Newspaper Page Text
(illLTV AS CHARGED.
W. K. Roberts, ex-Trcasurer of Lewis and Clarke County, Convicted of Embezzlement. The jury in the Roberts case were so late in arriving at a verdict yesterday afternoon that only the bare mention of the fact that the accused had been found guilty could be made in last night's Herald. It is not straining the facts to say that everybody was surprised over that verdict. The general opinion, even l>efore the trial, was that ''old man Kob erts" would be acquitted, and this impres sion gained ground after the jury had been chosen and the trial begun. At 12:15 o'clock yesterday afternoon when, after in structions by the court, the case had gone to the jury, it was impossible to find, in the crowd that had attended the trial, a single man who predicted or even enter tained the private conviction that the re sult would be as it was. "Oh, he's an old man," they would say when approached upon the subject, "and the chances are that he did not take the money." And so sym pathy lor the accused overbalanced sound judgment in the minds of many, who firm ly anticipated either an acquittal or a dis agreement of the jury. But with the body of twelve sober and intelligent men, un swerved by sympathy and unbiased by prejudice, BOUND UNDER SOLEMN OATH to do their duty and administer justice though the heavens fall, the case was different. With minds free to receive the impressions conveyed, the intelligent jury listened to the arguments as they were preferred by the counsel on either side and after weighing every point as it was pre sented, they retired after the Judge's charge with their minds almost then unanimous for the conviction of the accused. The court had taken a recess until 4 1 o'clock and when it reassembled at that I hour it was with surprise that the inmates I of the court room received the news that . the jury HAD AGKEED UPON A VEEDICT aud were ready to render it. In the short : time that had elapsed scarce anyone an ticipated an agreement. But they came into court and took their places in the box, whence, after the roll had been called and all found present, the foreman stepped to the clerk's desk and handed in the verdict. Silence brooded over the scene as this was done. The prisoner sat before the bar im movable but with evident anxiety in his expression. The few lawyers and other spectators held their breaths as the clerk took the verdict and unfolded it prepara tory to reading. In clear and distinct tones Deputy Keynolds read as follows THE VERDICT: We, the jury, in the above entitled case find the defendant guilty of embezzlement in manner and form as charged in the in dictment. (9igned) II. GLEASON, Foreman. The balance of the jury signified their acquiescence in the verdict and were then discharged by the court. The names of this body of men, whose verdict in this most celebrated criminal case, of its nature, ever tried in Montana, will lie forever re nowned, are as follows : THE JURY WHO CONVICTED ROBERTS. H.Gleason, foreman; 1*. W. Leighton .Tames Sullivan John Merry Nicholas MonshausenT J Cronin Frank LaReau Oliver Allen Charles Reinig R. A. Craig J. S. Brayford F. D. Cooper No one can say but that they per formed their duty honestly, conscientiously and thoroughly. In the face of popular sentiment, against the apparent turn of the trial and stemming the eloquent tide of the earnest pleadings ol one of the ablest advocates of the Helena bar, they stood manfully to their convictions, forced upon them by the logical presentation of the case by the District Attorney, and formed opinions as one man on the in evitable result. Guilty was the defendaut under the law and guilty they must pro nouuce him, though his own life be blight ed and the happiness of a home be wrecked by their verdict. On the announcement of the result de fendant's counsel gave notice of filing a bill of exceDtions and the court adjourned. The .Sheriff approached the District At torney and asked what should lie done with the prisoner. With immovable face that official replied : "Take him into cus tody. He is a felon in the eyes of the law and as such must lie treated." With fal tering steps the Sheriff approached to do his unwelcome duty, and accompanied by the heartfelt sympathy of the whole com munity, the aged and broken down pris oner plodded with lagging steps, drooping head and moistened eyes across the court yard to the county jail. His advanced age, his poverty, his associations of family and friendship, the seeming impossibility of his commission of the crime charged all found an exponent in the sympathetic outpourings of hundreds of citizens, but as the convicted defaulter ciossed the thresh old of the prison and the iron doors closed upon him the only cry audible to his mourning friends in the clang of the prison gates seemed "fiat justifia mat coclum ." THE PROSECUTING ATTORNEY. The verdict in the Roberts case, which may be regarded as a vindication of the people of Montana in their determination to uphold the right, is largely due to the logical presentation of the facts in the case by our able young District Attorney, W. H. Hunt. The sole charge of the prosecu tion