Newspaper Page Text
TWENTY YEARS AGO!
A Few Extracts from Vol. 1, No. 1 of the Helena "Herald." Faniuliar Names When Log Cabins in Last Chance Gulch Constituted the Countv Seat of Edgertoii County. On the 15th day of November, 1666, the first number of the Helena Hekald was issued, from the second floor of a two-story log building, on the site now occupied by the City Hall. The size of the paper was 21x23, and for the want of something bet ter brown wrapping paper was used. The Weekly Hekald, issued last week, the 16th, completed the twentieth year of its uninterruped publication: and to-mor row No. 1, Vol. 21, will be issued and go forth to its wide constituency in this and adjoining Territories. The Hebald has always endeavored to excel as a newspaper. It has prospered ; and we may be pardoned for saying that twenty years of constant, unremitting labor by three brothers—twen ty of the liest years of their lives—is de serving of success. We feel grateful, es pecially, to the liberal, whole -souled, enter prising business men of Helena, who by their patronage materially assisted in maintaining the Hekald in its infancy, and who have ever appreciated the efforts of this journal in advocating every inter est of our city, and advertising to the world the unrivalled resources of our great Territory. The early files ot the Hekald are re plete with articles of interest to the old timers. In fact when one takes up one of the old volumes it is almost impossible to lay it aside. We deem it fitting to the oc casion to republish a portion of the con tents of the first issue of the Herald: At the head the KATES OF Sl'BSCBIPTIOX. One copy, three months............................... *• " one year..................................... Mingle copy, in wrapper, with stamp.......... Greenbacks taken at their current rates, that time 75 cents on the dollar. : of the first column we find .(2.50 . LOn . 7.50 . .50 I At EXTRACTS FROM SALUTATORY. The want of a staunch Republican or gan in the Territory has long been felt, and its absence much deplored. Having been called upon to assume charge, under the 1 Dew auspices, of the office of the late Radiator, to issue therefrom a weekly journal, under such caption and in such line of political dealing as our sentiments should dictate, we have the pleasure to present herewith to the people of Montana the first number of the Helena Herald —a paper in the interest of the great Re publican Union party, devoted to polities, the news, and the general interests of the Territory at large. Earnestly applying ourselves to the duties before us as a pub lic journalist, in seeking to advance the weltare and prosperity of the people of Montana, we shall help and expect to re ceive that support commensurate with our labors, and which is essential to give life, •character and influence to our paper. Ol'E CITY. A little more than a month ago a new comer in Helena could scarcely arrive at | any other conclusion than at this, the em porium of Montana, business was barely holding its own , city improvements, with here and there a notable exception, hardly visible to the naked eye, and a great hub bub going on as the result of large num bers of miners flocking in here to prepare tor and enter upon their homeward jour ney to the States. Many of our staunchest citizens had misgivings of the future in the numerous evidences of depopulation going on in our midst, as set forth in a multitude of shin gles pinned to tenements of all kinds, and the hue and cry raised throughout town ; of "Ho ! lor the States !" "I'm hound j down the river. I am !" with words of like character greeting them at every street corner and stage office door. Lut all this, like a troubled dream, was but momen tary, and is now past and nearly forgotten. Those who trembled a few weeks ago are jubilant to-day. The homeward bound rush is over; the exodus of gold adven turers, whose stay in the Territory, in \ery many instances, is told in days'or weeks' "looking aiound," has cleared, a large number of youDg men, of all trades and callings, and a phalanx of sturdy, in telligent emigrants from Minnesota and other States of the Northwest, have more than made good the stampede from the several prominent mining centres of popu lation ; and we see to-day as a sequence the revival of a wholesome and permanent mercantile business. In this city not a tenement is begging for an occupant, and many new aud creditable buildings are springing up to rapid completion in all parts of the city. In fact, we doubt if Helena has, at any time duiing the past twelve months, presented a livelier seene in the line of substantial internal im provements, or given larger promise of healthy growth and the permanence of a centralized population. THE GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. The following extracts are from the mes sage of Governor Smith to the Legisla ture : Recommends that the office of Territo rial Superintendent of Instruction be created. The outstanding debt of the Territory was $85,000. The U. S. internal revenue collected for that year was $114,131.10. SURVEYOR GENERAL. The Territory, as you are aware, is with out a Surveyor General—a most import ant and essential officer. Nor have we any land office within these boundaries. I therefore urge upon you to so memorialize Congress as that it will be as well under stood there, as it is here, the absolute