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n / h '31 Li 1 ViM Volume xx. Helena, Montana, Thursday, July i, 1886. No. j> j ^Th. c R. E. FISK D. W. FISK. ». J. FISK, Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: One Year, (in advance)............................. S3 CO 8ix Month«, lin itdvance)............................... 1 75 Three Month«, (in advance).......................... I 00 When not paid for in advance the rate will be Four Dollar» per yeaii Postage, in all cases. Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: City Subscribers,delivered by carrier 81 "0a month One Year, by mail, (in advance).................. 8'.' 00 «ix Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 2 50 *#"A11 communications should be addressed to K1SK KKOS., Publisher), Helena, Montana The Protected Cow. O cow, where'er you lirowse for food, Assume a bolder attitude. And turn thy meek and dreamy eye Triumphantly to azure sky! At buxom maid switch not thy tail, Nor overturn in rage the pail; In short, by action dignified, Display to man thy proper pride. Graz 3 on. O cow, and chew and dream! The milk you give will give its cream; The cream be given to the churn Which gives the butter in its turn. To market will the butter go In golden balls, in tier and row; No oil, nor grease, called butterine, Shall in thy borrowed garb be seen. Feed on, Ü cow, in sunshine ba«k, Thou hast protection in thy task; And artful man shall not compete With thee. Thy victory is complete! —Columbus Dispatch. Couldn't See His Faults. He was a most emphatic, wilful, stiff-necked, systematic, mental, spiritual, erratic and a most degraded creature; He wa.s given to frivolity and most un seemly jollity, and had no] single quality as a redeeming feature. He was full of in judiciousness and insolent officiousness, and countless kinds of viciousness deformed his reputation. A sapless imbecility, a lack of strong virility, a monstrous incivility and moral ob fuscation. Yet his steps were all attended, all his freaks and whims defended by a ret inue of splendid, rapt extravagant ex tollers, * For this v.cions, mediocre, cracked, iras cible old croàker was a rich and bonded broker and was worth a mil lion dollars! — S. AY. Foss in Lynn Union. I In- Man Who Advertises. He's just a bit ecstatic, but not a whit rheumatic, and he does it up emphatic when ha sends a business "ad." And he cuts a knowing caper, saying: "Put it in the paper, at top of highest col umn, if you want to make me glad. Start it with your biggest letter, set it up a little better, than that other feller's ad. across the way. 1 want it fixed up nice at the cheapest kind of price—I'm going to see if advertis ing (lo sn't pay." Then the pn[>er man sits down and scratches on his crown, and hits his scalp a fear ful kin 1 of thud; He's thinking as he's winking: "Were col umns made ull top my business I could drop, bj fat and sleek and rich as an)' mud. " — S. W. Foss in Lynn Union. . He Called and It Came. He sweetly played his soft guitar To serenade The dearest one to him by far— A little maid. Above his head a witching star In cloud rifts played. He sang a song ne'er heard before, In accents mild; His notes a tender cadence bore— Love undefiled ; There were some neighbors lived next door; And they were wild. The cold moon 'neath a cloud had fled, So dark and thick; "Oh, come," he sang, "and we will wed; ( 'ome to me quick !" And then it came and struck his head; It was a brick! —Tid Bita A Portrait at tlie F.xhibition. She wears a great big bonnet With a'bunch of roses on it. And 'lis tied beneath her chin In a bow; Altho' she looks so shy, I sometimes catch her eye, As the restless crowd pass slowly To and fro. Now. do you think she'd care If some day I should dare To speak to her, and ask her What's her name! Alas! tlio' fair, she's mute. She'd never heed my suit— * For she's nothing but a picture In a frame. —Life. Her Vistle* on der Feats. Yen 1 landts in Castle Garden, About finuf years ago. It vas shtrike me mine attention Yen 1 hear dose shteamboats blow, Mit hoo boo here unt hoo hoo dere, From efery ding dot floats, . Unt I finds der loudest vistles On der fery smallest poats. Py chiminy crashus! aind dot so All ofer dis crate landt. Und all der shmallest funerals \ltist hafe der piggest bandt? Per shmallest shtore der piggest sign: Dose dudes der finest coats? Und you find dot most all vistle On some fery shmall tugpoats. You notice dot dose grosser ships Aind been got mouch to say ; But all dose kleine loedle poats Yoost climbs righd out der vay. Dot noise dond count ven drouple cornel Unt, poys, yoost shplit your troat, Dot vistle makes no dvefranco, poys, Uf you lose your leedle poat. — Wilhelm Strauss, in Judge. ___ __ „„ü ever eat»4 salt mackarai et a Is ard mg house will ever fight for tbe Raui* fisheries.