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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 01, 1886, Image 4

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FISK BROS. - - -
R. E. FISK, - - - -
- - Editor
1886 .
As exchange says there are only about
'250,000 Hebrews in the United States.
Well, what of it. That is more than there
are in Palistine.
Theke is twenty-seven feet of the Balti
more & Ohio Railroad in Chester county,
Pennsylvania, where it passes from Dela
ware to Maryland.
Work is being done on both ends of the
Transandean Railroad, connecting the
Argentine Republic with Chili, and the
work will be completed in about two years.
Oct of 140 members of the graduating
class at Vale 10b answered the inquiry as
to their expenses for the four years and the
average was $060 per annum. The ex
tremes were $150 and $5,500.
Montana's recently appointed Asso
ciate Justice, McLeary, is a native of Ten
nessee, but a resident since the war of San
Antonio, Texas. He was a Confederate
soldier, serving throughout the rebellion
in the 5th Texas cavalry.
It is said that the New.Jersey Central and
the Pennsylvania roads will soon unite to
build one grand general depot for all the
roads at .Jersey City, and that they will
push the tunnel under the Hudson river
and under the city to the Grand Central
Dr. Monroe, the new Register of the
Bozeman J,and Office, served on the stall'
of the confederate Gen. Hood in the South
west and on the staff of Jo. Johnson in the
final campaign of the war. He is a pleas
ant gentleman and socially very popular
with all who know him.
The South is abandoning the culture of
cotton for that of tobacco in many parts
of the south. There has been such an in
crease in the production of cotton that the
price is no longer remunerative, even with
the utilization of cotton seeds. What the
South needs is more diversified agriculture
and more home manufactures.
Senator Plumb has fired another
broadside at Sparks in calling for a report
of the number of frauds that he has dis
covered, and for the evidence upon which
he has assumed to declare that 90 per cent,
of the land entries are fraudulent. It af
fords Sparks an excellent opportunity to
prove that the western pioneers are greater
liars than he is. _
Tue last New York legislature passed a
bill limiting imprisonment for debt to six
months, and Governor Hill has signed it,
so that it is now law, and Ludlow street
jail will be emptied of those who have
lteen shut up ou this account for six months
or more. It is strange that New York
clung to middle-age barbarism so long. It
ought to have been wiped out entirely.
The river and harbor bill is getting
overloaded and will sink of its own weight.
There are many good things in the bill,
but so much that is useless waste and in
direct purchase of votes that it will not be
unmitigated loss if the whole fails. Our
rivers will continue to flow and our harbors
are ample for all the ships we have or are
likely to have for a iong time to come.
Nova Scotia is not only anxious to cut
loose from the Dominion, but is working to
secure the co-operation of New Brunswick
and Prince Edwards Island, with the pur
pose of forming a maritime confederation,
which New Foundland would also join.
There is enough danger of the success of
this scheme to frighten the Ottawa govern
ment and dictate a change of tone and
general pol icy.
Two weeks since Springfield, Mass., cel
ebrated its 250th anniversary of settle
ment, and yesterday Providence, R. I.,
held a similar celebration. We would like
to know what sort of a celebration Helena
will have when her 250th birthday comes
around. We shall only reach our first
quarter century epoch in 1889. Eight
more generations, if they do as well as the
first one, will make quite a city here.
The Republican convention of Tennes
see was held in Nashville, June 16. There
were near 600 delegates in attendance. The
utmost harmony prevailed. Alfred A.
Taylor, of Carter county, was nominated
on the first ballot for Governor. The
whole business of the convention, includ
ing a platform strongly urging protection,
the Blair education bill, a free vote and a
fair count, was accomplished in less than
five hours, and adjourned sine die.
The first election for Delegate in Mon
tana occurred in October, 1864, and Mc
Lean was elected over Sanders by a ma
jority of 1,233. This election was, how
ever, only for a fractional term. Another
election was held in August, 1865, and Mc
Lean was again the Democratic candidate.
