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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK, - - - - - - Editor THURSDAY, JULY 1 , 1886 . As exchange says there are only about '250,000 Hebrews in the United States. Well, what of it. That is more than there are in Palistine. Theke is twenty-seven feet of the Balti more & Ohio Railroad in Chester county, Pennsylvania, where it passes from Dela ware to Maryland. Work is being done on both ends of the Transandean Railroad, connecting the Argentine Republic with Chili, and the work will be completed in about two years. Oct of 140 members of the graduating class at Vale 10b answered the inquiry as to their expenses for the four years and the average was $060 per annum. The ex tremes were $150 and $5,500. Montana's recently appointed Asso ciate Justice, McLeary, is a native of Ten nessee, but a resident since the war of San Antonio, Texas. He was a Confederate soldier, serving throughout the rebellion in the 5th Texas cavalry. It is said that the New.Jersey Central and the Pennsylvania roads will soon unite to build one grand general depot for all the roads at .Jersey City, and that they will push the tunnel under the Hudson river and under the city to the Grand Central depot. Dr. Monroe, the new Register of the Bozeman J,and Office, served on the stall' of the confederate Gen. Hood in the South west and on the staff of Jo. Johnson in the final campaign of the war. He is a pleas ant gentleman and socially very popular with all who know him. The South is abandoning the culture of cotton for that of tobacco in many parts of the south. There has been such an in crease in the production of cotton that the price is no longer remunerative, even with the utilization of cotton seeds. What the South needs is more diversified agriculture and more home manufactures. Senator Plumb has fired another broadside at Sparks in calling for a report of the number of frauds that he has dis covered, and for the evidence upon which he has assumed to declare that 90 per cent, of the land entries are fraudulent. It af fords Sparks an excellent opportunity to prove that the western pioneers are greater liars than he is. _ Tue last New York legislature passed a bill limiting imprisonment for debt to six months, and Governor Hill has signed it, so that it is now law, and Ludlow street jail will be emptied of those who have lteen shut up ou this account for six months or more. It is strange that New York clung to middle-age barbarism so long. It ought to have been wiped out entirely. The river and harbor bill is getting overloaded and will sink of its own weight. There are many good things in the bill, but so much that is useless waste and in direct purchase of votes that it will not be unmitigated loss if the whole fails. Our rivers will continue to flow and our harbors are ample for all the ships we have or are likely to have for a iong time to come. Nova Scotia is not only anxious to cut loose from the Dominion, but is working to secure the co-operation of New Brunswick and Prince Edwards Island, with the pur pose of forming a maritime confederation, which New Foundland would also join. There is enough danger of the success of this scheme to frighten the Ottawa govern ment and dictate a change of tone and general pol icy. Two weeks since Springfield, Mass., cel ebrated its 250th anniversary of settle ment, and yesterday Providence, R. I., held a similar celebration. We would like to know what sort of a celebration Helena will have when her 250th birthday comes around. We shall only reach our first quarter century epoch in 1889. Eight more generations, if they do as well as the first one, will make quite a city here. The Republican convention of Tennes see was held in Nashville, June 16. There were near 600 delegates in attendance. The utmost harmony prevailed. Alfred A. Taylor, of Carter county, was nominated on the first ballot for Governor. The whole business of the convention, includ ing a platform strongly urging protection, the Blair education bill, a free vote and a fair count, was accomplished in less than five hours, and adjourned sine die. The first election for Delegate in Mon tana occurred in October, 1864, and Mc Lean was elected over Sanders by a ma jority of 1,233. This election was, how ever, only for a fractional term. Another election was held in August, 1865, and Mc Lean was again the Democratic candidate. Sanders was not then a candidate bat the Republicans voted for Gad E. Upson, at the time Indian Agent for the Blackfeet. Mc Lean was again elected by a majority of 1,376. _ Unless the Union and Central Pacific are granted a long extension of time at re duced rates of interest to pay what they owe the government, there should tie such a modification of the Thurman act that what money is paid in