—Mil»«tife®» Joorvsl I rillllT CABINET LADIES. PORTRAITS OF SOCIAL LEADERS AT WASHINGTON. A MRS. ENDICOTT. Mrs. Endieott, Mrs. Manning, Mrs. Yilas and Miss Cleveland—They Represent New England, New York and the West. The Inventor of "Innocuous Desuetude." Of the historic twenty-six persons who gathered around the festal board at the sumptuous "stand up" wedding supper of President Cleveland, four were wives of cabinet officers. These la dies were called from private life to a semi official social position when their husbands accepted the various portfolios of their re spective departments. They appear to be a harmonious gathering of women, on the wholes. The country has heard less of that petty and disgraceful bickering about who shall go ahead of whom and which shall sit nearest the president at state dinners than usually gets to the public ear in such cases. The cabinet ladies have certainly done their best to make President Cleveland's adminis tration a social success. They seem to have been equal throughout to the arduous social i duties required ot' them—-duties so wearing that in the beginning, poor, sweet Kate Bay ard succumbed to the strain. They are courteous, dignified, handsomely dre-sed and hospitable. Our readers will be glad to see some of their portra ts. By reason of seniority, the wife of Secre tary of War Endi cott is presented first. Her face is strong and clear cut. One would say it was the typi cal Boston face. Mrs. Endieott looks like the high-bred New England wo man of long de scent. She wore a red pompon in her handsome gray nair at the presi dent's wedding. Mrs. Endieott is her husband's first cousin. Both are de scendants of the Putnam family. One effect of that wedding will be that he newspaper correspondents can no longer periodically inform the public who is the first lady in the lund. We have a first lady now, no mistake, and one who, judging from her chin, will be able to keep so. Washington etiquette is solemnly peculiar, and, like the ways of Providence, hard to understand. A lot of old ladies of both sexes have it in their especial keeping, and believe the sun would not rise behind the dome of the Capitol if they did not pre scribe which foot the first lady in the land should put forward when she starts down stairs of a morning. It would give the country such a delightful thrill if some offi cial lady should suddenly give all their fusty old notions a deliberate slap in the face, and do as she pleased. Here we have a typical New York woman's face, and one may be par doned for saying a very pretty one, too. Mrs. Manning is originally from Albany, a town which is as proud of its blue blood and old families as even Boston itself. It Ls said to be easy 'k ' enough to get into high life in New York city if one has money, but al most impossible for an outsider to do the same in Albany. The old Dutch element is stronger there than in the metropolis. Mrs. Manning had not been long married to her husband when he became secretary of the treasury. He was a widower before their marriage. The lady dresses richly and tastefully. Like most New York women she knows just the right thing to put on and how to wear it. Mrs. Manning is as hand some as her husband, who is noted for his fine personal appearance. Together they are a noble looking pair. If an artist had sought the country over j for the three types of women here shown, the New England, the New York and the west ern, he could not have selected bet ter specimens than Mrs. Endieott, Mrs. Manning and Mrs. Vilas. There is an earnest, kindly look in Mrs. Yilas' hon est eyes that at tracts one at once. She looks. hearty, whole-souled woman, with character enough to impress herself upon any society. She and the postmaster general went to the capi tal from AYisconsin. Mrs. Vilas dresses hand somely and is fond of blue gowns. There is one, too, who, for a season, was associated with these ladies who stamped her personality upon Washington society more than any of them. That was Miss Rose Elizabeth Cleveland. She held herself bravely and well in Washington, and leaves it with the best wishes and the sincere good will of all the country. She was not aggres sive or did not attempt to revolutionize Washington ways. She did her best, modestly and with dig nity, as mistress of the White House, hold ing still somewhat to the old ways and the old convictions which had been with her for a lifetime. One is only sorry that she yielded so far to the dictates of the old cats of both 4 sexes at Washing ton as to try to peg up and confine her art is tic, short, curly hair and make it j look as though it ; was "done up." ! Her own way of wearing it suited her much better, and consequently looked better. When she was a school teacher her friends called her "Johnny Cleve land." In spite of President Cleve land's mild state ment that he invented the phrase "innocuous desuetude" himself, there will always be those who will believe Libbie did it. Now that she resigns the scepter of the White House to young Mrs. Cleveland, Miss Rose Elizabeth retires to her home at Hol MRS. MANNING. MRS. VILAS. MISS CLEVELAND. land ratent, .v x., io. engage . u work. It is a pretty home, fitted up with the earnings of her book of essays. Success to her literary efforts, and we'll all read her novel, the "Long Row," as »oou as it ap pears. It is said that she is to celebrate the com pletion of the sale of 50,000 copies of her first book of essays by a trip to Euro].