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FISK BROS. - - - Publishers. S. E. FISK,......Editor THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1886. THANKSGIVING. Proclamation l>> the President. Washington, November 1.—It has long been the < ustom of the i«eople of the I'nited States on a day in each year, especially set apart for that purpose by their Chief Executive, to acknowl edge the goodness and mercy of God and to in voke His continued care and protection. In observance of euch custom, I, Grover Cleveland, President of the United States, do hereby designate and set apart Thursday, the J5th day of November, instant, to be observed and kept as a day of thanksgiving and prayer. On that day let all our people forego their ac customed employments and assemble in their usual places of worship to give thanks to the Ituler of the Universe for our continued enjoy ment of the blessings of a free government; for the renewal of business prosperity through out our land ; for the return which has rewarded the lal>or of those who till the soil, and for our progress as a people in all that makes a nation great. And while we contemplate the infinite power of God in the earthqaske, flood and storm, let the grateful hearts of those who have been shielded from harm through His mercy be turned in sympathy and kindness toward those who have suffered through His visitations. Let us ?also in the midst of our thanksgiving re memlier the poor and needy with cheerful gifts and alms, so t hat our service may, by deeds of charity, be made acceptable in the sight of the Lord. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to 1 h.' affixed. Done at the city of Washington this first day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty-six, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and eleventh. (Signed) GROVKK CLEVELAND. Ily the President— T. F. Bayaud, Secretary of State. TERRITORY OK MONTANA. THANKSGIVING. PROCLAMATION—BY THk]'GOV ERNOR. ______ In conformity with the proclamation of the President of the United Slates, and in accord ance with the long established usage, I, Samuel T. Hauser, Governor of the Territory of Mon tana, do designate Thursday, the 25th «lay of November, lssti. usa day of public thanksgiving and prayer, and do earnestly reeommeixl an ob servance of the same by the people of the Terri tory. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the Territory of Montana to be affixed. Done at Helena, the capital, this 12th day of November, in the year of our Ixiril one thousand eight hundre«! and eighty-six. By the Governor: I.Seal. I 8. T. HAUSER. Attest : Wm. B. Webb, Secretary of Montana. The cattlemen in convention take issus with Sparks and endorse Gov. Hauser. Whales: "I don't know why Aider man Lockey went hack on the Seventh Ward." Helena will carry out its water project There can be no obstacle placed in the way to prevent it. The water charter, as we understand, has been completed and ready for the ac tion of the Council. As Alderman Stedman aptly stated the case at the Seventh Ward meeting: ''We contracted tor water with the old company. Why not contract with the new ?" Instead of Montana being visited with exceptionally severe weather, it would seem that other sections to the east, west and even south have suffered much worse. Judge Sterling's argument on the water question trenchantly expressed the conviction not only of the Seventh Ward ers, but the great mass of the people of Helena. There is but one expression by the citi zens of the Seventh Ward, and that is if Alderman Lockey refuses to obey the in structions of his constituents on the water question, he shall immediately tender his resignation._ "1 endorse the City Council in what has been done on the Woolston water proposition," said Chairman Craven at the Seventh Ward mass meeting last evening. With a solitary exception so said every man of the seventy odd present. St. Paul Globe : Helena is to have a water works. Old-time Montanians regard this as a dangerous innovation. They can't understand the necessity of going to all that trouble and expense to secure a fluid which kas so little to recommend it. What has become of those Indian com missioners that were to treat for the re duction of our great northern reserva tions? Isn't it time they were on the ground if anything is to be accomplished to clear the way for the Manitoba road next Spring ? _ The Fiftieth Congress will have a smat tering of Republicon Representatives from States south of the Fotomac. Of these Virginia has elected the largest number, seven : North Carolina and Kentucky each three: West Virginia, two: Tennessee two; Missouri, two ; South Carolina, one. The total is twenty, or double the number that are in the present Congress. ! I In view of the unanimous action taken by the Seventh Ward people at their mass meeting Wednesday night, Alderman hotkey caunot fail to understand that,con forming to the expressed wishes of his con stituents, he has the choice of doing one of two things. He must either change his position on the water question to the side of his people and the Council majority, or lie must forthwith tender the resignation of his Aldermanic trust. The testimony of ex-Alderman Full graff, of New York city, in relation to the cases of wholesale