Helena, Montana, Thursday, July i, 1886.
R. E. FISK D. W. FISK. ». J. FISK,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana
Rates of Subscription.
One Year, (in advance)............................. S3 CO
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Three Month«, (in advance).......................... I 00
When not paid for in advance the rate will be
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Postage, in all cases. Prepaid.
City Subscribers,delivered by carrier 81 "0a month
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*#"A11 communications should be addressed to
K1SK KKOS., Publisher),
The Protected Cow.
O cow, where'er you lirowse for food,
Assume a bolder attitude.
And turn thy meek and dreamy eye
Triumphantly to azure sky!
At buxom maid switch not thy tail,
Nor overturn in rage the pail;
In short, by action dignified,
Display to man thy proper pride.
Graz 3 on. O cow, and chew and dream!
The milk you give will give its cream;
The cream be given to the churn
Which gives the butter in its turn.
To market will the butter go
In golden balls, in tier and row;
No oil, nor grease, called butterine,
Shall in thy borrowed garb be seen.
Feed on, Ü cow, in sunshine ba«k,
Thou hast protection in thy task;
And artful man shall not compete
With thee. Thy victory is complete!
Couldn't See His Faults.
He was a most emphatic, wilful, stiff-necked,
systematic, mental, spiritual, erratic
and a most degraded creature;
He wa.s given to frivolity and most un
seemly jollity, and had no] single
quality as a redeeming feature.
He was full of in judiciousness and insolent
officiousness, and countless kinds of
viciousness deformed his reputation.
A sapless imbecility, a lack of strong virility,
a monstrous incivility and moral ob
Yet his steps were all attended, all his
freaks and whims defended by a ret
inue of splendid, rapt extravagant
ex tollers, *
For this v.cions, mediocre, cracked, iras
cible old croàker was a rich and
bonded broker and was worth a mil
— S. AY. Foss in Lynn Union.
I In- Man Who Advertises.
He's just a bit ecstatic, but not a whit
rheumatic, and he does it up emphatic
when ha sends a business "ad."
And he cuts a knowing caper, saying: "Put
it in the paper, at top of highest col
umn, if you want to make me glad.
Start it with your biggest letter, set it up a
little better, than that other feller's
ad. across the way.
1 want it fixed up nice at the cheapest kind
of price—I'm going to see if advertis
ing (lo sn't pay."
Then the pn[>er man sits down and scratches
on his crown, and hits his scalp a fear
ful kin 1 of thud;
He's thinking as he's winking: "Were col
umns made ull top my business I
could drop, bj fat and sleek and rich
as an)' mud. "
— S. W. Foss in Lynn Union. .
He Called and It Came.
He sweetly played his soft guitar
The dearest one to him by far—
A little maid.
Above his head a witching star
In cloud rifts played.
He sang a song ne'er heard before,
In accents mild;
His notes a tender cadence bore—
Love undefiled ;
There were some neighbors lived next door;
And they were wild.
The cold moon 'neath a cloud had fled,
So dark and thick;
"Oh, come," he sang, "and we will wed;
( 'ome to me quick !"
And then it came and struck his head;
It was a brick! —Tid Bita
A Portrait at tlie F.xhibition.
She wears a great big bonnet
With a'bunch of roses on it.
And 'lis tied beneath her chin
In a bow;
Altho' she looks so shy,
I sometimes catch her eye,
As the restless crowd pass slowly
To and fro.
Now. do you think she'd care
If some day I should dare
To speak to her, and ask her
What's her name!
Alas! tlio' fair, she's mute.
She'd never heed my suit— *
For she's nothing but a picture
In a frame. —Life.
Her Vistle* on der Feats.
Yen 1 landts in Castle Garden,
About finuf years ago.
It vas shtrike me mine attention
Yen 1 hear dose shteamboats blow,
Mit hoo boo here unt hoo hoo dere,
From efery ding dot floats,
. Unt I finds der loudest vistles
On der fery smallest poats.