Sanders was not then a candidate bat the
Republicans voted for Gad E. Upson, at the
time Indian Agent for the Blackfeet. Mc
Lean was again elected by a majority of
1,376. _
Unless the Union and Central Pacific
are granted a long extension of time at re
duced rates of interest to pay what they
owe the government, there should tie such
a modification of the Thurman act that
what money is paid in thereunder, instead
of being invested in 3 per cent, bonds,
should be applicable for the building of
branch lines of the roads, the government
holding the first lien on all branches so
built. This would benefit the government,
the people and the railroad companies
alike. The life cannot be kept in a trunk
without branches. They are like the arms
and legs to the human body. The Union
Pacific was more important at first for its
through business, but its future prosperity
will depend most upon its local business
and branch lines.
A great stress is laid upon the injus
tice to the older States by the admission
of new States that will be entitled to
two Senators, though their present popu
lation would give them no more than a
single Representative. The inequality
is evident, and yet it is no more at pres
i ent than in the case of Delaware, one of
I the original thirteen, and Rhode Island,
! New Hampshire and Vermont have as
many Senators as Representatives. In
the case of the Western Territories their
early admission would give them a tem
porary advantage in representation, but
their vast area and present rapid rate of
settlement render it certain that they
will soon have a large population. In
the case of the small Eastern States the
inequality of representation will never
pass away. At every new census they
are relatively losing ground. From 1812
to 1820 Delaware had two Representa
tives and at the same time Vermont had
six, and New Hampshire had six down
to 1832. These .States have been rela
tively falling away and have no chance
to recover their standing. All of the
great Western States that at first were
given more than their share of repre
sentation and electoral vote have now
less than the average to which they
should be entitled.
Our suggestion is that it is for the
interest of the older States to grant early
admission to the western Territories
before the question of further subdivision
arises, as it ha- done in the case of
Policy as well as justice would sug
gest admission as soon, at least, as the
population of any one of the Territories
came near the apportionment for a rep
sentative. If an enabling act were passed
for Montana at the present session she
would have the population to entitle her
to a representative before the organiza
tion would be completed. The same is
true of Washington and New Mexico,
and in the case of Dakota she would be
entitled to three representatives from
the State if admitted as a whole.
.Senators Ingalls and Plumb have
done our section of the country good
service in checking the Land Commis
sioner's policy of excluding settlers, but
we have waited long and watched close
for something to be said or done in Con
gress in respect to the timber orders and
circulars of the same department. If
carried out as they stand, they would
drive out the settlers now living in our
Territory. If the law is so loosely
drawn as .to admit of Sparks' interpreta
tion, it is very important that it should
be remedied so that we shall not be at
the mercy of such a suspicious, narrow
minded, strict constructionist. Some
member of Congress should explain the
situation, and secure an amendment or
an interpretation that would relieve our
people of the stigma of being technical
violators of law in the case of every
stick of wood consumed in cooking their
daily food and in the use of every board
put up to shelter them from the storms
of winter. It is a grievous oversight of
one of the greatest outrages ever perpe
trated upon a long-suffering people. < )ur
delegate should find some way to bring
this timber order of Sparks to the atten
tion of Congress. If the truth and facts
were known, we are absolutely certain
that Congress would relieve us at once.
We presume, before the election is over,
Gladstone's enemies will assert and main
tain to their own satisfaction that he is a
Fenian, an Irishman in disguise. The
brutal insolence of Churchill shows the in
tensity of hatred with which this struggle
for class privileges and Irish coercion is
being waged. We shall not be at all sur
prised if Gladstone is beaten and badly
beaten. Influences of rank and wealth, of
church and commercial interest, will be
worked for all that is in them to beat home
rule and kill Gladstone, and in our opinion
they are strong enough to do it for a time,
but nevertheless truth and justice, liberty
and progress will rise again, with larger
demands and increased strength, till not
only Ireland is ruled by her own parlia
ment, but Scotland and Wales as well, and
the House of Lords is dissolved and its
titles and privileges become historical
relics. _
There is nothing in the character or
personal abilities of the French princes
that would seem to make it necessary to
expel them from the country. If there is
any growing dissatisfaction among the
people, it is more the result of mismanage
ment on the part of those who have been
so recklessly squandering the wealth and
strength of the country, increasing debt
and taxation. *The foreign policy of the
present government has been extravagant
and wasteful to the last degree. What
France wants is a period of rest and re
cuperation. Three-fourths of the army
should be disbanded and most of the navy
sold, and the savings for years devoted to
the payment of the national debt. Such
public works should only be carried on as
would increase production, and public edu
cation should be fostered. The French re
public is in more danger from those ruling
in its name than from all the scions of
royalty and imperialism.