«. The sale is dragging along slowly now, so that if she adheres to her intention her European trip may be delayed for some time. On the Anniversary nf Bunker Hill. c. Ci MDSiL WïiîSVIïia THK WEBSTER STATrE. ct'hotographeil by W. U. C. Kimball.) It was but fitting that a monument to Daniel Webster should be unveiled on the anniversary of the battle of Banker Hill, for few Americans appreciated the result of that battle to the fulness that did the great mind of Webster. Ha has left his thoughts on the matter in the two orations he deliv ered over the commencement and completion of the Bunker Hill monument, and these two efforts of his shall always remain classics I in our literature. On June 17, in Concord, the capital of AVebster's native state of New Hampshire, will be unveiled a statue to the sturdy statesman. Theoration will be delivered by President BarCett, of Dartmouth college. There will be pres *nt all the military of the state, and j representatives from all the Dartmouth j alumni associations in the country, and it is ; expected that there will be a greater gather ing in the city on that day than has ever ; come C gether there on any previous occa I sion. Georgs AY. Nesmith will preside, and ! among thosi who will make addresses are AVilliam M. Evarts, of New York; Con i pressman Bingham, of Pennsylvania; Gen. j B. F Butler, Robert C. Winthrop and . Richard Olney, of Boston. At the conclu sion of the ceremonies the Dartmouth alumni ' will meet, and Mr. Mellen Chamberlain, of I the Boston public library, will deliver an j I oration. The bronz* figure is eight feet in height and weighs \! IKK) pounds. Its pedestal raises ten feet above the ground. It cost *12,000, and is the gift of Eenjamin Pierce Cheney of Boston, to the state of New Hampshire. No imperishable bronze was needed to fix him in the memory of his people. But is well that he should be brought often before the youth of America as an example to emulate. I | j j ; ! A Blind Man of Ohio. From Youngstown, O., comes the story of a blind man, who is as remarkable in his way as the late Peter Fawcett, tbe British postmaster general, was. Tbe careers of both show w hat a man can do who Las a determined will, though he is deprived of the first and greatest of the five senses. ÈS THE BLIND MAYOR AValter Lowrie Campbell was born at Kalem, O.. in 1842, of Scotch-Irish parent age. AYhen he was 5 years old the children at school where he was one day began throwing lime at each other during recess. A piece struck little AValter in the eye and cut a deep gash. He lost h.s sight from the accident But he studied music so industriously that at a very early age he became an expert pianist and organist He was a music teacher a while. *He received his early education at the institution« for the blind at Columbus, Ohio, and at Pailadelpbia. Later be attend ed tbe AA'ester» Reserve college, in Ohio, and graduated there. He afterward studied for the legal profession at the Harvard Law school. Neither l«tin. mathematics nor law of fered any impediment to this victorious blind student. He has been lawyer, editor and business man. He writes with his own hands by means of grooved paper. He was mayor of Youngstown, O. , a while, and made a remarkable record as a municipal reformer. He is married, and has two beau tiful children. By his own efforts he has amassed a comfortable property. He finds bis way alone through the streets of the large cities solely by his cane. He has a gentle, slightly melancholy manner. Ho wonder Ii>e melancholy is there! Mr. Pnwderlv Was the Friend. "I have a circular here which I would like to give the widest publicity to," said a Smithfield street merchant to a friend. "How had I 1 letter go about it?" "Well," was the reply, "the best plan I know of is to address it to the Knights of Labor and mark it 'Strictly private and confidential.'"—Pittsburg Chronicle Tele graph. _____ Short and Crisp. A genuine hum-bug—the locust.—Life. AA'hen Greek meets Greek then comes tbe talk of war.—Boston Globe. A western compositor has been trying to set a hen to music.—Yonkers Statesman. He covered tbe whole point—the man who sat down on a carpet tack.—Life. If tbe nignt is unwholesome, why do owls live so long?