rested in the hands of this able law yer, who conducted the case from begin ning to end. Ex-Governor Carpenter was associated with him, but only as consult ing attorney, and Mr. Hnnt prepared the plans of prosecution as well as made all the arguments on the partol the Territory. With no unseemly rejoicing (for there is no such) over the conviction of Roberts, it is not out of the way to state that this talented and able young advocate has add ed fresh laurels to his reputation by secur ing a verdict of guilty in the face of popu lar sentiment and in a contest before the court and jury with Warren Toole, an ex perienced acknowledged legal champion and eminent counsellor. NOTICE OK NEW TRIAL. This morning Roberts' counsel gave no tice of intention to move for a new trial. Meanwhile the defendant remains in prison. Under the statutes the crime of which he is convicted is punishable by from two to ten years' imprisonment. We Lope our good people will remember that this week has been specially devoted to effort in behalf of the great work that the Young Men s Christian Association is doing all over the country anil is trying to introduce in Helena. It is work that should command the earnest and aggressive sympathy and co-operation of all. Let our "mothers in Israel" and our young women interest themselves to get the young men to attend the meetings at the Association rooms anil become open and active supporters and participants in all departments of the great work lor practi cal moral reforms. HENRY GEORGE. The late candidate for Mayor of New York city has become a conspicuous national figure, and there are many who think he looms up as a formidable can didate for the Presidency. Mr. George is a man of ideas, ability and character, an interesting and forcible writer. One of his books, entitled "Social Problems," is in our Public Library, and we have read it with great interest. The im pression left upon our mind is that he is a doctrinaire, as the French would call him, rather a man of theories than of practical state-manship. We do not apply this term to George in an invid ious sense. Men of ideas are the most serviceable of mankind very often, and though they arc not apt to he safe and successful leaders themselves, their in fluence goes far to direct practical states manship into higher and better ways. Henry George is one of the keenest of observers and critics and a strong rea soner. He can point out the defects in our social organization, our laws and their administration with a clearness that carries conviction. But like others of his class he fails when he comes to re construction. Many can tear down a house who could not put one up, or de stroy a statue or painting which would require genius to reconstruct. The distinguishing feature of George's theory is that land should not be the subject of private ownership. The title should be and always remain in the State and be let to those who will make the best use of it, not for his individual interest hut for the public good. It would take more space than we com- j maud to explain his theory in detail. It seems to us radically defective and j utterly impracticable, starting from pres- j eut facts, with which we must begin and to which changes must be applied. We believe the fact of absolute, perma nent owuershipof land is essential to its best care and the best development of its productive capacity. Land hunger is a natural appetite. It may be cloyed like any other appetite, and that is the case at present in this country. Land is so abundant and cheap that any one can get all he wants and is apt to get too much and then he gets tired of it. It is as bad to have too much as too little. Experience in this country has shown that land is one of the poorest articles in the market to speculate on in any large scale. It does not pay to hold without improvement, for the average enhancement is not as much as interest and taxes amount to in the long run. To hold large bodies, either to rent or to cultivate, has not proven any more profitable. Cultivation by machinery works well for a time, but it is very ex haustive and proves unprofitable. Ex perience has not yet proved what is the proper limit of industrial holding. Even 160 acres seems too much. A small farm, well tilled and one that the owner can cultivate without hiring much help, seems to be the standard toward which experience is tending. Among other things Mr. George is a radical free trader, and on that issue we differ widely from him and feel sure that he will never be the chosen leader of the labor organizations. A large proportion of the manufacturing industries of this country depend for existence yet upon protection, and laborers are as much in terested as manufacturers that those in dustries continue and multiply. There may be a question about the proper di vision of the earnings, but in their ex istence and continuance there is no di vision 'between employer and em ployed. The practical purpose of labor organ izations, it seems to us, ought to be to se cure greater permanency and indepen dence in their positions, and a more equitable division of the joint products of labor and