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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, September 30, 1886, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1886-09-30/ed-1/seq-2/

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Inauguration of the Helena Street
The First Cars Make Their First Trip
Under the Direction of Officers
and Directors.
Flags a ml Manners Flutter in llie
.Morning Air and the Small Hoys
Catch on.
Through the courtesy of John B. Wil
son, Vice President of the company, a
Hebai.d reporter was invited to a cushion
ed »eat this morning for an excursion trij)
in a Pullman car on the Helena Street
Railway. At the southern station of the
road, on the south side of Cutler street,
there was a lively scene of preparation this
morning for the inauguration of the Hele
na Street Railway by the Mayor, City
Council and ofiicers generally of the muni
cipality, press reporters, Board of Trade
and citizens.
Two beautiful cars of.the latest approved
design were stationed on the track, in the
southern part of the city, decorated with
tlags and ready for the first trip under the
management of the oflQcers'and directors of
the company. Yesterday's trial trip was
made under the auspices of J. J. Palmer,
construction contractor of the road.
This morning the road was formally
turned over to the company and their
ofiicers put in charge. In a few minutes
after the formal transfer Ry Zeigler hooked
on to the van car with four horses, decor
ated with llags. The second car was under
the ribbons iu the hands of Chris Yasube,
who hooked on two of his heavy weight
horses, which were also decorated with flags
It is but proper to mention here that Chris.
Yasube pulled the brakes upon the lirst
omnibus in Helena, and now engineers one
of the first carson the official trial trip of the
lirst street cars.
Conductor A. N. Richards, an experien
ced car man from Massachusetts, was put
in charge of car Xo. 2, and H. B. Nye engi
neered car Xo. 1. At five minutes to 11
o'clock J. A. Strong, {Superintendent of the
Helena Street Railway, souuded his little
hells and called out "all aboard." The lirst
car was hoarded hy Acting Mayor Sted
man and the City Council, directors of the
company, and Vice President John B. Wil
son, L. A. Walker, Secretary, and invited
The second car was reserved for the
press, ladies and gentlemen of the city and
visiting friends. The cars started with
about fifty passengers, which were aug
mented to sixty on the way down Main
street. It beiDg a free ride the small boy
was a very lively factor in the inaugura
tion, and was a good make up in not only
filling up the interstices between the
adults, hut in "catching on" while the cars
were in motion.
was signalled hy a hearty approval hy the
hundreds who had gathered to see the
send-off. The trip down Main street was
watched hy many hundreds more who
lined the sidewalks for near a mile. The
motion of the cars was almost noiseless,
and the road bed well settled and smooth.
Many of the prominent citizens of Helena
availed themselves of the first ride to the
depot, among whom were A. J. Davidson,
President of the Board of Trade ; A. M.
Holter, Vice President, and Robert C.
Walker, Secretary ; Henry Klein, S. C.
Ashby, William Humbert, of the Helena
Cab Co.; Henry Cannon, William Reed,
Geo. E. Boos, Win. F. Wheeler, George
Foote and many others.
The gentle curves of the track and its
well ballasted road bed is complimentary
to the engineers, Reeder & Walker, as well
as to J. J. Palmer, the construction con
The trip, after fifteen stops, was made to
the depot iu eighteen minutes and back in
twenty minutes, demonstrating that under
favorable circumstances the trip can be
made in fourteen minutes, or the round
trip iu a half hour. There was one lady
on the rear car who would not ride for
nothing and chipped in 50 cents so as to
try the new way of paying fare. Her two
quarters and several nickels, with a con
federate $20 hill—thrown in for fun—were
the first receipts of the Street Car Com
pany. 9
The inauguration of the Helena Street
Car Company to-day marks an era in the
city that foreshadows wonderful changes
in all things else that presage the require
ments of a great metropolis.
The enterprise of the Helena Street
Railway Company deserves great commen
dation, and the successful establishment to
day of a city passenger railway in Helena
is a lit occasion for the people to rejoice
that such enterprises as these are but an
other evidence of the kind of stuff her citi
zens are made of.
The railway will make trade, the busses
and hacks will prosper as before and the
people who walked once, will ride now for
ten cents as comfortably as any other
traveler in a Pullman car—and if the cab
man says, "I ride as snug as a bug in a
rug," the street car man says, "I ride
snugger than that other bugger."
