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mmm m 1 msJ Volume xx. Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 8, 1886. No. 34 <TI,.c IJlt cltly Jijcralil. R. E. FISK 0. W. FISK, A. J. FISK, Publishers and Proprietors. Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana Rates of Subscription. WEEKLY HERALD: One Year. (In i»«lv«nc*e) .............................f3 00 Mix Month«, (In advance)............................... 1 75 Three Month«, (in advance).......................... ] (X) When not paid for in advance the rate will he Four Dollars per yeaii Postage, in all cases, Prepaid. DAILY HERALD: CityHubscribers.deliveredbycarrier $1 .nOa month One Year, by mail, (in advance).................. 80 00 Six Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00 Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 250 *#-aii communications should be addressed to FISK BROS., Publisher», Helena, Montana "ONLY A WOMAN." * she took it up. she looked it o'er. She held it to the light. And tattered now, as ne'er before, It seemed to her unwilling sight. There were places thin and places torn, And seams and patches, to«1 : There wer«! ragged edges that had been worn, There were rents quite broken through. \nd the whole was twisted and turned awry. The pattern pale ami faint, A - if the eolors seemed to lie. Half ashamed, in the midst of such complaint. Hie was a woman, and this was lier life, From youth to middle prime, A ml these were the sears of struggle and strife, I The wounds of a promise, once divine. Only a woman," with heart-ache and pain, Keeping watch with the hope that has lied. Whilst the ghost of a crucified aim Stalks steadily on at her side. Only a woman," the careless would say, A woman bent out of her course, Whose leet would walk in an untrodden way— j Beaten back by a merciless force. Only a woman," who takes up her years. Storm-swept, and blasted, and bare, Humbly appealing thr«,ugh fast falling tears. For courage to conquer despair. The t'siinl Picnic .Jokes, The picnic season now is h ?re. And the paragraphist Will do his duty, never fear. On jokes he ne'er has missed. The young man in the new light pants Will emsh tlie lilithe «quash pie; The sandwiches alive with ant. Will make the children cry. Fond lovers in the forest glade, Their eager love w.ll tell. When all at once the timid mail Will see a snake and yell. The man who swings the pretty girls Will make his shoulders lame; The dude who tries to row a boat Will wonder why he came. The thunderstorm that ends the fun Will crash down prompt at four; With startled shrieks the girls will run And drabbled skirts deplore. —Somerville Journal. ; j ! I «•uateiualii's Climate anil Productions. The ride from Esquint'.a to Guatemala is worth going a long way to see anil enjoy. The air is that of spring—indeed this table land of Guatemala has only vernal heats. Neither frost or scorching sun ever come here—one long May day lasts the year round. This is called the summer season, because it is rainless, but winter does not diminish the temperature, only it brings with it a wilder profusion of odors, flowers and green pastures and fields. Even now one sees springs bursting from the rocks and brooks and rushing down to lakes and rivers. The supply of water for all possible needs of the house, field and manufactory is ample. Irrigation goes on in many places, doubling the products of the soil and fur nishing every day in the year fresh vegeta bles lor the market The number and variety of these products under the influnce of daily irrigation streams almost bewil 1er one unused them. The strange fruits aud vegetables seen daily in the great market of the city puzzle me, though time and again I have had the names given and have as often halted them. There is the aguacate—alligator pear—a fruit of the size of a small, rcaind cautelope, with a dark blue skin: in its center a nut or se«>d and between the nut and rind a soft substan e something of the consistency of the yolk of a hard boiled egg. I have never fancied it until yesterday, when the waiter asked me to ti*y it in the soup. From liking it there 1 learned to appreciate why it is held in such esteem among the people here in any form. Muskmulons and watermelons are very plenty, and 1 do not now think of a single vegetable of the north that is not found here, while there are many we never even read about. The vegetable gardens lie around the city as well as out in the country, and the women, who seem to be the gardeners and buskers, bring their prolucts in great loads on their heads and l>acks, though this part of the work is often shared by the men.