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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 08, 1886, Image 1

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Volume xx.
Helena, Montana, Thursday, July 8, 1886.
<TI,.c IJlt cltly Jijcralil.
R. E.
Publishers and Proprietors.
Largest Circulation of any Paper in Montana
Rates of Subscription.
One Year. (In i»«lv«nc*e) .............................f3 00
Mix Month«, (In advance)............................... 1 75
Three Month«, (in advance).......................... ] (X)
When not paid for in advance the rate will he
Four Dollars per yeaii
Postage, in all cases, Prepaid.
CityHubscribers.deliveredbycarrier $1 .nOa month
One Year, by mail, (in advance).................. 80 00
Six Months, by mail, (in advance)............... 5 00
Three Months, by mail, (in advance)........... 250
*#-aii communications should be addressed to
FISK BROS., Publisher»,
Helena, Montana
she took it up. she looked it o'er.
She held it to the light.
And tattered now, as ne'er before,
It seemed to her unwilling sight.
There were places thin and places torn,
And seams and patches, to«1 :
There wer«! ragged edges that had been worn,
There were rents quite broken through.
\nd the whole was twisted and turned awry.
The pattern pale ami faint,
A - if the eolors seemed to lie.
Half ashamed, in the midst of such complaint.
Hie was a woman, and this was lier life,
From youth to middle prime,
A ml these were the sears of struggle and strife, I
The wounds of a promise, once divine.
Only a woman," with heart-ache and pain,
Keeping watch with the hope that has lied.
Whilst the ghost of a crucified aim
Stalks steadily on at her side.
Only a woman," the careless would say,
A woman bent out of her course,
Whose leet would walk in an untrodden way— j
Beaten back by a merciless force.
Only a woman," who takes up her years.
Storm-swept, and blasted, and bare,
Humbly appealing thr«,ugh fast falling tears.
For courage to conquer despair.
The t'siinl Picnic .Jokes,
The picnic season now is h ?re.
And the paragraphist
Will do his duty, never fear.
On jokes he ne'er has missed.
The young man in the new light pants
Will emsh tlie lilithe «quash pie;
The sandwiches alive with ant.
Will make the children cry.
Fond lovers in the forest glade,
Their eager love w.ll tell.
When all at once the timid mail
Will see a snake and yell.
The man who swings the pretty girls
Will make his shoulders lame;
The dude who tries to row a boat
Will wonder why he came.
The thunderstorm that ends the fun
Will crash down prompt at four;
With startled shrieks the girls will run
And drabbled skirts deplore.
—Somerville Journal.
«•uateiualii's Climate anil Productions.
The ride from Esquint'.a to Guatemala is
worth going a long way to see anil enjoy.
The air is that of spring—indeed this table
land of Guatemala has only vernal heats.
Neither frost or scorching sun ever come
here—one long May day lasts the year
round. This is called the summer season,
because it is rainless, but winter does not
diminish the temperature, only it brings
with it a wilder profusion of odors, flowers
and green pastures and fields. Even now
one sees springs bursting from the rocks and
brooks and rushing down to lakes and rivers.
The supply of water for all possible needs
of the house, field and manufactory is
Irrigation goes on in many places,
doubling the products of the soil and fur
nishing every day in the year fresh vegeta
bles lor the market The number and
variety of these products under the influnce
of daily irrigation streams almost bewil 1er
one unused them. The strange fruits aud
vegetables seen daily in the great market of
the city puzzle me, though time and again I
have had the names given and have as often
halted them.
There is the aguacate—alligator pear—a
fruit of the size of a small, rcaind cautelope,
with a dark blue skin: in its center a nut or
se«>d and between the nut and rind a soft
substan e something of the consistency of
the yolk of a hard boiled egg. I have never
fancied it until yesterday, when the waiter
asked me to ti*y it in the soup. From liking
it there 1 learned to appreciate why it is
held in such esteem among the people here
in any form. Muskmulons and watermelons
are very plenty, and 1 do not now think of
a single vegetable of the north that is not
found here, while there are many we never
even read about. The vegetable gardens lie
around the city as well as out in the
country, and the women, who seem to be the
gardeners and buskers, bring their prolucts
in great loads on their heads and l>acks,
though this part of the work is often shared
by the men.—Guatemala For. Kansa
J ournaL
Hig Hiittine«* in Ui** I i»y Trade.
