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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, September 30, 1886, Image 6

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[For tbe Herald.]
Relation of the Public School System
to State Universities.
The forces of mind in the present age do '
not differ materially from all preceding j
ages in the history of man. It might be !
regarded as exceedingly doubtful whether ;
the past thousand years would leave to :
future time such an array of intellectual !
giants as are now so plainly discernable in j
a Moses, a Confucius, an Aristotle, a i
Plato, a Demosthenes, a Cicero, or a
Socrates, all connected with a remote his
toric part. The merit which this age may
rightfully claim, however, above all its
antecedents, is clearly discovered in its in
ventive qualities aDd virtues. It is not a
golden, a silver, an iron or a brazen age,
but is a combination of them all, in a con
structive and useful sense, and may prop
erly and without disparagement be termed
the scientific or mechanical age. Here
culminates, if anywhere, its true excel
lencies, in superiority and attainments, in
the department of letters. To systematically
arrange and methodically classify all the
learning that can be of any practical or i
theoretical service to thinking minds is
unquestionably the main drift of the age
and belongs to a period in which we all
have the good fortune to share in part.
But to impart such knowledge by its uni
versal distribution to all living intelligence
is also the peculiar spirit and genius of
the present age. This spirit has grappled
with legislative action, opened the coffers |
of millionaires and brought into the most
active and energetic play all corporate and
ecclesiastic bodies laying claim to patriot
ism, Irenevolence, or piety. This tendency
has broadened and deepened until the cur- j
rent has expanded and grown into a mighty ^
stream, upon whose bosom is borne all the 1
freighted hopes of modern civilization. It
is our design, however, to coniine the
limits ot this article to what is included
under the above caption, viz : Of Stute
und General Government provision for edu
cational worl:.
In this respect scholastic training has so
largely drawn upon public attention as to
require but the slightest allusions to call
up the vast train of appliances that have
been put in motion during the past fifty |
years to meet and adequately supply the j
necessities and demands of the growing
populations of this country. From the in
fantile department in the kindergarten
schools, to the topmost grade in the high
schools, and thence on through the curri
culum of the state university course, noth
ing would appear to Ire lacking to render
the educated child a complete success for
manhood in his maturing forces of intel
lect and discipline. At the base of all this
series springs the kindergarten work, com
paratively new to America, but stretching
back several generations on European soil
—especially in progressive Germany, from
whom America has borrowed not a few
things in all her gradations of educational
progress, from the toddling infant squads
in the street to the marching column of in
tellectual athletes wending their way to
the university on the hill. The system of
education thus organized, set in motion and
sustained by civil authority, is a uniform
and complete whole, and does infinite
credit to the genius of the American people,
her educators anil legislative bodies, who
have transplanted, remodled and improved
upon the original edifice until to-day it
stands forth in all its symmetrical propor
tions as a radiant temple of culture, chal
lenging alike the admiration of all civilized
peoples at home and abroad.
The corporate district, town, city and State
have in their individual capacity built up
their local systems of public instruction
in such measures and degrees as to cor
respond with the extent of their interest,
resources and appreciative value ot its re
sults. When, some years since, it became
manifest that something more was re
quired to complete the system and afford
greater advantages to students graduating
from our public schools the matter took
form and direction from State authority to
found State universities.
This movement bas also been fostered in
some degree by the General Government,
at Washington, especially in the appropria
tion of large amounts of public domain
from those States and Territories in which
these higher schools of learning are plant
ed. These appropriations are designed to
lay the foundation of the college plant, to
stimulate interest in behalf of such schools
and to furnish the highest type and stand
ard of scholastic culture to be found in the !
State. The citizens and the State have j
thus made common cause in this the nob
lest and grandest of all enterprises.