bribery in the disposal of railroad franchises, discloses such rotten ness in the administration of the affairs of the principal city in the country that it is an occasion for general humiliation and is enough to justify revolution. If it is said that these indicted aldermen are no worse than their predecessors, or than the new board just elected, or than a majority of the voters of New Vor',, city, then we say that no such people ought to have the power to govern themselves. Hut we do not believe the charge. There are plenty of honest and incorruptible people in New York city, and they deserve the sympathy and assistance of all honest men in and out of the State to shake themselves free from the grasp of the plunderers. It is a case that calls for revolution, for the ob literation ol' party lines, a division of hon est men against thieves till this issue is SGt'ed. DEATH OF EX-PRESIDENT ARTHUR. Notwithstanding the generally known fact that ex-President Arthur has long been in poor health the announcement of his death on yesterday took the country by surprise and the expressions of sorrow and regret are almost univer sal. Chester Allan Arthur was born October 5, 1830, and judged by years was in the prime of ripened manhood. The country is familiar with the record of his early life. It was one of struggle for self-support and education. He studied law in New York City with ex .Fudge Culver and was there admitted to the bar. ,His early reputation was won in connection with the Lemmon's slave case in 1852. In the early years of the war, as Quartermaster General of the State of New York, under Gover nor Morgan, he performed most valu able services. He was appointed Collec tor of New York by President Grant in 1871 and reappointed in 1875. Presi dent Hayes'suspended him from office for active participation in political organization. Up to the time of President Garfield's death Arthur was regarded chiefly as Conkling's man, and at the time of Gar field's assassination was in Albany seek ing to secure Conkling's re-election. The sense of coming responsibilities seemed to have wrought an entire change in the man. In the most trying circumstances in which a man was ever placed, he bore himself so discreetly that no person in the country could find fault, and when in September, 1881, the death of his chief rested upon him the responsibilities of the highest station in the world, he still continued to show that greatness of chai'acter which won the admiration of the world. He proved himself a greater man than hi< most in timate and admiring friends had ever taken him to be. No man in our polit ical history ever was placed in a more delicate and difficult position. Instead of being the subordinate of a faction, he advanced in the face of the strongest temptations and over almost insuperable difficulties, almost unaided, by his own inherent and instinctive good taste and strong sense, to be the President not only of the whole Republican party but of the whole country. Every one ex pected that he would prove a John Tyler or an Andrew Johnson, and as the days wore into weeks and months and years, and still the same delicacy and good taste characterized all his private and official acts as while Garfield lay dying, there was a general reversion of opinions, and admiration took the place of doubt and anxiety. Guiteau's pistol shot struck Arthur as much as it did Garfield, but while it ex tinguished the life of the one it thor oughly changed the life of the other. There was ever a shade of melancholy over Arthur's life thereafter. He seems to have heard a call from an unseen world that summoned him to new duties and endowed him with a new spirit to meet them. Personal resentments as well as subordinate following, all disap peared from his life. We had formed a high admiration for the man who had borne himself so meekly and grandly through such an ordeal. We had hoped that his years would be. spared to the allotted three score and ten. We felt that in coming struggles and complications he was one of those great reserves that might be summoned again to guide the country's councils either in or out of office. The past few months seem to hayc re moved our great political and war chiefs at an alarming rate. Grant, McClellan, Hancock, Seymour and Tilden have all gone from a narrow spot, but they have left an aching void through the whole country. The lesson teaches us that we are not to rely upon great men and past achieve ments. The nation survives, and its in terests are growing in volume and im portance. The great work of guiding the destinies of this nation must rest as a constant responsibility upon the whole people, and cannot be delegated to a few, however great and worthy to be trusted. Thankful that Providence gave us Chester A. Arthur for the crisis that he met so nobly and successfully, we drop ! our tears of affection on his bier and I will cherish his memory with reverent love. _ ENTITLED TO STATEHOOD. The total Delegate vote of Montana at the recent election exceeded 32,000, as against 20,000 in 1884—a gain in two years ol' upwards of 5,000. Adopting the ratio of five persons to each voter— the average of the whole country which casts 12,000,(t00 votes to the estimated 00,000,000 people—and Montana has a present population of upwards