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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, September 30, 1886, Image 3

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CATTLE DISEASE IN CHICAGO.
Resolute Measures to Stamp
it Out.
DiM'nst'd Cattle.
Cum ago, .September 23.—The State live
stock commission held a long meeting with
closed doors this afternoon and evening,
and discussed the disposition to be made of
the cattle affected with pleuro-pneumonia
in the Chicago distilleries. Governor
Oglesby, Attorney General Hunt and Dr.
Hauch, of the State board of health took
part in the proceedings. Veterinarians Sal
mon, Casewell, Hughes^Baker, Murray, At
kinson and the Iowa State veterinarian were
present. J. B. Sherman, president of the
live stock exchange, Elmer Washburn and
the exchange's attorney, Mr. Coy, also at
tended the session. The latter three gen
tlemen admitted that whether the sickness
was contagious pleuro-pneumonia, as the
vetreinarians had all decided, or something
else, it was unquestionably a dangerous
disease and one that should be extermi
nated at all hazards. They agreed with
the board and veterinarians that the only
safe thing to do would be to destroy all
animals that had been exposed or were af
fected. It was decided that a postmortem
examination of each animal should be he'd
and those found to be healthy should be
sold for beef. Representatives from the
stock yards strenuously opposed this propo
sition. They said they could not allow
exposed cattle to be placed on the market,
either on hoof or as beef. The live stock
interests were too great and widespread to
be so jeopardized. Rumors would soon be
cast abroad that diseased meat was being
offered for sale in Chicago. The eastern ;
and foreign trade would surely suffer. The ,
tanners would not dare to handle the beef,
as a large part of their trade was with tor- !
eigu countries, and they would not take
the risk of having edicts issued by other
nations prohibiting the importation of
The sale of the
American canned beet.
healthy carcasses might also give an oppor- |
tunity tortile disease to spread and be
come a standing menace to the great cattle
interests of the west.
During the discussion it was developed
that should the three thousand cattle now
under quarantine be slaughtered, either
cremated or sent to rendering establish
ments, the expense would probably reach
$100,000. An additional $50,000 would be
required to replace the sheds, if burned.
To cover this outlay of $150,000 thre is
available $40,000. Governor Oglesby
only available $40,000. Governor Oglesby
stated that the sum in hand could be ex
hausted and he felt confident that the bal
ance could be depended on from the next
legislature.
it was finally decided that all the cattle
now quarantined in the Phienix and Shul
felt distilleries, numbering two thousand
head, should be slaughtered. The board
was in doubt whether these were the only
cases of pleuro-pneumonia in Chicago and
the Empire distilleries. But it was deter
mined that if upon examination by the
members to-morrow there shall prove to
be a single case in either, all the animals
exposed will be slaughtered. When the
conference closed, Chairman Pearson said :
' A post mortem examination will be held on
the animals slaughtered, and all well cat
tle will be appraised. It is estimated that
the average appraised value will be $33
per head. It is not yet decided whether
the carcasses of well cattle will be sold iu
the markets or to rendering establishments.
Dr. Salmon assures me that the United
States national government will contribute
toward compensating the owners. Con
gress, however, will be obliged to pass a
law permitting such appropriation from
the government, except lor slaughtering
the animals. The States have no authority
to slaughter them.
Chicago. September 24.—At the con
ference between the members of the live
stock commission and the officials of the
Stock Yards Company, this morning, Mr.
l'earson said to the stock yard represt a
lives that they bad decided to kill all ihe
cattle now iu the Phtvnix aud Shufeldt
distilleries—about 2000 head, and that, on
a postmortem examination, all diseased
cattle would be cremated, and all healthy
cattle sold to the highest bidder.
President Sherman, of she Stock Yards j
Co., said a million dollars would be lost to j
the packing interest of Chicago if the report
went out to the world that the beef from !
the infected distilleries, whether iqfected
or not, was being shipped from Chicago. j
Mr. Pearson then informed the geutle- ;
man that the State only had $49,000 with
whieh to compensate the owners of healthy j
cattle, and if none of the healthy beef w as |
utilized, the State would be at au expense I
double that amount. He then suggested j
to the stock yards men that they buy up j
the healthy beef and help the commis- j
sioners out of their dilemma. He said the j
commission, of course, would exhaust the
appropriation already iu hand. No decisive j
answer to the proposition was given.
The commissioners, this alternoon. held
a conference with Dr. Salmon, L. S. A eter- ;
inarian, Dr. Casewell, State A eteiinarian, .
and veterinarians from AVisconsin, Michi- !
gan and Iowa. Dr. Salmon said that he !
had beeil in telegraphic communication j
w ith L\ S. Commissioner Coleman, of the j
Department of Agriculture, who had an- j
thorized the continuance of the quaran- j
tine at the expense of the National Gov- I
eminent until it should be decided what >
disposition to make of the carcasses. Dr. ;
Salmon said he was authorized to double j
the quarantine force now existing, which
would cost the government about $87 per
day. The quarantine force would then
consist of twenty-nine deputies, two dur
ing the day and four during the night at
each of the four distilleries, and five at the
Harvey farm. The commission decided to
detail an extra force. Excepting 400 head
of cattle, owned by the Faiibank Canning
Co., of which Nelson Morris is President,
a majority of 3000 animals are under
a quarantine, and beloug to men depend
ing on their two or three cows for a living.
AYhen the news of the extension of the
quarantine reached them to-night they
were thoroughly aroused. They t»y that
the State will be obliged to destroy all <
beef, and as only healthy cattle will lie ap
praised, the quarantine extension is only a
conspiracy to spread the disease as tar as
possible among the quarantined cattle be
fore the slaughter takes place.
