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BK REPORTED A MYTH. The Existence of a Prehistoric Tomb or Monument on the Main Bange of the Rockv Mountains. The Find \ isited Vi'dirday 1m a Herald Reporter and a Rep* r< «rnialnu ot tlie Ili-toriral Society of Helena. The report of two prospectors, Samuel A. Stover and John T. Kelley, which was published in the Herald on the 22d inst., Rave rise to a general curiosity on the part of the people to hear more of the reported tind and to learn the result of disinterested explorations. To satisfy the general desire to he further informed on the subject and to gratify his own curiosity, which had lieen excited by published reports that the resting place of some Aztec king or pre historic explorer had been found, a Heu ald reporter started out on Saturday even ing for the fabled haunts of Minnehaha gulch, determined to make an intelligent investigation of the whole subject. At the same time the Montana Historical Society sent one of(its savants. Ool. W. F. Wheeler, for the same purpose. Our reporter started »t six o'clock g Saturday evening, accompanied by Joseph O'Neil, seated in one of his handsome pole buggies, drawn by a pair of quick stepping 2 greys. By nine o'clock we were at the town of Rimini, where we put up for the night at the Red Mountain hotel, kept by Mr. James Connolly. The next morning at five o clock our reporter was the first man out, alter a most refreshing night's rest, for which the rushing Ten Mile furnished the lullaby, and good, clean beds their invit ing charm to "Nature's sweet restorer." At this early hour, in the shade of the grand old mountains that darken the canyon in which Rimini is situated, he took a good survey of the town, the Cap lice 1 .'eduction Works and other objects of interest, including the road lied ot the Montana Central, which is completed a dis tance of twenty miles from Helena. At this point he visited the effects of the flood caused by the bursting of Chessman's reservoir a few years ago. At the mouth of Beaver creek a mountain gorge, where a small stream empties into Ten Mile, after several high precipitous falls, are millions of tons of boulders, some of them weigh ing several tons, which were forced by the Mood and lay there still, except where the railroad has cleared them away for its track. Near the mouth of this gorge are evidences up on the sides of the moun* tain that show that the flood came down in a column of water forty feet high. The drift and boulders ot this wash are seen for nine miles dowu the Ten Mile. This view of the town and its surroundings be fore thesunshone over the mountainsadded greatly to the picturesqueness of the scene and assisted greatly in getting up an ap petite for an early breakfast. By seveu o'clock on Sunday morning our party were driven down the Ten Mile two miles from Rimini to the cabin of Stover and Kelley, who were in readiness, at the mouth of Minnehaha gulch, to guide us . up the mountains to the reported find. From this point our party drove a half mile to the logging camp of Jurgens, Price & Wilson, where we left our vehicles. After a few minutes' preparation for the long tramp up the mountains, and when we were ready to start, it was found that our party consisted of S. A. Stover, J. T. Kelley, Joseph O'Neil, W. F. Wheeler, F. A. Hutchinson, Wm. Keim, A. A. Laroux and the senior member of the local staff of the Herai.d, and four others whose names are not remembered. Beiug fully equip ped for explorations, the party started out single file, some carrying shovels, picks, grubbing-hoes, axes, rifles and more than one kind of pistols. The march, or climb, led us through marsh, over fallen timber, through brush and steep declivities until after seven stops to rest, the summit of the main divide was reached. At a quarter before teu a shot was fired that signalled the arrival of the front of the column at the place contain ing the object of our visit. Very soou the whole party of twelve had assembled aliout the excavation, or tomb, where the iudustrious prospectors had quarried out KM granite blocks which they had carefully measured and described iu a letter previously sent to the Herald. The excavation was partly full of water which Stover wagered he could hail out in half an hour. The feat was accomplished in twenty-five minutes, and the bet paid when, to the victor was drank standing. The bottom of the excavation being now fully ex -sed after a few shovel fulls of decomposed granite had been thrown out, the opportunity was afforded each and all to look and form an opinion. Oue man did express his opinion the mo ment he looked into hole, and said as he viewed the fantastic positiou of the rocks: "This a natural deposite. The general opinion of the party, how ever, was kept by each to himself until a thorough investigation was made by the Herald reporter, who stood at the bot tom of the tomb and picked and scratched at what was supi>osed to lie a cement, and who reserved his oppinion till out of hear ing of the yet confident prospectors. That