capital. Every employe of any manufacturing company ought.to be recognized as a stock holder, sharing in the general profits in addition to his wages. Sooner than follow George in his ab solute free trade doctrines, the large ma jority of laboring men in this country will be found uniting in some measures to restrain immigration. So long as the tide of cheap labor is pouring in from abroad to compete with and underbid our laborers, it is impossible foi them to keep up, to say nothing of advancing wages. It would be a glorious thing if all na tions would disarm and disband their armies, convert their implements of de struction into those of production. If all nations would make trade free at the same time, we could practically hold our own. Until human nature undergoes a radical change we don't believe direct taxes can be substituted for indirect ones. There is more inequality, fraud, false swearing and pretense in direct property taxation than in any other form. If there is any device by which the water monopoly can retain their clutch upon the throats of the people, rest assur ed that the monopoly will not fail to make use of it. The employment of an "organ," with an appetite whetted by the smell of spoils, proved powerless to stem the rising tide of execration rolling up from a sufier ing and indignant people. Nothing short of complete emancipation from monopo listic infliction will quiet a community en cumpassed by the grievances of this city. Eminent lawyers may be retained, the whole available bar engaged, but even these further and additional aids can little iDiluence public judgment or assist in sub jecting the people to the yoke of monopoly. With less than the competing water plant the thousands of citizens are now earnest ly and actively contending for Helena will not be satisfied to realize. THE VERDICT. The verdict in the Roberts case was something of a general surprise to our people, but rather on the theory that the general public sympathy for the ac cused would sway the jury, than that the law would be applied to the facts in accordance with the oath under which the jury acted and their sense of public duty. No one in this community be lieves that Kemp Roberts is a thief, or that he has taken the county money to squander on his own person or in the indulgence of personal vices of any kind. It is a matter of common notoriety where and how the money went. It was criminal negligence alone for which Mr. Roberts was convicted and fully warranted by the charge of Judge Wade, which correctly states the law in this : "It is within the ordinary duties of a county treasurer to know from his books at any time or for any given period the amount of money he has received, the exact amount he has paid out and the exact amount on hand. Negligence in any of these particulars whereby the public funds are squan dered, stolen or lost, would be criminal negligence." The law is not unreasonable in re quiring this degree of care on the part of those charged with the custody of public funds. There is no security for the public on any other theory and con struction of law. Criminal negligence is a- bad in its effects in dissipating pub lic funds as criminal intent. No one thinks this large sum of money was taken at any one time. There was al ways the means ol' ascertaining by the exercise of ordinary prudence whether the funds in hand corresponded with the amount shown by the books. It is the purpose for which books are kept. Every quarterly settlement certainly would show the true state of the case. Mr. Roberts has the sympathy and personal confidence of many people, of none more than of the noble and faith ful jury who joined in pronouncing the verdict in accordance with the law and facts. After having vindicated the law and the proper demands of justice, there will l>e a general feeling to join in a pe tition to shorten and lighten the term of | punishment. It is a case of vicarious punishment. Others more guilty are be yond the reach of law. It is one of the saddest cases in many aspects that has appealed for discriminating sympathy. It would seem by "testimony from abroad" that the city of Joliet had exer cised the power to make a coniract for a term of years for its water supply. It is objected to by the writer on the ground that such a contract is impolitic and dis advantageous. It is said that it is better for the city to own its water works and supply. That is the position we have al ways advocated and favored above all others. But it seems to be considered that under the legislation of Congress our city cannot incar the debt that is necessary to own its water works. All seem to agree that the cost would not be less than half a million. 