necessity of appointing the one and estab lishing the other. CIVIL CODE. A civil code of procedure is much needed, and it seems to me that the Legislature can with propriety, and certainly with economy, adopt almost entirely that of Calafornia. NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD. A memorial should also be addressed to Congress in behalf of the Northern Pacific Railroad. There is nothing which will so enhance the value of Montana property as the completion of this road through the Territory, it is well understood that it will begin at the head of Lake Superior, aud, runing a westernly direction, strike the Missouri river either at the mouth of the Musselshell or Yellowstone, theuce with the stream it will follow to the head, thence through the Rocky Mour tains at some practicable peint, touching the head waters of the Columbia, aud down that to tte point of navigation on the west side of the mountains. Every one is interested in j j this great enterprise. We have now the telegraph, which brings us in hourly con nection with the marts of the world, and supplies us with news from our old homes, the States, and all civilization. With the completion ot the railroad we will be brought by travel within five or six days of any eastern city. Immediate and quick commerce will be opened up to us, and what we cannot pro duce upon onr own soil can lie laid at our doors with little cost, while the products of j the Territory, which will be sought by all j men everywhere, will be carried out cheap, ; and yet have a par value in all the markets of the world. The government feels kind ly, I am sure, towards this national enter I prise, and when it has seen the immense i treasure which has been taken from our j mountains and gulches, and that we send j gold by the boat load to the East : that the ; silver and copper mines are enormous and almost fabulous in their richness ; that our soil is rich—growing the finest wheat and i barley, potatoes, cabbages and other vege ' tables, with the richest and most nutricious 1 grasses in the world, they will not hesitate j to bring itself in immediate communication I with us. The Territory of Montana, large i in area, rich in soil, and boundless in mineral resources, could live and prosper ! without any other portion of the world, i hut there are a noble, enterprising and patriotic set of men here, who love the Constitution and Union of the United States, and who glory in our institutions, and will therefore use every effort to ag grandize the government, while at the same time they will look to their own and the material interest of the Territory. DEKORATION. No one can predict the future of this \ western country, standing out in all mag nificence and grandeur just as it fell, it [ seems, from the hand of Deity—a pure and ; healthy climate, with streams of gushing water, with all the treasures the human mind can wish or souls could ask. What more is wanted '.-' Nothing but industry, energy and skill. With these the time is not tar distant when Montana will be I amongst the first of States—proud in her self and the pride of the nation ! GREEN CLAY SMITH, Governor. LOCAL MENTION^ Solicitors.— Capt. W. A. C. Iiyan, t formerly of the U. S. Army, and "X" Leider, our well known townsman, are an nounced as soliciting agents for the Hek ald. These gentlemen will wait upon the good people of Virginia, Lannack, Mon tana, Iilaekfoot, Highland, Diamond City, New York, Deer Lodge, Gallatin, and all other centers of population in the Terri tory. We trust they will be kindly re ceived and liberally treated. [Captain Ryan, the noted Cuban fillibus ter, was executed in Havana several years 1 a _ New Fire Company. —At a meeting of Montana Engine and Hook and Ladder ! | ; j Company No. 4, held Nov. 9th. the follow ing officers were elected : L. Levee, Fore man ; J. Hancock, Assistant ; L. J. Fiest, 2d Asst. ; Joseph Lloomingdale. President : I John H. Ming, Treasurer; M. B. Edinger, j Secretary. Lyceum. —At a meeting held on the : evening of the 12th inst. for the purpose of ^ establishing a lycenm, J. H. Morrison was ! appointed Secretary, and T. F. Campbell j President. The President stated the object of the meeting. On motion, a committee of five, consisting of W. F. Chadwick, H. i N. Maguire, Dr. Reins, P. Howard and i Neil Howie, were appointed to draft by- 1 laws, to be presented for consideration at the next meeting. Broken Up.—T he ball at the YouDg j America, on Thursday night of last week, j which bore promise on the start, to be a j splendid affair, was suddeuly brought to a close about ten o'clock in the evening, by ! the ladies en masse putting on their "prêt- I ties" and suddenly decamping for their ; homes. The cause of the stampede, and consequent derangement and final break j up of the party, is said to have been the surreptitious introduction into the ball- | room of two pretty, youDg milliners of the towD, against whom certain suspicions ex isted of their fair name and respectable standing in the community. A Fair Offer.