She's a big go," said the street hustler,
ns he gathered up his ware and started for
home with a satisfied look in his face and a
liocket heavy with coin; "she h&scaughton.
T ve sold almost a gro-s o' them tops to-day,
an' I didn't start till after dinner, nuther.
If you want to do biz on the street don't
ever take mithin' useful. Take a toy; some
thing to play Avith, something a man kin
buy an' take home to his children. Them's
the things what sell. Men won't stop an'
buy things for their own use, nor for use in
their families. But when they see some
new toy (or children they seem to think,
'Well, 1 haven't took anything home lately,
guess I'll buy one o'these things.' That's
what make these tops go so Avell—the danc
ing tops; wind up the girl with a string
and she'll make the feller with her Avaltz
forty miles an hour. Only 10 rents. Have
c ne Three? All right. That closes out
my gross. I'rofit. $11.40. — Chicago Herald
A rouge-pot full of rouge still fit for use
wa< lately excavated at Naucratis, so that
tli« in dein young lady might aupear with
all the color of the Grecian belle, if she
• fiuld borrow tb> ro^ge-pot—Foreign Let
Peculiarities of a Wonderful Wateli.
A Butte City, M. T., miner is the owner
of a Avonderful watch. It is provide! with
n electric alarm that consists of seven
stiver bells that can l>e called into action at
any moment. One bell tolls the hour, and
the others, which are of a lighter tone, give
the minutes and fractional parts of a min
ute. The watch is composed of the finest
material*, and cost over $2,600.— Chicago
City I
Picture of Sitting Bull, the Great Sioux
Chief, Who Defeated Canter on the
Little Big Born—His Ohihlren—Curly,
the General's Scout.
This 25th of June, 1880, it is ten years
since the day when brave Gen. Custer and
his band of soldiers were massacred on the
Little Big Horn river, in Montana. The
wild Indian region of ten years ago is a
civilized country now. Flecks and herds
graze peacefully w here brave Custer and
his men marched to their death that day.
The only bit of real wildness in all that
country is the National Yellowstone park,
set apart by government as a "public park
or pleasure ground for the benefit of the
people. "
It is the strangest river in the world, that
Yellowstone, down a branch of which heroic
Custer marched with bis men. It was ex
plored for the first time in 1870-71. When
the surveying party came suddenly to a
square mile of hot springs they could only
; stop and wonder. The terrific rift in the
mountains, 3 010 feet deep some distance
further on, with the rapid river flowing
through the bottom, was still more wonder
ful. It was awTul. The ravine is so sunless
that in broad daylight persons looking up
from the bottom can see the stars.
George A. Custer was an Ohio man, born
in an obscure county village, New Rumley, >'n
Harrison county,
near the Pennsyl
vania boi'der, in
1839. His ancestry
was Pennsylvania
German, as far
back as the revolu
tion. In point of
fact he was de
scended from one
of the Hessian
officers who foughti
on the wrong side'
in the American!
revolution. Th«
was little ot the
phlegmatic Ger
man temperament
in the boy George, however. He was as
restless and nervous as a squirrel. He was
educated at West Point A good story is
told of him in his senior year, JSGI. He
was officer of the guard one day, and
was put under arrest for not making two
cadets cease fighting. He wanted to see
which would whip, and was letting the fel
lows fight it out, when suddenly Gen. liazen,
then a lieutenant, came on the scene. Cus
ter was put under arrest His class was al
lowed to go at once to the seat of war,
where officers were so much needed, but
Custer was not with them. On the contrary,
he pined in a guard house at West Point
He was regularly court-martialed on the
specification that "he, the said Custer, did
iail to suppress a riot or disturbance near 1
the guard tent, and diil fail to separate, !
etc -. but, on the contrary, did cry out in à j
loud tone of voice: 'Stand back, boys, let's !
have a lair fight,' or words to that effect." i
White awaiting sentence a telegram came i
cm W a* hington
cm W a* hington ordering his release and I
•ommanding him
to report at Wash
ington for duty.
From that on he
enteral heart an«l
soul into the Avar.
He won fame as a
cavalry leader, and
one promotion
after another was
accoriled him till
he Avho had enteral
the war as a lieu
tenant came out a
brevet brigailier
The war over, be
was ordered for
service to the far
west and became
an Indian lighter.