thereunder, instead of being invested in 3 per cent, bonds, should be applicable for the building of branch lines of the roads, the government holding the first lien on all branches so built. This would benefit the government, the people and the railroad companies alike. The life cannot be kept in a trunk without branches. They are like the arms and legs to the human body. The Union Pacific was more important at first for its through business, but its future prosperity will depend most upon its local business and branch lines. i I ! a A SUGGESTION. A great stress is laid upon the injus tice to the older States by the admission of new States that will be entitled to two Senators, though their present popu lation would give them no more than a single Representative. The inequality is evident, and yet it is no more at pres i ent than in the case of Delaware, one of I the original thirteen, and Rhode Island, ! New Hampshire and Vermont have as many Senators as Representatives. In the case of the Western Territories their early admission would give them a tem porary advantage in representation, but their vast area and present rapid rate of settlement render it certain that they will soon have a large population. In the case of the small Eastern States the inequality of representation will never pass away. At every new census they are relatively losing ground. From 1812 to 1820 Delaware had two Representa tives and at the same time Vermont had six, and New Hampshire had six down to 1832. These .States have been rela tively falling away and have no chance to recover their standing. All of the great Western States that at first were given more than their share of repre sentation and electoral vote have now less than the average to which they should be entitled. Our suggestion is that it is for the interest of the older States to grant early admission to the western Territories before the question of further subdivision arises, as it ha- done in the case of Dakota. Policy as well as justice would sug gest admission as soon, at least, as the population of any one of the Territories came near the apportionment for a rep sentative. If an enabling act were passed for Montana at the present session she would have the population to entitle her to a representative before the organiza tion would be completed. The same is true of Washington and New Mexico, and in the case of Dakota she would be entitled to three representatives from the State if admitted as a whole. AN OVERSIGHT. .Senators Ingalls and Plumb have done our section of the country good service in checking the Land Commis sioner's policy of excluding settlers, but we have waited long and watched close for something to be said or done in Con gress in respect to the timber orders and circulars of the same department. If carried out as they stand, they would drive out the settlers now living in our Territory. If the law is so loosely drawn as .to admit of Sparks' interpreta tion, it is very important that it should be remedied so that we shall not be at the mercy of such a suspicious, narrow minded, strict constructionist. Some member of Congress should explain the situation, and secure an amendment or an interpretation that would relieve our people of the stigma of being technical violators of law in the case of every stick of wood consumed in cooking their daily food and in the use of every board put up to shelter them from the storms of winter. It is a grievous oversight of one of the greatest outrages ever perpe trated upon a long-suffering people. < )ur delegate should find some way to bring this timber order of Sparks to the atten tion of Congress. If the truth and facts were known, we are absolutely certain that Congress would relieve us at once. We presume, before the election is over, Gladstone's enemies will assert and main tain to their own satisfaction that he is a Fenian, an Irishman in disguise. The brutal insolence of Churchill shows the in tensity of hatred with which this struggle for class privileges and Irish coercion is being waged. We shall not be at all sur prised if Gladstone is beaten and badly beaten. Influences of rank and wealth, of church and commercial interest, will be worked for all that is in them to beat home rule and kill Gladstone, and in our opinion they are strong enough to do it for a time, but nevertheless truth and justice, liberty and progress will rise again, with larger demands and increased strength, till not only Ireland is ruled by her own parlia ment, but Scotland and Wales as well, and the House of Lords is dissolved and its titles and privileges become historical relics. _ There is nothing in the character or personal abilities of the French princes that would seem to make it necessary to expel them from the country. If there is any growing dissatisfaction