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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. R. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, JULY Ï, 1886. The failure of the appropriation bills has been provided for by a temporary ex tension at last year's rates for fifteen days. It seems as if there area good many Cali fornia towns burning up this year. Inde jtendence follows Alturas with little in terval. The President, as expected, promptly signed the b.ll restoring Fitz John Porter to the army. We are glad to have the matter disposed of, and Porter is welcome to all the glory he can reap from his blur red record. I ! The Herald learns that close estimates plate the expenditures of the Montana Central for construction work on trunk, branch and connecting lines within the | limits of the Territory during J886-7, at $«, 000 , 000 . ____' Martin*, of the 0th Alabama district, is as strong a protectionist as Randall and is not merely a silent supporter of the princi ple. The developement of the iron and coal interests of that section of bis State is working a wonderful revolution. From 1*cing the poorest and most thinly peopled jiortion of the State, it is fast becoming the richest and most populous, with the pros pect of controling the policy of the whole State within a few more years. Thousands who have done business , with Wells, Fargo & Co. in Montana will j regret to part company with them and their energetic, accommodating agents, but no one will seriously question the justice j and propriety of the court decision that j one common carrier is not hound to do the i business for or furnish the facilities for a > rival company to do its business. It is I plain, simple, common sense justice. It is generous, and we think wise, for the North- | I ! , ern Pacific Express Company to announce that with the disappearance of its rival there will lie no advance of charges. Sharks received lately an hour's lively atteution in the House while the sundry civil hill was under consideration. Mem bers from Kansus, Nebraska and Minne sota went for him red-eyed and about the only effective defence was made by I'ay son, a Republican member from Illinois, where there are no more public lands. Cobh, of Indiana, was shucked and shelled by Laird, of Nebraska. Sparks has had hold of the public ear about long enough, and it is refreshing to know that the other side of the case has had a chance for a hearing. Dockery, of Missouri, yesterday en deavored to communicate to the country his own anxious astonishment that $90, 000,000 had been expended within twenty years past on the construction and repair of our navy and that we have now fewer vessels than at the beginning of that period. The poor man does not seem to consider that navies are no longer estimated by their numbers, that it costs as much now to build a first class war ship as it did for uierely to equip a whole navy. England has spent three times as much as we have ou her navy and her own critics say the money has been as g ood as thrown away. Ships, like clothes, will wear out and the most solid of them are in need ,of constant repair. If Whitney does any better than his predecessors with the money appro priated for the navy we shall he pleased to chronicle the fact. a If, as reported, the Manitoba road is building west from Devil's Lake at the rate of two miles per day, the Montana line will be reached before the end of No vember. The distance from Devil's Lake to Fort Buford is not 225 miles iu a direct line, and with allowance for sinuosities can not much exceed 250 miles. The North western is already completed io Rapid City, in Lawrence county, still nearer to the Montana line, and with the avowed purpose of still pushing on to command a share of our stock transportation. There will probably be an average ol two thous and men at work constructing railroads in Montana during the entire season, with the probabilities of this number being greater rather than less. Within two years the railroad mileage of Montana is liable to tie doubled. _ The construction of a sewer system for | the city is too important to he hurried to i quick conclusion. We cannot hurry too much the study of the question. It needs a good deal more than the plans and esti mates of local engineers and contractors. We want the latest and best ideas aud im provements in connection with the subject. There has been plenty of experience iu other cities of the country, and there are published reports giving the results of this experience. By active correspondence these reports can be collected and the con tents studied. The correct way is to go to those who have practical knowledge and experience in this special work. We want no untried theories and guess-work esti mates. When we know what we want and what it will cost to get it, then we can consider the question of pro viding the means. If it can tie done en tirely by a system of assessment