— Mr. Henry Schultz, boot and shoe maker on Main street, authorizes us to say that the thief who stole two boots from his store 'both for the left foot) a short time since, can have the mates by calling upon him at his place of business. [Mr. Sckuliz was afterwards burned to death in bis store, in endeavoring to save his goods.] Masonic. —There will be a meeting of the R. A. Masons at the Masonic Hall, in Helena, on Friday evening, Nov. 16th, at 7i o'clock. All companions in good and regular standing are cordially invited to attend. [This was the meeting preliminary to the organizatian of the first Chapter in Helena.] COMMERCIAL. Helena Wholesale Market—Jobbing Prices—For Clean Dust. (Corrected weekly by Simpson & Warner.) Flour—St. Louis, $13(5 $15. Salt Lake, $9(5,9.50. Bacon—371. Hams—per pound, 48(5 50. Lard—30©35. Candles—10. Sugar—Clarified, 33; Powdered, 40. Cof fee—Rio, choice. 40 ; fair, 37'.. Tea—Imp., 1 60(5)2.00 ; Y. H., 1.25(5)1.75; Japan, 1.50. Tobacco—Natural leaf, 1.50(52.00; other brands, 1.00(5, l.lO.fSyrups—Bleher'a Gold en, 10 gals., $3600. Butter—Salt Lake, 75 ; ranch, 1.25. Fruits—Dried apples, 30 ; S. L. peaches, 27(5,28 ; currants, 40 ; prunes, 45 ; raisins, per box, $12. Canned Fruits— Peaches, per case, $15 00 ; pine apples, $13; strawberries, $20 ; tomatoes, $16 ; peas $16; peach marmelade, $22 ; corn, $16 ; black berries, $15. Candy—Per pound, 45c. Oysters—Fields, $16 ; other brands, $15, Cheese—Western Reserve, 55; English; 70(5,75. Beans—Cal., (per pound) 32, white 25@28; Soap—Palm, 35; castile, 65. Nails— 104» lb. kegs, $20 : horseshoe, $75. Soda, 35. Glass—box, 50 feet, $10(5, 20. Coal oil, per gallon, $2 50(5 $2.75. Pepper—Grain, 75 : ground, 20 pound box, $15. Brooms, per dozen, $7@$12. "Whisky —Old Bourbon, $8; Rye, $7@8. Cham pagne— Heidsiek, per basket, $35 ; Spark j ling, $35. Corn meal, 100 pounds, $10. j Pickles, per can, J gals., $19. Salt, per lb., 12(5 121. Matches, per gross, $18. Wrap ping paper, per lb., 30c. Shovels, per doz. $24. Axes, per doz, $30. Bar lead. 35c. Shot, per sack, $11.50. QUARTERLY REPORT OF THK CONDITION OK Tilt FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF HELENA, M. T. f On the morning: of first Monday of RESOURCE-«. Ott.. 18 Notts ami bill- discounted . Hanking house.................... £7,25* 65 28,221 ss Furniture and fixtures........ Current expenses............... 2,210 25 7,922 36 9,468 90 Premiums.......................... Cash items, including reve 1,800 13 9,722 49 ; nue stamps....................... Due from National Banks 16.743 36 j and F.auker-.................... Shipment acet. (gold dusi 17,177 25 8.0Î7 2S ; in transitu)....................... :i j Gold dust aeet............. ...... U. S. bonds deposited xvitli U. iS. Ireasu.cr to secure 21,599 46 69,076 circulating notes.............. 10,000 10 i U. S. bonds deposited with U. 8. Treasurer to secure deposits.......................... 20,000 09 60,000 00 (301,249 99 LIABILITIES. Capital stock....................... (93,400 00 Circulating notes................ 35.980 00 Individual deposits............ 33,093 66 Due banks and bankers...... 34,818 71 Bills payable....................... 400 00 Discount............................. (3.209 52 Interest............................ 318 10 3,557 62 (201,249 99 I, Theo. H. Kleinschmidt, Cashier of the First National Baute of Helena, M. T.. do solemnly swear that the above statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief. T. H. KLEINSCHMIDT, Cashier. TERRITORY OF MONTANA, \ County ok Edgerton. j Sworn to aud subscribed before me this first day of October. 1866. [stamp.J JOHN MOFFITT, Notary Public. ADV ERTISEM ENTS. THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF HELENA, M. T. DESIGNATED DEPOSITORY AND FINANCIAL AGENTS OF THE U. S. Paid in Capital $100,000—Limit—$500,000. Organized under an Act of Congress to provide a National Currency, we pro pose to make this one of the perma nent institutions of Montana. Collections will receive personal and prompt attention. Subscriptions received for all the popular Loans of the Government. S. T. Hauser T. H. Kleinschmidt President. Cashier. F. Taylor, B. Thompson, W. A. Rumsey. TAYLOR, THOMPSON & CO., Wholesale Grocers and Commission Merchants. First door north of corner of Main and Broad streets, Helena. j FIREMEN'S GRAND BALL. Montana Fire Co. No. 4 will give a grand I inaugural ball on WEDNESDAY, NOV. 23, (THANKSGIVING j EYE.) at the YOUNG AMERICA HALL. Grand preparations are being made by the members of the company to make this the ball of the season. The ball is to be enlarged for the occa- 1 sion, to accommodate 250 or 300 couples. A committee is appointed who have en tire control of the sale ot tickets. Special invitations will he issued to ladies as well as gents. Noue but those having such invitations will be admitted. Only a limited number of tickets will be sold. The best music in the city has been en gaged for the occasion. The supper being under the supervision of Mr. Laves, nothing need lie said but that satisfaction will he general, and nothing will be left undone which can possibly tend to the gratification of the partici pators. Committee ol arrangements— M. B. Ld inger, I. J. Sommers, I. Greenhood. Reception committee—John Atchinson, T. H. Kleinschmidt, W. C. Gillette, S. McPherson, Ben R. Dittes, S. M. Hall. S. Mansfield, John H. Ming, Henry Phillips, Geo. Cohn, Felix Poznansky, Jno. Wilson, Frank Curtin. Floqi managars—J. B. Bloomingdale, J. L. Bloom, Frank St. Mary, I. Greenhood, J. Hancock, E. Ingersoll, J. Loeb. Different committees will be designated as follows : Committee of Arrangements—Blue badge. Reception Committee -Red badge. Floor Managers—Red, white and blue resettes. Tickets to be had from the