divorce an
all he's got, likely as not. If he acts as ugly
as she does, she can get him arrested an
bound over to keep the peace, an' then sin
has full swing. If he tries to stand it his
life is a perfect misery.
I hope there ain't many such cases, but
I've seen 'em, an' it seems to me there
ought to be a law to meet it, as there is to
provide for women whose husbands don't
do as they'd ought to.
It a man don't believe in divorce an'
j don't want one, an' his wife won't be a
j true wife, be ought not to be made to sup
port her.
There would be fewer such cases if
such women knew they would have to
shift for themselves, if they didn't behave.
Men aud wotueu are citizens. The law
nowadays protects women from heatin' an
worse, an' it ought to protect a man from a
selfish, lazy, wicked woman, so long's it
don't allow him to protect himself with
his fist.
"Them's my sentiments."
AUNT POLLY.
If the passage of the forfeiture bill
should prevent or seriously delay the com
pletion of the Cascade tunnel, it would be
a great blow to the interests of the road
and to our entire section of country. We
are by no means sure that it would make
any great difference now if forfeiture is
voted. All the grant that could be affect
ed is the portion opposite so much of the
line as is not completed when the forfeiture
takes effect. This would he confined to
the mountain section and has no present
value at all, and it will likely be a long
time before it will have jany value. Be
sides, it seems to us the Northern Pacific
will be chiefly induced to construct the
tunnel for the value to accrue to the rest
of its line._
Men of the George pattern argue as to the
original value of a grant by its subsequent
enhanced value. How utterly foolish is
all such reasoning. There are probably
billions of gold aud silver iu the various
lodes and placers of our country. We
might as well count this at its coined
value, overlooking the cost of discovery and
extraction, as to estimate the value of the
Northern Pacific land grant as originally
made, by the present value after the lands
have been made accessable to settlers aud
to markets by the construction of a rail
road to and through them.

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