of in is opiniou is, that the reputed tomb is a myth, and that the layers of granit in wedges and blocks are only the fantastic deposits of the cunning hand of nature. It took but a few minutes to settle the re ported existence of a prehistoric tomb on the top of the Rocky Mountains at that particular point. While we have a great respect for the judgment of intelligent, experienced prospectors, (and both Storer and Kelley are experienced and intelli gent,) we must differ from their conclu sions on the artificial character of the find, and record our opinion with others of the party that there is nothing in it. To distract our disappointment at not finding the tomb or Sarcophagus of some Aztec king or prehistoric explorer, the of nine miles an hour. party set out to explore a grand pile of granite boulders that loomed a thousand feet above the top of the range, and which we christened Monument Peak. After a hard climb to the top of this eternal land mark, the party sat down upon it3 summit and overlooked the surrounding country, where snow deposits were discerned on the mountains of the Big Blackfoot, and where we looked down upon the Russell mansion on Red Mountain, whose elevation has been ascertained to be over 7,000 feet above sea level. Here upon this glorious look out, where a clear sky was canopied over head and a pleasant, cool breeze, fragrant with the perfume of pine forests that bloomed and spread their cool shade 9,000 feet above the level of the sea, was pass ing, the party was more than repaid lor the trouble and fatigue of the journey. After some song.-; voiced in chorus upon Monument l'eak, the party descended to terra ftrma again and took up their line of march homeward on their weary way. Down the mountain we went on the double-quick for one full hour ( estimating the distance at three and a half miles i, when we returned to the hospitable log ging camp in charge of Wm, Ryan, F. A. Hutchison and Wm. Keim, a trinity of good fellows, who invited us to dinner' Here hunger and fatigue were overcome by the good cheer of the camp, and before 2 o'clock the town party were in their buggies again and flying home at the rate Activity in the Ten Mile canyon, where the saw mills of Bourk Newberry and Jurgens, Price & Wilson made it lively with their business of lumbering, is a thing of the past, but only waiting to lie revived when the locomotive shall sound its welcome whistle. But our laborious search, while it has served the purposes of history in estab lishing the correctness of a disputed point, has its lessons for future explorers lest they, too. be the \ictim- of a "Myth of the Mountains.' THE PRESS ASSOCIATION. The Portiicoming Convention at Bozeman. President Mills, in the New North- Weal of the 2.7th, says of the annual Press Asso ciation meeting to he held in August next : "Arrangements are progressing favorably for the Press convention at Bozeman iu August. Some unavoidable delays intruding in certain matters Corresponding Secretary Devine has been giving attention to. Mr. Guy X. Piatt, of the Inter-Mountain, has accepted the invitation as poet of the occa sion, and Mr. Will Kennedy, of the Mis soni ian, will continue the History of the Montana Press. Messrs. Alderson and Verkes, of the Bozeman Courier and Cltronirlc, as a committee of arrangements, are attending to the business there, and Mr. Leonard, of the Anaconda Revieir , will warble a few wild bass notes during the festal hours. Mr. Fee, of the Northern Pacific, and Mr. Scott, of the Union Pacific, have been communicated with, and the "Brer'n ' will find their comfort and con venience considered in their travels vo and fro. The matter of addresses is under consideration, and will he determined in a few days. Altogether, it looks as though the convention would be the largest yet held, as the journalists of all Montana can meet on midway ground, and the pro jected trip to the Park is promise of an out-door vacation of relief and pleasure rarely eüjoyed by the copy makers of the Montana press.' INDEMNITY LANDS. The following from the Pioneer Press is of equal application and interest in .Montana : Mandan, Dak., [special telegram,] June 21.—Register Rea, of the Bismarck Land Office, to-day received a decisiou from Commissioner Sparks in the John Walton Winona town site case, which makes a radical change in what were supposed to be the rights of the Northern Pacific Rail road to lands located in what is known as the ten-mile indemnity grant. The town site of Winona is on the east bank of the Moose river, opposite Fort Yates, and is considered valuable property. Lots there have sold at from $50 to $100, and the conj troversy involves about $100,000. The town was platted by the railroad, which owns a half interest, and the other half belongs principally to Harry Douglas and Maj. MacLaughlin, of Standing Rock. Some time ago John Walton, the first settler in Bismarck, and who located on the site of Winona several years ago, made application at the Bis marck Land Office to file on a homestead covering tue town of