The country rang
Avith his praises. His lamented death made
an impression only second to that caused by
the murder of a president. Yet so soon are
even the greatest and best forgotten that
few even remember now when and where
bold Custer Avas killed. To recall the story
to their memory these lines are written.
Of all the ral foes our soldiers ten year«
ago had to meet. Sitting Bull, the Sioux,
was the wiliest. He considers himself a good
Roman Catholic Christian, but one who sees
his portrait cannot help fancying that his
pious beads and medals and crucifixare worn
quite as much for ornanmntation as for de
votion. He has a splendidly strong, though
cruel, relentless
It takes
many years to
make a good In
dian out of such a
red man as Sitting
Bull. He had a
huge head, Avith
hair Avhose color
was brown—very
unusual for an In
Jian. He could
neither read nor
write, but, strange
to say, he kept a
journal, AA-hich a
scout found and
brought into the
United States
army camp. It
contained a history of his life, drawn in
grotesque Indian pictures. Most of them
represented S. B. killing somebody, white or
Sitting Bull destroyed Custer and his com
mand on the Little Big Horn river, June 25,
1876. He then fled across the border to
British America and annoyed the United
States government people six years longer.
It was not till 1882 that he finally surren
dered Even then he has always claimed
that he himself did not surrender. It was
his son Crowfoot, the lively Indian youth
who appears in the picture, that at last
snatched his father's gun and handed it over
to Msj. Brotherton. The boy has some of
his father's own
grit. His clear cut,
strong face shows
him to be a chip of
the old block. Sit
ting Bull was
rather pleased at
his boy's daring,
and let the surren
der stand. Unlike
the Apache Geron
imo. Sitting Bull
kept his word, and
never made the
white people any
more trouble after
giving up. The
inn» braided hair
upon each side is a badge of the Sioux.
Sitting Bull has a pretty little daughter.
This picture of her is from a photograph
taken a year ago in Bismarck, Dakota. The
little maiden, except for the cruel and merci
less strings of wampum in her ears, would
De as bright and attractive to look at as any
of her small white sisters who learn ruusio
and go to Sunday school.
Custer's force was divided into three col
umns on that fatal «lay, one commanded by
Maj. Reno, another by CoL Benteen, the
third by Custer himself. The plan was for
these three columns to take different routes
converging toward the Imlian village on the
Little Big Horn. The rest of the story may
be told iu one sentence. Reno and Benteen
failed to come to time. Custer and his men
reached the village, fought an overwhelm
ing fore > of Indians till every man died in
his tracks. For a mile or more thtir bodies
were found strung along the banks of the
Little Big Horn, just where they felL The
particulars of this last fight are as thrilling
as the story of Thermopyke It ought to
be put into the scho«jl books for American
l>oys to reail and draw inspirations from.
The Indian scout Curly, who tells the
story, was the only one with Custer who es
caped from the massacre. He had been with
the leader several years, and was trusted
and faithful. He was a Crow. The fight
b«'gan at 2 o'clock and lasted till sunset.
The white men who fought it knew long ere
it closed that it was desperate. As soon as
Curly saw this he went to Gen. « 'aster and
id him to a place
begged him to ]«t him
safety of which he
knew-. There was
one way of escape
whereby a single
man, the general,
could be saved.
Curly pressed the
proposition earn
estly on his gen
eral. Custer's h -ad
fell on his breast a
moment, as if in
«leep thought. Then
he looked up calm
ly, and waved the
scout away. 'That
was tiie iast time Curly ever Iooke«l on
face of his general alive.
In that moment the dashing, heroic cav
alry leader chose between life and death. He
fought like a tiger himself before giving up
his life.
The Indians closed in aronn«! him at toe
«■lose quarters for him to use gun or pistol.
Then he snatched his saber. The Indians
say that he killed three braves with his
sal>er before he was finally overcome. Then
a chief, named Kain-in-the-Face, who had
a mortal grudge at the white leader, shot
and killed him. Such bravery as he had
shown hi« wild enemies reverenced as more
than mortal. His was the only body they
left unmutilated. This proved that they
looked on it with superstitious awe. The
Indians say there were more of their braves
killed than of white men.
Curly, the Crow scout, escaped alone by
the way he had indicated to Caster. He
washed his Crow paint off and let his hair
down like a Sioux, and thus, undetected,
hovere<l around till the awful fight was
° ver - Then, as much dead as alive with
grief and horror, he followed on down the
river t : U )»e reached the steamboat h»ndin£
mm hu mm ta
»*» '«t «n» 4 Ni uawu h.«i
It seems that, all the while the five hours'
fight was going on, Reno and Benteen were
not more than thrtje or four miles away.