It now rests with the people, as a mass,
or at least a major share of them, to say
whether these assigned resources and pow
erful subsidies of the State shall be
promptly, faithfully and successfully ap
plied ; whether the graded system of cul
ture, ascending from the kindergarten
plant to the wide-spreading branches of a
university career, shall finally encompass in
their plastic and comprehensive folds the
increasing multitudes for whom they have
i>een so generously provided. In this bat
tle against a world of ignorance, darkness ,
and vice, we can well afford to utilize and !
combine all available strength to win a
triumph in so desperate a .struggle. With
this object in view, benevolence, patri
otism, Christianity, self-interest and self
protection have steadily brought lorward
their allied forces to cope with the enemy
in this doubtful issue, and have as con
stantly turned their batteries and parks of
heavy artillery, composed of the best
minds of the age, upon every assailable
stronghold, to gain, if possible, this contest
for light, liberty, truth and virtue. In this j
serried line of combatants comes gleaming j
on the steady tramp of infantry, now
counting its tens of thousands, even in
the kindergarten schools of America, well j
and wisely deemed the strongest arm of
service in all military appointments then
the well trained armies and divisions,
numbering their many millions, moving
rapidly np the incline from the system of
public, graded schools. Then, and still
further on, are the better trained and
more reliable squadrons from the high
schools, whilst still higher up, and com
manding the heights in all directions, are
the veterans of the service, ont of the well
fortified barracks of State universities,
with trailed arms, visors down, prepared
and in readiness for any service to which
the hand of destiny may order them.
These last might well be regarded as the
grenadiers of the old guard, each indi-.
vidnal of whom is said to have counted
the weight of an army in the field of con
flict. What discipline and service have
won on the battle grounds of military con
flict can find their parallels all along the
line of the better trained class of minds,
who have gained their trophies on plains
more lofty and sublime than the heights of
Abraham, or the field of Waterloo.
Thus we shall observe that both General
and State governments are conjointly and
fraternally leagued to promote the highest
attainments of intellectual culture known
to man, and both in this instance stretch
forth their sinewy arms to help plant and
support the noblest institutions of all ages
and countries.
As Territorial conditions wane and the
more substantial and independent forms of
Statehood come on apace, the rapidly in
creasing number of candidates for snch ad
vanced and classified knowledge render
the establishment of these State Universi
ties a matter of imperative necessity. At
such time legislative bodies have usually
been prompt to voice the needs of their
citizens, and proceeded to carry out such
measures as would put into active service
the inoperative capital already invested
within their borders to found such schools.
Such at least has been the course hitherto
in all the great States of the West during
the past fifty years. Most of these univer
sity plants have met the fullest expecta
tions of the people. Such especially can
be said of the foremost schools of this class
in the broad West, such as Ann Harbor,
Michigan, Madison, Wisconsin, the Iowa
State University, Iowa, Columbia Univer
sity, Missouri,Oxford,Mississippi, Knoxville,
Tennessee, Lexington, Kentucky, and sev
eral others that might be cited in this
train. Where such schools have been
known to issue brands of scholarship com
mensurate with public expectation, they ;
have been the recipients of an abundant
supply of material from all parts, and even
beyond the limits of their respective
States. The public high schools in partic
ular and classical academies, private semi
naries and all other institutions of learn
ing, both secular and ecclesiastical, have
wisely tendered liberal contributions of
patronage to build up the mental, moral
and financial strength of these rarely en
dowed temples of culture. These univer
sities have largely added to the deep and
earnest zeal which so favorably marks the
public school work in the various Western
States, which they so nobly represent. Be
sides unifying the public school system
throughout their respective States, they
have greatly strengthened and elevated the
standard and grade of the public high
schools, and all other institutions of a clas
sical and scientific character from which
they have so freely drawn their bulk of
Most recent catalogues will show that no
less than seventy-two public and high
schools and academies are thus tributary to
Ann Harbor UniversitJ, Michigan, forty
two to the State University, Iowa, twenty
eight to Madison University, Wisconsin,
and as many to Columbia, Missouri. These
facts not only indicate the vast net work of
solid and permanent influences 10 build op
and perpetuate these richly provisioned
citadels of educational strength for their
respective States, but afford most pleasing
and gratifying revelations of the rapid
growth which has taken place in the cause
of publie instruction during the past twen
ty-five years in the West. They also un
fold to us a marvelous combination of
mental and moral forces now in action to
create a higher order of intelligence and
scholastic training than has ever been
known heretofore to exist on the American
continent among American people. To
keep pace and harmony with these march
ing improvements should be the watch
word ol the present hour. The facts, as
they are seen to exist, appeal to our better
judgment to push rapidly forward in the
highway of letters and mental discipline
in a ratio corresponding in some degree to
the necessities that crowd upon us. Cer
tainly no settled district of country west
of the Mississippi river can presume to
have greater burdens of responsibility
laid at her feet on the yery verge of state
hood than Montana. Her vast mineral re
sources and grazing interests, which are
without a parallel in the West to-day,
her metropolitan center of popula
tion and wealth, and her unsnpassed
salubrity and hygenic qualities of climate,
present this land of the mountains in a
most remarkable and favorable attitude
before all the nations of the earth. If
there is anything to render these proper
ties of character unsurpassed, not to say
unequalled, or more complete as they
shall stand emblazoned on the records of
history, it will doubtless be found in the
primitive virtues of her pioneer ancestry.