Committee of Arrangements. fciC Programmes will be furnished at the Door. Committee of Arrangements. Cabinet : and : Furniture : Shop PETER.SCHEMALS, Formerly known as a member of the firm of Herman & Co., has just opened a new shop for the manufacture of all kinds of furniture, at living prices. Shop—Hill street, in rear of Irwin s old Theater. LSTRAY NOTICE. The undersigned has taken up one white work steer; 8 years old; left horn droop ing ; medium sized and in poor condition. Said ox has lieeu in Holter's herd, on Ten Mile, since the first day of July. The owner can have the ox by paying cost of ranching and this advertisement. Nov. 11,1866. A. M. HO LTER. BANK EXCHANGE BILLIARD SALOON Cohen a Connelly, Successors to Headly & Chase, formerly San Greer. Keep the best liquors and best cigars, and have the most commodious quarters in the Territory. WATERBUKY & Mi COIN, Auctioneers and Commission Merchants. Main St , Helena. E. B. Watekbuky, - Auctioneer. John McCormick, Chas. Ohle. McCORMICK & OHLE, Storage and Commission Merchants. Corner Main and Broad Streets, Helena. CLOTHING EMPORIUM. Just received a large assortment of California Clothing, Blankets, boots and shoes, hats a nd caps, which will be sold cheap for cash. Gans & Klein. Helena, Montana. Opposite Crystal Palace Hotel. HO! EVERYBODY! and THE LITTLE ONES BESIDES. Custom made Boots and Shoes. Oar selections have been made with especial care to the wants of this community. To the Ladies and Misses, And children so dear, Just give us a call ; We can fit you so near That old Cordwain himself Would hardly dare swear His tape and size stick Had not been there. N. B.—We warrant all our work. Re pairing done on short notice. Store on Bridge street, at the sign of Gunrey & Co. __ n. Mill». SPARKS, MCPHERSON & HALL, GROCERS, And sole manufacturers of Hall s celebrated Self-Rising Flour. Unsurpassed in quality in the world, defying competition from the East or California. We take pleasure in offering it to the public at very low rates. Every sack warranted to give entire satis faction. Every miner, prospector, Trapper and freighter should use it. POZNAINSKY & BEHM, DEALERS IN DRY GOODS and LADIES GOODS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION The oldest established business house in Helena. Goods cheaper than the cheapest. We are determined not to be undersold by either "Self Risers" or "Tenderfeet." A choice lot of prints at 30 cents a yard, and other goods in proportion. Call and examine goods. Poznainsky & Behm. WALLA WALLA RESTAURANT Nearly opposite the Walla Walla Store, Main Street. Jo. Apiolonio .....Proprietor. This house has superior facilities to any other in the city for furnishing good and substantial diet The table is well supplied with M tld Game, and vegetables of all kinds. Call and see us. ___ ____ ___ Among the attorneys whose cards ap peared in the Herald are Pemberton, Toole & Mayhew, J. H. Shober. Cavanaugh, Parrott & Chadwick, Vinton & Lawrence, and J. J. Williams. Physicians were rep resented by F. C. Cornell, J. P. Tiernan, H. S. Norcum, W. J. W. Bickett, and J. W. Reins. Photography was represented by J. C. Brewster & Co., at the City Photo graph Gallery. King & Gillette and John How as wholesale merchants, occupied large advertising space, and the restaurants, lodging houses and saloons, in those early days were liberal patrons of printer's ink. The list of advertised letters, over the sig nature of John Potter. P. M.. occupied one and a half columns, showing a large float ing population. A "PERMANENT INSTIUTION." IIow Two Decades Have Served Hel ena's Oldest Bank. Un the second page •(' to-day's paper will be found several columns ol ;*■ trap's from the first issue of the Hele'Herald, twenty years ago. Therein will he found the report of the First National Bank of Helena—the first one published after its organization. And in an advertisement at that time the management say they "pro pose to make it ODe of the permanent insti tutions of Montana." To show that Samuel T. Hauser meant what he said, and as an indication of the growth of our city, we republish below the last report made by the bank, of its condition at the close of business October 7th, 1886,—twenty years and one week subsequent to its first report : RESOURCES. Loans and discounts.................. Overdrafts.................................. U. S. bonds to seotire oiroiilation......... U. S. bonds to secure deposits............... Transient account................................ Other stocks, bonds, and mortgages..... Due from approved reserve agents...............................(128,060 05 Due from other [National banks............................... 134,941 60 Due from State banks and bankers............................. 79,457 86 Real estate, furniture and fixtures...... Current expenses and taxes paid........ Premiums paid................................... Checks and other cash items 2,376 85 Bills of other hanks.............. 62,186 00 Fractional paper currency, nickles. and cents............ 5 41 Specie.................................. 229,101 6o la-gal Tender Notes............. 50,000 00 (2,166,127 03 64,6-25 58 100.000 CO 100.000 OO 22,055 56 298,657 80 342.459 51 82,980 41 8,948 43 23,00# 00 Redemption fund with U.S. Treasurer (not more than five percent on circu lation)............................................. Due from U. S. Treasurer (other than five per cent, redemption fundi........ 