Py chiminy crashus! aind dot so
All ofer dis crate landt.
Und all der shmallest funerals
\ltist hafe der piggest bandt?
Per shmallest shtore der piggest sign:
Dose dudes der finest coats?
Und you find dot most all vistle
On some fery shmall tugpoats.
You notice dot dose grosser ships
Aind been got mouch to say ;
But all dose kleine loedle poats
Yoost climbs righd out der vay.
Dot noise dond count ven drouple cornel
Unt, poys, yoost shplit your troat,
Dot vistle makes no dvefranco, poys,
Uf you lose your leedle poat.
— Wilhelm Strauss, in Judge.
___ __ „„ü ever eat»4 salt mackarai
et a Is ard mg house will ever fight for tbe
Raui* fisheries.—Mil»«tife®» Joorvsl
rillllT CABINET LADIES.
PORTRAITS OF SOCIAL LEADERS AT
Mrs. Endieott, Mrs. Manning, Mrs. Yilas
and Miss Cleveland—They Represent
New England, New York and the West.
The Inventor of "Innocuous Desuetude."
Of the historic twenty-six persons who
gathered around the festal board at
the sumptuous "stand up" wedding
supper of President Cleveland, four
were wives of cabinet officers. These la
dies were called from private life to a semi
official social position when their husbands
accepted the various portfolios of their re
spective departments. They appear to be a
harmonious gathering of women, on the
wholes. The country has heard less of that
petty and disgraceful bickering about who
shall go ahead of whom and which shall sit
nearest the president at state dinners than
usually gets to the public ear in such cases.
The cabinet ladies have certainly done their
best to make President Cleveland's adminis
tration a social success. They seem to have
been equal throughout to the arduous social
i duties required ot' them—-duties so wearing
that in the beginning, poor, sweet Kate Bay
ard succumbed to the strain. They are
courteous, dignified, handsomely dre-sed and
hospitable. Our readers will be glad to see
some of their portra ts.
By reason of seniority, the wife of Secre
tary of War Endi
cott is presented
first. Her face is
strong and clear
cut. One would
say it was the typi
cal Boston face.
Mrs. Endieott looks
like the high-bred
New England wo
man of long de
scent. She wore a
red pompon in her
nair at the presi
Mrs. Endieott is
her husband's first cousin. Both are de
scendants of the Putnam family.
One effect of that wedding will be that
he newspaper correspondents can no longer
periodically inform the public who is the
first lady in the lund. We have a first lady
now, no mistake, and one who, judging
from her chin, will be able to keep so.
Washington etiquette is solemnly peculiar,
and, like the ways of Providence, hard to
understand. A lot of old ladies of both
sexes have it in their especial keeping, and
believe the sun would not rise behind the
dome of the Capitol if they did not pre
scribe which foot the first lady in the land
should put forward when she starts down
stairs of a morning. It would give the
country such a delightful thrill if some offi
cial lady should suddenly give all their
fusty old notions a deliberate slap in the
face, and do as she pleased.
Here we have a typical New York
woman's face, and
one may be par
doned for saying a
very pretty one,
too. Mrs. Manning
is originally from
Albany, a town
which is as proud
of its blue blood
and old families as
even Boston itself.
It Ls said to be easy
'k ' enough to get into
high life in New
York city if one
has money, but al
most impossible for an outsider to do the
same in Albany. The old Dutch element is
stronger there than in the metropolis.
Mrs. Manning had not been long married
to her husband when he became secretary of
the treasury. He was a widower before
their marriage. The lady dresses richly and
tastefully. Like most New York women
she knows just the right thing to put on and
how to wear it. Mrs. Manning is as hand
some as her husband, who is noted for his
fine personal appearance. Together they
are a noble looking pair.
If an artist had sought the country over j
for the three types
of women here
shown, the New
England, the New
York and the west
ern, he could not
have selected bet
ter specimens than
Mrs. Endieott, Mrs.
Manning and Mrs.