among the people, it is more the result of mismanage ment on the part of those who have been so recklessly squandering the wealth and strength of the country, increasing debt and taxation. *The foreign policy of the present government has been extravagant and wasteful to the last degree. What France wants is a period of rest and re cuperation. Three-fourths of the army should be disbanded and most of the navy sold, and the savings for years devoted to the payment of the national debt. Such public works should only be carried on as would increase production, and public edu cation should be fostered. The French re public is in more danger from those ruling in its name than from all the scions of royalty and imperialism. To-day Morrison promised to renew his motion to consider the tariff bill, and in view of this fact there was a meeting of revenue reformers yesterday to consider the action to be pursued. Carlisle exhorted them to stand firm, but the resolution in structing Morrison to renew his motion to day was withdrawn on account of "con siderable opposition manifested." It was plain that many of those who voted for the consideration did not want the ques tion renewed. The caucus finally fizzled out by appointing a committee to report at a subsequent conference, the advisability of issuing an address to the country. all of to is it on it so an on REPEAL OF THE LAND LAWS. The Senate seems to have been car ried away by the craze to prevent the acquisition and settlement of the public lands. What Sparks has undertaken to do without law, Congress seems likely to do by law. Though there is some disagreement on the details of the bills in the two houses, it seems probable that there will be a compromise that will include a repeal of everything but the homestead act. And there is little doubt also that the President will sign the bill. How the homestead provision will be left is somewhat unoertain. There has been a proposition to reduce the term of occupation to three years instead of five, and if this idea prevails it will help the poor settler a little, though it still leaves him without a title that will enable him to procure money to open up his farm. There is probably a little land in Mon tana that can be taken in good faith as homesteads. As to all the great body of our lands they will remain public de main and free range for stock until some wiser legislation is enacted to dispose of them. Those who have secured locations and titles will be left in a more fortun ate condition then before. The price of patented lands will probably advance, and it will be a harvest time to the railroads which have about the only lands that can be acquired by any satisfactory title. If the sweeping measure of forfeiture voted by the House prevails and all lands not earned prior to the expiratiçn of the term limited in the Northern Pacific charter should also become a law, there would really be next to no land at all in Montana to which any title could here after be acquired. With Sparks to interpret and apply the the timber laws and no chance to acquire any permanent title to lands, the condition of our people will become deplorable indeed. Settlement will be arrested, and Montana could be kept a Territory for many years to come. The situation is bad enough, worse in all respects than most of our readers im agine. It is not so bad on those now living in Montana as for thuse in the States who have anticipated but delayed their coming to the frontiers. Those voting repeal have injured their own constituents more than us, and those who have antagonized the land grant roads most bitterly have given these cor|>orations the virtual control of the land market. For a time, and until the difficulties of taking up homesteads are under stood, there will be much distress en dured by those who come to the frontier empty handed to take up a homestead. Any one attempting to take land as a homestead will need to have from $1,500 to $2,000 to begin with, even if the land is so located that it can be cultivated at all. It would require that much ex penditure before any return could be looked for under the most favorable cir cumstances. Foreign immigration will be stopped wher it is known that no more lands are available except to those who have money to improve them. The worst of it is that it will check the better part that is now coming and increase that portion that comes over to compete with our laboring men in shop,' factory and on the farm. Those who have money enough to support themselves while securing a homestead will do much better to spend it in the purchase of fewer acres in some already settled portion of the country. But we have no idea that the land laws now in course of repeal will stay so long. The men who inhabit the Northwest are not of the kind to be thwarted