—Guatemala For. Kansa J ournaL Hig Hiittine«* in Ui** I i»y Trade. She's a big go," said the street hustler, ns he gathered up his ware and started for home with a satisfied look in his face and a liocket heavy with coin; "she h&scaughton. T ve sold almost a gro-s o' them tops to-day, an' I didn't start till after dinner, nuther. If you want to do biz on the street don't ever take mithin' useful. Take a toy; some thing to play Avith, something a man kin buy an' take home to his children. Them's the things what sell. Men won't stop an' buy things for their own use, nor for use in their families. But when they see some new toy (or children they seem to think, 'Well, 1 haven't took anything home lately, guess I'll buy one o'these things.' That's what make these tops go so Avell—the danc ing tops; wind up the girl with a string and she'll make the feller with her Avaltz forty miles an hour. Only 10 rents. Have c ne Three? All right. That closes out my gross. I'rofit. $11.40. — Chicago Herald A rouge-pot full of rouge still fit for use wa< lately excavated at Naucratis, so that tli« in dein young lady might aupear with all the color of the Grecian belle, if she • fiuld borrow tb> ro^ge-pot—Foreign Let ter. Peculiarities of a Wonderful Wateli. A Butte City, M. T., miner is the owner of a Avonderful watch. It is provide! with n electric alarm that consists of seven stiver bells that can l>e called into action at any moment. One bell tolls the hour, and the others, which are of a lighter tone, give the minutes and fractional parts of a min ute. The watch is composed of the finest material*, and cost over $2,600.— Chicago Times. City I ! I j CUSTKR'S LAST FIGHT. Picture of Sitting Bull, the Great Sioux Chief, Who Defeated Canter on the Little Big Born—His Ohihlren—Curly, the General's Scout. This 25th of June, 1880, it is ten years since the day when brave Gen. Custer and his band of soldiers were massacred on the Little Big Horn river, in Montana. The wild Indian region of ten years ago is a civilized country now. Flecks and herds graze peacefully w here brave Custer and his men marched to their death that day. The only bit of real wildness in all that country is the National Yellowstone park, set apart by government as a "public park or pleasure ground for the benefit of the people. " It is the strangest river in the world, that Yellowstone, down a branch of which heroic Custer marched with bis men. It was ex plored for the first time in 1870-71. When the surveying party came suddenly to a square mile of hot springs they could only ; stop and wonder. The terrific rift in the mountains, 3 010 feet deep some distance further on, with the rapid river flowing through the bottom, was still more wonder ful. It was awTul. The ravine is so sunless that in broad daylight persons looking up from the bottom can see the stars. George A. Custer was an Ohio man, born in an obscure county village, New Rumley, >'n Harrison county, near the Pennsyl vania boi'der, in 1839. His ancestry was Pennsylvania German, as far back as the revolu tion. In point of fact he was de scended from one of the Hessian officers who foughti on the wrong side' in the American! revolution. Th« was little ot the phlegmatic Ger man temperament in the boy George, however. He was as restless and nervous as a squirrel. He was educated at West Point A good story is told of him in his senior year, JSGI. He was officer of the guard one day, and was put under arrest for not making two cadets cease fighting. He wanted to see which would whip, and was letting the fel lows fight it out, when suddenly Gen. liazen, then a lieutenant, came on the scene. Cus ter was put under arrest His class was al lowed to go at once to the seat of war, where officers were so much needed, but Custer was not with them. On the contrary, he pined in a guard house at West Point He was regularly court-martialed on the specification that "he, the said Custer, did OF.X. «ESTER iail to suppress a riot or disturbance near 1 the guard tent, and diil fail to separate, ! etc -. but, on the contrary, did cry out in à j loud tone of voice: 'Stand back, boys, let's ! have a lair fight,' or words to that effect." i White awaiting sentence a telegram came i cm W a* hington fro came cm W a* hington ordering his release and I fro •ommanding him to report at Wash ington for duty. From that on he enteral heart an«l soul into the Avar. He won fame as a cavalry leader, and one promotion after another was accoriled him till he Avho had enteral the war as a lieu tenant came out a brevet brigailier general. The war over, be was ordered for service to the far west and became an Indian lighter. The country rang Avith his praises. His lamented death made