—National Weekly. BLUE COATS OX WHEELS. CHICAGO'S "FLYING MARIA" A TER ROR TO EVILDOERS. Great Value of the Police Telegraph and Patrol Wagon System During Blots. "The Hurry's" First Appearance in a Tough-Infested District. [Special Correspondence.! Chicago, June 14. —"What would .e do without the wagons?" Chicagos valiant police officers almost hourly asked oneanother luring the late labor and Anarchist tr jubles. Without the patrol wagons, they all said, the force would have lacked fully one-half af the efficiency which in those trying times made it the pride and hope of citizens and çave to the Chicago police department a world-wide fame. Without the wagons such •apid movement into districts whence the langer signal had come, such prompt mass ing of men at critical moments, and such expeditious removal of the dead and wounded bomb victims in Haymarket square would have been impossible. Moreover, the moral force and general efficiency of every officer in the city was increased by the general knowledge of the lawless or idle crowds that, while only one policeman was before their eyes, hundreds more were virtually at his Lack, ready to spring to his assistance almost with the speed of the wind. j rN v 'xr; THE HOUSE, WITH BOX. "THE HURRY" RESPONDING TO A CALL. "I can safely say," remarked Chief of Police Ebersold the other day, "that but for the patrol wagon and police telegraph sys tem Chicago would have suffered the loss of millions of property and hundreds of lives during the late troubles No police force that ever patrolled a city could handle such mobs as we had to deal with, and keep the destruction of property and loss of life within reasonable limits, but for the assistance of this system. Our aim was all the time to suppress every outbreak in its beginning. AYe never permitted a mob to get the upper hand of an officer or a squad. AYe main tained the dignity of the law and the supremacy of the force, even at the trouble of sending a half doz n wagons full of re-en forcements to scenes of slight disturb ance. AYe handled our forces upon t he t lieory that every outbreak was like the begin ning of a fire. In itself it might be insignificant, but allowed to gain headway, and ob tain the mastery over the officers on the ground, there w'as no telling what conflagration might follow. Our aim was to cover this city as an Irishman's stick covers the ground in front of him when in a squab ble. AYherever we saw a lawless head wehitit. AVecould Êt/r * r have covered Utaleago with our —*clnbs in those try ing days without tb* wagons, and if the trouble makers J * had once doubted " R * u ur ability to maintain order everywhere in the city, ruin wouliî have followed immediately." si a f 0 1 lit 1 r ALARM BOX, CLOSED. boxes and engine houses, scratched his head a lew minutes, and then blurted out: "Say, Barrett, why can't we get up a thing like this for the police department?" That was the germ of the idea—the begin ning of a great work. Then and there that chief of detectives—McGarigle by name« and Electrician Barrett put their heads to gether. Years passed, and Chicago was hard up for cash, and official jealousies were never quiet, and aldermen were always stupid. But the good idea did not die. The toughest district in Chicago was that surrounding the Twelfth street police station. Gangs of hoodlums and thieves amused themselves by laying in ambush for their enemies, the blue coats, and frequently en joyed the rare sport of using a policeman s star for a sharp-shooting target. AVbenever a Twelfth street officer, od his mMnight rounds, came upon a ganj >f V 'hs it became second nature for L it t on his hands, take a fresh ;«ip .a his locust, and wonder how much of his remains would be left for his widow to weep over. When the telegraph system was startet!, and the start was made largly by contribu tions from the pockets of enthusiastic officers and by stealing wire and instrumenta, the first boxes were located in this region where the tough knew no law and despised its agents. The very first night a gang of roughs lay waiting in a dark alley for an officer, and intending to thump the life out of him. But the »officer, suspecting the trap, quietly turned In an alarm and walked toward his foe with iclub uplifted. In two minutes the hoodlunjs sprang upon him, and were just beginning |d enjoy themselves when there was a sharp 'clang, clang, clang, a rattle of wheels and hoofs, a cloud of blue coats, a dozen locust* swinging merrily, and before the surprised hoodlums knew what was the matter with them they were lying handcuffed in the bottom of Chicago's first patrol wagon. The new system was a suc cess from the beginning. In six months the Twelfth street district had been cleaned out Chief Ebersold speaks knowingly, and in his comparison of tjie mob danger to the danger of fire he bit upon the very fact which gave birth to the police patrol and telegraph system which has been adopted in nearly all of tbe large cities of the country. Ten years ago the chief of detectives was loitering for a half hour in the fire alarm telegraph office of Chicago's old city hall. He heard the ringing of the fire alarms, noted the perfec tion of the system cf communication between signal The wagon, which the toughs nicknamed ''The Flying Maria," and finally "The Hurry," was too much for them. "The Hurry," as it is still called in some localities in Chicago, began its work au spiciously, and good luck has beeu with it ever since. In the wagon on the first raid were CapLs. Doyle and Ebersold, both of whom have since risen to the honor of chief of police, and Lieut. Bonfield, the famous mot