Vilas. There is an
earnest, kindly look
in Mrs. Yilas' hon
est eyes that at
tracts one at once.
She looks. hearty,
whole-souled woman, with character enough
to impress herself upon any society. She
and the postmaster general went to the capi
tal from AYisconsin. Mrs. Vilas dresses hand
somely and is fond of blue gowns.
There is one, too, who, for a season, was
associated with these ladies who stamped
her personality upon Washington society
more than any of them. That was Miss
Rose Elizabeth Cleveland. She held herself
bravely and well in Washington, and leaves
it with the best wishes and the sincere good
will of all the country. She was not aggres
sive or did not attempt to revolutionize
She did her best, modestly and with dig
nity, as mistress of the White House, hold
ing still somewhat to the old ways and the
old convictions which had been with her for
a lifetime. One is only sorry that she yielded
so far to the dictates of the old cats of both
4 sexes at Washing
ton as to try to peg
up and confine her
art is tic, short, curly
hair and make it j
look as though it ;
was "done up." !
Her own way of
wearing it suited
her much better,
When she was a
school teacher her
friends called her
land." In spite of
land's mild state
ment that he invented the phrase "innocuous
desuetude" himself, there will always be
those who will believe Libbie did it.
Now that she resigns the scepter of the
White House to young Mrs. Cleveland, Miss
Rose Elizabeth retires to her home at Hol
land ratent, .v x., io. engage . u
work. It is a pretty home, fitted up with
the earnings of her book of essays. Success
to her literary efforts, and we'll all read her
novel, the "Long Row," as »oou as it ap
It is said that she is to celebrate the com
pletion of the sale of 50,000 copies of her first
book of essays by a trip to Euro].«. The
sale is dragging along slowly now, so that if
she adheres to her intention her European
trip may be delayed for some time.
On the Anniversary nf Bunker Hill.
THK WEBSTER STATrE.
ct'hotographeil by W. U. C. Kimball.)
It was but fitting that a monument to
Daniel Webster should be unveiled on the
anniversary of the battle of Banker Hill,
for few Americans appreciated the result of
that battle to the fulness that did the great
mind of Webster. Ha has left his thoughts
on the matter in the two orations he deliv
ered over the commencement and completion
of the Bunker Hill monument, and these
two efforts of his shall always remain classics
I in our literature. On June 17, in Concord,
the capital of AVebster's native state of New
Hampshire, will be unveiled a statue to the
Theoration will be delivered by President
BarCett, of Dartmouth college. There will
be pres *nt all the military of the state, and
j representatives from all the Dartmouth
j alumni associations in the country, and it is
; expected that there will be a greater gather
ing in the city on that day than has ever
; come C gether there on any previous occa
I sion. Georgs AY. Nesmith will preside, and
! among thosi who will make addresses are
AVilliam M. Evarts, of New York; Con
i pressman Bingham, of Pennsylvania; Gen.
j B. F Butler, Robert C. Winthrop and
. Richard Olney, of Boston. At the conclu
sion of the ceremonies the Dartmouth alumni
' will meet, and Mr. Mellen Chamberlain, of
I the Boston public library, will deliver an j
The bronz* figure is eight feet in height
and weighs \! IKK) pounds. Its pedestal raises
ten feet above the ground. It cost
*12,000, and is the gift of Eenjamin
Pierce Cheney of Boston, to the state of
New Hampshire. No imperishable bronze
was needed to fix him in the memory of his
people. But is well that he should be brought
often before the youth of America as an
example to emulate.
A Blind Man of Ohio.
From Youngstown, O., comes the story of
a blind man, who is as remarkable in his
way as the late Peter Fawcett, tbe British
postmaster general, was. Tbe careers of
both show w hat a man can do who Las a
determined will, though he is deprived of
the first and greatest of the five senses.
THE BLIND MAYOR
AValter Lowrie Campbell was born at
Kalem, O.. in 1842, of Scotch-Irish parent
age. AYhen he was 5 years old the children
at school where he was one day began
throwing lime at each other during recess.
