OCR Interpretation


Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, November 18, 1886, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84036143/1886-11-18/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 2

(illLTV AS CHARGED.
W. K. Roberts, ex-Trcasurer of Lewis
and Clarke County, Convicted
of Embezzlement.
The jury in the Roberts case were so
late in arriving at a verdict yesterday
afternoon that only the bare mention of
the fact that the accused had been found
guilty could be made in last night's
Herald. It is not straining the facts to
say that everybody was surprised over
that verdict. The general opinion, even
l>efore the trial, was that ''old man Kob
erts" would be acquitted, and this impres
sion gained ground after the jury had been
chosen and the trial begun. At 12:15
o'clock yesterday afternoon when, after in
structions by the court, the case had gone
to the jury, it was impossible to find, in
the crowd that had attended the trial, a
single man who predicted or even enter
tained the private conviction that the re
sult would be as it was. "Oh, he's an old
man," they would say when approached
upon the subject, "and the chances are that
he did not take the money." And so sym
pathy lor the accused overbalanced sound
judgment in the minds of many, who firm
ly anticipated either an acquittal or a dis
agreement of the jury. But with the body
of twelve sober and intelligent men, un
swerved by sympathy and unbiased by
prejudice,
BOUND UNDER SOLEMN OATH
to do their duty and administer justice
though the heavens fall, the case was
different. With minds free to receive the
impressions conveyed, the intelligent jury
listened to the arguments as they were
preferred by the counsel on either side and
after weighing every point as it was pre
sented, they retired after the Judge's charge
with their minds almost then unanimous
for the conviction of the accused.
The court had taken a recess until 4 1
o'clock and when it reassembled at that I
hour it was with surprise that the inmates I
of the court room received the news that .
the jury
HAD AGKEED UPON A VEEDICT
aud were ready to render it. In the short :
time that had elapsed scarce anyone an
ticipated an agreement. But they came
into court and took their places in the box,
whence, after the roll had been called and
all found present, the foreman stepped to
the clerk's desk and handed in the verdict.
Silence brooded over the scene as this was
done. The prisoner sat before the bar im
movable but with evident anxiety in his
expression. The few lawyers and other
spectators held their breaths as the clerk
took the verdict and unfolded it prepara
tory to reading. In clear and distinct
tones Deputy Keynolds read as follows
THE VERDICT:
We, the jury, in the above entitled case
find the defendant guilty of embezzlement
in manner and form as charged in the in
dictment.
(9igned) II. GLEASON, Foreman.
The balance of the jury signified their
acquiescence in the verdict and were then
discharged by the court. The names of
this body of men, whose verdict in this
most celebrated criminal case, of its nature,
ever tried in Montana, will lie forever re
nowned, are as follows :
THE JURY WHO CONVICTED ROBERTS.
H.Gleason, foreman; 1*. W. Leighton
.Tames Sullivan John Merry
Nicholas MonshausenT J Cronin
Frank LaReau Oliver Allen
Charles Reinig R. A. Craig
J. S. Brayford F. D. Cooper
No one can say but that they per
formed their duty honestly, conscientiously
and thoroughly. In the face of popular
sentiment, against the apparent turn of
the trial and stemming the eloquent tide
of the earnest pleadings ol one of the
ablest advocates of the Helena bar, they
stood manfully to their convictions, forced
upon them by the logical presentation of
the case by the District Attorney, and
formed opinions as one man on the in
evitable result. Guilty was the defendaut
under the law and guilty they must pro
nouuce him, though his own life be blight
ed and the happiness of a home be wrecked
by their verdict.
On the announcement of the result de
fendant's counsel gave notice of filing a
bill of exceDtions and the court adjourned.
The .Sheriff approached the District At
torney and asked what should lie done
with the prisoner. With immovable face
that official replied : "Take him into cus
tody. He is a felon in the eyes of the law
and as such must lie treated." With fal
tering steps the Sheriff approached to do
his unwelcome duty, and accompanied by
the heartfelt sympathy of the whole com
munity, the aged and broken down pris
oner plodded with lagging steps, drooping
head and moistened eyes across the court
yard to the county jail. His advanced
age, his poverty, his associations of family
and friendship, the seeming impossibility
of his commission of the crime charged
all found an exponent in the sympathetic
outpourings of hundreds of citizens, but as
the convicted defaulter ciossed the thresh
old of the prison and the iron doors closed
upon him the only cry audible to his
mourning friends in the clang of the prison
gates seemed "fiat justifia mat coclum ."