2t is on this ground that we say it would be vain to employ experts and have estimates and solicit bids for work that we could not carry out. And still farther, if our City Council has not the power to make a contract, the work of ex perts and soliciting bids is doubly vain. Our legislature cannot help ns, if the trouble is in the law of Congress, nor can it give us any more power over the matter than our present charter does. It is claimed on behalf of the old water companies that the City Council has not power to make a contract for supplying the city with water for a term of twenty years, we suppose on the theory that one city council has not the power to bind future city councils, and that their succes sors should be left as free to act as the present conncil. Conceding for the sake of argument that this is true, it applies cer tainly with as much force against making a contract with the old companies or with any new one formed by a consolidation. If this position is conceded also, does it not follow that it is a waste of time, money and effort to employ experts and solicit bids for supplying the city, when after all this is done the city council has no power to accept a bid and make a contract, no matter how evidently advantageous to the city? ___ « ....... .. Excepting the labor vote, the most re markable thing in the recent elections is the indication of a break-up in the politi cal solidity of the South. Large Republi can gains are reported from all or nearly all the Southern States. The complexion of the North Carolina legislature may be taken as an illustration of Republican pro gress in the South. The upper house stands 27 straight Democrats, 3 independent Democrats and 20 Republicans. In the lower house there are 54 straight Demo crats, 9 independent Democrats and 57 Republicans. The Republicans are in a minority, but they are strong enough to make themselves respected, and gain a good many desired points. North Carolina bids fair to be a Republican State within a few years. _ We are to chronicle the news that the Chicago strike is adjusted on a basis of re turning reason and sound, durable justice. It is right that employers should give notice if they intend to suspend business, and the same spirit of justice requires that employes should give notice of intending to quit. If there are good reasons on either side let them be understood. If there are difficulties that can be removed it gives time to do It. At least it gives time lor men to seek other employment, and it gives employers time to procure other men, and does not involve the sus pension of work on either side. Coercion or competition ? W hich will we have? Speak out strong and loud, couneilmen, citizens. MANUAL TRAINING SCHOOLS. Among the new volumes recently added to our public library one of the most valuable is on the subject of manual training in our public schools, by Mr. Charles II. Ham. It is a book that ought to be widely read and one calculated to make converts to the new theory that is rapidly gaining ground. The writer of this book is full of luitli and enthusiasm. The good results that have followed the numerous experiments made will go further to convince than all the theories. There is no mistake about the fact that our present system of teaching in our public schools is sadly defective and the results are not what we have a right to respect. It is too abstract to be profitable. It is a thing of memory rather than of the understanding. It is not practical enough. It is not natural. It was long ago announced by one of the most emi nent teachers that "things which ought to be done should be taught by doing. The useful arts should be taught as part of our common school system. Not that every one will lollow either one of these arts in life, but because the practi cal knowledge thus gained will be of use in any station and occupation in life. We can see a danger in making edu cation too practical, eliminating the training of memory and the imagination entirely. But this danger is not the one we now have to deal with. " Utile cum dulce " should be our motto. First the useful and afterwards or in connection therewith, the ornamental. The meebauie and useful arts should be taught in our schools. It is only a proper recognition of the dignity and value of labor. Children will learn just as much from books, if part of their time is spent in becoming practically fa miliar with tools and all the fundamen tal processes of the useful arts. We hope our legislature this coming winter will make some provisions for the introduction of manual training in our schools. It is but a continuation of the kindergarten system so successfully ap plied to very small children. It will in volve some expense and trouble no doubt. But if the proved results justify the new departuae, it is not to be re jected on the score of eoot. It is better to pay more for what we do want, than to get for nothing what we do not want. This is a subject that is pressing for con sideration and we want our people to study it well aud settle it on its merits. Thk New York Herald raises a warning voice against the companies advertising Southern lauds for sale cheap in Florida and Mississippi. They are swindling con cerns, asking four prices for lands that in many cases are utterly uninhabitable. It says better lands lor less money can be bought within twenty miles of New York, Philadelphia and Boston. We should be glad to see a large emigration from the North to the South, an emigration large enough to carry the more thrifty habits of agriculture and business management that prevail at the North. Northern people