on abut ters, without being oppressive on any, it looks to us as if that would be the best method of providing for it. But in the natural order that question will come last. There Is a great deal more to he learned by correspondence and study liefere any one is ready for action. Work, materials aud transportation are getting cheaper every year, and this will lie true for the □ext three or four years as much as any in ail our former experience. There is no reason for attempting to work up a feeling of necessity for immediate action. There can be no such necessity till we kuow just what we want and very near what it will cost. A RlM.IRt; ADDRESS. The Republicans of Pennsylvania are not of the mute and retiring kind, but have positive views on protection and are aggressive in their advocacy. They have the facts of history to sustan their position, and such facts that leave no room for doubt. Under twenty years of protection the wealth of the country ran up from fourteen to forty-four billions, from 1X60 to 1880. All the records of history for all time and all countries has not another such instance. The aver age annual increase in our national wealth was one and a half billions, and it has not been less in the six vears sub I sequent, so that the present wealth of ! the country can be safelv estimated at | C08t liest ^Tnost destructiv is fifty-five billions. This is not inflation or fictitious wealth. On the contrary, no other country in the world can show so large a proportion of productive wealth. The great increase has been in railroads, productive lands, mines, man ufactories; not in forts, navies, public buildings and works of art. And during thi-same era the greatest, e war iu the world's history has been fought through, finished and the national debt incurred more thau half k paid off. Thistucrease has been made though all the millions invested in human chattels were wiped out of existence during this time, and most of our ocean commerce was swept from the seas by British crusers under the confederate flag. Neither has this increase been made by hoarding wealth and neglecting the higher duties that governments owe to the people. Ff we have spent com paratively little on standing armies and , j formidable navies, we have spent more ^ or K enera l education and pensions for discharged soldiers than any other nation j * n ^ ie w °fld has ever done, j Eut free traders will say that this is i not ad the result of protection. It has > been done under protection and the bur I den of proof rests on those who assert that it lias not been mainlv or largely | the result of protection. The developement of our internal re I sources, means of intercommunication ! and diversified industries has made us , the most united and independent, as well as richest nation in the world. ENGLISH ELECTIONS. It is the result of our experience in the l ni ted States that it promotes pur ity of elections to have them occur in all the States on the same day. It prevents | i the colonization of voters and the con centration of political influences in the doubtful, straggling States that hold their election first. The custom has not been introduced into England, and the election is strung out over some days in such a way as to be the most tantalizing and stimulate to the utmost pitch the exertions of candidates and political managers with a consequent increase of excitement to the close. A very few elections have already come off' and to morrow there will be a large number, enough to give some pretty good idea how the people are goiug to vote. As the election is only for members of Par liament, there can be little delay or difficulty in counting the votes. By Saturday we ought to be able to judge somewhat of the trend of English opin ion and the fate of home rule. Without a doubt it is the most important election that has ever occurred in England. Not only home rule is at stake for Ireland, but home rule for Scotland and Wales. In great measure it will also involve the disestablishment of the State church, the titles and privileges of the nobility and the very existence of the present imaginary English constitution. It used to be kings, lords and commons. It is now commons, lords and king, with the former a long way in advance and the powers of rank and established church waning rapidity. The large class of new voters have had one oppor tunity before of participating in an elec tion, and it is generally true that those newly enfranchised are more eager to exercise their new rights than the aver age of voters. And though general ed ucation is not as advanced (England as in our northern United States, and news papers are not as numerous or as gener ally read, it must be remembered that England is densely peopled, as we would estimate, and opinions spread and ma ture rapidly by personal intercourse of voters. _ From the number of Unionists being elected in England, it is possible that they