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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, July 08, 1886, Image 2

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THF FOI HT H AT TOWNSEND.
The Patriotic Citizens of the Valley
Town Celebrate the Nation's
Birthday.
lutcrc'ting Exercises-«» A Chinese
Shooting Scrape.
[st'E'IAL ( ORRESPONDENCE.]
Townsend, July 5, 18*6.
To the Editor of the Herald.
At Townsend, as at other places, the ob
servance of the National Holiday was
transferred to the fifth of the month, the
"glorious Fourth" having fallen this year
upon a Sunday. The patriotic residents
had resolved upon an appropriate celebra
tion of the national festival and when this
morning the sun dawned upon the smiling
valley of the Missouri and its busy me
tropolis his early rays fell upon the colors
of the Union doating at various points
throughout the town and disclosed com
pleted preparations on every hand that de
noted the intention of residents to com
memorate the day in an appropriate man
ner. The day dawned bright and clear
and a strong breeze thatspiang up early
in the morning gave promise of agreeably
tempering the heat of the sun, which had
begun its diurnal ascent through a cloud
less sky. The early part of the morning
was unmarked by any event of import
ance, and the arrival of the east bound
train about two hours before noon may be
looked upon as the commencement of
'1 HE DAY S PROCEEDINGS.
On this train was expected the orator of
the day, Mr. T. II. Carter, of Helena, and a
large portion of Townsend's population was
assembled at the depot to meet him. As
the train stopped the Townsend brass
band, a.small but creditable musical organ
ization, struck up a martia! air and headed
the procession, which at once led off for the
town.
The .Skating Kink, a building capable of
an audience of three or four hundred, had
been prepared and decorated for the scene
of exercises and at 11 o'clock it was well
filled. <>n the platform were seated the
President of the Day, Hon. Van H. Fisk,
Mr. and Mrs. T. if. Carter and party, the
Chaplain, Ke\. Perchai McIntyre, a vocal
quartette of residents of Townsend, and
Messrs. Parker and Clarke. Kev. McIntyre
opened the exercises with a short prayer,
after which the "Flag of the Free" was
rendered by the quartette, consisting of
Mrs. Dr. Belcher, soprano; Mrs. Weston,
alto; Mr. Averill, tenor, and Mr. Carson,
bass, ac companied by Mrs. Berry on the
organ. Succeeding this Mr. Clarke read
the Declaration of Independence and the
quartette sang "The Star Spangled Banner.
Mr. Parker then introduced Mr. T. H.
Carter, ot Helena, who at once entered
upon the delivery of
THE ORATION.
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Those who have heard Mr. Carter on
previous occasions and who were present
to-day, pronounced the address one of his !
best efforts, and it certainly was an excel
lent one. Its delivery occupied forty
minutes, yet the interest it awakened was
unflagging throughout. Sounding periods,
highflowing expressions and the general
spread eagle style of Fourth of July oratory
were completely iguored and in their place
the speaker gave in simple and forcible
language a description ot the causes that
led to the revolutioQ and its final success,
resulting in the establishment of our great
Republic. His remarks were mostly con
fined to eveuts of the latter part of the last
century, but towards the close he touched
upon happenings of our own time, referring
especially to the present struggle of the
Irish nation for a home government. The
applause of his interested hearers inter
rupted his remarks more than on one
occasion, and at the close of the address a
generous and hearty ebullition of lauda
tory expressions testified to the pleasure
experienced by the audience in listening
to his eloquent oration.
Another soog by the quartette followed
the conclusion of the oration and then Mr.
McIntyre pronounced the benediction and
the audience dispersed.
In the afternoon horse races on a straight
track near the depot furnished amusement
for the large crowd of people assembled in
town.
A dance is to be held this evening to
wind up the festivities of the day, and it is
anticipated with great pleasure by all.
Fears of too great a crowd are expressed,
but on such an occasion the inconvenience
will not he noticed and "the more the
merrier" will be the watchwoid.
( I1INESE SHOOTING AFFRAY.
Last night two of the Chinese of Towns
enjl got into an altercation in a wash house
and before the affair ended one shot the
other through the breast with a revolver.
The one shot was the proprietor of the
laundry. His wound is dangerous and,
though alive at present, his death is looked
for at any moment. The would-be assassin
has been placed under arrest.' Both China
men were drunk at the time of the fracas.
The Governor in Unite.