Chicago, September 24.—Pearson and
McChesney, of the live stock commission
which has been investigating the pleuro
pneumonia in this city for the past three
or four days, held a consultation with the
officials of the Stock Yard company. It
was learned that the conclusion reached
was that the beef that passed a proper in
spection and that w as pronounced not dis
eased might be sold. The live stock com
mission intimates that it fully expects that
within a week a quarntine against Chicago
beef w ill be declared by Iowa and AViscon
sin, and that some such action is contem
plated is evident by the presence in the
city of two stock officials of the States
named. Pearson said in answer to a
question as to what will be done with the
cattle: "We intend to have every one ol
them slaughtered and will make a separ
ate inspection of the lungs of each animal.
Those w hose organs show signs of pleuro
pneumonia will be bumed up, but the
others will be sold for beef for whatever
is bid for them.
Washington, September 24.—Comrnis
cattle at the Chicago distilleries,
sioner Coleman, of the Department of Agri
culture, who sent Dr. Salmon, of the Bureau
Industry, to Chicago to ascer
tain if the disease broken out there is
pleuro pneumonia, received by telegram to
day the following rt^rort : "There is no
doubt but that the cattle disease here is
pleuro pneumonia. The authorities find
much difficulty in dealing with it. Seventy
live thousand dollara worth of cattle are
to be slaughtered and less than $50,000 is
available in the State appropriation. The
Department cannot pay for the diseased
cattle here because the State law requires
their slaughter without compensation. I
have offered for the Department to meet
the expenses of the slaughter, excepting
the compensation of the owners and dis
infecting. Also to make an inspection of
the suspected district. Do you approve of
what I have done ? The State Commis
sion is now arranging the details of the
slaughter."
Commissioner Coleman sent the follow
ing reply : "Your telegram received and
yonr action approved. You are also author
ized to take any step necessary and ex- j
pedient to still further confirm your di
aguosis and fully establish that the disease
is pleuro pneumonia."
Washington', September 27.—The Bu
reau of Agriculture is actively engaged in
devising and putting in operation meas
ures looking to the extirpation of pleuro
pneumonia, and Commissioner Coleman
has resolved to adopt every legitimate
means in his power to check the outbreak
of the disease reported from Chicago.
Commissioner Coleman says people must
be crazy to think the Department
will permit any of these cattle to be sold.
We have quarantined them ; doubled our
forces Saturday, and are now going to send
some of the most expert veterinarians we
have, so as to stamp out the disease at once
and do everything that the Department
can legitimately do.
Milwaukee, September 27.— Governor
Rusk to-day issued a proclamation for
bidding the importation of cattle from
Illinois, except When accompanied by a
certificate of health from the State veteri
nary of that State.
Chicago, September 27.—The Illinois
State live stock commission has not yet
ordered the slaughter of the quarantined
A meet
ing of the commission will be held to
morrow morning, when some decisive
action will be taken. There are a large
number of calves at the stock yards and
elsewhere which have been shipped to
Chicago from the dairy districts of this
State and Eastern States to be forwarded
to the stock ranging portions of Iowa.
They are now stopped by Iowa's quaran
tine proclamation against Illinois stock,
and it will be necessary to secure veteri
narian's certificates to forward with each
car load of calves into Iowa.
Washington, September 28.—Commis
sioner Coleman of the Bureau of Agricul
ture has received a letter from Dr. Salmon,
dated Chicago, September 25th, in which
he says, iu reference to the outbreak of
pleuro-pneumonia in that city :
"Since telegraphing you I have had the
watch strengthened at the stables to pre
\ent animals from being removed. There
are 2!) men now employed, making an ex
pense of nearly $90 a day. This w as neces
sary in order to give the State Board time
to decide what disposition could be made
of the cattle. I regard the quarantine now
as perfectly safe. It is very important to
have an early inspection of districts iu this
vicinity."
; ployed longer than three or four weeks, he
| can very soon determine the extent of the
vicinity."
A list ot names of six experienced veter
inary surgeons is enclosed iu the letter,
with the request that they be appointed
lor inspection service. Dr. Salmon says
with this force, which need not lie em
infection.
Denver, September 28.— Owing to the
fact that pleuro-pneumonia exists in cer
tain portions of Illinois, Governor Eaton
has issued a quarantine proclamation pro
hibiting the importation of cattle from
that State into Colorado.
Lincoln, Neb., September 23. —On the
recommendation of the live stock sanitary
j commission of the State, Gov. Dawes to
day issued a proclamation establishing a
j quarantine against all cattle from the
State of Illinois.
Texas Cattle Fever.
S r. LOUIS, September 26.—A special from
Marshall. Mo , says since Friday, .Sept. 17,
J. Coyle, a prominent cattle dealer of this
city, bas lost twenty-five head of cattle
from Texas ft ver. The native cattle con
tracted the disease from a herd of Texas
calves which were shipped from Kansas
City early in the summer and placed on
Mr. Coyles ranch. The disease has spread
to other herds and several deaths have
occurred among them. The cattle have
been dying at an average of four a day on
Coyles ranch.
Pleuro-pneumonia in Penn.
Reading, l'a., September 28.—Pleuro
pneumonia is raging with unprecedented
violence among the cattle in Limer
ick township, Montgomery county, as
well as some neighboring districts, and
many have died. Dr. Gilbert reported to
the State Board of Health eighteen cases in
Limerick alone, and the farmers say that
the only remedy is to kill the cattle, leav
ing the State to pay for them. A move
ment is on foot among the farmers to hold
a convention to petition the Legislature to
take more effective measures to stamp out
the disease, and with the Western States
will ask aid from the general government.