A piece struck little AValter in the eye and
cut a deep gash. He lost h.s sight from the
But he studied music so industriously that
at a very early age he became an expert
pianist and organist He was a music teacher
a while. *He received his early education at
the institution« for the blind at Columbus,
Ohio, and at Pailadelpbia. Later be attend
ed tbe AA'ester» Reserve college, in Ohio, and
graduated there. He afterward studied for
the legal profession at the Harvard Law
Neither l«tin. mathematics nor law of
fered any impediment to this victorious
blind student. He has been lawyer, editor
and business man. He writes with his own
hands by means of grooved paper. He was
mayor of Youngstown, O. , a while, and
made a remarkable record as a municipal
reformer. He is married, and has two beau
tiful children. By his own efforts he has
amassed a comfortable property. He finds
bis way alone through the streets of the
large cities solely by his cane. He has a
gentle, slightly melancholy manner. Ho
wonder Ii>e melancholy is there!
Mr. Pnwderlv Was the Friend.
"I have a circular here which I would like
to give the widest publicity to," said a
Smithfield street merchant to a friend.
"How had I 1 letter go about it?"
"Well," was the reply, "the best plan I
know of is to address it to the Knights of
Labor and mark it 'Strictly private and
confidential.'"—Pittsburg Chronicle Tele
Short and Crisp.
A genuine hum-bug—the locust.—Life.
AA'hen Greek meets Greek then comes tbe
talk of war.—Boston Globe.
A western compositor has been trying to
set a hen to music.—Yonkers Statesman.
He covered tbe whole point—the man who
sat down on a carpet tack.—Life.
If tbe nignt is unwholesome, why do owls
live so long?—National Weekly.
BLUE COATS OX WHEELS.
CHICAGO'S "FLYING MARIA" A TER
ROR TO EVILDOERS.
Great Value of the Police Telegraph and
Patrol Wagon System During Blots.
"The Hurry's" First Appearance in a
Chicago, June 14. —"What would .e do
without the wagons?" Chicagos valiant
police officers almost hourly asked oneanother
luring the late labor and Anarchist tr jubles.
Without the patrol wagons, they all said,
the force would have lacked fully one-half
af the efficiency which in those trying times
made it the pride and hope of citizens and
çave to the Chicago police department a
world-wide fame. Without the wagons such
•apid movement into districts whence the
langer signal had come, such prompt mass
ing of men at critical moments, and such
expeditious removal of the dead and wounded
bomb victims in Haymarket square would
have been impossible. Moreover, the moral
force and general efficiency of every officer
in the city was increased by the general
knowledge of the lawless or idle crowds
that, while only one policeman was before
their eyes, hundreds more were virtually at
his Lack, ready to spring to his assistance
almost with the speed of the wind.
THE HOUSE, WITH
"THE HURRY" RESPONDING TO A CALL.
"I can safely say," remarked Chief of
Police Ebersold the other day, "that but for
the patrol wagon and police telegraph sys
tem Chicago would have suffered the loss of
millions of property and hundreds of lives
during the late troubles No police force
that ever patrolled a city could handle such
mobs as we had to deal with, and keep the
destruction of property and loss of life within
reasonable limits, but for the assistance of
this system. Our aim was all the time to
suppress every outbreak in its beginning.
AYe never permitted a mob to get the upper
hand of an officer or a squad. AYe main
tained the dignity of the law and the
supremacy of the force, even at the trouble
of sending a half doz n wagons full of re-en
forcements to scenes of slight disturb
ance. AYe handled
our forces upon
t he t lieory that
was like the begin
ning of a fire. In
itself it might be
allowed to gain
headway, and ob
tain the mastery
over the officers on
the ground, there
w'as no telling
might follow. Our
aim was to cover
this city as an
covers the ground
in front of him
when in a squab
ble. AYherever we
saw a lawless head
Êt/r * r have covered
Utaleago with our
—*clnbs in those try
ing days without
tb* wagons, and if
the trouble makers
J * had once doubted
" R * u ur ability to
everywhere in the city, ruin wouliî have
a f 0
ALARM BOX, CLOSED.
boxes and engine houses, scratched his head
a lew minutes, and then blurted out:
"Say, Barrett, why can't we get up a
thing like this for the police department?"