All success to the street cars.
C. W Cannon James Blake
T. C. Power Reed & Rinda
C. A. Broadwater Gans & Klein
H. M. Pärchen R.H. Kleinschmidt
J. B. 'Wilson Clarke, Conrad & Cur
A. M. Holter tin
A. J. Seligmau Moses Morris
If. W. Child A. Kleinschmidt
E. W. Bach E. Sharpe
L. A. Walker Jos. Horsky, Jr.
S. E. Atkinsou S. C. Ashby
Win. A. Chessuiau Sanford & Evans
R. C. Wallace John T. Murphy
Wm. G. Bailey
C. W. Canuon T. C. Power
A. M. Holter L. A. Walker
J. B. Wilson H. M. Pärchen
A. J. Seligman
President— C. W. Cannon.
Vice President—J. B. Wilson.
Secretary & Treasurer—L. A. Walker.
General Manager—Juo. B. Wilson.
Superintendent—J. A. Strong.
A Good Start for the Street Cars.
The way the street cars gathered in pas
sengers yesterday must have been extreme
ly gratifying to the stock holders. At no
timt of the day did they run empty or even
half tilled. Many people were attracted
hy the sound of the bells on the horses
necks, and many were the favorable re
: marks passed on the appearance of the cars
i in our streets. The trips to the station
I averaged fifteen minutes each, and return
ing twenty minutes, the long up grade
! from the station to town requiring the ex
tra five minutes. Saturday afternoon the
cars carried 357 passengers and took $35.70
in fares. Yesterday 870 passengers were
carried and $87 weie collected. This far
! exceeded the expectations of even the most
sanguine of the well wishers of the road,
and argues success for the future. At
present there has been no regular schedule
I of trips made out, hut one will he an
nounced very soon. Meanwhile the cars
run at intervais of about thirty minutes,
and are always to be found at the station
for incoming and outgoing trains. One
funny incident happened yesterday when
a man got on who was evidently unused to
horse cars, and who couldn't exactly "catch
on" to the method of procuring change
and depositing it. After looking around
for a while his eye caught the box at the
end of the car. He came up to it, and af
ter cautiously examining it, put his hand
in his packet and fished out a five dollar
gold piece. He dropped it in the box and
then stood waiting with his hands spread
out under the box in a position that indi
cated that lie was expecting to catch some
thing. After waiting patiently for a few
moments he turned to one of the pas
sengers and inquired if "the blamed thing
wasn't working." The passenger ad
dressed naturally asked what he meaut.
and was amused to lind that the man was
waiting for the "machine" l as he called it,)
to grind out his change to him. His mind
was set straight on that subject, aud he
was advised either to go to the company's
office and recover bis change from them,
or to take the $4.!)t) out in riding between
the statiou and Bridge street. He choose
the former alternative. Une or two of
those who rode yesterday showed their ap
preciation of the line by pitching a quarter
or a half dollar iu the box aud refusing to
take change—putting it in "for luck."
From each of the trains the cars brought
up a good sized load, and were well pat
ronized this morning for the early East
bound. They have come to stay and all
wish them luck.
----- » --
A Kailroad Accident Which .Might
Have Been Serious.
As the train from Wickes yesterday af
ternoon was nearing Clancy, a collision oc
curred between the rear and front cars of
the train, which completely wrecked five
or six cars, piling them high in the air.
Most fortunately there were two loaded
cars ahead of the passenger coach, and
these ac ted as a buffer, relieving the coach
of much of the shock. None. of the pas
sengers were seriously hurt, although all
sustained a severe shaking up. The acci
dent was caused by the breaking of a coup
ling pin on one of the open ears. The train
parted iu the center, leaving six freight
cars, the passenger coach and baggage car
behind. The first end going faster than
the rear end drew away some distance.
Going through a narrow cut the engineer
seeing a hand of horses on the track, and
being unconscious of the fact that he had
left half his train one-half a mile behind,
slowed down to almost a dead stop, while
the rest of the train at a high rate of speed
came crashing into the forward part, be
ing completely telescoped, one of the cars
being shot over twenty-five feet in the air.