3(3,669 86 4,500 OO 3,310 69 Total............................................. «3,560,604 89 LIABILITIES. Capital stock paid in........................... $500,000 00 Surplus fund....................................... 60,000 00 Undivided profits................................ 271,133 09 National bank notes outstanding........ 90,000 00 Individual deposits subject to check..........................$ 778,383 70 Demand certificates of de posit.................................1.414,102 26 Cashier's checks outstand ing.................................... 4,219 65 United States deposits......... 19,245 98 Dojaisits U. S. disbursing officers.............................. 69.976 50 Due toother National Banks 293,637 1> Due to State hanks and bankers............................. 29,906 26 --2,639,171 f0 Total.............................................(3,560,604 89 Territory of Montana, county of Lewis and Clarke—SS : I, S. T. Hauser, president of the above named bank, do solemnly swear that the above state ment is true to the best of my knowledge and belief. S. T. HAUSER, President. Sworn to and subscribed la-fore me, this 15th «lay of October, 1886. (Seal.] GEO. II. HILL. Notary Public. Correct—Attest : JOHN C. CURTIN. ) A. J. DAVIS. ) Directors. A. M. HOLTER. J A FEW —a very few—would have our important and necessary water plant ex perience the treatment accorded to the court house and become the football of legal controversy. Plainly enough the monopoly would have it so, if astute attor neys could pick a flaw in the ordinance which yesterday the Mayor's signature completed as a law. Clearer still would Alderman "Dick," of council and grand jury renown, toss up his hat at tbe pros pect of multzing the city as heretotore the county in bills of costs. Such by-plays are sometimes unavoidable, but there ought to be a limit beyond which public enemies cannot go in vexing communities, raiding their exchequers and devising schemes for depleting the public reveuues. Fortunately there does not appear to he a single loop hole through which legal ingenuity can squirm in the present case in interposition of a municipal measure so perfectly framed as to guard every attempt to assail it. There is no oue, of course, to waste sympathy on tbe litigants, and tew indeed will complain if they are forced to divide of ill-gotten gains wrung from suffering, protesting, but helpless victims. It is well that con troversies like these of the court house and water works come during the winter season, when they do not seriously interfere with the progress of important work. Epjoin der has been threatened, but the opinion is ventured that not an attorney of the num ber retained can see his way clear to press anything of the kind. If there is anything radically wrong or illegal in the action of the city council by all means let it come to light. Let us know as soon as possible if the powers of the city government are con fined to empty protests, or if it really has the power to protect and provide for the reasonable and necessary wants of our people. _ The Woolston water supply ordinance passed the Council at the Saturday night session with little opposition. But two votes were recorded in the negative. The citizen audience crowding the chamber re ceived the announcement of the result with hearty applan3e. As the Herald has stuck by the people, so ha3 the Council stuck by the city. We are goiDg to have water, and all of us will grow up together and be somebody. His opportunity came and true to his "natur" Alderman Lockey again voted de fiance of his people Saturday night. Eight millions of assessable values. A good showing for Lewis and Clarke. Councilman "Dick" died hard, hut he died all the same. Tex to two i3 the verdict on the water ordinance. _ It looks like water. WATER WORKS FOR HELENA Tbe City Council, by a Vote of 9 to 2, Passes the Ordinance Granting the Water Contract to Woolston. Monopolists Knocked Out and the Interests of the Commonwealth Subserved. Last Saturday evening the City Council met with a large qnorum present and a well filled lobby to receive the report of the special committee appointed to draft a charter and contract for the Woolston Water Works. Those present were Mayor Kleinschmidt and Aldermen Lorey, Rich ter, Watson, Connor, Muth, Saul, Stedman, Howey, Bickett, Hoback and Lockey, City Clerk Botkin and other officers were present besides several gentlemen inter ested in the aqueous subject that was to be deliberated upon. The Mayor called the Council to order at 8 45 o'clock and stated that he had called the special meeting for the purpose of hearing the report of the committee on charter and contract. He also said he had received since last meeting several communications on the water question and asked the pleas ure of the Council in regard to them. On motion the clerk was directed to read them, which he proceeded to do. The communications were epistolary and tele graphic, principally from parties already heard from on the question, and inquired if the contract for water works were still open for competition. Some were from wideawake manufacturers calling the attention of the Council to their patent, duplex, hack action, non-freezing hydrants, and other etceteras ol a water plant. Alter they were read Howey moved that they be laid on the table for future consideration. Carried. Lockey