of 100,000. By general rule and precedent this Territory is now clearly entitled to admission into the sisterhood of States. In round numbers the basis of represen tation in Congress is 152,000, Montana's vote exceeding that figure by 8,000. Let us in. We admire independence and there are cases in which a representative may per haps be justified in resisting and refusing the instructions of his constituents, but when, after a personal hearing in his own defence the representative is unanimously condemned, it becomes such an extreme case he may well reconsider his position and conform to the wishes of his constitu ents or he should rcsigr. The orchards about Walla Walla, Wash ington Territory, have this year matured two croj s of apples, and many of the trees were recently in blossom making a fruit effort for the third time in a single season A COUNTY AUDITOR. The experience of the county of Lewis and Clarke and the developments of the Roberts case, it seem3 to us, show the necessity of having a county auditor, whose special and sole duty it shall be to make a personal examination of the accounts of all officials within the county, at least once every quarter. We have ou several occasions before argued the necessity for creating such an office, and now on the eve of the meeting of our legislature, and with the light ot our experience, it seems to be proper to urge it again and insist that in some form it shall be provided for The objections to be met are that it will cre ate a new office and a new salary is to be provided for, that our County Com missioners are now required to do this duty and that generally they have dis charged the dutv well. In answer we say that the duty of auditing accounts and examining books is by its very nature one that requires to be performed by a single person, and one specially adapted to the discharge of the duty and acting under official responsibility. If done by a board, it necessarily de volves upon a single member of the board, or it has to be delegated by them to some special expert. County Com missioners are not generally elected with special reference to their expertness as accountants. Thev have such a variety to is of other duties to perform and interests to represent that this particular and very important duty is generally overlooked in the choice of Commissioners. If the work of auditing is done thor oughly, as it should be done if attempted at all, whether done by the full board of commissioners, or by the chairman of the board, or by the employment of an expert, the cost will generally be as much as if an officer specially elected for the business were charged with this duty. If the work is done as the law contemplates and as the security of pub lic interests demands, it will cost as much in one way as the other. Perhaps in some counties, where accounts are small, it will not be necessary to elect a separate officer, but the dutv should be specially devolved upon some one desig- j nated officer, and some special compen sation allowed. Mills, in the last issue of the North West, suggests that there should be some Territorial or county officer for this pur pose, an inspector of accounts. We do not care for the name, but the duty should be done and specially charged with its attendant responsibility and some adequate compensation upon some I one. The general designation of auditor is the more common and we see no occa sion to change, though a rose would be just as sweet under anv other name. Such an officer exists in nearly every State in the country aud in nearly every county. It is as essential to have some one to examine accounts as it is to have accounts kept. Honest officers would welcome the most thorough inspection and in the case of any other, it is cer tainly required. There is more need of it now than ever, since the change has been made from paying officers by fees ! to that of paying fixed salaries. This . auditor should ha\e power to require : books to be kept suitable in form to show | all official transactions. In the larger counties we are satisfied that a special officer should be provided tor this business who could devote his whole time and attention to it. In the smaller counties the duty should be required to be done just as thoroughly, but by some single officer, it might be by the chairman of the board of commissioners, or by the l'ro bate Judge or by the County Attorney. The main thing is to have it done, thoroughly done, by some responsible officer, who should be properly com pensated and could be held responsible for the results. Opportunity for dishonesty frequently i leads to it, and the only real security for j the public is not on official bonds, but j by frequent settlements and constant j watch to prevent loss before it occurs. We hope the vast and growing im- ! portance of this matter will lead to its «encrai consideration by the press so that when the legislature assembles, there will be no possibility of the mat ter being neglected. It is not so long ago that any one forgets the scheme instigated and carried to the last extremity to defeat or to delay the j construction ol the new court house. That conspiracy, conceived and chiefly directed by one who was selfishly interested and disappointed in the site, misled and de ceived numbers of our best