1 Inter-Mountain.]
Iu view of the fact that the Democratic
organ omitted this morning to mention
the presence in this city of the governor of
Montana, the Inter-Mountain as a public
journal takes pleasure in extending a
hearty welcome to him on behalf of the
people of Butte. With his excellency's
politics and political methods this journal
has no sympathy nor has it hesitated nor
will it hesitate to oppose and denounce
them whenever occasion requires; but it
cannot lie denied that the governor has
shown thus far during his term an active
and earnest interest in the promotion of
the public welfare as far as his official acts
could be brought to bear. His argument
on the silver question in his first annual
report to the interior department, and his
forcible protest against the circular atroci
ties of|Sparks showed him to be fully
alive to the public needs and that he pro
posed to express his views even at the risk
of offending the powers in Washington.
We welcome Governor Hauser, not as a
Democratic chief, because that would be
no honor to any man, but as a supporter
and defender of the public interest, as a
man prominently identified with our lead
ing industries, and as a typical Montanian
justly proud of the Territory in which he
lives and of which he now has the good
lortnne to be chief executive.
THE FOURTH
WIC K ES
A »plcndid Celebratio»--Mr. Craven's
Oration.
I SPECIAL HERALD CORRESPONDENCE. 1
Wickes had a rousing, whole-souled cel
ebration. The working force in the mills
and mines was reduced to a minimum, and
all entered enthusiastically into an appro
priate observance of the day. The anvils
were busy before sunrise, and by 10 o'clock
the town was thronged with crowds
streaming in from the surrounding neigh
borhoods. The racing in the morning was
a matter of much interest, and as the day
advanced and the time came for the exer
cises in the grove, the procession surprised
the oldest inhabitant. The morning train
had arrived, bringing the orator of the day.
A. J. Craven, and wife, and a coach full of
Select Knights and other citizens from
j Helena. The Wickes band made the
I mountains echo with a hearty welcome.
I By the way, Mr. Lditor, be it known to
the world that we have a brass band and a
good one.
The procession for the grove formed at
1:30, and was headed by the Select Knights
and Odd Fellows in uniform, loi lowed by
the officers of the day and citizens, com
prising a long orderly column on foot and
in carriages. The committee on arrange
ments han everything well arranged. Mr.
George Greene was president of the day
I and presided with becoming dignity.
THE PROGRAMME
was appropriately opened by music from
the hand and glee club and invocation by
! Kev. Hanna. The Declaration of Inde
I pendence was then read in a very credit
able manner by Mr. Potter. The glee
club sang "The Ked, White and Blue." and
when the oration was announced the
audience had arranged themselves in the
shade of the pines on the mountain side
with the evident intention of enjoying the
treat which awaited them.
THE ORATION
by Mr. Craven was one of the mo-t appro
priate, original and finished pieces of
oratory which the most favored of our peo
ple have ever heard. For nearly an hour
he held the closest attention of the
audience. Mr. Craven commanded atten
tion at the outset by saying that if the
signers of the Declartion of Inde
pendence, which had .just been
read, could join with the earliest
explorers and prospectors among our west
ern mountains, and behold the thronging
celebrations ol' Montana, they would need
no messenger to inform them of the cause
of these congregations of people, or that the
American people still cherish the insti
tutions and memories of their fathers.
That American citizens having a common
history and sharing in common memories
and hopes cannot be called strangers, and
that the significance of the day is not to
be measured by the few celebrations with
in the boundaries of our own horizon, but
that the occasiou is coextensive with
American soil and American infiuence.
"We enter a vast auditorium where assem
bled America is the audience and where
are gathered the honored embassies from
all the nations of the earth.
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all the nations of the earth.
lie next illustrated the effects of the an
nouncement of the discovery of the new
world by imagining the upheaval of a new
island in the Pacific, clothed by magic with
vegetation, peopled by a strange race, and
abounding in a variety of climate, pro
ductions, and scenery, and how meager
were the facilities for communication by
contrasting the frail boats of that period
with our modern steamer. He argued that
events occur in history in accordance with
the needs of the race, that history is the
ceaseless evolution of cause and effect, and
that the impetus of a new civilization
needed a new land in which to fiourish,
and a new continent was discovered. That
an independent government was taught by
the very isolation of a new land, and pri
vation developed independence. The de
velopment of new countries and these
western Territories is hardly to be ac
counted for by merely material resources,
hut that the West has always allured the I
strong, the independent and the brave, and i
that the emphasis given to individuality |
and. the rewards to private enterprise!
have elevated our western civili- j
zation to its present prominence. ;
The delegates of the colonies had their
petitions cast aside. To-day a private
citizen delivers an address on the Irish
question which startles England to atten
j*«« • p . i
tion. That the diffusion ol ideas is natur- !
ally to be expected from a people who
were encouraged to think, aud that the
basis of all patriotism is individual ow^
endup of property.
He then entered into a forcible argument
on the labor question, and the results of
competition. The close was a touching re
view of the soldiers and statesmen who
are so fast passing away, emphasizing the
idea that the duties of citizenship are
handed down to a newer and younger gen
eration.