Reno heard the firing, and knew that his
chief was engaged with the enemy.
Reno had been even attacked by a portion
of the hostiles flying toward the Custer
fight. They came riding like the Avind,
"crouching over the necks of their fleet little
ponies, flogging away with their short
whips, firing random bullets in the air, and
all the time yelling out their 'Hi! yip—yip
—yip—yip—hi-yah!'" The sight seems to
have been rather a demoralizing one to
Reno and his men.
A monument was erected on the scene of
the massacre. The horrible relic hunters are
already fast chipping it away. Three Custers,
a sister's husband and a beloved, bright
haired schoolboy nepbeAv, perished of the
hapless family that day. Col. Tom Custer
and young Boston Custer were the general's
brother«. These were all found in a group
closs together. The monument contains the
names of those who fell, the flower of the
United States Seventh Cavalry regiment.
It is one of the most thrilling stories evef
told in any language.
Attractions of a Dakota Hotel.
A Dakota hotel advertises a cyclone cellar
is one of its attractions. The following is
its card :
Tornado Bill - - Pnopietor.
Hot am! col«l air in every room.
Elegant cemetery irrconnection.
This is the only House in the City pro
vided witii a Cyclone Cellar for convenient
of Guests. Flume leading from each room to
Cellar. Guests can drop from top floor in
quarter second. No requirements as to Cos
tume while making Descent Stop at the
Slideunder and while guests of other Hotels
Avili be mounting tlie Golden Stair you will
be Scooting down the Flume leading to Ab
solute Safety. J-^yAsk yourself this Ques
tion: Am I prepared to die?—Estelline (D.
T.) Bell.__
The Long and the Short of It.
First customer—I'm afraid the glove i* too
Clerk—Oh. no. These "imported" gloA-es
always shrink ami "take up" so much that
they have to bs a little full Avhen first put
Second customer—I'm afraid that is too
Clerk—Too small! oh, no; it will be just
right. You know these best "imported"
gloves alw-avs will give and stretch a little.
—Texas Siftings.
Portrait and >ket«li of the Sroteli
Ameriran Millionaire Socialist.
In the year 18is a small boy with tow hair,
% bright eye and a confidential manner ap
plied for employment at the office of a tele
graph «awipanv in Pittsburg. He hail bo
lides a broad Scotch brogue. He was only
13, and small even for that age, but he had
already worked in a cotton mili and "fired
an engine in a dirty cellar." His canny
Scotch face pleased the manager, and he
was taken on as a messengerat $2 .50 a week.
The boy's name was Andrew Carnegie.
The snobs and the nobs and the titled p«*ople
who are proud to be acquaintances of the
once small boy pronounce the name Car
nay- jie, acont on the "nay."
The iow-Leadetl boy of 1848 is non the
millionaire manufacturer of Pittsburg and
NeAv York, the most extensive producer of
steel rails, pig iron ond coke in the world.
He is the distinguished-looking gentleman in
the picture. Besides being a millionaire he
is a philanthropist and brilliant author. His
book on America, "Triumphant Democ
racy," lias attracted much attention on
both sides of the ocean. A man Avith a
broad, level head like that can do anything.
The boy Andrew in time became a tele
graph operator, and he Avas number one,
too. Whatever lie went at he worked as
hard as he could at it, <rnd devoted hi3
leisure time to learning something else. His
eye saw into things quickly, and he made
some valuable tctegrapbic suggestions to the
company. Before long he was made division
superintendent of the Pennsylvania railroad.
Besides being shrewd and energetic, he had
been economical, too, and saved his earn
ings. He invested them in Pennsylvania oil
lands, Avbich became immensely productive.
Then he engaged in iron manufacture, and
the Scotch boy was«* millionaire.
Best of all he is as wisely benevolent- as he
is rich. He gi\-es away every year seven or
eight times as much money as he spends.
Humireds of charitable and educational in
stitutions have received his flovring gifts.
His latest plan is in connection with John
Jarrett to form a gigantic co-operative
organization in which Avorkinginen alone
shall be stock holders. First a co
operative bank and store w-ill be
started in Pittsburg. Next the or
ganization will feel its way to the estab
lishment of great workshops and factories.