That was the germ of the idea—the begin
ning of a great work. Then and there that
chief of detectives—McGarigle by name«
and Electrician Barrett put their heads to
gether. Years passed, and Chicago was
hard up for cash, and official jealousies were
never quiet, and aldermen were always
stupid. But the good idea did not die.
The toughest district in Chicago was that
surrounding the Twelfth street police station.
Gangs of hoodlums and thieves amused
themselves by laying in ambush for their
enemies, the blue coats, and frequently en
joyed the rare sport of using a policeman s
star for a sharp-shooting target. AVbenever
a Twelfth street officer, od his mMnight
rounds, came upon a ganj >f V 'hs it
became second nature for L it t on
his hands, take a fresh ;«ip .a his
locust, and wonder how much of his remains
would be left for his widow to weep over.
When the telegraph system was startet!, and
the start was made largly by contribu
tions from the pockets of enthusiastic officers
and by stealing wire and instrumenta, the
first boxes were located in this region where
the tough knew no law and despised its
agents. The very first night a gang of
roughs lay waiting in a dark alley for an
officer, and intending to thump the life out
of him. But the »officer, suspecting the
trap, quietly turned In an alarm and walked
toward his foe with iclub uplifted. In two
minutes the hoodlunjs sprang upon him, and
were just beginning |d enjoy themselves when
there was a sharp 'clang, clang, clang, a
rattle of wheels and hoofs, a cloud of blue
coats, a dozen locust* swinging merrily, and
before the surprised hoodlums knew what
was the matter with them they were lying
handcuffed in the bottom of Chicago's first
patrol wagon. The new system was a suc
cess from the beginning. In six months the
Twelfth street district had been cleaned out
Chief Ebersold speaks knowingly, and in
his comparison of tjie mob danger to the
danger of fire he bit upon the very fact
which gave birth to the police patrol
and telegraph system which has been
adopted in nearly all of tbe large cities of
the country. Ten
years ago the chief
of detectives was
loitering for a half
hour in the fire
office of Chicago's
old city hall. He
heard the ringing
of the fire alarms,
noted the perfec
tion of the system
The wagon, which the toughs nicknamed
''The Flying Maria," and finally "The
Hurry," was too much for them.
"The Hurry," as it is still called in some
localities in Chicago, began its work au
spiciously, and good luck has beeu with it
ever since. In the wagon on the first raid
were CapLs. Doyle and Ebersold, both of
whom have since risen to the honor of chief
of police, and Lieut. Bonfield, the famous
mot fighter of the Chicago toree. McGari
gle, the detective who invented, or at least
first suggested the system, also rose to be
chief, and is now warden of the largest
American hospital, that of Cook county,
whither the wagon which he devised carried
in 100 officers and citizens injured by the
bomb of Anarchy. The fame of the new
ALARM BOX, OPEN.
system has rapidly spread. Though only
four years have elapsed since that first rani
in the Twelfth street district, the
patrol has been adopted in St.
Louis, Cincinnati, Milwaukee, Detroit,
Baltimore, AA'ashington and a dozen
other cifie«. Not long ago a delegation from
Baris, France, was here to make an investi
gation of the system. Boston has just taken
it in, and New York is thinking about it
AYhat is this po ice patrol and telegraph
system? It is a fire department for the ex
tinguishment of crime. It is a device by
which the preservers of peace patrolling
their beats are placed within instant commu
nication with their superiors, and by which
the commanding officers are able to send re
enforcements quickly and wfth full knowl
edge of the work to be done and the number
of men needed, to any part of the field. In
Chicago tbe system has reached its highest
development There are upon the street
corners in this city 450 sentry or
signal boxy's, to which thousands of
citizens and all officers have access.