The audience dispersed with music from
the band to the various diversions which
the day afforded. Many tripped the "light
fantastic," and all settled down again to
the toils of life, feeling better for the day
that is past.
The thanks of the community are due
to the several committees for their untir
ing efforts in making the occasion a suc
cess, which will not soon be forgotton. H.
A correspondent from Brazil writes
that it is a false impression that is circu
lated abroad that slavery is being done
away with in that country. The writer
says, too, that the United States, in admit
ting coffee free of duty is doing more to
keep slavery alive than all other influences
combined. It was a blunder on oar part
to remove the duty on coffee unices Bra
zil reciprocated in admitting as much of
our products and manufactures duty free.
And we ought to serve notice that
the duties will be restored unless some
equivalent concessions, are made at once.
Sales of wool so far made this season
indicate three cents a pound better than
last year, and on an estimated yield of
7,000,000 pounds would make the consider
able sum of $210,000.
FOURTH OF JI LT.
the infinite credit of Americans they re
sp^it the Lord's day no matter what else
I may claim attention. We do not think
! with some that the interest in the event
is dying out. Our people are not losing
their patriotism. Nor is it true that the
strangers within our gates are becoming
so numerous that it accounts for the
seeming indifference to our national
birthday.
Undoubtedly as our nation gets older
the event of the declaration of inde
pendence is regarded more soberly As
the first step in the path that led to
national existence arid independence,
the importance of it only comes out
It always seriously interrupts the full
enthusiasm of a Fourth of July celebra
tion to have it come on the third or
fifth. In France such an event would
be celebrated with more general interest |
on Sunday than any other day, but U
more clearly as years pass by, and our
nation strides forward with giant stej
iu the van of ail nations to the enlight
enment and enfranchisement of the
world.
But we cannot help looking back over
the record of the hundred years and
seeing that all was not done by a mere
declaration, or even by a seven years'
I war. With all that we owe to the
framers and defenders of that declara
tion, the great work of making us a na
tion was hardly begun. In our great
|jcivil war we came near losing all, and
we found that there was hardly a gov
ernment on earth really friendly tous.
France aided us to achieve independence j
because she hated England, and in our
darkest days of the war for freedom and
union our best friend was autocratie
Russia.
The perils through which we have al
ready pas.-ed in the last generation are
well calculated to make us think more
soberly of the future. The exuberant
boy hoof] of our nation has passed and ;
we are entering upon the older man- i
hood of our nationality. We cannot if
we would escape the full responsibilities j
of the foremost nation of the world. I$o- j
nation exists for itself alone. With ,
power, wealth and opjrortunitv come |
national responsibilities that are to be !
materially considered and manfully un
dertaken. Every succeeding Fourth of
July will, bring as more mature reflec
tions and more serious care for our na
tional responsibilities.
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i crimes, and no-one could be a ^ood citizen
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The Senate committee on pensions does
not propose to allow th-e President's veto
to go unanswered, with the implication
that there is carelessness or something
worse on the part of committeemen. The
committees having these matters in charge
have all the evidence that the pension
bureau and the President have, and much
besides. It seems to have been overlooked
by the executive in these cases that
are made the subject ©f special action
that Congress has full and original powers
to grant pensions in meritorious eases that ,
are not embraced in tbe general laws.
This they are doing continually, as in the
case of Gen. Hancock s widow. Not only
is the President's course in- vetoing such
bills as have been passed by both houses '
of Congress objectionable in itself, but the
language used lacks little of beiDg insult
ing to Congress. Commissioner Black has
failed moat signally in maintaining tbe
assertion that the pension office bars been
run by political infiuence, and it seems as
if the President were trying to help out
his discomforted Commissioner by using !
the rejected material of h-is office for still
more unworthy purposes. We hope each
case that the President has vetoed will lie
given to the public with all the facts, so !
that the people may judge which has acted !
on the best information
worthiest motives.
and with the
While the anarchists of New York and
Milwaukee have been eonyieted with
little delay and trouble, the outlook in
Chicago, where the chief offenses have
been committed, is not very encouraging
to the friends of law and order. The law
that excludes every intelligent person
from the jury box is an outrage upon ;
justice. Every good citizen is interested i
to learn at once the details of great public j
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who would not he prejudiced against such
dastardly crimes as the slaughter of the
Chicago policemen. Any one in Chicago
or in the country who has not heard ot
this crime and does not, in his soul, detest
the perpetrators is utterly unfit for jury
service or citizenship.