citizens, to their sincere regret most frankly and openly ex pressed since. The same tactics, or schemes having much the same resemblance, are again instituted by the same party to de I lay and, if possible, defeat a water system for the realization of which the citizens of Helena and the Common Council are rela tively one. As the county in the one in stance was made the victim of thousands ! of dollars of expense, and the public ofli i cials pursued to the limit that vcDgence ; could go, so now it is undertaken to in volve, if possible, the city in a bill of costs : and impose upon the municipal authorities all the tribulations that malice can sug gest Clearly the people of Helena have no sympathy with and can have no hand in proceedings intended to cheat them of the great boon so loDg and earnestly prayed ; for. 'It is monopoly now against the I masses, as it was signally one against the multitude a short time ago. The people must stand firm and together. Deliverance, if we mistake not, is near. Public pests must he swept away—public benefactors must take their place. If we haye to fight on, let us stand square in line and fight like men to the end. ! ! j j It is usual to have a consolation race to close fairs and racing assemblages, and the recent meeting of the Iroquois club seems to have been devised in the same spirit. Those who were not too badly beaten found their voice. Among them was Mr. ! Carlisle, who took occasion to state his re form views in a chastened and moderate form that shows that the elections made a good impression on his mird and that he is capable of learning. He takes special pains to say that no one wants free trade, nor to destroy any home industries. This is a good deal to concede. All that the re formers want is an evening up or down of the inequalities of the taritf. We all want the government honestly and economically administered. Just how much revenue we shall need is a question to be settled after our debt is paid. The friends and advocates of protection have been steadily reducing and removing duties and internal revenue taxes ever since the war and will continue to do so. The people have in reserve a great many objects that they are waiting to accomplish when the revenues and redaction ol the debt will warrant it. Among these the ownership of the telegraph, the improvement of the Mississippi and the extinction of illiteracy. They are all projects that interest every one in the country and the people are wait ing anxiously for a chance to see them real ized. We are still importing too much of things that it would be better to grow and make at home. We cannot be a truly in dependent nation as long as we are de pendent for any of the great necessaries of if is life upon foreign products and commerce. Mr. Sparks was also one of those who im proved the occasion to defend himself and air his plans and ambitions. We think too that be is learning something, for he did not make any threats of suspending the laws of the country. As to his dealings with the land grant roads, we dc not care how strictly he keeps them within the narrowest legal bounds of their rights, nor do we care how carefully he works to de feat fraud, provided he does not prevent the advance of settlement and impose hardships on honest settlers, which he has been doing. We regard it as a serious mistake in the administration to suspend the calls for re deeming government bonds and devote the accumulating surplus to prepayment of j intere8t not yet due . It seem3 t0 us alt0 _ gether in the interest of the bond-holders and not ot the people who pay taxes and interest. The banks that hold these bonds that are liable to call are working desper ately to retain them and prevent their pay ment. They would like to reduce the revenues of the goverment, and failing in this would like to increase the expendi tures so that there should be no surplus to I apply to payment of the debt. But nine tenths or more of the people want the debt paid as fast as possible and thus remove the mortgage on their property. We have no ill will to the national banks and do not want to see them driven out of busi uesss, but our duty and interests are im perative to extinguish our debt as rapidly as possible so that we can command the full resources of the government for works of general utility, and reduce taxation. Really we can see no use for banks of issue much longer. They can confine them selves to the business of discounts, deposits ! and exchange The national g 0ver nment . g^ould f urn i s h all the money, both coin : and currenc y. It is the best way, if oth | i j j j ! ers were available, but under the circum stances it is fast becoming the only possi ble method. We can have a currency based on coin or bullion deposits, which is better even than bonds, and that is what will meet in the fullest sense the demands for the liest currency in the world. There is no need that all our precious metals be coined, for bullion is just as good for all practical purposes. Let us get our debt out of the way and have but one kind of money and that issued only by the govern ment upon deposits of coin or bullion. We can freely and safely use all the products of our mines, both gold and silver. Our paper currency, thus issued, would be the best in the world and good