The citizen's key cannot be removed until
an officer arrives to release it from the trap
lock, and as all keys given out are numbered
and registered at headquarters there is an
effective check upon trifling. Inside tbe
sentry box is an iron Lux containing a tele
phone and electric signai dial. Only officers
have keys to this inner box. but a citizen
may send in an alarm by simp. y pulling the
projecting lever. This done, lie has but a
few moments to wait, when his ears will be
gladdened by the clBng, clang of the gong
with which the patrol wagon heralds its
swift approach. A pull of the hook sum
mons a wagon and three officers, hut by
using the telephone the patrolman may
summon all of the twenty wagons
lielonging to the department, with
a dozen men in each, should the
emergency require so many. The dial
saves much time and trouble, for by setting
the band at the proper number the patrol
man may simultaneously with the trans
mission of the alarm itself send information
ns to the character of the trouble. For a
simple drunk the horses drawing the wagon
are not urged to breakneck speed, while in
case of riot officers aie picked up on the way
and alt possible haste made in reaching the
scene of disorder.
In each patrol wagon are handcuffs, corae
alongs, clubs, blankets, stretchers, canvas,
ropes, etc. There is also a medicine chest,
and tile officers in charge of wagons have
been so often and so carefully lectured by
the department surgeon.that they are now
excellent practitioners.3n emergency cases.
These wagons are justly famous for their
convenience and »psfia. They often travel a
mile in five minutrs, and in less than an
hour all the wagons in the city may be
massed at one point
If the telegraph and wagon system has
been found as useful in all cities where em
ployed as in Chicago, it has already been a
greater blessing to society than its fond in
ventors ever dreamed of. In Chicago last
year the officers in charge of station houses
received over the department telephones
1 , 1 ) 01 ), 000 reports from patrolmen on duty.
Tbe patrol wagons answered 500 alarms a
week, and during the year traveled 05,000
But the system, admirable though it be, is
not yet complete, even in Chicago. Had the
late Hay market riot occurred in time of
usual quiet, when there were few reserve
officers at the station houses, many moments
must have passed before re-enforcements in
effective numbers could reach the scene.
Each officer patroling a beat is required to
report by telephone every half hour, but in
the case of the Haymarket struggle this
would have been a half hour too late. Ample
provision has been made for instantaneous
transmission of intelligence from officers on
beat to their superiors at the station houses,
but there is no way in which the generals of
the city army may quickly dispatch instruc
tions to their forces scattered far and wide
on picket duty. This is a serious defect,
and, taking warning from the late turbu
lence, Chicago will soon place large l»ells upon
her station houses, and on these bells signals
will be struck in great emergencies, call
ing patrolmen from their beats and
sending them in haste to bead
quarters. These bells will have a tone easily
distinguishable from the fire bells, and neigh
f *«• tt K
C0»*v Wfc UrC«^l!*tAJf lie
M* StV 0* • J
SIGNAL ROX WITHIN THE ALARM BOX
boring police districts will also have distinc
tive signals. Moreover the signal code will
embrace calls by which one-third, one-half
or three-fourths of the patrolmen in a dis
trict may be summoned from their posts and
those remaining be notified by the same
signal of their comrades' absence and of the
wider territory temporarily coming under
their charge. Three taps on the bell, for in
stance, will summon the officer from every
third beat and notify his neighbors to cover his
ground during liis absence. Four taps will
summon every fourth officer, and so on.
AVith electric communication between 500
patrolmen in as many different parts of tbe
city, and their superiors at the stations;
with the means at hand of summoning offi
cers from their beats to the houses without a
moment's loss of time, and with fleet horses
hitched to convenient wagons, to convey re
enforcements, it would seem that the limit of
human ingenuity ha* been reached.
This jierfected police telegraph and wagon
system is clearly the most valuable auxiliary
of police work ever devised. It has doubled
tbe efficiency of every police force in which
it has been employed. Not one dollar and
little fame did this invention bring to him
whose brain wrought it, but among millioas
of dwellers in great cities it bas increased
security against crime and fire, helped main
tain peace and order, and promoted humane
treatment of tbe unfortunate.