would take hold and work themselves, and not leave all to be done by negroes in their old, shiftless way. Every Western State has been swept over by successive tides of immigration, each bringing in better methods of cultivation and enhancing the value of lands while increasing and im proving the productions. We see no rea son why this same tide should not push south oyer the border States as well. It improbably true, as stated to the Her ald* that the so-called bids received from McKeesport, St. Lou is aud other points and read to the Council the other night, were inspired from telegrams prepared and sent from the office of the attorney of the Helena Water Company. Will any one of the monopoly people say the Herald is deceived in its information? "Were mes sages not wired from Helena dictating, as it were, replies, and stating in substance that hundreds of thousands of capital were in readiness here to support any proposi tions thus suggested ? Let us get at the true inwardness of these little matters. We may be sure that the farmers of the country, most of whom own their own land, will never j,oin a party founded to promote Henry George's theory of general confiscation, or even of purchase and owner ship of all lands by the general govern ment. The proper time to have introduced this reform into America would have been the year that Columbus discovered the continent. It is a singular thing that George's following is principally in the cities where land is a theoretical abstrac tion. ___ The lull returns from all the organized counties in Dakota make Gifford's ma jority 24,000. There is no provision of law for unorganized counties to vote, and there is no reason to expect that if they have voted honestly the result would differ from that in the rest of the Territory. The vote of the Territory two years ago was 86,764. It will probably now exceed 100,000. The total vote of South Carolina in 1884 was only 91,578._ The Dominion government and its Tory ministry seem to be in a bad way. The expenditures have exceeded the revenues by over $5,000,000. The immigration policy of the present government has be come very unpopular. It floods the coun try with cheap labor and the working men are organizing to help the overthrow of the present government, which is generally re garded as certain to follow when election day comes._ Alderman Lockey, regardless of the stand he has taken in opposition to the petitioners of his ward, will not change his attitude against competitive water as long probably as the monopoly may estimate his voice or vote of any service in the Council. But, as one of his neighbors yes terday remarked, "Richard will never have another chance to play one of his slippery games on us." NATIONAL AID TO EDUCATION. When Congress assembles there will be another and more earnest effort to pass the bill to extinguish illiteracy. It is a wise and good measure and can be made better bv amendment, requiring that in connection with instruction in books and mental training, there shall be manual training as well. The illiter ates need to be taught how to read and to write, but they need even more than this, to be taught how to do things. They need to be taught the rudi ments of trades, household, farm and business management. Just as so much effort has been wasted in trying to con vert savages and barbarians before civi lizing them, so a little book learning will be good as far as it goes, but it will not strike at the root of the trouble. We need an education for the mass of the illiterates in this country that will im prove their material condition, give them some energy, ainbitiou, life and thrift. If we give one of these illiterates a mastery of some useful trade so that he can support himself in comfort it will be far better than any slight veneer ing or smattering of book learning. The article by Edmund Kirke in the No vember North American shows what sort of an education the illiterates of the South need. They live in poverty, dis comfort and desolation amid all the ele ments and resources of wealth, and might, with a proper education, have every comfort and luxury of life in abundance. The National government has guaran teed to every State a republican form of government. It is a mockery to say that it should concern itself no further than to require the /firm and not the substance. There is no way to give meaning to the form without supplying the substance. We cannot have thrifty, progressive States without the masses of the citizensjare made thrifty, progressive, intelligent, and independent. The character of the citizen gives character to the State The best way to make citizens iudependent is to give them the mastery of some useful an or trade by which they can support them selves and rear families in comfort. A good trade is the best endowment for any young person, either of fortune or education, no matter in what condition or with what prospects a child is born and reared. We do not mean by this that the chief business in life is or ever should be to make money, but even child should learn as early in life as possible to provide for himself by some honest, respectai de and useful