Winonr on the ground that he located there in good faith as a homesteader prior to the time when the railroad had any color ol title to the properly. His application was refused, and be appealed to the general land office. Commissioner Sparks now sustains the appeal, and orders the local office at Bismarck to receve the filing. The decision of the commissioner is based upon the ground, principally, that the railroad failed to make good its selection within the indemnity grant by naming the laud actually lost. The act of Congress creating the ten-mile indemnity grant re quired the railroad to file a list of odd sectious within the fifty-mile limit selected in lieu of all lands within the forty-mile limit lost by reason of prior settlement or other cause. The railroad was also re quired to select its indemnity lands opposite those lost and in the same range. It seems the company failed to do this and failed to report any specific deficiency, but simply filed a list of the whole ten-mile indemni ty grant, thus claiming a great deal more land than the company had actually lost within the forty-mile grant, and a great deal more than the company was legiti mately entitled to. The present decision, therefore, holds that because the railroad failed to make a proper selection of its in demnity lands, it has no legitimate claim to any lands outside of the original forty mile grant. This decision practically re sults in throwing open for settlement all the odd sections between the forty and fifty mile grants, involving about 1,100,000 acres of land in Dakota. The decision is one of great importance, and a number of persons will take advantage thereof to rush into the territory thus thrown open for settlement. Inter Mountain : The intention of Hon. Samuel Word to build a residence in Helena is cold comfort to the twenty-five prominent Democrats over there who are getting ready to run tor the Senate on Montana's admission to Statehood. DOWN TO THE SEA, Out of the Swelter and Into the t ool Salt Air. Where the Average New Yorker Goes in the Heated Term. How He Goes and What He Does When He Gets There. I special herald correspondence. 1 New York, 90° in the shade, 1886. Whew ! I'll give that word an entire line to itself in the faint hope that it will thus be more expressive. But a column wouldn't convey its full meaning. Why should New York be so hot? We, the inhabi tants thereof, who by hard fate are com pelled to linger in the city throughout the summer, often ask ourselves that question. Then we look south and see the glorious bay, its dancing waters sparkling in the sun. We feel the salt sea breeze fanning us. To the east we see a magnificent river. To the west another, with, at the north end of Manhattan Island, the Har lem river as a connecting link. Then we brace ourselves up, mop off our heated brow, and try and imagine that because New York iä girt in by rivers and ought to be cool, that it is cool. But the effort fails. Nature reasserts herself and limp ness is once more our chief characteristic. I am thus brought hack to my starting point. Whew ! DOWN AT CONEY ISLAND. But tor the tired New Yorker, at the close of a sweltering day, compensation ex ists—eompensatiou with a big C—for is not Coney Island close at hand ? In one hour from the time he leaves his office with a sigh of reiief, he can lie bobbing around in the surf, or seated at a little table in a cool pavilion, with a glass of beer before him ; c an be listening to Gil more's great band discoursing sweet music, with "the ocean old" heating a rhythmic accompaniment on the shingly beach. Ten years ago Coney Island was a wilderness. A few disreputable hotels and saloons were clustered together at one end of the Island. Chowder clubs, rejoicing in such eupho nious names as "The Ugly Mugs," "Gory Growlers," and others of that ilk were wont to hold their annual picnics there. After such a day's pleasuring the barge that took them down and brought them back looked like a shambles, for a rough and tumble fight invariably ended the day's outing. But the capitalist, view ing the horizon with speculation in his eye, came to a "point" at Coney Island. He thought, and he planned, and he worked. Behold the change. The desert bloomed like a rose. Hotels, palatial in their accommodations, took the place of the miserable saloons that erst-while made a blot upon nature. Means of rapid tran sit to and from the city multiplied. New York, that had stood in silence, viewing with cold indifference the attempt to con vert Coney Island (for so many years a byword.) into a reputable resort, suddenly opened her eyes to what had been done and flocked there at the rate of one hun dred and fifty thousand a Sunday, while the capitalist stood by, raked in the dollars and smiled inwardly and outwardly at his shrewdness. But let us to the Island itself. HOW SHALL WE GO? Three ways lie open to us. The iron boat, all water route, which lands us at the great iron pier at West Brighton ; the Brighton Beach railroad and the Bay Ridge rail and water route. Suppose