may hold the balance of power in the new parliament. They would vote with the Tories against home rule, but it is equally certain that they would not sustain them in any policy of coercion or in any re actionary course, certainly not in any war measures. The many close contested elec tions show that no party is going to be strong enough to venture upon a very bold and decisive policy. When the opponents of home rule come to formulate any policy for Ireland, they will probably find it im possible to agree and the next Parliament has little better prospect of continuance than the last_ We understand that it is the opinion of the Council that instead of extending the fire limits of the city, it is better to re quire a greater degree of security within the present limits. The present limits cover the chief seat of danger, where the streets are narrow and the lots small. It is true that a great many shoddy structures have been allowed to go up that should not be allowed to stand. It seems to us also that some means of inspection should be provided after a building permit is given. Who knows whether a house is put up according to plans submitted when the permit is given. Some sort of a de gree of inspection is absolutely necessary while a building is in process of erection. FEjrCIKfi SCHOOL LANDS. As we understand the position of i Sparks in reference to the school lands, there can be no just ground for com plaint. Certainly his efforts to prevent these lands from being despoiled of any part of their permanent value ought to command our approval and support. These lands are the inheritance of our children and we are more interested than any one else that they should re ceive this inheritance undiminished in value. There is a use that could be made ol many of these lands that would enhance their value and this should be ! encouraged as much as the waste should I °PP° s ed. If the government would allow Jthe ; temporary rental of these lands they might yield some present revenue for j the aid of schools. The only question of I doubt is w hether the government should ! prevent the fencing of school lands. In one sense they are public lands and ' come under the general statute against their exclusive occupation, but in another sense they are as much appro priated as an)' to which the government has given a patent. Considering the purpose to be to do aP that could enhance the value of these lands and prevent anything that could diminish their value, it would ap pear that enclosing them would be an enhancement, and in no case could de crease their value. Fencing would en able the occupant to make improve ments that he could not or would not undertake to make without enclosure, such as bringing in irrigating ditches to increase the growth of grass for hay. Really the only question for the depart ment and the general public to consider is whether fencing and the exclusive possession of school lands by some occu pant is diminishing or enhancing their permanent value. Because some who are out of possession are envious of those iu possession, it is no reason why the lands should remain waste and un improved, while improvements made under protection of enclosure might add a dollar an acre to the permanent value. In the matter of fencing, as in other questions concerning school lands, the true test is the effect upon the perma nent and saleable quality of these lands. at BRIGHT'S OPPOSITION. Among all the names of livin' Englishmen, we have been accustomed to associate those of Gladstone and Bright as foremost of the Liberal leaders. It is therefore painful to see them ar rayed against one another. It is also as surprising as it is painful to see one of these two foremost leaders of Liberal statesmanship, who has always been consistently an outspoken friend of the l nited States, taking a position that seems so entirely inconsistent with all his life's teaching and action. We can not doubt John Bright's honesty and sincerity in the stand he has taken against home rule. If anything could make us doubt the wisdom of establish ing an Irish parliament for the manage ment of purely Irish affairs, it would be the opposition of so enlightened and ex perienced a statesman as Bright. But how can we, with a century's experience in the peaceful and prosperous working together of State and National govern ments, doubt the success of the scheme when applied to Great Britain ? The difficulties growing out of the differences in race and religion we know to be pure ly imaginary. There is no state religiou in Ireland now any more than in the Unit ed States. Religious persecutions cease as soon as the State lets religion alone, entirely alone. We have among us, peacefully mingling with on another, Protestant and Catholic, Orangemen and Jacobite, English ; Scotch and Irish. When we see this condition of things all around us, how can we doubt that it is possible for the same state of affairs to exist