The boycotters in New York are getting
terms in tbe penitentiary from one to
three years. It looks out of proportion to
sentence an anarchist like Most for only
one year and a boycotter for a longer term
for an offense, bad enough, but surely not
so great as that of the anarchists. Possibly
it is thought that severity in the outset
will break up the odious institution before
it becomes established. While there may
be some show of excuse for boycotting there
is none whatever for the anarchists. If
one year imprisonment is appropriate for
the boycotter then a life sentence is none
too mach for the anarchist.
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Tammany celebrated yesterday, and
was in a self congratulating humor over
the return of the democracy to power and
the restoration of more or less complete
ancient democratic principles. The pres
ence of Sam Randall, the great protec
tionist insurgent of the Democratic party,
probably suggested the fast and loose
terms in which reference was made to the
restoration of ancient democratic princi
ples.
The two Houses of Congress have not
yet got together on the repeal of the land
laws, and we indulge the faint hope that
some cloud-bnrst of good sense may yet
find entrance under the roof of the Capitol
and influence the majority to spare at
least the pre-emption and desert land acts,
though the rest go by the board.
SLAUGHTER OF THE INNOCENTS
Flathead
Indians on
Trail.
the Game
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| alp this morning from a citizen of the
West Side that the Flathead Indians are
on the game trail near the Cumberland
mine, on the Big Blackfoot, killing deer
and their young lor the young and their
hide alone, the does beiDg too thin to eat.
We have game laws that are supposed to
stop such outrages as this, and if they
were only put in force against savages as j
well as white men, the game would not be
killed off when unable to get away from
the skulking Indians, who lie in wait at
this season of the year for the only kind
of deer traveling—does and fawns—the j
bucks remaining hid away on top of the !
mountains.
Our information is that two does and !
their young were killed near the Cumber- !
land mine last Saturday, the carcasses of
the dams beiDg stripped of their hides and
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left on the ground. Here is a legitimate
work for our Rod and Gun Club to send
out a "spotter" who will catch an Indian
iu the act and bring him in to be dealt
with aeccording to law. As was the case
last fall when the Indians were reported
on the game trail north of Helena, Major
R. C. Walker has written Major Konan,
the agent of the Flatheads, to send out a
messenger to call them back. If this does
not clear these savages from the game
trails that are forbidden to the whites at
tbio season of the year, then let some
other plan lie adopted that will be
efficacious.
Tll2 hill abridging the powers of Terri
torial legislation is baited iu the conference
committee to give tbe Delegates a chance
to be beard. It limits the power of the
Territory, or any county, city or town of a
Territory, to a maximum of two per cent,
of the valuation rn borrowing money for
any purpose, inclusive of existing indebt
edness, and any indebtedness above that is
declared void. For instance, if the valua
tion of Lewis and Clarke eounty is seven
millions, the extent cf its possible indebt
edness could 1 not exceed $1 Kt.OOO. This is
1 less than our eourt housse debt alone. So
extreme and comprehensive is tbe restric
: tion that creditable and orderly existence
would become almost impossible. Some
restriction is proper and right, but con
i sidering all that is to- he done and
I built up in a nev* country, we ttoiwk a five -
ptr cent, limit not unreasonable. Tbe bill
: further provides that neither county, city
or Territory shall subscribe for the stock of
any corporation cr loan i is credit in any
I way to aid such corporation. It is stated
; further that all these restrictions are to be
! incorporated into the organic acts and into
! all enabling acts for the admission of new
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W-HL&T we have feared about the issue of
the English elections has already proved
true. The majority against home rale,
that impelled Gladstone to dissslve Parlia
ment, has already been considerably in
creased, and unless there is a revolution in
the counties, which we have no-reasoo to
expect, tbe hopes of Ireland wilt be again
deferred. We fear the consequences that
will be likely to follow. The Dublin riot
that is reported to-day looks ominous ol a
general outbreak of pent up discontent all
over Ireland. It will work great iejiury to
the cause of home rule, but we fear that
considerations of polity- will be ove.
looked in the disappointment at the result.
If the friends of Ireland will only restrain
themselves and keep on the alert, the un-_
natural eeahtiou between the Tories ami
Unionists will fall to pieces as soon as they
are forced to show their hand an«; loraiu
late soxae policy of their own.
Oi K "every-day-in-the-year ' contempo
rary, tbe Butte Miner, for the tvrsS time
since its announcement some months ago,
skipped an issue yesterday, pleading rest
for once for over taxed staff and workmen.
It is well, very well. "This time don't
count," nor will other times count. Brother
Zeigenfuss, should you seek ofteaer, with
other people, the rationalities of rest—
should defer to the common, nearly uni
versal observance not only of the all too
few holidays, but of Sunday as well.