an impression only second to that caused by the murder of a president. Yet so soon are even the greatest and best forgotten that few even remember now when and where bold Custer Avas killed. To recall the story to their memory these lines are written. Of all the ral foes our soldiers ten year« ago had to meet. Sitting Bull, the Sioux, was the wiliest. He considers himself a good Roman Catholic Christian, but one who sees his portrait cannot help fancying that his pious beads and medals and crucifixare worn quite as much for ornanmntation as for de votion. He has a splendidly strong, though cruel, relentless face. BILL. À / CROAVKO« IT. It takes many years to make a good In dian out of such a red man as Sitting Bull. He had a huge head, Avith hair Avhose color was brown—very unusual for an In Jian. He could neither read nor write, but, strange to say, he kept a journal, AA-hich a scout found and brought into the United States army camp. It contained a history of his life, drawn in grotesque Indian pictures. Most of them represented S. B. killing somebody, white or red. Sitting Bull destroyed Custer and his com mand on the Little Big Horn river, June 25, 1876. He then fled across the border to British America and annoyed the United States government people six years longer. It was not till 1882 that he finally surren dered Even then he has always claimed that he himself did not surrender. It was his son Crowfoot, the lively Indian youth who appears in the picture, that at last snatched his father's gun and handed it over to Msj. Brotherton. The boy has some of his father's own grit. His clear cut, strong face shows him to be a chip of the old block. Sit ting Bull was rather pleased at his boy's daring, and let the surren der stand. Unlike the Apache Geron imo. Sitting Bull kept his word, and never made the white people any more trouble after giving up. The inn» braided hair 7 STANDING HOLY. upon each side is a badge of the Sioux. Sitting Bull has a pretty little daughter. This picture of her is from a photograph taken a year ago in Bismarck, Dakota. The little maiden, except for the cruel and merci less strings of wampum in her ears, would De as bright and attractive to look at as any of her small white sisters who learn ruusio and go to Sunday school. Custer's force was divided into three col umns on that fatal «lay, one commanded by Maj. Reno, another by CoL Benteen, the third by Custer himself. The plan was for these three columns to take different routes converging toward the Imlian village on the Little Big Horn. The rest of the story may be told iu one sentence. Reno and Benteen failed to come to time. Custer and his men reached the village, fought an overwhelm ing fore > of Indians till every man died in his tracks. For a mile or more thtir bodies were found strung along the banks of the Little Big Horn, just where they felL The particulars of this last fight are as thrilling as the story of Thermopyke It ought to be put into the scho«jl books for American l>oys to reail and draw inspirations from. The Indian scout Curly, who tells the story, was the only one with Custer who es caped from the massacre. He had been with the leader several years, and was trusted and faithful. He was a Crow. The fight b«'gan at 2 o'clock and lasted till sunset. The white men who fought it knew long ere it closed that it was desperate. As soon as Curly saw this he went to Gen. « 'aster and id him to a place M. a CL'llLY. begged him to ]«t him safety of which he knew-. There was one way of escape whereby a single man, the general, could be saved. Curly pressed the proposition earn estly on his gen eral. Custer's h -ad fell on his breast a moment, as if in «leep thought. Then he looked up calm ly, and waved the scout away. 'That was tiie iast time Curly ever Iooke«l on face of his general alive. In that moment the dashing, heroic cav alry leader chose between life and death. He fought like a tiger himself before giving up his life. The Indians closed in aronn«! him at toe «■lose quarters for him to use gun or pistol. Then he snatched his saber. The Indians say that he killed three braves with his sal>er before he was finally overcome. Then a chief, named Kain-in-the-Face, who had a mortal grudge at the white leader, shot and killed him. Such bravery as he had shown hi« wild enemies reverenced as more than mortal. His was the only body they left unmutilated. This proved that they looked on it with superstitious awe. The Indians say there were more of their braves killed than of white men. Curly, the Crow scout, escaped alone by the way he had indicated to Caster. He washed his Crow paint off and let his hair down like a Sioux, and thus, undetected, hovere<l around till the awful fight was ° ver - Then, as much dead as alive with grief and horror, he followed on down the river t : U )»e reached the steamboat h»ndin£ iK* 'It* I -SB "n»a mm hu mm ta »*» '«t «n» 4 Ni uawu h.