Whatever betides the future, the past at
least in these respects is secure. When
ever this ship of state shall plant her keel
upon the swift moving waters of a coming j
destiny it will tarnish no civilians repute
should it be known that he went down
into the yielding llood upon so noble a
craft, from the fact that her Territorial
hull was not well and wisely constructed
from the soundest timbers of the moun
tains, or that the builders did not lay judg
ment to the line and righteousness to the |
plummet in hewing ont her principles of
equity and la<v in her primordial constitu
tion. This vast accumulation of wealth,
both above and below the surface of her
soil, her unrivalled climate, her maratime
facilities which are now so swiftly concen
trating the highways of commerce within
her borders, her magnanimous and chiv*
alric career, not to say heroic origin, when
the cradle of infancy was rocked by argus
eyed sponsors, who guarded with sleepless
vigilance and care her matinal hours, must,
by the inevitable law of sequence, lay the
basis of a pure and magnificent growth of
mental, moral and physical greatness, as
well as a financial, social and scholastic
order of being that will outrank all prede
cessors in the golden West, or even the
venerable claims of the East. The com
mon mind of nearly the entire citizenship
i which populated her towns and swarms
1 her cities, they who dwell in her widely
extended valleys, her fertile plains or on her
lofty monntain tops, will easily grasp the
salient points thus briefly presented here
for onr reflection. Their anticipations
would necessarily be great, and as a gen
eral thing they are great, in regard to all
that concerns the educational well being
of the present and future commonwealth.
The toiler in our midst who honestly
swings the hammer at the forge, or the
banker who holds aloft the balance sheet
for hundreds of thousands passed annually
to his financial credit, are equally and in*
dividually concerned in this mighty up
heaval and unfolding of mind as vested in
and affected by our numerous school
The questions as they directly revert to
them now, are, "What shall be the char
acter of these plants ?" and, "How shall
they be selected and condncted so as to
yield their choicest, best and most inval
uable fruits ?" Should the generosity of
your columns, which has been proverbial
on all school matters during the past
twenty years, and the duties of the writer
admit, he will be pleased to set before the
public a few suggestions which may help
pave the way to some conclusions that
may be of some practical value to these
very important public interests in the
Wiggins' Predictions of Earthquake
and Other Calamities Unfulfilled.
Galveston, Texas, September 29.—Up
to noon there has been no signs of Wiggins'
predicted disturbance in this section. The
weather, which has been rainy and dis
agreeable for several days, to-day broke
clear and continues pleasant. The ther
mometer registers 72°.
Charleston, noon, September 29. -There
has been no recurrence of earthquake
shocks since 1 o'clock yesterday afternoon,
although some nervous persons felt a slight
tremor about 10 o'clock last night. There
were several slight shocks at Summerville
last night, but no damage is reported any
where. The weather in Charleston to-day
is mild and pleasant and the sun is shining
brightly. The temperature is not oppres
sively warm and the city is full of activity
and hope, in spite of Wiggins' prophesy.
The signal officers here have received spec
ial bulletins from Washington to-day indi
cating no unusual metrological phenomena,
and pleasant weather, with probability of
showers of rain, this afternoon.