We are indebted tc>Judge L. L. Munson,
who will be remembered as tbe first resi
dent Associate Justice of the Third Dis
trict, for a number of catalogues of Yale
College, of recent *s e, showing the won
derful growth of that institution to the j
grand dimensions of a university. The
Judge has a sod, who was born in Montana,
just entering the collegiate department.
has been figured out tbit the country
west of the Mississippi river would make
351 States of the area of Massachusetts,
and with Massachusetts Yankees to de
velop their resources, every one of them
would be as rich and populous as that
! State in much less time than it has taken
her to reaeh her present stature.
In the July North American Review Gull
Hamilton has a few "words" with Profi
Sumner, of Yale, in which the flippant
and sophistical professor appears to great
disadvantage. Yale University would do
well to turn out its quack professor and
install Gail Hamilton in his place. She
shows herself vastly superior to Sumner
in his own department. He is a poor
teacher even of the poor doctrine of free
trade.
The Treasury officials announce a re- |
dnetion of the public debt for June of 1
about nine millions, and yet only four 1
million of interest bearing bonds were
called for redemption. The same story is
repeated every month
not being reduced as fast as reported or
the balance in the treasury must he increas
ing. _
The upper Ten Mile and Red Moun
tain district in years past has been a great
resort for our people for red raspberries in
their season. With a street railway to the
depot and two raihoads up to the berrying
ground«, there will soon be as many pickers
as berries.
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Kither the debt io !
1 the debt is I
Railroad Neuslets.
The Montana Central roadbed is being
graded right up into the heart of Helena.
The track, as indicated by the surveyor's
stakes and the grading parties actually at
work swings around the north side of
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I^st Chance batte an y P
the gnlch to a point in rear of Stedman s
foundry, where ample depot grounds are
said to have been secured.
Helena and Red Mountain (Northern
Pacific branchkgraders are rapidly taking
up assignments along Ten Mile. Several
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strong gangs of men, with full team outfits,
are at work in good earnest from points
within two miles of town to points above
Hot Springs. Stretches of grade are al
ready in sight below and above Kessler's
in straight and curved lines following the
Helena and Rimini completed roadway ol
the Montana Central. What very many
thought improbable has actually come to
pass. Two distinct companies are, it
seems, to compete for a traffic yet to be
created in the new mining district south
west of Helena. Their roads, separated by
a few yards only, will parallel one another
through valley and canon for a distance of
about sixteen miles. "Oh, we are a goin
there, and in a hurry, ' remarked a Helena
& Ked Mouotain man this morning. We
guess he spoke from the book It looks
that way.
A Spirited Asecnt.
Of all the curious accidents and inci
dents resulting from the use o-f fireworks
an event that partook of tbe nature of
both which occurred in Helena yesterday
is one of the most unique. Geo. Foote's
little boy was sitting on an empty liquor
cask in front of Israel s store, when an
other small boy, intent on fun, approached
and slyly slipped a lighted fire-cracker into
tbe buDghole of the barrel. The result
was astonishing. A tremendous explosion
followed, and boy and barrel ascended sky
wards, the former dropping on his face in
the gutter and the latter remaining sus
pended in tbe awning, where it caught as
it came down. The boy received two
Mack eyes and a bloody nose, bnt was
otherwise uninjnred. It is supposed the
heat of the sun evaporated the little
liquor left in the cask, which had recently
been emptied, and tbe gas thus generated
inside took fire and exploded w hen tbe
craclter went off. It certainly was a
terrifying result from a small cau.se.
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Rviiimm 7 » Fourth.
Rimini manifested considerable zeal and:
activity in celebrating the national holi
day yesterday—their first celebration as a
town. The young men, by band, carried
nearly five hundred buckets of water to
the boiler of an engine, got up the fires
and saluted the day by whistling for an
hour and a half. Also giant powder bombs
were manufactured and tired from both
ends of the town.
After the noise came a vlcuic about two
miles up Ten Mile, where dancing, music
and games were the order of the day, until
the tables were set, at which all were in
vited to sit down aud partake. After
dinner Rev. F. D; Kelsey made the ad
dress ofthe-daytoa large and attentive
audience, Liking for bis- theme, "Dangers
of the Present Times-."
The evening-'sky of Rimini was illumin
ated by fire works. Great credit for the
success of the day is due to a young man
by the name of Kraus, who was tbe lead
ing w orker and manage? of tbe celebra
tion.
FlUME, where the cholera is just re
ported to have appeared, is-on the Austrian
coast of the northern Adriatic. It is a city
of about 15,(X-* 1 - inhabitants, and is on the
liorder of Croatia, though belonging to
Hungary. _
The counties- el Arkansas- where the
Texas cattle fever is. said- to- be working
such fatal etleets-are is. the v*ry heart of
the State, lying just east of Little Rock,
and the worst results are to lie feared.
j mitteiLa proposed amendment to the gen
eral deficiency appropriation bill to provide
The President has approved the bill re
ducing the charge for poetoffice money
orders unde? $5.