all over the world. j are to adopt, as we clearly should, the Senator Beck ha3 announced his in tention of advocating the loan of the sur plus revenues on security of national bonds rather than buying them in at a premium. It virtually amounts to the same thing ; and the purchase would be better than the loan. But there is no surplus yet. There are $64,000,000 of extended bonds that can yet be called in and paid off. And so long as we have about $350,000,000 of paper money in circulation, we need not mourn if we have a coin dollar in the treasury for every paper dollar iu circulation. If we policy that the government supply all the paper money that the people may need, we should have but one kind. Our greenbacks should be put upon the same solid basis as all the rest of our currency, gold or silver certificates. But why not devote our accumulating revenues to some of the many purposes that will benefit all the people, as our postoffice system does. National aid to education will do this. Ko will the assumption of the telegraph and the tele phone. So would the assumption of the savings bank system, nor would it be beyond the reasonable demands to devise some national system of life insurance, so as to make this provision for the young and the dependent portion of society general and within the reach of all on the most favorable terms. We have said nothing about building a navy and arming our sea coast, for these matteis, though to many seeming of the first importance, we would subordinate to other things. We are not in any danger of attack from any quarter and we have no ambition to engage in ag gressive wars. We would prefer to spend every dollar that a navy would cost in establishing steamship lines to the coun ! tries on this continent. And we would much prefer to spend on good practical, ! manual training education every dollar j that it would cost to line our wide stretch j of sea coast with big guns. The Spanish government has recently resolved upon the establishment of three lines of steamers of 4,000 tons each to run three times a month between Spain and the islands of Cuba and Porto Rico : also a second line to run between Havana and Mexico and the Central American States, and a third line to run to all the South American ports on the Atlantic and Pa cific coasts, with liberal subsidies to each for carrying the mails. It strikes us that if such a government as that of Spaine, almost bankrupted with debt and short of resources, can afford to subsidize lines of steamers, the United States can much bet- i ter afford to do it and has mach more to gain by it. So far at least as Mexico, Cen tral and South America are concerned, Spain can have no advantage over the United States, but in every respect we should have advantage over Spain. Nearly every nation in Europe is seeking to culti- ' vate a trade that concerns us more than it ! does Europe. It is suicidal folly for us to allow a diversion of that trade. We can find there profitable markets for our manu factures, we consume their products and we have the capital to baild the railroads that shall develop the country. The day is fast approaching when the emigration from Europe will be ponring into South America as it is now pouring into this country, and it is of the first importance that we should get such an influence there as to give cast and tone to the institutions and policy of those countries. At the Colored State Industrial Associa tion fair at Raleigh, North Carolina, held one week ago to-day, Senator Blair gave the address, being introduced by John Nichols, Congressman elect. The substance of the address was to urge upon his hear ers, most of whom were blacks, to get land and education as the only sure means to become independent and prosperous. This was the eighth annual State fair by the colored people of North Carolina, and was superior in all respects to any former ex hibition. It shows by substantial evi dence the great progress that has been made, and encourages the hope of still greater progress. The advice of Senator Blair for the colored people to get land, to live upon it and to cultivate it industrious ly and intelligently is just what the col ored people, South, North, East and West, need above all things. They are too much inclined to flock to the larger cities and towns, where they get demoralized very rapidly. _ 1 1 ; , 1 ; 1 ; ! It strikes us that the petition business mistakes its vocation when it aims to in fluence the action of courts by outside considerations. If a person convicted has had an unfair trial, is the victim of pre judice and injustice, or the verdict is con trary to law and evidence, the courts will always listen to such considerations pre sented by counsel, but we never heard be fore of such a motion being based on the petition of sympathizing friends in the vague hope that another trial might result in an acquittal or disagreement. It would be about as proper for a counsel in making his final plea to the jury to present such a petition from the public. When jurors perform au unwelcome duty fearlessly they deserve to be sustained by public opinion and should not lie indirectly condemned. There is a proper time and place for peti tions for clemency, but if we have laws let us sustain them, enforce and respect them. _ In no spirit