To-day Morrison promised to renew his
motion to consider the tariff bill, and in
view of this fact there was a meeting of
revenue reformers yesterday to consider the
action to be pursued. Carlisle exhorted
them to stand firm, but the resolution in
structing Morrison to renew his motion to
day was withdrawn on account of "con
siderable opposition manifested." It was
plain that many of those who voted for
the consideration did not want the ques
tion renewed. The caucus finally fizzled
out by appointing a committee to report at
a subsequent conference, the advisability
of issuing an address to the country.
The Senate seems to have been car
ried away by the craze to prevent the
acquisition and settlement of the public
lands. What Sparks has undertaken to
do without law, Congress seems likely to
do by law. Though there is some
disagreement on the details of the bills
in the two houses, it seems probable
that there will be a compromise that
will include a repeal of everything but
the homestead act. And there is little
doubt also that the President will sign
the bill.
How the homestead provision will be
left is somewhat unoertain. There has
been a proposition to reduce the term of
occupation to three years instead of five,
and if this idea prevails it will help the
poor settler a little, though it still leaves
him without a title that will enable him
to procure money to open up his farm.
There is probably a little land in Mon
tana that can be taken in good faith as
homesteads. As to all the great body of
our lands they will remain public de
main and free range for stock until some
wiser legislation is enacted to dispose of
them. Those who have secured locations
and titles will be left in a more fortun
ate condition then before. The price of
patented lands will probably advance,
and it will be a harvest time to
the railroads which have about
the only lands that can be
acquired by any satisfactory title. If
the sweeping measure of forfeiture voted
by the House prevails and all lands not
earned prior to the expiratiçn of the
term limited in the Northern Pacific
charter should also become a law, there
would really be next to no land at all in
Montana to which any title could here
after be acquired.
With Sparks to interpret and apply
the the timber laws and no chance to
acquire any permanent title to lands,
the condition of our people will become
deplorable indeed. Settlement will be
arrested, and Montana could be kept a
Territory for many years to come.
The situation is bad enough, worse in
all respects than most of our readers im
agine. It is not so bad on those now
living in Montana as for thuse in the
States who have anticipated but delayed
their coming to the frontiers. Those
voting repeal have injured their own
constituents more than us, and those
who have antagonized the land grant
roads most bitterly have given these
cor|>orations the virtual control of the
land market.
For a time, and until the difficulties
of taking up homesteads are under
stood, there will be much distress en
dured by those who come to the frontier
empty handed to take up a homestead.
Any one attempting to take land as a
homestead will need to have from $1,500
to $2,000 to begin with, even if the land
is so located that it can be cultivated at
all. It would require that much ex
penditure before any return could be
looked for under the most favorable cir
Foreign immigration will be stopped
wher it is known that no more lands are
available except to those who have
money to improve them. The worst of
it is that it will check the better part
that is now coming and increase that
portion that comes over to compete with
our laboring men in shop,' factory and
on the farm.
Those who have money enough to
support themselves while securing a
homestead will do much better to spend
it in the purchase of fewer acres in
some already settled portion of the
But we have no idea that the land
laws now in course of repeal will stay
so long. The men who inhabit the
Northwest are not of the kind to be
thwarted permanently or suffer in
silence. They have rights and know
how to defend and make them respected,
and they have interests that they will
find some way to protect.
When the present craze is over, and
that will not take long, the general
government will be glad enough to give
away on any terms the same lands that
they now refuse to sell at $1.25 under
the desert act.