THE PROSECUTING ATTORNEY.
The verdict in the Roberts case, which
may be regarded as a vindication of the
people of Montana in their determination
to uphold the right, is largely due to the
logical presentation of the facts in the case
by our able young District Attorney, W.
H. Hunt. The sole charge of the prosecu
tion rested in the hands of this able law
yer, who conducted the case from begin
ning to end. Ex-Governor Carpenter was
associated with him, but only as consult
ing attorney, and Mr. Hnnt prepared the
plans of prosecution as well as made all
the arguments on the partol the Territory.
With no unseemly rejoicing (for there is
no such) over the conviction of Roberts, it
is not out of the way to state that this
talented and able young advocate has add
ed fresh laurels to his reputation by secur
ing a verdict of guilty in the face of popu
lar sentiment and in a contest before the
court and jury with Warren Toole, an ex
perienced acknowledged legal champion
and eminent counsellor.
NOTICE OK NEW TRIAL.
This morning Roberts' counsel gave no
tice of intention to move for a new trial.
Meanwhile the defendant remains in
prison. Under the statutes the crime of
which he is convicted is punishable by
from two to ten years' imprisonment.
We Lope our good people will remember
that this week has been specially devoted
to effort in behalf of the great work that
the Young Men s Christian Association is
doing all over the country anil is trying to
introduce in Helena. It is work that
should command the earnest and aggressive
sympathy and co-operation of all. Let
our "mothers in Israel" and our young
women interest themselves to get the
young men to attend the meetings at the
Association rooms anil become open and
active supporters and participants in all
departments of the great work lor practi
cal moral reforms.
HENRY GEORGE.
The late candidate for Mayor of New
York city has become a conspicuous
national figure, and there are many who
think he looms up as a formidable can
didate for the Presidency. Mr. George
is a man of ideas, ability and character,
an interesting and forcible writer. One
of his books, entitled "Social Problems,"
is in our Public Library, and we have
read it with great interest. The im
pression left upon our mind is that he
is a doctrinaire, as the French would
call him, rather a man of theories than
of practical state-manship. We do not
apply this term to George in an invid
ious sense. Men of ideas are the most
serviceable of mankind very often, and
though they arc not apt to he safe and
successful leaders themselves, their in
fluence goes far to direct practical states
manship into higher and better ways.
Henry George is one of the keenest of
observers and critics and a strong rea
soner. He can point out the defects in
our social organization, our laws and
their administration with a clearness
that carries conviction. But like others
of his class he fails when he comes to re
construction. Many can tear down a
house who could not put one up, or de
stroy a statue or painting which would
require genius to reconstruct.
The distinguishing feature of George's
theory is that land should not be the
subject of private ownership. The title
should be and always remain in the
State and be let to those who will make
the best use of it, not for his individual
interest hut for the public good. It
would take more space than we com- j
maud to explain his theory in detail.
It seems to us radically defective and j
utterly impracticable, starting from pres- j
eut facts, with which we must begin
and to which changes must be applied.
We believe the fact of absolute, perma
nent owuershipof land is essential to its
best care and the best development of its
productive capacity. Land hunger is a
natural appetite. It may be cloyed like
any other appetite, and that is the case
at present in this country. Land is so
abundant and cheap that any one can
get all he wants and is apt to get too
much and then he gets tired of it. It is
as bad to have too much as too little.
Experience in this country has shown
that land is one of the poorest articles in
the market to speculate on in any large
scale. It does not pay to hold
without improvement, for the average
enhancement is not as much as interest
and taxes amount to in the long run. To
hold large bodies, either to rent or to
cultivate, has not proven any more
profitable. Cultivation by machinery
works well for a time, but it is very ex
haustive and proves unprofitable. Ex
perience has not yet proved what is the
proper limit of industrial holding. Even
160 acres seems too much. A small
farm, well tilled and one that the
owner can cultivate without hiring much
help, seems to be the standard toward
which experience is tending.
Among other things Mr. George is a
radical free trader, and on that issue we
differ widely from him and feel sure that
he will never be the chosen leader of the
labor organizations. A large proportion
of the manufacturing industries of this
country depend for existence yet upon
protection, and laborers are as much in
terested as manufacturers that those in
dustries continue and multiply. There
may be a question about the proper di
vision of the earnings, but in their ex
istence and continuance there is no di
vision 'between employer and em
ployed.