Hutching Out Vetoes---A Senator's
Amendment.
Washington, July 6.—The President
was engaged yesterday and to-day in ex
amining private pension WUs. He signed
a large number of bills aud will return
several others to Congress ibis afternoon
with veto messages.
Senator Mitchell of Oregon, to-day sub
New York, July 6. —Secretary Maa-i
mug ami party left New York yesterday
morning for Graystoue to visit Samuel J.
Tilden It is Mannings intention to stay
in aud around New York lor several days
and then go to Albany.
Deadly Ice Cream.
Centerville, 111., July 6.— Seventy per
sons were poisoned yesterday by eating
picnic ice cream. Four have already died
and more are in a precarious condition.
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for payment to. John Roach & Son of $20,
270 tor wharfage and cure of the monitor
! Roanoke, from March 17th, 1877, to the
time of its sale in 1883, including towage
and pilotage, and to pay them $38,840 in
fuB for cost of changing thereon the "frame
of. the Puritan.
Muuuiug a: Graystoue.
A 9200,000 Fire.
Cohoes, N. Y., July 6. —The north store
house, containing cotton, wool, and manu
factory knit goods, belonging to numerous
manufacturers, including Parsons & Co.
and Stillman, Brooks & Co., was destroyed
by fire late last night. Doss, $200,000.
Advance in Scale of Prices.
Denver, July 5.—The Denver Typo
graphical Union held a meeting yesterday
! and advanced the scale of composition on
I ^ ^ to and
on afternoon and weekly papers from 40 to
45 cents. This scale equals the highest
paid in the United States. The raise was
caused by the scarcity of printers in the
West. The publishers were this afternoon
notified of the action of the Union, and
will accede to the demands.
Nominations.
Washington, July 1.—John G. Shields,
of Michigan, to be Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court of Arizona.
THE GRAIN CROP
Encourus
ig Outlook for Wheat
Other Cereals.
and
j York, July 7.—From over lour
thousand crop reports from all parts of the
country, the Rural New Yorker concludes
that the winter wheat crop is on the w hole
] good, with a probable yield of 295,000,000
bushels against 212,000,000 in 1885, with a
crop,
(
slight increase in the acreage. The spring
wheat has been considerably injured by
drought and blight and the yield will
proabably be 140,000.000 bushels against
145,000,000 last year. The total wheat
crop will probably lie 435,000,000 bushels
against 357,000,000 bushels last year. In
oats there has been a slight increase i n the
acreage. The crop is considerably injured
by drough and insect pests, and will proba
by yield 600.000,000 bushels against 620,
000,000 in 1885. Of rye and barley there
will be excellent crops, on a slightly in
creased area. There is a good stand on
corn and the outlook is excellent for a line
Cleavelnnd as an Editor.
Chk ago, July 2.—It is expected that
Miss Cleveland will arrive in Chicago
within the the next few weeks to enter
upon her duties as editor of the Literary
Lift. The negotiations which resulted in
her undertaking the work were carried on
principally by letter. In her reply to the
first letter in which the subject was
broached Miss Cleveland says, "I quite
agree with your idea and conld not fail to
hav., much enthusiasm in consecrating my
energies towards its realization while,
however, my posiihle embarkation in such
an enterprise as the literary management
ot such a periodical would necessarily in
volve the sacitice of other plans and inter
ests. With my idea of the position you
propose to me I could admit no conflicting
or dividing interest to interfere with that
work." In a subsequent letter Miss
Cleveland says; "Your letter has been
carefully considered by me. While I may
not be possessed of that energy and enter
prise which are characteristic' of the West,
yet should I go to reside there, there is no
telling what personal contact with your
people it may result in. Chicago seems to
me to have a high destiny as the western
metropolis of art, as it is now the metropo
lis of commerce. I have often wondered
why Chicago and tbe West did not support
a dozen at least high class monthlies. I
have heard so much of Chicago, its archi
tecture, its boulevard, its parks, etc., that
I am most anxious to meet its enterprising
people. If I assume tbe editorial manage
ment of your magazine I must have the
absolute control of the literary department
and I must resign all other work, for I do
not agree with your idea that I could !
while editing the same still pursue my
present plans and studies. I could reserve
nothing of my energy in other directions, !
and to build any expectations on that
ground would be vain."
College Boat Race.
New London, Conn., July 1.—The race !
between tbe freshmen crewe of, Harvard; i
Columbia and Yale this morning was won
by the Harvard, who finished iu 10 min
utes and 58 seconds ; tbe Columbia mak- ,
ing the 2' miles in 11 minutes, 43] seconds.
The Yale upeet, leaving her out of the ;
oontest.