«i SFs VJ? THEIR MONUMENT. It seems that, all the while the five hours' fight was going on, Reno and Benteen were not more than thrtje or four miles away. Reno heard the firing, and knew that his chief was engaged with the enemy. Reno had been even attacked by a portion of the hostiles flying toward the Custer fight. They came riding like the Avind, "crouching over the necks of their fleet little ponies, flogging away with their short whips, firing random bullets in the air, and all the time yelling out their 'Hi! yip—yip —yip—yip—hi-yah!'" The sight seems to have been rather a demoralizing one to Reno and his men. A monument was erected on the scene of the massacre. The horrible relic hunters are already fast chipping it away. Three Custers, a sister's husband and a beloved, bright haired schoolboy nepbeAv, perished of the hapless family that day. Col. Tom Custer and young Boston Custer were the general's brother«. These were all found in a group closs together. The monument contains the names of those who fell, the flower of the United States Seventh Cavalry regiment. It is one of the most thrilling stories evef told in any language. Attractions of a Dakota Hotel. A Dakota hotel advertises a cyclone cellar is one of its attractions. The following is its card : SLIDEUNDER HOUSE, Tornado Bill - - Pnopietor. Hot am! col«l air in every room. Elegant cemetery irrconnection. This is the only House in the City pro vided witii a Cyclone Cellar for convenient of Guests. Flume leading from each room to Cellar. Guests can drop from top floor in quarter second. No requirements as to Cos tume while making Descent Stop at the Slideunder and while guests of other Hotels Avili be mounting tlie Golden Stair you will be Scooting down the Flume leading to Ab solute Safety. J-^yAsk yourself this Ques tion: Am I prepared to die?—Estelline (D. T.) Bell.__ The Long and the Short of It. First customer—I'm afraid the glove i* too large. Clerk—Oh. no. These "imported" gloA-es always shrink ami "take up" so much that they have to bs a little full Avhen first put on. Second customer—I'm afraid that is too small. Clerk—Too small! oh, no; it will be just right. You know these best "imported" gloves alw-avs will give and stretch a little. —Texas Siftings. ANDREW CARNEGIE, ESQ. Portrait and >ket«li of the Sroteli Ameriran Millionaire Socialist. In the year 18is a small boy with tow hair, % bright eye and a confidential manner ap plied for employment at the office of a tele graph «awipanv in Pittsburg. He hail bo lides a broad Scotch brogue. He was only 13, and small even for that age, but he had already worked in a cotton mili and "fired an engine in a dirty cellar." His canny Scotch face pleased the manager, and he was taken on as a messengerat $2 .50 a week. The boy's name was Andrew Carnegie. The snobs and the nobs and the titled p«*ople who are proud to be acquaintances of the once small boy pronounce the name Car nay- jie, acont on the "nay." 1 t: -A ANDREW CARNEGTE. The iow-Leadetl boy of 1848 is non the millionaire manufacturer of Pittsburg and NeAv York, the most extensive producer of steel rails, pig iron ond coke in the world. He is the distinguished-looking gentleman in the picture. Besides being a millionaire he is a philanthropist and brilliant author. His book on America, "Triumphant Democ racy," lias attracted much attention on both sides of the ocean. A man Avith a broad, level head like that can do anything. The boy Andrew in time became a tele graph operator, and he Avas number one, too. Whatever lie went at he worked as hard as he could at it, <rnd devoted hi3 leisure time to learning something else. His eye saw into things quickly, and he made some valuable tctegrapbic suggestions to the company. Before long he was made division superintendent of the Pennsylvania railroad. Besides being shrewd and energetic, he had been economical, too, and saved his earn ings. He invested them in Pennsylvania oil lands, Avbich became immensely productive. Then he engaged in iron manufacture, and the Scotch boy was«* millionaire. Best of all he is as wisely benevolent- as he is rich. He gi\-es away every year seven or eight times as much money as he spends. Humireds of charitable and educational in stitutions have received his flovring gifts. His latest plan is in connection with John Jarrett to form a gigantic co-operative organization in which Avorkinginen alone shall be stock holders. First a co