The bill pending in Congress, to prevent
members from practising as attorneys or
receiving retainers in cases likely to come
before Congress for action, is one that re
quires considerable modification and con
sideration before it is passed. It looks like
an attempt to drive out some of the most
honorable, useful and able members of that
body. Men like Evarts and Edmunds
could hardly afford to give up a practice
worth $100,000 a year, even if they could
live in Washington city, by rigid economy,
on $5,000 a year. We do not believe a
single member of either house could main
tain a family and live respectably there on
the salary that is paid. Every member
who is not wealthy has to resort to some
means to eke out a living. We think the
lawyers make it as honorably as any of
them. If anything is to be done go to the
bottom and cdver ' every one. Make it a
crime for any one to receive any consider
ation m any form, directly or indirectly,
for his vote or influence on any question or
measure pending or likely to come before
Congress. _
The House is getting anxious to ad
journ, not merely because the weather is
growing hot, and still less because public
business is so well advanced to allow it,
but mainly because the members are anx
ious to look after their campaigns. It has
been virtually agreed in Democratic caucus
that only the appropriation and the for
feiture bills shall be considered. Not a
woid was said about the tariff. The oleo
margarine bill is on the books in the Senate
and the river and harbor bill, that was to
furnish the bunkum and boodle for con
gressional campaigns, looks sick unto death.
___ J
Yesterday, June 25th, was the lOtb
anniversary of the Custer massacre, the
bloodiest scene that ever darkened the
history of Montana. It occurred at the
very time that our people all over the
land were gathering to celebrate the
l<K)th anniversary of American inde
pendence. It was a dismal close for the
century and for a time and within a
limited area there were fears of other
massacres, but no general dan
ger. Even the dangers dreaded never
occurred. When the truth became known
throughout the country there was one
wild, generel cry for vengeance, but with
the fleeting months and years it has died
away and never been executed. It is
better to be so. There is One who rules
over the destinies of nations, who has
said, "Vengeance is mine. I will repay,
saith the Lord." The Indians had their
store of grievances, of which we make
little note. Who can blame Chief Gall,
after finding his wife and two children
killed, for rushing to the battle and
wielding his bloody tomahawk with the
rage of an infuriated wild beast?
The story of this foremost chief in the
fight adds little to the facts of
that fatal day. As he represents it the
loss of the Indians was small, much
smaller than we have reason to believe
during so long and desperate a fight. If
it had not been a costly victory the In
dians would have followed it up. They
could have armed themselves with the
weapons of the massacred troops and
been more formidable than ever. They
could have had no fear of having to en
counter any braver troops under any
braver leader.
For our part we do not care to rend
the veil of mystery that covers the scene
of that fatal field. It is enough to know
that the most dashing and chivalrous
officer that our great civil war produced,
followed by as brave and devoted men
as ever went to battle, went down to the
last man before desperate odds of des
perate men striking their expiring blow
in vindication of their native rights and
in vengeance for accumulated wrongs.
It looks very much as if the brave men
that fell on that fatal day had all per
ished in vain. But this is not so. The
results prove that it was not so.
The news of Judge Davis' death wiil
not be a surprise to any who have been
familiar with the tenor of recent dis
patches. It will, however, awaken anew
public interest in the career of one en
titled to general respect, an honest,
faithful, patriotic citizen, who at one
time occupied the most difficult and
delicate position in the country, and
filled it as wisely and well as any one
Judge Davis was born in Maryland
in 1815 ; graduated at Kenyon College,
and settled early in law practice in
Illinois, where he was successful in every
way, serving at different times in the
legislature, constitutional convention,
and as district judge. He was a warm
personal friend of Lincoln, and a mem
ber of the convention that nominated
him for I'resident.
In 1862 Lincoln appointed him a
Justice of the Supreme Court, a position
which he held for fifteen years. In 1872
he was nominated for the Presidency by
the Labor Reform party. At the same
time he was one of the candidates before
the Liberal Republican convention that
nominated the lamented Greely.
In January, 1876, he was chosen Sena
tor to succeed Logan, after a memorable
contest. He resigned from the Supreme
bench to accept the position of Senator.
It was on the nomination of Logan that
Davis was afterwards elected President of
the Senate and Vice President of
the United States. It was always ac
counted one of the noblest and shrewd
est acts of Logan's life. In the dis
charge of his official duties he justified
the confidence of those who elected him
and won the respect and confidence of
all the people by his moderation.