Had the train parted nearer the passenger
coach, the loss of life would have been
large, as nothing could have lived in that
wreck. The coach was crowded with
people, who did not realize their very nar
now escape until they got out and saw the
frightful wreck—lour cars occupying the
space of less than two. The railroad com
pany has cause for great congratulation, as
had any one been injured they would un
doubtedly have been heavily mulcted.
An instance of what an excited
Just after the accident a gentleman from
Helena, turned to a friend with a face
ashen with terror, and said : "My God, I
am ruptured. I can feel the blood trick
ling down my leg." An examination
showed that his fears were groundless.
The Harvie negotiations recently report
ed by the Herald as looking to the trans
fer of the Livingston Enterprise to Mr.
Toole's support, is referred to by that paper,
as follows:
We would advise our esteemed cotem
porary, the HelenallERALD, that Jas. Har
vie has never been connected with the
Enterprise only as an employe, and in that
capacity has not been associated with the
paper for the past two weeks. If he ex
hibited any freshness as an attache of the
Enterprise while in Helena, it was without
the consent or sanction of its owner and
The Herald's best information is that
after some correspondence, Mr. Harvie re
ported at Democratic headquarters in re
sponse to an invitation, and to those hand
ling and dispensing Mr. Toole's "news
paper fund" was submitted certain plans
for the purchase and incorporation of the
Entcrprese, with Mr. Wright left out. We
hear it said that the conclusion reached
was that in another way and at less cost
the Enterprise could be swung around to
Mr, Toole, with the prospect that it could
be influenced to support both the general
and local Democratic tickets. We believe
Mr. Harvie thought a new management in
dispensible to render the Enterprise alto
gether subservient to Democratic uses.
But it appears that Mr. Harvie is mistaken
it Mr. Toole's friends are to be credited.
They express the greatest confidence that
the Enterprise will be brought to do just as
effective service for the Democracy under
Mr. Wright as under any other man. We
shall see what we shall see.
"Well, for that matter, we can get along
without Maginnis," is the opinion of a con
siderable number of Joes friends.
As for our>elves we have a higher re
gard for the good sense of our delegate
and Major Maginnis to believe that they
approve of the action of Cleveland in
vetoing the right of way hill for the
Manitoba road, and that it is hstter to
await the uncertain action of any In
dian Commission, as the organ holds.
We do not believe President Hill or any
of his associates think Cleveland's way
the wisest and best. Else they were very
foolish to spend so much time, money
and effort to secure the passage of the
hill. The railroad we want, and we
want it as soon as we can get it, and we
believe the company has as much right
to build through the reservation now,
under the Stevens' treaty, as it will have
after making a new one, whether the
reservations are reduced or not. Who
ever heard of a treaty still standing on
the records of the country, unaltered
and unrepealed, losing its significance
and virtue hy the lapse of time. Ar
ticle VI of the Constitution says: "This
Constitution and the laws of the United
States which shall he made in persu
ance thereof; and all treaties made, or
which shall he made, under the author
ity of the United States, shall he the
supreme law of the land ; and the judges
of every State shall be hound thereby,
anything in the Constitution or laws of
any State to the contrary notwithstand
A treaty from the moment it is ratified
becomes a law, and the Stevens treaty of
1855 is as much a law to-day as it ever
was, and the judiciary arc hound by
their constitutional oaths to uphold it,
as much as any law on our statute books,
and President Cleveland is as much
hound by it as the humblest citizen in
the country. Stevens was sent out ex
pressly to secure a riglit of way for the
construction of a railroad to the Pa
cific, and he made the language broad
aud specific. Xo new treaty could
make it more so, nor would our right,
so tar the Indians are concerned, be any
more complete if we were to pay a mil
lion dollars. In the name of the people
of Montana we spurn the idea that it is
wiser and better to wait for the negotia
tion of a new treaty. We can go
through the northern reservation with
any kind of a road in any direction un
der the terms of a treaty that the consti
tution declares to be the supreme law of
the land, and what more do we want ?
Surely the mo3t servile endorser of
Cleveland's administration will hardly
claim that he can veto a law framed
over thirty years ago.
The burden of proof rests on those
who assert that it is wisest and better to
wait and negotiate. Show it if you can.