The object is to unite the interests of capital
and labor upon the only basis Avhere they
ran meet—cooperation.
Oregon's Governor Fleet.
Hon. Sylvester Pennoyer, the governor
elect of Oregon, is a natiA-e of NeAv York,
Ixirn in 1831. His early years were spent
upon his father's farm; but desiring to pur
sue a professional career, he entered the law
school of Harvard university, and graduated
from there in 1854. The following year
he removed to Oregon, wdien it was still
a territory, and has resided there ever
since. He avhs ndmittesl to practice in
the inferior anti superior courts of the
state; but, seeing the splendid possibili
ties of the lumber business in the then im
ine.ise forads of Oregon, he abandoned his
professional ambition and engaged in the
limber trade, and has been for years con
nected with one of the largest mills in the
Etat«. For a brief period he edited The Ore
gon Herald, displaying marked ability as a
writer. _ ■
Hums on the Face and Neck.
In s aids and superficial burns on the
face and neck of young children, the appli
cation of molasses, directly over the sur
face, as a continuous dressing to the scald or
burn, until complete cicatrization is effected,
is an admirable remedy, alway handy.
The best mode of applying it in scalds and
burns on the face and neck is to take blot
ting paper, or soft white-brown paper, torn
into pieces, each about half an inch by an
inch and a half, and these will have the
edges more fluffy and absorbent than if the
paper be cut with scissors. Then dip the
pieces of paper into the molasses, and so
lay them on the part, one by one, as to
cross in every possible direction, that by
mutual over lapping and entanglement they
may unite and form a closely fitting mask
or shield to the park If the scald or burn
be on the face, molasses has this advantage
in children that, if a little of it run down
into the angles of the mouth, it is not dis
tasteful, but rather agreeable to the little
oatient; and if it is applied immediately
after the injury, the air and its constituents
will not have access to the wound so as to
set up septic action in the secretions of the
part If the molasses be in excess of the
dressing round the edges, it may be re
rnoved by wiping with a dry cloth; and the
edges may then Lie dusted with flower, pow
dered oxide of zinc, bismuth, or other dry
ing material—Prof. Lund iu English Jour
Not) What He Meant.
Hostess—I am really ashamed of this din
ner! But our grocer had no fresh A-ege tables
and so we had to use cold ones.
Guest—Really, don't apologize. Indeed, I
don't think the dinner is Avorth an apology.
—Detroit Free Press.
Tlie World-Famous War Correspondent
to Settle Down at Last.
Mr. Archibald Forbes, the celebrate«! war
correspondent of The London Daily News,
whose brilliant adventure) and thrilling let
ters from bloo«ly fields on several continents
have electrified the world, has married and is
to settle down at last. After observing the
girls of two hemispheres with the critical
eye of a newspaper man, he has selected for
his bride a Washington lady, the daughter
of Gen. Meigs, now retired «juarterinaster
general of the United Stat«s army. The
happy couple were married on the 114th inst.
in St John's Episcopal church, Washington.
Mr. Forbes is now ip that citv, and Mr.
T. C. Crawford
says of him in a
ie«'ent letter: "Mr.
Forbes is nearly
48 years of age.
He is tall, angular
and thin. He has
a high, sloping
forehea«!, straight
nose, «lark gray
eyes and wears a
grayish blonde
mustache and im
lerial. He is quite
stiff from rheu
matism ami ex
posure. He speaks Avith a very strong
Scotch accent. He could never go through
j again Avhat he 1 as in the past as a war
I correspondent He says that he has
I served his time at that and is ready
i noAv to giA e Avay for younger men. He says
J that there is nothing which will sooner ex
I haust and break down a newspaper corre
! spondent than to engage as a "sp«?cial" in
the field. He attributes all of his rheuma
tism and had health to the exposure and
fatigues of his many campaigns. His mar
riage with Miss Meigs has been postponed
several times on account of his ill health.
Miss Meigs is in the neighborhood of 28
years of aga She is of medium height, with
a A'ery well rounded figure, almost inclined
to be stout. She has a very clear
pink-anil-white English complexion, dark
brown eyes and irregular features. Her
expression is. however, very pleasant. Her
hair is a golden ral
«lresses in black and
is considered one of
the finest horse
women of the cap
ital. She accom
panied her father
«luring his last A'isit
to Europe when lie
Avas in actiA-e ser
vica Gen. Meigs
went abroad with ^
a staff a year or y
two before he was
retired and assiste«!
in the grand review
of the German ar
mies. He also A'isited all of the great military
establishments of Europe, and ma«le a most
elaborate report thereon. He lives in one of the
handsomest of the old houses of Washington.