permanently or suffer in silence. They have rights and know how to defend and make them respected, and they have interests that they will find some way to protect. When the present craze is over, and that will not take long, the general government will be glad enough to give away on any terms the same lands that they now refuse to sell at $1.25 under the desert act. The bill pending in Congress, to prevent members from practising as attorneys or receiving retainers in cases likely to come before Congress for action, is one that re quires considerable modification and con sideration before it is passed. It looks like an attempt to drive out some of the most honorable, useful and able members of that body. Men like Evarts and Edmunds could hardly afford to give up a practice worth $100,000 a year, even if they could live in Washington city, by rigid economy, on $5,000 a year. We do not believe a single member of either house could main tain a family and live respectably there on the salary that is paid. Every member who is not wealthy has to resort to some means to eke out a living. We think the lawyers make it as honorably as any of them. If anything is to be done go to the bottom and cdver ' every one. Make it a crime for any one to receive any consider ation m any form, directly or indirectly, for his vote or influence on any question or measure pending or likely to come before Congress. _ The House is getting anxious to ad journ, not merely because the weather is growing hot, and still less because public business is so well advanced to allow it, but mainly because the members are anx ious to look after their campaigns. It has been virtually agreed in Democratic caucus that only the appropriation and the for feiture bills shall be considered. Not a woid was said about the tariff. The oleo margarine bill is on the books in the Senate and the river and harbor bill, that was to furnish the bunkum and boodle for con gressional campaigns, looks sick unto death. ___ J THE CUSTER MASSACRE. Yesterday, June 25th, was the lOtb anniversary of the Custer massacre, the bloodiest scene that ever darkened the history of Montana. It occurred at the very time that our people all over the land were gathering to celebrate the l<K)th anniversary of American inde pendence. It was a dismal close for the century and for a time and within a limited area there were fears of other massacres, but no general dan ger. Even the dangers dreaded never occurred. When the truth became known throughout the country there was one wild, generel cry for vengeance, but with the fleeting months and years it has died away and never been executed. It is better to be so. There is One who rules over the destinies of nations, who has said, "Vengeance is mine. I will repay, saith the Lord." The Indians had their store of grievances, of which we make little note. Who can blame Chief Gall, after finding his wife and two children killed, for rushing to the battle and wielding his bloody tomahawk with the rage of an infuriated wild beast? The story of this foremost chief in the fight adds little to the facts of that fatal day. As he represents it the loss of the Indians was small, much smaller than we have reason to believe during so long and desperate a fight. If it had not been a costly victory the In dians would have followed it up. They could have armed themselves with the weapons of the massacred troops and been more formidable than ever. They could have had no fear of having to en counter any braver troops under any braver leader. For our part we do not care to rend the veil of mystery that covers the scene of that fatal field. It is enough to know that the most dashing and chivalrous officer that our great civil war produced, followed by as brave and devoted men as ever went to battle, went down to the last man before desperate odds of des perate men striking their expiring blow in vindication of their native rights and in vengeance for accumulated wrongs. It looks very much as if the brave men that fell on that fatal day had all per ished in vain. But this is not so. The results prove that it was not so. DEATH OF DAVID DAVIS. The news of Judge Davis' death wiil not be a surprise to any who have been familiar with the tenor of recent dis patches. It will, however, awaken anew public interest in the career of one en titled to general respect, an honest, faithful, patriotic citizen, who at one time occupied the most difficult and delicate position in the country, and filled it as wisely and well as any one could. Judge Davis was born in Maryland in 1815 ; graduated at Kenyon College, and settled early in law practice in Illinois, where he was successful in every way, serving at different times in the legislature, constitutional convention, and as district judge. He was a warm personal friend