Earthquake
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Charleston
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Shocks in
To-day.
Charleston, September 28.— At a lew'
minutes past 1 o'clock this afternoon there
was a shock, accompanied by the usual
rumbling noise. The shock was violent
enough to shake buildings and caused
many people to rush into the streets. A
continuation of these shocks on the eve ot
AYiggins'alleged prediction has a demoraliz
ing effect upon the people here and many
will sleep in the open air to-night. The
shocks this afternoon lasted six or eight
seconds, but it seems to have been felt only
Anarchists Want a New Trial.
Chicago, September 28.—Affidavits to
support a motion for a new trial for the
seveu condemned anarchists were filed by
their attorneys to-day. The usual plea is
entered, that tlie verdict is not supported
by the evidence, aud it is also urged that
the counsel for the State employed a form
of argument which was calculated to
prejudice the jury.
Postal Check Drafts.
Washington, September 23.—The fol
lowing changes have been made in postal
rates. Blank check drafts and similar
printed forms, such as deeds, insurance
policies, etc., will go through the mails as j
third-class matter at rates of one cent for
two ounces. This will include check
books or books of bank drafts, but not or
dinary blank books, which are fourth-class
matter, one cent an ounce. Checks, drafts,
policies and other snch papers filled up
with writing, will be charged letter pos
tage. _________
Editor Dead.
Boston, September '27.—Col. Charles G.
Green, former editor of the Boston Post,
died this morning.
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measure for
Circular to t'attle Growers.
Denver, September 26.'—The President
of the International Range Association to
day issued the following circular:
To the officers of the various State, Territorial
and local cattle growers associations of the
range country :
Within the past twenty-four hours tele
graphic dispatches have confirmed the
startling intelligence that contagious
pleuro-pneumonia exists to an alarming ex
tent in and about certain distilleries, feed
ing farms and dairy farms of Chicago and
vicinity, and while this is being written
every thinking man in the range country
is no doubt seriously contemplating the
possible imminent danger the outbreak
bears to his investments. Chicago is the
chief market for our Western cattle, and is
also the leading point for distributing
Eastern cattle, and the absolute necessity
for the employment of every precautionary
protecting your herds is ob
vious. The live stock sanitary regulations
of the Western States and Territories are
lamentably deficient, and for most part
such regulations as have been promulgated j
have not been effectively enforced, thus af- '
fording easy opportunities for Eastern cat- i
tie to gain admission to Western ranges.
Rigid enforcement of all the existing sani
tary regulations for the protection of West
eru cattle must be demanded, and every
possible effort should be put forth by your
associations to aid the sanitary authorities
of the various States and Territories to
strengthen and improve upon the present
protective systems and regulations. Im
mediate action should be taken in order
that all sections where the disease is known
to exist, may be quarantined against rail
road and transportation companies con
necting the East with the range country,
and they should be notified of
the existing live stock sanitary regulations,
and their co operation earnestly solicited
in order that all danger from such line
communication may be averted. You
should be prompt iu requiring that all cars
used in transporting live stock be thorough
ly cleansed aud disenfected after having
been unloaded. The intelligent manage
ment ot our railroads will observe and en
force this important precaution if properly
brought to their attention.
The brand inspectors stationed at the
various market centers east of us should
receive such instructions from your State
and Territorial sanitary boards as will
make them vigilant iu reporting all cattle
from the east that are westward bound, as
well as the State or district of the east
from whence they were shipped. "Eternal
vigilance is the price of liberty." To us it
is the price of safety. Later telegrams in
form ns of the action of the Canadian
authorities in prohibiting the importation of
cattle from certain districts in Great Britain
on account of the existence of pleuro
pneumonia AYhen danger is so threaten
ing that commercial relations in live stock
are sundered between people whose rela
tions aie as intimate and close as those ot
the Canadian people with their mother
country, can we afford to remain indiffer
ent or ignore the source of danger which
has created such alarm in Canada ? Is it
not an imperative duty that such united
action be takeu by the grazing interests as
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to compel the States east of us to com
pletely eradicate animal diseases from their
midst?
While vigorous w inters, drouths of long
duration and depressed markets have con
spired to injure your business and tended
to create a spirit of inaction on your part,
these combined misfortunes are insignifi
cant in their effects compared to the ruin
and destruction that would follow the in
troduction of a single animal affected with
pleuro-pneumonia to our open ranges. In
States and Territors where no effective j
sanitary regulations exist the Governors
should be appealed to to proclaim such re- :
straints without delay as will insure j
safety, and that they avail themselves of
the invitation of the Commissioner of !
Agriculture to co-operate with him in all j
needful procedures in relation to cattle j
diseases. Stock yard companies west of I
the Mississipi river should be prevailed |
upon to exert extraordinary precautions iu
handling cattle to prevent the possibility i
of disease finding its way through these
channels to the West. The management ;
of the National Stock A ards at Chicago i
should be commeuded by the stock men ot |
the entire beef producing country for its j
action in opposing the use or sale, either ;
on the hoof or as Ireef any cattle that have
been exposed or in proximity to the dis
ease, and we should make a united protest
against the sale or offering for sale any
cattle not known to be free from disease,
as well as free from contact with it, and
further express our hearty approbation of
the action of the packing bouses that have
protested against such sale and exposure
for sale.
(Signed) R. U. HEAD, President.
H. Leahy, Secretary.
Sale of Blooded Horses.