Since his retirement be has given a good
deal of attention to building plans. His
latest work Avas the erection of the pension
building in Washington, though he is not re
sponsible for its hideous architecture."
She nearly always
Kx-Minl«ter to Persia.
It is not a long time ago since the ap
pointment of Frederick H. Winston as
United States minister to Persia was an
nounced. Since that time Mr. Winston has
made the long and tedious journey to Tehe
ran, spent a few weeks there, and finding
nothing to do has resigned. From all re
ports it is claimed that Mr. Winston carried
himself through the exerutiating ordeal of
the presentation to the shah in a highly
creditable manner, and as that Avas the most
onerous «luty he had to perform during his
term of service it may be said that he ful
filled his mission.
Mr. Winston is a natiA-e of Georgia, Avhere
>.e was born in 1830, the son of a Presby
terian minister. In Mr. Frederick Winston's
boyhood his parents moved to Kentucky,
where he received his schooling, returning
when he was 18 to Georgia, an«l before he
was of age beginning the study of law. He
was graduated in 1852 at the Har\-ard laAv
school, and after his graduation completed
his studies in the office of Mr. William M.
Evarts, in this city, where he Avas admitted
to practice in 18ïi In the same year he
took up his residence in Chicago. For
nearly twenty years Mr. Winston was the
general counsel of the Pittsburg, Fort
VVayne and Chicago Railroad company.
His professional specialty is railroad law,
and in this his eminence at ihe western bar
is undisputed. He is at praent the senior
member of the firm of Winston & Rhodes.
Mr. F. S. Winston, the corporation counsel
of Chicago, is the son of the new minister.
A New Origin for the Term.
A new origin for the term "jiainting the
town red" has been dug out by Tom Jones,
of The Harrisburg Telegraph. He has
discovered in the archives of Pennsylvania
that William Penn gav-e fifty gallons of
rum an«l twenty-live poun is of red paint tt>
the India rs for a tract of land. Thereupon
he comments: "Just imagine that tribe of
Indians filling themselves up Avith that fifty
gallous of rum and doing the great decora
ing act with twenty-five jiounds of red
paiut. Why, a cowooy toot or a Sagwa
symposium are as nothing comparai to the
way the aborigines carmined the vicinity
of the village wherein dwelt Billy Penn. "—
Chi«»go Herald.
The Performance of Fublic Duty.
I never favored anything that would
tend to make Avomen coarse, opinionated,
or self-sufficient I never yet saw a woman
who I thought could be benefited by un
dertaking the performance of any public
duty. Hut I think there are many public
duties that might be performed by women
to tbe public advantage— Mary Clemmer.
Mr». Krminnie A. Smith, In«lianologUt
and Mineralogist.
[Spec'al Correspondence. 1
New York, June 21.— This lady died re
cently at her borne in Jersey City, aged 48
years. As an Indianologist and mineral
ogist she Avas at the head of the few scien
tific women in this country, and her death
is a great lo-s. Mrs. Smith hal l een for
foattrafetett- try t
^ %$//////,
3 \
' F
ev ** c c
: some years au attaché of the Smithsonian
i Institution. Her line of Avork there Avas the
i folk lore and language of the six Indian
nations. At the time of her lamented death
J she had nearly completed a dictionary of
the language still spoken by the Iroquois.
She Lad also collected a A'oluuus of quaint
Indian mythology and folk lore, which was
published with illustrations by the United
States bureau of ethnology. There is in boih
\*olumes much painstaking investigation and
original research. TheA-alueof these studies
, in Indianology is that they preserve for us a
j record of a people now almost vanished from
I the earth. They will assist archaeologists to
j trace out the history and origin of the red
j man in America. In pursuit of her Indian
! lore the indefatigable worker went to the
various tribes in peisjou and lived among
them a considerable tim«.