understood that Mr. \ an Cleve, of Minneapolis and Sir, Keeler, of Chicago, gentlemen representing water work9 build ers, were present, and as they might have something to communicate he moved to grant them the privilege of the floor. Car ried. Upon this the Mayor invited the gentlemen to address the council. In re sponse MR. VAN CLEVE, OF MINNEAPOLIS stepped forward and taking a position near the clerk's desk proceeded to read a care fully prepared letter to the Mayor and Al dermen, which in its tone of exhortation and dictation resembled somewhat an apostolic epistle. He opened by stating that he had been the victim of misrepre sentation and charged Dr. C. K. Cole, one of our most respected citizens, with having deceived him, misrepresented him to the council and betrayed him. On this sub ject Mr. Van Cleve said: "I understand that my communication of November 6th, to the Mayor, was read and laid on the table. I learn that the reason it was tabled, C K. Cole, my friend, stated in the meeting that if Yan Cleve came here he would form a combination with the old companies. Dr. Cole says, I speak from authority. I will give yon his authority. I met Dr. Cole in Minneapolis, and he told me my best plan would be to make my arrangement with the old com pany, as they were here, had their plant, money invested and were entitled to come consideration. I thought probably it might be a good idea, and asked him to look the ground over on his return and advise me as to the situation. On the morning of his return my Iriend started out to look the ground over, in my interest. In looking it over he must have stumbled and fallen into the arms of Woolston, for jnst about here he ceased to interest himsell in my behalf." He then proceeded to state that he would not form any combination and would make a proposition to furnish the city with water without the aid of the local com panies aud without a dollar of Helena capital. Mr. Yan Cleve next assumed the role of dictator, criticised the action of the Coun cil, demanded the consideration of his proposition and told the Aldermen, by inference, that they had acted hastily and without precedent and what course he would have pursued if acting in their ca pacity. THIS DICTATORY EFFUSION from a total stranger perceptibly nettled the feelings of the Aldermen, all of whom are men ot long residence in the city and thoroughly identified with its interests. It struck the citizens present in about the same style and the silence of the assem blage at its conclusion was ominously in tense. ME. KEEI.ER, OF CHICAGO, rose in his seat in response to the Mayor's invitation to address the Council. He said he represented a company that would be glad to build water works for Helena, but as the Council had already proceeded so far in the matter he would not make any proposition. He said he had known Mr. Woolston for some time, and if contracted with he would carry out what he guaran teed and give Helena the best kind of water works. DE. COLE, OF HELENA, who had sat a patient listener to Mr. Yan Cleve's harangue, then asked permission to address the Council. This being granted, Dr. Cole arose and said : "I wish to put myself right if possible after the letter that has been read by Mr. Yan Cleve. The telegram that gentleman sent me was a night message dated the night the Council met and accepted Mr. Woolston's propo sition. I answered Mr. Yan Cleve that the Council had practically closed with Mr. Woolston. Concerning the alleged misrepresentation I will say that I stated the truth, and I now reiterate my former assertion that if Mr. Yan Cleve came here he would come to make a combination with the Helena Water Company. [Loud applause.] And I can prove it by a re liabfe gentleman of Helena, who was in Minneapolis a', the time. I met Mr. Van Cleve in Minneapolis some time ago and then told him that I thought it advisable if he intended proposing water works for Helena to make'a combination with the old company, who had their plant here and money invested, rather than antagonize such a power. At that time the Wools ton proposal was unheard of and I simply spoke with the view of obtaining a water supply for He ena at the earliest moment and by the means best adapted to the mat ter, in my opinion. [Applanse.] The Mayor then asked for the REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE. It was read by the clerk as follows : To the Honorable Mayor and City Council : Gentlemen :—Yonr special committee appointed to draft a charter and ordinance embracing tbe Woolston proposition made to the Council to supply the City of Helena with water, beg leave to report the follow ing charter and ordinance, and recommend its adoption as submitted. R. H. HOWEY. JNO. K. WATSON. WM. MOTH. JOHN STEDMAN. Committee. Mnth moved that the report be adopted and the committee discharged. Seconded. Lockey objected. Thought the matter was of snch great import that it needed more deliberation. He therefore moved to lay the report on the table till Monday evening. Lost by a vote of nine to two, Lockey insisted on the call of the ayes aod noes. Math's motion to adopt the report was then carried by the following vote: Ayes, Lorey, Watsoo, Richter, Connor, Muth, Sanl, Stedman, Howey, Hoback —9 ; noes, Bickett and Lockey—2. Howey then moved that the charter and ordinance reported by the committee be taken up and acted upon section by sec