If the people of Montana are foolish
enough to stake their chances for admis
sion as a State upon any compromise
which will induce the President and the
Democratic majority of the House to con
sent to the admission of Dakota, then sim
plicity is monumental and tkeir degrading
servility will merit not only disappoint
ment but contempt. The oath has been
registered in secret Democratic conclave
that Dakota shall not lie allowed to par
ticipate in the next Presidential election.
Under no possible circumstances would
Cleveland ever sign a bill admitting either
Dakota or Montana singly or jointly.
There is no hope for us but in a Republi
can administration and a Republican Con
gress. The proper thing for the people of
Montana to do is to get ready for the grand
struggle in 1888 that will admit Dakota,
Montana and Washington together. It
will have to he made a national issue. It
is easy enough to see that this is what it
will come to, and no cringing or crawling
will alter ihe result.
And we fail to see, and we fancy the
people of Montana will fail to see, wherein
it is better to await the uncertain action of
the Indian Commission, before we can
have a right of way and a railroad over it
through Northern Montana. We claim
that the right of way is granted hy the
Stevens treaty of 1885, that the act of Con
gress was unnecessary aud the President's
veto a gratuitous insult to the men build
ing the road and to all the people of Mon
tana. Who knows what sort of a treaty
the commission will negotiate? Who
knows when Congress will act upon it?
The Mexican reciprocity treaty has been
pending in Congress several sessions with
out final action, and from the notorious
hostility of the administration and the
majority ol Democrats in Congress to every
thing that can benefit the Northwest, we
are pretty sure that every obstacle possi
ble will oe thrown in the way so long as
there is an opportunity and the power.
Ofk Meagher correspondent enables the
Herald to preserve Mr. Toole's speech at
White Sulphur Springs in very close re
semblance to the text of his first public
utterance. Mr. Toole boldly faces the
music and stands pat on the endorsement
plank of the administration, incorporated
au part of the Democratic platform. The
Land Commissioner, with all his abomin
able acts and rulings, is a friend in dis
guise to the settlers of the Territory—a
shining mark for Mr. Toole's glorification.
The defense of Sparks is a desperate un
dertaking, but consistently no other course
is open to Joseph. He has evidently made
up his mind to "cheek it through" on
that line. _
The October number of Harper's Maga
zine has a most interesting article on
Soldiers' Homes, giving us pictured views
of them, telling where they are located,
how they came to be built, how they are
conducted and how many occupants they
accommodate. Among the governors of
these five Homes, the likeness of Col. A. J.
Smith will he recognized by his host of
Montana friends. Every man, woman and
child will be proud to think that our "brave
boys in blue" are so thoughtfully and
handsomely provided for.
When a party gathers its leading men
in council and they formulate a plat
form and candidates are nominated
pledged to the principles set forth in
these platforms, we are entitled to go to
these platforms for the issues, and
though the "organ" may find it very
hard and disagreeable to defend the
issues presented thus, and may well
wish to accommodate itself with some
thing easy, if it is old, we propose to
hold it down to business.
Tue first proposition presented to form
an issue of this campaign is whether or
not the people of Montana endorse the
administration of Cleveland.
That is something tangible, present,
practicable, living. The Democratic
leaders iu convention said they en
dorsed it, they pledged their followers
and their leader to its endorsement.
And now the main and pertinent in
quiry of this canvass is to ascertain it
the majority of the people of Montana
endorse Cleveland's administration. II
they do they should by all means vote
for Mr. Toole as their Delegate, and
when he goes up to Washington with
his new credentials he can say, without
any reservation, "Mr. President, the
people of Montana, on a direct issue
presented by our platform, have en
dorsed your administration, they ap
prove of your policy and the principles
you have uniformly adhered to.
Though the administration has dil
fered widely from the views of
a 1 large portion of the Democratic
party on the further demonetization of
silver, the reduction of the tariff and
the application of the treasury surplus
to the payment of the national debt, yet
the people of Montana who have made
me their Delegate, have endorsed your
administration rather than that of Con
gress. Some few have found fauit with
Sparks, whom you have appointed and
sustained, but the majority think he
told the truth when he said that ninety
per cent, of our people were frauds and
rascals. They think that you probably
knew best and they confess that they
are liars and thieves and deserve the
treatment they have received as such.