Mrs. Smith Avas marrie«! very young, hav
ing preA'iouslv graduated at Mrs. Willard's
seminary at Troy, N. Y. But she did not
: cease studying on her wedding day. On the
contrary her intellectual work seemed only
j begun. She took a course of study in the
j school of mines of Columbia college, New
! York. Later she went to Germany and
I stmlied mineralogy in one of the universities
there, being the only woman Avho ever did
this. She A'isite«l the coast of the Baltic
sea to iiiA'cstiga'e the amber fisheries.
Ten years ago she founded the Æstlietie
Society of Jersey City, an association mostly
of young ladies, lor literary, musical and
elocutionary culture. It became very popu
lar at onca Mrs. Smith was its president
from the time of its organization till her
death. It now numbers 500 members. It is
said really to have changed the tone of
society in Jersey City. The most distin
guished men aud women in the world of
science aud belles-lettres from both sides of
the Atlantic liaA'ebeen guests of the -Esthetic
Mrs. Smitu Avas the first woman elected a
fellow of the New York Academy of Sci
ences. She belonged to the American Asso
ciation for the Advancement of Science and
to the English Anthropological society.
When the British association met at Mon
treal our brave Yankee scientific woman
read before them a paper on Indianology,
which was greatly applauded. At her home,
in Jersey City, she had what is said to be the
finest private collection of minerals and In
dian curios in America, gathered by
her oAvn busy hands. She Avas a
prominent member of Rorosis, aud for
years was chairman of its committee
on science. At her funeral the Daughters
üf Æsthetics, members of Sorosis and scien
tific men met to mourn their common loss.
Distinguished professors of sciem-e aided to
carry her flower-covered coffin to its tomb.
Her home was a Aerv happy one, and she
was a deA'oted wife and mother. She was
as lovable us she was learned. One of the
pleasantest pictures in i - r life is that of the
time when she went to J irope Avith her four
sons, to study all togeth«* \
Erminnie Smith was a I ways learning. Her
life is a steady inspiration ami example to
other Avomen. Eliza Akchard.
Your thought is your real strength. When
you lift a Aveight you put your thought on
the muscle that lifts. The heavier the
Aveight tLe more of your thought do you
put on it If in so lifting, a part of your
thought is turned in some other direction, if
some one talks to you, if something fright
ens or annoys you, a part of your strength
or thought leaves you.—Prentice Mulford
Secuu'd li* tbe Nafinal Capitol.
When the new capitol of the "Lone Star
State" is completed, it will be second in size
to the national Capitol at Washington. It is
56G feet long by 288 wide, while the national
Capitol is 751 feet long and 324 feet at its
greatest width. The statue on its dome aaüI
exceed in height the statue of Freedom on
the dome at Washington by 4 feet, the latter
being 307 f,eet above the base line of the build
ing. While it will be 311 feet from the base
line to the top of the statue on the Texas
capitol. But then Texas is larger than the
New England and Middle slates put to
gether, and should have a capitol comen
surate with her vast territory. This build
ing is to be fireproof and furnished with all
the modern improvements in the Avay of
electric lighting, steam heating, e'evators,
etc. It will be three full stories in height,
and will contain offices for the entire execu
tive, judicial and legislative departments of
the state government. On the whole it Avili
be a credit to the state and to any country.
Short and Crisp.
A genuine hum-bug—the locust—Life.
When Greek meets Greek then comes tba
talk of war.—Boston Globe.
A western compositor has been trying to
set a hen to music.—Yonkers Statesman.
He covered the whole point—the man who
sat down on a carpet tack.—Life.
D. I>.
A Celebrated American Theologian.
Oue of the most celebi ; ted of American
divines died recently at nis home in Lan
caster, Pa., at the ege of 83 years. It was
the ReA-. Dr. John Williamson Nevin. H«>
was a native of Pennsylvania, of Scotch
Irish descent. In early youth he exhibited
a strong tlieotegical turn of mind, which
developed in after years until he became
famous as a sturdy champion of Christianity.
He graduated from Union college, Schen
ectady, at the
early age of 18.
He entered Prince
ton Theological
seminary in 1823,
where he became
distinguished as a
Hebrew scholar
and student of
^ biblical literature.
He afterward filled
chairs in these
branches of learn
ing in Princeton
and other r-olleges.
The Western Theo
logical seminary,
now a power in the
owes much of
early labors of
he took a pro
in the Theological seminary
Reformed Church at Mer
cersburg. Pa., and was afterward made
president ot' Marshall college at that place.
Through tha publication of a tract calle«!