we take the latter and so combine the advantages of fered by the other two. As we near the boat, lying at the foot of Whitehall street, the first thing that strikes us is that all New York has decided to go to Coney Island by the 5:10 boat on the Bay Ridge line. What a crowd ! But in spite of the heat a good natured crowd, for work is over and play is begun. A rush and a struggle and we are on board. The next thing is to find a seat. Let us go up towards the bow where we shall get the first whiff of the salt air. What a motley crowd it is! Young bank clerks, stock brokers, sporting men on their way to the Sheepshead Bay races, staid heads of families and here and there some of the light fingered gentry. A varied assort ment, but Cooney Island will absorb and find employment and amusement for them all. The bell has rung and we are start ing. The usual last man has made his flying leap on board and been objurgated in the customary form by the deck hands. We move slowly out from the slip, stop to let a snorting little tug go by and then start up at full speed. Is not the famous New York bay a beautiful sight this hot afternoon? Just enough breeze is blowing to rongben the tops of the waves aud crowd them with little white caps. In front of us lie the lovely woods and shores of Staten Island. To onr right and close at hand is Bedloe's Island, famous for be ing the home of Liberty's statue. How the pedestal looms up as we pass near by it! Soon the statne itself will crown the work and a ninth wonder will be added to the world. Of course you know that New Yorkers already consider that the place of the eighth was filled by their great bridge. How truly the bridge, with its graceful span, exemplifies the saying that the lines of bcanty is that of strength. At this dis tance it looks as if some gigantic spider bad stretched his web between the two cities of New York and Brooklyn. White winged yachts skim through the water, while on our quarter a splendid and luxuriously appointed steam yacht holds her way out to sea. Here comes the huge "Aurania," of the Cunard line, the passen gers crowding her decks, many of them viewing the shores of the New World for the first time. A fluttering of handkerchiefs, Two screeches from our whistle and a deep, booming roar from hers and we are left astern. In front of us the bay opens out. The breeze freshens. It is laden with salt now, and one and all take deep draughts of it into their lungs. Fort Hamilton is in sight. But we are nearing Bay Ridge. The first stage of onr trip is done, for we disembark here and take the train. But even on the train we are not to be thwarted of onr sea breeze, for the cars are all open. Half an hour's quick run brings ns to our destination. The conductor calls out "Coney Island," "Man hattan Beach Hotel," and we get out. ALONG THE SEA FRONT. We walk through the passageway from the back to the front of the hotel, and there is the sea, stretching away in the distance as far as the eye can view until it mingles with the bine sky. White sails dot it at intervals, while low down on the horizon a trail of black smoke betokens a passing steamer. How gloriously calm and unrnffied it is ! Not a ripple—only a slow upheaval and down plunging of the whole mass with a crisp rushing up the beach. Then a cool, shingly sweeping back, and so it goes with a fascinating monotony. As we saunter down the wide piazza (a quarter of a mile in length, if you please), Gilmour's band is playing the glorious march from Raff 's Lenore Symphony, and one's pulses involuntarily quicken as the martial strains rise and fall in the air. Hundreds are enjoying a plunge in the refreshing surf. Others are sitting at the tables on the! piazza dining. A sense of peace, born of the majestic calm of the sea, steals over us. The music ceases and the only sound is the ceaseless swash of the ocean. But we have not mach time, for we return to the city on the 9:15 boat. Experience has tanght us that forty-five minutes is no unusual time to wait for dinner after ordering it, so with crafty foresight we first pick out an intel ligent looking waiter, fee him well, order dinner, and then, with instructions to him about the soup being kept hot and the champagne cold, we depart for an appetiz ing dip in the surf. Then comes the din ner, and a capital one it is, and as we dally over our coffee and cigars the sun goes down in a blaze of glory. The twi light lingers over the sea. On every side a deep purplish hue gradually falls around us. One by one the stars come out. The music accords with the spirit of the hour and plays subdued airs. So we sit and discuss past, present and future. But the shades deepen. The electric lights break out. The influence of the twilight now is gone, and with a sigh we aronse ourselves and find it is train time. The journey back is cool and pleasant, and we seek our beds sure of a sound night's sleep, thanks to the combined influences of salt air and water. ROLLIN. PAN-ELECTRIC. We believe it is the custom of Con gressional committees to publish in