occupa tion. This should be the back-bone, the frame work, the foundation of all education, and around it and upon it should be built up the beauties, orna ments, refinements and accomplishments of life and character. Hard and honest work are needed to give zest to play. Our education is too much of a hot house kind. It does not tit young men and women to meet the storms of life, as any proper education should. Before the Blair bill goes further it should be modified essentially, and no matter how much it may cost the gov ernment should stand ready to aid every State so long as the necessity continues to provide every child born in it or who comes into it] an education that will en able it to lead a useful, honest, honorable life. It is the first and most important use for a government. It reaches down to the very fountains of life, health, growth, power and independence. We can do without armies and navies, but we cannot do without independent aud intelligent citizens, and we must make them out of the children by proper education. If it is justifiable and nec essary to draft men into the armies for the defense of the State, there is even greater reason for drafting children into schools and making our schools all that is necessary to give a practical educa tion. * • ! REFINEMENT UF IRONY. A Decisive Democratic Quill Thrust at Dickerson. [St. Paul Globe. 1 A $500,000 water works plaut is to be put in at Helena, Mont., at once. This is said to be due principally to the firm stand taken by J. S. Dickerson, of the Indepen dent. He declared he would not stay in the place if a bountiful supply of pure water was not provided, and the people, loth to lose so valuable a citizen, chipped in and made up the amount. Mr. Dicker son, before going to Montana, was a tem perance lecturer in [Indiana, and he shies at sight of a beer sign as a young colt does when a piece of loose paper is blown under his feet by a gust of wind. The status of the creature who runs the monopoly [organ—who dead heats his way to daily debauches—who drinks whisky for which vendors whistle for their pay— who decries people struggling for a water supply that would make an "awful ex ample" like him impossible—is mildly stated by a Territorial contemporary. We copy from Butte's leading journal, the Inter-Mountain : "We harbor no animosity against the dog family, but we cannot help the con clusion that Dickerson, of the Independent , casts discredit on the character of the average canine." "He is slanderer of people who are his superiors iu all respects because his in feriors do not live'" "Dickerson has lately given up all at tempts at personating a man. He is a liar and semb in any country, in any language and at any and all times." "He has descended to a lower depth than any Montana editor ever did or ever could, and we hold him up to the contempt and loathing of every decent newspaper in this Territory." "He was a drunken gutter snipe in St Paul, and he is a xvhole flock of gutter snipes in Montana." Some people think that our country be came independent of England in 1776-83, bnt it was not so, and though we have been growing more independent ever since we are still far from being independent in any true sense. In political ideas we have become not only independent but bave be come the leader and instructor of the Eng lish people. In commercial and business matters we have always been the bond servants, the weak dependents, the humble followers of the British. This is particu larly noticeable in the matters of trade, manufactures and money matters. We hardly seem to realize that we have be come a greater, richer and more powerful nation than England. Even in those mat ters in which England most excels we are superior. Our manufacturies exceed hers and so does our commerce, though it is more of the profitable internal kind. And why is it that we go to England to borrow her free trade code which she has only introduced since her supposed manufacturing and commercial superiority were considered impregnably established. But our chiefest folly is our subordination and subserviency to English opinions upon matters of money, coin or currency. We are humbly playing second fiddle to English ideas when we are entitled to lead the orchestra of all the nations of the world. Every consideration of interest and sclf-resi>ect urges us to make the great 3trike for controlling the wealth and commerce of the world by decreeing the 1'ree coinage of silver. We have every facility and inducement for it. It would give us the control at once of all the commerce of this continent, which is ten times more important for us prospec tively than that of Europe. We ought to buy all our sugar, coffee and tea direct from the producers and for eilver. hut we buy through the English and pay in gold. If the English had our silver mines and other resources does any one think there would be such weakness and foolishness as our own people display ? The Chicago stock yard employes resent and resist giving b«nds that they will abide by their agreement to give notice of inten tion to quit w ork. It seems oppressive to take $50 out of a poor mao s wages to make up an