of Lincoln, and a mem ber of the convention that nominated him for I'resident. In 1862 Lincoln appointed him a Justice of the Supreme Court, a position which he held for fifteen years. In 1872 he was nominated for the Presidency by the Labor Reform party. At the same time he was one of the candidates before the Liberal Republican convention that nominated the lamented Greely. In January, 1876, he was chosen Sena tor to succeed Logan, after a memorable contest. He resigned from the Supreme bench to accept the position of Senator. It was on the nomination of Logan that Davis was afterwards elected President of the Senate and Vice President of the United States. It was always ac counted one of the noblest and shrewd est acts of Logan's life. In the dis charge of his official duties he justified the confidence of those who elected him and won the respect and confidence of all the people by his moderation. Judge Davis was married after the expiration of his official term, and has eccupied th" last years of his life in the care of his large estates and in the en joyment of universal respect. SILVER NOTES. The action of the House incorporat ing in the sundry civil bill a provision requiring the Secretary of the Treasury to issue certificates of small denomina tions on all the surplus silver dollars in the treasury and pay them out on all appropriations made in the bill, is a simple, cheap and easy way of putting into use all the idle hoard of coined silver, of which the enemies of silver have made so much complaii.t. There is a great dearth of small bills and a pressing call for them. Now this de mand can be satisfied and fit the same time use be made of all the silver coin in the treasury. The circulating medium of the country will be increased by this large addition to the national currency in distinction from the bank notes based on bond deposits. If any of these small silver notes are lost or destroyed, the silver that they represented will still remain, and the whole people through their government will gain what the individual may lose. We should apprehend that President Cleveland would veto the measure if it were not incorporporated in an indis pensible apppropriation bill, which he would not dare to reject. Another Report. Valparaiso, June 26.—The elections for President of the Republic of Chili passed off quietly yesterday. It is claimed that the Clericals and Radicals abstained from voting, and that the popular candi date, Senor Balmaceda, is elected. W HO RUNS MAY READ. Some Words About Free Libraries and Cheap Literature. It is a good sign of the march of pro gress that the Helena Library has been merged into a free library. Next to "tree speech and a free press.'' free books are certainly most to be desired and most use ful. Nor are they so apt to be abused as the first two liberties. Certainly Helena is far beyond any town of its size in the East in go-aheadativeness and energy. Before this it should have supported a free library. That it has not done so is not owing to any lack of literary feeliDg or appreciation, but rather to an inertia, which has never been really vigor ously attacked until now. But it is an accomplished fact and the city is to be heartily congratulated. Strange to say, New York city has no public library from which books can be taken at pleasure. Near Sixteenth street is "The Apprentices' Library," where any boy under sixteen years of age who is em ployed in office or store can, on his em ployers guaranteeing the safe return of the books in good condition, become a member and draw one book at a time free. But this is a very small library, and as we have said, is only open to boys under sixteen. The great free libraries, so-called, of New York—the Astorand the Lennox— are really only libraries of reference. No books are allowed to be taken from the rooms. Moreover, they are so guarded by restrictions that it is hard to use them even for reference. For instance, the Astor Library is open to the public only between the hours of 10 in the morning and 4 in the afternoon— hours in which a business man finds it im possible to leave his office. The Lennox is even more difficut to make use of, partly from its situation (it is near Eightieth street on Fifth avenue), and also because, in addition to restricting the hours for con sulting its thousands of volumes, it is closed to the public on two or three days of each week. Libraries as a topic lead us naturally to think of books individually as well as col lectively, and two widely dissimilar ones occur to us, each unapproachable, however, iu their way—Andrew Lang's "Letters to Dead Authors" and Rotiert Louis Stephen son's "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde." Andrew Lang's book is all that might lie expected in scholarship and grace from the pen of, next to