New London, Conn., July 2. —The j
weather this morning is perfect for the I
Harvard-Yak University boat race. At j
a. m. the wind shifted to the southwest. It
was very light. Visitors are pouring in j
from every direction.
New London, July 2.—The eleventh;
annnal series of four mile eight-oared,
straight away races, inaugurated between
the Yale and Harvard's, in 1876, was row
ed this morning on the Thames river
course. The Yale finished first in twenty
minutes and 1 4U seconds, beatiDg tbe Har
vard by seven lengths.
Tbe Victors.
Lake Gm*kg.e, N. Y., July 3.—Bowdoin
College defeated the University of Penn
sylvania in the utile and a half rowing,
match on the lake here this morning by.
three lengths.
HanJcaoN Plans.
Boston, July 3. —Edward Hanlan and.
Wallace Ross arrived in this city from St.
Johns last evening. Hanlan will not row
in the Fourth of July regatta here. He says-
he will go to England in August, but will
not compete in the international handicap.
If possible he will secure a match with
Beach if the Australian wins, if not he will
challenge the winner of the handicap to
race for the championship of the world, to
take place either in America or England.
Speaking of Tearner and Gaudaur he said
he was satisfied that the latter was the
letter man.
----- » —---
A Hiuucti. of Rowers.
IajkihiN, July 2.—Beach, Ross, Berkius,
Teenier, Buhear, Kemp and Matberson
have entered, for fin open sculling competi- |
tion.
—-
The Fisheries Trouble.
H. 1 KIFAX, July 2.— A telgram from |
Shelburn N. S., to-night states that the
Dominion cruiser Terror this afternoon
formally seized tbe Portland fishing
schooner City Point, which was forcibly
detained at Shelburne yesterday for an al
leged violation of the fisheries treaty. The
vessel is to lie taken into the wharf at once ;
but the authorities will await instructions
from Ottawa before stripping her.
Halifax, July 5.— A telegram from
»Shelburne says t sat the collector of cus
toms, under instructions from Ottawa, has
imposed a fine of $400 each on the seized
Portlaml schooners C. B. Harrington, City
Poîn^^lLirge wTcushing. The fines
q ave not yet been paid and the vessels are
8 , t . i11 m Po**ssion of the customs author
ities.
Civil Service Hoar*».
Washington, July 2.— The civil service
commission has adopted a resolut Loa
changing the present method cf selecting
officers of the local examining boards.
Under the new rule the boards of examiners
at the various postoffices and custom
houses throughout the country are re
quired to meet on the first Thursday in
July each year and elect a chairman and
secretary, the officers elected to be subject
to the approval of the commissioners. The
resolutions, a copy of which have been
sent to all the local boards, emphasize the
existing rule regarding the names and
standing of the persons on the list of eligi
ble» to he selected from.
Mail Proposals.
Washington. July 1.— Second Assistant
Postmaster General Knott has issued a re
quest for proposalsfor carrying mails on
the Pacific coast steamboat routes, as
follows : From Portland to Astoria, Ore.,
120 miles. From San Francisco to Sacra
mento, Cala., 171 miles. From San Fran
cisco to Stockton, Cala., 125 miles. The
contract? will be made tor three and a half
years from January 1, 1887. Bids will be
received until September 18,1886;
Bills Approved.
Washington, July 2.— The President
has approved the diplomatic and consular
appropriation bills ; the act authorizing
the Denison and Washita valley railroad
company to construct and operate a rail
way through the Indian Territory.
Law and Order League.
St. Louis, July 1.— Several important
meetings of the Law and Order League
baye been held recently, both here anil at
Sedalia. Prominent officers of the League
say that these meetings have been much
more general in character than those pre
viously held, the intention beiDg to es
tablish the organization from one end of
the country to the other in support of law
and order, which can be largely massed, if
necessary, at one point ; for instance, in
ease of trouble in St. Louis with which the
League here could not cope, the prepara
tions now being made are lor the purpose
of enabling the local officials to call on
Chicago or any other place for reinforce
ments, members being bound to answer
such call at a moment's notice. The or
ganization in this respect is partaking
more of the character of National Minute
Men, though the members say they hope
they will never he called upon to perform
that kind of duty. As a means of getting
the forces out ou a few moments' notice,
the address of members, business and resi
dence, are taken. The principal object ot
the League is to prevent labor disturb
ances and the discontinuance of strikes and
boycotts. T: e latter comes in for particu
lar condemnation. A committee of the
League will lie appointed to investigate all
boycotts, and where the employer is found
to be unjust to let them atone, hut where
the employer has given no cause for such
extreme wea-nres, then to go to his assist
ance,
A Protest from Powderly.