full, by itself, the testimony taken, and in their own report only give their own inferences and deductions, which the readers can afterwards judge for them selves by comparison of the evidence with the verdict. This is the course, beyond a question, in the Tan Electric investigation, for the testimony, as it has been given to the public from day to day for several weeks, would make several hundred pages. It was pretty distinctly brought out that several other prominent public men were approached with the same offers made to Garland and Senator I [arris and they rejected them promptly and indignantly as both dishonorable and inconsistent with their public duty. It would have been just as fair aud honorable for Carlisle or Ran dall to have taken stoek as for Garland. No one can surely say that those who accepted l'an Electric stock acted as hon orably as t 1 ose who refused it. We are not speaking about the judgment of political opponents, but the actions of polical friends and associates subjected to the same temptations. We don't think it will trouble the people of the country much to reach a conclusion. In fact, they have long since reached the conclusion that, whether Garland was fully con scious of it or not, the stock given to him was in consideration not of his per sonal influence and services alone, but of his official services almost exclusive ly. Unless the Bell patent could be beaten the Pan Electric stock wasn't worth a cent and never could become valuable. Unless the government brought the suit and exerted all its in fluence there was no chance to break the Bell patent. If Garland had clearly understood what was intended for him to do, we do not believe he would have had anything to do with it. When he really understood what was wanted of him, he should have either resigned his office or thrown up his stock. The facts and good morals will not admit of any other conclusion. The Senate was forced to recede from its amendment to the postoffice appropria tion bill by which it was hoped to encour age the establishment of several steamship lines between the United States and South America. If there was any sense and sin cerity in the Democratic lament over the decay of our ocean commerce, here was an opportunity to test it. Every nation in the world pays subsidies in this way in order to get such commercial advantages. Great Britain does it, with all her advant ages in the cheaper construction of iron steamships. What do we want of a navy except to protect our commerce, and * what is onr sense in asserting the Monroe doc trine, if we take no pains to develope the resources and secure commercial alliances with the nations of this continent? Inter-Mountain : We repeat the premise that if any Democratic editor will write an article affirming the unity of the Mon tana Democracy we will cheerfully admit that as a liar he has no equal in the uni verse, and we will predict that when he dies Ananias will never afterward be re ferred to as the greatest fabricator in his tory. CLOSE OF THE FISCAL YEAR. With To-day closes the fiscal year of the general government for which ap priations are made. Where no appro priations are made either by general or special act, service will be suspended. No money can be drawn from the treas ury except appropriations are made therefor by Congress. Though Congress has been in session since last December and the estimates for the year were prepared when Congress assembled, such is the dilatoriousness of the several committees that nothing is in readiness. A decent respect for public interests aud propriety would have suggested that the general appropriation hills, which must originate in the House, should be pre pared and passed there so that the Senate would have time to consider them. Three or four of the most im portant bills were passed yesterday, the postoffice, army and agricultural. The Senate is considering the legislative, and the House the sundry civil bill, while the general deficiency bill is just emerging from the committee. Not only does the delay prevent any proper consideration by the Senate, but the President has no time at all to read through the hills. It is as abrupt as the style of the road agents, so far as the President is concerned. It is "Halt and deliver," sign forthwith or see all the departments closed on the morrow. It is simply an outrage to have busi ness transacted as it has to be done now. Either by law or rule some day should he fixed for the reporting of appropri ation bills from the committee. At least one week ought to be given to the Senate to consider each appropriation hill, and it would he the smallest possible allow ance to give the President twenty-four hours to consider each of these bills. After wasting weeks and months in doing little or nothing then millions are appropriated in a day, and in such a careless fashion that there is every op portunity for mistakes and frauds on the part of some of the clerical hands through which the hills pass in such haste. NEW HAMPSHIRE DEMOCRACY. The Granite State Democracy