Gravksexd, L. I., September 23.—The
sale of horses belonging to the Dwyer
Bros, took place here to-day. The horses
sold, prices paid, and purchasers were as
follows :
Richmond, $2,250, to R. C Roth.
Lenox, $1,100, to J. H. Schultz, of
Brooklyn.
Pontico, $2,550, to Tremont stables.
Bankrupt, $1,000| t0 Dave Campbell.
Portland, $1,050, to D. A'. Sruight, of
Brighton.
Buffalo, $700, to M. N. Nolan, of Albany.
Cfnincy, $250. to L. Martin, of Mobile.
Bellevue, $100, to M. J. Daly.
Roundsman, $700, to H. J. AA'ood, of
Brighton.
Falsehood, $650, to F. Dignev, of Park
ville, L. I.
Fulton. $2,350, to M. N. Nolan, of Al
bany.
Harlem, $450, to L. E. Martin.
Esquire, $294, to H. N. Newton.
Hindoo (colt), $240, to S. B. Pierson.
A'irgil (colt), $175, to James Mack.
Eulogist, $250, to T. Connors.
Drake Carter, $100, to J. H. Field.
Fastest on Kecord.
I San Francisco, September 24.—A
Stockton, Cal., special says : In three-year
old trotting race, in which A'alencin, Ciosar
and Tempest started, the fourth heat was
made by A'alencin in 2:23—being the fast
est fourth heat for a three-year-old on
! record.
Strike of the N. P. Coal Miners.
St. Paul, September 25.—A Sims,
Dakota, special to the Pioneer Press says:
All the miners of the Northern Pacific
j Coal Co. struck to-day on account of Vice
j President Bullitt's order that the employes
should sign a contract forfeiting all pay
j due on the violation of any of the com
pany's rules. The strikers are promised
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j a j d f rom Timberline, and it is thought the
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difficulties at that point may be repeated
here.
Appointments.
Washington, September 22. —The Pres
ident to-day appointed Hugh D. Gallagher,
of Indiana, to be agent of the Indians at
Pine Ridge Agency, Dakakota. He has
also commissioned Isabella Campbell to be
postmaster at Blairsville, Indiana, and
Jacob J. Mueller to be postmaster at Ellens
burg, W. T.
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co-operate with the State authorities and
Inspection Kules for Pleuro-Pneu
monia.
Washington, September 27.—The fol
lowing are the rules issued for the follow
ing up and discovery of pleuro pneumonia
inspection : Necessary inspectors will Ire
furnished by the Bureau of Animal Indus
try, of the Department of Agriculture. The
properly constituted inspectors of the
Bureau of animal industry, which are
assigned to the respective States, are to be
authorized to the proper State authorities
to make inspections of the cattle under the
laws of the State. They are to receive
such protection and assistance as would be
given to State officers engaged in a similar
work and shall be permitted to examine
quarantined herds whenever so directed
by the Commissioner of Agriculture or the
chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry.
All reports of inspections will be made to
the Bureau of Animal Industry and a copy
of them will then be made and forwarded
to the proper State authorities. When,
however, any inspector discoveres a herd
infected with contageous pleuro-pneu
monia he will at once report the sains to
the proper State authorities as well as to
the Bureau of Animal Industry. The in
spectors, while subject to orders from the
Department of Agriculture, will cordially
will follow instructions received from
them. When contagious pleuro-pneu
monia is discovered in any herd the owner
ur person in charge is to be at once notified
by the inspector and the quarantine regu
lations of the State in wüieh the herd is
located are to be enforced from that time.
The affected animals will be isolated when
possible, from the remainder of the herd
until they can be properly appraised and
slaughtered. To insure a perfect and satis
factory quarantine a chain, fastened with a
numbered lock, w ill be placed around the
horns, or with hornless animals around the
neck, and a record will be kept showing
the number of the lock placed on each
animal in the herd.
Locks and chains will be furnished by
the Department of Agriculture, but they
w ill become the property of the State iu
which they are used, in order that any one
tampering with them can be prosecuted
agaiust legally for injuring or embezzling
the property.
State quarantine restrictions once im
posed are not to be removed by the State
authorities without the consent of the
proper officers of the Department of Agn- i
culture. The period ot the quarantine
will tic at least ninety days, dating from
tire removal of the bust diseased animal
iront the herd. During this period no ani
mal will tie allowed to enter the herd or to
leave it, aud all animals in the herd will
be carefully isolated from the other cattle.
AYhen possible, all the infected herds are
to tie held in quarantine and not allowed
to leave the inlected premises except for
slaughter. Iu this case fresh animals may
be added to the herd at the owners' risk,
but are to be considered as iufeted animals,
and subjected to the same quarantine reg
ulations as the other membeis of the held.
All animals affected with contagious pieu
ro-pneumonia are to be slaughtered soon
after their discovery, as necessary arrange
ments can be made. AYhen diseased ani
mals are reported to the authorities they
shall promptly take such steps as they de
sire to confirm the diagnosis. The animals
found diseased are then to be appraised
according to the provisions ot the State
Jaw, and the proper officers of the Bureau
of Animal Industry, who will be designat
ed by the Commissioner of Agriculture,
notified of the appraisement. If this rep
reseutative of the Bureau of Animal Iu- !
dustry confirms the diagnosis aud ap- ;
proves the appraisement, the Department
of Agriculture will purchase the deceased
animals ot the owner and pay such pro
portion of the appraised value as is pro
vided tor the compensation, in
such cases, by the laws of the
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such cases, by the laws of the
State in which the animals are located.