in Irelaud, and not only possible but the most natural thing in the world ? We do not believe that auy races were created to hate and fight each other per petually. It seems to us that John Bright, with increasing years, must be losing hope, faith, confidence and courage. It is not an unusual thing. In fact, the growing liberality of Gladstone is more excep tional than the shrinking back of John Bright from the results of the teachings of all his life, just as they are on the point of possible realization. We do not deceive ourselves into thinking that John Bright's opposition will do no more harm than that of Chamberlain. It is exerting a great in fluence, certainly enough to decide ad versely a contest that was doubtful at the best. Thebe never was an English election that excited one-half the interest that the pending one does on this side of the ocean. Because of the general American sympathy for home rule, there is a great tendency to over-estimate the chances for its success. We have never been sanguine, indeed it would be quite miraculous if Gladstone should succeed. In the elec tions so far reported, the advantages seem to be with the Tories, though they have not been so great as yet to determine any thing. On the home rule issue the Union ists are to be counted with the Tories and the Parnellites with the Liberals. It will be seen that the London constituencies that nsed to be strongly Liberal are voting strongly against Gladstone. A large amount of Irish land is owned in London, and the interests of the commercial classes are apprehensive that home rule would divert much of the Irish trade. Ireland is regarded as a sort of kitchen garden for London and her people as a sort of service able poor relations. i [For the Herald.] Christian Patriotism. BY KEY. F. D. KELSEY. Love of country is a universally ac knowledged virtue, and belongs to the moral axioms. "Country, right or wrong.'' is not a moral axiom, bat needs evidence. Yet patriotism is a noble quality in any human breast, and needs cultivation in this cosmopolitan age of railroads and steamships in which we are so apt to be men of no country. A good man has in him the patriotic element or he must lay aside the qualifying adjective good. The very essence of a true man is that he he true to God and and man. The law of God includes the love of our fellow men, and the law of Christ is the law of self sacrifice, in which a man is commanded to lay himself on the altar of service and sacrifice. Christ gave his life for men, and we are commanded, "Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus." Love of country is a virtue not denied of many men who have no religious princi ples or faith ; yet no country is safe in the hands of such, as witness the French revo lution, whose many virtues have been drowned in the Red Sea of the Reign of Terror. The infidel, nihilistic, godless crowd who in Europe and our own great cities are crying, "Down with the churches," "Down with property holders," and "Down with governors,'' are not safe hands in which to put the keeping of our country's good. When our Savior said unto his disciples, "Ye are the salt of the earth," he uttered a truth which is marked in its prominence. The solidly religious element in any and every country, heathen, Mohammedan or Christian, is its safeguard and bulwark. Long, long after the patriots of Rome had lost l'aith in their mytholo gies they encouraged the temple services lor reasons of public policy and necessity and good government. The great historian Leander says : "The times in which unbelief has prevailed are, as history teaches, uniformly times of earthly calamity ; for the moral deprava tion which accompanies unbelief, neces sarily destroys, also, the foundation of all earthly prosperity. Thus the time of the diffusion of unbelief in the Roman state was also the time which saw the destruc tion of civil liberty and the time of public suffering under the rule of merciless despots." It has been the fashion of late to sneer at the "Mistakes of Moses." But Moses was a man of God, and because of his deep religious principles, he was the eman cipator of his people; not until after a for ty years' exile and lonely growth of the vital powers of the religious principle was he fit to head the patriotic movement which ended in the establishment of a new people. It was the deep faith of a Cromwell which led to the successful bat tle of human rights in England ; it was the deep faith of the Puritans aud early settlers of our land that has given to us the noblest, freest, liest land the sun*has ever shone upon ! It is an astounding amazement that any tongue can ever be so reckless, any heart so ungrateful, and brain so giddy as to join in a slur of our Puritan ancestors, whose virtues and noble charac ter laid deep the foundations of the "Land of the brave aud the home of the free." Yet the Fourth of July speeches, lauda tory ol the past