New York, July 3.— The General Ex
ecutive Board ot the Knights of Labor
finished its labors here to day and the
memliere left for their homes. Powderly
said it is the intention of the Board to ad
dress a letter to Superintendent Murray
and request him to furnish them infor
mation aliout the action of Capt. MeCul
logh. "We have learned that Cooper Union
Hall has been frequently rented to secret
societies without the presence of police
men. We wish to know, therefore, whether
Capt. McCuliogh received orders from a
higher authority to have policemen present.
I see by the papers that CapriMcCnllogh
classes the Knights of Labor with com
munists and anarchists. I have never at
any time expressed, nor will there be
found in any of my public speeches, letters,
or in any work of the order anything that
could lie construed as severing of the doc
trines of either anarchists or communists.
I consider this interference iu our meet
ing and the remarks of Capt. McCuliogh
a direct insult, first to the workingmen of
New York and second to the workingmen
of the U nited States. This makes the mat
ter of national importance, aud this must
be righted at once.
Knights of Labor.
New York, July 2. —Mr. Powderly will
leave for Scranton to-morrow. General
Organizer Dennie said to-night that the
order of tbe Knights of Labor had ex
tended to Enropa and had a strong foot
hold in England, Wales, Belgium. Ger
many and Italy.
English Divorce Nuit.
London, July 2.— In the divorce case of
Lady Campbell against her husband, Lord
Collin Campbell, fifth son of the Duke of
Argyle, the defendant to-day applied to
the divorce court for permission to have
stricken from the plaintiffs petition the
paragraph charging him with "adultery
with persons unknown." The court reserved
its decision on prayer for a fortnight and
in the meantime will read the whole cor
respondence and all the affidavits sub
mitted by Lord Campbell in his cross suit
to substantiate bis charges that Lady
Campbell had been guilty of adultery with
the Duke of Marlborough, Chief Fire
Commissioner Shaw, and others.
Elect»»» »I Director».
Portland, Ore., July 2.— The Oregon
Iron and Steel Co., in which the Oregon &
Transcontinena! Co. own a large interest,
elected the following directors :
Elijah Smith, of New York ; W. S. Ladd,
G. J. Smith, E. A. Seeley and S. G. Reed, of
Portland.
The elected officers are as follows
President—Elijah Smith.
Vice President—W. S. Ladd.
Secretary— W. M. Ladd.
Inaugurated President.
New Kaaibn, July J.—Timothy Dwight
was to-day inaugurated Iffesident of Yale
College to succeed Dr. Porter. The exer
cises were held in Center church, to which a
procession escorted the President and Pres
ident-elect. The exercises included ad
dresses by the retiring aud incoming Presi
dents, and » Latin address by Prof. Tracy
Peck.
Excited Exchange- — Suspension of
Hurosey.
Chicago* July 7.— During the first hour
on 'change there were some wild scenes
in wheat. August opened at 82#. An
avalancb of offerings were brought out,
which workeu. the values down a little,
but the shorts came out in force and with
almost no stops. August advanced to 83Î.
The market was greatly excited. The
rapid advance caused tbe suspension of
John W. Rumsey, an old member of the
board. The amount involved cannot be
yet learned. There has been within a
week a straight advance in wheat of eight
cents per bushel.
------- » ^--
Acts Approved.
Washington, July 7. —The President
has approved the act to forfeit the lands
granted to the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad
Company, to aid in the construction of a
railroad and telegraph line from the States
of Missouri and Arkansas to the Pacific
coast, and to restore the same to settlement.
The Maxwell Case.
St. Louis, July 7.- Judge VanWagouer,
of the Criminal Court, *o-day overruled the
motion made recently by Maxwell's attor
neys for a new trial As soon as tbe
prisoner shall have been sentenced an ap
pealjwill be taken to the Supreme Court.
If this shall prove unsuccessful the case
will be taken to the United States Court.
Wisconsin Fire.
Spencer, Wis., July 7.— The entire
hamlet of Romeo burned at 1 o'clock this
afternoon, including a saw mill, planing
mill, 5,000,000 feet of lumber, a store,
boarding house, and the dwelling of Wm.
Van Hoosear. Loss $150,000; insurance
$50,000. The woods are on fire and fur
ther particulars cannot be obtained.
Murder and Suicide.
New York, July 7.—John Warren, a
middle aged Canadian, who with bis son
has been living in a fiat on Ninth street
for a few months, this morning shot his
son dead and then killed himself. No
cause tor the crime is known.
Vetoes.
Washington, July 7.—The Speaker
laid before the House to-day the twentv
one veto messages transmitted by the
President yesterday.
A Broker Broke.
New York, July 7.—The failure of V.
H. Beeds, cotton broker, was announced
this morning.

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