Austin Dobson, perhaps the cleverest writer of "vers de société'' that English literature has at present. In these "Letters to Dead Authors" Mr. Lang embodies some very fine criticism as well as a most delicate and happy vein of wit and brilliaucy. One closes the too short book with a sigh of disappointment that the end has come already. The other we have mentioned, "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde," is a book of striking interest. One, too, with a deep purpose underlying its pages. At present we shall say no more of it than that it will fully repay any one for the time spent in reading it. Both of these books are to he found in the Seaside and Harper's, cheap edition of pirated works. It is pleasant, no doubt, to secure liter ature at cheap rates, hut it is a good not unmixed with evil. For every cheap hook of healthy literature that is circulated we will venture to say fifteen or twenty copies of absolute trash—and not harmless trash either—are sold. In the old days if one entered a middle class home, especially in the East, they were apt to find only standard works upon the (shelves. Nowadays hooks by the "Duchess" and other writers of the Family Story Paper and Chimney Corner calibre have usurped the shelves and are eagerly de voured by the household from the "hired girl" up. The reason of this is obvious. In the old days books cost from $1.50 to $2.50 a volume and the head of the house or his wife hesitated before buying them, and then bought hooks that would profit them. But with the era of cheap editions came a change. When a book could be bought for ten or fifteen cents the inclination of the moment could be gratified and so a taste for demoralizing and trashy literature has spread over the entire country. Such books as that poor, tired Ghost of Hugh Conway continues to pour forth and spread over the land, are among the evils we are called upon to endure as one of the results of cheap literature. For the large sales of the cheap editions make it profit able for the pirating publishers to issue and issue them until the country groans under its load of trash. A taste for such literature is easily formed and once formed rarely changed. The more trash read the harder it is for the mind to take in and understand a higher order of writing. The finer qualities of the mind become blunted and the mental pal ate dulled. But better things may be hoped for in the future ; already a far higher class of literature can be bought foç a very small sijm. A set of Shakspeare even can be pur chased for ten cents a volume, well printed in clear, large type. When Shakspeare can be purchased for ten cents a volume the possibilities of the future are unlimited. The Fitz-John Porter bill is finally through Congress, and the President will undoubtedly sign it when he gets home from fishing. Luckily it did not reach him while engaged in vetoing pension bills, or it might by mistake have shared the same fate. It will be far from a vin dication that would satisfy a loyal anion man. It was carried through Congress by the votes of those whom Porter should have been fighting. Porter may not have been guilty of treason, but he manifested no such zeal and devotion for'the success ot the Union armies as should have charac terized one in his responsible position, or one who will be remembered with honor by fata re generations. The most that can be said is that by giving him the benefit of all doubts, it is not proved that he was a traitor. COMMENCEMENT EXERCISES. Young Lady Graduates and l'upils of St. Vincent's Academy. This popular institution of learning, St. \ i ment's Academy, under the charge of the Sisters of Charity, held its commence ment exercises for the academic year, and closed last evening, in the academy build ing adjoining the convent. The room was filled by a large number of invited guests from the country and town, including the Rt. Rev. Bishop Brondel, and Fathers Palla dino and Pawelyn. The large exhibition hall was elegantly lighted and handsomely decorated with odorous evergreeens and flowers, some rare bouquets gracing the pianos, organ, brack ets and corsages of the young lady pupils, gifts from admiring friends. Over and above the stage was a motto stretching across the room, lettered in ever green, bearing the words, ''Welcome to St. Vincent's." The Sisters from the academy and those from St. John's Hospital occupied front seats reserved for them. The newspaper reporters (always a modest set of men,) declined the seats of honor reserved for them, and took in the occasion from a perch at an open window, where it was cool. The graduation class was composed of three charming and accomplished young ladies from the country—Miss Katie Cole man, from Nevada creek, and Miss Sarah Brady and Miss Mary Dann, both of the Bonlder valley. The