operative bank and store w-ill be started in Pittsburg. Next the or ganization will feel its way to the estab lishment of great workshops and factories. The object is to unite the interests of capital and labor upon the only basis Avhere they ran meet—cooperation. j I I i J I ! Oregon's Governor Fleet. Hon. Sylvester Pennoyer, the governor elect of Oregon, is a natiA-e of NeAv York, Ixirn in 1831. His early years were spent upon his father's farm; but desiring to pur sue a professional career, he entered the law school of Harvard university, and graduated from there in 1854. The following year he removed to Oregon, wdien it was still a territory, and has resided there ever since. He avhs ndmittesl to practice in the inferior anti superior courts of the state; but, seeing the splendid possibili ties of the lumber business in the then im SYLVESTER PENNOTER. ine.ise forads of Oregon, he abandoned his professional ambition and engaged in the limber trade, and has been for years con nected with one of the largest mills in the Etat«. For a brief period he edited The Ore gon Herald, displaying marked ability as a writer. _ ■ Hums on the Face and Neck. In s aids and superficial burns on the face and neck of young children, the appli cation of molasses, directly over the sur face, as a continuous dressing to the scald or burn, until complete cicatrization is effected, is an admirable remedy, alway handy. The best mode of applying it in scalds and burns on the face and neck is to take blot ting paper, or soft white-brown paper, torn into pieces, each about half an inch by an inch and a half, and these will have the edges more fluffy and absorbent than if the paper be cut with scissors. Then dip the pieces of paper into the molasses, and so lay them on the part, one by one, as to cross in every possible direction, that by mutual over lapping and entanglement they may unite and form a closely fitting mask or shield to the park If the scald or burn be on the face, molasses has this advantage in children that, if a little of it run down into the angles of the mouth, it is not dis tasteful, but rather agreeable to the little oatient; and if it is applied immediately after the injury, the air and its constituents will not have access to the wound so as to set up septic action in the secretions of the part If the molasses be in excess of the dressing round the edges, it may be re rnoved by wiping with a dry cloth; and the edges may then Lie dusted with flower, pow dered oxide of zinc, bismuth, or other dry ing material—Prof. Lund iu English Jour nal Not) What He Meant. Hostess—I am really ashamed of this din ner! But our grocer had no fresh A-ege tables and so we had to use cold ones. Guest—Really, don't apologize. Indeed, I don't think the dinner is Avorth an apology. —Detroit Free Press. ARCHIBALD FORBES. esm ARCHIBALD RBKS. Tlie World-Famous War Correspondent to Settle Down at Last. Mr. Archibald Forbes, the celebrate«! war correspondent of The London Daily News, whose brilliant adventure) and thrilling let ters from bloo«ly fields on several continents have electrified the world, has married and is to settle down at last. After observing the girls of two hemispheres with the critical eye of a newspaper man, he has selected for his bride a Washington lady, the daughter of Gen. Meigs, now retired «juarterinaster general of the United Stat«s army. The happy couple were married on the 114th inst. in St John's Episcopal church, Washington. Mr. Forbes is now ip that citv, and Mr. T. C. Crawford says of him in a ie«'ent letter: "Mr. Forbes is nearly 48 years of age. He is tall, angular and thin. He has a high, sloping forehea«!, straight nose, «lark gray eyes and wears a grayish blonde mustache and im lerial. He is quite stiff from rheu matism ami ex posure. He speaks Avith a very strong Scotch accent. He could never go through j again Avhat he 1 as in the past as a war I correspondent He says that he has I served his time at that and is ready i noAv to giA e Avay for younger men. He says J that there is nothing which will sooner ex I haust and break down a newspaper corre ! spondent than to engage as a "sp«?cial" in the field. He attributes all of his rheuma tism and had health to the exposure and fatigues of his many campaigns. His mar riage with Miss Meigs has been postponed several times on account of his ill health. Miss Meigs is in the neighborhood of 28 years of aga She is of medium height, with a A'ery well rounded figure, almost inclined to be stout. She has a very clear pink-anil-white English complexion, dark brown eyes and irregular features. Her expression is. however, very pleasant. Her hair is a golden ral «lresses