When they are condemned and slaughtered
by State authority ait necessary disenlect
ing will be conducted by the employes of
animal industry. Inoculation is not re- j
commended by the department of agricul- ]
i t ure a n«l it it* oelieved that its adoption j
W1 th animals that are to be afterwards sold j
; to g Q into other herds would counteract
i t jj e g 0o< i results which would otherwise
| follow from the slaughter of diseased aut
j , ua | s . lt may> however be practiced by
; ( jj e ^q a t e authorities under the following
rules: No herds but those in which pleu
ro pneumonia has appeared are to be inoc
ulated. The Inoculated herds are to be
quarantined with a lock and chain on each
animal, the quarantine restrictions to re
main in force as long as any inoculated
cattle survive: aud these cattle are to have
premises only tor immediate slaughter
Fresh animals are to be taken into inocu
lated herds only at the risk of the owner
and shall be subject to the same rules as
the other cattle of the inoculated herd.
The chief of the bureau of animal industry i
is to be promptly notified by the State
authorities of each herd inoculated, the
final disposition of each member of the
herd, the post mortem appearance aud of
any other fact3 in the history of the herd
which may prove of value. The co-opera
tion of farmers, State live stock commis
sions and of the officers who may be in
charge of the branch of service provided
for the control of the contageous diseases of
animals in the States where pleuro-pneu
monia exists, is earnestly requested under
these rules and regulations which have
been framed with a view to securing uni
form and efficient action througout tbe
whole infected district. It is hoped that
with the vigorous enforcement of such
regulations the disease may be prevented
from extending beyond the present limits,
and mav be in time entirely eradicated,
/foiled, NORMAN J. COLEMAN,
Commissioner of Agriculture.
Deport of the Commissioner of
Pensions.
Washington, September 22.—Commis
sioner of Pensions Black has filed with the
Secretary of the Interior his report of
operations of the Pension Bureau lor the
fiscal year ending 30,1886. From the re
port it appears that on June 30th last there
were 365,783 pensioners on the rolls, com
posed of 265,854 army invalids, 80,162
army widows, minor children and depend
ant relatives, 2,953 navy invalids, 1,877
navy widows, minor children, etc., 1,539
survivors of the Mexican war, showing a
loss during the year of 148 of this class.
The amount paid for pensions during the
year was $63,797,831.61 ; 160,416 certifi
cates of all kinds, including 79,989 increase
certificates issued to widows and depend
ants under the act of March 19, 1886, were
issued during the past year, which, the re
port says, shows an increase of the work
of the office. This is especially true of
the special examination division, which,
the Commissioner says, have saved the
government over $3,000,000. The amount
of expenditures for stationery, printing
and binding has been diminished by $113,
683 for the past year. Of the appropria
tions provided for the expenses of the
office $305,962 has been covered back into
the treasury. The clerical force was
diminished during the year by 100.
Another Alien Appointment for Mon
tana.
Washington, September 25.—Garton
Allen, of South Carolina, has been appoint
ed custodian of tbe abandoned military
reservation at Fort Elllis. Montana.
Grand Ecamproent Proceeedings.
St. Louis, September 23.-At the Kuights
Templar Grand Encampment meeting yes
terday the proceedings, which were not
made known until last night, were the re
grets of Charleston. South Carolina,
which the commandery read, and the at
tention of the committee ou finance called
to the deplorable condition of their breth
ren in that city.
The proposition to change the qualifica
tions of membership in the order of
Knighthood was laid upon the table.
An amendment to change the clause of
the constitution, empowering the Grand
Encampment to designate the time and
place of the next encampment by substi
tuting : The encampment shall be held in
Washington, D. C., in the month of De
cember, at such time in said month as
the Grand Master may direct.
The amendment was voted down by a
large majority, as was also the proposition
to abolish the parades and make the Grand
Encament purely business sessions.
The Grand Encampment met soon after
the time announced for their assembling
this morning and transacted but little busi
ness at their morning session. The elec
tion of officers was the first business in
order after the reading and correction of
the minutes of the preceding meetii g, and
Sir K niuh t, Chas. Rootue, of New York
City, E. M. Grand Master, was elected
Most E. M. Grand Master, and Sir Knight
John P. S. Gobin, of Lebanon, l'enu., was
elected to fill the vacancy caused by the
former's promotion. Robert E. AV'hhers,
Most E. M. Grand Master, was present at
the election, but his health {»ermitted him
to simply surrender the ensigns of office
without making a retiring speech. The
retiring speech was then taken. The order
to permit members of the encampment to
take part in the parade was passed.
St. Louis,September 23.—At the alter
__ _ — . • « a. « A
noon session Sir Knight Hugh McCurdy, of
Corunna, Mich., was made Grand Genaral
issimo.Sir Knigtit AYarren Loren Thomas,
of Louisville, Grand Coptain General, Sir
Knight K. H. Lloyd, of San Francisco,
Senior AYarden, Sir Knight H. B. Stoddard,
of Texas, Junior AYarden, Sir Knight AY B
Isaacs, of Virginia, Grand Recorder. The
appointive officers will be announced to
morrow by Grand Master Roome elect. In
many cases contests were voted lor the
various offices and numerous ballots were
necessary to arrive at an election. All the
standing committees reported and their
reports were approved. The committees
on ritual and the location of a permanent
encampment will report to-morrow. To
night the Knights divided their t;uie be
i tw een watching the trades display aud at
tending the receptions held by various
commanderies. The trades display was
gotten up on a magnificent scale, but its
effect was somewhat marred by the gener
al illumination of the streets along the iine
of march. To-morrow will be the last day
of the conclave. The members ot the
grand encampment say that they will
surely finish the business before them
during Die day and some of the more sau
guine predict an adjournment alter the
morning session. Already many ot the
Kuights are leaving the ciiy and the exo
dus to-morrow will be very noticeable.