seems a little muddled in its platform. They demand that the right of labor be fos tered and the repeal of all laws preju dicial to labor, and yet they endorse the efforts of Carlisle and Morrison to re duce the tariff. Now these two things are not consistent. The laboring men have very distinctly declared against the introduction of cheap continental labor, and are still more hostile to being placed in competition with the handi work of the poorly paid, fed and clothed laborers in continental mines and work shops. They dwell gushingly on their aim to reduce the income of the government to the necessity of government economi cally ad ministered, but they say never a word about paying off the national debt. They have nota positive, progressive aim in their catalogue of tenets. They en dorse Cleveland, who is still a civil ser vice reformer, ami they endorse their party representatives in Congress who are doing all they possibly can to thwart, defeat and destroy civil service. Pennsylvania Republican Convention. Harrisburg, June 30,-Chairman Cooper called the Republican State Convention to order at 10 o'clock in the opera house, which was packed with delegates and spec tators. Every delegation was present with full membership, and there were no con tests. G. T. Oliver was elected temporary chairman by a unanimous vote. Oliver, on taking the chair, spoke of the enthusiasm of the convention, and addressed himself to the tariff. He said : "The Republicans of this great State should proclaim to the world that we de mand a tariff not for revenue only, not even for revenue with incidental protec tion, but for protection alone. I mention this issue particularly because it is so in terwoven with the prosperity of our people that it is necessarily paramount in the minds of all Penqaylvanians. The fact that it remains unsettled is reason enough for the continuance iu life of any party. But there are others second only to it in importance—the questiou of mutual rights and duties of capital and laiior, the enact ment of laws guarding the interests of common carriers and shippers—these and other matters demand the attention of our legislators, both State and National." Harrisburg, June JO—The tariff ad dress adopted by the Republican conven tion to-day reviews the history of tariff since 1832, to show that the Democratic party "has for the last fifty years legislated against the best interests of the American people in the direction of free trade, to the great detriment of American industry." Reference is made to the reiieal of the "Democratic free trade law," by a Re publican Congress in 1861, when the Mor rill tariff act was passed, and for the first time iu the history of the country, says the address, we have had twenty years unin terupted protection to American laiior and capital. Figures are quoted to show that in 1860 the total value of the property in the country was fourteen billion dollars. In 1880 the total value was forty-four billions, an increase of thirty billions or more than double the accumulated pro perty from 1607 to 1860. During the ten yeara of free trade ending in 1861, our im ports exceeded our exports $40,367,974. Under the operation of ten year of protec tion, ending June 30, 1880, our exports ( have exceeded our imports $1,306,543,249, ' or an annual average of $130,654,324, a net ! gain in our favor of $127,000,000 a year, j Reference is made to the.attempted tariff ! legislation by the Democrats since 1875, when they obtained control of the House, each of which is denounced as dangerous j attempts to overthrow the great system which bas built up the industries of the country. In closing attention is called to the fact that the Democrats are still de termined to insist upon reductions of the duties aud to abolish the tariff upon raw materials, thus further menacing the pros perity of the country. Nominations. Washington, June 30.—The President I sent the following nominations to the Senate to-day : Hugh Smith Thompson, of South Carolina, to be Assistant Secre tary of the Treasury rice Wm. E. Smith, ! resigned. CHI'KCHILL'S BLI STER. We have very little more respect for Lord Randolph Churchill than for O'Dynamite Rossa. He is a brutal aristocratic thug and needs cowhiding into the ordinary decencies of speech aud action. He represents that snobbish aristocracy that did its utmost to destroy ÔUr Union, that hates the United States for nothing in particular hut for the de structive influence of its example. His American wife ought to have taught him more than he seems to know about this country. Should the Tories succeed in this election, which we think more than probable, the government of England will not he a friendly one to this coun try and we could very easily drift into a war. There is just enough chance for this to urge our Congress to some action on naval affairs. The elevation of Salis bury would he very apt to he followed by theelection of Blaine, andif warshould be the outcome, there would be a reserve of old scores to be settled that were left over from our