They approve of your veto for a right of
way over the Indian reservation for an
other railroad. That treaty of Stevens,
approved some thirty odd years ago, was
a fraud. The Indians did not know how
valuable their lands would some time
becouie. It might scare some of their
ponies to have locomotives pulling and
whistling around in that section. As
you say there are not many white folks
out there, and it is not well that they
should have any facilities of getting to
market, or that others should he en
) couraged to go there.
"The Manitoba railroad people should
he especially grateful to you for saving
them from squandering their money.
It is a great deal wiser and better to
wait a few years more. Our people have
had years of experience in waiting; they
make good waiters. Bayard and Sedg
wick have covered the country in glory
in the Cutting affair, and what matter is
it that a few of our fishermen
have been insulted and robbed by Cana
dian cruisers, and ,why should we not
send Irishmen back to be tried in Eng
lish courts for crimes to which centuries
of crime and oppression had goaded
them. They recognize in Whitney a
natural born marine. He has bank
rupted Roach and it served him right.
Since then he has bought a lot of models
for war ships that the best English au
thorities condemn and he will probably
create a wonderful navy in time. Gar
land is especially commended and ad
mired. He has shown in the telephone
business that he knows a good hand
when it comes to him. Your foreign
diplomatic appointments have carried
the luster of our glorious institutions
into all lands. In fact our people en
dorse all and every part of your adminis
That is what Mr. Toole's commission
will cover and signify and before it is
filled out we want the voters of Mon
tana polled, to see if they assent indi
vidually to this endorsement of the ad
What does it matter for the present
what] was thought or done about sub
sidies years ago, when we had no rail
roads and very little prospect of one?
What matters it what Sanders or any
one else thought about the Chinese years
ago, before we knew very much about
them? It was not many years ago that
all California was enthusiastic about
China, its rich trade and industrious
people. The thing didn't pan out as we
expected. We might as well discuss
the naval architecture of the ark as the
dead and gone, buried and forgotten
issues that the organ is frantically hurry
ing to the front. With as much pro
priety could it hold Col. Sanders re
sponsible for the Charleston earthquake
as for the Coal Company s regulations.
Sometime when the campaign is over
and business is dull we might accommo
date the organ by cracking some of its
conumdrums, but we havn't time now.
It is stated that the West End states
man, Wash McCormick, is doing some
heavy work for Joe Toole in Missoula
county. Iu grateful appreciation of the
numerous postoffice appointments con
ferred by Joe at the instance and upon the |
recommendation of Wash, Missoula is to
poll a solid vote for the Democratic candi
date. A cheerful, breezy letter from the
West Imd promises "every Democratic
ballot for the ticket." The November
verdict in Missoula is to show a double en
dorsement, so to speak, of Joe and Wash,
toward which every Democrat is fighting
to contribute. Glory for Wash—glory for
Joe !
another issue.
Going to the Democratic platform for
another issue besides the endorsement of
Cleveland's administration, we find it in
the remarkable statement that the Dem
ocratic party has rescued the country
from twenty-five years of Republican
This was intended to cover the admin
istrations of Lincoln, Grant, Hayes and
Garfield. What the other odd year is
thrown in for can only be a randsom sur
mise. But the period covers the slave
holders' rebellion, the extinction of
slavery and the pestilent doctrine that
State rights were superior to the preser
vation and prosperity of the Union. It
includes the complete restoration of the
Union in greater strength and glory
than it ever before possessed. It wit
nessed the greatest financial achieve
ment in the whole history of the world.
So low was the credit of the government
in the last month of Buchanan's admin
istration that it had to pay at the rate
of one per cent, a month, and could
only secure a small amount for a short
time at that rate. During the period of
Republican "misrule" the greatest and
most expensive war of all history was
carried through to complete success,
hundreds and thousands of millions
raised and spent. The debt that was
two and three quarters billions in 1866
was more than half paid oil' during this
period of "misrule," aud such was the
credit of the government that it could
procure ail the money wanted for any
purpose at from two to three per cent.
It is the most wonderful chapter in the
financial history of the world, and it
would take a whole volume to do it
j ustice.
The population of the country in 1860,
just on the eve of this era of "misrule"
was a little over thirty millions. Near
ly the whole population of the country
capable of bearing arms were in hostile
array during four years of this time, de
cimated in battle and by disease and
starvation. It was a terribly fatal war
to human life. And yet the population
of the country nearly doubled during
this quarter of a century. It is the first
instance in the world's history where
"misrule" seems to have promoted rapid
growth in population, as well as in
wealth and credit.