indemnity fund. On 2,500 employes this fund would amouut to $1, 250,000, a capital large enough to start the workmen in a business of their own. It seems to us that the plans of labor unions should take on more than they do the es tablishment of co-operative organizations. This would not only provide places for the unemployed, but it would lead to the ad mission of the co-operative and partner ship feature into all industries, individual or corporate. Outside of the gripsack and demijohn which kept him company from other parts, the Herald has all the evidence it wants that the drunken blatherskite and degraded dead beat bestriding the monop oly tripod has not a single chattel of his own on which an assessment can levy or a search warrant can fasten to. An irre sponsible and worthless reprobate, he is a fit creature to run the organ of monopo lies, subsidies and spoils. The property holders, tax payers and water consumers of Helena can never be swayed or in fluenced by a besotted and mercenary wretch hired for a little time to defame a community of people and do the dirty work of his masters. St. Paul Globe : The published card of Rose Elizabeth Cleveland, in regard to her troubles with the publisher of Literary Life, does not, it is safe to say, do the lady justice. The chances are nineteen against one that, in the fourth line of the original letter, where she refers to "the little Chi cago Magazine," the word "little" was underscored, and it should therefore be in italics. The same is true of the words "irrevocably" and "the worst of lies." No newspaper should attempt to print so im portant a letter without first laying in a font of italic. Watterson is back from Europe and gives free expression to the general opinion that Minister Phelps is one of the most conspicuous of the "beggars on horseback" selected by Cleveland to represent us abroad. His treatment of Rice was be neath the dignity of an average gentleman. We would prefer to see the English mis sion vacant rather than dishonored as it now is. A vineyard of about 2,000 acres near Los Angeles has recently been sold for $500 per acre for the purpose of resale in Lon don in small lots at three times those figures. It would seem as if speculation had about reached the point of explosion in Southern California. There are thous ands of acres in California, Arizona and New Mexico to be had for the taking just as well adopted to grape culture and just as accessible to market. A combination of knit goods manu facturers of New York State has been formed with the avowed purpose of here after refusing employment to organized labor. In effect it amounts to a boycotting measure. A boycott against the laborer is no better than a boycott against the capi talist. It is a wrong in one case as much as the other, and should never be attempt ed in this country. Winter seems to be getting into the lap of antnmn and making as if intended to stay. It is no consolation for us to know that other sections are suffering as much or more. It is a great misfortune to us in every way to have winter set in early, even if it should he broken by fre quent Chinooks. Citizens, Couneilmen, be not cajoled or coerced. The water fight is between the community and corporate power. The people, if true to themselves, will triumph Confront corruption with honesty—meet crookedness with integrity—and the vic tory will be yours, glorious and complete. The proposed new water system is comprehensive—competitive. It means the emancipation of Montana's Capital City from a bondage as grinding as merci less as slavery. The time of deliverance is now. Shall we not rise, shake ofi'our shackles and henceforth and forever be free ? IN THE TOILS. Some Few of the Mauv Present Ex periences of Helena Unter Consumers. Consideratious aside of insufficient water, impure water, the rack-rates imposed by the present monopoly upon helpless con sumers in general, and all that—there are other and innumerable hardships and im positions put upon the community for which not one of the victims has ever been able to get redress. To illustrate, citizens have taken the pains to enumerate a few of numberless cases of recent occurrence. Without notice or warning of any sort, in the repair or replacing of maius the other day, water was shut ofi' among other consumers from the Merchants Hote.. Suspicioning no danger the fires were kept up as usual, and when the connections were again made and the v ater rushed suddenly into the hot heaters and boilers, explosions took place and hundreds ot dollars of damage inflicted. Fortunately no lives were lost, though the dauger that threatened was very great. Workmen have since been employed in repairing the damage caused by the negl igence ot the company, but the loss the monopoly re fuse to make good, and not only insist that the proprietors of the Merchants shall pay for his entire repairs, but snail also dis gorge full rack-rates as before. - HtSggfNl At an expense of $10 and upwards Henry l'archen has had the supply pipes of his business house cleaned of mud. sand, filth and debris of every description obstructing the flow of water. The water company alone was