of revenge, but in vindica tion of law and order, we say the convict ed anarchists in Chicago should pay the penalty of violated law. Our first sympa thies go out to the innoceut victims of that terrible crime, and next our sympathies are reserved for those who are exposed to repetitious of such crimes. If we expect officers to do their duty we must reward them and stand by them and not expose them to greater peril. It is not an ordi nary crime. It is one vastly more serious than ordinary murder. Those who lead others into such enormous crimes are not deserving objects of sympathy. The laboring men of Chicago have no worse enemies than the anarchists, and they will make a serious blunder in bestowing aDy expressions of sympathy on them. ; : AlmrjIaN Stedman : It is well known we all want water. There is no question about that. The question is as to its cost ; and from all the information I can gather, and statistics, I must say that the Wools ton proposition is cheap and reasonable. I am satisfied that no water supply can be brought here for less than from $300,000 to $500,000. I was convinced of this before I ever saw Woolston. He does not come here for nothing, though his price is not exorbitant. The old companies are strain ing every nerve to secure all the water, Suppose you run Woolston out ; matters will again run in the old groove. The Council accepted the proposition believing it to be lair. The old companies did not treat the Council lair. They got Wools ton's proposition and then tried to bid under it. _ Alderman Muth : There is no oppo sition on the water question except from the old companies. Every disinterested citizen and tax-payer is iu favor of the Woolston proposition. If Woolston could by aDy possible means be crowded to the wall we simply gravitate back into the hands of the old companies. They would brag about running Woolston out and they would run every body else out. They went to their utmost to bulldoze the coun cil and get Woolston out of the field. The contract that we make will be bindin». It is being drawn by Mr. G'layberg. It will I* jus. to us aud fair to Wools«»». It will lie cheap for the city. The council will not be bulldozed or threatened bv body. any Said JohnS. M. Neill: "The Seventh Ward sent Lockey to the Council, lie was sent there to represent us. He should be instructed to vote in our behalf and with the Council in favor of the Woolston proposition. Alderman Lockey was so instructed by resolution, with but a single, solitary voice in the negative. ' ! Have I Them i [For the Herald.] BY KEY. F. D. KELSEY. The important question when discussing the practical tests and evidences of Chris tian experience is, have I these evidences of Christianity in my soul and life ? Others have a fortune: have I a fortune? Others have treasure laid up in heaven ; have I such a treasure ? Much is said in these days about a practical education, in con trast with ideal and literary education. The meaning is that when a boy receives an education he may be able to use it in practical 1 ife. If he study language, let it be German or French, and so studied that the educated iuan can use German or French in business ; if he study, mathe matics, it shall be some form of applied mathematics, so that when finished it shall , be in constant use in business. Now re ligious questions are of small value if merely theological or scholastic ; but when brought down to onr individual hearts and lives, to the duties, cares, burdens and per 1 plexities of every day life, religion becomes ; of supreme value as an applied science. 1 So when we ask what are the evidences that a man is a Christian we may answer ; by a dozen statements, all true and valu ! able ; but all may be ideal, theoretical, theological and like a beautiful rainbow away up in the clouds, by fable alone con taining gold for the people. When a man goes a step further and asks, ''Have I these evidences of Christian experience in my life and soul," he has asked the sensible and manly question of a practical man. Poetry and dreams and idealistic theories may have their esteemed places, but in religious matters dying, perishing men need something jwactical. So having studied and discovered a valua ble force like electricity, the practical men, like Morse and Ldison and Bell, set them selves about to apply the valuable dis covery and make it useful in the machines for telegraphy, lamps and motors to benefit needy men' So if we know what are the signs, tests and evidences of a real Chris tian, the practical, sensible man asks fur ther: L)o I possess these evidences: do I show signs ot a Christian life ; do I mani fest a redeemed soul ; do I, can I, endure ths tests of a legitimate Christian hone and faith ? If a man can truly say, after a rational, candid, sensible investigation, I am a Christian, he ought to be the happiest mor tal living ! Thanks be to God that, where' as ye were servants of sin ye became oliedient from the heart. God be thanked, whereas I was dead, now am I alive, and the life I now live I live in the son of God ! "Thanks be to God who giveth us the victory through Jesus Christ our Lord." Art tliou weary, art thou languid, art thou sore d ist rest? ; Come to me, saith One. and coming be at rest. Hath he marks to lead me to him, if he be my