Judge Davis was married after the
expiration of his official term, and has
eccupied th" last years of his life in the
care of his large estates and in the en
joyment of universal respect.
The action of the House incorporat
ing in the sundry civil bill a provision
requiring the Secretary of the Treasury
to issue certificates of small denomina
tions on all the surplus silver dollars
in the treasury and pay them out on all
appropriations made in the bill, is a
simple, cheap and easy way of putting
into use all the idle hoard of coined
silver, of which the enemies of silver
have made so much complaii.t. There
is a great dearth of small bills and a
pressing call for them. Now this de
mand can be satisfied and fit the same
time use be made of all the silver coin
in the treasury. The circulating medium
of the country will be increased by this
large addition to the national currency
in distinction from the bank notes based
on bond deposits. If any of these small
silver notes are lost or destroyed, the
silver that they represented will still
remain, and the whole people through
their government will gain what the
individual may lose.
We should apprehend that President
Cleveland would veto the measure if it
were not incorporporated in an indis
pensible apppropriation bill, which he
would not dare to reject.
Another Report.
Valparaiso, June 26.—The elections
for President of the Republic of Chili
passed off quietly yesterday. It is claimed
that the Clericals and Radicals abstained
from voting, and that the popular candi
date, Senor Balmaceda, is elected.
Some Words About Free Libraries
and Cheap Literature.
It is a good sign of the march of pro
gress that the Helena Library has been
merged into a free library. Next to "tree
speech and a free press.'' free books are
certainly most to be desired and most use
ful. Nor are they so apt to be abused as
the first two liberties.
Certainly Helena is far beyond any town
of its size in the East in go-aheadativeness
and energy. Before this it should have
supported a free library. That it has not
done so is not owing to any lack of literary
feeliDg or appreciation, but rather to an
inertia, which has never been really vigor
ously attacked until now.
But it is an accomplished fact and the
city is to be heartily congratulated.
Strange to say, New York city has no
public library from which books can be
taken at pleasure. Near Sixteenth street
is "The Apprentices' Library," where any
boy under sixteen years of age who is em
ployed in office or store can, on his em
ployers guaranteeing the safe return of the
books in good condition, become a member
and draw one book at a time free.
But this is a very small library, and as
we have said, is only open to boys under
sixteen. The great free libraries, so-called,
of New York—the Astorand the Lennox—
are really only libraries of reference. No
books are allowed to be taken from the
rooms. Moreover, they are so guarded by
restrictions that it is hard to use them
even for reference.
For instance, the Astor Library is open
to the public only between the hours of 10
in the morning and 4 in the afternoon—
hours in which a business man finds it im
possible to leave his office. The Lennox is
even more difficut to make use of, partly
from its situation (it is near Eightieth
street on Fifth avenue), and also because,
in addition to restricting the hours for con
sulting its thousands of volumes, it is
closed to the public on two or three days
of each week.
Libraries as a topic lead us naturally to
think of books individually as well as col
lectively, and two widely dissimilar ones
occur to us, each unapproachable, however,
iu their way—Andrew Lang's "Letters to
Dead Authors" and Rotiert Louis Stephen
son's "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyl and
Mr. Hyde."
Andrew Lang's book is all that might lie
expected in scholarship and grace from the
pen of, next to Austin Dobson, perhaps
the cleverest writer of "vers de société''
that English literature has at present. In
these "Letters to Dead Authors" Mr. Lang
embodies some very fine criticism as well
as a most delicate and happy vein of wit
and brilliaucy. One closes the too short
book with a sigh of disappointment that
the end has come already.
The other we have mentioned, "The
Strange Case of Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde,"
is a book of striking interest. One, too,
with a deep purpose underlying its pages.
At present we shall say no more of it than
that it will fully repay any one for the
time spent in reading it. Both of these
books are to he found in the Seaside and
Harper's, cheap edition of pirated works.
It is pleasant, no doubt, to secure liter
ature at cheap rates, hut it is a good not
unmixed with evil. For every cheap hook
of healthy literature that is circulated we
will venture to say fifteen or twenty copies
of absolute trash—and not harmless trash
either—are sold.