In 1860 there were about 30,000 miles
of railroad in the country. During the
succeeding 25 years of "misrule" this
mileage had been increased to 125,000
and included several transcontinental
lines. We know that it is unpopular
just now to defend land subsidies to rail
roads, but we are willing to assume all
the odium that can reasonably attach to
the policy, if the proper credits are given
for the advantages. At the time the
great grants were made these ladds were
practically worthless. There was much
talk and some danger of. the establish
ment of a separate Pacific coast repub
lic. The East was separated from the
West by a trackless, almost interminable
desert. So long as this barrier con
tinued there could be no intimate social
and political or commercial relations.
These grants of land were made when
the nation was in the throes and perils
of a cival war. The government needed
every dollar of its resources and had
nothing to offer but a portion of the
wilderness that the railroads would have
to traverse and might possibly render
habitable and valuable. The result
justified the highest hopes of the most
sanguine promoters of this poliey. The
building of these great roads, to be laid
with American iron, has done more to
compact us as a nation, to build up our
iron industries, to .promote railroad
skill and enterprise generally, to advance
settlement and production, to extinguish
Indian wars, to say nothing of other in
cidental advantages almost without num
ber, than all other causes combined
throughout our national existence. For
every dollar granted thousands have
been received in return, and every year
will swell these returns as long as time
endures. For every acre given away,
others were rendered valuable and habi
table that before were utterly worthless,
and that which was given away is re
turned to the nation in condition to pro
duce from every acre for every year more
than the land was worth when the grant
was made. The nation is richer to-day
by several billions for the land grant
policy of the Republican party that
called into existence our trans-conti
nental lines, the greatest triumph and
wonder of this age of wonders.
While it would take volumes to ex
haust this subject, every citizen of Mon
tana can make a hasty inventory of
what this period of "Republican mis
rule" has given us in the shape of
nationality, freedom, wealth, credit, en
terprise, and everything elso valuable
and desirable, till there can be but one
opinion that it was not only the most
critical and eyentful, but by far the
most glorious, prosperous and produc
tive period in our country's history.
Upon the "organ's" theory that the
"most objectionable" of Arthur's special
agents was the best one, we suppose it
would have us draw the inference that the
most objectioable of the two candidates for
Delegate is the best one. If we are going
to have paradoxes, by all means let us
have a pair of them. It seems to us that
the "organ" has adopted Sparks' rule of
action. The most objectionable agents are
the best for his purpose of proving that
ninety per cent, of the land entries are
fraudulent. And the Democratic House
was anxious to entrust Sparks with the
power to vacate any entry on the bare re
port of one of these "most objectionable"
agents. We never heard that our Dele
gate ever protested against this action of
the House, where he had a voice at least,
if not a vote.
The story of the distress among the
agricultural classes of Italy, especially the
grain growers of Piedmont, is but a re-echo
of the same wail that comes up from every
corner of the continent and to some extent j
from the residents of our own eastern I
States, The extension of railroads out into j
the cheap and more productive lands of ,
the West and the general introduction of
agricultural machinery, havt vrought this ,
revolution so disastrous to some classes
especially the landlords and the land ten
ants and laborers. The landlords cannot
get enough to pay their taxes, the tenants ;
cannot pay their rent and help and come
out even, and the poor laborer cannot get
enough to support himself and family. If
the foreign governments impose a duty on
our wheat, corn, meat, etc., it raises the i
cost of living to all the classes engaged in I
manufacture, and there is no margin for ,
them. It is a two-edged sword and the |
governments of Europe are handling it by
the blade instead of the hilt. The only
sensible thing that would bring any per
manent relief is to be found in disarming,
stopping the waste of large standing armies,
reducing taxation, giving more skill, energy
and hope to labor by general education.
We fancy that President Hill would
hardly have bad the assurance to tell the
people of Helena, as he did at the banquet
iu this city not long since, that the Mani
toba road would he completed through to
our city next season if he depended for his
right of way upon any new treaty to be
negotiated and subsequently ratified by
both houses of Congress. There may have
been a time when he thought it would he
better to haye a fresh concession of this
right, hut when this fresh concession which
was so readily and almost unanimously
voted hy both houses of Congress was met
hy the unexpected and insulting veto mes
sage of Cleveland, he did not think it was
worth the while to attempt to pass it over
the veto. He was ready to stand on the
law as it stood and as the courts are hound
to uphold and declare, Presidential vetoes
to the contrary notwithstanding.