The practical purpose of labor organ
izations, it seems to us, ought to be to se
cure greater permanency and indepen
dence in their positions, and a more
equitable division of the joint products
of labor and capital. Every employe
of any manufacturing company ought.to
be recognized as a stock holder, sharing
in the general profits in addition to his
wages.
Sooner than follow George in his ab
solute free trade doctrines, the large ma
jority of laboring men in this country
will be found uniting in some measures
to restrain immigration. So long as the
tide of cheap labor is pouring in from
abroad to compete with and underbid
our laborers, it is impossible foi them to
keep up, to say nothing of advancing
wages.
It would be a glorious thing if all na
tions would disarm and disband their
armies, convert their implements of de
struction into those of production. If
all nations would make trade free at the
same time, we could practically hold our
own. Until human nature undergoes a
radical change we don't believe direct
taxes can be substituted for indirect
ones. There is more inequality, fraud,
false swearing and pretense in direct
property taxation than in any other
form.
If there is any device by which the
water monopoly can retain their clutch
upon the throats of the people, rest assur
ed that the monopoly will not fail to make
use of it. The employment of an "organ,"
with an appetite whetted by the smell of
spoils, proved powerless to stem the rising
tide of execration rolling up from a sufier
ing and indignant people. Nothing short
of complete emancipation from monopo
listic infliction will quiet a community en
cumpassed by the grievances of this city.
Eminent lawyers may be retained, the
whole available bar engaged, but even
these further and additional aids can little
iDiluence public judgment or assist in sub
jecting the people to the yoke of monopoly.
With less than the competing water plant
the thousands of citizens are now earnest
ly and actively contending for Helena will
not be satisfied to realize.
THE VERDICT.
The verdict in the Roberts case was
something of a general surprise to our
people, but rather on the theory that
the general public sympathy for the ac
cused would sway the jury, than that
the law would be applied to the facts in
accordance with the oath under which
the jury acted and their sense of public
duty. No one in this community be
lieves that Kemp Roberts is a thief, or
that he has taken the county money to
squander on his own person or in the
indulgence of personal vices of any
kind. It is a matter of common
notoriety where and how the money
went. It was criminal negligence alone
for which Mr. Roberts was convicted
and fully warranted by the charge of
Judge Wade, which correctly states the
law in this : "It is within the ordinary
duties of a county treasurer to know
from his books at any time or for any
given period the amount of money he
has received, the exact amount he has
paid out and the exact amount on hand.
Negligence in any of these particulars
whereby the public funds are squan
dered, stolen or lost, would be criminal
negligence."
The law is not unreasonable in re
quiring this degree of care on the part
of those charged with the custody of
public funds. There is no security for
the public on any other theory and con
struction of law. Criminal negligence
is a- bad in its effects in dissipating pub
lic funds as criminal intent. No one
thinks this large sum of money was
taken at any one time. There was al
ways the means ol' ascertaining by the
exercise of ordinary prudence whether
the funds in hand corresponded with
the amount shown by the books. It is
the purpose for which books are kept.
Every quarterly settlement certainly
would show the true state of the case.
Mr. Roberts has the sympathy and
personal confidence of many people, of
none more than of the noble and faith
ful jury who joined in pronouncing the
verdict in accordance with the law and
facts. After having vindicated the law
and the proper demands of justice, there
will l>e a general feeling to join in a pe
tition to shorten and lighten the term of |
punishment. It is a case of vicarious
punishment. Others more guilty are be
yond the reach of law. It is one of the
saddest cases in many aspects that has
appealed for discriminating sympathy.
It would seem by "testimony from
abroad" that the city of Joliet had exer
cised the power to make a coniract for a
term of years for its water supply. It is
objected to by the writer on the ground
that such a contract is impolitic and dis
advantageous. It is said that it is better
for the city to own its water works and
supply. That is the position we have al
ways advocated and favored above all
others. But it seems to be considered that
under the legislation of Congress our city
cannot incar the debt that is necessary to
own its water works. All seem to agree
that the cost would not be less than half a
million. 2t is on this ground that we say
it would be vain to employ experts and
have estimates and solicit bids for work
that we could not carry out. And still
farther, if our City Council has not the
power to make a contract, the work of ex
perts and soliciting bids is doubly vain.