tion. Lockey objected. [The pencil is quite accustomed to those two words.] He thought the matter was being crowded through the Council. There was a great deal to look over and he, for one, had not given it thorough attention. A THRUST AT THE GRAND JURY FIEND. Howey said he was under the im pression that Mr. Lockey had given the matter more consideration than anybody else, and further believed that if 365 days were given him he would not then he ready to act. If Lockey had given the matter half the attention in council that he had on the streets and before the grand jury— Amidst derisive laughter Lockey inter rupted Howey at this juncture by raising a point of order. He said the matter Howey spoke of was altogether personal and had "nothing to do with the case." The Mayor sustained the point of order and Mr. Howey sat down. He bad gotten his testimony before the jury even if it was overruled. The motion was then put to consider the ordinance section by section and carried, Lockey s angry "no !" being distinctly au dible in the vote. The ordinance was then TAKEN UP AND PASSED section by section. At various points the mouthpiece of the opposition, otherwise Lockey, rose to the surface with its custo mary objections, hut those met with the fate of ail his former efforts—after causing a temporary delay they were overruled. Mr. Lockey surprised a few by alternately seconding motions or moving the adoption of such sections as were unobjectionable from his point of view. He actually moved the adoption of the first section and this being such an unusual proceeding Muth, after seconding it, begged that the occur rence be fully chronicled in the minutes. When the section on the required pres sure came up, City Engineer Reeder was called to make a statement as to the adequacy of that named, which he did confirmatory of the section. Alderman Howey also stated that this question to gether with a plan of the proposed system of mains had beeu submitted for an opin ion to Genera! Greene and Col. Dodge, two expert civil engineers, and they bad re ported favorably upon it. On the conclusion of the con sideration by sectioLS Lockey sub mitted a new section to be added to the ordinance, providing that Woolston should neither "pool" with the present water com panies nor use any water now furnished by them. This was laid on the table by a large vote. A FEW AMENDMENTS were made to different sections, and after each had been adopted separately, Watson moved the adoption of the ordinance as a whole. The motion was put and carried by the following vote : Ayes—Lorey, Watson, Richter, Connor, Muth, Sanl, Stedman, Howey and Ho back—9. Noes—Bickett and Lockey— 2. This result was received with applause from the lobby. The Council then adjourned at 10:45 p. m. The ordinance as passed last night em braces in ODe document a charter and con tract, granting Mr. Woolston a franchise and entering into an agreement with him to supply the city with water for a con sideration, besides fixiDg the maximum rates he shall charge consumers. As amended and passed the ordinance now goes to the Mayor for his signature. After he approves it, which will doubtless be to day or to-morrow, the full ordinance will be published in the Herald. THE WATER ORDINANCE. The adoption of the water ordinance by a nearly unanimous vote by the City Council on Saturday evening last marks another very important advance towards attaining what the city of Helena needs more than all things else. Judging from the standpoint of present service and supply it marks such an advance as all citizens can measure and appreciate. The ordinance seems to have been drawn with great care and provides for not only the corporate wants of the city for tire, sewerage, street sprinkling and supply of public buildings, but is equal ly as careful of private rights and in terests. The cost to the city of 150 hydrants at $100 each would be $15.000. No dis interested citizen can doubt that it will be worth more than that to us directly, while its indirect advantages will exceed those in lightening the tax of private consumers and the risk and rates of fire insurance. Our people will not, when these works are completed, be obliged to drink whisky from sanitary considera tions. It is a pretty good piece of tem perance legislation. By the time this twenty year contract expires we expect Helena will have a population of 50,000 and an assessment of $75,000,000. We can then own our water works for what they are worth at the time, and we shall probably long ere that time be the mas ters of our own resources. There is nothing exclusive in the franchise to Woolston and his associates. The old companies will beyond doubt find profit able market lor all they can supply. We hope nothing will prevent the com pletion of the new works next season. There is evidently no love lost between Alderman Lockey and his constituents. The alderman grossly misrepresented his people on the water question and they took occasion to let him know it. In de fiance of their instructions he again speaks and votes in opposition to their in tere. ta, and as much assays: "What are you going to do about it ?" We are told that the Seventh 5V ard people won't lag mach in getting back at a servant who sets himself up as master. A second chal lenge won't be necessary to hear from them. From all accounts the Seventh Warders are just now in that temper that wont