in black and is considered one of the finest horse women of the cap ital. She accom panied her father «luring his last A'isit to Europe when lie Avas in actiA-e ser vica Gen. Meigs went abroad with ^ a staff a year or y two before he was retired and assiste«! in the grand review of the German ar mies. He also A'isited all of the great military establishments of Europe, and ma«le a most elaborate report thereon. He lives in one of the handsomest of the old houses of Washington. Since his retirement be has given a good deal of attention to building plans. His latest work Avas the erection of the pension building in Washington, though he is not re sponsible for its hideous architecture." She nearly always //* MISS MEIGS. J , j I j j ! : j j ! I Kx-Minl«ter to Persia. It is not a long time ago since the ap pointment of Frederick H. Winston as United States minister to Persia was an nounced. Since that time Mr. Winston has made the long and tedious journey to Tehe ran, spent a few weeks there, and finding nothing to do has resigned. From all re ports it is claimed that Mr. Winston carried himself through the exerutiating ordeal of the presentation to the shah in a highly creditable manner, and as that Avas the most onerous «luty he had to perform during his term of service it may be said that he ful filled his mission. FREDERICK H. WINSTON. Mr. Winston is a natiA-e of Georgia, Avhere >.e was born in 1830, the son of a Presby terian minister. In Mr. Frederick Winston's boyhood his parents moved to Kentucky, where he received his schooling, returning when he was 18 to Georgia, an«l before he was of age beginning the study of law. He was graduated in 1852 at the Har\-ard laAv school, and after his graduation completed his studies in the office of Mr. William M. Evarts, in this city, where he Avas admitted to practice in 18ïi In the same year he took up his residence in Chicago. For nearly twenty years Mr. Winston was the general counsel of the Pittsburg, Fort VVayne and Chicago Railroad company. His professional specialty is railroad law, and in this his eminence at ihe western bar is undisputed. He is at praent the senior member of the firm of Winston & Rhodes. Mr. F. S. Winston, the corporation counsel of Chicago, is the son of the new minister. A New Origin for the Term. A new origin for the term "jiainting the town red" has been dug out by Tom Jones, of The Harrisburg Telegraph. He has discovered in the archives of Pennsylvania that William Penn gav-e fifty gallons of rum an«l twenty-live poun is of red paint tt> the India rs for a tract of land. Thereupon he comments: "Just imagine that tribe of Indians filling themselves up Avith that fifty gallous of rum and doing the great decora ing act with twenty-five jiounds of red paiut. Why, a cowooy toot or a Sagwa symposium are as nothing comparai to the way the aborigines carmined the vicinity of the village wherein dwelt Billy Penn. "— Chi«»go Herald. The Performance of Fublic Duty. I never favored anything that would tend to make Avomen coarse, opinionated, or self-sufficient I never yet saw a woman who I thought could be benefited by un dertaking the performance of any public duty. Hut I think there are many public duties that might be performed by women to tbe public advantage— Mary Clemmer. DEATH OF A SCIENTIFIC WOMAN. Mr». Krminnie A. Smith, In«lianologUt and Mineralogist. [Spec'al Correspondence. 1 New York, June 21.— This lady died re cently at her borne in Jersey City, aged 48 years. As an Indianologist and mineral ogist she Avas at the head of the few scien tific women in this country, and her death is a great lo-s. Mrs. Smith hal l een for foattrafetett- try t Wm/m F*\WÂ •m/i H m mwm. *4 ^ %$//////, If 3 \ ' F wm ev ** c c : some years au attaché of the Smithsonian i Institution. Her line of Avork there Avas the i folk lore and language of the six Indian nations. At the time of her lamented death J she had nearly completed a dictionary of the language still spoken by the Iroquois. She Lad also collected a A'oluuus of quaint Indian mythology and folk lore, which was published with illustrations by the United States bureau of ethnology. There is in boih \*olumes much painstaking investigation and original research. TheA-alueof these studies , in Indianology is that they preserve for us a j record of a people now almost vanished from I the earth. They will assist archaeologists to j trace out the history and origin of the red j man in America. In pursuit of her Indian ! lore the indefatigable worker went to the various tribes in peisjou and lived among them a considerable tim«. Mrs. Smith Avas marrie«! very young, hav ing preA'iouslv graduated at Mrs. Willard's