St. Louis, September 24.— The Knights
Templar's Grand Encampment was slow in
meeting this morning. At the beginning
of the session, the Most Eminent Grand
Master made the following appointments:
Sir Knight Rev. John G. Webster, of New
A'ork, Very Eminent Grand Prelate.
Sir Knight John R. Parsons, of Missouri,
Very Eminent Grand Standard-bearer.
Sir Knight Nicholas Van Slyck, of Rhode
Island, A'ery Eminent Grand Sword-bearer.
Sir Knight Nicholas P. Ruckle, of Indiaua,
A ery Eminent Grand AYarden.
Sir Knigtit Ediom F. AA'arren, of Ne
! braska, A'ery Eminent Grand Chaplain of
'
j
,
I
j
!
i
braska, A'ery Eminent Grand Chaplain
; the Guard.
j almost unanimously sustained,
] ritual was disposed of the
St. Louis, September 24.—This alter
noou's session of the Grand Encampment
brought the business of the body to a close.
On reassembling after dinner a discussion
of the ritual, w hich had consumed most of
the moruing sessioD, was resumed and
occupied the attentiou of the Encampment
a large share of the afternoon. The cele
brated "Michigan question" was decided,
the action of the Slate Commandery being
After the
appointive
j officers, whose selection was announced
j these dispatches, were installed, and the
o'clock, the crowds on the streets early this
matter of the time and place for bolding
the next triennial conclave was then con
sidered. Washington, Louisville aud Cin
cinnati were the leading applicants for the
honor of entertaining the Knights, and
after a considerable deliberation Washing
ton was fixed upon as the place aud the
second week iu October, 1889, as the time.
This was the last business before the en
campment. At its conclusion a final ad
journment was takeu.
The Templar Parade.
St. Louis, September 23.— Notwithstand
ing the fact that the morning broke clear
aud warm arid that the grand parade post
poned from Tuesday was to occur at 11
morning were much smaller
previous morning this week.
than on any
By 9 o'clock
the citizens and visitors began to emerge
from tbeir resting places and all available
points of observation along the line of
march and iu the vicinity of the places of
rendezvous of the various divisions were
soon occupied by a mass of patient and
perspiring spectators. Last night aud this
morning the outgoing trains carried many
departing Knights and visitors, although
tbe exodus was not large enough to make
any appreciable dimunition in the crowds
on the streets previous to the parade.
There was but little marching through the
streets, except so far as necessary to place
the participants in position, both the musi
cians and Knights reserving their strength
for the four-mile tramp later in the day.
But little breeze was blowing and the
prospects for a hot day somewhat disccur- |
aged those who intended to take part in
the procession.
At 11 o'clock the signal for the start was
given and the procession moved. Scores of
stands have been erected on vacant lots
and in front of buildings whose fronts
were some distance from the street line,
aud these were crowded. The procession
was headed by a platoon ot mounted po
lice. It was 11:45 when the head of the
procession reached the reviewing stand in
front of the exposition building, where the
members of the Grand Encampment were
assembled in a body. It was nearly two
o'clock when the last division passed and
the Grand Encampment returned to its as
sembly rooms. As the procession passed
the reviewing stand, various evolutions
and motions were gone through b/ the
Knights and bands—sixty-two in number
—which accompanied them, and every
skillful or unusual movement was loudly
applauded by tbe crowds which lined the
streets and filled the four rows of windows
in the capacious exposition building.
Long before the last division of the pro
cession had passed the reviewing stand, the
head had reached the point of disbandment
at the entrance to the grand encampment
hall, and the members of the first divisions
breaking ranks and joining with tbe spec
tators packed the lawn surrounding the
building and rendered movement of any
sort well nigh impossible, while entrance
to tbe exposition building was entirely oat
of the question. The procession was folly
three and a half miles in lengths, and even
the most enthusiastic officers in charge of
the arrangements were surprised at its
magnitude. The parade passed without a
notable incident, and no casnalities of any
sort were reported at ite close.
Sovereign Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F.
Boston, September 23.—The convention
of the Sovereign Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F.,
was called to order this morning, Grand
Sire Garrison in the chair. The convention
was formally opened by prayer by Graud
Chaplain Venable. Past Grand Sire Stokes
offered a resolution permitting the lodges
to omit their weekly meeting when they
occur on legal and generally recognized
hi lidays, which was adopted. Jurisdic
tions being called the Grand Lodge pro
ceeded to consider the reports of the
Journal of Appeal. G. E. Emmers, from
the action of the Grand Encampment of
the District of Columbia, was sustaiued.
Samuel Daniels, from the action of the
Grand Lodge of Illinois, was dismissed. H.
A. Linn, from the action of the Grand
Lodge of Texas, was sustained. J. H.
Hout. from the action of the Grand Lodge
if West A'irginia. was dismissed. The
Grand Lodge refused to make any change
in the law regarding the dismissal certifi
cates and refused to adopt the receipt card
to be used in place of the card now in use.
The legislative committee recommended
that a special committee lie appointed to
prepare aud report at the next session the
badge to be worn in St xte grand bodie*
and lodges.
Boston, September 24. —The Sovereign
Grand Lodge, 1. O. O. F.. continued its
session at It o'clock this morning. The
committee on state of the order reported
that it would lie inexpedient to establish
a home for the orphans of Odd Fellows
under the Sovereign Grand Lodge. The
report was adopted.