"The Anxious Bench" Dr. Nevin became, in
1843, im-olved in a controversy which pearly
created a schism in the Reformed Church,
and Avas the beginning of the movement
known as the "Mercersburg Theology."
From 1849 to 1853 he edited The Mercersburg
Review, and during this time got into a
theological «-ontroA'ersy with Iter. Orestes
R. Brcnson, D. D., of Boston, which at
tracted Avide attention at the tinte. From
1866 to 1876 he was the president of Franklin
and Marshall college, after wbi. b he retired
from public life.
Presbyterian church,
its prosperity to the
Dr. Nevin. In 1S4Ü
of the
k. Musical Wonder.
lJlli.il Maud <
Si "y
Little, blind Maud Cook,
whose home is in Manches
ter, Tenu. , is probably the
greatest living musical
prodigy. She is only V
years of age, and yet when
but 5 years old she was not
only a musician but a com
poser also, and the young
est on record. She has al
1 I ready composed end had
publislie 1 three instrumental puces: "Cleve
land's March." "Hendrick's Funeral March"
and "Texas Galop," very pretty, and a song,
"Let th*> Angels In," which is remarkable
for one of her years. It is claimed that she
surpasses Blind Tom, in that the soul, the
inspiration of music, is fully developed in
her; and, besides, she is altogether intelli
gent, haA-ing no peculiarities to dis
tinguish her save her passion for
music, which she manifested at the
early age of 18 months. She is one of
seA-en children, two more of whom, like her
self, were born blind, and all bairay-ing the
same genius for music as Little Maud,
though not in the same high degree. A copy of
her "Hendrick's Funeral March" Avas sent to
the widow of the ex-vice-president, who ac
knowledged its receipt in grateful terms. It
is a A-ery appropriate production, and does
the little genius great credit She will be 10
years old in October. Her parents are t->o
poor to give her the benefits of a music.i
training, or there is no telling what s e
miothf. imt _
The "Scrap-Carts" In London.
Baroness Burdett-Coutts lias been cai ey
ing out the suggestion of cooking savo.y
dishes for the poor in Westminster, and the
results are most encouraging. Large sup
plies of scraps are sent in, which are care
fully cook«?«! and preptired into soup, stews,
pies and puddings, and these ar« sold at Id.
a dish to the poor, who gladly avail them
selves of tbe opportunity of procuring a
good meal at such a price. The girls at the
Guanls Industrial home liaA'e been called to
assist in this good work, and for some time
preiKiral the meals in tueir oavh kitchen,
but the business has so largely increased
that suitable premises have been secured,
where tbe work is done. I.a«ly Wolseley #
started a May fair scrap-cart, und has or
ganized her jilan so systematically that
large quantities of really dainty morsels are
collected and sent to Westminster two or
three times a Aveek, and add greatly to the
material iu Laud. Under the . auspices of
Lady Nudeley a similar collecting cart will
go about Belgravia. —London Life.
Running a Race on Stilts.
An extraordinary scene was witnessed in
Dublin lately. Rossini, an acrobat from
Ginnett's circus, underto«. k to walk faster
upon stilts thun a Rathmines tram-car go
ing in its ordinary course along Stephen's
Green. He proceeded upon stilts twenty
feet high, got ahead of tbe car, and kept his
place till opposite the College of Surgeons,
when one of the stilts coming in contact
with an obstacle in the crowde«l roadway,
he fell and was somewhat hurt. The raca
was for a wager of £20.—Chicago Herald
siil».j««-l«*«i 1 <» Constant Supervision.
The following Harvard faculty decision
has l»een jjosted: "After the present acade
mic year, special students shall appear b«}
fore a committee of live members of the
faculty at the time of their entrance, and
satisfy the «ominittee a-s to the course of
Study which they intend to pursue, anti
thereafter' their Avork shall be subjected to
the constants upervision of that committee.''
Mr. Fow«leriv Was the Friemi.
"I have a circular here which I Avould like
to giA-e the widest publicity to," «aid a
Smithfielii street merchant to a friend.
"How had I better go about it?"
"Well," Avas the reply, "the b«*«t plan I
know of is to address it to the Knights of
Labor and mark it 'Strictly private and
confidential.'''—Pittsburg Chronicle Tele
graph. ____________
When it is considered that England leads
the world in shipbuilding, it is surprising to
think th- re should be auy question as to tbe
superiority of the work of her designers.

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