This day has been anticipated with a
great deal of fear and trembling by hun
dreds of anxious people in Charleston. For
the last three or four nights the colored
churches have been crowded with worship
ers. Even the most courageous have felt
some dread at the approach of the 29th,
and although they have earnestly asserted
that they did not believe in Wiggins they
have all felt it would be more comfortable
to live in Charleston after the 29th. In
dications are exceedingly favorable, and
there are no premonitions of approaching
shocks. Local scientists, who have given
great study to the subject, say there is no
danger of a recurrence of the heavy shocks,
A state of feverish excitement and fore
boding seems to exist, however, among
those who passed through the great shock
of August 31st.
Oliver Ames Nominated for Governor.
Boston, September 29.—The Republican
State Convention was called to order at 11
o'clock. J. Henry Gould, chairman of the
State Committee, made a brief speech, set
ting forth the objocts of the convention,
eulogizing the national record of the Re
publican party and insisting upon fealty
of the Republican party to temperance and
philantbrophy, and its fearlessness of death
from a third party.
A permanent organization was effected
by the selection of Henry Cabot Lodge as
president, with a long list of vice presi
dents. Among the latter were Senators
Dawes and Hoar, Congressmen Long, Rice,
Ranney, Hayden,WhitingandDavis. Lodge
addressed tbe convention at considerable
After Lodge's speech a letter was receiv
ed from tbe Women's Christian Temper
ance Union, asking for prohibition candi
dates and resolutions, which were appro
priately referred. The resolutions
reported by the committee were unani
mously adopted after a short debate over
the prohibition plank. The following is
the result of the first ballot for governor :
The whole number of votes was 994, and
the number necessary to a choice 498.
Oliver Ames, 94.7, M. W. Crapo, 35, J. Q. A.
Brackett, 10, Henry Cabot Lodge, 2, Geo.
D. RobinsoD, 2. Ames' nomination was
made unanimous and the convention took
a recess nntil two o'clock.
Claiming the Right to Fish by Russian
Ottawa, September 29.—Since the first
demand was made for the release of the
Canadian sealing schooner "Onward," re
cently seized by the United States revenue
cutter Corwin in tbe Alaskian Sea, was
forwarded to the Colonial Office, London,
to be laid before the authorities at Wash
ington, a supplementary demand has been
made through the same channel, in which
it is pointed out that in a convention
signed at St. Peterburg, between England
and Russia, one of the articles guarantees
to British subjects from whatever quarter
they may arrive, the right to forever enjoy
the privileges of navigation and fishing in
the Pacific ocean or any port thereof. From
this point it is argned that the United
States conld not have received from Russia
the right to the exclusive navigation, fish
ing or sealing privilege in Alaskian waters.
Presidential Hand Shake.
Washington, September 29.—The Pres
ident's reception this afternoon was at
tended by nearly 400 persons, including
the Grand General Chapter of the Royal
Arch of Masons, now holding a convention
in this city. The President shook hands
with them all and had a pleasant word for
Nominated for Judge.
New York, September 29.— The Repub
lican State committee to-day nominated
Judge Daniels by acclamation for the
Court of Appeals. The Democratic State
committe selected Rufus W. Peckham as
their candidate for Court of Appeals.
Russian Resistance.
Sofia, September 29 — The regency has
posted notices of elections for a grand
sobrange which is to elect a successor to
Prince Alexander. General Kanlbars,
the Russian special agent, threatens to
Mr. Toole's Meeting at White Sul
phur Springs.
Report of the Remarks of the Demo
cratic Candidate.
Sandwitched Between Smith and Shober.
White Sulphur Springs, September
25.—Mr. Toole's meeting here on the even
ing of the 23rd preceded the night's the
atrical performance. In the light of a pro
logue it was the least interesting part of
the entertainment. From copious notes
taken on the spot I am able to furnish the
Herald with so full a report that
the text will readily be recognized by all
bearers :
Tbe meeting was opened with a speech
by Mr. Smith, candidate lor County Attor
ney on the Democratic ticket, who said
the Republican party came into power as
the champion of equal rights and the dis
tribution of the public domain to actual
settlers, but that it had become opposed to
those doctrines and had given a large
share of the public domain to railroads and
had become the persistent and determined
enemy of silver, and that it had succeeded
in a large degree in its destruction of the
value of that metal. The Democrats and
the administration, on the other hand, had
been its friends, and if the entire question
was left to them silver would be sale.