and the present greatness and prosperity of the land, are not worth the breath they take, provided the ears that hear these speeches are unsympathetic with the deep moral principles which un derlie the great political movements of our land. The defense of the country, the futare prosperity of the nation lies, not in its armies and its navies, its wealth and its millions of inhabitants, hut in the quality and moral tone of character in the inhabi tants. Persia's millions of invading host were not a match for the little hand«f hardy Greeks. What cared Alexander for the myriads who covered Babylon's plains, so long as his phalanx of tried and true Greeks held their square ! When the Savior said to his disciples, "Ye are the salt of the world," he also ex pressed bis confidence in quality rather than numbers; and to-day no safeguard of our land exists which bears any comparison with the safeguard of the moral character of the country, and the Christian princi ple exhibited by our churches and their constituency. ^ hile many are they who frown upon the churches, let every patriot remember, Christian people are they whose very religion teaches, "Render unto Cæsar the things that are Ciesar's and unto God the things that are God's." "Lonfr may our land be bright W ith freedom's About Its News ileport. Editor Dickerson, returning from a busi ness trip East, gives flat contradiction to recent circulating reports to the effect that the Independent had been "scooped" on its telegraphic service. He remarks as fol lows this morning : "Some of oar esteemed contemparies have been giving currency to malicious and mischievous reports as to the future telegraphic service of the Independent , which we are charitable enough to charge up to misinformation on their part." The reports referred to probably grew out of the purchase by Mr. Harrison of a morning news privilege of the Western Associated Press. Mr. Harrison, with some associates, proposed several months ago a third daily newspaper venture in Helena— an undertaking on which money and labor have in numbers of instances been fruit lessly lavished before—but later and fuller consideration of the matter by those in terested changed the aspect of affairs, and conclnding there was larger fortune pros pects in other fields of investment, the en terprise was given up. Such, at least, is our information. The Independent , as we learn, has recently secured the same news privilege from the Western Associated Press as that granted to Mr. Harrison, and as a further protection, in case of future misunderstanding, has armed itself with an exclusive perpetual news franchise from the United Press Association. Our con tempory thus seems to have two strings to its telegraphic service bow. A Lift for New York. Washington, July 3.— The Senate has j agreed to the amendment to the river and harbor bill, appropriating $1,000,000 for the improvement of New York harbor. ON HIS TRAVELS. Mr. T. J. Lowry's Vain Search for a Fine Climate and Good Hotels. Mr. Ed. Zimmerman this morning re ceived from Hon. T. J. Lowry, who left Helena some weeks since for a trip to the Pacific coast, a letter dated at San Diego, from which we are permitted to make the following extracts : "You will observe that by this time I have worried my way down almost to the line of old Mexico. I have been trying to discover the 'glorious climate of Cali fornia,' a task as difficult as that of Jaf iu search of his father. I have sailed from British America almost to our southern boundary line aid must say that I have experienced very few if any comfortable days. The trade winds especially are cold, damp, foggy and disagreeable, and as a rule the natives of the coast seldom in dulge the luxury of a fire. I believe they warm themselves with the anticipation of the winter solstice. At the hotels it is possible to get a fire by paying fifty cents an ounce for coal, but on the steamers there is no chance to get warm except by going to bed. I believe, however, the trip has done me more good than if it had been taken when the weather was warm and sultry. Certainly, I have gained strength very rapidly, but cannot boast of having become uncomfortably fat. "Whfen [I came to this place I intended to spend about ten days, but am already tired of lounging about the town, its docks and 'glorious' sand hills. Shall return shortly to San Francisco by rail, stopping at the principal towns along the route. "You will be interested to know some thing of the hotels in this country. The subject is a sad one, and the very thought of them makes me weep. Sometimes _ 'cuss' little aud thus find peace and con solation. With all kinds of fish in the har bor, we are served with stewed salt codfish for breakfast every morning, which, with oranges, comprise the principal items on the hill of fare. The landlords in this section always prefer to supply their guests for staple diet with the 'glorious climate of