permit of any more polite treatment of the recusant councilmar. than they have received from him. LAUNCHING THE THUNDER BOLT. We are informed that the great in junction thunderbolt that a!! the legal Titans in Helena have been forging for weeks past is about ready to be hurled at the heads of our devoted City Council. The best legal talent of the land that has superintended the welding and tempering of this master piece of destruction will, as represen tatives of Jupiter Tonan-, see it launched on its fatal mission. It is well that all the first legal talent is em ployed, for it looks as if its fullest re sources would be taxed to accomplish its proposed ends. It is beyond the power even of the ablest lawyers to change the laws or the principles on which they are based, nor can they con trol the courts. The only contract in the case, as we understand it, is the ordinance. The case to make out, tlire fore, is to show to tbe court that in pass ing this water ordinance the Council ha violated the charter, exceeded its powers, or acted corruptly. Congress, by its restrictive legislation has put it beyond the power of our city to incur the debt to build its own water works, nor can our legislature grant it the power. The city needs water more even than it need' the services ot any of its employes whose salaries are fixed by ordinance and are in the nature of contracts, which certainly involve the expenditure of many hundreds of dollars, and these services are not let out to the highest or lowest bidder. There has been no exclusive right given to any one to supply the street-* with water or use the streets for laying the pipes. There has been no debt in curred in any form or shape. The obli gations of the city do not accrue till the supply and use of water begins. If the City Council has power to supply itself with water and to provide for the extinguishment of fires, we think it ha power to vote the annual appropriation for these purposes. It will be pretty hard to show that anything more is promised, to be done in this new ordi nance than has been done year after year since we became a city, or than we shall be compelled to do in future if we con tinue to be a city until the laws allow us to erect our own water works. DEATH OF CHARLES FRANCIS ADAMS. The death of this once distinguished member of an illustrious family will re call to mind the valuable services that he once rendered this country as Min ister to England during our civil war. He had admirable qualifications for the position and it is doubtful if any one else could have tilled that position as well. He was born in 1807, studied law with Webster, was a brother-in-law of Edward Everett, was candidate for vice president on the free soil ticket in 184s. served in Congress in 1858, and in 1*7! was one of the U. S. commissioners at. the Geneva Arbitration. Mr. Adams was always a very inde pendent politician and no one could ever tell on what side of a question he would declare himself. He probably had more scholarship than his more il-! lustrious father, but not the force of character. His principal literary work was the biography of his grandfather and editions of the collected works of both his father and grandfather. He was of the third generation of an illus trious family which still retains many prominent representatives in the fourth generation._ BIBLICAL MYTHOLOGY. The curious reader and the careful sudent of the Bible will find of exceed ing interest a translation of Seiden'* "Syrian Deities," by W. A. Hauser, a cousin of our esteemed Governor. The writer, John Seiden, lived from 1584 to 1654. He was one of England's greatest scholars and lawyers during the heroic age of England. This book was the fruit of tweuty years of his ripest efforts. It was written in Latin and published in 1617. It was the source from which Milton derived the information that lie weaves so richly into the thread of Para dise Lost. Many biblical students and admirers of Miltdn's great Epic have wished for more light and information upon the mythologies with which God - chosen people were brought in contact and to which this contribution of Mr. Hauser will be welcome. The book i out of print and in its original fortn would only be available to those very familiar with Latin. The work ha been faithfully translated, and all the treasures of this ancient storehouse ot rare erudition have been made accessa ble to every English reader. The trans lator has enriched his work with copious notes and extracts from Milton and curious etymologies. Those who have a curiosity to know more of the my thologies of Egypt, Chaldea and the peoples that occupied Palestine before the days of Abraham aud Moses and Solomon now have the opportunity. While it is not perhaps a book that will command a wide circle ot readers, it will be prized by scholars, to whom Mr. Hauser has rendered a valuable ser vice. These ancient mythologies are a rich and fruitful subject of study and -pecu lation. The call of Abraham and tin institution of pure monotheistic religion among his decendants is the great ma< vel of the ages, and it becomes the greater marvel to those who know the uni\* r »1 sway of ancient superstition-. We doubt not that there are many in Montana who will be glad to know this book and will be exceedingly inter ested in reading it, as we ha\e. It wa published by Lippeneott A < o..*d 1 11 • delphia, in 1880.