Mr. Toole was then introduced and said
he thanked the Democrats of Meagher
county for their support in the convention
which nominated him. The Republicans
have put up the old War Horse [great and
prolonged applause] and he proposes to at
tack the administration upon its silver
policy. This is not a proper question to
be considered in this "campaign as it is
purely non-political. I opposed Mr. Cleve
laud's policy in this respect, but it does no
good. He is au eastern man and tbe entire
matter resolves itself into this—it is the
East against the West. When silver was
demouitized the Democrats provided the
Bland act. which has proven a great bless
ing to the people of the country. The
Democrats represent the West and the Re
publicans the East.
Col. Sanders [great applause] also pro
poses to attack the administration and
tbe Democratic party responsible for the
action of Sparks. I opposed the adminis
tration in this matter also. I have no
doubt there are those present who remem
ber Carl Schurz and his administration ol
the land office. Well, Sparks has done
just what Schurz did, only not quite so
much so. I worked out a change in these
affairs, and the result is a set of rules and
regulatious issued by that department
which are satisfactory to the people. A
great corporation was found bv Spark* - de
vastating the public lands, and he tho.ight
it an outrage upon the public and he put
a stop to it. The people ought to be
thankful for the many things Sparks has
done, aDd lie should be applauded lor it.
He has attempted to restore to the public
domain millions of acres ot laDd which
has been wrongfully taken. He found that
there had been 20,740,090 acres of land
taken up by aliens, but they did not get it
under the laws of the United States. One
hundred and ninety-one million acres had
been given to railroads by the Republicans.
Mr. Sparks has restored 40,000,000 acres of
this land to the public domain. The Pres
ident dealt with this question in his mes
Sanders charges tbe bill to prevent
special legislation in the Territories upon
me, and says it is a thrust at the rights ol
people. I say I did not introduce the bill,
but it is a good law and should meet with
general approval. It was passed to pre
vent such scenes as we witnessed here
some years ago when an attempt was made
to subsidize the Utah & Northern railroad.
Modern constitutions, including ihe con
stitution adopted for Montana, contain all
its essential features.
Sanders says votes for me amount to an
endorsement of the vetoes ol the pension
bills by the President. The present Com
missioner of Pensions has issued more
than 12,000 pension certificates per annum
in excess of the number issued by his pre
decessor. If you could have seen the
manner in which tbe Senate did business
you would not wonder at his vetoes. On
one day, in April, the Senate passed 224,
and on one day, in May, 380 ot these bills.
Railroads are hard to deal with. The
Democrats introduced the Reagan inter
state commerce bill to regulate railroad
charges, and all the Democrats in the
House voted for it. In the Senate it is still
in the committee of conference. I have
secured the passage ot a law taxing
railroad lands, which beiore wore not tax
able. Every year or two new counties are
being organized, and the expense of so do
ing can be partly met by tbe increase
drawn from thi3 source. The lands will
be subject to taxation as soon as surveyed.
There are 4,000,000 acres now surveyed.
I also secured the passage of the judi
cial bill, giving to Montana four judges and
providing that the judge who ivies the
case in the District Court shall not sit
when the case is tried in the Supreme
Court. I introduced a bill providing for a
bridge across the Yellowstone and fora
bridge across the Missouri river at Benton.
These bills are now on the calander.
A bill was also introduced to open the
Blackfoot reservation, and it has advanced
so far as to bring about a question between
the Commissioner of Indian affairs and the
committee to which the bill was referred,
and nothing more was done about it. But a
commission has finally been appointed and
we hope for an early solution ot the ques
I favored artesian wells for the purpose
of enabling the government to dispose ot
its desert lands, and finally succeeded in
getting tbe House Committee to agree to
report $50,000 for that purpose. I also got
the committee to report $80,000 lor public
buildings at Helena. In fact, ladies and
gentlemen, I have already accomplished
more than any of my predecessors have
ever succeeded in accomplishing for Mon
The carpet bagger plank, which has been
in the platform of both parties, was viola
ted by Arthur ia sending Crosby and
others to tbe Territory ; but President
Cleveland has not done so. Me have a
Governor, Secretary and land officers who
are residents of Montana.