California.' In fact, Helena beats most of the markets outside of San Francisco for liuits and vegetables. "I expect to arrive in Portland, Oregon, in about two weeks and possibly sooner, from which point I will return to Helena." COACH TRAVEL. Jehus Still Crack Their Whips Over Their Four-in-Hand Stages as in Days of Yore. Any bright morning on Main street at an early hour may be seen the old time rush and bustle of passengers, express agents, mail carriers, stage drivers and prancing horses as they make ready for the daily trips of these old time vehicles to more than a dozen mining camps and towns distant and near by. Thousands of tons of freight and thousands of passen gers go out and come in by this primi tive mode of transportation, and in this way the United States mail is expedited to destinations where the whistle of the locomotive has not yet been heard, and to some places where its sound never will rutile the echoes of the canyons. These busy transporters each day carry out their cargoes of human freight and supplies, and go regularly, rain or shine, winter and summer, anc^ the same cry of the jehu, ga-lang, is heard as he cracks his whip and makes things lively as he drives in and out of town. To give au idea of the importance of staging out of Helena, we give the names and proprietors who constitute the lines of outlet to a great part of the jobbing trade of Helena: Benton—Negus A Root, U. S. mail car riers and express and passenger line; daily to Fort Benton. Marysville— U. S. mail, passenger and express; Eugene .Sears; daily. Marysville—Passenger and express; daily ; Jurgens A Price. Gloster— U. S. mail, passengers and ex press ; daily ; McFarland A Cain. Gloster—Passenger and express ; daily ; Burns A Sanford. Rimini—Passengers and express; daily; Joseph O'Neill. Rimini—Passenger aud express; daily; J u rgens A Price. Neihart— U. S. mail, passenger and ex- ' press, via Canyon Ferry and Diamond Cify ; j daily ; Court Sheriff. Lincoln— U. S. mail, passenger and ex press; daily ; Negus A Root. ^ Installation. The following named officers of Silver Creek Lodge No. 19. A. O. U. W., will be 'installed at Marysville on Saturday even ing, July 3d : P. M. W.—Jos. I). Conrad. P. M. W.—George Kirby. Foreman—J. E. Williams. Overseer—Thos. Wilkensou. Recorder— Chas. L. Bayha. Financier—Geo. W. Padhury. Receiver—D. B. McKillican. Guide—Samuel Frame. I. W.—D. Taillon. O. W.— B. Tongi. Trustee (long term)—Thos. Wilkinson. Medical Examiner— G. W. King, M. D. The Route They Will Take. Probably twenty-five of the comrades of Helena's Grand Army post will attend the coming annual encampment at San Fran cisco. Most of them will prefer the North ern Pacific and ocean voyage route, and a considerable majority will probably travel that way, making a stop at Portland, and sailing thence by steamship dowu the Pa cific coast and through the Golden Gate. Returning, some will perhaps prefer the all rail ride by the Central Pacific and Utah A Northern. Sparks Done up in Rhyme. The following direction was found on an envelope containing an official communi cation received this morning at the U. S. Land Office : For J. M Pune, in Spark* an Unbeliever, Care of H. S. Howell, U. S. Receiver, Helena, Montana, by stage and rail, Send the first chance—don't fail. ' j THE OLD INDIANA HOME. — A Visit to Valparaiso After Many Years. Notable Educational Institutions the Hoosier State. ol [special to the heralii. j > ALPAKAlso, Ind., June 2, 1885. —After one mouth's of visiting among many old acquaintances here, in Laporte and Chica go, persuant to promise I write you. It has been over a quarter of acentuiy since I left here for the mountains, and of course I find many changes. The boys with whom I associated and attended school are not all here. They are scattered over many States and Territories, a few remain ing. Some of them and many of the older people have gone to their long homes, where sooner or later we must all follow. I cannot help feeling sad when I see so .many new faces, where I thought I would find old and familiar ones, and my heart turns longingly back to beautiful Montana, my mountain home. TIME'S CHANGES. The changes are truly and wonderfully surprising. This place, seemingly not long ago a small village containing less than a thousand sonls, with one business street scantly lined with an inferior grade of house,s, is now a city with several busi ness streets lighted with gas, an admirable system of water works, a large and well drilled and equipped fire department, and a Mayor aud Common Council. A promi nent feature is the new court house, which hasjust been completed. It is one of the most beautiful aud stately buildings I ever saw. While it is not so large as the public buildings I of [Chicago and other great cities, it is equal to them in every other respect. It is built of a light-colored, soft limestone, found in the central part of this State, and is a model of