fighter of the Chicago toree. McGari gle, the detective who invented, or at least first suggested the system, also rose to be chief, and is now warden of the largest American hospital, that of Cook county, whither the wagon which he devised carried in 100 officers and citizens injured by the bomb of Anarchy. The fame of the new HL L ALARM BOX, OPEN. system has rapidly spread. Though only four years have elapsed since that first rani in the Twelfth street district, the patrol has been adopted in St. Louis, Cincinnati, Milwaukee, Detroit, Baltimore, AA'ashington and a dozen other cifie«. Not long ago a delegation from Baris, France, was here to make an investi gation of the system. Boston has just taken it in, and New York is thinking about it AYhat is this po ice patrol and telegraph system? It is a fire department for the ex tinguishment of crime. It is a device by which the preservers of peace patrolling their beats are placed within instant commu nication with their superiors, and by which the commanding officers are able to send re enforcements quickly and wfth full knowl edge of the work to be done and the number of men needed, to any part of the field. In Chicago tbe system has reached its highest development There are upon the street corners in this city 450 sentry or signal boxy's, to which thousands of citizens and all officers have access. The citizen's key cannot be removed until an officer arrives to release it from the trap lock, and as all keys given out are numbered and registered at headquarters there is an effective check upon trifling. Inside tbe sentry box is an iron Lux containing a tele phone and electric signai dial. Only officers have keys to this inner box. but a citizen may send in an alarm by simp. y pulling the projecting lever. This done, lie has but a few moments to wait, when his ears will be gladdened by the clBng, clang of the gong with which the patrol wagon heralds its swift approach. A pull of the hook sum mons a wagon and three officers, hut by using the telephone the patrolman may summon all of the twenty wagons lielonging to the department, with a dozen men in each, should the emergency require so many. The dial saves much time and trouble, for by setting the band at the proper number the patrol man may simultaneously with the trans mission of the alarm itself send information ns to the character of the trouble. For a simple drunk the horses drawing the wagon are not urged to breakneck speed, while in case of riot officers aie picked up on the way and alt possible haste made in reaching the scene of disorder. In each patrol wagon are handcuffs, corae alongs, clubs, blankets, stretchers, canvas, ropes, etc. There is also a medicine chest, and tile officers in charge of wagons have been so often and so carefully lectured by the department surgeon.that they are now excellent practitioners.3n emergency cases. These wagons are justly famous for their convenience and »psfia. They often travel a mile in five minutrs, and in less than an hour all the wagons in the city may be massed at one point If the telegraph and wagon system has been found as useful in all cities where em ployed as in Chicago, it has already been a greater blessing to society than its fond in ventors ever dreamed of. In Chicago last year the officers in charge of station houses received over the department telephones 1 , 1 ) 01 ), 000 reports from patrolmen on duty. Tbe patrol wagons answered 500 alarms a week, and during the year traveled 05,000 mile* mile* But the system, admirable though it be, is not yet complete, even in Chicago. Had the late Hay market riot occurred in time of usual quiet, when there were few reserve officers at the station houses, many moments must have passed before re-enforcements in effective numbers could reach the scene. Each officer patroling a beat is required to report by telephone every half hour, but in the case of the Haymarket struggle this would have been a half hour too late. Ample provision has been made for instantaneous transmission of intelligence from officers on beat to their superiors at the station houses, but there is no way in which the generals of the city army may quickly dispatch instruc tions to their forces scattered far and wide on picket duty. This is a serious defect, and, taking warning from the late turbu lence, Chicago will soon place large l»ells upon her station houses, and on these bells signals will be struck in great emergencies, call ing patrolmen from their beats and sending them in haste to bead quarters. These bells will have a tone easily distinguishable from the fire bells, and neigh 'TVACH«£ *»nt**»u f *«• tt K C0»*v Wfc UrC«^l!