Much is said about the admission of Da
kota and Washington Territories to the
rights of Statehood. Dakota has 340,000
inhabitants, bnt they were divided, and
can not complain of the action of Congress.
It is a Republican Territory and Washing
ton is probably a Republican Territory ;
bnt there seems to be some doubt as to the
political status of Montana. If the people
of Montana desire to become a State, the
only way to gain admission is to elect the
next legislature entirely Democratic so
there shall be no question as to the poli
tics of the Territory.
I am lor Montana first, last and all the
time outside of all political considerations,
and I will appreciate all the votes you will
give me at the close of this campaign.
Shober said among other things : "Toole
is the only Delegate we have ever had in
Congress who has secured any legislation
for the benefit of Montana."
Live Stock.
Chicago, September 22.—Cattle— Re
ceipts, 10,000 ; good grades stronger; ship
ping steers 3.40® 5.30; stockers and
feeders, 2®3.G0 ; through Texas cattle
steady. Cows 165® 2 50; steers 2 50®
3 40 Western rangers steady. Natives
and half-breeds 3®90; cows 2 00® 3; win
tered Texans 3®3.10. Sales : Nebraskas,
1150®1300 pounds, 3.40®3.90; Montanas,
1000® 1250 pounds, 3 [email protected]; Wyom
ings, [email protected] pounds, 2 90® 3.60 ; Colo
rado-Texans, 1000® 1250 ponnds, [email protected] ;
Wyoming-Texans, 1000 pounds, 3®3.12L
Sheep—Receipts, 3000; steady; natives
2®4; western [email protected]; Texans 2 50® 310;
lambs 3.75®5.
Chicago, September ]23.—Cattle—Re
ceipts 11.000 head; shipping steers, 950 lbs,
3 50® 5.30 ; stockers and feeders 210® 3 60 ;
through Texas cattle strong ; cows 2® 2.50;
steers 2.75®3.50; western rangers firm:
uatives and half breeds 3® 4 ; cows 2 35®
2.85 ; wintered Texans 3®3.55.
Sheep—Receipts 4,000 head ; strong ;
j natives [email protected] ; western [email protected] ; Tex
ans [email protected] ; lambs 3.75®5.
Chicago, September 24.—Cattle—Iie
ceipts 10,000 ; slow and heavv._ Cattle 10c
lower. Shipping steers 3.45® 5.15 ; stock
ers and feeders 2.25® 3.75. Through
Texas cattle steady. Cows 1.80®] 2.50;
steers 2.60® 3.25. Western rangers easier.
Natives and half breeds [email protected] ; cows 2.30®
2.75; wintered Texans 2.80(7 3.50 ; Wyom
ings 2.05®3.55 ; Wyoming feeders 3; Wy
oming-Texans [email protected] ; Montanas 3.25.
Sheep—Receipts 3000 ; steady ; natives
2®3.75; western [email protected]; Texans 2.10
®3; lambs 3.50®4.75.
Chicago, September 27.— Cattle receipts,
9,000. Shipping steers, 950®1,500 pounds,
3.40® 4.90 ; stockers and feeders, 2® 3.40 ;
through Texans quiet, cows 1.90(5]'2.50;
steers, 2.50®3.15 ; western raogers weak ;
natives and half-breeds, 3® 70; cows, 2 30
®90; Wyomings, 1,150 pounds, 370; Wy
oming half-breeds, 1,000 pounds, 3 35 ;
Montana half-breeds, 1,150 pounds, 3.10;
Montana, 1.150 pounds, 3.25; Dakota, 1,200
pounds, 3.25.
Sheep receipts 4,000; steady; natives,
2®3.85 ; Western, 3® 3.60 ; Texans, 2.30®
3; lambs, 350®4.70.
The Drovers Journals' special cablegram
from London quotes very heavy supplies,
but values continue weak. Best American
steers are selling at 111 per pound.