The judiciary committee approved the
decisions ot the Grand Sire that lodges
under immediate jurisdiction must meet
once a week, and this rule holds good in
1 all cases where different rules have not
I I . t L - . 1 L - — O i .« i A n r , » . a . I T . I. m A A
been prescribed by States Grand Lodges.
The various nominations were seconded
by speeches from representatives of the
various jurisdictions urging their cities.
On the sixth ballot Columbus, Ohio, was
chosen.
The following resolution from the com
mittee on appeals was adopted :
Resolved. That in all appeals to this j
Grand Lodge it shall tie required of the
applicants to send with their papers a cer
tified copy of the constitution and by-laws
of their grand bodies, the constitution for !
the subordinate lodges and of the by-laws j
of the subordinate lodge or encampment |
involved in the appeal.
Past Grand Sire stokes offered a resolu
tion that a committee of three be appoint- ,
ed to act in conjunction with the elective '
grand officers to settle all matters pertain- |
mg to the removal of the headquarters of j
the Sovereign Grand Lodge and the sale of
its property, and that until such matters '
shall be settled the headquarters shall re- ;
main in Baltimore. I his was referred to !
the committee on removal, lue Grand i
Lodge then went into secret session, after 1
which it adjourned.
BOSTON, September 24.— In the secret
session tbis afternoon, the ritual lor the
Rebeckah degree lodges was adopted, but
uo form of fioor movements, that being
left to each lodge to determine for itself, so
long as the ritual is adhered to. The grow
ing interest in this order demanded tbis
action, which will be received with great
satisfaction throughout the country. Grand
Sire Garey being ill, Deputy Grand Sire
White presided at the evening session.
The action of the Grand Sire and Secre
tary in granting a charter for a lodge at
Regia Island, Cuba, was approved. Also
for a Rebeckah degree lodge at McAllister,
Indian Territory. The constitution of the
grand lodge of Denmark was approved.
Also the by-laws of Polynesian Encamp
ment, Sandwich Islands.
ment, Sandwich Islands.
The report of Lieutenant General Un
derwood was then taken up. It was ordered
that the works on tactics as prepared by
the Lieutenant General shall be sold by the
cnief of supplies as supplies and the
money received covered into the head
quarters fund until further ordered. Canton
and Chevaliers, or other orders of the Pa
triarchs Militant, are prohibited from pub
lishing and selling forms, plates, books,
etc, of the nature of those sold by the
chief of supplies, on duty at the headquar
ters of the army, as supplies, under penalty
of paying a royalty. It is the desire of the
grand lodge that no pronounced changes
be made in the uniforms of the Patriarchs
Militant, and that the Lieutenant General
shall have power to make such minor
alterations, additions, etc., as may be nec
essary to complete and systematized ani
forms, but it is the intention of the sover
dences inhabitable, will deal first with those
eign grand lodge not to alter the uniform
adopted at ite last session. The uniform of
the Patriarchs Militant is denominated a
regalia, and as such can be worn by the
Chevaliers when visiting the lodges and
encampments of the order.
Tlie Charleston Sufferers.
Charleston, September 24. —Letters
having been received from all parts of the
country asking whether the period of great
distress in Charleston was not passed, the
statement is authorized that the relief
committee, through the generosity of their
fellow countrymen, feel themselves in a
position to furnish subsistence and tempo
rary shelter to all who need it, but at tbe
same time the committee estimate that
the relief funds at their command or in
prospect fall short of the money needed to
pnt in a habitable condition the homes ot
the people who are unable to repair their
homes without public aid.
The government engineers have iDspect
600 buildings out of the 7,000 in the city,
and estimate the damage to those inspect
ed at $22,000,000. Their inspection, how
ever, covers most of the costliest struc
tures. The relief committee, in assisting
the needy householders to make their resi
whose losses are small, the object being to
make as many roofs as possible tight, foun
dations secure, and chimneys safe before
cold weather comes. The homes of widows
and orphans will have a paramount claim.
No loss of any person owning more than
one house will be considered at this time.
The intention is also to disallow all claims
for plastering as not being indispensable
to reasonable safety and comfort.
The subsistence committee have sup
plied nearly all persons requiring pro
visions, and the number of rations issued
to-day was the smallest since the com
missiarat was established. The force of
clerks and working force is being grad
ually reduced.
To-day was very quiet. No shocks were
felt here to-day, and there was only a
slight tremor at Summerville. Business is
active and merchants are hopeful.
Died.
Baltimore, September 27.— Joseph
Neal, a maternal uncle of President Cleve
land, died in this city to-night, aged 81
years. His death was caused by exhaus
tion of the vital forces. Mr. Neal has been
a resident of Baltimore all his life, and was
for many years in the second-hand book
business. He was in comfortable circum
stances.
Chinese Barbarities.
Rom e, September 27. —The Moniteur de
Rome has received lette.s emanating from
Christian missions in China, stating that
the Catholic seminary iu that country had
been bnrned by the natives and thousands
of native Catholic adherents placed in
manacles.
Indian Affairs.
St. Paul. September 26.—Messrs.
AA'right and Larabee, of the Indian Com
mission w hich have been arranging treaties
with the Indians of Northern Minnesota,
are in the city for a few days. In addition
to the facts already published a'uout trea
ties made, they report a most determined
effort on the part of men interested in the
sale of whisky to Indians to prejudice
them against the commission. Their theory
is that so long as the Indians can be kept
outside of the reservations and open to the
advances of the whites, they can be led to
part with their money made from the sale
of rice and blue berries, for whisky. The
Indians of Leech Lake reservation sold this
seasou $10,060 worth of berries, and the
commissioners state that a large part of this
goes to buy whisky.