responsible for the obstructed pipes, yet Mr. l'archen was obliged to foot the bills for all the plumb ing and other work to place things in ser viceable condition. The Masonic Temple underwent a simi lar experience. In clearing the obstructed pipes masses ot grasshoppers, worms rotten leaves, sticks auil other repulsive animal aud vegetable matter were elimi nated from the clogged pipes. Among the witnesses of this "clean up" of filth was Mr. Bullard, who at the time expressed his fervent disgust at the exhibition, but sub sequently retained by the monopoly as attorneyhe discreetly refrained from com municating to the Council anything of his personal knowledge of the matter. The clearance of the pipes of these abominable defilements entailed an expense of more than $50, no part of which the water com pany, responsible therefor, would pay. Another of this description of cases Mr. Boos is to-day contending with. Clogged pipes, no delivery of water where urgently needed, being his experience, and an out lay of a considerable sum, for no negli gence for which he is responsible, is neces sarv to remedy his fix. The long list of derided, defrauded victims of the Helena Water Company in clude all classes of our people—the poor aDd the rich—the workman and the busi ness man—everybody. The Herald, no more than any other, has escaped the imj position and extortion common to all. It is estimated that from the Herald firm alone is exacted by the monopoly an an nual sum equal to the in'crest on one twentieth of the value of the entire East Side water plant. By the mercenary outfit opposite the Hkkals has been ac cused of advocating for pay a com plete anil competitive water supply. Suffering from the monopoly as our people have—as the Herald itsell has—the public will fairly judge whether this journal has labored from other than honorable and honest motives to free the city from the water monster with which Helena has for years had to contend. The Herald is a property owner and tax payer. The Independent mercenary has no more of property than he has of character at stake. Tim Herald pays hundreds of dollars yearly into the public treasury aud hundreds of dollars yearly into the water monopoly's coffers. The taxes and tolls thus paid by the Herald- amount to a sum in either case in excess-of any and all property iu sight or in reach of the assessor or collector, to which the Indepen dent tramp can claim ownership. The Herald has interests identical with the people, in whose behalf it speaks on the water question. The Independent has not. The Herald will proceed as it has with the good fight. The Independent will pro ceed as it has, to defend and uphold mo nopoly. _____ A MINER'S INSURANCE FIND. The Montana Company Proposes the Organization of an Accident In« surance Fund tor Their Employes. The following address has been circulat ed at Marysville during the past few days: Office of Montana Co. Limited, * Marysville, Nov. 13,1886. > To the Employes of the Montana Co. Limited: Gentlemen: —The deplorable accidents to two of your number, which have oc curred during the past week, have con vinced me that the time has arrived for the organization ot some "Provident ami Accident Insurance Fund," to which you may look for support in case of sickness, or disability by reason of accident, and from which your families would receive a con siderable payment in the event of such accidents proving fatal. The formation of such an institution will, I feel sure, commend itself to the majority of this company's employes, but it is a question upon which I wish to take the entire voice of each man employed, and I therefore invite you all to meet me at the A. O. U. W. hall, in Marysville, at * p. m., on Friday, the 19th of November, when I will submit for your consideration a scheme for the organization of a Mutual Accident Insurance Fund, as between the Montana Company and its employes, and should yon approve the propositiou I shall then he prepared to give effect to your wishes and to lay down rules and regula tions by which the funds and the adminis tration of its finances will he governed in the future. Briefly I give below the outlines of the scheme, which I will explain more fully when we meet : PLAN OF THE ASSOCIATION. First. Employment by the Montana Company will render membership ot the fund compulsory. Second. Membership to involve the payment of a monthly premium. Third. The Montana Company shall contribute monthly a certain percentage ot the sum contributed by its employes. FOURTH. Subject to certain conditions, membership will entitle each member to relief in case of sickness or accident. Fifth. In case of death by accident, a sum is to be paid to the relatives ol the deceased out of the fund. Yours faithfully, R. T. BAYLISS, Managing Director. A recount in several New Jersey legt-' lative districts is to take place to-day, and both parties are confident ol making gau as the result. There were lour rases in which the majorities ranged from four to thirteen, and one in which there was a t,e The situation in Indiana is i !o_->e am doubtful, but the friends of Senator ar rison arc confident of his succeeding him self.