Nexo Northwest: There was never a
Delegate nomination made in Montana
that fell as flat—with such a kind of wet
blanket weariness—on the people of Mon
tana as did the recent one of Mr. Toole.
No wonder that his backers found it nec
essary to capture the Benton Press, that
has strongly condemned him for the past
several months, the Sun River Sun, edited
and published hy Mr. Lawrence, who is
said to be a Republican, and another
Choteau county paper, to espouse his cause
in Northeastern Montana. It is a desper
ate cause that compels Mr. Toole's man
agers to acquire these agencies, but their
efforts, however industrious, ingenious and
able, will he futile. Mr. Toole and the
Democratic administration are being held
to trial on their record by the people of
Montana, and the verdict will he "guilty as
charged." _
The Republicans of Dakota in Terri
torial Convention, put on record the follow
ing resolution, unanimously adopted, con
cerning Sparks and his administration of
the General Land Office :
Kcsotced, That the administration of the
general land office under Commissioner
Sparks has been characterized throughout
by gross ignorance on his part of the char
acter of the people who have planted the
homes, built the cities and developed the
resources of Dakota, or else he has
purposely wronged and vilified an honest,
loyal and intelligent people ; that his gen
eral policy toward the Northwest, and par
ticularly toward the honest settlers of
Dakota, is based neither on law, precedent
nor justice; that he has reversed the well
established principle that a man must he
considered innocent until he is proven
guilty, and that his oft-repeated statement
that 90 per cent of the public land entries
in the Northwest are fraudulent, is in
spired by ignorance, uttered with malice
and sought to be sustained hy the most
unwarrantable, unjust and hitherto un
heard of rulings and regulations.
The statement that the present admin
istration has addressed itself with zeal to
"the broad view of reducing the reserva
tions and securing the vacation of as much
as possible of the public domain," is not
borne out by the facts. About the first act
of Cleveland was to reverse the order of
President Arthur vacating the Crow reser
vation in Dakota and driving out several
hundred settlers that had gone in there to
take up lands and make them productive.
Has anybody heard of any reduction of
reservations during the nearly two years
that this administration has been in
power ? _
The Livingston Enterprise, w'hile con
vinced in its own mind that Col. Sanders
"cannot be considered as the wisest selec
tion that could have been made from the
political timber at hand," is persuaded that
"he is well qualified for the ofiice, as he is
reputed one of the ablest men in the Ter
ritory, and ability in a Delegate, brought
to bear in oar National Congress solely in
the interests of our whole Territory, would
work great advantage to our many wants."
Mr. Toole's claim in his speech at
White Sulphur Springs that he has accom
plished more for Montana than any other
Delegate, was ably supported by a state
ment from Mr. Shober, who declared
in substance that Joe was ahead of Magin
nis by many laps.
Was Governor Hauser's remonstrance
against the warfare on silver, contained in
his report to the Washington authorities,
all pretense, all hnmbug? It does soap
pear from the unqualified endorsement of
the Cleveland administration by the Mon
tana Democratic platform and by the
Governor's organ as well.
Maginnis as yet goes unposted for
speechmaking for Toole. Joe's opinion is
that he has done more for Montana iu one
session than ever the Major did during all
his terms. Mr. Shober, who is reported as
of the same mind, is announced to speak
for Toole.
Bar silver, quoted at 96 on a fractional
vising market, is yet many points below
the market price for the twin of the
precious metals before Cleveland got into
the White House and Manning into the
Colonel Sander's Meetinqs in North
ern Montana
Arraignment of the Administration.
Its Defenders and Apologists.
Popular Ovations to the Republican
Standard Bearer.