Chicago, Septemlier 28. —Cattle—Re
ceipts, 9000; slow and steady ; shipping
steers, 950 to 1500 pounds, 3.50®5.20 ;
stockers aul feeders, 2.20®3.50 ; through
Texas cattle a shade lower, cows, 1.75®
2.35 ; steers, [email protected] ; western rangers
slow, natives and lialf-breeds, 3®,3.75 ;
cows, 2.30® 2.90 ; wintered Texaus, 2.80®
3.35. Sales: Montana, 1250 pounds,
3 95® 4 ; Moutana-Texans, 1055 pounds,
3.30 ; Wyoming, 100 to 1500 pounds, 3.45®
3 50; Oregon, 1200 pounds, 3 55.
Sheep—Receipts, 3000; steady; natives,
2.25®5 ; western, 3.50® 3 60; Texans,
2 50® 3.10; lambs, 3.40® 3 GO.
Wool Market.
PAILADELPHIA, Sept. 24.—Wool is firm
and in good demand. For most grades
prices are unchanged.
Boston, September 24. —Wool is firmer
and higher. Ohio and Peensyvania extra
fleeces, 33® 34] ; XX and above, :!5® 36 ;
Michigan extra, 32®32] ; pulled wools,
40® 43. Other grades are unchanged.
Boston, September 28.—The firmness in
the prices of wool continues to be sus
tained and tbe demand lias been good.
Ohio and Pennsylvania X, 33 ; extra, 36.
Michigan X, 321.
New York, September 28.—Wool, firm,
with a moderate inquiry. Domestic lleeces.
[email protected]: pulled, 14®*5; Texas, 9®2Y
Dry Goods.
New York, September 28.—Tbe exports
of domestic cotton goods for tbe past week !
has been 6,141 packages, which for the un
expired portion of the year makes a total
of 183,816 packages, against 161,266 pack
ages for the corresponding period last year;
126,333 packages in 1883. For all styles
of cotton fabrics there has been a very
good business through orders and selec
tions, and the tone of the market is very
steady and strong. For woolen goods,
business is moderate.
Business Failures.
New York, September 24.—The busi
ness faiiures throughout the country for
the past seven days were 187, as compared
with 185 last week.
Bank Statement.
New York, September 25.—The weekly
bank statement of the associated banks j
shows a reserve increase of $1,397,750. The i
banks now bold $9,698,700 in excess of the
twenty-five per cent rule.
Clearing House Keport.
Boston, September 26.—A table com
piled from special dispatches trom the
managers of the leading clearing houses of
the United States shows the total gross ex
changes for the week ending Sept. 25, as
compared with the corresponding period of
1885, total $975,631,335 ; increase 30 5.
Crop Review.
Chicago, September 26.—The following
crop review will appear in this week's
issue of the Fanners Review : The weather
has continued unusually favorable for the
growing of corn and the bulletins from
Iowa, Wisconsin and Illinois shows a
slightly and more favorable outlook than
was deemed to be possible a month ago.
The crop has certainly not gone backward
as a whole during the past four weeks, but
reports as to the yield continue to show
that the yield per acre will be considerably
below the average. The low est averages
are reported from Williams, Wayne, Madi-
son, Stephenson, Christian and Boone coun-
ties, where the yield is placed at from 12
to 20 bushels. In Wabash, Stark, Pulaski,
Jo Davies, Johnson, Greene, Fulton and
Coles county the yield is estimated at from
25 to 30 bushels. In Crawford, Effingham,
Kankakee, Mason, McDonough and Wood-
ford cohnties the yield is placed at from 35
to 40 bushels. In tbe State of Iowa the
averages follow very closely those of Illi-
nois. In the 21 counties reporting this
week the lowest estimate is 12 bushels for
Fayette county. In tbe State of Kansas
the lowest average is 15 bushels, reported
from Jefferson county, and the highest 45
j bushels in Ellis county. In Wisconsin the
average ranges very low in some counties,
but a majority of tbe returns, however,
indicates 20 to 25 'bushels. In Dakota the
returns range from 25 to 40 bushels, though
in Clark county the yield is placed at four
to 10 bushels. In Minnesota the averages
range from 20 to 40 bushels. Indiana,
Ohio and Michigan report the highest
averages. In Indiana reports from 18
counties show a general average of from 38
to 40 bushels to the acre. In Ohio the
general average of the conuties reporting
this week is from 32 to 36 bushels. None
of the counties report a less average than
25 bushels. In Michigan the smallest is 25
------ ♦ ---
The Cotton Crop.