THE LATE MR. HOE.
ONE OF THE CELEBRATED IN
VENTORS OF THIS CENTURY.
A Name That Will Remain Inseparably
Connected with the Development of the
Printing Press—The Simple Device
Which Brought Him Fame.
THE LATE RICHARD M. HOE.
The recent death of Col. Richard M. Hoe
in Florence, Italy, closes the career of one
whose name is known wherever the news
paper is used to spread intelligence. He
was the senior member of the firm of print
ing press makers, and one of the leading in
ventors and developers of that great lever
of public opinion.
Col. Hue's, father w as the founder of the
firm. He came to this country from Eng
land in 180:5, and worked at his trade of car
pentry. Through his skill as a workman he
was sought out by a maker of printer's
material named Smith. He married Smith's
sister, and went into partnership with
Smith and brother. Tbe printing presses of
those days were made chiefly of wood, and
Hoe's skill as a wood worker was valuable
to the firm. In 1822 Peter Smith invented
the hand press, of which we give au illustra
tion, and which will be recognized by many
an old printer, though many are in use to
THE SMITH I'RESS.
This press was finally -upplanted by the
AYashington press, indented by Samuel
Rust in 1829. From the manufacture of the
Smith presses Hoe mail ■ a fortune, as the
inventor died a year alter securing his
patent, and the firm name was changed to
R. Hoe & Co. The demand for hand presses
increased so that ten years later it was sug
gested that steam power might be utilized
in some way to do .the pulling and tugging
necessary in getting an impression. At this
time the late Col. Hoe, one of the sons of the
founder of the house, was an attentive lis
tener to the discussions in regard to the pos
sibility of bringing steam power to aid the
press. Young Richard M. Hoe was born in
1812. He had the advantage of an excellent
education, but his father's business possessed
such a fascination for him that it was with
difficult)' he was kept at school. He was a
young man of 20 before his father allowed him
to work regularly in the shop. He had already
become expert in handling tools, so that he
soon became one of the best workmen. He
joined with his. father in the belief that
steam would yet be applied to the printing
press, and the numerous models and experi
ments they made to that end would, in the
light of the present day, appear extremely
ridiculous. In 1825-30 Napier had construct
ed a steam printing press, and in 1830 Isaac
Adams, of Boston, secured a patent for a
power press. These inventions were kept
very secret, the factories in which they were
made being guarded jealously. In 1830 a
Napier press was imported into this country
for use on The National Intelligencer. Old
Maj. Noah, editor of Noah's Supday Times
and Messenger, was collector of the port of
New York in those days, and being desirous
of seeing how the Napier press would
work, sent for Mr. Hoe to put it up. He
and Richard succeeded in setting up the
press, and worked it successfully.
The success of the Napier press set the
Hoes to thinking. They had made models of
its peculiar parts and studied them care
fully. Then, in pursuance of a plan sug
gested by Richard, his father sent his part
ner, Mr. Newton, to England for the purpose
of examining new machinery there and to
secure models for future usa On his return
with ideas Mr. Newton and the Hoes pro
jected and turned odt for sale a novel two
cylinder press, which became universally
popular und soon superseded all ethers, the
Thus was steam at last harnessed to the
press, but the demand of the daily pajjers for
their increasing editions spurred the press
makers to devise machines that could be
worked at higher speed than was found pos
sible with the presses in which the type was
secured to a flat bed which was moved back
ward and forward under a revolving cylin
der. It was seen then that if type could le
secured to tbe surface of a cylinder, great
speed could be attained.
SIR ROWLAND HILL S DEVICE, 1835.
The above diagrams illustrate Sir Row
land Hill's method of accomplishing this.
The type was cast wedge-shaped; that is,
narrower at the bottom. A broad "nick"
was cut into its side, into which a "lead"
fitted. 1 he ends of the "lead," in turn,
fitted into a slot in the column rules and
these latter were bolted to the cylinder.