Our legislature cannot help ns, if the
trouble is in the law of Congress, nor can
it give us any more power over the matter
than our present charter does.
It is claimed on behalf of the old water
companies that the City Council has not
power to make a contract for supplying
the city with water for a term of twenty
years, we suppose on the theory that one
city council has not the power to bind
future city councils, and that their succes
sors should be left as free to act as the
present conncil. Conceding for the sake of
argument that this is true, it applies cer
tainly with as much force against making
a contract with the old companies or with
any new one formed by a consolidation.
If this position is conceded also, does it not
follow that it is a waste of time, money
and effort to employ experts and solicit
bids for supplying the city, when after all
this is done the city council has no power
to accept a bid and make a contract, no
matter how evidently advantageous to the
city? ___
« ....... ..
Excepting the labor vote, the most re
markable thing in the recent elections is
the indication of a break-up in the politi
cal solidity of the South. Large Republi
can gains are reported from all or nearly
all the Southern States. The complexion
of the North Carolina legislature may be
taken as an illustration of Republican pro
gress in the South. The upper house stands
27 straight Democrats, 3 independent
Democrats and 20 Republicans. In the
lower house there are 54 straight Demo
crats, 9 independent Democrats and 57
Republicans. The Republicans are in a
minority, but they are strong enough to
make themselves respected, and gain a
good many desired points. North Carolina
bids fair to be a Republican State within a
few years. _
We are to chronicle the news that the
Chicago strike is adjusted on a basis of re
turning reason and sound, durable justice.
It is right that employers should give
notice if they intend to suspend business,
and the same spirit of justice requires that
employes should give notice of intending
to quit. If there are good reasons on
either side let them be understood. If
there are difficulties that can be removed
it gives time to do It. At least it gives
time lor men to seek other employment,
and it gives employers time to procure
other men, and does not involve the sus
pension of work on either side.
Coercion or competition ? W hich will
we have? Speak out strong and loud,
couneilmen, citizens.
MANUAL TRAINING SCHOOLS.
Among the new volumes recently
added to our public library one of the
most valuable is on the subject of
manual training in our public schools,
by Mr. Charles II. Ham. It is a book
that ought to be widely read and one
calculated to make converts to the new
theory that is rapidly gaining ground.
The writer of this book is full of luitli
and enthusiasm. The good results that
have followed the numerous experiments
made will go further to convince than
all the theories.
There is no mistake about the fact
that our present system of teaching in
our public schools is sadly defective and
the results are not what we have a right
to respect.
It is too abstract to be profitable. It
is a thing of memory rather than of the
understanding. It is not practical
enough. It is not natural. It was long
ago announced by one of the most emi
nent teachers that "things which ought
to be done should be taught by doing.
The useful arts should be taught as
part of our common school system. Not
that every one will lollow either one of
these arts in life, but because the practi
cal knowledge thus gained will be of use
in any station and occupation in life.
We can see a danger in making edu
cation too practical, eliminating the
training of memory and the imagination
entirely. But this danger is not the one
we now have to deal with. " Utile cum
dulce " should be our motto. First the
useful and afterwards or in connection
therewith, the ornamental.
The meebauie and useful arts should
be taught in our schools. It is only a
proper recognition of the dignity and
value of labor. Children will learn just
as much from books, if part of their
time is spent in becoming practically fa
miliar with tools and all the fundamen
tal processes of the useful arts.
We hope our legislature this coming
winter will make some provisions for the
introduction of manual training in our
schools. It is but a continuation of the
kindergarten system so successfully ap
plied to very small children. It will in
volve some expense and trouble no
doubt. But if the proved results justify
the new departuae, it is not to be re
jected on the score of eoot. It is better
to pay more for what we do want, than
to get for nothing what we do not want.
This is a subject that is pressing for con
sideration and we want our people to
study it well aud settle it on its merits.
Thk New York Herald raises a warning
voice against the companies advertising
Southern lauds for sale cheap in Florida
and Mississippi. They are swindling con
cerns, asking four prices for lands that in
many cases are utterly uninhabitable. It
says better lands lor less money can be
bought within twenty miles of New York,
Philadelphia and Boston. We should be
glad to see a large emigration from the
North to the South, an emigration large
enough to carry the more thrifty habits of
agriculture and business management that
prevail at the North. Northern people
would take hold and work themselves, and
not leave all to be done by negroes in their
old, shiftless way. Every Western State
has been swept over by successive tides of
immigration, each bringing in better
methods of cultivation and enhancing the
value of lands while increasing and im
proving the productions. We see no rea
son why this same tide should not push
south oyer the border States as well.