seminary at Troy, N. Y. But she did not : cease studying on her wedding day. On the contrary her intellectual work seemed only j begun. She took a course of study in the j school of mines of Columbia college, New ! York. Later she went to Germany and I stmlied mineralogy in one of the universities there, being the only woman Avho ever did this. She A'isite«l the coast of the Baltic sea to iiiA'cstiga'e the amber fisheries. Ten years ago she founded the Æstlietie Society of Jersey City, an association mostly of young ladies, lor literary, musical and elocutionary culture. It became very popu lar at onca Mrs. Smith was its president from the time of its organization till her death. It now numbers 500 members. It is said really to have changed the tone of society in Jersey City. The most distin guished men aud women in the world of science aud belles-lettres from both sides of the Atlantic liaA'ebeen guests of the -Esthetic club. Mrs. Smitu Avas the first woman elected a fellow of the New York Academy of Sci ences. She belonged to the American Asso ciation for the Advancement of Science and to the English Anthropological society. When the British association met at Mon treal our brave Yankee scientific woman read before them a paper on Indianology, which was greatly applauded. At her home, in Jersey City, she had what is said to be the finest private collection of minerals and In dian curios in America, gathered by her oAvn busy hands. She Avas a prominent member of Rorosis, aud for years was chairman of its committee on science. At her funeral the Daughters üf Æsthetics, members of Sorosis and scien tific men met to mourn their common loss. Distinguished professors of sciem-e aided to carry her flower-covered coffin to its tomb. Her home was a Aerv happy one, and she was a deA'oted wife and mother. She was as lovable us she was learned. One of the pleasantest pictures in i - r life is that of the time when she went to J irope Avith her four sons, to study all togeth«* \ Erminnie Smith was a I ways learning. Her life is a steady inspiration ami example to other Avomen. Eliza Akchard. Your thought is your real strength. When you lift a Aveight you put your thought on the muscle that lifts. The heavier the Aveight tLe more of your thought do you put on it If in so lifting, a part of your thought is turned in some other direction, if some one talks to you, if something fright ens or annoys you, a part of your strength or thought leaves you.—Prentice Mulford Secuu'd li* tbe Nafinal Capitol. OPT Ul * THE NEAV STATK CAPITOL AT AUSTIN, TEX. When the new capitol of the "Lone Star State" is completed, it will be second in size to the national Capitol at Washington. It is 56G feet long by 288 wide, while the national Capitol is 751 feet long and 324 feet at its greatest width. The statue on its dome aaüI exceed in height the statue of Freedom on the dome at Washington by 4 feet, the latter being 307 f,eet above the base line of the build ing. While it will be 311 feet from the base line to the top of the statue on the Texas capitol. But then Texas is larger than the New England and Middle slates put to gether, and should have a capitol comen surate with her vast territory. This build ing is to be fireproof and furnished with all the modern improvements in the Avay of electric lighting, steam heating, e'evators, etc. It will be three full stories in height, and will contain offices for the entire execu tive, judicial and legislative departments of the state government. On the whole it Avili be a credit to the state and to any country. Short and Crisp. A genuine hum-bug—the locust—Life. When Greek meets Greek then comes tba talk of war.—Boston Globe. A western compositor has been trying to set a hen to music.—Yonkers Statesman. He covered the whole point—the man who sat down on a carpet tack.—Life. NKVIX H X W D. I>. A Celebrated American Theologian. Oue of the most celebi ; ted of American divines died recently at nis home in Lan caster, Pa., at the ege of 83 years. It was the ReA-. Dr. John Williamson Nevin. H«> was a native of Pennsylvania, of Scotch Irish descent. In early youth he exhibited a strong tlieotegical turn of mind, which developed in after years until he became famous as a sturdy champion of Christianity. He graduated from Union college, Schen ectady, at the early age of 18. He entered Prince ton Theological seminary in 1823, where he became distinguished as a Hebrew scholar and student of ^ biblical literature. He afterward filled chairs in these branches of learn ing in Princeton and other r-olleges. The Western Theo logical seminary, now a power in the owes much of early labors of he took a pro in the Theological