architecture. The inside is finished in walnut and ash, and the furniture is of oak, all beautifully and elaborately carved. Add to this the effect of gorgeously colored cathedral glass, and the best frescoing art can do, and you have a huildiDg of which any city in the Union might well be proud. EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. The shools of the city show the most wonderful advancement. About twelve years ago Prof. H. B. Brown leased the building which the Methodist denomina tion had built for educational purposes, and began what is now known as the Northern Indiana Normal School and Business Institute. He opened with less than one hundred pupils. To-day, by his own ability and energy, he has built up and is now, with his associate, Prof. Kinsey, conducting the larged school in the United States. The attendance has increased year by year until it has reached the enormons number of two thousand and two hundred students. They come from every State and almost every Territory in the Union. The departments are all well organized and provided with exellent teachers. Theie is a normal course, adapted to those who intend to teach ; a commercial course, a classical course, a law coarse, a mineral, meteorological and geological, and musical course. In short, every science, the an cient and many of the modern languages, are taught. It is a thoroughly practical school. The school of law is the youngest, yet it has already attained a rank second to but lew. The last class of seventeen young men who graduated May 27, went recently to Indianapolis accompanied by Hon, Mark L. Deinott, one of their teachers, where they were admitted, upon their cer tificate of graduation, to the supreme court of the State, and to the circuit court of the United States. I never saw a finer looking gathering of young people anywhere than the students here. They are eager and enthsiastic, their teachers having imparted their own enthusiasm to them. Prof. Brown and Prof. Kinsey, of the literary department, and Col. Demott, of the law department, can "enthuse" anybody, and to this the institution largely owes its wonderful success. The city high school, another institution, is of the best that can lie found anywhere. It has large and com modious buildings and is numerously at tended, being entirely free to the young of the city. St, Paul's Academy, under con trol ol the Rev. M. O'Riley, is also an ex cellent and well conducted school for pu pils of the Catholic faith, which is well patronized from abroad and at no distant day is honud to be one of the foremost schools of the chnrch. A RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY. The people of Valparaiso are a church goiug people The Catholic, Baptist and Presbyterian denominations have large, costly and beautiful church edifices. The Christian and Lutbern have also fine houses of worship, and the Methodists have commenced building an elegant new church edifice, the completion of which is already assured. The city is not only a city of schools but of churches. NORMAL INSTRUCTION. I have attended no services more inter esting than the morning exercises of the Normal School. The chapel is not large enough to accommodate more than half of the students. It is an inspiring scene to look down from the rostrum into a thou sand young faces glowing with health and beaming with eagerness to acquire an edu cation. I am informed by Professors Brown and Kinsey that nearly every State and Territory of the Union have representa tives among the students. After what I have seen and learned of this institution I can heartly recommend the same to the young people of Montana, and I hope that the catalogue of another year will record many of them present. So well known ia the school and so far reaching the influence of the teachers that all the great railroads offer reduced rates to all students desiring to attend, upon the certificate of the pro fessors of the school. LOOKING TOWARD MONTANA. in almost: every neighborhood I find many who are about to start for or are laying their plans to go to Montana. Some are looking for gold and silver, others for the i ! j i : ! stock business, and still others are hoping to regain health. I know the precious metals i abound in abundance in our ore ribbed hills and majestic mountains, and wealth in our cattle on a thousand hills and m our beautiful valleys. I know there is health in onr pure, bracing air, cooled by the everlasting snows of cloud-bathed sum mits and freighted with sweetness from the perennial flowers of our mountain sides and grand valleys. So I say to all, "Go and see." There, in a few days, I shall join the throng, turning my face joyfully to my own mountain home. NATHANIEL MERRIMAX. A GRAND SHOW. The doming Minnesota Industrial Ex position. The Importauce of Montana's Par. ticipation Therein. The Herald is apprized by the General Manager, Lewis B. Hibbard, that the Min nesota Industrial