guide? : In his feeet and lian«Ia are wound prints, and his side. Is there diadem, as monarch, that his brow adorns? Yes' a crown in very surety, hut of thorns ! If I find him, if I follow, what his guenlon here ? Many a sorrow, many a labor, many a tear ! If I stilt hold closely to him, » hat will he at last ? Sorrow vanquished. labor ende«l. Jordan passe«!. If I ask him to receive me, will he say me nay ? Not till earth and not till heaven pass away. Tending, following, keeping, struggling, is he sure to bless? Angels, prophets, martys, Christians, auswer "Yes." Havel—what? The evidences within you of a "like precious faith," anil blessed hope as that of the Christian ? Not Intoxicated as Reported. Says the Sun River Sun : Jack Mc- Donald, the popular stage driver on the Helena and Flat creek run of the H. & B. line, came in Tuesday from Mitchell's with Mrs. Lyons, the lady who had her arm broken in the recent accident, whom he was taking to Great Falls. Jack has al- most entirely recovered from the blow of the box which struck him in the back as the coach went over and injured his spiue. He says the cause of the accident was the breaking of straps on the hind hoot when they were on a side hill, causing the coach to sway and topple over. He was not in- toxicated and clid not miss the brake and fall off as reported : but had his foot on the brake when the coach went over, and the lines in his hands when struck in the back by a heavy box, which nearly broke him in two. He was thrown some dis- tance, or he must have been crushed un- der the wagon. Jack will go back on to his old run in a few days. -— - Where the Legislature Meets. ; ; j j I I ; i | j '< | ; 1 j i Up to the present time the court house contractors have been fully satisfied that they could complete the legislative halls in time for the meeting of the legislature, but the failure to obtaiu finisbiD» materials at the iimè specified aud other considerations have forced them to abandon the idea. Yes terday Major Palmer notified Secretary Webb that, though still possible, the making ready for occupancy of the legislative halls by the 11th of January, the time of com mencing, was a matter of doubt, and that perhaps it would be better if he would look elsewhere for the preliminary apart ments. Accordingly Mr. Webb has made overtures to the Irish-American and En core clubs to obtain a lease ot their halls for the use of the legislature. These halls occupy the second stories of adjoining buildings, on Clore street, and being of commodious dimensions, centrally located and contiguous, are admirably adapted to the purposes. The negotiations have not yet been closed, bnt there is small doubt that they will be brought'o a successful and satisfactory issue. Must be Fun for the Chessmen. is - Says the Inter Mountain: Dr. Holmes and Mr. John Noyes played a match game of chess Tuesday evening at the residence of Mr. and Mrg. J. T. lialdwiu, the chess board being a checkered canvass stretched upon the floor of one of the par ors, and the chessmen being represented by lad es and gentlemen who walked from square to square as instructed by the players. Mr. Noyes won the game. A Wealthy Alliance. It is generally understood that the prime object ot the Hon. A. J. Seligman's visit to New Tork at present is matrimony. In is announced that he will in the fact it Sew L'iris.,' 'ot BnSk"» 1 * *'*" b7 Billings Gazette: We understand that proceedings are being initiated to contest the election of Hon. Ela C. Waters as joint councilman for Dawson and Yellow stone counties. The chief ground we are informed is that the poll books of Reed's Crossing precinct do not show as required y law that the judges of election were duly sworn. The same informality is siad to exist in several precincts of Dawson county. M e would think however that unless fraud were shown that such an in formality would not affect the election. MINING MINI 1 ES. of to Two New Companies at Helena--« Promising Strike in the Kaput Tran»it-«-Tlie Bluebird amt Hickey Mines Bonded. THE LADY LEITH. In the Secretary's oflice yesterday was filed the certificate of incorporation of the Lady Leith Gold and Silver Mining Co. The incorporators and trustee* for the first three months are Chas. B. Leith, Catharine Leith, Wilbur F. Sanders, Edmond J. A. Yanaase, Joseph O'Neill and James Blake. The capital stock is $1,0<X),0<>0, divided into $2 shares. The company is formed to purchase, work and develop mining prop erties in Lewis and Clarke and Jefferson counties, and the principal place of busi ness is to be at Helena. The mines of the company are located south of Helena, be tween the Vaughn group and the Gregory. THE STERLING GOLD UO. The Sterling Gold Mines (Limited), says the London Mining Journal, has been formed with a capital of IT00,000 in AT shares, to further develop the Bald Butte group of gold mines and mineral claims, near Helena, Montana, and about four miles from the Drum Lumon mine. Sep tember reports from the mine state that it is now netting $6,000 per month, .equal to 14 per cent, on the paid up capital now asked for, and thu with an old 10-stamp mill. Responsible mining authorities sav that the ore will be available to an un known depth, and that the property may prove as valuable as its neighbor, the Drum Dummon. Four of the five properties form ing this group are respectively 500 feet wide by 1,500 feet long, and are known as the Sterling, Albion, Kenawha and Gen essee ; the other, which is called the Black Douglas, is 600 feet wide by 1,500 feet long. In addition, there is a mill site of live acres, upon which there is a 10-stamp mill recent ly completed and in running order. The mines, that is the Sterling and Albion, and the three mineral claims, exclusive of the mill site, cover about 3,000,000 square feet of contiguous surface, the whole l>eing secured under indisputable and unencum bered titles. The purchase money is £65. 