It improbably true, as stated to the Her
ald* that the so-called bids received from
McKeesport, St. Lou is aud other points and
read to the Council the other night, were
inspired from telegrams prepared and sent
from the office of the attorney of the
Helena Water Company. Will any one of
the monopoly people say the Herald is
deceived in its information? "Were mes
sages not wired from Helena dictating, as
it were, replies, and stating in substance
that hundreds of thousands of capital were
in readiness here to support any proposi
tions thus suggested ? Let us get at the
true inwardness of these little matters.
We may be sure that the farmers of the
country, most of whom own their own
land, will never j,oin a party founded to
promote Henry George's theory of general
confiscation, or even of purchase and owner
ship of all lands by the general govern
ment. The proper time to have introduced
this reform into America would have been
the year that Columbus discovered the
continent. It is a singular thing that
George's following is principally in the
cities where land is a theoretical abstrac
tion. ___
The lull returns from all the organized
counties in Dakota make Gifford's ma
jority 24,000. There is no provision of law
for unorganized counties to vote, and there
is no reason to expect that if they have
voted honestly the result would differ from
that in the rest of the Territory. The vote
of the Territory two years ago was 86,764.
It will probably now exceed 100,000. The
total vote of South Carolina in 1884 was
only 91,578._
The Dominion government and its Tory
ministry seem to be in a bad way. The
expenditures have exceeded the revenues
by over $5,000,000. The immigration
policy of the present government has be
come very unpopular. It floods the coun
try with cheap labor and the working men
are organizing to help the overthrow of the
present government, which is generally re
garded as certain to follow when election
day comes._
Alderman Lockey, regardless of the
stand he has taken in opposition to the
petitioners of his ward, will not change his
attitude against competitive water as long
probably as the monopoly may estimate
his voice or vote of any service in the
Council. But, as one of his neighbors yes
terday remarked, "Richard will never have
another chance to play one of his slippery
games on us."
NATIONAL AID TO EDUCATION.
When Congress assembles there will
be another and more earnest effort to
pass the bill to extinguish illiteracy. It
is a wise and good measure and can be
made better bv amendment, requiring
that in connection with instruction in
books and mental training, there shall
be manual training as well. The illiter
ates need to be taught how to read and
to write, but they need even more than
this, to be taught how to do things.
They need to be taught the rudi ments
of trades, household, farm and business
management. Just as so much effort
has been wasted in trying to con
vert savages and barbarians before civi
lizing them, so a little book learning
will be good as far as it goes, but it will
not strike at the root of the trouble. We
need an education for the mass of the
illiterates in this country that will im
prove their material condition, give
them some energy, ainbitiou, life and
thrift. If we give one of these illiterates
a mastery of some useful trade so that
he can support himself in comfort it
will be far better than any slight veneer
ing or smattering of book learning. The
article by Edmund Kirke in the No
vember North American shows what sort
of an education the illiterates of the
South need. They live in poverty, dis
comfort and desolation amid all the ele
ments and resources of wealth, and might,
with a proper education, have every
comfort and luxury of life in abundance.
The National government has guaran
teed to every State a republican form of
government. It is a mockery to say
that it should concern itself no further
than to require the /firm and not the
substance. There is no way to give
meaning to the form without supplying
the substance. We cannot have thrifty,
progressive States without the masses of
the citizensjare made thrifty, progressive,
intelligent, and independent.
The character of the citizen gives
character to the State The best way to
make citizens iudependent is to give
them the mastery of some useful an or
trade by which they can support them
selves and rear families in comfort. A
good trade is the best endowment for
any young person, either of fortune or
education, no matter in what condition
or with what prospects a child is born
and reared. We do not mean by this
that the chief business in life is or ever
should be to make money, but even
child should learn as early in life as
possible to provide for himself by some
honest, respectai de and useful occupa
tion. This should be the back-bone,
the frame work, the foundation of all
education, and around it and upon it
should be built up the beauties, orna
ments, refinements and accomplishments
of life and character. Hard and honest
work are needed to give zest to play.
Our education is too much of a hot
house kind. It does not tit young men
and women to meet the storms of life,
as any proper education should.