*tAJf lie M* StV 0* • J □ rot* r>rtl ejh hum TM* SIGNAL ROX WITHIN THE ALARM BOX boring police districts will also have distinc tive signals. Moreover the signal code will embrace calls by which one-third, one-half or three-fourths of the patrolmen in a dis trict may be summoned from their posts and those remaining be notified by the same signal of their comrades' absence and of the wider territory temporarily coming under their charge. Three taps on the bell, for in stance, will summon the officer from every third beat and notify his neighbors to cover his ground during liis absence. Four taps will summon every fourth officer, and so on. AVith electric communication between 500 patrolmen in as many different parts of tbe city, and their superiors at the stations; with the means at hand of summoning offi cers from their beats to the houses without a moment's loss of time, and with fleet horses hitched to convenient wagons, to convey re enforcements, it would seem that the limit of human ingenuity ha* been reached. This jierfected police telegraph and wagon system is clearly the most valuable auxiliary of police work ever devised. It has doubled tbe efficiency of every police force in which it has been employed. Not one dollar and little fame did this invention bring to him whose brain wrought it, but among millioas of dwellers in great cities it bas increased security against crime and fire, helped main tain peace and order, and promoted humane treatment of tbe unfortunate. Walter Wellman. THE LATE MR. HOE. ONE OF THE CELEBRATED IN VENTORS OF THIS CENTURY. A Name That Will Remain Inseparably Connected with the Development of the Printing Press—The Simple Device Which Brought Him Fame. j . I i ! I THE LATE RICHARD M. HOE. The recent death of Col. Richard M. Hoe in Florence, Italy, closes the career of one whose name is known wherever the news paper is used to spread intelligence. He was the senior member of the firm of print ing press makers, and one of the leading in ventors and developers of that great lever of public opinion. Col. Hue's, father w as the founder of the firm. He came to this country from Eng land in 180:5, and worked at his trade of car pentry. Through his skill as a workman he was sought out by a maker of printer's material named Smith. He married Smith's sister, and went into partnership with Smith and brother. Tbe printing presses of those days were made chiefly of wood, and Hoe's skill as a wood worker was valuable to the firm. In 1822 Peter Smith invented the hand press, of which we give au illustra tion, and which will be recognized by many an old printer, though many are in use to this day. no nn □□ E 1 1 m & THE SMITH I'RESS. This press was finally -upplanted by the AYashington press, indented by Samuel Rust in 1829. From the manufacture of the Smith presses Hoe mail ■ a fortune, as the inventor died a year alter securing his patent, and the firm name was changed to R. Hoe & Co. The demand for hand presses increased so that ten years later it was sug gested that steam power might be utilized in some way to do .the pulling and tugging necessary in getting an impression. At this time the late Col. Hoe, one of the sons of the founder of the house, was an attentive lis tener to the discussions in regard to the pos sibility of bringing steam power to aid the press. Young Richard M. Hoe was born in 1812. He had the advantage of an excellent education, but his father's business possessed such a fascination for him that it was with difficult)' he was kept at school. He was a young man of 20 before his father allowed him to work regularly in the shop. He had already become expert in handling tools, so that he soon became one of the best workmen. He joined with his. father in the belief that steam would yet be applied to the printing press, and the numerous models and experi ments they made to that end would, in the light of the present day, appear extremely ridiculous. In 1825-30 Napier had construct ed a steam printing press, and in 1830 Isaac Adams, of Boston, secured a patent for a power press. These inventions were kept very secret, the factories in which they were made being guarded jealously. In 1830 a Napier press was imported into this country for use on The National Intelligencer. Old Maj. Noah, editor of Noah's Supday Times and Messenger, was collector of the port of New York in those days, and being desirous of seeing how the Napier press would work, sent for Mr. Hoe to put it up. He and Richard succeeded in setting up the press, and worked it successfully. The success of the Napier press set the Hoes to thinking. They had made models of its peculiar parts and studied them care fully. Then, in pursuance of a plan sug gested by Richard, his father sent his part ner, Mr. Newton, to England for the purpose of examining new machinery there and to secure models for future usa On his return with ideas Mr. Newton and the Hoes pro jected and turned odt for sale a novel two cylinder press, which became universally popular und soon superseded all ethers, the Napier included. Thus was steam at last harnessed to the press, but the demand of the daily pajjers for their increasing editions spurred the press makers to devise machines that could be worked at higher speed than was found pos sible with the presses in which the type was secured to a flat bed which was moved back ward and forward under a revolving cylin der. It was seen then that if type could le secured to tbe surface of a cylinder, great speed could be attained. S' SIR ROWLAND HILL S DEVICE, 1835. The above diagrams illustrate Sir Row land Hill's method of accomplishing this. The type was cast wedge-shaped; that is, narrower at the bottom. A broad "nick" was cut into its side, into which a "lead" fitted. 