At White Oak Point the Indians were
found in a most deplorable condition. In
some instances they had been so complete
ly demoralized and so entirely robbed ot
means of subsistence, that they
would eat
Hie dead bodies ot diseased horses. The
uien were in a revolting condition, am
j tana,
!
<jj ty 0 f Washington, on tlie first
^j ovem ^ r 1886, and that interest
d will cease that day, viz: T
men were
seemingly lost to all moral sense, while the
women were made articles of merchandise.
The last scene the commissioners witnessed
as they pulled out to their ccanoes from
AYhite Oak Point, was touching. Upon the
bank of the lake iu theu'idstof ehillingraiu
sat a poor ludiau woman, adding her tears
to those that nature was shedding. Her
Imsbaud had just sold one ot the children,
a young girl not more than filteen years ot
age, to some lumbermen for a sack ot Hour.
It is said bv the commissioners that there
are many, nnfty instances where girls are
as good as sold to white men, and after be
ing robbed of all they have most dear, are
turned adrift with a babe in their arm, and
another girl taken iu her place. The
commission will visit Mille Lacs reserva
tion, and will go thence to Fond du Lac,
Boise Fort and Grand Portage to complete
their work in Minnesota. They will, if it
be not too late, also go to Dakota, stopping
at Fort Berthold, and from there to Mon
thenee to AA'ashington Territory,
Oregon and Idaho.
Another Bond Call.
Washington, September 27.—The Act
ing Secretary ot the Treasury this alter
noon issued the one hundred aud forty
third call for redemption bonds. The call
is for $15,000,000 of the three percent loan
of 1882, and notice is given that the ptin
cipal and accrued interest ou the bonds
herein below designated will be paid at
the. Treasury of the United States, in the
day of
on said
The three
per cent bonds issued under an act of Con
gress and approved July 12, 1882, and
numbered as follows: $50,original num
ber 50, to original number 55, both inclu
sive; $100, original number 641 to original
number 776, both inclusive; $l,00O, origi
nal number 2,435 to original number 2,835,
both inclusive; $10,000, original number
7,309 to original number 8,810, both in
clusive; total, $15,000,000. The bonds de
scribed above are either bonds of the
"original" issue, which have but one serial
number at each end, or "substitute'' bonds,
which may be destinguished by a double
set of numbers which are marked plainly
"original numbers" and ' substitute num
bers." All of the bonds of this loan will
be called by the original numbers only.
The three months interest due to Novem
ber 1, 1886, on the above described bonds,
will not be paid by checks forwarded to
holders of the bonds, but will be paid with
the principal to the holders at the time of
presentation. Parties holding bonds called
by this circular can obtain immediate pay
ment with interest to date of presentation,
by requesting the same in the letter for
warding the bonds for redemption. Many
of the bonds originally included in the
above numbers have been transferred or
exchanged into other denominations, or
"waiver" the original numbers being can
celled or have been redeemed under the
circular of September 15,1886, and leaving
outstanding the apparent amount above
stated
Three Per Ceut. Loan.
Washington, September 27.—The state
ment prepared by the Treasury Depart
| ment shows the status ol the three per
cent, loan at the close of business to-day
as follows: Total loan, $305,581,250; re
deemed iu 1883, $52,250 ; surrendered un
der circular of August 30, 1S86, $788,000;
circular of September 15, 1886, $596,550;
called, $228,616,250 : uncalled, $75,528,200.
German Beer Production.
Washington, September Consul Tan
ner, of Chemnitz, reports to the Secretary
of Sta'e that the beer production of Ger
many, in 1885, was 1,100,000,000 gallons,
enough to form a lake one mile square and
six and one-half feet deeD, or it would
make a running stream as large as some of
our rivers. He says the consumption of
intoxicants in Germany per head is tom
times as great as in the United States, yet
there are thousands of hopeless drunkards
in the United States to ten in Germany.
The difference arises largely, he says, if not
entirely, from the manner ol drinking in
vogue in those countries. This science of
drinking, he writes, consists simply in the
tardiness of drinking. All drinks are
taken sip by sip, a half or three-quarters
of an hour being consumed for a glass of
beer. Tbis is so simple that one is liable
to ridicule for laying stress upon it, and
yet on this one point hinges, in my opinion,
a question of yast importance to Ameri
cans. By this manner of drinking the
blood is aroused to a greater activity in so
gradual a manner that there is no violent
derangement of the animal economy. By
slow drinking the German accomplishes
the object of drinking and gives the ani
mal economy a chance to say, "Hold,
enough," which only slow drinking will do.
Mr. Tanner says that since his arrival in
Germany, he has his first glass of water to
see drnnk.
Important Decision.
Washington, September 27.—Acting
Secretary Muldrow has rendered a very
important decision, involving the constitu
tional provision that "Full faith and credit
shall be given by each State to acts, records
and judicial proceedings of ever} 7 other
State," carrying out the doctrine that the
court of one State having jurisdiction can
render judgment, and that that judgment
is conclusive of all matters determined
therein, and is binding on courts of every
other State. Secretary Muldrow extends
the exposition of the doctrine to the ex
ecutive departments. The case comes up
upon an important land matter from
Louisiana, where the claimants of a titlo
to scripts! founded on courts of that State
upon succession proceedings. The decision
is said to be an able one, and is understood
to be a|reversal of one rendered by ex-Secre
tary Schnrz.
The Cholera.
London, September 27.—Tbe following
are the cholera retnrns lor Austria-Hun
gary : Pesth 36 new cases, 13 deaths. Tri
este 11 new cases one death.

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