Before the Blair bill goes further it
should be modified essentially, and no
matter how much it may cost the gov
ernment should stand ready to aid every
State so long as the necessity continues
to provide every child born in it or who
comes into it] an education that will en
able it to lead a useful, honest, honorable
life. It is the first and most important
use for a government. It reaches down
to the very fountains of life, health,
growth, power and independence.
We can do without armies and navies,
but we cannot do without independent
aud intelligent citizens, and we must
make them out of the children by proper
education. If it is justifiable and nec
essary to draft men into the armies for
the defense of the State, there is even
greater reason for drafting children into
schools and making our schools all that
is necessary to give a practical educa
tion.
*

!
REFINEMENT UF IRONY.
A Decisive Democratic Quill Thrust
at Dickerson.
[St. Paul Globe. 1
A $500,000 water works plaut is to be
put in at Helena, Mont., at once. This is
said to be due principally to the firm stand
taken by J. S. Dickerson, of the Indepen
dent. He declared he would not stay in
the place if a bountiful supply of pure
water was not provided, and the people,
loth to lose so valuable a citizen, chipped
in and made up the amount. Mr. Dicker
son, before going to Montana, was a tem
perance lecturer in [Indiana, and he shies
at sight of a beer sign as a young colt does
when a piece of loose paper is blown under
his feet by a gust of wind.
The status of the creature who runs the
monopoly [organ—who dead heats his way
to daily debauches—who drinks whisky
for which vendors whistle for their pay—
who decries people struggling for a water
supply that would make an "awful ex
ample" like him impossible—is mildly
stated by a Territorial contemporary. We
copy from Butte's leading journal, the
Inter-Mountain :
"We harbor no animosity against the
dog family, but we cannot help the con
clusion that Dickerson, of the Independent ,
casts discredit on the character of the
average canine."
"He is slanderer of people who are his
superiors iu all respects because his in
feriors do not live'"
"Dickerson has lately given up all at
tempts at personating a man. He is a liar
and semb in any country, in any language
and at any and all times."
"He has descended to a lower depth than
any Montana editor ever did or ever could,
and we hold him up to the contempt and
loathing of every decent newspaper in this
Territory."
"He was a drunken gutter snipe in St
Paul, and he is a xvhole flock of gutter
snipes in Montana."
Some people think that our country be
came independent of England in 1776-83,
bnt it was not so, and though we have
been growing more independent ever since
we are still far from being independent in
any true sense. In political ideas we have
become not only independent but bave be
come the leader and instructor of the Eng
lish people. In commercial and business
matters we have always been the bond
servants, the weak dependents, the humble
followers of the British. This is particu
larly noticeable in the matters of trade,
manufactures and money matters. We
hardly seem to realize that we have be
come a greater, richer and more powerful
nation than England. Even in those mat
ters in which England most excels we are
superior. Our manufacturies exceed hers
and so does our commerce, though it is more
of the profitable internal kind. And why is it
that we go to England to borrow her free
trade code which she has only introduced
since her supposed manufacturing and
commercial superiority were considered
impregnably established. But our chiefest
folly is our subordination and subserviency
to English opinions upon matters of money,
coin or currency. We are humbly playing
second fiddle to English ideas when we
are entitled to lead the orchestra of all the
nations of the world. Every consideration
of interest and sclf-resi>ect urges us to
make the great 3trike for controlling the
wealth and commerce of the world by
decreeing the 1'ree coinage of silver. We
have every facility and inducement for it.
It would give us the control at once of all
the commerce of this continent, which is
ten times more important for us prospec
tively than that of Europe. We ought to
buy all our sugar, coffee and tea direct
from the producers and for eilver. hut we
buy through the English and pay in gold.
If the English had our silver mines and
other resources does any one think there
would be such weakness and foolishness as
our own people display ?
The Chicago stock yard employes resent
and resist giving b«nds that they will abide
by their agreement to give notice of inten
tion to quit w ork. It seems oppressive to
take $50 out of a poor mao s wages to
make up an indemnity fund. On 2,500
employes this fund would amouut to $1,
250,000, a capital large enough to start the
workmen in a business of their own. It
seems to us that the plans of labor unions
should take on more than they do the es
tablishment of co-operative organizations.
This would not only provide places for the
unemployed, but it would lead to the ad
mission of the co-operative and partner
ship feature into all industries, individual
or corporate.