1 he ends of the "lead," in turn, fitted into a slot in the column rules and these latter were bolted to the cylinder. Anyone who knows anything about type will see the difficulty of using such a system. The inventor, Sir Rowland Hill, the father of penny postage in England, sunk, it is said, £80,000 in the endeavor to introduce bis method. In the meantime. Col. Hoe had suceeeded j to hi* father's business and was giving his . attention largely to solving this problem of I holding tyj»e on a revolving cylinder. It was not until 1846 that he hit on the method i of doing it After a dozen year* of thought the idea ! came upon him unexpectedly, and was start I ling in its simplicity. It was simply to make the column rules wedged-shaped instead of K. M. HOE S DEVICE, 1M6. the type. The above diagram furnished by Mr. S. D Tucker, tbe surviving head of the firm of Hoe & Co., is a fac-simile of the original drawing in their office. It was this simple device, by the introduction of ''light ning presses," that revolutionized the news paper business of the world, and made the press the power it is. It brought Hoe fame and put him at the bead of press makers. His business grew to such dimensions that he has in his employ in his New York factory from 800 to 1,500 hands, varying with the state of trade. His London factory employs from 150 to 200 hands. And vet the great daily presses craved still faster presses. The result was the de velopment of the web press, in which the paper is drawn into the press from a con tinuous roll at a «peed of twelve miles an hour. Tbe very latest is a machine called the supplement press, capable of printing complete a paper of from eight to twelve page«, depending on the demand of the day, so that the jwiperK slide out of the machine with the supplements gummed in and tha paper folded ready for delivery. Of late years many other remarkably in genious presses of other makers have come into tbe market, but still the genius of R. M. Hus has left an indelible mark in the devel opment of tbe printing press. President nf the Internat ionat Typo graphical Union. I WILLIAM AIMISON. The International Typographical union is the oldest, most conservative and most pow erful of our labor organizations. It is com posed of journeymen printers of the United States and Canada, who hold a convention annually to elect officers for the government of the organization for the ensuing vear. At the recent convention, held in Pittsburg, Fa., Mr. AVilliam Aimison was chosen presi dent. Mr. Aimison was born in Marseilles, France. In 1836 he came to this country, when quite young, settling in Nashville, Tenn., where be learned the printing trade. He is the only living charter member of the typographical union organized in that city in 1855, and of which he was twice president He served in the Confederate army through out tbe war. He was elected to the Ten nessee legislature in 1879, and has been con tinuously re-elected since. He is a man that is universally liked where known, and it was his popularity, rather than ambition, that carried him into polities He possesses the cool and fair judgment which is essential in the chief officer of • labor organization which is always under the critical eye af public opinion. iiow He Secufed Hi* CuHiomer. The following story is told of an enter prising New York jobber, the events having taken pläce some years ago: The merchant in question, having heard of the arrival of a country trader who was known to be a purchaser and of unquestionable credit, wa9 resolved to get him to visit his establish ment, and, once there, he felt sure he could secure him as a customer. He accordingly sent out one of his drummers, of whom he had quite a numl»er, adapted to every taste aud disposition. The one sent, however, returned without success. No. 2 was dis patched with no better result, and again No. 3, and so on until all had gone and come back without their mam The merchant now determined to go him self, and finding that brandy and water and free tickets to the theatre were of no avail, for the country trader did not take one or go to the other, he was reduced to the necessity of employing a ruse, which, as the sequel shows, was simple as well as effectual. On taking his departure after a pleasant inter view the merchant took care to commit the "mistake" of taking the trader's hat instead of his own. Next morning, as was ex pect»!, the merchant received a prompt visit at his store from the country trader, who came to look up the hat which he sup posed had been hurriedly exchanged. This was what the mercant wanted, and through this means sold & good bill of goods and se cured a regular customer. — Dry Goods Chronicle.