000 ; A'38,000 in cash and £27,000 in sha: « leaving £35,000 for working capital. THE BLUEBIRD AND HICKEY UNDER BOND. Mr. F. M. Chadbourne, ol' the Empire Co. has succeeded in securing a bond on the Bluebird and Hickey mines, near the Gloster, in the interests of English capital ists. The amount of the bond is $ 55,000 and the duration until the first of January. STRIKE IN THE RAPID TRANSIT. Mr. L. Wottrich, one of the stockholders with Morris Sands, 'Adolph and Herman Tonu and Geo. Voss, in the Rapid Transit Mining Company, was in the city yester day to have some assaying done of ore from a new strike in the Silver Star lead, one ol the company's mines. This mine is in the white quartz belt just north of the Drum Lummon, and in it last Thursday was struck a body of rich ore of as yet unknown dimensions. Assays from it show an average of $63 ( er ton and some of the quartz is exceeuingly rich, carrying free gold in visible quantities and ranging way up in the thousands per ton. The Rapid Transit Company is ot recent organization and is capitalized at one mil lion. A PROSPEROUS INDUSTRY. Slaughtering and Packing Houses. A morning ride in almost any direction from Helena at this season of the year, especially when the sun is bright and the air crisp and sharp, is a pleasant recreation that few people enjoy, because it requires of most people a heroic resolve to get out of Vied with the early bird. A reporter is the exception to the sluggards, especially one of the HERALD staff, who, at an early hour to-day, accepted a seat with D. J. Arnold behind a span of livery horses lor a drive to the stock yards of DeWitt & Arnold, situated on the Overland road, a short two miles from the city. While the establishment embraces stock yards, it is a ranch as well, of 80 acres, ad jacent to a line mountain range, all under fence and improved. Messrs. DeWitt & Arnold have just completed a substantial stone building, which they use for a slaughter house, dead .house and hangiDg. capable of holding 75 beeves, 300 sheep and 100 hogs. This building is the em porium, as it were, of an extensive corral where fat cattle, sheep and hogs come to the "bull ring" by three separate avenues, and which is capable of holding a whole train load of stock. This morning a half dozen men, under the direction of L. S. Arnold and C. W. Wood as head butchers, were killing and dressing hogs at the rate of 50 a day, some of which, the heaviest, are to oe packed ; the others, young, were for their retail market, oq Bridge street. AS an adjunct of this slaughtering busi ness is that of canning Montana lard for street, under ihc direction of Charles llag gamaD, where all the leaf lard is prepared and rendered into buckets and tubs, and which, when thus prepared, largely takes the place of fresh butter in culinary aflairs. FAT CATTLE. When a shipment of fat cattle arrives on the DeWitt & Arnold ranch their facilities are such that the whole number, should that be hundreds, may be slaughtered at once and hung, thus maintaing their fat ness until re«iuired for the butcher's block. A portion of the stone building will be used as a packinghouse, where the heaviest pork will be salted and cured, thus "saving their own bacon." The ranch is supplied with an abund- ance of pure water from a living spring, which flows to the surface near by. The ranch is outfitted with an excellent bam, i grain house and tenement houses for the j employes, and lays directly east of ibe city, scarce two miles out, and from which, es to In the b7 as in I were it not tor an intervening hill, there j would be a grand view of the city. The I property some day will be one of the valu I able tracts outlaying where town lots will I be sold by the front foot. Thus situated, and with facilities that may i be enlarged from time to time, there is eu | couraging prospects that DeW itt & Arnold ' will deserve to continue as they are at 1 present considered, one of the large enter i prising firms of Helena who prosper by their own industry and square dealing. Their retail "Rialto meat market, on Bridge street, that is always supplied with the best beef, muttOD, venison, pork fish, veal, sausages, spare ribs, back-bones and premium fresh lard. Free delivery wagon, under charge of that polite rustler, John Keller, who is ever ready to take an ouhr and fill it on the square. Died. Elmira, N. Y.,November 2b.—John At* not, jr., member of congress and a million aire banker, died this morning at his hon» in this city, at the age ol 36 years. Appointment. Washington, November 20.-The pres ident to-day appointed John T. Core\, California, to be United States attorney » the northern district of California.