Outside of the gripsack and demijohn
which kept him company from other
parts, the Herald has all the evidence it
wants that the drunken blatherskite and
degraded dead beat bestriding the monop
oly tripod has not a single chattel of his
own on which an assessment can levy or a
search warrant can fasten to. An irre
sponsible and worthless reprobate, he
is a fit creature to run the organ of monopo
lies, subsidies and spoils. The property
holders, tax payers and water consumers
of Helena can never be swayed or in
fluenced by a besotted and mercenary
wretch hired for a little time to defame
a community of people and do the dirty
work of his masters.
St. Paul Globe : The published card
of Rose Elizabeth Cleveland, in regard to
her troubles with the publisher of Literary
Life, does not, it is safe to say, do the lady
justice. The chances are nineteen against
one that, in the fourth line of the original
letter, where she refers to "the little Chi
cago Magazine," the word "little" was
underscored, and it should therefore be in
italics. The same is true of the words
"irrevocably" and "the worst of lies." No
newspaper should attempt to print so im
portant a letter without first laying in a
font of italic.
Watterson is back from Europe and
gives free expression to the general opinion
that Minister Phelps is one of the most
conspicuous of the "beggars on horseback"
selected by Cleveland to represent us
abroad. His treatment of Rice was be
neath the dignity of an average gentleman.
We would prefer to see the English mis
sion vacant rather than dishonored as it
now is.
A vineyard of about 2,000 acres near
Los Angeles has recently been sold for $500
per acre for the purpose of resale in Lon
don in small lots at three times those
figures. It would seem as if speculation
had about reached the point of explosion
in Southern California. There are thous
ands of acres in California, Arizona and
New Mexico to be had for the taking just
as well adopted to grape culture and just
as accessible to market.
A combination of knit goods manu
facturers of New York State has been
formed with the avowed purpose of here
after refusing employment to organized
labor. In effect it amounts to a boycotting
measure. A boycott against the laborer is
no better than a boycott against the capi
talist. It is a wrong in one case as much
as the other, and should never be attempt
ed in this country.
Winter seems to be getting into the
lap of antnmn and making as if intended
to stay. It is no consolation for us to
know that other sections are suffering as
much or more. It is a great misfortune to
us in every way to have winter set in
early, even if it should he broken by fre
quent Chinooks.
Citizens, Couneilmen, be not cajoled or
coerced. The water fight is between the
community and corporate power. The
people, if true to themselves, will triumph
Confront corruption with honesty—meet
crookedness with integrity—and the vic
tory will be yours, glorious and complete.
The proposed new water system is
comprehensive—competitive. It means
the emancipation of Montana's Capital
City from a bondage as grinding as merci
less as slavery. The time of deliverance is
now. Shall we not rise, shake ofi'our
shackles and henceforth and forever be
free ?
IN THE TOILS.
Some Few of the Mauv Present Ex
periences of Helena Unter
Consumers.
Consideratious aside of insufficient water,
impure water, the rack-rates imposed by
the present monopoly upon helpless con
sumers in general, and all that—there are
other and innumerable hardships and im
positions put upon the community for
which not one of the victims has ever been
able to get redress. To illustrate, citizens
have taken the pains to enumerate a few
of numberless cases of recent occurrence.
Without notice or warning of any sort,
in the repair or replacing of maius the
other day, water was shut ofi' among other
consumers from the Merchants Hote..
Suspicioning no danger the fires were kept
up as usual, and when the connections
were again made and the v ater rushed
suddenly into the hot heaters and boilers,
explosions took place and hundreds ot
dollars of damage inflicted. Fortunately
no lives were lost, though the dauger that
threatened was very great. Workmen
have since been employed in repairing the
damage caused by the negl igence ot the
company, but the loss the monopoly re
fuse to make good, and not only insist that
the proprietors of the Merchants shall pay
for his entire repairs, but snail also dis
gorge full rack-rates as before. - HtSggfNl
At an expense of $10 and upwards
Henry l'archen has had the supply pipes
of his business house cleaned of mud.
sand, filth and debris of every description
obstructing the flow of water. The water
company alone was responsible for the
obstructed pipes, yet Mr. l'archen was
obliged to foot the bills for all the plumb
ing and other work to place things in ser
viceable condition.