In the old days if one entered a middle
class home, especially in the East, they
were apt to find only standard works upon
the (shelves. Nowadays hooks by the
"Duchess" and other writers of the Family
Story Paper and Chimney Corner calibre have
usurped the shelves and are eagerly de
voured by the household from the "hired
girl" up.
The reason of this is obvious. In the
old days books cost from $1.50 to $2.50 a
volume and the head of the house or his
wife hesitated before buying them, and
then bought hooks that would profit them.
But with the era of cheap editions came
a change. When a book could be bought
for ten or fifteen cents the inclination of
the moment could be gratified and so a
taste for demoralizing and trashy literature
has spread over the entire country.
Such books as that poor, tired Ghost of
Hugh Conway continues to pour forth and
spread over the land, are among the evils
we are called upon to endure as one of the
results of cheap literature. For the large
sales of the cheap editions make it profit
able for the pirating publishers to issue and
issue them until the country groans under
its load of trash.
A taste for such literature is easily
formed and once formed rarely changed.
The more trash read the harder it is for the
mind to take in and understand a higher
order of writing. The finer qualities of the
mind become blunted and the mental pal
ate dulled.
But better things may be hoped for in
the future ; already a far higher class of
literature can be bought foç a very small
sijm. A set of Shakspeare even can be pur
chased for ten cents a volume, well printed
in clear, large type. When Shakspeare can
be purchased for ten cents a volume the
possibilities of the future are unlimited.
The Fitz-John Porter bill is finally
through Congress, and the President will
undoubtedly sign it when he gets home
from fishing. Luckily it did not reach
him while engaged in vetoing pension
bills, or it might by mistake have shared
the same fate. It will be far from a vin
dication that would satisfy a loyal anion
man. It was carried through Congress by
the votes of those whom Porter should
have been fighting. Porter may not have
been guilty of treason, but he manifested
no such zeal and devotion for'the success ot
the Union armies as should have charac
terized one in his responsible position, or
one who will be remembered with honor
by fata re generations. The most that can
be said is that by giving him the benefit of
all doubts, it is not proved that he was a
Young Lady Graduates and l'upils of
St. Vincent's Academy.
This popular institution of learning, St.
\ i ment's Academy, under the charge of
the Sisters of Charity, held its commence
ment exercises for the academic year, and
closed last evening, in the academy build
ing adjoining the convent. The room was
filled by a large number of invited guests
from the country and town, including the
Rt. Rev. Bishop Brondel, and Fathers Palla
dino and Pawelyn.
The large exhibition hall was elegantly
lighted and handsomely decorated with
odorous evergreeens and flowers, some rare
bouquets gracing the pianos, organ, brack
ets and corsages of the young lady pupils,
gifts from admiring friends.
Over and above the stage was a motto
stretching across the room, lettered in ever
green, bearing the words, ''Welcome to St.
The Sisters from the academy and those
from St. John's Hospital occupied front
seats reserved for them. The newspaper
reporters (always a modest set of men,)
declined the seats of honor reserved for
them, and took in the occasion from a
perch at an open window, where it was
The graduation class was composed of
three charming and accomplished young
ladies from the country—Miss Katie Cole
man, from Nevada creek, and Miss Sarah
Brady and Miss Mary Dann, both of the
Bonlder valley.
The exercises were begun with an open
ing hymn—accompanist, Miss Jennie
Woodland waltz, duet, Misses M. O'Brien
and S. Hardwick.
Welcome to Spring, trio, Misses A.
Quirk, M. O'Brien and I. Dickman.
The operatta of Laila, which was most
charmingly rendered, was preceded by the
overture of the piece—music by Miss
Lizzie O'Neil. Laila—Miss Lulu Myers.