civil war. English commerce would he swept from the sea-, aud there would be no stop until our supremacy on the waters would be as firmly' established as on land. Unless the Dominion cut loose altogether from England, it would be taken under our flag. In such a contest every Irishman in America would be a ready volunteer and a determined fighter. Such a war, if it ever comes, will end in the inde pendence of Ireland, in the loss of every English possession on this continent, and in the transfer of the scepter of the ocean to the United States. It would be a hard fought, desperate contest, not much of a credit to civilization, hut it is a contest in which the odds and ad vantages are vastly in our favor, though we have not much of a navy. If we ever get into such a fight, Russia will take advantage of it in Asia and in Europe, and we should have plenty of allies, while our resources are in good condition for just such an emergency. THADEHSHIPS REFI NED. Indian Commissioner Atkin>, for various reasons, or for no reasons at all as far as ascertained, has refused to re new a considerable number of Indian traderships. Among those so refused are the applications of H. A. Lambert and T. J. Demers, at Flathead agency, and George H. Fairchild, Fort Peck agency. No charges or complaints have been filed against any one of the parties named and no reason of record appears why a continuance of trader privileges is 1 denied. Contentions within the Demo- ; cratic party may account for the Com- i missioner's action in cases applying to ! Montana agencies. It is noticed that ' the Administration is at no loss to dis- i criminate against Major Maginnis' j friends whenever occasion presents itself. PROVIDING A REMEDY. The bill reqniring land grant railroads to pay the cost of selecting, surveying and conveying their lands has been agreed npon in conference committee and extend ed in its application to all roads of that class in the country. It was a piece of carelessness in the original hills that this was left unprovided for. It has been a piece of still grosser neglect, after the abuse was known to exist, that it should have gone on unchecked for so many years. The law should have passed at the first session after the court rendered the de cision that lands were not taxable until costs of survey had been paid and patents taken. This enables the railroad com panies to escape taxation as a neglect of their duty to pay for the surveys. The effect ot the new law will be very bene ficial to the States and Territories in which these lands lie, not so much from the amount of taxation that will be drawn fiom the railroad proprietors, as from the fact that the railroad companies will now bestir themselves to promote the settle ment of these lands as soon as possible. They will lie very glad to sell at obtain able prices, will offer every facility for settlers to get to the lands disposed of at an early day, the business of the roads will be increased at once, aud if the lands are settled this increase of business will be sustained. It will be sbown in this con nection that it pays railroad companies better to attend exclusively to railroad business, and that holding lands for a rise is killing to railroad enterprise and inter ests. There is one further matter to be attended to by Congress iu this matter, and that is to provide for the survey as soon as possible of all lands to which the railroad companies are entitled. This is a duty of the general government, one that they promised to do as the roads advanced, and one that is demanded by the interests of the genera! government and of all the people. Unless this is done at once much of the benefit of the new law will be lost. Under a statute passed by the last leg islature of New York, boycotting is a crime and already one conviction has been had under the statute and the boycotter is serving the State under the. stripes with the stars left off. And following this up, Judge Sloan of Wisconsin has held in a very clear and able decision that the chief organizer of the Knights of Labor in that State is liable under the statutes for a criminal offense for advising a boycott He says a man's business is as much pro perty as houses and lands and will be pro tected by law. In the close of his opinion he says: "In our social and industrial life, and our government, the socialist, anarch ist and the boycott have no place." Unless there is an almost miraculous deliverance there will be a hard time to carry stock through the next winter in Montana. There will be a light crop of hay and a thin growth of grass. It is time to be looking ahead and see how we are coming out. When there is alight rain fail in summer there is apt to be a heavy snow fall the succeeding winter. MONROE DOCTKINfc. Representative King, of Louisiana, has introduced some resolution- reaffirm ing the Monroe doctrine and applying it to the subvention of the Panama Canal by the French government, \Vç have very little hope of any sensible action on this subject by a House that turns its back upon