exercises were begun with an open ing hymn—accompanist, Miss Jennie Beanfie. Woodland waltz, duet, Misses M. O'Brien and S. Hardwick. Welcome to Spring, trio, Misses A. Quirk, M. O'Brien and I. Dickman. The operatta of Laila, which was most charmingly rendered, was preceded by the overture of the piece—music by Miss Lizzie O'Neil. Laila—Miss Lulu Myers. THE PLOT—PART I. A band of mountain children are col lected to spend the summer day in singing, gathering flowers, and feasting around their tables spread beneath the shadowy branches of the trees ; they are interrupted by the approach of a beggar woman and her children. A part.of the children at first repulse her, offended at having their joyous festival thus interrupted ; bat one of them, Laila, steps forth, and with a mild rebuke to her playmates for their un kindness, she welcomes the poor mother and children, apd bids them make known their wants. The other children soon join with Laila in speaking kindly to the poor wanderers, and after they have told them their tale of sorrows, they are invited to the feast which the children have prepared, and all together go out with a merry song to where the table is spread. The interlude was the Sleighride Galop, (organ and piano) an instrumental duet by Miss Sarah Brady aDd Lizzie O'Neil. PART II. Laila, the favorite of all, wandering off alone to cull some wild flowers, in the ardor of her search loses her way and wan ders about until night approaches, and then as weary and frightened she finds herself in a dark forest, she kneels to ask aid from her good angel, when suddenly a little band of fairies with their queen, glide into her presence glittering with their robes of beauty : and after her surprise is over, at her entreaty they conduct her to her playmates. Shepherd's evening song, (instrumental solo and duet) two pianos, Misses M. Dunn, Katie Coleman and L. Myers. Meeting of the Waters, (vocal solo) guitar accompaniment, Miss Sarah Brady. PART III. The mountain children miss Laila, and spend all the afternoon in search for her; and as night approaches they collect in the grove where they first assembled, and are expressing their grief and terror at the loss of Laila, when she is led in by the fairies, and their queen, who steps forth and announces to the children that they are the same ones who, disguised as wretched beggars, came in the morning to prove the generosity of their hearts, and tells them never, in the future, to hesitate to give to the needy, for virtue is sure to be rewarded. This charming operatta was concluded by crowning Laila queen by the mountain children, who unite in a joyous song and chorus. Then followed music and essays as laid down in the programlne : Valse Sentimental, (Instrumental solo). Miss Mary Dunn.......................................By J. Plich Essay. Miss Katie Coleman......"Home Influence" Y'ankee Doodle, (varieties) Miss Sarah Brady, .......................................;..............By Strakosch Essay, Miss Mary Du-.n..............."The Sciences" Grand March de Concert (instrumental solo) Miss Katie Coleman.......................By YVollenhaught The instrumental solo, by Miss Mary Dunn, and Yankee Doodle, with varia tions, by Miss Sarah Brady, were both charmingly rendered and heartily ap plauded. The tssays were fine composi tions, well read and well received. The essay, "Tine Greatness," by Miss Brady, was indeed a valedictory, and was very feeling addressed to pupils, teachers and friends. The well earned diplomas of honor and merit were then conferred upon the gradu ating class, who were each crowned with a wreath of flowers. The farewell song by the whole school closed the delightful entertainment at about 11 o'clock. The new parliamentary contest hfed already reached an advanced stage of interest before the old parliament was prorogued on yesterday. The Queen's speech was very brief, and states the pur pose as simply and quietly as if it were not the most important issae ever pre sented to the voters of Great Britain, whether Ireland shall have a legislative body for the management of Irish as dis tinguished from imperial affairs. Oar opinion is that if the experiment is once tried, it will give satisfaction to all parties, as much to those opposing it as to those supporting it. Ireland, if contented under home-rale, would be a source of strength to the empire, where now it is a constant source of discontent, weakness and dan ger. A WATER BONANZA. An Ancient River Running Within the City Limits—Current, North by Northwest. An Inexhaustible Supply of Sparkling Soft Water Running Over a Peb bly Bed Only 80 Feet Below the Surface, on the West Side, A Herald reporter this morning got on the trail of Col. George W. Keeler, and after beating the bush and following a hot track on his usual runaway he