A band of mountain children are col
lected to spend the summer day in singing,
gathering flowers, and feasting around
their tables spread beneath the shadowy
branches of the trees ; they are interrupted
by the approach of a beggar woman and
her children. A part.of the children at
first repulse her, offended at having their
joyous festival thus interrupted ; bat one
of them, Laila, steps forth, and with a
mild rebuke to her playmates for their un
kindness, she welcomes the poor mother
and children, apd bids them make known
their wants. The other children soon join
with Laila in speaking kindly to the poor
wanderers, and after they have told them
their tale of sorrows, they are invited to
the feast which the children have prepared,
and all together go out with a merry song
to where the table is spread.
The interlude was the Sleighride Galop,
(organ and piano) an instrumental duet by
Miss Sarah Brady aDd Lizzie O'Neil.
Laila, the favorite of all, wandering off
alone to cull some wild flowers, in the
ardor of her search loses her way and wan
ders about until night approaches, and
then as weary and frightened she finds
herself in a dark forest, she kneels to ask
aid from her good angel, when suddenly a
little band of fairies with their queen,
glide into her presence glittering with their
robes of beauty : and after her surprise is
over, at her entreaty they conduct her to
her playmates.
Shepherd's evening song, (instrumental
solo and duet) two pianos, Misses M. Dunn,
Katie Coleman and L. Myers.
Meeting of the Waters, (vocal solo)
guitar accompaniment, Miss Sarah Brady.
The mountain children miss Laila, and
spend all the afternoon in search for her;
and as night approaches they collect in the
grove where they first assembled, and are
expressing their grief and terror at the
loss of Laila, when she is led in by the
fairies, and their queen, who steps forth
and announces to the children that they
are the same ones who, disguised as
wretched beggars, came in the morning to
prove the generosity of their hearts, and
tells them never, in the future, to hesitate
to give to the needy, for virtue is sure to
be rewarded.
This charming operatta was concluded
by crowning Laila queen by the mountain
children, who unite in a joyous song and
chorus. Then followed music and essays
as laid down in the programlne :
Valse Sentimental, (Instrumental solo). Miss
Mary Dunn.......................................By J. Plich
Essay. Miss Katie Coleman......"Home Influence"
Y'ankee Doodle, (varieties) Miss Sarah Brady,
.......................................;..............By Strakosch
Essay, Miss Mary Du-.n..............."The Sciences"
Grand March de Concert (instrumental solo) Miss
Katie Coleman.......................By YVollenhaught
The instrumental solo, by Miss Mary
Dunn, and Yankee Doodle, with varia
tions, by Miss Sarah Brady, were both
charmingly rendered and heartily ap
plauded. The tssays were fine composi
tions, well read and well received.
The essay, "Tine Greatness," by Miss
Brady, was indeed a valedictory, and was
very feeling addressed to pupils, teachers
and friends.
The well earned diplomas of honor and
merit were then conferred upon the gradu
ating class, who were each crowned with a
wreath of flowers.
The farewell song by the whole school
closed the delightful entertainment at
about 11 o'clock.
The new parliamentary contest hfed
already reached an advanced stage of
interest before the old parliament was
prorogued on yesterday. The Queen's
speech was very brief, and states the pur
pose as simply and quietly as if it were
not the most important issae ever pre
sented to the voters of Great Britain,
whether Ireland shall have a legislative
body for the management of Irish as dis
tinguished from imperial affairs. Oar
opinion is that if the experiment is once
tried, it will give satisfaction to all parties,
as much to those opposing it as to those
supporting it. Ireland, if contented under
home-rale, would be a source of strength
to the empire, where now it is a constant
source of discontent, weakness and dan
An Ancient River Running Within the
City Limits—Current, North by
An Inexhaustible Supply of Sparkling
Soft Water Running Over a Peb
bly Bed Only 80 Feet Below
the Surface, on the West
A Herald reporter this morning got on
the trail of Col. George W. Keeler, and
after beating the bush and following a hot
track on his usual runaway he was brought
to bay on the shady side of Main street,
where he very courteously submitted to
the following interview :
Reporter—Well, my dear Colonel, you are
aware that there is a general skirmishing
all along the line in Helena in search of an
adequate supply of good water, and know
ing of yonr scientific explorations on the
West Side while prospecting for a gold
placer. I beg leave to ask if you were not
driven out of yonr shafts by snch a rush
of water that it could not lie kept down by
a powerful pump ?