Exposition opens August 23d next, closing for the year on Oct. 2d following. The magnificent structure, now weli advanced toward completion, has a floor space of seven and one-half acres, and to occupy this with their varied natur al products the States and Territories of the Northwest are cordially invited. The Northern Pacific Company, with its stretch of 800 mils of railway through Montana, will doubtless he one of the principal ex hibitors of products along its line, but separate and distinct frem the commend able purpose of a single corporation, should he the united efforts of Montana people to bring together and arrange for inspection an exhibit of field and mine worthy of the Territory and its growing renown. Wash ington Territory and Oregon, far west of us and bordering the Pacific coast, have already inaugurated measures for an ap pearance in organized strength at Minne apolis, and suitable spaces engaged for an array of fruit and cereal exhibits probably never before equalled from that distant quarter of the Northwest. Montana can not with justice to herself evince less in terest in the approaching grand exposition than her wide-awake neighbors of the parallel beyond. Minerally our Territory stands first and foremost of all, and in pro ducts of the soil it cannot he surpassed. Mr. Hibbard, in his letter earnestly in viting the co-operation of Montana, sug gests as to an exhibit of our cereals : "You should have a display of grain, not large in quantity, but properly labelled, with name ol' each grain and place where grown, and the average yield per acre. Wonderful impressions were made at New Orleans by simple but magnificent dis plays of the kind, and my two years' ex perience iu connection with tho s exposi tions in the Crescent City convinced me ot the great importance of this matter." The Herald urges upon the attention of the farmers and miners of Montana the advantages offered by the forthcoming ex position for advertising the peerless pro ducts of the Territory. In these respects our resources were blazoned to multitudes at New Orleans, but the hundreds of thousands who saw and wondered there will be swelled to double and trebble ihe number at Minneapolis. Within a radius of ten miles of the great exposition build ing a quarter of a million people have their home, and it is safe to say that the State outside, and Wisconsin, Iowa and Dakota, within easy, quick and cheap communication, will send a millon or more sight-seers to the magnificent show. Mon tana by no manner of means should fail to occupy a conspicuous position in the In dustrial Exposition at Minneapolis. The people of Montana will regard the action of Congress in giving us an addi tional judge with general satisfaction. We need it for the increasing business of our courts, consequent upon the increase of our population and the developement of our industries. We need it also for the increase of our settled area and the long journeys necessary for our judges to make to reach the county seats. Experience has shown that out of three judges there is generally not more than two at any one time in the Territory and qualified for action. Some one of the positions is vacant a large share of the time from a variety of casualties. Out of four we are more likely to have three with us all the time. Cases will be appealed to the Supreme Court with more confidence when it is known that they will be heard by three Judges who are not prejudiced by having tried the case in the courts below. The relief comes to us rather late in onr Territorial history. We hope to lie ad mitted as a State within the next two years. The fate of Dakota, however, ad monishes us that onr hopes are liable to be still longer deferred. When the centennial Congress convenes April 1st, 1889, we hope to see Montana represented as a State in. both branches. By that time we shall, from all present ap pearances, have double the amount of railroads, double the amount of realized, taxable and productive wealth, aud nearly, if not quite, double our present popula tion. Our future growth is not to be esti mated by the past, when we were beyond the reach of easy and direct communica tion with the States. All the great lines now crossing Dakota are headed towards onr eastern frontier, and will be within our borders inside of two years, discharg ing immigrants and gathering up freights. Within that time, also, we may rationally expect that three fourths of the territory now occupied by Indian reservations will be open to settlement. At the rate our mines are developing we can hardly over - estimate the show they will make in three more years.__ Pouncing upon the Fishing Smacks. Halifax, July 3. —The cruiser Terror captured two more American fishing schooners last night at Sand Point, near Shelburn, and took them up the latter harbor this morning. The schooners cap tured are the George W. Cushing and C. B. Harrington, both of Portland, Me