reciprocity with Mexico and prefers to hire our mails carried by foreign ships rather than aid in establishing commercial lines with the countries of South America. Not only is this a poor Congress in which to bring up the Monroe doctrine, but France is not a country that we have any reason to be afraid orjeaiou-of. It is not a colonizing and hardly a for midable competitor as a commercial nation. Neither is this Panama Canal scheme one that [need excite our appre hension in the least. Even after De Les sips spends as much more on it as he has already done, the main work still re mains to be completed, and we have no doubt that the whole work will be will ingly given away to the nation that would complete it and promise one per cent, per annum on the money invested. If by any possibility the canal is ever completed it will be an American fix ture. France will never carry it away, and there is little room for any nation to build up an empire along the route. It will always and only be a route of com merce, and the nation that has the aiOJ commerce will be most benefited by it, and that is the United States. When we get further along building raFroad for the more profitable internal com merce, and when our manufactures are so well developed that we can more than supply our home markets, we shall turn our attention to ocean commerce with a zeal and strength that will soon distance competition. The Monroe doctrine will not spoil. When first announced there were only ten millions of inhabitants in the United Stated, and now there are sixty million and wealth of resources even in still greater proportion. RANDALL'S TARIFF BILL. The telegraphic summary of Randall s new tariff bill contains many inaccura cies, but so far as the main features are intelligible little change is made in the most important items. For instance, in the matter of wool and woolen goods, there is no reduction in any item and in several a small advance. There seeuv to be a better classification and more definitenesss. The chief feature of the bill i> the re moval of all internal revenue taxes on tobacco. It will be remembered that the tax on tobacco was reduced by the law that went into effect May 1. 1883, to 8 cents per pound, and the revenue from this source, which form 1882 was over forty millions, fell off in 1884 to twenty-six millions. There is no reason for further reduction. Tho>e who use tobacco in any form scarcely notice the tax and would hardly get any benefit from the reduction. The profit would go into the poekats of the dealer-, generally. Tobacco is purely a luxury aud should be taxed on principle, just as whisky i taxed. If it is said that we do not need the revenue, we answer by pointing to our national debt. So long as a dollar of that is outstanding we have good use for every dollar of revenue. When the time comes to build a navy we shall need it actively : until then we can build up national credit, which is a standing army and navy combined. All advices from the South repre.-ent that there is more profit in raising to bacco at present prices than in cotton, so that there is no reason for repeal, in the condition of any part of the in dustry of raising, manufacturing, smok ing or chewing tobacco. There surely is no reason why we should wish to stimulate any portion of this industry. We do not think that Randall serious ly desires to push his bill for considera tion. He introduced it to show his position and ideas. In many ways it will do good. Not least of all in dis organizing the free trade Democracv. The ordinance respecting houses of pros titution that was adopted by our City Coun cil Friday evening is open to the objection of being a very one-sided affair. L'nless men went to such places and supported them they would all be closed up inside of sixty days. There should have been an other section imposing a double fine upon every man patronizing or visiting such places for immoral purposes. The greatest criminals are not even mentioned. The courtesy of a card invitation to the annual convention of the American Bank ers' Association is acknowledged. The convention is to be held at Horticultural Hall, Boston, Mass., August 11th aud 12th, Montana is represented on the vice presi dent list by Samuel T. Hauser, President of the First National Bank of Helena. The Knights of Labor make a point on the Democratic leaders in the House by reminding them that they were pledged to the passage of the measures asked for by promises before election. It has long been know that ice cream was not a healthy diet, but the fact that it is liable to be infested with a deadly poison may modify the youthful appetite for this delectable confection. Gladstone did not stay at home long, but plunges again into the fray aud will make a formidable campaign if his strength holds out. He makes a new point every time he makes a speech or writes a letter. Chairman Cullen has summoned the Democratic General Committee to meet in Helena on July 19th next, to arrange the time and place for holding the Territorial Democratic Convention.