Galveston, September 26. — Reports
from several counties in the cottcn belt
tell ofj disastrous result to open cotton
from the late heavy, continuous rains. Also
of considerable damage resulting from the
cotton worm, which is ravaging 'Washing-
ton and neighboring countie 0 . It is be-
lieved that large quantities of cotton have
been whipped out and damaged by the
; Tried in the Crucible.
About twenty years ago I discovered a little sore on my cheek, and the doctors pro
nounced it cancer. I have tried a number of physicians, but without receiving any perma
nent benefit. Among the number were one or two specialists. The medicine tney applied
was like fire to the sore, causing intense pain. I saw a statement in the papers telling what
S. S. S. had done for others similarly afflicted. I procured some at once. Before I had used
the second bottle the neighbors could notice that my cancer was healing np. My general
health bad been bad for two or three years—1 haa a hacking cougn ana spit blood contin
ually. I had a severe pain in mv breast. After taking six bottles of S. S. S. my rough left
me and I grew stouter than I had been for several years. My cancer has healed over all but
a little spot about the size of a half dime, and it is rapidly disappearing. 1 would advise
every one with cancer to give S. S. S. a fair trial.
Mm, NANCY J. McCONAUGHEY, Ashe Grove, Tippecanoe Co., Ind.
Feb. 16,1886. v
Swift's Specific is entirely vegetable, and seems to cure cancers by forcing out the impo*
es from the blood. Treatise on Blood and Skin Diseases mailed free.
THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., Drawer 3. Atlanta, Ga
rifles I
T & EO,
(Successors to Van M'ait A Co
An elegant line of Ladies Cloaks and
The largest line of Ladies and Chil
drens Merino Underwear ever
in Helena.
Ladies and Childrens Fine Wool
Hosiery, Dress Goods, Flannels,
Tricots, Etc.
Helena, Mont,, Sept. IV, 1886.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Prompt Attention to Orders by Mail.
Main St., opposite Cosmopolitan Hotel
Dealer in a General Line of
Xjargest Stock, in Montana, !
Carpet». Wall Paper, and a Tall line of Hoove Furnishings. Bnj «t for < nnh.nn.l
mIIn at price» that Defy Competition.
Jackson street, one door north of Broadway, Helena:
Established 1864.
Importers of and Jobbers and Eetail Dealers in
Heavy Shelf and Building
Celebrated "Superior" and Famous Acorn
W. 6. Fisher's Cincinnati Wrought Iron Ranges for Hotels and Family Use.
Iron, Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Nails, Mill Supplies, Hoes, Belt
ing, Force and Lift Pumps, Cutlery, House Furnishing Goods,
Centennial Refrigerators, lee Chests, Ice Cream Freezers,
Water Coolers, Etc., Etc.
Visitor« to the City are res peel fall y invited to rail and Examine onr Good*
and prices* betöre purchasting.
32 and 34 Main Street,.....Helena, M. T.
New Arrival of
We carry the largest line of the above stock in Mon
tana. Orders receive prompt attention.
Failure of the Orange Crop.
Chicago, September 24.—A special to
the Times from New Orleans says : Tbe
Louisiana orange crop is usually marketed
about this time. Reports from Calicarren,
8t. Bernard, St. Mary, Cameron, Lafourche
and other parishes in which oranges are
principally grown report the crop a com
plete failure this year. It usually averages
from thirty to fifty millions a year, but
will not be one million this year in conse
quence of the severe freeze last winter.
The news is uniformly bad from every
portion of the State. In some places
where 500 barrels were obtained last vear
barely a barrel will br secured. The

reeze last winter did terrible damage,
killing the limbs, and requiring the cutting
off of so much dead wood as to almost de
stroy the trees. There is absolutely no
crop, none of the trees liearing properly.
The large plantations are as badly injured
as the smaller ones. The worst ot the
matter is that the trees are so badly in
jnred it will take nine years of propitious
weather before the crop will be a lull ont
again. It will be but little improved next
year. If nothing happens to prevent it,
1 the third year should see r. fair crop. A
large proportion of the Louisiana crop * as
year was shipped North, bat there is no
enengh now for home consumption, am
Orleans will be compelled to depend

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