[special herald correspondence, j
Florence, September 27.—Col. Wilbur
F. Sanders, the matchless Republican
leader, and Arthur J. Craven, Esq., Mon
tana's most magnetic young orator, ad
dressed the electors of South Fork at this
place on Friday evening. The meeting,
held in Manix Hall, was called to order by
E. Lippincott, sen., member of the Repub
lican Central Committee, and on motion of
A. C. Fleming, Mr. Wheeler was called to
the chair and T. G. Woods elected secre
The chairman, after a few appropriate
remarks, introduced as the first speaker of
the evening Mr. Craven, of Helena, the
gifted young Helena lawyer, and his de
lighted hearers will never forget the good
fortune that favored them with his maiden
political effort. It was a presentation in
brief of the principles and achievements
of the Republican party in its administra
tion of the Government for a period ot a
quarter of a century, aud a masterly
grouping of the living political issues upon
which the people of Montana are called
to pass at the approaching election.
A better impression no young speaker
could have made, aud it is predicted that
Mr. Craven in the near future will take
Iront rank among the silver-tongued ora
tors of Montana.
The chair presented "Col. W. F. Sanders,
our next Delegate in Congress, who was
greeted with loud and continued cheers.
He began hy expressing surprise at the
marked improvement in South Fork vai
ley since his last visit six years ago. Then
as now numbers of ladies graced the occa
sion, and was a pleasant feature of his visit.
For an hour the grand exponent of Re
publicanism held his audience spell hound.
He handled in detail the questions that
absorbs the public attention of Montana
iu the pending Territorial canvass. His
arraignment of the Cleveland administra
tion, endorsed hy the Democratic party,
was unsparing. The President, his advis
ers and bureaucrats, lor a warefare unre
lenting upon every interest of our people,
were dealt with according to their deserts.
Equally the enemies of Montana, of the
Northwest, were those who sanctioned hy
resolutions and platforms the detestable
acts of the administration.
"No settler, Republican or Democrat,
could cut the tire wood to build his winter
fires or poles to fence his farm without be
coming a criminal under the rule of
Sparks." The Colonel's speech no report
can do justice to. It struck home to every
hearer, and was continually interrupted hy
applause and other marked expressions ol
Be sure of a good account for the party
and the cause from South Fork in Novem
ber. E. G. W.
I special herald corre.spondence.1
Sun River, September 27. — A delega
tion of citizens in carriages met Col. Sau
ers some ten miles out on the Choteau
,.oad, giving him an enthusiastic reception
by ringing cheers, tossing of hats, etc , and
escorting him to the Crossing hy a proces
sion. The Colonel spoke to splendid
audiences at Augusta aud Choteau. Noth
ing has more surprised him than the
growth of the settlements in northern
Lewis and Clarke and southern Choteau.
Most of the recent settlers are Republi
cans, and radical political changes may be
confidently looked for in many of the
northern precincts at the coming election.
Wherever the Colonel has gone he has
carefully and strictly invited the atttentiou
of his audiences to present issues, and at
all points comes the assurance of Demo
cratic support and votes. The settlers have
had quite enough of Sparks and his land
and timber edicts, and they will not sup
port a party which will endorse the ad
ministration with its railroad vetoes and
hostility to silver and every material in
terest of Montana.
The Colonel enjoyed his Sunday rest,
and tc-day visits Fort Shaw, en route to
Great Falls, where he speaks in the even
ing. Thence to Fort Benton, to fill his ap
pointment Tuesday.
[special dispatch to the herald.]
Fort Shaw, September 28 —Col. San
ders, with A. J. Craven, Esq., spoke last
night at Great Falls to a large and enthu
siastic audience. To better accommodate
himself to the great crowd assembled to
hear him, the Colonel consented to speak
from the balcony of the new hotel, and the
entire population of the city seemed to be
gathered at the open air meeting to hear
and welcome him. No such masterful
political addres was ever before heard
in the ambitious river metropolis. The
Great Falls Republicans [are hopeful of a
large majority and are going to work with
their coats off to secure it.
Col. Sanders speaks at Fort Benton to
night. The meeting at that point prom
ises to be the grandest political demonstra
tion in Northern Montana during the cam
[special to the herald.]
Fort Benton, September 29.—Colonel
Sanders opened the campaign at this place
last night with the most eloquent address
ever heard in Choteau county. The whole
town turned out to give him a reception,
which was in marked contrast to that
given Toole. The utmost enthusiasm pre
vailed. Northern Montana can be safely
relied on giving a severe rebuke to the
man who has been misrepresenting Mon
tana at Washington during the present
One More Democrat Made llappi
Washington, September 29. —- The
President has appointed Geo. McNamara
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