The Masonic Temple underwent a simi
lar experience. In clearing the obstructed
pipes masses ot grasshoppers, worms
rotten leaves, sticks auil other repulsive
animal aud vegetable matter were elimi
nated from the clogged pipes. Among the
witnesses of this "clean up" of filth was
Mr. Bullard, who at the time expressed his
fervent disgust at the exhibition, but sub
sequently retained by the monopoly as
attorneyhe discreetly refrained from com
municating to the Council anything of his
personal knowledge of the matter. The
clearance of the pipes of these abominable
defilements entailed an expense of more
than $50, no part of which the water com
pany, responsible therefor, would pay.
Another of this description of cases Mr.
Boos is to-day contending with. Clogged
pipes, no delivery of water where urgently
needed, being his experience, and an out
lay of a considerable sum, for no negli
gence for which he is responsible, is neces
sarv to remedy his fix.
The long list of derided, defrauded
victims of the Helena Water Company in
clude all classes of our people—the poor
aDd the rich—the workman and the busi
ness man—everybody. The Herald, no
more than any other, has escaped the imj
position and extortion common to all. It
is estimated that from the Herald firm
alone is exacted by the monopoly an an
nual sum equal to the in'crest on one
twentieth of the value of the entire
East Side water plant. By the mercenary
outfit opposite the Hkkals has been ac
cused of advocating for pay a com
plete anil competitive water supply.
Suffering from the monopoly as our
people have—as the Herald itsell
has—the public will fairly judge whether
this journal has labored from other than
honorable and honest motives to free the
city from the water monster with which
Helena has for years had to contend. The
Herald is a property owner and tax
payer. The Independent mercenary has no
more of property than he has of character
at stake. Tim Herald pays hundreds of
dollars yearly into the public treasury
aud hundreds of dollars yearly into the
water monopoly's coffers. The taxes and
tolls thus paid by the Herald- amount to
a sum in either case in excess-of any and
all property iu sight or in reach of the
assessor or collector, to which the Indepen
dent tramp can claim ownership. The
Herald has interests identical with the
people, in whose behalf it speaks on the
water question. The Independent has not.
The Herald will proceed as it has with
the good fight. The Independent will pro
ceed as it has, to defend and uphold mo
nopoly. _____
A MINER'S INSURANCE FIND.
The Montana Company Proposes the
Organization of an Accident In«
surance Fund tor Their
Employes.
The following address has been circulat
ed at Marysville during the past few days:
Office of Montana Co. Limited, *
Marysville, Nov. 13,1886. >
To the Employes of the Montana Co. Limited:
Gentlemen: —The deplorable accidents
to two of your number, which have oc
curred during the past week, have con
vinced me that the time has arrived for
the organization ot some "Provident ami
Accident Insurance Fund," to which you
may look for support in case of sickness, or
disability by reason of accident, and from
which your families would receive a con
siderable payment in the event of such
accidents proving fatal.
The formation of such an institution
will, I feel sure, commend itself to the
majority of this company's employes, but
it is a question upon which I wish to take
the entire voice of each man employed,
and I therefore invite you all to meet me
at the A. O. U. W. hall, in Marysville, at *
p. m., on Friday, the 19th of November,
when I will submit for your consideration
a scheme for the organization of a Mutual
Accident Insurance Fund, as between the
Montana Company and its employes, and
should yon approve the propositiou I shall
then he prepared to give effect to your
wishes and to lay down rules and regula
tions by which the funds and the adminis
tration of its finances will he governed in
the future.
Briefly I give below the outlines of the
scheme, which I will explain more fully
when we meet :
PLAN OF THE ASSOCIATION.
First. Employment by the Montana
Company will render membership ot the
fund compulsory.
Second. Membership to involve the
payment of a monthly premium.
Third. The Montana Company shall
contribute monthly a certain percentage ot
the sum contributed by its employes.
FOURTH. Subject to certain conditions,
membership will entitle each member to
relief in case of sickness or accident.
Fifth. In case of death by accident, a
sum is to be paid to the relatives ol the
deceased out of the fund.
Yours faithfully,
R. T. BAYLISS, Managing Director.
A recount in several New Jersey legt-'
lative districts is to take place to-day, and
both parties are confident ol making gau
as the result. There were lour rases in
which the majorities ranged from four to
thirteen, and one in which there was a t,e
The situation in Indiana is i !o_->e am
doubtful, but the friends of Senator ar
rison arc confident of his succeeding him
self.

xml | txt