seminary Reformed Church at Mer cersburg. Pa., and was afterward made president ot' Marshall college at that place. Through tha publication of a tract calle«! "The Anxious Bench" Dr. Nevin became, in 1843, im-olved in a controversy which pearly created a schism in the Reformed Church, and Avas the beginning of the movement known as the "Mercersburg Theology." From 1849 to 1853 he edited The Mercersburg Review, and during this time got into a theological «-ontroA'ersy with Iter. Orestes R. Brcnson, D. D., of Boston, which at tracted Avide attention at the tinte. From 1866 to 1876 he was the president of Franklin and Marshall college, after wbi. b he retired from public life. Presbyterian church, its prosperity to the Dr. Nevin. In 1S4Ü fessorship of the k. Musical Wonder. lJlli.il Maud < Si "y A Little, blind Maud Cook, whose home is in Manches ter, Tenu. , is probably the greatest living musical prodigy. She is only V years of age, and yet when but 5 years old she was not only a musician but a com poser also, and the young est on record. She has al 1 I ready composed end had publislie 1 three instrumental puces: "Cleve land's March." "Hendrick's Funeral March" and "Texas Galop," very pretty, and a song, "Let th*> Angels In," which is remarkable for one of her years. It is claimed that she surpasses Blind Tom, in that the soul, the inspiration of music, is fully developed in her; and, besides, she is altogether intelli gent, haA-ing no peculiarities to dis tinguish her save her passion for music, which she manifested at the early age of 18 months. She is one of seA-en children, two more of whom, like her self, were born blind, and all bairay-ing the same genius for music as Little Maud, though not in the same high degree. A copy of her "Hendrick's Funeral March" Avas sent to the widow of the ex-vice-president, who ac knowledged its receipt in grateful terms. It is a A-ery appropriate production, and does the little genius great credit She will be 10 years old in October. Her parents are t->o poor to give her the benefits of a music.i training, or there is no telling what s e miothf. imt _ The "Scrap-Carts" In London. Baroness Burdett-Coutts lias been cai ey ing out the suggestion of cooking savo.y dishes for the poor in Westminster, and the results are most encouraging. Large sup plies of scraps are sent in, which are care fully cook«?«! and preptired into soup, stews, pies and puddings, and these ar« sold at Id. a dish to the poor, who gladly avail them selves of tbe opportunity of procuring a good meal at such a price. The girls at the Guanls Industrial home liaA'e been called to assist in this good work, and for some time preiKiral the meals in tueir oavh kitchen, but the business has so largely increased that suitable premises have been secured, where tbe work is done. I.a«ly Wolseley # started a May fair scrap-cart, und has or ganized her jilan so systematically that large quantities of really dainty morsels are collected and sent to Westminster two or three times a Aveek, and add greatly to the material iu Laud. Under the . auspices of Lady Nudeley a similar collecting cart will go about Belgravia. —London Life. Running a Race on Stilts. An extraordinary scene was witnessed in Dublin lately. Rossini, an acrobat from Ginnett's circus, underto«. k to walk faster upon stilts thun a Rathmines tram-car go ing in its ordinary course along Stephen's Green. He proceeded upon stilts twenty feet high, got ahead of tbe car, and kept his place till opposite the College of Surgeons, when one of the stilts coming in contact with an obstacle in the crowde«l roadway, he fell and was somewhat hurt. The raca was for a wager of £20.—Chicago Herald siil».j««-l«*«i 1 <» Constant Supervision. The following Harvard faculty decision has l»een jjosted: "After the present acade mic year, special students shall appear b«} fore a committee of live members of the faculty at the time of their entrance, and satisfy the «ominittee a-s to the course of Study which they intend to pursue, anti thereafter' their Avork shall be subjected to the constants upervision of that committee.'' —Exchange. Mr. Fow«leriv Was the Friemi. "I have a circular here which I Avould like to giA-e the widest publicity to," «aid a Smithfielii street merchant to a friend. "How had I better go about it?" "Well," Avas the reply, "the b«*«t plan I know of is to address it to the Knights of Labor and mark it 'Strictly private and confidential.'''—Pittsburg Chronicle Tele graph. ____________ When it is considered that England leads the world in shipbuilding, it is surprising to think th- re should be auy question as to tbe superiority of the work of her designers.