was brought to bay on the shady side of Main street, where he very courteously submitted to the following interview : Reporter—Well, my dear Colonel, you are aware that there is a general skirmishing all along the line in Helena in search of an adequate supply of good water, and know ing of yonr scientific explorations on the West Side while prospecting for a gold placer. I beg leave to ask if you were not driven out of yonr shafts by snch a rush of water that it could not lie kept down by a powerful pump ? Keeler—It is true that I have been pros pecting for gold in the bed of an ancient river that runs north by northwest on the West Side, and have struck it rich, and had it not been that we were driven out by water we would have gotten a mint of money. Here the Colonel s countenance brighten ed up, as he referred to the gold nuggets by the mint full, as much as to say, I know I've got the money on bedrock, but how am I to get rid of the water that has stopped our work more than once. R.—Well, Colonel, what do you know about this subterranean water that has so often driven yon out of yonr rich dig gings ? Keeler—Well, I will tell you about the size of it. You see, we have a shaft about 110 feet deep about half way between John Stedman's foundry and the old smelter, out of which we were driven by the water, when we were pumping it out at the rate of 220 gallons per minute. This shaft is 4x9 feet and cribbed from top to bottom. West of that about 2,000 feet I have another shaft that I sunk on the bed of the river, which is 80 leet deep and 4x5 in diameter, where I was stalled again by the water. This shaft is now used as a draw well by the neighboring-citizens for drink ing and washing purposes. R.—What, is the water soft ? Keeler—Yes ; it is the delight of washer women, and is as clear as crystal, filtered as it is, and running over a gravelly bed it must be perfectly pure ; and I should say that my estimate of the flow of water at the bottom of this shaft is about forty miner's inches. This shaft is on my gronnd, on what was called the Brooks' entry, and is about 400 yards west of Child and Huntley's residence, high up on the foothills. In this one the cuirent of water is found to run west, and then by an other discovery a half mile west, I find that it makes a short turn and runs north. R.—Well, Colonel, how about the sup ply? Keeler—Why, that is practically inex haustible, and there is enough water at the present depth of the 80-foot tunnel to supply a town twice the size of this for ever, and if the shaft is sunk deeper the volume of water will increase until bed rock or the lowest gravel is found. R.—Where, Colonel, do you suppose all this water comes from ? Keeler—Why, it certainly must he the drainage of the great mountain ranges ly ing back of Mount Helena, and which at a very remote age no doubt found an outlet by this ancient river. R.—It is very clear to my mind that there is a bonanza right here, where the city, Jiy an inexpensive outlay, can get all the water needed for the whole popula tion. Keeler—I agree with you, Mr Reporter, that the best way for the city to utilize this bountiful supply of water is to force it into a stand pipe , erected at such an ele vation on the West Side that the pressure would send the water into all parts of the city. Much obliged, Colonel, for your very in telligent information. Good-morning— come around and get a Herald and see if I have reported you correctly. Good morning, Colonel. Good-morning, Major. WEST SIDE RACES. Programme lor the Meeting at Butte, Montana, Julv 4th, 5th and 6lh, 1886. SUNDAY, JULY 4. 1. Purse $200 ; trotting, 3:09 class. 2. Purse $150 ; running, one-half mile. 3. Grapd balloon ascension. 4. Purse $200 ; trotting, 2:30 class. MONDAY', JULY' 5. 5. Agreement stakes ; trotting for four yeary-olds and under. $100 entrance, all forfeit, with $500 added. Entries close July 1st. Entries for this race so far are as follows : Gwinn & Bradshaw's b. m. Lain B, 4 years. B. C. Holly's g. Senator, 3 years. C. B. Jeffries' ch. m. Fera, 4 years. Entries still open. 6. Parse $200;'running, one mile handi cap. 7. Grand balloon ascension by Prof. El liott on trapeze. 8. Parse $100 ; running, 600 yards. TUESDAY', JULY 6. 9. Parse $200 ; trotting, 2:45 class. 10. Parse $120 ; running, one-half mile heats, handicap. 11. Parse $300; trotting, free-for-all. Unless otherwise specified, the rales of the M. A. M. and M. A. shall govern the above races. Sanguinary Election Riots. Panama, Jane 26. — Advices from Chili show that fifty-one persons in all were killed in the recent election riots. The reports which were cabled to the United States on the first day stated that eleven persons were killed and several wounded On June 15th forty more were killed at Santiago and the hospitals are filled with wonnded.