Anyone who knows anything about type
will see the difficulty of using such a system.
The inventor, Sir Rowland Hill, the father
of penny postage in England, sunk, it is
said, £80,000 in the endeavor to introduce
In the meantime. Col. Hoe had suceeeded
j to hi* father's business and was giving his
. attention largely to solving this problem of
I holding tyj»e on a revolving cylinder. It
was not until 1846 that he hit on the method
i of doing it
After a dozen year* of thought the idea
! came upon him unexpectedly, and was start
I ling in its simplicity. It was simply to make
the column rules wedged-shaped instead of
K. M. HOE S DEVICE, 1M6.
the type. The above diagram furnished by
Mr. S. D Tucker, tbe surviving head of the
firm of Hoe & Co., is a fac-simile of the
original drawing in their office. It was this
simple device, by the introduction of ''light
ning presses," that revolutionized the news
paper business of the world, and made the
press the power it is. It brought Hoe fame
and put him at the bead of press makers.
His business grew to such dimensions that
he has in his employ in his New York factory
from 800 to 1,500 hands, varying with the
state of trade. His London factory employs
from 150 to 200 hands.
And vet the great daily presses craved
still faster presses. The result was the de
velopment of the web press, in which the
paper is drawn into the press from a con
tinuous roll at a «peed of twelve miles an
hour. Tbe very latest is a machine called
the supplement press, capable of printing
complete a paper of from eight to twelve
page«, depending on the demand of the day,
so that the jwiperK slide out of the machine
with the supplements gummed in and tha
paper folded ready for delivery.
Of late years many other remarkably in
genious presses of other makers have come
into tbe market, but still the genius of R. M.
Hus has left an indelible mark in the devel
opment of tbe printing press.
President nf the Internat ionat Typo
The International Typographical union is
the oldest, most conservative and most pow
erful of our labor organizations. It is com
posed of journeymen printers of the United
States and Canada, who hold a convention
annually to elect officers for the government
of the organization for the ensuing vear. At
the recent convention, held in Pittsburg,
Fa., Mr. AVilliam Aimison was chosen presi
dent. Mr. Aimison was born in Marseilles,
France. In 1836 he came to this country,
when quite young, settling in Nashville,
Tenn., where be learned the printing trade.
He is the only living charter member of the
typographical union organized in that city
in 1855, and of which he was twice president
He served in the Confederate army through
out tbe war. He was elected to the Ten
nessee legislature in 1879, and has been con
tinuously re-elected since. He is a man that
is universally liked where known, and it
was his popularity, rather than ambition,
that carried him into polities He possesses
the cool and fair judgment which is essential
in the chief officer of • labor organization
which is always under the critical eye af
iiow He Secufed Hi* CuHiomer.
The following story is told of an enter
prising New York jobber, the events having
taken pläce some years ago: The merchant
in question, having heard of the arrival of
a country trader who was known to be a
purchaser and of unquestionable credit, wa9
resolved to get him to visit his establish
ment, and, once there, he felt sure he could
secure him as a customer. He accordingly
sent out one of his drummers, of whom he
had quite a numl»er, adapted to every taste
aud disposition. The one sent, however,
returned without success. No. 2 was dis
patched with no better result, and again No.
3, and so on until all had gone and come
back without their mam
The merchant now determined to go him
self, and finding that brandy and water and
free tickets to the theatre were of no avail,
for the country trader did not take one or go
to the other, he was reduced to the necessity
of employing a ruse, which, as the sequel
shows, was simple as well as effectual. On
taking his departure after a pleasant inter
view the merchant took care to commit the
"mistake" of taking the trader's hat instead
of his own. Next morning, as was ex
pect»!, the merchant received a prompt
visit at his store from the country trader,
who came to look up the hat which he sup
posed had been hurriedly exchanged. This
was what the mercant wanted, and through
this means sold & good bill of goods and se
cured a regular customer. — Dry Goods
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