Keeler—It is true that I have been pros
pecting for gold in the bed of an ancient
river that runs north by northwest on the
West Side, and have struck it rich, and
had it not been that we were driven out
by water we would have gotten a mint of
Here the Colonel s countenance brighten
ed up, as he referred to the gold nuggets
by the mint full, as much as to say, I know
I've got the money on bedrock, but how
am I to get rid of the water that has
stopped our work more than once.
R.—Well, Colonel, what do you know
about this subterranean water that has so
often driven yon out of yonr rich dig
gings ?
Keeler—Well, I will tell you about the
size of it. You see, we have a shaft about
110 feet deep about half way between
John Stedman's foundry and the old
smelter, out of which we were driven by
the water, when we were pumping it out
at the rate of 220 gallons per minute. This
shaft is 4x9 feet and cribbed from top to
bottom. West of that about 2,000 feet I
have another shaft that I sunk on the bed
of the river, which is 80 leet deep and 4x5
in diameter, where I was stalled again by
the water. This shaft is now used as a draw
well by the neighboring-citizens for drink
ing and washing purposes.
R.—What, is the water soft ?
Keeler—Yes ; it is the delight of washer
women, and is as clear as crystal, filtered
as it is, and running over a gravelly bed it
must be perfectly pure ; and I should say
that my estimate of the flow of water at
the bottom of this shaft is about forty
miner's inches. This shaft is on my
gronnd, on what was called the Brooks'
entry, and is about 400 yards west of
Child and Huntley's residence, high up on
the foothills. In this one the cuirent of
water is found to run west, and then by an
other discovery a half mile west, I find
that it makes a short turn and runs north.
R.—Well, Colonel, how about the sup
Keeler—Why, that is practically inex
haustible, and there is enough water at
the present depth of the 80-foot tunnel to
supply a town twice the size of this for
ever, and if the shaft is sunk deeper the
volume of water will increase until bed
rock or the lowest gravel is found.
R.—Where, Colonel, do you suppose all
this water comes from ?
Keeler—Why, it certainly must he the
drainage of the great mountain ranges ly
ing back of Mount Helena, and which at a
very remote age no doubt found an outlet
by this ancient river.
R.—It is very clear to my mind that
there is a bonanza right here, where the
city, Jiy an inexpensive outlay, can get all
the water needed for the whole popula
Keeler—I agree with you, Mr Reporter,
that the best way for the city to utilize
this bountiful supply of water is to force
it into a stand pipe , erected at such an ele
vation on the West Side that the pressure
would send the water into all parts of the
Much obliged, Colonel, for your very in
telligent information. Good-morning—
come around and get a Herald and see if
I have reported you correctly. Good
morning, Colonel.
Good-morning, Major.
Programme lor the Meeting at Butte,
Montana, Julv 4th, 5th and
6lh, 1886.
1. Purse $200 ; trotting, 3:09 class.
2. Purse $150 ; running, one-half mile.
3. Grapd balloon ascension.
4. Purse $200 ; trotting, 2:30 class.
5. Agreement stakes ; trotting for four
yeary-olds and under. $100 entrance, all
forfeit, with $500 added. Entries close
July 1st. Entries for this race so far are
as follows : Gwinn & Bradshaw's b. m.
Lain B, 4 years. B. C. Holly's g. Senator,
3 years. C. B. Jeffries' ch. m. Fera, 4 years.
Entries still open.
6. Parse $200;'running, one mile handi
7. Grand balloon ascension by Prof. El
liott on trapeze.
8. Parse $100 ; running, 600 yards.
9. Parse $200 ; trotting, 2:45 class.
10. Parse $120 ; running, one-half mile
heats, handicap.
11. Parse $300; trotting, free-for-all.
Unless otherwise specified, the rales of
the M. A. M. and M. A. shall govern the
above races.
Sanguinary Election Riots.
Panama, Jane 26. — Advices from Chili
show that fifty-one persons in all were
killed in the recent election riots. The
reports which were cabled to the United
States on the first day stated that eleven
persons were killed and several wounded
On June 15th forty more were killed at
Santiago and the hospitals are filled
with wonnded.

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